Rudimental Divine Science
Mary Baker Eddy

Produced by Justin Gillbank and PG Distributed Proofreaders



Published by The Trustees under the Will of Mary Baker G. Eddy

1891, 1908
















_How would you define Christian Science?_

As the law of God, the law of good, interpreting and demonstrating the
divine Principle and rule of universal harmony.

_What is the Principle of Christian Science?_

It is God, the Supreme Being, infinite and immortal Mind, the Soul of man
and the universe. It is our Father which is in heaven. It is substance,
Spirit, Life, Truth, and Love,--these are the deific Principle.

_Do you mean by this that God is a person?_

The word _person_ affords a large margin for misapprehension, as well as
definition. In French the equivalent word is _personne_. In Spanish,
Italian, and Latin, it is _persona_. The Latin verb _personare_ is
compounded of the prefix _per_ (through) and _sonare_ (to sound).

In law, Blackstone applies the word _personal_ to _bodily presence_, in
distinction from one's appearance (in court, for example) by deputy or

Other definitions of _person_, as given by Webster, are "a living soul; a
self-conscious being; a moral agent; especially, a living human being,
a corporeal man, woman, or child; an individual of the human race." He
adds, that among Trinitarian Christians the word stands for one of the
three subjects, or agents, constituting the Godhead.

In Christian Science we learn that God is definitely individual, and
not a _person_, as that word is used by the best authorities, if our
lexicographers are right in defining _person_ as especially a finite
_human being_; but God is personal, if by _person_ is meant
infinite Spirit.

We do not conceive rightly of God, if we think of Him as less than
infinite. The human person is finite; and therefore I prefer to retain
the proper sense of Deity by using the phrase _an individual_ God, rather
than _a personal_ God; for there is and can be but one infinite individual
Spirit, whom mortals have named God.

Science defines the individuality of God as supreme good, Life, Truth,
Love. This term enlarges our sense of Deity, takes away the trammels
assigned to God by finite thought, and introduces us to higher definitions.

_Is healing the sick the whole of Science?_

Healing physical sickness is the smallest part of Christian Science. It
is only the bugle-call to thought and action, in the higher range of
infinite goodness. The emphatic purpose of Christian Science is the
healing of sin; and this task, sometimes, may be harder than the cure
of disease; because, while mortals love to sin, they do not love to be
sick. Hence their comparative acquiescence in your endeavors to heal
them of bodily ills, and their obstinate resistance to all efforts to
save them from sin through Christ, spiritual Truth and Love, which redeem
them, and become their Saviour, through the flesh, from the flesh,--the
material world and evil.

This Life, Truth, and Love--this trinity of good--was individualized,
to the perception of mortal sense, in the man Jesus. His history is
emphatic in our hearts, and it lives more because of his spiritual
than his physical healing. His example is, to Christian Scientists,
what the models of the masters in music and painting are to artists.

Genuine Christian Scientists will no more deviate morally from that
divine digest of Science called the Sermon on the Mount, than they will
manipulate invalids, prescribe drugs, or deny God. Jesus' healing was
spiritual in its nature, method, and design. He wrought the cure of
disease through the divine Mind, which gives all true volition, impulse,
and action; and destroys the mental error made manifest physically, and
establishes the opposite manifestation of Truth upon the body in harmony
and health.

_By the individuality of God, do you mean that God has a finite form?_

No. I mean the infinite and divine Principle of all being, the
ever-present I AM, filling all space, including in itself all Mind,
the one Father-Mother God. Life, Truth, and Love are this trinity
in unity, and their universe is spiritual, peopled with perfect beings,
harmonious and eternal, of which our material universe and men are the

_Is God the Principle of all science, or only of Divine or
Christian Science?_

Science is Mind manifested. It is not material; neither is it of
human origin.

All true Science represents a moral and spiritual force, which holds
the earth in its orbit. This force is Spirit, that can "bind the sweet
influences of the Pleiades," and "loose the bands of Orion."

There is no material science, if by that term you mean material
intelligence. God is infinite Mind, hence there is no other Mind.
Good is Mind, but evil is not Mind. Good is not in evil, but in
God only. Spirit is not in matter, but in Spirit only. Law is not
in matter, but in Mind only.

_Is there no matter?_

All is Mind. According to the Scriptures and Christian Science, all is
God, and there is naught beside Him. "God is Spirit;" and we can only
learn and love Him through His spirit, which brings out the fruits of
Spirit and extinguishes forever the works of darkness by His marvellous

The five material senses testify to the existence of matter. The
spiritual senses afford no such evidence, but deny the testimony of
the material senses. Which testimony is correct? The Bible says:
"Let God be true, and every man a liar." If, as the Scriptures imply,
God is All-in-all, then all must be Mind, since God is Mind. Therefore
in divine Science there is no material mortal man, for man is spiritual
and eternal, he being made in the image of Spirit, or God.

There is no material sense. Matter is inert, inanimate, and
sensationless,--considered apart from Mind. Lives there a man who
has ever found Soul in the body or in matter, who has ever seen
spiritual substance with the eye, who has found sight in matter,
hearing in the material ear, or intelligence in non-intelligence?
If there is any such thing as matter, it must be either mind which
is called matter, or matter without Mind.

Matter without Mind is a moral impossibility. Mind in matter is pantheism.
Soul is the only real consciousness which cognizes being. The body does
not see, hear, smell, or taste. Human belief says that it does; but destroy
this belief of seeing with the eye, and we could not see materially; and
so it is with each of the physical senses.

Accepting the verdict of these material senses, we should believe man
and the universe to be the football of chance and sinking into oblivion.
Destroy the five senses as organized matter, and you must either become
non-existent, or exist in Mind only; and this latter conclusion is the
simple solution of the problem of being, and leads to the equal inference
that there is no matter.

_The sweet sounds and glories of earth and sky, assuming manifold forms
and colors,--are they not tangible and material?_

As Mind they are real, but not as matter. All beauty and goodness are
in and of Mind, emanating from God; but when we change the nature of
beauty and goodness from Mind to matter, the beauty is marred, through
a false conception, and, to the material senses, evil takes the place
of good.

Has not the truth in Christian Science met a response from Prof.
S.P. Langley, the young American astronomer? He says that "color
is in _us_," not "in the rose;" and he adds that this is not "any
metaphysical subtlety," but a fact "almost universally accepted,
within the _last few years_, by physicists."

_Is not the basis of Mind-healing a destruction of the evidence of the
material senses, and restoration of the true evidence of spiritual sense?_

It is, so far as you perceive and understand this predicate and postulate
of Mind-healing; but the Science of Mind-healing is best understood in
practical demonstration. The proof of what you apprehend, in the simplest
definite and absolute form of healing, can alone answer this question of
how much you understand of Christian Science Mind-healing. Not that all
healing is Science, by any means; but that the simplest case, healed in
Science, is as demonstrably scientific, in a small degree, as the most
difficult case so treated.

The infinite and subtler conceptions and consistencies of Christian Science
are set forth in my work Science and Health.

_Is man material or spiritual?_

In Science, man is the manifest reflection of God, perfect and immortal
Mind. He is the likeness of God; and His likeness would be lost if inverted
or perverted.

According to the evidence of the so-called physical senses, man is
material, fallen, sick, depraved, mortal. Science and spiritual sense
contradict this, and they afford the only true evidence of the being
of God and man, the material evidence being wholly false.

Jesus said of personal evil, that "the truth abode not in him," because
there is no material sense. Matter, as matter, has neither sensation nor
personal intelligence. As a pretension to be Mind, matter is a lie, and
"the father of lies;" Mind is not in matter, and Spirit cannot originate
its opposite, named matter.

According to divine Science, Spirit no more changes its species, by
evolving matter from Spirit, than natural science, so-called, or material
laws, bring about alteration of species by transforming minerals into
vegetables or plants into animals,--thus confusing and confounding the
three great kingdoms. No rock brings forth an apple; no pine-tree produces
a mammal or provides breast-milk for babes.

To sense, the lion of to-day is the lion of six thousand years ago; but
in Science, Spirit sends forth its own harmless likeness.

_How should I undertake to demonstrate Christian Science in healing
the sick?_

As I have given you only an epitome of the Principle, so I can give you
here nothing but an outline of the practice. Be honest, be true to thyself,
and true to others; then it follows thou wilt be strong in God, the eternal
good. Heal through Truth and Love; there is no other healer.

In all moral revolutions, from a lower to a higher condition of thought
and action, Truth is in the minority and error has the majority. It is
not otherwise in the field of Mind-healing. The man who calls himself a
Christian Scientist, yet is false to God and man, is also uttering
falsehood about good. This falsity shuts against him the Truth and the
Principle of Science, but opens a way whereby, through will-power, sense
may say the unchristian practitioner can heal; but Science shows that he
makes morally worse the invalid whom he is supposed to cure.

By this I mean that mortal mind should not be falsely impregnated. If by
such lower means the health is seemingly restored, the restoration is not
lasting, and the patient is liable to a relapse,--"The last state of that
man is worse than the first."

The teacher of Mind-healing who is not a Christian, in the highest sense,
is constantly sowing the seeds of discord and disease. Even the truth he
speaks is more or less blended with error; and this error will spring
up in the mind of his pupil. The pupil's imperfect knowledge will lead
to weakness in practice, and he will be a poor practitioner, if not a

The basis of malpractice is in erring human will, and this will is an
outcome of what I call _mortal mind_,--a false and temporal sense
of Truth, Life, and Love. To heal, in Christian Science, is to base your
practice on immortal Mind, the divine Principle of man's being; and this
requires a preparation of the heart and an answer of the lips from the

The Science of healing is the Truth of healing. If one is untruthful, his
mental state weighs against his healing power; and similar effects come
from pride, envy, lust, and all fleshly vices.

The spiritual power of a scientific, right thought, without a direct
effort, an audible or even a mental argument, has oftentimes healed
inveterate diseases.

The thoughts of the practitioner should be imbued with a clear conviction
of the omnipotence and omnipresence of God; that He is All, and that there
can be none beside Him; that God is good, and the producer only of good;
and hence, that whatever militates against health, harmony, or holiness,
is an unjust usurper of the throne of the controller of all mankind. Note
this, that if you have power in error, you forfeit the power that Truth
bestows, and its salutary influence on yourself and others.

You must feel and know that God alone governs man; that His government
is harmonious; that He is too pure to behold iniquity, and divides His
power with nothing evil or material; that material laws are only human
beliefs, which govern mortals wrongfully. These beliefs arise from the
subjective states of thought, producing the beliefs of a mortal material
universe,--so-called, and of material disease and mortality. Mortal ills
are but errors of thought,--diseases of mortal mind, and not of matter;
for matter cannot feel, see, or report pain or disease.

Disease is a thing of thought manifested on the body; and fear is the
procurator of the thought which causes sickness and suffering. Remove
this fear by the true sense that God is Love,--and that Love punishes
nothing but sin,--and the patient can then look up to the loving God,
and know that He afflicteth not willingly the children of men, who are
punished because of disobedience to His spiritual law. His law of Truth,
when obeyed, removes every erroneous physical and mental state. The belief
that matter can master Mind, and make you ill, is an error which Truth
will destroy.

You must learn to acknowledge God in all His ways. It is only a lack of
understanding of the allness of God, which leads you to believe in the
existence of matter, or that matter can frame its own conditions, contrary
to the law of Spirit.

Sickness is the schoolmaster, leading you to Christ; first to faith
in Christ; next to belief in God as omnipotent; and finally to the
_understanding_ of God and man in Christian Science, whereby you
learn that God is good, and in Science man is His likeness, the forever
reflection of goodness. Therefore good is one and All.

This brings forward the next proposition in Christian Science,--namely,
that there are no sickness, sin, and death in the divine Mind. What
seem to be disease, vice, and mortality are illusions of the physical
senses. These illusions are not real, but unreal. Health is the
consciousness of the unreality of pain and disease; or, rather,
the absolute consciousness of harmony and of nothing else. In a moment
you may awake from a night-dream; just so you can awake from the dream
of sickness; but the demonstration of the Science of Mind-healing by
no means rests on the strength of human belief. This demonstration is
based on a true understanding of God and divine Science, which takes
away every human belief, and, through the illumination of spiritual
understanding, reveals the all-power and ever-presence of good, whence
emanate health, harmony, and Life eternal.

The lecturer, teacher, or healer who is indeed a Christian Scientist,
never introduces the subject of human anatomy; never depicts the muscular,
vascular, or nervous operations of the human frame. He never talks about
the structure of the material body. He never lays his hands on the patient,
nor manipulates the parts of the body supposed to be ailing. Above all, he
keeps unbroken the Ten Commandments, and practises Christ's Sermon on the

Wrong thoughts and methods strengthen the sense of disease, instead of
cure it; or else quiet the fear of the sick on false grounds, encouraging
them in the belief of error until they hold stronger than before the belief
that they are first made sick by matter, and then restored through its
agency. This fosters infidelity, and is mental quackery, that denies the
Principle of Mind-healing. If the sick are aided in this mistaken fashion,
their ailments will return, and be more stubborn because the relief is
unchristian and unscientific.

Christian Science erases from the minds of invalids their mistaken belief
that they live in or because of matter, or that a so-called material
organism controls the health or existence of mankind, and induces rest
in God, divine Love, as caring for all the conditions requisite for the
well-being of man. As power divine is the healer, why should mortals
concern themselves with the chemistry of food? Jesus said: "Take no
thought what ye shall eat."

The practitioner should also endeavor to free the minds of the healthy
from any sense of subordination to their bodies, and teach them that the
divine Mind, not material law, maintains human health and life.

A Christian Scientist knows that, in Science, disease is unreal; that
Mind is not in matter; that Life is God, good; hence Life is not
functional, and is neither matter nor mortal mind; knows that pantheism
and theosophy are not Science. Whatever saps, with human belief, this
basis of Christian Science, renders it impossible to demonstrate the
Principle of this Science, even in the smallest degree.

A mortal and material body is not the actual individuality of man made
in the divine and spiritual image of God. The material body is not the
likeness of Spirit; hence it is not the truth of being, but the likeness
of error--the human belief which saith there is more than one God,--there
is more than one Life and one Mind.

In Deuteronomy (iv. 35) we read: "The Lord, He is God; there is none
else beside Him." In John (iv. 24) we may read: "God is Spirit." These
propositions, understood in their Science, elucidate my meaning.

When treating a patient, it is not Science to treat every organ in the
body. To aver that harmony is the real and discord is the unreal, and
then give special attention to what according to their own belief is
diseased, is scientific; and if the _healer realizes_ the truth, it
will free his patient.

_What are the means and methods of trustworthy Christian Scientists?_

These people should not be expected, more than others, to give all their
time to Christian Science work, receiving no wages in return, but left to
be fed, clothed, and sheltered by charity. Neither can they serve two
masters, giving only a portion of their time to God, and still be Christian
Scientists. They must give Him all their services, and "owe no man." To do
this, they must at present ask a suitable price for their services, and
then _conscientiously earn their wages_, strictly practising Divine
Science, and healing the sick.

The author never sought charitable support, but gave fully seven-eighths
of her time without remuneration, except the bliss of doing good. The only
pay taken for her labors was from classes, and often those were put off
for months, in order to do gratuitous work. She has never taught a Primary
class without several, and sometimes seventeen, free students in it; and
has endeavored to take the full price of tuition only from those who were
able to pay. The student who pays must of necessity do better than he
who does not pay, and yet will expect and require others to pay him. No
discount on tuition was made on higher classes, because their first classes
furnished students with the means of paying for their tuition in the higher
instruction, and of doing charity work besides. If the Primary students
are still impecunious, it is their own fault, and this ill-success of
itself leaves them unprepared to enter higher classes.

People are being healed by means of my instructions, both in and out
of class. Many students, who have passed through a regular course of
instruction from me, have been invalids and were healed in the class;
but experience has shown that this defrauds the scholar, though it heals
the sick.

It is seldom that a student, if healed in a class, has left it
understanding sufficiently the Science of healing to immediately
enter upon its practice. Why? Because the glad surprise of suddenly
regained health is a shock to the mind; and this holds and satisfies
the thought with exuberant joy.

This renders the mind less inquisitive, plastic, and tractable; and deep
systematic thinking is impracticable until this impulse subsides.

This was the principal reason for advising diseased people not to enter
a class. Few were taken besides invalids for students, until there were
enough practitioners to fill in the best possible manner the department
of healing. Teaching and healing should have separate departments, and
these should be fortified on all sides with suitable and thorough
guardianship and grace.

Only a very limited number of students can advantageously enter a class,
grapple with this subject, and well assimilate what has been taught them.
It is impossible to teach thorough Christian Science to promiscuous and
large assemblies, or to persons who cannot be addressed individually, so
that the mind of the pupil may be dissected more critically than the body
of a subject laid bare for anatomical examination. Public lectures cannot
be such lessons in Christian Science as are required to empty and to fill
anew the individual mind.

If publicity and material control are the motives for teaching, then
public lectures can take the place of private lessons; but the former
can never give a thorough knowledge of Christian Science, and a Christian
Scientist will never undertake to fit students for practice by such means.
Lectures in public are needed, but they must be subordinate to thorough
class instruction in any branch of education.

None with an imperfect sense of the spiritual signification of the Bible,
and its scientific relation to Mind-healing, should attempt overmuch in
their translation of the Scriptures into the "new tongue;" but I see that
some novices, in the truth of Science, and some impostors are committing
this error.

_Is there more than one school of scientific healing?_

In reality there is, and can be, but one school of the Science of
Mind-healing. Any departure from Science is an irreparable loss
of Science. Whatever is said and written correctly on this Science
originates from the Principle and practice laid down in Science and
Health, a work which I published in 1875. This was the first book,
recorded in history, which elucidates a pathological Science purely

Minor shades of difference in Mind-healing have originated with certain
opposing factions, springing up among unchristian students, who, fusing
with a class of aspirants which snatch at whatever is progressive, call
it their first-fruits, or else _post mortem_ evidence.

A slight divergence is fatal in Science. Like certain Jews whom St. Paul
had hoped to convert from mere motives of self-aggrandizement to the love
of Christ, these so-called schools are clogging the wheels of progress by
blinding the people to the true character of Christian Science,--its moral
power, and its divine efficacy to heal.

The true understanding of Christian Science Mind-healing never originated
in pride, rivalry, or the deification of self. The Discoverer of this
Science could tell you of timidity, of self-distrust, of friendlessness,
toil, agonies, and victories under which she needed miraculous vision to
sustain her, when taking the first footsteps in this Science.

The ways of Christianity have not changed. Meekness, selflessness, and
love are the paths of His testimony and the footsteps of His flock.


***** This file should be named 12321.txt or *****
This and all associated files of various formats will be found in:

Produced by Justin Gillbank and PG Distributed Proofreaders

Updated editions will replace the previous one--the old editions
will be renamed.

Creating the works from public domain print editions means that no
one owns a United States copyright in these works, so the Foundation
(and you!) can copy and distribute it in the United States without
permission and without paying copyright royalties. Special rules,
set forth in the General Terms of Use part of this license, apply to
Gutenberg is a registered trademark, and may not be used if you
charge for the eBooks, unless you receive specific permission. If you
do not charge anything for copies of this eBook, complying with the
rules is very easy. You may use this eBook for nearly any purpose
such as creation of derivative works, reports, performances and
research. They may be modified and printed and given away--you may do
practically ANYTHING with public domain eBooks. Redistribution is
subject to the trademark license, especially commercial



(or any other work associated in any way with the phrase "Project
Gutenberg"), you agree to comply with all the terms of the Full Project
Gutenberg-tm License (available with this file or online at

and accept all the terms of this license and intellectual property
(trademark/copyright) agreement. If you do not agree to abide by all
the terms of this agreement, you must cease using and return or destroy
Gutenberg-tm electronic work and you do not agree to be bound by the
terms of this agreement, you may obtain a refund from the person or
entity to whom you paid the fee as set forth in paragraph 1.E.8.

agree to be bound by the terms of this agreement. There are a few
paragraph 1.C below. There are a lot of things you can do with Project
Gutenberg-tm electronic works if you follow the terms of this agreement

Gutenberg-tm electronic works. Nearly all the individual works in the
collection are in the public domain in the United States. If an
individual work is in the public domain in the United States and you are
located in the United States, we do not claim a right to prevent you from
copying, distributing, performing, displaying or creating derivative
Gutenberg-tm mission of promoting free access to electronic works by
the work. You can easily comply with the terms of this agreement by
keeping this work in the same format with its attached full Project
Gutenberg-tm License when you share it without charge with others.

1.D. The copyright laws of the place where you are located also govern
what you can do with this work. Copyright laws in most countries are in
a constant state of change. If you are outside the United States, check
the laws of your country in addition to the terms of this agreement
before downloading, copying, displaying, performing, distributing or
creating derivative works based on this work or any other Project
Gutenberg-tm work. The Foundation makes no representations concerning
the copyright status of any work in any country outside the United

1.E.1. The following sentence, with active links to, or other immediate
copied or distributed:

This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with
almost no restrictions whatsoever. You may copy it, give it away or

posted with permission of the copyright holder), the work can be copied
and distributed to anyone in the United States without paying any fees
or charges. If you are redistributing or providing access to a work
through 1.E.7 or obtain permission for the use of the work and the

must comply with both paragraphs 1.E.1 through 1.E.7 and any additional
terms imposed by the copyright holder. Additional terms will be linked

1.E.5. Do not copy, display, perform, distribute or redistribute this
electronic work, or any part of this electronic work, without
prominently displaying the sentence set forth in paragraph 1.E.1 with
active links or immediate access to the full terms of the Project
Gutenberg-tm License.

1.E.6. You may convert to and distribute this work in any binary,
compressed, marked up, nonproprietary or proprietary form, including any
word processing or hypertext form. However, if you provide access to or
copy, a means of exporting a copy, or a means of obtaining a copy upon
request, of the work in its original "Plain Vanilla ASCII" or other

1.E.7. Do not charge a fee for access to, viewing, displaying,

1.E.8. You may charge a reasonable fee for copies of or providing

- You pay a royalty fee of 20% of the gross profits you derive from
prepare (or are legally required to prepare) your periodic tax
returns. Royalty payments should be clearly marked as such and
- You provide a full refund of any money paid by a user who notifies
you in writing (or by e-mail) within 30 days of receipt that s/he
destroy all copies of the works possessed in a physical medium
and discontinue all use of and all access to other copies of
- You provide, in accordance with paragraph 1.F.3, a full refund of any
money paid for a work or a replacement copy, if a defect in the
electronic work is discovered and reported to you within 90 days
of receipt of the work.

- You comply with all other terms of this agreement for free
forth in this agreement, you must obtain permission in writing from
Foundation as set forth in Section 3 below.


works, and the medium on which they may be stored, may contain
"Defects," such as, but not limited to, incomplete, inaccurate or
corrupt data, transcription errors, a copyright or other intellectual
property infringement, a defective or damaged disk or other medium, a
computer virus, or computer codes that damage or cannot be read by
your equipment.

of Replacement or Refund" described in paragraph 1.F.3, the Project
Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation, the owner of the Project
Gutenberg-tm trademark, and any other party distributing a Project
Gutenberg-tm electronic work under this agreement, disclaim all
liability to you for damages, costs and expenses, including legal

defect in this electronic work within 90 days of receiving it, you can
receive a refund of the money (if any) you paid for it by sending a
written explanation to the person you received the work from. If you
received the work on a physical medium, you must return the medium with
your written explanation. The person or entity that provided you with
the defective work may elect to provide a replacement copy in lieu of a
refund. If you received the work electronically, the person or entity
providing it to you may choose to give you a second opportunity to
receive the work electronically in lieu of a refund. If the second copy
is also defective, you may demand a refund in writing without further
opportunities to fix the problem.

1.F.4. Except for the limited right of replacement or refund set forth
in paragraph 1.F.3, this work is provided to you 'AS-IS' WITH NO OTHER

1.F.5. Some states do not allow disclaimers of certain implied
warranties or the exclusion or limitation of certain types of damages.
If any disclaimer or limitation set forth in this agreement violates the
law of the state applicable to this agreement, the agreement shall be
interpreted to make the maximum disclaimer or limitation permitted by
the applicable state law. The invalidity or unenforceability of any
provision of this agreement shall not void the remaining provisions.

1.F.6. INDEMNITY - You agree to indemnify and hold the Foundation, the
trademark owner, any agent or employee of the Foundation, anyone
that arise directly or indirectly from any of the following which you do

including obsolete, old, middle-aged and new computers. It exists
because of the efforts of hundreds of volunteers and donations from
people in all walks of life.

Volunteers and financial support to provide volunteers with the
remain freely available for generations to come. In 2001, the Project
Gutenberg Literary Archive Foundation was created to provide a secure
and how your efforts and donations can help, see Sections 3 and 4
and the Foundation web page at

state of Mississippi and granted tax exempt status by the Internal
Revenue Service. The Foundation's EIN or federal tax identification
number is 64-6221541. Its 501(c)(3) letter is posted at
permitted by U.S. federal laws and your state's laws.

The Foundation's principal office is located at 4557 Melan Dr. S.
Fairbanks, AK, 99712., but its volunteers and employees are scattered
throughout numerous locations. Its business office is located at
809 North 1500 West, Salt Lake City, UT 84116, (801) 596-1887, email Email contact links and up to date contact
information can be found at the Foundation's web site and official
page at

For additional contact information:
Dr. Gregory B. Newby
Chief Executive and Director

increasing the number of public domain and licensed works that can be
freely distributed in machine readable form accessible by the widest
array of equipment including outdated equipment. Many small donations
($1 to $5,000) are particularly important to maintaining tax exempt
status with the IRS.

The Foundation is committed to complying with the laws regulating
charities and charitable donations in all 50 states of the United
States. Compliance requirements are not uniform and it takes a
considerable effort, much paperwork and many fees to meet and keep up
with these requirements. We do not solicit donations in locations
where we have not received written confirmation of compliance. To
SEND DONATIONS or determine the status of compliance for any
particular state visit

While we cannot and do not solicit contributions from states where we
have not met the solicitation requirements, we know of no prohibition
against accepting unsolicited donations from donors in such states who
approach us with offers to donate.

International donations are gratefully accepted, but we cannot make
any statements concerning tax treatment of donations received from
outside the United States. U.S. laws alone swamp our small staff.

ways including including checks, online payments and credit card
donations. To donate, please visit:

with anyone. For thirty years, he produced and distributed Project
Gutenberg-tm eBooks with only a loose network of volunteer support.

unless a copyright notice is included. Thus, we do not necessarily
keep eBooks in compliance with any particular paper edition.

Each eBook is in a subdirectory of the same number as the eBook's
eBook number, often in several formats including plain vanilla ASCII,
compressed (zipped), HTML and others.

Corrected EDITIONS of our eBooks replace the old file and take over
the old filename and etext number. The replaced older file is renamed.
VERSIONS based on separate sources are treated as new eBooks receiving
new filenames and etext numbers.

Most people start at our Web site which has the main PG search facility:

Archive Foundation, how to help produce our new eBooks, and how to
subscribe to our email newsletter to hear about new eBooks.

EBooks posted prior to November 2003, with eBook numbers BELOW #10000,
are filed in directories based on their release date. If you want to
download any of these eBooks directly, rather than using the regular
search system you may utilize the following addresses and just
download by the etext year.

(Or /etext 05, 04, 03, 02, 01, 00, 99,
98, 97, 96, 95, 94, 93, 92, 92, 91 or 90)

EBooks posted since November 2003, with etext numbers OVER #10000, are
filed in a different way. The year of a release date is no longer part
of the directory path. The path is based on the etext number (which is
identical to the filename). The path to the file is made up of single
digits corresponding to all but the last digit in the filename. For
example an eBook of filename 10234 would be found at:

or filename 24689 would be found at:

An alternative method of locating eBooks:


Back to Full Books