Putnam's Word Book
Louis A. Flemming

Part 8 out of 17

humbug, n. imposition, hoax, deception, imposture, charlatanism,
quackery, cajolery; impostor, deceiver, cheat, charlatan.

humbug, v. deceive, impose on, hoax.

humdrum, a. monotonous, tedious, prosy, tiresome.--n. monotony,

humiliate, v. humble, mortify, abash, disgrace, degrade.

humiliation, n. abasement, mortification, degradation, ignominy;
humbleness, meekness.

humility, n. meekness, lowliness, self-abasement, diffidence,

humor, n. disposition, temper, mood; facetiousness, jocularity,
waggery, pleasantry, wit, satire; pl. caprices vagaries, whims,
fancies, whimsies.

humor, v. indulge, please, gratify, temporize. Antonyms:
discipline, deny, curb, mortify.

humorist, n. wag, droll, jester, wit.

humorous, a. facetious, droll, comical, jocular, waggish.

hump, n. protuberance, hunch.

humpbacked, a. hunchbacked, deformed.

humpy, a. protuberant, humped, uneven.

hunch, n. hump, protuberance; chunk, lump.

hundredfold, a. centuple.

hundred years. century, centenary, centennial.

Hungarian, n. Magyar.

hunger cure. nestitherapy, limotherapy, limotherapia.

hungry, a. voracious, ravenous, eager; starved, depleted, infertile,

hunky, a. (Slang) even, square, all-right, satisfactory.

hunt, v. chase, pursue, follow; search, seek, ransack, rummage,
ferret; poach (hunt unlawfully).

hunt, n. chase, pursuit, search, hunting.

hunter, n. huntsman, sportsman, Nimrod; seeker, pursuer, chaser;

hunting, n. chase, hunt, field-sport. Associated Words: quarry,
game, poaching, poacher, mort, yoicks, hoicks.

hunting horn. bugle.

hurly-burly, n. tumult, bustle, turmoil, confusion, commotion.

hurrah, n. cheer, huzza.

hurricane, n. cyclone, tornado, typhoon.

hurried, a. cursory, hasty, superficial.

hurry, n. haste, speed, dispatch, expedition, precipitancy, celerity.

hurry, v. hasten, impel, expedite, accelerate, speed, precipitate.

hurt, v. damage, wound, impair, harm, injure, offend, harry.

hurt, n. injury, wound, detriment, harm, damage.

hurtful, a. See injurious.

husband, n. spouse, benedict. Antonyms: bachelor, celibate.
Associated Words: marital, monandry, polyandry cuckold, cuckoldom,

hush, v. silence, still, repress, suppress; appease, allay.

husk, n. glume, hull, rind, shell, bark, kex.

husky, a. dry, raucous, harsh, discordant, guttural, hoarse.

hussy, n. jade, quean; jilt, flirt, jill.

hustle, v. jostle.

hut, n. hovel, shack, shed.

hybrid, n. mongrel, crossbreed, cross.--a. mongrel, crossbred.

hypocrisy, n. dissimulation, Pharisaism, sanctimoniousness.

hypocrite, n. dissembler, Pharisee, formalist, dissimulator.

hypocritical, a. Pharisaical, canting, dissembling, sanctimonious,
insincere. Antonyms: sincere, unfeigned, undissembling, ingenuous.


ice, n. Associated Words: igloo, iceberg, glacier, floe, icicle,
frazil, avalanche, curling, skate, skee, skating, skeeing, brash, glare,
serac, crampoons, calk, glaciate, glaciation, creeper, anchor ice.

iced, a. chilled, _frappe_.

Iceland moss. lichen.

icy, a. glacial, glacious.

idea, n. conception, notion, opinion, fancy, impression; intention,

ideal, a. faultless, consummate, perfect.

idiocy, n. imbecility, foolishness, fatuity, folly, senselessness

idiot, n. imbecile.

idiotic, a. imbecile, foolish, fatuous, senseless.

idle, a. leisure; vain, unavailing, futile, ineffectual; indolent,
slothful, inactive, lazy, otiose.

idleness, n. indolence, sloth, inaction, laziness; futility, vanity.
Associated Word: Cocagne.

idler, n. sluggard, drone, lounger, loafer, dawdler, donothing.

idol, n. image (of a divinity), effigy, graven image; Juggernaut.
Associated Words: idolater, idolatrous, idolatry, idolize, iconoplast,
iconoclast, iconodule, idolomania, iconography, iconology, idoloclast,
iconomachy, ting, iconolatry.

idolize, v. deify, worship, adore.

ignis fatuus. Will-o'-the-wisp, Jack-with-a-lantern, decoy.

ignoble, a. humble, plebeian, untitled; base, dishonorable, low.

ignominious, a. dishonorable, shameful, infamous, disreputable.

ignominy, n. disgrace, dishonor, reproach, obloquy, shame,

ignoramus, n. dunce, illiterate, sciolist, wiseacre, dullard,

ignorance, n. illiteracy, inerudition, unenlightenment, nescience;
quackery, charlatanry.

ignorant, a. illiterate, inerudite unenlightened, uninformed,
unlearned, untaught, uneducated, unlettered, nescient; quackish,
charlatanic. Antonyms: educated, instructed, schooled, trained,
proficient, learned.

ignorantly, adv. unknowingly, unconsciously, inadvertently,

ignorant person. ignoramus, illiterate.

ignore, v. disregard, slight, connive, overlook.

ill, a. ailing, sick, unwell; evil, unfavorable, adverse, bad.

ill at ease. uneasy, uncomfortable, anxious.

ill-boding, a. ominous, inauspicious.

illegal, a. illicit, unlawful, contraband, unlicensed, illegitimate.

illegality, n. unlawfulness, illegitimacy.

illegitimate, a. bastard, adulterine; illegal, illicit; spurious.

illegitimate, v. illegitimatize, bastardize.

illiberal, a. ungenerous, parsimonious, stingy; narrow-minded,

illiberality, n. parsimony, stinginess; narrow-mindedness, bigotry,

illicit, a. prohibited, unlawful.

illness, n. malady, sickness, disease.

illogical, a. fallacious, sophistical, unsound.

illusion, n. mockery, hallucination, chimera, phantasm, delusion,

illusive, a. delusive, illusory, chimerical, mocking.

illustrate, v. elucidate, picture, demonstrate, exemplify.

illustration, n. elucidation, exemplification; comparison, example,

ill-will, n. malice, resentment, grudge, rancor, malevolence,
antipathy, hatred.

image, n. statue; effigy, figure; ikon, eikon; idol.

image breaker. iconoclast, idoloclast, vandal.

image breaking. iconoclasm, vandalism.

image worship iconolatry, iconoduly.

imaginary, a. fancied, visionary, chimerical, illusive, phantasmal.

imagination, n. fancy, conception, notion, conceit, figment,

imagine, v. conceive, fancy; think, suppose, opine, apprehend.

imbecile, n. idiot, witling, fool.

imbecility, n. idiocy, fatuity, foolishness, amentia.

imbedded, a. enfonced.

imitate, v. copy, ape, counterfeit; personate, impersonate, mimic,
simulate; parody, caricature.

imitation, n. copy, counterfeit; mimicry, impersonation, mimesis;
pasticcio; parody, travesty, burlesque; onomatopœoea.

imitative, a. apish, copying, mimicking, mimetic; onomatopoetic.

imitator, n. copyist, follower, mimic, mime, ape, echo, impersonator.

immanence, n. inherence, indwelling.

immanent, a. inherent, indwelling.

immature, a. undeveloped, embryonic, crude, unripe, premature,

immediately, adv. instantly, forthwith, directly, straightway, at
once, now, instanter. Antonyms: hereafter, by and by, after a while.

immense, a. vast, infinite, illimitable, immeasurable.

immerse, v. submerge, plunge into, dip, immerge, douse; engross.

immersed, a. submerged, plunged into; engrossed, absorbed, occupied.

immersion, n. submersion, immersing; engrossment, absorption.

immoderate, a. excessive, exorbitant, inordinate, intemperate,

immodest, a. indecorous, indelicate, shameless; lewd, unchaste,

immodesty, n. indecorum, indelicacy, impudicity; lewdness,
unchastity, obscenity.

immoral, a. licentious, dissolute, vicious, profligate, loose,
illicit, rakish.

immorality, n. vice, licentiousness, depravity, profligacy,

immortality, n. deathlessness, athanasia; perpetuity.

immovable, a. fast, permanent, impassive, firm, steadfast.

impact, n. collision, forcible contact; force.

impart, v. communicate.

impartial, a. equitable, fair, disinterested, unbiased,

impartiality, n. fairness, equity, disinterestedness, justice.

impassable, a. impenetrable, pathless, impervious.

impatient, a. restless, restive, fretful, eager, impetuous.

impede, v. retard.

impediment, n. obstacle, barrier, obstruction, stumblingblock.

impending, a. imminent, threatening.

impenetrable, a. impervious, imperforable.

impenitence, n. incontrition, obduracy, impenitency.

impenitent, a. incontrite, unrepentant, obdurate, incorrigible,
recusant, relentless.

imperative, a. binding, compulsory, obligatory, imperious,

imperfect, a. defective, faulty, deficient, undeveloped, abortive,
fallible, frail, errable.

imperfection, n. defect, blemish, shortcoming, infirmity, foible,
deformity, disfigurement, vice, frailty, fallibility.

imperious, a. despotic, magisterial, domineering, dictatorial,
tyrannical, imperative.

imperishable, a. permanent, indestructible, enduring.

impersonate, v. personate; personify.

impersonation, n. personation, impersonating; impersonification.

impersonator, n. mimic, personator, mime, actor.

impertinent, a. irrelevant, inapplicable, impudent, saucy, rude,
insolent, malapert, flippant.

impervious, a. impermeable, impenetrable, imperviable.

impetus, n. momentum, force, impulse, incentive.

impish, a. malignant.

implacable, a. unappeasable, vindictive, pitiless, irreconcilable.

implant, v. instill, inculcate, ingraft, infix.

implied, a. tacit, inferential.

implore, v. beseech, supplicate, entreat, obsecrate.

imploring, n. supplication, obsecration.

impolite, a. discourteous, inurbane, rude, uncivil, disrespectful,
saucy, insolent, impertinent, churlish, brusque, unamiable, surly, gruff,

impoliteness, n. discourtesy, inurbanity, incivility, impertinence,

importance, n. moment, materiality, consequence; pomposity,

important, a. momentous, material, essential; pompous, consequential.

impose upon. delude, dupe, deceive, victimize.

imposing, a. impressive, stately, majestic, august.

impossibility, n. impracticability.

impossible, a. impracticable, unfeasible, unattainable.

impostor, n. pretender, cheat, charlatan, mountebank, quack,

imposture, n. fraud, imposition, charlatanism, deception.

impracticability, n. unfeasibility.

impracticable, a. impossible, unfeasible.

impregnate, v. fecundate.

impregnation, n. fecundation.

imprison, v. incarcerate, immure.

imprisonment, n. incarceration, durance, immurement, duress,
confinement, commitment.

impromptu, a. improvised, offhand, extempore, extemporaneous.

improper, a. indecorous, unseemly, indecent, inappropriate, wrong,

impropriety, n. unsuitableness, unfitness, indecorum, barbarism,

improve, v. amend, ameliorate, rectify, better, mend; utilize, use;
gain, get better.

improvement, n. betterment, amelioration; meliorism; utilization.

improving, a. ameliorative, beneficial, amending.

impudence, n. insolence, impertinence, effrontery, rudeness.

impudent, a. insolent, impertinent, flippant, pert, brazen, saucy.

impulse, n. motive, incentive; impulsion, impetus.

impulsive, a. passionate, capricious, hasty; impellent, propulsive.

impure, a. tainted, defiled, contaminated, polluted, vitiated,
infected; adulterated, alloyed, sophisticated; unchaste, lewd, indelicate,
indecent; barbarous, vulgar, hybrid.

impurity, n. defilement, contamination, taint, pollution;
adulteration, alloy, sophistication; unchastity, lewdness, indecency,
indelicacy; pl. garblings, garbles.

inability, n. incompetence, impotence, incapability, incompetency,
inefficiency, disability.

in a body. altogether, _en masse_.

inaccuracy, n. inexactness, incorrectness, impropriety.

inaccurate, a. incorrect, inexact, erroneous, faulty, wrong.

inaction, n. inactivity, inertness, stagnation, idleness.

inactive, a. inert, motionless, quiescent, dormant, inoperative,
sluggish, stagnant, dilatory, latent, passive, torpid.

inactivity, n. inaction, passivity, inertia, lethargy, dormancy,
stagnation, torpor, latency, sloth, Fabian policy.

inadequate, a. insufficient, deficient; defective, incomplete,

inappropriate, a. unsuitable, unbecoming, inapplicable.

inapt, a. irrelevant, unsuitable, inept, inapplicable.

inattention, n. inadvertence, abstraction, heedlessness, disregard,
neglect, remissness.

inattentive, a. heedless, absent-minded, inadvertent, unmindful,

inbeing, n. inherence.

inborn, a. congenital, inherent, innate, instinctive, ingenerate.

incapable, a. incompetent, disqualified, unfit, insusceptible.

incarnation, n. incarnification, Avatar; personification.

incautious, a. unwary, inconsiderate, indiscreet, thoughtless.

incense, n. Associated Words: thurible, censer, thurification,
thurify, frankincense, cense, thurifer.

incentive, n. motive, spur, incitement, stimulus, inducement

incident, n. event, happening, episode, occurrence.

incidental, a. casual, accidental, oontingent, fortuitous;
subordinate, collateral, accessory.

incite, v. instigate, stimulate, arouse, goad, spur, impel.

incitement, n. stimulus, instigation, incitation, spur, incentive.

incivility, n. discourtesy, rudeness, incomity, inurbanity,

inclination, n. leaning, slant; tendency, propensity, proneness,
penchant, predilection.

incline, n. slant, slope, ascent, descent, grade.--v. lean,
tend, dispose.

inclose, v. surround, encircle, circumscribe, encompass, enclose.

inclosure, n. surrounding, closure, barrier, fence, corral, stockade.

include, v. comprise, comprehend, inclose.

inclusion, n. comprisal.

income, n. revenue, proceeds; tontine, annuity. Associated Word:

incomparable, a. peerless, matchless, transcendent, inimitable
unrivalled, unapproachable.

incompetent, a. inefficient, unqualified, incapable; inadequate;
unfit, unsuited.

incomplete, a. unfinished, defective, imperfect, deficient, partial,

incomprehensible, a. inconceivable, abstruse, unfathomable.

inconsiderate, a. thoughtless, heedless, inattentive, careless.

inconsistency, n. discordance, incoherence, contrariety,

inconsistent, a. disagreeing, incoherent, contradictory, discrepant,

inconstancy, n. fickleness, mutability, variableness, instability.

inconstant, a. fickle, changeable, volatile, flighty, mercurial,

inconvenient, a. unhandy, incommodious, inopportune, untoward.

incorrect, a. inaccurate, erroneous, inexact, wrong; ungrammatical,

incorrectness, n. inaccuracy, inexactness, error; impropriety.

increase, v. augment, advance, enlarge; multiply, be prolific, wax;
aggravate, enhance, extend, augment, intensify, exacerbate, amplify,
magnify, heighten, accelerate.

increase, n. augmentation, accretion, increment, accession,
amplification, addition, accrument.

increase of motion. acceleration.

incremate, v. cremate, incinerate.

incremation, n. cremation.

incumbent, a. obligatory, imposed, binding.

incumbrance, n. hindrance, impediment, incubus; mortgage, claim,

incurable, a. insanable, irremediable, immedicable; irremedicable,

indebtedness, n. obligation; debts, liabilities.

indecency, n. immodesty, indelicacy, shamelessness, obscenity,
ribaldry, lewdness.

indecent, a. immodest, obscene, indelicate, shameless, ribald, lewd,

indecision, n. vacillation, indetermination, irresolution, wavering,

indecisive, a. inconclusive, vacillating, hesitating, irresolute,

indefatigable, a. untiring, persistent, unremitting, sedulous,

indefinite, a. vague, indeterminate, equivocal, ambiguous,
inexplicit, inexact.

indelicacy, n. unrefinement, rudeness, indecorum, immodesty.

indelicate, a. unrefined, indecorous, immodest, unchaste, rude,

indemnity, n. security, insurance; restitution, reimbursement,

indentation, n. bruise, notch, depression, indenture, serrature, jag,
engrailment, crenellation.

independence, n. freedom, self-government, liberty, autonomy;
opulence, affluence.

independent, a. self-governing, autonomous; self-reliant; exclusive,
irrespective; affluent.

Indian, n. (aboriginal American) red man; (of mixed blood)
metisse, ladino, mestizo, guacho, griffe, mameluco, half-breed.
Associated Words: tepee, wigwam, tomahawk, lodge, wickiup, sachemdom,
pueblo, calumet, totem, totemism, powwow, roanoke, coup, gens, Manito,
pogamoggan, potlatch, chinook, runtee, travail, travois, strouding.

Indian blanket. stroud.

Indian chief. sachem, sannup, sagamore, brave.

Indian child. papoose.

Indian money. wampum, seawan, suckanhock, colcol, peag, hiagua,

Indian prince. Maharajah, Rajah.

Indian princess or queen. Rani, Ranee.

Indian woman. squaw, mahaly.

India rubber. caoutchouc.

indicate, v. designate, betoken, signify.

indication, n. designation, signifying; symptom, evidence, sign,
token, manifestation.

indicator, n. (as in a hotel) annunciator.

indictment, n. accusation, charge, arraignment, crimination.

indifference, n. apathy, coolness, negligence, unconcern,
nonchalance, _insouciance_; mediocrity, inferiority; neutrality,
impartiality, disinterestedness.

indifferent, a. disinterested, unconcerned, nonchalant, perfunctory,
apathetic, _insouciant_; neutral, impartial; mediocre, passable,

indirect, a. roundabout, circuitous, tortuous.

indiscreet, a. unwise, imprudent.

indiscretion, n. unwisdom, folly, imprudence; misstep, lapse.

indisposed, a. averse, disinclined, unwilling, loath, reluctant;
sick, ill, unwell.

indisposition, n. disinclination, averseness, reluctance,

indisputable, a. undeniable, incontestable, indubitable,

indissolvable, a. indissoluble.

indocile, a. intractable, refractory, unruly.

indolence, n. idleness, laziness, indulgence, sloth, inactivity,

indolent, a. lazy, slothful, supine, dronish, listless.

inducement, n. incentive, incitement, motive, stimulus.

indulge, v. satisfy, gratify, luxuriate; humor, pamper, cocker;
grant, allow, permit. Antonyms: mortify, deny, suppress, restrain.

indulgence, n. humoring, pampering, gratification; kindness, favor,
lenity, forbearance; absolution. Antonyms: mortification, denial,
restraint, non-indulgence.

indulgent, a. forbearing, kind, lenient, lax, merciful.

industrial science. technology, polytechnics.

industrious, a. assiduous, diligent, sedulous, persistent,
hard-working. Antonyms: idle, indolent, inactive, lazy.

industry, n. assiduity, diligence, activity; labor, work, exertion,

indwelling, n. immanence, inherence.--a. immanent, inherent.

ineffective, a. ineffectual, unavailing, inefficacious.

inefficient, a. ineffective, inefficacious; slack, remiss,

inelastic, a. inductile, inextensible, rigid.

inelasticity, n. inductility, inextensibility, rigidity.

ineligible, a. disqualified.

inequality, n. disparity, disproportion, unevenness, irregularity;
unfairness, injustice; inequation.

inexcusable, a. unpardonable, indefensible, unjustifiable,

inexhaustible, a. exhaustless.

inexorable, a. unyielding, relentless, implacable, unmovable,

inexperienced, a. untrained, unpractised, undisciplined, raw,

inexpert, a. maladroit, unskillful, bungling.

inexpressible, a. ineffable, unspeakable, unutterable.

infallibility, n. inerrability.

infallible, a. inerrable, unerring, sure, certain, undeniable.

infamous, a. disreputable, ignominious, scandalous, opprobrious,
odious, heinous.

infamy, n. disgrace, ignominy, odium, obloquy, opprobrium.

infancy, n. babyhood; minority, nonage, pupilage.

infant, n. baby; minor.

infantile paralysis. poliomyelitis.

infatuate, v. enamor, charm. Antonyms: repel, disgust,

infection, n. contagion, contamination, vitiation, pollution.

infectious, a. contagious, pestiferous, epidemic, vitiating.

infer, v. deduce, imply, gather.

inference, n. deduction, conclusion, illation, corollary.

inferior, a. poorer, lower, subordinate, menial, minor, mediocre,

inferior, n. subordinate. Antonyms: peer, equal, superior.

inferiority, n. subordinacy, mediocrity, deficiency.

infidel, n. free-thinker, atheist, unbeliever, skeptic.

infirmity, n. See weakness.

inflammable, a. combustible, accendible; irascible, irritable,

inflammation, n. phlogosis; phlegmasia. Associated Words:
phlogistic, phlogogenous, antiphlogistic, demulcent delitescence.

inflammatory, a. phlogistic; seditious, incendiary.

inflate, v. expand, enlarge, distend.

inflated, a. distended, blown up; bombastic, pompous, grandiloquent,

inflation, n. distention, expansion.

inflection, n. modulation, accent.

inflexibility, n. rigidity, stiffness; firmness, pertinacity,
obstinacy, steadfastness.

inflexible, a. unyielding, rigid, impliable; immovable, resolute,

influence, n. sway, control; persuasion, restraint; authority,
ascendency, prestige.

influence, v. move, persuade, induce, sway, control, prevail upon,
actuate, impel.

informal, a. unceremonious, unconventional, easy, natural,

informality, n. unceremoniousness.

information, n. knowledge, intelligence, instruction; (Law)
complaint, accusation.

infringe, v. violate, transgress; encroach, trespass, intrench.

infringement, n. transgression, violation, breach, encroachment,
trespass, intrenchment.

in full. unabridged, at length.

ingenious, a. inventive, resourceful.

ingratitude, n. unthankfulness.

ingredient, n. constituent, element, component, part.

inhabitant, n. dweller, denizen, residentiary, resident, citizen.
Antonyms: sojourner, pilgrim, visitor.

inherent, a. innate, adhering, inexistent, inborn, inalienable.

inheritable, a. hereditable.

inheritance, n. heritage, patrimony, legacy.

inhuman, a. savage, barbarous, fiendish, brutal, cruel.

inhumanity, n. cruelty, brutality, barbarity, mercilessness.

injection, n. immission, injecting; enema, clyster, lavement.

injure, v. damage, harm, hurt, impair, disfigure, maim, mar, wound.

injurious, a. hurtful, harmful, detrimental, pernicious, deleterious,
baneful, noxious, maleficent, prejudicial; defamatory, derogatory,

injury, n. damage, detriment, harm, hurt, wound, impairment,
mutilation, defacement, violation, lesion. Associated Words: vulnerable,
vulnerability, invulnerable, invulnerability, inviolable, vulnific.

injustice, n. inequity, unfairness; grievance.

inkling, n. hint, intimation, allusion.

inkstand, n. standish.

inky, a. atramentous, atramental, atramentarious.

inlaid work. marquetry, parquetry, mosaic.

inland, a. interior, internal.

inlet, n. entrance, ingress; bay, recess, bight, estuary, cove,
frith, bayou.

inmate, n. occupant.

inn, n. lodging house, tavern, hotel; cabaret, caravansary, khan.

innate, a. inborn, inherent, native.

inner, a. internal, interior; obscure, esoteric, innermost parts,
recesses, _penetralia_, sanctuary.

innocence, n. blamelessness, guilelessness, guiltlessness,
impeccability, inoffensiveness.

innocent, a. blameless, guileless, guiltless, impeccable,
inoffensive, sinless, artless, inculpable, irreproachable,
irreprehensible, inerrable, irresponsible, virtuous, unsophisticated.

inquiring, a. curious, inquisitive.

inquiry, n. question, query, interrogation; research, investigationm

inquisitive, a. inquiring, mousing, curious, intrusive, prying,
meddlesome. Antonyms: indifferent, unconcerned, uninterested.

insane, a. demented, crazy, mad, deranged, delirious, dementate;
paranoiac. Antonyms: sane, rational.

insane asylum. bedlam, bethlehem, madhouse, retreat.

insanity, n. dementia, alienation of mind, madness, lunacy,
craziness, derangement, frenzy, delirium, mania, hallucination, aberration
of mind, bedlamism; paranoia, monomania. Antonyms: sanity, rationality,
lucidity. Associated Words: alienist, alienism.

insatiable, a. unappeasable; voracious, rapacious, omnivorous.

inscrutable, a. incomprehensible, inexplicable, unsearchable.

insect, n. Associated Words: entomology, entomologist, entomologic,
chrsalis, pupa, cicada, cocoon, credpitaculum, entomophilous, entornophily,
entomtaxy, entomotomy, insecticidal, insectifuge, insectile, larva,
lepidopterist, larvarium, stridor, stridulate, stridulation, silphology,
stridulatory, nymph, horismology, imago.

insect-eaters, n. pl. Insectivora, Entomophaga.

insect-eating, a. insectivorous, entomophagous.

insect powder. insecticide, pyrethrum, entomologic, chrysalis, pupa,
cicada, cocoon, crepitaculum, entomophilous, entomophily, entomotaxy,
entomotomy, insecticidal, insectifuge, insectile, larva, lepidopterist,
larvarium, stridor, stridulate, stridulation, silphology, stridulatory,
nymph, horismology, imago.

insect-eaters, n. pl. Insectivora, Entomophaga.

insect-eating, a. insectivorous, entomophagous.

insect powder. insecticide, pyrethrum.

insecure, a. risky, unsafe, precarious, rickety, unstable,

insecurity, n. unsafely, risk, instability, precariousness.

insensibility, n. unconsciousness, torpor, coma, narcosis, lethargy,
numbness, narcoma, insusceptibility, anæsthesia, stupefaction, stupor,

insensible, a. unfeeling, numb, insensate, torpid, unimpressible,
unsusceptible, unconscious; imperceptible, gradual, imperceivable.

inseparable, a. indivisible, indissoluble.

insert, v. interpolate, intercalate, interject, ingraft, inosculate.

insertion, n. interjection, interpolation, intercalation,

inside, a. internal, inner, interior.

insides, n. pl. entrails; _penetralia_, recesses.

insight, n. discernment.

insignificance, n. unimportance, pettiness, immateriality,
triviality, inanity.

insignificant, n. meaningless; unimportant, immaterial, petty,
trivial, paltry.

insincere, a. disingenuous, dissembling, false, hypocritical,
affected, deceitful.

insincerity, n. duplicity, disingenuousness, hypocrisy,

insinuation, n. innuendo, intimation; ingratiation.

insist, v. persist, press, urge, contend.

insistence, n. persistence, pertinacity, importunity, urgency,
contention, instance.

insnare, v. ensnare, entrap, seduce, inveigle, allure, entangle.

insolation, n. sunstroke, siriasis, sun bath.

insolence, n. impudence, contumely, impertinence, contumacy,
effrontery, disrespect.

insinuation, n. innuendo, intimation; ingratiation.

insist, v. persist, press, urge, contend.

insistence, n. persistence, pertinacity, importunity, urgency,
contention, instance.

insistent, a. persistent, importunate, insisting.

insnare, v. ensnare, entrap, seduce, inveigle, allure, entangle.

insolation, n. sunstroke, siriasis; sun bath.

insolence, n. impudence, contumely, impertinence, contumacy,
effrontery, disrespect.

insolent, a. impudent, contumelious, overbearing, disrespectful

insoluble, a. indissoluble; unexplainable, insolvable, inexplicable.

inspect, v. examine.

inspiration, n. inhalation (breathing in); divine afflatus,

inspiring, a. inspiriting, elevating, promethean.

in spite of. notwithstanding, despite, nevertheless.

install, v. instate, induct.

installation, n. induction.

instance, n. persistency, request, solicitation, urgency; example,
case, illustration.

instantly, adv. immediately, forthwith, at once, instanter, urgently,

instep, n. metatarsus, acrotarsium.

instruct, v. teach, indoctrinate, edify, enlighten, coach.

instruction, n. nurture, tuition, teaching, information,
indoctrination, inculcation, education, admonition; edification,
enlightenment; propædeutics.

instructive, a. edifying, didactic, preceptive, mentorial;

instructor, n. teacher, preceptor, tutor, master, coach, mentor,
counselor, monitor, trainer.

instrument, n. tool, utensil, implement; agent, means, medium.

insufferable, a. intolerable, unendurable; detestable, offensive.

insufficiency, n. deficiency, inadequacy.

insufficient, a. inadequate, deficient, incommensurate, lacking.

insult, n. indignity, affront.

insult, v. offend, affront, flout.

insulting, a. offensive, contemptuous, contumelious, scurrilous.

insurance, n. assurance, indemnity.

insure, v. assure, indemnify; underwrite.

insurgency, n. revolt, rebellion, insubordination, mutiny.

insurgent, a. rebellious, mutinous, insubordinate, insurrectionary.

insurgent, n. rebel, revolter, mutineer, insurrectionist.

intaglio, n. diaglyph. Antonym: cameo.

intelligence, n. knowledge, discernment, insight, acumen.

intelligent, a. clever, discerning, astute, bright, knowing, apt,

intemperance, n. excess, immoderation, debauchery.

intemperate, a. immoderate, excessive, unrestrained.

intend, v. design, purpose, propose, contemplate, plan.

intended, n. fiancé (male), fiancée (female).

intense, a. extreme, excruciating.

intensify, v. aggravate, exacerbate, heighten.

intention, n. design, plan, purpose, aim.

intentional, a. deliberate, premeditated. Antonyms: unintentional,
inadvertent, accidental.

intercede, v. mediate, interpose, propitiate.

intercession, n. mediation, interposition, propitiation.

intercessor, n. mediator, interceder, propitiator, make-peace.

interchange, n. reciprocation, reciprocity, permutation; alternation.

interest, n. concern; share, portion, part, participation; advantage,
benefit, weal, behoof; usury. Antonyms: boredom, ennui, indifference,

interested, a. concerned; prejudiced, partial. Antonyms:
disinterested, unconcerned, bored.

interfere, v. clash, conflict; intermeddle, interpose, intervene.

interference, n. clashing, collision; intermeddling, interposition,

interlining, n. interlineation.

interloper, n. intruder, interferer.

intermediate, a. intervening, interjacent; interlocutory (Law).

intermittent, a. remittent, periodical, recurrent.

internal, a. inward, interior, inside, inner; esoteric; intrinsic;

interpret, v. construe, translate, render.

interpretation, n. rendering, rendition, translation; exegesis,
exegetics, hermeneutics, isagogics, anagogics, dittology.

interrogation point. eroteme.

interval, n. interstice (space between); interim, meantime

intervening, a. intermediate, interjacent.

intervention, n. interference, interposition; mediation,

intestines, n. pl. entrails, bowels, inwards, guts; omentum, caul,
vermiform appendix, colon, rectum, hindgut, enteron, cæcum, ileum, ileus,
volvulus, jejunum, duodenum, alimentary canal; chitterlings. Associated
words: enterology, splanchnology, enterography, splanchnography,
enteropathy, enteroplasty, enterotomy, enteralgia, enterolith, enteritis,
intestinal, enteric, crypt, peristalsis, vermiculation, alvine, viscerate,
visceration, eviscerate, evisceration, disembowel, disembowelment.

intolerable, a. insufferable, unendurable.

intolerance, n. bigotry, dogmatism, illiberality.

intolerant, a. bigoted, unforbearing, illiberal.

intrenchment, n. earthwork, fortification; encroachment,
infringement, invasion, inroad.

intricacy, n. complication, entanglement, complexity.

intricate, a. complicated, entangled, involved, labyrinthian, mazy.

intrigue, n. conspiracy, machination, cabal, plot; amour (illicit
love affair), liaison.

intrigue, v. plot, scheme, machinate, cabal.

intriguer, n. machinator, plotter, schemer, Figaro, intrigant,
intrigante (female).

intriguing, a. scheming, Machiavelian, wily.

intrinsic, a. inherent, innate, real, genuine. Antonym: extrinsic.

introduction, n. preface, proem, exordium, prelude, prolegomenon,
prologue, foreword; presentation; interpolation interposition, initiation.

introductory, a. preliminary, proemial, prefatory.

intrude, v. infringe, invade, encroach, obtrude, interlope.

intrusion, n. encroachment, obtrusion, infringement, interloping.

intrusive, a. obtrusive. Antonyms: unintrusive, unobtrusive,

intrust, v. commit, confide.

invade, v. infringe, encroach, trespass, intrench, trench.

invalid, a. null, void, of no efficacy; baseless, unfounded.

invalid, a. valetudinary.

invalid, n. valetudinarian.

invalidate, v. annul, abrogate, cancel, quash, nullify.

invalidation, n. nullification, abrogation, annulment.

invalidism, n. valetudinarianism.

invasion, n. irruption, foray, raid, aggression; violation,
infringement, encroachment, intrenchment.

inveigle, v. wheedle, seduce.

inveiglement, n. wheedling, seduction.

investigate, v. probe, sift, examine.

investigation, n. examination, inquiry, research.

invidious, a. objectionable, offensive.

invincible, a. indomitable, unconquerable.

invisible, a. imperceptible, microscopic, evanescent.

invitation, n. bidding, call, summons.

invite, v. bid, ask, summon; allure, induce, entice.

invocation, n. prayer, supplication.

involuntary, a. uncontrollable, instinctive, automatic, compulsory,

inwards, n. pl. entrails, intestines, bowels, guts; viscera;
giblets, inmeats, umbles.

iota, n. scintilla, tittle, atom, mite, jot, whit, bit, particle.

Ireland, n. Erin, Emerald Isle.

iridescent, a. prismatic, nacreous.

iris, n. flower-de-luce, _fleur-de-lis_, flag.

Irish, a. Hibernian.

Irishman, n. Hibernian, Milesian, Teague, Pat, Paddy.

iron, v. smooth; mangle.

irons, n. pl. fetters, chains, handcuffs, shackles, manacles,
hampers, gyves.

ironworker's pneumonia. siderosis.

irrecoverable, a. irretrievable.

irregular, a. inconformable, abnormal, anomalous, exceptional,
unsymmetrical, unusual, erose, baroque, aberrant.

irregularity, n. inconformableness, abnormality, asymmetry, anomaly,
aberration, intermittency.

irreligious, a. ungodly, impious, godless, sacrilegious, blasphemous,

irresolute, a. wavering, vacillating, inconstant, fickle,

irresolution, n. indecision, vacillation, inconstancy, fickleness.

irresponsible, a. unaccountable, unanswerable, unreliable.

irritable, a. irascible, fretful, spleeny, choleric, petulant, fiery,
captious, splenetic.

irritate, v. intensify, stimulate; provoke, vex, annoy, offend,

isinglass, n. fishglue, ichthyocol, ichthyocolla; mica; carlock.

island, n. isle, eyot, holm, islet; atoll. Associated Words:
insular, insularity, archipelago, lagoon, coral, maroon, marooner.

isolate, v. insulate, segregate, dissociate, detach, separate.

isolated, a. insulated, separate, solitary, segregated, sporadic.

isolation, n. insulation, segregation; loneliness, solitude.

issue, v. gush, disembogue; sally forth, debouch; proceed, emanate,
ensue, follow, result.

Italian laborers. Associated Word: padrone.

Italian paste. macaroni, vermicelli.

itch, n. psora, scabies; prurigo; sycosis (barber's itch); eczema;

itching, a. tingling, prurient.

ivory, n. Associated Words: eburnean, eburnine, eburin,
eburnification, eburnation.

ivy, n. Associated Words: hederaceous, hederal, hederic,
hederiferous, hederose.


Jab, n. (Colloq.) thrust, punch, dig.

jabber, n. gibberish, chatter, gabble, babble.--v. gabble,
gibber, babble, chatter.

jackass, n. donkey; dolt, simpleton, witling, ignoramus, fool.

jacket, n. coat, jerkin, blouse, spencer, bolero, pea-jacket sontag,
blazer, sweater, reefer, jersey, jumper, cardigan jacket, grego,
garibaldi, camisole, temiak (Eskimo); cleading.

jade, n. nephrite, jadeite; nag, plug; hussy, wench, quean.

jag, n. notch, cleft, barb, protuberance.--v. notch.

jagged, a. cleft, jaggy, notched, serrated, erose, sharp.

jail, n. prison, lockup, calaboose, workhouse, limbo.

jail bird. prisoner.

jailer, n. warden, turnkey, sheriff.

jail fever. typhus fever.

jam, n. preserve, conserve; crowd, throng, crush.

jam, v. squeeze, crowd, press, wedge in, bruise.

jamboree, n. (Slang) carousal, revelry, carouse, spree.

jangle, n. clashing, clang, discord, dissonance; wrangling, quarrel,
dispute, altercation.

jangle, v. clash, clang; quarrel, wrangle, dispute, altercate.

jangling, a. discordant, dissonant, clashing, inharmonious.

janitor, n. doorkeeper, porter, _concierge_; (female) janitress,

Japan, n. Nippon, Flowery Kingdom. Associated Words: Japanese,
geisha, coolie, Mikado, samurai, shizoku, heimin, kwazoku, Mongol,
Mongolian, kimono, Dairi, daimio, saki, Tycoon, Shogun.

japan, n. lacquer, varnish, enamel.

jar, n. crock; gurglet; shock, jolt, vibration.--v. jolt,
jounce, shock, discompose, unsettle; grate.

jargon, n. gibberish, drivel, babble, gabble, twaddle, bosh; cant,
slang, flash, argot, dialect.

jaundice, n. icterus.--v. prejudice.

jaundiced, a. prejudiced, biased, warped.

jaunty, a. airy, showy, finical, affected, fine.

jaw, n. Jawbone, jowl; maxilla (upper jaw); mandible (lower jaw).

jaw, v. (Low) scold, upbraid, berate, clamor, rail at.

jawless, a. agnathic, agnathous.

jaw muscle. masseter.

jayhawker, n. guerrilla.

jealous, a. suspicious, distrustful.

jealousy, n. suspicion, distrust.

jeer, v. mock, deride, ridicule, taunt, jibe.

jeering, n. mockery, derision, ridicule, scoffing, sneer, taunt.

jellylike, a. gelatinous, colloid.

jeopard, v. imperil, risk, expose, endanger, hazard.

jeopardize, v. jeopard.

jeopardy, n. danger, peril, hazard, exposure.

jerk, v. twitch, yerk.

jerked beef. charqui.

jerky, a. abrupt, unconnected.

jest, n. joke, witticism, quip, _jeu d' esprit_, Joe Miller.

jest, v. joke.

jester, n. joker, wag; buffoon, merry-andrew, clown, harlequin, zany.

jesting, n. joking, jest, raillery, banter, persiflage,
facetiousness, badinage, jocularity.

jesting, a. waggish, jocular, facetious, sportive.

jet, v. spurt, spout, gush; protrude, project.--n. spouting,
spurt, gush.

Jew, n. Hebrew, Israelite, Judahite, Judean, Semite, Yid; Rabbi,
Sadducee, Pharisee, Levite. Associated Words: Yiddish, ghetto, kosher,
tref, Talmud, kittel, sephardic, Sanhedrim, synagogue, Jewry, Judaism,

Jewish, a. Hebrew, Judaic, Israelitish, Hebraic, Semitic.

Jewish beggar. schnorrer.

Jewish marriage broker. schatchen.

jewel, n. gem, brilliant.

jewelry, n. jewels; bijoutry.

Jew's pitch. asphaltum, bitumen.

Jezebel, n.virago, she-devil, fury, Gorgon, termagant.

jibe, v. (Colloq.) agree, harmonize, fit.

jiffy, n. (Colloq.)moment, instant, second, trice.

jill, n. coquette, flirt; sweetheart, gill.

jilt, n. coquette, flirt.

jingle, n. tinkling, jingling, tintinnabulation; rhyme.--v.

job, n. task; situation, position.

jocose, a. facetious, waggish, sportive, merry, jocular, humorous.

jocular, a. jesting, jocose, sportive, merry, waggish.

jocularity, n. jesting, waggishness, waggery, facetiousness,

jog, n. shake, jolt, jar, shove; hitch, break.

jog, v. push, shake, jostle; suggest to, notify, remind.

johnny cake. hoecake, corncake.

join v. connect, couple, unite, combine, associate, add, append,
annex, link, conjoin, mortise, dowel, splice, knit, dovetail, mingle,
coalesce, unify, confederate; abut. Antonyms: disjoin, disconnect. See

joiner, n. link, coupling, bond; woodworker, carpenter.

joint, n. gimbal joint, dove-tail joint, joggle joint, mortise joint,
miter, dowel, scarf joint, rabbet joint.

joint, n. articulation; suture, commissure, knuckle. Associated
words: arthrology, arthrography, synosteology arthrectomy, synovia,
articular, bursa, synovial, internode, internodal, anchylose, dislocate,
dislocation, luxate, luxation.

joint, a. combined, joined, united.

jointed, a. articulated, hinged; knotted, gnarled.

jointless, a. acondylous, anarthrous, inarticulate.

joke, n. jest, witticism, jocosity, sally, _jeu d'esprit_, quip,
quirk, Joe Miller.

joke, v. rally, banter, jest.

joking, n. jesting, rallying, banter, persiflage, jocularity,

jokingly, adv. sportively, jestingly, waggishly, jocularly.

jolly, a. jovial, vivacious, congenial, convivial, mirthful,
sportive, gay, facetious, boon, waggish, jocular, jocose, witty, blithe,
sprightly, cheery.

jolly, v. (Colloq.) make good-natured, joke, jest, cheer,

jolt, n. jar, shock, jounce, jolting.--v. shake, jar, jounce.

jot, n. iota, point, tittle, bit, mite, atom, scintilla, ace,
particle, whit.

jotting, n. memorandum, note, entry.

jounce, n. jolt, shake, jolting.--v. jolt, shake, jar.

journal, n. day-book, daily register, record; diary; periodical,
publication, magazine, gazette, ephemeris.

journey, n. trip, tour, pilgrimage, excursion, travel, jaunt,
peregrination. Associated Words: itinerary, itinerancy, viatic,

journeyman, n. handicraftsman, artisan. Antonyms: apprentice,

joust, v. tilt.

Jove, n. Jupiter.

jovial, a. jolly, mirthful, gay, merry, sportive, hilarious, gleeful.

joviality, n. gayety, jollity, sportiveness, liveliness.

joy, n. gladness, exultation, jubilation, mirth, festivity glee,
elation, merriment.

joyful, a. joyous, glad, elated, jubilant, exhilarating, happy,
buoyant, merry, encouraging, felicitous.

joyous, a. joyful.

jubilant, a. joyful, exultant, triumphant.

jubilation, n. rejoicing, exultation, triumph.

Judas, n. betrayer, traitor.

Judas, a. traitorous, treacherous, disloyal, perfidious.

judge, v. adjudge, adjudicate, try; discern, distinguish,
discriminate, decide; esteem, think, consider, reckon, deem, regard;

judge, n. justice, judger; arbitrator, arbiter, umpire, referee;
connoisseur, critic; puisne; deemster (Isle of Man). Associated Words:
judicial, judicially, judicable, judicatory, judicature, judiciary.

judges, n. pl. judiciary.

judgment, n. decision, adjudication, arbitrament, arbitration,
adjudgment; sentence, decree, verdict; discrimination, discernment.

judgment-seat, n. court, tribunal, bar, judicatory.

judicial, a. judicative, judicatory, juridical, judiciary.

judicious, a. prudent, discreet, well-advised.

jug, n. pitcher, ewer, demijohn, flagon; bellarmine, long-beard.

juggler, n. prestidigitator, magician, conjurer; cheat, impostor;

jugglery, n. sleight of hand, legerdemain, prestidigitation, magic,
conjuring; imposture, trickery, hankey-pankey.

juice, n.. sap, lush; must.

juicy, a. succulent, sappy, lush, luscious. Antonyms: juiceless,
sapless, dry.

jumble, v. confuse, disarrange, entangle, mix

jumble, n. disorder, confusion, disarray, mixture, entanglement,
chaos, hodgepodge.

jump, v. spring, bound, leap, hop, caper, vault; bounce, jolt.

jump, n. leap, spring, bound, hop, vault, caper, jolt.

junction, n. union, coalition; juncture.

juncture, n. joint, seam; crisis, conjuncture, point, exigency.

jungle, n. thicket, brake, boscage, brush.

junket, n. delicacy, sweetmeat; feast, banquet. --v. feast,
banquet, regale, entertain.

junta, n. council, tribunal, assembly, convention.

junto, n. secret council, cabal, clique, faction.

jury, n. Associated Words: impanel, panel, venire, venire, facias,
tales, talesman.

juryman, n. juror.

just, a. upright, honest, conscientious, honorable, straightforward;
condign, merited, deserved, due; reasonable, conscionable, equitable,
fair; unbiased, impartial correct, exact, accurate, proper, appropriate.
Antonyms: dishonest, inequitable, undeserved. See unjust.

just, adv. precisely, exactly; closely, nearly, almost; barely,
scarcely, only.

justice, n. justness, quity, impartiality; judge. Antonyms:
inequity, injustice.

justifiable, a. warrantable, defensible, vindicable.

justification, n. vindication, exuplpation, exoneration, defense.

justifier, n. justificatior, vindicator, defender.

justify, v. vindicate, warrant, excuse, exonorate, exculpate,
absolve, defend.

justle, v. clash, bump, jostle, collide.

justly, adv. honestly, fairly, equitably, impartially.

justness, n. justice, fairness, equity, impartiality, condignness.

jut, v. jut out, project, protrude.--n. projection, jutt.

jutting, a. projecting, protruding.

jutting out. projection, projecture, protrusion

jutty, n. pier, mole, jetty.

juvenile, a. youthful, young, immature.

juvenility, n. youthfulness, immaturity.


Keel over. (Colloq.) overturn, capsize, tip over.

keen, a. sharp, acute, trenchant; penetrating, shrewd, astute,
discerning; piercing, poignant, excruciating, a crimonious, mordacious,
bitter, intense, severe; eager, ardent, ravenous, vehement.

keep, n. custody, charge; maintenance, support; stronghold, donjon;
condition, case.

keep, v. detain, restrain, hold, retain, repress, withhold; preserve,
conserve; maintain, continue; guard, shield, defend, protect, screen,
preserve; entertain, harbor; observe, adhere to, fulfill; commemorate,
celebrate, solemnize; support, sustain, provide for.

keep back. reserve, withhold; restrain, repress, check.

keep company with. associate with, accompany, go with.

keep down. hold in subjection, restrain, hinder, subdue.

keeper, n. warden; superintendent, curator, custodian, guardian,
attendant, defender, overseer.

keep from. abstain from, refrain from.

keeping, n. holding, restraint, custody, guard, guardianship,
protection, tutelage; detention, retention; maintenance support,
subsistence, board; conformity, congruity, harmony, consistency,
correspondence; observance; celebration, commemoration, fulfillment.

keeping back. reservation, reserving, withholding; restraint,
repression, checking.

keep on. proceed, continue, persist.

keepsake, n. memento, souvenir.

keep to. adhere to.

keep under. hold in subjection, subdue, mortify.

keep up. maintain, continue.

kelter, n. (Colloq.) condition, order.

kernel, n. seed, grain; nucleus; gist, core, pith, substance,
essence, marrow. Associated Words: enucleate, enucleation, exacinate,

kerosene, n. coal oil, petroleum.

kettle, n. caldron (a large kettle).

kettledrum, n. tympano; pl. tympani.

key, n. Associated Words: claviger, clavigerous, cleidomancy,
escutcheon, lock.

key, n. pitch, tone.

key, n. clew, solution, guide, explanation, elucidation, clavis;
wharf, quay; forelock, cotter, bar, pin; samara.

keyboard, n. clavier.

kick, v. spurn, calcitrate, recalcitrate, winch; resist, oppose;

kick, n. kicking, opposition.

kicking, n. spurning, recalcitration, calcitration, winch;
opposition, resistance.

kicking, a. recalcitrant, calcitrant, resistant.

kiddy, v. (Slang) deceive, outwit, hoax.

kidnap, v. abduct.

kidnapper, n. abductor, man-stealer.

kidnapping, n. abduction.

kidney, n. Associated Words: nephrology, nephrotomy, nephritis,
renal, emunctory, nephritic, loins, reins.

kidney, n. sort, kind, variety, disposition.

kidney-shaped, a. reniform.

kidney stone. nephrite, jade.

kill, v. slay, slaughter, murder, assassinate, butcher, despatch,
execute, lynch, massacre, burke, immolate, guillotine, decimate, destroy,
blast; counteract, neutralize; quell, extinguish.

killer, n. slayer, murderer, butcher, assassin, assassinator,
executor, destroyer.

killing, n. slaying, slaughter, butchering, butchery, assassination,
massacre, strangulation, immolation, holocaust, execution, fusillade,
carnage, murder, manslaughter, chaud-medley, lynching, guillotine,
burkism, garrote, chance-medley, decimation, assideration, destruction,
blasting; counteraction, neutralization.

killing, a. fatal, mortal, deadly, destructive; captivating,
charming, fascinating.

kilt, n. filibeg.

kilter, n. (Colloq.) condition, order.

kin, n. relationship; relatives, relations, kindred, kinsfolk,

kin, a. kindred.

kind, a. indulgent, compassionate, merciful, lenient, clement,
benignant, gracious, benevolent, kind-hearted, forbearing, benign,
beneficent, humane, obliging.

kind, n. variety, genus, species, strain, breed, nature, genre, sort,
style, character, description, kidney.

kind-hearted, a. compassionate, lenient, clement, kind.

kindle, v. enkindle, fire, ignite, incite, inflame, rouse.

kindling, n. enkindling, incitement, accension.

kindly, a. kind.

kindness, n. compassion, benignity, benevolence, kindliness,
graciousness, clemency, compassionateness; favor, service, good turn.

kindred, n. relationship; relatives, relations, kinsfolk, kin,

kindred, a. related, congenial, allied, similar.

kine, n. pl. cows, cattle.

king, n. monarch, sovereign, potentate, regulus. Associated Words:
regicide royalty, regnal, regnant, regnancy, regalia, viceroy, camarilla,
dynastic, dynasty.

kingdom, n. empire, dominion, sovereignty, monarchy, realm.

kingly, a. royal, regal, monarchical; sovereign, august, majestic,
grand. Antonyms: servile, mean, abject, slavish, unkingly.

king's evil. scrofula.

kink, v. snarl, become entangled.

kink, n. snarl, knot, entanglement, twist; crotchet, whim, caprice,

kinky, a. snarled, tangled, knotted; crotchety, eccentric,

kinsman, n. relative.

kiss, v. osculate.

kiss, n. osculation, buss, smack; pax (kiss of peace).

kissing, n. osculation.--a. osculant, oscillatory.

kitchen, n. cookroom, cuisine, scullery (back kitchen); galley
(Nautical). Associated Words: scullion, culinary, olitory.

kith, n. acquaintance.

knack, n. gimcrack, trinket, toy, plaything, knickknack, kickshaws,
gewgaw, bauble; skill, readiness, aptitude, proficiency, dexterity,
adroitness; trick, device.

knarl, n. knot, gnarl, knag, knurl, node.

knarled, a. knotted, gnarled, knurly, gnarly, knotty, knurled,

knave, n. villain, rascal, scamp. See scoundrel.

knavery, n. villainy, rascality, scoundrelism, chicanery,
knavishness, roguery.

knavish, a. unprincipled, rascally, villainous.

knee, n. Associated Words: genuflect, genuflection, ham, hock,
gonitis, stifle, geniculate, dib, quadriceps.

knee breeches. smallclothes, knickerbockers.

kneecap, n. patella, kneepan.

kneeling desk. priedieu.

knees, n. pl. marrowbones.

knickerbockers, n. pl. knee breeches, smallclothes.

knickknack, n. gimcrack, gewgaw, bauble, trinket, knack, curio,

knife, n. dagger, stiletto, dirk, poniard, bowie-knife, misericorde,
anlace, yataghan, machete, bolo, handjar, skean, creese, barong, sword,
billhook, saber; scalpel, lancet, bistoury; jackknife, pen-knife,
pocket-knife. Associated Words: cutler, cutlery, sheath, sheathe,
unsheathe, scabbard, cultrivorous, cultrate, cultriform, tang, scale,
spring, blade, kick, spatula.

knight, n. man-at-arms; champion, partisan, lover, gallant.

knighthood, n. chivalry. Associated Word: accolade.

knightly, a. chivalrous, gallant.

knob, n. excrescence, boss, lump, tubercle, knop, stud, hard
swelling; finial, knosp.

knock, v. rap; clash, bump; strike, beat.--n. blow, stroke; rap.

knock about. (Colloq.) wander about, saunter, stroll.

knock down. fell, floor, prostrate.

knockknee, n. inknee.

knock under. yield, submit, give in.

knoll, n. hillock, mound.

knop, n. See knob.

knot, n. entanglement, snarl, intricacy, complication; cluster,
group, band, bevy, gang, company; joint, node, knag, burl, gnarl, knob,
nodule, nodosity; tuft, bunch.

knot, v. entangle, tie, snarl. Antonyms: disentangle, unravel,

knotted, a. knurled, knaggy, gnarled, gnarly; snarled, entangled,

knotty, a. knotted, gnarled, crossgrained; intricate, difficult,

knowable, a. ascertainable, cognizable, cognoscible, intelligible,
recognizable. Antonyms: unknowable, unascertainable, incognoscible,

knowall, n. (Colloq.) wiseacre, quidnunc.

knowing, a. intelligent, sagacious, wise, clever; expressive,
significant; (Colloq.) artful, sharp, cunning.

knowingly, adv. consciously, intelligently, wittingly, designedly,
sagely, purposely, sapiently, significantly, expressively.

knowledge, n. learning, lore, erudition, culture, enlightenment,
attainments, information; cognizance, apprehension, cognition,
understanding, ken; omniscience (universal knowledge); prescience
(foreknowledge); polymathy. Antonyms: sciolism, ignorance,
inerudition, dilettanteism pedantry, unfamiliarity.

knuckle bones. dibs.

knuckle to. (Colloq.) submit to, yield, cringe, obey.

kodak, n. camera (portable).


labor, n. toil, work, drudgery, task, industry, travail.

labor, v. toil, work, drudge, slave, moil, travail.

labored, a. studied, elaborate, overwrought, stiff, unnatural.

laborer, n. toiler, workman, stevedore, roustabout, drudge, hack,
peon, coolie, navvy.

laborious, a. toilsome, arduous, onerous; diligent, industrious,

labyrinth, n. maze, intricacy, complexity.

lace, n. string, cord, thong, aglet.

lacerate, v. tear, rend, mangle, laniate, harrow, wound, harry,

laceration, n. tearing, rending, laniation, harrowing, wound.

lack, v. need, want, be in need of, require, sedulous.

labyrinth, n. maze, intricacy, complexity.

lace, n. string, cord, thong, aglet.

lacerate, v. tear, rend, mangle, laniate, harrow, wound, harry,

laceration, n. tearing, rending, laniation, harrowing, wound.

lack, v. need, want, be in need of, require.

lack, n. want, need, deficiency, dearth, paucity, scarcity, drought,
default, deficit, insufficiency, inadequacy, shortness.

lackadaisical, a. pensive, dreamy, languishing, die-away.

lackey, n. flunky.

lacking, a. deficient, insufficient, unsupplied, shy, wanting,

ladylove, n. See sweetheart.

lag, v. fall behind, loiter, linger, delay, saunter.

laggard, n. loiterer, lagger, lingerer, saunterer, idler.

lake, n. pond; lagoon. Associated Words: lacustrine, lacustral.

lamb, n. eanling, yeanling, lambkin, cosset.

lambaste, v. (Low) pommel, maul, belabor, beat, strike.

lame, v. disable, maim, cripple, hamstring.

lame, a. crippled, hobbling, limping, halt, deformed, game, maimed,
disabled; inconclusive, unconvincing, inefficient, feeble, unsatisfactory.

lament, v. bemoan, weep, wail, deplore, grieve, bewail, mourn.

lamentable, a. deplorable, grievous, pitiable, distressing,

lamentation, n. wailing, lament, grief, bewailing, plaint, sorrow.

lamented, a. mourned for, deplored.

lampoon, v. libel, defame, satirize.

lampoon, n. libel, pasqinade, iambic.

lance, n. spear, javelin, harpoon.

land, n. terra firma; country; freehold, ground, soil, earth; realty,
real estate; demesne, glebe, close, garth, holm, arado, assart, reliction,
dereliction, alluvium, cadastre, appanage, arable, fallow, allodium,
innings, abuttal; farm, plantation; continent, island, peninsula, delta,
isthmus, headland, cape, plateau, barens. Associated Words: agronomy,
agronomist, agronomics, agronomic, agricultre, agricultral, agriculturist,
georgics, geoponics, escheat, arable, inarable, agrarian, agrarianism,
agrarianize, topography, tilth, terrain, terrene, till, geoscopy,

land, v. disembark, debark; capture.

landing, n. disembarkation, debarkation; wharf, dock, quay; capture.

landlord, n. host, hotel-keeper, inn-keeper, Boniface; owner,

Land of promise. Canaan.

landscape, n. scene, scenery, view, prospect.

language, n. speech, tongue, vernacular; dialect; idiom, phraseology,
diction; argot, flash, slang, lingo, cant, jargon, gibberish; Volapuk,
pasilaly, Esperanto. Associated Words: lingual, linguistic, linguist,
linguistics, philology, philologist, philological, polyglot, glottology,
glossology, paleography, glossologist, monoglot, grammar grammarian,
chrestomathy, glossolaly, collingual.

languid, a. unanimated, flagging, lifeless, supine, listless,
sluggish, tardy, slow.

languor, n. exhaustion, lassitude, inanition, listlessness.

lanky, a. gangling, overgrown.

lapse, n. slip, misstep, indiscretion; backsliding; devolution.

lard, n. grease; leaflard, flare; axunge.--v. interlard.

larder, n. buttery, pantry, spence.

lardy, a. lardaceous.

large, a. big, extensive, huge, unwieldy, vast, massive, immense,
colossal, gigantic, bulky; ample, copious, liberal, unstinted; generous,
liberal, munificent, princely; hypertrophied; spacious, commodious,

lariat, n. lasso, reata.

lark, n. frolic.

larrup, v. (Colloq.) whip, beat, trounce, flog.

larva, n. caterpillar, grub, maggot; pl. larvæ. Associated
words: silphology, pupa, chrysalis.

lascivious, a. lewd, libidinous, salacious. See lustful.

large, a. big, extensive, huge, unwieldy, vast, massive, immense,
colossal, gigantic, bulky; ample, copious, liberal, unstinted; generous,


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