Putnam's Word Book
Louis A. Flemming

Part 10 out of 17

minority, n. nonage, pupilage.

minstrel, n. gleeman, bard.

mint, v. coin.

minute, a. little, tiny, microscopic, diminutive; critical, precise,
particular, circumstantial.

minute, n. moment; memorandum, record, item, note.

minutiæ, n. pl. details.

miraculous, a. supernatural, hyperphysical, incredible.

mire, n. slough, ooze, mud, slime.

mirror, n. reflector, looking-glass, speculum; cheval glass.

mirror, v. reflect.

mirth, n. merriment, jollity, glee, gayety, fun.

mirthful, a. merry, jolly, gleeful, gay, sportive.

miry, a. oozy, slimy, muddy.

misapply, v. misemploy, pervert, misuse.

miscarriage, n. frustration, failure; abortion.

miscellaneous, a. mixed, diversified, promiscuous, heterogeneous,
diverse, multifarious.

miscellany, n. medley, mixture; symposium, anthology.

misdeed, n. offense, misdemeanor.

misdemeanor, n. offense, transgression.

misdoer, n. malefactor, offender, delinquent.

misdoing, n. See wrong-doing.

misemploy, v. pervert, misuse, misapply, prostitute.

misemployment, n. misapplication, misuse, perversion, prostitution.

miser, n. niggard, muckworm, curmudgeon, skinflint, hunks, lickpenny,
pinchfist, screw, scrimp.

miserable, a. wretched, abject; deplorable, grievous, pitiable,
calamitous; mean, despicable, contemptible, base, arrant, sordid,

miserly, a. niggardly, avaricious, sordid, parsimonious, penurious,
close-fisted, close, stingy, curmudgeonly, hard-fisted.

misfortune, n. disaster, calamity, frustration, mischance, reverse,
affliction, mishap, bad luck.

misgiving, n. doubt, suspicion, evil premonition.

misgovern, v. misrule.

misgovernment, n. maladministration, misrule.

mishap, n. See accident.

mishmash, n. medley, mixture.

misinterpret, v. misconstrue.

misinterpretation, n. misconstruction.

misleading, a. delusive, deceitful, fallacious, illusive.

misnaming, n. misnomer.

misrepresent, v. falsify, distort.

misrepresentation, n. falsification, distortion.

misrule, n. misgovernment, maladministration.

miss, n. failure, miscarriage; omission, oversight, default, mistake,

miss, v. fail, miscarry, skip, omit, overlook.

misshapen, a. deformed, unshapely.

missile, n. projectile, dejectile.

missing, a. absent, wanting.

mission, n. commission, delegation; errand, trust.

missionary, n. evangelist, missioner, revivalist, propagandist.

misspelling, n. cacography.

misstate, v. falsify, distort, misrepresent.

misstatement, n. falsification, misrepresentation.

misstep, n. _faux pas_.

mist, n. mizzle, misle, drizzle; fog, haze, brume.

mist, v. mizzle, drizzle; obscure, dim, befog.

mistake, n. misunderstanding, misapprehension, misconception; error,
blunder, oversight, solecism, _faux pas._ impropriety, bull.

mistranslate, v. misrender, misconstrue, misinterpret.

mistreat, v. misuse, abuse, maltreat.

mistreatment, n. misuse, abuse, maltreatment.

mistress, n. matron, superior; sweetheart, flame, dulcinea, ladylove,
amaryllis; paramour, concubine; demirep, lorette, Delilah, Phryne,

mistrust, v. doubt, question, suspect, distrust, apprehend.

mistrustful, a. distrustful, suspicious, apprehensive.

misty, a. obscure, hazy, foggy, orumous.

misunderstand, v. misconceive, miscomprehend, misapprehend.

misunderstanding, n. misconception, miscomprehension,
misapprehension; variance, disagreement, dissension, controversy.

misuse, v. misapply, prostitute, pervert, profane; maltreat, abuse.

misuse, n. misapplication, prostitution, perversion, profanation,
maltreatment, abuse.

mite, n. molecule, speck, atom, particle, mote.

mites, n. pl. Acarina.

mitigate, v. meliorate, alleviate, assuage, temper.

mitigation, n. melioration, alleviation, assuagement.

mitigative, a. assuasive, meliorative, mollifying.

mix, v. mingle, blend, combine, concoct, incorporate, amalgamate,
commingle, impregnate, commix, compound, intermix, intersperse, interlard;
associate, consort, fraternize.

mixable, a. miscible.

mixed, a. mingled, blended, amalgamated, compounded; promiscuous,
miscellaneous, composite, conglomerate, indiscriminate, heterogeneous,
motley. Antonyms: assorted, selected, unmixed.

mixture, n. blending, mingling, amalgamation, incorporation,
conglomeration, infusion, intermixture, commixture, compound, decoction,
concoction; medley, miscellany, gallimaufry, maslin, olio, farrago,
hodgepodge, salmagundi, jumble, mélange, heterogoneity, promiscuity.

moat, n. fosse, graffe.

mob, n. rabble, rabblerout; populace, canaille, riffraff.

mob law. lynch law.

mob rule. mobocracy, ochlocracy.

mock, a. sham, spurious, counterfieit, imitational.

mock, v. mimic, flout, taunt, imitate, gibe, ridicule, jeer, schout;
balk, disappoint, delude, tantalize, elude; defy, disregard; ape, mimic,

mocker, n. scorner, scoffer, jeerer; mimic.

mockery, n. mimicry, ridicule, derision, jeering, scouting,
counterfeit, sham, travesty, farce; disappointment.

mocking, a. derisive, jeering; imitating, mimicking.

mode, n. manner, method, fashion, vogue, style.

model, n. pattern, prototype, exemplar, gauge, criterion, standard,
paragon, archetype; manikin, manequin.

model, v. fashion, mould, shape.

model, a. exemplary.

moderate, v. temper, appease, diminish, mitigate, reduce.

moderate, a. sparing, temperate, frugal; reasonable, calm,
deliberate; temperate, mild, clement, open; mediocre medium. Antonyms:
See immoderate.

moderation, n. mitigation, diminution; temperance, restraint;

modest, a. unassuming, shy, unpretentious, unpretending, unobtrusive,
retiring, demure, coy, reserved, unostentatious. Antonyms: See

modesty, n. unobtrusiveness, humility; delicacy, chastity, purity,
decency, pudicity. Antonyms: immodesty, boldness, indelicacy.

modify, v. limit, qualify, adjust.

modulate, v. inflect; harmonize, attune, adjust, adapt.

modulation, n. inflection; adaptation, adjustment.

mogul, n. Mongolian; lord.

Mohammedan, n. Mahometan, Mussulman, Moslem, Saracen.

Mohammedanism, n. Mahometanism, Islam, Islamism, Moslemism.

moist, a. damp, humid, dank.

moisten, v. dampen, damp, wet.

moisture, n. dampness, humidity; humor. Associated Words:
hygrostatics, hygrograph, hygrometer, hygroscopic, hygrometric,
hygrometry, deliquescent.

molasses, n. treacle.

molecule, n. atom, monad.

molest, v. disturb, trouble, annoy.

molestation, n. disturbance.

mollify, v. appease, pacify, tranquilize.

moment, n. instant, minute, jiffy, trice; force, momentum, impetus;
importance, materiality, weight, consequence.

momentary, a. instantaneous, transient.

momentum, n. impetus, force, moment.

monarch, n. sovereign. See ruler.

monarchy, n. sovereignty, kingdom, empire, realm.

monastery, n. abbey, priory, cloister, convent; hospice.

monetary, a. pecuniary.

money, n. currency, coin, capital, funds, finances, change, legal
tender, lucre, pelf, specie, sterling, revenue, assets, wherewithal,
spondulics (Slang); wampum; boodle; bribe; bonus. Associated Words:
bullion, cambist, bank, banker, capitalist, chrysology, till, coffer,
economics, coin, coinage, mint, mintage, financial, financier, Mammon,
treasury, treasurer, monetary, monetize, monetization, demonetize,
demonetization, numismatist, mumismatics, alimony, cameralistics, almoner,
alms, numismatology.

mongrel, a. hybrid.

monitor, n. mentor, adviser, counselor.

monk, n. religious, monastic, cenobite, anchoret, friar, _abbé_,
fakir. Associated Words: monkish, monastic, monastery, monasticism,

monk's-hood, n. wolfsbane, aconite.

monk's hood. cowl.

monkeylike, a. simious.

monogram, n. cipher.

monologist, n. soliloquist.

monologue, n. soliloquy.

monopolize, v. engross, forestall.

monotonous, a. unvaried, uniform, uninteresting, humdrum, tedious.

monotony, n. monotone, tedium.

monster, n. prodigy, enormity, abnormality, monstrosity _lusus
naturæ_; fiend, brute, ogre, villain; Cerberus, Chimera, Minotaur,

monstrosity, n. abnormality, monster, _lusus naturæ_.

monstrous, a. abnormal; enormous, colossal; atrocious.

month, n. Associated Words: ultimo, proximo, instant.

monthly, a. mensal, menstrual.

monument, n. tombstone, memorial; cenotaph; dolmen, cromlech.
Associated Words: epitaph, lapidary.

mood, n. humor.

moon, n. satellite; Luna, Cynthia. Associated Words: selenology,
selenography, apogee, wax, wane, epigee, selenocentric, selenograph, halo,
orb, lunar, lunarian, interlunary, lunation, appulse, crescent, luniform.

moonshine, n. balderdash, flummery, fustian, nonsense.

moot, a. undecided, unsettled, debatable.

mooted, a. moot.

mop, n. malkin, swab; merkin (cannon mop).

mopboard, n. baseboard, surbase.

mopish, a. dejected, glum, dumpish, listless, dull, spiritless.

moral, a. ethical; virtuous, good; accountable, responsible,
probable. Antonyms: immoral, licentious.

moral insanity. æsthesiomania.

morality, n. virtue, rectitude, probity, goodness. Antonym:

moral philosophy. deontology, ethology, ethics.

morass, n. slough, quagmire, bog, marsh, swamp.

Mormon, n. Latter-day Saint.

morning, n. forenoon; dawn, daybreak, aurora, cock-crowing, sunrise.

morning, a. matin, matutinal.

morning concert. (in the open air) aubade.

morning reception. levee.

morning service. matins.

morose, a. churlish, sulky, sullen, moody, splenetic, unamiable.

morsel, n. bite, mouthful; fragment, crumb, scrap.

mortally, adv. fatally.

mortar, n. Associated Word: pestle.

mortification, n. gangrene; chagrin, humiliation, abasement,
embarrassment; repression, subjection.

mortify, v. gangrene; chagrin, embarrass, abase; repress, deny,

mosaic, a. tessellated, inlaid, variegated.

most, n. majority.

mote, n. particle, speck, mite.

moth-eaten, a. moth-fretted.

mother, n. materfamilias, matron, matriarch; generatrix; dam.
Associated Words: cognate, cognation, matricide, maternalism, uterine,
matriarchy, matriarchal.

motherhood, n. maternity.

motherly, a. maternal.

mother-of-pearl, n. nacre.

motion, n. movement, activity; gesture, signal, gesticulation; port,
gait; impulse. Antonyms: inertia, rest, stagnation, immobility,
quiescence, repose.

motionless, a. stationary, inert, stagnant, quiescent.

motive, n. incentive, inducement, incitement.

mottled, a. piebald, party-colored, spotted.

mould, n. matrix, matrice; pattern, model; mouldiness, mildew,
blight, smut, fungus.

mould, v. form, shape, model, cast; knead.

mouldy, a. musty, mildewed, fusty, decaying.

moult, v. mew, exuviate.

moulting, n. exuviation.

mount, v. ascend; bestride.

mountain, n. mount. Associated Words: orology, orography, orogeny,
montiform, butte, arete, spur, montanic, intermontane, oread, mountainous,
ultramontane, bergstock, subalpine, alpenstock, range, ridge, submontane,

mountebank, n. quack; charlatan, impostor, empiric.

mourn, v. deplore, lament, regret, grieve, repine, sorrow, bemoan,

mournful, a. sorrowful, lugubrious, doleful, woful.

mourning, n. sorrow, grief, bereavement; weeds.

mouse, n. murine, rodent; pl. mice, vermin.

mousing, a. meddlesome, prying, intrusive.

mouthpiece, n. embouchure; spokesman.

movable, a. portable, mobile. Antonyms: immovable, fast, immobile.

move, v. transfer; migrate, immigrate, emigrate, remove; impel,
propel, actuate, influence; budge, stir.

movement, n. motion, locomotion, transference, removal.

movement cure. kinesiatrics, kinesitherapy, lingism.

moving, a. motive.

mow, v. reap.

mowing, n. reaping.

mucus, n. phlegm.

mud, n. mire, ooze, muck; silt.

mud bath. illutation.

muddiness, n. turbidness, feculence, obscurity, miriness.

muddle, v. confuse, fuddle, bewilder.

muddle, n. confusion.

muddled, a. confused, addled.

muddy, a. feculent, turbid, roily; opaque, intransparent, confused,
involved, incoherent.

mud-eating, a. limivorous.

muffle, v. wrap, envelop; deaden, subdue.

muffler, n. scarf, tippet.

mulct, n. fine, amercement.

mule, n. hybrid, hinny.

mule-driver, n. muleteer.

mulish, a. See stubborn.

mull, v. ruminate, ponder, cogitate.

mulligrubs, n. (Slang) colic.

multitude, n. crowd, throng, host.

mum, a. silent, speechless, dumb, mute.

mumble, v. mutter, maunder, mump.

mumbling, a. muttering, inarticulate, indistinct, incoherent.

mummery, n. masquerade, mimicry.

mumpish, a. moody, sullen, morose, sulky, unamiable.

mumps, n. parotitis; sullenness, the sulks.

munch, v. craunch.

murder, n. homicide.

murderer, n. homicide.

murderous, a. sanguinary, homicidal, fell.

muriatic acid. hydrochloric acid.

murky, a. lowering, dark.

murmur, v. grumble, complain, repine.

murmur, n. plaint, complaint; purl, babble; undertone.

murmuring, a. complaining, querulous, repining.

muscle, n. brawn, thew; sinew, tendon.

muscular, a. brawny, thewy, sinewy, stalwart.

muse, v. contemplate, ruminate, brood, ponder, mull, reflect.

muse, n. contemplation, meditation, revery.

Muses, n. pl. Pierides, tuneful nine (Calliope, Clio, Erato, Euterpe,
Melpomene, Polymnia, Terpsichore, Thalia, Urania). Associated Word:

mushroom, a. ephemeral, transitory.

mushrooms, n. pl. Fungi, agaric, Agaricaceæ. Associated Words:
mycology, agaricin, pileus, gills, spore. See Fungi.

music, n. melody, symphony, harmony; melodies, harmonics.

musical, a. melodious, harmonious, tuneful, symphonious.

musical entertainment. musicale, concert.

muskmelon, n. cantaloupe.

muss, n. confusion, litter, jumble, disorder.--v. disarrange,
rumple, dishevel.

mustard plaster. sinapism.

muster, v. assemble, marshal.

musty, a. mildewed, fusty, mouldy, frowzy, rank, stale.

mute, a. dumb, obmutescent; silent, speechless.

mutilate, v. maim, dismember, mangle.

mutilation, n. maim, dismemberment, mangling.

mutinous, a. rebellious, insubordinate, seditious, insurgent,

mutiny, n. insurrection, rebellion, insubordination, revolt.

mutter, v. maunder.

muttering, a. inarticulate, indistinct, maundering.

mutual, a. reciprocal.

mutuality, n. correlation, reciprocation, interchange.

muzzle, v. restrain, repress.

mysterious, a. inscrutable, cryptic, obscure, unexplainable,
enigmatical, unfathomed, unfathomable, abstruse, mystic, inexplicable,
recondite, cabalistic, occult, unexplained.

mystery, n. secret, enigma, riddle, intricacy, arcanum.

mystic, a. occult, esoteric, cabalistic, mystical.

mystification, n. bewilderment, perplexity, obfuscation.

mystify, v. bewilder, perplex, obfuscate, befog, nonplus.

mystifying, a. perplexing, confusing, bewildering, mysterious.

myth, n. legend, tradition, fable.

mythical, a. fabulous, legendary, traditional.


nab, v. (Colloq.) grab, snatch, seize.

nag, v. (Colloq.) plague, tease, twit, hector, torment, scold.

naïve, a. artless, innocent, ingenuous, frank.

naïveté, n. artlessness, innocence, ingenuousness, candor.

naked, a. nude, undressed, bare; unexaggerated, uncolored, exact,

nakedness, n. nudity, bareness; exactness, literalness, accuracy.

name, n. appellation, designation, denomination; epithet, title,
cognomen, surname, cognomination, pseudonym, patronymic, metronymic,
alias, penname, prænomen, sobriquet, _nom de plume_, _nom de guerre_,
nickname, eponym, misnomer, euphemism, agnomen, allonym, anonym, autonym,
appellative, byname, caconym, cryptonym, compellation, compellative,
dionym, trionym, polyonym, diminutive; repute, fame, renown, reputation.
Associated Words: nominal, nominally, titular, titulary, onomatology,
patronomatology, onomasticon, orismology, pseudepigraphy, pseudonymity,
roster, register, née, nomancy, namesake, eponymy, of that ilk,
nomenclator, heteronym, synedoche, nominative.

name, v. entitle, denominate, style, call, christen, dub, term;
designate, specify, nominate.

nameless, a. unnamed; undistinguished, inglorious, unknown, obscure;
anonymous; unnamable, inexpressible.

namelessness, n. anonymity; obscurity.

names, n. pl. nomenclature, terminology.

Naples, n. Associated Word: Neapolitan.

narcotic, n. stupefacient, sedative, anæsthetic, opiate, anodyne.

narrate, v. recount, recite, tell about, relate.

narration, n. narrative, relation, recital, story.

narrative, n. narration, account, portrayal, story, tale.

narrow, a. limited, circumscribed, incapacious, contracted,
straitened, cramped; bigoted, illiberal, uncatholic, narrow-minded,

narrow, v. contract, reduce, constrict, restrict, limit, cramp,

narrowing, n. contraction, reduction, constriction, limitation

narrow-minded, a. illiberal, bigoted, intolerant, narrow,

narrow-mindedness, n. illiberality, bigotry, bias, intolerance,
insularity, uncatholicity.

narrowness, n. contractedness, incapaciousness, circumscription.

narrows, n. strait, sound.

nastiness, n. squalor, filthiness, pollution, filth, corruption,
dirtiness; indecency, smut, obscenity, bawdry, ribaldry, indelicacy,

nasty, a. filthy, squalid, foul, polluted, dirty; indecent,
indelicate, gross, ribald, lewd, obscene, smutty, shameless; odious,
sickening, repulsive, nauseous, disgusting, disagreeable.

native, a. natal; indigenous, natural, aboriginal, autochthonal;
vernacular, mother; genuine, congenital, inherent, inborn, inbred, innate,
original. Antonyms: foreign, artificial, exotic, acquired, assumed,

native, n. aboriginal, denizen (by birth), indigene.

natives, n. pl. aborigines.

natty, a. (Colloq.) neat, spruce, trim, jaunty, dapper, chic.

natural, a. native, inborn, congenital, innate, characteristic;
original, indigenous; normal, regular, legitimate; artless, unaffected,
ingenuous, spontaneous, simple; unregenerate. Antonyms: unnatural,
acquired, affected, simulated.

naturalization, n. denization.

naturalize, v. familiarize, accustom, habituate, acclimatize, adapt,

natural philosophy. physics.

nature, n. creation, universe, cosmos, world; kind, sort, character,
quality, species; disposition, mood, temper, essence, constitution.
Associated Words: physiography, physiogony, connatural, connaturalness.

nature worship. physiolatry.

naughty, a. disobedient, mischievous, perverse, forward, refractory.

nausea, n. seasickness; qualm, squeamishness, queasiness,

nauseate, v. sicken, disgust, revolt; recoil from, abhor, abominate.

nauseous, a. disgusting, nauseating, offensive, sickening, fulsome,

nautical, a. naval, marine, maritime, oceanic.

nautilus, n. Tetrabranchiata; argonaut, paper nautilus; diving-bell.

naval, a. nautical, marine, maritime.

navel, n. umbilicus, omphalos.

navel string, funis, umbilical cord.

navigate, v. sail, cruise; guide, steer, direct; circumnavigate

near, a. nigh, close, adjacent, neighboring, contiguous, proximate,
approximate to; intimate, confidential, bosom; immediate, imminent,
impending, forthcoming.

Antonyms: distant, remote, far.

nearness, n. closeness, proximity, propinquity, contiguity,
adjacency, imminence, approximation, approxi-mateness intimacy,

near-sighted, a. myopic, short-sighted, purblind.

near-sightedness, n. myopia.

near-sighted person. myope.

neat, a. tidy, orderly, trim, clean, cleanly; tasteful, trim,
finished, artistic, nice, excellent, adroit; dainty; spruce; dapper,
natty. Antonyms: dowdy, slovenly, slatternly, untidy, tawdry, gaudy,
frowzy, disorderly, unkempt.

necessary, a. requisite, essential, needed, needful, indispensable
inevitable, unavoidable. Antonyms: nonessential, unnecessary, optional,
discretional, casual, needless.

necessary, n. requisite, requirement, essential, _sine qua non_.

necessity, n. requisite, necessary, requirement, essential;
exigency, urgency; indispensability. Antonyms: choice, option,
contingency, doubtfulness, possibility.

neck, n. Associated Words: nape, cervical, scruff, atlas, axis,
palea, dewlap, scrag, gula, nucha, auchenium, décolleté, jugular, jugulum,
wattle, wimple, wryneck, torticollis, Adam's apple, splenius, ruche,
colliform, fichu, withers, gorget, carotid, goiter, retrocollic, cruels,
nuchalgia, ruff, crane.

necktie, n. cravat, neckcloth, scarf, tie.

necromancer, n. wizard, sorcerer, magician, conjurer, exorcist,
soothsayer, diviner.

necromancy, n. magic, conjuration, enchantment, sorcery, black art.

need, n. want, necessity, extremity, strait, exigency, urgency;
poverty, penury, privation, indigence.

need, v. require, lack, want.

needful, a. requisite, necessary, essential, indispensable, required.

needleprick, n. acupuncture.

needless, a. unnecessary, groundless, unfounded.

needlewoman, n. seamstress.

needs, adv. necessarily.

needy, a. destitute, indigent, penniless, impecunious.

nefarious, a. atrocious, flagitious, heinous.

negation, n. denial, disavowal.

negative, n. denial, refusal. Antonym: affirmative.

neglect, n. disregard, omission, negligence, default, dereliction,
remissness, oversight.

neglect, v. disregard, slight, overlook, ignore, omit.

neglectful, a. See negligent.

negligence, n. neglect, remissness, oversight, heedlessness, laches

negligent, a. neglectful, heedless, indifferent, slack, remiss,
regardless, slothful, derelict, inattentive, careless Antonyms: careful,
attentive, heedful.

negotiable, a. transferable.

negro, n. African, blackamoor, Ethiopian, Nigritian, Senegambian,
Mandingo, negrillo, Papuan, Krooman; darkey, buck, nigger; (of mixed
blood) mulatto, quadroon, octoroon, mestee, Zambo, Sambo, sacatra.
Associated Words: negrophile, negrophilist, negrophilism, negrophobia.

negro, a. negritic, African, Ethiopian, negroid.

negro child. pickaninny.

negro woman. negress, wench.

neigh, n. and v. whinny.

neighborhood, n. vicinity, vicinage, locality, neighbors, venue

neighboring, a. adjacent, contiguous, neighbor, near.

neophyte, n. convert, proselyte; novice, tyro, beginner.

nerve, n. (Slang) boldness, audacity, presumption, effrontery,
courage, assurance.

nerve, n. Associated Words: neurology, neurologist, neurography,
neuron, lecithin, rete, plexus, neurasthenia, neurasthenic, neurotic,
sensorium, funiculus, ganglion, hilum, neurism, innervation, neuration,
neuritis, neuropathic, nervine, neuroma, neuropathy, neuroid, neuric,
neuricity, aneuria, glioma, neurosis, cinerea, cholesterin, perineurium,
epineurium, internuncial.

nerve, v. brace, strengthen, fortify, invigorate, energize.

nervous, a. excitable, sensitive, timorous.

nest, n. nidus; eyrie, aerie; retreat, den, haunt, resort.
Associated Words: nidificate, nidification, neossine, caliology,
cubilose, nidulant.

nestle, v. cuddle, snuggle.

net, n. toil, snare, gin, mesh; caul, trammel, seine, trawl, dredge,

netted, a. reticulated, retiary, interwoven, complicated, reticulose.

nettle, n. Urtica. Associated words: urticate, urtication urtical.

nettle, v. irritate, provoke, exasperate, ruffle, incense, annoy.

network, n. mesh, interlacement, reticulation; plexus, rete,

neutrality, n. indifference.

neutralize, v. counteract, counterbalance, invalidate.

nevertheless, adv. or conj. yet, however, notwithstanding.

new, a. recent, fresh, modern, novel, newfangled, neoteric,
unfamiliar, strange; renewed, renovated, repaired, refreshed;
unaccustomed, untried, inexperienced.

new custom. innovation.

newly, adv. lately, recently, freshly; anew, afresh, again.

news, n. tidings, word, report.

new word. neologism, neoterism, coinage. Associated Words: neology,
neologic, neologist, neoterist, neoterize coin.

New York. Gotham.

New Yorker. Gothamite.

nice, a. fastidious, exacting, particular, punctilious, queasy,
finical, difficult, squeamish, dainty; delicate, refined, dainty;
discriminating, scrupulous, precise, discerning, subtle; exquisite,
agreeable, pleasant, enjoyable, gratifying; fine, neat, finished.

nicety, n. niceness, precision; punctilio, subtlety, fine point.

niche, n. recess, cavity, nook, tabernacle.

nick, n. notch, indentation, dent, score, dint.

nick, v. notch, mar, deface, indent.

nickname, n. sobriquet.

nigger, n. (Colloq.) negro.

night, n. darkness. Associated Words: nocturnal, noctuary,
noctidial, noctilucous, belated, benight, benighted, noctivagant,
noctivagation, noctivagous, nocturne, noctiflorous pernoctalian,
pernoctation, lychnobite.

night-blindness, n. hemeralopia.

nightingale, n. philomel, philomela.

nightly, a. nocturnal.

nightmare, n. incubus, cacodemon, succubus.

nightshade, n. belladonna.

night-sight, n. nyctalopia.

nimble, a. agile, sprightly, deft, lively, swift, brisk, active,
spry. Antonyms: slow, sluggish, clumsy, dilatory, unready, dull, heavy.

nimble-fingered, a. dexterous.

nimbus, n. halo, glory, aureola.

nincompoop, n. (Slang) simpleton, dolt, witling, dunce. See

nine, n. novenary, ennead.--a. enneatic. Associated Words:
novennial, enneagon, nonagon, enneagonal, enneahedral, enneahedron.

nine days' devotion (religious). novena.

ninety, n. Associated Word: nonagesimal.

ninety years. Associated Word: nonagenarian.

nip, n. pinch; blast, cut; sarcasm, taunt, gibe.

nip, v. pinch; clip, cut off; blast, kill; chill, deaden, benumb.

nippers, n. pl. pincers, tweezers, pinchers, pliers.

nipping, a. biting, pinching, blasting, destructive.

nipple, n. teat, pap, dug, mammilla.

nitric acid. spirit of nitre, aquafortis.

nitrogen, n. azote.

no, n. refusal, denial, negative.

nobby, a. (Colloq.) modish, stylish, fashionable.

nobility, n. nobleness, high-mindedness, magnanimity, excellence,
superiority, dignity; peerage, aristocracy, patrician class.

noble, a. eminent, exalted, magnanimous, superior; stately,
magnificent, splendid, imposing, grand; aristocratic highborn, patrician.

noble, n. nobleman, peer, grandee. Antonyms: commoner, proletary,

nobleman, n. noble, peer, lord, aristocrat, patrician, grandee.

noblewoman, n. peeress.

nobody, n. nonentity, jackstraw.

nod, n. bow.

nodding, n. bowing, nutation.--a. annuent, bowing, nutant.

noise, n. sound; racket, clamor, din, outcry, clatter, uproar,
hubbub, tumult, rout, blare, vociferation, hullabaloo (Colloq.), powwow
(Slang), hilarity.

noiseless, a. still, silent, quiet, inaudible.

noisome, a. unwholesome, noxious, pestilential; offensive,
malodorous, fetid, stinking.

noisy, a. clamorous, boisterous, vociferous, turbulent, riotous,
obstreperous, uproarious, blatant, discordant, brawling, hilarious.

nomad, n. wanderer.

nomadic, a. wandering, nomad.

nonchalance, n. indifference, coolness, carelessness, _sang-froid_,

nonchalant, a. indifferent, cool, unconcerned, _insouciant_.

nonconformist, n. dissenter, recusant.

nonconformity, n. recusancy, dissent.

nondescript, a. undescribed, unclassifiable.

nonentity, n. non-existence; nobody, cipher.

non-essential, a. unimportant, incidental, adventitious.

nonesuch, n. paragon, pattern, nonpareil, model.

non-interference, n. _laissez faire_.

nonplus, v. perplex, puzzle, disconcert, confuse, embarrass, mystify,

nonsense, n. absurdity, twaddle, bosh, fudge, silliness, balderdash,
moonshine, amphigory, rigmarole.

nonsensical, a. absurd, senseless, preposterous, insensate,
amphigoric, silly.

nook, n. retreat, corner, recess.

noon, n. meridian, noonday, noontide, midday.

normal, a. natural, regular. Antonyms: abnormal, unnatural.

northern, a. boreal, north, arctic, northerly, septentrion.

northern lights. aurora borealis.

northern regions. arctic regions, Thule, septentrion.

north pole. Associated Words: Polynia, polar, circumpolar.

north star. polestar, lodestar, Cynosure, Polaris.

north wind. Boreas.

Norwegian Parliament. Storthing, Lagthing.

nose, n. snout, nozzle, spout, proboscis, muzzle.

nose, n. Associated Words: nasal, rhinal, rhinology, rhinoplasty,
coryza, aquiline, simous, retroussé, pug, snuff, snuffle, vomer, nostril,
nasalize, nasalization, nasiform, polypus, vibrissa, grogblossom,
rosedrop, snivel, rhinitis, rhinolith, septum.

nosebleeding, n. epistaxis.

nostalgia, n. homesickness.

notable, a. noticeable, conspicuous, plain, evident; signal,
remarkable, famous.

notch, v. nick, score, indent, crenellate.

notch, n. nick, indentation, score, dent, crenature, serration,

notched, a. serrated, crenated, incised, emarginated.

notching, n. notch, indentation, serration, crenation.

note, n. billet; memorandum, minute, record; remark, comment,
annotation, commentary, scholium, gloss; mark, token, sign, feature,
peculiarity; observation, notice; distinction, repute, celebrity,
reputation, fame, renown.

note, v. See notice; record, jot down; annotate, comment,

note-book, n. memorandum-book, commonplace book, adversaria, journal,

noted, a. celebrated, renowned, eminent, distinguished, famous.

notes, n. pl. marginalia (marginal notes), adversaria.

noteworthy, a. memorable, remarkable.

nothing, n. non-existence, nonentity; bagatelle; naught, cipher,
zero, null, nullity.

nothingness, n. nihility, non-existence, nullity.

notice, n. observation, cognizance, note, heed, attention, regard;
announcement, citation, warning, notification; bulletin; recognition,
civility, courtesy. Antonyms: disregard, connivance, inattention,
heedlessness, ignoring, oversight, slight.

notice, v. see, observe, note, heed, recognize, perceive, mark, take
cognizance of, pay attention to. Antonyms: ignore, connive, skip,
neglect, slight, overlook, disregard.

noticeable, a. observable, appreciable, conspicuous, salient,
prominent. Antonyms: unobservable, inappreciable, inconspicuous.

notification, n. See telling; notice, announcement, warning.

notify, v. inform, acquaint, tell, apprise, give notice to.

notion, n. conception, idea, concept; opinion, judgment, belief,
view; inclination, intention, disposition; (Colloq.) knicknack, device.

notional, a. whimsical, capricious, irresolute, freakish, crotchety,

notoriety, n. repute (unfavorable), publicity.

notorious, a. talked of, evident, obvious, noted, famous (usually

notwithstanding, conj. despite, nevertheless, however.

noun, n. substantive.

nourish, v. feed, nurture; support; encourage, foster, cherish,

nourishing, a. nutritious.

nourishment, n. nutrition; food, nutriment.

novel, a. new, recent, fresh, unusual, rare, unique, innovative.

novel, n. fiction, romance, story, tale.

novelty, n. newness; change, curiosity, innovation.

novice, n. tyro; probationer, proselyte, convert, novitiate

novitiate, n. apprenticeship; probation, tyronism, noviceship.

now, adv. instantly, immediately, at once, instanter.

now and then. occasionally, at intervals, infrequently,
intermittently, sometimes, periodically, once in a while.

noxious, a. injurious, baneful, unwholesome, noisome.

nub, n. (Colloq.) knob, jag, protuberance, snag, excrescence.

nucleus, n. kernel, core, heart, center.

nude, a. See naked.

nudge, v. poke (with the elbow).

nugatory, a. futile, ineffectual, unavailing. See vain.

nuisance, n. plague, pest, bane, infliction, bore, offense.

null, a. invalid, nugatory.

nullification, n. invalidation, abrogation, cancellation, repeal.

nullify, v. invalidate, abrogate, cancel, repeal, countermand.

numb, a. deadened, unfeeling, insensible, benumbed.

numb, v. benumb, deaden.

number, v. enumerate; figure up, count, numerate.

number, n. numeral, figure, digit, integer; collection, multitude.

numbers, n. poetry, music, verse, song.

numbers, n. pl. Associated Words: numeral, numeric, notation,
coefficient, numerary.

numbness, n. insensibility.

numerous, a. many, plentiful, multitudinous.

numskull, n. (Colloq.) dolt, dullard, dunce, lackwit, simpleton.
See fool.

nunnery, n. convent, cloister, mynchery (ruins).

nuptial, a. hymeneal, bridal.

nuptials, n. pl. wedding, marriage, espousals.

nurse, v. suckle; nourish, cherish, foster, succor, foment,
encourage; attend, tend; bring up, raise, nurture, rear.

nursery, n. crèche (public nursery).

nursling, n. and a. suckling.

nurture, n. care, training; food, nourishment.

nurture, v. feed, nourish, nurse; educate, train, school.

nut-bearing, a. nuciferous.

nutriment, n. nourishment, food, aliment.

nutrition, n. nourishment, feeding; nutriment, food; eutrophy,
(healthy nutrition); malnutrition, denutrition, innutrition, dystrophy
(defective nutrition). Associated Words: threpsology, trophology,

nutritious, a. nourishing, nutritive. Antonym: innutritious.

nuts, n. pl. mast.

nut-shaped, a. nuciform.

nymph, n. dryad, sylph, Undine, nereid, hydriad, oread, houri,


oar, n. paddle, scull, spoon oar. Associated Words: rowlock, loom,
blade, wash, oarlock.

oar-shaped, a. remiform.

oat grasses. Avena. Associated Words: avenaceous, oaten.

oath, n. adjuration, pledge, sworn promise; curse, profanity,
swearing, expletive, blasphemy. Associated Words: juratory, profane,

oath-breaking, n. perjury.

obedience, n. compliance, submission, subservience; dutifulness.
Antonyms: disobedience, incompliance, defiance, revolt, insubordination.

obedient, a. submissive, tractable, deferential, subservient,
compliant, dutiful, docile, amenable. Antonyms: unsubmissive,
intractable, disobedient.

obelisk, n. Associated Words: pyramidion, monolithic,

obey, v. comply, submit to, heed, regard, be ruled by.

object, v. disapprove, oppose, demur, contravene, gainsay, except,

object, n. thing, article; goal, purpose, aim, motive, intent,
design, target, butt, destination, view.

objection, n. exception, scruple, demurrer, cavil. Antonyms:
approval, acquiescence.

objectionable, a. exceptionable, offensive, obnoxious, undesirable,

objectless, a. aimless, desultory, purposeless, vague.

obligation, n. accountableness, responsibility, incumbency, duty,
indebtedness; agreement, contract, stipulation, covenant, bond.

obligatory, a. binding, incumbent, imperative, coercive. Antonyms:
optional, discretional.

oblige, v. constrain, obligate; please, gratify, accommodate, coerce,
compel, necessitate, force.

obliging, a. complaisant, gracious, accommodating, affable, debonair,
deferential, yielding.

obliterate, v. efface, erase, blot out, remove, destroy, expunge.

obliteration, n. extinction, erasure, effacement, removal.

oblivious, a. unmindful, unconscious, forgetful, heedless,

obnoxious, a. subject, liable; offensive, odious, hateful,

obscene, a. smutty, lewd, gross, indecent, immodest, indelicate,

obscenity, n. lewdness, smut, ribaldry, indecency, bawdiness,

obscure, a. abstruse, vague, recondite, indefinite, ambiguous;
humble, inglorious, mean, undistinguished; secluded, retired, remote;
shaded, darkened.

obscure, v. darken, obfuscate, bedim, eclipse; involve, dissemble,
disguise, confuse.

obscuring, n. obscuration, obscurity.

obscurity, n. ambiguity, vagueness; privacy, seclusion, retirement;
darkness, obfuscation, obscuration.

obsequious, a. sycophantic, cringing, fawning, deferential, servile.

obsequiousness, n. sycophancy.

obsolete, a. disused, archaic, antiquated, unfashionable,

obstacle, n. obstruction, barrier, impediment, hindrance,

obstetrician, n. midwife, accoucheur.

obstetrics, n. tocology, midwifery.

obstinacy, n. incompliance, doggedness, perversity, obduracy,
intractability, stubbornness.

obstinate, a. incompliant, intractable, mulish, perverse, dogged,
contumacious, stubborn. Antonyms: amenable, yielding, tractable,
submissive, compliant, obedient.

obstreperous, a. clamorous, vociferous, noisy, uproarious,

obstruct, v. impede, oppose, retard, barricade, blockade, clog,
interrupt, bar, restrain.

obstruction, n. obstacle, impediment, barrier, blockade, restraint.

obtain, v. gain, get, procure, acquire, win, attain, secure.

obtainable, a. procurable, attainable, accessible. Antonyms:
unobtainable, unprocurable, unattainable, inaccessible.

obtrusive, a. officious, meddlesome, intrusive, forward. Antonyms:
inobtrusive, retiring.

obvious, a. plain, evident, palpable, manifest, patent, self-evident.

occult, a. mystic, mystical, abstruse, recondite, secret, unrevealed.

occupant, n. occupier, tenant, holder, incumbent, possessor, lessee.

occupation, n. occupancy, tenure, incumbency; vocation, employment.
See business.

occupational, a. vocational.

occupy, v. hold, keep, possess, fill; engage, absorb, employ, busy,

ocean, n. main, deep. Associated Words: oceanic, interoceanic,
doldrums, oceanography, oceanology, terrigenous, Oceanus, transoceanic.

odd, a. unmatched, single, uneven; singular, peculiar, unusual,
unique, strange, quaint, extraordinary, queer, eccentric, whimsical,
freakish, baroque, fantastic, nondescript, abnormal, bizarre, erratic,
unconventional, curious, capricious; extra, remaining, additional,
redundant, casual, supernumerary.

oddity, n. oddness, singularity; curiosity, nondescript, marvel,

odds, sing, and pl. advantage, preponderance, inequality, disparity;

odds and ends. remnants, fragments, orts, culls, scraps.

odious, a. detestable, abominable, execrable, offensive, repulsive,
hateful, loathsome.

odium, n. detestation, unpopularity, hatred, contempt, dislike,

odor, n. smell, aroma, fragrance, scent, redolence, perfume, savor;
stink, stench, fetor. Associated Words: deodorize, deodorization,
deodorant, deodorizer, antibromic, disinfectant, disinfect, disinfection,
exhale, exhalation, effluvium, emanation.

odorless, a. inodorous, savorless, scentless.

odorous, a. odoriferous, fragrant, savory, aromatic, balmy, scented.

offal, n. refuse, waste, rubbish, garbage.

offend, v. displease, affront, provoke, mortify, exasperate, incense,
wound, shock.

offender, n. delinquent, wrong-doer, trespasser, malefactor,
culprit, criminal.

offense, n. crime, wrong, sin, outrage, indignity; displeasure,
resentment, dudgeon, umbrage; misdemeanor, transgression, delinquency,

offensive, a. obnoxious, displeasing, noisome, distasteful, insolent,
abusive, aggressive, assailant, fetid, disagreeable, opprobrious,
scurrilous, fulsome.

offer, v. tender, proffer, propose, propound, volunteer, bid;
immolate, sacrifice.

offer, n. tender, proposition, bid, overture, proffer.

offering, n. overture, proposition, bid; sacrifice, oblation;
offertory; corban.

offhand, a. extemporaneous, impromptu, improvised, unstudied.

office, n. duty, function, service, work, charge, trust, business.

office-holder, n. officer, official, functionary, placeman.

officer, n. office-holder, magistrate, dignitary, incumbent.

officially, adv. ex-officio.

officious, a. meddlesome, intrusive, obtrusive, pragmatical,

offscouring, n. refuse, scum, offscum, recrement, dross, trash,

offset, n. set-off, counterbalance, equivalent.--v.
counterbalance, counterpoise.

offshoot, n. scion, branch.

offspring, n. children, issue, progeny, posterity, descendants.

often, adv. frequently, repeatedly, oftentimes, ofttimes. Antonyms:
seldom, infrequently.

oil, v. lubricate.

oiliness, n. lubricity, unctuousness, unctuosity, oleosity, glibness.

oil-producing, a. oleiferous.

oilstone, n. hone.

oily, a. unctuous, oleaginous, emulsive, lubricous; glib, fluent,

ointment, n. unguent, embrocation, salve.

old, a. aged, elderly, senescent, decrepit, venerable, patriarchal,
superannuated, senile; former, pre-existing, preceding, ancient, archaic,
antique, antiquated, olden, time-honored, traditional, immemorial,
primitive, primordial, primeval, pristine, fossil; dilapidated, decayed,
effete; practiced, veteran, experienced; sensible, astute, shrewd,

old age. senility, dotage, superannuation, decrepitude. Associated
words: geratology, geratic, gerontic.

old-fashioned, a. antiquated, archaic, _passé_, antique, obsolete,
fogram, frumpish.

old-fashioned word. archaism.

old iron, glass, etc. junk.

old maid. spinster.

old man. veteran, patriarch, Nestor, elder, oldster, Methuselah,
dotard; gaffer, crone, geezer; centenarian, octogenarian, sexagenarian,

old-time, a. late, former, quondam.

old woman. beldame, crone, gammer; witch, hag, harridan.

old-womanish, a. anile.

old-womanishness, n. anility.

omen, n. foretoken, sign, augury, portent, presage, prognostic,

ominous, a. portentous, monitory, premonitory, threatening.

omission, n. default, oversight, neglect, pretermission, omittance,

omit, v. leave out, slap, pretermit, disregard, neglect, overlook,
ignore, delete.

omittance, n. omission, forbearance, default, neglect, oversight.

omnipresence, n. ubiquity.

omnipresent, n. ubiquitous.

one, n. unit. Associated Words: unify, unity, unification,

one after the other. _seriatim_; tandem; alternately, consecutively.

one hundred years. century, centenary. Associated Words:
centenarian, centennial.

one letter. Associated Word: uniliteral.

on end. erect, perpendicular, upright.

oneness, n. unity, singleness, individuality, unanimity.

onerous, a. laborious, difficult, arduous.

one-sided, a. unilateral; partial, unfair, inequitable, _ex parte_.

one year. Associated Words: annual, annually.

on horseback. mounted.

onion, n. (that does not bottom out) scallion, eschallot, shallot.
Associated Words: alliaceous, cepaceous, leek, allium, garlic.

onlooker, n. looker-on, bystander, spectator, beholder, witness,

on tap. broached, abroached.

on the sly. (Collog.) sly, covertly, furtively, clandestinely,
surreptitiously, secretly.

ooze, v. filter, exude, percolate, transude, seep.

oozing, n. percolation, filtering, exudation, distillation,

opalescence, n. iridescence.

opalescent, a. iridescent.

opaque, a. intransparent; (Colloq.) obscure, unintelligible.

open, a. accessible, clear, unobstructed, unrestricted; ajar,
unlocked; extended, expanded, spread, gaping, yawning, unfolded,
dehiscent; frank, unreserved, candid, ingenuous, guileless, overt,
undisguised; generous, liberal, bounteous, open-handed; revealed, patent,
manifest; unsettled, undetermined, debatable, undecided, controvertible;
mild, clement; free, disengaged, unappropriated, unemployed.

open, v. spread, expand, unfold, evolve; reveal, disclose; unclose,
unlock, unfasten; begin, commence; dehisce.

open-air, a. outdoor, al-fresco.

opening, a. beginning, introductory, initiatory, preliminary.

opening, n. aperture, fissure, gap, orifice, rift, chasm, hiatus,
rent; beginning, introduction, outset; vacancy.

openly, adv. publicly, unreservedly, candidly.

open-mouthed, a. gaping, yawning; greedy, clamorous, ravenous,
rapacious, eager.

opiate, n. narcotic, anodyne, sedative, dormitive, soporific.

opiate, a. somniferous, narcotic, anodyne, sedative, soporiferous,

opinion, n. belief, judgment, impression; decision, ruling, verdict,

opium, n. Associated Words: narcotic, opiate, chandoo, thebaine,
narcotine, codeine, dope, meconism, meconology, meconophagism,
meconophagist, opiophagism.

opponent, n. adversary, antagonist, rival, competitor.

opportune, a. timely, seasonable, apropos, felicitous, appropriate.

oppose, v. combat, resist, confront, withstand, oppugn, impugn,
contend, antagonize, contravene, discountenance, gainsay, contradict.
Antonyms: yield, acquiesce, concur, agree.

opposer, n. opponent, antagonist.

opposing, a. conflicting, antagonistic, contending, opposite,

opposite, n. antithesis, counterpart, antipodes.

opposite, a. contrary, adverse, diametrical, antagonistic, inverse,
reverse, contradictory, counter, incompatible, antithetic, antipodal,

opposition, n. resistance, counteraction, hostility, repulse, rebuff,
recalcitration, counterview, antagonism, contradiction, obstacle,
impediment, obstruction. Antonyms: acquiescence, non-resistance,
concurrence, agreement.

oppress, v. burden, overwhelm, aggrieve, tyrannize, persecute,

oppression, n. tyranny, persecution, extortion, hardship, severity.

oppressive, a. rigorous, tyrannical, extortionate, burdensome.

oppressor, n. tyrant, persecutor, extortioner.

option, n. choice, preference, election, discretion, alternative.
Antonyms: constraint, coercion, compulsion.

optional, a. discretional, elective. Antonyms: compulsory,
coercive, obligatory.

oral, a. spoken, verbal, parole, vocal, nuncupative.

oration, n. declamation, rhetoric.

orator, n. declaimer, rhetorician.

oratorical, a. rhetorical, eloquent, declamatory.

ordeal, n. crucible.

order, n. mandate, command, precept, direction, decree, decretal,
injunction; rule, regulation, law, canon, prescription; method, system,
disposition, arrangement; succession, sequence; dictation, bidding,
commission; grade, degree, class; tranquillity, quiet.

order, v. methodize, systematize, regulate; bid, command, dictate,

ordering, n. distribution, disposition, regulation.

orderly, a. systematic, methodical, well-regulated, regular;

ordinary, a. common, regular, conventional, commonplace, mediocre,
average, usual.

organic, a. constitutional, vital, fundamental, essential, inherent,

organization, n. organism; formation, construction, making.

organize, v. arrange, systematize, form.

orgies, n. pl. carousal, revels, debauch, wassail, saturnalia,
bacchanals, riot.

origin, n. source, beginning, derivation, rise, origination.

original, a. first, primeval, aboriginal, primitive, archetypal,
primordial, pristine; creative, productive, inventive, ingenious.
Antonyms: derivative, copied.

original, n. origin, archetype, prototype, model, pattern.

Orkney Islands. Associated Word: Orcadian.

ornament, n. decoration, embellishment, adornment, garniture,
ornamentation; parure.

ornament, v. decorate, embellish, garnish, bedeck, grace, beautify.

ornamental, a. embellishing, beautifying, garnishing.

ornamentation, n. adornment, garniture, embellishment; arabesque,
moresque; purfling; fret-work.

ornate, a. ornamented, decorated, embellished, florid, adorned.

orthodox, a. Antonym: heterodox.

orthodoxy, n. Antonym: heterodoxy.

oscillate, v. fluctuate, vacillate.

ostentatious, a. showy, pompous, spectacular, gaudy, pretentious.

ounce by ounce. _unciatim_.

oust, v. eject, evict, dispossess, dislodge, remove, displace, expel,

ousting, n. ejection, eviction, expulsion, dispossession, ouster,
removal, disseizin, deposition.

out, adv. away, absent, abroad; outright, aloud, audibly; wanting,
lacking, deficient in; extinguished; at variance.

out and out. wholly, completely, openly.--a. absolute,
unqualified, undisguised.

outbounds, n. pl. limits, boundaries, confines.

outbreak, n. eruption, outburst, uprising.

outburst, n. eruption, outbreak, paroxysm, access, ebullition.

outcast, n. pariah, castaway, reprobate, Ishmaelite.

outcome, n. consequence, outgrowth, result, issue, upshot,

outdo, v. excel, surpass, outvie, outstrip, exceed.

outer, a. external, exterior.

outermost, a. extreme, uttermost, utmost.

outfit, n. equipment.

outflow, n. effusion, outpouring.

outgeneral, v. outmaneuver, circumvent.

outgrowth, n. excrescence; outcome.

outlandish, a. grotesque, bizarre, barbarous, unconventional,

outlast, v. outwear, survive.

outlaw, n. bandit, desperado.--v. proscribe.

outlawry, n. proscription.

outlay, n. expenditure, disbursement.

outlet, n. egress, vent, exit.

outline, n. contour, circumference, periphery, profile; sketch,
draught, scenario.

outlive, v. survive.

outlook, n. prospect, view, vista; watch-tower; foresight.

outlying, a. remote, detached, distant, frontier.

out of joint. unhinged, dislocated.

out of order. disordered, disarranged, jumbled, chaotic,

out of place. misplaced; improper, unbecoming.

out of reach. inaccessible, unattainable.

outrage, n. indignity, affront, insult, assault.

outrageous, a. atrocious, nefarious, wanton, flagrant, unwarrantable,
furious, monstrous, villainous.

outright, adv. unconditionally, utterly.

outside, n. exterior.

outside, a. external.

outskirt, n. edge, border, purlieu, suburb, frontier.

outspoken, a. unreserved, frank, explicit, blunt, ingenuous.

outward, a. external, exterior, outer, superficial, surface,

outweigh, v. overweigh, overbalance, preponderate.

outweighing, n. preponderance, preponderation.--a.

outwit, v. circumvent, outgeneral, defeat.

oval, a. elliptical.

oven mop. scovel.

over, adv. across, crosswise, athwart, transversely.

overawe, v. intimidate, daunt.

overbearing, a. haughty, arrogant, dictatorial, magisterial, lordly,
dogmatical, supercilious, imperious, cavalier, overweening.

overcharge, n. extortion.

overcoat, n. great coat, topcoat, ulster, raglan, inverness, surtout,

overcome, v. surmount, conquer, subdue, master, vanquish, overpower,

overcoming, a. conquering, overmastering, overwhelming, irresistible.

over-confident, a. rash, presumptuous, incautious.

overdo, v. overwork, overtask, overtax, exhaust; exaggerate.

overeat, v. gorge, glut, satiate.

overfeed, v. surfeit, stuff, satiate, gorge, pamper.

overfeeding, n. surfeit, superalimentation, pampering.

overfill, v. surcharge.

overflow, n. deluge, flood, inundation; exuberance, superabundance,

overflow, v. inundate, deluge, engulf.

overflowing, n. overflow, inundation; exuberance, copiousness,

overfull, a. surcharged, plethoric, surfeited, gorged.

overfullness, n. plethora, surfeit, satiety, engorgement, congestion,

overhang, n. projection.

overhead, adv. aloft, above.

overlapping, a. obvolute, obvoluted, imbricate,

overlook, v. supervise, oversee; inspect, overhaul, examine,
neglect, disregard, skip, slight, ignore; condone, connive at, forgive.

overnice, a. fastidious, squeamish.

overplus, n. surplus, excess, surplusage, residue, rest.

overpower, v. vanquish, subdue, conquer, overcome, defeat, crush,
overwhelm, rout, master, subjugate, overmatch.

overpowering, a. overwhelming, conquering, irresistible,

overpowering, n. vanquishment, conquering, defeat, subjugation,

overrate, v. overvalue, overestimate, overprize.

overreach, v. outwit, dupe, swindle. See cheat.

override, v. trample upon, supersede, annul, abrogate.

overrule, v. annul, rescind, abrogate, revoke, supersede, set aside.

overruling, a. predominant, prevailing, controlling.

overruling, n. abrogation, cancellation, rescission.

overrun, v. infringe, invade.

oversee, v. superintend, supervise.

overseer, n. superintendent, supervisor, inspector, taskmaster,
foreman, monitor.

overshoe, n. galoshe, rubber, arctic.

oversight, n. superintendence, supervision, care, inspection,
surveillance, control, charge; overlooking, connivance, omission, failure,
inadvertence, default, inattention, lapse.

overstate, v. exaggerate.

overstep, v. exceed, trespass, infringe, intrench, encroach.

oversupply, n. excess, superabundance, surfeit, glut, repletion.

overt, a. public, apparent, unconcealed, patent.

overthrow, v. upset, overturn; demolish, prostrate, subvert, defeat,
vanquish, rout, overpower, overcome, subjugate, raze, worst.

overthrow, n. overthrowing, demolition, subversion, undoing,
reversal, prostration, defeat, bouleversement.

overtop, v. transcend, surpass, dwarf, overshadow.

overture, n. See offer.

overvalue, v. overrate, overestimate, overprize.

overweening, a. haughty, arrogant, cavalier, supercilious, lordly,

overweening, n. conceit, arrogance, superciliousness, lordliness.

overweight, n. preponderance.

overwhelm, v. overflow, submerge, ingulf, drown, overpower, crush.

overwhelming, a. irresistible, overpowering.

owing, n. indebtedness.

owing, a. due, payable, unpaid; ascribable, traceable, imputable,
attributable, referable; indebted.

own, v. admit, acknowledge, confess, allow, concede, grant; possess.
Antonyms: disown, deny.

owner, n. proprietor.

ownership, n. proprietorship, claim, title.

oysters, n. pl. Mollusca, Ostrea. Associated Words: ostreaceous,
ostreaculture, ostreophagist, ostreophagous, ostriferous, bivalve, spawn,
cultch, spat.


pace, n. amble, rack.

pacifiable, a. placable, appeasable, conciliable.

pacify, v. appease, quiet, calm, mollify, propitiate, tranquilize.

pack, n. bundle, bale, parcel, package; multitude, number, quantity;
gang; shook.

pack, v. compress, stow, truss; load, encumber.

package, n. bundle, packet, bale, parcel, pack, budget, truss,

pact, n. compact, covenant, concordat. See agreement.

pad, n. cushion, bolster; saddle-cloth, housing.

padlock, n. Associated Words: shackle, staple, hasp.

pagan, n. See heathen.

page, n. footboy, buttons (Colloq.); folio.

page number. folio.

pail, n. bucket; piggin.

pain, v. hurt, torture, rack; distress, grieve, afflict, aggrieve.

pain, n. punishment, penalty; suffering, ache, smart, throe, rack,
agony, torture, distress, qualm, discomfort, pang, excruciation, paroxysm,
gripe, twinge, cramp, travail, stitch, crick, anguish; heartache, misery,
dolor. Antonyms: ease, comfort, relief, solace. Associated Words:
anodyne, anæsthetic, analgesic, dolorific, doloriferous, surcease,

painful, a. distressing, agonizing, excruciating, dolorous, racking;
toilsome, arduous, difficult.

painstaking, a. diligent, particular, precise, scrupulous.
Antonyms: slovenly, negligent.

paint, n. pigment; cosmetic, rouge.

paint, v. delineate, portray, lim, depict, picture, sketch.

painting, n. Associated Words: easel, palette, grisaille, artist,
art, atelier, studio.

pair, n. two, brace, couple, span, team, yoke, set.

pal, n. (Slang) partner, mate, confederate, associate, accomplice.

palace, n. mansion, castle, pretorium. Associated Words: palatine,

palaver, n. cajolery, flummery; conference, debate, talk.

pale, a. pallid, wan, colorless, ghastly, blanched, cadaverous,
etiolate, ashy; dim, faint, indistinct, obscure. Antonyms: ruddy, buxom,
flushed, blowzed.

pale, n. picket; boundary, limit, confine, fence; inclosure.

paleness, n. pallidness, pallor, wanness, colorlessness, etiolation.

pall, v. cloy, sate, satiate, surfeit, glut.

palled, a. surfeited, satiated.

palliate, v. excuse, apologize for, gloss over, extenuate; moderate,
mitigate, temper.

palliation, n. extenuation, glossing over, excuse, apology;
moderation, mitigation, alleviation.

palliative, a. lenitive, mitigative, palliatory, apologetic,

pamper, v. overfeed, feed luxuriously; indulge, gratify, spoil,

pamphlet, n. brochure, booklet, tract.

pan, n. basin, chafer.

panacea, n. cure-all, catholicon, relief, solace, nepenthe.

pancake, n. griddlecake, flapjack, fritter.

pander, n. bawd, pimp, procurer, whoremonger.

panegyric, n. eulogy, encomium. See praise.

panic, n. consternation, terror, alarm.

panic-stricken, a. panic-struck, alarmed, dismayed, terrified,


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