History Of The Mackenzies
Part 7 out of 12
of the Inverlael family, anciently descended from the Barons of
Kintail, a Lord of Session and Justiciary by the title of Lord
Mackenzie, with issue - two daughters, Frances Mary and Penuel
Lord Seaforth, having survived all his male issue, died on the
11th of January, 1815, at Warriston, near Edinburgh, the last
male representative of his race. His lady outlived him, and died
at Edinburgh on the 27th of February, 1829. The estates, in virtue
of an entail executed by Lord Seaforth, with all their honours,
duties, and embarrassments, devolved upon his eldest daughter,
then a young widowed lady,
XXII. MARY ELIZABETH FREDERICA MACKENZIE, LADY HOOD,
Whom Scott commemorated in the well-known lines -
And thou, gentle dame, who must bear to thy grief,
For thy clan and thy country the cares of a Chief,
Whom brief rolling moons in six changes have left
Of thy husband, and father, and brethren bereft;
To thine ear of affection how sad is the hail
That salutes thee the heir of the line of Kintail.
She was born at Tarradale, Ross-shire, on the 27th of March, 1783,
and married, first, at Barbadoes on the 6th of November, 1804, Sir
Samuel Hood, K.B., Vice-Admiral of the White, and afterwards, in
1806, M.P. for Westminster. Sir Samuel died at Madras, on the
24th of December, 1814, without issue. Lady Hood then returned
home, and, in 1815, entered into possession of the family estates,
which had devolved upon her by the death of her father without
male issue, when the titles became extinct.
She married secondly, on the 21st of May, 1817, the Right Hon. James
Alexander Stewart of Glasserton, nephew of the seventh Earl of
Galloway, who assumed the name of Mackenzie, was returned M.P.
for the County of Ross, held office under Earl Grey, and was
successively Governor of Ceylon, and Lord High Commissioner to
the Ionian Islands. He died on the 24th of September, 1843. Mrs
Sewart-Mackenzie died at Brahan Castle on the 28th of November,
1862, and was buried in the family vault in the Cathedral of
Fortrose. Her funeral was one of the largest ever witnessed in
the Highlands, many thousands being present on foot, while the
vehicles that followed numbered more than 150. By her second
marriage she had issue -
I. Keith William Stewart, her heir and successor.
II. Francis Pelham Proby, Lieutenant 71st Highlanders. He died
unmarried in 1844.
III. George Augustus Frederick Wellington, who, born in 1824,
married in November, 1850, Maria Louisa, daughter of General Thomas
Marriot, H.E.IC.S., and died, without issue, in 1852.
IV. Mary Frances, who married, in 1838, the Hon. Philip Anstruther,
Colonial Secretary of Ceylon, with issue.
V. Caroline Susan, who, in 1844, married John Berney Petre, and
died in 1867.
VI. Louisa Caroline, who, on the 17th of November, 1858, married,
as his second wife, William Bingham second Lord Ashburton, who
died on the 23rd of March, 1864, with issue, an only daughter, Mary
Florence, who, in 1884, married the Hon. William George Spencer
Scott, Earl Compton, M.P., eldest surviving son and heir of
William Douglas Compton, fourth Marquis of Northampton, born in
1851, with issue - William Bingham Lord Wilmington, born in 1885;
and Lady Margaret Louisa Lizzie.
Mrs Stewart Mackenzie and her husband, on her death on the 28th of
November, 1862, were succeeded in the estates by their eldest son,
XXIII. KEITH WIILLIAM STEWART MACKENZIE,
Born on the 9th of May, 1818. He was an officer in the 90th
Regiment and subsequently Colonel-Commandant of the Ross-shire
Highland Rifle Volunteers. He sold what remained of Kintail in
1869. He married first, on the 17th of May, 1844, Hannah Charlotte,
daughter of James Joseph Hope Vere of Craigie Hall and Blackwood,
Midlothian, with issue -
I. James Alexander Francis Humberston, his heir.
II. Susan Mary Elizabeth, who on the 15th of August, 1871, married,
first, the Hon. John Constantine Stanley, Colonel Grenadier Guards,
second son of the Right Hon. Edward Lord Stanley of Alderley. He
was born on the 30th of September, 1837, and died on the 27th of
April, 1878, leaving issue - two daughters. She married, secondly,
the Right Hon. Sir Francis Henry Jeune, Q.C., President of the
Probate, Divorce, and Admiralty Division of the High Court of
Justice, with issue - one son.
III. Julia Charlotte Sophia, who on the 8th of October, 1873,
married, as his second wife, the Right Hon. Arthur, ninth Marquis of
Tweeddale, who died in 1878, without issue. In 1887 she married,
secondly, as his second wife, the Right Hon. Sir John Rose, Baronet,
G.C.M.G., of Queensgate, London, who died in 1888, without issue.
In 1892 she married, thirdly, Captain William Evans Gordon, without
IV. Georgina Henrietta, who died young, on the 15th of October,
His first wife died in June, 1868. He married, secondly, on the
2nd of June, 1871, Alicia Almeira Bell, with issue - one daughter.
Keith Stewart Mackenzie died in June, 1881, when he was succeeded
by his only son,
XXIV. JAMES ALEXANDER FRANCIS HUMBERSTON STEWART MACKENZIE,
Who was born on the 9th of October, 1847, Lieutenant-Colonel Commanding
the 9th Lancers, and now of Seaforth. He is still unmarried.
It has been shown at p. 343 that the male line of Colonel
Alexander Mackenzie of Assynt, fourth son of Kenneth Mor, third
Earl of Seaforth, became extinct on the death, in 1815, of Francis
Humberston Mackenzie, who survived all his male issue. It has
also been proved that the male line of George, second Earl of
Seaforth, who died in 1651, terminated in Kenneth, XIX. of Kintail
and sixth Earl of Seaforth, whose only child, Lady Caroline
Mackenzie, formed an irregular union with Lewis Drummond, Count
Melfort, a French nobleman. It was shown earlier, at p. 246,
that the lineal representation of the original line of Kintail
was diverted from heirs male in the person of Anna, Countess of
Balcarres, eldest daughter of Colin, first Earl of Seaforth, who
had no surviving male issue; and the male line of Colonel Mackenzie of
Assynt having terminated in "The Last of the Seaforths," who died
in 1815, we must go back beyond all these to an earlier collateral
branch to pick up the legitimate male succession, and for ever dispose
of the various unfounded claims hitherto made to the Chiefship of
Before the appearance of the former edition of this work there had
been several claimants to this highly honourable position; and
this is not to be wondered at, for whoever proves his right to
the Chiefship of the Mackenzies establishes at the same time his
right to the ancient honours of the house and Barons of Kintail.
In an earlier part of the work, at p. 316, it is shown that the
original title of Lord Mackenzie of Kintail did not come under the
attainder of William, the fifth Earl, for the part which he took
in the Rising of 1715, and therefore the Chief of the Mackenzies,
as heir male of the first Lord Mackenzie of Kintail, is, in virtue
of that position, we believe, entitled to assume that ancient title.
The first formal claim to the Chiefship is one by a Captain
Murdoch Mackenzie, "of London," who claimed "the titles, honours,
and dignities of Earl of Seaforth and Baron Mackenzie of Kintail,"
in virtue of a pretended descent and pedigree from the Hon.
John Mackenzie of Assynt, second son of Kenneth Mor, third Earl
of Seaforth. This pedigree and claim is before us. According to
that document the Hon. John Mackenzie of Assynt had a son "Murdoch
Mackenzie of Lochbroom, who, having shown a disposition of enterprise
like his kinsman Earl William, left his native parish in 1729 or
1730, first for Aberdeen and afterwards for Northumberland, where,
in consequence of the unsettled state of Scotland, he resided
with his family." This Murdoch had a son, John Mackenzie, "born
in Beadnall, parish of Bamborough, county of Northumberland, in
1738, who married Miss Isabella Davidson in 1762, and died in 1780,
in his forty-second year." John had a son, "Captain Murdoch
Mackenzie, the claimant, who was born at Beadnall, county of
Northumberland, in 1763, and married in 1781, Miss Eleanor Brown
of the same place, and has issue. He commanded the ship Essex,
transport 81, of London, during the late war. Being desirous to
see his clan in the North, in 1790 he visited the late Francis Lord
Seaforth, who in the true spirit of Scotch sincerity, hospitality,
and nobility received him with demonstrations of pleasure. After
talking over family matters his Lordship candidly said that Captain
Murdoch ought to have been the peer in point of primogeniture."
A short account of the family accompanies the pedigree and claim,
which concludes in these terms - "In consequence of the death of
the last peer it has been discovered in Scotland that the titles
and family estates have devolved upon Captain Murdoch Mackenzie
of London. This gentleman is naturally anxious to establish his
rights, but being unable to prosecute so important a claim without
the aid of sufficient funds he has been advised to solicit the
aid of some individuals whose public spirit and liberal feelings
may prompt them to assist him on the principle that such timely
assistance and support will be gratefully and liberally rewarded.
Captain Mackenzie hereby offers to give his bond for L300 (or more
if required) for every L100 that may be lent him to prosecute his
claim - the same to become due and payable within three months after
he shall have recovered his titles and estates." The result of
this appeal has not been ascertained, but it is certain that Captain
Murdoch Mackenzie did not succeed in establishing any claim either
to the titles or estates of the House of Kintail and Seaforth.
It was, on the contrary, placed absolutely beyond dispute by the
evidence produced at the Allangrange Service in 1829 that the eldest
and only surviving son of the Hon. John Mackenzie of Assynt was
not Murdoch but Kenneth, and there is no trace whatever of his
having had any son but Kenneth. In an original Precept issued by
the Provost and Magistrates of Fortrose on the 30th of October,
1716, the son of the then late John Mackenzie of Assynt is designated
"Kenneth Mackenzie, now of Assynt, grandchild and apparent heir to
the deceased Isobel, Countess Dowager of Seaforth, his grandmother
on the father's side." In the same document Kenneth is described
as her Ladyship's "nearest and lawful heir," conclusively showing
that he was her son John's eldest son. It is thus fully established
that Captain Murdoch Mackenzie's genealogical chain fails at the
very outset - is broken in its initial link. The Hon. John Mackenzie
of Assynt had only one son. His name was Kenneth, not Murdoch,
and he died without issue. If any additional proof be required to
show that the male line of the Hon. John Mackenzie of Assynt has
long been extinct, it will be found in the fact that on the death
of Earl Kenneth, known as "the Little Lord," in 1781, the succession
to the representation and ancient honours of the family of Kintail
and Seaforth, devolved upon the heir male of Colonel Alexander
Mackenzie of Assynt, who was the fourth son of Kenneth Mor, third
earl, and a younger brother of the Hon. John Mackenzie of Assynt,
apart altogether from the conclusive parole evidence given by very
old people at the Allangrange Service in 1829. This effectually
disposes of Captain Murdo Mackenzie.
Now as to the more plausible but equally baseless claim of Captain
William Mackenzie of Gruinard, and his cousin, the late Major-General
Alexander Mackay Mackenzie of the Indian Army. Captain Murdoch
Mackenzie's claim having failed, we must go back another step in
the chain to pick up the legitimate succession to the honours of
Kintail and Seaforth. Here we are met on the way by another claim,
put forward by the late Captain William Mackenzie of Gruinard,
in the following letter addressed to George F. Mackenzie, then of
11 Margaret Street, Cavendish Square,
London, 24th October 1829.
My Dear Allangrange, - Having observed in the "Courier" of the 21st
inst., at a meeting at Tain, that you were proceeding with the
Seaforth Claims, I take the earliest opportunity of communicating
to you a circumstance which I am sure my agent, Mr Roy, would have
informed you of sooner, did he know that you were proceeding in
this affair; and which, I think probable, he has done ere this;
but lest it might have escaped his notice, I deem it proper to
acquaint you that on Mr Roy having discovered, by authenticated
documents, that I was the lineal descendant of George, Earl of
Seaforth, he authorised an English counsellor to make application
to the Secretary of State to that effect, who made a reference to
the Court of Exchequer in Scotland to examine the evidence - Mr Roy
having satisfied them with having all which he required to establish
my claim. I therefore am inclined to address you in order that
you may be saved the trouble and expense attending this affair.
Indeed, had I known you were taking any steps in this business, be
assured I would have written to you sooner.
I had not the pleasure of communicating with you since your marriage,
upon which event I beg leave to congratulate you, and hope I shall
soon have the pleasure of learning of your adding a member to the
Clan Kenneth. Believe me, my dear Mac, yours most sincerely,
This claim is founded on a Genealogical Tree in possession of the
present representatives of the Gruinard family, by which John
Mackenzie, their progenitor is incorrectly described as the son
of George Mackenzie of Kildun, second son of George, second Earl
of Seaforth. It is believed that the descendants of this George,
who was the second George designated of Kildun, are long ago
extinct; but whether they are or not, it will be conclusively
shown, by reference to dates, that John, I. of Gruinard, could not
possibly have been a son of his. And to the indisputable evidence
of dates may be added the testimony of all the Mackenzie MSS. in
existence which make any reference to John of Gruinard. In every
instance where his name appears in these he is described as a
natural son of George, second Earl of Seaforth.
Before this Earl succeeded he also was known as George Mackenzie
of Kildun, hence the error in the Gruinard Genealogical Tree. The
author of the Ancient MS., so often quoted in the course of this
work, was a contemporary of John, I. of Gruinard, and he states
that Earl George "had also "ane naturall" son, called John Mackenzy,
who married Loggie's daughter." The author of the Ardintoul
MS., who was the grandson, as mentioned by himself, of the Rev.
Farquhar Macrae, Constable of Ellandonnan Castle in Earl Colin's
time, and who died advanced in years as far back as 1704 - consequently
a contemporary of John of Gruinard - describing the effects of the
disastrous battle of Worcester, says that Earl George, who was
then in Holland, was informed of the result of the battle "by John
of Gruinard, "his natural son," and Captain Hector Mackenzie, who
made their escape from the battle," that the tidings "unraised his
melancholy, and so died in the latter end of September, 1651." The
Letterfearn MS. is also contemporary, for the author of it speaks
of Earl Kenneth as ""now" Earl of Seaforth," and of George of Kildun
in the present tense, while he speaks of his father in the past
tense, and he say's that "He (Earl George) left "ane natural son,"
who "is" called John, who "is" married with Logie's daughter."
That John of Gruinard was married to Christina, daughter of Donald
Mackenzie, III. of Loggie, is proved by a sasine dated 1655, in
which that lady is described as his wife.
It may be objected to these MSS. that, however probable it may be
that they are correct, they are not necessarily authentic. But
there is ample evidence of an official and incontestible character
on the point. A sasine, dated 6th of February, 1658, is recorded in
the Particular Register of Sasines of Inverness, vol. 7, fol. 316,
from which the following is an extract - "Compearit personally John
Mackenzie, "naturall" broyr to ane noble Erle Kenneth Erle of
Seaforth Lord of Kintail, etc., as bailzie in that part," on behalf
of "the noble Lady, Dame Isobell Mackenzie, Countess of Seaforth,
sister german to Sir George Mackenzie of Tarbat, Knight, future
ladie to the said noble Erle." Another authentic document having a
most important bearing on this question was recently discovered in
the office of the Sheriff-Clerk of Tain. It is a discharge by
Patrick Smith of Braco, dated and registered in the Commissary Books
at Fortrose, on the 4th of December, 1668, in which the parties are
described as "Kenneth Erle of Seafort, Lord Kintail, as principal,
and John Mackenzie of Gruinyard, designit in the obligatione
vnder-wrytten his "naturall" brother, as cautioner." Further, George
of Kildun married, first, Mary Skene, daughter of Skene of Skene, in
1661. This is proved by a charter to her of her jointure lands of
Kincardine, etc. (see Particular Register of Sasines Invss., vol.
ix. fol. 9). He married, secondly, Margaret, daughter of Urquhart
of Craighouse. The absolute impossibility is at once obvious of
George of Kildun - who only married his first wife in 1661 - having
had a son, John Mackenzie of Gruinard, in a position to have obtained
a charter in his favour of the lands of Little Gruinard, etc., in
1669 - within eight years of his reputed father's marriage to his
first wife - and who was himself designated in that charter as
of "Meikle Gruinard," while it is proved by undoubted official
documents that John of Gruinard's "wife" had lands disponed to her
as his wife in 1655; that is, six years before the marriage of
George of Kildun, John's alleged father. And further, how could
John of Gruinard's second son, Kenneth, have married, as be is known
to have done, the widow of Kenneth Og, fourth Earl of Seaforth,
who died in 1701, if John, his father, had been the son by a
second marriage of George of Kildun, who married his first wife
in 1661? The thing is absolutely impossible.
Kenneth Mor, third Earl of Seaforth, who, according to the Gruinard
Genealogy, was John of Gruinard's uncle, was born at Brahan Castle
in 1635. In 1651 he is described as "a child" by a contemporary
writer, who says that the Kintail people declined to rise with him
in that year during his father's absence on the Continent, because
"he was but a "child," and his father, their master, was in life."
Colin, first Earl of Seaforth, died in 1633, and the author of the
Ancient MS. says that "Earl George, being then the Laird of Kildun,
married before his brother's death, the Lord Forbes's daughter."
Thus, George of Kildun could not have been born before 1636 or
1637 at the very earliest; and the date of his first marriage,
twenty-four years later, strongly corroborates this. How then
could he have had a married son, John Mackenzie of Gruinard, whose
wife undoubtedly obtained lands in 1655; that is, when Kildun
himself was only 18 years of age, and when John, already designated
of Gruinard, was, in 1656, old enough to be cautioner for Kenneth,
Earl of Seaforth? Proof of the same conclusive character could be
adduced to any extent, but in face of the documents already quoted,
it is obviously superfluous to do so.
John Mackenzie, I. of Gruinard, could not in the nature of things
have been a son of the second George Mackenzie of Kildun. He was, on
the other hand, undoubtedly, the "natural" son of the first George,
who succeeded his brother Colin as second Earl of Seaforth, and
it necessarily follows that his representatives can have no claim
whatever to the Chiefship of the Clan, or to the ancient honours
of the family of Kintail and Seaforth. We shall now proceed to show
that these distinctions belong to and are at present possessed by
the male representative of
THE MACKENZIES OF ALLANGRANGE.
HAVING disposed of the only two serious claims made to the Chiefship
of the Clan in later times our next step is to show who the present
Chief is. To do this we must go back to Kenneth, created Lord
Mackenzie of Kintail in 1609; for there is no male representative of
any later head of the House in existence, so far as can be ascertained,
between that date and this. Lord Kenneth had seven sons -
1. Colin Ruadh or "the Red Earl," his heir and successor, who
died, in 1633, without surviving male issue.
2. John Mackenzie of Lochslinn, who married Isabel, daughter of
Alexander Mackenzie, V. of Gairloch, and died in 1631, having been
poisoned at Tam, without issue male. His only daughter, Margaret,
married Sir Norman Macleod, I. of Bernera, with issue.
3. Kenneth, who died unmarried.
Lord Kenneth, XII. of Kintail, married secondly, Isabel, daughter
of Sir Gilbert Ogilvie of Powrie, with issue -
4. Alexander, who died unmarried.
5. George, who succeeded his brother Colin, as second Earl of
Seaforth, and whose line terminated in Lady Caroline Mackenzie, who
died without issue in 1847, her father Kenneth, Baron Ardelve and
Earl of Seaforth in the peerage of Ireland, the last male of his
line, having died at the Cape of Good Hope in 1781.
6. Thomas Mackenzie of Pluscardine, whose male issue was proved
extinct at the Allangrange Service in 1829.
7. SIMON MACKENZIE, who, after the death of his brother John,
was designated of Lochslinn, and whose representative will be
shown to be the present head and heir male of the ancient family of
Kintail and Seaforth, and Chief of the Clan. This SIMON married,
first, Elizabeth, daughter of the Rev. Peter Bruce of Ferrar,
D.D., Principal of St. Leonard's College, St. Andrews, and son of
Bruce of Fingask, by Elizabeth, daughter of Alexander Wedderburn
of Blackness, with issue - five sons and one daughter, Jane, who
married Robert Douglas of Katewell, in the parish of Kiltearn,
Ross-shire, and secondly, Sir James Grant of Moyness.
The eldest of Simon's five sons was the famous SIR GEORGE MACKENZIE
of Rosehaugh, Lord Advocate for Scotland, whose history is so
well known that it would serve no good purpose to give only such
a brief account of it as could be given in the space here available.
He wrote several works of admitted literary merit, his "Institutes"
being to this day considered a standard legal authority. He left an
autobiography in MS. which was published by his widow in 1716.
The estate of Rosehaugh, where he always took up his residence
while in the Highlands, was, in his time, profusely covered with
the Dog Rose, a fact which first suggested to the famous lawyer
the idea of designating that property by the name of "Vallis
Rosarum," or Rosehaugh. Sir George married first, Elizabeth,
daughter of John Dickson of Hartree, with issue - (1) John; (2) Simon;
(3) George, all of whom died young and unmarried; (4) Agnes, who
in 1705 married Sir James Stuart Mackenzie, first Earl of Bute,
with issue, whose descendants, now represented by the Earl of
Wharncliffe, succeeded to his Ross-shire estates, but since sold
by them, though still retaining the name and arms of the family.
(For the succession see Retour of James Marquis of Bute, January,
1721); (5) Elizabeth, who married, first, Sir Archibald Cockburn
of Langton, with issue, and, secondly, the Hon. Sir James Mackenzie
of Royston, Baronet, with issue - George (who married but died
before his father, without male issue), and two daughters - Anne,
who married Sir William Dick of Prestonfield; and Elizabeth, who
married Sir John Stuart of Grandtully, with issue.
Sir George Mackenzie of Rosehaugh married, secondly, Margaret,
daughter of Haliburton of Pitcur, with issue, (6) James, who died
young; (7) George, who succeeded his father as II. of Rosehaugh,
and married - with issue, an only daughter, who died without issue;
(8) Jean, and (9) Margaret, both of whom died without issue. From
this it will be seen that the male representation of Sir George
Mackenzie of Rosehaugh, eldest son of the Hon. Simon Mackenzie
of Lochslinn, terminated at the death of his only son. We must
therefore revert to SIMON MACKENZIE, the immediate younger brother
of Sir George Mackenzie, and second son of the Hon. Simon Mackenzie
of Lochslinn, from whom JAMES FOWLER MACKENZIE OF ALLANGRANGE,
present Chief of the Clan, is descended as follows:
SIMON, who died at Lochbroom in 1664, married Jane, daughter of
Alexander Mackenzie, I. of Ballone, brother of Sir John Mackenzie
of Tarbat and uncle to George, first Earl of Cromarty (marriage
contract 1663) with issue - an only and posthumous son,
I. SIMON MACKENZIE, first of Allangrange, an Advocate at the
Scottish Bar. This property he acquired through his wife in the
following manner. Alexander Mackenzie, I. of Kilcoy, third son
of Colin, XI. of Kintail, had four sons, of whom the youngest,
Roderick, obtained the lands of Kilmuir, in the Black Isle. He
became a successful lawyer, Sheriff-Depute, and Member of Parliament,
and was knighted by Charles II. Sir Roderick, at the same time
proprietor of Findon, acquired several other properties by purchase.
He died in 1692, and on the death of his only son in the following
year, without issue, his unentailed estates, which were not
included in the Barony, and which had become very considerable,
and all his moveable property, were divided equally among his four
daughters, as heirs portioners. Isobel, the third of these ladies,
on the 22nd of August, 1693, married, as his first wife, Simon
Mackenzie, the Advocate, and carried to him in 1699 as her portion,
the estate of Allan - formerly the property and residence of the
Earl of Seaforth - which has ever since been known as Allangrange.
By Isobel Mackenzie, daughter of Sir Roderick Mackenzie of Findon,
Simon had issue -
1. Roderick, who died unmarried.
2. George, who succeeded his father as II. of Allangrange.
3. Kenneth, of whom there is no trace.
4. William, a Captain in the Dutch army. He married a Miss Innes,
with issue, since proved extinct.
5. Simon, who died, without issue, in the West Indies.
6. Lilias, who died unmarried.
7. Elizabeth, who in 1745 married, as his third wife John Matheson,
V. of Fernaig, ancestor of Sir Kenneth James Matheson, Baronet
of Lochalsh, with issue - one son, Captain Alexander Matheson, of
the 78th Highlanders, who died in India in 1809, without issue.
8. Eliza, who married Ludovic, son of Roderick Mackenzie, V. of
9. Isobel, who married Murdoch Cameron, with issue, at Allangrange.
Simon married, secondly, on the 28th of August, 1718, Susanna,
daughter of Colonel Alexander Fraser of Kinneries, generally known
as "the Coroner," with issue -
10. Colin, who married a Miss Macdonald in Lochaber, with
issue - William, who died unmarried in the West Indies; Susanna, who
married a Mr Cameron, with issue; and a daughter, who died unmarried.
11. Alexander, a Doctor of Medicine, who died without issue, in
Jamaica, in 1780.
12. Margaret, married Dr John Mackenzie of Newton, who died
in 1759, with issue - Dr Simon of Mullet Hall, Jamaica, who there
married Catherine, daughter of Samuel Gregory from Nairn; George;
Roderick; Kenneth; and Isobel.
13. Frances, who married Lieutenant James Cumming of the Marines
(marriage contract 1752), without issue.
14. Susanna, and
15. Janet, both of whom died unmarried.
Simon was drowned in the River Orrin, in February, 1730, while
returning home from a visit to a friend in Fairburn, when he was
succeeded by his eldest surviving son,
II. GEORGE MACKENZIE, second of Allangrange, who in May, 1731,
married Margaret, daughter of John and grand-daughter of Sir Donald
Bayne of Tulloch. They have a retour in 1732. The male heirs
of the Baynes of Tulloch--originally a sept of Mackays from
Sutherlandshire, who settled down in the vicinity of Dingwall early
in the sixteenth century - having terminated in John, this lady's
father, she carried the lineal representation of that old and
respectable house to the family of Allangrange. By Margaret Bayne,
George Mackenzie had issue -
1. Simon, who died young in 1731.
2. William, a Captain in the 25th Regiment. He died before his
father, unmarried, in 1764.
3. George, who died young.
4. Alexander, who died unmarried before his father, in 1765.
5. John, who succeeded his father in Allangrange.
6. Margaret, who, as his second wife, married Alexander Chisholm,
XXII. of Chisholm, with issue, and carried on the succession of
7. Isobell, who married Simon Mackenzie of Langwell, a Captain
in the 4th Regiment (marriage contract 1767), with issue.
8. Mary, who married Kenneth Chisholm, Fasnakyle, a cadet of
Knockfin, with issue - Margaret, who married John Chisholm, Comar.
George had six other daughters - Anne, Janet, Susanna, Lilias, Ann,
Barbara, and Elizabeth, all of whom died young or unmarried.
He died in 1773, when he was succeeded by his eldest surviving
III. JOHN MACKENZIE, third of Allangrange, who at an early age
was appointed Examiner of Customs in Edinburgh. He married, first,
Catherine, eldest daughter and co-heiress of James Falconer of
Monkton (marriage contract 1781), and grand-daughter of the Right
Hon. Lord Halkerton and the Hon. Jane Falconer. By the acquisition
of his wife's fortune John was able to devote himself to his favourite
agricultural pursuits, in which he was eminently successful in
his day. By his wife, who died in 1790, he left issue -
1. George Falconer, his heir and successor.
2. Jane Falconer, who married John Gillanders of Highfield, with
issue - (1) Captain George Gillanders, who died without issue; (2)
Captain John Mackenzie Bowman Gillanders, H.E.I.C.S., of Highfield,
who died, without issue, in 1852; (3) Alexander Gillanders; (4)
James Falconer Gillanders, of Highfield, who in 1852 married Amy,
daughter of the late Major Charles Robertson of Kindeace, with
issue - George Francis Gillanders, late of Highfield, who, on the
21st of December, 1876, married Geraldine Anne Isabella Mary Jane,
daughter of Major James Wardlaw, Belmaduthy, with issue - an only
daughter, Frances Geraldine; (5) Frances Williamina Gillanders,
who died without issue; (6) Margaret Mackenzie Gillanders; (7)
Catherine, who married William Inglis, of the H.E.I.C.S.
3. Margaret Bayne, who died young.
4. Margaret Bayne, who also died young.
John married, secondly, Barbara, daughter of George Gillanders,
first of Highfield, widow of John Bowman, an East India merchant
in London, without issue. She died in 1823. He died in 1812,
when he was succeeded by his eldest son,
IV. GEORGE FALCONER MACKENZIE, fourth of Allangrange, who was
in 1829 served heir male to his ancestor, the Hon. Simon Mackenzie
of Lochslinn, and heir male in general to Simon's father, Kenneth,
created first Lord Mackenzie of Kintail in 1609, and to Lord
Kenneth's brother, Colin, created first Earl of Seaforth in 1623.
He matriculated arms accordingly in the Lyon Office of Scotland.
On the 9th of January, 1828, he married Isabella Reid, daughter of
James Fowler of Raddery and Fairburn, in the county of Ross, and
The Grange, Jamaica, with issue -
1. John Falconer, who succeeded his father, and died unmarried in
2. James Fowler, who succeeded his brother John.
3. George Thomas, who married Ethel Newman, London, without issue
4. Catherine Sophia, who died young.
5. Anna Watson.
George Falconer Mackenzie died in 1841, and was succeeded by his
V. JOHN FALCONER MACKENZIE, fifth of Allangrange, who died
unmarried in 1849, when he was succeeded by his next brother,
VI. JAMES FOWLER MACKENZIE, now of Allangrange, Chief of
the Mackenzies, and heir male to the dormant honours and ancient
titles of the historic family of Kintail and Seaforth. He is
still unmarried, and it is much to be feared that after his death
and that of his brother, George, who is without issue male, the
Chiefship of this great Clan may go a-begging. The only member of
the family whose male representation has not been proved extinct
is Kenneth, third son of Simon, I. of Allangrange, born about two
hundred years ago, and of whom or of his descendants, if any,
nothing is known for two centuries. And trace of them is now
scarcely within the region of possibility, even if in existence,
which is extremely improbable.
The Hon. Simon Mackenzie of Lochslinn, seventh son of Kenneth,
first Lord Mackenzie of Kintail, had by his first wife, three
other sons - Thomas Mackenzie, I. of Loggie; John Mackenzie, I. of
Inchcoulter or Balcony and Colin Mackenzie, Clerk to the Privy
Council, but the male issue of all three has been proved extinct.
He, however, married again; and it is among the descendants of
the second marriage that the Chiefship of the Clan must be sought
for should the heirs male of Allangrange at any time fail.
THE OLD MACKENZIES OF DUNDONNEL.
THE HON. SIMON MACKENZIE of Lochslinn married, secondly, in 1630
(marriage contract dated at Kingillie on the 12th of January),
Agnes, daughter of William Fraser, V. of Culbokie, and widow of
Alexander Mackenzie, I. of Ballone, brother of Sir John Mackenzie
of Tarbat, with issue -
1. Kenneth Mor Mackenzie, first of Glenmarkassie and Dundonnel.
2. Isobel, who, in 1673, married Murdoch Mackenzie, VI. of Fairburn,
3. Elizabeth, who married the Rev. Roderick Mackenzie, minister
and laird of Avoch - the land of which he had purchased - son of John,
Archdean of Ross, natural son of Sir Roderick Mackenzie, Tutor of
Kintail, with issue. This
I. KENNETH MOR MACKENZIE, first of Glenmarkassie, acquired the
lands of Dundonnel, or "Achadh-Tigh-Domhnuill," from Roderick
Mackenzie, III. of Redcastle, in 1690, by excambion for Meikle
Scatwell. In 1681 he is described as Chamberlain of Assynt, and
in 1690 he receives a discharge from the Hon. John Mackenzie, then
designed "of Assynt," for 2448 merks, being the full rent for the
estate crop of 1689. He married Annabella, daughter of John
Mackenzie, I. of Gruinard, natural son of George, second Earl of
Seaforth, with issue -
1. Kenneth, his heir and successor.
2. Alexander, of whom nothing is known.
3. Colin Riabhach of Ardinglash, who married Annabella, daughter
of Simon Mackenzie of Loggie, without surviving issue.
4. Simon, of whom there is no trace.
5. Barbara, who married Alexander Mackenzie III. of Ballone (sasine
1727), with issue.
6. Sibella, who married John Mackenzie, II. of Ardloch, with
7. Annabella, who married James Mackenzie of Keppoch, Lochbroom,
brother of John Mackenzie, II. of Ardloch, with issue.
Kenneth Mor was succeeded by his eldest son,
II. KENNETH MACKENZIE, second of Dundonnel, who married Jean,
daughter of John Chisholm, XX. of Chisholm, with issue -
1. Kenneth, his heir and successor.
2. Captain Alexander, of the 73rd Regiment, who died in 1783, and
whose issue, if any, is unknown.
3. John, who married Barbara, daughter of Alexander Mackenzie, I.
of Ardloch, with issue, several sons, all of whom died young, and
two daughters - Annabella, who married Alexander Mackenzie, Rivochan,
Kishorn, with issue, twenty-five children; and Isabella. John's
widow married, as her second husband, Roderick, sixth son of George
Mackenzie, II. of Gruinard, with issue.
Kenneth was succeeded by his eldest son,
III. KENNETH MACKENZIE, third of Dundonnel, who in 1737, married
Jean, daughter of Sir Kenneth Mackenzie, IV. and first Baronet of
Scatwell, with issue -
1. George, his heir and successor.
2. Kenneth, a W.S. who died in 1790, and whose issue, if any, is
3. William, an Episcopalian minister, who married, with issue.
If any male descendants of his exist and can be traced one of them
may, at no distant date, become Chief of the Clan.
4. Roderick, who was also married, with issue, but of whose
descendants, if any, nothing is known.
5. Captain Alexander, who died in India, without issue.
6. Captain Simon, who was married, and died in Nairn in 1812,
whether with or without issue, at present unknown.
7. Captain Lewis, who died in India, without issue.
8. Janet, who married Colin Mackenzie, Jamaica brother of George
Mackenzie, Kildonan of Lochbroom without issue. She died in 1783.
9. Isabella, who died unmarried.
Kenneth, whose wife predeceased him in 1786, died in 1789, when
he was succeeded by his eldest son,
IV. GEORGE MACKENZIE, fourth of Dundonnel, who married Abigail,
daughter of Thomas Mackenzie, V. of Ord, with issue -
1. Alexander, who died young.
2. Kenneth, who succeeded his father in the estates.
3. Thomas, who succeeded his brother Kenneth.
4. Jane, who married the Rev. Dr Ross, minister of Lochbroom,
George was succeeded by his eldest surviving son,
V. KENNETH MACKENZIE, fifth of Dundonnel, who, in 1817, married
Isabella, daughter of Donald Roy of Treeton, without issue. He
left the estate by will to his brother-in-law, Robert Roy, W.S.,
who, however, lost it after a long and costly litigation with
VI. THOMAS MACKENZIE, sixth of Dundonnel, who was financially
ruined by the litigation in the case, and the property had to
be sold in 1835, to meet the costs of the trial. It was bought
by Murdo Munro-Mackenzie of Ardross, grandfather of the present
owner, Hugh Mackenzie of Dundonnel, and of Bundanon, Shoulhaven,
New South Wales. Thomas married his cousin, Anne, eldest daughter
of Alexander, VI. of Ord, with issue -
1. George Alexander, who became the representative of the family
on the death of his father.
2. Thomas, who emigrated to California, and of whose issue, if
any, nothing is known.
3. John Hope, who for some time resided at Tarradale House,
4. Helen, who married the Hon. Justice Charles Henry Stewart of
Ceylon, without issue.
5. Isabella, who resided in Elgin, unmarried.
Thomas was succeeded as representative of the family by his eldest
VII. GEORGE ALEXANDER MACKENZIE, who, on the death of his father,
became head of the original Mackenzies of Dundonnel, although
the estates had been sold to another family. He married Louisa,
daughter of Captain Stewart of the Celyon Rifles, without issue.
If his next brother, who went to California, survived George
Alexander, then, on his death, he -
VIII. THOMAS MACKENZIE, would have succeeded as head of his house,
and failing him and his descendants, if any, the representation
of the old Mackenzies of Dundonnel would have fallen to JOHN HOPE
MACKENZIE, third son of Thomas, VI. of Dundonnel and last proprietor
of the family estates. He married Louisa, daughter of Captain
Stewart of the Ceylon Rifles, widow of his deceased brother, George
Alexander, without issue, and died in London in 1892.
The only members of this family whose descendants can ever now by
any possibility succeed to the Chiefship should it pass from the
Mackenzies of Allangrange are (1) Alexander, second son of Kenneth
Mor, first of Dundonnel, but of him there is no trace for more
than two hundred years, and never likely to be. (2) Simon,
Alexander's youngest brother, of whom nothing has been heard during
the same period. (3) Captain Alexander, of the 73rd Regiment,
second son of Kenneth Mackenzie, II. of Dundonnel, who died,
probably unmarried, in 1783. In any case there is nothing known
of any descendants. (4) Kenneth, W.S., second son of Kenneth
Mackenzie, III. of Dundonnel, who died in 1790, and is not known
to have been married. (5) William, third son of the same Kenneth, an
Episcopalian minister, who was married, and left issue, of whom,
however, we know nothing. (6) Roderick, William's immediate younger
brother, and third son of the same Kenneth Mackenzie, III. of
Dundonnel, who was also married, with issue, but whether extinct
or not we cannot say. (7) Captain Simon, who was married and died
in Nairn in 1812, but of his descendants, if any, we at present
know nothing. (8) Captain Lewis, who died in India, probably,
unmarried, but this has not been conclusively established; and
(9) Thomas, second son of Thomas, VI. of Dundonnel, who in early
life emigrated to California, and regarding whom nothing has since
been heard. If he is still alive or has left any surviving male
issue the late John Hope Mackenzie could not have succeeded as
head of the family, and Thomas, or his male heir, if now in life,
occupies that position; and on the failure of the Mackenzies of
Allangrange, he or his representative will become Chief of the
Mackenzies. Failing Thomas, or his male heirs, that honour would
fall to the heirs male, if any, of each of the eight others mentioned,
in the inverse order in which their names are here set forth.
THE MACKENZIES OF HILTON.
THE MACKENZIES OF HILTON are descended from Alexander Mackenzie,
VI. of Kintail, known among the Highlanders as "Alastair Ionraic,"
by his first wife, Anna, daughter of John Macdougall of Dunolly.
The first of the family was
I. DUNCAN MACKENZIE, designated of Hilton, a barony situated in
Strathbraan, bounded on the north by Loch Fannich, on the south
by the ridge of the hills on the north side of Strathconan, on the
east by Achnault, and on the west by Ledgowan. Duncan married a
daughter of Ewen Cameron, XIII. of Lochiel, with issue - an only
son, his heir and successor -
II. ALLAN MACKENZIE, second of Hilton, Loggie or Brea, from
whom the family is known in Gaelic as "Clann Alain." He married
a daughter of Alexander Dunbar of Conzie and Kilbuyack, third son
of the Sheriff of Moray, with issue -
1. Murdoch, his heir and successor.
2. John, progenitor of the Mackenzies of Loggie.
3. Roderick, who married, with issue, an only daughter, Agnes,
who married Alexander Mackenzie, II. of Killichrist, with issue.
4. Alastair, who married, with issue - a daughter, who married
Roderick, son of Murdoch Mackenzie, III. of Achilty, with issue -
the Rev. Murdo Mackenzie, Bishop of Ranfoe, in Ireland.
Allan's wife survived him, and married, as her second husband,
Kenneth Mackenzie of Meikle Allan, now Allangrange, second son of
Hector Roy Mackenzie, I. of Gairloch.
He was succeeded by his eldest son,
III. MURDOCH MACKENZIE, third of Hilton, who married a daughter
of Innes of Innerbreakie, now Invergordon, with issue - an only
IV. JOHN MACKENZIE, fourth of Hilton, who married Margaret,
daughter of Dunbar of Inchbrook, with issue -
1. Murdoch, his heir.
2. Alexander, who, in 1640, married Margaret, natural daughter
of John Roy Mackenzie, IV. of Gairloch, apparently without issue.
The marriage contract is in the Gairloch charter chest.
3. Colin, M.A. of Aberdeen University, and minister of Kilearnan,
where he died. He married Miss Dundas, with issue - Kenneth, well
known in his day as Deacon of the Edinburgh Goldsmiths, who left
4. A daughter who married John Sinclair, Caithness.
5. A daughter, who married John Matheson, "Ian Og," in Lochalsh,
whose eldest son, Alexander, became the progenitor of the Mathesons
of Lochalsh, Attadale, and Ardross, represented in this country by
Sir Kenneth James Matheson, Baronet, and others.
John was succeeded by his eldest son,
V. MURDOC MACKENZIE, fifth of Hilton, who married Mary, eldest
daughter of the Rev. Murdoch Murchison, Auchtertyre, minister of
Kintail, with issue -
1. Alexander, his heir.
2. Roderick, who married the eldest daughter of Alexander, third
son of Murdoch Mackenzie, II. of Redcastle, with issue - a son,
Colin, who died without issue, in 1682.
3. Colin, who married Isobel, daughter of Donald Simpson, Chamberlain
of Ferintosh, with issue - (1) Alexander, locally called "Sanders,"
who succeeded his grandfather, Donald Simpson, as Chamberlain of
Ferintosh. He married Helen, daughter of William Munro, Ardullie,
with issue - two sons and two daughters - (a) Colin, who died unmarried,
but left a natural son, of whom are descended several respectable
families in Ferintosh; (b) Donald, who married Jean, legitimate
male succession of his paternal grandfather, Alexander, eldest son
of Colin, third son of Murdoch Mackenzie, V. of Hilton. Donald
had several daughters; first Mary, who was along with her father
and brother when they were drowned, but she was saved, and married,
as his second wife, the Rev. Colin Mackenzie, minister of Fodderty,
first of the family of Glack, of whom presently second, Jean, who
married Colin Murchison third, Isabel, who married David Ross;
fourth, a daughter, who married Mackenzie of Ussie, with issue - two
sons, Donald and Frank; fifth, Anne, who married Lewis Grant;
and sixth, Helen, who married Alexander Mackenzie of Ardnagrask,
afterwards at Loggie-side, from whom was descended Bailie John
Mackenzie, of Inverness. Alexander's ("Sanders") eldest daughter,
Mary, in 1723, married Donald, son of John Murchison, Achtertyre;
the second, Elizabeth, married William Martin of Inchfure, with
issue - a daughter, Ann, celebrated for her beauty, who, as his second
wife, married Norman Macleod, XIX. of Macleod, with issue - three
daughters, Elizabeth, Anne, and Rich Mary, for whose marriage and
descendants see Mackenzie's "History of the Macleods," pp. 154-155.
(2) Roderick, Colin's second son, whose male heir carried on the
representation of the family on the death, without legitimate male
issue, of Alexander Mackenzie, X. of Hilton, when he was succeeded
by Roderick's grandson, Alexander, as XI. of Hilton, whose descent
will be shown presently. John, a third son of Colin, is on record
in 1730, but nothing more is known of him.
4. Murdoch, fourth son of Murdoch, V. of Hilton, married Agnes
Helen, daughter of Donald Taylor, a Bailie of Inverness (1665),
with issue - an only son, Alexander, who in early life entered the
service of Kenneth, Earl of Seaforth, and who, in 1709, became
Chamberlain of the Lewis for Earl William. In the same year
Alexander married Katherine, daughter of Andrew Duncan, factor
for Viscount Stormont, with issue, whose descendants are unknown.
Murdoch had also a daughter, Jean, who daughter of Thomas Forbes
of Raddery and of the lands of Fortrose as far as Ethie, with
issue - an only son, Alexander, who was drowned along with his
father, while fording the Conon, Opposite Dingwall, in 1759, when,
the son being unmarried, perished the married Hector Mackenzie, by
whom she had a son, Kenneth, a Jesuit Priest in Spain, and several
5. Isobel, who married the Rev. Donald Macrae, minister of Kintail,
Murdoch was succeeded by his eldest son,
VI. ALEXANDER MACKENZIE, sixth of Hilton, who, in 1630, married,
first, Annabella, second daughter of John Mackenzie, I. of Ord,
without issue, and secondly, Sibella, eldest daughter of Roderick
Mackenzie, I. of Applecross, widow in succession of Alexander Macleod,
V. of Raasay, and Thomas Graham of Drynie, with issue - an only son,
VII. EWEN MACKENZIE, who succeeded as seventh of Hilton. He
married, in 1685, Elizabeth, third daughter of Colin Mackenzie,
IV. of Redcastle, with issue -
1. John, his heir and successor.
2. Colin, who succeeded his brother John as IX. of Hilton.
3. Florence, who married her cousin, Alexander Macrae, son of the
Rev. Donald Macrae, minister of Kintail.
He was succeeded by his eldest son,
VIII. JOHN MACKENZIE, eighth of Hilton, who married Margaret,
daughter of Kenneth Mackenzie of Alduinny (marriage contract
1710), without issue. He joined the Earl of Mar, and was one of
"The four Johns of Scotland," - Ceithear Ianan na h-Alba - killed at
the battle of Sheriff-Muir in November, 1715, where he commanded
a Company of the Mackenzies. He was succeeded by his brother,
IX. COLIN MACKENZIE, ninth of Hilton, who married Catherine,
daughter of Christopher Mackenzie, Arinhugair, with issue -
1. John, who married Helen, daughter of Roderick Mackenzie, VII.
of Fairburn, and died without issue, before his father, in 1751.
2. Alexander, who succeeded to the estate.
3. A daughter, who, as his first wife, married John Macdonell,
XII. of Glengarry, with issue - Alastair, who carried on the
representation of that family, and another son.
He died in 1756, aged 65, and was succeeded by his only surviving
X. ALEXANDER MACKENZIE, tenth of Hilton, who married Mary,
daughter of George Mackenzie, II. of Gruinard, without issue, when
the direct male line of Murdoch, V. of Hilton, came to an end.
He, however, had a natural son - Alexander, well known in his day
and yet affectionately spoken of by very old people as "Alastair Mor
mac Fhir Bhaile Chnuic," Seaforth's principal and most successful
recruiting serjeant when originally raising the 78th Highland
Regiment. And many a curious story is still told of Alastair's
successful efforts to procure willing and sometimes hesitating
recruits for the Regiment of his Chief. He married Annabella
Mackenzie, of the Gruinard family, by whom he had a numerous offspring;
and many of his descendants, one of whom is Major Alexander Colin
Mackenzie, of the 1st V.B. Seaforth Highlanders, Maryburgh, occupy
responsible positions in several parts of the country.
We must now revert, in order to pick up the legitimate male line
of succession, to
RODERICK MACKENZIE, I. of Brea, Chamberlain of Ferintosh, second
son of Colin, by his wife Mary Simpson, third son of Murdoch, V.
of Hilton, all the intermediate male heirs having, as has been
shown, become extinct. He acquired Brea in Ferintosh, in wadset
and it remained in his family for two generations. By marriage he
became possessed of the ruined Castle of Dingwall, and the lands
adjoining, the ancient residence of the Earls of Ross; also the
lands of Longcroft. Roderick married Una, or Winifred, daughter
of John Cameron, Town Clerk of Dingwall, with issue -
1. John of Brea, commonly known as "John the Laird." He resided
at Tarradale and married, in 1759, Beatrice, second daughter of
Alexander Mackenzie, VIII. of Davochmaluag, by Magdalen, daughter
of Hugh Rose, XIII. of Kilravock, with issue - (1) Roderick, who
died unmarried; (2) Alexander, who succeeded as XI. of Hilton,
and of whom presently; (3) Kenneth of Inverinate, who married
Anne, daughter of Thomas Mackenzie, IV. of Highfield and VI. of
Applecross, with issue - (a) Thomas, who succeeded as X. of Applecross,
in right of his mother, and whose male heirs have died out (see
Applecross genealogy); (b) Alexander, who married Harriet, daughter
of Newton of Curriehill, with issue - Kenneth, who died unmarried;
Alexander, a Lieutenant in the Royal Engineers, who died unmarried;
Marion, who married Charles Holmes, barrister, without issue; and
Harriet, unmarried; (c) Jean, who died unmarried; (d) Elizabeth,
who married her cousin, Major John Mackenzie, XII. of Hilton, with
issue, whose descendants, in Australia, now represent the male
line of the family; (e) Flora, who married the Rev. Charles Downie,
minister of Contin who died in 1852, leaving issue - Kenneth
Mackenzie Downie, a surgeon in Australia, and five daughters, all
dead; (f) Catherine, (g) Mary, and (h) Johanna, all three of whom
died unmarried. The other sons and daughters of John Mackenzie
of Brea, "the Laird," were (4) Colin, called "the Baron," born at
Tarradale, on the 3rd of December, 1759, and died unmarried; (5)
Peter, who also died unmarried; (6) Duncan, who married Jessie,
daughter of Mackenzie of Strathgarve, without issue; (7) Arthur,
who died unmarried; (8) Magdalen, who died unmarried; (9) Marcella
or Medley, who married the Rev. Dr Downie, in the Lewis; (10)
Mary, who in 1790, married her cousin, the Rev. Donald Mackenzie
minister of Fodderty, with issue - Major Colin, Royal Engineers, who
married Anne, daughter of John Pendrill, of Bath, without issue;
and (11) Elizabeth, who died unmarried.
2. Colin Mackenzie, minister of Fodderty, who purchased an estate
in Aberdeenshire, and was the first of the Mackenzies of Glack, in
that county, of whom later on.
3. Sir Peter, M.D., a knight of Nova Scotia, Surgeon-General in
the army, who died unmarried.
Roderick Mackenzie was succeeded in Brea by his eldest son,
JOHN MACKENZIE, II. of Brea, with surviving issue, among several
others already mentioned, Alexander, who as nearest male heir
collateral, succeeded to the lands and barony of the family as
XI. ALEXANDER MACKENZIE, eleventh of Hilton and Brea, who was,
as has just been shown, the great-grandson of Colin, third son of
Murdoch, V. of Hilton, and his heir of line. Alexander was born
at Tigh-a-phris of Ferintosh, on the 3rd of July, 1756. He was
educated at the University of Aberdeen, but was afterwards bred
a millwright to qualify him for the supervision of family estates
and business connections in Jamaica, where he subsequently became a
Colonel of Militia. On the death of his maternal uncle, Alexander
Mackenzie, VIII. of Davochmaluag, in 1776, and of that gentleman's
grandson, Lieutenant Kenneth Mackenzie, who was killed at Saratoga
in 1777, Alexander of Hilton succeeded also to the Davochmaluag
estate. The adjoining properties of Davochpollo and Davochcairn
having been previously acquired by his father, John Mackenzie,
second of Brea, Alexander combined the three properties into one,
and gave it the name of Brea, after the former possession of the
family in Ferintosh. He greatly improved this estate and laid it
out in its present beautiful form. His land improvements, however,
turned out unremunerative. His Hilton property was heavily encumbered
in consequence of the part taken by members of the family in the
Risings of 1696, 1715, and 1745, and great losses having been
incurred in connection with his West Indian estates, Alexander
got into pecuniary difficulties, and all his possessions, at home
and abroad, had to be sold either by himself or by his trustees
to meet the demands of his creditors. He was a distinguished
agriculturist for his time, and was the first, along with Sir
George Mackenzie, VII. of Coul, and his own cousin, Major Forbes
Mackenzie, to introduce Cheviot sheep to the Highlands for hill
He married Mary James, in Jamaica, with issue -
1. John, his heir.
2. Alexander, who married his cousin Charlotte, daughter of the
Rev. Dr Downie, with issue - (1) Alexander, who died unmarried; (2)
Downie, who died unmarried; (3) John; (4) Kenneth, who married
Flora, daughter of the Rev. John Macdonald, a native of Inverness,
who emigrated to and was a minister in Australia, by his wife Mary
(who died in 1878), third daughter of Neil Macleod, XI. of Gesto,
Isle of Skye; (5) Charles, who died unmarried; (6) William, who
died unmarried; (7) Mary James, who married her cousin, Kenneth
Mackenzie, XIV. of Hilton, in Australia; and (8) Jessie, who died
unmarried. Alexander emigrated to Australia, where he died.
3. Kenneth, W.S., who married Anne Urquhart, Aberdeen, with
issue - an only daughter, who died unmarried. He married, secondly,
Elizabeth Jones, with issue, and died in Canada, where his widow
and children continued to reside, in the city of Toronto.
4. Mary, who died unmarried in Australia a few years ago.
Alexander died at Lasswade in 1840, and was succeeded as representative
of the family by his eldest son,
XII. JOHN MACKENZIE, Colonel of the 7th Regiment of Bengal
Cavalry, and for many years Superintendent of the Government
breeding stud at Buxar, India. He married, in 1813, his cousin,
Elizabeth, daughter of Kenneth Mackenzie of Inverinate, W.S., with
1. Alexander, who succeeded him as representative of the family.
2. Kenneth, who succeeded his brother Alexander.
3. Mary, who married Dr James of the 30th Regiment, without issue.
4. Anne, who married General Arthur Hall of the 5th Bengal Cavalry,
5. Elizabeth Jane, who died unmarried.
Colonel John died at Simla in 1856, when he was succeeded as
representative of the family by his eldest son,
XIII. ALEXANDER MACKENZIE, who emigrated to Australia, and died
unmarried in New South Wales in 1862, when he was succeeded as
representative of the family by his younger brother,
XIV. KENNETH MACKENZIE, who recently resided at Tyrl-Tyrl, Taralga,
near Sydney, New South Wales. He married his cousin, Mary James,
daughter of Captain Alexander Mackenzie of Brea, second son of
Alexander, XI. of Hilton, with issue -
1. John, his heir; (2) Kenneth; (3) Downie; (4) Flora; (5) Jessie,
all in Australia.
THE MACKENZIES OF GLACK.
THIS family is descended from Roderick, second son of Colin, third
son of Murdoch Mackenzie, V. of Hilton. The issue of Roderick,
Hilton's second son, by the daughter of Alexander Mackenzie of
Redcastle, and Roderick's eldest brother, has already been proved
extinct. Colin, Murdoch of Hilton's third son, had - (1) a son,
Alexander, whose male issue died out in 1759; and (2) Roderick,
Chamberlain of the Lewis. This Roderick had three sons - (1) John
Mackenzie, I. of Brea, who carried on the male line of Hilton, and
whose representative, now in Australia, is head of that family;
(2) Colin; and (3) Sir Peter, a Surgeon-General in the army, who
died unmarried. Roderick's second son,
I. THE REV. COLIN MACKENZIE, minister of Fodderty, purchased
the estate of Glack - in Aberdeenshire, and became the first of this
family. He was born in 1707, educated at the University of Aberdeen,
and in 1734 appointed parish minister of Fodderty. Subsequently,
for services rendered to the family of the forfeited Earl of
Cromarty, he was appointed by the Earl's eldest son, Lord Macleod,
Chaplain to Macleod's Highlanders, afterwards the 71st Highland
Light Infantry, an office which proved more honorary than lucrative,
for he had to find a substitute, at his own expense, to perform
the duties of the office. Colin inherited a considerable fortune
in gold from his father, while in right of his mother he succeeded
to the ruined Castle of Dingwall, one of the ancients seats of the
old Earls of Ross, and its lands, as also the lands of Longcroft.
He gave the site of the Castle, at the time valued at L300, to
Henry Davidson of Tulloch as a contribution towards the erection
of a manufactory which that gentleman proposed to erect for the
employment of the surplus male and female labour in Dingwall and
its vicinity, but which was never begun. He sold the remaining
portion of the Castle lands and those of Longcroft to his nephew,
Alexander Mackenzie, XI. of Hilton, and afterwards bought Glack
in Aberdeenshire, of which he and his descendants have since been
designated. Colin was on intimate terms with the Lord President
Forbes of Culloden, and maintained a constant correspondence with
his lordship, the result of which was, along with the demands and
influence of his clerical calling, to keep him out of the Rising
of 1745, although all his sympathies were with the Jacobites. He
is said to have been the first who, in his own district, received
intelligence of the landing of Prince Charles in Scotland. It
reached him during the night, whereupon he at once crossed
Knockfarrel to Brahan Castle, where, finding his Chief in bed, he
without awakening her ladyship, communicated to his lordship what
had occurred. Seaforth, having had his estate recently restored
to him, was easily prevailed upon by his clansmen to keep out of
the way in the meantime, and both of them started for the West
Coast of Ross-shire at the same time that the army of the Prince
began its march eastwards. The two were in retirement at Poolewe,
when two ships laden with his lordship's retainers from the Lewis
sailed into Lochewe. They were at once signalled to return to
Stornoway, Seaforth waving them back with the jawbone of a sheep,
which he was in the act of picking for his dinner, and in this
way, it is said, was fulfilled one of the prophecies of the Brahan
Seer, by which it was predicted "That next time the men of Lewis
should go forth to battle, they would be turned back by a weapon
smaller than the jawbone of an ass." Meanwhile Seaforth's lady (we
shall for greater convenience continue to call him by his former
title, although it was at this time under attainder), not knowing
what had become of her lord or what his real intentions were, is
said to have entertained the Prince at Brahan Castle, and to have
urged upon the Earl of Cromarty and his eldest son, Lord Macleod,
to call out the clan in her husband's absence. Subsequently, when
that Earl and his son were confined in the Tower of London for
the part which they took on her advice, and when the Countess with
ten children, and bearing another, were suffering the severest
hardships and penury, the Rev. Colin, at great risk to himself and
the interests of his family, collected the rents from the Cromarty
tenants, giving his own receipt against their being required to
pay again to the Forfeited Estates Commissioners, and personally
carried the money to her ladyship in London. It was in acknowledgment
of this service that Lord Macleod afterwards appointed him Chaplain
to his newly raised regiment, Macleod's Highlanders.
It was this Colin who first fully recognised the health-giving
properties of the Strathpeffer mineral springs, and who, by erecting
a covered shed over one of them, placed it, for the first time,
in a condition to benefit the suffering thousands who have since
derived so much advantage from it. Shortly before his death, in
1801, at the very old age of ninety-five years, he conducted the
opening services of the parish church of Ferintosh, and contributed
largely to the funds for its erection, to commemorate the saving
of his wife's life, when she was washed ashore on her horse's back,
near the site of the church, when her father and brother perished
by drowning while crossing the River Conon, opposite Dingwall, in
The Rev. Colin married first, Margaret, daughter of Hugh Rose, IV.
of Clava, with issue, an only daughter, Margaret, who died young
on the 22nd of September. 1746. He married, secondly, in 1754,
his cousin, Mary, eldest daughter of Donald Mackenzie, Balnabeen,
who, as has been already shown, carried on, in the female line,
the succession of Alexander (Sanders), eldest son of Colin, third
son of Murdoch, V. of Hilton. By her, who died in 1828, the Rev.
Colin of Fodderty, and Glack had issue -
1. Roderick, his heir and successor.
2. Donald, who was educated at the University of Edinburgh, and
afterwards appointed parish minister of Fodderty and Chaplain to
the 71st Highlanders, his father having resigned both offices in
his favour. He was a noted humorist and said by those who knew
him best to be much more at heart a soldier than a minister. He
married first, his cousin, Mary, daughter of John Mackenzie of
Brea, "the Laird," and sister of Alexander, XI. of Hilton, with
issue - (1) Colin, a Colonel of Royal Engineers, who, born in 1793,
married in 1838 Ann Petgrave, daughter of John Pendrill, M.D.,
Bath, and died without issue, in 1869; (2) John, who ultimately
succeeded as IV. of Glack, and of whom presently; (3) Elizabeth,
who married Lieutenant Stewart, R.N., with issue; and (4) Mary,
who died unmarried. Colin married, secondly, Mary, daughter of
the Rev. Mr Fyers, Fort-George, without issue.
3. Forbes Mackenzie, a Captain in the North British (Ross-shire)
Militia, afterwards Major in the East of Ross Militia, and for
thirty-seven years a Deputy Lieutenant for the county. He reclaimed
and laid out the greater part of the valley of the Peffery, where,
on the estate of Fodderty, be was the first to apply lime to the
land and to grow wheat north of the Moray Firth. He was also the
first to introduce Clydesdale horses and shorthorn cattle to the
Highlands, and was, as has been already said, along with Sir George
Mackenzie of Coul and his own cousin, Alexander Mackenzie, XI. of
Hilton, the first to import Cheviot sheep to the northern counties.
He married Catherine, daughter of Angus Nicolson, Stornoway, and
grand-daughter of the gentleman of the same name who commanded and
brought to Poolewe, with the intention of joining the standard of
Prince Charles, the three hundred men ordered back to the Lewis,
as already mentioned, by Seaforth, in 1745. By her Major Forbes
Mackenzie had issue - (1) Nicolson, a surgeon in the army, who was
wrecked near Pictou, Nova Scotia, and there drowned in his noble
attempts to save the lives of others, in 1853, unmarried; (2)
Roderick, heir of entail to the estate of Foveran, and a Colonel
in the Royal Artillery, who, in 1878, married Caroline Sophia,
daughter of J. A. Beamont of Wimbledon Park; (3) Thomas, a Major in
the 78th Highlanders, Ross-shire now retired, and still unmarried;
(4) Mary, who married the late Rev. John Kennedy, D.D., Free Church
minister of Dingwall, with issue - Jessie, unmarried, and Mary, who
married John Matheson, banker, Madras, only surviving son of the
late Rev. Duncan Matheson, late Free Church minister of Gairloch
with issue. Mrs Kennedy died at Strathpeffer in 1892. (5) Dorothy
Blair, who died unmarried; and (6) Catherine Eunice, who married
the late Adam Alexander Duncan of Naughton, county of Fife, with
issue - Catherine Henrietta Adamina.
4. Anne, who married Hector Mackenzie, a Bailie of Dingwall
("Baillidh Eachainn"), to whom Alexander Campbell, the Gaelic bard,
composed the beautiful elegy published in 1893 in the "Scottish
Highlander." He was the second son of Alexander Mackenzie of
Tollie, Provost of Dingwall (third son of Charles Mackenzie, I.
of Letterewe), by his second wife, Catherine, daughter of Bayne
of Delny, and younger half brother of Alexander Mackenzie, I. of
Portmore. By his wife, Bailie Hector had issue, Alexander, whose
daughter, Katherine, in 1836, married Major Roderick Mackenzie,
H.E.I.C.S., and VII. of Kincraig, with issue.
5. Mary, who married Captain John Mackenzie, VI. of Kincraig, whose
descendants, from her, now represent the Mackenzies of Redcastle.
6. Johanna, who married Dr Millar, Stornoway.
7. Una, who died unmarried.
8. Beatrice, who married Peter Hay, a Bailie of Dingwall.
9. Isabella, who died unmarried, and
10. Jean, who married the Rev. Colin Mackenzie, Stornoway.
Rev. Colin Mackenzie was succeeded by his eldest son,
II. RODERICK MACKENZIE, second of Glack. He married first,
Margaret, daughter of Sir Alexander Mackenzie, X. of Gairloch,
Baronet, without issue, and secondly, Christina, daughter of John
Niven, Peebles, with issue -
1. Harry, who died unmarried, in 1828.
2. John, who succeeded as III. of Glack.
3. Roderick of Thornton, Aberdeenshire, who died unmarried, in
4. James, a Major in the 72nd Highlanders, who died unmarried in
India, in 1857.
5. Mary, who married the late General Sir Alexander Leith, K.C.B.,
of Freefield and Glenkindie, without issue.
6. Rachael, who died unmarried.
7. Christina of Foveran, who died unmarried.
8. Jane Forbes Unice, who also died unmarried.
Roderick was succeeded by his eldest surviving son,
III. JOHN MACKENZIE, third of Glack. He was born in 1810,
succeeded his father in 1842, inherited his brother Roderick's estate
in 1857, and Foveran, on her death, from his sister Christina.
He acquired Inveramsay by purchase. He died. unmarried, in 1877,
when he was succeeded by his cousin, the second son of his uncle,
the Rev. Donald, minister of Fodderty,
IV. JOHN MACKENZIE, fourth of Glack. He was born on the 21st of
March, 1795, and married first, in 1817, at Malta, Anne, daughter
of Thomas MacGill, without issue; and secondly, on the 21st of
October, 1822, Margaret Campbell, daughter of John Pendrill, M.D.,
Bath, with issue -
1. The Rev. Duncan Campbell, rector of Shephall, Hertfordshire,
2. John Pendrill, M.A. of Oxford, who was born on the 7th of
February, 1825, and married first, on the 20th of October, 1859, Lucy
Adelaide, daughter of Henry Thornton, with issue - Lucy Eleanor and
Margaret Pendrill. She died in 1870, and he married, secondly, on
the 25th of July, 1878, Caroline Maria, daughter of J. H. Wottur
3. The Rev. Roderick Bain, M.A. of Exeter College, Oxford, Rector
of Ludbrooke, county of Lincoln. He was born on the 14th of
September, 1834, and married on the 10th of November, 1868, Josepha
Peyton, eldest daughter of Colonel Richard Ignatius Robertson of
Portland Place, London, without issue.
4. Margaret Campbell Pendrill, and
5. Mary, both unmarried.
His second wife died at Sorrento, Naples, on the 7th of June, 1855.
He is succeeded as representative of the family by his eldest son,
V. THE REV. DUNCAN CAMPBELL MACKENZIE, Vicar of Shephall, Herts,
who was born on the 6th of January, 1824, and married on the 31st
of January, 1854, Louisa, daughter of the late Lieutenant-Colonel
Nicolls, of Chichester, with issue -
1. Donald, an officer in the Marines.
2. Allan, an officer in the Ross-shire Militia.
3. Malcolm; 4, Helen; 5, Edith; 6, Lilian; and 7, Amy.
THE MACKENZIES OF LOGGIE.
THE representative of this family, if alive, would succeed to the
Chiefship after the male representative of the family of Glack,
but there is no trace of any heir male of Loggie for two centuries.
Before the Chiefship could come into this family, the descendants
of Kenneth of Inverinate, third son of John Mackenzie of Brea, and
immediate younger brother of Alexander, XI. of Hilton would have
to be disposed of. Thomas, the eldest son of Inverinate, succeeded
in terms of a disposition by John Mackenzie, VII. of Applecross,
and in right of his mother, to the Applecross estates, but not
to the male representation of that family. But the last male
representative of this family failed, a few years ago, in the
person of his third and last surviving son, Thomas Mackenzie,
W.S., Edinburgh, who died unmarried. It will be remembered that
Allan Mackenzie, II. of Hilton and Loggie, married a daughter of
Alexander Dunbar of Conzie and Kilbuyack, third son of the Sheriff
of Moray, with issue - (1) Murdoch, who succeeded as III. of Hilton,
and (2) John, who was served heir to and afterwards designated,
I. JOHN MACKENZIE, first of Loggie, a barony situated in the old
parish of that name, but now forming the western portion of the
modern parish of Urquhart. John married a daughter of John Glassich
Mackenzie, II. of Gairloch, with issue, one son, who succeeded him
II. ALLAN MACKENZIE, second of Loggie. He married a daughter
of Hector, sixth son of Murdoch Mackenzie, III. of Achilty, with
1. Donald, his heir and successor.
2. Murdoch, who was married and left one daughter, Margaret, who
in 1634 married Murdoch Mackenzie, I. of Little Findon, third son
of Alexander Mackenzie, II. of Killichrist, with issue - a son,
John, who succeeded his father. Allan was succeeded by his eldest
III. DONALD MACKENZIE, third of Loggie, who married first, in
1636, Catherine, daughter of Murdoch Mackenzie, II. of Redcastle,
with issue -
1. Colin, a doctor of medicine, educated at the University of
Aberdeen, and afterwards under the most celebrated professors of
the day at Leyden, Paris, and Rheims, at the last-named of which
he took his degree of M.D. He adopted extravagant theological
views, in consequence of which "and his immoral conduct in his
youth" he was disinherited by his father, whereupon he re-visited
the Continent and remained there for several years. He subsequently
returned to Inverness, where he practised his profession with
considerable success, and had a yearly pension settled upon him
by his father, until his death there, unmarried, in 1708.
Donald married, secondly, Annabella, eldest daughter of Alexander
Mackenzie, V. of Gairloch, with issue -
2. Alexander, who succeeded his father.
3. John, who was educated for the ministry at the University
of Aberdeen, and was for several years Chaplain to Major-General
Mackay's Regiment. After the Revolution he was appointed minister
of Kirkliston, near Edinburgh, but soon removed to London, where
he died unmarried, before his brother Alexander, and was buried
in St. Martin's Church, Westminster.
4. Murdoch, who succeeded as V. of Loggie.
5. Margaret, who married first, in 1663, Roderick Mackenzie, V.
of Fairburn, with issue, and secondly, the Rev. Hector Mackenzie of
Bishop-Kinkell, second son of Kenneth Mackenzie, VI. of Gairloch,
6. Christian, who married John Mackenzie, I. of Gruinard, with
7. Annabella, who married Mackenzie of Loggie in Lochbroom, with
He married, thirdly, Anne, daughter of the Rev. Donald Morison,
minister in the Lewis (sasine to her in 1666), with issue - an only
daughter, Anne, who married the Rev. Angus Morison, minister of
Contin. Donald had also a natural son, Roderick, a Captain in the
Confederate army under King William, who died in Holland, unmarried.
He was succeeded by his eldest surviving son,
IV. ALEXANDER MACKENZIE, fourth of Loggie, who married first, in
1667, Jane, daughter of Alexander Mackenzie, J. of Ballone, widow
of Simon, second son of the Hon. Simon Mackenzie of Lochslinn,
without issue. He married, secondly, Catherine, second daughter
of William Mackenzie, I. of Belmaduthy, also without issue.
He was succeeded by his youngest brother,
V. MURDOCH MACKENZIE, fifth of Loggie, who was educated at the
University of Aberdeen. He afterwards joined the Earl of Dumbarton's
Regiment, and by his merit and valour soon raised himself to the
rank of Captain. It is said of him that, at the battle of Sedgmoor,
fought on the 6th of February, 1685, during Monmouth's rebellion,
"the valiant Colonel Murdoch Mackenzie, under the command of Lord
Feversham, signally distinguished himself." He at the head of his
Company attacked the enemy on that occasion with such bravery and
resolution that, excepting the officers, there were only nine men
who were not either killed or wounded. Personally he had the
distinguished honour of taking the Duke of Monmouth's standard,
twisting it out of the standard-bearer's hand, and afterwards
presenting it to James II. at Whitehall. For this gallant exploit
he was promoted at once to the rank of Colonel. He married an
English lady, with issue -
1. Murdoch, his heir.
2. George, a young man of promising parts, who was killed in
a duel, unmarried; and three daughters of whom nothing has been
Murdoch died in London, was buried in St. Martin's Church,
Westminster, and succeeded by his eldest son,
VI. MURDOCH MACKENZIE, who settled in London, and of whose
representatives nothing whatever is known.
THE MACKENZIES OF GAIRLOCH.
THIS family is descended from Alexander Mackenzie, VI. of Kintail, by
his second wife Margaret, daughter of Roderick Macdonald, III. of
Moydart and Clanranald, the famous "Ruairidh MacAlain," by Margaret,
daughter of Donald Balloch of Islay, son of John Mor Tanastair (by
his wife Marjory Bisset, heiress of the Seven Lordships of the
Glens in Antrim), second son of John, first Lord of the Isles, by
his wife Lady Margaret Stewart, daughter of King Robert II. and
brother of Donald, second Lord of the Isles and first Earl of
Ross. [For Alexander, VI. of Kintail's first and second wives see
pp. 81-83.] By this lady the sixth Baron of Kintail had one son -
I. HECTOR ROY MACKENZIE, better known among his countrymen as
"Eachainn Ruadh." He has been already noticed at considerable
length at pp. 113 to 132 in his capacity as Tutor or Guardian to
his nephew, John of Killin, IX. of Kintail, but he played such a
prominent part in the history of his time that it will be necessary
to give his history at much greater length under this head. It has
been conclusively shown that Kenneth a' Bhlair, VII. of Kintail,
died in 1491, and that his only son by his first wife, Kenneth Og,
killed in the Torwood by the Laird of Buchanan in 1497, outlived
his father and became one of the Barons of Kintail, although there
is no record of his having been served heir to the family estates.
It has been said that Duncan of Hilton, Kenneth a Bhlair's eldest
brother, predeceased him, and that consequently Hector Roy succeeded,
as a matter of course to the legal guardianship of his nephew,
Kenneth Og, VIII. of Kintail, he being the eldest surviving
brother of the late Chief, who died in 1491. But this has not been
sufficiently established, although it is quite true that Duncan's
name does not appear after his brother's death in 1491, in any
of the manuscript histories of the clan, or in any known official
document. The author of the Ardintoul MS. states distinctly that
Duncan was dead, and that Hector, John of Kuhn's younger uncle,
"meddled with the estate." The Earl of Cromarty says that "Hector
Roy, being a man of courage and prudence, was left Tutor by his
brother to Sir Kenneth, his own brother-uterine, Duncan being of
better hands than head. This Hector, hearing of Sir Kenneth's
death, and finding himself in possession of an estate, to which
those only now had title whose birthright was debateable, namely,
the children begot by Kenneth the third, on the Lord Lovat's
daughter, with whom he did at first so irregularly and unlawfully
cohabit." The objection of illegitimacy could not apply to
Duncan, or to his son Allan, and it is difficult to understand on
what ground Hector attempted to obtain personal possession of the
estates, unless it be true, as confirmed to some extent hereafter,
that he was himself joint-heir of Kintail; for it is undoubted
that Allan, Duncan's eldest son, who was entitled to succeed
before Hector, was then alive. There is no official evidence that
Hector Roy was at any time appointed Tutor to John of Kuhn until an
arrangement was made between themselves, in terms of which Hector
was to act as such, and to keep the estates in his own bands until
his nephew came of age.
There is no doubt that Hector was in possession of extensive estates
of his own at this period. When the Lords of the Association, a
factious party of the nobility, took up arms against James III.,
Alexander of Kintail despatched his sons, Kenneth and Hector,
with a retinue of 500, to join the Royal standard; but Kenneth,
hearing of the death of his father on his arrival at Perth,
returned home at the request of the Earl of Huntly; and the clan
was led by Hector Roy to the battle of Sauchieburn, near Stirling
but after the defeat of the Royal forces, and the death there in
1488 of the King himself, Hector, who narrowly escaped, returned
to Ross-shire and took the stronghold of Redcastle, then held for
the rebels by Rose of Kilravock, and placed a garrison in it. He
then joined the Earl of Huntly and the clans in the north who were
rising to avenge the death of His Majesty but meanwhile orders
came from the youthful King James IV., who had been at the head of
the conspirators, ordering the Northern chiefs to lay down their
arms, and to submit to the powers that be. Thereupon Hector,
yielding to necessity, submitted with the rest, and he was "not
only received with favour, but to reward his previous fidelity and
also to engage him for the future the young King, who at last saw
his error, and wanted to reconcile to him those who had been the
friends of his father, made him a present of the Barony of Gairloch
in the western circuit of Ross-shire by knight-service after the
manner of that age. He likewise gave him Brahan in the Low Country,
now a seat of the family of Seaforth, the lands of Moy in that
neighbourhood, Glassletter (of Kintail), a Royal forest which was
made a part of the Barony of Gairloch. In the pleasant valley of
Strathpeffer, Castle Leod, part of Hector's paternal estate,
afterwards a seat of the Earl of Cromarty; Achterneed near adjacent,
also Kinellan, were likewise his, and so was the Barony of Allan,
now Allangrange, a few miles southwards. In the Chops of the
Highlands he had Fairburn the Wester, and both the Scatwells, the
great and the lesser. Westward in the height of that country he had
Kenlochewe, a district adjoining Gairloch on the east, and
southward on the same track he had the half of Kintail, of which he
was left joint-heir with his brother Kenneth, chief of the family."
[Manuscript history of the Gairloch family. Another MS. says that
Hector's possessions in Kintail were "bounded by the rivers Kilillan
The original Gairloch charters are lost, but a "protocol" from John
de Vaux, or Vass, Sheriff of Inverness, whose jurisdiction at that
time extended to Ross and the other Northern counties, is conclusive
as to their having existed. This document, its orthography
modernised, is in the following terms:
To all and sundry to whom it effeirs to whose knowledge these
present letters shall come, John de Vaux, burgess of Dingwall and
Sheriff in this part, sends greeting in God everlasting, to you
universally I make it known that by the commands of our Sovereign
Lords Letters and "precess" under his white wax directed to
me as Sheriff in that part, and grants me to have given to Hector
MacKennich heritable state and possession of all and sundry
the lands of Gairloch, with their pertinents, after the form and
tenour of our Sovereign Lord's charter made to the foresaid Hector
thereupon, the which lands with their pertinents extends yearly
to twelve merks of old extent, lying between the waters called
Inverewe and Torridon within the Sheriffdom of Inverness, and
I grant me to have given to the foresaid Hector heritable state
and possession of all and sundry the foresaid lands with their
pertinents, saving other men's rights as use and custom is, and
charge in our Sovereign Lord's name, and mine as Sheriff, that no
man vex, unquiet, or trouble the said Hector nor his heirs in the
peaceable brooking and enjoyment of the lands foresaid under all
pain and charges that after may follow: In witness of the which I
have appended to these my letters of sasine my seal at "Allydyll"
(? Talladale) in Gairloch, the 10th day of the month of December,
the year of God, 1494, before these witnesses - Sir Dougall Ruryson,
Vicar of Urquhart, Murchy Beg Mac Murchy, John Thomasson, Kenneth
Mac-anleyson, Donald Mac-anleyson, Dugald Ruryson, and Duncan
Lachlanson servant, with others divers.
The next authentic document in Hector's favour is a precept by the
King to the Chamberlain of Ross commanding that functionary to obey
a former precept granted to Hector of the mails, etc., of Brahan
and Moy, in the following terms:
Chamberlain of Ross we greet you well - Forasmuch as we directed
our special letters of before, making mention that we have given to
our lovite Hector Roy Mackenzie the mails and profits of our lands
of Brahan and Moy, with arriage, carriage, and other pertinents
thereof, lying within our lordship of Ross for his good and thankful
service done and to be done to us, enduring our will, and that it
was our will that he should brook and enjoy the said lands with
all the profits thereof enduring our will, and so the tenants now
inhabitants thereof brook their tacks and not remove therefrom,
the which letters, as, we are surely informed, you disobeyed in
great contemption and littling of our authority Royal; Herefor
we charge you now as of before that ye suffer the said Hector to
brook and enjoy the same lands and take up and have all mails,
fermes, profits, arriage, carriage, and due service of the said
lands, and that the tenants and inhahitants thereof to answer
and obey to him and to none others till, we give command by our
special letters in the contrary, and this on no wise you leave
undone, as you will incur our indignation and displeasure. These
our letters seen and understood, deliver them again to the bearer
to be kept and shown by the said Hector upon account of your warrant
before our Comptroller and auditors of our Exchequer at your next
accounting, and after the form of our said letters past of before
given under our Signet, at Edinburgh, the 5th day of March, 1508,
and of our reign the twentieth year.
It will be seen from these documents that Hector had at this time
large possessions of his own; and the dispute between him and his
nephew, John of Killin, already fully described, probably arose
in respect of Hector's rights to the half of Kintail, which his
father is said to have left him jointly with his eldest brother,
Kenneth, VII. of Kintail. Hector kept possession of Ellandonnan
Castle until compelled by an order from the Privy Council to give
it up in 1511 to John of Killin, and it appears from the records
of the Privy Council that from 1501 to 1508 Hector continued to
collect the rents of Kintail without giving any account of them;
that he again in 1509 accounted for them for twelve months, and
for the two succeeding years for the second time retained them,
while he seems to have had undisturbed possession of the stronghold
of Ellandonnan throughout. No record can be found of his answer
to the summons commanding him to appear before the Privy Council,
if he ever did put in an appearance, but in all probability he
merely kept his hold of that Castle in order to compel his nephew
to come to terms with him regarding his joint rights to Kintail,
without any intention of ultimately keeping him out of possession.
This view is strengthened by the fact that John obtained a charter
under the Great Seal granting him Kintail anew on the 25th of
February, 1508-9 [Reg. of the Great Seal, vol. xv, fol. 89.] - the
same year in which Hector received a grant of Brahan and Moy - probably
following on an arrangement of their respective rights in those
districts also from the fact that Hector does not appear to have
fallen into any disfavour with the Crown on account of his conduct
towards John of Kintail; for only two years after Kuhn raised the
action against Hector before the Privy Council, the latter receives
a new charter, dated the 8th April, 1513, [The original charter is
in the Gairloch Charter Chest.] under the Great Seal, of Gairloch,
Glasletter, and Coirre-nan-Cuilean "in feu and heritage for ever,"
and he and his nephew appear ever after to have lived on the most
Gairloch, originally the possession of the Earls of Ross, and
confirmed to them by Robert Bruce in 1306 and 1329 was subsequently
granted by Earl William to Paul MacTire and his heirs by Mary
Graham, for a yearly payment of a penny of silver in the name of
blench ferme in lieu of every other service except the foreign
service of the King when required. In 1372 Robert the II. confirmed
the grant. In 1430 James I. granted to Nele Nelesoun (Neil son
of Neil Macleod) for his homage and service in the capture of his
deceased brother, Thomas Nelesoun, a rebel, the lands of Gairloch.
["Origines Parochiales Scotiae," vol. ii, p. 406]
Although Hector was in possession of Crown charters to at least
two-thirds of the lands of Gairloch he found it very difficult to
secure possession of them from the Macleods and their chief, Allan
MacRory, the former proprietors. This Allan had married, as his
first wife, a daughter of Alexander, VI. of Kintail, and sister
of Hector Roy, with issue - three sons. He married, secondly, a
daughter of Roderick Macleod, VII. of Lewis, with issue - one son,
Roderick, subsequently known as Ruairidh Mac Alain, author of
an atrocious massacre of the Macleods of Raasay and Gairloch at
Island Isay, Waternish, Isle of Skye, erroneously attributed in
the first edition of this work to his grandfather, the above-named
Roderick Macleod of Lewis. Allan of Gairloch was himself related
to the Macleods of Lewis, but it is impossible to trace the exact
connection. Two brothers of Macleod of Lewis are said, traditionally,
to have resolved that no Mackenzie blood should flow in the veins of
the future head of the Gairloch Macleods, and determined to put
Allan's children by Hector Roy's sister to death, so that his son by
their own niece should succeed to Gairloch, and they proceeded across
the Minch to the mainland to put their murderous intent into execution.
Allan MacRuairidh, the then Macleod laird of Gairloch, was personally
a peacefully disposed man, and lived at the "Crannag," of which
traces are still to be found on Loch Tolly Island, along with his
second wife, two of his sons by the first marriage, and a daughter.
The brothers, having reached Gairloch, took up their abode at the
old "Tigh Dige," a wattled house, surrounded by a ditch, whose site
is still pointed out in one of the Flowerdale parks, a few hundred
yards above the stone bridge which crosses the Ceann-an-t-Sail river
at the head of Gairloch Bay. Next day the murderous barbarians
crossed over to Loch Tolly. On the way they learnt that Allan
was not then on the island, he having gone a-fishing on the Ewe.
They at once proceeded in that direction, found him sound asleep
on the banks of the river, at "Cnoc na Mi-chomhairle," and without
any warning "made him short by the head." Then retracing their
steps, and ferrying across to the island where Allan's wife, with
two of her three step-children were enjoying themselves, they, in
the most cold-blooded manner, informed her of her husband's fate,
tore the two boys - the third being fortunately absent - from her
knees, took them ashore, and carried them along to a small glen
through which the Poolewe Road now passes, about a mile to the
south of the loch, and there, at a spot still called "Creag Bhadain
an Aisc," the Rock at the place of Burial, stabbed them to the
heart with their daggers, and carried their bloodstained shirts
along with them to the Tigh Dige. These shirts the stepmother
ultimately secured through the strategy of one of her husband's
retainers, who at once proceeded with them to the boys' grandfather,
Alexander Mackenzie, VI. of Kintail, at Kinellan or Brahan.
Hector Roy started immediately, carrying the bloodstained shirts
along with him as evidence of the atrocious deed, to report the
murder to the King at Edinburgh. His Majesty on hearing of the
crime granted Hector a commission of fire and sword against the
murderers of his nephews, and gave him a Crown charter to the
lands of Gairloch in his own favour dated 1494. The assassins
were soon afterwards slain at a hollow still pointed out between
Porthenderson and South Erradale, nearly opposite the northern end
of the Island of Raasay, where their graves are yet to be seen,
quite fresh and green, among the surrounding heather. [Mackenzie's
"History of the Macleods," pp. 342, 343.]
One of the family historians says that this was the first step that
Hector Roy got to Gairloch. His brother-in-law, Allan Macleod,
gave him the custody of their rights, but when he found his nephews
were murdered, he took a new gift of it to himself, and going to
Gairloch with a number of Kintail men and others, he took a heirschip
with him, but such as were alive of the Siol 'ille Challum of
Gairloch, followed him and fought him at a place called Glasleoid,
but they being beat Hector carried away the heirschip. After this
and several other skirmishes they were content to allow him the
two-thirds of Gairloch, providing he would let themselves possess
the other third in peace, which he did, and they kept possession
till Hector's great-grandchild put them from it." [Ancient MS.]
The Earl of Cromarty, and other MS. historians of the family fully
corroborate this. The Earl says that Hector, incited to revenge
by the foul murder of his nephews, made some attempts to oust the
Macleods from Gairloch during John of Killin's minority, but was
not willing to engage in war with such a powerful chief as Macleod
of Lewis, while he felt himself insecure in his other possessions,
but after arranging matters amicably with his nephew of Kintail,
and now being master of a fortune and possessions suitable to his
mind and quality, he resolved to avenge the murder and to "make
it productive of his own advantage." He summoned all those who
were accessory to the assassination of his sister's children before
the Chief Justice. Their well grounded fears made them absent
themselves from Court. Hector produced the bloody shirts of the
murdered boys, whereupon the murderers were declared fugitives and
outlaws, and a commission granted in his favour for their pursuit,
"which he did so resolutely manage that in a short time he killed
many, preserved some to justice, and forced the remainder to
a composition advantageous to himself. His successors, who were
both active and prudent men, did thereafter acquire the rest from
their unthrifty neighbours." The greatest defeat that Hector
ever gave to the Macleods "was at Bealach Glasleoid, near Kintail,
where most of them were taken or killed." At this fight Duncan Mor
na Tuaighe, who so signally distinguished himself at Blar-na-Pairc,
was present with Hector, and on being told that four men were
together attacking his son Dugal, he indifferently replied, "Well,
if he be my son there is no hazard for that," a remark which turned
out quite true, for the hero killed the four Macleods, and came
off himself without any serious wounds. [Duncan in his old days
was very assisting to Hector, Gairloch's predecessor, against the
Macleods of Gairloch, for he, with his son Dugal, who was a strong,
prudent, and courageous man, with ten or twelve other Kintailmen,
were alwise, upon the least advertisement, ready to go and assist
Hector, whenever, wherever, and in whatever he had to do, for which
cause there has been a friendly correspondence betwixt the family
of Gairloch and the MacRas of Kintail, which still continues." -
"Genealogy of the MacRas."]
The massacre of Island Isay followed a considerable time after
this, and its object was very much the same as the murder of Loch
Tolly, although carried out by a different assassin. Ruairidh
"Nimhneach" Macleod, son of Allan "Mac Ruairdh" of Gairloch, and
nephew of the Loch Tolly assassins, determined not only to remove
the children of John Mor na Tuaighe, brother of Alexander Macleod,
II. of Raasay, by Janet Mackenzie of Kintail, but also to destroy
the direct line of the Macleods of Raasay, and thus open up the
succession to John na Tuaighe's son by his second wife, Roderick
Nimhneach's sister, and failing him, to Roderick's own son Allan.
By this connection it would, he thought, be easier for him to
attain repossession of the lands of Gairloch, from which his family
was driven by the Mackenzies.
Roderick's name appears as "Rory Mac Allan, alias Nevymnauch,"
in a decree-arbitral by the Regent Earl of Murray between Donald
Macdonald, V. of Sleat, and Colin Mackenzie, XI. of Kintail, dated
at Perth, the 1st of August, 1569, in terms of which Macdonald
becomes responsible for Roderick and undertakes that he and his kin
shall "desist and cease troubling, molesting, harming or invasion
of the said Laird of Gairloch's lands and rowmes, possessions,
tenants, servants, and goods, while on the other hand Kintail shall
see to it that Torquil Cononach shall cease to do the same in all
respects to Macdonald's lands." In 1586 Roderick is described as
"of Lochgair," but another person is named in the same document
as "Macleud, heritor of the lands of Gairloch," which proves that
Roderick Nimhneach was not the actual proprietor of even the small
portion of that district which was still left to his family. He
was the second son, and one of the objects of the massacre on
Island Isay was to cut off his father's only surviving son and
heir by his first wife - a daughter of Mackenzie of Kintail - who
escaped the previous massacre on the Island of Loch Tolly.
With the view of cutting off the legitimate male representation of
his own Macleod relatives of Gairloch and of Raasay, he invited
all the members of both families, and most of them accepted the
invitation. Roderick on their arrival feasted them sumptuously
at a great banquet. In the middle of the festivities he informed
them of his desire to have each man's advice separately, and that he
would after-wards make known to them the important business which
had to be considered, and which closely concerned each of them. He
then retired into a separate apartment, and called them in one by
one, when they were each, as they entered, stabbed with dirks
through the body by a set of murderous savages whom he had engaged
and posted inside the room for the purpose. Not one of the family
of Raasay was left alive, except a boy nine years of age, who was
being fostered from home, and who had been sent privately by his
foster-father, when the news of the massacre became known, to the
laird of Calder, who kept him in safety during his minority. He
afterwards obtained possession of Raasay, and became known as
Gillecallum Garbh MacGillechallum. Macleod of Gairloch's sons, by
Hector Roy's sister, were all murdered. Roderick took his own
nephew to the room where, walking with his brutal relative, he
heard one of his half-brothers cry on being stabbed by the
assassin's dirk, and saying "Yon's my brother's cry." "Hold your
peace," Rory replied, "yonder cry is to make you laird of Gairloch;
he is the son of one of Mackenzie's daughters." The boy, fearing
that his own life might be sacrificed, held his tongue, "but
afterwards he did what in him lay in revenging the cruel death of
his brothers and kinsmen on the murtherers." [Ancient MS.]
In acknowledgment of the King's favour, Hector gathered his followers
in the west, joined his nephew, John of Killin, with his vassals,
and fought, in command of the clan, at the disastrous battle
of Flodden, from which both narrowly escaped but most of their
followers were slain. Some time after his return home he successfully
fought the desperate skirmish at Druim-a-chait, already referred
to, pp. 114-118, with 140 men against 700 of the Munros, Dingwalls,
MacCullochs, and other clans under the command of William Munro
of Fowlis, on which occasion Sheriff Vass of Lochslinn was killed
at a bush near Dingwall, "called to this day Preas Sandy Vass,"
or Alex. Vass's bush, a name assigned to it for that very cause.
Hector, during his life, granted to his nephew, John of Killin,
his own half of Kintail, the lands of Kinellan, Fairburn, Wester
Brahan, and other possessions situated in the Low Country, which
brought his son John Glassich afterwards into trouble.
Hector Roy was betrothed to a daughter of the Laird of Grant
- probably Sir Duncan, who flourished from 1434 to 1485 - but she
died before the marriage was solemnised. He, however, had a son by
her called Hector Cam, he being blind of an eye, to whom he gave
Achterneed and Culte Leod, now Castle Leod, as his patrimony. Hector
Cam married a daughter of Mackay of Farr, ancestor of Lord Reay, by
whom he had two sons Alexander Roy and Murdo. ["These were both
succeeded by the son of Alexander, a slothful man, who dotingly
bestowed his estate on his foster child. Sir Roderick Mackenzie
of Coigeach, in detriment to his own children, though very deserving
of them, Captain Hector Mackenzie, late of Dumbarton's Regiment,
and also a tribe in the Eastern circuit of Ross, surnamed, from
one of their progenitors, Mac Eanin, i.e., the descendants of John
the Fair." - "Gairloch MS." Another MS. gives the additional names
of - "Richard Mackenzie, vintner in Edinburgh, grandson of Alexander
Mackenzie of Calder, Midlothian; Duncan Mackenzie, an eminent
gunsmith in London; and James Mackenzie, gunsmith in Dundee."
It also adds that of the successors of the Mac Eanins in Easter
Ross, were "Master Alexander Mackenzie, an Episcopal minister
in Edinburgh; and preceptor to the children of the present noble
family of Cromarty, whose son is Charles Mackenzie, clerk to Mr
David Munro of Meikle Allan."] Alexander married a daughter of
John Mor na Tuaighe MacGillechallum, a brother of Macleod of Raasay,
by whom she had a son, Hector, who lived at Kinellan, and was
nicknamed the Bishop. This Hector married a daughter of Macleod of
Raasay, and left a large family, one of the daughters being
afterwards married to Murdo Mackenzie, V. of Achilty, without issue.
Hector Cam's second son, Murdo, married a daughter of Murdoch Buy
Matheson of Lochalsh, with issue - Lachlan, known as "Lachlainn Mac
Mhurchaidh Mhic Eachainn," who married a daughter of Murdoch
Mackenzie, III. of Achilty, with issue - Murdoch, who married a
daughter of Alexander Ross of Cuilich and Alastair, who married a
daughter of William MacCulloch of Park.
Hector Roy, after the death of Grant of Grant's daughter, married
his cousin Anne, daughter of Ranald MacRanald, generally known as
Ranald Ban Macdonald, V. of Moydart and Clanranald. Her brother
Dougal was assassinated and his sons formally excluded from the
succession, when the estate and command of the clan were given to
his nephew Alexander, "portioner," of Moydart, whose son, John
Moydartach afterwards succeeded and became the famous Captain of
Clanranald Gregory says, however, that "Allan, the eldest son of
Dougal, and the undoubted heir male of Clanranald, acquired the
estate of Morar, which he transmitted to his descendants. He and
his successors were always styled 'MacDhughail Mhorair,' that is
MacDougal of Morar, from their ancestor Dougal MacRanald." This
quite explains the various designations by which these Moydart
and Clanranald ladies who had married into the Gairloch family
have been handed down to us. Anne was the widow of William Dubh
Macleod, VII. of Harris, Dunvegan, and Glenelg, by whom she had
an only daughter, who, by Hector Roy's influence at Court, was
married to Rory Mor of Achaghluineachan, ancestor of the Mackenzies
of Fairburn and Achilty, after she bad by her future husband
a natural son, Murdoch, who became progenitor of the family of
Fairburn. By this marriage with Anne of Moydart and Clanranald
Hector Roy had issue -
1. John Glassich, his heir and successor.
2. Kenneth of Meikle Allan, now Allangrange, who married a daughter
of Alexander Dunbar of Kilbuyack, and widow of Allan Mackenzie,
II. of Hilton, with issue - (1) Hector, who married an Assynt lady,
with issue - Hector Og, who was killed at Raasay, in 1611, unmarried;
and three daughters, the eldest of whom married, as her second
husband, John, son of Alastair Roy, natural son of John Glassich,
with issue - Bishop Murdoch Mackenzie of Moray and Orkney, and
several other sons. Hector's second daughter married "Tormod Mac
Ean Lleaye" - Norman, son of John Liath Macrae - who, according to
the traditions of the country, took such a prominent part against
the Macleods at that period - and a brother of the celebrated archers
Domhull Odhar and lain Odhar mic Ian Leith, of whose prowess the
reader will learn more presently. The third daughter married
Duncan, son of John, son of Alastair Roy, son of John Glassich,
II. of Gairloch. (2) Angus, who married, with issue - Kenneth,
who left an only daughter, who married her cousin, Murdo Mac Ian,
son of Alastair Roy.
3. John Tuach of Davochpollo, who married with issue - a son, John,
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