Roget's Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases: Body
Part 12 out of 14
833. Regret -- N. regret, repining; homesickness, nostalgia; mal du
pays, maladie [Fr.]; lamentation &c 839; penitence &c 950.
recrimination (accusation) 938.
laudator temporis acti &c (discontent) 832 [Lat.].
V. regret, deplore; bewail &c (lament) 839; repine, cast a longing
lingering look behind; rue, rue the day; repent &c 950; infandum
renovare dolorem [Lat.].
prey on the mind, weigh on the mind, have a weight on the mind;
leave an aching void.
Adj. regretting &c v.; regretful; homesick.
regretted &c v.; much to be regretted, regrettable; lamentable &c
Adv. regrettably, unfortunately; most unfortunately.
Int. alas!; what a pity!, hang it!,
Phr. 'tis pity [Contr.], 'tis too true [Contr.]; sigh'd and look'd and
sigh'd again [Dryden]; I'm sorry.
834. Relief -- N. relief; deliverance; refreshment &c 689; easement,
softening, alleviation, mitigation, palliation, soothing, lullaby.
solace, consolation, comfort, encouragement.
lenitive, restorative &c (remedy) 662; cushion &c 215; crumb of
comfort, balm in Gilead.
V. relieve, ease, alleviate, mitigate, palliate, soothe; salve; soften,
soften down; foment, stupe^, poultice; assuage, allay.
cheer, comfort, console; enliven; encourage, bear up, pat on the
back, give comfort, set at ease; gladden the heart, cheer the heart;
remedy; cure &c (restore) 660; refresh; pour balm into, pour oil
smooth the ruffled brow of care, temper the wind to the shorn
lamb, lay the flattering unction to one's soul.
disburden &c (free) 705; take a load off one's chest, get a load
off one's chest, take off a load of care.
be relieved; breathe more freely, draw a long breath; take
comfort; dry the tears, dry the eyes, wipe the tears, wipe the eyes.
Adj. relieving &c v.; consolatory, soothing; assuaging, assuasive^;
balmy, balsamic; lenitive, palliative; anodyne &c (remedial) 662;
curative &c 660.
Phr. here comes a man of comfort [Measure for Measure].
835. Aggravation -- N. aggravation, worsening, heightening;
exacerbation; exasperation; overestimation &c 482; exaggeration &c 549.
V. aggravate, render worse, heighten, embitter, sour; exacerbate;
exasperate, envenom; enrage, provoke, tease.
add fuel to the fire, add fuel to the flame; fan the flame &c
(excite) 824; go from bad to worse &c (deteriorate) 659.
Adj. aggravated &c v.; worse, unrelieved; aggravable^; aggravating &c
Adv. out of the frying pan into the fire, from bad to worse, worse and
Int. so much the worse!,
836. Cheerfulness -- N. cheerfulness &c adj.; geniality, gayety,
l'allegro [Fr.], cheer, good humor, spirits; high spirits, animal
spirits, flow of spirits; glee, high glee, light heart; sunshine of the
mind, sunshine of the breast; gaiete de coeur [Fr.], bon naturel [Fr.].
liveliness &c adj.; life, alacrity, vivacity, animation,
allegresse^; jocundity, joviality, jollity; levity; jocularity &c (wit)
mirth, merriment, hilarity, exhilaration; laughter &c 838;
merrymaking &c (amusement) 840; heyday, rejoicing &c 838; marriage
nepenthe, Euphrosyne^, sweet forgetfulness.
optimism &c (hopefulness) 858; self complacency; hedonics^,
V. be cheerful &c adj.; have the mind at ease, smile, put a good face
upon, keep up one's spirits; view the bright side of the picture, view
things en couleur de rose [Fr.]; ridentem dicere virum [Lat.], cheer
up, brighten up, light up, bear up; chirp, take heart, cast away care,
drive dull care away, perk up.
keep a stiff upper lip.
rejoice &c 838; carol, chirrup, lilt; frisk, rollick, give a loose
cheer, enliven, elate, exhilarate, gladden, inspirit, animate,
raise the spirits, inspire; perk up; put in good humor; cheer the
heart, rejoice the heart; delight &c (give pleasure) 829.
Adj. cheerful; happy &c 827; cheery, cheerly^; of good cheer, smiling;
blithe; in spirits, in good spirits; breezy, bully, chipper [U.S.]; in
high spirits, in high feather; happy as the day is long, happy as a
king; gay as a lark; allegro; debonair; light, lightsome, light
hearted; buoyant, debonnaire, bright, free and easy, airy; janty^,
jaunty, canty^; hedonic^; riant^; sprightly, sprightful^; spry; spirited,
spiritful^; lively, animated, vivacious; brisk as a bee; sparkling,
sportive; full of play, full of spirit; all alive.
sunny, palmy; hopeful &c 858.
merry as a cricket, merry as a grig^, merry as a marriage bell;
joyful, joyous, jocund, jovial; jolly as a thrush, jolly as a sandboy^;
blithesome; gleeful, gleesome^; hilarious, rattling.
winsome, bonny, hearty, buxom.
playful, playsome^; folatre [Fr.], playful as a kitten, tricksy^,
frisky, frolicsome; gamesome; jocose, jocular, waggish; mirth loving,
laughter-loving; mirthful, rollicking.
elate, elated; exulting, jubilant, flushed; rejoicing &c 838;
cheering, inspiriting, exhilarating; cardiac, cardiacal^; pleasing
&c 829; palmy.
Adv. cheerfully &c adj..
Int. never say die!, come!, cheer up!, hurrah!, &c 838; hence loathed
melancholy!, begone dull care!, away with melancholy!,
Phr. a merry heart goes all the day [A winter's Tale]; as merry as the
day is long [Much Ado]; ride si sapis [Lat.] [Martial].
837. Dejection -- N. dejection; dejectedness &c adj.; depression,
prosternation^; lowness of spirits, depression of spirits; weight on the
spirits, oppression on the spirits, damp on the spirits; low spirits,
bad spirits, drooping spirits, depressed spirits; heart sinking;
heaviness of heart, failure of heart.
heaviness &c adj.; infestivity^, gloom; weariness &c 841; taedium
vitae, disgust of life; mal du pays &c (regret) 833; anhedonia^.
melancholy; sadness &c adj.; il penseroso [It], melancholia,
dismals^, blues, lachrymals^, mumps^, dumps, blue devils, doldrums;
vapors, megrims, spleen, horrors, hypochondriasis [Med.], pessimism; la
maladie sans maladie [Fr.]; despondency, slough of Despond;
disconsolateness &c adj.; hope deferred, blank despondency; voiceless
prostration of soul; broken heart; despair &c 859; cave of
despair, cave of Trophonius demureness &c adj.; gravity, solemnity;
long face, grave face.
hypochondriac, seek sorrow, self-tormentor, heautontimorumenos^,
malade imaginaire [Fr.], medecin tant pis [Fr.]; croaker, pessimist;
[Cause of dejection] affliction &c 830; sorry sight; memento mori
[Lat.]; damper, wet blanket, Job's comforter.
V. be dejected &c adj.; grieve; mourn &c (lament) 839; take on, give
way, lose heart, despond, droop, sink.
lower, look downcast, frown, pout; hang down the head; pull a long
face, make a long face; laugh on the wrong side of the mouth; grin a
ghastly smile; look blue, look like a drowned man; lay to heart, take
mope, brood over; fret; sulk; pine, pine away; yearn; repine &c
(regret) 833; despair &c 859.
refrain from laughter, keep one's countenance; be grave, look
grave &c adj.; repress a smile.
depress; discourage, dishearten; dispirit; damp, dull, deject,
lower, sink, dash, knock down, unman, prostrate, break one's heart;
frown upon; cast a gloom, cast a shade on; sadden; damp one's hopes,
dash one's hopes, wither one's hopes; weigh on the mind, lie heavy on
the mind, prey on the mind, weigh on the spirits, lie heavy on the
spirits, prey on the spirits; damp the spirits, depress the spirits.
Adj. cheerless, joyless, spiritless; uncheerful, uncheery^; unlively^;
unhappy &c 828; melancholy, dismal, somber, dark, gloomy, triste [Fr.],
clouded, murky, lowering, frowning, lugubrious, funereal, mournful,
dreary, flat; dull, dull as a beetle, dull as ditchwater^;
depressing &c v.. melancholy as a gib cat; oppressed with melancholy, a
prey to melancholy; downcast, downhearted; down in the mouth, down in
one's luck; heavy-hearted; in the dumps, down in the dumps, in the
suds, in the sulks, in the doldrums; in doleful dumps, in bad humor;
sullen; mumpish^, dumpish, mopish^, moping; moody, glum; sulky &c
(discontented) 832; out of sorts, out of humor, out of heart, out of
spirits; ill at ease, low spirited, in low spirits, a cup too low;
weary &c 841; discouraged, disheartened; desponding; chapfallen^,
chopfallen^, jaw fallen, crest fallen.
sad, pensive, penseroso [It], tristful^; dolesome^, doleful;
woebegone; lacrymose, lachrymose, in tears, melancholic, hypped^,
hypochondriacal, bilious, jaundiced, atrabilious^, saturnine, splenetic;
serious, sedate, staid, stayed; grave as a judge, grave as an
undertaker, grave as a mustard pot; sober, sober as a judge, solemn,
demure; grim; grim-faced, grim-visaged; rueful, wan, long-faced.
disconsolate; unconsolable, inconsolable; forlorn, comfortless,
desolate, desole [Fr.], sick at heart; soul sick, heart sick; au
desespoir [Fr.]; in despair &c 859; lost.
overcome; broken down, borne down, bowed down; heartstricken &c
(mental suffering) 828 [Obs.]; cut up, dashed, sunk; unnerved,
unmanned; down fallen, downtrodden; broken-hearted; careworn.
Adv. with a long face, with tears in one's eyes; sadly &c adj..
Phr. the countenance falling; the heart failing, the heart sinking
within one; a plague of sighing and grief [Henry IV]; thick-ey'd musing
and curs'd melancholy [Henry IV]; the sickening pang of hope deferred
838. [Expression of pleasure.] Rejoicing -- N. rejoicing, exultation,
triumph, jubilation, heyday, flush, revelling; merrymaking &c
(amusement) 840; jubilee &c (celebration) 883; paean, Te Deum &c
(thanksgiving) 990 [Lat.]; congratulation &c 896.
smile, simper, smirk, grin; broad grin, sardonic grin.
laughter (amusement) 840.
risibility; derision &c 856.
Momus; Democritus the Abderite^; rollicker^.
V. rejoice, thank one's stars, bless one's stars; congratulate oneself,
hug oneself; rub one's hands, clap one's hands; smack the lips, fling
up one's cap; dance, skip; sing, carol, chirrup, chirp; hurrah; cry for
joy, jump for joy, leap with joy; exult &c (boast) 884; triumph; hold
jubilee &c (celebrate) 883; make merry &c (sport) 840.
laugh, raise laughter &c (amuse) 840.
Adj. rejoicing &c v.; jubilant, exultant, triumphant; flushed, elated,
pleased, delighted, tickled pink.
amused &c 840; cheerful &c 836.
laughable &c (ludicrous) 853.
Int. hurrah!, Huzza!, aha!^, hail!, tolderolloll!^, Heaven be praised!,
io triumphe!^, tant mieux! [Fr.], so much the better.
Phr. the heart leaping with joy; ce n'est pas etre bien aise que de
rire [Fr.]; Laughter holding both his sides [Milton]; le roi est mort,
vive le roi; with his eyes in flood with laughter [Cymbeline].
839. [Expression of pain.] Lamentation -- N. lament, lamentation; wail,
complaint, plaint, murmur, mutter, grumble, groan, moan, whine,
whimper, sob, sigh, suspiration, heaving, deep sigh.
cry &c (vociferation) 411; scream, howl; outcry, wail of woe,
ululation; frown, scowl.
tear; weeping &c v.; flood of tears, fit of crying, lacrimation,
lachrymation^, melting mood, weeping and gnashing of teeth.
plaintiveness &c adj.; languishment^; condolence &c 915.
mourning, weeds, willow, cypress, crape, deep mourning; sackcloth
and ashes; lachrymatory^; knell &c 363; deep death song, dirge,
coronach^, nenia^, requiem, elegy, epicedium^; threne^; monody, threnody;
jeremiad, jeremiade^; ullalulla^.
mourner; grumbler &c (discontent) 832; Noobe; Heraclitus.
V. lament, mourn, deplore, grieve, weep over; bewail, bemoan; condole
with &c 915; fret &c (suffer) 828; wear mourning, go into mourning, put
on mourning; wear the willow, wear sackcloth and ashes; infandum
renovare dolorem [Lat.] [Vergil]; &c (regret) 833 give sorrow words.
sigh; give a sigh, heave, fetch a sigh; waft a sigh from Indus to
the pole [Pope]; sigh 'like a furnace' [As you Like It]; wail.
cry, weep, sob, greet, blubber, pipe, snivel, bibber^, whimper,
pule; pipe one's eye; drop tears, shed tears, drop a tear, shed a tear;
melt into tears, burst into tears; fondre en larmes [Fr.]; cry oneself
blind, cry one's eyes out; yammer.
scream &c (cry out) 411; mew &c (animal sounds) 412; groan, moan,
whine; roar; roar like a bull, bellow like a bull; cry out lustily,
rend the air.
frown, scowl, make a wry face, gnash one's teeth, wring one's
hands, tear one's hair, beat one's breast, roll on the ground, burst
complain, murmur, mutter, grumble, growl, clamor, make a fuss
about, croak, grunt, maunder; deprecate &c (disapprove) 932.
cry out before one is hurt, complain without cause.
Adj. lamenting &c v.; in mourning, in sackcloth and ashes; sorrowing,
sorrowful &c (unhappy) 828; mournful, tearful; lachrymose; plaintive,
plaintful^; querulous, querimonious^; in the melting mood; threnetic^.
in tears, with tears in one's eyes; with moistened eyes, with
watery eyes; bathed in tears, dissolved in tears; like Niobe all tears
Adv. de profundis [Lat.]; les larmes aux yeux [Fr.].
Int. heigh-ho!, alas!, alack!^, O dear!, ah me!, woe is me!,
lackadaisy!^, well a day!, lack a day!, alack a day!^, wellaway!^, alas
the day!, O tempora O mores!^, what a pity!, miserabile dictu! [Lat.], O
lud lud!^, too true!,
Phr. tears standing in the eyes, tears starting from the eyes; eyes
suffused, eyes swimming, eyes brimming, eyes overflowing with tears; if
you have tears prepare to shed them now [Julius Caesar]; interdum
lacrymae pondera vocis habent [Lat.] [Ovid]; strangled his language in
his tears [Henry VIII]; tears such as angels weep [Paradise Lost].
840. Amusement -- N. amusement, entertainment, recreation, fun, game,
fun and games; diversion, divertissement; reaction, solace; pastime,
passetemps [Fr.], sport; labor of love; pleasure &c 827.
relaxation; leisure &c 685.
fun, frolic, merriment, jollity; joviality, jovialness^; heyday;
laughter &c 838; jocosity, jocoseness^; drollery, buffoonery,
tomfoolery; mummery, pleasantry; wit &c 842; quip, quirk.
[verbal expressions of amusement: list] giggle, titter, snigger,
snicker, crow, cheer, chuckle, shout; horse laugh, belly laugh, hearty
laugh; guffaw; burst of laughter, fit of laughter, shout of laughter,
roar of laughter, peal of laughter; cachinnation^; Kentish fire; tiger.
play; game, game at romps; gambol, romp, prank, antic, rig, lark,
spree, skylarking, vagary, monkey trick, gambade, fredaine^, escapade,
echappee [Fr.], bout, espieglerie [Fr.]; practical joke &c (ridicule)
dance; hop, reel, rigadoon^, saraband^, hornpipe, bolero, ballroom
dance; [ballroom dances: list], minuet, waltz, polka, fox trot, tango,
samba, rhumba, twist, stroll, hustle, cha-cha; fandango, cancan;
bayadere^; breakdown, cake-walk, cornwallis [U.S.], break dancing;
nautch-girl; shindig [U.S.]; skirtdance^, stag dance, Virginia reel,
square dance; galop^, galopade^; jig, Irish jig, fling, strathspey^;
allemande [Fr.]; gavot^, gavotte, tarantella; mazurka, morisco^, morris
dance; quadrille; country dance, folk dance; cotillon, Sir Roger de
Coverley; ballet &c (drama) 599; ball; bal, bal masque, bal costume;
festivity, merrymaking; party &c (social gathering) 892; blowout
[U.S.], hullabaloo, hoedown, bat [U.S.], bum [U.S.], bust [Slang],
clambake [U.S.], donation party [U.S.], fish fry [U.S.], jamboree
[Slang], kantikoy^, nautch^, randy, squantum [U.S.], tear [Slang],
Turnerfest^, yule log; fete, festival, gala, ridotto^; revels, revelry,
reveling; carnival, brawl, saturnalia, high jinks; feast, banquet &c
(food) 298; regale, symposium, wassail; carouse, carousal;
jollification, junket, wake, Irish wake, picnic, fete champetre [Fr.],
regatta, field day; treat.
round of pleasures, dissipation, a short life and a merry one,
racketing, holiday making.
rejoicing &c 838; jubilee &c (celebration) 883.
bonfire, fireworks, feu-de-joie, firecracker.
holiday; gala day, red letter day, play day; high days and
holidays; high holiday, Bank holiday; May day, Derby day; Saint Monday,
Easter Monday, Whit Monday; Bairam^; wayz-goos^, bean feast; Arbor Day,
Declaration Day, Independence Day, Labor Day, Memorial Day,
Thanksgiving Day; Mardi gras [Fr.], mi-careme [Fr.], feria [Lat.],
place of amusement, theater; hall, concert room, ballroom,
assemblyroom^; music hall.
park, plaisance^; national park, national forest, state park,
county park, city park, vest-pocket park, public park (public) 737.1;
arbor; garden &c (horticulture) 371; pleasure ground, playground,
cricketground, croquet ground, archery ground, hunting ground; tennis
court, racket court; bowling alley, green alley; croquet lawn, rink,
glaciarum^, skating rink; roundabout, merry-go-round; swing; montagne
game of chance, game of skill.
athletic sports, gymnastics; archery, rifle shooting; tournament,
pugilism &c (contention) 720; sports &c 622; horse racing, the turf;
aquatics &c 267; skating, sliding; cricket, tennis, lawn tennis;
hockey, football, baseball, soccer, ice hockey, basketball; rackets,
fives, trap bat and ball, battledore and shuttlecock, la grace; pall-
mall, tipcat^, croquet, golf, curling, pallone^, polo, water polo; tent
pegging; tilting at the ring, quintain [Mediev.]; greasy pole; quoits,
horseshoes, discus; rounders, lacrosse; tobogganing, water polo; knurr
[childrens' games] leapfrog, hop skip and jump; mother may I;
French and English, tug of war; blindman's bluff, hunt the slopper^,
hide and seek, kiss in the ring; snapdragon; cross questions and
crooked answers.; crisscross, hopscotch; jacks, jackstones^, marbles;
mumblety-peg, mumble-the-peg, pushball, shinney, shinny, tag &c;
billiards, pool, pingpong, pyramids, bagatelle; bowls, skittles,
ninepins, kain^, American bowls^; tenpins [U.S.], tivoli.
cards, card games; whist, rubber; round game; loo, cribbage,
besique^, euchre, drole^, ecarte [Fr.], picquet^, allfours^, quadrille,
omber, reverse, Pope Joan, commit; boston, boaston^; blackjack, twenty-
one, vingtun [Fr.]; quinze [Fr.], thirty-one, put, speculation,
connections, brag, cassino^, lottery, commerce, snip-snap-snoren^, lift
smoke, blind hookey, Polish bank, Earl of Coventry, Napoleon, patience,
pairs; banker; blind poker, draw poker, straight poker, stud poker;
bluff, bridge, bridge whist; lotto, monte, three-card monte, nap,
penny-ante, poker, reversis^, squeezers, old maid, fright, beggar-my-
[cards: list] ace, king, queen, knave, jack, ten, nine, eight,
seven, six, five, four, trey, deuce; joker; trump, wild card.
[card suits: list] spades, hearts, clubs, diamonds; major suit,
bower; right bower, left bower; dummy; jackpot; deck.
[hands at poker: list] pair, two pair, three of a kind, straight,
flush, full-house, four of a kind, royal flush; misere &c [board games:
list] chess, draughts, checkers, checquers, backgammon, dominos,
merelles^, nine men's morris, go bang, solitaire; game of fox and goose;
monopoly; loto &c; [word games: list], scrabble, scribbage, boggle,
crossword puzzle, hangman.
morra^; gambling &c (chance) 621.
toy, plaything, bauble; doll &c (puppet ) 554; teetotum^;
knickknack &c (trifle) 643; magic lantern &c (show) 448; peep show,
puppet show, raree show, gallanty show^; toy shop; quips and cranks and
wanton wiles, nods and becks and wreathed smiles [Milton].
entertainer, showman, showgirl; dancer, tap dancer, song-and-dance
man; vaudeville act; singer; musician &c 416.
sportsman, gamester, reveler; master of ceremonies, master of
revels; pompom girl^; arbiter elegantiarum [Lat.]; arbiter bibendi
[Lat.], archer, fan [U.S.], toxophilite^, turfman^.
V. amuse, entertain, divert, enliven; tickle the fancy; titillate,
raise a smile, put in good humor; cause laughter, create laughter,
occasion laughter, raise laughter, excite laughter, produce laughter,
convulse with laughter; set the table in a roar, be the death of one.
recreate, solace, cheer, rejoice; please &c 829; interest; treat,
amuse oneself, game; play a game, play pranks, play tricks; sport,
disport, toy, wanton, revel, junket, feast, carouse, banquet, make
merry, drown care; drive dull care away; frolic, gambol, frisk, romp;
caper; dance &c (leap) 309; keep up the ball; run a rig, sow one's wild
oats, have one's fling, take one's pleasure; paint the town red
[Slang]; see life; desipere in loco [Lat.], play the fool.
make holiday, keep holiday; go a Maying.
while away the time, beguile the time; kill time, dally.
smile, simper, smirk; grin, grin like a Cheshire cat; mock, laugh
in one's sleeve; laugh, laugh outright; giggle, titter, snigger, crow,
snicker, chuckle, cackle; burst out, burst into a fit of laughter;
shout, split, roar.
shake one's sides, split one's sides, hold both one's sides; roar
with laughter, die with laughter.
Adj. amusing, entertaining, diverting &c v.; recreational, recreative,
lusory^; pleasant &c (pleasing) 829; laughable &c (ludicrous) 853; witty
&c 842; fun, festive, festal; jovial, jolly, jocund, roguish, rompish^;
playful, playful as a kitten; sportive, ludibrious^.
funny; very funny, hilarious, uproarious, side-splitting.
amused &c v.; pleased with a rattle, tickled with a straw [Pope];
laughing &c v.; risible; ready to burst, ready to split, ready to die
with laughter; convulsed with laughter, rolling in the aisles.
Adv. on the light fantastic toe [Milton], at play, in sport.
Int. vive la bagatelle! [Fr.], vogue la galere! [Fr.],
Phr. deus nobis haec otia fecit [Lat.]; dum vivimus vivamus [Lat.];
dulce est desipere in loco [Lat.] [Horace]; (every room) hath blazed
with lights and brayed with minstrelsy [Timon of Athens]; misce
stullitiam consiliis brevem [Lat.] [Horace].
841. Weariness -- N. weariness, defatigation^; lassitude &c (fatigue)
688; drowsiness &c 683.
disgust, nausea, loathing, sickness; satiety &c 869; taedium vitae
&c (dejection) 837; boredom, ennui.
wearisomeness, tediousness &c adj.; dull work, tedium, monotony,
bore, buttonholer, proser^, wet blanket; pill [Slang], stiff
[Slang]; heavy hours, the enemy (time).
V. weary; tire &c (fatigue) 688; bore; bore to death, weary to death,
tire to death, bore out of one's skull, bore out of one's life, weary
out of one's life, tire out of one's life, bore out of all patience,
weary out of all patience, wear out one's patience, tire out of all
patience; set to sleep, send to sleep; buttonhole.
pall, sicken, nauseate, disgust.
harp on the same string; drag its slow length along, drag its
weary length along.
never hear the last of; be tired of, be sick of, be tired with &c
adj.; yawn; die with ennui.
[of journalistic articles] MEGO, my eyes glaze over.
Adj. wearying &c v.; wearing; wearisome, tiresome, irksome;
uninteresting, stupid, bald, devoid of interest, dry, monotonous, dull,
arid, tedious, humdrum, mortal, flat; prosy, prosing; slow, soporific,
disgusting &c v.; unenjoyed^.
weary, tired &c v.; drowsy &c (sleepy) 683; uninterested,
flagging, used up, worn out, blase, life-weary, weary of life; sick of.
Adv. wearily &c adj.; usque ad nauseam [Lat.].
Phr. time hanging heavily on one's hands; toujours perdrix [Fr.];
crambe repetita [Lat.].
842. Wit -- N. wit, humor, wittiness; sense of humor; attic wit, attic
salt; atticism^; salt, esprit, point, fancy, whim, drollery, pleasantry.
farce, buffoonery, fooling, tomfoolery; shenanigan [U.S.],
harlequinade &c 599 [Obs.]; broad farce, broad humor; fun, espieglerie
[Fr.]; vis comica [Lat.].
jocularity; jocosity, jocoseness^; facetiousness; waggery,
waggishness; whimsicality; comicality &c 853.
banter, badinage, retort, repartee, smartness, ready wit, quid-
pro-quo; ridicule &c 856.
jest, joke, jape, jibe; facetiae [Lat.], levity, quips and cranks;
capital joke; canorae nugae [Lat.]; standing jest, standing joke,
private joke, conceit, quip, quirk, crank, quiddity, concetto^,
plaisanterie [Fr.], brilliant idea; merry thought, bright thought,
happy thought; sally; flash of wit, flash of merriment; scintillation;
mot [Fr.], mot pour rire [Fr.]; witticism, smart saying, bon-mot, jeu
d'esprit [Fr.], epigram; jest book; dry joke, quodlibet, cream of the
word-play, jeu de mots [Fr.]; play of words, play upon words; pun,
punning; double entente, double entendre &c (ambiguity) 520 [Fr.];
quibble, verbal quibble; conundrum &c (riddle) 533; anagram, acrostic,
double acrostic, trifling, idle conceit, turlupinade^.
old joke, tired joke, flat joke, Joe Miller^.
V. joke, jest, crack a joke, make a joke, jape, cut jokes; perpetrate a
joke; pun, perpetrate a pun; make fun of, make merry with; kid, kid
around, fool around; set the table in a roar &c (amuse) 840.
retort; banter &c (ridicule) 856; ridentem dicere verum [Lat.];
joke at one's expense.
take in jest.
[make a joke which is not funny] bomb, fall flat; go over like a
Adj. witty, attic; quick-witted, nimble-witted; smart; jocular, jocose,
humorous; facetious, waggish, whimsical; kidding, joking, puckish;
playful &c 840; merry and wise; pleasant, sprightly, light, spirituel^,
sparkling, epigrammatic, full of point, ben trovato [It]; comic &c 853.
funny, amusing &c (amusement) 840.
Adv. jokingly, in joke, in jest, in sport, in play.
Phr. adhibenda est in jocando moderatio [Lat.]; gentle dullness ever
loves a joke [Pope]; leave this keen encounter of our wits [Richard
III]; just joking, just kidding; surely you jest!.
843. Dullness -- N. dullness, heaviness, flatness; infestivity^ &c 837,
stupidity &c 499; want of originality; dearth of ideas.
prose, matter of fact; heavy book, conte a dormir debout [Fr.];
V. be dull &c adj.; prose, take au serieux [Fr.], be caught napping.
render dull &c adj.; damp, depress, throw cold water on, lay a wet
blanket on; fall flat upon the ear.
no joke, serious matter (importance) 642.
Adj. dull, dull as ditch water; unentertaining, uninteresting, flat,
dry as dust; unfunny, unlively^, logy [U.S.]; unimaginative; insulse^;
dry as dust; prosy, prosing, prosaic; matter of fact, commonplace,
pedestrian, pointless; weary stale flat and unprofitable [Hamlet].
stupid, slow, flat, insipid, vapid, humdrum, monotonous;
melancholic &c 837; stolid &c 499; plodding.
boring, tiresome, tedious &c 841.
Phr. davus sum non Aedipus^; deadly dull and boring, DDB.
844. Humorist -- N. humorist, wag, wit, reparteeist^, epigrammatist,
punster; bel esprit, life of the party; wit-snapper, wit-cracker, wit-
worm; joker, jester, Joe Miller^, drole de corps^, gaillard^, spark; bon
diable [Fr.]; practical joker.
buffoon, farceur [Fr.], merry-andrew, mime, tumbler, acrobat,
mountebank, charlatan, posturemaster^, harlequin, punch, pulcinella^,
scaramouch^, clown; wearer of the cap and bells, wearer of the motley;
motley fool; pantaloon, gypsy; jack-pudding, jack in the green, jack a
dandy; wiseacre, wise guy, smartass [Coll.]; fool &c 501.
zany, madcap; pickle-herring, witling^, caricaturist, grimacier^;
2. DISCRIMINATIVE AFFECTIONS
845. Beauty -- N. beauty, the beautiful, to kalon [Gr.], le beau ideal.
[Science of the perception of beauty] aesthetics, callaesthetics^.
[-beauty of people] pulchritude, form, elegance, grace, beauty
unadorned, natural beauty; symmetry &c 242; comeliness, fairness &c
adj.; polish, gloss; good effect, good looks; belle tournure^;
trigness^; bloom, brilliancy, radiance, splendor, gorgeousness,
magnificence; sublimity, sublimification^.
concinnity^, delicacy, refinement; charm, je ne sais quoi [Fr.],
Venus, Aphrodite^, Hebe, the Graces, Peri, Houri, Cupid, Apollo^,
Hyperion, Adonis^, Antionous^, Narcissus.
peacock, butterfly; garden; flower of, pink of; bijou; jewel &c
(ornament) 847; work of art.
flower, flow'ret gay^; [flowers: list] wildflower; rose, lily,
anemone, asphodel, buttercup, crane's bill, daffodil, tulip, tiger
lily, day lily, begonia, marigold, geranium, lily of the valley,
ranunculus, rhododendron, windflower.
pleasurableness &c 829.
beautifying; landscaping, landscape gardening; decoration &c 847;
[person who is beautiful] beauty; hunk (of men).
V. be beautiful &c adj.; shine, beam, bloom; become one &c (accord) 23;
set off, grace.
render beautiful &c adj.; beautify; polish, burnish; gild &c
(decorate) 847; set out.
snatch a grace beyond the reach of art [Pope].
Adj. beautiful, beauteous; handsome; gorgeous; pretty; lovely,
graceful, elegant, prepossessing; attractive &c (inviting) 615;
delicate, dainty, refined; fair, personable, comely, seemly; bonny
[Scot.]; good-looking; well-favored, well-made, well-formed, well-
proportioned; proper, shapely; symmetrical &c (regular) 242; harmonious
&c (color) 428; sightly.
fit to be seen, passable, not amiss.
goodly, dapper, tight, jimp^; gimp; janty^, jaunty; trig, natty,
quaint, trim, tidy, neat, spruce, smart, tricksy^.
bright, bright eyed; rosy cheeked, cherry cheeked; rosy, ruddy;
blooming, in full bloom.
brilliant, shining; beamy^, beaming; sparkling, splendid,
resplendent, dazzling, glowing; glossy, sleek.
rich, superb, magnificent, grand, fine, sublime, showy, specious.
artistic, artistical^; aesthetic; picturesque, pictorial; fait a
peindre [Fr.]; well-composed, well grouped, well varied; curious.
enchanting &c (pleasure-giving) 829; becoming &c (accordant) 23;
ornamental &c 847.
undeformed, undefaced, unspotted; spotless &c (perfect) 650.
Phr. auxilium non leve vultus habet [Lat.] [Ovid]; beauty born of
murmuring sound [Wordsworth]; flowers preach to us if we will hear
Rossetti]; gratior ac pulchro veniens in corpore virtus [Lat.]
[Vergil]; none but the brave deserve the fair [Dryden]; thou who hast
the fatal gift of beauty [Byron].
846. Ugliness -- N. ugliness &c adj.; deformity, inelegance; acomia^;
disfigurement &c (blemish) 848; want of symmetry, inconcinnity^;
distortion &c 243; squalor &c (uncleanness) 653.
forbidding countenance, vinegar aspect, hanging look, wry face,
spretae injuria formae [Vergil].
[person who is ugly] eyesore, object, witch, hag, figure, sight,
fright; monster; dog [Coll.], woofer [Coll.], pig [Coll.]; octopus,
specter, scarecrow, harridan^, satyr^, toad, monkey, baboon, Caliban,
Aesop^, monstrum horrendum informe ingens cui lumen ademptum [Lat.]
V. be ugly &c adj.; look ill, grin horribly a ghastly smile, make
render ugly &c adj.; deface; disfigure, defigure^; distort &c 23;
blemish &c (injure) 659; soil &c (render unclean) 653.
Adj. ugly, ugly as sin, ugly as a toad, ugly as a scarecrow, ugly as a
dead monkey; plain, bald (unadorned) 849; homely; ordinary,
unornamental^, inartistic; unsightly, unseemly, uncomely, unlovely;
unshapely; sightless, seemless^; not fit to be seen; unbeauteous^,
unbeautiful; beautiless^, semibeautiful; shapeless &c (amorphous) 241.
misshapen, misproportioned^; monstrous; gaunt &c (thin) 203; dumpy
&c (short) 201; curtailed of its fair proportions; ill-made, ill-
shaped, ill-proportioned; crooked &c (distorted) 243; hard featured,
hard visaged; ill-favored, hard-favored, evil-favored; ill-looking;
unprepossessing, unattractive, uninviting, unpleasing.
graceless, inelegant; ungraceful, ungainly, uncouth, stiff;
rugged, rough, gross, rude, awkward, clumsy, slouching, rickety; gawky;
lumping, lumpish^; lumbering; hulky^, hulking; unwieldy.
squalid, haggard; grim, grim faced, grim visaged; grisly, ghastly;
ghost like, death like; cadaverous, grewsome^, gruesome.
frightful, hideous, odious, uncanny, forbidding; repellant,
repulsive, repugnant, grotesque, bizarre; grody [Coll.], grody to the
max [Coll.]; horrid, horrible; shocking &c (painful) 830.
foul &c (dirty) 653; dingy &c (colorless) 429; gaudy &c (color)
428; disfigured &c v.; discolored.
847. Ornament -- N. ornament, ornamentation, ornamental art; ornature^,
ornateness; adornment, decoration, embellishment; architecture; jewelry
[surface coatings for wood: list] garnish, polish, varnish, French
polish, veneer, japanning, lacquer.
[surface coatings for metal] gilding, plating, ormolu, enamel,
[surface coatings for human skin] cosmetics (in general), makeup;
[Makeup list], eye shadow, rouge, face powder, lipstick, blush.
[ornamental surface pattern: list] pattern, diaper, powdering,
paneling, graining, pargeting^; detail; repousse (convexity) 250;
texture &c 329; richness; tracery, molding, fillet, listel^, strapwork^,
coquillage [Fr.], flourish, fleur-de-lis [Fr.], arabesque, fret,
anthemion^; egg and tongue, egg and dart; astragal^, zigzag, acanthus,
cartouche; pilaster &c (projection) 250; bead, beading; champleve ware
[Fr.], cloisonne ware; frost work, Moresque [Lat.], Morisco, tooling.
[ornamental cloth] embroidery; brocade, brocatelle^, galloon, lace,
fringe, trapping, border, edging, trimming; hanging, tapestry, arras;
millinery, ermine; drap d'or [Fr.].
wreath, festoon, garland, chaplet, flower, nosegay, bouquet, posy,
daisies pied and violets blue, tassel, [Love's Labor's Lost], knot;
shoulder knot, apaulette^, epaulet, aigulet^, frog; star, rosette, bow;
feather, plume, pompom^, panache, aigrette.
finery, frippery, gewgaw, gimcrack, tinsel, spangle, clinquant^,
pinchbeck, paste; excess of ornament &c (vulgarity) 851; gaud, pride.
[ornamentation of text] illustration, illumination, vignette.
fleuron^; head piece [Fr.], tail piece [Fr.]; cul-de-lampe [Fr.];
flowers of rhetoric &c 577; work of art.
V. ornament, embellish, enrich, decorate, adorn, bead, beautify,
smarten, furbish, polish, gild, varnish, whitewash, enamel, japan,
lacquer, paint, grain.
garnish, trim, dizen^, bedizen, prink^, prank; trick out, fig out;
deck, bedeck, dight^, bedight^, array; begawd^, titivate^; dress, dress
up; spangle, bespangle, powder; embroider, work; chase, emboss, fret,
emblazon; illuminate; illustrate.
become &c (accord with) 23.
Adj. ornamented, beautified &c v.; ornate, rich, gilt, begilt^,
tesselated, festooned; champleve [Fr.], cloisonne, topiary.
smart, gay, trickly^, flowery, glittering; new gilt, new spangled;
fine as a Mayday queen, fine as a fivepence^, fine as a carrot fresh
scraped; pranked out, bedight^, well-groomed.
in full dress &c (fashion) 852; dressed to kill, dressed to the
nines, dressed to advantage; in Sunday best, en grand tenue [Fr.], en
grande toilette [Fr.]; in best bib and tucker, endimanche [Fr.].
showy, flashy; gaudy &c (vulgar) 851; garish, gairish^; gorgeous.
ornamental, decorative; becoming &c (accordant) 23.
847a. [ornaments worn by people on the body] Jewelry -- N. jewel
[general],, jewelry, jewellery^; bijoutry^; bijou, bijouterie [Fr.];
trinket; fine jewelry; costume jewelry, junk jewelry; gem, gemstone,
[forms of jewelry: list] necklace, bracelet, anklet; earring;
locket, pendant, charm bracelet; ring, pinky ring; carcanet^; chain,
chatelaine; broach, pin, lapel pin, torque.
[gemstones: list] diamond, brilliant, rock [Coll.]; beryl,
emerald; chalcedony, agate, heliotrope; girasol^, girasole^; onyx,
plasma; sard^, sardonyx; garnet, lapis lazuli, opal, peridot,
tourmaline, chrysolite; sapphire, ruby, synthetic ruby; spinel,
spinelle; balais^; oriental, oriental topaz; turquois^, turquoise;
zircon, cubic zirconia; jacinth, hyacinth, carbuncle, amethyst;
alexandrite^, cat's eye, bloodstone, hematite, jasper, moonstone,
[jewelry materials derived from living organisms] pearl, cultured
pearl, fresh-water pearl; mother of pearl; coral.
[person who sells jewels] jeweler.
[person who studies gemstones] gemologist; minerologist.
[person who cuts gemstones] lapidary, lapidarian.
[study of gemstones] gemology, gemmology; minerology.
V. shine like a diamond.
Adj. bejeweled; diamond &c n. (gemstones).
848. Blemish -- N. blemish, disfigurement, deformity; adactylism^; flaw,
defect &c (imperfection) 651; injury &c (deterioration) 659; spots on
the sun^; eyesore.
stain, blot; spot, spottiness; speck, speckle, blur.
tarnish, smudge; dirt &c 653.
[blemish on a person's skin: list] freckle, mole, macula [Anat.],
patch, blotch, birthmark; blobber lip^, blubber lip; blain^, maculation;
scar, wem^; pustule; whelk; excrescence, pimple &c (protuberance) 250.
V. disfigure &c (injure) 659; speckle.
Adj. pitted, freckled, discolored; imperfect &c 651; blobber-lipped,
bloodshot; injured &c (deteriorated) 659.
849. Simplicity -- N. simplicity; plainness, homeliness; undress,
V. be simple &c adj.. render simple &c adj.; simplify, uncomplicate.
Adj. simple, plain; homely, homespun; ordinary, household.
unaffected; ingenuous, sincere (artless) 703; free from
affectation, free from ornament; simplex munditiis [Lat.] [Horace];
sans facon [Fr.], en deshabille [Fr.].
chaste, inornate^, severe.
unadorned, bare, unornamented, undecked^, ungarnished, unarranged^,
bald, flat, dull.
Phr. veritatis simplex oratio est [Lat.].
850. [Good taste.] Taste -- N. taste; good taste, refined taste,
cultivated taste; delicacy, refinement, fine feeling, gust, gusto,
tact, finesse; nicety &c (discrimination) 465; to prepon [Gr.]; polish,
judgment, discernment &c 465.
dilettantism, dilettanteism; virtu; fine art; culture,
[Science of taste] aesthetics.
man of taste &c; connoisseur, judge, critic, conoscente, virtuoso,
amateur, dilettante, Aristarchus^, Corinthian, arbiter elegantiarum
[Lat.], stagirite^, euphemist.
caviare to the general [Hamlet].
V. appreciate, judge, criticise, discriminate &c 465
Adj. in good taste, cute, tasteful, tasty; unaffected, pure, chaste,
classical, attic; cultivated, refined; dainty; esthetic, aesthetic,
artistic; elegant &c 578; euphemistic.
to one's taste, to one's mind; after one's fancy; comme il faut
[Fr.]; tire a quatre epingles [Fr.].
Adv. elegantly &c adj..
Phr. nihil tetigit quod non ornavit [Lat.] [from Johnson's epitaph on
Goldsmith]; chacun a son gout [Fr.]; oculi pictura tenentur aures
cantibus [Lat.] [Cicero].
851. [Bad taste.] Vulgarity -- N. vulgarity, vulgarism; barbarism,
Vandalism, Gothicism^; mauvis gout [Fr.], bad taste; gaucherie,
awkwardness, want of tact; ill-breeding &c (discourtesy) 895.
courseness &c adj.^; indecorum, misbehavior.
lowness, homeliness; low life, mauvais ton [Fr.], rusticity;
boorishness &c adj.; brutality; rowdyism, blackguardism^; ribaldry;
slang &c (neology) 563.
bad joke, mauvais plaisanterie [Fr.].
[Excess of ornament] gaudiness, tawdriness; false ornament;
finery, frippery, trickery, tinsel, gewgaw, clinquant^; baroque, rococo.
rough diamond, tomboy, hoyden, cub, unlicked cub^; clown &c
(commonalty) 876; Goth, Vandal, Boeotian; snob, cad, gent; parvenu &c
876; frump, dowdy; slattern &c 653.
V. be vulgar &c adj.; misbehave; talk shop, smell of the shop.
Adj. in bad taste vulgar, unrefined.
coarse, indecorous, ribald, gross; unseemly, unbeseeming^,
unpresentable^; contra bonos mores [Lat.]; ungraceful &c (ugly) 846.
dowdy; slovenly &c (dirty) 653; ungenteel, shabby genteel; low,
common, hoi polloi [Gr.], &c (plebeian) 876; uncourtly^; uncivil &c
(discourteous) 895; ill bred, ill mannered; underbred; ungentlemanly,
ungentlemanlike; unladylike, unfeminine; wild, wild as an unbacked
untutored, unschooled (ignorant) 491.
uncombed, untamed, unlicked^, unpolished, uncouth; plebeian;
incondite^; heavy, rude, awkward; homely, homespun, home bred;
provincial, countrified, rustic; boorish, clownish; savage, brutish,
blackguard, rowdy, snobbish; barbarous, barbaric; Gothic, unclassical^,
doggerel, heathenish, tramontane, outlandish; uncultivated; Bohemian.
obsolete &c (antiquated) 124; unfashionable; newfangled &c
(unfamiliar) 83; odd &c (ridiculous) 853.
particular; affected &c 855; meretricious; extravagant, monstrous,
horrid; shocking &c (painful) 830.
gaudy, tawdry, overornamented, baroque, rococo; bedizened, tricked
out, gingerbread; obtrusive.
852. Fashion -- N. fashion, style, ton, bon ton^, society; good society,
polite society; monde [Fr.]; drawing-room, civilized life,
civilization, town, beau monde [Fr.], high life, court; world;
fashionable world, gay world; Vanity Fair; show &c (ostentation) 822.
manners, breeding &c (politeness) 894; air, demeanor &c
(appearance) 448; savoir faire [Fr.]; gentlemanliness^, gentility,
decorum, propriety, biens_eance [Fr.]; conventions of society; Mrs.
Grundy; punctilio; form, formality; etiquette, point of etiquette;
dress &c 225.
custom &c 613; mode, vogue, go; rage &c (desire) 865; prevailing
taste; fad, trend, bandwagon, furore^, thing, in thing, craze, chic,
man of fashion, woman of fashion, man of the world, woman of the
world; height of fashion, pink of fashion, star of fashion, glass of
fashion, leader of fashion; arbiter elegantiarum &c (taste) 850 [Lat.];
the beautiful people, the fashion set, upper ten thousand &c (nobility)
875; elite &c (distinction) 873; smart set; the four hundred [U.S.]; in
V. be fashionable &c adj., be the rage &c n.; have a run, pass current.
follow the fashion, conform to the fashion, fall in with the
fashion, follow the trend, follow the crowd &c n.; go with the stream
&c (conform) 82; savoir vivre [Fr.], savoir faire [Fr.]; keep up
appearances, behave oneself.
set the fashion, bring in the fashion; give a tone to society, cut
a figure in society; keep one's carriage.
Adj. fashionable; in fashion &c n.; a la mode, comme il faut [Fr.];
admitted in society, admissible in society &c n.; presentable;
conventional &c (customary) 613; genteel; well-bred, well mannered,
well behaved, well spoken; gentlemanlike^, gentlemanly; ladylike; civil,
polite &c (courteous) 894.
polished, refined, thoroughbred, courtly; distingue [Fr.];
unembarrassed, degage [Fr.]; janty^, jaunty; dashing, fast.
modish, stylish, chic, trendy, recherche; newfangled &c
(unfamiliar) 83; all the rage, all the go^; with it, in, faddish.
in court, in full dress, in evening dress; en grande tenue [Fr.]
&c (ornament) 847.
Adv. fashionably &c adj.; for fashion's sake.
Phr. a la francaise, a la parisienne; a l' anglaise [Fr.], a l'
americaine [Fr.]; autre temps autre mauers [Fr.]; chaque pays a sa
853. Ridiculousness -- N. ridiculousness &c adj.; comicality, oddity &c
adj.; extravagance, drollery.
farce, comedy; burlesque &c (ridicule) 856; buffoonery &c (fun)
840; frippery; doggerel verses; absurdity &c 497; bombast &c
(unmeaning) 517; anticlimax, bathos; eccentricity, monstrosity &c
(unconformity) 83; laughingstock &c 857.
V. be ridiculous &c adj.; pass from the sublime to the ridiculous; make
one laugh; play the fool, make a fool of oneself, commit an absurdity.
Adj. ridiculous, ludicrous; comical; droll, funny, laughable, pour
rire, grotesque, farcical, odd; whimsical, whimsical as a dancing bear;
fanciful, fantastic, queer, rum, quizzical, quaint, bizarre; screaming;
eccentric &c (unconformable) 83; strange, outlandish, out of the way,
baroque, weird; awkward &c (ugly) 846.
extravagant, outre, monstrous, preposterous, bombastic, inflated,
stilted, burlesque, mock heroic.
drollish; seriocomic, tragicomic; gimcrack, contemptible &c
(unimportant) 643; doggerel; ironical &c (derisive) 856; risible.
Phr. risum teneatis amici [Lat.] [Horace]; rideret Heraclitus; du
sublime au ridicule il n'y a qu'un pas [Lat.] [Napoleon].
854. Fop -- N. fop, fine gentleman; swell; dandy, dandiprat^; exquisite,
coxcomb, beau, macaroni, blade, blood, buck, man about town, fast man;
fribble, milliner^; Jemmy Jessamy^, carpet knight; masher, dude.
fine lady, coquette; flirt, vamp.
855. Affectation -- N. affectation; affectedness &c adj.; acting a part
&c v.; pretense &c (falsehood) 544, (ostentation) 882; boasting &c 884.
charlatanism, quackery, shallow profundity; pretension, airs,
pedantry, purism, precisianism, euphuism; teratology &c (altiloquence)
mannerism, simagree, grimace.
conceit, foppery, dandyism, man millinery, coxcombry, puppyism.
stiffness, formality, buckram; prudery, demureness, coquetry, mock
modesty, minauderie, sentimentalism; mauvais honte, false shame.
affector, performer, actor; pedant, pedagogue, doctrinaire,
purist, euphuist, mannerist; grimacier; lump of affectation, precieuse
ridicule [Fr.], bas bleu [Fr.], blue stocking, poetaster; prig;
charlatan &c (deceiver) 548; petit maitre &c (fop) 854; flatterer &c
935; coquette, prude, puritan.
V. affect, act a part, put on; give oneself airs &c (arrogance) 885;
boast &c 884; coquet; simper, mince, attitudinize, pose; flirt a fan;
Adj. affected, full of affectation, pretentious, pedantic, stilted,
stagy, theatrical, big-sounding, ad captandum; canting, insincere.
not natural, unnatural; self-conscious; maniere; artificial;
overwrought, overdone, overacted; euphuist &c 577.
stiff, starch, formal, prim, smug, demure, tire a quatre epingles,
quakerish, puritanical, prudish, pragmatical, priggish, conceited,
coxcomical, foppish, dandified; finical, finikin; mincing, simpering,
Phr. conceit in weakest bodies strongest works [Hamlet].
856. Ridicule -- N. ridicule, derision; sardonic smile, sardonic grin;
irrision^; scoffing &c (disrespect) 929; mockery, quiz^, banter, irony,
persiflage, raillery, chaff, badinage; quizzing &c v.; asteism^.
squib, satire, skit, quip, quib^, grin.
parody, burlesque, travesty, travestie^; farce &c (drama) 599;
buffoonery &c (fun) 840; practical joke; horseplay.
scorn, contempt &c 930.
V. ridicule, deride, mock, taunt; snigger; laugh in one's sleeve; tease
[ridicule lightly], badinage, banter, rally, chaff, joke, twit, quiz,
roast; haze [U.S.]; tehee^; fleer^; show up.
play upon, play tricks upon; fool to the top of one's bent; laugh
at, grin at, smile at; poke fun at.
satirize, parody, caricature, burlesque, travesty.
turn into ridicule; make merry with; make fun of, make game of,
make a fool of, make an April fool of^; rally; scoff &c (disrespect)
raise a laugh &c (amuse) 840; play the fool, make a fool of
Adj. derisory, derisive; mock, mocking; sarcastic, ironic, ironical,
quizzical, burlesque, Hudibrastic^; scurrilous &c (disrespectful) 929.
Adv. in ridicule &c n..
857. [Object and cause of ridicule.] Laughingstock -- N. laughingstock,
jestingstock^, gazingstock^; butt, game, fair game; April fool &c (dupe)
original, oddity; queer fish, odd fish; quiz, square toes; old
monkey, old fogey, fogey monkey, fogy monkey; buffoon &c (jester) 844;
pantomimist &c (actor) 599.
jest &c (wit) 842.
Phr. dum vitant stulti vitia in contraria currunt [Lat.].
3. PROSPECTIVE AFFECTIONS
858. Hope -- N. hope, hopes; desire &c 865; fervent hope, sanguine
expectation, trust, confidence, reliance; faith &c (belief) 484;
affiance, assurance; secureness, security; reassurance.
good omen, good auspices; promise, well grounded hopes; good
prospect, bright prospect; clear sky.
assumption, presumption; anticipation &c (expectation) 507.
hopefulness, buoyancy, optimism, enthusiasm, heart of grace,
[person who is hopeful] optimist, utopian, utopist^.
castles in the air, castles in Spain, chateaux en Espagne [Fr.],
le pot aut lait [Fr.], Utopia, millennium; day dream, golden dream;
dream of Alnaschar^; airy hopes, fool's paradise; mirage &c (fallacies
of vision) 443; fond hope.
beam of hope, ray of hope, gleam of hope, glimmer of hope, flash
of hope, dawn of hope, star of hope; cheer; bit of blue sky, silver
lining, silver lining of the cloud, bottom of Pandora's box, balm in
Gilead; light at the end of the tunnel.
anchor, sheet anchor, mainstay; staff &c (support) 215; heaven &c
V. hope, trust, confide, rely on, put one's trust in; lean upon; pin
one's hope upon, pin one's faith upon &c (believe) 484.
feel hope, entertain hope, harbor hope, indulge hope, cherish
hope, feed hope, foster hope, nourish hope, encourage hope, cling to
hope, live in hope, &c n.; see land; feel assured, rest assured, feel
confident, rest confident &c adj.. presume; promise oneself; expect &c
(look forward to) 507.
hope for &c (desire) 865; anticipate.
be hopeful &c adj.; look on the bright side of, view on the sunny
side, voir en couleur de rose [Fr.], make the best of it, hope for the
best; put a good face upon, put a bold face upon, put the best face
upon; keep one's spirits up; take heart, take heart of grace; be of
good heart, be of good cheer; flatter oneself, lay the flattering
unction to one's soul, catch at a straw, [Hamlet], hope against hope,
reckon one's chickens before they are hatched, count one's chickens
before they are hatched.
[cause hope] give hope, inspire hope, raise hope, hold out hope &c
n.; promise, bid fair, augur well, be in a fair way, look up, flatter,
tell a flattering tale; raise expectations (sentient subject);
encourage, cheer, assure, reassure, buoy up, embolden.
Adj. hoping &c v.; in hopes &c n.; hopeful, confident; secure &c
(certain) 484; sanguine, in good heart, buoyed up, buoyant, elated,
flushed, exultant, enthusiastic; heartsome^; utopian.
unsuspecting, unsuspicious; fearless, free from fear, free from
suspicion, free from distrust, free from despair, exempt from fear,
exempt from suspicion, exempt from distrust, exempt from despair;
undespairing^, self reliant.
probable, on the high road to; within sight of shore, within sight
of land; promising, propitious; of promise, full of promise; of good
omen; auspicious, de bon augure [Fr.]; reassuring; encouraging,
cheering, inspiriting, looking up, bright, roseate, couleur de rose
Adv. hopefully &c adj..
Int. God speed!,
Phr. nil desperandum [Lat.] [Horace]; never say die, dum spiro spero
[Lat.], latet scintillula forsan [Lat.], all is for the best, spero
meliora [Lat.]; every cloud has a silver lining; the wish being father
to the thought [Henry IV]; hope told a flattering tale; rusticus
expectat dum defluat amnis [Lat.].
at spes non fracta [Lat.]; ego spem prietio non emo [Lat.]
[Terence]; un Dieu est ma fiance [Fr.]; hope! thou nurse of young
desire [Bickerstaff]; in hoc signo spes mea [Lat.]; in hoc signo vinces
[Lat.]; la speranza e il pan de miseri [It]; l'esperance est le songe
d'un homme eveille [Fr.]; the mighty hopes that make us men [Tennyson];
the sickening pang of hope deferred [Scott].
859. [Absence, want or loss of hope.] Hopelessness -- N. hopelessness
&c adj.; despair, desperation; despondency, depression &c (dejection)
837; pessimism, pessimist; Job's comforter; bird of bad omen, bird of
abandonment, desolation; resignation, surrender, submission &c
hope deferred, dashed hopes; vain expectation &c (disappointment)
airy hopes &c &c 858; forlorn hope; gone case, dead duck, gone
coon [U.S.]; goner [Slang]; bad job, bad business; enfant perdu [Fr.];
gloomy horizon, black spots in the horizon; slough of Despond, cave of
Despair; immedicabile vulnus [Lat.].
V. despair; lose all hope, give up all hope, abandon all hope,
relinquish all hope, lose the hope of, give up the hope of, abandon the
hope of, relinquish the hope of; give up, give over; yield to despair;
falter; despond &c (be dejected) 837; jeter le manche apres la cognee
inspire despair, drive to despair &c n.; disconcert; dash one's
hopes, crush one's hopes, destroy one's hopes; hope against hope.
abandon; resign, surrender, submit &c 725.
Adj. hopeless, desperate, despairing, gone, in despair, au desespoir
[Fr.], forlorn, desolate; inconsolable &c (dejected) 837; broken
unpromising, unpropitious; inauspicious, ill-omened, threatening,
out of the question, not to be thought of; impracticable &c 471;
past hope, past cure, past mending, past recall; at one's last gasp &c
(death) 360; given up, given over.
incurable, cureless, immedicable, remediless, beyond remedy;
incorrigible; irreparable, irremediable, irrecoverable, irreversible,
irretrievable, irreclaimable, irredeemable, irrevocable; ruined,
Phr. lasciate ogni speranza voi ch'entrate [Dante]; its days are
numbered; the worst come to the worst; no change, no pause, no hope,
yet I endure [Shelley]; O dark, dark, dark, amid the blaze of noon
[Milton]; mene mene tekel upharson [Old Testament].
860. Fear -- N. fear, timidity, diffidence, want of confidence;
apprehensiveness, fearfulness &c adj.; solicitude, anxiety, care,
apprehension, misgiving; feeze [U.S.]; mistrust &c (doubt) 485;
suspicion, qualm; hesitation &c (irresolution) 605.
nervousness, restlessness &c adj.; inquietude, disquietude, worry,
concern; batophobia^; heartquake^; flutter, trepidation, fear and
trembling, perturbation, tremor, quivering, shaking, trembling,
throbbing heart, palpitation, ague fit, cold sweat; abject fear &c
(cowardice) 862; mortal funk, heartsinking^, despondency; despair &c
fright; affright, affrightment^; boof alarm [U.S.], dread, awe,
terror, horror, dismay, consternation, panic, scare, stampede (of
intimidation, terrorism, reign of terror.
[Object of fear] bug bear, bugaboo; scarecrow; hobgoblin &c
(demon) 980; nightmare, Gorgon, mormo^, ogre, Hurlothrumbo^, raw head
and bloody bones, fee-faw-fum, bete noire [Fr.], enfant terrible [Fr.].
alarmist &c (coward) 862.
V. fear, stand in awe of; be afraid &c adj.; have qualms &c n.;
apprehend, sit upon thorns, eye askance; distrust &c (disbelieve) 485.
hesitate &c (be irresolute) 605; falter, funk, cower, crouch;
skulk &c (cowardice) 862; let 'I dare not' wait upon 'I would'
[Macbeth] take fright, take alarm; start, wince, flinch, shy, shrink;
fly &c (avoid) 623.
tremble, shake; shiver, shiver in one's shoes; shudder, flutter;
shake like an aspen leaf, tremble like an aspen leaf, tremble all over;
quake, quaver, quiver, quail.
grow pale, turn pale; blench, stand aghast; not dare to say one's
soul is one's own.
inspire fear, excite fear, inspire awe, excite awe; raise
apprehensions^; be in a daze, bulldoze [U.S.]; faze, feeze [U.S.]; give
an alarm, raise an alarm, sound an alarm; alarm, startle, scare, cry
'wolf', disquiet, dismay; fright, frighten, terrify; astound; fright
from one's propriety; fright out of one's senses, fright out of one's
wits, fright out of one's seven senses; awe; strike all of a heap,
strike an awe into, strike terror; harrow up the soul, appall, unman,
petrify, horrify; pile on the agony.
make one's flesh creep, make one's hair stand on end, make one's
blood run cold, make one's teeth chatter; take away one's breath, stop
one's breath; make one tremble &c; haunt; prey on the mind, weigh on
put in fear, put in bodily fear; terrorize, intimidate, cow,
daunt, overawe, abash, deter, discourage; browbeat, bully; threaten &c
Adj. fearing &c v.; frightened &c v.; in fear, in a fright &c n.;
haunted with the fear of &c n.; afeard^.
afraid, fearful; timid, timorous; nervous, diffident, coy, faint-
hearted, tremulous, shaky, afraid of one's shadow, apprehensive,
restless, fidgety; more frightened than hurt.
aghast; awe-stricken, horror-stricken, terror-stricken, panic-
stricken, awestruck, awe-stricken, horror-struck; frightened to death,
white as a sheet; pale, pale as a ghost, pale as death, pale as ashes;
breathless, in hysterics.
inspiring fear &c v.; alarming; formidable, redoubtable; perilous
&c (danger) 665; portentous; fearful; dread, dreadful; fell; dire,
direful; shocking; terrible, terrific; tremendous; horrid, horrible,
horrific; ghastly; awful, awe-inspiring; revolting &c (painful) 830;
Adv. in terrorem [Lat.].
Int. angels and ministers of grace defend us! [Hamlet].
Phr. ante tubam trepidat [Lat.]; horresco referens [Lat.], one's heart
failing one, obstupui steteruntque comae et vox faucibus haesit [Lat.]
a dagger of the mind [Macbeth]; expertus metuit [Lat.] [Horace];
fain would I climb but that I fear to fall [Raleigh]; fear is the
parent of cruelty [Froude]; Gorgons and hydras and chimeras dire
[Paradise Lost]; omnia tuta timens [Lat.] [Vergil]; our fears do make
us traitors [Macbeth];
861. [Absence of fear.] Courage -- N. courage, bravery, valor;
resoluteness, boldness &c adj.; spirit, daring, gallantry, intrepidity;
contempt of danger, defiance of danger; derring-do; audacity; rashness
&c 863; dash; defiance &c 715; confidence, self-reliance.
manliness, manhood; nerve, pluck, mettle, game; heart, heart of
grace; spunk, guts, face, virtue, hardihood, fortitude, intestinal
fortitude; firmness &c (stability) 150; heart of oak; bottom, backbone,
spine &c (perseverance) 604.1.
resolution &c (determination) 604; bulldog courage.
prowess, heroism, chivalry.
exploit, feat, achievement; heroic deed, heroic act; bold stroke.
man, man of mettle; hero, demigod, Amazon, Hector; lion, tiger,
panther, bulldog; gamecock, fighting-cock; bully, fire eater &c 863.
V. be courageous &c adj.; dare, venture, make bold; face danger, front
danger, affront danger, confront danger, brave danger, defy danger,
despise danger, mock danger; look in the face; look full in the face,
look boldly in the face, look danger in the face; face; meet, meet in
front; brave, beard; defy &c 715.
take courage, muster courage, summon up courage, pluck up courage;
nerve oneself, take heart; take heart, pluck up heart of grace; hold up
one's head, screw one's courage to the sticking place; come up to
scratch; stick to one's guns, standfire^, stand against; bear up, bear
up against; hold out &c (persevere) 604.1.
put a bold face upon; show a bold front, present a bold front;
show fight; face the music.
bell the cat, take the bull by the horns, beard the lion in his
den, march up to the cannon's mouth, go through fire and water, run the
give courage, infuse courage, inspire courage; reassure,
encourage, embolden, inspirit, cheer, nerve, put upon one's mettle,
rally, raise a rallying cry; pat on the back, make a man of., keep in
Adj. courageous, brave; valiant, valorous; gallant, intrepid; spirited,
spiritful^; high-spirited, high-mettled^; mettlesome, plucky; manly,
manful; resolute; stout, stout-hearted; iron-hearted, lion-hearted;
heart of oak; Penthesilean.
bold, bold-spirited; daring, audacious; fearless, dauntless,
dreadless^, aweless; undaunted, unappalled, undismayed, unawed,
unblanched, unabashed, unalarmed, unflinching, unshrinking^,
unblanching^, unapprehensive; confident, self-reliant; bold as a lion,
bold as brass.
enterprising, adventurous; venturous, venturesome; dashing,
chivalrous; soldierly &c (warlike) 722; heroic.
fierce, savage; pugnacious &c (bellicose) 720.
strong-minded, hardy, doughty; firm &c (stable) 150; determined &c
(resolved) 604; dogged, indomitable &c (persevering) 604.1.
up to, up to the scratch; upon one's mettle; reassured &c v.;
Phr. one's blood being up; courage sans peur [Fr.]; fortes fortuna
adjuvat [Lat.] [Terence]; have I not in my time heard lions roar
[Taming of the Shrew]; I dare do all that may become a man [Macbeth];
male vincetis sed vincite [Lat.] [Ovid]; omne solum forti patria
[Lat.]; self-trust is the essence of heroism [Emerson]; stimulos dedit
oemula virtus [Lat.] [Lucan]; strong and great, a hero [Longfellow];
teloque animus proestantior omni [Lat.] [Ovid]; there, is always safety
in valor [Emerson]; virtus ariete fortier [Lat.].
862. [Excess of fear.] Cowardice -- N. cowardice, pusillanimity;
cowardliness &c adj.; timidity, effeminacy.
poltroonery, baseness; dastardness^, dastardy^; abject fear, funk;
Dutch courage; fear &c 860; white feather, faint heart; cold feet
[U.S.], yellow streak [Slang].
coward, poltroon, dastard, sneak, recreant; shy cock, dunghill
cock; coistril^, milksop, white liver, lily liver, nidget^, one that
cannot say 'boo' to a goose; slink; Bob Acres, Jerry Sneak.
alarmist, terrorist^, pessimist; runagate &c (fugitive) 623.
V. quail &c (fear) 860; be cowardly &c adj., be a coward &c n.; funk;
cower, skulk, sneak; flinch, shy, fight shy, slink, turn tail; run away
&c (avoid) 623; show, the white feather.
Adj. coward, cowardly; fearful, shy; timid, timorous; skittish; poor-
spirited, spiritless, soft, effeminate.
weak-minded; infirm of purpose &c 605; weak-hearted, fainthearted,
chickenhearted, henhearted^, lilyhearted, pigeon-hearted; white-
livered^, lily-livered, milk-livered^; milksop, smock-faced; unable to
say 'boo' to a goose.
dastard, dastardly; base, craven, sneaking, dunghill, recreant;
in face a lion but in heart a deer.
unmanned; frightened &c 860.
Int. sauve qui peut! [Fr.], every man for himself! [Fr.Tr.]; devil take
Phr. ante tubam trepidat [Lat.], one's courage oozing out; degeneres
animos timor arguit [Lat.] [Vergil].
863. Rashness -- N. rashness &c adj.; temerity, want of caution,
imprudence, indiscretion; overconfidence, presumption, audacity.
precipitancy, precipitation; impetuosity; levity; foolhardihood^,
foolhardiness; heedlessness, thoughtlessness &c (inattention) 458;
carelessness &c (neglect) 460; desperation; Quixotism, knight-errantry;
gaming, gambling; blind bargain, leap in the dark, leap of faith,
fool's paradise; too many eggs in one basket.
desperado, rashling^, madcap, daredevil, Hotspur, fire eater,
bully, bravo, Hector, scapegrace, enfant perdu [Fr.]; Don Quixote,
knight-errant, Icarus; adventurer; gambler, gamester; dynamitard^;
V. be rash &c adj.; stick at nothing, play a desperate game; run into
danger &c 665; play with fire, play with edge tools.
carry too much sail, sail too near the wind, ride at single
anchor, go out of one's depth.
take a leap in the dark, buy a pig in a poke.
donner tete baissee [Fr.]; knock, one's bead against a wall &c (be
unskillful) 699; rush on destruction; kick against the pricks, tempt
Providence, go on a forlorn hope, go on a fool's errand.
reckon one's chickens before they are hatched, count one's
chickens before they are hatched, reckon without one's host; catch at
straws; trust to a broken reed, lean on a broken reed.
Adj. rash, incautious, indiscreet; imprudent, improvident, temerarious;
uncalculating^; heedless; careless &c (neglectful) 460; without ballast,
heels over head, head over heels; giddy &c (inattentive) 458; wanton,
reckless, wild, madcap; desperate, devil-may-care.
hot-blooded, hotheaded, hotbrained^; headlong, headstrong;
breakneck; foolhardy; harebrained; precipitate, impulsive.
overconfident, overweening; venturesome, venturous; adventurous,
Quixotic, fire eating, cavalier; janty^, jaunty, free and easy.
off one's guard &c (inexpectant) 508 [Obs.].
Adv. post haste, a corps perdu [Fr.], hand over head, tete baissee
[Fr.], headforemost^; happen what may, come what may.
Phr. neck or nothing, the devil being in one; non semper temeritas est
felix [Lat.] [Livy]; paucis temeritas est bono multis malo [Lat.]
864. Caution -- N. caution; cautiousness &c adj.; discretion, prudence,
cautel^, heed, circumspection, calculation, deliberation.
foresight &c 510; vigilance &c 459; warning &c 668.
coolness &c adj.; self-possession, self-command; presence of mind,
sang froid [Fr.]; well-regulated mind; worldly wisdom, Fabian policy.
V. be cautious &c adj.; take care, take heed, take good care; have a
care mind, what one is about; be on one's guard &c (keep watch) 459;
make assurance doubly sure [Macbeth].
bespeak &c (be early) 132.
think twice, look before one leaps, count the cost, look to the
main chance, cut one's coat according to one's cloth; feel one's
ground, feel one's way; see how the land lies &c (foresight) 510; wait
to see how the cat jumps; bridle one's tongue; reculer pour mieux
sauter &c (prepare) 673 [Fr.]; let well alone, let well enough alone;
let sleeping dogs lie, ne pas reveiller le chat qui dort [Fr.], don't
wake a sleeping cat.
keep out of harm's way, keep out of troubled waters; keep at a
respectful distance, stand aloof; keep on the safe side, be on the safe
husband one's resources &c 636.
caution &c (warn) 668.
Adj. cautious, wary, guarded; on one's guard &c (watchful) 459; cavendo
tutus [Lat.]; in medio tutissimus [Lat.]; vigilant.
careful, heedful; cautelous^, stealthy, chary, shy of, circumspect,
prudent, discreet, politic; sure-footed &c (skillful) 698.
unenterprising, unadventurous, cool, steady, self-possessed;
Adv. cautiously &c adj..
Int. have a care!,
Phr. timeo Danaos [Lat.] [Vergil]; festina lente [Lat.].
ante victoriam ne canas triumphum [Lat.], don't sing out victory
before the triumph; give, every man thine ear but few thy voice
[Hamlet]; he who laughs last laughs best, il rit bien qui rit le
dernier [Fr.]; ni firmes carta que no leas ni bebas agua que no veas
[Sp.]; nescit vox missa reverti [Lat.] [Horace]; love all, trust a few
[All's Well]; noli irritare leones [Lat.]; safe bind safe find; if it
ain't broke, don't fix it [Bert Lance].
865. Desire -- N. desire, wish, fancy, fantasy; want, need, exigency.
mind, inclination, leaning, bent, animus, partiality, penchant,
predilection; propensity &c 820; willingness &c 602; liking, love,
longing, hankering, inkling; solicitude, anxiety; yearning,
coveting; aspiration, ambition, vaulting ambition; eagerness, zeal,
ardor, empressement [Fr.], breathless impatience, overanxiety;
impetuosity, &c 825.
appetite, appetition^, appetence^, appetency^; sharp appetite,
keenness, hunger, stomach, twist; thirst, thirstiness; drouth,
mouthwatering; itch, itching; prurience, cacoethes [Lat.], cupidity,
edge of appetite, edge of hunger; torment of Tantalus; sweet
tooth, lickerish tooth^; itching palm; longing eye, wistful eye, sheep's
[excessive desire for money] greed &c 817.1.
voracity &c (gluttony) 957.
passion, rage, furore^, mania, manie^; inextinguishable desire;
[Person who desires] lover, amateur, votary, devotee, aspirant,
solicitant, candidate, applicant, supplicant; cormorant &c 957.
[Object of desire] desideratum; want &c (requirement) 630; a
consummation devoutly to be wished; attraction, magnet, allurement,
fancy, temptation, seduction, fascination, prestige, height of one's
ambition, idol; whim, whimsy, whimsey^; maggot; hobby, hobby-horse.
Fortunatus's cap; wishing cap, wishing stone, wishing well.
V. desire; wish, wish for; be desirous &c adj.. have a longing &c n.;
hope &c 858.
care for, affect, like, list; take to, cling to, take a fancy to;
fancy; prefer &c (choose) 609.
have an eye, have a mind to; find it in one's heart &c (be
willing) 602; have a fancy for, set one's eyes upon; cast a sheep's eye
upon, look sweet upon; take into one's head, have at heart, be bent
upon; set one's cap at, set one's heart upon, set one's mind upon;
want, miss, need, feel the want of, would fain have, would fain
do; would be glad of.
be hungry &c adj.; have a good appetite, play a good knife and
fork; hunger after, thirst after, crave after, lust after, itch after,
hanker after, run mad after; raven for, die for; burn to.
desiderate^; sigh for, cry for, gape for, gasp for, pine for, pant
for, languish for, yearn for, long, be on thorns for, hope for; aspire
after; catch at, grasp at, jump at.
woo, court, solicit; fish for, spell for, whistle for, put up for;
cause desire, create desire, raise desire, excite desire, provoke
desire; whet the appetite; appetize^, titillate, allure, attract, take
one's fancy, tempt; hold out temptation, hold out allurement;
tantalize, make one's mouth water, faire venir l'eau a la bouche [Fr.].
gratify desire &c (give pleasure) 829.
Adj. desirous; desiring &c v.; inclined &c (willing) 602; partial to;
fain, wishful, optative^; anxious, wistful, curious; at a loss for,
craving, hungry, sharp-set, peckish^, ravening, with an empty
stomach, esurient^, lickerish^, thirsty, athirst, parched with thirst,
pinched with hunger, famished, dry, drouthy^; hungry as a hunter, hungry
as a hawk, hungry as a horse, hungry as a church mouse, hungry as a
[excessively desirous] greedy &c 817.1.
unsatisfied, unsated, unslaked; unsaturated.
eager, avid, keen; burning, fervent, ardent; agog; all agog;
breathless; impatient &c (impetuous) 825; bent on, intent on, set on,
bent upon, intent upon, set upon; mad after, enrage, rabid, dying for,
devoured by desire.
aspiring, ambitious, vaulting, skyaspiring, high-reaching.
desirable; desired &c v.; in demand; pleasing &c (giving pleasure)
829; appetizing, appetible^; tantalizing.
Adv. wistfully &c adj.; fain.
Int. would that, would that it were!, O for!, esto perpetual [Lat.]
Phr. the wish being father to the thought; sua cuique voluptas [Lat.];
hoc erat in votis [Lat.], the mouth watering, the fingers itching; aut
Caesar aut nullus [Lat.].
Cassius has a lean and hungry look [Julius Caesar]; hungry as the
grave [Thomson]; I was born to other things [Tennyson]; not what we
wish but what we want [Merrick]; such joy ambition finds [Paradise
Lost]; the sea hath bounds but deep desire hath none [Venus and
Adonis]; ubi mel ibi apes [Lat.].
866. Indifference -- N. indifference, neutrality; coldness &c adj.;
anaphrodisia^; unconcern, insouciance, nonchalance; want of interest,
want of earnestness; anorexy^, anorexia, inappetency^; apathy &c
(insensibility) 823; supineness &c (inactivity) 683; disdain &c 930;
recklessness &c 863; inattention &c 458.
anaphrodisiac^, antaphrodisiac^; lust-quencher, passion-queller^.
V. be indifferent &c adj.; stand neuter; take no interest in &c
(insensibility) 823; have no desire for &c 865, have no taste for, have
no relish for; not care for; care nothing for, care nothing about; not
care a straw about, not care a fig for, not care a whit about &c
(unimportance) 643; not mind.
set at naught &c (make light of) 483; spurn &c (disdain) 930.
Adj. indifferent, cold, frigid, lukewarm; cool, cool as a cucumber;
unconcerned, insouciant, phlegmatic, pococurante^, easygoing, devil-may-
care, careless, listless, lackadaisical; half-hearted; unambitious,
unaspiring, undesirous^, unsolicitous^, unattracted.
[indifferent toward people] aloof, unapproachable, remote;
unattractive, unalluring, undesired, undesirable, uncared for,
unwished^, unvalued, all one to.
insipid &c 391; vain.
Adv. for aught one cares.
Int. never mind; Who cares? whatever you like, whatever.
Phr. I couldn't care less, I could care less; anything will do; es
macht nichts [G.].
867. Dislike -- N. dislike, distaste, disrelish, disinclination,
reluctance; backwardness &c (unwillingness) 603.
repugnance, disgust, queasiness, turn, nausea, loathing;
averseness^, aversation^, aversion; abomination, antipathy, abhorrence,
horror; mortal antipathy, rooted antipathy, mortal horror, rooted
horror; hatred, detestation; hate &c 898; animosity &c 900;
hydrophobia; canine madness; byssa^, xenophobia.
sickener^; gall and wormwood &c (unsavory) 395; shuddering, cold
V. mislike misrelish^, dislike, disrelish; mind, object to; have rather
not, would rather not, prefer not to, not care for; have a dislike for,
conceive a dislike to, entertain a dislike for, take a dislike to, have
an aversion to, have an aversion for; have no taste for, have no
shun, avoid &c 623; eschew; withdraw from, shrink from, recoil
from; not be able to bear, not be able to abide, not be able to endure;
shrug the shoulders at, shudder at, turn up the nose at, look askance
at; make a mouth, make a wry face, make a grimace; make faces.
loathe, nauseate, abominate, detest, abhor; hate &c 898; take
amiss &c 900; have enough of &c (be satiated) 869.
wish away, unwish cause dislike, excite dislike; disincline,
repel, sicken; make sick, render sick; turn one's stomach, nauseate,
wamble^, disgust, shock, stink in the nostrils; go against the grain, go
against the stomach; stick in the throat; make one's blood run cold &c
(give pain) 830; pall.
Adj. disliking &c v.; averse from, loathe, loathe to, loth, adverse;
shy of, sick of, out of conceit with; disinclined; heartsick, dogsick^;
disliked &c v.; uncared for, unpopular; out of favor; repulsive,
repugnant, repellant; abhorrent, insufferable, fulsome, nauseous;
loathsome, loathful^; offensive; disgusting &c v.; disagreeable c.
Adv. usque ad nauseam [Lat.].
Int. faugh!, foh!^, ugh!,
Phr. non libet [Lat.].
868. Fastidiousness -- N. fastidiousness &c adj.; nicety,
hypercriticism, difficulty in being pleased, friandise [Fr.],
epicurism, omnia suspendens naso [Lat.].
[Excess of delicacy] prudery.
V. be fastidious &c adj.; have a sweet tooth.
mince the matter; turn up one's nose at &c (disdain) 930; look a
gift horse in the mouth, see spots on the sun.
Adj. fastidious, nice, delicate, delicat^, finical, finicky, demanding,
meticulous, exacting, strict, anal [Vulg.], difficult, dainty,
lickerish^, squeamish, thin-skinned; squeasy^, queasy; hard to please,
difficult to please; querulous, particular, straitlaced, scrupulous;
censorious &c 932; hypercritical; overcritical.
Phr. noli me tangere [Lat.].
869. Satiety -- N. satiety, satisfaction, saturation, repletion, glut,
surfeit; cloyment^, satiation; weariness &c 841.
spoiled child; enfant gete [Fr.], enfant terrible [Fr.]; too much
of a good thing, toujours perdrix [Fr.]; crambe repetita [Lat.].
V. sate, satiate, satisfy, saturate; cloy, quench, slake, pall, glut.,
gorge, surfeit; bore &c (weary) 841; tire &c (fatigue) 688; spoil.
have enough of, have quite enough of, have one's fill, have too
much of; be satiated &c adj..
Adj. satiated &c v.; overgorged^; blase, used up, sick of, heartsick.
Int. enough!, hold!, eheu jam satis! [Lat.], basta!^,
4. CONTEMPLATIVE AFFECTIONS
870. Wonder -- N. wonder, marvel; astonishment, amazement, wonderment,
bewilderment; amazedness &c adj.^; admiration, awe; stupor,
stupefaction; stound^, fascination; sensation; surprise &c
(inexpectation) 508 [Obs.].
note of admiration; thaumaturgy &c (sorcery) 992 [Obs.].
V. wonder, marvel, admire; be surprised &c adj.; start; stare; open
one's eyes, rub one's eyes, turn up one's eyes; gloar^; gape, open one's
mouth, hold one's breath; look aghast, stand aghast, stand agog; look
blank &c (disappointment) 509; tombe des nues [Fr.]; not believe one's
eyes, not believe one's ears, not believe one's senses.
not be able to account for &c (unintelligible) 519; not know
whether one stands on one's head or one's heels.
surprise, astonish, amaze, astound; dumfound, dumfounder; startle,
dazzle; daze; strike, strike with wonder, strike with awe; electrify;
stun, stupefy, petrify, confound, bewilder, flabbergast, stagger, throw
on one's beam ends, fascinate, turn the head, take away one's breath,
strike dumb; make one's hair stand on end, make one's tongue cleave to
the roof of one's mouth; make one stare.
take by surprise &c (be unexpected) 508.
be wonderful &c adj.; beggar description, beggar the imagination,
baffle description; stagger belief.
Adj. surprised &c v.; aghast, all agog, breathless, agape; open-
mouthed; awestruck, thunderstruck, moonstruck, planet-struck;
spellbound; lost in amazement, lost in wonder, lost in astonishment;
struck all of a heap, unable to believe one's senses, like a duck ion
wonderful, wondrous; surprising &c v.; unexpected &c 508; unheard
of; mysterious &c (inexplicable) 519; miraculous.
indescribable, inexpressible, inaffable^; unutterable, unspeakable.
monstrous, prodigious, stupendous, marvelous; inconceivable,
incredible; inimaginable^, unimaginable; strange &c (uncommon) 83;
striking &c v.; overwhelming; wonder-working.
Adv. wonderfully, &c adj.; fearfully; for a wonder, in the name of
wonder; strange to say; mirabile dictu [Lat.], mirabile visu [Lat.]; to
one's great surprise.
with wonder &c n., with gaping mouth; with open eyes, with
Int. lo, lo and behold!, O!, heyday!, halloo!, what!, indeed!, really!,
surely!, humph!, hem!, good lack, good heavens, good gracious!, Ye
gods!, good Lord!, good grief!, Holy cow!, My word!, Holy shit!
[Vulg.], gad so!, welladay!^, dear me!, only think!, lackadaisy!^, my
stars, my goodness!, gracious goodness!, goodness gracious!, mercy on
us!, heavens and earth!, God bless me!, bless us, bless my heart!,
odzookens!^, O gemini!, adzooks!^, hoity-toity!, strong!, Heaven save
the mark, bless the mark!, can such things be!, zounds!, 'sdeath!
[Contr.], what on earth, what in the world!, who would have thought
it!, &c (inexpectation) 508 [Obs.]; you don't say so!, You're kidding!.
No kidding? what do you say to that!, nous verrons! [Fr.], how
now!, where am I?
Phr. vox faucibus haesit [Lat.]; one's hair standing on end.
871. [Absence of wonder.] Expectance -- N. expectance &c (expectation)
example, instance (conformity) 82.
normality (habit) 613.
nine days' wonder.
V. expect &c 507; not be surprised, not wonder &c 870; nil admirari
[Lat.], make nothing of.
Adj. expecting &c v.; unamazed, astonished at nothing; blase &c (weary)
841; expected &c v.; foreseen; unsurprising.
common, ordinary, normal, typical, usual &c (habitual) 613.
Adv. naturally, as a matter of course.
Int. no wonder; of course.
872. Prodigy -- N. prodigy, phenomenon; wonder, wonderment; marvel,
miracle; monster &c (unconformity) 83; curiosity, lion, sight,
spectacle; jeu de theatre [Fr.], coup de theatre; gazingstock^; sign;
Elmo's fire, St.
Elmo's light; portent &c 512.
bursting of a shell, bursting of a bomb; volcanic eruption, peal
of thunder; thunder-clap, thunder-bolt.
what no words can paint; wonders of the world; annus mirabilis
[Lat.]; dignus vindice nodus [Lat.].
Phr. natura il fece e poi roppe la stampa [It].
5. EXTRINSIC AFFECTIONS
873. Repute -- N. distinction, mark, name, figure; repute, reputation;
good repute, high repute; note, notability, notoriety, eclat, the
bubble reputation [As You Like It], vogue, celebrity; fame, famousness;
renown; popularity, aura popularis [Lat.]; approbation &c 931; credit,
succes d'estime [Fr.], prestige, talk of the town; name to conjure
glory, honor; luster &c (light) 420; illustriousness &c adj..
account, regard, respect; reputableness &c adj.^; respectability &c
(probity) 939; good name, good report; fair name.
dignity; stateliness &c adj.; solemnity, grandeur, splendor,
nobility, majesty, sublimity.
rank, standing, brevet rank, precedence, pas, station, place,
status; position, position in society; order, degree, baccalaureate,
locus standi [Lat.], caste, condition.
greatness &c adj.; eminence; height &c 206; importance &c 642;
preeminence, supereminence; high mightiness, primacy; top of the
ladder, top of the tree.
elevation; ascent &c 305; superaltation^, exaltation;
dedication, consecration, enthronement, canonization, celebration,
hero, man of mark, great card, celebrity, worthy, lion, rara avis
[Lat.], notability, somebody; classman^; man of rank &c (nobleman) 875;
pillar of the state, pillar of the church, pillar of the community.
chief &c (master) 745; first fiddle &c (proficient) 700; cynosure,
mirror; flower, pink, pearl; paragon &c (perfection) 650; choice and
master spirits of the age; elite; star, sun, constellation, galaxy.
ornament, honor, feather in one's cap, halo, aureole, nimbus; halo
of glory, blaze of glory, blushing honors; laurels &c (trophy) 733.
memory, posthumous fame, niche in the temple of fame; immortality,
immortal name; magni nominis umbra [Lat.] [Lucan].
V. be conscious of glory; be proud of &c (pride) 878; exult &c (boast)
884; be vain of &c (vanity) 880.
be distinguished &c adj.; shine &c (light) 420; shine forth,
figure; cut a figure, make a dash, make a splash.
rival, surpass; outshine, outrival, outvie^, outjump; emulate,
eclipse; throw into the shade, cast into the shade; overshadow.
live, flourish, glitter, flaunt, gain honor, acquire honor &c n.;
play first fiddle &c (be of importance) 642, bear the palm, bear the
bell; lead the way; take precedence, take the wall of; gain laurels,
win laurels, gain spurs, gain golden opinions &c (approbation) 931;
take one's degree, pass one's examination.
make a noise, make some noise, make a noise in the world; leave
one's mark, exalt one's horn, blow one's horn, star it, have a run, be
run after; come into vogue, come to the front; raise one's head.
enthrone, signalize, immortalize, deify, exalt to the skies; hand
one's name down to posterity.
consecrate; dedicate to, devote to; enshrine, inscribe, blazon,
lionize, blow the trumpet, crown with laurel.
confer honor on, reflect honor on &c v.; shed a luster on;
redound.to one's honor, ennoble.
give honor to, do honor to, pay honor to, render honor to; honor,
accredit, pay regard to, dignify, glorify; sing praises to &c (approve)
931; lock up to; exalt, aggrandize, elevate, nobilitate [Lat.].
Adj. distinguished, distingue [Fr.], noted; of note &c n.; honored &c
v.; popular; fashionable &c 852.
in good odor in; favor, in high favor; reputable, respectable,
remarkable &c (important) 642; notable, notorious; celebrated,
renowned, ion every one's mouth, talked of; famous, famed; far-famed;
conspicuous, to the front; foremost; in the front rank, in the
imperishable, deathless, immortal, never fading, aere perennius
[Lat.]; time honored.
illustrious, glorious, splendid, brilliant, radiant; bright &c
420; full-blown; honorific.
eminent, prominent; high &c 206; in the zenith; at the head of, at
the top of the tree; peerless, of the first water.; superior &c 33;
great, dignified, proud, noble, honorable, worshipful, lordly,
grand, stately, august, princely.
imposing, solemn, transcendent, majestic, sacred, sublime, heaven-
born, heroic, sans peur et sans reproche [Fr.]; sacrosanct.
Int. hail!, all hail!, ave!, viva!, vive! [Fr.], long life to!, banzai!
[Jap.]; glory be to, honor be to?
Phr. one's name being in every mouth, one's name living for ever; sic
itur ad astra [Lat.], fama volat [Lat.], aut Caesar aut nullus [Lat.];
not to know him argues oneself unknown; none but himself could be his
parallel, palmam qui meruit ferat [Lat.] [Nelson's motto].
above all Greek above all Roman fame [Pope]; cineri gloria sera
est [Lat.] [Martial]; great is the glory for the strife is hard
[Wordsworth]; honor virtutis praemium [Lat.] [Cicero]; immensum gloria
calcar habet [Ovid]; the glory dies not and the grief is past
[Brydges]; vivit post funera virtus [Lat.].
874. Disrepute -- N. disrepute, discredit; ill repute, bad repute, bad
name, bad odor, bad favor, ill name, ill odor, ill favor;
disapprobation &c 932; ingloriousness, derogation; abasement,
debasement; abjectness &c adj.; degradation, dedecoration^; a long
farewell to all my greatness [Henry VIII]; odium, obloquy, opprobrium,
dishonor, disgrace; shame, humiliation; scandal, baseness,
vileness^; turpitude &c (improbity) 940 [Obs.]; infamy.
tarnish, taint, defilement, pollution.
stain, blot, spot, blur, stigma, brand, reproach, imputation,
crying shame, burning shame; scandalum magnatum [Lat.], badge of
infamy, blot in one's escutcheon; bend sinister, bar sinister;
champain^, point champain^; byword of reproach; Ichabod.
argumentum ad verecundiam [Lat.]; sense of shame &c 879.
V. be inglorious &c adj.; incur disgrace &c n.; have a bad name, earn a
bad name; put a halter round one's neck, wear a halter round one's
neck; disgrace oneself, expose oneself.
play second fiddle; lose caste; pale one's ineffectual fire;
recede into the shade; fall from one's high estate; keep in the
background &c (modesty) 881; be conscious of disgrace &c (humility)
879; look blue, look foolish, look like a fool; cut a poor figure, cut
a sorry figure; laugh on the wrong side of the mouth; make a sorry
face, go away with a flea in.
one's ear, slink away.
cause shame &c n.; shame, disgrace, put to shame, dishonor; throw
dishonor upon, cast dishonor upon, fling dishonor upon, reflect
dishonor upon &c n.; be a reproach &c n.. to; derogate from.
tarnish, stain, blot sully, taint; discredit; degrade, debase,
defile; beggar; expel &c (punish) 972.
impute shame to, brand, post, stigmatize, vilify, defame, slur,
cast a slur upon, hold up to shame, send to Coventry; tread under foot,
trample under foot; show up, drag through the mire, heap dirt upon;
reprehend &c 932.
bring low, put down, snub; take down a peg, take down a peg lower,
take down a peg or two.
eclipse, outshine, take the shine out of; throw into the shade,
cast into the shade; overshadow; leave in the background, put in the
background; push into a corner, put one's nose out of joint; put out,
put out of countenance.
upset, throw off one's center; discompose, disconcert; put to the
blush &c (humble) 879.
Adj. disgraced &c v.; blown upon; shorn of its beams [Milton], shorn of
one's glory; overcome, downtrodden; loaded with shame &c n.; in bad
repute &c n.; out of repute, out of favor, out of fashion, out of
countenance; at a discount; under a cloud, under an eclipse; unable to
show one's face; in the shade, in the background; out at elbows, down
at the elbows, down in the world.
inglorious; nameless, renownless^; obscure; unknown to fame;
unnoticed, unnoted^, unhonored, unglorified^.
shameful; disgraceful, discreditable, disreputable; despicable;
questionable; unbecoming, unworthy; derogatory; degrading, humiliating,
infra dignitatem [Lat.], dedecorous^; scandalous, infamous, too bad,
unmentionable; ribald, opprobrious; errant, shocking, outrageous,
ignominious, scrubby, dirty, abject, vile, beggarly, pitiful, low,
mean, shabby base &c (dishonorable) 940.
Adv. to one's shame be it spoken.
Int. fie!, shame!, for shame!, proh pudor! [Lat.], O tempora!^, O
mores!, ough!, sic transit gloria mundi! [Lat.],
875. Nobility -- N. nobility, rank, condition, distinction, optimacy^,
blood, pur sang [Fr.], birth, high descent, order; quality, gentility;
blue blood of Castile; ancien regime [Fr.].
high life, haute monde [Fr.]; upper classes, upper ten thousand;
the four hundred [U.S.]; elite, aristocracy, great folks; fashionable
world &c (fashion) 852.
peer, peerage; house of lords, house of peers; lords, lords
temporal and spiritual; noblesse; noble, nobleman; lord, lordling^;
grandee, magnifico [Lat.], hidalgo; daimio [Jap.], daimyo [Jap.],
samurai [Jap.], shizoku [Jap.]; don, donship^; aristocrat, swell, three-
tailed bashaw^; gentleman, squire, squireen^, patrician, laureate.
gentry, gentlefolk; squirarchy [Slang], better sort magnates,
primates, optimates^; pantisocracy^.
king &c (master) 745; atheling^; prince, duke; marquis,
marquisate^; earl, viscount, baron, thane, banneret^; baronet,
baronetcy^; knight, knighthood; count, armiger^, laird; signior^,
seignior; esquire, boyar, margrave, vavasour^; emir, ameer^, scherif^,
sharif, effendi, wali; sahib; chevalier, maharaja, nawab, palsgrave^,
pasha, rajah, waldgrave^.
princess, begum^, duchess, marchioness; countess &c; lady, dame;
memsahib; Do$a, maharani, rani.
personage of distinction, man of distinction, personage of rank,
man of rank, personage of mark, man of mark; notables, notabilities;
celebrity, bigwig, magnate, great man, star, superstar; big bug; big
gun, great gun; gilded rooster [U.S.]; magni nominis umbra [Lat.]
[Lucan]; every inch a king [Lear].
V. be noble &c adj..
Adj. noble, exalted; of rank &c n.; princely, titled, patrician,
aristocratic; high-, well-born; of gentle blood; genteel, comme il faut
[Fr.], gentlemanlike^, courtly &c (fashionable) 852; highly respectable.
Adv. in high quarters.
Phr. Adel sitzt im Gemuthe nicht im Gebluete [G.]; adelig und edel sind
zweierlei [G.]; noblesse oblige [Fr.].
876. Commonalty -- N. commonalty, democracy; obscurity; low condition,
low life, low society, low company; bourgeoisie; mass of the people,
mass of society; Brown Jones and Robinson; lower classes, humbler
classes, humbler orders; vulgar herd, common herd; rank and file, hoc
genus omne [Lat.]; the many, the general, the crowd, the people, the
populace, the multitude, the million, the masses, the mobility, the
peasantry; king Mob; proletariat; fruges consumere nati [Lat.], demos,
hoi polloi [Gr.], great unwashed; man in the street.
mob; rabble, rabble rout; chaff, rout, horde, canaille; scum of
the people, residuum of the people, dregs of the people, dregs of
society; swinish multitude, foex populi^; trash; profanum vulgus [Lat.],
ignobile vulgus [Lat.]; vermin, riffraff, ragtag and bobtail; small
commoner, one of the people, democrat, plebeian, republican,
proletary^, proletaire^, roturier^, Mr.
Snooks, bourgeois, epicier [Fr.], Philistine, cockney; grisette^,
peasant, countryman, boor, carle^, churl; villain, villein; terrae
filius [Lat.], son of the land; serf, kern^, tyke, tike, chuff^, ryot^,
fellah; longshoreman; swain, clown, hind; clod, clodhopper; hobnail,
yokel, bog-trotter, bumpkin; plowman, plowboy^; rustic, hayseed [Slang],
lunkhead [U.S.], chaw-bacon [Slang], tiller of the soil; hewers of wood
and drawers of water, groundling^; gaffer, loon, put, cub, Tony
Lumpkin^, looby^, rube [U.S.], lout, underling; gamin; rough; pot-
wallopper^, slubberdegullion^; vulgar fellow, low fellow; cad,
upstart, parvenu, skipjack^; nobody, nobody one knows; hesterni
quirites [Lat.], pessoribus orti [Lat.]; bourgeois gentilhomme [Fr.],
novus homo [Lat.], snob, gent, mushroom, no one knows who, adventurer;
man of straw.
beggar, gaberlunzie^, muckworm^, mudlark^, sans culotte, raff^,
tatterdemalion, caitiff, ragamuffin, Pariah, outcast of society, tramp,
vagabond, bezonian^, panhandler [Slang], sundowner^, chiffonnier,
Cinderella, cinderwench^, scrub, jade; gossoon^.
Goth, Vandal, Hottentot, Zulu, savage, barbarian, Yahoo; unlicked
cub^, rough diamond^.
barbarousness, barbarism; boeotia.
V. be ignoble &c adj., be nobody &c n..
Adj. ignoble, common, mean, low, base, vile, sorry, scrubby, beggarly;
below par; no great shakes &c (unimportant) 643; homely, homespun;
vulgar, low-minded; snobbish.
plebeian, proletarian; of low parentage, of low origin, of low
extraction, of mean parentage, of mean origin, of mean extraction;
lowborn, baseborn, earthborn^; mushroom, dunghill, risen from the ranks;
unknown to fame, obscure, untitled.
rustic, uncivilized; loutish, boorish, clownish, churlish,
brutish, raffish; rude, unlicked^.
barbarous, barbarian, barbaric, barbaresque^; cockney, born within
sound of Bow bells.
underling, menial, subaltern.
Adv. below the salt.
Phr. dummodo sit dives barbarus ipse placet [Lat.] [Ovid].
877. Title -- N. title, honor; knighthood &c (nobility) 875.
highness, excellency, grace; lordship, worship; reverence,
reverend; esquire, sir, master, Mr., signor, senor, Mein Herr [G.],
mynheer^; your honor, his honor; serene highness; handle to one's name.
decoration, laurel, palm, wreath, garland, bays, medal, ribbon,
riband, blue ribbon, cordon, cross, crown, coronet, star, garter;
feather, feather in one's cap; epaulet, epaulette, colors, cockade;
livery; order, arms, shield, scutcheon; reward &c 973.
878. Pride -- N. dignity, self-respect, mens sibi conscia recti [Lat.]
pride; haughtiness &c adj.; high notions, hauteur; vainglory,
crest; arrogance &c (assumption) 885.
proud man, highflier^; fine gentleman, fine lady.
V. be proud &c adj.; put a good face on; look one in the face; stalk
abroad, perk oneself up; think no small beer of oneself; presume,
swagger, strut; rear one's head, lift up one's head, hold up one's
head; hold one's head high, look big, take the wall, bear like the Turk
no rival near the throne [Pope], carry with a high hand; ride the high
horse, mount on one's high horse; set one's back up, bridle, toss the
head; give oneself airs &c (assume) 885; boast &c 884.
pride oneself on; glory in, take a pride in; pique oneself, plume
oneself, hug oneself; stand upon, be proud of; put a good face on; not
hide one's light under a bushel, not put one's talent in a napkin; not
think small beer of oneself &c (vanity) 880.
Adj. dignified; stately; proud, proud-crested; lordly, baronial; lofty-
minded; highsouled, high-minded, high-mettled^, high-handed, high-
plumed, high-flown, high-toned.
haughty lofty, high, mighty, swollen, puffed up, flushed, blown;
vainglorious; purse-proud, fine; proud as a peacock, proud as Lucifer;
bloated with pride.
supercilious, disdainful, bumptious, magisterial, imperious, high
and mighty, overweening, consequential; arrogant &c 885; unblushing &c
stiff, stiff-necked; starch; perked stuck-up; in buckram, strait-
laced; prim &c (affected) 855.
on one's dignity, on one's high horses, on one's tight ropes, on
one's high ropes; on stilts; en grand seigneur [Fr.].
Adv. with head erect.
Phr. odi profanum vulgus et arceo [Lat.] [Horace].
a duke's revenues on her back [Henry VI]; disdains the shadow
which he treads on at noon [Coriolanis]; pride in their port, defiance
in their eye [Goldsmith].
879. Humility -- N. humility, humbleness; meekness, lowness; lowliness,
lowlihood^; abasement, self-abasement; submission &c 725; resignation.
condescension; affability &c (courtesy) 894.
modesty &c 881; verecundity^, blush, suffusion, confusion; sense of
shame, sense of disgrace; humiliation, mortification; let down, set
V. be humble &c adj.; deign, vouchsafe, condescend; humble oneself,
demean oneself; stoop, stoop to conquer; carry coals; submit &c 725;
submit with a good grace &c (brook) 826; yield the palm.
lower one's tone, lower one's note; sing small, draw in one's
horns, sober down; hide one's face, hide one's diminished head; not
dare to show one's face, take shame to oneself, not have a word to say
for oneself; feel shame, be conscious of shame, feel disgrace, be
conscious of disgrace; drink the cup of humiliation to the dregs.
blush for, blush up to the eves; redden, change color; color up;
hang one's head, look foolish, feel small.
render humble; humble, humiliate; let down, set down, take down,
tread down, frown down; snub, abash, abase, make one sing small, strike
dumb; teach one his distance; put down, take down a peg, take down a
peg lower; throw into the shade, cast into the shade &c 874; stare out
of countenance, put out of countenance; put to the blush; confuse,
ashame^, mortify, disgrace, crush; send away with a flea in one's ear.
get a setdown^.
Adj. humble, lowly, meek; modest &c 881; humble minded, sober-minded;
unoffended^; submissive &c 725; servile, &c 886.
condescending; affable &c (courteous) 891.
humbled &c v.; bowed down, resigned; abashed, ashamed, dashed; out
of countenance; down in the mouth; down on one's knees, down on one's
marrowbones, down on one's uppers; humbled in the dust, browbeaten;
chapfallen^, crestfallen; dumfoundered^.
shorn of one's glory &c (disrepute) 874.
Adv. with downcast eyes, with bated breath, with bended knee; on all
fours, on one's feet.
under correction, with due deference.
Phr. I am your obedient servant, I am your very humble servant; my
service to you; da locum melioribus [Lat.] [Terence]; parvum parva
decent [Lat.] [Horace].
880. Vanity -- N. vanity; conceit, conceitedness; self-conceit, self-
complacency, self-confidence, self-sufficiency, self-esteem, self-love,
self-approbation, self-praise, self-glorification, self-laudation,
self-gratulation^, self-applause, self-admiration; amour propre [Fr.];
selfishness &c 943.
airs, affected manner, pretensions, mannerism; egotism; priggism^,
priggishness; coxcombry, gaudery^, vainglory, elation; pride &c 878;
ostentation &c 882; assurance &c 885.
vox et praeterea nihil [Lat.]; cheval de bataille [Fr.].
coxcomb &c 854; Sir Oracle &c 887.
V. be vain &c adj., be vain of; pique oneself &c (pride) 878; lay the
flattering unction to one's soul.
have too high an opinion of oneself, have an overweening opinion
of oneself, have too high an opinion of one's talents; blind oneself as
to one's own merit; not think small beer of oneself, not think vin
ordinaire of oneself [Fr.]; put oneself forward; fish for compliments;
give oneself airs &c (assume) 885; boast &c 884.
render vain &c adj.; inspire with vanity &c n.; inflate, puff up,
turn up, turn one's head.
Adj. vain, vain as a peacock, proud as a peacock; conceited,
overweening, pert, forward; vainglorious, high-flown; ostentatious &c
882; puffed up, inflated, flushed.
self-satisfied, self-confident, self-sufficient, self-flattering,
self-admiring, self-applauding, self-glorious, self-opinionated;
entente &c (wrongheaded) 481; wise in one's own conceit, pragmatical^,
overwise^, pretentious, priggish; egotistic, egotistical; soi-disant &c
(boastful) 884 [Fr.]; arrogant &c 885.
unabashed, unblushing; unconstrained, unceremonious; free and
Adv. vainly &c adj..
Phr. how we apples swim! [Swift]; prouder than rustling in unpaid-for
881. Modesty -- N. modesty; humility &c 879; diffidence, timidity;
retiring disposition; unobtrusiveness; bashfulness &c adj.; mauvaise
honte [Fr.]; blush, blushing; verecundity^; self-knowledge.
reserve, constraint; demureness &c adj.; blushing honors [Henry
V. be modest &c adj.; retire, reserve oneself; give way to; draw in
one's horns &c 879; hide one's face.
keep private, keep in the background, keep one's distance; pursue
the noiseless tenor of one's way, do good by stealth and blush to find
it fame [Pope], hide one's light under a bushel, cast a sheep's eye.
Adj. modest, diffident; humble &c 879; timid, timorous, bashful; shy,
nervous, skittish, coy, sheepish, shamefaced, blushing, overmodest.
unpretending^, unpretentious; unobtrusive, unassuming,
unostentatious, unboastful^, unaspiring; poor in spirit.
out of countenance &c (humbled) 879.
reserved, constrained, demure.
Adv. humbly &c adj.; quietly, privately; without ceremony, without beat
of drum; sans fa
Phr. not stepping o'er the bounds of modesty [Romeo and Juliet]; thy
modesty's a candle to thy merit [Fielding].
882. Ostentation -- N. ostentation, display, show, flourish, parade,
etalage [Fr.], pomp, array, state, solemnity; dash, splash, splurge,
glitter, strut, pomposity; pretense, pretensions; showing off; fuss.
magnificence, splendor; coup d'oeil [Fr.]; grand doings.
coup de theatre; stage effect, stage trick; claptrap; mise en
scene [Fr.]; tour de force; chic.
demonstration, flying colors; tomfoolery; flourish of trumpets &c
(celebration) 883; pageant, pageantry; spectacle, exhibition,
exposition, procession; turn out, set out; grand function; f=ete, gala,
field day, review, march past, promenade, insubstantial pageant.
dress; court dress, full dress, evening dress, ball dress, fancy
dress; tailoring, millinery, man millinery, frippery, foppery,
ceremony, ceremonial; ritual; form, formality; etiquette; puncto
[Lat.], punctilio, punctiliousness; starched stateliness, stateliness.
mummery, solemn mockery, mouth honor.
attitudinarian^; fop &c 854.
V. be ostentatious &c adj.; come forward, put oneself forward; attract
attention, star it.
cut a figure, make a dash, make a splash, make a splurge, cut a
dash, cut a splash, cut a splurge; figure, figure away; make a show,
make a display; glitter.
show off, show off one's paces; parade, march past; display,
exhibit, put forward, hold up; trot out, hand out; sport, brandish,
blazon forth; dangle, dangle before the eyes.
cry up &c (praise) 931; proner [Fr.], flaunt, emblazon, prink^, set
off, mount, have framed and glazed.
put a good face upon, put a smiling face upon; clean the outside
of the platter &c (disguise) 544.
Adj. ostentatious, showy, dashing, pretentious; janty^, jaunty; grand,
pompous, palatial; high-sounding; turgid &c (big-sounding) 577;
gairish^, garish; gaudy, gaudy as a peacock, gaudy as a butterfly, gaudy
as a tulip; flaunting, flashing, flaming, glittering; gay &c (ornate)
splendid, magnificent, sumptuous.
theatrical, dramatic, spectacular; ceremonial, ritual.
solemn, stately, majestic, formal, stiff, ceremonious,
dressed to kill, dressed to the nines, decjed out, all decked out,
en granite tenue [Fr.], in best bib and tucker, in Sunday best,
Adv. with flourish of trumpet, with beat of drum, with flying colors.
ad captandum vulgus [Lat.].
Phr. honores mutant mores [Lat.].
883. Celebration -- N. celebration, solemnization, jubilee,
commemoration, ovation, paean, triumph, jubilation, ceremony (rite)
998; holiday, fiesta, zarabanda^, revelry, feast (amusement) 840; china
anniversary, diamond anniversary, golden anniversary, silver
anniversary, tin anniversary, china jubilee, diamond jubilee, golden
jubilee, silver jubilee, tin jubilee, china wedding, diamond wedding,
golden wedding, silver wedding, tin wedding.
triumphal arch, bonfire, salute; salvo, salvo of artillery; feu de
joie [Fr.], flourish of trumpets, fanfare, colors flying,
inauguration, installation, presentation; coronation; Lord Mayor's
show; harvest-home, red-letter day; trophy &c 733; Te Deum &c
(thanksgiving) 990 [Lat.]; fete &c 882; holiday &c 840; Forefathers'
V. celebrate keep, signalize, do honor to, commemorate, solemnize,
hallow, mark with a red letter.
pledge, drink to, toast, hob and nob^.
inaugurate, install, chair.
rejoice &c 838; kill the fatted calf, hold jubilee, roast an ox.
Adj. celebrating &c v.; commemorative, celebrated, immortal.
Adv. in honor of, in commemoration of.
Int. hail!, all hail!, io paean, io triumphe!^, see the conquering hero
884. Boasting -- N. boasting &c v.; boast, vaunt, crake^; pretense,
pretensions; puff, puffery; flourish, fanfaronade^; gasconade; blague^,
bluff, gas [Slang]; highfalutin, highfaluting^; hot air, spread-eagleism
[U.S.]; brag, braggardism^; bravado, bunkum, buncombe; jactitation^,
jactancy^; bounce; venditation^, vaporing, rodomontade, bombast, fine
talking, tall talk, magniloquence, teratology^, heroics; Chauvinism;
exaggeration &c 549.
vanity &c 880; vox et praeterea nihil [Lat.]; much cry and little
wool, brutum fulmen [Lat.].
exultation; gloriation^, glorification; flourish of trumpets;
triumph &c 883.
boaster; braggart, braggadocio; Gascon [Fr.], fanfaron^, pretender,
soi-disant [Fr.]; blower [U.S.], bluffer, Foxy Quiller^; blusterer &c
887; charlatan, jack-pudding, trumpeter; puppy &c (fop) 854.
V. boast, make a boast of, brag, vaunt, Puff, show off, flourish,
crake^, crack, trumpet, strut, swagger, vapor; blague^, blow, four-flush
exult, crow, crow over, neigh, chuckle, triumph; throw up one's
cap; talk big, se faire valoir [Fr.], faire claquer son fouet [Fr.],
take merit to oneself, make a merit of, sing Io triumphe^, holloa before
one is out of the wood^.
Adj. boasting &c v.; magniloquent, flaming, Thrasonic, stilted,
gasconading, braggart, boastful, pretentious, soi-disant [Fr.];
vainglorious &c (conceited) 880; highfalutin, highfaluting^; spread-
elate, elated; jubilant, triumphant, exultant; in high feather;
flushed, flushed with victory; cock-a-hoop; on stilts.
vaunted &c v..
Adv. vauntingly &c adj..
Phr. let the galled jade wince [Hamlet]; facta non verba [Lat.].
885. [Undue assumption of superiority.] Insolence -- N. insolence;
haughtiness &c adj.; arrogance, airs; overbearance^; domineering &c v.;
tyranny &c 739.
impertinence; sauciness &c adj.; flippancy, dicacity^, petulance,
procacity^, bluster; swagger, swaggering &c v.; bounce; terrorism.
assumption, presumption; beggar on horseback; usurpation.
impudence, assurance, audacity, hardihood, front, face, brass;
shamelessness &c adj.; effrontery, hardened front, face of brass.
assumption of infallibility.
saucebox &c (blusterer) 887 [Obs.].
V. be insolent &c adj.; bluster, vapor, swagger, swell, give oneself
airs, snap one's fingers, kick up a dust; swear &c (affirm) 535; rap
out oaths; roister.
arrogate; assume, presume; make bold, make free; take a liberty,
give an inch and take an ell.
domineer, bully, dictate, hector; lord it over; traiter de haut en
bas [Fr.], regarder de haut en bas [Fr.]; exact; snub, huff., beard,
fly in the face of; put to the blush; bear down, beat down; browbeat,
intimidate; trample down, tread down, trample under foot; dragoon, ride
out face, outlook, outstare, outbrazen^, outbrave^; stare out of
countenance; brazen out; lay down the law; teach one's grandmother to
suck eggs; assume a lofty bearing; talk big, look big; put on big
looks, act the grand seigneur [Fr.]; mount the high horse, ride the
high horse; toss the head, carry, with a high hand.
tempt Providence, want snuffing.
Adj. insolent, haughty, arrogant, imperious, magisterial, dictatorial,
arbitrary; high-handed, high and mighty; contumelious, supercilious,
overbearing, intolerant, domineering, overweening, high-flown.
flippant, pert, fresh [U.S.], cavalier, saucy, forward,
precocious, assuming, would-be, bumptious.
bluff; brazen, shameless, aweless, unblushlng^, unabashed; brazen,
boldfaced-, barefaced-, brazen-faced; dead to shame, lost to shame.
impudent, audacious, presumptuous, free and easy, devil-may-care,
rollicking; jaunty, janty^; roistering, blustering, hectoring,
swaggering, vaporing; thrasonic, fire eating, full of sound and fury
Adv. with a high hand; ex cathedra [Lat.].
Phr. one's bark being worse than his bite; beggars mounted run their
horse to death [Henry VI]; quid times? Caesarem vehis [Lat.]
[Plutarch]; wagahai wa [Jap.] (expressing superiority) [Jap.Tr.].
886. Servility -- N. servility; slavery &c (subjection) 749;
obsequiousness &c adj.; subserviency; abasement; prostration,
prosternation^; genuflection &c (worship) 990; fawning &c v.; tuft-
hunting, timeserving^, flunkeyism^; sycophancy &c (flattery) 933;
humility &c 879.
sycophant, parasite; toad, toady, toad-eater; tufthunter^; snob,
flunky, flunkey, yes-man, lapdog, spaniel, lickspittle, smell-feast,
Graeculus esuriens [Lat.], hanger on, cavaliere servente [It], led
captain, carpet knight; timeserver, fortune hunter, Vicar of Bray, Sir-
Pertinax, Max Sycophant, pickthank^; flatterer &c 935; doer of dirty
work; ame damnee [Fr.], tool; reptile; slave &c (servant) 746;
courtier; beat [Slang], dead beat [Slang], doughface [U.S.], heeler
[U.S.], homme de cour [Fr.], sponger, sucker [Slang], tagtail^,
V. cringe, bow, stoop, kneel, bend the knee; fall on one's knees,
prostrate oneself; worship &c 990.
sneak, crawl, crouch, cower, sponge, truckle to, grovel, fawn,
lick the feet of, kiss the hem of one's garment, kiss one's ass
[Vulg.], suck up.
pay court to; feed on, fatten on, dance attendance on, pin oneself
upon, hang on the sleeve of, avaler les couleuvres [Fr.], keep time to,
fetch and carry, do the dirty work of.
go with the stream, worship the rising sun, hold with the hare and
run with the hounds.
Adj. servile, obsequious; supple, supple as a glove; soapy, oily,
pliant, cringing, abased, dough-faced, fawning, slavish, groveling,
sniveling, mealy-mouthed; beggarly, sycophantic, parasitical; abject,
prostrate, down on ones marrowbones; base, mean, sneaking; crouching &c
Adv. hat in hand, cap in hand.
887. Blusterer -- N. blusterer, swaggerer, vaporer, roisterer^, brawler;
fanfaron^; braggart &c (boaster) 884; bully, terrorist, rough; bulldozer
[U.S.], hoodlum, hooligan [Slang], larrikin^, roarer [Slang]; Mohock,
Mohawk; drawcansir^, swashbuckler, Captain Bobadil, Sir Lucius
O'Trigger, Thraso, Pistol, Parolles, Bombastes Furioso^, Hector,
Chrononhotonthologos^; jingo; desperado, dare-devil, fire eater; fury,
&c (violent person) 173; rowdy; slang-whanger [Slang], tough [U.S.].
puppy &c (fop) 854; prig; Sir Oracle, dogmatist, doctrinaire,
jack-in-office; saucebox^, malapert, jackanapes, minx; bantam-cock.
1. SOCIAL AFFECTIONS
888. Friendship -- N. friendship, amity; friendliness &c adj.;
brotherhood, fraternity, sodality, confraternity; harmony &c (concord)
714; peace &c 721.
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