Roget's Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases: Body

Part 1 out of 14


Poster's note: The dagger symbol has been replaced
by the carat "^" for this plain-text file. You may
interpret the carat as a dagger in the original
_except_ in one place, where the carat itself is
defined in the Special Characters List in section 550.





1. Existence -- N. existence, being, entity, ens [Lat.], esse [Lat.],
reality, actuality; positiveness &c adj.; fact, matter of fact,
sober reality; truth &c 494; actual existence.
presence &c (existence in space) 186; coexistence &c 120.
stubborn fact, hard fact; not a dream &c 515; no joke.
center of life, essence, inmost nature, inner reality, vital
[Science of existence], ontology.
V. exist, be; have being &c n.; subsist, live, breathe, stand, obtain,
be the case; occur &c (event) 151; have place, prevail; find oneself,
pass the time, vegetate.
consist in, lie in; be comprised in, be contained in, be
constituted by.
come into existence &c n.; arise &c (begin) 66; come forth &c
(appear) 446.
become &c (be converted) 144; bring into existence &c 161.
abide, continue, endure, last, remain, stay.
Adj. existing &c v.; existent, under the sun; in existence &c n.;
extant; afloat, afoot, on foot, current, prevalent; undestroyed.
real, actual, positive, absolute; true &c 494; substantial,
substantive; self-existing, self-existent; essential.
well-founded, well-grounded; unideal^, unimagined; not potential &c
2; authentic.
Adv. actually &c adj.; in fact, in point of fact, in reality; indeed;
de facto, ipso facto.
Phr. ens rationis [Lat.]; ergo sum cogito [Lat.], thinkest thou
existence doth depend on time? [Byron].

2. Inexistence -- N. inexistence^; nonexistence, nonsubsistence;
nonentity, nil; negativeness &c adj.; nullity; nihility^, nihilism;
tabula rasa [Lat.], blank; abeyance; absence &c 187; no such thing &c
4; nonbeing, nothingness, oblivion.
annihilation; extinction &c (destruction) 162; extinguishment,
extirpation, Nirvana, obliteration.
V. not exist &c 1; have no existence &c 1; be null and void; cease to
exist &c 1; pass away, perish; be extinct, become extinct &c adj.; die
out; disappear &c 449; melt away, dissolve, leave not a rack behind;
go, be no more; die &c 360.
annihilate, render null, nullify; abrogate &c 756; destroy &c 162;
take away; remove &c (displace) 185; obliterate, extirpate.
Adj. inexistent^, nonexistent &c 1; negative, blank; missing, omitted;
absent &c 187; insubstantial, shadowy, spectral, visionary.
unreal, potential, virtual; baseless, in nubibus [Lat.];
unsubstantial &c 4; vain.
unborn, uncreated^, unbegotten, unconceived, unproduced, unmade.
perished, annihilated, &c v.; extinct, exhausted, gone, lost,
vanished, departed, gone with the wind; defunct &c (dead) 360.
fabulous, ideal &c (imaginary) 515, supposititious &c 514.
Adv. negatively, virtually &c adj..
Phr. non ens [Lat.].


3. Substantiality -- N. substantiality, hypostasis; person, being,
thing, object, article, item; something, a being, an existence;
creature, body, substance, flesh and blood, stuff, substratum; matter
&c 316; corporeity^, element, essential nature, groundwork, materiality,
substantialness, vital part.
[Totality of existences], world &c 318; plenum.
Adj. substantive, substantial; hypostatic; personal, bodily, tangible
&c (material) 316; corporeal.
Adv. substantially &c adj.; bodily, essentially.

4. Unsubstantiality -- N. unsubstantiality^, insubstantiality;
nothingness, nihility^; no degree, no part, no quantity, no thing.
nothing, naught, nil, nullity, zero, cipher, no one, nobody; never
a one, ne'er a one [Contr.]; no such thing, none in the world; nothing
whatever, nothing at all, nothing on earth; not a particle &c
(smallness) 32; all talk, moonshine, stuff and nonsense; matter of no
importance, matter of no consequence.
thing of naught, man of straw, John Doe and Richard Roe, faggot
voter; nominis umbra [Lat.], nonentity; flash in the pan, vox et
praeterea nihil [Lat.].
shadow; phantom &c (fallacy of vision) 443; dream &c (imagination)
515; ignis fatuus &c (luminary) 423 [Lat.]; such stuff as dreams are
made of [Tempest]; air, thin air, vapor; bubble &c 353; baseless fabric
of a vision [Tempest]; mockery.
hollowness, blank; void &c (absence) 187.
inanity, fool's paradise.
V. vanish, evaporate, fade, dissolve, melt away; disappear &c 449.
Adj. unsubstantial; baseless, groundless; ungrounded; without
foundation, having no foundation.
visionary &c (imaginary) 515; immaterial &c 137; spectral &c 980;
dreamy; shadowy; ethereal, airy; cloud built, cloud formed; gossamery,
illusory, insubstantial, unreal.
vacant, vacuous; empty &c 187; eviscerated; blank, hollow;
nominal; null; inane.
Phr. there's nothing in it; an ocean of dreams without a sound


Internal conditions

5. Intrinsicality -- N. intrinsicality^, inbeing^, inherence, inhesion^;
subjectiveness; ego; egohood^; essence, noumenon; essentialness^ &c
adj.; essential part, quintessence, incarnation, quiddity, gist, pith,
marrow, core, sap, lifeblood, backbone, heart, soul; important part &c
(importance) 642.
principle, nature, constitution, character, type, quality, crasis^,
habit; temper, temperament; spirit, humor, grain; disposition.
endowment, capacity; capability &c (power) 157.
moods, declensions, features, aspects; peculiarities &c
(speciality) 79; idiosyncrasy, oddity; idiocrasy &c (tendency) 176;
V. be in the blood, run in the blood; be born so; be intrinsic &c adj..
Adj. derived from within, subjective; intrinsic, intrinsical^;
fundamental, normal; implanted, inherent, essential, natural; innate,
inborn, inbred, ingrained, inwrought; coeval with birth, genetous^,
haematobious^, syngenic^; radical, incarnate, thoroughbred, hereditary,
inherited, immanent; congenital, congenite^; connate, running in the
blood; ingenerate^, ingenite^; indigenous; in the grain &c n.; bred in
the bone, instinctive; inward, internal &c 221; to the manner born;
characteristic &c (special) 79, (indicative) 550; invariable,
incurable, incorrigible, ineradicable, fixed.
Adv. intrinsically &c adj.; at bottom, in the main, in effect,
practically, virtually, substantially, au fond; fairly.
Phr. character is higher than intellect [Emerson]; come give us a taste
of your quality [Hamlet]; magnos homines virtute metimur non fortuna
[Lat.] [Nepos]; non numero haec judicantur sed pondere [Lat.] [Cicero];
vital spark of heavenly flame [Pope].

External conditions

6. Extrinsicality -- N. extrinsicality^, objectiveness, non ego;
extraneousness &c 57; accident; appearance, phenomenon &c 448.
Adj. derived from without; objective; extrinsic, extrinsical^;
extraneous &c (foreign) 57; modal, adventitious; ascititious^,
adscititious^; incidental, accidental, nonessential; contingent,
implanted, ingrafted^; inculcated, infused.
outward, apparent &c (external) 220.
Adv. extrinsically &c adj..



7. State -- N. state, condition, category, estate, lot, ease, trim,
mood, pickle, plight, temper; aspect &c (appearance) 448, dilemma,
pass, predicament.
constitution, habitude, diathesis^; frame, fabric &c 329; stamp,
set, fit, mold, mould.
mode, modality, schesis^; form &c (shape) 240.
tone, tenor, turn; trim, guise, fashion, light, complexion, style,
V. be in a state, possess a state, enjoy a state, labor under a state
&c n.; be on a footing, do, fare; come to pass.
Adj. conditional, modal, formal; structural, organic.
Adv. conditionally &c adj.; as the matter stands, as things are; such
being the case &c 8.


8. Circumstance -- N. circumstance, situation, phase, position,
posture, attitude, place, point; terms; regime; footing, standing,
occasion, juncture, conjunctive; contingency &c (event) 151.
predicament; emergence, emergency; exigency, crisis, pinch, pass,
push; occurrence; turning point.
bearings, how the land lies.
surroundings, context, environment 232; location 184.
contingency, dependence (uncertainty) 475; causation 153,
attribution 155.
Adj. circumstantial; given, conditional, provisional; critical; modal;
contingent, incidental; adventitious &c (extrinsic) 6; limitative^.
Adv. in the circumstances, under the circumstances &c n., the
circumstances, conditions &c 7; thus, in such wise.
accordingly; that being the case, such being the case, in view of
the circumstances; that being so, sith^, since, seeing that.
as matters stand; as things go, as times go.
conditionally, provided, if, in case; if so, if so be, if it be
so; depending on circumstances, in certain circumstances, under certain
conditions; if it so happen, if it so turn out; in the event of; in
such a contingency, in such a case, in such an event; provisionally,
unless, without.
according to circumstances, according to the occasion; as it may
happen, as it may turn out, as it may be; as the case may be, as the
wind blows; pro re nata [Lat.].
Phr. yet are my sins not those of circumstance [Lytton].



9. Relation -- N. relation, bearing, reference, connection, concern,
cognation; correlation &c 12; analogy; similarity &c 17; affinity,
homology, alliance, homogeneity, association; approximation &c
(nearness) 197; filiation &c (consanguinity) 11; interest; relevancy &c
23; dependency, relationship, relative position.
comparison &c 464; ratio, proportion.
link, tie, bond of union.
V. be related &c adj.; have a relation &c n.; relate to, refer to; bear
upon, regard, concern, touch, affect, have to do with; pertain to,
belong to, appertain to; answer to; interest.
bring into relation with, bring to bear upon; connect, associate,
draw a parallel; link &c 43.
Adj. relative; correlative &c 12; cognate; relating to &c v.; relative
to, in relation with, referable or referrible to^; belonging to &c v.;
appurtenant to, in common with.
related, connected; implicated, associated, affiliated, allied to;
en rapport, in touch with.
approximative^, approximating; proportional, proportionate,
proportionable; allusive, comparable.
in the same category &c 75; like &c 17; relevant &c (apt) 23;
applicable, equiparant^.
Adv. relatively &c adj.; pertinently &c 23.
thereof; as to, as for, as respects, as regards; about; concerning
&c v.; anent; relating to, as relates to; with relation, with reference
to, with respect to, with regard to; in respect of; while speaking of,
a propos of [Fr.]; in connection with; by the way, by the by; whereas;
for as much as, in as much as; in point of, as far as; on the part of,
on the score of; quoad hoc [Lat.]; pro re nata [Lat.]; under the head
of &c (class) 75, of; in the matter of, in re.
Phr. thereby hangs a tale [Taming of the Shrew].

10. [Want, or absence of relation.] Irrelation -- N. irrelation^,
dissociation; misrelation^; inapplicability; inconnection^;
multifariousness; disconnection &c (disjunction) 44; inconsequence,
independence; incommensurability; irreconcilableness &c (disagreement)
24; heterogeneity; unconformity &c 83; irrelevancy, impertinence, nihil
ad rem [Lat.]; intrusion &c 24; non-pertinence.
V. have no relation to &c 9; have no bearing upon, have no concern with
&c 9, have no business with; not concern &c 9; have no business there,
have nothing to do with, intrude &c 24.
bring in head and shoulders, drag in head and shoulders, lug in
head and shoulders.
Adj. irrelative^, irrespective, unrelated; arbitrary; independent,
unallied; unconnected, disconnected; adrift, isolated, insular;
extraneous, strange, alien, foreign, outlandish, exotic.
not comparable, incommensurable, heterogeneous; unconformable &c
irrelevant, inapplicable; not pertinent, not to the, purpose;
impertinent, inapposite, beside the mark, a propos de bottes [Fr.];
aside from the purpose, away from the purpose, foreign to the purpose,
beside the purpose, beside the question, beside the transaction, beside
the point; misplaced &c (intrusive) 24; traveling out of the record.
remote, far-fetched, out of the way, forced, neither here nor
there, quite another thing; detached, segregate; disquiparant^.
multifarious; discordant &c 24.
incidental, parenthetical, obiter dicta, episodic.
Adv. parenthetically &c adj.; by the way, by the by; en passant [Fr.],
incidentally; irrespectively &c adj.; without reference to, without
regard to; in the abstract &c 87; a se.

11. [Relations of kindred.] Consanguinity -- N. consanguinity,
relationship, kindred, blood; parentage &c (paternity) 166; filiation^,
affiliation; lineage, agnation^, connection, alliance; family
connection, family tie; ties of blood; nepotism.
kinsman, kinfolk; kith and kin; relation, relative; connection;
sibling, sib; next of kin; uncle, aunt, nephew, niece; cousin, cousin-
german^; first cousin, second cousin; cousin once removed, cousin twice
removed; &c near relation, distant relation; brother, sister, one's own
flesh and blood.
family, fraternity; brotherhood, sisterhood, cousinhood^.
race, stock, generation; sept &c 166; stirps, side; strain; breed,
clan, tribe, nation.
V. be related to &c adj.. claim relationship with &c n.. with.
Adj. related, akin, consanguineous, of the blood, family, allied,
collateral; cognate, agnate, connate; kindred; affiliated; fraternal.
intimately related, nearly related, closely related, remotely
related, distantly related, allied; german.

12. [Double or reciprocal relation.] Correlation -- N. reciprocalness
&c adj.^; reciprocity, reciprocation; mutuality, correlation,
interdependence, interrelation, connection, link, association;
interchange &c 148; exchange, barter.
reciprocator, reprocitist.
V. reciprocate, alternate; interchange &c 148; exchange; counterchange^.
Adj. reciprocal, mutual, commutual^, correlative, reciprocative,
interrelated, closely related; alternate; interchangeable;
interdependent; international; complemental, complementary.
Adv. mutually, mutatis mutandis [Lat.]; vice versa; each other, one
another; by turns &c 148; reciprocally &c adj..
Phr. happy in our mutual help [Milton].

13. Identity -- N. identity, sameness; coincidence, coalescence;
convertibility; equality &c 27; selfness^, self, oneself;
monotony, tautology &c (repetition) 104.
facsimile &c (copy) 21; homoousia: alter ego &c (similar) 17;
ipsissima verba &c (exactness) 494 [Lat.]; same; self, very, one and
the same; very thing, actual thing; real McCoy; no other; one and only;
in the flesh.
V. be identical &c adj.; coincide, coalesce, merge.
treat as the same, render the same, identical; identify; recognize
the identity of.
Adj. identical; self, ilk; the same &c n.. selfsame, one and the same,
coincide, coalescent, coalescing; indistinguishable; one;
equivalent &c (equal) 27; tweedle dee and tweedle dum [Lat.]; much the
same, of a muchness^; unaltered.
Adv. identically &c adj.; on all fours.

14. [Noncoincidence.] Contrariety -- N. contrariety, contrast, foil,
antithesis, oppositeness; contradiction; antagonism &c (opposition)
708; clashing, repugnance.
inversion &c 218; the opposite, the reverse, the inverse, the
converse, the antipodes, the antithesis, the other extreme.
V. be contrary &c adj.; contrast with, oppose; diller toto coelo
invert, reverse, turn the tables; turn topsy-turvy, turn end for
end, turn upside down, turn inside out.
contradict, contravene; antagonize &c 708.
Adj. contrary, contrarious^, contrariant^; opposite, counter, dead
against; converse, reverse; opposed, antithetical, contrasted,
antipodean, antagonistic, opposing; conflicting, inconsistent,
contradictory, at cross purposes; negative; hostile &c 703.
differing toto coelo [Lat.]; diametrically opposite; diametrically
opposed; as opposite as black and white, as opposite as light and
darkness, as opposite as fire and water, as opposite as the poles; as
different as night and day; Hyperion to a satyr [Hamlet]; quite the
contrary, quite the reverse; no such thing, just the other way, tout au
contraire [Fr.].
Adv. contrarily &c adj.; contra, contrariwise, per contra, on the
contrary, nay rather; vice versa; on the other hand &c (in
compensation) 30.
Phr. all concord's born of contraries [B.
Thesis, antithesis, synthesis [Marx].

15. Difference -- N. difference; variance, variation, variety;
diversity, dissimilarity &c 18; disagreement &c 24; disparity &c
(inequality) 28; distinction, contradistinction; alteration.
modification, permutation, moods and tenses.
nice distinction, fine distinction, delicate distinction, subtle
distinction; shade of difference, nuance; discrimination &c 465;
different thing, something else, apple off another tree, another
pair of shoes; horse of a different color; this that or the other.
V. be different &c adj.; differ, vary, ablude^, mismatch, contrast;
divaricate; differ toto coelo [Lat.], differ longo intervallo [It].
vary, modify &c (change) 140.
discriminate &c 465.
Adj. differing &c v.; different, diverse, heterogeneous, multifarious,
polyglot; distinguishable, dissimilar; varied, modified; diversified,
various, divers, all manner of, all kinds of; variform &c 81; daedal^.
other, another, not the same; unequal &c 28.
unmatched; widely apart, poles apart, distinctive; characteristic,
discriminative, distinguishing.
incommensurable, incommensurate.
Adv. differently &c adj..
Phr. il y a fagots et fagots.


16. Uniformity -- N. uniformity; homogeneity, homogeneousness;
consistency; connaturality^, connaturalness^; homology; accordance;
conformity &c 82; agreement &c 23; consonance, uniformness.
regularity, constancy, even tenor, routine; monotony.
V. be uniform &c adj.; accord with &c 23; run through.
become uniform &c adj.; conform to &c 82.
render uniform, homogenize &c adj.; assimilate, level, smooth,
Adj. uniform; homogeneous, homologous; of a piece [Fr.], consistent,
connatural^; monotonous, even, invariable; regular, unchanged,
undeviating, unvaried, unvarying.
Adv. uniformly &c adj.; uniformly with &c (conformably) 82; in harmony
with &c (agreeing) 23.
always, invariably, without exception, without fail, unfailingly,
never otherwise; by clockwork.
Phr. ab uno disce omnes [Lat.].

16a. [Absence or want of uniformity.] Nonuniformity -- N. diversity,
irregularity, unevenness; multiformity &c 81; unconformity &c 83;
roughness &c 256; dissimilarity, dissimilitude, divarication,
Adj. diversified varied, irregular, uneven, rough &c 256; multifarious;
multiform &c 81; of various kinds; all manner of, all sorts of, all
kinds of.
Adv. variously, in all manner of ways, here there and everywhere.


17. Similarity -- N. similarity, resemblance, likeness, similitude,
semblance; affinity, approximation, parallelism; agreement &c 23;
analogy, analogicalness^; correspondence, homoiousia^, parity.
connaturalness^, connaturality^; brotherhood, family likeness.
alliteration, rhyme, pun.
repetition &c 104; sameness &c (identity) 13; uniformity &c 16;
analogue; the like; match, pendant, fellow companion, pair, mate,
twin, double, counterpart, brother, sister; one's second self, alter
ego, chip of the old block, par nobile fratrum [Lat.], Arcades ambo^,
birds of a feather, et hoc genus omne [Lat.]; gens de meme famille
parallel; simile; type &c (metaphor) 521; image &c
(representation) 554; photograph; close resemblance, striking
resemblance, speaking resemblance, faithful likeness, faithful
V. be similar &c adj.; look like, resemble, bear resemblance; smack of,
savor of, approximate; parallel, match, rhyme with; take after; imitate
&c 19; favor, span [U.S.].
render similar &c adj.; assimilate, approximate, bring near;
connaturalize^, make alike; rhyme, pun.
Adj. similar; resembling &c v.; like, alike; twin.
analogous, analogical; parallel, of a piece [Fr.]; such as, so;
connatural^, congener, allied to; akin to &c (consanguineous) 11.
approximate, much the same, near, close, something like, sort of,
in the ballpark, such like; a show of; mock, pseudo, simulating,
exact &c (true) 494; lifelike, faithful; true to nature, true to
life, the very image, the very picture of; for all the world like,
comme deux gouttes d'eau [Fr.]; as like as two peas in a pod, as like
as it can stare; instar omnium [Lat.], cast in the same mold,
ridiculously like.
Adv. as if, so to speak; as it were, as if it were; quasi, just as,
veluti in speculum [Lat.].
Phr. et sic de similibus [Lat.]; tel maitre tel valet [Fr.]; tel pere
tel fils [Fr.]; like master, like servant; like father, like son; the
fruit doesn't fall far from the tree; a chip off the old block

18. Dissimilarity -- N. dissimilarity, dissimilaritude^; unlikeness,
diversity, disparity, dissemblance^; divergence, variation.; difference
&c 15; novelty, originality; creativeness; oogamy^.
V. be unlike &c adj.; vary &c (differ) 15; bear no resemblance to,
differ toto coelo [Lat.].
render unlike &c adj.; vary &c (diversify) 140.
Adj. dissimilar, unlike, disparate; divergent; of a different kind; &c
(class) 75 unmatched, unique; new, novel; unprecedented &c 83;
nothing of the kind; no such thing, quite another thing; far from
it, cast in a different mold, tertium quid [Lat.], as like a dock as a
daisy, very like a whale [Hamlet]; as different as chalk from cheese,
as different as Macedon and Monmouth; lucus a non lucendo [Lat.].
diversified &c 16.1.
Adv. otherwise.
Phr. diis aliter visum [Lat.]; no more like my father than I to
Hercules [Hamlet].

19. Imitation -- N. imitation; copying &c v.; transcription;
repetition, duplication, reduplication; quotation; reproduction;
mimeograph, xerox, facsimile; reprint, offprint.
mockery, mimicry; simulation, impersonation, personation;
representation &c 554; semblance; copy &c 21; assimilation.
paraphrase, parody, take-off, lampoon, caricature &c 21.
plagiarism; forgery, counterfeit &c (falsehood) 544; celluloid.
imitator, echo, cuckoo^, parrot, ape, monkey, mocking bird, mime;
copyist, copycat; plagiarist, pirate.
V. imitate, copy, mirror, reflect, reproduce, repeat; do like, echo,
reecho, catch; transcribe; match, parallel.
mock, take off, mimic, ape, simulate, impersonate, personate; act
&c (drama) 599; represent &c 554; counterfeit, parody, travesty,
caricature, lampoon, burlesque.
follow in the steps of, tread in the steps, follow in the
footsteps of, follow in the wake of; take pattern by; follow suit,
follow the example of; walk in the shoes of, take a leaf out of
another's book, strike in with, follow suit; take after, model after;
Adj. imitated &c v.; mock, mimic; modelled after, molded on.
paraphrastic; literal; imitative; secondhand; imitable; aping,
apish, mimicking.
Adv. literally, to the letter, verbatim, literatim [Lat.], sic, totidem
verbis [Lat.], word for word, mot a mot [Fr.]; exactly, precisely.
Phr. like master like man; like - but oh! how different! [Wordsworth];
genius borrows nobly [Emerson]; pursuing echoes calling 'mong the rocks
Coles]; quotation confesses inferiority [Emerson]; Imitation is
the sincerest form of flattery.

20. Nonimitation -- N. no imitation; originality; creativeness.
invention, creation.
Adj. unimitated^, uncopied^; unmatched, unparalleled; inimitable &c 13;
unique, original; creative, inventive, untranslated; exceptional, rare,
sui generis uncommon [Lat.], unexampled.

20a. Variation -- N. variation; alteration &c (change) 140.
modification, moods and tenses; discrepance^, discrepancy.
divergency &c 291; deviation &c 279; aberration; innovation.
V. vary &c (change) 140; deviate &c 279; diverge &c 291; alternate,
Adj. varied &c v.; modified; diversified &c 16.1.

21. [Result of imitation.] Copy -- N. copy, facsimile, counterpart,
effigies, effigy, form, likeness.
image, picture, photo, xerox, similitude, semblance, ectype^, photo
offset, electrotype; imitation &c 19; model, representation,
adumbration, study; portrait &c (representation) 554; resemblance.
duplicate, reproduction; cast, tracing; reflex, reflexion [Brit.],
reflection; shadow, echo.
transcript [copy into a non-visual form], transcription;
recording, scan.
chip off the old block; reprint, new printing; rechauffe [Fr.];
apograph^, fair copy.
parody, caricature, burlesque, travesty, travestie^, paraphrase.
[copy with some differences] derivative, derivation, modification,
expansion, extension, revision; second edition &c (repetition) 104.
servile copy, servile imitation; plagiarism, counterfeit, fake &c
(deception) 545; pasticcio^.
Adj. faithful; lifelike &c (similar) 17; close, conscientious.
unoriginal, imitative, derivative.

22. [Thing copied.] Prototype -- N. prototype, original, model,
pattern, precedent, standard, ideal, reference, scantling, type;
archetype, antitype^; protoplast, module, exemplar, example, ensample^,
paradigm; lay-figure.
text, copy, design; fugleman^, keynote.
die, mold; matrix, last, plasm^; proplasm^, protoplasm; mint; seal,
punch, intaglio, negative; stamp.
V. be an example, be a role model, set an example; set a copy.
Phr. a precedent embalms a principle [Lat.Tran] [Disraeli]; exempla
sunt odiosa [Lat.].


23. Agreement -- N. agreement; accord, accordance; unison, harmony;
concord &c 714; concordance, concert; understanding, mutual
conformity &c 82; conformance; uniformity &c 16; consonance,
consentaneousness^, consistency; congruity, congruence; keeping;
congeniality; correspondence, parallelism, apposition, union.
fitness, aptness &c adj.; relevancy; pertinence, pertinencey^;
sortance^; case in point; aptitude, coaptation^, propriety,
applicability, admissibility, commensurability, compatibility;
cognation &c (relation) 9.
adaption^, adjustment, graduation, accommodation; reconciliation,
reconcilement; assimilation.
consent &c (assent) 488; concurrence &c 178; cooperation &c 709.
right man in the right place, very thing; quite the thing, just
the thing.
V. be accordant &c adj.; agree, accord, harmonize; correspond, tally,
respond; meet, suit, fit, befit, do, adapt itself to; fall in with,
chime in with, square with, quadrate with, consort with, comport with;
dovetail, assimilate; fit like a glove, fit to a tittle, fit to a T;
match &c 17; become one; homologate^.
consent &c (assent) 488.
render accordant &c adj.; fit, suit, adapt, accommodate; graduate;
adjust &c (render equal) 27; dress, regulate, readjust; accord,
harmonize, reconcile; fadge^, dovetail, square.
Adj. agreeing, suiting &c v.; in accord, accordant, concordant,
consonant, congruous, consentaneous^, correspondent, congenial;
coherent; becoming; harmonious reconcilable, conformable; in accordance
with, in harmony with, in keeping with, in unison with, &c n.; at one
with, of one mind, of a piece [Fr.]; consistent, compatible,
proportionate; commensurate; on all fours.
apt, apposite, pertinent, pat; to the point, to the purpose;
happy, felicitous, germane, ad rem [Lat.], in point, on point, directly
on point, bearing upon, applicable, relevant, admissible.
fit adapted, in loco, a propos [Fr.], appropriate, seasonable,
sortable, suitable, idoneous^, deft; meet &c (expedient) 646.
at home, in one's proper element.
Adv. a propos of [Fr.]; pertinently &c adj..
Phr. rem acu tetigisti [Lat.]; if the shoe fits, wear it; the cap fits;
auxilia humilia firma consensus facit [Lat.] [Syrus]; discers concordia
[Lat.] [Ovid].

24. Disagreement -- N. disagreement; discord, discordance; dissonance,
dissidence, discrepancy; unconformity &c 83; incongruity, incongruence^;
discongruity^, mesalliance; jarring &c v.; dissension &c 713; conflict
&c (opposition) 708; bickering, clashing, misunderstanding, wrangle.
disparity, mismatch, disproportion; dissimilitude, inequality;
disproportionateness &c adj.^; variance, divergence, repugnance.
unfitness &c adj.; inaptitude, impropriety; inapplicability &c
adj.; inconsistency, inconcinnity^; irrelevancy &c (irrelation) 10.
misjoining^, misjoinder^; syncretism^, intrusion, interference;
concordia discors [Lat.].
fish out of water.
V. disagree; clash, jar &c (discord) 713; interfere, intrude, come
amiss; not concern &c 10; mismatch; humano capiti cervicem jungere
equinam [Lat.].
Adj. disagreeing &c v.; discordant, discrepant; at variance, at war;
hostile, antagonistic, repugnant, incompatible, irreconcilable,
inconsistent with; unconformable, exceptional &c 83; intrusive,
incongruous; disproportionate, disproportionated^; inharmonious,
unharmonious^; inconsonant, unconsonant^; divergent, repugnant to.
inapt, unapt, inappropriate, improper; unsuited, unsuitable;
inapplicable, not to the point; unfit, unfitting, unbefitting;
unbecoming; illtimed, unseasonable, mal a propos [Fr.], inadmissible;
inapposite &c (irrelevant) 10.
uncongenial; ill-assorted, ill-sorted; mismatched, misjoined^,
misplaced, misclassified; unaccommodating, irreducible,
incommensurable, uncommensurable^; unsympathetic.
out of character, out of keeping, out of proportion, out of joint,
out of tune, out of place, out of season, out of its element; at odds
with, at variance with.
Adv. in defiance, in contempt, in spite of; discordantly &c adj.; a
tort et a travers^.
Phr. asinus ad lyram [Lat.].



25. [Absolute quantity.] Quantity -- N. quantity, magnitude; size &c
(dimensions) 192; amplitude, magnitude, mass, amount, sum, quantum,
measure, substance, strength, force.
[Science of quantity.] mathematics, mathesis^.
[Logic.] category, general conception, universal predicament.
[Definite or finite quantity.] armful, handful, mouthful,
spoonful, capful; stock, batch, lot, dose; yaffle^.
V. quantify, measure, fix, estimate, determine, quantitate, enumerate.
Adj. quantitative, some, any, aught, more or less, a few.
Adv. to the tune of, all of, a full, the sum of, fully, exactly,

26. [Relative quantity.] Degree -- N. degree, grade, extent, measure,
amount, ratio, stint, standard, height, pitch; reach, amplitude, range,
scope, caliber; gradation, shade; tenor, compass; sphere, station,
rank, standing; rate, way, sort.
point, mark, stage &c (term) 71; intensity, strength &c
(greatness) 31.
Adj. comparative; gradual, shading off; within the bounds &c (limit)
Adv. by degrees, gradually, inasmuch, pro tanto [It]; however,
howsoever; step by step, bit by bit, little by little, inch by inch,
drop by drop; a little at a time, by inches, by slow degrees, by
degrees, by little and little; in some degree, in some measure; to some
extent; di grado in grado [Lat.].


27. [Sameness of quantity or degree.] Equality -- N. equality, parity,
coextension^, symmetry, balance, poise; evenness, monotony, level.
equivalence; equipollence^, equipoise, equilibrium,
equiponderance^; par, quits, a wash; not a pin to choose; distinction
without a difference, six of one and half a dozen of the other; tweedle
dee and tweedle dum [Lat.]; identity &c 13; similarity &c 17.
equalization, equation; equilibration, co-ordination, adjustment,
drawn game, drawn battle; neck and neck race; tie, draw, standoff,
dead heat.
match, peer, compeer, equal, mate, fellow, brother; equivalent.
V. be equal &c adj.; equal, match, reach, keep pace with, run abreast;
come to, amount to, come up to; be on a level with, lie on a level
with; balance; cope with; come to the same thing.
render equal &c adj.; equalize level, dress, balance, equate,
handicap, give points, spot points, handicap, trim, adjust, poise; fit,
accommodate; adapt &c (render accordant) 23; strike a balance;
establish equality, restore equality, restore equilibrium; readjust;
stretch on the bed of Procrustes.
Adj. equal, even, level, monotonous, coequal, symmetrical, coordinate;
on a par with, on a level with, on a footing with; up to the mark;
equivalent, tantamount; indistinguishable; quits; homologous;
synonymous &c 522; resolvable into, convertible, much at one, as broad
as long, neither more nor less.; much the same as, the same thing as,
as good as; all one, all the same; equipollent, equiponderant^,
equiponderous^, equibalanced^; equalized &c v.; drawn; half and half;
isochronal, isochronous isoperimetric^, isoperimetrical^; isobath
[Ocean.], isobathic [Ocean.].
Adv. equally &c adj.; pari passu [Lat.], ad eundum [Lat.], caeteris
paribus [Lat.]; in equilibrio [Lat.]; to all intents and purposes.
Phr. it comes to the same thing, it amounts to the same thing; what is
sauce for the goose is sauce for the gander.

28. [Difference of quantity or degree.] Inequality -- N. inequality;
disparity, imparity; odds; difference &c 15; unevenness; inclination of
the balance, partiality, bias, weight; shortcoming; casting weight,
make-weight; superiority &c 33; inferiority &c 34; inequation^.
V. be unequal &c adj.; countervail; have the advantage, give the
advantage; turn the scale; kick the beam; topple, topple over;
overmatch &c 33; not come up to &c 34.
Adj. unequal, uneven, disparate, partial; unbalanced, overbalanced;
top-heavy, lopsided, biased, skewed; disquiparant^.
Adv. haud passibus aequis [Lat.] [Vergil].

29. Mean -- N. mean, average; median, mode; balance, medium,
mediocrity, generality; golden mean &c (mid-course) 628; middle &c 68;
compromise &c 774; middle course, middle state; neutrality.
mediocrity, least common denominator.
V. split the difference; take the average &c n.; reduce to a mean &c
n.; strike a balance, pair off.
Adj. mean, intermediate; middle &c 68; average; neutral.
mediocre, middle-class; commonplace &c (unimportant) 643.
Adv. on an average, in the long run; taking one with another, taking
all things together, taking it for all in all; communibus annis [Lat.],
in round numbers.
Phr. medium tenuere beati [Lat.].

30. Compensation -- N. compensation, equation; commutation;
indemnification; compromise; &c 774 neutralization, nullification;
counteraction &c 179; reaction; measure for measure, retaliation, &c
718 equalization; &c 27; robbing Peter to pay Paul.
set-off, offset; make-weight, casting-weight; counterpoise,
ballast; indemnity, equivalent, quid pro quo; bribe, hush money; amends
&c (atonement) 952; counterbalance, counterclaim; cross-debt, cross-
V. make compensation; compensate, compense^; indemnify; counteract,
countervail, counterpoise; balance; outbalance^, overbalance,
counterbalance; set off; hedge, square, give and take; make up for, lee
way; cover, fill up, neutralize, nullify; equalize &c 27; make good;
redeem &c (atone) 952.
Adj. compensating, compensatory; countervailing &c v.; in the opposite
scale; equivalent &c (equal) 27.
Adv. in return, in consideration; but, however, yet, still,
notwithstanding; nevertheless, nathless^, none the less; although,
though; albeit, howbeit; mauger^; at all events, at any rate; be that as
it may, for all that, even so, on the other, hand, at the same time,
quoad minus [Lat.], quand meme [Fr.], however that may be; after all is
said and done; taking one thing with another &c (average) 29.
Phr. light is mingled with the gloom [Whittier]; every dark cloud has a
silver lining; primo avulso non deficit alter [Vergil]; saepe creat
molles aspera spina rosas [Lat.] [Ovid].

31. Greatness -- N. greatness &c adj.; magnitude; size &c (dimensions)
192; multitude &c (number) 102; immensity; enormity; infinity &c 105;
might, strength, intensity, fullness; importance &c 642.
great quantity, quantity, deal, power, sight, pot, volume, world;
mass, heap &c (assemblage) 72; stock &c (store) 636; peck, bushel,
load, cargo; cartload^, wagonload, shipload; flood, spring tide;
abundance &c (sufficiency) 639.
principal part, chief part, main part, greater part, major part,
best part, essential part; bulk, mass &c (whole) 50.
V. be great &c adj.; run high, soar, tower, transcend; rise to a great
height, carry to a great height; know no bounds; ascend, mount.
enlarge &c (increase) 35, (expand) 194.
Adj. great; greater &c 33; large, considerable, fair, above par; big,
huge &c (large in size) 192; Herculean, cyclopean; ample; abundant; &c
(enough) 639 full, intense, strong, sound, passing, heavy, plenary,
deep, high; signal, at its height, in the zenith.
world-wide, widespread, far-famed, extensive; wholesale; many &c
goodly, noble, precious, mighty; sad, grave, heavy, serious; far
gone, arrant, downright; utter, uttermost; crass, gross, arch,
profound, intense, consummate; rank, uninitiated, red-hot, desperate;
glaring, flagrant, stark staring; thorough-paced, thoroughgoing;
roaring, thumping; extraordinary.; important &c 642; unsurpassed &c
(supreme) 33; complete &c 52.
august, grand, dignified, sublime, majestic &c (repute) 873.
vast, immense, enormous, extreme; inordinate, excessive,
extravagant, exorbitant, outrageous, preposterous, unconscionable,
swinging, monstrous, overgrown; towering, stupendous, prodigious,
astonishing, incredible; marvelous &c 870.
unlimited &c (infinite) 105; unapproachable, unutterable,
indescribable, ineffable, unspeakable, inexpressible, beyond
expression, fabulous.
undiminished, unabated, unreduced^, unrestricted.
absolute, positive, stark, decided, unequivocal, essential,
perfect, finished.
remarkable, of mark, marked, pointed, veriest; noteworthy;
Adv. truly &c (truth) 494 [in a positive degree]; decidedly,
unequivocally, purely, absolutely, seriously, essentially,
fundamentally, radically, downright, in all conscience; for the most
part, in the main.
[in a complete degree] entirely &c (completely) 52; abundantly &c
(sufficiently) 639; widely, far and wide.
[in a great or high degree] greatly &c adj.; much, muckle^, well,
indeed, very, very much, a deal, no end of, most, not a little; pretty,
pretty well; enough, in a great measure, richly; to a large extent, to
a great extent, to a gigantic extent; on a large scale; so; never so,
ever so; ever so dole; scrap, shred, tag, splinter, rag, much; by
wholesale; mighty, powerfully; with a witness, ultra [Lat.], in the
extreme, extremely, exceedingly, intensely, exquisitely, acutely,
indefinitely, immeasurably; beyond compare, beyond comparison, beyond
measure, beyond all bounds; incalculably, infinitely.
[in a supreme degree] preeminently, superlatively &c (superiority)
[in a too great degree] immoderately, monstrously, preposterously,
inordinately, exorbitantly, excessively, enormously, out of all
proportion, with a vengeance.
[in a marked degree] particularly, remarkably, singularly,
curiously, uncommonly, unusually, peculiarly, notably, signally,
strikingly, pointedly, mainly, chiefly; famously, egregiously,
prominently, glaringly, emphatically, kat exochin [Gr.], strangely,
wonderfully, amazingly, surprisingly, astonishingly, incredibly,
marvelously, awfully, stupendously.
[in an exceptional degree] peculiarly &c (unconformity) 83.
[in a violent degree] furiously &c (violence) 173; severely,
desperately, tremendously, extravagantly, confoundedly, deucedly,
devilishly, with a vengeance; a outrance^, a toute outrance [Fr.].
[in a painful degree] painfully, sadly, grossly, sorely, bitterly,
piteously, grievously, miserably, cruelly, woefully, lamentably,
shockingly, frightfully, dreadfully, fearfully, terribly, horribly.
Phr. a maximis ad minima [Lat.]; greatness knows itself [Henry IV];
mightiest powers by deepest calms are fed [B.
Cornwall]; minimum decet libere cui multum licet [Lat.] [Seneca];
some are born great, some achieve greatness, and some have greatness
thrust upon them [Twelfth Night].

32. Smallness -- N. smallness &c adj.; littleness &c (small size) 193;
tenuity; paucity; fewness &c (small number) 103; meanness,
insignificance (unimportance) 643; mediocrity, moderation.
small quantity, modicum, trace, hint, minimum; vanishing point;
material point, atom, particle, molecule, corpuscle, point, speck, dot,
mote, jot, iota, ace; minutiae, details; look, thought, idea, soupcon,
dab, dight^, whit, tittle, shade, shadow; spark, scintilla, gleam;
touch, cast; grain, scruple, granule, globule, minim, sup, sip, sop,
spice, drop, droplet, sprinkling, dash, morceau^, screed, smack, tinge,
tincture; inch, patch, scantling, tatter, cantlet^, flitter, gobbet^,
mite, bit, morsel, crumb, seed, fritter, shive^; snip, snippet; snick^,
snack, snatch, slip, scrag^; chip, chipping; shiver, sliver, driblet,
clipping, paring, shaving, hair.
nutshell; thimbleful, spoonful, handful, capful, mouthful;
fragment; fraction &c (part) 51; drop in the ocean.
animalcule &c 193.
trifle &c (unimportant thing) 643; mere nothing, next to nothing;
hardly anything; just enough to swear by; the shadow of a shade.
finiteness, finite quantity.
V. be small &c adj.; lie in a nutshell.
diminish &c (decrease) 36; (contract) 195.
Adj. small, little; diminutive &c (small in size) 193; minute; fine;
inconsiderable, paltry &c (unimportant) 643; faint &c (weak) 160;
slender, light, slight, scanty, scant, limited; meager &c
(insufficient) 640; sparing; few &c 103; low, so-so, middling,
tolerable, no great shakes; below par, under par, below the mark; at a
low ebb; halfway; moderate, modest; tender, subtle.
inappreciable, evanescent, infinitesimal, homeopathic, very small;
atomic, corpuscular, microscopic, molecular, subatomic.
mere, simple, sheer, stark, bare; near run.
dull, petty, shallow, stolid, ungifted, unintelligent.
Adv. to a small extent [in a small degree], on a small scale; a little
bit, a wee bit; slightly &c adj.; imperceptibly; miserably, wretchedly;
insufficiently &c 640; imperfectly; faintly &c 160; passably, pretty
well, well enough.
[in a certain or limited degree] partially, in part; in a certain
degree, to a certain degree; to a certain extent; comparatively; some,
rather in some degree, in some measure; something, somewhat; simply,
only, purely, merely; at least, at the least, at most, at the most;
ever so little, as little as may be, tant soit peu [Fr.], in ever so
small a degree; thus far, pro tanto [It], within bounds, in a manner,
after a fashion, so to speak.
almost, nearly, well-nigh, short of, not quite, all but; near
upon, close upon; peu s'en faut [Fr.], near the mark; within an ace of,
within an inch of; on the brink of; scarcely, hardly, barely, only
just, no more than.
about [in an uncertain degree], thereabouts, somewhere about,
nearly, say; be the same, be little more or less.
no ways [in no degree], no way, no wise; not at all, not in the
least, not a bit, not a bit of it, not a whit, not a jot, not a shadow;
in no wise, in no respect; by no means, by no manner of means; on no
account, at no hand.
Phr. dare pondus idonea fumo [Lat.] [Persius]; magno conatu magnas
nugas [Lat.] [Terence]; small sands the mountain, moments make the year

33. [Supremacy.] Superiority -- N. superiority, majority; greatness &c
31; advantage; pull; preponderance, preponderation; vantage ground,
prevalence, partiality; personal superiority; nobility &c (rank) 875;
Triton among the minnows, primus inter pares [Lat.], nulli secundus
[Lat.], captain; crackajack [U.S.].
supremacy, preeminence; lead; maximum; record; trikumia [Gr.],
climax; culmination &c (summit) 210; transcendence; ne plus ultra
[Lat.]; lion's share, Benjamin's mess; excess, surplus &c (remainder)
40; (redundancy) 641.
V. be superior &c adj.; exceed, excel, transcend; outdo, outbalance^,
outweigh, outrank, outrival, out-Herod; pass, surpass, get ahead of;
over-top, override, overpass, overbalance, overweigh, overmatch; top,
o'ertop, cap, beat, cut out; beat hollow; outstrip &c 303; eclipse,
throw into the shade, take the shine out of, outshine, put one's nose
out of joint; have the upper hand, have the whip hand of, have the
advantage; turn the scale, kick the beam; play first fiddle &c
(importance) 642; preponderate, predominate, prevail; precede, take
precedence, come first; come to a head, culminate; beat all others, &c
bear the palm; break the record; take the cake [U.S.].
become larger, render larger &c (increase) 35, (expand) 194.
Adj. superior, greater, major, higher; exceeding &c v.; great &c 31;
distinguished, ultra [Lat.]; vaulting; more than a match for.
supreme, greatest, utmost, paramount, preeminent, foremost,
crowning; first-rate &c (important) 642, (excellent) 648; unrivaled
peerless, matchless; none such, second to none, sans pareil [Fr.];
unparagoned^, unparalleled, unequalled, unapproached^, unsurpassed;
superlative, inimitable facile princeps [Lat.], incomparable,
sovereign, without parallel, nulli secundus [Lat.], ne plus ultra
[Lat.]; beyond compare, beyond comparison; culminating &c (topmost)
210; transcendent, transcendental; plus royaliste que le Roi [Fr.],
more catholic than the Pope increased &c (added to) 35; enlarged &c
(expanded) 194.
Adv. beyond, more, over; over the mark, above the mark; above par;
upwards of, in advance of; over and above; at the top of the scale, at
its height.
[in a superior or supreme degree] eminently, egregiously,
preeminently, surpassing, prominently, superlatively, supremely, above
all, of all things, the most, to crown all, kat exochin [Gr.], par
excellence, principally, especially, particularly, peculiarly, a
fortiori, even, yea, still more.
Phr. I shall not look upon his like again [Hamlet]; deos fortioribus
addesse [Lat.] [Tacitus].

34. Inferiority -- N. inferiority, minority, subordinacy; shortcoming,
deficiency; minimum; smallness &c 32; imperfection; lower quality,
lower worth.
[personal inferiority] commonalty &c 876.
V. be inferior &c adj.; fall short of, come short of; not pass, not
come up to; want.
become smaller, render smaller &c (decrease) 36, (contract) 195;
hide its diminished head, retire into the shade, yield the palm, play
second fiddle, be upstaged, take a back seat.
Adj. inferior, smaller; small &c 32; minor, less, lesser, deficient,
minus, lower, subordinate, secondary; secondrate &c (imperfect) 651;
sub, subaltern; thrown into the shade; weighed in the balance and found
wanting; not fit to hold a candle to, can't hold a candle to.
least, smallest &c (little) (small) &c 193; lowest.
diminished &c (decreased) 36; reduced &c (contracted) 195;
unimportant &c 643.
Adv. less; under the mark, below the mark, below par; at the bottom of
the scale, at a low ebb, at a disadvantage; short of, under.

35. Increase -- N. increase, augmentation, enlargement, extension;
dilatation &c (expansion) 194; increment, accretion; accession &c 37;
development, growth; aggrandizement, aggravation; rise; ascent &c 305;
exaggeration exacerbation; spread &c (dispersion) 73; flood tide; gain,
produce, product, profit.
V. increase, augment, add to, enlarge; dilate &c (expand) 194; grow,
wax, get ahead.
gain strength; advance; run up, shoot up; rise; ascend &c 305;
sprout &c 194.
aggrandize; raise, exalt; deepen, heighten; strengthen; intensify,
enhance, magnify, redouble; aggravate, exaggerate; exasperate,
exacerbate; add fuel to the flame, oleum addere camino [Lat.], superadd
&c (add) 37; spread &c (disperse) 73.
Adj. increased &c v.; on the increase, undiminished; additional &c
(added) 37.
Adv. crescendo.
Phr. vires acquirit eundo [Lat.] [Vergil].

36. Nonincrease, Decrease -- N. decrease, diminution; lessening &c v.;
subtraction &c 38; reduction, abatement, declension; shrinking &c
(contraction.) 195; coarctation^; abridgment &c (shortening) 201;
subsidence, wane, ebb, decline; ebbing; descent &c 306; decrement,
reflux, depreciation; deterioration &c 659; anticlimax; mitigation &c
(moderation) 174.
V. decrease, diminish, lessen; abridge &c (shorten) 201; shrink &c
(contract) 195; drop off, fall off, tail off; fall away, waste, wear;
wane, ebb, decline; descend &c 306; subside; melt away, die away;
retire into the shade, hide its diminished head, fall to a low ebb, run
low, languish, decay, crumble.
bate, abate, dequantitate^; discount; depreciate; extenuate, lower,
weaken, attenuate, fritter away; mitigate &c (moderate) 174; dwarf,
throw into the shade; reduce &c 195; shorten &c 201; subtract &c 38.
Adj. unincreased^ &c 35; decreased &c v.; decreasing &c v.; on the wane
&c n..
Phr. a gilded halo hovering round decay [Byron]; fine by degrees and
beautifully less [Prior].


37. Addition -- N. addition, annexation, adjection^; junction &c 43;
superposition, superaddition, superjunction^, superfetation; accession,
reinforcement; increase &c 35; increment, supplement; accompaniment &c
88; interposition &c 228; insertion &c 300.
V. add, annex, affix, superadd^, subjoin, superpose; clap on, saddle on;
tack to, append, tag; ingraft^; saddle with; sprinkle; introduce &c
(interpose) 228; insert &c 300.
become added, accrue; advene^, supervene.
reinforce, reenforce, restrengthen^; swell the ranks of; augment &c
Adj. added &c v.; additional; supplemental, supplementary; suppletory^,
subjunctive; adjectitious^, adscititious^, ascititious^; additive, extra,
Adv. au reste [Fr.], in addition, more, plus, extra; and, also,
likewise, too, furthermore, further, item; and also, and eke; else,
besides, to boot, et cetera; &c; and so on, and so forth; into the
bargain, cum multis aliis [Lat.], over and above, moreover.
with, withal; including, inclusive, as well as, not to mention,
let alone; together with, along with, coupled with, in conjunction
with; conjointly; jointly &c 43.
Phr. adde parvum parvo magnus acervus erit [Lat.].

38. Nonaddition. Subtraction -- N. subtraction, subduction^; deduction,
retrenchment; removal, withdrawal; ablation, sublation^; abstraction &c
(taking) 789; garbling, &c v.. mutilation, detruncation^; amputation;
abscission, excision, recision; curtailment &c 201; minuend,
subtrahend; decrease &c 36; abrasion.
V. subduct, subtract; deduct, deduce; bate, retrench; remove, withdraw,
take from, take away; detract.
garble, mutilate, amputate, detruncate^; cut off, cut away, cut
out; abscind^, excise; pare, thin, prune, decimate; abrade, scrape,
file; geld, castrate; eliminate.
diminish &c 36; curtail &c (shorten) 201; deprive of &c (take)
789; weaken.
Adj. subtracted &c v.; subtractive.
Adv. in deduction &c n.; less; short of; minus, without, except, except
for, excepting, with the exception of, barring, save, exclusive of,
save and except, with a reservation; not counting, if one doesn't

39. [Thing added] Adjunct -- N. adjunct; addition, additament^; additum
[Lat.], affix, appelidage^, annexe^, annex; augment, augmentation;
increment, reinforcement, supernumerary, accessory, item; garnish,
sauce; accompaniment &c 88; adjective, addendum; complement,
supplement; continuation.
rider, offshoot, episode, side issue, corollary; piece [Fr.];
flap, lappet, skirt, embroidery, trappings, cortege; tail, suffix &c
(sequel) 65; wing.
Adj. additional &c 37.
alate^, alated^; winged.
Adv. in addition &c 37.

40. [Thing remaining.] Remainder -- N. remainder, residue; remains,
remanent, remnant, rest, relic; leavings, heeltap^, odds and ends,
cheesepairings^, candle ends, orts^; residuum; dregs &c (dirt) 653;
refuse &c (useless) 645; stubble, result, educt^; fag-end; ruins, wreck,
skeleton., stump; alluvium.
surplus, overplus^, excess; balance, complement; superplus^,
surplusage^; superfluity &c (redundancy) 641; survival, survivance^.
V. remain; be left &c adj.; exceed, survive; leave.
Adj. remaining, left; left behind left over; residual, residuary; over,
odd; unconsumed, sedimentary; surviving; net; exceeding, over and
above; outlying, outstanding; cast off &c 782; superfluous &c
(redundant) 641.

40a. [Thing deducted.] Decrement -- N. decrement, discount, defect,
loss, deduction; afterglow; eduction^; waste.

41. [Forming a whole without coherence.] Mixture -- N. mixture,
admixture, commixture, commixtion^; commixion^, intermixture, alloyage^,
matrimony; junction &c 43; combination &c 48; miscegenation.
impregnation; infusion, diffusion suffusion, transfusion;
infiltration; seasoning, sprinkling, interlarding; interpolation; &c
228 adulteration, sophistication.
[Thing mixed] tinge, tincture, touch, dash, smack, sprinkling,
spice, seasoning, infusion, soupcon.
[Compound resulting from mixture] alloy, amalgam; brass, chowchow^,
pewter; magma, half-and-half, melange, tertium quid [Lat.], miscellany,
ambigu^, medley, mess, hotchpot^, pasticcio^, patchwork, odds and ends,
all sorts; jumble &c (disorder) 59; salad, sauce, mash, omnium gatherum
[Lat.], gallimaufry, olla-podrida^, olio, salmagundi, potpourri, Noah's
ark, caldron texture, mingled yarn; mosaic &c (variegation) 440.
half-blood, half-caste.
mulatto; terceron^, quarteron^, quinteron^ &c; quadroon, octoroon;
griffo^, zambo^; cafuzo^; Eurasian; fustee^, fustie^; griffe, ladino^,
marabou, mestee^, mestizo, quintroon, sacatra zebrule [Lat.]; catalo^;
cross, hybrid, mongrel.
V. mix; join &c 43; combine &c 48; commix, immix^, intermix; mix up
with, mingle; commingle, intermingle, bemingle^; shuffle &c (derange)
61; pound together; hash up, stir up; knead, brew; impregnate with;
interlard &c (interpolate) 228; intertwine, interweave &c 219;
associate with; miscegenate^.
be mixed &c; get among, be entangled with.
instill, imbue; infuse, suffuse, transfuse; infiltrate, dash,
tinge, tincture, season, sprinkle, besprinkle, attemper^, medicate,
blend, cross; alloy, amalgamate, compound, adulterate, sophisticate,
Adj. mixed &c v.; implex^, composite, half-and-half, linsey-woolsey,
chowchow, hybrid, mongrel, heterogeneous; motley &c (variegated) 440;
miscellaneous, promiscuous, indiscriminate; miscible.
Adv. among, amongst, amid, amidst; with; in the midst of, in the crowd.

42. [Freedom from mixture.] Simpleness -- N. simpleness &c adj.;
purity, homogeneity.
elimination; sifting &c v.; purification &c (cleanness) 652.
V. render simple &c adj.; simplify.
sift, winnow, bolt, eliminate; exclude, get rid of; clear; purify
&c (clean) 652; disentangle &c (disjoin) 44.
Adj. simple, uniform, of a piece [Fr.], homogeneous, single, pure,
sheer, neat.
unmixed, unmingled^, unblended, uncombined, uncompounded;
elementary, undecomposed; unadulterated, unsophisticated, unalloyed,
untinged^, unfortified, pur et simple [Fr.]; incomplex^.
free from, exempt from; exclusive.
Adv. simple &c adj.. only.

43. Junction -- N. junction; joining &c v.; joinder [Law], union
connection, conjunction, conjugation; annexion^, annexation, annexment^;
astriction^, attachment, compagination^, vincture^, ligation,
alligation^; accouplement^; marriage &c (wedlock,) 903; infibulation^,
inosculation^, symphysis [Anat.], anastomosis, confluence,
communication, concatenation; meeting, reunion; assemblage &c 72.
coition, copulation; sex, sexual congress, sexual conjunction,
sexual intercourse, love-making.
joint, joining, juncture, pivot, hinge, articulation, commissure^,
seam, gore, gusset, suture, stitch; link &c 45; miter mortise.
closeness, tightness, &c adj.; coherence &c 46; combination &c 48.
V. join, unite; conjoin, connect; associate; put together, lay
together, clap together, hang together, lump together, hold together,
piece together [Fr.], tack together, fix together, bind up together
together; embody, reembody^; roll into one.
attach, fix, affix, saddle on, fasten, bind, secure, clinch,
twist, make fast &c adj.; tie, pinion, string, strap, sew, lace, tat,
stitch, tack, knit, button, buckle, hitch, lash, truss, bandage, braid,
splice, swathe, gird, tether, moor, picket, harness, chain; fetter &c
(restrain) 751; lock, latch, belay, brace, hook, grapple, leash,
couple, accouple^, link, yoke, bracket; marry &c (wed) 903; bridge over,
braze; pin, nail, bolt, hasp, clasp, clamp, crimp, screw, rivet;
impact, solder, set; weld together, fuse together; wedge, rabbet,
mortise, miter, jam, dovetail, enchase^; graft, ingraft^, inosculate^;
entwine, intwine^; interlink, interlace, intertwine, intertwist^,
interweave; entangle; twine round, belay; tighten; trice up, screw up.
be joined &c; hang together, hold together; cohere &c 46.
Adj. joined &c v.; joint; conjoint, conjunct; corporate, compact; hand
in hand.
firm, fast, close, tight, taut, taught, secure, set, intervolved^;
inseparable, indissoluble, insecable^, severable.
Adv. jointly &c adj.; in conjunction with &c (in addition to) 37; fast,
firmly, &c adj.; intimately.
Phr. tria juncta in uno [Lat.].

44. Disjunction -- N. disjunction, disconnection, disunity, disunion,
disassociation, disengagement; discontinuity &c 70; abjunction^;
cataclasm^; inconnection^; abstraction, abstractedness; isolation;
insularity, insulation; oasis; island; separateness &c adj.; severalty;
disjecta membra [Lat.]; dispersion &c 73; apportionment &c 786.
separation; parting &c v.; circumcision; detachment, segregation;
divorce, sejunction^, seposition^, diduction^, diremption^, discerption^;
elision; caesura, break, fracture, division, subdivision, rupture;
compartition^; dismemberment, dislocation; luxation^; severance,
disseverance; scission; rescission, abscission; laceration,
dilaceration^; disruption, abruption^; avulsion^, divulsion^; section,
resection, cleavage; fission; partibility^, separability.
fissure, breach, rent, split, rift, crack, slit, incision.
dissection anatomy; decomposition &c 49; cutting instrument &c
(sharpness) 253; buzzsaw, circular saw, rip saw.
V. be disjoined &c; come off, fall off, come to pieces, fall to pieces;
peel off; get loose.
disjoin, disconnect, disengage, disunite, dissociate, dispair^;
divorce, part, dispart^, detach, separate, cut off, rescind, segregate;
set apart, keep apart; insulate, isolate; throw out of gear; cut
adrift; loose; unloose, undo, unbind, unchain, unlock &c (fix) 43,
unpack, unravel; disentangle; set free &c (liberate) 750.
sunder, divide, subdivide, sever, dissever, abscind^; circumcise;
cut; incide^, incise; saw, snip, nib, nip, cleave, rive, rend, slit,
split, splinter, chip, crack, snap, break, tear, burst; rend &c, rend
asunder, rend in twain; wrench, rupture, shatter, shiver, cranch^,
crunch, craunch^, chop; cut up, rip up; hack, hew, slash; whittle;
haggle, hackle, discind^, lacerate, scamble^, mangle, gash, hash, slice.
cut up, carve, dissect, anatomize; dislimb^; take to pieces, pull
to pieces, pick to pieces, tear to pieces; tear to tatters, tear
piecemeal, tear limb from limb; divellicate^; skin &c 226; disintegrate,
dismember, disbranch^, disband; disperse &c 73; dislocate, disjoint;
break up; mince; comminute &c (pulverize) 330; apportion &c 786.
part, part company; separate, leave.
Adj. disjoined &c v.; discontinuous &c 70; multipartite^, abstract;
disjunctive; secant; isolated &c v.; insular, separate, disparate,
discrete, apart, asunder, far between, loose, free; unattached,
unannexed, unassociated, unconnected; distinct; adrift; straggling;
rift, reft^.
[capable of being cut] scissile [Chem], divisible, discerptible^,
partible, separable.
Adv. separately &c adj.; one by one, severally, apart; adrift, asunder,
in twain; in the abstract, abstractedly.

45. [Connecting medium.] Connection -- N. vinculum, link; connective,
connection; junction &c 43; bond of union, copula, hyphen, intermedium^;
bracket; bridge, stepping-stone, isthmus.
bond, tendon, tendril; fiber; cord, cordage; riband, ribbon, rope,
guy, cable, line, halser^, hawser, painter, moorings, wire, chain;
string &c (filament) 205.
fastener, fastening, tie; ligament, ligature; strap; tackle,
rigging; standing rigging, running rigging; traces, harness; yoke; band
ribband, bandage; brace, roller, fillet; inkle^; with, withe, withy;
thong, braid; girder, tiebeam; girth, girdle, cestus^, garter, halter,
noose, lasso, surcingle, knot, running knot; cabestro [U.S.], cinch
[U.S.], lariat, legadero^, oxreim^; suspenders.
pin, corking pin, nail, brad, tack, skewer, staple, corrugated
fastener; clamp, U-clamp, C-clamp; cramp, cramp iron; ratchet, detent,
larigo^, pawl; terret^, treenail, screw, button, buckle; clasp, hasp,
hinge, hank, catch, latch, bolt, latchet^, tag; tooth; hook, hook and
eye; lock, holdfast^, padlock, rivet; anchor, grappling iron, trennel^,
stake, post.
cement, glue, gum, paste, size, wafer, solder, lute, putty,
birdlime, mortar, stucco, plaster, grout; viscum^.
shackle, rein &c (means of restraint) 752; prop &c (support) 215.
V. bridge over, span; connect &c 43; hang &c 214.

46. Coherence -- N. coherence, adherence, adhesion, adhesiveness;
concretion accretion; conglutination, agglutination, agglomeration;
aggregation; consolidation, set, cementation; sticking, soldering &c
v.; connection; dependence.
tenacity, toughness; stickiness &c 352; inseparability,
inseparableness; bur, remora.
conglomerate, concrete &c (density) 321.
V. cohere, adhere, stick, cling, cleave, hold, take hold of, hold fast,
close with, clasp, hug; grow together, hang together; twine round &c
(join) 43.
stick like a leech, stick like wax; stick close; cling like ivy,
cling like a bur; adhere like a remora, adhere like Dejanira's shirt.
glue; agglutinate, conglutinate^; cement, lute, paste, gum; solder,
weld; cake, consolidate &c (solidify) 321; agglomerate.
Adj. cohesive, adhesive, adhering, cohering &c v.; tenacious, tough;
sticky &c 352.
united, unseparated, unsessile^, inseparable, inextricable,
infrangible^; compact &c (dense) 321.

47. [Want of adhesion, nonadhesion, immiscibility.] Incoherence -- N.
nonadhesion^; immiscibility; incoherence; looseness &c adj.; laxity;
relaxation; loosening &c v.; freedom; disjunction &c 44; rope of sand.
V. make loose &c adj.; loosen, slacken, relax; unglue &c 46; detach &c
(disjoin) 44.
Adj. nonadhesive, immiscible; incoherent, detached, loose, baggy,
slack, lax, relaxed, flapping, streaming; disheveled; segregated, like
grains of sand unconsolidated &c 231, uncombined &c 48; noncohesive^.

48. Combination -- N. combination; mixture &c 41; junction &c 43;
union, unification, synthesis, incorporation, amalgamation, embodiment,
coalescence, crasis^, fusion, blending, absorption, centralization.
alloy, compound, amalgam, composition, tertium quid [Lat.];
resultant, impregnation.
V. combine, unite, incorporate, amalgamate, embody, absorb, reembody^,
blend, merge, fuse, melt into one, consolidate, coalesce, centralize,
impregnate; put together, lump together; cement a union, marry.
Adj. combined &c v.; impregnated with, ingrained; imbued inoculated.

49. Decomposition -- N. decomposition, analysis, dissection,
resolution, catalysis, dissolution; corruption &c (uncleanness) 653;
dispersion &c 73; disjunction &c 44; disintegration.
V. decompose, decompound; analyze, disembody, dissolve; resolve into
its elements, separate into its elements; electrolyze [Chem]; dissect,
decentralize, break up; disperse &c 73; unravel &c (unroll) 313;
crumble into dust.
Adj. decomposed &c v.; catalytic, analytical; resolvent, separative,


50. [Principal part.] Whole -- N. whole, totality, integrity; totalness
&c adj.^; entirety, ensemble, collectiveness^; unity &c 87; completeness
&c 52; indivisibility, indiscerptibility^; integration, embodiment;
all, the whole, total, aggregate, one and all, gross amount, sum,
sum total, tout ensemble, length and breadth of, Alpha and Omega, be
all and end all; complex, complexus^; lock stock and barrel.
bulk, mass, lump, tissue, staple, body, compages^; trunk, torso,
bole, hull, hulk, skeleton greater part, major part, best part,
principal part, main part; essential part &c (importance) 642; lion's
share, Benjamin's mess; the long and the short; nearly, all, almost
V. form a whole, constitute a whole; integrate, embody, amass;
aggregate &c (assemble) 72; amount to, come to.
Adj. whole, total, integral, entire; complete &c 52; one, individual.
unbroken, intact, uncut, undivided, unsevered^, unclipped^,
uncropped, unshorn; seamless; undiminished; undemolished, undissolved,
undestroyed, unbruised.
indivisible, indissoluble, indissolvable^, indiscerptible^.
wholesale, sweeping; comprehensive.
Adv. wholly, altogether; totally &c (completely) 52; entirely, all, all
in all, as a whole, wholesale, in a body, collectively, all put
together; in the aggregate, in the lump, in the mass, in the gross, in
the main, in the long run; en masse, as a body, on the whole, bodily^,
en bloc, in extenso [Lat.], throughout, every inch; substantially.
Phr. tout bien ou rien [Fr.].

51. Part -- N. part, portion; dose; item, particular; aught, any;
division, ward; subdivision, section; chapter, clause, count,
paragraph, verse; article, passage; sector, segment; fraction,
fragment; cantle, frustum; detachment, parcel.
piece [Fr.], lump, bit cut, cutting; chip, chunk, collop^, slice,
scale; lamina &c 204; small part; morsel, particle &c (smallness) 32;
installment, dividend; share &c (allotment) 786.
debris, odds and ends, oddments, detritus; excerpta^; member, limb,
lobe, lobule, arm, wing, scion, branch, bough, joint, link, offshoot,
ramification, twig, bush, spray, sprig; runner; leaf, leaflet; stump;
component part &c 56; sarmentum^.
compartment; department &c (class) 75; county &c (region) 181.
V. part, divide, break &c (disjoin) 44; partition &c (apportion) 786.
Adj. fractional, fragmentary; sectional, aliquot; divided &c v.; in
compartments, multifid^; disconnected; partial.
Adv. partly, in part, partially; piecemeal, part by part; by by
installments, by snatches, by inches, by driblets; bit by bit, inch by
inch, foot by foot, drop by drop; in detail, in lots.

52. Completeness -- N. completeness &c adj.; completion &c 729;
integration; allness^.
entirety; perfection &c 650; solidity, solidarity; unity; all; ne
plus ultra [Lat.], ideal, limit.
complement, supplement, make-weight; filling, up &c v.. impletion^;
saturation, saturity^; high water; high tide, flood tide, spring tide;
fill, load, bumper, bellyful^; brimmer^; sufficiency &c 639.
V. be complete &c adj.; come to a head.
render complete &c adj.; complete &c (accomplish) 729; fill,
charge, load, replenish; make up, make good; piece out [Fr.], eke out;
supply deficiencies; fill up, fill in, fill to the brim, fill the
measure of; saturate.
go the whole hog, go the whole length; go all lengths.
Adj. complete, entire; whole &c 50; perfect &c 650; full, good,
absolute, thorough, plenary; solid, undivided; with all its parts; all-
exhaustive, radical, sweeping, thorough-going; dead.
regular, consummate, unmitigated, sheer, unqualified,
unconditional, free; abundant &c (sufficient) 639.
brimming; brimful, topful, topfull; chock full, choke full; as
full as an egg is of meat, as full as a vetch; saturated, crammed;
replete &c (redundant) 641; fraught, laden; full-laden, full-fraught,
full-charged; heavy laden.
completing &c v.; supplemental, supplementary; ascititious^.
Adv. completely &c adj.; altogether, outright, wholly, totally, in
toto, quite; all out; over head and ears; effectually, for good and
all, nicely, fully, through thick and thin, head and shoulders; neck
and heel, neck and crop; in all respects, in every respect; at all
points, out and out, to all intents and purposes; toto coelo [Lat.];
utterly; clean, clean as a whistle; to the full, to the utmost, to the
backbone; hollow, stark; heart and soul, root and branch, down to the
to the top of one's bent, as far as possible, a outrance^.
throughout; from first to last, from beginning to end, from end to
end, from one end to the other, from Dan to Beersheba, from head to
foot, from top to toe, from top to bottom, de fond en comble [Fr.]; a
fond, a capite ad calcem [Lat.], ab ovo usque ad mala [Lat.], fore and
aft; every, whit, every inch; cap-a-pie, to the end of the chapter; up
to the brim, up to the ears, up to the eyes; as a as can be.
on all accounts; sous tous les rapports [Fr.]; with a vengeance,
with a witness.
Phr. falsus in uno falsus in omnibus [Lat.], false in one thing, false
in everything; omnem movere lapidem [Lat.]; una scopa nuova spazza bene

53. Incompleteness -- N. incompleteness &c adj.; deficiency, short
measure; shortcoming &c 304; insufficiency &c 640; imperfection &c 651;
immaturity &c (nonpreparation) 674; half measures.
[part wanting] defect, deficit, defalcation, omission; caret;
shortage; interval &c 198; break &c (discontinuity) 70; noncompletion
&c 730; missing link.
missing piece, missing part, gap, hole, lacuna.
V. be incomplete &c adj.; fall short of &c 304; lack &c (be
insufficient) 640; neglect &c 460.
Adj. incomplete; imperfect &c 651; unfinished; uncompleted &c
(complete) &c 729; defective, deficient, wanting, lacking, failing; in
default, in arrear^; short of; hollow, meager, lame, halfand-half,
perfunctory, sketchy; crude &c (unprepared) 674.
mutilated, garbled, docked, lopped, truncated.
in progress, in hand; going on, proceeding.
Adv. incompletely &c adj.; by halves.
Phr. caetera desunt [Lat.]; caret.

54. Composition -- N. composition, constitution, crasis^; combination &c
48; inclusion, admission, comprehension, reception; embodiment;
V. be composed of, be made of, be formed of, be made up of; consist of,
be resolved into.
include &c (in a class) 76; contain, hold, comprehend, take in,
admit, embrace, embody; involve, implicate; drag into.
compose, constitute, form, make; make up, fill up, build up; enter
into the composition of &c (be a component) 56.
Adj. containing, constituting &c v..

55. Exclusion -- N. exclusion, nonadmission, omission, exception,
rejection, repudiation; exile &c (seclusion) 893; noninclusion^,
preclusion, prohibition.
separation, segregation, seposition^, elimination, expulsion;
V. be excluded from &c; exclude, bar; leave out, shut out, bar out;
reject, repudiate, blackball; lay apart, put apart, set apart, lay
aside, put aside; relegate, segregate; throw overboard; strike off,
strike out; neglect &c 460; banish &c (seclude) 893; separate &c
(disjoin) 44.
pass over, omit; garble; eliminate, weed, winnow.
Adj. excluding &c v.; exclusive.
excluded &c v.; unrecounted^, not included in; inadmissible.
Adv. exclusive of, barring; except; with the exception of; save;

56. Component -- N. component; component part, integral part, integrant
part^; element, constituent, ingredient, leaven; part and parcel;
contents; appurtenance; feature; member &c (part) 51; personnel.
V. enter into, enter into the composition of; be a component &c n. be
part of, form part of &c 51; merge in, be merged in; be implicated in;
share in &c (participate) 778; belong to, appertain to; combine, inhere
in, unite.
form, make, constitute, compose.
Adj. forming &c v.. inclusive.

57. Extraneousness -- N. extraneousness &c adj.; extrinsicality &c 6;
exteriority &c 220; alienage^, alienism.
foreign body, foreign substance, foreign element; alien, stranger,
intruder, interloper, foreigner, novus homo [Lat.], newcomer,
immigrant, emigrant; creole, Africander^; outsider; Dago [Slang], wop,
mick, polak, greaser, slant, Easterner [U.S.], Dutchman, tenderfoot.
Adj. extraneous, foreign, alien, ulterior; tramontane, ultramontane.
excluded &c 55; inadmissible; exceptional.
Adv. in foreign parts, in foreign lands; abroad, beyond seas; over sea
on one's travels.



58. Order -- N. order, regularity, uniformity, symmetry, lucidus ordo
[Lat.]; music of the spheres.
gradation, progression; series &c (continuity) 69.
subordination; course, even tenor, routine; method, disposition,
arrangement, array, system, economy, discipline orderliness &c adj..
rank, place &c (term) 71.
V. be in order, become in order &c adj.; form, fall in, draw up;
arrange itself, range itself, place itself; fall into one's place, take
one's place, take one's rank; rally round.
adjust, methodize, regulate, systematize.
Adj. orderly, regular; in order, in trim, in apple-pie order, in its
proper place; neat, tidy, en regle [Fr.], well regulated, correct,
methodical, uniform, symmetrical, shipshape, businesslike, systematic;
unconfused &c (confuse) &c 61; arranged &c 60.
Adv. in order; methodically &c adj.; in turn, in its turn; by steps,
step by step; by regular steps, by regular gradations, by regular
stages, by regular intervals; seriatim, systematically, by clockwork,
gradatim [Lat.]; at stated periods &c (periodically) 138.
Phr. natura non facit saltum [Lat.]; order is heaven's first law
[Pope]; order from disorder sprung [Paradise Lost]; ordo est parium
dispariumque rerum sua loca tribuens dispositio [Lat.] [St.

59. [Absence, or want of Order, &c] Disorder -- N. disorder;
derangement &c 61; irregularity; anomaly &c (unconformity) 83; anarchy,
anarchism; want of method; untidiness &c adj.; disunion; discord &c 24.
confusion; confusedness &c adj.; mishmash, mix; disarray, jumble,
huddle, litter, lumber; cahotage^; farrago; mess, mash, muddle, muss
[U.S.], hash, hodgepodge; hotch-potch^, hotch-pot^; imbroglio, chaos,
omnium gatherum [Lat.], medley; mere mixture &c 41; fortuitous
concourse of atoms, disjecta membra [Lat.], rudis indigestaque moles
[Lat.] [Ovid].
complexity &c 59.1.
turmoil; ferment &c (agitation) 315; to-do, trouble, pudder^,
pother, row, rumble, disturbance, hubbub, convulsion, tumult, uproar,
revolution, riot, rumpus, stour^, scramble, brawl, fracas, rhubarb,
fight, free-for-all, row, ruction, rumpus, embroilment, melee, spill
and pelt, rough and tumble; whirlwind &c 349; bear garden, Babel,
Saturnalia, donnybrook, Donnybrook Fair, confusion worse confounded,
most admired disorder, concordia discors [Lat.]; Bedlam, all hell broke
loose; bull in a china shop; all the fat in the fire, diable a' quatre
[Fr.], Devil to pay; pretty kettle of fish; pretty piece of work [Fr.],
pretty piece of business [Fr.].
[legal terms] disorderly person; disorderly persons offence;
[moral disorder] slattern, slut (libertine) 962.
V. be disorderly &c adj.; ferment, play at cross-purposes.
put out of order; derange &c 61; ravel &c 219; ruffle, rumple.
Adj. disorderly, orderless; out of order, out of place, out of gear;
irregular, desultory; anomalous &c (unconformable) 83; acephalous^,
deranged; aimless; disorganized; straggling; unmethodical,
immethodical^; unsymmetric^, unsystematic; untidy, slovenly; dislocated;
out of sorts; promiscuous, indiscriminate; chaotic, anarchical;
unarranged &c (arrange) &c 60; confused; deranged &c 61; topsy-turvy &c
(inverted) 218; shapeless &c 241; disjointed, out of joint.
troublous^; riotous &c (violent) 173.
complex &c 59.1.
Adv. irregularly &c adj.; by fits, by fits and snatches, by fits and
starts; pellmell; higgledy-piggledy; helter-skelter, harum-scarum; in a
ferment; at sixes and sevens, at cross-purposes; upside down &c 218.
Phr. the cart before the horse; hysteron proteron [Gr.]; chaos is come
again; the wreck of matter and the crush of worlds [Addison].

59a. Complexity -- N. complexity; complexness &c adj.; complexus^;
complication, implication; intricacy, intrication^; perplexity; network,
labyrinth; wilderness, jungle; involution, raveling, entanglement; coil
&c (convolution) 248; sleave^, tangled skein, knot, Gordian knot, wheels
within wheels; kink, gnarl, knarl^; webwork^.
[complexity if a task or action] difficulty &c 704.
V. complexify^, complicate.
Adj. gnarled, knarled^.
complex, complexed; intricate, complicated, perplexed, involved,
raveled, entangled, knotted, tangled, inextricable; irreducible.

60. [Reduction to Order.] Arrangement -- N. arrangement; plan &c 626;
preparation &c 673; disposal, disposition; collocation, allocation;
distribution; sorting &c v.; assortment, allotment, apportionment,
taxis, taxonomy, syntaxis^, graduation, organization; grouping;
analysis, classification, clustering, division, digestion.
[Result of arrangement] digest; synopsis &c (compendium) 596;
syntagma [Gramm.], table, atlas; file, database; register.
&c (record) 551; organism, architecture.
[Instrument for sorting] sieve, riddle, screen, sorter.
V. reduce to order, bring into order; introduce order into; rally.
arrange, dispose, place, form; put in order, set in order, place
in order; set out, collocate, pack, marshal, range, size, rank, group,
parcel out, allot, distribute, deal; cast the parts, assign the parts;
dispose of, assign places to; assort, sort; sift, riddle; put to
rights, set to rights, put into shape, put in trim, put in array;
class, classify; divide; file, string together, thread; register
&c (record) 551; catalogue, tabulate, index, graduate, digest, grade.
methodize, regulate, systematize, coordinate, organize, settle,
unravel, disentangle, ravel, card; disembroil^; feaze^.
Adj. arranged &c v.; embattled, in battle array; cut and dried;
methodical, orderly, regular, systematic.
Phr. In vast cumbrous array [Churchill].

61. [Subversion of Order; bringing into disorder.] Derangement -- N.
derangement &c v.; disorder &c 59; evection^, discomposure, disturbance;
disorganization, deorganization^; dislocation; perturbation,
interruption; shuffling &c v.; inversion &c 218; corrugation &c (fold)
258; involvement.
interchange &c 148.
V. derange; disarrange, misarrange^; displace, misplace; mislay,
discompose, disorder; deorganize^, discombobulate, disorganize; embroil,
unsettle, disturb, confuse, trouble, perturb, jumble, tumble; shuffle,
randomize; huddle, muddle, toss, hustle, fumble, riot; bring into
disorder, put into disorder, throw into disorder &c 59; muss [U.S.];
break the ranks, disconcert, convulse; break in upon.
unhinge, dislocate, put out of joint, throw out of gear.
turn topsy-turvy &c (invert) 218; bedevil; complicate, involve,
perplex, confound; imbrangle^, embrangle^, tangle, entangle, ravel,
tousle, towzle^, dishevel, ruffle; rumple &c (fold) 258.
litter, scatter; mix &c 41.
rearrange &c 148.
Adj. deranged &c v.; syncretic, syncretistic^; mussy, messy; flaky;
random, unordered [U.S.].


62. Precedence -- N. precedence; coming before &c v.; the lead, le pas;
superiority &c 33; importance &c 642; antecedence, antecedency^;
anteriority &c (front) 234; precursor &c 64; priority &c 116;
precession &c 280; anteposition^; epacme^; preference.
V. precede; come before, come first; head, lead, take the lead; lead
the way, lead the dance; be in the vanguard; introduce, usher in; have
the pas; set the fashion &c (influence) 175; open the ball; take
precedence, have precedence; have the start &c (get before) 280.
place before; prefix; premise, prelude, preface.
Adj. preceding &c v.; precedent, antecedent; anterior; prior &c 116;
before; former; foregoing; beforementioned^, abovementioned^,
aforementioned; aforesaid, said; precursory, precursive^; prevenient^,
preliminary, prefatory, introductory; prelusive, prelusory; proemial^,
Adv. before; in advance &c (precession) 280.
Phr. seniores priores [Lat.]; prior tempore prior jure [Lat.].

63. Sequence -- N. sequence, coming after; going after &c (following)
281; consecution, succession; posteriority &c 117.
continuation; order of succession; successiveness; paracme^.
secondariness^; subordinancy &c (inferiority) 34.
afterbirth, afterburden^; placenta, secundines [Med.].
V. succeed; come after, come on, come next; follow, ensue, step into
the shoes of; alternate.
place after, suffix, append.
Adj. succeeding &c; v.; sequent^; subsequent, consequent, sequacious^,
proximate, next; consecutive &c (continuity) 69; alternate, amoebean^.
latter; posterior &c 117.
Adv. after, subsequently; behind &c (rear) 235.

64. Precursor -- N. precursor, antecedent, precedent, predecessor;
forerunner, vancourier^, avant-coureur [Fr.], pioneer, prodrome^,
prodromos^, prodromus^, outrider; leader, bellwether; herald, harbinger;
foreboding; dawn; avant-courier, avant-garde, bellmare^, forelooper^,
foreloper^, stalking-horse, voorlooper [Afrik.], voortrekker [Afrik.].
prelude, preamble, preface, prologue, foreword, avant-propos
[Fr.], protasis^, proemium^, prolusion^, proem, prolepsis [Gramm.],
prolegomena, prefix, introduction; heading, frontispiece, groundwork;
preparation &c 673; overture, exordium [Lat.], symphony; premises.
prefigurement &c 511; omen &c 512.
Adj. precursory; prelusive, prelusory, preludious^; proemial^,
introductory, prefatory, prodromous^, inaugural, preliminary; precedent
&c (prior) 116.
Phr. a precedent embalms a principle [Disraeli].

65. Sequel -- N. sequel, suffix, successor; tail, queue, train, wake,
trail, rear; retinue, suite; appendix, postscript; epilogue;
peroration; codicil; continuation, sequela^; appendage; tail piece
[Fr.], heelpiece^; tag, more last words; colophon.
aftercome^, aftergrowth^, afterpart^, afterpiece^, aftercourse^,
afterthought, aftergame^; arriere pensee [Fr.], second thoughts;

66. Beginning -- N. beginning, commencement, opening, outset,
incipience, inception, inchoation^; introduction &c (precursor) 64;
alpha, initial; inauguration, debut, le premier pas, embarcation [Fr.],
rising of the curtain; maiden speech; outbreak, onset, brunt;
initiative, move, first move; narrow end of the wedge, thin end of the
wedge; fresh start, new departure.
origin &c (cause) 153; source, rise; bud, germ &c 153; egg,
rudiment; genesis, primogenesis^, birth, nativity, cradle, infancy;
start, inception, creation, starting point &c 293; dawn &c (morning)
125; evolution.
title-page; head, heading; van &c (front) 234; caption, fatihah^.
entrance, entry; inlet, orifice, mouth, chops, lips, porch,
portal, portico, propylon^, door; gate, gateway; postern, wicket,
threshold, vestibule; propylaeum^; skirts, border &c (edge) 231.
first stage, first blush, first glance, first impression, first
rudiments, elements, outlines, grammar, alphabet, ABC.
V. begin, start, commence; conceive, open, dawn, set in, take its rise,
enter upon, enter; set out &c (depart) 293; embark in; incept^.
initiate, launch, inaugurate.
inchoate, rise, arise, originate.
usher in; lead off, lead the way; take the lead, take the
initiative; head; stand at the head, stand first, stand for; lay the
foundations &c (prepare) 673; found &c (cause) 153; set up, set on
foot, agoing^, set abroach^, set the ball in motion; apply the match to
a train; broach; open up, open the door to.
get underway, set about, get to work, set to work, set to; make a
beginning, make a start.
handsel; take the first step, lay the first stone, cut the first
turf; break ground, break the ice, break cover; pass the Rubicon, cross
the Rubicon; open fire, open the ball; ventilate, air; undertake &c
come into existence, come into the world; make one's debut, take
birth; burst forth, break out; spring up, spring forth, crop up, pop
up, appear, materialize.
begin at the beginning, begin ab ovo [Lat.].
begin again, begin de novo; start afresh, make a fresh start, take
it from the top, shuffle the cards, reshuffle the cards, resume,
Adj. beginning &c v.; initial, initiatory, initiative; inceptive,
introductory, incipient; proemial^, inaugural; inchoate, inchoative^;
embryonic, rudimental; primogenial^; primeval, primitive, primordial &c
(old) 124; aboriginal; natal, nascent.
first, foremost, leading; maiden.
begun &c v.; just begun &c v..
Adv. at the beginning, in the beginning, &c n.; first, in the first
place, imprimis [Lat.], first and foremost; in limine [Lat.]; in the
bud, in embryo, in its infancy; from the beginning, from its birth; ab
initio [Lat.], ab ovo [Lat.], ab incunabilis [Lat.], ab origine [Lat.].
Phr. let's get going!, let's get this show on the road!, up and at
'em!; aller Anfang ist schwer [G.], dimidium facti qui coepit habet
[Lat.] [Cicero]; omnium rerum principia parva sunt [Lat.] [Cicero].

67. End -- N. end, close, termination; desinence^, conclusion, finis,
finale, period, term, terminus, endpoint, last, omega; extreme,
extremity; gable end, butt end, fag-end; tip, nib, point; tail &c
(rear) 235; verge &c (edge) 231; tag, peroration; bonne bouche [Fr.];
bottom dollar, tail end, rear guard.
consummation, denouement; finish &c (completion) 729; fate; doom,
doomsday; crack of doom, day of Judgment, dies irae, fall of the
curtain; goal, destination; limit, determination; expiration, expiry^,
extinction, extermination; death &c 360; end of all things; finality;
break up, commencement de la fin, last stage, turning point; coup
de grace, deathblow; knock-out-blow; sockdolager [U.S.].
V. end, close, finish, terminate, conclude, be all over; expire; die &c
360; come-, draw-to-a-close &c n.; have run its course; run out, pass
bring to an end &c n.; put an end to, make an end of; determine;
get through; achieve &c (complete) 729; stop &c (make to cease) 142;
shut up shop; hang up one's fiddle.
Adj. ending &c v.; final, terminal, definitive; crowning &c
(completing) 729; last, ultimate; hindermost^; rear &c 235; caudal;
conterminate^, conterminous, conterminable^.
ended &c v.; at an end; settled, decided, over, played out, set at
rest; conclusive.
penultimate; last but one, last but two, &c unbegun, uncommenced^;
Adv. finally &c adj.; in fine; at the last; once for all.
Phr. as high as Heaven and as deep as hell [Beaumont and Fletcher];
deficit omne quod nascitur [Lat.] [Quintilian]; en toute chose il faut
considerer la fin [Fr.]; finem respice [Lat.]; ultimus Romanorum

68. Middle -- N. middle, midst, mediety^, mean &c 29; medium, middle
term; center &c 222, mid-course &c 628; mezzo termine [It]; juste
milieu &c 628 [Fr.]; halfway house, nave, navel, omphalos^; nucleus,
equidistance^, bisection, half distance; equator, diaphragm,
midriff; intermediate &c 228.
Adj. middle, medial, mesial [Med.], mean, mid, median, average;
middlemost, midmost; mediate; intermediate &c (interjacent) 228;
equidistant; central &c 222; mediterranean, equatorial; homocentric.
Adv. in the middle; midway, halfway; midships^, amidships, in medias

69. [Uninterrupted sequence.] Continuity -- N. continuity; consecution,
consecutiveness &c adj.; succession, round, suite, progression, series,
train chain; catenation, concatenation; scale; gradation, course;
ceaselessness, constant flow, unbroken extent.
procession, column; retinue, cortege, cavalcade, rank and file,
line of battle, array.
pedigree, genealogy, lineage, race; ancestry, descent, family,
house; line, line of ancestors; strain.
rank, file, line, row, range, tier, string, thread, team; suit;
V. follow in a series, form a series &c n.; fall in.
arrange in a series, collate &c n.; string together, file, thread,
graduate, organize, sort, tabulate.
Adj. continuous, continued; consecutive; progressive, gradual; serial,
successive; immediate, unbroken, entire; linear; in a line, in a row &c
n.; uninterrupted, unintermitting^; unremitting, unrelenting
(perseverence) 604.1; perennial, evergreen; constant.
Adv. continuously &c adj.; seriatim; in a line &c n.; in succession, in
turn; running, gradually, step by step, gradatim [Lat.], at a stretch;
in file, in column, in single file, in Indian file.

70. [Interrupted sequence.] Discontinuity -- N. discontinuity;
disjunction &c 44; anacoluthon^; interruption, break, fracture, flaw,
fault, crack, cut; gap &c (interval) 198; solution of continuity,
caesura; broken thread; parenthesis, episode, rhapsody, patchwork;
intermission; alternation &c (periodicity) 138; dropping fire.
V. be discontinuous &c adj.; alternate, intermit, sputter, stop and
start, hesitate.
discontinue, pause, interrupt; intervene; break, break in upon,
break off; interpose &c 228; break the thread, snap the thread;
disconnect &c (disjoin) 44; dissever.
Adj. discontinuous, unsuccessive^, broken, interrupted, dicousu [Fr.];
disconnected, unconnected; discrete, disjunctive; fitful &c (irregular)
139; spasmodic, desultory; intermitting, occasional &c v.,
intermittent; alternate; recurrent &c (periodic) 138.
Adv. at intervals; by snatches, by jerks, by skips, by catches, by fits
and starts; skippingly^, per saltum [Lat.]; longo intervallo [It].
Phr. like 'angel visits few and far between' [Campbell].

71. Term -- N. term, rank, station, stage, step; degree &c 26; scale,
remove, grade, link, peg, round of the ladder, status, position, place,
point, mark, pas, period, pitch; stand, standing; footing, range.
V. hold a place, occupy a place, find a place, fall into a place &c n..


72. Assemblage -- N. {opp.
73} assemblage; collection, collocation, colligation^; compilation,
levy, gathering, ingathering, muster, attroupement^; team; concourse,
conflux^, congregation, contesseration^, convergence &c 290; meeting,
levee, reunion, drawing room, at home; conversazione [It] &c (social
gathering) 892; assembly, congress; convention, conventicle; gemote^;
conclave &c (council) 696; posse, posse comitatus [Lat.]; Noah's ark.
miscellany, collectanea^; museum, menagerie &c (store) 636;
crowd, throng, group; flood, rush, deluge; rabble, mob, press,
crush, cohue^, horde, body, tribe; crew, gang, knot, squad, band, party;
swarm, shoal, school, covey, flock, herd, drove; atajo^; bunch, drive,
force, mulada [U.S.]; remuda^; roundup [U.S.]; array, bevy, galaxy;
corps, company, troop, troupe, task force; army, regiment &c
(combatants) 726; host &c (multitude) 102; populousness.
clan, brotherhood, fraternity, sorority, association &c (party)
volley, shower, storm, cloud.
group, cluster, Pleiades, clump, pencil; set, batch, lot, pack;
budget, assortment, bunch; parcel; packet, package; bundle, fascine^,
fasces^, bale; seron^, seroon^; fagot, wisp, truss, tuft; shock, rick,
fardel^, stack, sheaf, haycock^; fascicle, fascicule^, fasciculus [Lat.],
gavel, hattock^, stook^.
accumulation &c (store) 636; congeries, heap, lump, pile, rouleau^,
tissue, mass, pyramid; bing^; drift; snowball, snowdrift; acervation^,
cumulation; glomeration^, agglomeration; conglobation^; conglomeration,
conglomerate; coacervate [Chem], coacervation [Chem], coagmentation^,
aggregation, concentration, congestion, omnium gaterum [Lat.],
spicilegium^, black hole of Calcutta; quantity &c (greatness) 31.
collector, gatherer; whip, whipper in.
V. assemble [be or come together], collect, muster; meet, unite, join,
rejoin; cluster, flock, swarm, surge, stream, herd, crowd, throng,
associate; congregate, conglomerate, concentrate; precipitate; center
round, rendezvous, resort; come together, flock get together, pig
together; forgather; huddle; reassemble.
[get or bring together] assemble, muster; bring together, get
together, put together, draw together, scrape together, lump together;
collect, collocate, colligate^; get, whip in; gather; hold a meeting;
convene, convoke, convocate^; rake up, dredge; heap, mass, pile; pack,
put up, truss, cram; acervate^; agglomerate, aggregate; compile; group,
aggroup^, concentrate, unite; collect into a focus, bring into a focus;
amass, accumulate &c (store) 636; collect in a dragnet; heap Ossa upon
Adj. assembled &c v.; closely packed, dense, serried, crowded to
suffocation, teeming, swarming, populous; as thick as hops; all of a
heap, fasciculated cumulative.
Phr. the plot thickens; acervatim [Lat.]; tibi seris tibi metis [Lat.].

73. Nonassemblage. Dispersion -- N. {opp.
72} dispersion; disjunction &c 44; divergence &c 291; aspersion;
scattering &c v.; dissemination, diffusion, dissipation, distribution;
apportionment &c 786; spread, respersion^, circumfusion^, interspersion,
spargefaction^; affusion^.
waifs and estrays^, flotsam and jetsam, disjecta membra [Lat.],
[Horace]; waveson^.
V. disperse, scatter, sow, broadcast, disseminate, diffuse, shed,
spread, bestrew, overspread, dispense, disband, disembody, dismember,
distribute; apportion &c 786; blow off, let out, dispel, cast forth,
draught off; strew, straw, strow^; ted; spirtle^, cast, sprinkle; issue,
deal out, retail, utter; resperse^, intersperse; set abroach^,
turn adrift, cast adrift; scatter to the winds; spread like
wildfire, disperse themselves.
Adj. unassembled &c (assemble) &c 72; dispersed &c v.; sparse,
dispread, broadcast, sporadic, widespread; epidemic &c (general) 78;
adrift, stray; disheveled, streaming.
Adv. sparsim^, here and there, passim.

74. [Place of meeting.] Focus -- N. focus; point of convergence &c 290;
corradiation^; center &c 222; gathering place, resort haunt retreat;
venue; rendezvous; rallying point, headquarters, home, club; depot &c
(store) 636; trysting place; place of meeting, place of resort, place
of assignation; point de reunion; issue.
V. bring to a point, bring to a focus, bring to an issue.


75. Class -- N. class, division, category, categorema^, head, order,
section; department, subdepartment, province, domain.
kind, sort, genus, species, variety, family, order, kingdom, race,
tribe, caste, sept, clan, breed, type, subtype, kit, sect, set, subset;
assortment; feather, kidney; suit; range; gender, sex, kin.
manner, description, denomination, designation, rubric, character,
stamp predicament; indication, particularization, selection,
similarity &c 17.

76. [Comprehension under, or reference to a class.] Inclusion -- N.
77} inclusion, admission, comprehension, reception.
composition &c (inclusion in a compound) 54.
V. be included in &c; come under, fall under, range under; belong to,
pertain to; range with; merge in.
include, comprise, comprehend, contain, admit, embrace, receive;
inclose &c (circumscribe) 229; embody, encircle.
reckon among, enumerate among, number among; refer to; place with,
arrange with, place under; take into account.
Adj. included, including &c v.; inclusive; congener, congenerous; of
the same class &c 75; encircling.
Phr. a maximis ad minima [Lat.], et hoc genus omne [Lat.], &c etc.; et
coetera [Lat.].

77. Exclusion -- N. {opp.
76} exclusion &c 55.

78. Generality -- N. {opp.
79} generality, generalization; universality; catholicity,
catholicism; miscellany, miscellaneousness^; dragnet; common run;
everyone, everybody; all hands, all the world and his wife;
anybody, N or M, all sorts.
prevalence, run.
V. be general &c adj.; prevail, be going about, stalk abroad.
render general &c adj.; generalize.
Adj. general, generic, collective; broad, comprehensive, sweeping;
encyclopedical^, widespread &c (dispersed) 73.
universal; catholic, catholical^; common, worldwide; ecumenical,
oecumenical^; transcendental; prevalent, prevailing, rife, epidemic,
besetting; all over, covered with.
Pan-American, Anglican^, Pan-Hellenic, Pan-Germanic, slavic;
every, all; unspecified, impersonal.
customary &c (habitual) 613.
Adv. whatever, whatsoever; to a man, one and all.
generally &c adj.; always, for better for worse; in general,
generally speaking; speaking generally; for the most part; in the long
run &c (on an average) 29.

79. Speciality -- N. {opp.
78} speciality, specialite^; individuality, individuity^;
particularity, peculiarity; idiocrasy &c (tendency) 176; personality,
characteristic, mannerism, idiosyncrasy; specificness &c adj.^;
singularity &c (unconformity) 83; reading, version, lection; state;
trait; distinctive feature; technicality; differentia.
particulars, details, items, counts; minutiae.
I, self, I myself; myself, himself, herself, itself.
V. specify, particularize, individualize, realize, specialize,
designate, determine; denote, indicate, point out, select.
descend to particulars, enter into detail, go into detail, come to
the point.
Adj. special, particular, individual, specific, proper, personal,
original, private, respective, definite, determinate, especial,
certain, esoteric, endemic, partial, party, peculiar, appropriate,
several, characteristic, diagnostic, exclusive; singular &c
(exceptional) 83; idiomatic; idiotypical; typical.
this, that; yon, yonder.
Adv. specially, especially, particularly &c adj.; in particular, in
propria persona [Lat.]; ad hominem [Lat.]; for my part.
each, apiece, one by one, one at a time; severally, respectively,
each to each; seriatim, in detail, in great detail, in excruciating
detail, in mind-numbing detail; bit by bit; pro hac vice [Lat.], pro re
nata [Lat.].
namely, that is to say, for example, id est, exemplia gratia
[Lat.], e.g., i.e., videlicet, viz.; to wit.
Phr. le style est l'homme meme [Fr.].


80. Normality -- N. normality, normalcy, normalness^; familiarity,
naturalness; commonness (frequency) 136; rule, standard (conformity)
82; customary (habit) 613; standard, pattern (prototype) 22.
V. normalize, standardize.
Adj. normal, natural, unexceptional; common, usual (frequency) 136;

81. Multiformity -- N. multiformity, omniformity^; variety, diversity;
multifariousness &c adj.; varied assortment.
dissimilarity &c 18.
Adj. polymorphous, multiform, multifold, multifarious, multigenerous^,
multiplex; heterogeneous, diversified, dissimilar, various, varied,
variform^; manifold, many-sided; variegated, motley, mosaic; epicene,
indiscriminate, desultory, irregular; mixed, different, assorted,
mingled, odd, diverse, divers; all manner of; of every description, of
all sorts and kinds; et hoc genus omne [Lat.]; and what not? de omnibus
rebus et quibusdam aliis [Lat.].
jumbled, confused, mixed up, discordant; inharmonious, unmatched,
unrelated, nonuniform.
omniform^, omnigenous^, omnifarious^; protean (form) 240.
Phr. harmoniously confused [Pope]; variety's the very spice of life

82. Conformity -- N. {opp.
83} conformity, conformance; observance; habituation.
naturalization; conventionality &c (custom) 613; agreement &c 23.
example, instance, specimen, sample, quotation; exemplification,
illustration, case in point; object lesson; elucidation.
standard, model, pattern &c (prototype) 22.
rule, nature, principle; law; order of things; normal state,
natural state, ordinary state, model state, normal condition, natural
condition, ordinary condition, model condition; standing dish, standing
order; Procrustean law; law of the Medes and Persians; hard and fast
V. conform to, conform to rule; accommodate oneself to, adapt oneself
to; rub off corners.
be regular &c adj.; move in a groove; follow observe the rules, go
by the rules, bend to the rules, obey the rules, obey the precedents;
comply with, tally with, chime in with, fall in with; be guided by, be
regulated by; fall into a custom, fall into a usage; follow the
fashion, follow the crowd, follow the multitude; pass muster, do as
others do, hurler avec les loups [Fr.]; stand on ceremony; when in Rome
do as the Romans do; go with the stream, go with the flow, swim with
the stream, swim with the current, swim with the tide, blow with the
wind; stick to the beaten track &c (habit) 613; keep one in
exemplify, illustrate, cite, quote, quote precedent, quote
authority, appeal to authority, put a case; produce an instance &c n.;
elucidate, explain.
Adj. conformable to rule; regular &c 136; according to regulation,
according to rule, according to Hoyle, according to Cocker, according
to Gunter; en regle [Fr.], selon les regles [Fr.], well regulated,
orderly; symmetric &c 242.
conventional &c (customary) 613; of daily occurrence, of everyday
occurrence; in the natural order of things; ordinary, common, habitual,
usual, everyday, workaday.
in the order of the day; naturalized.
typical, normal, nominal, formal; canonical, orthodox, sound,
strict, rigid, positive, uncompromising, Procrustean.
secundum artem [Lat.], shipshape, technical.
exempIe [Fr.].
illustrative, in point.
Adv. conformably &c adj.; by rule; agreeably to; in conformity with, in
accordance with, in keeping with; according to; consistently with; as
usual, ad instar [Lat.], instar omnium [Lat.]; more solito [Lat.],
for the sake of conformity; as a matter of course, of course; pro
forma [Lat.], for form's sake, by the card.
invariably, &c (uniformly) 16.
for example, exempli gratia [Lat.], e.g.; inter alia [Lat.], among
other things; for instance.
Phr. cela va sans dire [Fr.]; ex pede Herculem [Lat.]; noscitur a
sociis [Lat.]; ne e quovis ligno Mercurius fiat [Lat.] [Erasmus]; they
are happy men whose natures sort with their vocations [Bacon].
The nail that sticks up hammered down [Jap.Tr.]; Tall poppy
syndrome; Stick your neck out and it may get cut off.

83. Unconformity -- N. {opp.
82} nonconformity &c 82; unconformity, disconformity;
unconventionality, informality, abnormity^, abnormality, anomaly;
anomalousness &c adj.^; exception, peculiarity; infraction of law,
breach, of law, violation of law, violation of custom, violation of
usage, infringement of law, infringement of custom, infringement of
usage; teratism^, eccentricity, bizarrerie^, oddity, je ne sais quoi
[Fr.], monster, monstrosity, rarity; freak, freak of Nature, weirdo,
mutant; rouser, snorter [U.S.].
individuality, idiosyncrasy, originality, mannerism.
aberration; irregularity; variety; singularity; exemption; salvo
&c (qualification) 469.
nonconformist; nondescript, character, original, nonesuch,
nonsuch^, monster, prodigy, wonder, miracle, curiosity, flying fish,
black sheep, black swan, lusus naturae [Lat.], rara avis [Lat.], queer
fish; mongrel, random breed; half-caste, half-blood, half-breed; metis
[Lat.], crossbreed, hybrid, mule, hinny, mulatto; tertium quid [Lat.],
[Mythical animals] phoenix, chimera, hydra, sphinx, minotaur;
griffin, griffon; centaur; saggittary^; kraken, cockatrice, wyvern, roc,
dragon, sea serpent; mermaid, merman, merfolk^; unicorn; Cyclops, men
whose heads do grow beneath their shoulders [Othello]; teratology.
[unconformable to the surroundings] fish out of water; neither one
thing nor another, neither fish nor fowl, neither fish flesh nor fowl
nor good red herring; one in a million, one in a way, one in a
thousand; outcast, outlaw; off the beaten track; oasis.
V. be uncomformable &c adj.; abnormalize^; leave the beaten track, leave
the beaten path; infringe a law, infringe a habit, infringe a usage,
infringe a custom, break a law, break a habit, break a usage, break a
custom, violate a law, violate a habit, violate a usage, violate a
custom; drive a coach and six through; stretch a point; have no
business there; baffle all description, beggar all description.
Adj. uncomformable, exceptional; abnormal, abnormous^; anomalous,
anomalistic; out of order, out of place, out of keeping, out of tune,
out of one's element; irregular, arbitrary; teratogenic; lawless,
informal, aberrant, stray, wandering, wanton; peculiar, exclusive,
unnatural, eccentric, egregious; out of the beaten track, off the
beaten track, out of the common, out of the common run; beyond the pale
of, out of the pale of; misplaced; funny.
unusual, unaccustomed, uncustomary, unwonted, uncommon; rare,
curious, odd, extraordinary, out of the ordinary; strange, monstrous;
wonderful &c 870; unexpected, unaccountable; outre [Fr.], out of the
way, remarkable, noteworthy; queer, quaint, nondescript, none such, sui
generis [Lat.]; unfashionable; fantastic, grotesque, bizarre;
outlandish, exotic, tombe des nues [Fr.], preternatural; denaturalized^.
heterogeneous, heteroclite [Gramm.], amorphous, mongrel,
amphibious, epicene, half blood, hybrid; androgynous, androgynal^;
asymmetric &c 243; adelomorphous^, bisexual, hermaphrodite,


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