The American Indian as Participant in the Civil War
Annie Heloise Abel

Part 8 out of 9

" 142, " " " " "
" 201, "Southern Refugees."
" 284, "Claims of Creeks."

Kansas, box 78, 1860-1861, box 79, 1862; Otoe, box 153, 1856-1876;
Ottawa, box 155, 1863-1873; Pawnee, box 156, 1859-1877; Pottawatomie,
box 163, 1855-1865; Sac and Fox, box 177, 1860-1864, box 178,
1865-1868; Shawnee Deeds and Papers, box 195; Subsistence Indian
Prisoners, one box; Wyandott, box 242, 1836-1863, and many other
file boxes, with dates of the period under investigation, have been
examined but have yielded practically nothing of interest for the

Special Cases are quite distinct from Special Files. There are in all
two hundred three of the former and three hundred three of the latter.
There is in the Indian Office a small manuscript index to the Special
Cases and a folio index to the Special Files.

---- Office of Indian Affairs. Letter Books (letters sent). See Abel,
_The American Indian as Slaveholder and Secessionist_, pp.

---- Office of Indian Affairs. Letters Registered (abstract of letters
received), ibid., p. 364.

---- Office of Indian Affairs, Miscellaneous Records, vol. viii,
April, 1852 to July, 1861; vol. ix, July, 1861 to January 22, 1887.

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. Office of Indian Affairs. Parker Letter
Book. Letters to E.S. Parker, Commissioner of Indian Affairs, and
others, 1869 to 1870.

---- Office of Indian Affairs. _Report Books_, Reports of the
Commissioner of Indian Affairs to the Secretary of the Interior. See
Abel, _The American Indian as Slaveholder and Secessionist_, p.

UNITED STATES SENATE, Report of the Committee on the Conduct of the
War, 37th congress, third session, no. 108 (1863), 3 vols.; 38th
congress, second session, no. 142 (1865), 3 vols. and Supplemental
Report (1866), 2 vols.

---- Committee Reports, no. 278, 36th congress, first session, being
testimony before a Select Committee of the Senate, appointed to
inquire into the Harper's Ferry affair.


Aside from the _Confederate Records_, which are not regular War
Department files, papers have been examined there for the Civil War
period, although not by any means exhaustively. Enough were examined,
however, to show reason for disparaging somewhat the work of the
editors of the _Official Records_. Apparently, the editors, half
of them northern sympathizers and half of them southern, proceeded
upon a principle of selection that necessitated exchanging courtesies
of omission.

WAR OF THE REBELLION. Compilation of the official records of the Union
and Confederate armies (Washington), 129 serial volumes and an index

The volumes used extensively in the present work were, _first
series_, volumes iii, viii, xiii, xxii, parts 1 and 2, xxvi, part
2, xxxiv, parts 1, 2, 3, and 4, xli, parts 1, 2, 3, and 4, xlviii,
parts 1 and 2, liii, supplement; _fourth series_, volume iii.


ABEL, ANNIE HELOISE. American Indian as slaveholder and secessionist
(Cleveland, 1915).

---- History of events resulting in Indian consolidation west of the

American Historical Association _Report_, 1906, 233-450.

---- Indian reservations in Kansas and the extinguishment of their

Kansas Historical Society _Collections_, vol. viii, 72-109.

ANDERSON, MRS. MABEL WASHBOURNE. Life of General Stand Watie (Pryor,
Oklahoma, 1915), pamphlet.

BADEAU, ADAM. Military history of U.S. Grant (New York, 1868), 3 vols.

BARTLES, WILLIAM LEWIS. Massacre of Confederates by Osage Indians in

Kansas Historical Society _Collections_, vol. iii, 62-66.

Biographical Congressional Directory, 1774-1903.

House Documents, 57th congress, second session, no. 458 (Washington,
D.C., 1903).

BLACKMAR, FRANK W. Life of Charles Robinson (Topeka, 1902).

BLAINE, JAMES G. Twenty years of Congress, 1860-1880 (Norwich,
Connecticut, 1884-1886), 2 vols.

(Durham, North Carolina, 1913).

BORLAND, WILLIAM P. General Jo. O. Shelby.

Missouri _Historical Review_, vol. vii, 10-19.

BOUTWELL, GEORGE SEWALL. Reminiscences of sixty years in public
affairs (New York, 1902), 2 vols.

BOYDEN, WILLIAM L. The character of Albert Pike as gleaned from his

_New Age Magazine_, March 1915, pp. 108-111.

BRADFORD, GAMALIEL. Confederate portraits.

"Judah P. Benjamin," _Atlantic Monthly_, June, 1913; "Alexander
H. Stephens," Ibid., July, 1913; "Robert Toombs," Ibid.,
August, 1913.

BRITTON, WILEY. Memoirs of the rebellion on the border, 1863 (Chicago,

---- The Civil War on the border (New York, 1899), 2 vols.

BROTHERHEAD, WILLIAM. General Fremont and the injustice done him.

Yale University Library of American Pamphlets, vol. 22.

CAPERS, HENRY D. The life and times of C.G. Memminger (Richmond,

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series (Boston, 1896).

CHADWICK, ADMIRAL FRENCH ENSOR. Causes of the Civil War, American
Nation series (New York, 1907), vol. xix.

CLAYTON, POWELL. The aftermath of the Civil War in Arkansas (New York,

CONNELLEY, WILLIAM E. James Henry Lane: the grim chieftain of Kansas
(Topeka, 1899).

---- Quantrill and the border wars (Cedar Rapids, 1910).

CORDLEY, RICHARD. Pioneer days in Kansas (Boston, 1903).

COX, JACOB DOLSON. Military reminiscences of the Civil War (New York,
1900), 2 vols.

CRAWFORD, SAMUEL J. Kansas in the sixties (Chicago, 1911).

CURRY, J.L.M. Civil history of the government of the Confederate
States with some personal reminiscences (Richmond, 1901).

DANA, C.A. Recollections of the Civil War (New York, 1898).

DAVIS, JEFFERSON. Rise and fall of the Confederate government (New
York, 1881), 2 vols.

DAVIS, JOHN P. Union Pacific Railway (Chicago, 1894).

DAWSON, CAPTAIN F.W. Reminiscences of Confederate service, 1861-1865
(Charleston, 1882).

DRAPER, J.W. History of the American Civil War (New York, 1867-1870),
3 vols.

DYER, FREDERICK H., compiler. Compendium of the war of the rebellion
(Des Moines, 1908).

EATON, RACHEL CAROLINE. John Ross and the Cherokee Indians (Menasha,
Wisconsin, 1914).

EDWARDS, JOHN NEWMAN. Shelby and his men (Cincinnati, 1867).

---- Noted guerrillas, or the warfare of the border (Chicago, 1877).

EGGLESTON, GEORGE CARY. History of the Confederate war: its causes and
conduct (New York, 1910), 2 vols.

EVANS, GENERAL CLEMENT A., editor. Confederate military history
(Atlanta, 1899), 10 vols.

FISHER, SYDNEY G. Suspension of habaes corpus during the war of the
rebellion. _Political Science Quarterly_, vol. iii, 454-488.

FISKE, JOHN. Mississippi Valley in the Civil War (Boston, 1900).

FITE, EMERSON DAVID. Social and industrial conditions in the North
during the Civil War (New York, 1910).

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FORNEY, J.W. Anecdotes of public men (New York, 1873-1881), 2 vols.

FOULKE, WILLIAM DUDLEY. Oliver P. Morton, life and important speeches
(Indianapolis, 1899), 2 vols.

GORDON, GENERAL JOHN B. Reminiscences of the Civil War (New York,

GORHAM, GEORGE C. Life and public services of Edwin M. Stanton (New
York, 1899), 2 vols.

GRANT, ULYSSES SIMPSON. Personal memoirs (New York, 1895), 2 vols.,
new edition, revised.

GREENE, FRANCIS VINTON. Mississippi, Campaigns of the Civil War series
(New York, 1882).

GROVER, CAPTAIN GEORGE S. Shelby raid, 1863. Missouri _Historical
Review_, vol. vi, 107-126.

---- The Price campaign of 1864.

Missouri _Historical Review_, vol. vi, 167-181.

HALLUM, JOHN. Biographical and pictorial history of Arkansas (Albany,

HODGE, DAVID M. Argument before the Committee of Indian Affairs of the
United States Senate, March 10, 1880, in support of Senate Bill, no.
1145, providing for the payment of awards' made to the Creek Indians
who enlisted in the Federal army, loyal refugees, and freedmen
(Washington, D.C., 1880), pamphlet.

---- Is-ha-he-char, and Co-we Harjo. To the Committee on Indian

Affairs of the House of Representatives of the 51st congress in the
matter of the claims of the loyal Creeks for losses sustained during
the late rebellion (Washington, D.C.), pamphlet.

HOSMER, JAMES KENDALL. Appeal to arms, American Nation series (New
York, 1907), vol. xx.

---- Outcome of the Civil War, American Nation series (New York,
1907), vol. xxi.

HOUCK, LOUIS. History of Missouri (Chicago, 1908), 3 vols.

HULL, AUGUSTUS LONGSTREET. Campaigns of the Confederate army (Atlanta,

HUMPHREY, SETHK. The Indian dispossessed (Boston, 1906), revised

HUNTER, MOSES H., editor. Report of the military services of General
David Hunter, U.S.A., during the war of the rebellion. (New York,
1873), second edition.

JOHNSON, ROBERT UNDERWOOD and Clarence Clough Buel, editors. Battles
and leaders of the Civil War (New York, 1887), 4 vols.

JOHNSTON, GENERAL JOSEPH E. Narrative of military operations during
the late war (New York, 1874).

Johnston (New York, 1878).

LEWIS, WARNER. Civil War reminiscences. Missouri _Historical
Review_, vol. ii, 221-232.

LIVERMORE, WILLIAM ROSCOE. The story of the Civil War (New York,
1913), part iii, books 1 and 2.

LOVE, WILLIAM DELOSS. Wisconsin in the war of the rebellion (Chicago,

LOWMAN, HOVEY E. Narrative of the Lawrence massacre [Lawrence, 1864],

LUBBOCK, F.R. Six decades in Texas, or memoirs, edited by C. W. Raines
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MCCLURE, A.K. Abraham Lincoln and men of war times (Philadelphia,
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MCDOUGAL, JUDGE H.C. A decade of Missouri politics, 1860 to 1870, from
a Republican Viewpoint. Missouri _Historical Review_, vol. iii,

MCKIM, RANDOLPH H. Numerical strength of the Confederate army (New
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MCLAUGHLIN, JAMES. My friend, the Indian (Boston, 1910).

MANNING, EDWIN C. Biographical, historical, and miscellaneous
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MARTIN, GEORGE W. First two years of Kansas (Topeka, 1907), pamphlet.

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the Commandery of the State of Missouri.

PELZER, LOUIS. Marches of the dragoons in the Mississippi Valley (Iowa
City, 1917).

PHILLIPS, JUDGE JOHN F. Hamilton Rowan Gamble and the provisional
government of Missouri. Missouri _Historical Review_, vol. v,

PHISTERER, FREDERICK, compiler. Statistical record of the armies of
the United States (New York, 1890).

PUMPELLY, RAPHAEL. Across America and Asia (New York, 1870), third
edition, revised.

REAGAN, JOHN H. Memoirs with special reference to secession and the
Civil War, edited by W.F. McCaleb (New York, 1906).

REYNOLDS, JOHN HUGH. Makers of Arkansas, Stories of the States series
(New York, 1905).

---- Presidential reconstruction in Arkansas.

Arkansas Historical Association _Publications_, vol. i, 352-361.

RHODES, JAMES FORD. History of the United States from the compromise
of 1850 (New York, 1893-1906), 7 vols.

RIDDLE, ALBERT GALLATIN. Recollections of war times (New York, 1895).

ROBINSON, CHARLES. Kansas conflict (Lawrence, 1898). Roman, Alfred.
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United States (Philadelphia, 1886).

ROSS, MRS.W.P. Life and times of William P. Ross (Fort Smith, 1893).

SCHOFIELD, JOHN MCALLISTER. Forty-six years in the army (New York,

SCHURZ, CARL. Reminiscences (New York, 1909), 3 vols.

SHEA, JOHN C. Reminiscences of Quantrill's raid upon the city of
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SHERIDAN, PHILIP H. Personal memoirs (New York, 1888), 2 vols.

SHERMAN, GENERAL WILLIAM T. Home letters, edited by M.A. DeWolfe Howe
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---- Memoirs (New York, 1875), 2 vols.

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United States Bureau of Education, _Publications_.

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SNEAD, THOMAS L. Fight for Missouri (New York, 1886).

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_American Historical Review_, vol. iv, 80-104.

---- Kansas: the prelude to the war for the union, American
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STEARNS, FRANK PRESTON. Life and public services of George Luther
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SUMNER, CHARLES. Works (Boston, 1874-1883), 15 vols.

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WRIGHT, MARCUS J. General officers of the Confederate army (New York,


Abbott, James B: 204, _footnote_, 236, _footnote_

Abel, Annie Heloise: work cited in _footnotes_ on pages 14, 57,
75, 85, 172, 183, 190, 226, 241, 260

Absentee Shawnees: 205, _footnote_

Acadians: removal of, 304, _footnote_

Adair, W. P: 268, _footnote_, 277, _footnote_, 326 and

Adams, C. W: 333

Ah-pi-noh-to-me: 108, _footnote_

Aldrich, Cyrus: 225, _footnote_, 229, _footnote_

Alexander, A. M: 267, _footnote_

Allen's Battery: 146

Allen County (Kans.): 82, _footnote_

Aluktustenuke: 94, _footnote_, 108, _footnote_

Amnesty Proclamation: 322

Anderson, Mrs. Mabel Washbourne: work cited in _footnotes_ on
pages 127, 130, 138, 194, 197, 271, 272, 288

Anderson, S. S: 265, _footnote_

Arapahoes: 274, _footnote_

Arizona Territory: 61-62

Arkadelphia (Ark.): 261

Arkansans: circulate malicious stories about Pike, 160,
_footnote_; lawless, 264; unable to decide arbitrarily about
Indian movements, 326

Arkansas: regards McCulloch as defender, 15; Van Dora's requisition
for troops, 25; Federals occupy northern, 34; Pike to call for aid,
36; attack from direction of, expected, 48; left in miserable plight
by Van Dorn, 128; army men exploited Pike's command, 150; R.W. Johnson
serves as delegate from, 175; R.W. Johnson becomes senator from in the
First Congress, 176; Thomas B. Hanly, representative from, introduces
bill for establishment of Indian superintendency, 176; disagreeable
experiences of Indians in, 177; Pike recommends separation of Indian
Territory from both Texas and, 179; unsafe to leave interests of
Indian Territory subordinated to those of, 246; political squabbles
in, 249, _footnote_; Indian Home Guards not intended for use in,
259; privilege of writ of _habeas corpus_ suspended, 269; Blunt
and Curtis want possession of western counties, 325

Arkansas and Red River Superintendency: 181; territorial limits, 177;
officials, 177-178; restrictions upon Indians and white men, 178;
Pike recommends organization, 179; Cooper seeks appointment as
superintendent, 179

Arkansas Military Board: 15, 16

Arkansas Post (Ark.): loss of, 270

Arkansas River: mentioned, 165, 192, 194, 216, 268, _footnote_,
272, _footnote_, 295; Pike's headquarters near junction with
Verdigris, 22; Pike to call troops to prevent descent, 36; Indian
refugees reach, 85; Indians flee across, 135; Campbell to examine
alleged position of enemy south, 136; Federals in possession of
country north of, 198; Stand Watie and Cooper pushed below, 220;
Phillips to hold line of, 251; Schofield desires control of entire
length of course, 260; Blunt patrolling, 293; Stand Watie to move
down, to vicinity of Fort Smith,

271, _footnote_; Osages, Pottawatomies, Cheyennes, and others to
gather on, 274-275, _footnote_; natural line of defence, 315;
seizure of supply boat on, 327

Arkansas State Convention: 16

Arkansas Volunteers: 60, _footnote_

Armstrong Academy (Okla.): meeting of Indian General Council at, 317;
unfortunate delay of Scott in reaching, 320; Southern Indians renew
pledge of loyalty to Confederate States at, 323

Army of Frontier: under Blunt, 196; regiments of Indian Home Guards
part of, 196; encamps on old battlefield of Pea Ridge, 197; gradual
retrogression into Missouri, 219, _footnote_; District of Kansas
to be separated from, 248

Atchison and Pike's Peak Railway Company: 230

Atrocities: Pike charged with giving countenance to, 30-31, 31,
_footnote_; degree of Pike's responsibility for, 32; repudiated
by Cherokee National Council, 32-33; become subject of correspondence
between opposing generals, 33; charged against Indians at Battle
of Wilson's Creek, 34, _footnote_; forbidden by Van Dorn, 36;
guerrilla, 44; influenced Halleck regarding use of Indian soldiers,
102; at Battle of Newtonia, 195; Blunts army accused of, 248,
_footnote_; Stand Watie's men commit, 332

Badeau, Adam: work cited, 96, _footnote_

Baldwin, A.H: 235, _footnote_

Bankhead, S.P: given command of Northern Sub-District of Texas,
286; Steele applies for assistance, 290; fails to appear, 291;
dissatisfaction with, 306, _footnote_

Barren Fork (Okla.): skirmish on, 312

Bartles, W.L: 237, _footnote_

Bass's Texas Cavalry: 276, _footnote_, 303, _footnote_, 306,

Bassett, Owen A: 123, _footnote_

Bates County (Mo.): 58, 304, _footnote_

Baxter Springs (Kans.): location, 121, 125, _footnote_; Weer
leaves Salomon and Doubleday at, 121; Indian encampment at, 125, 129;
negro regiment sent to, 259, 284; commissary train expected, 291;
massacre at, 304

Bayou Bernard: 163-164

Beauregard, Pierre G.T: devises plans for bringing Van Dorn east, 14,
_footnote_, 34; Hindman takes command under order of, 127, 186,
_footnote_, 190

Belmont (Kansas.): 274, _footnote_

Benge, Pickens: 132

Benjamin, Judah P: 22, 23, _footnote_, 24, _footnote_, 175,

Bennett, Joseph: 269, _footnote_

Bentonville (Ark.): 29, 216

Big Bend of Arkansas: 73, _footnote_, 274, _footnote_

Big Blue Reserve: 235, _footnote_

Big Hill Camp: 237, _footnote_

Big Mountain: 148, _footnote_

Billy Bowlegs: 68, _footnote_, 108, _footnote_, 228,

Biographical Congressional Directory: work cited, 59, _footnote_,
70, _footnote_

Bishop, Albert Webb: work cited, 219, _footnote_

Black Beaver Road: 67, _footnote_

Black Bob: 235, _footnote_, 236, _footnote_

Black Bob's Band: 204; to be distinguished from Absentee Shawnees,
204-205, _footnote_; lands raided by guerrillas, 205

Black Dog: 263, _footnote_

Blair, Francis P: 49

Blair, W.B: 290, _footnote_

Bleecker, Anthony: 41, _footnote_

Blue River (Okla.): 110

Blunt, James G: learns of designs of Drew's Cherokees, 33; avenges
burning of Humboldt, 53; succeeds Denver at Fort Scott, 98; in command
of reestablished Department of Kansas, 106; reverses policy of Halleck
and Sturgis, 106-107 and _footnote_; promotion objected to, 107,
_footnote_; ideas on necessary equipment of Indian soldiers, 109;
Weer reports on subject of Cherokee relations, 136; forbids Weer to
make incursion into adjoining states, 139; orders white troops to
support Indian Brigade, 192-193; in charge of Army of Frontier, 196;
plans Second Indian Expedition, 196 and _footnotes_; promises to
return refugees to homes, 196, _footnote_, 203; opinion touching
profiteering, 208, 210-211; issue between, and Coffin, 210-211 and
_footnote_; promises return home to refugee Cherokees, 213;
vigorous policy, 218; achievements discounted by Schofield, 248, 249;
accusation of brutal murders and atrocities, 248, _footnote_;
makes headquarters at Fort Leavenworth, 249; wishes Phillips to
advance, 254, 257; advancement of Schofield obnoxious to, 260;
undertakes to go to Fort Gibson, 261, 286; in command of District of
Frontier, 286; victorious at Honey Springs, 288-289; decides to assume
offensive, 293; no faith in Indian soldiery, 294; transfers effects
from Fort Scott to Fort Smith, 304; relieved by McNeil, 305; summoned
to Washington for conference, 322 and _footnote_; restored to
command, 324; controversy with Thayer, 324

Bob Deer: 68, _footnote_

Boggs, W.R: 286, _footnote_

Boggy Depot (Okla.): 162, 284, 295, _footnote_, 296 and

Bogy, Lewis V: 235, _footnote_

Bonham (Texas): 302-303

Border Warfare: 16-17, 44

Boston Mountains: McCulloch and Price retreating towards, 26,
_footnote_; to push Confederate line northward of, 192

Boudinot, Elias C: Cherokee delegate in Confederate Congress, 180;
submits proposals to Cherokees, 279; active in Congress, 299,
_footnote_; coadjutor of Cooper and relative of Stand Watie, 300;
Steele forwards letter from, 307, _footnote_; Steele believes,
responsible for opposition, 311; urges plan of brigading upon
Davis, 317; suggests attaching Indian Territory to Missouri, 317,
_footnote_, 318, 321, _footnote_; reports to Davis, 321

Bourland, James: 312, _footnote_

Bowman, Charles S: 108

Branch, H.B: 48, _footnote_, 51, _footnote_, 74,
_footnote_, 116; charges against, 234, _footnote_

Breck, S: 324, _footnote_

Britton, Wiley: work cited in _footnotes_ on pages 20, 22, 30,
35, 50, 51, 52, 55, 113, 118, 126, 131, 132, 146, 194, 196, 197, 198,
216, 218, 237, 249, 250, 257, 260, 271, 273

Brooken Creek (Okla.): 295, _footnote_

Brooks, William: 46, _footnote_, 47, _footnote_

Brown, E.B: 119, _footnote_, 127

Brown, John: 42, _footnote_

Browne, William M: 172, _footnote_

Bryan, G.M: 292, _footnote_

Buchanan, James: 41, 70, _footnote_

Buffalo Hump: 65, _footnote_

Burbank, Robert: 77, _footnote_

Bureau of Indian Affairs: created in Confederate War Dept, 172 and

Burlington (Kans.): 80

Burns, Robert: 26

Bushwhackers: 125, 236, _footnote_, 239, _footnote_, 260,
266, _footnote_

Buster, M.W: 194, _footnote_

Cabell, A.S: 270, _footnote_

Cabell, W.L: 277, _footnote_, 284 and _footnote_, 287, 289,
292, 297

Cabin Creek (Okla.): 131, 283-286 and _footnote_, 332

Caddoes: reported loyal to U.S., 66, _footnote_; in First
Indian Expedition, 115, _footnote_; encamped at Big Bend, 274,

Calhoun, James S: 260, _footnote_

Camden Campaign (Ark.): 326-327

Cameron, Simon: 56, 60, _footnote_, 72

Camp Bowen: 219, _footnote_

Camp Imochiah: 288, _footnote_

Camp McIntosh: 112, 153

Camp Quapaw: 146

Camp Radziwintski (Radziminski?): 153

Camp Ross, 255

Camp Stephens: 32, 35

Campbell, A.B: 81

Campbell, W.T: sent to reconnoitre, 136; halts at Fort Gibson, 136

Canadian River: 129, 162, 164, 293, 327

Canby, E.R.S: 335

Cane Hill (Ark.): 28, _footnote_, 218

Cantonment Davis (Okla.): established as Pike's headquarters, 22;
Indians gather at, 27; Cooper at, 169; Cooper's force flee to, 198

Carey's Ferry (Okla.): 192

Carey's Ford (Okla.): 126

Carney, Thomas: 211, _footnote_; named as suitable commissioner,
233, _footnote_

Carr, Eugene A: 30, _footnote_

Carriage Point: 111, _footnote_

Carrington, W.T: 296, _footnote_

Carruth, E.H: teacher among Indians, 59, 64, _footnote_; furthers
plan for inter-tribal council, 69; suspected of stirring up Indian
refugees against Coffin, 87-88 and _footnote_; refugee Creeks
want as agent, 89; satisfied with appointment to Wichita Agency, 89;
sent on mission, 122 and _footnote_, 133; in Cherokee Nation,
195, _footnote_; disapproves of attempting return of refugees,
209; Martin and, arrange for inter-tribal council, 273-275,

Carter, J.C: 208, _footnote_

Cass County (Mo.): 304, _footnote_

Cassville (Mo.): 293

Century Company's War Book: work cited, 13, _footnote_

Central Superintendent: 116-117

Chapman, J.B: 222 and _footnote_, 229, _footnote_

Chap-Pia-Ke: 69, _footnote_

Charles Johnnycake: 64, _footnote_

Chatterton, Charles W: 214, _footnote_

Cherokee Brigade: 309

Cherokee country: 193, 194

Cherokee Delegate: 111, _footnote_, 180

Cherokee Expedition: 73, _footnote_

Cherokee Nation: 47, _footnote_, 74, _footnote_, 111,
_footnote_; Clarkson to take command of all forces within, 130;
future attitude under consideration, 133; Weer suggests resumption of
allegiance to U.S., 134; Weer proposes abolition of slavery by vote,
134, _footnote_; intention to remain true to Confederacy, 135;
cattle plentiful, 145; Hindman designs to stop operations of wandering
mercantile companies, 156; maintenance of order necessary, 192;
archives and treasury seized, 193; Carruth and Martin in, 195,
_footnote_; Delaware District of, 197; deplorable condition
of country, 217; Boudinot, delegate in Congress from, 299,
_footnote_; Quantrill and his band pass into, 304

Cherokee National Council: ratifies treaty with Confederacy, 28,
_footnote_; opposed to atrocities, 32-33; resolutions against
atrocities, 33; assemblies, 255-256, legislative work, 256-257;
Federal victory at

Webber's Falls prevents convening, 271 and _footnote_; passage
of bill relative to feeding destitute Indians, 277, _footnote_;
adopts resolutions commendatory of Blunt's work, 305, _footnote_;
Stand Watie proposes enactment of conscription law, 329

Cherokee Neutral Lands (Kans.): 47, _footnote_, 53, 121, 125,
_footnote_; refugee Cherokees collect on, 213; refugees refuse
to vacate, 214; Pomeroy advocates confiscation of, 224; John Ross
and associates ready to consider retrocession of, 231-232 and

Cherokee Strip (Kans.): 79

Cherokee Treaty with Confederacy: ratified by National Council, 28,
_footnote_; Indians stipulated to fight in own fashion, 32

Cherokees: unwilling to have Indian Territory occupied by Confederate
troops, 15; civil war impending, 29; disturbances stirred up by bad
white men, 47, _footnote_, 48; effect of Federal defeat at
Wilson's Creek, 49; attitude towards secession, 63, _footnote_;
in First Indian Expedition, 115, _footnote_; driven from country,
116; flee across Arkansas River, 135; exasperated by Pike's retirement
to confines of Indian Territory, 159; outlawed, participate in Wichita
Agency tragedy, 183; demoralizing effect of Ross's departure, 193;
secessionist, call convention, 193; should be protected against
plundering, 195, _footnote_; refugee, on Drywood Creek, 209,
_footnote_, 213; repudiate alliance with Confederacy, 232;
approached by Steele through medium of necessities, 276; charge
Confederacy with bad faith, 279-281; asked to give military land
grants to white men in return for protection, 279-281; Blunt thinks
superior to Kansas tribes, 294; intent upon recovery of Fort Gibson,
311; troops pass resolution of reenlistment for war, 328-329

Chicago Tribune: 75, _footnote_

Chickasaw Battalion: 152, 155; Tonkawas to furnish guides for, 184,

Chickasaw Home Guards: 184, _footnote_

Chickasaw Legislature: 306, _footnote_, 329, _footnote_

Chickasaw Nation: Pike arrested at Tishomingo, 200; funds drawn upon
for support of John Ross and others, 215, _footnote_; Phillips
communicates with governor, 323, _footnote_

Chickasaws: discord within ranks, 29; attitude towards secession,
63, _footnote_; delegation of, and Creeks, and Kininola,
65, _footnote_; plundered by Osages and Comanches, 207,
_footnote_; refugee, given temporary home, 213; dissatisfied with
Cooper, 265, _footnote_; disperse, 323

Chiekies: 66, _footnote_

Chillicothe Band of Shawnees: 236, _footnote_

Chilton, W.P: 173, _footnote_

Chipman, N.P: 207, _footnote_

Chippewas: 212

Choctaw and Chickasaw Battalion: 25, 32

Choctaw Battalion: 152, 155

Choctaw Council: considers Blunt's proposals, 302; disposition towards
neutrality, 306, _footnote_; Phillips sends communication to,
323, _footnote_

Choctaw Militia: 311-312, 312, _footnote_

Choctaw Nation: Pike withdraws into, 110; Robert M. Jones, delegate
from, in Congress, 299, _footnote_; proposed conscription within,

Choctaws: discord bred by unscrupulous merchants, 29; attitude

towards secession, 63, _footnote_; refugee, given temporary home,
213; waver in allegiance to South, 220; sounded by Phillips, 254;
little recruiting possible while Fort Smith is in Confederate hands,
258-259; Steele entrusts recruiting to Tandy Walker, 265; no tribe so
completely secessionist as, 290; protest against failure to supply
with arms and ammunition, 301; proposals from Blunt known to have
reached, 302; cotton, 308-309, _footnote_; bestir themselves
as in first days of war, 311; principal chief opposes projects of
Armstrong Academy council, 321; want confederacy separate and distinct
from Southern, 321, _footnote_; do excellent service in Camden
campaign, 326

Choo-Loo-Foe-Lop-Hah Choe: talk, 68, _footnote_; signature, 69,

Chouteau's Trading House: 329, _footnote_

Christie: 305, _footnote_

Chustenahlah (Okla.): 79

Cincinnati (Ark.): 28, 35

Cincinnati Gazette: 58, _footnote_, 88, _footnote_

Clarimore: 238, _footnote_

Clark, Charles T: 82, _footnote_

Clark, George W: 158 and _footnote_

Clark, Sidney: 104, _footnote_

Clarke, G.W: 22

Clarkson, J.J: assigned to supreme command in northern part of Indian
Territory, 129-130; applies for permission to intercept trains on
Santa Fe road, 129, _footnote_; at Locust Grove, 131; surprised
in camp, 131, _footnote_; made prisoner, 132; Pike's reference
to, 158; placed in Cherokee country, 159, _footnote_

Clarksville (Ark.): 287-288, _footnote_

Clay, Clement C: 176, _footnote_

Cloud, William F: 193, 297

Cochrane, John: 56-57

Coffee, J.T: 113 and _footnote_, 125

Coffin, O.S: letter, 82 and _footnote_

Coffin, S.D: 208

Coffin, William G: testifies to disturbances among Osages, 46,
_footnote_; pays visit to ruins of Humboldt, 54, _footnote_;
plans for inter-tribal council, 69; orders countermanded for
enlistment of Indians, 77; learns of refugees in Kansas, 80; compelled
by settlers to seek new abiding-place for refugees, 86; refugees lodge
complaint against, 87 and _footnote_; military enrollment of
Indians conducted under authority of Interior Department, 105 and
_footnote_; applies for new instructions regarding First Indian
Expedition, 105; dispute with Elder, 116-117, 207, _footnote_;
anxious to have Osage offer accepted by refugee Creeks, 207-208,
_footnote_; disapproves of Blunt's plan for early return of
refugees, 209; issue between Blunt and, 210-211; contract with
Stettaner Bros. approved by Dole, 211, _footnote_; urges removal
of refugees to Sac and Fox Agency, 212; visits refugee Cherokees on
Neutral Lands, 213; details Harlan and Proctor to care for refugee
Cherokees at Neosho, 214; drafts Osage treaty of cession, 229;
suggests location for Indian colonization, 233; would reward Osage
massacrers, 238, _footnote_; prevails upon Jim Ned to stop
jayhawking, 274, _footnote_

Colbert, Holmes: 207, _footnote_

Colbert, Winchester: 184, _footnote_

Coleman, Isaac: 209

Collamore, George W: career, 87, _footnote_; investigation into
condition of refugees, 87, _footnote_

Colorado Territory: likely to be menaced by Southern Indians, 61;
conditions in, 61, _footnote_; recruiting officers massacred by

238, _footnote_; political squabbles in, 249, _footnote_;
harassed by Indians of Plains, 320; made part of restored Department
of Kansas, 321

Comanches: Pike's negotiation with, 63, _footnote_, 65,
_footnote_, 173, _footnote_; peaceable and quiet, 112; this
side of Staked Plains friendly, 153; Osages and, plunder Chickasaws,
207, _footnote_; reported encamped at Big Bend, 274,

Confederates: disposition to over-estimate size of enemy, 30,
_footnote_; defeat at Pea Ridge decisive, 34; should concentrate
on saving country east of Mississippi, 34; retreat from Pea Ridge, 35;
possible to fraternize with Federals, 44; victorious at Drywood
Creek, 51-52; in vicinity of Neosho, 127; no forces at hand to resist
invasion of Indian Territory, 147; defeat at Locust Grove counted
against Pike, 161; Cherokee country abandoned to, 193; in possession
as far north as Moravian Mission, 194; victory at Newtonia, 194-195
and _footnotes_; ill-success on Cowskin River and at Shirley's
Ford, 197; flee to Cantonment Davis, 198; officers massacred by
Osages, 237-238, _footnote_; grants to Indian Territory, 250;
foraging and scouting occupy, 253; distributing relief to indigents,

Congress, Confederate: authorizes Partisan Rangers, 112; Arkansas
delegates testify to Van Dorn's aversion for Indians, 148,
_footnote_; act of regulating intercourse with Indians, 169; act
for establishing Arkansas and Red River Superintendency, 177-178;
concedes rights and privileges to Indian delegates, 299,

Congress, United States: 71, 76, _footnote_, 86 and
_footnote_, 99; circumstances of refugees well-aired in, 209;
gives president discretionary power for relief of refugees, 209;
Osages memorialize for civil government, 229 and _footnote_; act
authorizing negotiations with Indian tribes, 231; decides to relieve
Kansas of Indian encumbrance, 294

Connelley, William E: work cited, 42 and _footnotes_ on pages 51,
101, 205, 239

Conway, Martin F: 72, _footnote_, 88, _footnote_, 107,

Cooley, D.N: 205, _footnote_

Cooper, Douglas H: colonel of First Regiment Choctaw and Chickasaw
Mounted Rifles, 25; communicates with Pike, 29, _footnote_;
objects to keeping Indians at home, 31, _footnote_; arrives at
Camp Stephens, 32, 35; protects baggage train on way to Elm Springs,
35; recommends Indians as guerrillas, 112; ordered to repair to
country north of Canadian River, 129, 154; orders Indian leaders to
report at Fort Davis, 137; regiment goes out of service, 153; views
on employment of Indians, 159 and _footnote_; Pike to hand over
command to, 162; transmits Pike's circular, 167, 169; orders arrest
of Pike, 169; calls for troops from all Indian nations, 174,
_footnote_; seeks to become superintendent of Indian affairs,
179; appointment withheld because of inebriety, 181; to attempt to
reenter southwest Missouri, 194; after Battle of Newtonia obliged to
fall back into Arkansas, 197; under orders from Rains, plans invasion
of Kansas, 197; defeated in Battle of Fort Wayne, 197-198; in
disgrace, 198; Steele preferred to, 246; not ranking officer of
Steele, 247, _footnote_, 300, _footnote_; force poorly
equipped, 248, _footnote_;

apparently bent upon annoying Steele, 265; can get plenty of beef,
272; influences to advance, at expense of Steele, 278, 306 and
_footnote_; orders Stand Watie to take position at Cabin Creek,
284-285; ammunition worthless at Honey Springs, 288; Boudinot
and, intrigue together, 300; headquarters at Fort Washita, 303,
_footnote_; manifests great activity in own interests, 303;
Quantrill and band reach camp of, 304; plans recovery of Fort Smith,
309; opposed to idea of separating white auxiliary from Indian forces,
310; raises objection to two brigade idea, 316; Boudinot and, advise
formation of three distinct Indian brigades, 317; placed in command
of all Indian troops in Trans-Mississippi Department on borders of
Arkansas, 319; declared subordinate to Maxey, 319; begins work of
undermining Maxey, 333-334

Cooper, S: 29, _footnote_, 128, _footnote_

Corwin, David B: 144

Corwin, Robert S: 231, _footnote_

Cottonwood River (Kans.): 85, _footnote_

Cowskin Prairie (Mo. and Okla.): Stand Watie's engagement at, 113;
encampment on, 119, 120, _footnote_; affair at, erroneously
reported as Federal victory, 119, _footnote_; Round Grove on,
126; scouts called in at, 138

Cowskin River: 197

Crawford, John: 48, 214, _footnote_

Crawford, Samuel J: work cited, 101, _footnote_, 194, footnote,
197, _footnote_; at Battle of Fort Wayne, 197

Crawford Seminary: 46, 50

Creek and Seminole Battalion: 25

Creek Nation: 62, _footnote_, 111, _footnote_; Clarkson to
take command of all forces within, 130; Pike negotiates treaty with,
173, _footnote_

Creeks: delegation of, and Chickasaws and Kininola seek help at Leroy,
65, _footnote_; desert Opoeth-le-yo-ho-la, 76, _footnote_;
constitute main body of refugees in Kansas, 81; compose First Regiment
Indian Home Guards, 114 and _footnote_; company authorized by
Pike, 173, _footnote_; refugee, offered home by Osages, 207 and
_footnote_; refugee, given temporary home by Sacs and Foxes of
Mississippi, 213; unionist element attempts tribal re-organization,
228; views regarding accommodation of other Indians upon lands, 233;
Senate ratifies treaty with, 234; reject treaty, 235; Phillips sounds,
254; Phillips learns that defection has begun, 256; refuse to
charge, 272; nature and extent of disaffection among, 272-273 and
_footnote_; address Davis, 278; bad conduct complained of by
Steele, 285, _footnote_; inevitable effect of Battle of Honey
Springs upon, 290; Blunt's offensive and Steele's defensive, 301;
proposals of Blunt known to have reached, 302; disperse among
fastnesses of mountains, 323

Cross Timber Hollow (Ark.): 30, _footnote_

Currier, C.F: 67, _footnote_

Curtis, Samuel R: in charge of Southwestern District of Missouri,
26-27; estimate of number of troops contributed by Pike, 30,
_footnote_; instructed to report on Confederate use of Indians,
33, _footnote_; victory at Pea Ridge complete, 34; surmise with
respect to movements of Stand Watie and others, 120, _footnote_;
resents insinuations against military capacity of Blunt and Herron,
249; Lane opposed to Gamble, Schofield, and, 249, _footnote_;
regrets sacrifice of red men

in white man's quarrel, 250; calls for Phillips to return, 259;
succeeded by Schofield, 260; in command of restored Department of
Kansas, 321; arrives at Fort Gibson, 324

Cutler, George A: council held at Leroy by, 62, _footnote_; at
Fort Leavenworth, 74, _footnote_; ordered by Lane to transfer
council to Fort Scott, 74, _footnote_; reports Opoeth-le-yo-ho-la
in distress, 76, _footnote_; refugees complain of treatment,
87; approves of early return of refugees, 209; calls Creek chiefs to
consider draft of treaty, 233

Dana, Charles A: 126, _footnote_, 324, _footnote_

Danley, C.C: 15

Davis, Jefferson: work cited, 14, _footnote_; urged to send
second general officer out, 15-16; McCulloch's sacrifice of
Confederate interests in Missouri reported to, 18; unfavorable to
Price and to his method of fighting, 18-19; report of Pike submitted
to, 21; Cooper, in name of, orders Ross to issue proclamation calling
for fighting men, 137; correspondence with Pike, 167-168; recommends
creation of bureau of Indian affairs, 172; appoints Pike diplomatic
agent to Indian tribes, 173, _footnote_; signs bill for
establishment of southern superintendency, 176; Pike makes important
suggestions to, 179; offers explanation for non-payment of Indian
moneys, 179, _footnote_; inconsistentcy of, 187; refusal to
accept Pike's resignation, 190; orders adjutant-general to accept
Pike's resignation, 200; lack of candor in explaining matters to
Holmes, 269; Creeks address, 278; replies to protest from Flanagin,
287, _footnote_; opposed to surrendering part to save whole, 297,
_footnote_; considers resolutions of Armstrong Academy
council, 317; addresses Indians through principal chiefs, 318 and
_footnote_; objects making Indian Territory separate department,
318-319; knowledge of economic and strategic importance of Indian
Territory, 331

Davis, John S: 80, _footnote_

Davis, William P: 80, _footnote_

Dawson, C.L: 150, _footnote_, 152, 153, 154, _footnote_

Deitzler, George W: 97, _footnote_

Delahay, M.W: 222, _footnote_

Delaware Reservation (Kans.): location, 206; store of Carney and Co.
on, 211, _footnote_

Delawares: interview of Dole with, 77, _footnote_; in First
Indian Expedition, 113, _footnote_, 115, _footnote_; from
Cherokee country made refugees, 116, 206; wandering, implicated in
tragedy at Wichita Agency, 183; eager to enlist, 207; request
removal of Agent Johnson and Carney and Co. from reservation, 211,
_footnote_; wild, involved in serious trouble with Osages, 274,

Democratic Party: 47, _footnote_

De Morse, Charles: 266, _footnote_, 330, _footnote_

Denver, James W: career, 70; popular rejoicing over prospect of
recall, 72, _footnote_; learns of presence of refugees in Kansas,
80; assigned by Halleck to command of District of Kansas, 97; Lane
and Pomeroy protest against appointment, 97; later movements, 98
and _footnote_; cooeperates with Steele and Coffin to advance
preparations for First Indian Expedition, 102; removal from District
of Kansas inaugurated "Sturgis' military despotism," 104

Department no. 2: 19

Department of Arkansas: 322

Department of Indian Territory: Pike in command, 20; relation to
other military units, 21; Pike deplores absorption of, 151; Pike's
appointment displeasing to Elias Rector, 181, _footnote_; created
at suggestion from Pike, 189

Department of Kansas: Hunter in command, 27, 61, 70; consolidated with
Department of Missouri, 96; reestablished, 106 and _footnote_;
Blunt assigned to command, 106, 118; restored, Curtis in command, 321

Department of Mississippi: 96, 105

Department of Missouri: Halleck in command, 27, 61; consolidated with
Department of Kansas, 96

Department of Mountain: 96

Department of Potomac: 96

Department of West: 27, 61

De Smet, Father: 234

De Soto (Kans.): 236, _footnote_

Dickey, M.C: 226 and _footnote_

District of Arkansas: Hindman in command, 192; Price in command during
illness of Holmes, 299, _footnote_; Price succeeds Holmes, 326

District of Frontier: Blunt in command, 286; McNeil relieves Blunt,
305; Schofield institutes investigation, 305, _footnote_

District of Kansas: Denver assigned to command of, 97; Sturgis
assigned to, 98; checks progress of First Indian Expedition, 105;
Schofield advises complete separation from Army of Frontier, 248;
re-constituted with headquarters at Fort Leavenworth, 249

District of Texas: 306, _footnote_, 318, _footnote_

Dole, R.W: 74, _footnote_, 114, _footnote_

Dole, William P: 53, _footnote_, 54, _footnote_; absent on
mission to West, 60; submits new evidence of serious state of affairs
among Indians, 61; authority of U.S. over Indians to be maintained,
61; Lane's plans appeal to, 72-73; disappointed over Stanton's
reversal of policy for use of Indian troops, 76; countermands orders
for enlistment of Indians, 77; warned that army supplies to refugees
to be discontinued, 83; Coffin and Ritchie apply for new instructions
regarding First Indian Expedition, 105-106; reports adversely upon
subject of Lane's motion, 223; motives considered, 225; submits
views on Pomeroy's project for concentration of tribes, 230,
_footnote_; undertakes mission to West, 234; treaties made by,
234 _et seq_.; detained by Delawares and by Quantrill's raid
upon Lawrence, 238-239 and _footnote_; negotiates with Osages at
Leroy, 239 and _footnote_; treaties impeachable, 241

Dorn, Andrew J: mentioned, 263, _footnote_, 264, _footnote_;
avowed secessionist, 47, _footnote_

Doubleday, Charles: 114, _footnote_; colonel of Second Ohio
Cavalry, 118; Weer to supersede, 119; proposes to attempt to reach
Fort Gibson, 119; desirous of checking Stand Watie, 119; indecisive
engagement on Cowskin Prairie, 119 and _footnote_; ordered not to
go into Indian Territory, 120; left at Baxter Springs by Weer, 121

Downing, Lewis: 231, _footnote_, 255, 256

Drew, John: dispersion of regiment, 24, 132; movements of men at Pea
Ridge, 32; finds refuge at Camp Stephens, 35; authorized to furlough
men, 111, _footnote_; regiment stationed in vicinity of Park
Hill, 111, _footnote_; desires

Clarkson placed in Cherokee country, 159, _footnote_

Drywood Creek (Kans.): Federal defeat at, 51 and _footnote_;
Price breaks camp at, 52, _footnote_; fugitive Indians on,
195, _footnote_, 209, _footnote_; Cherokee camp raided by
guerrillas, 213-214

Du Bose, J.J: 288, _footnote_

Duval, B.G: 266, _footnote_

Dwight's Mission: 217

East Boggy (Okla.): 296

Eaton, Rachel Caroline: work cited, 257, _footnote_

Echo Harjo: 278, _footnote_

Edgar County (Ill.): 84, _footnote_

Edwards, John Newman: work cited in _footnotes_ on pages 14, 151,
194, 198

Elder, Peter P: 48, _footnote_, 204; makes Fort Scott
headquarters of Neosho Agency, 50; disputes with Coffin, 116-117,
207, _footnote_; prevails upon Ottawas to extend hospitality to
refugees, 213, _footnote_; suspicious of Coffin, 229

Elk Creek (Okla.): Kiowas select home on, 153; Cooper encamps on, 287,

Elkhorn Tavern (Ark.): 30 and _footnote_

Ellithorpe, A.C: 105, _footnote_, 115, _footnote_, 131,
_footnote_; with detachment at Vann's Ford, 144; disapproves
of attempting to return refugees at early date, 209-211
and _footnote_; complains of Opoeth-le-yo-ho-la, 219,
_footnote_; opinion about Indian Home Guards, 251

Elm Springs (Ark.): 35

El Paso (Tex.): 48

Emancipation Proclamation: Fremont's, 57; Lincoln's, 234

Evansville (Ark.): 28

Ewing, Thomas: 304, _footnote_, 321, _footnote_

"Extremists": 305, _footnote_

Fairhaven (Mass.): 31, _footnote_

Fall River (Kans.): 79, 81, 82, _footnote_, 84-85, 273,

False Wichita (Washita) River (Okla.): 153

Farnsworth, H.W: 205, _footnote_, 236, _footnote_

Fayetteville (Ark.): 28, _footnote_, 256; battle of, 218,

Federals: early encounter with, anticipated by Van Dorn, 20; expulsion
from Missouri planned by Van Dorn, 26; drive back Confederates under
McCulloch and Price, 26; disposition to over-estimate number of enemy,
30, _footnote_; attempt to recover battery seized by Indians
at Leetown, 31; in occupation of northern Arkansas, 34; defeat
at Wilson's Creek, 49; defeat at Drywood Creek, 51-52 and
_footnote_; showing unwonted vigor on northeastern border of
Cherokee country, 112, _footnote_; flight, 113, _footnote_;
Stand Watie on watch for, 130; defeat in Battle of Newtonia, 194-195
and _footnotes_; direct efforts towards arresting Hindman's
progress, 218; grants to Indian Territory, 250; foraging and scouting,
253; in possession of Fort Smith, 290; Steele places drive from Fort
Smith to Red River, 311; fail to pursue Stand Watie, 312

First Choctaw Regiment: under Col. Sampson Folsom, 152; ordered to
Fort Gibson, 155; men unanimously reenlist for duration of war, 328;
demands, 328

First Creek Regiment: commanded by D.N. McIntosh, 25; men gather at
Cantonment Davis, 27; two hundred men gather at Camp Stephens, 32;
about to make extended scout westward, 112; under orders to advance up
Verdigris toward Santa Fe road, 152

First Indian Brigade: 327

First Indian Expedition: had beginnings in Lane's project, 41; revival
of interest in, 99; Denver, Steele, and Coffin cooeperate to advance,
102; arms go forward to Leroy and Humboldt, 102; time propitious for,
103; policy of Sturgis not yet revealed, 103-104; Steele, Denver, and
Wright in dark regarding, 103, _footnote_; Steele issues order
against enlistment of Indians, 105; vigor restored by re-establishment
of Department of Kansas, 106; orders for resuming enlistment
of Indians, 106-107; organization proceeding apace, 113 and
_footnote_; outfit of Indians decidedly inferior, 117; Weer
appointed to command of, 117 and _footnote_; Doubleday proposed
for command of, 118; existence ignored by Missourians, 119,
_footnote_; destruction planned by Stand Watie and others, 120
and _footnote_; Weer attempts to expedite movement, 121; special
agents accompany, 121-122 and _footnote_; component parts encamp
at Baxter Springs, 125; First Brigade put under Salomon, 125; Second
Brigade put under Judson, 125; advance enters Indian Territory
unmolested, 126; forward march and route, 126; Hindman proposes to
check progress, 129; march, 130; delicate position with respect to
U.S. Indian policy, 134; troubles begin, 138; supplies insufficient,
138; in original form brought to abrupt end, 143; Pike's depreciatory
opinion, 164 and _footnote_; Osages join conditionally, 207 and
_footnote_; Gillpatrick serves ends of diplomacy between John
Ross and, 271

First Kansas: 97, _footnote_

First Missouri Cavalry: 113

First Regiment Cherokee Mounted Rifles: commanded by John Drew, 25;
joins Pike at Smith's Mill, 28; movements and conduct at Pea Ridge,
32; iniquitous designs, 33; stationed in vicinity of Park Hill, 111,
_footnote_; defection after defeat at Locust Grove, 132

First Regiment Choctaw and Chickasaw Mounted Rifles: commanded by
Cooper, 25; gathers at Camp Stephens, 32; goes out of service, 153;
two companies post themselves in upper part of Indian Territory, 155;
eight companies encamp near Fort McCulloch, 155; fights valiantly at
Battle of Newtonia, 194

Flanagin, Harris: 270, _footnote_, 287, _footnote_

Folsom, Sampson: 152, 155

Folsom, Simpson N: 152

Foreman, John A: 144, 284, 285

Formby, John: work cited, 19, _footnote_

Fort Arbuckle (Okla.): 15, 60, _footnote_, 184 and

Fort Blunt (Okla.): 260

Fort Cobb (Okla.): 15, 60, _footnote_, 112, 153, 275,
_footnote_; about to be abandoned by Texan volunteers, 173,
_footnote_; McKuska appointed to take charge of remaining
property, 174, _footnote_

Fort Davis (Okla.): Campbell discovers strong Confederate force at,
136; Cooper orders Indians to report at, 137; many of buildings
destroyed by order of Phillips, 220 and _footnote_, 254

Fort Gibson (Okla.): Pike's headquarters not far from, 22; Choctaw
troops guard road by Perryville towards, 112; Hindman orders Pike to
establish headquarters at, 128, _footnote_; Campbell halts
at, 136; Weer inclined to wander from straight road to, 139;
newly-fortified, given name of Fort Blunt, 260; Blunt undertakes to go

261; Cooper learns of approach of train of supplies for, 272,
_footnote_; Creeks obliged to stay at, 273, _footnote_;
Phillips despatches Foreman to reenforce Williams, 284; Steele's
equipment inadequate to taking of Fort Gibson, 286, 290-291; Phillips
continues in charge at, 305; Cherokees intent upon recovery, 311;
Phillips to complete fortifications at, 325; rapid changing of
commands at, 333, 335

Fort Larned (Kans.): 112, 152

Fort Leavenworth (Kans.): 73, _footnote_, 123, _footnote_;
protected, 45; Prince in charge at, 55; troops ordered to, 60,
_footnote_; Hunter stationed at, 69, _footnote_; arms for
Indian Expedition to be delivered at, 100

Fort Lincoln (Kans.): 52

Fort McCulloch (Okla.): constructed under Pike's direction, 110; Pike
to advance from, 119, _footnote_; Pike's force at, not to be
despised, 128; Cherokees exasperated by Pike's continued stay at, 159;
Pike departs from, 162

Fort Roe (Kans.): 80, 85

Fort Scott (Kans.): 213, 214; Lane at, 45, 51; chief Federal
stronghold in middle Southwest, 46; temporary headquarters for Neosho
Agency, 50; abandoned by Lane in anticipation of attack by Price, 52;
Indian council transferred to, 74, _footnote_; Blunt succeeds
Denver at, 98; tri-weekly post between St. Joseph and, 116; supply
train from, waited for, 126; Indians mustered in at, 132; Weer
cautioned against allowing communication to be cut off, 138-139;
Phillips's communication with, threatened, 272; Steele plans to take,

Fort Smith (Ark.): Drew's Cherokees marching from, to Fayetteville,
28, _footnote_; troops ordered withdrawn from, 60,
_footnote_; Choctaw troops watch road to, 112; indignation in,
against Pike, 158; martial law instituted in, 162, _footnote_;
attempt to make permanent headquarters for Arkansas and Red River
Superintendency, 176-177; plans to push Confederate line northward of,
192; conditions in and around, 247, 269, _footnote_; Phillips
despairs of Choctaw recruiting while in Confederate hands, 258-259;
Steele takes command at, 261; door of Choctaw country, 290; becomes
Blunt's headquarters, 304; Steele expects Federals to attempt a drive
from, to Red River, 311; included within restored Department of
Kansas, 321; dispute over jurisdiction of, 324; included within
re-organized Department of Arkansas, 325; Indian raids around, 331

Fort Smith _Papers_: work cited, 150, _footnote_

Fort Towson (Okla.): 330

Fort Washita (Okla.): 15, 60, _footnote_, 303, _footnote_

Fort Wayne (Okla.): in Delaware District of Cherokee Nation, 197;
battle of, October 22, 1862, 197, 211, 216, 249

Fort Wise (Colo.): 152

Foster, R.D: 47, _footnote_

Foster, Robert: 47, _footnote_

Foulke, William Dudley: work cited, 43, _footnote_

Fourteenth Kansas Cavalry: 322

Fourteenth Missouri State Militia: 113

Fourth Kansas Volunteers: 117, _footnote_

Franklin County (Kans.): 50, _footnote_

Fremont, John C: removal of, 13; sends out emergency call for men, 48;
failure to support Lyon, 49; no cooerdination of parts of army

of, 56; emancipation proclamation, 57; put in charge of Department of
Mountain, 96

Frontier Guards: 45, _footnote_

Fuller, Perry: 88 and _footnote_, 211, _footnote_, 212, 233

Furnas, Robert W: 105, _footnote_; letter to Dole, 107-108;
becomes ranking officer in field, 143; made commander of Indian
Brigade, 144

Gamble, Hamilton R: 119, _footnote_, 249, _footnote_, 260

Gano, Richard M: 306, _footnote_, 332

Gano's Brigade: 306, _footnote_

Garland, A.H: 148, _footnote_, 270, _footnote_

Garland, Samuel: 312, _footnote_, 321

Gillpatrick, Doctor: sent under flag of truce to Ross, 135; bearer of
verbal instructions, 193, 217, _footnote_; death, 271

Granby (Mo.): lead mines, 20; abandoned, 20, _footnote_; plan for
recovery, 194

Grand Falls: 47, _footnote_

Grand River (Okla.): 284; Cowskin Prairie on, 119; Second Indian Home
Guards to examine country, 126; Salomon places Indians as corps of
observation on, 142, 144;

Grand Saline (Okla.): 112, 131, _footnote_, 139

Grayson County (Texas): 190

Great Father: 46, _footnote_, 240-241, _footnote_, 272-273,

Greene, Francis Vinton: work cited, 14, _footnote_

Greenleaf Prairie (Okla.): 272

Greeno, H.S: 136, 137

Greenwood, A.B: 222, _footnote_

Guerrillas: Indian approved by Pike, 22 and _footnote_, 112; not
present in Sherman's march, 44; Halleck interested in suppression of,
101; operations checked by Hindman in Indian Territory, 194; Quantrill
and, raid Black Bob lands and Olathe, 205; policy of Confederate
government towards, 205, _footnote_; attacks disturb Shawnees,
236, _footnote_; raid Cherokee refugee camp on Drywood Creek,
213-214; everywhere on Indian frontier, 260; perpetrate Baxter
Springs Massacre, 304; are recruiting stations in certain counties of
Missouri, 304, _footnote_

Hadley, Jeremiah: 236, _footnote_

Halleck, Henry W: in command of Department of Missouri, 27; plans for
Denver, 71; disparaging remarks, 75, _footnote_; probable reason
for objecting to use of Indians in war, 75, _footnote_; in
charge of Department of Mississippi, 96; Lincoln's estimate of, 96;
instructed regarding First Indian Expedition, 100; opposed to arming
Indians, 101; interested in suppression of jayhawkers and guerrillas,
101; well rid of Kansas, 106, _footnote_; disregard of orders
respecting Indian Expedition, 109; calls for men, 259

Hallum, John: work cited, 149, _footnote_

Halpine, Charles G: 96

Hanly, Thomas B: 176

Hardin, Captain: 276, _footnote_

Harlan, David M: 232, _footnote_

Harlan, James: 214 and _footnote_

Harper's Ferry Investigating Committee: 226-227

Harrell, J.M: work cited in _footnotes_ on pages 23, 149, 188,
190, 194, 249, 251, 284, 289

Harris, Cyrus: 63, _footnote_

Harris, John: 207, _footnote_

Harris, J.D: 152

Harrison, J.E: 267, _footnote_

Harrison, LaRue: 259

Harrisonville (Mo.): 55

Hart's Company: 266, _footnote_

Hart's Spies: 153

Hay, John: work cited in _footnotes_ on pages 41, 45, 96

Hebert, Louis: 34

Helena (Ark.): 283

Henning, B.S: 207, _footnote_

Herndon, W.H: 214, _footnote_

Herron, Francis J: 249, 260

Heth, Henry: 19

Hindman, Thomas C: 119, _footnote_; appointment, 127,
_footnote_; assumes command of Trans-Mississippi District, 128,
186; disparagement of Pike's command, 128, _footnote_; orders
Pike's white auxiliary to move to Little Rock, 147; begins controversy
with Pike, 156; starts new attack upon Pike, 161; justification for
treatment of Pike, 162; impossible to be reconciled to Pike, 163;
withdraws approval of Pike's resignation, 169; placed in charge of
District of Arkansas, 192; appears in Tahlequah, 193; summoned by
Holmes, 194; instructed to let Pike go free, 200; resorts to save
expense, 247; recall demanded by Arkansas delegation, 270; associates
appraised by, 270, _footnote_; asks for assignment to Indian
Territory, 270, _footnote_; feeds indigents at cost of army
commissary, 307

Hitchcock, E.A: 98, _footnote_

Ho-go-bo-foh-yah: 82

Holmes, Theophilus H: 127, _footnote_, 166, _footnote_;
appointed to command of Trans-Mississippi Department, 187; develops
prejudice against Pike, 188; grants Pike leave of absence, 190; real
reasons for unfriendliness to Pike, 198-199; orders arrest of Pike,
199; forced to concede Indian claim to some consideration, 200;
command placed under supervision of Kirby Smith, 269; relations with
Hindman, 269; displacement demanded by Arkansas delegation, 270; Price
commands in District of Arkansas during illness, 299, _footnote_;
not friend of Steele, 311

Honey Springs (Ark.): 288

Horse Creek (Mo.): 145

Horton, Albert W: 230, _footnote_

Hoseca X Maria: 65, _footnote_

Hubbard, David: 172, _footnote_

Hudson's Crossing (Okla.): 126, 143

Humboldt (Kans.): 69, 79; proposed headquarters of Neosho Agency, 52;
sacked and burnt by marauders, 53; Coffin's account of burning of, 54,
_footnote_; Kansas Seventh ordered to give relief to refugees,
82, _footnote_; Kansas Tenth at, 82, _footnote_; Jennison
with First Kansas Cavalry at, 99, _footnote_

Hunter, David: falls back upon Sedalia and Rolla, 13, 26; in command
of Department of Kansas, 27, 65-66; Lane places men at disposal, 41,
_footnote_; guards White House, 45, _footnote_; appointment
distasteful to Lane, 66-69; stationed at Fort Leavenworth, 69,
_footnote_; orders relief of refugees, 73, _footnote_;
issues passes to Indian delegation, 73, _footnote_; interviewed
at Planter's House in St. Louis, 74, _footnote_; friction between
Lane and, 74-76; suggests mustering in of Kansas Indians,
74-75, _footnote_; Halleck's strictures upon command, 75,
_footnote_; sends relief to refugees, 81; warns that army
supplies to refugees must cease, 83; relieved from command, 96;
troubles mostly due to local politics, 97

Hutchinson, C.C: 55, _footnote_, 212, 213, _footnote_

Illinois Creek: battle of, 218, _footnote_

Illinois River: 28, 312

Indian Alliance with Confederacy: conditioned by stress of

circumstances, 134; Creeks and Choctaws disgusted with, 254; Cherokee
National Council revokes, 256; Indians fear mistake, 273-274; effect
of Battle of Honey Springs upon, 290; strengthened by formation of
Indian league, 317; revitalized by Maxey's reforms, 326

Indian Confederacy: formed by Choctaws, Chickasaws, Creeks, Seminoles
and Caddoes, 317; Choctaws want separate from Southern, 321,

Indian Brigade: formed, 144; scouting of component parts of, 145-146;
white troops ordered to support of, 192-193; Phillips given command,
249; integral parts, 249, 250, _footnote_; assigned service, 250;
regarded by Phillips as in sad state, 251

Indian Delegation: 62, _footnote_, 73, _footnote_, 74,
_footnote_; Dole interviewed in Leavenworth, 94; Osage wants
conference with Great Father, 240, _footnote_; Creek, confers
with Steele, 262, _footnote_; Davis disregards, 318 and

Indian Home Guards: _Fifth Regiment_, 219 and _footnote_;
_First Regiment_, Furnas, colonel commanding, 107, 143; muster
roll, 108-109, _footnote_; composed of Creeks and Seminoles,
114; ordered to take position in vicinity of Vann's Ford, 144;
demoralization, 145; component part of Phillips's Indian Brigade, 249;
composed mainly of Creeks, 251; fought dismounted at Honey Springs,
288; _Fourth Regiment_, 219 and _footnote_; _Second
Regiment_, 125; _Third Regiment_, formation, 132; Phillips
commissioned colonel of, 132; detachment at Fort Gibson, 144;
engagement, 163-164, 194, 197; component part of Phillips's Indian
Brigade, 249; largely Cherokee in composition, 252; innovations
introduced into, 252; part placed at Scullyville, 325

Indian Protectorate: 175

Indian Indigents: 247, 262, 307-308 and _footnote_

Indian Refugees: Opoeth-le-yo-ho-la and his men, 79; numbers justified
use of Indian soldiery, 79; numbers exaggerated, 81, 209 and
_footnote_; destitution, 81; Dr. Campbell ministers to needs,
81-82; Seventh Kansas gives relief, 82, _footnote_; Coffin
describes pitiable state, 82 and _footnote_; Snow furnishes
details of destitution of Seminole, 83, _footnote_; army supplies
to be discontinued, 83; Kile made special distributing agent, 84;
much-diseased, 85; hominy, chief food, 85, _footnote_; Neosho
Valley selected as suitable place for, 86; complain of treatment,
87; Collamore and Jones investigate condition, 87, _footnote_;
unwilling to remove to Sac and Fox reservation, 88 and
_footnote_; Creek request appointment of Carruth as agent,
89; manifest confidence in Lane's power, 94; unassuaged grief, 95;
subsistence becomes matter of serious moment, 99; Congress applies
Indian annuity money to support of, 99; want to assist in recovery of
Indian Territory, 99; to furnish troops for First Indian Expedition,
100; Halleck opposed to arming of, 101; Blunt advises early return to
own country, 136; numbers increase as result of Salomon's retrograde
movement, 146, _footnote_, 203; Blunt promises to restore to
homes, 196, 203; of Neosho Agency, 204-207 and _footnotes_; Creek
offered home by Osages, 207 and _footnote_; conditions among,
208; Cherokee on Drywood Creek, 209; distributed over Sac and Fox

212-213; collect on Neutral Lands, 213 and _footnote_; camp of
Cherokee raided by guerrillas, 213-214; Harland and Proctor to look
out for, at Neosho, 214; claim of Sacs and Foxes against Creek, 235,
_footnote_; Phillips's reasons for returning to homes, 258; at
Neosho returned to homes, 273 and _footnote_; cattle stolen, 274,
_footnote_; on return journey preyed upon by compatriots, 332

Indian Representation in Confederate Congress: 180, 279, 298-299,

Indian Soldiers (Confederate): as Home Guard, 23-24; as possible
guerrillas to prey upon Kansas, 23 and _footnote_; as corps of
observation, 25; refuse to move until paid, 27; conduct at Battle of
Pea Ridge, 30-33; not included in Van Dorn's scheme of things, 35; Van
Dorn orders return to own country, 35; order to cut off supplies from
Missouri and Kansas, 35-36; may be rewarded by Pike, 36; Pike's report
on activity, 112; Hindman's appraisement, 128, _footnote_; stigma
attaching to use, 148, _footnote_; organized in military way for
own protection, 159; do scouting, 163; Smith to raise and command
certain, 173, _footnote_; Pike to receive five companies from
Seminoles, 173, _footnote_; Leeper to enlist from Reserve tribes,
173-174, _footnote_; Cooper calls from all Indian nations, 174,
_footnote_; as Home Guard, 189; privations and desertions, 200;
threw away guns at Battle of Honey Springs, 288; recruiting, 317, 319;
results under best conditions, 326-327; consider reenlistment, 328;
recognition of services, 330

Indian Soldiers (Federal): feasibility of, 50, 57; Fremont and
Robinson not in favor of, 57; Hunter suggests making, out of Kansas
tribes, 74-75, _footnote_; Stanton refuses to employ, 76 and
_footnote_; use justified, 79; economy, 99; to form larger part
of First Indian Expedition, 100; Halleck opposed to, 101, 102;
Dole instructs officers to report at Fort Leavenworth, 102,
_footnote_; necessary equipment, 109; final preparations, 121;
appearance, 123 and _footnote_; excellent for scouting, 125; at
Locust Grove, 131, _footnote_; accused of outrages committed by
white men, 135, _footnote_; do scouting, 163; tribute of praise
for, 195, _footnote_; made part of Army of Frontier, 196;
diverted to service in Missouri, 196; desertions, 203 and
_footnote_; do well at Cane Hill and Prairie Grove, 218-219;
disposed to take leave of absence, 252; to help secure Indian
Territory, 294; negro regiment compared with Indian, 295

Indian Springs (Ga.): treaty, 255, _footnote_

Indian Territory: McCulloch expected to secure, 15; included within
Trans-Mississippi District, 20; troops of, 25; Pike to endeavour to
maintain, 36; attack, from, expected, 48; Fremont calls for aid, 48;
situation delicate, 59-60; left destitute of protection, 60; Hunter's
suggestion, 75, _footnote_; first refugees from, 79; "home," 93;
early return promised, 94; expeditions to recover, projected, 95 and
_footnote_; refugees want to recover, 99; Stand Watie returns
into, 113; Carruth and Martin to take note of conditions in, 122 and
_footnote_; Pike's force for defence of, exclusively, 129; Indian
Brigade holding its own there, 146; Pike's Indian force ordered to

border, 148; Pike attempts justification of retirement to southern
part, 151; Pike declares Indian officers peers of white, 158-159;
defence regarded by Pike as chief duty, 159; strategic importance not
unappreciated by Confederate government, 171; attached for judicial
purposes to western district of Arkansas, 177; Confederate government
fails to carry out promise, 177, _footnote_; Pike advises
complete separation of, 179; Scott to investigate conditions in, 181;
Pike returns to, 190; included within District of Arkansas, 192;
guerrilla warfare in, suppressed, 194; Federals in undisputed
possession of, 198; Holmes exploiting, 199; Indian alliance valuable,
201; Absentee Shawnees expelled from, 205, _footnote_; Blunt
advises speedy return of refugees, 209; Confederates plan recovery,
218; Lane introduces resolution for adding, to Kansas, 223; Dole
objects to regular territorial form of government in, 223; Kansas
tribes willing to exchange lands for homes in, 227; project for
concentration of tribes in, 230, _footnote_; negotiations for
removal of Kansas tribes to, 231; depletion of resources, 245, 247;
organized as separate military command, 245 and _footnote_;
troops to be all unmounted, 247; advertised as lost to Confederate
cause, 250; conception of responsibility to, 253; Phillips's plans
for recovery not at present practicable, 257; strategic importance
unappreciated by Halleck and Curtis, 259; Curtis to take consequences
of giving up 259; privilege of writ of _habeas corpus_ suspended
in, 269; Hindman asks for assignment to, 270, _footnote_; is mere
buffer, 276; Cooper poses as friend of, 278, 300; Creeks complaint to
Davis, 279; Confederate operations confined to attacks upon supply
trains, 283; removal of all Kansas Indians to, 294; roads and
highways in, 295-296, _footnote_; necessary to Confederacy, 298,
_footnote_; Scott enters, 300; command devolved upon Cooper, 303;
made distinct from Arkansas, 303; Magruder wants attached to District
of Texas, 306, _footnote_; war measures applied to, 308-309;
Maxey in command of, 311; Indian Home Guards only Federal forces
in, 312; granary of Trans-Mississippi Department, 315; Boudinot's
suggestions regarding, 317, _footnote_; council requests be made
separate department, 318; Davis objects, 318-319; included within
restored Department of Kansas, 321; Phillips starts upon expedition
through, 322; Price asks for loan of troops from, 326; strategic
importance of, 331; scandalous performances in, 333

Indian Trust Funds: 173-174

Indians of Plains: regarding alliance with, 320, 335; harass Kansas
and Colorado, 320 and _footnote_, 335

Interior Department: 73, _footnote_, 105 and _footnote_;
profiteering among employees, 208; Lane and Wilder make request, 230,

Inter-tribal Council: at Leroy, 62-69, _footnotes_; Lane's plans
for at headquarters, 69; Leroy selected as the place for, 69;
sessions of, 69-70; Hunter's plans for, at Fort Leavenworth, 70,
74, _footnote_; Lane orders transfer to Fort Scott, 74,
_footnote_; at Belmont, 237, _footnote_; at Armstrong
Academy, 317, 320, 323

Iola (Kans.): 88, _footnote_; Doubleday concentrates near, 120,
_footnote_; Osages advance as far as, 207 _footnote_

Ionies: 274, _footnote_

Iowas: 77, _footnote_

Ironeyes: 115, _footnote_

Iroquois: 79

Jackson, Claiborne: 16, 17, 50, _footnote_

Jackson County (Mo.): 304, _footnote_

Jacksonport (Ark.): 25

Jan-neh: 109, _footnote_

Jayhawkers: 41, _footnote_, 97, 101, 251, 266, 268,
_footnote_, 269, 273, _footnote_

Jayhawking Expedition: 73, _footnote_ 274, _footnote_

Jennison, C.R: 50, _footnote_, 52, _footnote_ 99,
_footnote_, 104, _footnote_

Jewell, Lewis R: 131

Jim Ned: 274, _footnote_

Jim Pockmark: 65, _footnote_

John Jumper: in command of Creek and Seminole Battalion, 25; on side
of Confederacy, 62, _footnote_; ordered to take Fort Larned, 112;
Seminole Battalion in motion toward Salt Plains, 152; honour conferred
upon, by Provisional Congress, 174, _footnote_; renegade members
from Seminole Battalion of, involved in tragedy at Wichita Agency,
183; loyal to Pike, 200; member of delegation to Davis, 318,
_footnote_; Phillips sends communication to, 323, _footnote_

John Ross _Papers_: work cited, 28, _footnote_

Johnson and Grimes: 308, _footnote_

Johnson, F: 207 and _footnote_, 211

Johnson, Robert W: 24, _footnote_, 25, _footnote_, 175, 176

Johnson County (Kans.): 204, 235, _footnote_

Johnston, Albert Sidney: 14, _footnote_, 19 and _footnote_,

Joint Committee on Conduct of War: 33, 33, _footnote_

Jones, Evan: 64, _footnote_, 73, _footnote_; investigates
conditions among refugees, 87, _footnote_; accompanies Weer, 121;
entrusted with confidential message to John Ross, 121-122; pleads for
justice to Indians, 225 and _footnote_; offers to negotiate about
Neutral Lands, 231

Jones, J.T: 213, _footnote_

Jones, Robert M: 180 and _footnote_

Jon-neh: 108, _footnote_

Jordan, A.M: 214, _footnote_

Jordan, Thomas: 128, _footnote_

Journal of the Confederate Congress: work cited in _footnotes_ on
pages 172, 173, 174, 175, 278

Judson, William R: 134; in charge of Second Brigade of First Indian
Expedition, 125

Kansans: fighting methods, 17, 44; implacable and dreaded foes of
Missouri, 18; fears attack from direction of Indian Territory, 48;
profiteering among, 208; covet Indian lands, 221, 224

Kansas: Indians on predatory expeditions into, 23; Indians to form
battalion, 23, _footnote_; Indians to cut off supplies from,
35-36; bill for admission signed by Buchanan, 41; exposed to danger,
45; troops called to Missouri, 48; Price has no immediate intention of
invading, 52; Indian enlistment, 57; likely to be menaced by Southern
Indians, 61; Territory, 70; refugees afflicted sorely, 93; desire to
recover Indian Territory, 95; Halpine makes derogatory remarks about,
96; not desired in Halleck's command, 96, _footnote_; revolution
to have been expected, 104, _footnote_; Pike's Indians to
repel invasion of Indian Territory from, 148; Pike tries to prevent
cattle-driving to, 173, _footnote_; failure of corn crop in
southern part, 209; people want refugees removed from southern, 212;

plundering in, 218; resolution for extending southern boundary,
223; proposition to confederate tribes of Nebraska and of, 227;
negotiations begun to relieve, of Indian encumbrance, 228; project
to concentrate tribes of, in Indian Territory, 230, _footnote_;
negotiations with tribes of, 231; political squabbles, 249,
_footnote_; Wells's command on western frontier, 267,
_footnote_; stolen property brought into, 273, _footnote_;
Steele plans to invade, 286; advisability of making raid considered,
320; Stand Watie contemplates an invasion, 332 Kansas Brigade: _See
Lane's Kansas Brigade_ Kansas Legislature: 42, 71, _footnote_,
225 Kansas Militia: 50, _footnote_ Kansas River: 206 Kansas
Seventh: 82, _footnote_ Kansas-Nebraska Bill: 17, 44 Kansas
Tenth: 82, _footnote_ Kaws: 226, 236 and _footnote_ Kaw
Agency (Kans.): 55, 205 Kechees (Keeches?): 115, _footnote_
Ke-Had-A-Wah: 65, _footnote_ Keith, O.B: 230 Ketchum, W. Scott:
119, _footnote_ Kickapoos: reported almost unanimously loyal
to U.S, 66, _footnote_; in First Indian Expedition, 115,
_footnote_; implicated in tragedy at Wichita Agency, 183;
fraudulent negotiation with, 230 and _footnote_; confer with
Carruth, 274, _footnote_ Kile, William: special agent
to refugees, 84; refuses appointment as quartermaster, 115,
_footnote_; misunderstanding with Ritchie, 115, _footnote_;
estrangement between Coffin and, 208 and _footnote_; resignation,
208, _footnote_; advises speedy return of refugees, 209
Killebrew, James: 50, _footnote_ King, John: 269, _footnote_
Kininola: 65, _footnote_ Kiowas: 112; select home on Elk Creek,
153; friendly, 153, _footnote_; confer with Carruth, 274,
_footnote_ Knights of Golden Circle: 111, _footnote_

Lane, H.S: 146, _footnote_ Lane, James Henry: character, 41, 56;
enthusiasm, 41, 49; influence with Lincoln, 41-42; elected senator
from Kansas, 42; accepts colonelcy and begins recruiting, 43; not to


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