Notes & Queries 1849.12.22

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"When found, make a note of."--CAPTAIN CUTTLE.

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NO. 8.]
[Price Threepence. Stamped Edition, 4d.

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Otloh, the Scribe, by S.W. Singe
Notes on Cunningham's London, by E. Rimbault
Wives of Ecclesiastics
Tower Royal
Ancient Inscribed Dish, by Albert Way
Barnacles, by W. B. MacCabe
Dorne the Bookseller
Rev. W. Stephen's Sermons
Roger de Coverley
Minor Notes:--Omission of Dei Gratia--Grace's
Card--Florins--John Hopkins the Psalmist
Notes in answer to Minor Queries:--Genealogy of
European Sovereigns--Countess of Pembroke's Letter,
Drayton's Poems, &c.--Viz. the corruption of
Videlicot--Authors of Old Plays--Birthplace of

Love, the King's Fool
Mare de Saham, &c.
The Advent Bells
The Poets
Mr. Poore's Literary Collections, &c., by S. Britton
The Middle Temple, by E. Foss
Minor Queries:--Henry Lord Darnley--Coffee the
Lacedaemonian Black Broth--Letters of Mrs.
Chiffinch--Sangred--Dowts of Scripture--Catsup--Nation's
Ballads--To endeavour Oneself--Date of
Anonymous Ravennas--Battle of Towton--A Peal of
Bells--Lines quotes by Goethe--MS. Sermons by
Jeremy Taylor--Papers of John Wilkes--John Ross

Notes on Books, Catalogues, Sales, &c.
Books and Odd Volumes wanted
Notices to Correspondents

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Sir,--In Dr. Maitland's able vindication of the _Dark Ages_ (p. 419. 1st
ed.), he concludes his interesting extract from the scribe Otloh's
account of himself by saying:--"One would like to know what books they
were which Otlohnus thus multiplied; but this, perhaps, is now
impossible." I have it accidentally in my power to identify two at least
of the number; and if it was his universal practice to subscribe his
name, as he does in these instances, a search into the principal
repositories of MSS. would, no doubt, give a large list. A valuable MS.
volume in my possession has been thus described by a learned
Benedictine: "Codex Membranaceus constans foliis 223 numerando; saeculis
ix. desinente, x. et xi. incipiente, variis manibus scriptus, per partes
qui in unum collectus, ex scriptis variis natidae scripturae carlovingicae,
varia continens: 1 deg. Vita et Passio, seu Martirium S. Dionisii; scripta
fuit ab Hilduino Abbate Coenobii S. Dionisii in Francia sub Ludovico
Pio." It is said that Hilduinus was the first writer who gave the
marvellous story of the saint carrying his own head in his hand for
nearly two miles after his decapitation. But he tells us that he
abridged his narration _ex Graecam et Latinorum Historiis_.

2 deg. Revelatio facta S. Stephano Papae de consecratione altaris SS. Petri
et Pauli ante Sepulchrum S. Martirii Dionisii quae consecratio facta fuit
v. kal. Aug. 754. This part of the MS. is remarkable for containing in
one place the date written in Roman ciphers, thus--dccLiiii. v. kl.
aug.; a circumstance so rare in MSS. of this age, as to have astonished
the learned diplomatists Papebroch and Germon.

3 deg. Historia S. Simeonis Trevirensis Solitarii. Of whom it is recorded
that he lived _sub Poppone Episcopo Trevirense, in quaedam cellula ad
portam nigram sita_. At fol. 36. an interesting account of the death of
the saint is given by the author, who was present, and with the
assistance of two other monks, piously performed his obsequies. It
appears that the abbey of S. Maximin was about 120 paces from the cell
of the saint at Treves, and it is therefore most probable that the
writer was a monk of the Benedictine order then belonging to that
foundation; but he puts his name out of doubt by the following couplet,
inscribed at the end of the narrative:--

"Presbiter et monachus OTLOH quidam vocitatus
Sancte tibi librum BONIFACII tradidit istum."

This dedication of his labours to S. Boniface may only indicate his
veneration for the national saint; but, as he tells us he worked a great
deal in the monastery at Fulda (of which S. Boniface was the patron
saint and founder), may not this have been one of his labours there? At
a subsequent period, it appears, he revised and amplified Wilibald's
_Life of Boniface_.

I must summarily indicate the other contents of this interesting MS.,
which are: 4. Passio SS Sebastiani et Vincentii. 5. Vita S. Burchardi.
6. Vita et Passio S. Kiliani (genere Scoti). 7. Vita S. Sole. 8. Vita S.
Ciri. 9. Depositio S. Satiri. 10. Alphabetum Graecum. 11. Officio pro
Choro cum notis musicis, pro festo S. Pancratii; sequitur ipsiis
martiriis passio. 12. Vita S. Columbani [this is anonymous, but is
attributed to his disciple Jonas, and contains much valuable historical
matter]. Lastly, 13. Vita S. Wolfgangi, by the hand of our interesting
scribe OTLOH, written at the instance of the Benedictine Coenobites of
his monastery of S. Emmeram, at Ratisbon, where the saint was buried.
This, as in the case of the _Life of S. Boniface_, is a _rifaccimento_;
it was made from two older lives of S. Wolfgang, as Otloh himself tells
us, one of them by a certain monk named Arnolfus, the other having been
brought out of France. He is here, therefore, more an author than a
scribe; but he declares modestly that it was a task he would willingly
avoid for the future. The passage of his Preface is worth transcribing:
"Fratrum quorundam nostrorum hortatu sedulo infimus ego, O coenobitarum
S. Emmerammi compulsus sum S. Wolfgangi vitam in libellulis duobus
dissimili interdum, et impolita materie descriptam in unum colligere, et
aliquantulum sublimiori modo corrigere.... Multa etiam quae in libro
neutro inveniebantur, fidelium quorundam attestatione comperta addere
studui, sicque quaedam addendo, quaedam vero fastidiose vel inepte dicta
excerpendo, pluraque etiam corrigendo, sed et capitularia praeponendo.
Vobis O fratres mei exactoresque hujus rei prout ingenioli mei parvitas
permisit obedivi. Jam rogo cessate plus tale quid exigere a me." At the
end of the Life he has written:--

"Presul Wolfgange cunctis semper vererande
Haec tua qui scripsi jam memor esto milii
Presbiter et Monachus Otloh quidam vocitatus
Sancte tibi librum Bonifacii tradidit istum."

We have here sufficient evidence that Otloh was a worthy predecessor of
the distinguished Benedictines to whom the world of letters has been so
deeply indebted in more recent times.

Dr. Maitland's mention of the calligraphic labours of the nun Diemudis,
Otloh's contemporary, is not a solitary instance: in all ages, the world
has been indebted to the pious zeal of these recluse females for the
multiplication of books of devotion and devout instruction. An instance,
of so late a date as the eve of the invention of printing, now lies
before me, in a thick volume, most beautifully written by fair hands
that must have been long practised in the art. As the colophon at the
end preserves the names of the ladies, and records that the parchment
was charitably furnished by their spiritual father, I think it worth

"Expliciunt, Deo laus omnipotente, quinque libri de VITA &
TRICI et GHEEZE YSENOUDI in festivus diebus suis consororibus
dilectis in memoriam earum. Finiti ano dni M deg. CCCC deg. XLIX deg. in festo
decollationis Sci Johannis baptiste ante sumam missam. Et habebant
ad hoc pergamenum sibi ex caritate provisum de venerabi li
presbitero Dno NICOLAO WYT tunc temporis earundem patre spirituali
& sibi ipsiis spiritualiter ac in Dno sat reverenter dilectio. Ex
caritativo amore sitis propter Deum memores eorum cum uno AVE

I omitted to mention that Massmann, in his _Kleinen Sprachdenkmale des
VIII. bis XII. Jahrhunderts_, Leipsig, 1830, p. 50, says: "The
Benedictine priest Otloh, of Regensburg, left behind him a work, _De
Ammonicione Clericorum et Laicorum_, in which is twice given a Latin
prayer (Cod. Monacens. Emmeram. f. cxiii. mbr. saec. xi.), at fol. 51.
_d_., as _Oratio ejus qui et suprascripta et sequentia edidit dicta_,
and at fol. 158. as _Oratio cuidam peccatoris_." On fol. 161. _b_. is an
old German version, first printed by Pez (Thes. i. 417.), corrected by
Graff. Diutiska, 111. 211., by Massmann, at p. 168. Otloh mentions in
this prayer the destruction of his monastery of St. Emmeram, which took
place in 1062.

I have advisedly called him Otloh, and not Otlohnus.


Mickleham, Dec. 10. 1849.

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No. 1. "_Gerrard Street, Soho._ * * * At the Turk's Head, in Gerrard
Street, Johnson and Sir Joshua Reynolds founded, in the year 1764, 'The
Literary Club.'"

It would appear from the following extracts in my Common-place Book,
that the _original_ Turk's Head, at which the Literary Club first held
their meetings, was in _Greek_ Street, Soho, not in Gerrard Street:--

"The Literary Club was first held at the Turk's Head in Greek
Street, which tavern was almost half a century since removed to
Gerrard Street, where it continued nearly as long as the house was
kept open."--_European Mag._ Jan. 1803.

"The Turk's Head, in Gerrard Street, Soho, was, more than fifty
years since, removed from a tavern of the same sign the corner of
Greek and Compton Streets. This place was a kind of head-quarters
for the Loyal Association during the rebellion of 1745."--Moser's
_Memorandum Book_, MS. dated 1799.

No. 2. _Storey's Gate, Birdcage Walk, St. James's Park._--I have seen it
stated, but do not recollect where, that "Storey's" was a house of
public entertainment. "Webb's," mentioned in the following extracts, was
also a place of a similar description:--

"April 25. 1682.--About nine, this night, it began to lighten,
thunder, and rain. The next morning, there was the greatest flood
in St. James's Park ever remembered. It came round about the
fences, and up to the gravel walks--people could not walk to
_Webb's_ and _Storie's_.

"April 3, 1685.--This afternoon nine or ten houses were burned or
blown up, that looked into S. James's Park, between _Webb's_ and
_Storie's_."--_Diary of Phillip Madox_, MS. formerly in the
possession of Thorpe the bookseller.

No. 3. _Capel Court_.--So named from Sir William Capell, draper, Lord
Mayor in 1503, whose mansion stood on the site of the present Stock
Exchange.--Pennant's _Common-place Book_.

No. 4. _Bloomsbury Market_.--This market, built by the Duke of Bedford,
was opened in March, 1730. Query, was there a market on the site

No. 5. _Bartlet's Buildings_.--_Mackeril's Quaker Coffee-house_,
frequently mentioned at the beginning of the last century, was in these

No. 6. _St. Olave's, Crutched Friars_.--Names of various persons who
have occupied houses in this parish: Lady Sydney, 1586--Lady Walsingham,
1590--Lady Essex, 1594--Lord Lumley, 1594--Viscount Sudbury,
1629--Philip Lord Herbert, 1646--Dr. Gibbon, 1653--Sir R. Ford,
1653--Lord Brounker, 1673--Sir Cloudesley Shovel, 1700--_Extracts from
the Registers made by the Rev. H. Goodhall_, 1818.


* * * * *


In reply to your correspondent's query as to the "wives of
ecclesiastics," I find amongst my notes one to this effect:--

ERROR, to assume in ancient genealogies that a branch is
necessarily extinct, simply because the last known representative
is described as "Clericus," and _ergo_, must have died S.P.L.

It will be obvious to many of your readers that Clericus is _nomen
generale_ for all such as were learned in the arts of reading and
writing, and whom the old law deemed capable of claiming benefit of
clergy,--a benefit not confined to those in orders, if the ordinary's
deputy standing by could say "_legit ut clericus_."

The title of Clericus, then, in earlier times as now, belonged not only
to those in the holy ministry of the Church, and to whom more strictly
applied the term Clergy, either regular or secular, but to those as well
who by their function or course of life practised their pens in any
court or otherwise, as Clerk of the King's Wardrobe, Clerks of the
Exchequer, &c. Though in former times clerks of this description were
frequently in holy orders and held benefices, it must be evident that
they were not all so of necessity; and the instances are so numerous
where persons having the title of "Clericus" appear nevertheless to have
been in the married state, and to have discharged functions incompatible
with the service of the Church, that the assertion will not be denied
that the restrictions as to contracting matrimonial alliances did not
extend to clerks not in holy orders or below the grade of _subdiaconus_.
The _Registrum Brevium_ furnishes a precedent of a writ, "_De clerico
infra sacros ordines constituto non eligendo in officium_." This
distinction alone would prove that other clerks were not ineligible to
office. The various decrees of the Church may be cited to show that the
prohibition to marry did not include all clerks generally. Pope Gregory
VII., in a synod held in 1074, "interdixit clericis, maxime divino
ministerio consecratis uxores habere, vel cum mulicribus habitare, nisi
quas Nicena Synodus vel alii canones exceperunt."

The statutes made by Anselm, Archbishop of Canterbury, Thomas,
Archbishop elect of York, and all the other bishops of England, in 1108,
in presence of King Henry I., and with the assent of his barons, confine
the interdiction respecting marriages to _Presbyteri, Diaconi et
Subdiaconi_, and a provision is made by them for those cases where
marriages had been contracted since the interdict at the Council of
London (that probably in 1103), viz. that such should be precluded
thereafter from celebrating mass, if they persist in retaining their
wives. "Illi vero presbyteri, diaconi, subdiaconi, qui post interdictum
Londoniensis Concilii foeminas suas tenuerunt vel alins duxcrunt, si
amplius missam celebrare voluerint, eas a se omnino sic facient alienas,
ut nec illae in domos eorum, nec ipsi in domos earum intrent.... Illi
autem presbyteri qui divini altaris et sacrorum ordinum contemptores
praelegerint cum mulicribus habitare a divino officio remoti, omnique
ecclesiastico beneficio privati, extra chorum ponantur, infames
pronunciati. Qui vero rebellis et contemptor foeminam non reliquerit, et
missam celebrare presumpserit, vocatus ad satisfactionem si neglexerit,
viiij. die excommunicetur. Eadem sententia archidiaconos et cononicos
omnes complectitur, et de mulieribus relinquendis et de vitanda carum
conversatione, et de districtione censurae si statuta transgressi
fuerint.... Presbyteri vero qui relictis mulieribus, Deo et sacris
altaribus servire elegerint, xl. dies ab officio cessantes, pro se
interim vicarios habebunt, injuncta eis poenitentia secundum hoc quod
episcopis corum visum fuerit." In 1138 the penalty for priests marrying
was deprivation of their benefices, and exclusion from the celebration
of divine service:--"Sanctorum patrum vestigiis inhaerentes,
presbyteros, diaconos, subdiaconos uxoratos, aut concubinarios,
ecclesiasticis officiis et beneficiis privamus, ac ne quis eorum missam
audire praesumat Apostolica auctoriate prohibemus."

Many such decrees have been made at various synods and councils holden
for reformation of the clergy, but I can find none wherein marriage is
interdicted to clerks generally. I will refer to one more only, viz.
that made in the Council of London, held at Westminster in 1175. Here it
will be seen most distinctly that the prohibition against entering the
marriage state was confined expressly to _Clerici in sacris ordinibus
constituti_, and that is was not only lawful for clerks below the grade
of subdeacon to marry, but that having subsequently once entered the
marriage state and being subsequently desirous _ad religionem transire_,
and to continue in the service of the Church, they could not do so and
be separated from their wives unless _de communi consensu_; if they
continued, however, to live with their wives, they could not hold an
ecclesiastical benefice: "Si quis sacerdos vel clericus in sacris
ordinibus constitutus, ecclesiam vel ecclesiasticum beneficium habens
publice fornicarium habeat," &c.... "Si qui vero infra subdiaconatum
constituti matrimonia contraxerint, ab uxoribus sius nisi de communi
consensu ad religionem transire voluerint, et ibi in Dei servitio
vigilanter permanere, nullatenus separentur: sed cum uxoribus viventes,
ecclesiastica benficia nullo modo percipiant. Qui autem in subdiaconatu,
vel supra, ad matrimonia convolaverint, mulieres etiam invitas et
renitentes relinquant."

This it will be seen that the title "Clericus" under some circumstances,
affords no certain indication that a lawful marriage may not have been
contracted by the person so described and consequently that he might not
have _prolem legitimam_.


It does not follow that William de Bolton was an ecclesiastic because he
was called Clericus; that designation being, even in that early time,
often used in a lay sense.

I have just come across an instance of a prior date. In the Liberate
Roll of 26 Henry III. the king directs a payment to be made "to
Isabella, the wife of our beloved clerk, Robert of Canterbury, to
purchase a robe for our use." Even in the reign of Richard I. it may be
doubtful whether the term was not used with both meanings; for in the
charter of Walter Mapes, granting certain lands, among the witnesses are
"Rogero, capellano, Willelmo, capellano, Thoma, _clerico meo_, Waltero,
clerico, Jacobo, clerico, Bricio, fermario meo."

[Symbol: Phi]

[In addition to the information afforded by the preceding
communications "A SUBSCRIBER" will find much curious illustration
of this subject in Beveridge's _Discourses on the Thirty-Nine
Articles_, where he treats of the Thirty-second article "On the
Marriage of Priests."

He must however consult the edition printed at the Oxford
University Press in 1840, which contains for the first time
Beveridge's _Discourses on the last Nine Articles_.]

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Sir,--In your second number I find a query by Mr. Cunningham, respecting
the origin of the name of _Tower Royal_; although I cannot
satisfactorily explain it, I enclose a few notes relative to the early
history of that place, which may, perhaps, afford a clue to its

In early records it is invariably called "la Real," "la Reole," "la
Riole," or "la Ryal or Ryole;" and it is described simply as a
"tenement;" I have never found an instance of its being called a
"tower". At the close of the reign of Henry III. it was held by one
Thomas Bat, citizen of London, who demised it to Master Simon of
Beauvais, surgeon to Edward I.; this grant was confirmed by that
sovereign by charter in 1277. (Rot. Cart. 5 Edw. I. m. 17.--Placita de
Quo Warranto, p. 461.) This Simon of _Beauvais_ figures in Stow and
Pennant as Simon de Beawmes. In 1331 Edward III. granted "la Real" to
his consort Philippa, for the term of her life, that is might be used as
a depository for her wardrobe. (Rot. Pat. 4 Edw. III. 2nd part, m. 15.)
By Queen Philippa it was extensively repaired, if not rebuilt, and the
particulars of the works executed there by her direction, may be seen in
the Wardrobe Account of the sixth year of her reign, preserved in the
Cottonian MS. Galba E iii. fo. 177, et seq.; this account is erroneously
attributed in the catalogue to Eleanor, consort of Edward I. One Maria
de Beauvais, probably a descendant of Master Simon, received
compensation for quitting a tenement which she held at the time
Philippa's operations commenced. In 1365 Edward III. granted to Robert
de Corby, in fee, "one tenement in the street of la Ryole, London" to
hold by the accustomed services. Finally, in 1370 Edward gave the "inn
(hospitium) with its appurtenances called le Reole, in the city of
London," to the canons of St. Stephen's, Westminster, as of the yearly
value of 20_l_. (Rot. Pat. 43 Edw. III. m. 24.)

It is sufficiently clear that in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries
this place was not called _Tower Royal_; nor does there appear to be any
ground for supposing it was so named in earlier times, or, indeed, that
it was ever occupied by royalty before it became Philippa's wardrobe.
The question, therefore is narrowed to this point:--what is the
significance of "la Real, Reole, or Riole?" I should be glad if any of
your correspondents would give their opinions on the subject. I may add,
that the building was in the parish of St. Thomas Apostle, not in that
of St. Michael Pater Noster Church, as Stow wrote. (Rot. Pat. 4 Edw.
III. 2nd part, m. 38.)


Let me refer Mr. P. Cunningham to "Stow's _Survey_, p. 27. 92. Thoms'
Edition," for a full answer to his query. The passages are too long to
cite, but Mr. C. will find sufficient proof of the part of a royal
residence having once stood in this obscure lane, now almost demolished
in the sweeping city improvements, which threaten in time to leave us
hardly a fragment of the London of the old chronicler.

The Tower was also called the Queen's Wardrobe, and it was there,
Froissart tells us, that Joan of Kent, the mother of Richard II., took
refuge during Wat Tyler's rebellion, when forced to fly from the Tower
of London. The old historian writes that after the defeat of the rebels
"pour le premier chemin que le Roy fit, il vint deuers sa Dame de mere,
la Princesse, qui estoit en un chastel _de la Riolle_ (que l'on dit la
Garderobbe la Reyne) et la s'estoit tenue deux jours et deux nuits,
moult ebahie; et avoit bien raison. Quand elle vit le Roy son fils, elle
fut toute rejouye, et luy dit, 'Ha ha beau fils, comment j'ay eu
aujourd'huy grand peine et angoisse pour vous.' Dont respondit le Roy,
et dit, 'Certes, Madame, je le say bien. Or vous rejouissez et louez
Dieu, car il est heure de le louer. J'ay aujourd'huy recouvre mon
heritage et le royaume d'Angleterre, que j'avoye perdu.' Ainsi se tint
le Roy ce jour delez sa mere." (Froissart, ii 123. Par. 1573.)

In Stow's time this interesting locality had been degraded into stable
for the king's horses, and let out in divers tenements.


[We are indebted to J.E., R.T.S., and other correspondents for
replies to Mr. Cunningham's Query; but as their answers contain
only general references to works which it is reasonable to suppose
that gentleman must have consulted during the preparation of his
_Handbook for London_ we have not thought it necessary to insert

* * * * *


Mr. Editor,--The subject of inscribed dishes of latten, of which so many
varieties have recently been imported, appears to be regarded with
interest by several of your readers. I am indebted to the Rev. William
Drake, of Coventry, for a rubbing from one of these mysterious
inscriptions, upon an "alms-plate" in his possession. In the centre is
represented the Temptation. There are two inscribed circles;
on the inner and broader one appear letters, which have been
read,--RAHEWISHNBY. They are several times repeated. On the exterior
circle is the legend On the exterior circle is the legend--ICH. SART.
GELUK. ALZEIT. This likewise is repeated, so as to fill the entire
circle. I have never before met with these inscriptions in the large
number of dishes of this kind which I have examined. The have been
termed alms-dishes, and are used still in parochial collections in
France, as doubtless they have been in England. They were also used in
ancient times in the ceremony of baptism, and they are called baptismal
basins, by some foreign writers. This use is well illustrated by the
very curious early Flemish painting in the Antwerp Gallery, representing
the seven sacraments. The acolyte, standing near the font, bears such a
dish, and a napkin. The proper use of these latten dishes was, as I
believe, to serve as a laver, carried round at the close of the banquet
in old times, as now at civic festivities. They often bear devices of a
sacred character; but it is probable that they were only occasionally
used for any scared purpose, and are more properly to be regarded as
part of the domestic appliances of former times.


* * * * *


In Brand's _Popular Antiquities_, vol. iii. pp. 361, 362., there is an
account given of _the barnacle_, "a well-known kind of shell-fish, which
is found sticking on the bottoms of ships," and with regard to which the
author observes, that "it seems hardly credible in this enlightened age,
that so gross an error in natural history should so long have
prevailed," as that this shell-fish should become changed into "a
species of goose." The author then quotes Holinshed, Hall,
Virgidemiarum, Marston, and Gerard; but he does not make the slightest
reference to Giraldus Cambrensis, who is his _Topographia Hiberniae_
first gave the account of the barnacle, and of that account the writers
referred to by Brand were manifestly but the copyists.

The passage referring to "the barnacle" will be found in the _Topog.
Hiber._ lib. i. e. xi. I annex a translation of it, as it may be
considered interesting, when compared with the passages quoted in

"There are," says Giraldus, "in this country (Ireland) a great
number of birds called barnacles (Bernacre), and which nature
produces in a manner that is contrary to the laws of nature. The
birds are not unlike to ducks, but they are somewhat smaller in
size. They make their first appearance as drops of gum upon the
branches of firs that are immersed in running waters; and then they
are next seen hanging like sea-weed from the wood, becoming encased
in shells, which at last assume in their growth the outward form of
birds, and so hang on by their beaks until they are completely
covered with feathers within their shells, and when they arrive at
maturity, they either drop into the waters, or take their flight at
once into the air. Thus from the juice of this tree, combined with
the water, are they generated and receive their nutriment until
they are formed and fledged. _I have many times with my own eyes
seen several thousand of minute little bodies of these birds
attached to pieces of wood immersed in the sea, encased in their
shells, and already formed._ These then are birds that never lay
eggs, and are never hatched from eggs; and the consequence is, that
in some parts of Ireland, and at those seasons of fasting when meat
is forbidden, bishops and other religious persons feed on these
birds, because they are not fish, nor to be regarded as flesh meat.
And who can marvel that this should be so? When our first parent
was made of mud, can we be surprised that a bird should be born of
a tree?"

The notion of the _barnacle_ being considered a fish is, I am aware, one
that still prevails on the western coast of Ireland; for I remember a
friend of mine, who had spent a few weeks in Kerry, telling me of the
astonishment he experienced upon seeing pious Roman Catholics eating
barnacles on Fridays, and being assured that they were nothing else than
fishes! My friend added that they had certainly a most "fish-like
flavour," and were, therefore, very nasty birds.


* * * * *


Mr. Editor,--I beg to add my protest to your own, respecting the
conclusion drawn by your valuable correspondent W. as to his competency
to his arduous task, which no person could doubt who knows him. My
remarks had reference to the supposed scribe of the catalogue, whose
brains, according to W., were in some degree of confusion at times. His
name is still _in obscuro_, it seems. "Henno Rusticus" is clear. W., I
trust, will accept my apology. I say with Brutus, _verbis paulo

"By heaven, I had rather coin my heart,
And drop my blood for drachmas, than to _plant
In the kind bosom of a friend a thorn_,
By any indirection."


* * * * *


Sir,--Amongst the books wanted in your sixth number is "a Tract or
Sermon" of the Rev. Wm. Stephens. It is a sermon, and one of four, all
of which are far above the ordinary run of sermons, and deserving of a
place in every clergyman's library. They are rarely met with together,
though separately they turn up now and then upon book stalls amongst
miscellaneous sermons; it is a pity they are not better known, and much
is every day republished less deserving of preservation. The author's
widow published her husband's sermons in two volumes; but, strange to
say, these, which are worth all the rest, are not included in the
collection. The titles of the four sermons are--

"The Personality and Divinity of the Holy Ghost proved from
Scripture, and the Anti-Nicene Fathers." Preached before the
University of Oxford, St. Matthias' Day, 1716-17. Third Edition,

"The Catholic Doctrine concerning the Union of the Two Natures in
the One Person of Christ stated and vindicated." Preached at the
visitation of the Bishop of Oxford, 1719. Second Edition, 1722.

"The Divine Persons One God by an Unity of Nature: or, That Our
Saviour is One God with His Father, by an External Generation from
His Substance, asserted from Scripture and the Anti-Nicene
Fathers." Preached before the University of Oxford, 1722. Second
Edition, 1723.

"The Several Heterodox Hypotheses, concerning both the Persons and
the Attributes of the Godhead, justly chargeable with more
inconsistencies and Absurdities than those which have been
groundlessly imputed to the Catholic system." Preached at the
visitation of the Bishop of Exeter, 1724.

I shall be glad to learn from any of your readers whether the author
published any other sermons or tracts which are not included in the two
volumes of his sermons.


Shoreditch, Dec. 11. 1849.

* * * * *


Sir,--In No. 4 of your "NOTES AND QUERIES" it is asked, if any notice of
the tune called _Roger de Coverley_ is to be met with earlier than 1695,
when it was printed by H. Playford in his _Dancing Master_? I am happy
in being able to inform your correspondent that the tune in question may
be found in a rare little volume in my possession, entitled "The
Division-Violin, containing a Choice Collection of Divisions to a Ground
for the Treble-Violin. Being the first Musick of this kind ever
published. London, Printed by J.P. and are sold by John Playford, near
the Temple-Church, 1685, small oblong."

I have every reason to believe, from considerable researches, that no
earlier copy can be found in print.


* * * * *


_Omission of the Words DEI GRATIA from the new Florin._

Ruding, in his _Annals of the Coinage_, iv. 9., furnishes a precedent
for the omission of the words DEI GRATIA from the coinage, in the case
of the Irish half-pence and farthings coined at the Tower in 1736-7. And
he supplies, also, a precedent for the dissatisfaction with which their
omission from the new florin has been received, in the shape of two
epigrams written at that time, for which he is indebted (as what writer
upon any point of English literature and history is not) to Sylvanus
Urban. The first (from the _Gentlemen's Magazine_ for June, 1837) is as

"No Christian kings that I can find,
However match'd or odd,
Excepting ours have ever coin'd
Without the _grace of God_.

"By this acknowledgment they show
The mighty King of Kings,
As him from whom their riches flow,
From whom their grandeur springs.

"Come, then, Urania, aid my pen,
The latent cause assign,--
All other kings are mortal men,
But GEORGE, 'tis plain, 's divine."

The next month produced this address:--

_To the Author of the Epigram on the new Irish Halfpence._

"While you behold th' imperfect coin
Receiv'd without the _grace of God_,
All honest men with you must join,
And even Britons think it odd.

The _grace of God_ was well left out,
And I applaud the politician;
For when an evil's done, no doubt,
'Tis not by _God's grace_, but permission."

_Grace's Card, the Six of Hearts._

As a note to the communications which have lately amused your readers,
respecting the nine of diamonds, and the curse of Scotland, allow me to
remind you of another card which has a peculiar name, the origin of
which is better ascertained.

At the Revolution of 1688, one of the family of Grace, of Courtstown in
Ireland, raised and equipped a regiment of foot and a troop of horse, at
his own expense, for the service of King James, whom he further assisted
with money and plate, amounting, it is said, to 14,000_l_. He was
tempted with splendid promises of royal favour, to join the party of
King William. A written proposal to that effect was sent to him by one
of the Duke of Schomberg's emissaries. Indignant at the insulting
proposal, the Baron of Courtstown seized a card, which was accidentally
lying near him, and wrote upon it this answer: "Go, tell your master, I
despise his offer! Tell him that honour and conscience are dearer to a
gentleman than all the wealth and titles a prince can bestow!" The card
happened to be the "six of hearts," and to this day that card is
generally known by the name of "Grace's card," in the city of Kilkenny.

I derive these particulars principally from the _Memoirs of the Family
of Grace_, by Sheffield Grace, Esq. 4to. London, 1823, p. 42.



The following extract from the Issue Roll of Easter I Edward III. 1327,
may interest the inquirers into the antiquity of the FLORIN, lately
introduced into our coinage:--

"To Robert de Wodehouse, keeper of the King's Wardrobe, for the
price of 174 florins from Florence, price each florin as purchased,
39-1/2_d_. paid to the same keeper by the hands of John de Houton,
his clerk, for one pound and one mark of gold, to make oblations on
the day of the coronation for the Lord the King:--and in the manner
was delivered 104 florins and a mark of 70_s_. by the king's
command, under the privy seal, which was used before he received
the government of this kingdom,--L28.12.6."

[Greek: Phi].

_John Hopkins, the Psalmist._

Sir,--Little is known of the personal history of John Hopkins, the
coadjutor of Sternhold in the translation of the Psalms. It is generally
agreed that he was a clergyman and a schoolmaster in Suffolk, but no one
has mentioned in what parish of that county he was beneficed. It is
highly probably that the following notes refer to this person, and if
so, the deficiency will have been supplied by them.

In Tanner's List of the Rectors of Great Waldingfield in Suffolk, taken
from the Institution Book at Norwich, there is this entry:--

"Reg. xix. 55 12 Aug. 1561
Joh. Chetham, ad praes. Willi Spring, Arm.
Jo. Hopkins.
168. 3 April, 1571.
Tho. Cooke, ad praes. Edw. Colman, B.D."

In the Parish Register of Great Waldingfield is the following:--

"Buried, 1570. Mr. John Hopkins, 23rd Oct."


* * * * *


_Genealogy of European Sovereigns._

Sir,--Perhaps the following books will be of service to your
correspondent Q.X.Z., viz.:--

"A Genealogical History of the present Royal Families of Europe,
the Stadtholders of the United States, and the Succession of the
Popes from the 15th century, &c. &c., by the Rev. Mark Noble."
London, 1781.

"Historical and Genealogical, Chronological, and Geographical
Atlas, exhibiting all the Royal families in Europe, their origin,
Descent, &c., by M. Le Sage." London, 1813.

"Complete Genealogical, Historical, Chronological, and Geographical
Atlas, &c., by C.V. Lavoisne." Philadelphia, 1821.


_Countess of Pembroke's letter--Drayton's Poems--A Flemish
Account--Bishop Burnet._

Your correspondent, at p. 28., asks whether there is any contemporary
copy of the celebrated letter, said to have been written by Anne,
Countess of Pembroke, to Sir Joseph Williamson? I would refer him to Mr.
Hartley Coleridge's _Lives of Distinguished Northerns_, 1833, p. 290.
His arguments for considering the letter _spurious_, if not conclusive,
are very forcible, but they are too copious for this paper.

Your readers, who may not be conversant with that undeservedly neglected
volume, will confess their obligation, when they have consulted its
pages, in having been directed to so valuable and so original a work. It
may be observed, that those letters of the Countess which are authentic,
are certainly written in a very different style to the one in question;
but this letter, if addressed by her to Sir Joseph Williamson, would be
written under peculiar circumstances, and being in her 84th year, she
might naturally have asked the assistance of the ablest pen within her
reach. I have the copy of an interesting letter, addressed by the late
Mr. John Baynes to Ritson, in 1785, stating his admiration of the
Countess's "spirit and industry, having seen the collections made by her
order relative to the Cliffords--such as no other noble family in the
world can show."

I join in wishing that Mr. Pickering would add a judicious selection
from Drayton's poetical works to his _Lives of Aldine Poets_. To the
list given by your correspondent (p. 28.), may be added a work entitled
_Ideas Mirrour Amours in quatorzains_ (London, 1594, 4to. p. 51.), which
was lent to me about forty years ago, but which I have not seen since.
Some notice of it, by myself, will be found in the _Censura Literaria_.
with the following note by Sir C. Brydges:--"The extreme rarity of this
publication renders a farther account desirable, and also more copious
extracts. It appears wholly unknown to Herbert, and to all the
biographers of Drayton." It is unnoticed by Ritson also. Chalmers, in
his _Series of English Poets_, has referred to this communication, but
he has not printed the poem amongst Drayton's works.

The expression "a Flemish account" is probably not of very long
standing, as it is not found in the most celebrated of our earlier
dramatists, unless, indeed, Mrs. Page's remark on Falstaff's letter may
be cited as an illustration:--"What an unweighed behaviour hath this
Flemish drunkard _picked out of my conversation_, that he dares in this
manner assay me."

If the habit of drinking to excess prevailed in the Low Countries in the
sixteenth century to the extent represented, may not the expression have
arisen from that circumstance, and been equivalent to the contempt which
is usually entertained for the loose or imperfect statements made by a
tipsy or drunken man?

When quoting opinions upon Burnet, we must not forget the brief but
pregnant character which Burke has given of the Bishop's _History of his
Own Times_. In his admirable speech at Bristol, previous to the election
if 1780, Burke says, "Look into the History of Bishop Burnet; _he is a
witness without exception_."

Dr. Johnson was not so laudatory:--"Burnet is very entertaining. The
style, indeed, is mere chit-chat. I do not believe that he intentionally
lied; but he was so much prejudiced, that he took no pains to find out
the truth."

The reader may refer to Dr. Hickes's _Criticism_ (Atterbury's
_Correspondence_, i. 492.). Calamy's expression is a significant, if not
a very complimentary one, as regards Burnet's candour (_Life and Times_,
i. 59.).


Bath, Dec. 1849.

_Viz., why the contracted form of Videlicet._

I shall be much obliged if any one of your readers can inform me of the
_principle_ of the contraction viz. for videlicet, the letter _z_ not
being at all a component part of the three final syllables in the full

[Cross symbol]

[Is not our correspondent a little mistaken in supposing that the
last letter in "viz." as originally a letter z? Was it not one of
the arbitrary marks of contraction used by the scribes of the
middle ages, and being in form something like a "z," came to be
represented by the early printers by that letter? In short, the
sign3 was a common abbreviation in records for terminations, as
omnib3 for omnib_us_, hab3 for hab_et_. Vi3, corruptly viz. is
still in use.]

_Authors of Old Plays._

We are enabled by the courtesy of several correspondents, to answer two
of the Queries of Q.D., in No. 5. p. 77., respecting the authors of
certain old plays.

G.H.B. informs us that _Sicily and Naples_ was written by Samuel
Harding; of whom, as we learn from J.F.M., an account will be found in
Wood's _Athenae_.

NASO informs Q.D. that _Nero_ was written by Matthew Gwinne; there are
two editions of it, viz. 1603 and 1633,--and that a copy of it may be
procured at 17. Wellington Street, Strand, for 2_s_.

_Birthplace of Coverdale._

Can you inform me of the birthplace of Miles Coverdale?


["Bishop Myles Coverdale is supposed to have been born in the year
of our Lord 1488, in the district of Coverdale, in the parish of
Coverham, near Middleham, in the North Riding of Yorkshire; and it
is the opinion of the learned historian of Richmondshire, that it
is an assumed, and not a family name." These are the words of the
Rev. Geo. Pearson, B.D., the very competent editor of the works of
Bishop Coverdale, published by the Parker Society. His reference is
to Whitaker's _Hist. of Richmondshire_, vol. i. p. 17.]

_Caraccioli--Author of Life of Lord Clive._

In reply to K.'s query in No. 7., I have to inform him that "Charles
Caraccioli, Gent." called himself "the Master of the Grammar School at
Arundel," and in 1766 published a very indifferent _History of the
Antiquities of Arundel_; and deprecating censure, he says in his
preface, "as he (the author) was educated and till within these few
years has lived abroad, totally unconversant with the English tongue, he
flatters himself that the inaccuracies so frequently interspersed
through the whole, will be observed with some grains of allowance." His
_Life of Lord Clive_ was a bookseller's compilation.


* * * * *



In Rawlinson's Manuscripts in the Bodleian (c. 258.), which I take to
have been written either in, or very soon after, the reign of Henry
VIII., there is a poem thus entitled:--


Can any of your readers furnish me with information regarding him? He
was clearly a man worthy of notice, but although I have looked through
as many volumes of that period, and afterwards, as I could procure, I do
not recollect meeting with any other mention of him. Skelton, who must
have been his contemporary, is silent regarding him; and John Heywood,
who was also living at the same time, makes no allusion to him that I
have been able to discover. Heywood wrote the "Play of Love," but it has
nothing to do with the "King's fool."

The epitaph in question is much in Heywood's humorous and satirical
style: it is written in the English ballad-metre, and consists of seven
seven-line stanzas, each stanza, as was not unusual with Heywood, ending
with the same, or nearly the same, line. It commences thus:

"O Love, Love! on thy sowle God have mercye;
For as Peter is _princeps Apostolorum_,
So to the[e] may be sayd clerlye,
Of all foolys that ever was _stultus stultorum_.
Sure thy sowle is in _regna polorum_,
By reason of reason thou haddest none;
Yet all foolys be nott dead, though thou be gone."

In the next stanza we are told, that Love often made the King and Queen
merry with "many good pastimes;" and in the third, that he was "shaped
and borne of very nature" for a fool. The fourth stanza, which mentions
Erasmus and Luther, is the following:--

"Thou wast nother Erasmus nor Luter;
Thou dyds medle no forther than thy potte;
Agaynst hye matters thou wast no disputer,
Amonge the Innocentes electe was thy lotte:
Glad mayst thou be thou haddyst that knotte,
For many foolys by the[e] thynke them selfe none,
Yet all be nott dead, though thou be gone."

The next stanza speaks of "Dye Apguylamys," who is told to prepare the
obsequy for Love, and of "Lady Apylton," who had offered a "mass-penny,"
and the epitaph ends with these stanzas:

"Now, Love, Love! God have mercy on thy mery nowle;
And Love! God have mercye on thy foolysche face,
And Love! God have mercye on thy innocent sowle,
Which amonges innocentes, I am sure, hath a place,
Or ellys thy sowle ys yn a hevy case;
Ye, ye, and moo foolys many [a] one,
For foolys be alyve, Love, though thou be gone.

"Now, God have mercye on us all,
For wyse and folysche all dyethe,
Lett us truly to our myndes call;
And to say we be wyse owr dedes denyethe,
Wherefore the ende my reason thys aplyethe:
God amend all foolys that thynke them selfe none,
For many be alyve, thoughe Love be gone."

It is very possible that I have overlooked some common source of
information to which I may be referred; and it is very possible also,
that this epitaph has been reprinted in comparatively modern times, and
I may not know of it. This is one of the points I wish to ascertain.


[Was there no such person as Love, and does the writer mean merely
to pun upon the word? Cupid certainly played the fool in the court
of Henry VIII. as much as any body.]

* * * * *


I am much obliged by J.F.M's answers respecting those places. If he will
look to the _Historia Eliensis_, lib. ii. c. 84, 85. vol. i. pp.
200-204. (_Anglia Christiana_), he may be certain whether or not he has
correctly designated them. He may at the same time, if he be well
acquainted with Cambridgeshire, give me the modern interpretation for
_Watewich_, also mentioned in chap. 84. of the _Hist. Eliens_.


* * * * *


The Advent bells are ringing in many parishes throughout various parts
of England during this month of December, if I may judge from my own
neighbourhood--on the western borders of Berks--where, at least three
times in the week, I hear their merry peals break gladsomely upon the
dark stillness of these cold evenings, from many a steeple around. In
the Roman States and the kingdom of Naples and Sicily, the "pifferari"
go about playing on a kind of rough hautboy and bag-pipes, before the
pictures of the Madonna, hung up at the corners of streets and in shops,
all through Advent time; but why are the church bells rung in England?
What reference in ancient documents can be pointed out for the meaning
or antiquity of the usage?

He who draws upon a joint-stock bank of literature as rich as yours, Mr.
Editor, already is, should bring a something to its capital, though it
be a mite. Allow me, then, to throw in mine. At p. 77. "A SUBSCRIBER"
asks, "if William de Bolton was an ecclesiastic, how is it that his wife
is openly mentioned?" For one of these two reasons: 1st. By the canon
law, whether he be in any of the four minor orders, or in any of the
three higher or holy orders, a man is, and was always, called
"Clericus," but clerks in lower or minor orders did, and still do, marry
without censure; 2d. The Church did, and still does, allow man and wife
to separate by free mutual consent, and to bind themselves by the vows
of perpetual continence and chastity, the man going into a monastery, or
taking holy orders, the woman becoming a nun. Such, I suspect, was the
case with Sir William de Bolton ("Sir" being the ancient title of a
priest) and his wife, whose joint concurrence in the transfer of
property by charter would be legally required, if, as is likely, she had
an interest in it.

Your correspondent "MUSAFIR," while on the subject of the _Flemish
account_, p. 74., is in error, in assigning to a Count of Flanders the
"old story" of the cloaks; it belongs to Robert, Duke of Normandy, who
played off the joke at Constantinople in the court of the Greek emperor,
as Bromton tells us (ed. Twysden, i. 911.)


* * * * *


Many years ago a _Sonnet_, by Leigh Hunt, characterising the poets,
appeared in the _Examiner_. Can any of your readers inform me whether
the following, which I quote from memory, is correct?


"Were I to name, out of the times gone by,
The poets dearest to me, I should say,
Pulci for spirits, and a fine, free way,
Chaucer for manners, and a close, silent eye;
Spenser for luxury and sweet sylvan play,
Horace for chatting with from day to day;
Milton for classic taste and harp strung high,
Shakspeare for all--but most, society.
But which take with me could I take but one?
Shakspeare, as long as I was unoppress'd
With the world's weight, making sad thoughts intenser;
But did I wish out of the common sun
To lay a wounded heart in leafy rest,
And dream of things far off and healing--Spenser."

* * * * *


Sir,--With thanks for the insertion of my former letter, I proceed to
submit a few literary queries for solution through the medium of your

In connection with the country of Wilts, I will first mention the
literary collections of the late Edward Poore, Esq., of North Tidworth,
which I examined, with much satisfaction, on my visits to him there, in
the year 1798 and 1799. Mr. Poore was a man of considerable attainments,
and corresponded with many distinguished characters, both at home and
abroad. He travelled over many parts of the continent, and his letters
and notes relating to public and private occurrences and persons were
remarkably curious and interesting. I have long lost all trace of them,
and should be glad to ascertain where they are likely to be found.

An immense boon would be conferred on the cause of Architecture and
Archaeology by the recovery of Inigo Jones's Sketches and Drawings of
Ancient Castles. These, together with his Plans, Views, and Restorations
of _Stonehenge_, probably descended to his nephew, Webb. The latter were
engraved, and published in Webb's volume on Stonehenge; but the Sketches
of Castles have never yet been published. On the ground of Inigo Jones's
intimacy with Lord Pembroke, I was referred to the library at Wilton as
a probable despositor of his drawings, but without success; as I am
informed, they do not form a part of that valuable collection. Perhaps I
may be allowed to correct the error which so commonly ascribes the
erection of Wilton House to Jones. In the _Natural History of
Wiltshire_, by John Aubrey, which I edited in 1847 (4to.), it is clearly
shown that the mansion was built in 1633 by, or from the designs of,
Solomon de Caus, architect, who was probably aided by his brother Isaac,
and that it was rebuilt in 1648, after an extensive fire, by Webb, who,
as is well known, married a niece of Inigo Jones. The latter celebrated
architect recommended the employment of these parties, and probably
approved of their designs, but had no further share in their production.
His advice, however, to the Earl of Pembroke, was the means of
preserving the famous _Porch at Wilton_, ascribed to Hans Holbein, which
gives him a peculiar claim to the gratitude of all architectural

I possess a large collection of the manuscript journals, papers,
drawings, and correspondence of Dr. Stukeley. To the kindness of my old
friend Dr. Ingram, President of Trinity College, Oxford, I also owe a
large Bronze Medal, with a medallion portrait of Stukeley on the
obverse, and a view of Stonehenge on the reverse. This is evidently a
cast from moulds, and rather crudely executed, and I am induced to
regard it as unique. I shall be much gratified if any of your
correspondents can furnish me with a clue to its history, or to the name
of its maker. I would here venture to suggest some inquiry into the
biography of _Charles Bertram_, of Copenhagen, who furnished Dr.
Stukeley with the manuscript of the _Itinerary of Richard of
Cirencester_, which has led to so much curious discussion. It would be
interesting to learn whether Bertram's papers were bequeathed to any
public library at Copenhagen.

Sir James Thornhill was in the habit of making sketches and descriptive
memoranda in his various travels and excursions. Some years ago one of
his pocket-books was lent to me, in which he had not only written
notices of the places visited, but made very clever pen sketches of
several objects. Whilst in my possession, I copied many pages, and also
traced some of the drawings. Among the latter is a Market Cross at
Ipswich, long since destroyed, also the Sessions House and the Custom
House of Harwich, with various antiquities, &c., at Ryswich, Delph,
Tournay, Brussels, and the Hague. I have often regretted that I did not
copy the whole volume, as it contained many curious facts and anecdotes.
I have tried in vain to ascertain the name and address of the possessor.
He was a country gentleman, and lodged in Southampton Row, Russell
Square. The volume is dated 1711, and contains full accounts of
buildings and works of art. He says, "Killigrew told King Charles that
Ipswich had a large river without water, streets without names, and a
town without people."

In July, 1817, I published a small volume entitled _Antiquarian and
Architectural Memoranda relating to Norwich Cathedral_, in which were
two copper-plates, a ground-plan of the church, and a view of the west
front; with woodcuts of the font, and of the Erpingham gateway, both
engraved by John Thompson. The plates and cuts were sold by auction (by
Mr. Southgate of Fleet Street), with the stock of the work, and have
been resold by the purchaser. I have sought in vain to re-obtain the
woodcuts, and shall be gratified to find that it is still practicable.

After many years' search for the documents, &c., referred to in this and
my preceding letter, I am still reluctant to abandon their pursuit. That
valuable collections are sometimes protected from destruction, in
obscurity, for years, is shown by the loss and recovery of the
well-known collection of Architectural Designs and Drawings by John
Thorpe, now in the Soane Museum. That singular and interesting series
was in the possession of the Earl of Warwick, in the latter part of the
last century. In 1807 I applied to his lordship for permission to
examine it; but he informed me that Richard Cumberland, the author, had
borrowed it many years before, in order to submit it to Lord George
Germaine, and that it had not since been heard of. Thus, from before
1785, when Lord George Germaine died, the drawings were lost until about
thirty years afterwards, when I purchased them for Sir John Soane, at
the sale of the library of ---- Brooke, Esq., of Paddington (probably a
relative of the Earl of Warwick), into whose possession they had
unaccountably passed.


* * * * *


In Mr. Frederick Devon's _Pell Records_, vol. iii. p. 34., there is an
entry in the Issue Roll of Easter, 41 Henry III. 1257, of a payment.

"To the Brethren of the _Middle_ Temple, L4. in part of L8.
appointed alms for the support of three chaplains to celebrate
divine service, at Easter Term, in the 41st year, by writ patent."

And in p. 88. is the following writ for payment at Easter Term, 4 Edward
I. 1276:--

"Pay out of our Treasury, from the day of the death of the Lord
King Henry, our Father, of renowned memory, for each year, to our
beloved Master and Brethren of the Knights Templars in England, L8.
_which our father granted_ to them by his charter to be received
yearly at our Exchequer, for the support of three chaplains, daily
for ever, to perform divine service in the New Temple, London, one
of whom is to perform service for our aforesaid father, the other
for all Christian people, and the third for the faithful deceased,
as was accustomed to be done in the time of our aforesaid father.
Witness, &c."

I presume that there can be no doubt that the grant referred to in the
last extract is that which is mentioned in the first. But if so, what is
meant by "Brethren of the _Middle Temple?_"

Both entries are before the suppression of the order, and it was not
till long after the suppression that the Temple was occupied by the
lawyers as a place of study; nor till long after the establishment of
lawyers there, that is to say, more than a hundred years after the date
of the first extract, that the Temple was divided into two houses,
called, as now, the Inner Temple and the Middle Temple. Added to which,
the church of the Temple is in that division which is called the _Inner_

Can any of your correspondents favour me with the precise words of the
original record, or explain the meaning of the term used?


* * * * *


_Henry Lord Darnley._

Can any of your readers inform me where the celebrated Darnley, second
husband of Mary, Queen of Scots, was born? His birth took place in
England, where his father, Matthew Stuart, Earl of Lennox, was residing,
being banished from Scotland. Henry VIII. gave the Earl his niece in
marriage, and several estates in Yorkshire; among others, the lands of
Jervaux Abbey, and the adjacent manor of West Scrafton. Middleham
Castle, which was then perfect, and belonged to the King, lies between
these, and was probably at least an occasional residence of the Earl,
though we have no correct account of its occupants after the death of
Richard III.

W.G.M.J. Barker.

Banks of the Yere, Nov. 28. 1849.

_Coffee, the Lacedaemonion Black Broth._

Your "notes on Coffee" in No. 2. reminded me that I had read in some
modern author a happy conjecture that "coffee" was the principal
ingredient of the celebrated "Lacedaemonian black broth," but as I did
not "make a note of it" at the time, and cannot recollect the writer
from whom I derived this very probable idea, I may perhaps be allowed to
"make a query" of his name and work.


Eton, Nov. 26. 1849.

_Letters of Mrs. Chiffinch._

The Chafins, of Chettle, in Dorsetshire, possessed at one time some
interesting family memorials. In the third volume of Hutchins's
_Dorset_, pp. 166, 167., are printed two or three letters of Thomas
Chafin on the battle of Sedgemoor. In a manuscript note, Hutchins
alludes to letters, written by a female member of the family, which
contain some notices of the court of Charles II. Can your Dorsetshire
correspondents inform me whether these letters exist? I suspect that the
lady was wife of the notorious Chiffinch; and she must have seen and
heard strange things. The letters may be worthless, and it is possible
that the family might object to a disclosure of their contents. The
manuscript memorandum is in Gough's copy of the _History of Dorset_ in
the Bodleian Library.


_Sangred--Dowts of Holy Scripture._

In the will of John Hedge, of Bury St. Edmund's, made in 1504, is this

"I beqweth to the curat of the seid church iiij_s_. iiij_d_. for a
_sangred_ to be prayed for in the bedroule for my soule and all my
good ffrends soulls by the space of a yeer complete."

In the same year Thomas Pakenham, of Ixworth Thorpe, bequeathed 6 hives
of bees to the sepulchre light, "to pray for me and my wyffe in y'e
_comon sangered_;" and in 1533, Robert Garad, of Ixworth, bequeathed to
the high altar ij_s_. "for _halfe a sangred_."

Can any of your reader explain what the _sangred_ is? or give me any
information about the book referred to in the following extract from the
will of William Place, Master of St. John's Hospital, Bury St. Edmund's,
made in 1504:--

"Item. I beqweth to the monastery of Seynt Edmund forseid my book
of the _dowts of Holy Scryptur_, to ly and remain in the cloyster,"


_Catsup, Catchup, or Ketchup._

Will any of your philological readers be so obliging as to communicate
any _note_ he may have touching the original or definition of the word

It does not appear in Johnson's _Dictionary_. Mr. Todd, in his edition,
inserts it with an asterisk, denoting it as a new introduction, and
under _Catsup_ says, see _Catchup_. Under this latter word he
says--"Sometimes _improperly_ written _Ketchup_, a poignant liquor made
from boiled mushrooms, mixed with salt, used in cooking to add a
pleasant flavour to sauces." He gives no _derivation_ of the word
_itself_, and yet pronounces the very common way of spelling it

What reference to, or connexion with, _mushrooms_ has the word?--and why
_Catsup_, with the inference that it is synonymous with _Catchup_?


"_Let me make a Nation's Ballads, who will may make their Laws!_"

One perpetually hears this exclamation attributed to different people.
In a magazine which I took up this morning, I find it set down to "a
certain orator of the last century;" a friend who is now with me, tells
me that it was unquestionably the saying of the celebrated Lord Wharton;
and I once heard poor Edward Irving, in a sermon, quote it as the
exclamation of Wallace, or some other Scottish patriot. Do relieve my
uncertainty, and, for the benefit of our rising orator, tell us to whom
the saying ought to be set down.


_To endeavour Oneself._

In the Collect for the 2nd Sunday after Easter, in the preface to the
Confirmation Service, and in the form of Ordering of priest, the verb
"endeavour" takes (clearly, I think) a middle-voice form, "to endeavour
one's self." Is there any other authority for this usage? No dictionary
I have seen recognises it.


_Date of the Anonymous Ravennas._

Can you inform me of the date of the _Chorographia Britanniae Anonymi


[This is a very difficult question. We should be glad to hear any
of our correspondents upon the subject.]

_The Battle of Towton._

The "Note" on the battle-field of Sedgemoor, induces a "Query"
concerning another equally celebrated locality.

It is well known in the neighbourhood, that the field of Towton, at
least that part of it which is now, and, according to tradition, has
remained pasture since the days of the wars of York and Lancaster,
produces two species of roses, which grow in stunted patches throughout
its extent. Has their presence ever been noticed or accounted for? If we
again allow tradition to give its evidence, we are told they were
planted on the graves of the fallen combatants.



_A Peal of Bells._

Mr. Editor,--The following question was put to me by a clergyman and a
scholar, who, like myself, takes an interest in the subject of Bells. At
first sight I fancied that a satisfactory answer could easily be given:
but I found that I was mistaken, and I shall be very glad if any of your
correspondents will favour me with a solution of the difficulty.

Can you _define_ what is a _Peal?_ Of course we know what is meant by a
_Peal of Bells_, and to _ring a Peal_; but I want it defined as to
duration, mode of ringing it, &c. &c. None of the old writers explain
what they mean by ringing a _Peal_.


Ecclesfield Vicarage, Dec. 11. 1849.

_Lines quoted by Goethe._

If any of your readers can inform me who is the author of the following
lines, quoted by Goethe in his _Autobiography_, he will greatly oblige

"Then old age and experience, hand in hand,
Lead him to death, and make him understand,
After a search so painful and so long,
That all his life he has been in the wrong."


King's College, Dec. 8. 1849.

_MS. Sermons by Jeremy Taylor._

I venture to send you the following note, as embodying a query, which I
am sure deserves, if possible, to be answered.

"Southey, _Omniana_, i. 251. Coleridge asserts (_Literary Remains_,
i. 303.), that there is now extent, in MS., a folio volume of
unprinted sermons by Jeremy Taylor. It would be very interesting to
learn in what region of the world so great a treasure has been
suffered to rust during a hundred and fifty years."--Willmott's
_Life of Bishop Jeremy Taylor_, p. 87.


_Papers of John Wilkes._

John Wilkes, it is well known, sent to the newspapers copies of Lord
Weymouth's and Lord Barrington's Letters respecting the riots in St.
George's Fields in 1768. We Can easily conjecture how he did or how he
might have, got possession of a copy of Weymouth's Letter, which was
addressed to the magistrates of Surrey; but Barrington's letter was
strictly official, and directed to the "Field officers, in staff
waiting, for the three regiments of Foot Guards." Has the circumstance
ever been explained? If so, where? Can any of your readers inform me the
_exact date_ of the first publication of Barrington's Letter in the
newspaper? Is it not time that Wilkes' Letters and MSS. were deposited
in some of our public libraries? They would throw light on many obscure
points of history. They were left by Miss Wilkes to Mr. Elmsley, "to
whose judgement and delicacy" she confided them. They were subsequently,
I believe, in the legal possession of his son, the Principal of St.
Alban's; but really of Mr. Hallam.


_John Ross Mackay._

The following is from a work lately published, _Chronicles and
Characters of the Stock Exchange_, by John Francis:--

"'The Peace of 1763,' said John Ross Mackay, Private Secretary to
the Earl of Bute, and afterwards Treasurer to the Ordnance, 'was
carried through and approved by pecuniary distribution.'"

Will Mr. Francis, or any of your contributors, inform me where I can
find the original statement?


* * * * *


Mr. Darling is preparing for publication a new edition of his
_Bibliotheca Clericales, a guide to Authors, Preachers, Students, and
Literary Men_. The object of this very useful publication, which
deserves to be made a Note of by all who may have Queries to solve in
connection with the bibliography of theology, cannot be better described
than in Mr. Darling's own words, namely, that it is intended to be "a
Catalogue of the Books in the Clerical Library, greatly enlarged, so as
to contain every author of any note, ancient and modern, in theology,
ecclesiastical history, and the various departments connected therewith,
including a selection in most branches of literature, with complete
lists of the works of each author, the contents of every volume being
minutely described; to which will be added an entirely new volume, with
a scientific as well as alphabetical arrangement of subjects, by which a
ready reference may be made to books, treatises, sermons, and
dissertations, on nearly all heads of divinity, the books, chapters, and
verses of Holy Scripture, the various festivals, fasts &c., observed
throughout the year, and useful topics in literature, philosophy, and
history, on a more complete system than has yet been attempted in any
language, and forming an universal index to the contents of all similar
libraries, both public and private." The work will be published in about
24 monthly parts, and will be put to press so soon as a sufficient
number of subscribers are obtained to cover the expense of printing.

Mr. Jones, the modeller, of 125. Drury Lane, who as our readers may
remember, produced some time since so interesting "a copy in little" of
the monument of our great bard in the church of Stratford-upon-Avon, has
just completed similar models of Bacon's monument, in St. Michael's
Church, St. Alban's; of Sir Isaac Newton's, in the chapel of Trinity
College, Cambridge; and, lastly, of that of the "Venerable Stow," from
the church of St. Andrew Undershaft. Many of the admirers of those old
English worthies will, we doubt not, be glad to possess such interesting
memorials of them.

Mr. Thorpe has published a _Catalog of some Interesting, Rare, and
Choice Books_, which he has recently purchased, and which had been
collected by the celebrated antiquary and author, Browne Willis. Many of
them contain important manuscript notes and anecdotes by him,
particularly in his own publications; and the Catalogue, therefore, like
all which Mr. Thorpe issues, contains numerous notes highly interesting
to bibliographical and literary antiquaries. Thus, in a copy of
_Antonini Iter Britanniarum_, he tells us Browne Willis has inserted the
following biographical note:--

*.* "My very worthy friend Roger Gale, the Author of this and many
other learned works, dyed at his seat at Scruton, co. York, June
26, 1744, aged about 72, and was by his own direction buried
obscurely in the churchyard there."

The following interesting articles we reprint entire, as forming
specimens of the rarities which Mr. Thorpe offers in the present
Catalogue, and the tempting manner in which he presents them:--

THE SLIGHTEST DEFECT OR REPAIR, folio, _in old Oxford calf binding, from
Browne Willis's Library, L105_.


*.* One of the most interesting specimens of Caxton's press. No other
perfect copy, I believe, has occurred for sale. The Aleborne copy,
(imperfect, wanting the Epitaph upon Chaucer, WHICH IS REPRINTED IN SOME
EDITIONS OF HIS WORKS, and other leaves,) sold for 53l. 11s. It is one
of the earliest productions of the father of the English press, and
claims a very great additional interest from being translated by the
Poet Chaucer. CAXTON gives us the following reasons that induced Chaucer
to translate, and himself to print it:--"Forasmoche as the stile of it
is harde, and difficile to be understoode of simple persones, therefore
the worshipful Fader and first founder and embelisher of ornate
eloquence in our _English_, I mene Maister _Geffrey Chaucer_, hath
translated it out of _Latyn_, as neygh as is possible to be understande;
wherin, in myne oppynon, he hath deserved a perpetual lawde and thanke
of al this noble Royame of _England_. Thenne, forasmoche as this sayd
boke so translated is rare, and not spred ne knowen as it is digne and
worthy for the erudicion of such as ben ignoraunte, atte requeste of a
singuler frend and gossop of myne, _I, William Caxton_, have done my
devoir temprynte it in fourme as is hereafore made."

3653 FOX (EDWARD) BISHOP OF HEREFORD, True Dyfferens Between ye Regall
Power and the Ecclesiasticall Power, translated out of Latyn by Henry
Lord Stafforde, _and dedicated by him to the Protector Somerset_, black
letter, 8vo. _fine copy, morocco, gilt edges_, EXTREMELY RARE, 6l. 6s.

_Imprinted at the sign of the Rose Garland, by W. Copland, n.d._

*.* This extraordinarily rare volume was written by Edward Fox, Bishop
of Hereford, according to Strype and Leland--_see the latter's encomium
upon it_. Lord Herbert supposed it to have been written by King Henry
VIII. It is one of the most interesting and rare volumes relative to
church history. The noble translator states that it was lent him by his
friend Master Morison, and finding the difference between the power
regal and ecclesiastical so plainly set out, and so purely explained,
that rather than his countrie should be utterly frustrated of so great
fruyte as myght growe by redynge thereof, I thought it well-bestowed
labour to turn it into Englishe.

worke not unpleasant to be read, nor unprofitable to be followed, IN
VERSE, _dedicated to George Dowse_, 4to. _remarkably fine copy_, UNCUT,
_morocco elegant, gilt edges_, EXCESSIVELY RARE IF NOT UNIQUE, 10l. 10s.

_Imprinted for R. Howell, 1600_.

*.* This curious poem, consisting of 120 verses of six lines each, is of
BIBLIOGRAPHERS. The author is styled by Phillips, in his Theatrum
Poetarum, as that "fine old Queen Elizabeth's gentleman," and is ranked
in the class of poets next to Spenser. The present volume acquires an
additional interest from being the _first production of the Author_,
which is thus expressed in the dedication: "These first fruites of my
barren braine, the token of my love, the seale of my affection, and the
true cognizance of my unfained affection," &c.

We have also received Supplements A, B, C, and D, the last part issued,
of the Catalogue of Miscellaneous Books, in various languages, on sale
by Charles Dolman, of 61. New Bond Street, which contain many rare and
curious works, more especially in the department of Foreign Divinity.

To these we may add Parts V. and VI. of Catalogues of "Cheap Books,
Autographs, &c.," on sale by Bell, 10. Bedford Street, Covent Garden;
the "Cheap Catalogue," Part XXIV., of Thomas Cole, 15. Great Turnstile,
Holborn; a "Miscellaneous Catalogue of remarkably cheap Old Books," on
sale by C. Hamilton, 4. Bridge Place, City Road; Russell Smith's
Catalogue of "Choice, Useful, and Curious Books," Part VII., which he
describes, very justly, as "containing some very cheap books;" Parts CV.
and CVI. of Petheram's, 94. High Holborn, "Catalogue of Old and New
Books," containing, among other things, Collections of the works of the
various publishing Societies, such as the Camden, Calvin, Parker,
Shakspeare, Ray, &c., and also of the Record publications; and lastly,
which we have just received from the worthy bibliopole of Auld Reekie,
T.G. Stevenson, his curious "List of Unique, Valuable, and Interesting
Works, chiefly illustrative of Scottish History and Antiquities, printed
at private expense," and "Bannatyniana,--Catalogue of the privately
printed publications of the Bannatyne Club from MDCCCXXIII. to
MDCCCXLVIII.," both of which are well deserving the attention of our
bibliographical friends.

* * * * *



(_In continuation of Lists in Nos. 5, 6, and 7._)

Hessey), 1813. (Seven Shillings will be given for this if sent within a

A COLLECTION OF SCARCE TRACTS. Published by Debrett. 4 vols. 8vo. 1788.

VOX SENATUS. Published between 1771 and 1774.

ET SCIENTIARUM ONNIUM, ETC. 12mo. or 16mo. London (E. Griffin). 1630.



ART OF COOKERY, A POEM. Folio. 1708.

_Odd Volumes._


(Brown), 1690.

Christopher Ness. Vol. II. Fol. Lond. 1690.

JOANNIS FORBESII A CORSE OPERA OMNIA. Fol. Amstelaedami apud Wetstenium,

Amstelod. apud Elsevirios, 1700.

8vo. Lond. 1726.

*.* Letters, stating particulars and lowest price, _carriage free_, to
be sent to Mr. BELL, publisher of "NOTES AND QUERIES," 186. Fleet

* * * * *


_We are sorry to have been unable to supply perfect sets of our Paper to
so many applicants. With the view of doing so, we will give_ sixpence
_each for clean copies of No. 1., and full price for No. 2_.

_We have to explain to correspondents who inquire as to the mode of
procuring_ "NOTES and QUERIES," _that every bookseller and newsman will
supply it_, if ordered, _and that gentlemen residing in the country may
be supplied regularly with the_ stamped _edition, by giving their orders
direct to the publisher_, Mr. GEORGE BELL, _186. Fleet Street,
accompanied by a Post Office order for a quarter (4s. 4d.)._

B. _requests us to correct an omission in his transcript from Mr. De
Morgan's Note in our last week's Number, p. 108.: Johnson's remark
should have been--"Let me see: forty times forty is sixteen hundred._ As
three to sixteen hundred, _so is the proportion, &c. The words in Roman
were omitted._"

MELANION _and other valued contributors are begged not to suppose their
contributions are declined because they are postponed. We have procured
the book_ MELANION _has referred us to, and hope in the course of two or
three weeks to bring the subject forward in a manner to give general

_Greenhill's_ Exposition of Ezekiel with Observations thereupon,
_reprinted in 1839, in imp. 8vo., is marked in C. J. Stewart's
Catalogue, at 18s_.

Stevens.--Melanion.--W.H.C.--B.N.--Vox.--S. Beauchamp.--G.W.--C.W.G.
(who is thanked for his private communication)--H.C. de St.
C.--J.G.--C.B.B.--W.R.O. (thanks)--S.L.--J.P.--J.G.
(Kilkenny)--H.M.--S.W.--E.S.J.--D. and W.--R.T.

_A neat Case for holding the Numbers of_ "NOTES AND QUERIES," _until the
completion of each volume, is now ready, price 1s. 6d., and may be had_,
by Order, _of all Booksellers and Newsmen_.

* * * * *

Nearly ready, 8vo., with etched Frontispiece, by Wehnert, and Eight

SABRINAE COROLLA: a Volume of Classical Translations with original
Compositions contributed by Gentlemen educated at Shrewsbury School.

Among the Contributors are the Head Masters of Shrewsbury, Stamford,
Repton, and Birmingham Schools; Andrew Lawson, Esq., late M.P.; the Rev.
R. Shilleto, Cambridge; the Rev. T.S. Evans, Rugby; J. Riddell, Esq.,
Fellow of Ballol College, Oxford; the Rev. E.M. Cope, H.J. Hodgson,
Esq., H.A.J. Munro, Esq., W.G. Clark, Esq., Fellows of Trinity College,
Cambridge, and many other distinguished Scholars from both Universities.

This Work is edited by three of the principal Contributors.

GEORGE BELL, 186. Fleet Street.

* * * * *

Illustrated with numerous Woodcuts, 8vo, 19s. 6d.


By J.J.A. WORSAAE, M.R.S.A., of Copenhagen.

Translated and applied to the Illustration of similar Remains in
England; by WILLIAM J. THOMS, Esq., F.S.A., Secretary of the Camden

This work was originally written to show how the early history of
Denmark might be read through its monuments, and has been translated and
applied to the history of similar remains in England, in the hope that
it will be found a useful hand-book for the use of those who desire to
know something of the nature of the numerous primeval monuments
scattered over these Islands, and the light which their investigation is
likely to throw over the earliest and most obscure periods of our
National History.

JOHN HENRY PARKER, Oxford, and 377. Strand, London.

* * * * *


Portrait of Cromwell. Third Edition, with numerous additions and
corrections. In Four Volumes. Post 8vo. 42s.

* * * * *

Edition. Post 8vo., cloth, 10s. 6d.

* * * * *

THE LIFE of SCHILLER. Comprehending an Examination of his Works. New
Edition, with a Portrait. Small 8vo., cloth, 8s. 6d.

* * * * *

PAST AND PRESENT. Second Edition. Post 8vo., cloth, 10s. 6d.

* * * * *

LECTURES ON HEROES AND HERO-WORSHIP. Third Edition. Small 8vo., cloth,

* * * * *

Constitution; Vol. III. The Guillotine. Third Edition. Three Volumes.
Post 8vo., cloth, 1l. 11s. 6d.

* * * * *

CHARTISM. Second Edition. Crown 8vo. cloth, 5s.

"It never smokes but there is fire."--_Old Proverb._

* * * * *

8vo., cloth, 2l. 2s.

* * * * *

Apprenticeship and Meister's Travels. Second Edition, revised. Three
Volumes. Small 8vo., cloth, 18s.

London: CHAPMAN and HALL, 186. Strand.

* * * * *

MEMOIRS OF MUSICK. By the Hon. ROGER NORTH, Attorney-General to James I.
Now first printed from the original MS. and edited, with copious Notes,
by EDWARD F. RIMBAULT, LL.D., F.S.A., &c. &c. Quarto; with a Portrait;
handsomely printed in 4to.; half-bound in morocco, 15s.

This interesting MS., so frequently alluded to by Dr. Burney in the
course of his "History of Music," has been kindly placed at the disposal
of the Council of the Musical Antiquarian Society, by George Townshend
Smith, Esq., Organist of Hereford Cathedral. But the Council, not
feeling authorised to commence a series of literary publications, yet
impressed with the value of the work, have suggested its independent
publication to their Secretary, Dr. Rimbault, under whose editorial care
it accordingly appears.

It abounds with interesting Musical Anecdotes; the Greek Fables
respecting the origin of Music; the rise and progress of Musical
Instruments; the early Musical Drama; the origin of our present
fashionable Concerts; the first performance of the Beggar's Opera, &c.

A limited number have been printed, few copies remain for sale: unsold
copies will shortly be raised in price to 1l. 11s. 6d.

Now ready, Part XII., completing the Work, containing Fifteen Plates and
Letter-press, price 7s. 6d. (folio, 12s., India paper, 20s., in a few
days), royal 8vo.

THE MONUMENTAL BRASSES of ENGLAND: a Series of Engravings on Wood, with
Descriptive Notices. By the Rev. CHARLES BOUTELL, M.A., Rector of
Downham Market, Norfolk.

The volume, containing 149 Plates, will be ready on the 11th inst.
Price, royal 8vo., cloth 1l. 8s. (The folio edition, cloth, 2l. 5s.,
India paper, 4l. 4s., in a few days.) Subscribers are requested to
complete their sets at once, as the numbers will shortly be raised in

Also, by the same Author, royal 8vo. 15s.; large paper, 21s.

MONUMENTAL BRASSES and SLABS: an Historical and Descriptive Notice of
the Incised Monumental Memorials of the Middle Ages. With upwards of 200

"A handsome large octavo volume, abundantly supplied with
well-engraved woodcuts and lithographic plates; a sort of
Encyclopaedia for ready reference.... The whole work has a look of
painstaking completeness highly commendable."--_Athenaeum._

"One of the most beautifully got up and interesting volumes we have
seen for a long time. It gives in the compass of one volume an
account of the History of those beautiful monuments of former
days.... The illustrations are extremely well chosen."--_English

A few copies only of this work remain for sale; and, as it will not be
reprinted in the same form and at the same price, the remaining copies
are raised in price. Early application for the Large Paper Edition is

By the same Author, to be completed in Four Parts,

CHRISTIAN MONUMENTS in ENGLAND and WALES: an Historical and Descriptive
Sketch of the various classes of Monumental Memorials which have been in
use in this country from about the time of the Norman Conquest.
Profusely illustrated with Wood Engravings. To be published in Four
Parts. Part I. price 7s. 6d.; Part II. 2s. 6d.

"A well conceived and executed work."--_Ecclesiologist._

8vo., cloth, price 12s., with a Coloured Plate of King Alfred's Jewel,

late Fellow of Corpus Christi College, Oxford, Author of "The History of
the Ancient Britons," &c.

"A useful volume, as collecting into one view all the facts that
are known respecting the Life of Alfred, exhibiting the various
opinions on disputed points, and containing a very fair, sensible
summing up by the biographer."--_Spectator._

Two vols., 8vo., 30s.

HISTORY of the ANCIENT BRITONS, From the Earliest Period to the Invasion
of the Saxons. Compiled from the Original Authorities. By the Rev. J. A.
GILES, D.C.L, late Fellow of Corpus Christi College, Oxford.

"The longer and more important passages are full and clear in
matter, always well presented, often in a masterly mode.... Dr.
Giles is in thorough possession of his materials and of his
intention, which produces the clearness that arises from mastery;
and he exhibits the same general _bon hommie_ and chronicler
disposition for minute and picturesque narrative which we noted in
his 'Life of Becket,' with more of a critical

8vo., price 5s.

and VALLUM, with an Account of their present State, taken during a
Pilgrimage along that part of the Island during the month of June, 1849.

Foolscap 8vo., with Woodcuts and Map of the Locality, price 5s.

THE BALLAD of EDWIN and EMMA. By DAVID MALLET. A New Edition, with Notes
and Illustrations, by FREDERICK T. DINSDALE, Esq., LL.D., F.S.A.

"This volume is a curious instance of the effect of early
association ... Early knowledge of the genius loci has left an
impression on the editor's mind which has produced this very
completely illustrated edition. All that research can furnish
touching the families of Wrightson and Railton, the surnames of
Edwin and Emma, is collected."--_Spectator._

"The editor's great merit is that of exhausting every probable
source of information, and equal industry spent in illustration of
a more important subject, would have led to equally curious and
more important results."--_Athenaeum._

GEORGE BELL, 186. Fleet Street.

* * * * *

Printed by THOMAS CLARK SHAW, of No. 8, New Street Square, at No. 5. New
Street Square, in the Parish of St. Bride, in the city of London; and
published by GEORGE BELL, of No. 186. Fleet Street, in the Parish of St.
Dunstan in the West, in the City of London, Publisher, at No. 186. Fleet
Street aforesaid.--Saturday, December 22. 1849.


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