Michael Strogoff
Jules Verne

Part 3 out of 7

which was not much the worse for its journey across the Urals;
and he had only to harness three good horses to it to take him swiftly
over the road to Irkutsk.

As far as Tioumen, and even up to Novo-Zaimskoe, this road has
slight inclines, which gentle undulations are the first signs
of the slopes of the Ural Mountains. But after Novo-Zaimskoe
begins the immense steppe.

At Ichim, as we have said, the reporters intended to stop, that is at
about four hundred and twenty miles from Ekaterenburg. There they
intended to be guided by circumstances as to their route across
the invaded country, either together or separately, according as their
news-hunting instinct set them on one track or another.

This road from Ekaterenburg to Ichim--which passes through Irkutsk--
was the only one which Michael could take. But, as he did not run
after news, and wished, on the contrary, to avoid the country
devastated by the invaders, he determined to stop nowhere.

"I am very happy to make part of my journey in your company,"
said he to his new companions, "but I must tell you that I am most anxious
to reach Omsk; for my sister and I are going to rejoin our mother.
Who can say whether we shall arrive before the Tartars reach the town!
I must therefore stop at the post-houses only long enough to
change horses, and must travel day and night."

"That is exactly what we intend doing," replied Blount.

"Good," replied Michael; "but do not lose an instant.
Buy or hire a carriage whose--"

"Whose hind wheels," added Alcide, "are warranted to arrive
at the same time as its front wheels."

Half an hour afterwards the energetic Frenchman had found a
tarantass in which he and his companion at once seated themselves.
Michael and Nadia once more entered their own carriage, and at twelve
o'clock the two vehicles left the town of Ekaterenburg together.

Nadia was at last in Siberia, on that long road which led
to Irkutsk. What must then have been the thoughts of the young girl?
Three strong swift horses were taking her across that land
of exile where her parent was condemned to live, for how long
she knew not, and so far from his native land. But she scarcely
noticed those long steppes over which the tarantass was rolling,
and which at one time she had despaired of ever seeing,
for her eyes were gazing at the horizon, beyond which she knew
her banished father was. She saw nothing of the country across
which she was traveling at the rate of fifteen versts an hour;
nothing of these regions of Western Siberia, so different from
those of the east. Here, indeed, were few cultivated fields;
the soil was poor, at least at the surface, but in its bowels
lay hid quantities of iron, copper, platina, and gold.
How can hands be found to cultivate the land, when it pays better
to burrow beneath the earth? The pickaxe is everywhere at work;
the spade nowhere.

However, Nadia's thoughts sometimes left the provinces
of Lake Baikal, and returned to her present situation.
Her father's image faded away, and was replaced by that of her
generous companion as he first appeared on the Vladimir railroad.
She recalled his attentions during that journey, his arrival at
the police-station, the hearty simplicity with which he had called
her sister, his kindness to her in the descent of the Volga,
and then all that he did for her on that terrible night
of the storm in the Urals, when he saved her life at the peril
of his own.

Thus Nadia thought of Michael. She thanked God for having given
her such a gallant protector, a friend so generous and wise.
She knew that she was safe with him, under his protection.
No brother could have done more than he. All obstacles
seemed cleared away; the performance of her journey was but a
matter of time.

Michael remained buried in thought. He also thanked God
for having brought about this meeting with Nadia, which at
the same time enabled him to do a good action, and afforded
him additional means for concealing his true character.
He delighted in the young girl's calm intrepidity.
Was she not indeed his sister? His feeling towards his beautiful
and brave companion was rather respect than affection.
He felt that hers was one of those pure and rare hearts which
are held by all in high esteem.

However, Michael's dangers were now beginning, since he had
reached Siberian ground. If the reporters were not mistaken,
if Ivan Ogareff had really passed the frontier, all his actions
must be made with extreme caution. Things were now altered;
Tartar spies swarmed in the Siberian provinces. His incognito
once discovered, his character as courier of the Czar known,
there was an end of his journey, and probably of his life.
Michael felt now more than ever the weight of his responsibility.

While such were the thoughts of those occupying the first carriage,
what was happening in the second? Nothing out of the way.
Alcide spoke in sentences; Blount replied by monosyllables.
Each looked at everything in his own light, and made notes of such
incidents as occurred on the journey--few and but slightly varied--
while they crossed the provinces of Western Siberia.

At each relay the reporters descended from their carriage
and found themselves with Michael. Except when meals were to be
taken at the post-houses, Nadia did not leave the tarantass.
When obliged to breakfast or dine, she sat at table, but was
always very reserved, and seldom joined in conversation.

Alcide, without going beyond the limits of strict propriety,
showed that he was greatly struck by the young girl.
He admired the silent energy which she showed in bearing all
the fatigues of so difficult a journey.

The forced stoppages were anything but agreeable to Michael;
so he hastened the departure at each relay, roused the innkeepers,
urged on the iemschiks, and expedited the harnessing of the tarantass.
Then the hurried meal over--always much too hurried to agree with Blount,
who was a methodical eater--they started, and were driven as eagles,
for they paid like princes.

It need scarcely be said that Blount did not trouble himself
about the girl at table. That gentleman was not in the habit
of doing two things at once. She was also one of the few
subjects of conversation which he did not care to discuss
with his companion.

Alcide having asked him, on one occasion, how old he thought the girl,
"What girl?" he replied, quite seriously.

"Why, Nicholas Korpanoff's sister."

"Is she his sister?"

"No; his grandmother!" replied Alcide, angry at his indifference.
"What age should you consider her?"

"Had I been present at her birth I might have known."

Very few of the Siberian peasants were to be seen in the fields.
These peasants are remarkable for their pale, grave faces,
which a celebrated traveler has compared to those of the Castilians,
without the haughtiness of the latter. Here and there some villages
already deserted indicated the approach of the Tartar hordes.
The inhabitants, having driven off their flocks of sheep, their camels,
and their horses, were taking refuge in the plains of the north.
Some tribes of the wandering Kirghiz, who remained faithful,
had transported their tents beyond the Irtych, to escape the depredations
of the invaders.

Happily, post traveling was as yet uninterrupted; and telegraphic
communication could still be effected between places connected with
the wire. At each relay horses were to be had on the usual conditions.
At each telegraphic station the clerks transmitted messages delivered
to them, delaying for State dispatches alone.

Thus far, then, Michael's journey had been accomplished satisfactorily.
The courier of the Czar had in no way been impeded; and, if he could
only get on to Krasnoiarsk, which seemed the farthest point attained
by Feofar-Khan's Tartars, he knew that he could arrive at Irkutsk,
before them. The day after the two carriages had left Ekaterenburg they
reached the small town of Toulouguisk at seven o'clock in the morning,
having covered two hundred and twenty versts, no event worthy
of mention having occurred. The same evening, the 22d of July,
they arrived at Tioumen.

Tioumen, whose population is usually ten thousand inhabitants,
then contained double that number. This, the first industrial
town established by the Russians in Siberia, in which may
be seen a fine metal-refining factory and a bell foundry,
had never before presented such an animated appearance.
The correspondents immediately went off after news.
That brought by Siberian fugitives from the seat of war
was far from reassuring. They said, amongst other things,
that Feofar-Khan's army was rapidly approaching the valley
of the Ichim, and they confirmed the report that the Tartar
chief was soon to be joined by Colonel Ogareff, if he had not
been so already. Hence the conclusion was that operations
would be pushed in Eastern Siberia with the greatest activity.
However, the loyal Cossacks of the government of Tobolsk
were advancing by forced marches towards Tomsk, in the hope
of cutting off the Tartar columns.

At midnight the town of Novo-Saimsk was reached; and the travelers
now left behind them the country broken by tree-covered hills,
the last remains of the Urals.

Here began the regular Siberian steppe which extends to the neighborhood
of Krasnoiarsk. It is a boundless plain, a vast grassy desert;
earth and sky here form a circle as distinct as that traced
by a sweep of the compasses. The steppe presents nothing
to attract notice but the long line of the telegraph posts,
their wires vibrating in the breeze like the strings of a harp.
The road could be distinguished from the rest of the plain only by
the clouds of fine dust which rose under the wheels of the tarantass.
Had it not been for this white riband, which stretched away as far
as the eye could reach, the travelers might have thought themselves
in a desert.

Michael and his companions again pressed rapidly forward.
The horses, urged on by the iemschik, seemed to fly over the ground,
for there was not the slightest obstacle to impede them.
The tarantass was going straight for Ichim, where the two
correspondents intended to stop, if nothing happened to make
them alter their plans.

A hundred and twenty miles separated Novo-Saimsk from the town
of Ichim, and before eight o'clock the next evening the distance
could and should be accomplished if no time was lost.
In the opinion of the iemschiks, should the travelers not be
great lords or high functionaries, they were worthy of being so,
if it was only for their generosity in the matter of "na vodkou."

On the afternoon of the next day, the 23rd of July, the two carriages
were not more than thirty versts from Ichim. Suddenly Michael caught
sight of a carriage--scarcely visible among the clouds of dust--
preceding them along the road. As his horses were evidently less
fatigued than those of the other traveler, he would not be long
in overtaking it. This was neither a tarantass nor a telga,
but a post-berlin, which looked as if it had made a long journey.
The postillion was thrashing his horses with all his might,
and only kept them at a gallop by dint of abuse and blows.
The berlin had certainly not passed through Novo-Saimsk, and could
only have struck the Irkutsk road by some less frequented route
across the steppe.

Our travelers' first thought, on seeing this berlin, was to get in front
of it, and arrive first at the relay, so as to make sure of fresh horses.
They said a word to their iemschiks, who soon brought them up
with the berlin.

Michael Strogoff came up first. As he passed, a head was thrust
out of the window of the berlin.

He had not time to see what it was like, but as he dashed by he distinctly
heard this word, uttered in an imperious tone: "Stop!"

But they did not stop; on the contrary, the berlin was soon distanced
by the two tarantasses.

It now became a regular race; for the horses of the berlin--
no doubt excited by the sight and pace of the others--
recovered their strength and kept up for some minutes.
The three carriages were hidden in a cloud of dust.
From this cloud issued the cracking of whips mingled with excited
shouts and exclamations of anger.

Nevertheless, the advantage remained with Michael and his companions,
which might be very important to them if the relay was poorly provided
with horses. Two carriages were perhaps more than the postmaster could
provide for, at least in a short space of time.

Half an hour after the berlin was left far behind, looking only a speck
on the horizon of the steppe.

It was eight o'clock in the evening when the two carriages
reached Ichim. The news was worse and worse with regard to
the invasion. The town itself was menaced by the Tartar vanguard;
and two days before the authorities had been obliged to retreat
to Tobolsk. There was not an officer nor a soldier left in Ichim.

On arriving at the relay, Michael Strogoff immediately asked
for horses. He had been fortunate in distancing the berlin.
Only three horses were fit to be harnessed. The others had
just come in worn out from a long stage.

As the two correspondents intended to stop at Ichim, they had not to
trouble themselves to find transport, and had their carriage put away.
In ten minutes Michael was told that his tarantass was ready to start.

"Good," said he.

Then turning to the two reporters: "Well, gentlemen, the time
is come for us to separate."

"What, Mr. Korpanoff," said Alcide Jolivet, "shall you not stop
even for an hour at Ichim?"

"No, sir; and I also wish to leave the post-house before the arrival
of the berlin which we distanced."

"Are you afraid that the traveler will dispute the horses with you?"

"I particularly wish to avoid any difficulty."

"Then, Mr. Korpanoff," said Jolivet, "it only remains for us
to thank you once more for the service you rendered us,
and the pleasure we have had in traveling with you."

"It is possible that we shall meet you again in a few days
at Omsk," added Blount.

"It is possible," answered Michael, "since I am going straight there."

"Well, I wish you a safe journey, Mr. Korpanoff," said Alcide,
"and Heaven preserve you from telgas."

The two reporters held out their hands to Michael with the intention
of cordially shaking his, when the sound of a carriage was heard outside.
Almost immediately the door was flung open and a man appeared.

It was the traveler of the berlin, a military-looking man,
apparently about forty years of age, tall, robust in figure,
broad-shouldered, with a strongly-set head, and thick
mus-taches meeting red whiskers. He wore a plain uniform.
A cavalry saber hung at his side, and in his hand he held
a short-handled whip.

"Horses," he demanded, with the air of a man accustomed to command.

"I have no more disposable horses," answered the postmaster, bowing.

"I must have some this moment."

"It is impossible."

"What are those horses which have just been harnessed to the tarantass
I saw at the door?"

"They belong to this traveler," answered the postmaster,
pointing to Michael Strogoff.

"Take them out!" said the traveler in a tone which admitted
of no reply.

Michael then advanced.

"These horses are engaged by me," he said.

"What does that matter? I must have them. Come, be quick;
I have no time to lose."

"I have no time to lose either," replied Michael, restraining
himself with difficulty.

Nadia was near him, calm also, but secretly uneasy at a scene
which it would have been better to avoid.

"Enough!" said the traveler. Then, going up to the postmaster,
"Let the horses be put into my berlin," he exclaimed with
a threatening gesture.

The postmaster, much embarrassed, did not know whom to obey,
and looked at Michael, who evidently had the right to resist
the unjust demands of the traveler.

Michael hesitated an instant. He did not wish to make use
of his podorojna, which would have drawn attention to him,
and he was most unwilling also, by giving up his horses,
to delay his journey, and yet he must not engage in a struggle
which might compromise his mission.

The two reporters looked at him ready to support him should
he appeal to them.

"My horses will remain in my carriage," said Michael, but without raising
his tone more than would be suitable for a plain Irkutsk merchant.

The traveler advanced towards Michael and laid his hand
heavily on his shoulder. "Is it so?" he said roughly.
"You will not give up your horses to me?"

"No," answered Michael.

"Very well, they shall belong to whichever of us is able to start.
Defend yourself; I shall not spare you!"

So saying, the traveler drew his saber from its sheath,
and Nadia threw herself before Michael.

Blount and Alcide Jolivet advanced towards him.

"I shall not fight," said Michael quietly, folding his arms
across his chest.

"You will not fight?"


"Not even after this?" exclaimed the traveler. And before anyone
could prevent him, he struck Michael's shoulder with the handle
of the whip. At this insult Michael turned deadly pale.
His hands moved convulsively as if he would have knocked the brute down.
But by a tremendous effort he mastered himself. A duel! it was
more than a delay; it was perhaps the failure of his mission.
It would be better to lose some hours. Yes; but to swallow this affront!

"Will you fight now, coward?" repeated the traveler,
adding coarseness to brutality.

"No," answered Michael, without moving, but looking the other straight
in the face.

"The horses this moment," said the man, and left the room.

The postmaster followed him, after shrugging his shoulders and bestowing
on Michael a glance of anything but approbation.

The effect produced on the reporters by this incident was not
to Michael's advantage. Their discomfiture was visible.
How could this strong young man allow himself to be struck
like that and not demand satisfaction for such an insult?
They contented themselves with bowing to him and retired,
Jolivet remarking to Harry Blount

"I could not have believed that of a man who is so skillful
in finishing up Ural Mountain bears. Is it the case that a
man can be courageous at one time and a coward at another?
It is quite incomprehensible."

A moment afterwards the noise of wheels and whip showed that
the berlin, drawn by the tarantass' horses, was driving rapidly
away from the post-house.

Nadia, unmoved, and Michael, still quivering, remained alone in the room.
The courier of the Czar, his arms crossed over his chest was seated
motionless as a statue. A color, which could not have been the blush
of shame, had replaced the paleness on his countenance.

Nadia did not doubt that powerful reasons alone could have allowed him
to suffer so great a humiliation from such a man. Going up to him
as he had come to her in the police-station at Nijni-Novgorod:

"Your hand, brother," said she.

And at the same time her hand, with an almost maternal gesture,
wiped away a tear which sprang to her companion's eye.


NADIA, with the clear perception of a right-minded woman,
guessed that some secret motive directed all Michael Strogoff's actions;
that he, for a reason unknown to her, did not belong to himself;
and that in this instance especially he had heroically sacrificed
to duty even his resentment at the gross injury he had received.

Nadia, therefore, asked no explanation from Michael. Had not the hand
which she had extended to him already replied to all that he might have
been able to tell her?

Michael remained silent all the evening. The postmaster
not being able to supply them with fresh horses until
the next morning, a whole night must be passed at the house.
Nadia could profit by it to take some rest, and a room was
therefore prepared for her.

The young girl would no doubt have preferred not to leave her companion,
but she felt that he would rather be alone, and she made ready to go
to her room.

Just as she was about to retire she could not refrain from going up
to Michael to say good-night.

"Brother," she whispered. But he checked her with a gesture.
The girl sighed and left the room.

Michael Strogoff did not lie down. He could not have slept even
for an hour. The place on which he had been struck by the brutal
traveler felt like a burn.

"For my country and the Father," he muttered as he ended
his evening prayer.

He especially felt a great wish to know who was the man
who had struck him, whence he came, and where he was going.
As to his face, the features of it were so deeply engraven
on his memory that he had no fear of ever forgetting them.

Michael Strogoff at last asked for the postmaster. The latter,
a Siberian of the old type, came directly, and looking rather
contemptuously at the young man, waited to be questioned.

"You belong to the country?" asked Michael.


"Do you know that man who took my horses?"


"Had you never seen him before?"


"Who do you think he was?"

"A man who knows how to make himself obeyed."

Michael fixed his piercing gaze upon the Siberian, but the other did
not quail before it.

"Do you dare to judge me?" exclaimed Michael.

"Yes," answered the Siberian, "there are some things even a plain
merchant cannot receive without returning."


"Blows, young man. I am of an age and strength to tell you so."

Michael went up to the postmaster and laid his two powerful hands
on his shoulders.

Then in a peculiarly calm tone, "Be off, my friend," said he:
"be off! I could kill you."

The postmaster understood. "I like him better for that,"
he muttered and retired without another word.

At eight o'clock the next morning, the 24th of July,
three strong horses were harnessed to the tarantass.
Michael Strogoff and Nadia took their places, and Ichim,
with its disagreeable remembrances, was soon left far behind.

At the different relays at which they stopped during the day Strogoff
ascertained that the berlin still preceded them on the road to Irkutsk,
and that the traveler, as hurried as they were, never lost a minute
in pursuing his way across the steppe.

At four o'clock in the evening they reached Abatskaia,
fifty miles farther on, where the Ichim, one of the principal
affluents of the Irtych, had to be crossed. This passage
was rather more difficult than that of the Tobol. Indeed the
current of the Ichim was very rapid just at that place.
During the Siberian winter, the rivers being all frozen
to a thickness of several feet, they are easily practicable,
and the traveler even crosses them without being aware of the fact,
for their beds have disappeared under the snowy sheet spread
uniformly over the steppe; but in summer the difficulties
of crossing are sometimes great.

In fact, two hours were taken up in making the passage
of the Ichim, which much exasperated Michael, especially as
the boatmen gave them alarming news of the Tartar invasion.
Some of Feofar-Khan's scouts had already appeared on both banks
of the lower Ichim, in the southern parts of the government
of Tobolsk. Omsk was threatened. They spoke of an engagement
which had taken place between the Siberian and Tartar troops
on the frontier of the great Kirghese horde--an engagement not
to the advantage of the Russians, who were weak in numbers.
The troops had retreated thence, and in consequence there had
been a general emigration of all the peasants of the province.
The boatmen spoke of horrible atrocities committed by the invaders--
pillage, theft, incendiarism, murder. Such was the system
of Tartar warfare.

The people all fled before Feofar-Khan. Michael Strogoff's
great fear was lest, in the depopulation of the towns,
he should be unable to obtain the means of transport.
He was therefore extremely anxious to reach Omsk. Perhaps there
they would get the start of the Tartar scouts, who were coming
down the valley of the Irtych, and would find the road
open to Irkutsk.

Just at the place where the tarantass crossed the river ended
what is called, in military language, the "Ichim chain"--a chain
of towers, or little wooden forts, extending from the southern
frontier of Siberia for a distance of nearly four hundred versts.
Formerly these forts were occupied by detachments of Cossacks,
and they protected the country against the Kirghese, as well as
against the Tartars. But since the Muscovite Government had believed
these hordes reduced to absolute submission, they had been abandoned,
and now could not be used; just at the time when they were needed.
Many of these forts had been reduced to ashes; and the boatmen even
pointed out the smoke to Michael, rising in the southern horizon,
and showing the approach of the Tartar advance-guard.

As soon as the ferryboat landed the tarantass on the right bank of
the Ichim, the journey across the steppe was resumed with all speed.
Michael Strogoff remained very silent. He was, however, always
attentive to Nadia, helping her to bear the fatigue of this long
journey without break or rest; but the girl never complained.
She longed to give wings to the horses. Something told her that
her companion was even more anxious than herself to reach Irkutsk;
and how many versts were still between!

It also occurred to her that if Omsk was entered by
the Tartars, Michael's mother, who lived there, would be in danger,
and that this was sufficient to explain her son's impatience
to get to her.

Nadia at last spoke to him of old Marfa, and of how unprotected
she would be in the midst of all these events.

"Have you received any news of your mother since the beginning
of the invasion?" she asked.

"None, Nadia. The last letter my mother wrote to me contained
good news. Marfa is a brave and energetic Siberian woman.
Notwithstanding her age, she has preserved all her moral strength.
She knows how to suffer."

"I shall see her, brother," said Nadia quickly. "Since you give me
the name of sister, I am Marfa's daughter."

And as Michael did not answer she added:

"Perhaps your mother has been able to leave Omsk?"

"It is possible, Nadia," replied Michael; "and I hope she may have
reached Tobolsk. Marfa hates the Tartars. She knows the steppe,
and would have no fear in just taking her staff and going down the banks
of the Irtych. There is not a spot in all the province unknown to her.
Many times has she traveled all over the country with my father;
and many times I myself, when a mere child, have accompanied them
across the Siberian desert. Yes, Nadia, I trust that my mother
has left Omsk."

"And when shall you see her?"

"I shall see her--on my return."

"If, however, your mother is still at Omsk, you will be able to spare
an hour to go to her?"

"I shall not go and see her."

"You will not see her?"

"No, Nadia," said Michael, his chest heaving as he felt he could
not go on replying to the girl's questions.

"You say no! Why, brother, if your mother is still at Omsk,
for what reason could you refuse to see her?"

"For what reason, Nadia? You ask me for what reason," exclaimed Michael,
in so changed a voice that the young girl started. "For the same reason
as that which made me patient even to cowardice with the villain who--"
He could not finish his sentence.

"Calm yourself, brother," said Nadia in a gentle voice.
"I only know one thing, or rather I do not know it, I feel it.
It is that all your conduct is now directed by the sentiment
of a duty more sacred--if there can be one--than that which unites
the son to the mother."

Nadia was silent, and from that moment avoided every subject
which in any way touched on Michael's peculiar situation.
He had a secret motive which she must respect. She respected it.

The next day, July 25th, at three o'clock in the morning, the tarantass
arrived at Tioukalmsk, having accomplished a distance of eighty
miles since it had crossed the Ichim. They rapidly changed horses.
Here, however, for the first time, the iemschik made difficulties
about starting, declaring that detachments of Tartars were roving
across the steppe, and that travelers, horses, and carriages would
be a fine prize for them.

Only by dint of a large bribe could Michael get over
the unwillingness of the iemschik, for in this instance,
as in many others, he did not wish to show his podorojna.
The last ukase, having been transmitted by telegraph, was known
in the Siberian provinces; and a Russian specially exempted from
obeying these words would certainly have drawn public attention
to himself--a thing above all to be avoided by the Czar's courier.
As to the iemschik's hesitation, either the rascal traded on
the traveler's impatience or he really had good reason to fear.

However, at last the tarantass started, and made such good way
that by three in the afternoon it had reached Koulatsinskoe,
fifty miles farther on. An hour after this it was on the banks
of the Irtych. Omsk was now only fourteen miles distant.

The Irtych is a large river, and one of the principal of those which flow
towards the north of Asia. Rising in the Altai Mountains, it flows
from the southeast to the northwest and empties itself into the Obi,
after a course of four thousand miles.

At this time of year, when all the rivers of the Siberian basin
are much swollen, the waters of the Irtych were very high.
In consequence the current was changed to a regular torrent,
rendering the passage difficult enough. A swimmer could not
have crossed, however powerful; and even in a ferryboat there
would be some danger.

But Michael and Nadia, determined to brave all perils whatever
they might be, did not dream of shrinking from this one.
Michael proposed to his young companion that he should cross first,
embarking in the ferryboat with the tarantass and horses,
as he feared that the weight of this load would render it less safe.
After landing the carriage he would return and fetch Nadia.

The girl refused. It would be the delay of an hour, and she would not,
for her safety alone, be the cause of it.

The embarkation was made not without difficulty, for the banks
were partly flooded and the boat could not get in near enough.
However, after half an hour's exertion, the boatmen got the tarantass
and the three horses on board. The passengers embarked also,
and they shoved off.

For a few minutes all went well. A little way up the river
the current was broken by a long point projecting from the bank,
and forming an eddy easily crossed by the boat. The two boatmen
propelled their barge with long poles, which they handled cleverly;
but as they gained the middle of the stream it grew deeper
and deeper, until at last they could only just reach the bottom.
The ends of the poles were only a foot above the water,
which rendered their use difficult. Michael and Nadia,
seated in the stern of the boat, and always in dread of a delay,
watched the boatmen with some uneasiness.

"Look out!" cried one of them to his comrade.

The shout was occasioned by the new direction the boat was
rapidly taking. It had got into the direct current and was
being swept down the river. By diligent use of the poles,
putting the ends in a series of notches cut below the gunwale,
the boatmen managed to keep the craft against the stream,
and slowly urged it in a slanting direction towards the right bank.

They calculated on reaching it some five or six versts below
the landing place; but, after all, that would not matter
so long as men and beasts could disembark without accident.
The two stout boatmen, stimulated moreover by the promise
of double fare, did not doubt of succeeding in this difficult
passage of the Irtych.

But they reckoned without an accident which they were powerless
to prevent, and neither their zeal nor their skill-fulness could,
under the circumstances, have done more.

The boat was in the middle of the current, at nearly equal
distances from either shore, and being carried down at the rate
of two versts an hour, when Michael, springing to his feet,
bent his gaze up the river.

Several boats, aided by oars as well as by the current,
were coming swiftly down upon them.

Michael's brow contracted, and a cry escaped him.

"What is the matter?" asked the girl.

But before Michael had time to reply one of the boatmen exclaimed
in an accent of terror:

"The Tartars! the Tartars!"

There were indeed boats full of soldiers, and in a few minutes they must
reach the ferryboat, it being too heavily laden to escape from them.

The terrified boatmen uttered exclamations of despair and
dropped their poles.

"Courage, my friends!" cried Michael; "courage! Fifty roubles for you
if we reach the right bank before the boats overtake us."

Incited by these words, the boatmen again worked manfully but it soon
become evident that they could not escape the Tartars.

It was scarcely probable that they would pass without attacking them.
On the contrary, there was everything to be feared from robbers
such as these.

"Do not be afraid, Nadia," said Michael; "but be ready for anything."

"I am ready," replied Nadia.

"Even to leap into the water when I tell you?"

"Whenever you tell me."

"Have confidence in me, Nadia."

"I have, indeed!"

The Tartar boats were now only a hundred feet distant.
They carried a detachment of Bokharian soldiers, on their way
to reconnoiter around Omsk.

The ferryboat was still two lengths from the shore.
The boatmen redoubled their efforts. Michael himself
seized a pole and wielded it with superhuman strength.
If he could land the tarantass and horses, and dash off
with them, there was some chance of escaping the Tartars,
who were not mounted.

But all their efforts were in vain. "Saryn na kitchou!"
shouted the soldiers from the first boat.

Michael recognized the Tartar war-cry, which is usually answered
by lying flat on the ground. As neither he nor the boatmen obeyed
a volley was let fly, and two of the horses were mortally wounded.

At the next moment a violent blow was felt. The boats had run
into the ferryboat.

"Come, Nadia!" cried Michael, ready to jump overboard.

The girl was about to follow him, when a blow from a lance struck him,
and he was thrown into the water. The current swept him away, his hand
raised for an instant above the waves, and then he disappeared.

Nadia uttered a cry, but before she had time to throw herself
after him she was seized and dragged into one of the boats.
The boatmen were killed, the ferryboat left to drift away,
and the Tartars continued to descend the Irtych.


OMSK is the official capital of Western Siberia. It is not
the most important city of the government of that name, for Tomsk
has more inhabitants and is larger. But it is at Omsk that the
Governor-General of this the first half of Asiatic Russia resides.
Omsk, properly so called, is composed of two distinct towns:
one which is exclusively inhabited by the authorities and officials;
the other more especially devoted to the Siberian merchants,
although, indeed, the trade of the town is of small importance.

This city has about 12,000 to 13,000 inhabitants.
It is defended by walls, but these are merely of earth,
and could afford only insufficient protection. The Tartars,
who were well aware of this fact, consequently tried at this
period to carry it by main force, and in this they succeeded,
after an investment of a few days.

The garrison of Omsk, reduced to two thousand men, resisted valiantly.
But driven back, little by little, from the mercantile portion
of the place, they were compelled to take refuge in the upper town.

It was there that the Governor-General, his officers, and soldiers
had entrenched themselves. They had made the upper quarter of Omsk
a kind of citadel, and hitherto they held out well in this species
of improvised "kreml," but without much hope of the promised succor.
The Tartar troops, who were descending the Irtych, received every
day fresh reinforcements, and, what was more serious,
they were led by an officer, a traitor to his country, but a man
of much note, and of an audacity equal to any emergency.
This man was Colonel Ivan Ogareff.

Ivan Ogareff, terrible as any of the most savage Tartar chieftains,
was an educated soldier. Possessing on his mother's side some
Mongolian blood, he delighted in deceptive strategy and ambuscades,
stopping short of nothing when he desired to fathom some secret
or to set some trap. Deceitful by nature, he willingly had recourse
to the vilest trickery; lying when occasion demanded, excelling in
the adoption of all disguises and in every species of deception.
Further, he was cruel, and had even acted as an executioner.
Feofar-Khan possessed in him a lieutenant well capable of seconding
his designs in this savage war.

When Michael Strogoff arrived on the banks of the Irtych, Ivan Ogareff
was already master of Omsk, and was pressing the siege of the upper
quarter of the town all the more eagerly because he must hasten to Tomsk,
where the main body of the Tartar army was concentrated.

Tomsk, in fact, had been taken by Feofar-Khan some days previously,
and it was thence that the invaders, masters of Central Siberia,
were to march upon Irkutsk.

Irkutsk was the real object of Ivan Ogareff. The plan of the traitor
was to reach the Grand Duke under a false name, to gain his confidence,
and to deliver into Tartar hands the town and the Grand Duke himself.
With such a town, and such a hostage, all Asiatic Siberia must necessarily
fall into the hands of the invaders. Now it was known that the Czar
was acquainted with this conspiracy, and that it was for the purpose of
baffling it that a courier had been intrusted with the important warning.
Hence, therefore, the very stringent instructions which had been given
to the young courier to pass incognito through the invaded district.

This mission he had so far faithfully performed, but now could
he carry it to a successful completion?

The blow which had struck Michael Strogoff was not mortal.
By swimming in a manner by which he had effectually concealed himself,
he had reached the right bank, where he fell exhausted among the bushes.

When he recovered his senses, he found himself in the cabin of a mujik,
who had picked him up and cared for him. For how long a time had
he been the guest of this brave Siberian? He could not guess.
But when he opened his eyes he saw the handsome bearded face
bending over him, and regarding him with pitying eyes.
"Do not speak, little father," said the mujik, "Do not speak!
Thou art still too weak. I will tell thee where thou art
and everything that has passed."

And the mujik related to Michael Strogoff the different incidents
of the struggle which he had witnessed--the attack upon the ferry
by the Tartar boats, the pillage of the tarantass, and the massacre
of the boatmen.

But Michael Strogoff listened no longer, and slipping his hand under
his garment he felt the imperial letter still secured in his breast.
He breathed a sigh of relief.

But that was not all. "A young girl accompanied me," said he.

"They have not killed her," replied the mujik, anticipating the anxiety
which he read in the eyes of his guest. "They have carried her off
in their boat, and have continued the descent of Irtych. It is only
one prisoner more to join the many they are taking to Tomsk!"

Michael Strogoff was unable to reply. He pressed his hand upon
his heart to restrain its beating. But, notwithstanding these
many trials, the sentiment of duty mastered his whole soul.
"Where am I?" asked he.

"Upon the right bank of the Irtych, only five versts from Omsk,"
replied the mujik.

"What wound can I have received which could have thus prostrated me?
It was not a gunshot wound?"

"No; a lance-thrust in the head, now healing," replied the mujik.
"After a few days' rest, little father, thou wilt be able to proceed.
Thou didst fall into the river; but the Tartars neither touched nor
searched thee; and thy purse is still in thy pocket."

Michael Strogoff gripped the mujik's hand. Then, recovering himself
with a sudden effort, "Friend," said he, "how long have I been
in thy hut?"

"Three days."

"Three days lost!"

"Three days hast thou lain unconscious."

"Hast thou a horse to sell me?"

"Thou wishest to go?"

"At once."

"I have neither horse nor carriage, little father.
Where the Tartar has passed there remains nothing!"

"Well, I will go on foot to Omsk to find a horse."

"A few more hours of rest, and thou wilt be in a better condition
to pursue thy journey."

"Not an hour!"

"Come now," replied the mujik, recognizing the fact that it was useless
to struggle against the will of his guest, "I will guide thee myself.
Besides," he added, "the Russians are still in great force at Omsk,
and thou couldst, perhaps, pass unperceived."

"Friend," replied Michael Strogoff, "Heaven reward thee for all thou
hast done for me!"

"Only fools expect reward on earth," replied the mujik.

Michael Strogoff went out of the hut. When he tried to walk he was
seized with such faintness that, without the assistance of the mujik,
he would have fallen; but the fresh air quickly revived him.
He then felt the wound in his head, the violence of which his
fur cap had lessened. With the energy which he possessed,
he was not a man to succumb under such a trifle. Before his eyes
lay a single goal--far-distant Irkutsk. He must reach it!
But he must pass through Omsk without stopping there.

"God protect my mother and Nadia!" he murmured. "I have no longer
the right to think of them!"

Michael Strogoff and the mujik soon arrived in the mercantile
quarter of the lower town. The surrounding earthwork had been
destroyed in many places, and there were the breaches through which
the marauders who followed the armies of Feofar-Khan had penetrated.
Within Omsk, in its streets and squares, the Tartar soldiers swarmed
like ants; but it was easy to see that a hand of iron imposed
upon them a discipline to which they were little accustomed.
They walked nowhere alone, but in armed groups, to defend
themselves against surprise.

In the chief square, transformed into a camp, guarded by many sentries,
2,000 Tartars bivouacked. The horses, picketed but still saddled,
were ready to start at the first order. Omsk could only be a temporary
halting-place for this Tartar cavalry, which preferred the rich plains
of Eastern Siberia, where the towns were more wealthy, and, consequently,
pillage more profitable.

Above the mercantile town rose the upper quarter, which Ivan Ogareff,
notwithstanding several assaults vigorously made but bravely repelled,
had not yet been able to reduce. Upon its embattled walls floated
the national colors of Russia.

It was not without a legitimate pride that Michael Strogoff and his guide,
vowing fidelity, saluted them.

Michael Strogoff was perfectly acquainted with the town of Omsk,
and he took care to avoid those streets which were much frequented.
This was not from any fear of being recognized. In the town his old
mother only could have called him by name, but he had sworn not to
see her, and he did not. Besides--and he wished it with his whole heart--
she might have fled into some quiet portion of the steppe.

The mujik very fortunately knew a postmaster who, if well paid, would not
refuse at his request either to let or to sell a carriage or horses.
There remained the difficulty of leaving the town, but the breaches
in the fortifications would, of course, facilitate his departure.

The mujik was accordingly conducting his guest straight to
the posting-house, when, in a narrow street, Michael Strogoff,
coming to a sudden stop sprang behind a jutting wall.

"What is the matter?" asked the astonished mujik.

"Silence!" replied Michael, with his finger on his lips.
At this moment a detachment debouched from the principal square
into the street which Michael Strogoff and his companion had
just been following.

At the head of the detachment, composed of twenty horsemen,
was an officer dressed in a very simple uniform.
Although he glanced rapidly from one side to the other he could
not have seen Michael Strogoff, owing to his precipitous retreat.

The detachment went at full trot into the narrow street. Neither the
officer nor his escort concerned themselves about the inhabitants.
Several unlucky ones had scarcely time to make way for their passage.
There were a few half-stifled cries, to which thrusts of the lance gave
an instant reply, and the street was immediately cleared.

When the escort had disappeared, "Who is that officer?"
asked Michael Strogoff. And while putting the question his face
was pale as that of a corpse.

"It is Ivan Ogareff," replied the Siberian, in a deep voice
which breathed hatred.

"He!" cried Michael Strogoff, from whom the word escaped with
a fury he could not conquer. He had just recognized in this
officer the traveler who had struck him at the posting-house
of Ichim. And, although he had only caught a glimpse of him,
it burst upon his mind, at the same time, that this traveler
was the old Zingari whose words he had overheard in the market
place of Nijni-Novgorod.

Michael Strogoff was not mistaken. The two men were one and the same.
It was under the garb of a Zingari, mingling with the band of Sangarre,
that Ivan Ogareff had been able to leave the town of Nijni-Novgorod,
where he had gone to seek his confidants. Sangarre and her Zingari,
well paid spies, were absolutely devoted to him. It was he who,
during the night, on the fair-ground had uttered that singular sentence,
which Michael Strogoff could not understand; it was he who was
voyaging on board the Caucasus, with the whole of the Bohemian band;
it was he who, by this other route, from Kasan to Ichim, across the Urals,
had reached Omsk, where now he held supreme authority.

Ivan Ogareff had been barely three days at Omsk, and had it not been
for their fatal meeting at Ichim, and for the event which had detained
him three days on the banks of the Irtych, Michael Strogoff would
have evidently beaten him on the way to Irkutsk.

And who knows how many misfortunes would have been avoided in the future!
In any case--and now more than ever--Michael Strogoff must avoid
Ivan Ogareff, and contrive not to be seen. When the moment of
encountering him face to face should arrive, he knew how to meet it,
even should the traitor be master of the whole of Siberia.

The mujik and Michael resumed their way and arrived at
the posting-house. To leave Omsk by one of the breaches
would not be difficult after nightfall. As for purchasing
a carriage to replace the tarantass, that was impossible.
There were none to be let or sold. But what want had Michael Strogoff
now for a carriage? Was he not alone, alas? A horse would
suffice him; and, very fortunately, a horse could be had.
It was an animal of strength and mettle, and Michael Strogoff,
accomplished horseman as he was, could make good use of it.

It was four o'clock in the afternoon. Michael Strogoff,
compelled to wait till nightfall, in order to pass the fortifications,
but not desiring to show himself, remained in the posting-house,
and there partook of food.

There was a great crowd in the public room. They were talking
of the expected arrival of a corps of Muscovite troops,
not at Omsk, but at Tomsk--a corps intended to recapture
that town from the Tartars of Feofar-Khan.

Michael Strogoff lent an attentive ear, but took no part
in the conversation. Suddenly a cry made him tremble, a cry
which penetrated to the depths of his soul, and these two words
rushed into his ear: "My son!"

His mother, the old woman Marfa, was before him! Trembling, she smiled
upon him. She stretched forth her arms to him. Michael Strogoff arose.
He was about to throw himself--

The thought of duty, the serious danger for his mother and
himself in this unfortunate meeting, suddenly stopped him,
and such was his command over himself that not a muscle of his
face moved. There were twenty people in the public room.
Among them were, perhaps, spies, and was it not known in
the town that the son of Marfa Strogoff belonged to the corps
of the couriers of the Czar?

Michael Strogoff did not move.

"Michael!" cried his mother.

"Who are you, my good lady?" Michael Strogoff stammered,
unable to speak in his usual firm tone.

"Who am I, thou askest! Dost thou no longer know thy mother?"

"You are mistaken," coldly replied Michael Strogoff. "A resemblance
deceives you."

The old Marfa went up to him, and, looking straight into his eyes,
said, "Thou art not the son of Peter and Marfa Strogoff?"

Michael Strogoff would have given his life to have locked
his mother in his arms; but if he yielded it was all over
with him, with her, with his mission, with his oath!
Completely master of himself, he closed his eyes,
in order not to see the inexpressible anguish which agitated
the revered countenance of his mother. He drew back his hands,
in order not to touch those trembling hands which sought him.
"I do not know in truth what it is you say, my good woman,"
he replied, stepping back.

"Michael!" again cried his aged mother.

"My name is not Michael. I never was your son! I am Nicholas Korpanoff,
a merchant at Irkutsk."

And suddenly he left the public room, whilst for the last time
the words re-echoed, "My son! my son!"

Michael Strogoff, by a desperate effort, had gone. He did not see
his old mother, who had fallen back almost inanimate upon a bench.
But when the postmaster hastened to assist her, the aged
woman raised herself. Suddenly a thought occurred to her.
She denied by her son! It was not possible. As for being
herself deceived, and taking another for him, equally impossible.
It was certainly her son whom she had just seen; and if he had not
recognized her it was because he would not, it was because he ought not,
it was because he had some cogent reasons for acting thus!
And then, her mother's feelings arising within her, she had only
one thought--"Can I, unwittingly, have ruined him?"

"I am mad," she said to her interrogators. "My eyes have deceived me!
This young man is not my child. He had not his voice. Let us think
no more of it; if we do I shall end by finding him everywhere."

Less than ten minutes afterwards a Tartar officer appeared
in the posting-house. "Marfa Strogoff?" he asked.

"It is I," replied the old woman, in a tone so calm, and with a face
so tranquil, that those who had witnessed the meeting with her son
would not have known her.

"Come," said the officer,

Marfa Strogoff, with firm step, followed the Tartar. Some moments
afterwards she found herself in the chief square in the presence
of Ivan Ogareff, to whom all the details of this scene had
been immediately reported.

Ogareff, suspecting the truth, interrogated the old Siberian woman.
"Thy name?" he asked in a rough voice.

"Marfa Strogoff."

"Thou hast a son?"


"He is a courier of the Czar?"


"Where is he?"

"At Moscow."

"Thou hast no news of him?"

"No news."

"Since how long?"

"Since two months."

"Who, then, was that young man whom thou didst call thy son a few
moments ago at the posting-house?"

"A young Siberian whom I took for him," replied Marfa Strogoff. "This is
the tenth man in whom I have thought I recognized my son since the town
has been so full of strangers. I think I see him everywhere."

"So this young man was not Michael Strogoff?"

"It was not Michael Strogoff."

"Dost thou know, old woman, that I can torture thee until thou
avowest the truth?"

"I have spoken the truth, and torture will not cause me to alter
my words in any way."

"This Siberian was not Michael Strogoff?" asked a second
time Ivan Ogareff.

"No, it was not he," replied a second time Marfa Strogoff. "Do you
think that for anything in the world I would deny a son whom God
has given me?"

Ivan Ogareff regarded with an evil eye the old woman who braved
him to the face. He did not doubt but that she had recognized her
son in this young Siberian. Now if this son had first renounced
his mother, and if his mother renounced him in her turn, it could
occur only from the most weighty motive. Ogareff had therefore
no doubt that the pretended Nicholas Korpanoff was Michael Strogoff,
courier of the Czar, seeking concealment under a false name,
and charged with some mission which it would have been important
for him to know. He therefore at once gave orders for his pursuit.
Then "Let this woman be conducted to Tomsk," he said.

While the soldiers brutally dragged her off, he added between his teeth,
"When the moment arrives I shall know how to make her speak,
this old sorceress!"


IT was fortunate that Michael Strogoff had left the posting-house
so promptly. The orders of Ivan Ogareff had been immediately
transmitted to all the approaches of the city, and a full
description of Michael sent to all the various commandants,
in order to prevent his departure from Omsk. But he had
already passed through one of the breaches in the wall;
his horse was galloping over the steppe, and the chances
of escape were in his favor.

It was on the 29th of July, at eight o'clock in the evening,
that Michael Strogoff had left Omsk. This town is situated about halfway
between Moscow and Irkutsk, where it was necessary that he should arrive
within ten days if he wished to get ahead of the Tartar columns.
It was evident that the unlucky chance which had brought him
into the presence of his mother had betrayed his incognito.
Ivan Ogareff was no longer ignorant of the fact that a courier of the Czar
had just passed Omsk, taking the direction of Irkutsk. The dispatches
which this courier bore must have been of immense importance.
Michael Strogoff knew, therefore, that every effort would be made
to capture him.

But what he did not know, and could not know, was that Marfa Strogoff
was in the hands of Ivan Ogareff, and that she was about to atone,
perhaps with her life, for that natural exhibition of her feelings which
she had been unable to restrain when she suddenly found herself in the
presence of her son. And it was fortunate that he was ignorant of it.
Could he have withstood this fresh trial?

Michael Strogoff urged on his horse, imbuing him with all his own
feverish impatience, requiring of him one thing only, namely, to bear
him rapidly to the next posting-house, where he could be exchanged
for a quicker conveyance.

At midnight he had cleared fifty miles, and halted at the station
of Koulikovo. But there, as he had feared, he found neither
horses nor carriages. Several Tartar detachments had passed
along the highway of the steppe. Everything had been stolen
or requisitioned both in the villages and in the posting-houses.
It was with difficulty that Michael Strogoff was even able
to obtain some refreshment for his horse and himself.

It was of great importance, therefore, to spare his horse, for he could
not tell when or how he might be able to replace it. Desiring, however,
to put the greatest possible distance between himself and the horsemen
who had no doubt been dispatched in pursuit, he resolved to push on.
After one hour's rest he resumed his course across the steppe.

Hitherto the weather had been propitious for his journey.
The temperature was endurable. The nights at this time of the year
are very short, and as they are lighted by the moon, the route
over the steppe is practicable. Michael Strogoff, moreover,
was a man certain of his road and devoid of doubt or hesitation,
and in spite of the melancholy thoughts which possessed him
he had preserved his clearness of mind, and made for his
destined point as though it were visible upon the horizon.
When he did halt for a moment at some turn in the road it was
to breathe his horse. Now he would dismount to ease his steed
for a moment, and again he would place his ear to the ground
to listen for the sound of galloping horses upon the steppe.
Nothing arousing his suspicions, he resumed his way.

On the 30th of July, at nine o'clock in the morning, Michael Strogoff
passed through the station of Touroumoff and entered the swampy district
of the Baraba.

There, for a distance of three hundred versts, the natural obstacles
would be extremely great. He knew this, but he also knew that he would
certainly surmount them.

These vast marshes of the Baraba, form the reservoir to all
the rain-water which finds no outlet either towards the Obi
or towards the Irtych. The soil of this vast depression is
entirely argillaceous, and therefore impermeable, so that the waters
remain there and make of it a region very difficult to cross
during the hot season. There, however, lies the way to Irkutsk,
and it is in the midst of ponds, pools, lakes, and swamps,
from which the sun draws poisonous exhalations, that the road winds,
and entails upon the traveler the greatest fatigue and danger.

Michael Strogoff spurred his horse into the midst of a grassy prairie,
differing greatly from the close-cropped sod of the steppe, where feed the
immense Siberian herds. The grass here was five or six feet in height,
and had made room for swamp-plants, to which the dampness of the place,
assisted by the heat of summer, had given giant proportions.
These were principally canes and rushes, which formed a tangled network,
an impenetrable undergrowth, sprinkled everywhere with a thousand
flowers remarkable for the brightness of their color.

Michael Strogoff, galloping amongst this undergrowth of cane,
was no longer visible from the swamps which bordered the road.
The tall grass rose above him, and his track was indicated only
by the flight of innumerable aquatic birds, which rose from the side
of the road and dispersed into the air in screaming flocks.

The way, however, was clearly traceable. Now it would lie
straight between the dense thicket of marsh-plants; again it
would follow the winding shores of vast pools, some of which,
several versts in length and breadth, deserve the name of lakes.
In other localities the stagnant waters through which the road
lay had been avoided, not by bridges, but by tottering
platforms ballasted with thick layers of clay, whose joists
shook like a too weak plank thrown across an abyss.
Some of these platforms extended over three hundred feet,
and travelers by tarantass, when crossing them have experienced
a nausea like sea-sickness.

Michael Strogoff, whether the soil beneath his feet was solid
or whether it sank under him, galloped on without halt,
leaping the space between the rotten joists; but however
fast they traveled the horse and the horseman were unable
to escape from the sting of the two-winged insects which infest
this marshy country.

Travelers who are obliged to cross the Baraba during the summer
take care to provide themselves with masks of horse-hair,
to which is attached a coat of mail of very fine wire,
which covers their shoulders. Notwithstanding these precautions,
there are few who come out of these marshes without having
their faces, necks, and hands covered with red spots.
The atmosphere there seems to bristle with fine needles,
and one would almost say that a knight's armor would not protect
him against the darts of these dipterals. It is a dreary region,
which man dearly disputes with tipulae, gnats, mosquitos,
horse-flies, and millions of microscopic insects which are not
visible to the naked eye; but, although they are not seen,
they make themselves felt by their intolerable stinging,
to which the most callous Siberian hunters have never been able
to inure themselves.

Michael Strogoff's horse, stung by these venomous insects, sprang forward
as if the rowels of a thousand spurs had pierced his flanks.
Mad with rage, he tore along over verst after verst with the speed
of an express train, lashing his sides with his tail, seeking by
the rapidity of his pace an alleviation of his torture.

It required as good a horseman as Michael Strogoff not to be thrown
by the plungings of his horse, and the sudden stops and bounds
which he made to escape from the stings of his persecutors.
Having become insensible, so to speak, to physical suffering,
possessed only with the one desire to arrive at his destination
at whatever cost, he saw during this mad race only one thing--
that the road flew rapidly behind him.

Who would have thought that this district of the Baraba, so unhealthy
during the summer, could have afforded an asylum for human beings?
Yet it did so. Several Siberian hamlets appeared from time
to time among the giant canes. Men, women, children, and old men,
clad in the skins of beasts, their faces covered with hardened
blisters of skin, pastured their poor herds of sheep.
In order to preserve the animals from the attack of the insects,
they drove them to the leeward of fires of green wood, which were
kept burning night and day, and the pungent smoke of which floated
over the vast swamp.

When Michael Strogoff perceived that his horse, tired out, was on
the point of succumbing, he halted at one of these wretched hamlets,
and there, forgetting his own fatigue, he himself rubbed the wounds
of the poor animal with hot grease according to the Siberian custom;
then he gave him a good feed; and it was only after he had well groomed
and provided for him that he thought of himself, and recruited his
strength by a hasty meal of bread and meat and a glass of kwass.
One hour afterwards, or at the most two, he resumed with all speed
the interminable road to Irkutsk.

On the 30th of July, at four o'clock in the afternoon, Michael Strogoff,
insensible of every fatigue, arrived at Elamsk. There it
became necessary to give a night's rest to his horse.
The brave animal could no longer have continued the journey.
At Elamsk, as indeed elsewhere, there existed no means of transport,--
for the same reasons as at the previous villages, neither carriages
nor horses were to be had.

Michael Strogoff resigned himself therefore to pass the night at Elamsk,
to give his horse twelve hours' rest. He recalled the instructions which
had been given to him at Moscow--to cross Siberia incognito, to arrive
at Irkutsk, but not to sacrifice success to the rapidity of the journey;
and consequently it was necessary that he should husband the sole means
of transport which remained to him.

On the morrow, Michael Strogoff left Elamsk at the moment when
the first Tartar scouts were signaled ten versts behind upon the road
to the Baraba, and he plunged again into the swampy region.
The road was level, which made it easy, but very tortuous,
and therefore long. It was impossible, moreover, to leave it,
and to strike a straight line across that impassable network
of pools and bogs.

On the next day, the 1st of August, eighty miles farther,
Michael Strogoff arrived at midday at the town of Spaskoe,
and at two o'clock he halted at Pokrowskoe. His horse,
jaded since his departure from Elamsk, could not have taken
a single step more.

There Michael Strogoff was again compelled to lose, for necessary rest,
the end of that day and the entire night; but starting again on
the following morning, and still traversing the semi-inundated soil,
on the 2nd of August, at four o'clock in the afternoon, after a stage
of fifty miles he reached Kamsk.

The country had changed. This little village of Kamsk lies,
like an island, habitable and healthy, in the midst of the
uninhabitable district. It is situated in the very center
of the Baraba. The emigration caused by the Tartar invasion had
not yet depopulated this little town of Kamsk. Its inhabitants
probably fancied themselves safe in the center of the Baraba,
whence at least they thought they would have time to flee
if they were directly menaced.

Michael Strogoff, although exceedingly anxious for news,
could ascertain nothing at this place. It would have been
rather to him that the Governor would have addressed himself
had he known who the pretended merchant of Irkutsk really was.
Kamsk, in fact, by its very situation seemed to be outside
the Siberian world and the grave events which troubled it.

Besides, Michael Strogoff showed himself little, if at all.
To be unperceived was not now enough for him: he would have
wished to be invisible. The experience of the past made him
more and more circumspect in the present and the future.
Therefore he secluded himself, and not caring to traverse
the streets of the village, he would not even leave the inn
at which he had halted.

As for his horse, he did not even think of exchanging him for
another animal. He had become accustomed to this brave creature.
He knew to what extent he could rely upon him. In buying him at Omsk
he had been lucky, and in taking him to the postmaster the generous
mujik had rendered him a great service. Besides, if Michael Strogoff
had already become attached to his horse, the horse himself seemed
to become inured, by degrees, to the fatigue of such a journey,
and provided that he got several hours of repose daily, his rider
might hope that he would carry him beyond the invaded provinces.

So, during the evening and night of the 2nd of August, Michael Strogoff
remained confined to his inn, at the entrance of the town; which was
little frequented and out of the way of the importunate and curious.

Exhausted with fatigue, he went to bed after having seen that his horse
lacked nothing; but his sleep was broken. What he had seen since his
departure from Moscow showed him the importance of his mission.
The rising was an extremely serious one, and the treachery
of Ogareff made it still more formidable. And when his eyes fell
upon the letter bearing upon it the authority of the imperial seal--
the letter which, no doubt, contained the remedy for so many evils,
the safety of all this war-ravaged country--Michael Strogoff felt within
himself a fierce desire to dash on across the steppe, to accomplish
the distance which separated him from Irkutsk as the crow would fly it,
to be an eagle that he might overtop all obstacles, to be a hurricane
that he might sweep through the air at a hundred versts an hour,
and to be at last face to face with the Grand Duke, and to exclaim:
"Your highness, from his Majesty the Czar!"

On the next morning at six o'clock, Michael Strogoff started off again.
Thanks to his extreme prudence this part of the journey was signalized
by no incident whatever. At Oubinsk he gave his horse a whole
night's rest, for he wished on the next day to accomplish the hundred
versts which lie between Oubinsk and Ikoulskoe without halting.
He started therefore at dawn; but unfortunately the Baraba proved
more detestable than ever.

In fact, between Oubinsk and Kamakore the very heavy rains
of some previous weeks were retained by this shallow depression
as in a water-tight bowl. There was, for a long distance, no break
in the succession of swamps, pools, and lakes. One of these lakes--
large enough to warrant its geographical nomenclature--Tchang, Chinese
in name, had to be coasted for more than twenty versts, and this
with the greatest difficulty. Hence certain delays occurred,
which all the impatience of Michael Strogoff could not avoid.
He had been well advised in not taking a carriage at Kamsk,
for his horse passed places which would have been impracticable
for a conveyance on wheels.

In the evening, at nine o'clock, Michael Strogoff arrived
at Ikoulskoe, and halted there over night. In this remote
village of the Baraba news of the war was utterly wanting.
From its situation, this part of the province, lying in the fork
formed by the two Tartar columns which had bifurcated,
one upon Omsk and the other upon Tomsk, had hitherto escaped
the horrors of the invasion.

But the natural obstacles were now about to disappear, for, if he
experienced no delay, Michael Strogoff should on the morrow be free
of the Baraba and arrive at Kolyvan. There he would be within
eighty miles of Tomsk. He would then be guided by circumstances,
and very probably he would decide to go around Tomsk, which, if the news
were true, was occupied by Feofar-Khan.

But if the small towns of Ikoulskoe and Karguinsk, which he
passed on the next day, were comparatively quiet, owing to
their position in the Baraba, was it not to be dreaded that,
upon the right banks of the Obi, Michael Strogoff would have much
more to fear from man? It was probable. However, should it
become necessary, he would not hesitate to abandon the beaten
path to Irkutsk. To journey then across the steppe he would,
no doubt, run the risk of finding himself without supplies.
There would be, in fact, no longer a well-marked road.
Still, there must be no hesitation.

Finally, towards half past three in the afternoon, Michael Strogoff
left the last depressions of the Baraba, and the dry and hard soil
of Siberia rang out once more beneath his horse's hoofs.

He had left Moscow on the 15th of July. Therefore on this day,
the 5th of August, including more than seventy hours lost on the banks
of the Irtych, twenty days had gone by since his departure.

One thousand miles still separated him from Irkutsk.


MICHAEL'S fear of meeting the Tartars in the plains beyond
the Baraba was by no means ungrounded. The fields, trodden down
by horses' hoofs, afforded but too clear evidence that their
hordes had passed that way; the same, indeed, might be said
of these barbarians as of the Turks: "Where the Turk goes,
no grass grows."

Michael saw at once that in traversing this country the greatest
caution was necessary. Wreaths of smoke curling upwards on
the horizon showed that huts and hamlets were still burning.
Had these been fired by the advance guard, or had the Emir's
army already advanced beyond the boundaries of the province?
Was Feofar-Khan himself in the government of Yeniseisk? Michael could
settle on no line of action until these questions were answered.
Was the country so deserted that he could not discover a single
Siberian to enlighten him?

Michael rode on for two versts without meeting a human being.
He looked carefully for some house which had not been deserted.
Every one was tenantless.

One hut, however, which he could just see between the trees,
was still smoking. As he approached he perceived, at some yards from
the ruins of the building, an old man surrounded by weeping children.
A woman still young, evidently his daughter and the mother of
the poor children, kneeling on the ground, was gazing on the scene
of desolation. She had at her breast a baby but a few months old;
shortly she would have not even that nourishment to give it.
Ruin and desolation were all around!

Michael approached the old man.

"Will you answer me a few questions?" he asked.

"Speak," replied the old man.

"Have the Tartars passed this way?"

"Yes, for my house is in flames."

"Was it an army or a detachment?"

"An army, for, as far as eye can reach, our fields are laid waste."

"Commanded by the Emir?"

"By the Emir; for the Obi's waters are red."

"Has Feofar-Khan entered Tomsk?"

"He has."

"Do you know if his men have entered Kolyvan?"

"No; for Kolyvan does not yet burn."

"Thanks, friend. Can I aid you and yours?"




And Michael, having presented five and twenty roubles to
the unfortunate woman, who had not even strength to thank him,
put spurs to his horse once more.

One thing he knew; he must not pass through Tomsk. To go to Kolyvan,
which the Tartars had not yet reached, was possible. Yes, that is
what he must do; there he must prepare himself for another long stage.
There was nothing for it but, having crossed the Obi, to take the Irkutsk
road and avoid Tomsk.

This new route decided on, Michael must not delay an instant.
Nor did he, but, putting his horse into a steady gallop, he took the road
towards the left bank of the Obi, which was still forty versts distant.
Would there be a ferry boat there, or should he, finding that the Tartars
had destroyed all the boats, be obliged to swim across?

As to his horse, it was by this time pretty well worn out, and Michael
intended to make it perform this stage only, and then to exchange it
for a fresh one at Kolyvan. Kolyvan would be like a fresh starting point,
for on leaving that town his journey would take a new form.
So long as he traversed a devastated country the difficulties must
be very great; but if, having avoided Tomsk, he could résumé the road
to Irkutsk across the province of Yeniseisk, which was not yet laid waste,
he would finish his journey in a few days.

Night came on, bringing with it refreshing coolness after the heat
of the day. At midnight the steppe was profoundly dark.
The sound of the horses's hoofs alone was heard on the road, except when,
every now and then, its master spoke a few encouraging words.
In such darkness as this great care was necessary lest he should
leave the road, bordered by pools and streams, tributaries of
the Obi. Michael therefore advanced as quickly as was consistent
with safety. He trusted no less to the excellence of his eyes,
which penetrated the gloom, than to the well-proved sagacity
of his horse.

Just as Michael dismounted to discover the exact direction of the road,
he heard a confused murmuring sound from the west. It was like
the noise of horses' hoofs at some distance on the parched ground.
Michael listened attentively, putting his ear to the ground.

"It is a detachment of cavalry coming by the road from Omsk,"
he said to himself. "They are marching very quickly,
for the noise is increasing. Are they Russians or Tartars?"

Michael again listened. "Yes," said he, "they are at a sharp trot.
My horse cannot outstrip them. If they are Russians I will join them;
if Tartars I must avoid them. But how? Where can I hide in this steppe?"

He gave a look around, and, through the darkness, discovered a
confused mass at a hundred paces before him on the left of the road.
"There is a copse!" he exclaimed. "To take refuge there is
to run the risk of being caught, if they are in search of me;
but I have no choice."

In a few moments Michael, dragging his horse by the bridle,
reached a little larch wood, through which the road lay.
Beyond this it was destitute of trees, and wound among bogs
and pools, separated by dwarfed bushes, whins, and heather.
The ground on either side was quite impracticable,
and the detachment must necessarily pass through the wood.
They were pursuing the high road to Irkutsk. Plunging in about
forty feet, he was stopped by a stream running under the brushwood.
But the shadow was so deep that Michael ran no risk of
being seen, unless the wood should be carefully searched.
He therefore led his horse to the stream and fastened him to a tree,
returning to the edge of the road to listen and ascertain
with what sort of people he had to do.

Michael had scarcely taken up his position behind a group of larches
when a confused light appeared, above which glared brighter lights
waving about in the shadow.

"Torches!" said he to himself. And he drew quickly back,
gliding like a savage into the thickest underwood.

As they approached the wood the horses' pace was slackened.
The horsemen were probably lighting up the road with the intention
of examining every turn.

Michael feared this, and instinctively drew near to the bank
of the stream, ready to plunge in if necessary.

Arrived at the top of the wood, the detachment halted.
The horsemen dismounted. There were about fifty.
A dozen of them carried torches, lighting up the road.

By watching their preparations Michael found to his joy
that the detachment were not thinking of visiting the copse,
but only bivouacking near, to rest their horses and allow the men
to take some refreshment. The horses were soon unsaddled,
and began to graze on the thick grass which carpeted the ground.
The men meantime stretched themselves by the side of the road,
and partook of the provisions they produced from their knapsacks.

Michael's self-possession had never deserted him, and creeping amongst
the high grass he endeavored not only to examine the new-comers,
but to hear what they said. It was a detachment from Omsk,
composed of Usbeck horsemen, a race of the Mongolian type.
These men, well built, above the medium height, rough, and wild-featured,
wore on their heads the "talpak," or black sheep-skin cap,
and on their feet yellow high-heeled boots with turned-up toes,
like the shoes of the Middle Ages. Their tunics were close-fitting,
and confined at the waist by a leathern belt braided with red.
They were armed defensively with a shield, and offensively with a
curved sword, and a flintlock musket slung at the saddle-bow. From
their shoulders hung gay-colored cloaks.

The horses, which were feeding at liberty at the edge
of the wood, were, like their masters, of the Usbeck race.
These animals are rather smaller than the Turcomanian horses,
but are possessed of remarkable strength, and know no other pace
than the gallop.

This detachment was commanded by a "pendja-baschi"; that is to say,
a commander of fifty men, having under him a "deh-baschi,"
or simple commander of ten men. These two officers wore helmets
and half coats-of-mail; little trumpets fastened to their saddle-bows
were the distinctive signs of their rank.

The pendja-baschi had been obliged to let his men rest,
fatigued with a long stage. He and the second officer,
smoking "beng," the leaf which forms the base of the "has-chisch,"
strolled up and down the wood, so that Michael Strogoff without
being seen, could catch and understand their conversation,
which was spoken in the Tartar language.

Michael's attention was singularly excited by their very first words.
It was of him they were speaking.

"This courier cannot be much in advance of us," said the pendja-baschi;
"and, on the other hand, it is absolutely impossible that he can have
followed any other route than that of the Baraba."

"Who knows if he has left Omsk?" replied the deh-baschi. "Perhaps
he is still hidden in the town."

"That is to be wished, certainly. Colonel Ogareff would have no fear
then that the dispatches he bears should ever reach their destination."

"They say that he is a native, a Siberian," resumed the deh-baschi.
"If so, he must be well acquainted with the country, and it is possible
that he has left the Irkutsk road, depending on rejoining it later."

"But then we should be in advance of him," answered the pendja-baschi;
"for we left Omsk within an hour after his departure, and have
since followed the shortest road with all the speed of our horses.
He has either remained in Omsk, or we shall arrive at Tomsk before him,
so as to cut him off; in either case he will not reach Irkutsk."

"A rugged woman, that old Siberian, who is evidently his mother,"
said the deh-baschi.

At this remark Michael's heart beat violently.

"Yes," answered the pendja-baschi. "She stuck to it well that
the pretended merchant was not her son, but it was too late.
Colonel Ogareff was not to be taken in; and, as he said,
he will know how to make the old witch speak when the time comes."

These words were so many dagger-thrusts for Michael. He was
known to be a courier of the Czar! A detachment of horsemen
on his track could not fail to cut him off. And, worst of all,
his mother was in the hands of the Tartars, and the cruel
Ogareff had undertaken to make her speak when he wished!

Michael well knew that the brave Siberian would sacrifice her life
for him. He had fancied that he could not hate Ivan Ogareff more,
yet a fresh tide of hate now rose in his heart. The wretch who had
betrayed his country now threatened to torture his mother.

The conversation between the two officers continued, and Michael
understood that an engagement was imminent in the neighborhood
of Kolyvan, between the Muscovite troops coming from the north
and the Tartars. A small Russian force of two thousand men,
reported to have reached the lower course of the Obi, were advancing
by forced marches towards Tomsk. If such was the case,
this force, which would soon find itself engaged with the main
body of Feofar-Khan's army, would be inevitably overwhelmed,
and the Irkutsk road would be in the entire possession
of the invaders.

As to himself, Michael learnt, by some words from the pendja-baschi,
that a price was set on his head, and that orders had been given
to take him, dead or alive.

It was necessary, therefore, to get the start of the Usbeck horsemen
on the Irkutsk road, and put the Obi between himself and them.
But to do that, he must escape before the camp was broken up.

His determination taken, Michael prepared to execute it.

Indeed, the halt would not be prolonged, and the pendja-baschi did
not intend to give his men more than an hour's rest, although their
horses could not have been changed for fresh ones since Omsk,
and must be as much fatigued as that of Michael Strogoff.

There was not a moment to lose. It was within an hour of morning.
It was needful to profit by the darkness to leave the little wood
and dash along the road; but although night favored it the success
of such a flight appeared to be almost impossible.

Not wishing to do anything at random, Michael took time for reflection,
carefully weighing the chances so as to take the best.
From the situation of the place the result was this--
that he could not escape through the back of the wood, the stream
which bordered it being not only deep, but very wide and muddy.
Beneath this thick water was a slimy bog, on which the foot
could not rest. There was only one way open, the high-road. To
endeavor to reach it by creeping round the edge of the wood,
without attracting attention, and then to gallop at headlong speed,
required all the remaining strength and energy of his noble steed.
Too probably it would fall dead on reaching the banks of the Obi, when,
either by boat or by swimming, he must cross this important river.
This was what Michael had before him.

His energy and courage increased in sight of danger.

His life, his mission, his country, perhaps the safety of his mother,
were at stake. He could not hesitate.

There was not a moment to be lost. Already there was a slight
movement among the men of the detachment. A few horsemen
were strolling up and down the road in front of the wood.
The rest were still lying at the foot of the trees, but their
horses were gradually penetrating towards the center of the wood.

Michael had at first thought of seizing one of these horses,
but he recollected that, of course, they would be as fatigued
as his own. It was better to trust to his own brave steed,
which had already rendered him such important service.
The good animal, hidden behind a thicket, had escaped the sight
of the Usbecks. They, besides, had not penetrated so far
into the wood.

Michael crawled up to his horse through the grass, and found him
lying down. He patted and spoke gently to him, and managed to raise
him without noise. Fortunately, the torches were entirely consumed,
and now went out, the darkness being still profound under shelter
of the larches. After replacing the bit, Michael looked to his
girths and stirrups, and began to lead his horse quietly away.
The intelligent animal followed his master without even making
the least neigh.

A few Usbeck horses raised their heads, and began to wander towards
the edge of the wood. Michael held his revolver in his hand,
ready to blow out the brains of the first Tartar who should approach him.
But happily the alarm was not given, and he was able to gain the angle
made by the wood where it joined the road.

To avoid being seen, Michael's intention was not to mount until
after turning a corner some two hundred feet from the wood.
Unfortunately, just at the moment that he was issuing from the wood,
an Usbeck's horse, scenting him, neighed and began to trot along
the road. His master ran to catch him, and seeing a shadowy form
moving in the dim light, "Look out!" he shouted.

At the cry, all the men of the bivouac jumped up, and ran to seize
their horses. Michael leaped on his steed, and galloped away.
The two officers of the detachment urged on their men to follow.

Michael heard a report, and felt a ball pass through his tunic.
Without turning his head, without replying, he spurred on, and,
clearing the brushwood with a tremendous bound, he galloped at full
speed toward the Obi.

The Usbecks' horses being unsaddled gave him a small start,
but in less than two minutes he heard the tramp of several
horses gradually gaining on him.

Day was now beginning to break, and objects at some distance were
becoming visible. Michael turned his head, and perceived a horseman
rapidly approaching him. It was the deh-baschi. Being better mounted,
this officer had distanced his detachment.

Without drawing rein, Michael extended his revolver, and took
a moment's aim. The Usbeck officer, hit in the breast,
rolled on the ground.

But the other horsemen followed him closely, and without waiting
to assist the deh-baschi, exciting each other by their shouts,
digging their spurs into their horses' sides, they gradually
diminished the distance between themselves and Michael.

For half an hour only was the latter able to keep out of range
of the Tartars, but he well knew that his horse was becoming weaker,
and dreaded every instant that he would stumble never to rise again.

It was now light, although the sun had not yet risen above the horizon.
Two versts distant could be seen a pale line bordered by a few trees.

This was the Obi, which flows from the southwest to the northeast,
the surface almost level with the ground, its bed being but
the steppe itself.

Several times shots were fired at Michael, but without hitting him,
and several times too he discharged his revolver on those of
the soldiers who pressed him too closely. Each time an Usbeck
rolled on the ground, midst cries of rage from his companions.
But this pursuit could only terminate to Michael's disadvantage.
His horse was almost exhausted. He managed to reach the bank
of the river. The Usbeck detachment was now not more than fifty
paces behind him.

The Obi was deserted--not a boat of any description which could
take him over the water!

"Courage, my brave horse!" cried Michael. "Come! A last effort!"
And he plunged into the river, which here was half a verst in width.

It would have been difficult to stand against the current--
indeed, Michael's horse could get no footing. He must therefore
swim across the river, although it was rapid as a torrent.
Even to attempt it showed Michael's marvelous courage.
The soldiers reached the bank, but hesitated to plunge in.

The pendja-baschi seized his musket and took aim at Michael,
whom he could see in the middle of the stream.
The shot was fired, and Michael's horse, struck in the side,
was borne away by the current.

His master, speedily disentangling himself from his stirrups,
struck out boldly for the shore. In the midst of a hailstorm
of balls he managed to reach the opposite side, and disappeared
in the rushes.


MICHAEL was in comparative safety, though his situation was
still terrible. Now that the faithful animal who had so bravely
borne him had met his death in the waters of the river,
how was he to continue his journey?

He was on foot, without provisions, in a country devastated
by the invasion, overrun by the Emir's scouts, and still at a
considerable distance from the place he was striving to reach.
"By Heaven, I will get there!" he exclaimed, in reply to all
the reasons for faltering. "God will protect our sacred Russia."

Michael was out of reach of the Usbeck horsemen.
They had not dared to pursue him through the river.

Once more on solid ground Michael stopped to consider what
he should do next. He wished to avoid Tomsk, now occupied
by the Tartar troops. Nevertheless, he must reach some town,
or at least a post-house, where he could procure a horse.
A horse once found, he would throw himself out of the beaten track,
and not again take to the Irkutsk road until in the neighborhood
of Krasnoiarsk. From that place, if he were quick, he hoped
to find the way still open, and he intended to go through
the Lake Baikal provinces in a southeasterly direction.

Michael began by going eastward. By following the course
of the Obi two versts further, he reached a picturesque little
town lying on a small hill. A few churches, with Byzantine
cupolas colored green and gold, stood up against the gray sky.
This is Kolyvan, where the officers and people employed at Kamsk
and other towns take refuge during the summer from the unhealthy
climate of the Baraba. According to the latest news obtained
by the Czar's courier, Kolyvan could not be yet in the hands
of the invaders. The Tartar troops, divided into two columns,
had marched to the left on Omsk, to the right on Tomsk,
neglecting the intermediate country.

Michael Strogoff's plan was simply this--to reach Kolyvan before
the arrival of the Usbeck horsemen, who would ascend the other bank
of the Obi to the ferry. There he would procure clothes and a horse,
and résumé the road to Irkutsk across the southern steppe.

It was now three o'clock in the morning. The neighborhood of Kolyvan
was very still, and appeared to have been totally abandoned.
The country population had evidently fled to the northwards,
to the province of Yeniseisk, dreading the invasion, which they
could not resist.

Michael was walking at a rapid pace towards Kolyvan when distant firing
struck his ear. He stopped, and clearly distinguished the dull roar
of artillery, and above it a crisp rattle which could not be mistaken.

"It is cannon and musketry!" said he. "The little Russian body
is engaged with the Tartar army! Pray Heaven that I may arrive
at Kolyvan before them!"

The firing became gradually louder, and soon to the left of Kolyvan
a mist collected--not smoke, but those great white clouds produced
by discharges of artillery.

The Usbeck horsemen stopped on the left of the Obi, to await the result
of the battle. From them Michael had nothing to fear as he hastened
towards the town.

In the meanwhile the firing increased, and became sensibly nearer.
It was no longer a confused roar, but distinct reports.
At the same time the smoke partially cleared, and it became
evident that the combatants were rapidly moving southwards.
It appeared that Kolyvan was to be attacked on the north side.
But were the Russians defending it or the Tartars? It being
impossible to decide this, Michael became greatly perplexed.

He was not more than half a verst from Kolyvan when he observed
flames shooting up among the houses of the town, and the steeple
of a church fell in the midst of clouds of smoke and fire.
Was the struggle, then, in Kolyvan? Michael was compelled to think so.


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