Notes & Queries 1850.01.12

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"When found, make a note of."--CAPTAIN CUTTLE.

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NO. 11.]
[Price Threepence. Stamped Edition, 4d.

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Sir E. Dering's Household Book, by E. Rimbault
Bayswater and its Origin
Eva, Daughter of D. MacMurrough
Plagiarisms, or Parallel Passages
Notes from Fly-Leaves, No. 4.
Opinions on English Historians, No. II.--Lord Clarendon

Books by the Yard--Thistle of Scotland--Miry-land
Town--Richard Greene of Lichfield--Lobster on
Medal of Pretender--Marescantia--Macaulay's Young
Levite--Travelling in England--Warning to Watchmen
--AElfric's Colloquy--Humble Pie--By Hook or
by Crook--Origin of Grog--Barnacles--Vondel's
Lucifer--Dr. Faustus--To Fettle, &c.

Catacombs and Bone-houses, by Rev. A. Gatty
Contradictions in Don Quixote, &c., by S.W. Singer
Ancient Alms-Basins
Minor Queries:--Cupid Crying--Was Sir G. Jackson
Junius?--Ballad of Dick and the Devil--Erasmus'
Paraphrase--Iland Chest--Court of Wards--Ancient
Tiles--Pilgrimage of kings--Anthony Bek--Welsh
Custom--Fall of Rain--Metal for Telescopes--Colonel
Blood's House--Lucas's MS.--Theophania--MS.
Account of Britain

Notes on Books, Catalogues, Sales, &c.
Books and Odd Volumes wanted
Notices to Correspondents

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About ten years since, I remember seeing, in the hands of a London
bookseller, a curious MS. purporting to be the "Household Book of
Receipts and Expences of Sir Edward Dering, Bart., of Surrenden Dering,
Kent, from Lady-Day, 1648, to April, 1652." It was a think folio, in the
original binding, entirely in the hand-writing of the distinguished

Sir Edward was the only son of Sir Edward Dering, the first baronet, by
his second wife, Anne, daughter of Sir John Ashburnham, of Ashburnham,
Sussex, Knt. He succeeded to the baronetcy upon the death of his father,
in 1644, and married Mary, daughter of Daniel Harvey, Esq., of Combe,
Surrey, who was brother of the famous Dr. Harvey, the discoverer of the
circulations of the blood.

The volume commences at Lady-day, 1648, with the gifts of his
grandmother Cramond, and his uncles Dr. Harvey and Eliab Harvey. Nov. 8.
1648, is a memorandum of receipts of "the full remainder of the three
thousand pounds he was to pay me on my marriage." The receipts close
March 25. 1652, with "a note of what money I have received for rent,
wood, &c.; in effect, what I have to live upon, for four years, 1413_l_.
8_s_." The expenses begin at the same period; and among the earliest is,
"given my wife, in gold, 100_l_." Under the date Aug. 4. 1648, we read,
"Item: paid Mr. Edward Gibbes, to the use, and by the appointment of my
sister Dorothy, it being her portion, 1200_l_." Dorothy was probably Sir
Edward's only sister, by the same mother, Sir Edward, the first
baronet's second wife. Her sun of life soon set; for Feb. 21. 1650, a
whole page is occupied with items of mourning "at the death of my deare
and only sister, the Lady Darell."

Independently of the frequent notices of relatives, almost serving as a
family history, there are entries of high interest to the general
historian and the antiquary. The costs of every article of use and
virtue are set down in full, and a few of the items (which I find in my
Common-place Book) will serve as a specimen of the general contents:--

"1648. July 31. It. for seeing two plaies with my
wife, &c., coach hire, &c., 1_l_. 6_s_.
-- Sept. 2. It. paid the upholsterer for a
counterpayne to the yellow
petuana bed 3_l_. 10_s_.
-- Sept. 7. Paid Mr. Winne, for a tippet of
sables for my wife 14_l_.
-- Nov. 23. For a copy of Marg. Dering's
office 9_s_.
-- Dec. 23. It. paid Mr. Le Neve, in part for
my wife's picture 3_l_.
-- Mar. 8. It. a velvet saddle furniture for
my wife, 13_l_. It. black sattin,
for a gown for her, 7_l_. It. two
diamond rings 13_l_.

"1649. April 16. It. given seeing Rechampton-House 6_s_.
-- April 28. It. paid Mr. Le Neve, the remainder
due for my wife's picture,
3_l_. 4s. It. paid him for a
picture of the king. 2_l_. It. paid
him for a new frame to my
grandmother's -- 6_s_.
"1649. May 9. Item, given at John Tradeskin's
[Tradescant] -- 2_s_. 6_d_.
--- June 1. Paid Mr. Lawes, a month's
teaching of my wife -- 1_l_. 10_s_.
--- Sept 1. It. spent at Tunbridge Welles, in
19 dayes stay -- 26_l_, 8_s_.
"1650. April 8. It. paid Mr. Lilly [Sir Peter] for
my wife's picture -- 5_l_.
"1651. April 21. It. paid Mr. Lelie for my picture,
5_l_. It. paid him for my wife's
picture, being larger, 10_l_. It.
given Mr. Lelie's man, 5_s_.
--- April 23. It. paid Frank Rower for a frame
for my wife's picture 4_l_.
--- Aug. 7. Spent in Spring Gardens, and
coach hire thither -- 17_s_.
--- Sept. 3. Baubles at Bartholomew fayre, 4_s_.
--- Oct. 3. It. given the Scots prisoners, 8_s_.
--- Nov. 13. It. paid for bringing a great cake
from Richborow -- 3_s_.
--- March 9. Twelve paire of gloves given my
Valentine, the Lady Palmer
1_l_. 12_s_.
--- March 22. It. paid Mr. Lilly for Mrs.
Montague's picture, the larger size

The entry concerning the Celebrated Henry Lawes, _Milton's Tuneful
Harry_, is very interesting, and is well illustrated by the following
dedication, prefixed to Lawes' _Second Book of Ayres and Dialogues_,

_"To the Honourable the Lady Dering, Wife to Sir Edward Dering, of
Surenden Dering, Bart._

"Madam,--I have consider'd, but could not finde it lay in my power,
to offer this Book to any but your Ladiship. Not only in regard of
that honour and esteem you have for Musick, but because those Songs
which fill this Book have receiv'd much lustre by your excellent
performance of them; and (which I confesse I rejoice to sepak of)
some, which I esteem the best of these ayres, were of your own
composition, after your noble husband was pleas'd to give the
words. For (although your Ladiship resolv'd to keep it private) I
beg leave to declare, for my own honour, that you are not only
excellent for the time you spent in the practice of what I set, but
are yourself so good a composer, that few of any sex have arriv'd
to such perfection. So as this Book (at least a part of it) is not
Dedicated, but only brought home to your Ladiship. And here I would
say (could I do it without sadness), how pretious to my thoughts is
the memory of your excellent Mother (that great example of prudence
and charity), whose pious meditations were often advanc'd by
hearing your voice. I wish all prosperity to your Ladiship, and to
him who (like yourself) is made up of Harmony; to say nothing of
the rest of his high accomplishments of wisdome and learning. May
you both live long, happy in each other, when I am become ashes;
who, while I am in this world, shall be ever found, Madame,

"Your Ladiship's humble Admirer
"and faitnful Servant,

The Derings appear to have been great lovers and patrons of music; and
one of their family, Richard, practised the art as his profession. This
excellent musician was educated in Italy; and, when his education was
completed, he returned to England with great reputation. He resided in
his own country for some time, but, upon a very pressing invitation,
went to Brussels, and became organist to the convent of English nuns
there. From the marriage of Charles I., until the time when that monarch
left England, he was organist to the Queen. In 1610 he was admitted to
the degree of Bachelor in Music at Oxford, and died in the communion of
the Church of Rome, about the year 1657.


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A piece of topographical history was disclosed at the recent trial of a
cause at Westminster, which it may be worth while to record among your
"Notes." The Dean and Chapter of Westminster are possessed of the manor
of Westbourne Green, in the parish of Paddington, parcel of the
possessions of the extinct Abbey of Westminster. It must have belonged
to the Abbey when _Domesday_ was compiled; for, though neither
Westbourne nor Knightsbridge (also a manor of the same house) is
specially named in that survey, yet we know, from a later record, viz. a
_Quo Warranto_ in 22 Edward I., that both of those manors were members,
or constituent hamlets, of the vill of Westminster, which is mentioned
in _Domesday_ among the lands of the Abbey. The most considerable tenant
under the abbot in this vill was _Bainiardus_, probably the same Norman
associate of the Conqueror who is called Baignardus and Bainardus in
other parts of the survey, and who gave his name to Baynard's Castle.

The descent of the land held by him of the abbot cannot be clearly
traced: but his name long remained attached to part of it; and, as late
as the year 1653, a parliamentary grant of the Abbey or Chapter lands to
Foxcrafte and another, describes "the common field at Paddington" as
being "near a place commonly called _Baynard's Watering_."

In 1720, the lands of the Dean and Chapter in the same common field are
described, in a terrier of the Chapter, to be the occupation of
Alexander Bond, of _Bear's Watering_, in the same parish of Paddington.

The common field referred to, is the well-known piece of garden ground
lying between Craven Hill and the Uxbridge road, called also _Bayswater

We may therefore fairly conclude, that this portion of ground, always
remarkable for its springs of excellent water, once supplied water to
Baynard, his household, or his cattle; that the memory of his name was
preserved in the neighbourhood for six centuries; and that his
watering-place now figures on the outside of certain green omnibuses in
the streets of London, under the name of BAYSWATER.


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Being a subscriber to Mr. O'Donovan's new translation of _The Annals of
the Four Masters_, I beg to inform your correspondent, "A HAPLESS
HUNTER" (No. 6, p. 92.), that the copy which I possess begins with the
year 1172; consequently, it is hopeless to refer to the years 1135 and
1169. In 1173 the death of Mulmurry Mac-Murrough is recorded; as also of
Dermot O'Kaelly, from whom the family name of Kelly is derived; but I do
not find any notice of the daughter of Dermot MacMurrough.



If some earlier note-taker has not anticipated me, please to inform your
correspondent from Malvern Wells that the published portion of the
_Annals of the Four Masters_, by O'Donovan, commences with the year
1172. The earlier portion of the _Annals_ is in the press, and will
shortly appear. When it sees the light, your querist will, it is to be
hoped, find an answer. A query, addressed personally, to Mr. O'Donavan,
Queen's College, Galway, would, no doubt, meet with a ready reply from
that learned and obliging Irish scholar and historian.



"A HAPLESS HUNTER" will find, in the _Statute of Kilkenny_ (edited by
James Hardiman, Esq., M.R.I.A. for the Irish Archaeological Society in
1843), pp. 28, 29, _note_, two incidental notices of Eva, daughter of
Dermot McMorrough; the first, her witnessing a grant made by Richard
Strongbow, Earl of Pembroke, during his lifetime; and the second, a
grant made by her to John Comyn, Archbishop of Dublin, in the reign of
Richard I. (at least sixteen years after her husband's death), "pro
salute anime mee et domini comitis Ricardi," &c. Should he not have an
opportunity of consulting the work, I shall have much pleasure in
furnishing the entire extract, on receiving a line from him.


10. Dorchester Place, Blandford Square.

Giraldus Cambrensis mentions, that MacMurrough, having, in the year
1167, procured letters patent from Henry II., repaired to England, and
there induced Strongbow, Earl of Pembroke and Strighul, to engage to aid
him, on condition of receiving, in return, the hand of his _eldest_
daughter, Eva, and the heirship of his dominions.--_Girald. Camb._ p.
761. And further, that Strongbow did not arrive in Ireland until the eve
of St. Bartholomew's day, September, 1170; he was joined at Waterford by
Eva and her father, and the marriage took place a _few days after_, and
_during_ the sacking of that place.--Ibid. p. 773.

"Strongbow left, by his _second_ wife Eva, one daughter, named Isabella,
an infant. * * * Richard the First gave Isabella in marriage to William
de la Grace, who thus became Earl of Pembroke, and was created First
Earl Marshal of England," &c.--Fenton's _Hist. Pembrokeshire._


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I have placed this title in my note-books, more than one instance of
similarity of thought, incident, or expression that I have met with
during a somewhat desultory course of reading. These instances I shall
take the liberty of laying before you from time to time, leaving you and
your readers to decide whether such similarity be the effect of
_accident_ or _design_; but I flatter myself that they may be accepted
as _parallel passages_ and _illustrations_, even by those who may differ
from me in the opinion I have formed on the relation which my "loci
inter se comparandi" bear to each other.

In Lady Blessington's _Conversations with Lord Byron_, pages 176, 177.,
the poet is represented as stating that the lines--

"While Memory, with more than Egypt's art,
Embalming all the sorrows of the heart,
Sits at the altar which she raised to woe,
And feeds the source whence tears eternal flow!"

suggested to his mind, "by an unaccountable and incomprehensible power
of association," the thought--

"Memory, the mirror which affliction dashes to the earth, and,
looking down upon the fragments, only beholds the reflection

afterwards apparently embodied in _Childe Harold_, iii. 33.

"Even as a broken mirror, which the glass
In every fragment multiplies; and makes
A thousand images of one that was,
The same, and still the more, the more it breaks."

Now, Byron was, by his own showing, _an ardent admirer_ of Burton's
_Anatomy of Melancholy_. See Moore's _Life of Byron_, vol. i. page 144.
Notices of the year 1807.

Turn to Burton, and you will find the following passage:--

"And, as Praxiteles did by his glass, when he saw a scurvy face in
it, brake it to pieces, but for that one, he saw many more as bad
in a moment."--Part 2. sect. 3. mem. 7.

I am uncharitable enough to believe that _Childe Harold_ owes far more
to Burton, than to "the unaccountable and incomprehensible power of


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I think your correspondent in No. 6. p. 93., starts on wrong premises;
he seems to take for granted that such a structure as Belin's Gate
really existed. Now the story entirely rests on the assertion of
Geoffrey of Monmouth. What amount of credit may be placed on that
veracious and most unromantic historian, your correspondent doubtless
knows better than myself. Geoffrey says, in the 10th chap. of the 3rd
book, that Belin, among other great works, made a wonderful gate on the
bank of the Thames, and built over it a large tower, and under it a
wharf for ships; and when he died his body was burned, and his ashes put
into a golden urn on the top of the tower. Stow seems to doubt it. In
Strype's edition, 1720, he says, concerning this gate, "Leaving out the
fable thereof faming it to be builded by King Belin, a Briton, long
before the incarnation of Christ." Burton, writing 1722, mentions the
legend, but adds, "But whether of that antiquity is doubted." and John
Brydall, in 1676, mentions it only as a wharf or quay for ships. Now, as
Geoffrey of Monmouth's _Chronicle_ is generally allowed by critics to be
but a mass of romance and monkish legends, built on a slight foundation
of truth, we may suppose this account to partake of the general
character of the rest of the work. That some circumstance gave rise to
the name is not doubted. "Haply," says Stow, "some person of that name
lived near." I look on the name as only a corruption or romantic
alteration of the word Baal or Bel; and, as we have every reason to
suppose he was worshipped by part of the aborigines of this country, I
deem it not improbable that on or near this spot might once have existed
a temple for his worship, which afterwards gave a name to the place. It
is true Baal generally had his temples placed on the summit of lofty
mountains or other eminences. But supposing a number of his votaries to
have settled near London, and on the banks of the Thames, nothing would
be more likely than, to obviate the natural lowness of the ground, they
would raise a tower for the better celebration of the ceremonies
attendant on his worship. This might have been the foundation upon which
Geoffrey built his story. However, I only suggest this. The real origin
of the name I am afraid is too far sunk in oblivion to hold out any
hopes of its being rescued at the present day.


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If "WILLIAM WILLIAMS" will examine the map of London in 1543, lately
engraved from a drawing in the Bodleian Library, he will perceive the
"Water Gate,", about which he inquires, defended on the west side by a
lofty hexagonal machicolated tower.


* * * * *


In order to forward your views as regards the valuable department of
"Notes from Fly-Leaves" I have spent some leisure hours in _beating the
covers_ of a portion of my library. I send you the produce of my first
day's sport, which, you will observe, has been in the fields of poetry.
Make what use of it you think fit, selecting such notes only as you
think of sufficient interest for publication.

I. Note in the handwriting of Richard Farmer, in a copy of "Canidia, or
the Witches; a Rhapsody in five parts, by R.D." 4to. London, printed by
S. Roycroft for Robert Clavell, 1683.

"In Mr. Hutton's Catale P. 65. N. 1552. this strange composition is
ascribed to one Dixon. There was a Robert Dixon, an author about
the time, and D.D. (Woods's _Fasti_, v. ii. p. 103.), but it surely
must not be given to him! Qu.? This is the only copy I have seen,

[Lowndes has the work under the name of Robert Dixon, D.D.]

II. Note in the handwriting of James Bindley, in a copy of an English
translation of Milton's "Defensio pro Populo Anglicano," printed in the
year 1692.

"Translated into English by Richard Washington, Esq., of the Middle

On another page, however, he has written,

"Mem. in a miscellany called 'Poems on Affairs of State,' 8vo. 5th
edit. 1703, at page 223 'In memory of _Joseph_ Washington, Esq.,
late of the Middle Temple, an elegy written by N. Tate, Servant to
their Majesties.' Though Mr. Warton calls him _Richard_, his name
was, I believe, as above, and the translator most likely of this

To this is added, in the handwriting of the late Mr. Ford, bookseller,
formerly of Manchester--

"The note on the opposite side, signed J.B., stands for James
Bindley, who may be considered as good authority for what is here
asserted. Some curious information will be found relative to the
original work in 'Diction. des Livres Condamnes,' &c., par Peignot.
tom. ii. p 319."

III. Note in the handwriting of Mr. Ford, in a copy of Fletcher's
"Purple Island,", &c. 1633.

"See the lines at the end by Francis Quarles, which are ingenious
and poetical. This curious and very rare volume I purchased out of
Longman's celebrated catalogue of old English poetry, called 'Bib.
Ang. Poet.,' where it will be found marked L2 12s. 6d., which is
what it cost me. Mr. Montgomery, the poet, styles this poem a
fantastical allegory describing the body and soul of man, but
containing many rich and picturesque passages (v. his 'Christian
Poem,' p. 163.) But there is a most excellent critique upon it in
the 'Retrosp. Rev.' for Nov. 1820 (v.p. 351.), but see also
Headley, who highly praises it. The name of Fletcher ranks high in
the list of our poets. He was born in 1584, and was the son of Dr.
Giles Fletcher, who was himself a poet; the brother of Giles
Fletcher, the author of 'Christ's Victory;' and the cousin of John
Fletcher, the celebrated dramatist."

IV. In a note on a copy of "Iter Boreale, with large additions of
several other poems, being an exact collection of all hitherto extant;
never before published together. The author R. Wild, D.D., printed for
the booksellers in London, 1668,"--the author is described as "of
Tatenill, near Burton supr Trent." The note is apparently of
contemporary date, or a little later.

This edition is not noticed by Lowndes, nor is another edition
(anonymous), of which I have a copy, the date of which is 1605 (printed
for R.J., and are to be sold in St. Paul's Churchyard). Of course this
date is a mistake, but query what is the real date? Probably 1665. The
volume concludes with the 70th page, being identical with the 72nd page
of the edition of 1668.

V. Note in the handwriting of Mr. Ford, in a copy of "Waller's Poems,"
1645 (after quoting "Rymer on Tragedy," pp. 2. and 79.):--

"The dedicatory epistle in this first and rare edition 'To my
Lady,' is omitted in all the subsequent editions, even in Fenton's
of 1729 (see Dibdin).--I find it _is_ inserted in Fenton's
edition among the speeches and letters; but he adds, in his
observations thereon, that it appears not to have been designed for
a public dedication, though why or wherefore he assigns no reason;
and he further adds, 'I never met with any tradition to what Lady
it was originally directed.' It certainly has as much the
appearance of having been intended for a dedication, _if we may
judge from internal evidence_, as such sort of things generally
have. This is the first genuine edition and very scarce. It is
priced in the 'Bib. Ang. Poet.'; at 2 gs. No. 851. The subsequent
editions are of no particular value, exception Fenton's elegant and
complete edition in 4to., which is worth about the same sum."

VI. Note in a handwriting of the 17th century, in a copy of Cawood's
edition of the "Ship of Fools," opposite to the dedication, which is
"Venerandissimo in Christo Patri ac Domino, domino Thomae Cornissh,
Tenenensis pontifici, ac diocesis Badonensis Suffraganio
vigilantissimo," &c.

"Thomas Cornish, in 1421-2, was made Suffragan Bishop to Rich. Fox,
Bp of Bath and Wells, under ye title of 'Episcopus Tynensis,' by wh
I suppose is meant Tyne, ye last island belonging to ye republick
of Venice in ye Archipelago. See more of him in 'Athenae Oxoniens,'
vol. i. p. 555."

VII. Note by T. Park, in a copy of the third edition of an "Essay on
Human Life," by the author of the "Essay on Man," 1736. (Printed for J.

"By Lord Pagett. 1st edn 1734. 4to. says Lord Orford. An edn in
8vo. was printed in 1736 'for Fletcher Gyles against Grays Inn in
Holbourn,' and was called (as this is) the _third_; but it gave no
delusive intimation in the title that Pope was the author, honestly
assigning it to the Right Hon. Lord Pagett. To the preface was
added a short postscript."

On another page he has written:

"This is perhaps the most successful imitation of Pope's ethic poem
which has been produced. Lord Paget has had the credit of composing

In another handwriting there is written:

"From Mr. Newton, a valuable present, June 25. 1760."

Under which Mr. Park has added:

"Qu. from Newton to Cowper, whose handwriting resembles the above."

VIII. I have a little book entitled, "The Original History of Old Robin
Gray; with the adventures of Jenny and Sandy: a Scotch Tale;" n.d.
printed for H. Turpin. A prose narrative, apparently intended for
children, but which Mr. Haslewood has enriched with a number of
newspaper cuttings and other illustrations, and has added the following

"Auld Robin Gray; a ballad by the Right Honourable Lady Anne
Barnard, born Lady Anne Lindsay of Balcarras; Edin. printed by
James Ballantyne and Co. 1825, qto. This is the first authentic
edition of this beautiful Scottish ballad, and forms one of the
publications by Sir Walter Scott as a member of the Bannatyne Club.
The publication gives an interesting account of the authoress--of
the origin of the ballad--the ballad--continuation of Auld Robin
Gray, all from the same hand; it is to be regretted it is not
published for wider circulation. It will, it may be expected, find
a vent for the publick at some future period, and some of the
gatherings in this volume swell a note or two, if not a page.--See
'Cens. Lib.' vol. ix. p. 323. for another ballad called,
'Continuation of Auld Robin Gray.' Auld Robin gray's Ghaist begins
'Right sweetly sang the nightingale,' among my Scotch songs. The
sequel to Auld Robin Gray begins, 'Full five long years' in do."


* * * * *


II. _Lord Clarendon._

"This great historian is always too free with his judgments. But the
piety is more eminent than the superstition in this great man's
foibles."--Bishop Warburton, note, last edition, vol. vii. p. 590.

"It is to be hoped no more chancellors will write our story, till
they can divest themselves of that habit of their profession,
apologising for a bad cause."--H. Walpole, Note in _Historic

"Clarendon was unquestionably a lover of truth, and a sincere
friend to the free constitution of his country. He defended that
constitution in Parliament, with zeal and energy, against the
encroachments of prerogative, and concurred in the establishment of
new securities for its protection."--Lord Grenville, Note in
_Chatham Correspondence_, vol. i. p. 113.

"We suffer ourselves to be delighted by the keenness of Clarendon's
observations, and by the sober majesty of his style, till we forget
the oppressor and the bigot in the historian."--Macaulay, _Essays_,
vol. ii. p. 281.

"There is no historian, ancient or modern, with whose writings it
so much behoves an Englishman to be thoroughly conversant, as
Lord Clarendon."--Southey, _Life of Cromwell_.

"The genuine text of the history has only been published in 1826,"
says Mr. Hallam, who speaks of "inaccuracy as habitual to him;" and
further, "as no one, who regards with attachment the present system
of the English constitution, can look upon Lord Clarendon as an
excellent minister, or a friend to the soundest principles of civil
and religious liberty, so no man whatever can avoid considering his
incessant deviations from the great duties of an historian as a
moral blemish on his character. He dares very frequently to say
what is not true, and what he must have known to be otherwise; he
does not dare to say what is true, and it is almost an aggravation
of this reproach, that he aimed to deceive posterity, and poisoned
at the fountain a stream from which another generation was to
drink. No defence has ever been set up for the fidelity of
Clarendon's history; nor can men, who have sifted the authentic
material, entertain much difference of judgment in this respect;
though, as a monument of powerful ability and impressive eloquence,
it will always be read with that delight which we receive from many
great historians, especially the ancient, independent of any
confidence in their veracity."--Hallam, _Constitutional History_,
8vo. vol. ii. p.502.

"His style is a little long-winded; but, on the other hand, his
characters may match those of the ancient historians; and one
thinks they would know the very men if you were to meet them in
society. Few English writers have the same precision, either in
describing the actors in great scenes, or the deeds which they
performed; he was himself deeply engaged in the scenes which he
depicts, and therefore colours them with the individual feeling,
and sometimes, doubtless, with the partiality of a partisan. Yet, I
think he is, on the whole, a fair writer; for though he always
endeavours to excuse King Charles, yet he points out his mistakes
and errors, which certainly were neither few nor of slight
importance."--Scott, _Life by Lockhart_, vol. v. p. 146.

Other opinions as to the noble writer will be found in the _Life of
Calamy_, and in Lord Dover's _Essay_; but I have perhaps trespassed too
much on your space.


* * * * *


_Books by the Yard_.--Many of your readers have heard of books bought
and sold by weight,--in fact it is questionable whether the _number_ of
books sold in that way is not greater than those sold "over the
counter,"--but few have probably heard of books sold "by the yard."
Having purchased at St. Petersburg, the library left by an old Russian
nobleman of high rank, I was quite astonished to find a copy of _Oeuvres
de Frederic II_. originally published in 15 vols., divided into 60, to
each of which a new title had been printed; and several hundred volumes
lettered outside _Oeuvres de Miss Burney, Oeuvres de Swift,_ &c., but
containing, in fact, all sorts of French waste paper books. These, as
well as three editions of _Oeuvres de Voltaire_, were all very neatly
bound in calf, gilt and with red morrocco backs. My curiosity being
roused, I inquired into the origin of these circumstances, and learnt
that during the reign of Catherine, every courtier who had hopes of
being honoured by a visit from the Empress, was expected to have a
library, the greater or smaller extent of which was to be regulated by
the fortune of its possessor, and that, after Voltaire had won the
favour of the Autocrat by his servile flattery, one or two copies of his
works were considered indispensable. Every courtier was thus forced to
have rooms filled with books, by far the greater number of which he
never read or even opened. A bookseller of the name of Klostermann, who,
being of an athletic stature, was one of the innumerable favourites of
the lady, "who loved all things save her lord," was usually employed,
not to select a library, but to fill a certain given space of so many
yards with books, at so much per volume, and Mr. Klostermann, the
"Libraire de la Cour Imperiale," died worth a plum, having sold many
thousand yards of books (among which I understood there were several
hundred copies of Voltaire), at from 50 to 100 roubles a yard,
"according to the binding."

A. ASHER. Berlin. Dec. 1849.

_Thistle of Scotland_.--R.L. will find the thistle first introduced on
coins during the reign of James V., although the motto "Nemo me impune
lacessit" was not adopted until two reigns later.--See Lindsay's
_Coinage of Scotland_, Longman, 1845.


_Miry-Land Town_. In the _Athenaeum_, in an article on the tradition
respecting Sir Hugh of Lincoln, the Bishop of Dromore's version of the
affair is thus given:--

"The rain rins doun through Mirry-land toune,
Sae dois it doune the Pa';
Sae dois the lads of Mirry-land toune.
Quhan they play at the Ba'."

In explanation of part of this stanza, Dr. Percy is stated to have
considered "Mirry-land toune" to be "_probably_ a corruption of Milan
(called by the Dutch Meylandt) town," and that the Pa' was "_evidently_
the River Po, though the Adige, not the Po, runs through Milan;" and it
is observed that it could not have occasioned Dr. Jamieson _much
trouble_ to conjecture as he did that "Mirry-land toune" was a
corruption of "Merry Lincolne," and that, in fact, in 1783, Pinkerton
commenced his version of the ballad thus--

"The bonnie boys o' merry Lincoln;"

and it is added, very truly, that with all his haste and petulance,
Pinkerton's critical acumen was far from inconsiderable. Now, there
appears to me to have been a very simple solution of the above words, so
simple that perhaps it was beneath the critical acumen of the said
commentators. My note on the subject is, that Mirry-land toune means
nothing more than Miry-, Muddy-land Town, a designation that its
situation certainly entitles it to; and Pa' is certainly not the Po, but
an abbreviated form of Pall, i.e. a place to play Ba' or ball in, of
which we have a well-known instance in Pall Mall.

Since writing the above, I recollect that Romsey, in Hampshire, has been
designated "Romsey-in-the-Mud."


_Richard Greene of Lichfield_.--H.T.E. is informed that there is a medal
or token (not difficult to obtain) of this zealous antiquary. Obv. his
bust, in the costume of the period; legend, "Richard Greene, collector
of the Lichfield Museum, died June 4, 1793, aged 77." Rev. a Gothic
_window_, apparently; legend, "West Porch of Lichfield Cathedral, 1800."


_The Lobster in the Medal of the Pretender_.--The "Notes" by your
correspondents, Mr. Edward Hawkins and Mr. J.B. Yates, relative to this
medal, are very curious and interesting, and render it probable that the
device of the Lobster has a religious rather than a political allusion.
But it strikes us that the _double_ introduction of this remarkable
emblem has a more important signification than the mere insidious and
creeping characteristics of Jesuitism. The lines beneath the curious
print in Brandt's _Stultifera Nuvis_ throw no light on the meaning of
the Lobster. We think the difficulty yet remains unsolved.


_Marescautia_.--Your correspondent "D.S." who asks (in No. 6.) for
information upon the word "Marescautia," may consult Du Cange with
advantage, _s. v._ "Marescallus;" the "u," which perhaps was your
correspondent's difficulty, being often written for "l," upon phonotypic
principles. It was anciently the practice to apportion the revenues of
royal and great monastic establishments to some specific branch of the
expenditure; and as the profits of certain manors, &c., are often
described as belonging to the "Infirmaria," the "Camera Abbatis," &c.,
so, in the instance referred to by "D.S." the lands at Cumpton and
Little Ongar were apportioned to the support of the royal stable and


_Macaulay's "Young Levite_.--The following is an additional
illustration of Mr. Macaulay's sketch, from Bishop Hall's _Byting
Satyres_, 1599:--

"A gentle squire would gladly entertaine
Into his house some _Trencher-chapelaine_;
Some willing man, that might instruct his sons,
And that would stand to good conditions.
First, that he lie upon the truckle-bed,
While his young master lieth o'er his head;
Second, that he do, upon no default,
Never to sit above the salt;
Third, that he never change his trencher twise;
Fourth, that he use all common courtesies,
Sit bare at meales, and one half rise and wait;
Last, that he never his young master beat,
But he must aske his mother to define
How manie jerks she would his breech should line;
All these observ'd, he could contented be,
To give five markes, and winter liverie."


_Travelling in England._--I forward you a note on this subject,
extracted, some years ago, from a very quaintly-written _History of
England_, without title-page, but apparently written in the early part
of the reign of George the First. It is among the remarkable events of
the reign of James the First:--

"A.D. 1621, July the 17th, Bernart Calvert of Andover, rode from
St. George's Church in Southwark to Dover, from thence passed by
Barge to Callais in France, and from thence returned back to Saint
George's Church the same day. This his journey he performed betwixt
the hours of three in the morning and eight in the afternoon."

This appears to me such a surprising feat, that I think some of your
correspondents may be interested in it; and also may be able to append
farther information.


_Warning to Watchmen._--The following _Warning_, addressed to the
Watchmen of London on the occasion of a great fire, which destroyed
nearly 100 houses in the neighbourhood of Exchange Alley, Birchin Lane,
the back of George Yard, &c., among which were Garraway's, The Jerusalem
Coffee House, George and Vulture, Tom's, &c. &c., is extracted from the
_London Magazine_ for 1748, and is very characteristic of the then state
of the police of the metropolis:--

"Mr. Touchit's _Warning to the Watchmen of London_. From the
_Westminster Journal_, April 2nd, No. 331. (1748).

"Whereas it has been represented to me, _Thomas Touchit_, Watchman
Extraordinary of the City of _Westminster_, that the Watchmen of
_London_ were very remiss during the dreadful Fire on _Friday_
morning, _March_ 25, in not giving timely Notice of that Calamity
over their several _Beats_, whereby the Friends of many of the
unhappy Sufferers, who would have flown to their Assistance, were
ignorant of their Distress till it was too late to do them Service;
and also that most of the said Watchmen, on other Occasions, are
very negligent, whence it happens that many Robberies, Burglaries,
and other Offences, which their Care might prevent, are committed;
and that even some of them are in Fee with common Harlots and
Streetwalkers, whom they suffer at unseasonable Hours, unmolested
to prey on the Virtue, Health and Property of His Majesty's Liege
Subjects: Be it known to the said Watchmen, and their Masters,
that, having taken the Premises into Consideration, I intend
whenever I set out from _Spring Gardens_ with my _invisible Cap_,
my _irradiating Lanthorn_, and my _Oken Staff_ of correction, to
take the City of _London_, under Leave of the Right Hon. the Lord
Mayor, into my Rounds, and to detect, expose, and punish all
Defaulters in the several Stands and Beats: Whereof this fair
Warning is given, that none may be surprized in Neglect of Duty, I
being determined to shew no Favour to such Offenders."

Euston Square, 12th Dec. 1849.

_Aelfric's Colloquy_.--Permit me to correct a singular error into which
the great Anglo-Saxon scholars, Messrs. Lye and B. Thorpe, have been
betrayed by some careless transcriber of the curious _Monastic Colloquy_
by the celebrated Aelfric. This production of the middle ages is very
distinctly written, both in the Saxon and Latin portions, in the Cotton
MS. (Tiberius, A 3, fol. 58_b_.) Mr. Lye frequently cites it, in his
_Saxon Dictionary_, as "_Coll. Mon._," and Mr. Thorpe gives it entire in
his _Analecta Anglo-Saxonica_. The former loosely explains _higdifatu_,
which occurs in the reply of the shoewright (_sceowyrhta_),
thus--"Ca_l_idilia, sc. vasa _quoedam.--Coll. Mon._"--and Mr. Thorpe
prints both _higdifatu_ and _ca_l_idilia_. _Higdifatu_ is manifestly
vessels of hides, such as skin and leather bottles and buckets. The _ig_
is either a clerical error of the monkish scribe for _y_, or the _g_ is
a silent letter producing the quantity of the vowel. "I buy hides and
fells," says the workman, "and with my craft I make of them shoes of
different kinds; leathern hose, flasks, and _higdifatu_." The Latin word
in this MS. is _casidilia_, written with the long straight _s_. Du Cange
explains _capsilis_ to be a vessel of leather, and quotes Matt.
Westmon.: "Portans _cassidile_ toxicum mellitum."--_Gloss_. tom. ii.
col. 387. The root _caps_, or _cas_, does not appear to have any
Teutonic correspondent, and may merit a philological investigation.

R.T. Hampson.

_Humble Pie_.--the proverbial expression of "eating humble pie,"
explained by A.G., will be found also explained in the same manner in
the Appendix to Forby's _Vocabulary_, where it is suggested that the
correct orthography would be "umble pie," without the aspirate. Bailey,
in his valuable old _Dictionary_, traces the word properly to
_umbilicus_, the region of the intestines, and acknowledges in his time
the perquisite of the game-keeper.



_By Hook or by Crook_.--You have noted the origin of Humble Pie. May I
add a note of a saying, in my opinion also derived from forest customs,
viz. "By hook or by crook?" Persons entitled to fuel wood in the king's
forest, were only authorised to take it of the dead wood or branches of
trees in the forest, "with a cart, a hook, and a crook."

The answer to the query respecting the meaning of "per serjantiam
Marescautiae," is the Serjeantry of Farriery, i.e. shoeing of the king's
horses. In Maddox, vol. i. p. 43. you will find a very full account of
the office of Marescallus.



"Written on board the Berwick, a few days before Admiral Parker's
engagement with the Dutch fleet, on the 5th of August, 1781. By DR.

"'Tis sung on proud Olympus' hill
The Muses bear record,
Ere half the gods had drank their fill
The sacred nectar sour'd.

"At Neptune's toast the bumper stood,
Britannia crown'd the cup;
A thousand Nereids from the flood
Attend to serve it up.

"'This nauseous juice,' the monarch cries,
'Thou darling child of fame,
Tho' it each earthly clime denies,
Shall never bathe thy name.

"'Ye azure tribes that rule the sea,
And rise at my command,
Bid _Vernon_ mix a draught for me
To toast his native land.'

"Swift o'er the waves the Nereids flew,
Where _Vernon's_ flag appear'd;
Around the shores they sung 'True Blue,'
And Britain's hero cheer'd.

"A mighty bowl on deck he drew,
And filled it to the brink;
Such drank the Burford's[2] gallant crew,
And such the gods shall drink.

"The sacred robe which Vernon wore
Was drenched within the same;
And hence his virtues guard our shore,
And _Grog_ derives its name."


[The gallant correspondent to whom we are indebted for the
foregoing satisfactory, because early and documentary, evidence of
the etymology of the now familiar term GROG, informs us that there
is a still earlier ballad on the subject. We trust that he will be
enabled to recover that also, and put it on record in our columns.]

_Barnacles_.--In a _Chorographical Description of West, or Il-Jar
Connaught_, by Rhoderic O'Flaherty, Esq., 1684, published by the Irish
Archaeological Society in 1846, the bernacle goose is thus mentioned:--

"There is the bird engendered by the sea out of timber long lying
in the sea. Some call them _clakes_, and _soland geese_, and some
puffins; others _bernacles_, because they resemble them. We call
them _girrinn_."

Martin, in his _Western Isles of Scotland_, says:--

"There are also the _cleek geese_. The shells in which this fowl is
said to be produced, are found in several isles sticking to trees
by the bill; of this kind I have seen many,--the fowl was covered
by a shell, and the head stuck to the tree by the bill,--but never
saw any of them with life in them upon the tree; but the natives
told me that they had observed them to move with the heat of the
sun."--See also Gratianus, Lucius, Ware's _Antiquities_, &c.

Eating sea-birds on fast days is a very ancient custom. Socrates
mentions it in the 5th century: "Some along with fish eat also birds,
saying, that according to Moses, birds like fish were created out of the
waters." Mention is made in Martin's _Western Isles_, of a similar
reason for eating _seals_ in Lent. _Cormorants_, "as feeding only on
fish," were allowable food on fast days, as also were _otters_.


_Vondel's Lucifer_.--I cannot inform your correspondent F. (No. 9 p.
142.), whether Vondel's _Lucifer_ has ever been translated into English,
but he will find reasons for its not being worth translating, in the
_Foreign Quarterly Review_ for April, 1829, where the following passage

"Compare with him Milton, for his _Lucifer_ gives the fairest means
of comparison. How weak are his highest flights compared with those
of the bard of Paradise! and how much does Vondel sink beneath him
in his failures! Now and then the same thought may be found in
both, but the points of resemblance are not in passages which do
Milton's reputation the highest honour."

The scene of this strange drama is laid in Heaven, and the _dramatis
personae_ are as follows:--

Beelzebub }
Belial } Disobedient Officers.
Apollion }
Gabriel (Interpreter of God's secrets).
Troop of Angels.
Luciferists (Rebellious Spirits).
Michael (Commander-in-chief).
Rafael (Guardian Angel).
Uriel (Michael's Esquire).
Act I. Scene 1. Beelzebub, Belial, Apollion, &c.

I give this from the original Dutch now before me. HERMES.

_Dutch Version of Dr. Faustus_.--Can any of your correspondents give me
information as to the author of a Dutch _History of Dr. Faustus_,
without either author's name or date, and illustrated by very rude
engravings? There is no mention of where it was printed, but at the
bottom of the title-page is the following notice:--

"Compared with the high Dutch copy, and corrected in many places,
and ornamented with beautiful copper plates."[3]

There is also a promise of a Latin copy soon to follow.


[The first German chap-book upon _Faust_ appeared in 1587. A
translation of it into Dutch was published as early as 1592, at
Emmerich. It was again printed at Delft in 1607; and there have
been several editions since that date. The curious history of this
romance has been well investigated by H. Duentzer, _Die Sage von
Doctor Johannes Faust_, in the 5th volume of _Das Kloster_; and
even more fully by the Freiherr v. Reichlien Meldegg, in the 11th
volume of the same work.]

_To Fettle_.--Your correspondent L.C.R. (p. 142) is referred to the late
Mr. Roger Wilbraham's _Cheshire Glossary_, or (as he modestly termed it)
_An Attempt_, &c. This work, privately printed in 1820, is the
republication, but with _very considerable additions_, of a paper in the
_Archaeologia_, vol. xix.

The explanation of the present word is an instance of this expansion.

Your correspondent and Mr. W. agree as to the meaning of this verb, viz.
"to mend, to put in order any thing which is broken or defective." Being
used in this sense, Mr. W. differs from Johnson and Todd, and he is
inclined to derive Fettle from some deflection of the word _Faire_,
which comes from Latine _Facere_. I must not crowd your columns further,
but refer to the _Glossary_.

May I point out rather a ludicrous misprint (doubtless owing to an
illegible MS.) at p. 120. For Mr. Pickering's _Lives_, read _Series_ of
Aldine Poets.


To Fetyl, _v. n._ To join closely. See G. _factil. ligamen._--Wyntown.

Fettil, Fettle, s. Energy, power.--S.B.

To Fettle, _v. a._ To tie up.--S.

Fettle, _adj._ 1. Neat, tight.--S.B. 2. Low in stature, but

Fetous, _adj._ Neat, trim.

Fetously, _adv._ Featly.

Jamieson's _Dictionary_, abridged 8vo. edition. Fettle, _v._ To put in
order, to repair or mend any thing that is broken or defective.

I am inclined to consider it as from the same root as Feat,--viz. Sue
Got. _fatt_, apt, ready. Swed. _fatt_, disposed, inclined; _fatta_, to
comprehend.--Brockett's _Glossary_.

_Ptolemy of Alexandria_.--Your correspondent, "QUERY," wishes to be
informed what works of Ptolemy have been translated. The following, as
far as I can learn, is a list of them, viz.:--

"The Compost of Ptholomeus, Prynce of Astronomye, translated out of
the Frenche into Englysshe." London, printed by Robert Wyer, no
date, 12mo. There is also another edition of the same work, London,
printed by T. Colwell, without date, 12mo.

"The Bounding of Greece-Land, according to Ptolomeus; Englished out
of the Greek, by Thos. Wilson." London, 1570, 4to.

N.B. This is included in Wilson's translation of Demosthenes'

"The Geography of Ptolemy, so far as it relates to Britain; in
Greek and English, with observations by J. Horsley." London, 1732,

N.B. This forms a part of the _Britannia Romana_.

"Quadripartite; or Four Books concerning the Influence of the
Stars, faithfully rendered into English, from Leo Allatius; with
Notes, explaining the most difficult and obscure Passages, by John
Whalley." London, 1701 and 1786, 12mo.

"Tetrabiblos, or Quadripartite; being Four Books, of the Influence
of the Stars, newly translated from the Greek Paraphrase of
Proclus; with a Preface, explanatory Notes, and an Appendix
containing Extracts from the Almagest of Ptolemy, and the whole of
his Colloquy, &c. by J.M. Ashmand." London, 1822, 8vo.

I am indebted to Watt's _Bibliotheca Britannica_ for the titles of the
first three of these works. The others I have in my possession.


Old Street.

There are several real or pretended translations of the _astrological_
work--some certainly pretended--and Ptolemy's name is on many
astrological titlepages which do not even pretend to translate. The
Geography, as far as Britain is concerned, is said to be in Dr. Henry's
_History of Great Britain_, 1788. Some works in harmonics appear in
lists as translations or close imitations of Ptolemy, as John Keeble's,
1785, Francis Styles, _Phil. Trans_. vol. li. Various dissertations on
minor pieces exist: but there is no English translation of the
_Almagest_, &c., though it exists in French (see Smith's _Biograph.
Dict_. art. PTOLEMY). If an English reader wants to know Ptolemy's
astronomical methods and hypotheses, nothing will suit him better than
Narrien's _History of Astronomy_.


_Accuracy of References_.--In connection with the article on
"Misquotations," in No. 3. p.38., will you impress upon your
correspondents the necessity of exact references? It is rather hard
when, after a long search, a sought reference has been obtained, to find
that the reference itself is, on examination, incorrect. To illustrate
my position: at p. 23., in an article relating to Judge Skipwyth, and at
p. 42., in an article relating to the Lions in the Tower, references to
certain "pp." of the Issue Rolls of the Exchequer. Now if any person
with these references were to search the Issue Rolls, he would be much
surprised to find that the Rolls are rolls, and not books, and that
"pp." is not the correct reference. The fact is that neither of your
correspondents are quoting from the Rolls themselves, but from a volume,
published in 1835, under the direction of the Comptroller General of the
Exchequer, by Mr. F. Devon, called _Issue Roll of Thomas de Brantingham,
Bishop of Exeter, Lord High Treasurer of England_, &c. 44 Edward III.

And while on the subject, permit me to remark, with reference to the
article on the Domestic Expenses of Queen Elizabeth (page 41.), that
there are plenty of such documents in existence, and that the only test
of their value and authenticity is a reference to where they may be
found, which is wanting in the article in question.


_A Peal of Bells_.--In No. 8 of your interesting and valuable journal, I
find a query, from the REV. A. GATTY, relative to a peal of bells. Now
the science of bell-ringing being purely English, we can expect to find
the explanation sought for, only in English authors. Dr. Johnson says
peal means a "succession of sounds;" and in this way it is used by many
old writer, thus:--

"A peal shall rouse their sleep."--MILTON.

And again Addison:--

"Oh for a peal of thunder that would make
Earth, sea, and air, and heaven, and Cato tremble."

Bacon also hath it:--

"Woods of oranges will smell into the sea perhaps twenty miles; but
what is that, since a peal of ordnance will do as much, which
moveth in a small compass?"

It is once used by Shakespeare, _Macbeth_:--

"Ere to black Hecate's summons
The shard-borne beetle, with drowsy hums,
Hath rung night's yawning peal, there shall be done
A deed of dreadful note."

Will not ringing a peal, then, mean a succession of sweet sounds caused
by the ringing of bells in certain keys? Some ringers begin with D flat;
others, again, contend they should begin in C sharp.

In your last number is a query about _Scarborough Warning_. Grose, in
his _Provincial Glossary_, give the meaning as "a word and a blow, and
the blow first;" it is a common proverb in Yorkshire. He gives the same
account of its origin as does Ray, extracted from Fuller, and gives no
notion that any other can be attached to it.


* * * * *



I should be very glad to have some distinct information on the above
subject, especially in explanation of any repositories of human bones in
England? Was the ancient preservation of these skeleton remains always
connected with embalming the body?--or drying it, after the manner
described by Captain Smythe, R.N., to be still practised in
Sicily?--and, in cases in which dry bones only were preserved, by what
process was the flesh removed from them? for, as Addison says, in
reference to the catacombs at Naples, "they must have been full of
stench, _if_ the dead bodies that lay in them were left to rot in open
niches." The catacombs at Paris seem to have been furnished with bones
from the emptyings of the metropolitan churchyards. In some soils,
however, the bones rot almost as soon as the flesh decays from them.

There are, possibly, many bone-houses in England. I have seen two of
considerable extent, one at Ripon Minster, the other at Rothwell Church,
in Northamptonshire; and at both places skulls and thigh bones were
piled up, in mural recesses, with as much regularity as bottles in the
bins of a wine-cellar. At Rothwell there was (twenty years ago) a great
number of these relics. The sexton spoke of there being 10,000 skulls,
but this, no doubt, was an exaggeration; and he gave, as the local
tradition, that they had been gathered from the neighbouring field of
Naseby. A similar story prevails at Ripon, viz. that the death-heads and
cross-bones, which are arranged in the crypt under the Minster, are the
grisly gleanings of some battle-field.

Now, if these, and other like collections, were really made after
battles which took place during any of the civil wars of England, some
details would not be unworthy of the notice of the picturesque
historian; _e.g._, was it the custom in those unhappy days to disinter,
after a time, the slightly-buried corpses, and deposit the bones in the
consecrated vault?--or was this the accidental work of some antiquarian
sexton of the "Old Mortality" species?--or was the pious attention
suggested by the ploughman's later discoveries--

"Agricola, incurvo terram molitus aratro," &c.?

Any report from the places where there happen to be bone-houses,
together with the local tradition assigning their origin, would I think,
throw light on an interesting and rather obscure subject.

Ecclesfield, Dec. 31. 1849.


* * * * *


In answer to the question of "MELANION" (in No. 5 p. 73.), it may be
sufficient to refer him to the Spanish editions with notes, viz. that of
Pellicer in 1800; the 4th edition of the Spanish Academy in 1819; and
that of D. Diego Clemencin in 1833, where he will find the discrepancies
he mentions pointed out. In the first edition of 1605 there was another
instance in the same chapter, which Cervantes corrected in the edition
of 1608, but overlooked the other two. It was one of those lapses, _quas
incuria fudit_, which great writers as well as small are subject to.
Clemencin laughs at De los Rios for thinking it a chracteristic of great
geniuses so to mistake; and at the enthusiasm of some one else, who said
that he preferred the Don Quixote with the defects to the Don Quixote
without them.

Having answered one query, I presume I may be permitted to propose one,
in which I feel much interested.

Is the recently published BUSCAPIE the work of Cervantes? We have now
been favoured with two translations, one by Thomasina Ross, the other by
a member of the University of Cambridge, under the title of _The Squib,
or Searchfoot_; the latter I have read with some attention, but not
having been able to procure the Spanish original, I should be glad to
have the opinion of some competent Spanish scholar who has read it, as
to its genuineness. My own impression is that it will prove an ingenious
(perhaps innocent?) imposture. The story of its discovery in a
collection of books sold by auction at Cadiz, and its publication
_there_ by Don Adolfo de Castro, in the first place, rather excites
suspicion. My impression, however, is formed from the evident artificial
structure of the whole. Still, not having seen the original, I confess
myself an imperfect judge, and hope that this may meet the eye of one
competent to decide.


* * * * *


I have read the various notices in Nos. 3, 5, and 6. on the subject of
these dishes. I have an electrotype copy from such a dish, the original
of which is in Manchester. The device is like No. 4. of those of
CLERICUS (No. 3. p. 44.); but two circles of inscription extend round
the central device (the Grapes of Escol), in characters which are
supposed to be Saracenic. The inner inscription is five times, the outer
seven times, repeated in the round. I see by the _Archaeological
Journal_, No. 23, for Sept. 1849 (pp.295-6.), that at the meeting of
Archaeological Institute, on the 1st June last, Mr. Octavius Morgan,
M.P., exhibited a collection of ancient salvers or chargers, supposed to
be of latten; several ornamented with sacred devices and inscriptions,
including some remarkable examples of the curious florid letter, forming
legends, which have so long perplexed antiquaries in all parts of
Europe. Mr. Morgan arranged the devices in four classes, the first being
chargers or large dishes, supposed by him to have been fabricated at
Nuremburg. The northern antiquary, Sjoeborg, who has written much on the
subject, calls them baptismal or alms dishes. Their most common devices
are, Adam and Eve (probably the No. 3. of CLERICUS), St. George, and the
Grapes of Eschol (No. 4. of CLERICUS). On one of those exhibited was the
Annunciation (No. 2. of CLERICUS). On these facts I wish to put the
following queries:--

1. Are Sjoeborg's works known to any of your readers?

2. In what language does he suppose the characters to be?


[While we are very happy to promote the inquiries of our
correspondent, we think it right to apprise him that the opinions
of the Swedish antiquary whom he has named, are received with great
caution by the majority of his archaeological brethren.]

* * * * *


_Cupid Crying._--I shall be obliged if you, or any of your
correspondents, can tell me who was the author of the epigram, or
inscription, of which I subjoin the English translation. I am sure I
have seen the Latin, but I do not know whose it was or where to find it;
I think it belongs to one of the Italian writers of the fifteenth or
sixteenth century:--


"Why is Cupid crying so?--
Because his jealous mother beat him.--
What for?--For giving up his bow
To Coelia, who contrived to cheat him.

"The child! I could not have believed
He'd give his weapons to another.--
He would not; but he was deceived:
She smiled; he thought it was his mother."


_Was not Sir George Jackson "Junius?"_--Among the names which have been
put forward as claimants to be "Junius," I beg to propose the name of
SIR GEORGE JACKSON, who was, I believe, about that time Secretary to the
Admiralty. I shall be glad to know what obstacles are opposed to this
theory, as I think I have some presumptive evidence (I do not call it
strong), which seems to show either that he was "Junius," or a party


_Ballad of Dick and the Devil._--About the middle of the seventeenth
century, occasionally resided, on the large island in Windermere, a
member of the ancient but now extinct family of Philipson, of Crooke
Hall. He was a dashing cavalier, and, from his fearless exploits, had
acquired among the Parliamentarians the significant, though not very
respectable, cognomen of "Robin the Devil."

On one of these characteristic adventures, he rode, heavily armed, into
the large old church at Kendal, with the intention of there shooting an
individual, from whom he had received a deeply resented injury. His
object, however, was unaccomplished, for his enemy was not present; and
in the confusion into which the congregation were thrown by such a
warlike apparition, the dauntless intruder made his exit, though
subjected to a struggle at the church door. His casque, which was
captured in the skirmish that there took place, is yet to be seen in the
church, and the fame of this redoubtable attempt, which was long held in
remembrance through the country side, excited the poetic genius of a
rhymer of the day to embody it in a ballad, entitled "Dick and the
Devil," which is now rare and difficult to be met with.

As my endeavours to light on a copy have been unavailing, and my
opportunities for research are limited, perhaps some one of your
numerous readers who may be versed in the ballad poetry of the age of my
hero, will kindly take the trouble to inform me whether he has ever met
with the ballad in question, or direct me to where it may most likely be

I trust that from the obliging communications of some of your valuable
literary correspondents, I may be so fortunate as to meet with the
object of my query.


Dec. 27. Ambleside.

_Erasmus' Paraphrase on the Gospels._--I have in my charge the mutilated
remains of an old black-letter copy of _Erasmus' Paraphrase on the
Gospels_, not of any great value perhaps, but interesting to me from its
having been chained from time immemorial (so to speak) to one of the
stalls in our parish church; it is only perfect from Mark, fol. lxiiii.
to John fol. cxiii., but I should be glad to know the date, &c. of its
publication. Presuming, therefore, that one of the objects of your
interesting publication is to aid in solving the _minor_ difficulties of
persons like myself, who have no means of consulting any large
collection of books, I have the less scruple in forwarding the
accompanying "Notes" from my copy, for the guidance of any one who will
be at the trouble of comparing them with any copy to which he may have

The spelling of the word "gospel" varies throughout; thus, in Mark,
fols. lxiiii-lxxii., xci., xciv., xcv., xcvii., and xcviii. it is
"ghospel;" on lxxiii-lxxvi., lxxviii., it is "gospell;" on the rest
"gospel." So also throughout St. Luke, which occupies cc. foll., it
varies in like manner, "ghospell" being there the more common form. The
initial letter to St. Luke represents Jacob's dream; on the first page
of fol. vi. of St. Luke the translator's preface ends, "Geven at London
the last day of Septembre, in the yere of our Lorde M.D.XLV." On fol.
xiii. of the same, Erasmus' own preface ends, "Geven at Basill the xxii.
dai of August ye yere of our Lord, M.D." (the rest effaced). On the
first page of fol. viii. of St. John's Gospel the preface ends, "Geven
at Basile the yere of our Lord, M.D.XXIII. the v daye of Januarye." If
these notes are sufficient to identify my copy with any particular
edition, it will afford a real pleasure to


_Iland Chest._--In some wills of Bristol merchants of the latter part of
the 16th century, I have met with the bequest of a chattel called an
_"Iland Chest:"_ thus, ex.g. "Item: to Edmond Poyley I give the Iland
chest in the great chamber wherein his linen was." Mention is made of
the like article in two or three other instances. An explanation of the
word and an account of the kind of chest will much oblige.


_D'Israeli on the Court of Wards._--D'Israeli, in his article upon
"Usurers of the Seventeenth Century" (_Curios. of Lit._ iii. 89. old
ed.), which is chiefly upon Hugh Audley, a master of the Court of Wards
and Liveries, speaks of that court as "a remarkable institution, on
which I purpose to make some researches." Can any of your readers inform
me if D'Israeli acted upon this resolve, and, if so, where the results
of labours are to be found?


_Ancient Tiles._--Two birds, back to back, with heads turned to each
other, were common on ancient tiles. What are they intended to represent
or to emblemise?


_Pilgrimage of Kings, &c.--Blind Man's Buff--Muffin--Hundred Weight,
&c.--_ 1. Can your readers oblige me with the name of the author and the
date of a work entitled _The Pilgrimage of Kings and Princes_, of which
I possess an imperfect copy--a small quarto? 2. What is the etymology of
the game Blind Man's _Buff?_ I am led to doubt whether that was the old
spelling of it, for in a catalogue now before me I find a quarto work by
Martin Parker, entitled _The Poet's Blind Man's Bough, or Have among you
my Blind Harpers,_ 1641. 3. What is the origin of the word _muffin?_ It
is not in _Johnson's Dictionary._ Perhaps this sort of tea-cake was not
known in his day. 4. By what logic do we call one hundred and _twelve_
pounds merely a hundred weight? 5. I shall feel still more obliged if
your readers can inform me of any works on natural history, particularly
adapted for a literary man to refer to at times when poetical,
mythological, scriptural, and historical associations connected with
animals and plants are in question. I am constantly feeling the want of
a work of the kind to comprehend zoological similes and allusions, and
also notices of customs and superstitions connected with animals, when
reading our old poets and chroniclers. Even the most celebrated
zoological works are of no use to me in such inquiries.


_Anthony Bek, Bishop of Durham._--Having employed my leisure for many
years in collecting _materials_ for the biography of the famous Anthony
Bek, Bishop of Durham, I am baffled by the conflicting and contradictory
accounts of,--(1.) The title by which he became possessed of the _Vesci_
estates; (2.) _When_ and by what authority he took upon him the title of
"King of the Isle of Man;" and (3.) How he became dispossessed of that
title, which it is well known that Edward II. bestowed upon Gaveston;
and whether that circumstance did not induce him to take part with the
confederate barons who eventually destroyed that favourite.

Other incongruities occur in my researches, but the above are the most
difficult of solution.

I am, dear Sir,


_Curious Welsh Custom._--A custom prevails in Wales of carrying about at
Christmas time a horse's skull dressed up with ribbons, and supported on
a pole by a man who is concealed under a large white cloth. There is a
contrivance for opening and shutting the jaws, and the figure pursues
and bites every body it can lay hold of, and does not release them
except on payment of a fine. It is generally accompanied by some men
dressed up in a grotesque manner, who, on reaching a house, sing some
extempore verses requesting admittance, and are in turn answered by
those within, until one party or the other is at a loss for a reply. The
Welsh are undoubtedly a poetical people, and these verses often display
a good deal of cleverness. This horse's head is called _Mari Lwyd,_
which I have heard translated "grey mare." _Llwyd_ certainly is grey,
but _Mari_ is not a mare, in Welsh. I think I have heard that there is
some connection between it and the camel which often appears in old
pictures of the Magi offering their gifts. Can any of your readers
inform me of the real meaning of the name, and the origin of the custom,
and also whether a similar custom does not prevail in some parts of


_Fall of Rain in England._--Can you give me any information respecting
the fall of rain in England? I mean the quantity of rain that has fallen
in various parts of the island, from month to month, during the last
ten, fifteen, or twenty years. If any of your correspondents can do
that, or can give me a list of works, periodical or otherwise, in which
such information is to be found, they will greatly oblige me.

Can any of your correspondents inform me who is the author of the
following lines?--

"Though with forced mirth we oft may soothe a smart,
What seemeth well, is oft not well, I ween;
For many a burning breast and bleeding heart,
Hid under guise of mirth is often seen."


_Rev. J. Edwards on Metals for Telescopes_.--I shall feel obliged if any
of your correspondents can inform me where I can find a paper, called
"Directions for making the best Composition for the Metals of reflecting
Telescopes, and the Method of grinding, polishing, and giving the great
Speculum the true parabolic figure," by the Rev. John Edwards, B.A.

I saw it some years ago in on old journal or transactions, but Capt.
Cuttle's maxim not having been then given to the world, and being now
unable to make a search, I avail myself of your valuable publication.


_Colonel Blood's House_.--The notorious Colonel Blood is said to have
resided at a house in Peter Street, Westminster. Tradition points out
the corner of Tufton Street. Can any of your readers give me information
as to the correctness of this statement?


_John Lucas's MS. Collection of English Songs_.--Ames, the author of the
_Typographical Antiquities_, is said to have had in his possession a
folio MS. volume of English Songs or Ballads, composed or collected by
one John Lucas, about the year 1450. If this MS. is in private hands,
the possessor would confer an essential service on the antiquarian
public by informing them of its contents.


_Theophania_.--I send you a copy, _verbatim et literatim_, of the
title-page of an old book in my possession, in the hope that some one of
your correspondents may be able to furnish me with information respecting
its author. I believe the work to be a very scarce one, having never
seen or heard of any other copy than my own.

"Theophania; or severall Modern Histories Represented by way of Romance;
and Politickly Discours'd upon: by an English Person of Quality.

"Stat. Theb,
Nec divinam Sydneida tenta
Sed longe sequere, & Vestigia semper adora.

"London, printed by T. Newcomb, for Thomas Heath and are to be sold at
his Shop in Russel-street, near the Piazza of Covent Garden, 1655."


_Ancient MS. Account of Britain_.--I find the following note in Cooper's
_Thesaurus Linguae Romanae et Britannicae_, Impressum Londini, 1573, under
the word _Britannia_:--

"About 30 yeares since it happend in Wilshire, at Juy church, about
twoo miles from Salisbury, as men digged to make a foundation, they
founde an hollowe stone covered with another stone, wherein they
founde a booke, having in it little above xx leaves, (as they
sayde) of verye thicke velume, wherein was some thing written. But
when it was shewed to priestes and chanons, which were there, they
would not read it. Wherefore after they had tossed it from one to
another (by the meanes whereof it was torne) they did neglect and
cast it aside. Long after, a piece thereof happened to come to my
handes; which notwithstanding it was al to rent and defaced, I
shewed to mayster Richarde Pace, then chiefe Secretarie to the
kinges most Royall maiestie, whereof he exceedingly reioysed. But
because it was partly rent, partly defaced and bloured with weate
which had fallen on it, he could not find any one sentence perfite.
Notwithstanding after long beholding, hee showed mee, it seemed
that the sayde booke contayned some auncient monument of this Ile,
and that he perceyved this word _Prytania_ to bee put for
_Brytannia_. But at that time he said no more to me."

Cooper's conjecture founded on this is that Britain is derived from the
Greek word Prytania, which, according to Suidas, "doth," with a
circumflexed aspiration, "signifie metalles, fayres, and markets."
"Calling the place by that which came out of it, as one would say, _hee
went to market_, when he goeth to Antwarpe," &c. Has this been noticed


* * * * *


The announcement recently made in _The Athenaeum_ of the intention of the
Government to print in a neat and inexpensive form, a series of
Calendars or Indices of the valuable historical documents in the State
Paper Office, cannot but be very gratifying to all students of our
national history--in the first place, as showing an intention of opening
those documents to the use of historical inquirers, on a plan very
different from that hitherto pursued; and, in the next, it is to be
hoped, as indicating that the intention formerly announced of placing
the State Paper Office under the same regulation as the _Record
Offices_, with the drawback of fees for searches, is not to be
persevered in.

To the citizens of London, to its occasional visitants, as well as to
the absent friends and relatives of those who dwell within its walls,
Mr. Archer's projected work, entitled _Vestiges of Old London, a series
of finished Etchings from original Drawings, with Descriptions,
Historical Associations and other References_, will be an object of
especial interest. The artistical portion will, we believe, be mainly
founded on the collection of drawings in the possession of William
Twopeny, Esq., while the literary illustrations will be derived entirely
from original sources, and from the results of careful observation and

It is said to have been a rule with Charles Fox to have every work bound
in one volume if possible, although published in two or three. The
public have long felt the convenience of such an arrangement; and the
great booksellers have very wisely gratified their wishes in that
respect. The handsome "monotome" edition of _The Doctor_ is doubtless
well known to our readers. The success of that experiment has, we
presume, induced Messrs. Longman to announce the _Complete Works of the
Rev. Sydney Smith_, and _Mr. Macaulay's Critical Essays_, in the same
cheap and convenient form. We believe, too, that another (the sixth)
edition of that gentleman's _History of England from the Accession of
James II._, is on the eve of publication.

Those of our readers who take an interest in that widely spread and
popular subject, _The Dance of Death_, will remember that one of the
most exquisite works of art in which expression is given to the idea on
which this pictorial morality is founded, is the Alphabet Dance of
Death--so delicately engraved on wood, (it is sometimes said by Holbein,
who designed it,) but really by H. Lutzelburger, that the late Mr. Douce
did not believe it could ever be copied so as to afford any adequate
impression of the beauty of the original. A German artist, Heinrich
Loedel, has, however, disproved the accuracy of this opinion; and the
amateur may now, for a few shillings, put himself in possession of most
admirable copies of a work which is a masterpiece of design, and a gem
in point of execution, and of which the original is of the extremest
rarity. There are two editions of this Alphabet; one published at
Gottingen, with an accompanying dissertation by Dr. Adolf Ellisen; and
the other at Cologne, with corresponding borders by Georg Osterwald.

The revised and much enlarged edition of Dr. Lingard's _History of
England_, handsomely printed in ten large octavo volumes, is, we
understand, nearly ready for publication.

Mr. M.A. Lower, whose _Curiosities of Heraldry_ and _English Surnames_
are no doubt well known to many of our readers, is preparing for
publication a Translation, from a MS. in the British Museum, of _The
Chronicle of Battel Abbey from the vow of its Foundation by William the
Conqueror, to the Year 1176, originally compiled in Latin, by a Monk of
the Establishment._

Mr. Thorpe, 13. Henrietta Street, has just issued "A Catalogue of most
choice, curious, and excessively rare Books, particularly rich in Early
Poetry, Mysteries, Pageants, and Plays, and Romances of Chivalry." This
Catalogue is also extremely rich in Madrigals set to Music, by eminent
Composers of Queen Elizabeth's reign--and contains an unrivalled series
of Jest Books, and also of Song Books.

* * * * *



(_In continuation of Lists in former Nos._)

shillings will be given for a clean and perfect copy.]

DALTON'S (EDWARD) DOUBTING'S DOWNFALL. [Ten shillings, if a pamphlet,
twenty shillings, if a book, will be given for a clean and perfect






PRIESTS UNMASKED. 6 vols. 1767.



*.* Letters stating particulars and lowest price, _carriage free_, to be
sent to Mr. Bell, Publisher of "NOTES AND QUERIES," 186. Fleet Street.

* * * * *


A.B. _will not be surprised at our omitting his quotations from Eugene
Aram's curious account of the Melsupper _and Shouting the Churn, _when
he learns that they are already to be found in Brand's_ Popular
Antiquities (vol. ii ed. 1849), _and in Hampson's Medii AEvi Kalendarium_
(vol i). _We have no doubt some of our correspondents will furnish_ A.B.
_with a list of Eugene Aram's published writings._

S.T.P. _There would be no objection to the course proposed, if a
sufficient number of subscribers should desire it, except that it could
not take a retrospective effect._

_Will_ MELANDRA _enable us to communicate with him by letter?_

E.V.---Alpha.---Arthur Griffinhoof, jun.---Clericus.---Hibernicus.
---G.H.B.---Etoniensis.---J.R.P.---A Bibliopolist--P.

_We have again to explain to correspondents who inquire as to the mode
of procuring_ "NOTES AND QUERIES," _that every bookseller and newsman
will supply it,_ if ordered, _and that gentlemen residing in the country
may be supplied regularly with the Stamped Edition, by giving their
orders direct to the publisher,_ MR. GEORGE BELL, 186. _Fleet Street,
accompanied by a Post Office order for a Quarter (4s. 4d.)._

_An neat Case for holding the Numbers of_ "NOTES AND QUERIES," _until
the completion of each volume, is now ready, price 1s. 6d., and may be
had_, by Order, _of all Booksellers and Newsmen_.

_We are again compelled to omit many Notes, Queries, and Answers to
Queries, as well as Answers to Correspondents._


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VI. REASON AND FAITH; their Claims and Conflicts. By HENRY ROGERS.
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* * * * *


Now ready. Part I. containing 6 Plates, imp. 4to.

VESTIGES of OLD LONDON: a Series of finished Etchings from Original
Drawings, with Descriptions, Historical Associations, and other
References, by J. WYKEHAM ARCHER. Price 6s.; India Proofs, 10s. 6d.;
coloured after the Original Drawings, 12s.

DAVID BOGUE, Fleet Street.

* * * * *

On Saturday, the 29th ult., was published, fcap. 8vo., price 5s.



"Science in Fable."

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* * * * *

GRAY'S ELEGY IN A COUNTRY CHURCH-YARD. Each Stanza illustrated with an
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A Polyglot Edition of this volume, with inter-paged Translations in the
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And, of uniform size.

THE BARD. BY GRAY. With Illustrations by the Hon. Mrs. JOHN TALBOT. Post
8vo. 7s.

JOHN VAN VOORST, 1. Paternoster Row.

* * * * *

[Footnote 1: The successor of the Sir Edward Dering, from whose
_Household Book_ the Rev. Lambert B. Larking communicated the
interesting entries in No. 9. p. 130.]

[Footnote 2: Flag-ship at the taking of Porto-Bello.]

[Footnote 3: Uyt den Hoogduitschen Exemplar overgezien, en op veele
plaatzen Gecorrigeert, en met schoone Kopere Figuuren vercierd.]

* * * * *

Printed by THOMAS CLARK SHAW, of No. 8. New Street Square, at No. 5. New
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published by GEORGE BELL, of No. 186. Fleet Street, in the Parish of St.
Dunstan in the West, in the City of London, Publisher, at No. 186. Fleet
Street aforesaid.--Saturday, January 12. 1850.


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