An Anthology of Australian Verse

Part 5 out of 5

I lie as in Death's lone retreat
And hear, loud in the pulse of Life,
Eternity upon me beat!

Bond Street

Its glittering emptiness it brings --
This little lane of useless things.
Here peering envy arm in arm
With ennui takes her saunterings.

Here fretful boredom, to appease
The nagging of her long disease,
Comes day by day to dabble in
This foamy sea of fripperies.

The languid women driven through
Their wearied lives, and in their view,
Patient about the bakers' shops,
The languid children, two and two!

The champing horses standing still,
Whose veins with life's impatience thrill;
And -- dead beside the carriage door --
The footman, masked and immobile!

And bloated pugs -- those epicures
Of darkened boudoirs . . . and of sewers --
Lolling high on their cushioned thrones
Blink feebly on their dainty wooers!

And in the blossoming window-shows
Each month another summer glows;
They pay the price of human souls
To rear one rich and sickly rose.

And a suave carven god of jade,
By some enthralled old Asian made,
With that thin scorn still on his lips,
Waits, in a window-front displayed:

The hurrying, streaming crowds he sees.
With the same smile he watches these
As from his temple-dusk he saw
The passing of the centuries!

Ethel Turner.

A Trembling Star

"There is my little trembling star," she said.
I looked; once more
The tender sea had put the sun to bed,
And heaven's floor
Was grey.

And nowhere yet in all that young night sky
Was any star,
But one that hung above the sea. Not high,
Nor very far

"I watch it every night," she said, and crept
Within my arm.
"Soft little star, I wish the angels kept
It safe from harm

"I know it is afraid," she said; her eyes
Held a sweet tear.
"They send it all alone into the skies,
No big stars near,
To stay.

"They push it out before the sweet, kind moon
Lights up the sea.
They laugh because it fears the dark. `Soon, soon,
You'll braver be,'
They say.

"One night I climbed far up that high white tree
Beside the beach,
And tried to stretch my hand across the sea
And tried to reach
The grey.

"For something made me feel my heart would break
Unless that night
I in my hand my trembling star could take
And kiss its fright

"There only blew a strange wind chillily,
And clouds were swept.
The angels would not let my own star see
That someone wept.
I pray

"To Christ, who hears my little prayers each night,
That He will seek
Through all His skies for that sweet, frightened light,
And stoop His cheek
And say

"`My angels must not send so frail a thing
To light the West.
Lift up the little trembling star to cling
About my breast

`Oh, if that Rainbow up there!'

Oh, if that rainbow up there,
Spanning the sky past the hill,
Slenderly, tenderly fair
Shining with colours that thrill,
Oh, if that rainbow up there,
Just for a moment could reach
Through the wet slope of the air
Here where I stand on the beach!

Here where the waves wash the strand,
Swing itself lovingly low,
Let me catch fast with one hand,
Climb its frail rigging and go.
Climb its frail rigging and go?
Where is its haven of rest?
Out in the gleam and the glow
Of the blood-red waves of the West?

Or where the isles of the dawn
Lie on an amethyst sea,
Does it drift, pale and forlorn,
Ghost of the glory I see?
Is there, ah, is there a land
Such as the Icelanders say,
Or past the West's ruddy strand
Or on the edge of the day,

Some undiscovered clime
Seen through a cloud's sudden rift,
Where all the rainbows of Time
Slowly and silently drift?
Some happy port of a sea
Never a world's sail has made,
Where till the earth shadows flee
Never a rainbow may fade.

Oh, if that rainbow up there,
Just for a moment would reach,
Through the wet slope of the air
Here where I stand on the beach.
Here where the waves wash the strand
Swing itself lovingly low,
Let me catch fast with one hand,
Climb its frail rigging and go!

Johannes Carl Andersen.

Soft, Low and Sweet

Soft, low and sweet, the blackbird wakes the day,
And clearer pipes, as rosier grows the gray
Of the wide sky, far, far into whose deep
The rath lark soars, and scatters down the steep
His runnel song, that skyey roundelay.

Earth with a sigh awakes; and tremors play,
Coy in her leafy trees, and falt'ring creep
Across the daisy lawn and whisper, "Well-a-day,"
Soft, low and sweet.

From violet-banks the scent-clouds float away
And spread around their fragrance, as of sleep:
From ev'ry mossy nook the blossoms peep;
From ev'ry blossom comes one little ray
That makes the world-wealth one with Spring, alway
Soft, low and sweet.

Maui Victor

Unhewn in quarry lay the Parian stone,
Ere hands, god-guided, of Praxiteles
Might shape the Cnidian Venus. Long ungrown
The ivory was which, chiselled, robbed of ease
Pygmalion, sculptor-lover. Now are these,
The stone and ivory, immortal made.
The golden apples of Hesperides
Shall never, scattered, in blown dust be laid,
Till Time, the dragon-guard, has lived his last decade.

The Cnidian Venus, Galatea's shape,
A wondering world beheld, as we behold, --
Here, in blest isles beyond the stormy Cape,
Where man the new land dowers with the old,
Are neither marble shapes nor fruits of gold,
Nor white-limbed maidens, queened enchantress-wise;
Here, Nature's beauties no vast ruins enfold,
No glamour fills her such as 'wildering lies
Where Mediterranean waters laugh to Grecian skies.

Acropolis with figure group and frieze,
Parthenon, Temple, concepts born divine,
Where in these Isles are wonders great as these?
Unquarried lies the stone in teeming mine,
Bare is the land of sanctuary and shrine;
But though frail hands no god-like record set
Great Nature's powers are lavish, and combine
In mountain dome, ice-glancing minaret,
Deep fiord, fiery fountain and lake with tree-wove carcanet.

And though the dusky race that to and fro,
Like their own shades, pass by and leave no trace,
No age-contemning works from quick brain throw,
They still have left what Time shall not efface, --
The legends of an isolated race.
Not vainly Maui strove; no, not in vain
He dared the old Mother of Death and her embrace:
That mankind might go free, he suffered pain --
And death he boldly dared, eternal life to gain.

Not death but dormancy the old womb has known,
New love shall quicken it, new life attain:
These legends old in ivory and stone
Shall live their recreated life again, --
Shall wake, like Galatea, to joy and pain.
Legends and myths and wonders; what are these
But glittering mines that long unworked have lain?
A Homer shall unlock with magic keys
Treasure for some antipodean Praxiteles!

Dora Wilcox.

In London

When I look out on London's teeming streets,
On grim grey houses, and on leaden skies,
My courage fails me, and my heart grows sick,
And I remember that fair heritage
Barter'd by me for what your London gives.
This is not Nature's city: I am kin
To whatsoever is of free and wild,
And here I pine between these narrow walls,
And London's smoke hides all the stars from me,
Light from mine eyes, and Heaven from my heart.

For in an island of those Southern seas
That lie behind me, guarded by the Cross
That looks all night from out our splendid skies,
I know a valley opening to the East.
There, hour by hour, the lazy tide creeps in
Upon the sands I shall not pace again --
Save in a dream, -- and, hour by hour, the tide
Creeps lazily out, and I behold it not,
Nor the young moon slow sinking to her rest
Behind the hills; nor yet the dead white trees
Glimmering in the starlight: they are ghosts
Of what has been, and shall be never more.
No, never more!

Nor shall I hear again
The wind that rises at the dead of night
Suddenly, and sweeps inward from the sea,
Rustling the tussock, nor the wekas' wail
Echoing at evening from the tawny hills.
In that deserted garden that I lov'd
Day after day, my flowers drop unseen;
And as your Summer slips away in tears,
Spring wakes our lovely Lady of the Bush,
The Kowhai, and she hastes to wrap herself
All in a mantle wrought of living gold;
Then come the birds, who are her worshippers,
To hover round her; tuis swift of wing,
And bell-birds flashing sudden in the sun,
Carolling: Ah! what English nightingale,
Heard in the stillness of a summer eve,
From out the shadow of historic elms,
Sings sweeter than our Bell-bird of the Bush?
And Spring is here: now the Veronica,
Our Koromiko, whitens on the cliff,
The honey-sweet Manuka buds, and bursts
In bloom, and the divine Convolvulus,
Most fair and frail of all our forest flowers,
Stars every covert, running riotous.
O quiet valley, opening to the East,
How far from this thy peacefulness am I!
Ah me, how far! and far this stream of Life
From thy clear creek fast falling to the sea!

Yet let me not lament that these things are
In that lov'd country I shall see no more;
All that has been is mine inviolate,
Lock'd in the secret book of memory.
And though I change, my valley knows no change.
And when I look on London's teeming streets,
On grim grey houses, and on leaden skies,
When speech seems but the babble of a crowd,
And music fails me, and my lamp of life
Burns low, and Art, my mistress, turns from me, --
Then do I pass beyond the Gate of Dreams
Into my kingdom, walking unconstrained
By ways familiar under Southern skies;
Nor unaccompanied; the dear dumb things
I lov'd once, have their immortality.
There too is all fulfilment of desire:
In this the valley of my Paradise
I find again lost ideals, dreams too fair
For lasting; there I meet once more mine own
Whom Death has stolen, or Life estranged from me, --
And thither, with the coming of the dark,
Thou comest, and the night is full of stars.

Ernest Currie.

Laudabunt Alii

There are some that long for a limpid lake by a blue Italian shore,
Or a palm-grove out where the rollers break and the coral beaches roar;
There are some for the land of the Japanee, and the tea-girls' twinkling feet;
And some for the isles of the summer sea, afloat in the dancing heat;
And others are exiles all their days, midst black or white or brown,
Who yearn for the clashing of crowded ways, and the lights of London town.

But always I would wish to be where the seasons gently fall
On the Further Isle of the Outer Sea, the last little isle of all,
A fair green land of hill and plain, of rivers and water-springs,
Where the sun still follows after the rain, and ever the hours have wings,
With its bosomed valleys where men may find retreat from
the rough world's way . . .
Where the sea-wind kisses the mountain-wind between the dark and the day.

The combers swing from the China Sea to the California Coast,
The North Atlantic takes toll and fee of the best of the Old World's boast,
And the waves run high with the tearing crash that the Cape-bound
steamers fear --
But they're not so free as the waves that lash the rocks by Sumner pier,
And wheresoever my body be, my heart remembers still
The purple shadows upon the sea, low down from Sumner hill.

The warm winds blow through Kuringai; the cool winds from the South
Drive little clouds across the sky by Sydney harbour-mouth;
But Sydney Heads feel no such breeze as comes from nor'-west rain
And takes the pines and the blue-gum trees by hill and gorge and plain,
And whistles down from Porter's Pass, over the fields of wheat,
And brings a breath of tussock grass into a Christchurch street.

Or the East wind dropping its sea-born rain, or the South wind wild and loud
Comes up and over the waiting plain, with a banner of driving cloud;
And if dark clouds bend to the teeming earth, and the hills are dimmed
with rain,
There is only to wait for a new day's birth and the hills stand out again.
For no less sure than the rising sun, and no less glad to see
Is the lifting sky when the rain is done and the wet grass rustles free.

Some day we may drop the Farewell Light, and lose the winds of home --
But where shall we win to a land so bright, however far we roam?
We shall long for the fields of Maoriland, to pass as we used to pass
Knee-deep in the seeding tussock, and the long lush English-grass.
And we may travel a weary way ere we come to a sight as grand
As the lingering flush of the sun's last ray on the peaks of Maoriland.

George Charles Whitney.


Behind the golden western hills
The sun goes down, a founder'd bark,
Only a mighty sadness fills
The silence of the dark.

O twilight sad with wistful eyes,
Restore in ruth again to me
The shadow of the peace that lies
Beyond the purple sea.

The sun of my great joy goes down,
Against the paling heights afar,
Gleams out like some glad angel's crown,
A yellow evening star;

The glory from the western hills
Falls fading, spark on spark,
Only a mighty sadness fills
The spaces of the dark.

James Lister Cuthbertson. [reprise]

Ode to Apollo

"Tandem venias precamur
Nube candentes humeros amictus
Augur Apollo."

Lord of the golden lyre
Fraught with the Dorian fire,
Oh! fair-haired child of Leto, come again;
And if no longer smile
Delphi or Delos' isle,
Come from the depth of thine Aetnean glen,
Where in the black ravine
Thunders the foaming green
Of waters writhing far from mortals' ken;
Come o'er the sparkling brine,
And bring thy train divine --
The sweet-voiced and immortal violet-crowned Nine.

For here are richer meads,
And here are goodlier steeds
Than ever graced the glorious land of Greece;
Here waves the yellow corn,
Here is the olive born --
The gray-green gracious harbinger of peace;
Here too hath taken root
A tree with golden fruit,
In purple clusters hangs the vine's increase,
And all the earth doth wear
The dry clear Attic air
That lifts the soul to liberty, and frees the heart from care.

Or if thy wilder mood
Incline to solitude,
Eternal verdure girds the lonely hills,
Through the green gloom of ferns
Softly the sunset burns,
Cold from the granite flow the mountain rills;
And there are inner shrines
Made by the slumberous pines,
Where the rapt heart with contemplation fills,
And from wave-stricken shores
Deep wistful music pours
And floods the tempest-shaken forest corridors.

Oh, give the gift of gold
The human heart to hold
With liquid glamour of the Lesbian line;
With Pindar's lava glow,
With Sophocles' calm flow,
Or Aeschylean rapture airy fine;
Or with thy music's close
Thy last autumnal rose
Theocritus of Sicily, divine;
O Pythian Archer strong,
Time cannot do thee wrong,
With thee they live for ever, thy nightingales of song.

We too are island-born;
Oh, leave us not in scorn --
A songless people never yet was great.
We, suppliants at thy feet,
Await thy muses sweet
Amid the laurels at thy temple gate,
Crownless and voiceless yet,
But on our brows is set
The dim unwritten prophecy of fate,
To mould from out of mud
An empire with our blood,
To wage eternal warfare with the fire and flood.

Lord of the minstrel choir,
Oh, grant our hearts' desire,
To sing of truth invincible in might,
Of love surpassing death
That fears no fiery breath,
Of ancient inborn reverence for right,
Of that sea-woven spell
That from Trafalgar fell
And keeps the star of duty in our sight:
Oh, give the sacred fire,
And our weak lips inspire
With laurels of thy song and lightnings of thy lyre.


Notes on the Poems

Wentworth, "Australasia": `Warragamba' -- a tributary of the Nepean,
the upper part of the Hawkesbury River, New South Wales.

Rowe, "Soul Ferry": "Founded on a note by Tzetzes upon Lycophron,
quoted in Keightley's `Mythology of Greece and Rome'." -- Author's Note.

Parkes, "The Buried Chief": Sir James Martin, born 1820,
Premier and subsequently Chief Justice of New South Wales,
died 4th November, 1886.

Gordon, "A Dedication": The first six stanzas of The Dedication of
"Bush Ballads and Galloping Rhymes" to the author of "Holmby House"
(Whyte Melville).

Gordon, "Thora's Song": First printed in `The Australasian'
under the title of "Frustra".

Gordon, "The Sick Stock-rider": First appeared in `The Colonial Monthly'
without the final stanza here printed, which was preserved
by Mr. J. J. Shillinglaw.

Kendall, "Prefatory Sonnets": The phrase -- "tormented and awry
with passion" -- also appears in Walter Pater's essay on "Aesthetic Poetry",
which, according to Mr. Ferris Greenslet's monograph on Pater,
was written in 1868, but first published in `Appreciations', 1889.
"Leaves from Australian Forests", in which these sonnets were first printed,
was published in Melbourne in 1869.

Kendall, "To a Mountain": Dedicatory verses of "Songs from the Mountains".

Kendall, "Araluen": The author's daughter, named after a town
in the Shoalhaven District, New South Wales.

Kendall, "Hy-Brasil": Hy-Brasil, or Tir-Nan-Oge, is the fabled
Island of the Blessed, the paradise of ancient Ireland.

Kendall, "Outre Mer": From a poem left unfinished at the author's death.
First printed in "Poems" (1886).

Clarke, "The Song of Tigilau": "Tigilau, the son of Tui Viti";
an attempt to paraphrase a legend of Samoa, is remarkable
as evidence of direct intercourse between Samoa and Fiji,
and as showing by the use of the term "Tui Viti" that a king once reigned
over ALL Fiji. The singularly poetic and rhythmical original
will be found in a paper contributed by Mr. Pritchard, F.A.S.I., etc.,
to the Anthropological Society of London." -- Author's Note.

Moloney, "Melbourne": First printed in `The Australasian'
over the signature "Australis".

Domett, "An Invitation": First printed in "Flotsam and Jetsam": reprinted,
with alterations, as Proem to "Ranolf and Amohia", Second Edition, 1883.

Domett, "A Maori Girl's Song": "A very free paraphrase of a song
in Sir George Grey's collection. `Ropa' is a declaration of love
by pinching the fingers." -- Author's Note.

Stephens, "Day" & "Night": Stanzas from "Convict Once"
[pp. 336-7, 297-9 respectively of "Poetical Works" (1902)].

Foott, "Where the Pelican Builds": "The unexplored parts of Australia
are sometimes spoken of by the bushmen of Western Queensland
as the home of the Pelican, a bird whose nesting-place,
so far as the writer knows, is seldom, if ever, found." -- Author's Note.

Foott, "New Country": `Gidya' -- a Queensland and N.S.W. aboriginal word
for a tree of the acacia species (A. homalophylla).

`Clay-Pan' -- a shallow depression of the ground on Australian plains,
whose thin clayey surface retains water for a considerable time.

Wilson, "Fairyland": `Parson Bird' -- The Tui, or New Zealand mocking bird.
The male has tufts of curled white feathers under the neck,
like a clergyman's bands.

Farrell, "Australia to England": First printed, under the title of
"Ave Imperatrix", in `The Daily Telegraph' (Sydney), on June 22, 1897,
the day of Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee.

F. Adams, "Gordon's Grave": Adam Lindsay Gordon is buried
in Brighton (Victoria) Cemetery. Above the grave is erected
a shattered column crowned with a laurel wreath.

Evans, "A Pastoral": `Apple-tree' -- an indigenous Australian tree,
so called from a supposed resemblance to the English apple-tree,
but bearing no edible fruit.

O'Hara, "Flinders": `Flinders' -- Matthew Flinders first came to Australia
with Bass and Hunter in 1795, and made several heroic voyages
around Australian coasts.

Jephcott, "A Ballad of the last King of Thule": `Mannan' -- the ancient
bardic name of the Isle of Man.

`Eire' -- the ancient name of Ireland.

`The Isle of Apple-trees' -- "Emhain Ablach", the Isle of Arran.
This was the land of faery to the Northern and Western Gaels.

Mackay, "The Burial of Sir John Mackenzie": `Sir John Mackenzie' --
Born 1838; for many years Minister for Lands in New Zealand. Died 1891.

Holy Hill -- Puketapu, a hill sacred to the Maoris on the Otago coast.

Lawson, "Andy's gone with Cattle": `Riders' -- timber used to hold down
the bark roofs of primitive bush houses.

Lawson, "Out Back": `Mulga' -- an aboriginal name given to various trees
of the acacia family (A. aneura).

Lawson, "The Star of Australasia": `Jackeroo' -- a "new chum",
or person recently arrived in Australia, who goes to work on a station
to gain experience.

`Push' -- a gang of larrikins, or city roughs.

Lawson, "Middleton's Rouseabout": `Rouseabout' -- a man who does
general work on a station.

Lawson, "The Vagabond": `Flax' -- a native New Zealand plant
yielding a strong fibre (Phormium tenax, N. O. Liliaceae).

`Tussock' -- a native grass, common in New Zealand (Lomandra longifolia).

R. Quinn, "The Lotus-Flower": `Harbour' -- Sydney Harbour.

Wright, "An Old Colonist's Reverie": `Whare' -- Maori name
for a hut or house.

`Kowhai' -- the Locust tree (yellow Kowhai), and the Parrot-bill
(scarlet Kowhai) -- N.Z. flowering trees.

`Rata' -- a remarkable New Zealand tree with crimson flowers
(Metrosideros robusta), which often starts from a seed
dropped in the fork of a tree, grows downward to the earth,
and, taking root there, winds itself closely round the supporting tree
and eventually destroys it.

Andersen, "Maui Victor": `Maui' -- In Polynesian mythology,
the great hero who attempted to overcome Death, which could only be done
by passing through Hine-nui-te-po (Great Woman of Night).
This Maui attempted to do while she slept. Awakened, however,
by the cry of a black fantail, she nipped Maui in two.

Wilcox, "In London": `Weka' -- Maori name for the wood-hen,
so called from its note "Weeka" (Ocydromus Australis).

`Bell-bird' -- the korimako (Anthornis Melanura).

`Koromiko' -- Veronica salicifolia.

`Manuka' -- the tea-tree (Leptospermum scoparium and L. ericoides).

Biographical Notes

The bibliographies include books of verse only.
[This information was compiled in or before 1907. -- A. L.]

Adams, Arthur H.
Born at Lawrence, Central Otago, New Zealand, 6th June, 1872.
Both parents colonial born; father of English, mother of Irish family.
Educated, High School, Christchurch, Wellington College and High School,
Dunedin; thence with Scholarship to Otago University: graduated B.A.
Studied law; Journalist for three years; literary secretary
to Mr. J. C. Williamson for two years. Went as war-correspondent to China
through Boxer campaign. Visited London, 1902. Returned to Australia, 1905.
`Maoriland, and other Verses' (Sydney, 1899).
`The Nazarene' (London, 1902).

Adams, Francis William Lauderdale.
Born at Malta, 27th September, 1862; son of Prof. Leith Adams.
Educated at Shrewsbury School, England. In Australia, 1884-89.
Died at Margate, England, by his own hand, 4th September, 1893.
`Henry, and other Tales' (London, 1884).
`Poetical Works' (Brisbane and London, 1887).
`Songs of the Army of the Night' (Sydney, 1888; London, 1890, 1893, 1894).
`The Mass of Christ' (London, 1893).
`Tiberius, a Drama' (London, 1894).

Andersen, Johannes Carl.
Born at Jutland, Denmark, 14th March, 1873; came to New Zealand
with his parents, October, 1874. Educated, New Zealand public schools.
Now in Government service, Christchurch.
`Songs Unsung' [Christchurch, n.d. (1903)].

Bathgate, Alexander.
Born at Peebles, Scotland, 1845. Educated, local schools and
Edinburgh University. Came to New Zealand, 1863. Banking for six years;
Barrister and Solicitor in Dunedin, 1872 to present date.
`Far South Fancies' [London, n.d. (1889)].
`The Legend of the Wandering Lake' [Dunedin, n.d. (1905)].

Bayldon, Arthur Albert Dawson.
Born at Leeds, England, 20th March, 1865, of an old North of England family.
Educated at Leeds and travelled extensively in Europe.
Arrived in Queensland, 1889, and since then has travelled over
a good deal of Eastern Australia. Now in Sydney, writing stories,
essays, etc.
`Lays and Lyrics' (London, 1887).
`The Sphinx, and other Poems' (Hull, 1889).
`Poems' (Brisbane, 1897).
`Poems', enlarged edition [Brisbane, n.d. (1898)].
`The Western Track, and other Verses' (Sydney, 1905).

Bracken, Thomas.
Born in Ireland, 1843. Came to Victoria, 1855. Settled in New Zealand,
1869. Engaged as storekeeper, miner and journalist.
Represented Dunedin in Parliament, 1881-4. Died, 16th February, 1898.
`The Haunted Vale, and other Poems' (Sandhurst, 1867).
`Behind the Tomb, and other Poems' (Melbourne, 1871).
`Flowers of the Freelands' (Melbourne, 1877).
`Lays of the Land of the Maori and The Moa' (London, 1884).
`Paddy Murphy's Annual' (Dunedin, 1886).
`A Sheaf from the Sanctum' (Dunedin, 1887).
`Musings in Maoriland' (Dunedin and Sydney, 1890).
`Lays and Lyrics' (Wellington, 1893).
`Tom Bracken's Annual' (Wellington, 1896).
`Tom Bracken's Annual', No. 2 (Dunedin, 1897).
`Not Understood, and other Poems' (Wellington, 1905, Sydney, 1906).

Brady, Edwin James.
Born at Carcoar, N.S.W., 7th August, 1869, of Irish parents.
Educated, public schools (N.S.W.) and Washington (D.C.), America.
Engaged in farming and various other occupations in N.S.W.
Editor `Australian Workman', 1891; Editor and proprietor of `The Grip',
Grafton, N.S.W.; Editor of `The Worker' (Sydney), 1905;
now a free-lance Journalist in Sydney.
`The Ways of Many Waters' (Sydney, 1899).
`The Earthen Floor' (Grafton, 1902).

Brennan, Christopher John.
Born at Sydney, 1st November, 1870, of Irish parents.
Educated, St. Aloysius and St. Ignatius Coll., Sydney.
Graduated M.A., Sydney University, won James King Travelling Scholarship,
and spent some years in Europe. Now Assistant Librarian,
Sydney Public Library.
`XXI Poems: Towards the Source' (Sydney, 1897).

Brereton, John Le Gay.
Born at Sydney, 2nd September, 1871; son of the late Dr. J. Le Gay Brereton.
Educated, Sydney Grammar School; graduated B.A., Sydney University.
Now Assistant Librarian at the same University.
`The Song of Brotherhood, and other Verses' (London, 1896).
`Perdita' (Sydney, 1896).
`Sweetheart Mine' (Sydney, 1897).
`Sea and Sky' (Sydney, 1901).
`Oithona' (Sydney, 1902).

Browne, Thomas Alexander ("Rolf Boldrewood").
Born in London, 6th August, 1826. Son of Captain Sylvester Browne,
who came to Australia with his family in 1830. Educated,
W. T. Cape's School, Sydney. Became a Squatter in Port Fairy district,
Victoria, at seventeen. Police Magistrate and Gold Fields Commissioner,
1870-1895. Wrote serials for `Town and Country Journal';
"Ups and Downs" (subsequently re-named "The Squatter's Dream",
London, 1879); "Robbery under Arms" (appeared in `Sydney Mail', 1882,
published in London, 1888); since then has issued seventeen other novels.
Now residing in Melbourne.
`Old Melbourne Memories' (Melbourne, 1884, prose and verse).

Cambridge, Ada (Mrs. Cross).
Born at St. Germains, Norfolk, England, 21st November, 1844;
eldest daughter of Henry Cambridge and Thomasine,
daughter of Dr. C. Emerson. Married Rev. George F. Cross, of Ely,
25th April, 1870. Arrived in Melbourne, 19th August, 1870.
Commenced writing serial stories for `Australasian', 1875; has since
published a number of novels in London and given an account of her life here
in "Thirty Years in Australia" (1901).
`Hymns on the Holy Communion' (London, 1866).
`The Manor House and other Poems' (London, 1875).
`Unspoken Thoughts' (London, 1887).

Carmichael, Grace Jennings (Mrs. Mullis).
Born in Gippsland, Victoria, about 1867. Spent most of her early life
in the bush. Went to Melbourne, entered Children's Hospital Training School
and obtained certificate, 1890. Married Mr. Francis Mullis.
Died, 9th February, 1904, at Leyton, near London.
`Poems' (London and Melbourne, 1895).

Castilla, Ethel.
Born at Kyneton, Victoria, 19th June, 1861; daughter of
Frederic Ramos de Castilla, an Englishman of Spanish descent,
and May Robertson, daughter of an Edinburgh Writer to the Signet.
Has lived mostly in Melbourne and contributed frequently to `Australasian',
`Sydney Mail', etc.
`The Australian Girl, and other Verses' (Melbourne, 1900).

Clarke, Marcus Andrew Hislop.
Born at Kensington, London, 24th April, 1846; son of William Hislop Clarke,
Barrister. Educated, Dr. Dyne's School, Highgate. Came to Victoria, 1864.
Employed as a Bank clerk for a few months, then on a station for a year.
Journalist in Melbourne, 1867-71. Appointed Secretary to Trustees,
Melbourne Public Library, 1871; Assistant Librarian, 1875.
Married, 1869, Marian Dunn, daughter of John Dunn, Comedian.
Wrote "For the Term of His Natural Life" for `The Australian Journal', 1870,
which, partly re-written, was published in London, 1874.
Died, 2nd August, 1881.
Verse collected and published in `The Marcus Clarke Memorial Volume',
1884, and `The Austral Edition of Selected Works of Marcus Clarke',
1890 (Melbourne).

Colborne-Veel, Mary Caroline (Miss).
Born at Christchurch, N.Z.; daughter of Joseph Veel Colborne-Veel,
M.A., Oxon., who came to New Zealand in 1857. Educated at home.
Contributed frequently to Australian, English and other periodicals.
`The Fairest of the Angels, and other Verse' (London, 1894).

Currie, Archibald Ernest.
Born at Christchurch, New Zealand, 1884, of British stock.
Educated, Christchurch High School and Canterbury College.
Graduated M.A., University of New Zealand.

Cuthbertson, James Lister.
Born in Scotland, 1851. Educated, Glenalmond, and Merton College, Oxford.
Graduated B.A. Arrived in Melbourne, 1874. Senior Classical Master,
Geelong Grammar School, 1875-96.
`Barwon Ballads' (Melbourne, 1893).

Daley, Victor James.
Born at Navan, Armagh, Ireland, 5th September, 1858;
father Irish, mother of Scottish descent. Went to Plymouth, England,
at fourteen, and left there in 1876 for Australia; landed in Sydney
and shortly after went to Adelaide, where he worked as a clerk.
Went to Melbourne and joined the Staff of `The Carlton Advertiser'.
Tramped to Queanbeyan, N.S.W., and edited a paper there for five months.
Came to Sydney and wrote for Australian papers, principally `The Bulletin'.
Lived in Melbourne for a few years; then again in Sydney
until his death from phthisis, 29th December, 1905.
`At Dawn and Dusk' (Sydney, 1898).

Deniehy, Daniel Henry.
Born at Sydney, 18th August, 1828, of Irish parentage. Educated,
M. Jonson's and W. T. Cape's schools. At fifteen wrote a novelette,
"Love at First Sight", printed in `Colonial Literary Journal', 1844.
Went to England with his parents, studied in London and visited
the Continent. Returned to Sydney, was articled to Nicol D. Stenhouse
and eventually admitted -- the first native-born solicitor on the rolls.
Married Adelaide Elizabeth Hoalls, 1855. Elected to N.S.W. Parliament,
1856-9. Edited `Southern Cross' (Sydney) 1859-60,
`Victorian' (Melbourne) 1862-4. Died at Bathurst, N.S.W.,
22nd October, 1865.
Some of his writings were collected and published in
`The Life and Speeches of Daniel Henry Deniehy', by Miss E. A. Martin,
Melbourne (1884).

Domett, Alfred.
Born at Camberwell, England, 20th May, 1811. Matriculated at Cambridge,
1829, called to the Bar, 1841, left England, 1842, for New Zealand.
Was a friend of Robert Browning and inspired the latter's poem, `Waring',
which first appeared in `Bells and Pomegranates', No. III., 1842.
Became Colonial Secretary for Province of Munster, N.Z., 1848,
and Premier of the Colony in 1862. Wrote "Ranolf and Amohia"
in New Zealand. Returned to England, 1871. Died at Kensington,
November, 1887.
`Poems' (London, 1833).
`Venice, a Poem' (London, 1839).
`Ranolf and Amohia, A South Sea Day Dream' (London, 1872,
second edition, 2 vols., 1883).
`Flotsam and Jetsam' (London, 1877).

Dyson, Edward George.
Born near Ballarat, Victoria, 5th March, 1865, of English parentage.
Educated, public schools. Worked for some time as a miner
in Victoria and Tasmania. Now a Journalist in Melbourne.
`Rhymes from the Mines, and other Lines' (Sydney, 1896).

Evans, George Essex.
Born in London, 18th June, 1863; son of John Evans, Q.C., M.P.,
of Welsh descent. Educated at Haverford West (Wales) and St. Heliers
(Channel Islands). Came to Queensland, 1881. Farming for some time.
Entered Queensland Government service, 1888, and is now District Registrar
at Toowoomba. Joint Editor of `The Antipodean', 1893, 1894, and 1897.
Won prize for best Ode on the Inauguration of the Commonwealth.
`The Repentance of Magdalene Despar, and other Poems' (London, 1891).
`Won by a Skirt' (Brisbane, n.d.).
`Loraine, and other Verses' (Melbourne, 1898).
`The Sword of Pain' (Toowoomba, 1905).

Farrell, John.
Born at Buenos Aires (S. America), 18th December, 1851, of Irish parents.
Came to Australia, 1852; spent his childhood and youth
in the Victorian bush. Worked as a farmer, afterwards became a brewer
in Victoria and New South Wales. Journalist from 1887,
principally on the staff of `The Daily Telegraph', Sydney,
till his death in Sydney, 9th January, 1904.
`Ephemera: An Iliad of Albury' (Albury, 1878).
`Two Stories' (Melbourne, 1882).
`How He Died, and other Poems' (Sydney, 1887).
`Australia to England' (Sydney, 1897).
`My Sundowner, and other Poems' (Sydney, 1904).
`How He Died, and other Poems' (Sydney, 1905).

Foott, Mary Hannay (Mrs.).
Born at Glasgow, 26th September, 1846; daughter of James Black,
mother descended from literary family of Hannay. Arrived in Australia,
1853. Educated in Melbourne. Married Thomas Wade Foott, 1874,
and went to live at Dundoo, Queensland. After death of her husband, 1884,
was Literary Editor of `The Queenslander' for ten years.
Now a teacher at Rocklea, Queensland.
`Where the Pelican Builds, and other Poems' (Brisbane, 1885).
`Morna Lee, and other Poems' (London, 1890).

Forster, William.
Born at Madras, 1818. Came to Australia, 1829.
Educated, W. T. Cape's School, Sydney. Became a Squatter.
Entered New South Wales Parliament, was Premier, 1860,
and afterwards held portfolios in various ministries.
Appointed Agent-General and went to London, 1876.
Returned to New South Wales and died there, 30th October, 1882.
`The Weirwolf: a Tragedy' (London, 1876).
`The Brothers: a Drama' (London, 1877).
`Midas' (London, 1884).

Gay, William.
Born at Bridge of Weir, Renfrewshire, Scotland, 1865.
Arrived in New Zealand, April, 1885. Went to Melbourne, 1888.
Appointed Assistant Master, Scotch College, which position he held
until his health broke down. Travelled about the colony until 1892,
when he became much worse and was removed to Bendigo.
Bedridden for the last two years of his life. Died at Bendigo,
22nd December, 1897.
`Sonnets, and other Verses' (Melbourne, 1894).
`Sonnets' (Bendigo, 1896).
`Christ on Olympus, and other Poems' (Bendigo, 1896).

Gilmore, Mary J. (Mrs.).
Born near Goulburn, New South Wales, 16th August, 1865;
father -- Donal Cameron -- a Highlander, mother a Hawkesbury native.
Educated at public schools; became a school teacher, 1881.
Joined the New Australia movement and went to Paraguay, 1895.
Married William Gilmore, 1897. Returned to Australia, 1902.
Now resident in Casterton (Victoria).

Gordon, Adam Lindsay.
Born at Fayal, Azores Islands, 1833; son of Captain Adam Durnford Gordon
of Worcester (England), descendant of an old Scottish family.
Went to England, 1840; entered Cheltenham College about 1844,
Woolwich Military Academy 1850, and afterwards Merton College, Oxford.
Arrived at Adelaide, South Australia, November, 1853,
and became a mounted trooper, afterwards a horse-breaker.
Married Maggie Park, October, 1862, and lived at Mt. Gambier,
South Australia, for two years. Elected to South Australian Parliament,
1865; resigned November, 1866. Moved to Ballarat (Victoria),
November, 1867, where he purchased a livery stable. Became celebrated
as a steeplechase rider. His only child, Annie Lindsay, died in 1868,
his business failed, and he had several falls while racing;
his claim to the Barony of Esslemont (Scotland) was defeated;
shot himself, 24th June, 1870.
`The Feud' (Mt. Gambier, 1864).
`Sea Spray and Smoke Drift' (Melbourne, 1867 and 1876).
`Ashtaroth: a Dramatic Lyric' (Melbourne, 1867 and 1877).
`Bush Ballads and Galloping Rhymes' (Melbourne, 23rd June 1870).
`Poems' (Melbourne, 1877, 1880, 1882, 1884, 1888).

Harpur, Charles.
Born at Windsor, New South Wales, 1817; son of a schoolmaster.
Followed various occupations, principally farming.
Gold Commissioner at Araluen for eight years. Married Mary Doyle, 1850.
Died 10th June, 1868, at Eurobodalla, N.S.W.
`Thoughts: A Series of Sonnets' (Sydney, 1845).
`The Bushrangers, and other Poems' (Sydney, 1853).
`A Poet's Home' (Sydney, 1862).
`The Tower of the Dream' (Sydney, 1865).
`Poems' (Melbourne, 1883).

Heney, Thomas William.
Born at Sydney, November, 1862; eldest son of Thomas W. Heney,
Editor and part proprietor of `Monaro Mercury'. Educated at Cooma.
Entered `Sydney Morning Herald' office, 1878; `Daily Telegraph',
Sydney, 1884; `Western Grazier', Wilcannia, 1886; `Echo', 1889;
`S. M. Herald', 1891, and is now Editor of the last-named Journal.
`Fortunate Days' (Sydney, 1886).
`In Middle Harbour, and other Verse' (London, 1890).

Holdsworth, Philip Joseph.
Born at Balmain, near Sydney, 12th January, 1849; father English,
mother Irish. Editor Sydney `Athenaeum', `Illustrated Sydney News'.
For many years Cashier in the Treasury, Sydney; afterwards Secretary,
Forest Department, till 1892. Died 19th January, 1902.
`Station Hunting on the Warrego, and other Poems' (Sydney, 1885).

Hyland, Inez K. (Miss).
Born at Portland (Victoria), 1863; daughter of T. F. Hyland
and grand-daughter of Dr. Penfold, Magill (S.A.).
Educated at Miss Kentish's School, Castlemaine, and by Madame Marvel.
Died at Magill (S.A.), 1892.
`In Sunshine and in Shadow' (Melbourne, 1893).

Jephcott, Sydney Wheeler.
Born at Colac-Colac (Victoria), 30th November, 1864,
parents having lately immigrated from Warwickshire (England).
Grew up in the bush and educated himself. Engaged in farming
on the Upper Murray (Victoria).
`The Secrets of the South' (London, 1892).

Kelly, John Liddell.
Born near Airdrie, Scotland, 19th February, 1850. Left school at eleven,
self-educated afterwards. Married, 1870. Emigrated to New Zealand, 1880.
Has since worked as a Journalist. Sub-editor `Auckland Star';
Editor `Auckland Observer'; Assistant Editor `Lyttelton Times';
now Editor `New Zealand Times', Wellington.
`Tahiti, the Land of Love and Beauty' (Auckland, 1885).
`Tarawera, or the Curse of Tuhoto' (Auckland, 1887).
`Zealandia's Jubilee' (Auckland, 1890).
`Heather and Fern' (Wellington, 1902).

Kendall, Henry Clarence.
Born at Kermington, near Ulladulla, N.S.W., 18th April, 1841; son of
Basil Kendall (born in New Zealand) and Melinda M`Nally (of Irish descent).
Brought up and educated in the bush of N.S.W. coast districts.
At the age of thirteen went with his uncle as a cabin boy,
and spent two years cruising in the Pacific. Returned to Sydney
and became a shop assistant for a time; then clerk of J. Lionel Michael,
Solicitor at Grafton. After the death of Michael he obtained,
through Henry Halloran, an appointment in the Government Lands Office,
Sydney. Married Charlotte, daughter of Dr. Rutter, of Sydney, 1868;
went to Melbourne, 1869, and engaged in journalistic work.
After the death of his daughter Araluen, he returned to Sydney, 1871:
went to Camden Haven in charge of Messrs. Fagan Bros.' timber-yards,
and spent seven years there. Appointed by Sir Henry Parkes
Superintendent of State Forests, 1881, and went to live
at Cundletown (N.S.W.). Died in Sydney, 1st August, 1882.
`At Long Bay: Euroclydon' (Sydney, n.d.).
`The Glen of the White Man's Grave' (Sydney, n.d.).
`Poems and Songs' (Sydney, 1862).
`The Bronze Trumpet: a Satirical Poem' (Sydney, 1866).
`Leaves from Australian Forests' (Melbourne, 1869, 1870).
`Songs from the Mountains' (Sydney, 1880).
`Orara, a Tale' (Melbourne, 1881).
`Poems' (Melbourne, 1886, 1890, 1903).

Lawson, Henry Hertzberg.
Born near Grenfell, N.S.W., 17th June, 1867; son of Peter Hertzberg Larsen,
a Norwegian, and Louisa Albury, native of N.S.W. Worked with his father,
who was a farmer and contractor; came to Sydney at seventeen
and learned the trade of a coach-painter; commenced writing verse, 1887;
was on the staff of the Queensland `Boomerang', 1890, travelled in N.S.W.,
West Australia and New Zealand, engaged in various occupations;
went to London, 1900. Returned to Sydney, 1903.
`Short Stories in Prose and Verse' (Sydney, 1894).
`In the Days when the World was Wide, and other Verses' (Sydney, 1896).
`Verses Popular and Humorous' (Sydney, 1900).
`Children of the Bush' (London, 1902, prose and verse).
`When I was King, and other Verses' (Sydney, 1905).

Loughran, Edward Booth.
Born at Glasgow, 13th December, 1850, of Irish parents.
Educated in North of Ireland. Arrived in Australia, January, 1866.
Public school teacher in Queensland for several years. Became a Journalist,
and was employed on `Rockhampton Bulletin', `Brisbane Courier',
and `Melbourne Argus'. Joined Victorian Government `Hansard' in 1879,
and in 1893 was appointed Chief of Staff.
`'Neath Austral Skies' (Melbourne, 1894).

Mackay, Jessie (Miss).
Born at foot of the Southern Alps, Canterbury, New Zealand,
15th December, 1864; father and mother Scottish Highlanders.
Brought up on her father's station, South Canterbury.
Educated, Christchurch Normal School. Public school teacher for four years;
afterwards private teacher and regular contributor to `Otago Witness'
and other journals.
`The Spirit of the Rangatira, and other Ballads' (Melbourne, 1889).
`The Sitter on the Rail, and other Poems' (Christchurch, 1891).

Martin, Arthur Patchett.
Born at Woolwich, England, 18th February, 1851; eldest son of an Australian
pioneer colonist. Educated at Melbourne. Entered Victorian Civil Service,
1862 [sic]; helped to found and was Editor of `Melbourne Review', 1876-1882.
Went to England, 1882. Died there, 15th February, 1902.
`Random Rhymes' (Melbourne, 1876).
`Lays of To-day' (Melbourne, 1878).
`Fernshawe', sketches in prose and verse (Melbourne, 1882; London, 1885).
`The Withered Jester, and other Verses' (London, 1895).

Michael, James Lionel.
Born in London, 1824; eldest son of James Walter Michael, Solicitor,
and Rose Lemon-Hart. Articled to his father and became a Solicitor;
was a friend of Millais and others of the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood.
Came to Australia, 1853; practised in Sydney, and subsequently at Grafton,
Clarence River, where Kendall entered his office in 1857.
Found drowned in Clarence River with a wound in his skull, 1865.
`Songs without Music' (Sydney, 1857).
`John Cumberland' [Sydney, n.d. (1860)].

Moloney, Patrick.
Born at Hawthorn, Victoria, 1843. Educated, St. Patrick's College,
Melbourne; graduated M.B., Melbourne University, 1867.
Married Miss Quirk of Carlton (Vic.). Died at Ulverstone, Eng.,
September, 1904.

O'Dowd, Bernard Patrick.
Born at Beaufort, Victoria, 11th April, 1866, of Irish parents.
Educated in Victorian State schools. Graduated B.A., LL.B.,
Melbourne University. Admitted to the Bar. Now Assistant Librarian,
Supreme Court, Melbourne.
`Dawnward?' (Sydney, 1903), reprinted in `A Southern Garland'
(Sydney, 1904).
`The Silent Land, and other Verses' (Melbourne, 1906).

Ogilvie, William Henry.
Born near Kelso, Scotland, 21st August, 1869. Educated,
Kelso High School and Fettes College, Edinburgh. Came to Australia, 1889;
engaged in droving, horse-breaking and other occupations in N.S.W. bush.
Returned to Scotland, 1901. Now in Iowa, U.S.A.
`Fair Girls and Gray Horses' (Sydney, 1898, second edition, 1899).
`Hearts of Gold' (Sydney, 1903).

O'Hara, John Bernard.
Born at Bendigo (Victoria), 29th October, 1864, of Irish parents.
Educated, Carlton College and Ormond College; graduated M.A.
Melbourne University. Became Principal, South Melbourne College, 1890,
which position he still occupies.
`Songs of the South' (London and Melbourne, 1891).
`Songs of the South', Second series (London, 1895).
`Lyrics of Nature' (Melbourne, 1899).
`A Book of Sonnets' (Melbourne, 1902).

O'Reilly, Dowell Phillip.
Born at Sydney, 1865, son of Rev. Canon O'Reilly.
Educated, Sydney Grammar School; went to Sydney University
but left before completing the course. Represented Parramatta
in N.S.W. Parliament, 1894-1898. Now a Master at Sydney Grammar School.
`A Fragment' (Sydney, 1884).
`Australian Poems' (Sydney, 1884).
`A Pedlar's Pack' (Sydney, 1888).

Parkes, Sir Henry.
Born at Stoneleigh, Warwickshire, England, 27th May, 1815.
Son of an English farmer. Self-educated. Learned trade of ivory-turner.
Emigrated to Australia, 1839. Elected to old Legislative Council, 1854,
and to first Parliament under responsible government, 1856.
Was several times Premier and almost continuously in N.S.W. Parliament
until his death at Annandale, near Sydney, on 27th April, 1896.
`Stolen Moments' (Sydney, 1842).
`Murmurs of the Stream' (Sydney, 1857).
`Studies in Rhyme' (Sydney, 1870).
`The Beauteous Terrorist, and other Poems' (Sydney, 1885).
`Fragmentary Thoughts' (Sydney, 1889).
`Sonnets, and other Verse' (London, 1895).

Paterson, Andrew Barton ("Banjo").
Born at Narrambla, near Molong (N.S.W.), 17th February, 1864;
father Scottish, mother Australian. Admitted as a solicitor
and practised in Sydney for some years. Went to South Africa
as War Correspondent, and to China as special correspondent.
Now Editor Sydney `Evening News'.
`The Man from Snowy River, and other Verses' (Sydney, 1895, 1902).
`Rio Grande's Last Race and other Verses' (Sydney, 1902).

Quinn, Patrick Edward.
Born at Sydney, N.S.W., 17th March, 1862, of Irish parents.
Educated at various Sydney schools. Journalist.
Member of N.S.W. Legislative Assembly for six years.

Quinn, Roderic Joseph.
Born at Sydney, 26th November, 1869 (brother of P. E. Quinn).
Educated in Sydney; studied law; State school teacher at Milbrulong, N.S.W.
Returned to Sydney, 1890, where he now resides.
`The Hidden Tide' (Sydney, 1899).
`The Circling Hearths' (Sydney, 1901).
Both reprinted in `A Southern Garland' (Sydney, 1904).

Richardson, Robert.
Born at Armidale, N.S.W., 7th January, 1850; son of John Richardson.
Educated, Sydney Grammar School, graduated B.A. Sydney University.
Journalist. Went to England and died there 4th October, 1901.
`Willow and Wattle' (Edinburgh, 1893).

Ross, David MacDonald.
Born at Moeraki, on Otago coast, New Zealand, 1865.
Parents Scottish Highlanders; who, shortly after his birth,
removed to Palmerston in the Waihemo Valley, where he attended school.
Engaged in farming work, shearing, etc. in various parts of New Zealand.
Entered Agricultural Department, and in 1893 was appointed Stock Inspector,
Waikato district, which position he still holds.
`The After Glow' [Auckland, n.d. (1904)].

Rowe, Richard P. L.
Born at Doncaster, England, 9th March, 1828. Emigrated to Australia
when young. Journalist. Returned to England, 1858, and subsequently
published a number of works there. Died, 9th November, 1879.
`Peter 'Possums' Portfolio' (Sydney, 1858, prose and verse).

Sandes, John.
Born at Cork, Ireland, 26th February, 1863; son of Rev. S. Dickson Sandes.
Family left Ireland, 1872. Educated at King's College, London,
Trinity College, Stratford-on-Avon, and Magdalen College, Oxford;
graduated B.A., 1885. Travelled on Continent as tutor for a year.
Came to Australia, 1887. Joined staff of Melbourne `Argus', 1888,
Sydney `Daily Telegraph', 1903.
`Rhymes of the Times' (Melbourne, 1898).
`Ballads of Battle' (Melbourne, 1900).

Simpson, Martha Mildred (Miss).
Born in Co. Tyrone, Ireland, 3rd May, 1869. Came to New South Wales
with her father at the age of fourteen. Entered service
of Department of Public Instruction, 1886, and is now
in charge of Kindergarten section, Public School, Tamworth,
and Lecturer on educational matters in the same district.

Sinclair, Margaret A. (Miss).
Born at Auckland, N.Z., of Scottish parents. Educated at home
on Thames Goldfield. Now resides in Auckland.
`The Huia's Homeland, and other Verses' (London, 1897).
`Echoing Oars, or "Waitemata", and other Verses' (Auckland, 1903).

Sladen, Douglas Brooke Wheelton.
Born in London, 5th February, 1856. Educated,
Cheltenham and Trinity College, Oxford; graduated B.A.
Emigrated to Melbourne, 1879, graduated LL.B. at University there.
Returned to England, 1884. Edited "Australian Ballads and Rhymes",
"A Century of Australian Song", and "Australian Poets", 1888.
`Frithjof and Ingebjorg' (London, 1882).
`Australian Lyrics' (Melbourne, 1883; London, 1885).
`A Poetry of Exiles' (Sydney, 1883; London, 1886).
Second Series (London, 1888).
`A Summer Christmas' (London, 1884).
`In Cornwall and Across the Sea' (London, 1885).
`Edward the Black Prince' (Florence, 1886; London, 1887).
`The Spanish Armada' (London, 1888).

Stephens, James Brunton.
Born at Borrowstowness, near Edinburgh, 17th June, 1835.
Educated, Edinburgh University. Travelling tutor, 1857-1860;
teaching at Greenock till 1866. Arrived in Australia, April, 1866;
tutor at station on Logan River, Queensland, and in Brisbane.
Married Rosalie, daughter of T. W. Donaldson. Entered Colonial
Secretary's Department, Brisbane, 1883, as correspondence clerk;
subsequently appointed Under Secretary. Died 29th June, 1902.
`Convict Once' (London, 1871).
`The Godolphin Arabian' (Brisbane, 1873, 1894).
`The Black Gin, and other Poems' (Melbourne, 1873).
`Mute Discourse' (Brisbane, 1878).
`Marsupial Bill' (Brisbane, 1879).
`Miscellaneous Poems' (London and Brisbane, 1880).
`Convict Once, and other Poems' (Melbourne, 1885, 1888).
`Fayette, or Bush Revels' (Brisbane, 1892).
`Poetical Works' (Sydney, 1902).

Storrie, Agnes L. (Mrs. Kettlewell).
Born near Adelaide, South Australia; now resident in Sydney.
`Poems' (Sydney, 1899).

Turner, Ethel (Mrs. H. R. Curlewis).
Born at Doncaster, England, 24th January, 1872. Daughter of H. Turner,
of Scottish family; mother English. Arrived in Australia, 1880.
Educated, Sydney High School, where she conducted a school paper.
Edited `The Parthenon', and engaged in journalistic work for some years.
Published "Seven Little Australians", 1894, and since then
twelve other children's books.
`Gum Leaves' [Sydney, n.d. (1900), prose and verse].

Twisleton, Henry Lea.
Born at Winskill, near Settle, Yorkshire, England, 9th November, 1847.
Arrived in New Zealand, September, 1876; since then engaged in
bush work and teaching. At present teacher at Te Awaite, near Picton, N.Z.
`Poems in the Craven Dialect', by T. Twisleton,
with poems by H. L. Twisleton (Settle, 1876).
`Poems' (Wellington, N.Z., 1895).

Wentworth, William Charles.
Born at Norfolk Island, 26th October, 1793; son of D'Arcy Wentworth,
a surgeon from Dublin. Educated, Greenwich, England,
and Cambridge University. Returned to Australia and took foremost part
in securing a Constitution for Australia. Founder of Sydney University.
Went to England, 1862. Died at Wimborne, Dorset, 20th March, 1872.
`Australasia, a Poem' (London, 1823, 1873).

Werner, Alice (Miss).
Born at Trieste, Austria, 1859; mother English, father German.
In the same year the family emigrated to New Zealand, and lived at Dunedin.
Went with her father to Mexico in 1864, and then to London.
Newnham College, 1878-80. Writing for `The Speaker' and other papers
until 1893. Went to South Africa, studying native languages.
Returned to London, 1896. Now writing stories and verse.
`The King of the Silver City' (London).
`A Time and Times' (London, 1886).

Whitney, George Charles.
Born at Drummoyne, near Sydney, 25th May, 1884; father Australian,
mother English. Educated, Fort Street Public School and Sydney University.
Graduated B.A., 1906.

Wilcox, Dora (Miss).
Born at Christchurch, New Zealand, 1873; father an Englishman,
mother New Zealander. Matriculated, Canterbury College.
Teaching in New South Wales and New Zealand for some years.
Went to Europe, and is now in London.
`Verses from Maoriland' (London, 1905).

Wilson, Mrs. James Glenny.
Born (Ann Adams), at Greenvale, Victoria, 11th June, 1848;
father from North of Ireland, mother member of an Aberdeenshire family.
Educated at home. Married, 1874, and went to New Zealand,
and has been living at Rangitikei ever since.
`Themes and Variations' (London, 1889).
`A Book of Verses' (London, 1901).

Wright, David McKee.
Born in Co. Down, Ireland, 6th August, 1869; son of Rev. W. Wright,
author of "The Brontes in Ireland", etc. Arrived in New Zealand, 1887.
Entered Congregational Ministry, 1898. Now stationed at Nelson, N.Z.
`Aorangi, and other Verses' (1896).
`Station Ballads, and other Verses' (Dunedin, 1897).
`Wisps of Tussock' (Oamaru, 1900).
`New Zealand Chimes' (Wellington, 1900).

Some Notes on this Etext:

The poems in this etext by Gordon, Kendall, Paterson, and Lawson
were compared to other texts, and it should be noted that a series of dots
(. . . . .) sometimes indicates (here and elsewhere)
that some lines or stanzas have been omitted. The selections
from these poets indicates that Stevens was aware of their importance,
but he seems to have missed the mark with regards to Paterson --
and (in the original) doesn't even mention his well-known pseudonym, "Banjo".
Excepting "Clancy of the Overflow", Stevens neglects Paterson's best work.
There could be many reasons for this, perhaps beyond his control,
("Waltzing Matilda", for example, was not widely published until 1917),
but "The Man from Snowy River" (which the movie of the same name
is loosely based upon) should certainly have been included.
"The Man from Ironbark", "A Bush Christening", and "Conroy's Gap"
would also be good choices, and are fortunately available online
in "The Man from Snowy River, and other Verses".

Other than adding "Banjo" to the lines containing Paterson's name,
the only noteworthy changes made to the text were in format,
including standardizing the names and titles in the table of contents
with those in the text; and in the "Notes" section, where references
to page numbers have been replaced with the name of the poet and poem
to which the notes refer. This anthology was first published in 1907.

Accents were necessarily removed as follows:

Parkes, "The Buried Chief":
Or winge\d chariot rolling past?

Domett, "A Maori Girl's Song":
On Arapa/ I'll launch my skiff, and soon be borne away

Foott, "New Country":
Conde\ had come with us all the way --

Evans, "A Pastoral":
Darkly, like an arme\d host

Colborne-Veel, "Distant Authors":
"Aqu/i esta\ encerrada el alma licenciado Pedro Garcias."

Jephcott, "A Ballad of the last King of Thule":
Hy-Bra/sil, Manna/n and Eire/,

Wright, "An Old Colonist's Reverie":
I sigh for the good old days in the station whare\ again;

Cuthbertson, "Ode to Apollo":
The sweet-voiced and immortal violet-crowne\d Nine.

These other books of Australian poetry are presently online (October 1997),


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