Roget's Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases: Body

Part 2 out of 14

qualified &c 469.
singular, unique, one-of-a-kind.
newfangled, novel, non-classical; original, unconventional,
unheard of, unfamiliar; undescribed, unprecedented, unparalleled,
Adv. unconformably &c adj.; except, unless, save barring, beside,
without, save and except, let alone.
however, yet, but.
once in a blue moon, once in a million years.
Int. what on earth!, what in the world!, What the devil!, Holy cow!,
Can you top that?; Sacre bleu [Fr.].
Phr. never was seen the like, never was heard the like, never was known
the like.
I could hardly believe it; I saw it, but I didn't believe it.



84. Number -- N. number, symbol, numeral, figure, cipher, digit,
integer; counter; round number; formula; function; series.
sum, difference, complement, subtrahend; product; multiplicand,
multiplier, multiplicator^; coefficient, multiple; dividend, divisor,
factor, quotient, submultiple [Math.]; fraction, rational number; surd,
irrational number; transcendental number; mixed number, complex number,
complex conjugate; numerator, denominator; decimal, circulating
decimal, repetend; common measure, aliquot part; prime number, prime,
relative prime, prime factor, prime pair; reciprocal; totient^.
binary number, octal number, hexadecimal number [Comp.].
permutation, combination, variation; election.
ratio, proportion, comparison &c 464; progression; arithmetical
progression, geometrical progression, harmonical progression^;
percentage, permilage.
figurate numbers^, pyramidal numbers, polygonal numbers.
power, root, exponent, index, logarithm, antilogarithm; modulus,
differential, integral, fluxion^, fluent.
Adj. numeral, complementary, divisible, aliquot, reciprocal, prime,
relatively prime, fractional, decimal, figurate^, incommensurable.
proportional, exponential, logarithmic, logometric^, differential,
fluxional^, integral, totitive^.
positive, negative; rational, irrational; surd, radical, real;
complex, imaginary; finite; infinite; impossible.
Adv. numerically; modulo.

85. Numeration -- N. numeration; numbering &c v.; pagination; tale,
recension^, enumeration, summation, reckoning, computation,
supputation^; calculation, calculus; algorithm, algorism^, rhabdology^,
dactylonomy^; measurement &c 466; statistics.
arithmetic, analysis, algebra, geometry, analytical geometry,
fluxions^; differential calculus, integral calculus, infinitesimal
calculus; calculus of differences.
[Statistics] dead reckoning, muster, poll, census, capitation,
roll call, recapitulation; account &c (list) 86.
[Operations] notation,, addition, subtraction, multiplication,
division, rule of three, practice, equations, extraction of roots,
reduction, involution, evolution, estimation, approximation,
interpolation, differentiation, integration.
[Instruments] abacus, logometer^, slide rule, slipstick [Coll.],
tallies, Napier's bones, calculating machine, difference engine, suan-
pan^; adding machine; cash register; electronic calculator, calculator,
computer; [people who calculate] arithmetician, calculator, abacist^,
algebraist, mathematician; statistician, geometer; programmer;
accountant, auditor.
V. number, count, tally, tell; call over, run over; take an account of,
enumerate, muster, poll, recite, recapitulate; sum; sum up, cast up;
tell off, score, cipher, compute, calculate, suppute^, add, subtract,
multiply, divide, extract roots.
check, prove, demonstrate, balance, audit, overhaul, take stock;
affix numbers to, page.
amount to, add up to, come to.
Adj. numeral, numerical; arithmetical, analytic, algebraic,
statistical, numerable, computable, calculable; commensurable,
commensurate; incommensurable, incommensurate, innumerable,
unfathomable, infinite.
Adv. quantitatively; arithmetically; measurably; in numbers.

86. List -- N. list, catalog, catalogue, inventory; register &c
(record) 551.
account; bill, bill of costs; terrier; tally, listing,
itemization; atlas; book, ledger; catalogue raisonne [Fr.]; tableau;
invoice, bill of lading; prospectus; bill of fare, menu, carte [Fr.];
score, census, statistics, returns.
[list of topics in a document] contents, table of contents,
outline; synopsis.
[written list used as an aid to memory] checklist.
table, chart, database; index, inverted file, word list,
dictionary, lexicon; vocabulary, glossary; thesaurus.
file, card index, card file, rolodex, address book.
Red book, Blue book, Domesday book; cadastre [Fr.]; directory,
almanac; army list, clergy list, civil service list, navy list;
Almanach de Gotha^, cadaster; Lloyd's register, nautical almanac; who's
who; Guiness's Book of World Records.
roll; check roll, checker roll, bead roll; muster roll, muster
book; roster, panel, jury list; cartulary, diptych.
V. list, itemize; sort, collate; enumerate, tabulate, catalog, tally.
Adj. cadastral^.


87. Unity -- N. unity; oneness &c adj.; individuality; solitude &c
(seclusion) 893; isolation &c (disjunction) 44; unification &c 48.
one, unit, ace; individual; none else, no other.
V. be one, be alone &c adj.; dine with Duke Humphrey^.
isolate &c (disjoin) 44.
render one; unite &c (join) 43, (combine) 48.
Adj. one, sole, single, solitary, unitary; individual, apart, alone;
unaccompanied, unattended; solus [Lat.], single-handed; singular,
odd, unique, unrepeated^, azygous, first and last; isolated &c
(disjoined) 44; insular.
monospermous^; unific^, uniflorous^, unifoliate^, unigenital^,
uniliteral^, unijocular^, unimodal [Math.], unimodular^.
lone, lonely, lonesome; desolate, dreary.
insecable^, inseverable^, indiscerptible^; compact, indivisible,
atomic, irresolvable^.
Adv. singly &c adj.; alone, by itself, per se, only, apart, in the
singular number, in the abstract; one by one, one at a time; simply;
one and a half, sesqui-^.
Phr. natura il fece [It], e poi roppe la stampa [It]; du fort au faible
[Fr.]; two souls with but a single thought, two hearts that beat as

88. Accompaniment -- N. accompaniment; adjunct &c 39; context;
appendage, appurtenance.
coexistence, concomitance, company, association, companionship;
partnership, copartnership; coefficiency^.
concomitant, accessory, coefficient; companion, buddy, attendant,
fellow, associate, friend, colleague; consort, spouse, mate; partner,
co-partner; satellite, hanger on, fellow-traveller, shadow; escort,
cortege; attribute.
V. accompany, coexist, attend; hang on, wait on; go hand in hand with;
synchronize &c 120; bear company, keep company; row in the same boat;
bring in its train; associate with, couple with.
Adj. accompanying &c v.; concomitant, fellow, twin, joint; associated
with, coupled with; accessory, attendant, obbligato.
Adv. with, withal; together with, along with, in company with; hand in
hand, side by side; cheek by jowl, cheek by jole^; arm in arm;
therewith, herewith; and &c (addition) 37.
together, in a body, collectively.
Phr. noscitur a sociis [Lat.]; virtutis fortuna comes [Lat.].

89. Duality -- N. duality, dualism; duplicity; biplicity^, biformity^;
two, deuce, couple, duet, brace, pair, cheeks, twins, Castor and
Pollux, gemini, Siamese twins; fellows; yoke, conjugation; dispermy^,
doublets, dyad, span.
V. pair [unite in pairs], couple, bracket, yoke; conduplicate^; mate,
span [U.S.].
Adj. two, twin; dual, dualistic, double; binary, binomial; twin,
biparous^; dyadic [Math.]; conduplicate^; duplex &c 90; biduous^,
binate^, diphyletic^, dispermic^, unijugate^; tete-a-tete.
coupled &c v.; conjugate.
both, both the one and the other.

90. Duplication -- N. duplication; doubling &c v.; gemination,
ingemination^; reduplication; iteration &c (repetition) 104; renewal.
V. double, redouble, duplicate, reduplicate; geminate; repeat &c 104;
renew &c 660.
Adj. double; doubled &c v.; bicipital^, bicephalous^, bidental^,
bilabiate, bivalve, bivalvular^, bifold^, biform^, bilateral; bifarious^,
bifacial^; twofold, two-sided; disomatous^; duplex; double-faced,
double-headed; twin, duplicate, ingeminate^; second.
Adv. twice, once more; over again &c (repeatedly) 104; as much again,
secondly, in the second place, again.

91. [Division into two parts.] bisection -- N. bisection, bipartition;
dichotomy, subdichotomy^; halving &c v.; dimidiation^.
bifurcation, forking, branching, ramification, divarication; fork,
prong; fold.
half, moiety.
V. bisect, halve, divide, split, cut in two, cleave dimidiate^,
go halves, divide with.
separate, fork, bifurcate; branch off, out; ramify.
Adj. bisected &c v.; cloven, cleft; bipartite, biconjugate^, bicuspid,
bifid; bifurcous^, bifurcate, bifurcated; distichous, dichotomous,
furcular^; semi-, demi-, hemi^.

92. Triality -- N. Triality^, trinity; triunity^.
three, triad, triplet, trey, trio, ternion^, leash; shamrock,
tierce^, spike-team [U.S.], trefoil; triangle, trident, triennium^,
trigon^, trinomial, trionym^, triplopia^, tripod, trireme, triseme^,
triskele^, triskelion, trisula^.
third power, cube; cube root.
Adj. three; triform^, trinal^, trinomial; tertiary; ternary; triune;
triarch, triadie^; triple &c 93.
tri- [Pref.], tris- [Pref.].
Phr. tria juncta in uno [Lat.].

93. Triplication -- N. triplication, triplicity^; trebleness^, trine.
V. treble, triple; triplicate, cube.
Adj. treble, triple; tern, ternary; triplicate, threefold, trilogistic^;
third; trinal^, trine.
Adv. three times, three fold; thrice, in the third place, thirdly;
trebly &c adj..

94. [Division into three parts.] Trisection -- N. trisection,
tripartition^, trichotomy; third, third part.
V. trisect, divide into three parts.
Adj. trifid; trisected &c v.; tripartite, trichotomous^, trisulcate^.
Triadelphous^, triangular, tricuspid, tricapsular^, tridental^,
tridentate, tridentiferous^, trifoliate, trifurcate, trigonal^,
trigrammic^, trigrammatic^, tripetalous^, tripodal, tripodic^,
triquetral^, triquetrous^.

95. Four -- N. quaternity^, four, tetrad, quartet, quaternion, square,
[planar form with four sides] tetract^, tetragon, quadrangle,
[three dimensional object with four surfaces] tetrahedron.
quadrature, quadrifoil, quadriform, quadruplet; quatrefoil.
[object or animal with four legs] tetrapod.
[geographical area with four sides] quadrangle, quad [Coll.].
[electromagnetic object] quadrupole.
[four fundamental studies] quadrivium.
V. reduce to a square, square.
Adj. four; quaternary, quaternal^; quadratic; quartile; tetract^,
tetractic^, tetractinal^; tetrad, tetragonal; square, quadrate.

96. Quadruplication -- N. quadruplication.
V. multiply by four, quadruplicate, biquadrate^.
Adj. fourfold, four times; quadrable^, quadrumanous^, quadruple,
quadruplicate, quadrible^; fourth.
quadrifoliate^, quadrifoliolate^, quadrigeminal^, quadrigeminate^,
quadriplanar^, quadriserial^.
Adv. four times; in the fourth place, fourthly.

97. [Division into four parts.] Quadrisection -- N. quadrisection,
quadripartition^; quartering &c v.; fourth; quart; quarter, quartern^;
farthing^, fourthing; quadrant.
V. quarter, divide into four parts.
Adj. quartered &c v.; quadrifid^, quadripartite.

98. Five &c -- N. five, cinque [Fr.], quint, quincux^; six, half-a-
dozen, half dozen; seven; eight; nine, three times three; dicker; ten,
decade; eleven; twelve, dozen; thirteen; long dozen, baker's dozen;
quintuplet; twenty, score; twenty-four, four and twenty, two dozen;
twenty-five, five and twenty, quarter of a hundred; forty, two score;
fifty, half a hundred; sixty, three score; seventy, three score and
ten; eighty, four score; ninety, fourscore and ten; sestiad^.
hundred, centenary, hecatomb, century; hundredweight, cwt.; one
hundred and forty-four, gross.
thousand, chiliad; millennium, thousand years, grand [Coll.];
myriad; ten thousand, ban [Jap.], man [Jap.]; ten thousand years,
banzai [Jap.]; lac, one hundred thousand, plum; million; thousand
million, milliard, billion, trillion &c
V. centuriate^; quintuplicate.
Adj. five, quinary^, quintuple; fifth; senary^, sextuple; sixth;
seventh; septuple; octuple; eighth; ninefold, ninth; tenfold, decimal,
denary^, decuple^, tenth; eleventh; duodenary^, duodenal; twelfth; in
one's 'teens, thirteenth.
vicesimal^, vigesimal; twentieth; twenty-fourth &c n.; vicenary^,
centuple^, centuplicate^, centennial, centenary, centurial^;
secular, hundredth; thousandth, &c

99. Quinquesection &c -- N. division by five &c 98; quinquesection &c;
decimation; fifth &c
V. decimate; quinquesect.
Adj. quinquefid, quinquelateral, quinquepartite; quinqevalent,
pentavalent; quinquarticular^; octifid^; decimal, tenth, tithe;
duodecimal, twelfth; sexagesimal^, sexagenary^; hundredth, centesimal;
millesimal &c

100. {opp.
87} [More than one.] Plurality -- N. plurality; a number, a
certain number; one or two, two or three &c; a few, several; multitude
&c 102; majority.
[large number] multitude &c 102.
Adj. plural, more than one, upwards of; some, several, a few; certain;
not alone &c 87.
Adv. et cetera, &c etc.
among other things, inter alia [Lat.].
Phr. non deficit alter [Lat.].


100a. [Less than one.] Fraction -- N. fraction, fractional part; part
&c 51.
Adj. fractional, fragmentary, inconsiderable, negligible,

101. Zero -- N. zero, nothing; null, nul, naught, nought, void; cipher,
goose egg; none, nobody, no one; nichts [G.], nixie [Slang], nix
[Slang]; zilch [Slang], zip [Slang], zippo [Slang]; not a soul; ame qui
vive [Fr.]; absence &c 187; unsubstantiality &c 4 [Obs.].
Adj. not one, not a one, not any, nary a one [Dial.]; not a, never a;
not a whit of, not an iota of, not a drop of, not a speck of, not a
jot; not a trace of, not a hint of, not a smidgen of, not a suspicion
of, not a shadow of, neither hide nor hair of.

102. Multitude -- N. multitude; numerous &c adj.; numerosity,
numerality; multiplicity; profusion &c (plenty) 639; legion, host;
great number, large number, round number, enormous number; a quantity,
numbers, array, sight, army, sea, galaxy; scores, peck, bushel, shoal,
swarm, draught, bevy, cloud, flock, herd, drove, flight, covey, hive,
brood, litter, farrow, fry, nest; crowd &c (assemblage) 72; lots; all
in the world and his wife.
[Increase of number] greater number, majority; multiplication,
V. be numerous &c adj.; swarm with, teem with, creep with; crowd,
swarm, come thick upon; outnumber, multiply; people; swarm like
locusts, swarm like bees.
Adj. many, several, sundry, divers, various, not a few; Briarean; a
hundred, a thousand, a myriad, a million, a quadrillion, a nonillion, a
thousand and one; some ten or a dozen, some forty or fifty &c; half a
dozen, half a hundred &c; very many, full many, ever so many; numerous;
numerose^; profuse, in profusion; manifold, multiplied, multitudinous,
multiple, multinominal, teeming, populous, peopled, crowded, thick,
studded; galore.
thick coming, many more, more than one can tell, a world of; no
end of, no end to; cum multis aliis [Lat.]; thick as hops, thick as
hail; plenty as blackberries; numerous as the stars in the firmament,
numerous as the sands on the seashore, numerous as the hairs on the
head; and what not, and heaven knows what; endless &c (infinite) 105.
Phr. their name is 'legion'; acervatim [Lat.]; en foule [Fr.]; many-
headed multitude [Sidney]; numerous as glittering gems of morning dew
[Young]; vel prece vel pretio [Lat.].

103. Fewness -- N. fewness &c adj.; paucity, small number; small
quantity &c 32; rarity; infrequency &c 137; handful, maniple; minority;
[Diminution of number] reduction; weeding &c v.; elimination,
sarculation^, decimation; eradication.
V. be few &c adj.. render few &c adj.; reduce, diminish the number,
weed, eliminate, cull, thin, decimate.
Adj. few; scant, scanty; thin, rare, scattered, thinly scattered,
spotty, few and far between, exiguous; infrequent &c 137; rari nantes
[Lat.]; hardly any, scarcely any; to be counted on one's fingers;
reduced &c v.; unrepeated^.
Adv. rarely, here and there.

104. Repetition -- N. repetition, iteration, reiteration, harping,
recurrence, succession, run; battology, tautology; monotony,
tautophony; rhythm &c 138; diffuseness, pleonasm, redundancy.
chimes, repetend, echo, ritornello^, burden of a song, refrain;
rehearsal; rechauffe [Fr.], rifacimento [It], recapitulation.
cuckoo &c (imitation) 19; reverberation &c 408; drumming &c (roll)
407; renewal &c (restoration) 660.
twice-told tale; old story, old song; second edition, new edition;
reappearance, reproduction, recursion [Comp.]; periodicity &c 138.
V. repeat, iterate, reiterate, reproduce, echo, reecho, drum, harp
upon, battologize^, hammer, redouble.
recur, revert, return, reappear, recurse [Comp.]; renew &c
(restore) 660.
rehearse; do over again, say over again; ring the changes on; harp
on the same string; din in the ear, drum in the ear; conjugate in all
its moods tenses and inflexions^, begin again, go over the same ground,
go the same round, never hear the last of; resume, return to,
recapitulate, reword.
Adj. repeated &c v.; repetitional^, repetitionary^; recurrent,
recurring; ever recurring, thick coming; frequent, incessant;
redundant, pleonastic.
monotonous, harping, iterative, recursive [Comp.], unvaried;
mocking, chiming; retold; aforesaid, aforenamed^; above-mentioned,
above-said; habitual &c 613; another.
Adv. repeatedly, often, again, anew, over again, afresh, once more;
ding-dong, ditto, encore, de novo, bis^, da capo [It].
again and again; over and over, over and over again; recursively
[Comp.]; many times over; time and again, time after time; year after
year; day by day &c; many times, several times, a number of times; many
a time, full many a time; frequently &c 136.
Phr. ecce iterum Crispinus [Lat.]; toujours perdrix [Fr.]; cut and come
again [Crabbe]; tomorrow and tomorrow and tomorrow [Macbeth];
cantilenam eandem canis [Lat.] [Terence]; nullum est jam dictum quod
non dictum sit prius [Lat.] [Terence].

105. Infinity -- N. infinity, infinitude, infiniteness &c adj.;
perpetuity &c 112; boundlessness.
V. be infinite &c adj.; know no limits, have no limits, know no bounds,
have no bounds; go on for ever.
Adj. infinite; immense; numberless, countless, sumless^, measureless;
innumerable, immeasurable, incalculable, illimitable, inexhaustible,
interminable, unfathomable, unapproachable; exhaustless, indefinite;
without number, without measure, without limit, without end;
incomprehensible; limitless, endless, boundless, termless^; untold,
unnumbered, unmeasured, unbounded, unlimited; illimited^; perpetual &c
Adv. infinitely &c adj.; ad infinitum.
Phr. as boundless as the sea [Romeo and Juliet].



106. Time -- N. time, duration; period, term, stage, space, span,
spell, season; the whole time, the whole period; space-time; course &c
109; snap.
intermediate time, while, interim, interval, pendency^;
intervention, intermission, intermittence, interregnum, interlude;
era, epoch; time of life, age, year, date; decade &c (period) 108;
moment, &c (instant) 113.
glass of time, sands of time, march of time, Father Time, ravages
of time; arrow of time; river of time, whirligig of time, noiseless
foot of time; scythe.
V. continue last endure, go on, remain, persist; intervene; elapse &c
109; hold out.
take time, take up time, fill time, occupy time.
pass time, pass away time, spend time, while away time, consume
time, talk against time; tide over; use time, employ time; seize an
opportunity &c 134; waste time &c (be inactive) 683.
Adj. continuing &c v.; on foot; permanent &c (durable) 110.
Adv. while, whilst, during, pending; during the time, during the
interval; in the course of, at that point, at that point in time; for
the time being, day by day; in the time of, when; meantime, meanwhile;
in the meantime, in the interim; ad interim, pendente lite [Lat.]; de
die in diem [Lat.]; from day to day, from hour to hour &c; hourly,
always; for a time, for a season; till, until, up to, yet, as far as,
by that time, so far, hereunto, heretofore, prior to this, up to this
the whole time, all the time; all along; throughout &c
(completely) 52; for good &c (diuturnity) 110.
hereupon, thereupon, whereupon; then; anno Domini, A.D.; ante
Christum, A.C.; before Christ, B.C.; anno urbis conditae [Lat.],
A.U.C.; anno regni [Lat.], A.R.; once upon a time, one fine morning,
one fine day, one day, once.
Phr. time flies, tempus fugit [Lat.]; time runs out, time runs against,
race against time, racing the clock, time marches on, time is of the
essence, time and tide wait for no man.
ad calendas Groecas [Lat.]; panting Time toileth after him in vain
[Johnson]; 'gainst the tooth of time and razure of oblivion [Contr.]
[Measure for Measure]; rich with the spoils of time [Gray]; tempus edax
rerum [Lat.] [Horace]; the long hours come and go [C.G.
Rossetti]; the time is out of joint [Hamlet]; Time rolls his
ceaseless course [Scott]; Time the foe of man's dominion [Peacock];
time wasted is existence, used is life [Young]; truditur dies die
[Lat.] [Horace]; volat hora per orbem [Lat.] [Lucretius]; carpe diem

107. Neverness -- N. neverness; absence of time, no time; dies non;
Tib's eve; Greek Kalends, a blue moon.
Adv. never, ne'er [Contr.]; at no time, at no period; on the second
Tuesday of the week, when Hell freezes over; on no occasion, never in
all one's born days, nevermore, sine die; in no degree.

108. [Definite duration, or portion of time.] Period -- N. period, age,
era; second, minute, hour, day, week, month, quarter, year, decade,
decenniumm lustrum^, quinquennium, lifetime, generation; epoch, ghurry^,
lunation^, moon.
century, millennium; annus magnus [Lat.].
Adj. horary^; hourly, annual &c (periodical) 138.

108a. Contingent Duration --
Adv. during pleasure, during good behavior; quamdiu se bene gesserit

109. [Indefinite duration.] Course -- N. corridors of time, sweep of
time, vesta of time^, course of time, progress of time, process of time,
succession of time, lapse of time, flow of time, flux of time, stream
of time, tract of time, current of time, tide of time, march of time,
step of time, flight of time; duration &c 106.
[Indefinite time] aorist^.
V. elapse, lapse, flow, run, proceed, advance, pass; roll on, wear on,
press on; flit, fly, slip, slide, glide; run its course.
run out, expire; go by, pass by; be past &c 122.
Adj. elapsing &c v.; aoristic^; progressive.
Adv. in due time, in due season; in in due course, in due process, in
the fullness of time; in time.
Phr. labitur et labetur [Lat.] [Horace]; truditur dies die [Lat.]
[Horace]; fugaces labuntur anni [Lat.] [Horace]; tomorrow and tomorrow
and tomorrow creeps in this petty pace from day to day [Macbeth].

110. [Long duration.] Diuturnity -- N. diuturnity^; a long time, a
length of time; an age, a century, an eternity; slowness &c 275;
perpetuity &c 112; blue moon, coon's age [U.S.], dog's age.
durableness, durability; persistence, endlessness, lastingness &c
adj.^; continuance, standing; permanence &c (stability) 150; survival,
survivance^; longevity &c (age) 128; distance of time.
protraction of time, prolongation of time, extension of time;
delay &c (lateness) 133.
V. last, endure, stand, remain, abide, continue, brave a thousand
tarry &c (be late) 133; drag on, drag its slow length along, drag
a lengthening chain; protract, prolong; spin out, eke out, draw out,
lengthen out; temporize; gain time, make time, talk against time.
outlast, outlive; survive; live to fight again.
Adj. durable; lasting &c v.; of long duration, of long-standing;
permanent, endless, chronic, long-standing; intransient^, intransitive;
intransmutable^, persistent; lifelong, livelong; longeval^, long-lived,
macrobiotic, diuturnal^, evergreen, perennial; sempervirent^,
sempervirid^; unrelenting, unintermitting^, unremitting; perpetual &c
lingering, protracted, prolonged, spun out &c v.. long-pending,
long-winded; slow &c 275.
Adv. long; for a long time, for an age, for ages, for ever so long, for
many a long day; long ago &c (in a past time) 122; longo intervallo
all the day long, all the year round; the livelong day, as the day
is long, morning noon and night; hour after hour, day after day, &c;
for good; permanently &c adj..

111. [Short duration.] Transientness -- N. transience, transientness &c
adj.^; evanescence, impermanence, fugacity [Chem], caducity^, mortality,
span; nine days' wonder, bubble, Mayfly; spurt; flash in the pan;
temporary arrangement, interregnum.
velocity &c 274; suddenness &c 113; changeableness &c 149.
transient, transient boarder, transient guest [U.S.].
V. be transient &c adj.; flit, pass away, fly, gallop, vanish, fade,
evaporate; pass away like a cloud, pass away like a summer cloud, pass
away like a shadow, pass away like a dream.
Adj. transient, transitory, transitive; passing, evanescent, fleeting,
cursory, short-lived, ephemeral; flying &c v.; fugacious, fugitive;
shifting, slippery; spasmodic; instantaneous, momentaneous^.
temporal, temporary; provisional, provisory; deciduous;
perishable, mortal, precarious, unstable, insecure; impermanent.
brief, quick, brisk, extemporaneous, summary; pressed for time &c
(haste) 684; sudden, momentary &c (instantaneous) 113.
Adv. temporarily &c adj.; pro tempore [Lat.]; for the moment, for a
time; awhile, en passant [Fr.], in transitu [Lat.]; in a short time;
soon &c (early) 132; briefly &c adj.; at short notice; on the point of,
on the eve of; in articulo; between cup and lip.
Phr. one's days are numbered; the time is up; here today and gone
tomorrow; non semper erit aestas [Lat.]; eheu! fugaces labuntur anni
[Lat.]; sic transit gloria mundi [Lat.]; a schoolboy's tale, the wonder
of the hour! [Byron]; dum loquimur fugerit invidia aetas [Lat.]; fugit
hora [Lat.]; all that is transitory is but an illusion [Goethe].

112. [Endless duration.] Perpetuity -- N. perpetuity, eternity,
everness^, aye, sempiternity^, immortality, athanasia^; interminability^,
agelessness^, everlastingness &c adj.; perpetuation; continued
existence, uninterrupted existence; perennity^; permanence (durability)
V. last forever, endure forever, go on forever; have no end.
eternize, perpetuate.
Adj. perpetual, eternal; everduring^, everlasting, ever-living, ever-
flowing; continual, sempiternal^; coeternal; endless, unending;
ceaseless, incessant, uninterrupted, indesinent^, unceasing; endless,
unending, interminable, having no end; unfading^, evergreen,
amaranthine; neverending^, never-dying, never-fading; deathless,
immortal, undying, imperishable.
Adv. perpetually &c adj.; always, ever, evermore, aye; for ever, for
aye, till the end of the universe, forevermore, forever and a day, for
ever and ever; in all ages, from age to age; without end; world without
end, time without end; in secula seculorum [Lat.]; to the end of time,
to the crack of doom, to the 'last syllable of recorded time'
[Macbeth]; till doomsday; constantly &c (very frequently) 136.
Phr. esto perpetuum [Lat.]; labitur et labetur in omne volubilis oevum
[Lat.] [Horace]; but thou shall flourish in immortal youth [Addison];
Eternity! thou pleasing, dreadful thought [Addison]; her immortal part
with angels lives [Romeo and Juliet]; ohne Rast [G.], [Goethe's motto];
ora e sempre [It].

113. [Point of time] Instantaneity -- N. instantaneity,
instantaneousness, immediacy; suddenness, abruptness.
moment, instant, second, minute; twinkling, trice, flash, breath,
crack, jiffy, coup, burst, flash of lightning, stroke of time.
epoch, time; time of day, time of night; hour, minute; very minute
&c, very time, very hour; present time, right time, true time, exact
correct time.
V. be instantaneous &c adj.; twinkle, flash.
Adj. instantaneous, momentary, sudden, immediate, instant, abrupt,
discontinuous, precipitous, precipitant, precipitate; subitaneous^,
hasty; quick as thought, quick as lightning, quick as a flash; rapid as
speedy, quick, fast, fleet, swift, lively, blitz; rapid (velocity)
Adv. instantaneously &c adj.; in no time, in less than no time; presto,
subito^, instanter, suddenly, at a stroke, like a shot; in a moment &c
n.. in the blink of an eye, in the twinkling of an eye, in a trice; in
one's tracks; right away; toute a l'heure [Fr.]; at one jump, in the
same breath, per saltum [Lat.], uno saltu [Lat.]; at once, all at once;
plump, slap; at one fell swoop; at the same instant &c n.; immediately
&c (early) 132; extempore, on the moment, on the spot, on the spur of
the moment; no sooner said than done; just then; slap-dash &c (haste)
Phr. touch and go; no sooner said than done.

114. [Estimation, measurement, and record of time.] Chronometry -- N.
chronometry, horometry^, horology; date, epoch; style, era.
almanac, calendar, ephemeris; register, registry; chronicle,
annals, journal, diary.
[Instruments for the measurement of time] chronogram; clock, wall
clock, pendulum clock, grandfather's clock, cuckoo clock, alarm clock,
clock radio; watch, wristwatch, pocket watch, stopwatch, Swiss watch;
atomic clock, digital clock, analog clock, quartz watch, water clock;
chronometer, chronoscope^, chronograph; repeater; timekeeper, timepiece;
dial, sundial, gnomon, horologe, pendulum, hourglass, clepsydra^;
chronographer^, chronologer, chronologist, timekeeper; annalist.
calendar year, leap year, Julian calendar, Gregorian calendar,
Chinese calendar, Jewish calendar, perpetual calendar, Farmer's
almanac, fiscal year.
V. fix the time, mark the time; date, register, chronicle; measure
time, beat time, mark time; bear date; synchronize watches.
Adj. chronological, chronometrical^, chronogrammatical^; cinquecento
[Fr.], quattrocento^, trecento^.
Adv. o'clock.

115. [False estimate of time.] Anachronism -- N. anachronism,
metachronism, parachronism, prochronism; prolepsis, misdate;
anticipation, antichronism.
disregard of time, neglect of time, oblivion of time.
intempestivity &c 135 [Obs.].
V. misdate, antedate, postdate, backdate, overdate^; anticipate; take no
note of time, lose track of time; anachronize^.
Adj. misdated &c v.; undated; overdue, past due; out of date.

1. Time with reference to Succession

116. Priority -- N. priority, antecedence, anteriority, precedence,
pre-existence; precession &c 280; precursor &c 64; the past &c 122;
V. precede, come before; forerun; go before &c (lead) 280; preexist;
dawn; presage &c 511; herald, usher in.
be beforehand &c (be early) 132; steal a march upon, anticipate,
forestall; have the start, gain the start.
Adj. prior, previous; preceding, precedent; anterior, antecedent; pre-
existing, pre-existent; former, foregoing; aforementioned, before-
mentioned, abovementioned; aforesaid, said; introductory &c
(precursory) 64.
Adv. before, prior to; earlier; previously &c adj.; afore^, aforehand^,
beforehand, ere, theretofore, erewhile^; ere then, ere now, before then,
before now; erewhile^, already, yet, beforehand; on the eve of.
Phr. prior tempore prior jure [Lat.].

117. Posteriority -- N. posteriority; succession, sequence; following
&c 281; subsequence, supervention; futurity &c 121; successor; sequel
&c 65; remainder, reversion.
V. follow after &c 281, come after, go after; succeed, supervene;
ensue, occur; step into the shoes of.
Adj. subsequent, posterior, following, after, later, succeeding,
postliminious^, postnate^; postdiluvial^, postdiluvian^; puisne^;
posthumous; future &c 121; afterdinner, postprandial.
Adv. subsequently, after, afterwards, since, later; at a subsequent, at
a later period, at a later date; next, in the sequel, close upon,
thereafter, thereupon, upon which, eftsoons^; from that time, from that
moment; after a while, after a time; in process of time.

118. The Present Time -- N. the present, the present time, the present
day, the present moment, the present juncture, the present occasion;
the times, the existing time, the time being; today, these days,
nowadays, our times, modern times, the twentieth century; nonce,
crisis, epoch, day, hour.
age, time of life.
Adj. present, actual, instant, current, existing, extant, that is;
present-day, up-to-date, up-to-the-moment.
Adv. at this time, at this moment &c 113; at the present time &c n.;
now, at present; at hand.
at this time of day, today, nowadays; already; even now, but now,
just now; on the present occasion; for the time being, for the nonce;
pro hac vice. [Lat.]; on the nail, on the spot; on the spur of the
moment, until now; to this day, to the present day.
Phr. the present hour alone is man's [Johnson].

119. [Time different from the present.] Different time -- N. different
time, other time.
[Indefinite time] aorist.
Adj. aoristic; indefinite.
Adv. at that time, at which time, at that moment, at that instant;
then, on that occasion, upon; not now, some other time.
when; whenever, whensoever; upon which, on which occasion; at
another time, at a different time, at some other time, at any time; at
various times; some one of these days, one of these days, one fine
morning; eventually, some day, by and by, sooner or later; some time or
other; once upon a time.

120. Synchronism -- N. synchronism; coexistence, coincidence;
simultaneousness, simultaneity &c adj.; concurrence, concomitance,
unity of time, interim.
[Having equal times] isochronism^.
contemporary, coetanian^.
V. coexist, concur, accompany, go hand in hand, keep pace with;
Adj. synchronous, synchronal^, synchronic, synchronical,
synchronistical^; simultaneous, coexisting, coincident, concomitant,
concurrent; coeval, coevous^; contemporary, contemporaneous;
coetaneous^; coeternal; isochronous.
Adv. at the same time; simultaneously &c adj.; together, in concert,
during the same time; in the same breath; pari passu [Lat.]; in the
interim; as one.
at the very moment &c 113; just as, as soon as; meanwhile &c
(while) 106.

121. [Prospective time.] Futurity -- N. futurity, futurition; future,
hereafter, time to come; approaching time, coming time, subsequent
time, after time, approaching age, coming age, subsequent age, after
age, approaching days, coming days, subsequent days, after days,
approaching hours, coming hours, subsequent hours, after hours,
approaching ages, coming ages, subsequent ages, after ages, approaching
life, coming life, subsequent life, after life, approaching years,
coming years, subsequent years, after years; morrow; millennium,
doomsday, day of judgment, crack of doom, remote future.
approach of time advent, time drawing on, womb of time; destiny &c
152; eventuality.
heritage, heirs posterity.
prospect &c (expectation) 507; foresight &c 510.
V. look forwards; anticipate &c (expect) 507, (foresee) 510; forestall
&c (be early) 132.
come on, draw on; draw near; approach, await, threaten; impend &c
(be destined) 152.
Adj. future, to come; coming &c (impending) 152; next, near; close at
hand; eventual, ulterior; in prospect &c (expectation) 507.
Adv. prospectively, hereafter, in future; kal^, tomorrow, the day after
tomorrow; in course of time, in process of time, in the fullness of
time; eventually, ultimately, sooner or later; proximo [Lat.]; paulo
post futurum [Lat.]; in after time; one of these days; after a time,
after a while.
from this time; henceforth, henceforwards^; thence; thenceforth,
thenceforward; whereupon, upon which.
soon &c (early) 132; on the eve of, on the point of, on the brink
of; about to; close upon.
Phr. quid sit futurum cras fuge quaerere [Lat.] [Horace].

122. [Retrospective time.] The Past -- N. the past, past time; days of
yore, times of yore, days of old, times of old, days past, times past,
days gone by, times gone by; bygone days; old times, ancient times,
former times; fore time; the good old days, the olden time, good old
time; auld lang syne^; eld^.
antiquity, antiqueness^, status quo; time immemorial; distance of
time; remote age, remote time; remote past; rust of antiquity.
[study of the past] paleontology, paleography, paleology^;
paleozoology; palaetiology^, archaeology; paleogeography; paleoecology;
paleobotany; paleoclimatoogy; archaism, antiquarianism, medievalism,
Pre-Raphaelitism; paleography.
retrospect, retrospection, looking back, memory &c 505.
laudator temporis acti [Lat.]; medievalist, Pre-Raphaelite;
antiquary, antiquarian; archmologist &c; Oldbuck, Dryasdust.
ancestry &c (paternity) 166.
V. be past &c adj.; have expired &c adj., have run its course, have had
its day; pass; pass by, go by, pass away, go away, pass off, go off;
lapse, blow over.
look back, trace back, cast the eyes back; exhume.
Adj. past, gone, gone by, over, passed away, bygone, foregone; elapsed,
lapsed, preterlapsed^, expired, no more, run out, blown over, has-been,
that has been, extinct, antediluvian, antebellum, never to return, gone
with the wind, exploded, forgotten, irrecoverable; obsolete &c (old)
former, pristine, quondam, ci-devant [Fr.], late; ancestral.
foregoing; last, latter; recent, over night; preterperfect^,
looking back &c v.; retrospective, retroactive; archaeological &c
Adv. paleo-; archaeo-; formerly; of old, of yore; erst [G.], whilom,
erewhile^, time was, ago, over; in the olden time &c n.; anciently, long
ago, long since; a long while, a long time ago; years ago, yesteryear,
ages ago; some time ago, some time since, some time back.
yesterday, the day before yesterday; last year, ultimo; lately &c
(newly) 123.
retrospectively; ere now, before now, till now; hitherto,
heretofore; no longer; once, once upon a time; from time immemorial,
from prehistoric times; in the memory of man; time out of mind;
already, yet, up to this time; ex post facto.
Phr. time was; the time has been, the time hath been; you can't go home
again; fuimus Troes [Lat.] [Vergil]; fruit Ilium [Lat.] [Vergil]; hoc
erat in more majorum [Lat.]; O call back yesterday, bid time return
[Richard II]; tempi passati [It]; the eternal landscape of the past
[Tennyson]; ultimus Romanorum [Lat.]; what's past is prologue
[Tempest]; whose yesterdays look backward with a smile [Young].
2. Time with reference to a particular period

123. Newness -- N. newness &c adj.; novelty, recency; immaturity; youth
&c 127; gloss of novelty.
innovation; renovation &c (restoration) 660.
modernism; mushroom, parvenu; latest fashion.
V. renew &c (restore) 660; modernize.
Adj. new, novel, recent, fresh, green; young &c 127; evergreen; raw,
immature, unsettled, yeasty; virgin; untried, unhandseled^, untrodden,
untrod, unbeaten; fire-new, span-new.
late, modern, neoteric, hypermodern, nouveau; new-born, nascent,
neonatal [Med.], new-fashioned, new-fangled, new-fledged; of yesterday;
just out, brand-new, up to date, up to the minute, with it,
fashionable, in fashion; in, hip [Coll.]; vernal, renovated,
sempervirent^, sempervirid^.
fresh as a rose, fresh as a daisy, fresh as paint; spick and span.
Adv. newly &c adj.; afresh, anew, lately, just now, only yesterday, the
other day; latterly, of late.
not long ago, a short time ago.
Phr. di novello tutto par bello [It]; nullum est jam dictum quod non
dictum est prius [Lat.]; una scopa nuova spazza bene [It].

124. Oldness -- N. oldness &c adj.^; age, antiquity; cobwebs of
maturity; decline, decay; senility &c 128.
seniority, eldership, primogeniture.
archaism &c (the past) 122; thing of the past, relic of the past;
megatherium^; Sanskrit.
tradition, prescription, custom, immemorial usage, common law.
V. be old &c adj.; have had its day, have seen its day; become old &c
adj.; age, fade, senesce.
Adj. old, ancient, antique; of long standing, time-honored, venerable;
elder, eldest; firstborn.
prime; primitive, primeval, primigenous^; paleolontological,
paleontologic, paleoanthropological, paleoanthropic^, paleolithic,
primordial, primordinate^; aboriginal &c (beginning) 66; diluvian^,
antediluvian; protohistoric^; prehistoric; antebellum, colonial,
precolumbian; patriarchal, preadamite^; paleocrystic^; fossil,
paleozoolical, paleozoic, preglacial^, antemundane^; archaic, classic,
medieval, Pre-Raphaelite, ancestral, black-letter.
immemorial, traditional, prescriptive, customary, whereof the
memory of man runneth not to the contrary; inveterate, rooted.
antiquated, of other times, rococo, of the old school, after-age,
obsolete; out of date, out of fashion, out of it; stale, old-fashioned,
behind the age; old-world; exploded; gone out, gone by; passe, run out;
senile &c 128; time worn; crumbling &c (deteriorated) 659; secondhand.
old as the hills, old as Methuselah, old as Adam^, old as history.
[geological eras (list, starting at given number of years bp)]
Archeozoic [5,000,000,000], Proterozoic [1,500,000,000], Paleozoic
[600,000,000], Mesozoic [220,000,000], Cenozoic [70,000,000].
[geological periods] Precambrian, Cambrian [600,000,000],
Ordovician [500,000,000], Silurian [440,000,000], Devonian
[400,000,000], Mississippian [350,000,000], Pennsylvanian
[300,000,000], Permian [270,000,000], Triassic [220,000,000], Jurassic
[180,000,000], Cretaceous [135,000,000], Tertiary [70,000,000],
Paleogene [70,000,000], Neocene [25,0000,000], Quaternary [1,000,000].
[geological epochs (list, starting at 70,000,000 years bp)]
Paleocene, Eocene, Oligocene, Miocene, Pliocene, Pleistocene, Recent.
Adv. since the world was made, since the year one, since the days of
Phr. vetera extollimus recentium incuriosi [Lat.] [Tacitus].

125. Morning [Noon.] -- N. morning, morn, forenoon, a.m., prime, dawn,
daybreak; dayspring^, foreday^, sunup; peep of day, break of day;
aurora; first blush of the morning, first flush of the morning, prime
of the morning; twilight, crepuscule, sunrise; cockcrow, cockcrowing^;
the small hours, the wee hours of the morning.
spring; vernal equinox, first point of Aries.
noon; midday, noonday; noontide, meridian, prime; nooning,
summer, midsummer.
Adj. matin, matutinal^; vernal.
Adv. at sunrise &c n.; with the sun, with the lark, when the morning
Phr. at shut of evening flowers [Paradise Lost]; entre chien et loup
[Fr.]; flames in the forehead of the morning sky [Milton]; the breezy
call of incense-breathing morn [Gray].

126. Evening [Midnight.] -- N. evening, eve; decline of day, fall of
day, close of day; candlelight, candlelighting^; eventide, nightfall,
curfew, dusk, twilight, eleventh hour; sunset, sundown; going down of
the sun, cock-shut, dewy eve, gloaming, bedtime.
afternoon, postmeridian, p.m.
autumn, fall, fall of the leaf; autumnal equinox; Indian summer,
Luke's summer, St.
Martin's summer.
midnight; dead of night, witching hour, witching hour of night,
witching time of night; winter; killing time.
Adj. vespertine, autumnal, nocturnal.
Phr. midnight, the outpost of advancing day [Longfellow]; sable-vested
Night [Milton]; this gorgeous arch with golden worlds inlay'd [Young].

127. Youth -- N. youth; juvenility, juvenescence^; juniority^; infancy;
babyhood, childhood, boyhood, girlhood, youthhood^; incunabula;
minority, nonage, teens, tender age, bloom.
cradle, nursery, leading strings, pupilage, puberty, pucelage^.
prime of life, flower of life, springtide of life^, seedtime of
life, golden season of life; heyday of youth, school days; rising
Adj. young, youthful, juvenile, green, callow, budding, sappy, puisne,
beardless, under age, in one's teens; in statu pupillari [Lat.];
younger, junior; hebetic^, unfledged.
Phr. youth on the prow and pleasure at the helm [Gray]; youth a the
glad season of life [Carlyle].

128. Age -- N. age; oldness^ &c adj.; old age, advanced age, golden
years; senility, senescence; years, anility^, gray hairs, climacteric,
grand climacteric, declining years, decrepitude, hoary age, caducity^,
superannuation; second childhood, second childishness; dotage; vale of
years, decline of life, sear and yellow leaf [Macbeth]; threescore
years and ten; green old age, ripe age; longevity; time of life.
seniority, eldership; elders &c (veteran) 130; firstling; doyen,
father; primogeniture.
[Science of old age.] geriatrics, nostology^.
V. be aged &c adj.; grow old, get old &c adj.; age; decline, wane,
dodder; senesce.
Adj. aged; old &c 124; elderly, geriatric, senile; matronly, anile^; in
years; ripe, mellow, run to seed, declining, waning, past one's prime;
gray, gray-headed; hoar, hoary; venerable, time-worn, antiquated,
passe, effete, decrepit, superannuated; advanced in life, advanced in
years; stricken in years; wrinkled, marked withthe crow's foot; having
one foot in the grave; doting &c (imbecile) 499; like the last of pea
older, elder, eldest; senior; firstborn.
turned of, years old; of a certain age, no chicken, old as
Methuselah; ancestral, patriarchal, &c (ancient) 124; gerontic.
Phr. give me a staff of honor for my age [Titus Andronicus]; bis pueri
senes [Lat.]; peu de gens savent elre vieux [Fr.]; plenus annis abiit
plenus honoribus [Lat.] [Pliny the Younger]; old age is creeping on
apace [Byron]; slow-consuming age [Gray]; the hoary head is a crown of
glory [Proverbs xvi, 31]; the silver livery of advised age [II Henry
VI]; to grow old gracefully; to vanish in the chinks that Time has made

129. Infant -- N. infant, babe, baby, babe in arms; nurseling,
suckling, yearling, weanling; papoose, bambino; kid; vagitus.
child, bairn [Scot.], little one, brat, chit, pickaninny, urchin;
bantling, bratling^; elf.
youth, boy, lad, stripling, youngster, youngun, younker^, callant^,
whipster^, whippersnapper, whiffet [U.S.], schoolboy, hobbledehoy,
hopeful, cadet, minor, master.
scion; sap, seedling; tendril, olive branch, nestling, chicken,
larva, chrysalis, tadpole, whelp, cub, pullet, fry, callow; codlin,
codling; foetus, calf, colt, pup, foal, kitten; lamb, lambkin^;
aurelia^, caterpillar, cocoon, nymph, nympha^, orphan, pupa, staddle^.
girl; lass, lassie; wench, miss, damsel, demoiselle; maid, maiden;
virgin; hoyden.
Adj. infantine^, infantile; puerile; boyish, girlish, childish, babyish,
kittenish; baby; newborn, unfledged, new-fledged, callow.
in the cradle, in swaddling clothes, in long clothes, in arms, in
leading strings; at the breast; in one's teens.

130. Veteran -- N. veteran, old man, seer, patriarch, graybeard;
grandfather, grandsire; grandam; gaffer, gammer; crone; pantaloon;
sexagenarian, octogenarian, nonagenarian, centenarian; old stager;
dotard &c 501.
preadamite^, Methuselah, Nestor, old Parr; elders; forefathers &c
(paternity) 166.
Phr. superfluous lags the veteran on the stage [Johnson].

131. Adolescence -- N. adolescence, pubescence, majority; adultism;
adultness &c adj.; manhood, virility, maturity full age, ripe age;
flower of age; prime of life, meridian of life, spring of life.
man &c 373; woman &c 374; adult, no chicken.
V. come of age, come to man's estate, come to years of discretion;
attain majority, assume the toga virilis [Lat.]; have cut one's
eyeteeth, have sown one's mild oats.
Adj. adolescent, pubescent, of age; of full age, of ripe age; out of
one's teens, grown up, mature, full grown, in one's prime, middle-aged,
manly, virile, adult; womanly, matronly; marriageable, nubile.
3. Time with reference to an Effect or Purpose

132. Earliness -- N. {ant.
133} earliness &c adj.; morning &c 125.
punctuality; promptitude &c (activity) 682; haste &c (velocity)
274; suddenness &c (instantaneity) 113.
prematurity, precocity, precipitation, anticipation; a stitch in
V. be early &c adj., be beforehand &c adv.; keep time, take time by the
forelock, anticipate, forestall; have the start, gain the start; steal
a march upon; gain time, draw on futurity; bespeak, secure, engage,
accelerate; expedite &c (quicken) 274; make haste &c (hurry) 684.
Adj. early, prime, forward; prompt &c (active) 682; summary.
premature, precipitate, precocious; prevenient^, anticipatory;
sudden &c (instantaneous) 113; unexpected &c 508; near, near at
hand; immediate.
Adv. early, soon, anon, betimes, rath^; eft, eftsoons; ere long, before
long, shortly; beforehand; prematurely &c adj.; precipitately &c
(hastily) 684; too soon; before its time, before one's time; in
anticipation; unexpectedly &c 508.
suddenly &c (instantaneously) 113; before one can say 'Jack
Robinson', at short notice, extempore; on the spur of the moment, on
the spur of the occasion [Bacon]; at once; on the spot, on the instant;
at sight; offhand, out of hand; a' vue d'oeil [Fr.]; straight,
straightway, straightforth^; forthwith, incontinently, summarily,
immediately, briefly, shortly, quickly, speedily, apace, before the ink
is dry, almost immediately, presently at the first opportunity, in no
long time, by and by, in a while, directly.
Phr. no sooner said than done, immediately, if not sooner; tout vient a
temps pour qui sait attendre [Fr.].

132a. Punctuality -- N. punctuality, promptness, immediateness.
V. be prompt, be on time, be in time; arrive on time; be in the nick of
Adj. timely, seasonable, in time, punctual, prompt.
Adv. on time, punctually, at the deadline, precisely, exactly; right on
time, to the minute; in time; in good time, in military time, in
pudding time^, in due time; time enough; with no time to spare, by a
hair's breadth.
Phr. touch and go, not a minute too soon, in the nick of time, just
under the wire, get on board before the train leaves the station.

133. Lateness -- N. {ant.
132} lateness &c adj.; tardiness &c (slowness) 275.
delay, delation; cunctation, procrastination; deferring, deferral
&c v.; postponement, adjournment, prorogation, retardation, respite,
pause, reprieve, stay of execution; protraction, prolongation; Fabian
policy, medecine expectante [Fr.], chancery suit, federal case; leeway;
high time; moratorium, holdover.
V. be late &c adj.; tarry, wait, stay, bide, take time; dawdle &c (be
inactive) 683; linger, loiter; bide one's time, take one's time; gain
time; hang fire; stand over, lie over.
put off, defer, delay, lay over, suspend; table [Parl.]; shift
off, stave off; waive, retard, remand, postpone, adjourn;
procrastinate; dally; prolong, protract; spin out, draw out, lengthen
out, stretch out; prorogue; keep back; tide over; push to the last,
drive to the last; let the matter stand over; reserve &c (store) 636;
temporize; consult one's pillow, sleep on it.
lose an opportunity &c 135; be kept waiting, dance attendance;
kick one's heels, cool one's heels; faire antichambre [Fr.]; wait
impatiently; await &c (expect) 507; sit up, sit up at night.
Adj. late, tardy, slow, behindhand, serotine^, belated, postliminious^,
posthumous, backward, unpunctual, untimely; delayed, postponed;
dilatory &c (slow) 275; delayed &c v.; in abeyance.
Adv. late; lateward^, backward; late in the day; at sunset, at the
eleventh hour, at length, at last; ultimately; after time, behind time,
after the deadline; too late; too late for &c 135.
slowly, leisurely, deliberately, at one's leisure; ex post facto;
sine die.
Phr. nonum prematur in annum [Lat.] [Horace]; against the sunbeams
serotine and lucent [Longfellow]; ie meglio tardi che mai [It];
deliberando saepe perit occasio [Lat.] [Syrus].

134. Occasion -- N. {ant.
135} timeliness, occasion, opportunity, opening, room; event
(eventuality) 151; suitable season, proper season, suitable time,
proper time; high time; opportuneness &c adj.; tempestivity^.
crisis, turn, juncture, conjuncture; crisis, turning point, given
nick of time; golden opportunity, well timed opportunity, fine
opportunity, favorable opportunity, opening; clear stage, fair field;
mollia tempora [Lat.]; fata Morgana [Lat.]; spare time &c (leisure)
V. seize an opportunity &c (take) 789, use an opportunity &c 677, give
an opportunity &c 784, use an occasion; improve the occasion.
suit the occasion &c (be expedient) 646.
seize the occasion, strike while the iron is hot, battre le fer
sur l'enclume [Fr.], make hay while the sun shines, seize the present
hour, take time by the forelock, prendre la balle au bond [Fr.].
Adj. opportune, timely, well-timed, timeful^, seasonable.
providential, lucky, fortunate, happy, favorable, propitious,
auspicious, critical; suitable &c 23; obiter dicta.
Adv. opportunely &c adj.; in proper course, in due course, in proper
season, in due season, in proper time, in due time; for the nonce; in
the nick of time, in the fullness of time; all in good time; just in
time, at the eleventh hour, now or never.
by the way, by the by; en passant [Fr.], a propos [Fr.]; pro re
nata [Lat.], pro hac vice [Lat.]; par parenthese [Fr.],
parenthetically, by way of parenthesis, incidentally; while speaking
of, while on the subject; extempore; on the spur of the moment, on the
spur of the occasion; on the spot &c (early) 132.
Phr. carpe diem [Lat.], [Horace]; occasionem cognosce [Lat.]; one's
hour is come, the time is up; that reminds me, now that you mention it,
come to think of it; bien perdu bien connu [Fr.]; e sempre l'ora [It];
ex quovis ligno non fit Mercurius [Lat.]; nosce tempus [Lat.]; nunc aut
nunquam [Lat.].

135. Untimeliness -- N. {ant.
134} untimeliness, intempestivity^, unseasonableness, inexpedience;
unsuitable time, improper time; unreasonableness &c adj.; evil hour;
contretemps; intrusion; anachronism &c 115.
bad time, wrong time, inappropriate time, not the right occasion,
unsuitable time, inopportune time, poor timing.
V. be ill timed &c adj.; mistime, intrude, come amiss, break in upon;
have other fish to fry; be busy, be occupied.
lose an opportunity, throw away an opportunity, waste an
opportunity, neglect an opportunity &c 460; allow the opportunity to
pass, suffer the opportunity to pass, allow the opportunity to slip,
suffer the opportunity to slip, allow the opportunity to go by, suffer
the opportunity to go by, allow the opportunity to escape, suffer the
opportunity to escape, allow the opportunity to lapse, suffer the
opportunity to lapse, allow the occasion to pass, allow the occasion to
slip by; waste time &c (be inactive) 683; let slip through the fingers,
lock the barn door after the horse is stolen.
Adj. ill-timed, mistimed; ill-fated, ill-omened, ill-starred; untimely,
unseasonable; out of date, out of season; inopportune, timeless,
intrusive, untoward, mal a propos [Fr.], unlucky, inauspicious,
infelicitous, unbefitting, unpropitious, unfortunate, unfavorable;
unsuited &c 24; inexpedient &c 647.
unpunctual &c (late) 133; too late for; premature &c (early) 132;
too soon for; wise after the event, monday morning quarterbacking,
twenty-twenty hindsight.
Adv. inopportunely &c adj.; as ill luck would have it, in an evil hour,
the time having gone by, a day after the fair.
Phr. after death the doctor, after meat mustard.


136. Frequency -- N. frequency, oftness^, oftenness^, commonness;
repetition &c 104; normality &c 80; example (conformity) 82; routine,
custom (habit) 613.
regularity, uniformity, constancy, clock-work precision;
punctuality &c (exactness) 494; even tenor; system; routine &c (custom)
613; formula; rule &c (form regulation) 697; keynote, standard, model;
precedent &c (prototype) 22; conformity &c 82.
V. recur &c 104; do nothing but; keep, keep on.
Adj. frequent, many times, not rare, thickcoming^, incessant, perpetual,
continual, steady, constant, thick; uniform; repeated &c 104; customary
&c 613 (habit) 613; regular (normal) 80; according to rule &c
(conformable) 82.
common, everyday, usual, ordinary, familiar.
old-hat, boring, well-known, trivial.
Adv. often, oft; ofttimes^, oftentimes; frequently; repeatedly &c 104;
unseldom^, not unfrequently^; in quick succession, in rapid succession;
many a time and oft; daily, hourly &c; every day, every hour, every
moment &c, perpetually, continually, constantly, incessantly, without
ceasing, at all times, daily and hourly, night and day, day and night,
day after day, morning noon and night, ever anon, invariably (habit)
most often; commonly &c (habitually) 613.
sometimes, occasionally, at times, now and then, from time to
time, there being times when, toties quoties [Lat.], often enough, when
the mood strikes, again and again.

137. Infrequency -- N. infrequency, rareness, rarity; fewness &c 103;
seldomness^; uncommonness.
V. be rare &c adj..
Adj. unfrequent^, infrequent; rare, rare as a blue diamond; few &c 103;
scarce; almost unheard of, unprecedented, which has not occurred within
the memory of the oldest inhabitant, not within one's previous
experience; not since Adam^.
scarce as hen's teeth; one in a million; few and far between.
Adv. seldom, rarely, scarcely, hardly; not often, not much,
infrequently, unfrequently^, unoften^; scarcely, scarcely ever, hardly
ever; once in a blue moon.
once; once in a blue moon; once in a million years; once for all,
once in a way; pro hac vice [Lat.].
Phr. ein mal kein mal [G.].

138. Periodicity [Regularity of recurrence] -- N. periodicity,
intermittence; beat; oscillation &c 314; pulse, pulsation; rhythm;
alternation, alternateness, alternativeness, alternity^.
bout, round, revolution, rotation, turn, say.
anniversary, jubilee, centenary.
catamenia^, courses, menses, menstrual flux.
[Regularity of return] rota, cycle, period, stated time, routine;
days of the week; Sunday, Monday &c; months of the year; January &c;
feast, fast &c; Christmas, Easter, New Year's day &c; Allhallows^,
Allhallowmas^, All Saints' Day; All Souls', All Souls' Day; Ash
Wednesday, bicentennial, birthday, bissextile^, Candlemas^, Dewali,
groundhog day [U.S.], Halloween, Hallowmas^, Lady day, leap year,
Midsummer day, Muharram, woodchuck day [U.S.], St.
Swithin's day, natal day; yearbook; yuletide.
punctuality, regularity, steadiness.
V. recur in regular order, recur in regular succession; return,
revolve; come again, come in its turn; come round, come round again;
beat, pulsate; alternate; intermit.
Adj. periodic, periodical; serial, recurrent, cyclical, rhythmical;
recurring &c v.; intermittent, remittent; alternate, every other.
hourly; diurnal, daily; quotidian, tertian, weekly; hebdomadal^,
hebdomadary^; biweekly, fortnightly; bimonthly; catamenial^; monthly,
menstrual; yearly, annual; biennial, triennial, &c; centennial,
secular; paschal, lenten, &c regular, steady, punctual, regular as
Adv. periodically &c adj.; at regular intervals, at stated times; at
fixed established, at established periods; punctually &c adj.. de die
in diem [Lat.]; from day to day, day by day.
by turns; in turn, in rotation; alternately, every other day, off
and on, ride and tie, round and round.

139. Irregularity of recurrence -- N. irregularity, uncertainty,
unpunctuality; fitfulness &c adj.; capriciousness, ecrhythmus^.
Adj. irregular, uncertain, unpunctual, capricious, desultory, fitful,
flickering; rambling, rhapsodical; spasmodic; immethodical^,
unmethodical, variable.
Adv. irregularly &c adj.; by fits and starts &c (discontinuously) 70.



140. [Difference at different times.] Change -- N. change, alteration,
mutation, permutation, variation, modification, modulation, inflexion,
mood, qualification, innovation, metastasis, deviation, turn,
evolution, revolution; diversion; break.
transformation, transfiguration; metamorphosis; transmutation;
deoxidization [Chem]; transubstantiation; [Genetics], mutagenesis
transanimation^, transmigration, metempsychosis^; avatar; alterative.
conversion &c (gradual change) 144; revolution &c (sudden or
radical change) 146, inversion &c (reversal) 218; displacement &c 185;
transference &c 270.
changeableness &c 149; tergiversation &c (change of mind) 607.
V. change, alter, vary, wax and wane; modulate, diversify, qualify,
tamper with; turn, shift, veer, tack, chop, shuffle, swerve, warp,
deviate, turn aside, evert, intervert^; pass to, take a turn, turn the
corner, resume.
work a change, modify, vamp, superinduce; transform, transfigure,
transmute, transmogrify, transume^; metamorphose, ring the changes.
innovate, introduce new blood, shuffle the cards; give a turn to,
give a color to; influence, turn the scale; shift the scene, turn over
a new leaf.
recast &c 146; reverse &c 218; disturb &c 61; convert into &c 144.
Adj. changed &c v.; newfangled; changeable &c 149; transitional;
modifiable; alterative.
Adv. mutatis mutandis [Lat.].
Int. quantum mutatus! [Lat.],
Phr. a change came o'er the spirit of my dream [Byron]; nous avons
change tout cela [Moliere]; tempora mutantur nos et mutamur in illis
[Lat.]; non sum qualis eram [Lat.] [Horace]; casaque tourner [Fr.];
corpora lente augescent cito extinguuntur [Tacitus]; in statu quo ante
bellum [Lat.]; still ending and beginning still [Cowper]; vox audita
perit littera scripta manet [Lat.].

141. [Absence of change.] Permanence -- N. stability &c 150; quiescence
&c 265; obstinacy &c 606.
permanence, persistence, endurance; durability; standing, status
quo; maintenance, preservation, conservation; conservation; law of the
Medes and Persians; standing dish.
V. let alone, let be, let it be; persist, remain, stay, tarry, rest;
stet (copy editing) hold, hold on; last, endure, bide, abide, aby^,
dwell, maintain, keep; stand, stand still, stand fast; subsist, live,
outlive, survive; hold one's ground, keep one's ground, hold one's
footing, keep one's footing; hold good.
Adj. stable &c 150; persisting &c v.; permanent; established; unchanged
&c (change) &c 140; renewed; intact, inviolate; persistent; monotonous,
uncheckered^; unfailing.
undestroyed, unrepealed, unsuppressed^; conservative, qualis ab
incepto [Lat.]; prescriptive &c (old) 124; stationary &c 265.
Adv. in statu quo [Lat.]; for good, finally; at a stand, at a
standstill; uti possidetis [Lat.]; without a shadow of turning.
Phr. esto perpetua [Lat.]; nolumus leges Angliae mutari [Lat.]; j'y
suis et j'y ereste [Fr.].

142. [Change from action to rest.] Cessation -- N. cessation,
discontinuance, desistance, desinence^.
intermission, remission; suspense, suspension; interruption; stop;
stopping &c v.; closure, stoppage, halt; arrival &c 292.
pause, rest, lull, respite, truce, drop; interregnum, abeyance;
cloture [U.S.].
dead stop, dead stand, dead lock; finis, cerrado [Sp.]; blowout,
burnout, meltdown, disintegration; comma, colon, semicolon, period,
full stop; end &c 67; death &c 360.
V. cease, discontinue, desist, stay, halt; break off, leave off; hold,
stop, pull up, stop short; stick, hang fire; halt; pause, rest; burn
out, blow out, melt down.
have done with, give over, surcease, shut up shop; give up &c
(relinquish) 624.
hold one's hand, stay one's hand; rest on one's oars repose on
one's laurels.
come to a stand, come to a standstill; come to a deadlock, come to
a full stop; arrive &c 292; go out, die away; wear away, wear off; pass
away &c (be past) 122; be at an end; disintegrate, self-destruct.
intromit, interrupt, suspend, interpel^; intermit, remit; put an
end to, put a stop to, put a period to; derail; turn off, switch off,
power down, deactivate, disconnect; bring to a stand, bring to a
standstill; stop, cut short, arrest, stem the tide, stem the torrent;
pull the check-string, pull the plug on.
Int. hold!, stop!, enough!, avast!, have done!, a truce to!, soft!,
leave off!, tenez! [Fr.],
Phr. I pause for a reply [Julius Caesar].

143. Continuance in action -- N. continuance, continuation; run;
perpetuation, prolongation; persistence &c (perseverance) 604.1;
repetition &c 104.
V. continue, persist; go on, jog on, keep on, run on, hold on; abide,
keep, pursue, stick to its course, take its course, maintain its
course; carry on, keep up.
sustain, uphold, hold up, keep on foot; follow up, perpetuate;
maintain; preserve &c 604.1; harp upon &c (repeat) 104.
keep going, keep alive, keep the pot boiling, keep up the ball,
keep up the good work; die in harness, die with one's boots on; hold on
the even tenor of one's way, pursue the even tenor of one's way.
let be; stare super antiquas vias [Lat.]; quieta non movere
[Lat.]; let things take their course; stare decisis (Jurisprudence).
Adj. continuing &c v.; uninterrupted, unintermitting^, unvarying,
unshifting^; unreversed^, unstopped, unrevoked, unvaried; sustained;
undying &c (perpetual) 112; inconvertible.
Int. keep it up!, go to it!, right away!, right on!, attaboy!,
Phr. nolumus leges Angliae mutari [Lat.]; vestigia nulla retrorsum
[Lat.] [Horace]; labitur et albetur [Horace].

144. [Gradual change to something different.] Conversion -- N.
conversion, reduction, transmutation, resolution, assimilation;
evolution, sea change; change of state; assumption; naturalization;
transportation; development [Biol.], developing.
[photography] [conversion of currency] conversion of currency,
exchange of currency; exchange rate; bureau de change.
chemistry, alchemy; progress, growth, lapse, flux.
passage; transit, transition; transmigration, shifting &c v.;
phase; conjugation; convertibility.
crucible, alembic, caldron, retort.
convert, pervert, renegade, apostate.
V. be converted into; become, get, wax; come to, turn to, turn into,
evolve into, develop into; turn out, lapse, shift; run into, fall into,
pass into, slide into, glide into, grow into, ripen into, open into,
resolve itself into, settle into, merge into, emerge as; melt, grow,
come round to, mature, mellow; assume the form of, assume the shape of,
assume the state of, assume the nature of, assume the character of;
illapse^; begin a new phase, assume a new phase, undergo a change.
convert into, resolve into; make, render; mold, form &c 240;
remodel, new model, refound^, reform, reorganize; assimilate to, bring
to, reduce to.
Adj. converted into &c v.; convertible, resolvable into; transitional;
Adv. gradually, &c (slowly) 275 in transitu &c (transference) 270

145. Reversion -- N. reversion, return; revulsion.
turning point, turn of the tide; status quo ante bellum; calm
before a storm.
alternation &c (periodicity) 138; inversion &c 219; recoil &c 277;
retreat, regression, retrogression &c 283; restoration &c 660; relapse,
recidivism &c 661; atavism; vicinism^;
V. revert, turn back, regress; relapse &c 661; recoil &c 277; retreat
&c 283; restore &c 660; undo, unmake; turn the tide, roll back the
tide, turn the scale, tip the scale.
Adj. reverting &c v.; regressive, revulsive, reactionary; retrorse^.
Adv. a rebours [Fr.].

146. [Sudden or violent change.] Revolution -- N. revolution,
bouleversement, subversion, break up; destruction &c 162; sudden
change, radical change, sweeping organic change; change of state, phase
change; quantum leap, quantum jump; clean sweep, coup d'etat [Fr.],
counter revolution.
jump, leap, plunge, jerk, start, transilience^; explosion; spasm,
convulsion, throe, revulsion; storm, earthquake, cataclysm.
legerdemain &c (trick) 545.
V. revolutionize; new model, remodel, recast; strike out something new,
break with the past; change the face of, unsex.
Adj. unrecognizable; revolutionary.

147. [Change of one thing for another.] Substitution -- N.
substitution, commutation; supplanting &c v.; metaphor, metonymy &c
(figure of speech) 521.
[Thing substituted] substitute, ersatz, makeshift, temporary
expedient, replacement, succedaneum; shift, pis aller [Fr.], stopgap,
jury rigging, jury mast, locum tenens, warming pan, dummy, scapegoat;
double; changeling; quid pro quo, alternative.
representative &c (deputy) 759; palimpsest.
price, purchase money, consideration, equivalent.
V. substitute, put in the place of, change for; make way for, give
place to; supply the place of, take the place of; supplant, supersede,
replace, cut out, serve as a substitute; step into stand in the shoes
of; jury rig, make a shift with, put up with; borrow from Peter to pay
Paul, take money out of one pocket and put it in another, cannibalize;
commute, redeem, compound for.
Adj. substituted &c; ersatz; phony; vicarious, subdititious^.
Adv. instead; in place of, in lieu of, in the stead of, in the room of;
faute de mieux [Fr.].

148. [Double or mutual change.] Interchange -- N. interchange,
exchange; commutation, permutation, intermutation; reciprocation,
transposition, rearrangement; shuffling; alternation, reciprocity;
castling (at chess); hocus-pocus.
interchangeableness^, interchangeability.
recombination; combination &c 48.
barter &c 794; tit for tat &c (retaliation) 718; cross fire,
battledore and shuttlecock; quid pro quo.
V. interchange, exchange, counterchange^; bandy, transpose, shuffle,
change bands, swap, permute, reciprocate, commute; give and take,
return the compliment; play at puss in the corner, play at battledore
and shuttlecock; retaliate &c 718; requite.
rearrange, recombine.
Adj. interchanged &c v.; reciprocal, mutual, commutative,
interchangeable, intercurrent^.
combinatorial [Math.].
recombinant [Biol.].
Adv. in exchange, vice versa, mutatis mutandis [Lat.], backwards and
forwards, by turns, turn and turn about; each in his turn, everyone in
his turn.


149. Changeableness -- N. changeableness &c adj.; mutability,
inconstancy; versatility, mobility; instability, unstable equilibrium;
vacillation &c (irresolution) 605; fluctuation, vicissitude;
alternation &c (oscillation) 314.
restlessness &c adj.. fidgets, disquiet; disquietude, inquietude;
unrest; agitation &c 315.
moon, Proteus, chameleon, quicksilver, shifting sands,
weathercock, harlequin, Cynthia of the minute, April showers^; wheel of
Fortune; transientness &c 111 [Obs.].
V. fluctuate, vary, waver, flounder, flicker, flitter, flit, flutter,
shift, shuffle, shake, totter, tremble, vacillate, wamble^, turn and
turn about, ring the changes; sway to and fro, shift to and fro; change
and change about; waffle, blow with the wind (irresolute) 605;
oscillate &c 314; vibrate between, two extremes, oscillate between, two
extremes; alternate; have as man phases as the moon.
Adj. changeable, changeful; changing &c 140; mutable, variable,
checkered, ever changing; protean, proteiform^; versatile.
unstaid^, inconstant; unsteady, unstable, unfixed, unsettled;
fluctuating &c v.; restless; agitated &c 315; erratic, fickle;
irresolute &c 605; capricious &c 608; touch and go; inconsonant,
fitful, spasmodic; vibratory; vagrant, wayward; desultory; afloat;
alternating; alterable, plastic, mobile; transient &c 111; wavering.
Adv. seesaw &c (oscillation) 314; off and on.
Phr. a rolling stone gathers no moss; pictra mossa non fa muschis [It];
honores mutant mores [Lat.]; varium et mutabile semper femina [Lat.]

150. Stability -- N. stability; immutability &c adj.; unchangeability,
&c adj.; unchangeableness^; constancy; stable equilibrium, immobility,
soundness, vitality, stabiliment^, stiffness, ankylosis^, solidity,
establishment, fixture; rock, pillar, tower, foundation, leopard's
spots, Ethiopia's skin.
permanence &c 141; obstinacy &c 606.
V. be firm &c adj.; stick fast; stand firm, keep firm, remain firm;
weather the storm, stay the course, stick to the course, keep the
faith, don't give in, don't buckle under.
settle, establish, stablish^, ascertain, fix, set, stabilitate^;
retain, keep hold; make good, make sure; fasten &c (join) 43; set on
its legs, float; perpetuate.
settle down; strike roots, put down roots, take root; take up
one's abode &c 184; build one's house on a rock.
Adj. unchangeable, immutable; unaltered, unalterable; not to be
changed, constant; permanent &c 141; invariable, undeviating; stable,
durable; perennial &c (diuturnal) 110 [Obs.].
fixed, steadfast, firm, fast, steady, balanced; confirmed, valid;
fiducial^; immovable, irremovable, riveted, rooted; settled, established
&c v.; vested; incontrovertible, stereotyped, indeclinable.
tethered, anchored, moored, at anchor, on a rock, rock solid, firm
as a rock; firmly seated, firmly established &c v.; deep-rooted,
ineradicable; inveterate; obstinate &c 606.
transfixed, stuck fast, aground, high and dry, stranded.
[movable object rendered unmovable] stuck, jammed; unremovable;
quiescent &c 265; deterioration &c 659.
indefeasible, irretrievable, intransmutable^, incommutable^,
irresoluble^, irrevocable, irreversible, reverseless^, inextinguishable,
irreducible; indissoluble, indissolvable^; indestructible, undying,
imperishable, incorruptible, indelible, indeciduous^; insusceptible,
insusceptible of change.
Int. stet.
Phr. littera scripta manet [Lat.].

Present Events

151. Eventuality -- N. eventuality, event, occurrence, incident,
affair, matter, thing, episode, happening, proceeding, contingency,
juncture, experience, fact; matter of fact; naked fact, bare facts,
just the facts; phenomenon; advent.
business, concern, transaction, dealing, proceeding; circumstance,
particular, casualty, accident, adventure, passage, crisis, pass,
emergency, contingency, consequence; opportunity (occasion) 143.
the world, life, things, doings, affairs in general; things in
general, affairs in general; the times, state of affairs, order of the
day; course of things, tide of things, stream of things, current of
things, run of things, march of things, course of events; ups and downs
of life, vicissitudes of life; chapter of accidents &c (chance) 156;
situation &c (circumstances) 8.
V. happen, occur; take place, take effect; come, become of; come off,
comeabout^, come round, come into existence, come forth, come to pass,
come on; pass, present itself; fall; fall out, turn out; run, be on
foot, fall in; befall, betide, bechance^; prove, eventuate, draw on;
turn up, crop up, spring up, pop up, arise, show up, show its face,
appear, come forth, cast up; supervene, survene^; issue, arrive, ensue,
arise, start, hold, take its course; pass off &c (be past) 122.
meet with; experience, enjoy, encounter, undergo, suffer, pass
through, go through, be subjected to, be exposed to; fall to the lot
of; be one's chance, be one's fortune, be one's lot; find; endure &c
(feel) 821.
Adj. happening &c v.; going on, doing, current; in the wind, in the
air, afloat; on foot, afoot, on the tapis^; at issue, in question;
eventful, stirring, bustling, full of incident; memorable,
momentous, signal.
Adv. eventually; in the event of, in case, just in case; in the course
of things; as things, times go; as the world goes, wags; as the tree
falls, cat jumps; as it may turn out, happen.
Phr. that's the way the ball bounces, that's the way the cookie
crumbles; you never know what may turn up, you never know what the
future will bring; the plot thickens; breasts the blows of circumstance
[Tennyson]; so runs round of life from hour to hour [Keble]; sprinkled
along the waste of years [Tennyson].

Future Events

152. Destiny -- N. destiny &c (necessity) 601; future existence, post
existence; hereafter; future state, next world, world to come, after
life; futurity &c 121; everlasting life, everlasting death; life beyond
the grave, world beyond the grave; prospect &c (expectation) 507.
V. impend; hang over, lie over; threaten, loom, await, come on,
approach, stare one in the face; foreordain, preordain; predestine,
doom, have in store for.
Adj. impending &c v.; destined; about to be, happen; coming, in store,
to come, going to happen, instant, at hand, near; near, close at hand;
over hanging, hanging over one's head, imminent; brewing, preparing,
forthcoming; int he wind, on the cards, in reserve; that will, is to
be; in prospect &c (expected) 507; looming in the distance, horizon,
future; unborn, in embryo; int he womb of time, futurity; pregnant &c
(producing) 161.
Adv. in time, the long run; all in good time; eventually &c 151;
whatever may happen &c (certainly) 474; as chance would have it &c 156.



153. [Constant antecedent]. Cause -- N. cause, origin, source,
principle, element; occasioner^, prime mover, primum mobile [Lat.]; vera
causa [Lat.]; author &c (producer) 164; mainspring; agent; leaven;
groundwork, foundation &c (support) 215.
spring, fountain, well, font; fountainhead, spring head, wellhead;
fons et origo [Lat.], genesis; descent &c (paternity) 166; remote
cause; influence.
pivot, hinge, turning point, lever, crux, fulcrum; key; proximate
cause, causa causans [Lat.]; straw that breaks the camel's back.
ground; reason, reason why; why and wherefore, rationale,
occasion, derivation; final cause &c (intention) 620; les dessous des
cartes [Fr.]; undercurrents.
egg, germ, embryo, bud, root, radix radical, etymon, nucleus,
seed, stem, stock, stirps, trunk, tap-root, gemmule^, radicle, semen,
nest, cradle, nursery, womb, nidus, birthplace, hotbed.
causality, causation; origination; production &c 161.
V. be the cause of &c n .; originate; give origin to, give rise, to,
give occasion to; cause, occasion, sow the seeds of, kindle, suscitate^;
bring on, bring to bring pass, bring about; produce; create &c 161; set
up, set afloat, set on foot; found, broach, institute, lay the
foundation of; lie at the root of.
procure, induce, draw down, open the door to, superinduce, evoke,
entail, operate; elicit, provoke.
conduce to &c (tend to) 176; contribute; have a hand in the pie,
have a finger in the pie; determine, decide, turn the scale; have a
common origin; derive its origin &c (effect) 154.
Adj. caused &c v.; causal, original; primary, primitive, primordial;
aboriginal; protogenal^; radical; embryonic, embryotic^; in embryo, in
ovo [Lat.]; seminal, germinal; at the bottom of; connate, having a
common origin.
Adv. because &c 155; behind the scenes.
Phr. causa latet vis est notissima [Lat.] [Ovid]; felix qui potuit
rerum cognoscere causas [Lat.] [Vergil].

154. [Constant sequent.] Effect -- N. effect, consequence; aftergrowth^,
aftercome^; derivative, derivation; result; resultant, resultance^;
upshot, issue, denouement; end &c 67; development, outgrowth, fruit,
crop, harvest, product, bud.
production, produce, work, handiwork, fabric, performance;
creature, creation; offspring, offshoot; firstfruits^, firstlings;
heredity, telegony^; premices premises^.
V. be the effect of &c n.; be due to, be owing to; originate in,
originate from; rise from, arise, take its rise spring from, proceed
from, emanate from, come from, grow from, bud from, sprout from,
germinate from, issue from, flow from, result from, follow from, derive
its origin from, accrue from; come to, come of, come out of; depend
upon, hang upon, hinge upon, turn upon.
take the consequences, sow the wind and reap the whirlwind.
Adj. owing to; resulting from &c v.; derivable from; due to; caused by
&c 153; dependent upon; derived from, evolved from; derivative;
hereditary; telegonous^.
Adv. of course, it follows that, naturally, consequently; as a
consequence, in consequence; through, all along of, necessarily,
Phr. cela va sans dire [Fr.], thereby hangs a tale [Taming of the

155. [Assignment of cause] Attribution -- N. attribution, theory,
etiology, ascription, reference to, rationale; accounting for &c v.;
palaetiology1, imputation, derivation from.
filiation^, affiliation; pedigree &c (paternity) 166.
explanation &c (interpretation) 522; reason why &c (cause) 153.
V. attribute to, ascribe to, impute to, refer to, lay to, point to,
trace to, bring home to; put down to, set down to, blame; charge on,
ground on; invest with, assign as cause, lay at, the door of, father
upon; account for, derive from, point out the reason &c 153; theorize;
tell how it comes; put the saddle on the right horse.
Adj. attributed &c v.; attributable &c v.; referable to, referrible to^,
due to, derivable from; owing to &c (effect) 154; putative; ecbatic^.
Adv. hence, thence, therefore, for, since, on account of, because,
owing to; on that account; from this cause, from that cause; thanks to,
forasmuch as; whence, propter hoc [Lat.].
why? wherefore? whence? how comes it, how is it, how happens it?
how does it happen? in some way, in some such way; somehow, somehow or
Phr. that is why; hinc illae lachrymae [Lat.] [Horace].

156. [Absence of assignable cause.] Chance -- N. chance,
indetermination, accident, fortune, hazard, hap, haphazard, chance
medley, random, luck, raccroc^, casualty, contingence, adventure, hit;
fate &c (necessity) 601; equal chance; lottery; tombola^; toss up &c
621; turn of the table, turn of the cards; hazard of the die, chapter
of accidents, fickle finger of fate; cast of the dice, throw of the
dice; heads or tails, flip of a coin, wheel of Fortune; sortes^, sortes
probability, possibility, odds; long odds, run of luck;
accidentalness; main chance, odds on, favorable odds.
contingency, dependence (uncertainty) 475; situation
(circumstance) 8.
statistics, theory of Probabilities, theory of Chances;
bookmaking; assurance; speculation, gaming &c 621.
V. chance, hap, turn up; fall to one's lot; be one's fate &c 601;
stumble on light upon; take one's chance &c 621.
Adj. casual, fortuitous, accidental, adventitious, causeless,
incidental, contingent, uncaused, undetermined, indeterminate; random,
statistical; possible &c 470; unintentional &c 621.
Adv. by chance, accidentally, by accident; casually; perchance &c
(possibly) 470; for aught one knows; as good would have it, as bad
would have it, as luck would have it, as ill-luck would have it, as
chance would have it; as it may be, as it may chance, as it may turn
up, as it may happen; as the case may be.
Phr. grasps the skirts of happy chance [Tennyson]; the accident of an
accident [Lord Thurlow].
There but for the grace of God go I


157. Power -- N. power; potency, potentiality; jiva^; puissance, might,
force, energy &c 171; dint; right hand, right arm; ascendency^, sway,
control; prepotency, prepollence^; almightiness, omnipotence; authority
&c 737; strength &c 159.
ability; ableness &c adj.^; competency; efficacy; efficiency,
productivity, expertise (skill) 698; validity, cogency; enablement^;
vantage ground; influence &c 175.
pressure; conductivity; elasticity; gravity, electricity,
magnetism, galvanism, voltaic electricity, voltaism, electromagnetism;
atomic power, nuclear power, thermonuclear power; fuel cell; hydraulic
power, water power, hydroelectric power; solar power, solar energy,
solar panels; tidal power; wind power; attraction; vis inertiae [Lat.],
vis mortua [Lat.], vis viva [Lat.]; potential energy, dynamic energy;
dynamic friction, dynamic suction; live circuit, live rail, live wire.
capability, capacity; quid valeant humeri quid ferre recusent
[Lat.]; faculty, quality, attribute, endowment, virtue, gift, property,
qualification, susceptibility.
V. be powerful &c adj.; gain power &c n.. belong to, pertain to; lie in
one's power, be in one's power; can, be able.
give power, confer power, exercise power &c n.; empower, enable,
invest; indue^, endue; endow, arm; strengthen &c 159; compel &c 744.
Adj. powerful, puissant; potential; capable, able; equal to, up to;
cogent, valid; efficient, productive; effective, effectual,
efficacious, adequate, competent; multipotent^, plenipotent^,
omnipotent; almighty.
forcible &c adj.. (energetic) 171; influential &c 175; productive
&c 168.
Adv. powerfully &c adj.; by virtue of, by dint of.
Phr. a toute force [Fr.]; dos moi pou sto kai kino ten gen [Gr.];
eripuit coelo fulmen sceptrumque tyrannis [Lat.]; fortis cadere cedere
non potest [Lat.].

158. Impotence -- N. impotence; inability, disability; disablement,
impuissance, imbecility; incapacity, incapability; inaptitude,
ineptitude, incompetence, unproductivity^; indocility^; invalidity,
disqualification; inefficiency, wastefulness.
telum imbelle [Lat.], brutum fulmen [Lat.], blank, blank
cartridge, flash in the pan, vox et proeterea nihil [Lat.], dead
letter, bit of waste paper, dummy; paper tiger; Quaker gun.
inefficacy &c (inutility) 645 [Obs.]; failure &c 732.
helplessness &c adj.; prostration, paralysis, palsy, apoplexy,
syncope, sideration^, deliquium [Lat.], collapse, exhaustion, softening
of the brain, inanition; emasculation, orchiotomy [Med.], orchotomy
cripple, old woman, muff, powder puff, creampuff, pussycat, wimp,
mollycoddle; eunuch.
V. be impotent &c adj.; not have a leg to stand on.
vouloir rompre l'anguille au genou [Fr.], vouloir prendre la lune
avec les dents [Fr.].
collapse, faint, swoon, fall into a swoon, drop; go by the board,
go by the wayside; go up in smoke, end in smoke &c (fail) 732.
render powerless &c adj.; deprive of power; disable, disenable^;
disarm, incapacitate, disqualify, unfit, invalidate, deaden, cramp, tie
the hands; double up, prostrate, paralyze, muzzle, cripple, becripple^,
maim, lame, hamstring, draw the teeth of; throttle, strangle, garrotte,
garrote; ratten^, silence, sprain, clip the wings of, put hors de combat
[Fr.], spike the guns; take the wind out of one's sails, scotch the
snake, put a spoke in one's wheel; break the neck, break the back;
unhinge, unfit; put out of gear.
unman, unnerve, enervate; emasculate, castrate, geld, alter,
neuter, sterilize, fix.
shatter, exhaust, weaken &c 160.
Adj. powerless, impotent, unable, incapable, incompetent; inefficient,
ineffective; inept; unfit, unfitted; unqualified, disqualified;
unendowed; inapt, unapt; crippled, disabled &c v.; armless^.
harmless, unarmed, weaponless, defenseless, sine ictu [Lat.],
unfortified, indefensible, vincible, pregnable, untenable.
paralytic, paralyzed; palsied, imbecile; nerveless, sinewless^,
marrowless^, pithless^, lustless^; emasculate, disjointed; out of joint,
out of gear; unnerved, unhinged; water-logged, on one's beam ends,
rudderless; laid on one's back; done up, dead beat, exhausted,
shattered, demoralized; graveled &c (in difficulty) 704; helpless,
unfriended^, fatherless; without a leg to stand on, hors de combat
[Fr.], laid on the shelf.
null and void, nugatory, inoperative, good for nothing;
ineffectual &c (failing) 732; inadequate &c 640; inefficacious &c
(useless) 645.
Phr. der kranke Mann [G.]; desirous still but impotent to rise
[Shenstone]; the spirit is willing but the flesh is weak.

159. [Degree of power.] Strength -- N. strength; power &c 157; energy
&c 171; vigor, force; main force, physical force, brute force; spring,
elasticity, tone, tension, tonicity.
stoutness &c adj.; lustihood^, stamina, nerve, muscle, sinew, thews
and sinews, physique; pith, pithiness; virtility, vitality.
athletics, athleticism^; gymnastics, feats of strength.
adamant, steel, iron, oak, heart of oak; iron grip; grit, bone.
athlete, gymnast, acrobat; superman, Atlas, Hercules, Antaeus^,
Samson, Cyclops, Goliath; tower of strength; giant refreshed.
strengthening &c v.; invigoration, refreshment, refocillation^.
[Science of forces] dynamics, statics.
V. be strong &c adj., be stronger; overmatch.
render strong &c adj.; give strength &c n.; strengthen,
invigorate, brace, nerve, fortify, sustain, harden, case harden, steel,
gird; screw up, wind up, set up; gird up one's loins, brace up one's
loins; recruit, set on one's legs; vivify; refresh &c 689; refect^;
reinforce, reenforce &c (restore) 660.
Adj. strong, mighty, vigorous, forcible, hard, adamantine, stout,
robust, sturdy, hardy, powerful, potent, puissant, valid.
resistless, irresistible, invincible, proof against, impregnable,
unconquerable, indomitable, dominating, inextinguishable, unquenchable;
incontestable; more than a match for; overpowering, overwhelming; all
powerful, all sufficient; sovereign.
able-bodied; athletic; Herculean, Cyclopean, Atlantean^; muscular,
brawny, wiry, well-knit, broad-shouldered, sinewy, strapping, stalwart,
manly, man-like, manful; masculine, male, virile.
unweakened^, unallayed, unwithered^, unshaken, unworn, unexhausted^;
in full force, in full swing; in the plenitude of power.
stubborn, thick-ribbed, made of iron, deep-rooted; strong as a
lion, strong as a horse, strong as an ox, strong as brandy; sound as a
roach; in fine feather, in high feather; built like a brick shithouse;
like a giant refreshed.
Adv. strongly &c adj.; by force &c n.; by main force &c (by compulsion)
Phr. our withers are unwrung [Hamlet].
Blut und Eisen [G.]; coelitus mihi vires [Lat.]; du fort au diable
[Fr.]; en habiles gens [Lat.]; ex vi termini; flecti non frangi [Lat.];
he that wrestles with us strengthens our nerves and sharpens our skill
[Burke]; inflexible in faith invincible in arms [Beattie].

160. Weakness -- N. weakness &c adj.; debility, atony^, relaxation,
languor, enervation; impotence &c 158; infirmity; effeminacy,
feminality^; fragility, flaccidity; inactivity &c 683.
anaemia, bloodlessness, deficiency of blood, poverty of blood.
declension of strength, loss of strength, failure of strength;
delicacy, invalidation, decrepitude, asthenia^, adynamy^, cachexy^,
cachexia [Med.], sprain, strain.
reed, thread, rope of sand, house of cards.
softling^, weakling; infant &c 129; youth &c 127.
V. be weak &c adj.; drop, crumble, give way, totter, tremble, shake,
halt, limp, fade, languish, decline, flag, fail, have one leg in the
render weak &c adj.; weaken, enfeeble, debilitate, shake, deprive
of strength, relax, enervate, eviscerate; unbrace, unnerve; cripple,
unman &c (render powerless) 158; cramp, reduce, sprain, strain, blunt
the edge of; dilute, impoverish; decimate; extenuate; reduce in
strength, reduce the strength of; mettre de l'eau dans son vin [Fr.].
Adj. weak, feeble, debile^; impotent &c 158; relaxed, unnerved, &c v.;
sapless, strengthless^, powerless; weakly, unstrung, flaccid, adynamic^,
asthenic^; nervous.
soft, effeminate, feminate^, womanly.
frail, fragile, shattery^; flimsy, unsubstantial, insubstantial,
gimcrack, gingerbread; rickety, creaky, creaking, cranky; craichy^;
drooping, tottering &c v.. broken, lame, withered, shattered, shaken,
crazy, shaky; palsied &c 158; decrepit.
languid, poor, infirm; faint, faintish^; sickly &c (disease) 655;
dull, slack, evanid^, spent, short-winded, effete; weather-beaten;
decayed, rotten, worn, seedy, languishing, wasted, washy, laid low,
pulled down, the worse for wear.
unstrengthened &c 159 [Obs.], unsupported, unaided, unassisted;
aidless^, defenseless &c 158; cantilevered (support) 215.
on its last legs; weak as a child, weak as a baby, weak as a
chicken, weak as a cat, weak as a rat; weak as water, weak as water
gruel, weak as gingerbread, weak as milk and water; colorless &c 429.
Phr. non sum qualis eram [Lat.].


161. Production -- N. {ant.
162,, 158} production, creation, construction, formation,
fabrication, manufacture; building, architecture, erection,
edification; coinage; diaster^; organization; nisus formativus [Lat.];
putting together &c v.; establishment; workmanship, performance;
achievement &c (completion) 729.
flowering, fructification; inflorescence.
bringing forth &c v.; parturition, birth, birth-throe, childbirth,
delivery, confinement, accouchement, travail, labor, midwifery,
obstetrics; geniture^; gestation &c (maturation) 673; assimilation;
evolution, development, growth; entelechy [Phil.]; fertilization,
gemination, germination, heterogamy [Biol.], genesis, generation,
epigenesis^, procreation, progeneration^, propagation; fecundation,
impregnation; albumen &c 357.
spontaneous generation; archegenesis^, archebiosis^; biogenesis,
abiogenesis^, digenesis^, dysmerogenesis^, eumerogenesis^,
heterogenesis^, oogenesis, merogenesis^, metogenesis^, monogenesis^,
parthenogenesis, homogenesis^, xenogenesis1^; authorship, publication;
works, opus, oeuvre.
biogeny^, dissogeny^, xenogeny^; tocogony^, vacuolization.
edifice, building, structure, fabric, erection, pile, tower,
flower, fruit.
V. produce, perform, operate, do, make, gar, form, construct,
fabricate, frame, contrive, manufacture; weave, forge, coin, carve,
chisel; build, raise, edify, rear, erect, put together, set up, run up;
establish, constitute, compose, organize, institute; achieve,
accomplish &c (complete) 729.
flower, bear fruit, fructify, teem, ean^, yean^, farrow, drop, pup,
kitten, kindle; bear, lay, whelp, bring forth, give birth to, lie in,
be brought to bed of, evolve, pullulate, usher into the world.
make productive &c 168; create; beget, get, generate, fecundate,
impregnate; procreate, progenerate^, propagate; engender; bring into
being, call into being, bring into existence; breed, hatch, develop,
bring up.
induce, superinduce; suscitate^; cause &c 153; acquire &c 775.
Adj. produced, producing &c v.; productive of; prolific &c 168;
creative; formative, genetic, genial, genital; pregnant; enceinte, big
with, fraught with; in the family way, teeming, parturient, in the
straw, brought to bed of; puerperal, puerperous^.
digenetic^, heterogenetic^, oogenetic, xenogenetic^; ectogenous^,
gamic^, haematobious^, sporogenous [Biol.], sporophorous [Biol.].
Phr. ex nihilo nihil [Lat.]; fiat lux [Lat.]; materiam superabat opus
[Lat.] [Ovid]; nemo dat quod non habet [Lat.].

162. [Nonproduction.] Destruction -- N. {ant.
161} destruction; waste, dissolution, breaking up; diruption^,
disruption; consumption; disorganization.
fall, downfall, devastation, ruin, perdition, crash; eboulement
[Fr.], smash, havoc, delabrement [Fr.], debacle; break down, break up,
fall apart; prostration; desolation, bouleversement [Fr.], wreck,
wrack, shipwreck, cataclysm; washout.
extinction, annihilation; destruction of life &c 361; knock-down
blow; doom, crack of doom.
destroying &c v.; demolition, demolishment; overthrow, subversion,
suppression; abolition &c (abrogation) 756; biblioclasm^; sacrifice;
ravage, razzia^; inactivation; incendiarism; revolution &c 146;
extirpation &c (extraction) 301; beginning of the end, commencement de
la fin [Fr.], road to ruin; dilapidation &c (deterioration) 659;
V. be destroyed &c; perish; fall to the ground; tumble, topple; go to
pieces, fall to pieces; break up; crumble to dust; go to the dogs, go
to the wall, go to smash, go to shivers, go to wreck, go to pot, go to
wrack and ruin; go by the board, go all to smash; be all over, be all
up, be all with; totter to its fall.
destroy; do away with, make away with; nullify; annual &c 756;
sacrifice, demolish; tear up; overturn, overthrow, overwhelm; upset,
subvert, put an end to; seal the doom of, do in, do for, dish [Slang],
undo; break up, cut up; break down, cut down, pull down, mow down, blow
down, beat down; suppress, quash, put down, do a job on; cut short,
take off, blot out; dispel, dissipate, dissolve; consume.
smash, crash, quell, squash, squelch, crumple up, shatter, shiver;
batter to pieces, tear to pieces, crush to pieces, cut to pieces, shake
to pieces, pull to pieces, pick to pieces; laniate^; nip; tear to rags,
tear to tatters; crush to atoms, knock to atoms; ruin; strike out;
throw over, knock down over; fell, sink, swamp, scuttle, wreck,
shipwreck, engulf, ingulf^, submerge; lay in ashes, lay in ruins; sweep
away, erase, wipe out, expunge, raze; level with the dust, level with
the ground; waste; atomize, vaporize.
deal destruction, desolate, devastate, lay waste, ravage gut;
disorganize; dismantle &c (render useless) 645; devour, swallow up,
sap, mine, blast, bomb, blow to smithereens, drop the big one,
confound; exterminate, extinguish, quench, annihilate; snuff out, put
out, stamp out, trample out; lay in the dust, trample in the dust;
prostrate; tread under foot; crush under foot, trample under foot; lay
the ax to the root of; make short work of, make clean sweep of, make
mincemeat of; cut up root and branch, chop into pieces, cut into
ribbons; fling to the winds, scatter to the winds; throw overboard;
strike at the root of, sap the foundations of, spring a mine, blow up,
ravage with fire and sword; cast to the dogs; eradicate &c 301.
Adj. destroyed &c v.; perishing &c v.; trembling to its fall, nodding
to its fall, tottering to its fall; in course of destruction &c n.;
all-destroying, all-devouring, all-engulfing.
destructive, subversive, ruinous, devastating; incendiary,
deletory^; destroying &c n.. suicidal; deadly &c (killing) 361.
Adv. with crushing effect, with a sledge hammer.
Phr. delenda est Carthago [Lat.]; dum Roma deliberat Saguntum perit
[Lat.]; ecrasez l'infame [Voltaire].

163. Reproduction -- N. reproduction, renovation; restoration &c 660;
renewal; new edition, reprint, revival, regeneration, palingenesis^,
revivification; apotheosis; resuscitation, reanimation, resurrection,
reappearance; regrowth; Phoenix.
generation &c (production) 161; multiplication.
V. reproduce; restore &c 660; revive, renovate, renew, regenerate,
revivify, resuscitate, reanimate; remake, refashion, stir the embers,
put into the crucible; multiply, repeat; resurge^.
crop up, spring up like mushrooms.
Adj. reproduced &c v.; renascent, reappearing; reproductive;

164. Producer -- N. producer, originator, inventor, author, founder,
generator, mover, architect, creator, prime mover; maker &c (agent)
690; prime mover.

165. Destroyer -- N. destroyer &c (destroy) &c 162; cankerworm &c
(bane) 663; assassin &c (killer) 361; executioner &c (punish) 975;
biblioclast^, eidoloclast^, iconoclast, idoloclast^; nihilist.

166. Paternity -- N. paternity; parentage; consanguinity &c 11.
parent; father, sire, dad, papa, paterfamilias, abba^; genitor,
progenitor, procreator; ancestor; grandsire^, grandfather; great-
grandfather; fathership^, fatherhood; mabap^.
house, stem, trunk, tree, stock, stirps, pedigree, lineage, line,
family, tribe, sept, race, clan; genealogy, descent, extraction, birth,
ancestry; forefathers, forbears, patriarchs.
motherhood, maternity; mother, dam, mamma, materfamilias [Lat.],
Adj. paternal, parental; maternal; family, ancestral, linear,
Phr. avi numerantur avorum [Lat.]; happy he with such a mother
[Tennyson]; hombre bueno no le busquen abolengo [Sp.]; philosophia
stemma non inspicit [Lat.] [Seneca].

167. Posterity -- N. posterity, progeny, breed, issue, offspring,
brood, litter, seed, farrow, spawn, spat; family, grandchildren, heirs;
child, son, daughter; butcha^; bantling, scion; acrospire^,
plumule^, shoot, sprout, olive-branch, sprit^, branch; off-shoot, off-
set; ramification; descendant; heir, heiress; heir-apparent, heir-
presumptive; chip off the old block; heredity; rising generation.
straight descent, sonship^, line, lineage, filiation^,
Adj. filial; diphyletic^.
Phr. the child is father of the man [Wordsworth]; the fruit doesn't
fall far from the tree, like father, like son.

168. Productiveness -- N. productiveness &c adj.; fecundity, fertility,
luxuriance, uberty^.
pregnancy, pullulation, fructification, multiplication,
propagation, procreation; superfetation.
milch cow, rabbit, hydra, warren, seed plot, land flowing with
milk and honey; second crop, aftermath; aftercrop, aftergrowth^;
arrish^, eddish^, rowen^; protoplasm; fertilization.
V. make productive &c adj.; fructify; procreate, generate, fertilize,
spermative^, impregnate; fecundate, fecundify^; teem, multiply; produce
&c 161; conceive.
Adj. productive, prolific; teeming, teemful^; fertile, fruitful,
frugiferous^, fruit-bearing; fecund, luxuriant; pregnant, uberous^.
procreant^, procreative; generative, life-giving, spermatic;
multiparous; omnific^, propagable.
parturient &c (producing) 161; profitable &c (useful) 644.

169. Unproductiveness -- N. unproductiveness &c adj.; infertility,
sterility, infecundity^; masturbation; impotence &c 158;
unprofitableness &c (inutility) 645.
waste, desert, Sahara, wild, wilderness, howling wilderness.
V. be unproductive &c adj.; hang fire, flash in the pan, come to
[make unproductive] sterilize, addle; disable, inactivate.
Adj. unproductive, acarpous^, inoperative, barren, addled, infertile,
unfertile, unprolific^, arid, sterile, unfruitful, infecund^; sine
prole; fallow; teemless^, issueless^, fruitless; unprofitable &c
(useless) 645; null and void, of no effect.

170. Agency -- N. agency, operation, force, working, strain, function,
office, maintenance, exercise, work, swing, play; interworking^,
interaction; procurement.
causation &c 153; instrumentality &c 631; influence &c 175; action
&c (voluntary) 680; modus operandi &c 627.
quickening power, maintaining power, sustaining power; home
V. be in action &c adj.; operate, work; act, act upon; perform, play,
support, sustain, strain, maintain, take effect, quicken, strike.
come play, come bring into operation; have play, have free play;
bring to bear upon.
Adj. operative, efficient, efficacious, practical, effectual.
at work, on foot; acting &c (doing) 680; in operation, in force,
in action, in play, in exercise; acted upon, wrought upon.
Adv. by the agency of, &c n.; through &c (instrumentality) 631; by
means of &c 632.
Phr. I myself must mix with action lest I wither by despair [Tennyson].

171. Physical Energy -- N. energy, physical energy, force, power &c
157; keenness &c adj.; intensity, vigor, strength, elasticity; go; high
pressure; fire; rush.
acrimony, acritude^; causiticity^, virulence; poignancy; harshness
&c adj.; severity, edge, point; pungency &c 392.
cantharides; seasoning &c (condiment) 393.
activity, agitation, effervescence; ferment, fermentation;
ebullition, splutter, perturbation, stir, bustle; voluntary energy &c
682; quicksilver.
resolution &c (mental energy) 604; exertion &c (effort) 686;
excitation &c (mental) 824.
V. give energy &c n.; energize, stimulate, kindle, excite, exert;
sharpen, intensify; inflame &c (render violent) 173; wind up &c
(strengthen) 159.
strike home, into home, hard home; make an impression.
Adj. strong, energetic, forcible, active; intense, deep-dyed, severe,
keen, vivid, sharp, acute, incisive, trenchant, brisk.
rousing, irritation; poignant; virulent, caustic, corrosive,
mordant, harsh, stringent; double-edged, double-shotted^, double-
distilled; drastic, escharotic^; racy &c (pungent) 392.
potent &c (powerful) 157; radioactive.
Adv. strongly &c adj.; fortiter in re [Lat.]; with telling effect.
Phr. the steam is up; vires acquirit eundo [Lat.]; the race by vigor
not by vaunts is won [Pope].

172. Physical Inertness -- N. inertness, dullness &c adj.; inertia, vis
inertiae [Lat.], inertion^, inactivity, torpor, languor; quiescence &c
265; latency, inaction; passivity.
mental inertness; sloth &c (inactivity) 683; inexcitability &c 826
[Obs.]; irresolution &c 605; obstinacy &c 606; permanence &c 141.
rare gas, paraffin, noble metal, unreactivity.
V. be inert &c adj.; hang fire, smolder.
Adj. inert, inactive, passive; torpid &c 683; sluggish, dull, heavy,
flat, slack, tame, slow, blunt; unreactive; lifeless, dead,
latent, dormant, smoldering, unexerted^.
Adv. inactively &c adj.; in suspense, in abeyance.

173. Violence -- N. violence, inclemency, vehemence, might,
impetuosity; boisterousness &c adj.; effervescence, ebullition;
turbulence, bluster; uproar, callithump [U.S.], riot, row, rumpus, le
diable a quatre [Fr.], devil to pay, all the fat in the fire.
severity &c 739; ferocity, rage, fury; exacerbation, exasperation,
malignity; fit, paroxysm; orgasm, climax, aphrodisia^; force, brute
force; outrage; coup de main; strain, shock, shog^; spasm, convulsion,
throe; hysterics, passion &c (state of excitability) 825.
outbreak, outburst; debacle; burst, bounce, dissilience^,
discharge, volley, explosion, blow up, blast, detonation, rush,
eruption, displosion^, torrent.
turmoil &c (disorder) 59; ferment &c (agitation) 315; storm,
tempest, rough weather; squall &c (wind) 349; earthquake, volcano,
berserk, berserker; fury, dragon, demon, tiger, beldame,
Tisiphone^, Megaera, Alecto^, madcap, wild beast; fire eater &c
(blusterer) 887.
V. be violent &c adj.; run high; ferment, effervesce; romp, rampage, go
on a rampage; run wild, run amuck, run riot; break the peace; rush,
tear; rush headlong, rush foremost; raise a storm, make a riot; rough
house [Slang]; riot, storm; wreak, bear down, ride roughshod, out
Herod, Herod; spread like wildfire (person).
[shout or act in anger at something], explode, make a row, kick up
a row; boil, boil over; fume, foam, come on like a lion, bluster, rage,
roar, fly off the handle, go bananas, go ape, blow one's top, blow
one's cool, flip one's lid, hit the ceiling, hit the roof; fly into a
rage (anger) 900.
break out, fly out, burst out; bounce, explode, go off, displode^,


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