The Holy War
John Bunyan

Part 1 out of 5

Transcribed from the 1907 Religious Tract Society edition by David
Price, email



'Tis strange to me, that they that love to tell
Things done of old, yea, and that do excel
Their equals in historiology,
Speak not of Mansoul's wars, but let them lie
Dead, like old fables, or such worthless things,
That to the reader no advantage brings:
When men, let them make what they will their own,
Till they know this, are to themselves unknown.
Of stories, I well know, there's divers sorts,
Some foreign, some domestic; and reports
Are thereof made as fancy leads the writers:
(By books a man may guess at the inditers.)
Some will again of that which never was,
Nor will be, feign (and that without a cause)
Such matter, raise such mountains, tell such things
Of men, of laws, of countries, and of kings;
And in their story seem to be so sage,
And with such gravity clothe every page,
That though their frontispiece says all is vain,
Yet to their way disciples they obtain.
But, readers, I have somewhat else to do,
Than with vain stories thus to trouble you.
What here I say, some men do know so well,
They can with tears and joy the story tell.
The town of Mansoul is well known to many,
Nor are her troubles doubted of by any
That are acquainted with those Histories
That Mansoul and her wars anatomize.
Then lend thine ear to what I do relate,
Touching the town of Mansoul and her state:
How she was lost, took captive, made a slave:
And how against him set, that should her save;
Yea, how by hostile ways she did oppose
Her Lord, and with his enemy did close.
For they are true: he that will them deny
Must needs the best of records vilify.
For my part, I myself was in the town,
Both when 'twas set up, and when pulling down.
I saw Diabolus in his possession,
And Mansoul also under his oppression.
Yea, I was there when she own'd him for lord,
And to him did submit with one accord.
When Mansoul trampled upon things divine,
And wallowed in filth as doth a swine;
When she betook herself unto her arms,
Fought her Emmanuel, despis'd his charms;
Then I was there, and did rejoice to see
Diabolus and Mansoul so agree.
Let no men, then, count me a fable-maker,
Nor make my name or credit a partaker
Of their derision: what is here in view,
Of mine own knowledge, I dare say is true.
I saw the Prince's armed men come down
By troops, by thousands, to besiege the town;
I saw the captains, heard the trumpets sound,
And how his forces covered all the ground.
Yea, how they set themselves in battle-'ray,
I shall remember to my dying day.
I saw the colours waving in the wind,
And they within to mischief how combin'd
To ruin Mansoul, and to make away
Her primum mobile without delay.
I saw the mounts cast up against the town,
And how the slings were placed to beat it down:
I heard the stones fly whizzing by mine ears,
(What longer kept in mind than got in fears?)
I heard them fall, and saw what work they made.
And how old Mors did cover with his shade
The face of Mansoul; and I heard her cry,
'Woe worth the day, in dying I shall die!'
I saw the battering-rams, and how they play'd
To beat open Ear-gate; and I was afraid
Not only Ear-gate, but the very town
Would by those battering-rams be beaten down.
I saw the fights, and heard the captains shout,
And in each battle saw who faced about;
I saw who wounded were, and who were slain;
And who, when dead, would come to life again.
I heard the cries of those that wounded were,
(While others fought like men bereft of fear,)
And while the cry, 'Kill, kill,' was in mine ears,
The gutters ran, not so with blood as tears.
Indeed, the captains did not always fight,
But then they would molest us day and night;
Their cry, 'Up, fall on, let us take the town,'
Kept us from sleeping, or from lying down.
I was there when the gates were broken ope,
And saw how Mansoul then was stripp'd of hope;
I saw the captains march into the town,
How there they fought, and did their foes cut down.
I heard the Prince bid Boanerges go
Up to the castle, and there seize his foe;
And saw him and his fellows bring him down,
In chains of great contempt quite through the town.
I saw Emmanuel, when he possess'd
His town of Mansoul; and how greatly blest
A town his gallant town of Mansoul was,
When she received his pardon, loved his laws.
When the Diabolonians were caught,
When tried, and when to execution brought,
Then I was there; yea, I was standing by
When Mansoul did the rebels crucify.
I also saw Mansoul clad all in white,
I heard her Prince call her his heart's delight.
I saw him put upon her chains of gold,
And rings, and bracelets, goodly to behold.
What shall I say? I heard the people's cries,
And saw the Prince wipe tears from Mansoul's eyes.
And heard the groans, and saw the joy of many:
Tell you of all, I neither will, nor can I.
But by what here I say, you well may see
That Mansoul's matchless wars no fables be.
Mansoul, the desire of both princes was:
One keep his gain would, t'other gain his loss.
Diabolus would cry, 'The town is mine!'
Emmanuel would plead a right divine
Unto his Mansoul: then to blows they go,
And Mansoul cries, 'These wars will me undo.'
Mansoul! her wars seemed endless in her eyes;
She's lost by one, becomes another's prize:
And he again that lost her last would swear,
'Have her I will, or her in pieces tear.'
Mansoul! it was the very seat of war;
Wherefore her troubles greater were by far
Than only where the noise of war is heard,
Or where the shaking of a sword is fear'd;
Or only where small skirmishes are fought,
Or where the fancy fighteth with a thought.
She saw the swords of fighting men made red,
And heard the cries of those with them wounded:
Must not her frights, then, be much more by far
Than theirs that to such doings strangers are?
Or theirs that hear the beating of a drum,
But not made fly for fear from house and home?
Mansoul not only heard the trumpet's sound,
But saw her gallants gasping on the ground:
Wherefore we must not think that she could rest
With them, whose greatest earnest is but jest:
Or where the blust'ring threat'ning of great wars
Do end in parlies, or in wording jars.
Mansoul! her mighty wars, they did portend
Her weal or woe, and that world without end:
Wherefore she must be more concern'd than they
Whose fears begin, and end the selfsame day;
Or where none other harm doth come to him
That is engaged, but loss of life or limb,
As all must needs confess that now do dwell
In Universe, and can this story tell.
Count me not, then, with them that, to amaze
The people, set them on the stars to gaze,
Insinuating with much confidence,
That each of them is now the residence
Of some brave creatures: yea, a world they will
Have in each star, though it be past their skill
To make it manifest to any man,
That reason hath, or tell his fingers can.
But I have too long held thee in the porch,
And kept thee from the sunshine with a torch,
Well, now go forward, step within the door,
And there behold five hundred times much more
Of all sorts of such inward rarities
As please the mind will, and will feed the eyes
With those, which, if a Christian, thou wilt see
Not small, but things of greatest moment be.
Nor do thou go to work without my key;
(In mysteries men soon do lose their way;)
And also turn it right, if thou wouldst know
My riddle, and wouldst with my heifer plough;
It lies there in the window. Fare thee well,
My next may be to ring thy passing-bell.



Some say the 'Pilgrim's Progress' is not mine,
Insinuating as if I would shine
In name and fame by the worth of another,
Like some made rich by robbing of their brother.
Or that so fond I am of being sire,
I'll father bastards; or, if need require,
I'll tell a lie in print to get applause.
I scorn it: John such dirt-heap never was,
Since God converted him. Let this suffice
To show why I my 'Pilgrim' patronize.
It came from mine own heart, so to my head,
And thence into my fingers trickled;
Then to my pen, from whence immediately
On paper I did dribble it daintily.
Manner and matter, too, was all mine own,
Nor was it unto any mortal known
Till I had done it; nor did any then
By books, by wits, by tongues, or hand, or pen,
Add five words to it, or write half a line
Thereof: the whole, and every whit is mine.
Also for THIS, thine eye is now upon,
The matter in this manner came from none
But the same heart, and head, fingers, and pen,
As did the other. Witness all good men;
For none in all the world, without a lie,
Can say that this is mine, excepting I
I write not this of my ostentation,
Nor 'cause I seek of men their commendation;
I do it to keep them from such surmise,
As tempt them will my name to scandalize.
Witness my name, if anagram'd to thee,
The letters make--'Nu hony in a B.'



In my travels, as I walked through many regions and countries, it
was my chance to happen into that famous continent of Universe. A
very large and spacious country it is: it lieth between the two
poles, and just amidst the four points of the heavens. It is a
place well watered, and richly adorned with hills and valleys,
bravely situate, and for the most part, at least where I was, very
fruitful, also well peopled, and a very sweet air.

The people are not all of one complexion, nor yet of one language,
mode, or way of religion, but differ as much as, it is said, do the
planets themselves. Some are right, and some are wrong, even as it
happeneth to be in lesser regions.

In this country, as I said, it was my lot to travel; and there
travel I did, and that so long, even till I learned much of their
mother tongue, together with the customs and manners of them among
whom I was. And, to speak truth, I was much delighted to see and
hear many things which I saw and heard among them; yea, I had, to
be sure, even lived and died a native among them, (so was I taken
with them and their doings,) had not my master sent for me home to
his house, there to do business for him, and to oversee business

Now there is in this gallant country of Universe a fair and
delicate town, a corporation called Mansoul; a town for its
building so curious, for its situation so commodious, for its
privileges so advantageous, (I mean with reference to its origin,)
that I may say of it, as was said before of the continent in which
it is placed, There is not its equal under the whole heaven.

As to the situation of this town, it lieth just between the two
worlds; and the first founder and builder of it, so far as by the
best and most authentic records I can gather, was one Shaddai; and
he built it for his own delight. He made it the mirror and glory
of all that he made, even the top-piece, beyond anything else that
he did in that country. Yea, so goodly a town was Mansoul when
first built, that it is said by some, the gods, at the setting up
thereof, came down to see it, and sang for joy. And as he made it
goodly to behold, so also mighty to have dominion over all the
country round about. Yea, all were commanded to acknowledge
Mansoul for their metropolitan, all were enjoined to do homage to
it. Aye, the town itself had positive commission and power from
her King to demand service of all, and also to subdue any that
anyways denied to do it.

There was reared up in the midst of this town a most famous and
stately palace; for strength, it might be called a castle; for
pleasantness, a paradise; for largeness, a place so copious as to
contain all the world. This place the King Shaddai intended but
for himself alone, and not another with him; partly because of his
own delights, and partly because he would not that the terror of
strangers should be upon the town. This place Shaddai made also a
garrison of, but committed the keeping of it only to the men of the

The walls of the town were well built, yea, so fast and firm were
they knit and compact together, that, had it not been for the
townsmen themselves, they could not have been shaken or broken for
ever. For here lay the excellent wisdom of him that builded
Mansoul, that the walls could never be broken down nor hurt by the
most mighty adverse potentate, unless the townsmen gave consent

This famous town of Mansoul had five gates, in at which to come,
out at which to go; and these were made likewise answerable to the
walls, to wit, impregnable, and such as could never be opened nor
forced but by the will and leave of those within. The names of the
gates were these: Ear-gate, Eye-gate, Mouth-gate, Nose-gate, and

Other things there were that belonged to the town of Mansoul, which
if you adjoin to these, will yet give farther demonstration to all,
of the glory and strength of the place. It had always a
sufficiency of provision within its walls; it had the best, most
wholesome, and excellent law that then was extant in the world.
There was not a rascal, rogue, or traitorous person then within its
walls; they were all true men, and fast joined together; and this,
you know, is a great matter. And to all these, it had always (so
long as it had the goodness to keep true to Shaddai the King) his
countenance, his protection, and it was his delight, etc.

Well, upon a time, there was one Diabolus, a mighty giant, made an
assault upon this famous town of Mansoul, to take it, and make it
his own habitation. This giant was king of the blacks, and a most
raving prince he was. We will, if you please, first discourse of
the origin of this Diabolus, and then of his taking of this famous
town of Mansoul.

This Diabolus is indeed a great and mighty prince, and yet both
poor and beggarly. As to his origin, he was at first one of the
servants of King Shaddai, made, and taken, and put by him into most
high and mighty place; yea, was put into such principalities as
belonged to the best of his territories and dominions. This
Diabolus was made 'son of the morning,' and a brave place he had of
it: it brought him much glory, and gave him much brightness, an
income that might have contented his Luciferian heart, had it not
been insatiable, and enlarged as hell itself.

Well, he seeing himself thus exalted to greatness and honour, and
raging in his mind for higher state and degree, what doth he but
begins to think with himself how he might be set up as lord over
all, and have the sole power under Shaddai. (Now that did the King
reserve for his Son, yea, and had already bestowed it upon him.)
Wherefore he first consults with himself what had best to be done;
and then breaks his mind to some other of his companions, to the
which they also agreed. So, in fine, they came to this issue that
they should make an attempt upon the King's Son to destroy him,
that the inheritance might be theirs. Well, to be short, the
treason, as I said, was concluded, the time appointed, the word
given, the rebels rendezvoused, and the assault attempted. Now the
King and his Son being all and always eye, could not but discern
all passages in his dominions; and he, having always love for his
Son as for himself, could not at what he saw but be greatly
provoked and offended: wherefore what does he, but takes them in
the very nick and first trip that they made towards their design,
convicts them of the treason, horrid rebellion, and conspiracy that
they had devised, and now attempted to put into practice, and casts
them altogether out of all place of trust, benefit, honour, and
preferment. This done, he banishes them the court, turns them down
into the horrible pits, as fast bound in chains, never more to
expect the least favour from his hands, but to abide the judgment
that he had appointed, and that for ever.

Now they being thus cast out of all place of trust, profit, and
honour, and also knowing that they had lost their prince's favour
for ever, (being banished his court, and cast down to the horrible
pits,) you may he sure they would now add to their former pride
what malice and rage against Shaddai, and against his Son, they
could. Wherefore, roving and ranging in much fury from place to
place, if, perhaps, they might find something that was the King's,
by spoiling of that, to revenge themselves on him; at last they
happened into this spacious country of Universe, and steer their
course towards the town of Mansoul; and considering that that town
was one of the chief works and delights of King Shaddai, what do
they but, after counsel taken, make an assault upon that. I say,
they knew that Mansoul belonged unto Shaddai; for they were there
when he built it and beautified it for himself. So when they had
found the place, they shouted horribly for joy, and roared on it as
a lion upon the prey, saying, 'Now we have found the prize, and how
to be revenged on King Shaddai for what he hath done to us.' So
they sat down and called a council of war, and considered with
themselves what ways and methods they had best to engage in for the
winning to themselves this famous town of Mansoul, and these four
things were then propounded to be considered of.

First. Whether they had best all of them to show themselves in
this design to the town of Mansoul.

Secondly. Whether they had best to go and sit down against Mansoul
in their now ragged and beggarly guise.

Thirdly. Whether they had best show to Mansoul their intentions,
and what design they came about, or whether to assault it with
words and ways of deceit.

Fourthly. Whether they had not best to some of their companions to
give out private orders to take the advantage, if they see one or
more of the principal townsmen, to shoot them, if thereby they
shall judge their cause and design will the better be promoted.

1. It was answered to the first of these proposals in the negative,
to wit, that it would not be best that all should show themselves
before the town, because the appearance of many of them might alarm
and frighten the town; whereas a few or but one of them was not so
likely to do it. And to enforce this advice to take place it was
added further, that if Mansoul was frighted, or did take the alarm,
'It is impossible,' said Diabolus (for he spake now), 'that we
should take the town: for that none can enter into it without its
own consent. Let, therefore, but few, or but one, assault Mansoul;
and in mine opinion,' said Diabolus, 'let me be he.' Wherefore to
this they all agreed.

2. And then to the second proposal they came, namely, Whether they
had best go and sit down before Mansoul in their now ragged and
beggarly guise. To which it was answered also in the negative, By
no means; and that because, though the town of Mansoul had been
made to know, and to have to do, before now, with things that are
invisible, they did never as yet see any of their fellow-creatures
in so sad and rascally condition as they; and this was the advice
of that fierce Alecto. Then said Apollyon, 'The advice is
pertinent; for even one of us appearing to them as we are now, must
needs both beget and multiply such thoughts in them as will both
put them into a consternation of spirit, and necessitate them to
put themselves upon their guard. And if so,' said he, 'then, as my
Lord Diabolus said but now, it is in vain for us to think of taking
the town.' Then said that mighty giant Beelzebub, 'The advice that
already is given is safe; for though the men of Mansoul have seen
such things as we once were, yet hitherto they did never behold
such things as we now are; and it is best, in mine opinion, to come
upon them in such a guise as is common to, and most familiar among
them.' To this, when they had consented, the next thing to be
considered was, in what shape, hue, or guise Diabolus had best to
show himself when he went about to make Mansoul his own. Then one
said one thing, and another the contrary. At last Lucifer
answered, that, in his opinion, it was best that his lordship
should assume the body of some of those creatures that they of the
town had dominion over; 'for,' quoth he, 'these are not only
familiar to them, but, being under them, they will never imagine
that an attempt should by them be made upon the town; and, to blind
all, let him assume the body of one of those beasts that Mansoul
deems to be wiser than any of the rest.' This advice was applauded
of all: so it was determined that the giant Diabolus should assume
the dragon, for that he was in those days as familiar with the town
of Mansoul as now is the bird with the boy; for nothing that was in
its primitive state was at all amazing to them. Then they
proceeded to the third thing, which was:

3. Whether they had best to show their intentions, or the design of
his coming, to Mansoul, or no. This also was answered in the
negative, because of the weight that was in the former reasons, to
wit, for that Mansoul were a strong people, a strong people in a
strong town, whose wall and gates were impregnable, (to say nothing
of their castle,) nor can they by any means be won but by their own
consent. 'Besides,' said Legion, (for he gave answer to this,) 'a
discovery of our intentions may make them send to their king for
aid; and if that be done, I know quickly what time of day it will
be with us. Therefore let us assault them in all pretended
fairness, covering our intentions with all manner of lies,
flatteries, delusive words; feigning things that never will be, and
promising that to them that they shall never find. This is the way
to win Mansoul, and to make them of themselves open their gates to
us; yea, and to desire us too to come in to them. And the reason
why I think that this project will do is, because the people of
Mansoul now are, every one, simple and innocent, all honest and
true; nor do they as yet know what it is to be assaulted with
fraud, guile, and hypocrisy. They are strangers to lying and
dissembling lips; wherefore we cannot, if thus we be disguised, by
them at all be discerned; our lies shall go for true sayings, and
our dissimulations for upright dealings. What we promise them they
will in that believe us, especially if, in all our lies and feigned
words, we pretend great love to them, and that our design is only
their advantage and honour.' Now there was not one bit of a reply
against this; this went as current down as doth the water down a
steep descent. Wherefore they go to consider of the last proposal,
which was:

4. Whether they had not best to give out orders to some of their
company to shoot some one or more of the principal of the townsmen,
if they judge that their cause may be promoted thereby. This was
carried in the affirmative, and the man that was designed by this
stratagem to be destroyed was one Mr. Resistance, otherwise called
Captain Resistance. And a great man in Mansoul this Captain
Resistance was, and a man that the giant Diabolus and his band more
feared than they feared the whole town of Mansoul besides. Now who
should be the actor to do the murder? That was the next, and they
appointed one Tisiphone, a fury of the lake, to do it.

They thus having ended their council of war, rose up, and essayed
to do as they had determined; they marched towards Mansoul, but all
in a manner invisible, save one, only one; nor did he approach the
town in his own likeness, but under the shade and in the body of
the dragon.

So they drew up and sat down before Ear-gate, for that was the
place of hearing for all without the town, as Eye-gate was the
place of perspection. So, as I said, he came up with his train to
the gate, and laid his ambuscado for Captain Resistance within bow-
shot of the town. This done, the giant ascended up close to the
gate, and called to the town of Mansoul for audience. Nor took he
any with him but one Ill-pause, who was his orator in all difficult
matters. Now, as I said, he being come up to the gate, (as the
manner of those times was,) sounded his trumpet for audience; at
which the chief of the town of Mansoul, such as my Lord Innocent,
my Lord Willbewill, my Lord Mayor, Mr. Recorder, and Captain
Resistance, came down to the wall to see who was there, and what
was the matter. And my Lord Willbewill, when he had looked over
and saw who stood at the gate, demanded what he was, wherefore he
was come, and why he roused the town of Mansoul with so unusual a

Diabolus, then, as if he had been a lamb, began his oration, and
said: 'Gentlemen of the famous town of Mansoul, I am, as you may
perceive, no far dweller from you, but near, and one that is bound
by the king to do you my homage and what service I can; wherefore,
that I may be faithful to myself and to you, I have somewhat of
concern to impart unto you. Wherefore, grant me your audience, and
hear me patiently. And first, I will assure you, it is not myself,
but you--not mine, but your advantage that I seek by what I now do,
as will full well be made manifest, by that I have opened my mind
unto you. For, gentlemen, I am (to tell you the truth) come to
show you how you may obtain great and ample deliverance from a
bondage that, unawares to yourselves, you are captivated and
enslaved under.' At this the town of Mansoul began to prick up its
ears. And 'What is it? Pray what is it?' thought they. And he
said, 'I have somewhat to say to you concerning your King,
concerning his law, and also touching yourselves. Touching your
King, I know he is great and potent; but yet all that he hath said
to you is neither true nor yet for your advantage. 1. It is not
true, for that wherewith he hath hitherto awed you, shall not come
to pass, nor be fulfilled, though you do the thing that he hath
forbidden. But if there was danger, what a slavery is it to live
always in fear of the greatest of punishments, for doing so small
and trivial a thing as eating of a little fruit is. 2. Touching
his laws, this I say further, they are both unreasonable,
intricate, and intolerable. Unreasonable, as was hinted before;
for that the punishment is not proportioned to the offence: there
is great difference and disproportion between the life and an
apple; yet the one must go for the other by the law of your
Shaddai. But it is also intricate, in that he saith, first, you
may eat of all; and yet after forbids the eating of one. And then,
in the last place, it must needs be intolerable, forasmuch as that
fruit which you are forbidden to eat of (if you are forbidden any)
is that, and that alone, which is able, by your eating, to minister
to you a good as yet unknown by you. This is manifest by the very
name of the tree; it is called the "tree of knowledge of good and
evil;" and have you that knowledge as yet? No, no; nor can you
conceive how good, how pleasant, and how much to be desired to make
one wise it is, so long as you stand by your King's commandment.
Why should you be holden in ignorance and blindness? Why should
you not be enlarged in knowledge and understanding? And now, O ye
inhabitants of the famous town of Mansoul, to speak more
particularly to yourselves you are not a free people! You are kept
both in bondage and slavery, and that by a grievous threat; no
reason being annexed but, "So I will have it; so it shall be." And
is it not grievous to think on, that that very thing which you are
forbidden to do might you but do it, would yield you both wisdom
and honour? for then your eyes will be opened, and you shall be as
gods. Now, since this is thus,' quoth he, 'can you be kept by any
prince in more slavery and in greater bondage than you are under
this day? You are made underlings, and are wrapped up in
inconveniences, as I have well made appear. For what bondage
greater than to be kept in blindness? Will not reason tell you
that it is better to have eyes than to be without them? and so to
be at liberty to be better than to be shut up in a dark and
stinking cave?'

And just now, while Diabolus was speaking these words to Mansoul,
Tisiphone shot at Captain Resistance, where he stood on the gate,
and mortally wounded him in the head; so that he, to the amazement
of the townsmen, and the encouragement of Diabolus, fell down dead
quite over the wall. Now, when Captain Resistance was dead, (and
he was the only man of war in the town,) poor Mansoul was wholly
left naked of courage, nor had she now any heart to resist. But
this was as the devil would have it. Then stood forth he, Mr. Ill-
pause, that Diabolus brought with him, who was his orator; and he
addressed himself to speak to the town of Mansoul; the tenour of
whose speech here follows:-

'Gentlemen,' quoth he, 'it is my master's happiness that he has
this day a quiet and teachable auditory; and it is hoped by us that
we shall prevail with you not to cast off good advice. My master
has a very great love for you; and although, as he very well knows,
that he runs the hazard of the anger of King Shaddai, yet love to
you will make him do more than that. Nor doth there need that a
word more should be spoken to confirm for truth what he hath said;
there is not a word but carries with it self-evidence in its
bowels; the very name of the tree may put an end to all controversy
in this matter. I therefore, at this time, shall only add this
advice to you, under and by the leave of my lord;' (and with that
he made Diabolus a very low congee;) 'consider his words, look on
the tree and the promising fruit thereof; remember also that yet
you know but little, and that this is the way to know more: and if
your reasons be not conquered to accept of such good counsel, you
are not the men that I took you to be.'

But when the townsfolk saw that the tree was good for food, and
that it was pleasant to the eye, and a tree to be desired to make
one wise, they did as old Ill-pause advised; they took and did eat
thereof. Now this I should have told you before, that even then,
when this Ill-pause was making his speech to the townsmen, my Lord
Innocency (whether by a shot from the camp of the giant, or from
some sinking qualm that suddenly took him, or whether by the
stinking breath of that treacherous villain old Ill-pause, for so I
am most apt to think) sunk down in the place where he stood, nor
could be brought to life again. Thus these two brave men died--
brave men, I call them; for they were the beauty and glory of
Mansoul, so long as they lived therein; nor did there now remain
any more a noble spirit in Mansoul; they all fell down and yielded
obedience to Diabolus; and became his slaves and vassals, as you
shall hear.

Now these being dead, what do the rest of the townsfolk, but, as
men that had found a fool's paradise, they presently, as afore was
hinted, fall to prove the truth of the giant's words. And, first,
they did as Ill-pause had taught them; they looked, they considered
they were taken with the forbidden fruit; they took thereof, and
did eat; and having eaten, they became immediately drunken
therewith. So they open the gate, both Ear-gate and Eye-gate, and
let in Diabolus with all his bands, quite forgetting their good
Shaddai, his law, and the judgment that he had annexed, with solemn
threatening, to the breach thereof.

Diabolus, having now obtained entrance in at the gates of the
town, marches up to the middle thereof, to make his conquest as
sure as he could; and finding, by this time, the affections of the
people warmly inclining to him, he, as thinking it was best
striking while the iron is hot, made this further deceivable speech
unto them, saying, 'Alas, my poor Mansoul! I have done thee indeed
this service, as to promote thee to honour, and to greaten thy
liberty; but, alas! alas! poor Mansoul, thou wantest now one to
defend thee; for assure thyself that when Shaddai shall hear what
is done, he will come; for sorry will he be that thou hast broken
his bonds, and cast his cords away from thee. What wilt thou do?
Wilt thou, after enlargement, suffer thy privileges to be invaded
and taken away, or what wilt resolve with thyself?'

Then they all with one consent said to this bramble, 'Do thou reign
over us.' So he accepted the motion, and became the king of the
town of Mansoul. This being done, the next thing was to give him
possession of the castle, and so of the whole strength of the town.
Wherefore, into the castle he goes; it was that which Shaddai built
in Mansoul for his own delight and pleasure; this now was become a
den and hold for the giant Diabolus.

Now, having got possession of this stately palace or castle, what
doth he but makes it a garrison for himself, and strengthens and
fortifies it with all sorts of provision, against the King Shaddai,
or those that should endeavour the regaining of it to him and his
obedience again.

This done, but not thinking himself yet secure enough, in the next
place he bethinks himself of new modelling the town; and so he
does, setting up one, and putting down another at pleasure.
Wherefore my Lord Mayor, whose name was my Lord Understanding, and
Mr. Recorder, whose name was Mr. Conscience, these he put out of
place and power.

As for my Lord Mayor, though he was an understanding man, and one
too that had complied with the rest of the town of Mansoul in
admitting the giant into the town, yet Diabolus thought not fit to
let him abide in his former lustre and glory, because he was a
seeing man. Wherefore he darkened him, not only by taking from him
his office and power, but by building a high and strong tower, just
between the sun's reflections and the windows of my lord's palace;
by which means his house and all, and the whole of his habitation,
were made as dark as darkness itself. And thus, being alienated
from the light, he became as one that was born blind. To this, his
house, my lord was confined as to a prison; nor might he, upon his
parole, go farther than within his own bounds. And now, had he had
a heart to do for Mansoul, what could he do for it, or wherein
could he be profitable to her? So then, so long as Mansoul was
under the power and government of Diabolus, (and so long it was
under him, as it was obedient to him, which was even until by a war
it was rescued out of his hand,) so long my Lord Mayor was rather
an impediment in, than an advantage to the famous town of Mansoul.

As for Mr. Recorder, before the town was taken, he was a man well
read in the laws of his king, and also a man of courage and
faithfulness to speak truth at every occasion; and he had a tongue
as bravely hung as he had a head filled with judgment. Now, this
man Diabolus could by no means abide, because, though he gave his
consent to his coming into the town, yet he could not, by all the
wiles, trials, stratagems, and devices that he could use, make him
wholly his own. True, he was much degenerated from his former
king, and also much pleased with many of the giant's laws and
service; but all this would not do, forasmuch as he was not wholly
his. He would now and then think upon Shaddai, and have dread of
his law upon him, and then he would speak against Diabolus with a
voice as great as when a lion roareth. Yea, and would also at
certain times, when his fits were upon him, (for you must know that
sometimes he had terrible fits,) make the whole town of Mansoul
shake with his voice: and therefore the now king of Mansoul could
not abide him.

Diabolus, therefore, feared the Recorder more than any that was
left alive in the town of Mansoul, because, as I said, his words
did shake the whole town; they were like the rattling thunder, and
also like thunder-claps. Since, therefore, the giant could not
make him wholly his own, what doth he do but studies all that he
could to debauch the old gentleman, and by debauchery to stupefy
his mind, and more harden his heart in the ways of vanity. And as
he attempted, so he accomplished his design: he debauched the man,
and by little and little so drew him into sin and wickedness, that
at last he was not only debauched, as at first, and so by
consequence defiled, but was almost (at last, I say) past all
conscience of sin. And this was the farthest Diabolus could go.
Wherefore he bethinks him of another project, and that was, to
persuade the men of the town that Mr. Recorder was mad, and so not
to be regarded. And for this he urged his fits, and said, 'If he
be himself, why doth he not do thus always? But,' quoth he, 'as
all mad folks have their fits, and in them their raving language,
so hath this old and doating gentleman.'

Thus, by one means or another, he quickly got Mansoul to slight,
neglect, and despise whatever Mr. Recorder could say. For, besides
what already you have heard, Diabolus had a way to make the old
gentleman, when he was merry, unsay and deny what he in his fits
had affirmed. And, indeed, this was the next way to make himself
ridiculous, and to cause that no man should regard him. Also now
he never spake freely for King Shaddai, but also by force and
constraint. Besides, he would at one time be hot against that at
which, at another, he would hold his peace; so uneven was he now in
his doings. Sometimes he would be as if fast asleep, and again
sometimes as dead, even then when the whole town of Mansoul was in
her career after vanity, and in her dance after the giant's pipe.

Wherefore, sometimes when Mansoul did use to be frighted with the
thundering voice of the Recorder that was, and when they did tell
Diabolus of it, he would answer, that what the old gentleman said
was neither of love to him nor pity to them, but of a foolish
fondness that he had to be prating; and so would hush, still, and
put all to quiet again. And that he might leave no argument
unurged that might tend to make them secure, he said, and said it
often, 'O Mansoul! consider that, notwithstanding the old
gentleman's rage, and the rattle of his high and thundering words,
you hear nothing of Shaddai himself;' when, liar and deceiver that
he was, every outcry of Mr. Recorder against the sin of Mansoul was
the voice of God in him to them. But he goes on, and says, 'You
see that he values not the loss nor rebellion of the town of
Mansoul, nor will he trouble himself with calling his town to a
reckoning for their giving themselves to me. He knows that though
you were his, now you are lawfully mine; so, leaving us one to
another, he now hath shaken his hands of us.

'Moreover, O Mansoul!' quoth he, 'consider how I have served you,
even to the uttermost of my power; and that with the best that I
have, could get, or procure for you in all the world: besides, I
dare say that the laws and customs that you now are under, and by
which you do homage to me, do yield you more solace and content
than did the paradise that at first you possessed. Your liberty
also, as yourselves do very well know, has been greatly widened and
enlarged by me; whereas I found you a penned-up people. I have not
laid any restraint upon you; you have no law, statute, or judgment
of mine to fright you; I call none of you to account for your
doings, except the madman--you know who I mean; I have granted you
to live, each man like a prince in his own, even with as little
control from me as I myself have from you.'

And thus would Diabolus hush up and quiet the town of Mansoul, when
the Recorder that was, did at times molest them: yea, and with
such cursed orations as these, would set the whole town in a rage
and fury against the old gentleman. Yea, the rascal crew at some
times would be for destroying him. They have often wished, in my
hearing, that he had lived a thousand miles off from them: his
company, his words, yea, the sight of him, and specially when they
remembered how in old times he did use to threaten and condemn
them, (for all he was now so debauched,) did terrify and afflict
them sore.

But all wishes were vain, for I do not know how, unless by the
power of Shaddai, and his wisdom, he was preserved in being amongst
them. Besides, his house was as strong as a castle, and stood hard
by a stronghold of the town: moreover, if at any time any of the
crew or rabble attempted to make him away, he could pull up the
sluices, and let in such floods as would drown all round about him.

But to leave Mr. Recorder, and to come to my Lord Willbewill,
another of the gentry of the famous town of Mansoul. This
Willbewill was as high-born as any man in Mansoul, and was as much,
if not more, a freeholder than many of them were; besides, if I
remember my tale aright, he had some privileges peculiar to himself
in the famous town of Mansoul. Now, together with these, he was a
man of great strength, resolution, and courage, nor in his occasion
could any turn him away. But I say, whether he was proud of his
estate, privileges, strength, or what, (but sure it was through
pride of something,) he scorns now to be a slave in Mansoul; and
therefore resolves to bear office under Diabolus, that he might
(such an one as he was) be a petty ruler and governor in Mansoul.
And, headstrong man that he was! thus he began betimes; for this
man, when Diabolus did make his oration at Ear-gate, was one of the
first that was for consenting to his words, and for accepting his
counsel at wholesome, and that was for the opening of the gate, and
for letting him into the town; wherefore Diabolus had a kindness
for him, and therefore he designed for him a place. And perceiving
the valour and stoutness of the man, he coveted to have him for one
of his great ones, to act and do in matters of the highest concern.

So he sent for him, and talked with him of that secret matter that
lay in his breast, but there needed not much persuasion in the
case. For as at first he was willing that Diabolus should be let
into the town, so now he was as willing to serve him there. When
the tyrant, therefore, perceived the willingness of my lord to
serve him, and that his mind stood bending that way, he forthwith
made him the captain of the castle, governor of the wall, and
keeper of the gates of Mansoul: yea, there was a clause in his
commission, that nothing without him should be done in all the town
of Mansoul. So that now, next to Diabolus himself, who but my Lord
Willbewill in all the town of Mansoul! nor could anything now be
done, but at his will and pleasure, throughout the town of Mansoul.
He had also one Mr. Mind for his clerk, a man to speak on every way
like his master: for he and his lord were in principle one, and in
practice not far asunder. And now was Mansoul brought under to
purpose, and made to fulfil the lusts of the will, and of the mind.

But it will not out of my thoughts what a desperate one this
Willbewill was when power was put into his hand. First, he flatly
denied that he owed any suit or service to his former prince and
liege lord. This done, in the next place he took an oath, and
swore fidelity to his great master Diabolus, and then, being stated
and settled in his places, offices, advancements, and preferments,
oh! you cannot think, unless you had seen it, the strange work that
this workman made in the town of Mansoul.

First, he maligned Mr. Recorder to death; he would neither endure
to see him, nor hear the words of his mouth; he would shut his eyes
when he saw him, and stop his ears when he heard him speak. Also
he could not endure that so much as a fragment of the law of
Shaddai should be anywhere seen in the town. For example, his
clerk, Mr. Mind, had some old, rent, and torn parchments of the law
of Shaddai in his house, but when Willbewill saw them, he cast them
behind his back. True, Mr. Recorder had some of the laws in his
study; but my lord could by no means come at them. He also thought
and said, that the windows of my old Lord Mayor's house were always
too light for the profit of the town of Mansoul. The light of a
candle he could not endure. Now nothing at all pleased Willbewill
but what pleased Diabolus his lord.

There was none like him to trumpet about the streets the brave
nature, the wise conduct, and great glory of the king Diabolus. He
would range and rove throughout all the streets of Mansoul to cry
up his illustrious lord, and would make himself even as an abject,
among the base and rascal crew, to cry up his valiant prince. And
I say, when and wheresoever he found these vassals, he would even
make himself as one of them. In all ill courses he would act
without bidding, and do mischief without commandment.

The Lord Willbewill also had a deputy under him, and his name was
Mr. Affection, one that was also greatly debauched in his
principles, and answerable thereto in his life: he was wholly
given to the flesh, and therefore they called him Vile-Affection.
Now there was he and one Carnal-Lust, the daughter of Mr. Mind,
(like to like,) that fell in love, and made a match, and were
married; and, as I take it, they had several children, as Impudent,
Blackmouth, and Hate-Reproof. These three were black boys. And
besides these they had three daughters, as Scorn-Truth and Slight-
God, and the name of the youngest was Revenge. These were all
married in the town, and also begot and yielded many bad brats, too
many to be here inserted. But to pass by this.

When the giant had thus engarrisoned himself in the town of
Mansoul, and had put down and set up whom he thought good, he
betakes himself to defacing. Now there was in the market-place in
Mansoul, and also upon the gates of the castle, an image of the
blessed King Shaddai. This image was so exactly engraven, (and it
was engraven in gold,) that it did the most resemble Shaddai
himself of anything that then was extant in the world. This he
basely commanded to be defaced, and it was as basely done by the
hand of Mr. No-Truth. Now you must know that, as Diabolus had
commanded, and that by the hand of Mr. No-Truth, the image of
Shaddai was defaced, he likewise gave order that the same Mr. No-
Truth should set up in its stead the horrid and formidable image of
Diabolus, to the great contempt of the former King, and debasing of
his town of Mansoul.

Moreover, Diabolus made havoc of all remains of the laws and
statutes of Shaddai that could be found in the town of Mansoul; to
wit, such as contained either the doctrines of morals, with all
civil and natural documents. Also relative severities he sought to
extinguish. To be short, there was nothing of the remains of good
in Mansoul which he and Willbewill sought not to destroy; for their
design was to turn Mansoul into a brute, and to make it like to the
sensual sow, by the hand of Mr. No-Truth.

When he had destroyed what law and good orders he could, then
further to effect his design, namely, to alienate Mansoul from
Shaddai her King, he commands, and they set up his own vain edicts,
statutes, and commandments, in all places of resort or concourse in
Mansoul, to wit, such as gave liberty to the lusts of the flesh,
the lusts of the eyes, and the pride of life, which are not of
Shaddai, but of the world. He encouraged, countenanced, and
promoted lasciviousness, and all ungodliness there. Yea, much more
did Diabolus to encourage wickedness in the town of Mansoul; he
promised them peace, content, joy, and bliss, in doing his
commands, and that they should never be called to an account for
their not doing the contrary. And let this serve to give a taste
to them that love to hear tell of what is done beyond their
knowledge afar off in other countries.

Now Mansoul being wholly at his beck, and brought wholly to his
bow, nothing was heard or seen therein but that which tended to set
up him.

But now he, having disabled the Lord Mayor and Mr. Recorder from
bearing of office in Mansoul, and seeing that the town, before he
came to it, was the most ancient of corporations in the world, and
fearing, if he did not maintain greatness, they at any time should
object that he had done them an injury; therefore, I say, (that
they might see that he did not intend to lessen their grandeur, or
to take from them any of their advantageous things,) he did choose
for them a Lord Mayor and a Recorder himself, and such as contented
them at the heart, and such also as pleased him wondrous well.

The name of the Mayor that was of Diabolus' making was the Lord
Lustings, a man that had neither eyes nor ears. All that he did,
whether as a man or an officer, he did it naturally, as doth the
beast. And that which made him yet the more ignoble, though not to
Mansoul, yet to them that beheld and were grieved for its ruin,
was, that he never could favour good, but evil.

The Recorder was one whose name was Forget-Good, and a very sorry
fellow he was. He could remember nothing but mischief, and to do
it with delight. He was naturally prone to do things that were
hurtful, even hurtful to the town of Mansoul, and to all the
dwellers there. These two, therefore, by their power and practice,
examples, and smiles upon evil, did much more grammar and settle
the common people in hurtful ways. For who doth not perceive that
when those that sit aloft are vile and corrupt themselves, they
corrupt the whole region and country where they are?

Besides these, Diabolus made several burgesses and aldermen in
Mansoul, such as out of whom the town, when it needed, might choose
them officers, governors, and magistrates. And these are the names
of the chief of them: Mr. Incredulity, Mr. Haughty, Mr. Swearing,
Mr. Whoring, Mr. Hard-Heart, Mr. Pitiless, Mr. Fury, Mr. No-Truth,
Mr. Stand-to-Lies, Mr. False-Peace, Mr. Drunkenness, Mr. Cheating,
Mr. Atheism--thirteen in all. Mr. Incredulity is the eldest, and
Mr. Atheism the youngest of the company.

There was also an election of common councilmen and others, as
bailiffs, sergeants, constables, and others; but all of them like
to those afore-named, being either fathers, brothers, cousins, or
nephews to them, whose names, for brevity's sake, I omit to

When the giant had thus far proceeded in his work, in the next
place, he betook him to build some strongholds in the town, and he
built three that seemed to be impregnable. The first he called the
Hold of Defiance, because it was made to command the whole town,
and to keep it from the knowledge of its ancient King. The second
he called Midnight Hold, because it was built on purpose to keep
Mansoul from the true knowledge of itself. The third was called
Sweet-Sin Hold, because by that he fortified Mansoul against all
desires of good. The first of these holds stood close by Eye-gate,
that, as much might be, light might be darkened there; the second
was built hard by the old castle, to the end that that might be
made more blind, if possible; and the third stood in the market-

He that Diabolus made governor over the first of these was one
Spite-God, a most blasphemous wretch: he came with the whole
rabble of them that came against Mansoul at first, and was himself
one of themselves. He that was made the governor of Midnight Hold
was one Love-no-Light; he was also of them that came first against
the town. And he that was made the governor of the hold called
Sweet-Sin Hold was one whose name was Love-Flesh: he was also a
very lewd fellow, but not of that country where the other are
bound. This fellow could find more sweetness when he stood sucking
of a lust than he did in all the paradise of God.

And now Diabolus thought himself safe. He had taken Mansoul, he
had engarrisoned himself therein; he had put down the old officers,
and had set up new ones; he had defaced the image of Shaddai, and
had set up his own; he had spoiled the old law books, and had
promoted his own vain lies; he had made him new magistrates, and
set up new aldermen; he had builded him new holds, and had manned
them for himself: and all this he did to make himself secure, in
case the good Shaddai, or his Son, should come to make an incursion
upon him.

Now you may well think, that long before this time, word, by some
one or other, could not but be carried to the good King Shaddai,
how his Mansoul, in the continent of Universe, was lost; and that
the runagate giant Diabolus, once one of his Majesty's servants,
had, in rebellion against the King, made sure thereof for himself.
Yea, tidings were carried and brought to the King thereof, and that
to a very circumstance.

At first, how Diabolus came upon Mansoul (they being a simple
people and innocent) with craft, subtlety, lies, and guile. Item,
that he had treacherously slain the right noble and valiant
captain, their Captain Resistance, as he stood upon the gate with
the rest of the townsmen. Item, how my brave Lord Innocent fell
down dead (with grief, some say, or with being poisoned with the
stinking breath of one Ill-Pause, as say others) at the hearing of
his just lord and rightful prince, Shaddai, so abused by the mouth
of so filthy a Diabolian as that varlet Ill-Pause was. The
messenger further told, that after this Ill-Pause had made a short
oration to the townsmen in behalf of Diabolus, his master; the
simple town, believing that what was said was true, with one
consent did open Ear-gate, the chief gate of the corporation, and
did let him, with his crew, into a possession of the famous town of
Mansoul. He further showed how Diabolus had served the Lord Mayor
and Mr. Recorder, to wit, that he had put them from all place of
power and trust. Item, he showed also that my Lord Willbewill was
turned a very rebel, and runagate, and that so was one Mr. Mind,
his clerk; and that they two did range and revel it all the town
over, and teach the wicked ones their ways. He said, moreover,
that this Willbewill was put into great trust, and particularly
that Diabolus had put into Willbewill's hand all the strong places
in Mansoul; and that Mr. Affection was made my Lord Willbewill's
deputy in his most rebellious affairs. 'Yea,' said the messenger,
'this monster, Lord Willbewill, has openly disavowed his King
Shaddai, and hath horribly given his faith and plighted his troth
to Diabolus.'

'Also,' said the messenger, 'besides all this, the new king, or
rather rebellious tyrant, over the once famous, but now perishing
town of Mansoul, has set up a Lord Mayor and a Recorder of his own.
For Mayor, he has set up one Mr. Lustings; and for Recorder, Mr.
Forget-Good; two of the vilest of all the town of Mansoul.' This
faithful messenger also proceeded, and told what a sort of new
burgesses Diabolus had made; also that he had built several strong
forts, towers, and strongholds in Mansoul. He told, too, the which
I had almost forgot, how Diabolus had put the town of Mansoul into
arms, the better to capacitate them, on his behalf, to make
resistance against Shaddai their King, should he come to reduce
them to their former obedience.

Now this tidings-teller did not deliver his relation of things in
private, but in open court, the King and his Son, high lords, chief
captains, and nobles, being all there present to hear. But by that
they had heard the whole of the story, it would have amazed one to
have seen, had he been there to behold it, what sorrow and grief,
and compunction of spirit, there was among all sorts, to think that
famous Mansoul was now taken: only the King and his Son foresaw
all this long before, yea, and sufficiently provided for the relief
of Mansoul, though they told not everybody thereof. Yet because
they also would have a share in condoling of the Misery of Mansoul,
therefore they also did, and that at a rate of the highest degree,
bewail the losing of Mansoul. The King said plainly that it
grieved him at the heart, and you may be sure that his Son was not
a whit behind him. Thus gave they conviction to all about them
that they had love and compassion for the famous town of Mansoul.
Well, when the King and his Son were retired into the privy
chamber, there they again consulted about what they had designed
before, to wit, that as Mansoul should in time be suffered to be
lost, so as certainly it should be recovered again; recovered, I
say, in such a way, as that both the King and his Son would get
themselves eternal fame and glory thereby. Wherefore, after this
consult, the Son of Shaddai (a sweet and comely Person, and one
that had always great affection for those that were in affliction,
but one that had mortal enmity in his heart against Diabolus,
because he was designed for it, and because he sought his crown and
dignity)--this Son of Shaddai, I say, having stricken hands with
his Father and promised that he would be his servant to recover his
Mansoul again, stood by his resolution, nor would he repent of the
same. The purport of which agreement was this: to wit, that at a
certain time, prefixed by both, the King's Son should take a
journey into the country of Universe, and there, in a way of
justice and equity, by making amends for the follies of Mansoul, he
should lay a foundation of perfect deliverance from Diabolus and
from his tyranny.

Moreover Emmanuel resolved to make, at a time convenient, a war
upon the giant Diabolus, even while he was possessed of the town of
Mansoul; and that he would fairly by strength of hand drive him out
of his hold, his nest, and take it to himself to be his habitation.

This now being resolved upon, order was given to the Lord Chief
Secretary to draw up a fair record of what was determined, and to
cause that it should be published in all the corners of the kingdom
of Universe. A short breviate of the contents thereof you may, if
you please, take here as follows:

'Let all men know who are concerned, that the Son of Shaddai, the
great King, is engaged by covenant to his Father to bring his
Mansoul to him again; yea, and to put Mansoul, too, through the
power of his matchless love, into a far better and more happy
condition than it was in before it was taken by Diabolus.'

These papers, therefore, were published in several places, to the
no little molestation of the tyrant Diabolus; 'for now,' thought
he, 'I shall be molested, and my habitation will be taken from me.'

But when this matter, I mean this purpose of the King and his Son,
did at first take air at court, who can tell how the high lords,
chief captains, and noble princes that were there, were taken with
the business! First, they whispered it one to another, and after
that it began to ring out through the King's palace, all wondering
at the glorious design that between the King and his Son was on
foot for the miserable town of Mansoul. Yea, the courtiers could
scarce do anything either for the King or kingdom, but they would
mix, with the doing thereof, a noise of the love of the King and
his Son, that they had for the town of Mansoul.

Nor could these lords, high captains, and princes be content to
keep this news at court; yea, before the records thereof were
perfected, themselves came down and told it in Universe. At last
it came to the ears, as I said, of Diabolus, to his no little
discontent; for you must think it would perplex him to hear of such
a design against him. Well, but after a few casts in his mind, he
concluded upon these four things.

First, that this news, these good tidings, (if possible,) should be
kept from the ears of the town of Mansoul; 'for,' said he, 'if they
should once come to the knowledge that Shaddai, their former King,
and Emmanuel his Son, are contriving good for the town of Mansoul,
what can be expected by me, but that Mansoul will make a revolt
from under my hand and government, and return again to him?'

Now, to accomplish this his design, he renews his flattery with my
Lord Willbewill, and also gives him strict charge and command, that
he should keep watch by day and by night at all the gates of the
town, especially Ear-gate and Eye-gate; 'for I hear of a design,'
quoth he, 'a design to make us all traitors, and that Mansoul must
be reduced to its first bondage again. I hope they are but flying
stories,' quoth he; 'however, let no such news by any means be let
into Mansoul, lest the people be dejected thereat. I think, my
lord, it can be no welcome news to you; I am sure it is none to me;
and I think that, at this time, it should be all our wisdom and
care to nip the head of all such rumours as shall tend to trouble
our people. Wherefore I desire, my lord, that you will in this
matter do as I say. Let there be strong guards daily kept at every
gate of the town. Stop also and examine from whence such come that
you perceive do from far come hither to trade, nor let them by any
means be admitted into Mansoul, unless you shall plainly perceive
that they are favourers of our excellent government. I command,
moreover,' said Diabolus, 'that there be spies continually walking
up and down the town of Mansoul, and let them have power to
suppress and destroy any that they shall perceive to be plotting
against us, or that shall prate of what by Shaddai and Emmanuel is

This, therefore, was accordingly done; my Lord Willbewill hearkened
to his lord and master, went willingly after the commandment, and,
with all the diligence he could, kept any that would from going out
abroad, or that sought to bring these tidings to Mansoul, from
coming into the town.

Secondly, this done, in the next place, Diabolus, that he might
make Mansoul as sure as he could, frames and imposes a new oath and
horrible covenant upon the townsfolk:- To wit, that they should
never desert him nor his government, nor yet betray him, nor seek
to alter his laws; but that they should own, confess, stand by, and
acknowledge him for their rightful king, in defiance to any that do
or hereafter shall, by any pretence, law, or title whatever, lay
claim to the town of Mansoul; thinking, belike, that Shaddai had
not power to absolve them from this covenant with death, and
agreement with hell. Nor did the silly Mansoul stick or boggle at
all at this most monstrous engagement; but, as if it had been a
sprat in the mouth of a whale, they swallowed it without any
chewing. Were they troubled at all? Nay, they rather bragged and
boasted of their so brave fidelity to the tyrant, their pretended
king, swearing that they would never be changelings, nor forsake
their old lord for a new. Thus did Diabolus tie poor Mansoul fast.

Thirdly. But jealousy, that never thinks itself strong enough, put
him, in the next place, upon another exploit, which was, yet more,
if possible, to debauch this town of Mansoul. Wherefore he caused,
by the hand of one Mr. Filth, an odious, nasty, lascivious piece of
beastliness to be drawn up in writing, and to be set upon the
castle gates; whereby he granted and gave license to all his true
and trusty sons in Mansoul to do whatsoever their lustful appetites
prompted them to do; and that no man was to let, hinder, or control
them, upon pain of incurring the displeasure of their prince.

Now this he did for these reasons:-

1. That the town of Mansoul might be yet made weaker and weaker,
and so more unable, should tidings come that their redemption was
designed, to believe, hope, or consent to the truth thereof; for
reason says, The bigger the sinner, the less grounds of hopes of

2. The second reason was, if perhaps Emmanuel, the Son of Shaddai
their King, by seeing the horrible and profane doings of the town
of Mansoul, might repent, though entered into a covenant of
redeeming them, of pursuing that covenant of their redemption; for
he knew that Shaddai was holy, and that his Son Emmanuel was holy;
yea, he knew it by woeful experience, for for his iniquity and sin
was Diabolus cast from the highest orbs. Wherefore what more
rational than for him to conclude that thus, for sin, it might fare
with Mansoul? But fearing also lest this knot should break, he
bethinks himself of another, to wit:-

Fourthly. To endeavour to possess all hearts in the town of
Mansoul that Shaddai was raising an army, to come to overthrow and
utterly to destroy this town of Mansoul. And this he did to
forestall any tidings that might come to their ears of their
deliverance: 'For,' thought he, 'if I first bruit this, the
tidings that shall come after will all be swallowed up of this; for
what else will Mansoul say, when they shall hear that they must be
delivered, but that the true meaning is, Shaddai intends to destroy
them? Wherefore he summons the whole town into the market-place,
and there, with deceitful tongue, thus he addressed himself unto

'Gentlemen, and my very good friends, you are all, as you know, my
legal subjects, and men of the famous town of Mansoul. You know
how, from the first day that I have been with you until now, I have
behaved myself among you, and what liberty and great privileges you
have enjoyed under my government, I hope to your honour and mine,
and also to your content and delight. Now, my famous Mansoul, a
noise of trouble there is abroad, of trouble to the town of
Mansoul; sorry I am thereof for your sakes: for I received but now
by the post from my Lord Lucifer, (and he useth to have good
intelligence,) that your old King Shaddai is raising an army to
come against you, to destroy you root and branch; and this, O
Mansoul, is now the cause that at this time I have called you
together, namely, to advise what in this juncture is best to be
done. For my part, I am but one, and can with ease shift for
myself, did I list to seek my own case, and to leave my Mansoul in
all the danger; but my heart is so firmly united to you, and so
unwilling am I to leave you, that I am willing to stand and fall
with you, to the utmost hazard that shall befall me. What say you,
O my Mansoul? Will you now desert your old friend, or do you think
of standing by me?'

Then, as one man, with one mouth, they cried out together, 'Let him
die the death that will not.'

Then said Diabolus again, 'It is in vain for us to hope for
quarter, for this King knows not how to show it. True, perhaps,
he, at his first sitting down before us, will talk of and pretend
to mercy, that thereby, with the more ease, and less trouble, he
may again make himself the master of Mansoul. Whatever, therefore,
he shall say, believe not one syllable or tittle of it; for all
such language is but to overcome us, and to make us, while we
wallow in our blood, the trophies of his merciless victory. My
mind is, therefore, that we resolve to the last man to resist him,
and not to believe him upon any terms, for in at that door will
come our danger. But shall we be flattered out of our lives? I
hope you know more of the rudiments of politics than to suffer
yourselves so pitifully to be served.

'But suppose he should, if he get us to yield, save some of our
lives, or the lives of some of them that are underlings in Mansoul,
what help will that be to you that are the chief of the town,
especially you whom I have set up and whose greatness has been
procured by you through your faithful sticking to me? And suppose,
again, that he should give quarter to every one of you, be sure he
will bring you into that bondage under which you were captivated
before, or a worse, and then what good will your lives do you?
Shall you with him live in pleasure as you do now? No, no; you
must be bound by laws that will pinch you, and be made to do that
which at present is hateful to you. I am for you, if you are for
me; and it is better to die valiantly than to live like pitiful
slaves. But, I say, the life of a slave will be counted a life too
good for Mansoul now. Blood, blood, nothing but blood is in every
blast of Shaddai's trumpet against poor Mansoul now. Pray, be
concerned; I hear he is coming. Up, and stand to your arms that
now, while you have any leisure, I may learn you some feats of war.
Armour for you I have, and by me it is; yea, and it is sufficient
for Mansoul from top to toe; nor can you be hurt by what his force
can do, if you shall keep it well girt and fastened about you.
Come, therefore, to my castle, and welcome, and harness yourselves
for the war. There is helmet, breastplate, sword, and shield, and
what not, that will make you fight like men.

'1. My helmet, otherwise called an head-piece, is in hope of doing
well at last, what lives soever you live. This is that which they
had who said, that they should have peace, though they walked in
the wickedness of their heart, to add drunkenness to thirst. A
piece of approved armour this is, and whoever has it, and can hold
it, so long no arrow, dart, sword, or shield can hurt him. This,
therefore, keep on, and thou wilt keep off many a blow, my Mansoul.

'2. My breastplate is a breastplate of iron. I had it forged in
mine own country, and all my soldiers are armed therewith. In
plain language, it is a hard heart, a heart as hard as iron, and as
much past feeling as a stone; the which if you get and keep,
neither mercy shall win you, nor judgment fright you. This
therefore, is a piece of armour most necessary for all to put on
that hate Shaddai, and that would fight against him under my

'3. My sword is a tongue that is set on fire of hell, and that can
bend itself to speak evil of Shaddai, his Son, his ways, and
people. Use this; it has been tried a thousand times twice told.
Whoever hath it, keeps it, and makes that use of it as I would have
him, can never be conquered by mine enemy.

'4. My, shield is unbelief, or calling into question the truth of
the word, or all the sayings that speak of the judgment that
Shaddai has appointed for wicked men. Use this shield; many
attempts he has made upon it, and sometimes, it is true, it has
been bruised; but they that have writ of the wars of Emmanuel
against my servants, have testified that he could do no mighty work
there because of their unbelief. Now, to handle this weapon of
mine aright, it is not to believe things because they are true, of
what sort or by whomsoever asserted. If he speaks of judgment,
care not for it; if he speaks of mercy, care not for it; if he
promises, if he swears that he would do to Mansoul, if it turns, no
hurt, but good, regard not what is said, question the truth of all,
for it is to wield the shield of unbelief aright, and as my
servants ought and do; and he that doth otherwise loves me not, nor
do I count him but an enemy to me.

'5. Another part or piece,' said Diabolus, 'of mine excellent
armour is a dumb and prayerless spirit, a spirit that scorns to cry
for mercy: wherefore be you, my Mansoul, sure that you make use of
this. What! cry for quarter! Never do that, if you would be mine.
I know you are stout men, and am sure that I have clad you with
that which is armour of proof. Wherefore, to cry to Shaddai for
mercy, let that be far from you. Besides all this, I have a maul,
firebrands, arrows, and death, all good hand-weapons, and such as
will do execution.'

After he had thus furnished his men with armour and arms, he
addressed himself to them in such like words as these: 'Remember,'
quoth he, 'that I am your rightful king, and that you have taken an
oath and entered into covenant to be true to me and my cause: I
say, remember this, and show yourselves stout and valiant men of
Mansoul. Remember also the kindness that I have always showed to
you, and that without your petition I have granted to you external
things; wherefore the privileges, grants, immunities, profits, and
honours wherewith I have endowed you do call for, at your hands,
returns of loyalty, my lion-like men of Mansoul: and when so fit a
time to show it as when another shall seek to take my dominion over
you into his own hands? One word more, and I have done. Can we
but stand, and overcome this one shock or brunt, I doubt not but in
little time all the world will be ours; and when that day comes, my
true hearts, I will make you kings, princes, and captains, and what
brave days shall we have then!'

Diabolus having thus armed and forearmed his servants and vassals
in Mansoul against their good and lawful King Shaddai, in the next
place, he doubleth his guards at the gates of the town, and he
takes himself to the castle, which was his stronghold. His vassals
also, to show their wills, and supposed (but ignoble) gallantry,
exercise themselves in their arms every day, and teach one another
feats of war; they also defied their enemies, and sang up the
praises of their tyrant; they threatened also what men they would
be if ever things should rise so high as a war between Shaddai and
their king.

Now all this time the good King, the King Shaddai, was preparing to
send an army to recover the town of Mansoul again from under the
tyranny of their pretended king Diabolus; but he thought good, at
first, not to send them by the hand and conduct of brave Emmanuel
his Son, but under the hand of some of his servants, to see first
by them the temper of Mansoul, and whether by them they would be
won to the obedience of their King. The army consisted of above
forty thousand, all true men, for they came from the King's own
court, and were those of his own choosing.

They came up to Mansoul under the conduct of four stout generals,
each man being a captain of ten thousand men, and these are their
names and their ensigns. The name of the first was Boanerges, the
name of the second was Captain Conviction, the name of the third
was Captain Judgment, and the name of the fourth was Captain
Execution. These were the captains that Shaddai sent to regain

These four captains, as was said, the King thought fit, in the
first place, to send to Mansoul, to make an attempt upon it; for
indeed generally in all his wars he did use to send these four
captains in the van, for they were very stout and rough-hewn men,
men that were fit to break the ice, and to make their way by dint
of sword, and their men were like themselves.

To each of these captains the King gave a banner, that it might be
displayed, because of the goodness of his cause, and because of the
right that he had to Mansoul.

First, to Captain Boanerges, for he was the chief, to him, I say,
were given ten thousand men. His ensign was Mr. Thunder; he bare
the black colours, and his scutcheon was the three burning

The second captain was Captain Conviction; to him also were given
ten thousand men. His ensign's name was Mr. Sorrow; he did bear
the pale colours, and his scutcheon was the book of the law wide
open, from whence issued a flame of fire.

The third captain was Captain Judgment; to him were given ten
thousand men. His ensign's name was Mr. Terror; he bare the red
colours, and his scutcheon was a burning fiery furnace.

The fourth captain was Captain Execution; to him were given ten
thousand men. His ensign was one Mr. Justice; he also bare the red
colours, and his scutcheon was a fruitless tree, with an axe lying
at the root thereof.

These four captains, as I said, had every one of them under his
command ten thousand men, all of good fidelity to the King, and
stout at their military actions.

Well, the captains and their forces, their men and under officers,
being had upon a day by Shaddai into the field, and there called
all over by their names, were then and there put into such harness
as became their degree and that service which now they were going
about for their King.

Now, when the King had mustered his forces, (for it is he that
mustereth the host to the battle,) he gave unto the captains their
several commissions, with charge and commandment in the audience of
all the soldiers, that they should take heed faithfully and
courageously to do and execute the same. Their commissions were,
for the substance of them, the same in form, though, as to name,
title, place and degree of the captains, there might be some, but
very small variation. And here let me give you an account of the
matter and sum contained in their commission.

A Commission from the great Shaddai, King of Mansoul, to his trusty
and noble Captain, the Captain Boanerges, for his making War upon
the town of Mansoul.

'O, thou Boanerges, one of my stout and thundering captains over
one ten thousand of my valiant and faithful servants, go thou in my
name, with this thy force, to the miserable town of Mansoul; and
when thou comest thither, offer them first conditions of peace; and
command them that, casting off the yoke and tyranny of the wicked
Diabolus, they return to me, their rightful Prince and Lord.
Command them also that they cleanse themselves from all that is his
in the town of Mansoul, and look to thyself, that thou hast good
satisfaction touching the truth of their obedience. Thus when thou
hast commanded them, (if they in truth submit thereto,) then do
thou, to the uttermost of thy power, what in thee lies to set up
for me a garrison in the famous town of Mansoul; nor do thou hurt
the least native that moveth or breatheth therein, if they will
submit themselves to me, but treat thou such as if they were thy
friend or brother; for all such I love, and they shall be dear unto
me, and tell them that I will take a time to come unto them, and to
let them know that I am merciful.

'But if they shall, notwithstanding thy summons and the producing
of thy authority, resist, stand out against thee, and rebel, then
do I command thee to make use of all thy cunning, power, might, and
force, to bring them under by strength of hand. Farewell.'

Thus you see the sum of their commissions; for, as I said before,
for the substance of them, they were the same that the rest of the
noble captains had.

Wherefore they, having received each commander his authority at the
hand of their King, the day being appointed, and the place of their
rendezvous prefixed, each commander appeared in such gallantry as
became his cause and calling. So, after a new entertainment from
Shaddai, with flying colours they set forward to march towards the
famous town of Mansoul. Captain Boanerges led the van, Captain
Conviction and Captain Judgment made up the main body, and Captain
Execution brought up the rear. They then, having a great way to
go, (for the town of Mansoul was far off from the court of
Shaddai,) marched through the regions and countries of many people,
not hurting or abusing any, but blessing wherever they came. They
also lived upon the King's cost in all the way they went.

Having travelled thus for many days, at last they came within sight
of Mansoul; the which when they saw, the captains could for their
hearts do no less than for a while bewail the condition of the
town; for they quickly saw how that it was prostrate to the will of
Diabolus, and to his ways and designs.

Well, to be short, the captains came up before the town, march up
to Ear-gate, sit down there (for that was the place of hearing).
So, when they had pitched their tents and entrenched themselves,
they addressed themselves to make their assault.

Now the townsfolk at first, beholding so gallant a company, so
bravely accoutred, and so excellently disciplined, having on their
glittering armour, and displaying of their flying colours, could
not but come out of their houses and gaze. But the cunning fox
Diabolus, fearing that the people, after this sight, should, on a
sudden summons, open the gates to the captains, came down with all
haste from the castle, and made them retire into the body of the
town, who, when he had them there, made this lying and deceivable
speech unto them:

'Gentlemen,' quoth he, 'although you are my trusty and well-beloved
friends, yet I cannot but a little chide you for your late
uncircumspect action, in going out to gaze on that great and mighty
force that but yesterday sat down before, and have now entrenched
themselves in order to the maintaining of a siege against the
famous town of Mansoul. Do you know who they are, whence they
come, and what is their purpose in sitting down before the town of
Mansoul? They are they of whom I have told you long ago, that they
would come to destroy this town, and against whom I have been at
the cost to arm you with cap-a-pie for your body, besides great
fortifications for your mind. Wherefore, then, did you not rather,
even at the first appearance of them, cry out, "Fire the beacons!"
and give the whole town an alarm concerning them, that we might all
have been in a posture of defence, and been ready to have received
them with the highest acts of defiance? Then had you showed
yourselves men to my liking; whereas, by what you have done, you
have made me half afraid--I say, half afraid--that when they and we
shall come to push a pike, I shall find you want courage to stand
it out any longer. Wherefore have I commanded a watch, and that
you should double your guards at the gates? Wherefore have I
endeavoured to make you as hard as iron, and your hearts as a piece
of the nether millstone? Was it, think you, that you might show
yourselves women, and that you might go out like a company of
innocents to gaze on your mortal foes? Fie, fie! put yourselves
into a posture of defence, beat up the drum, gather together in
warlike manner, that our foes may know that, before they shall
conquer this corporation, there are valiant men in the town of

'I will leave off now to chide, and will not further rebuke you;
but I charge you, that henceforwards you let me see no more such
actions. Let not henceforward a man of you, without order first
obtained from me, so much as show his head over the wall of the
town of Mansoul. You have now heard me; do as I have commanded,
and you shall cause me that I dwell securely with you, and that I
take care, as for myself, so for your safety and honour also.

Now were the townsmen strangely altered; they were as men stricken
with a panic fear; they ran to and fro through the streets of the
town of Mansoul, crying out, 'Help, help! the men that turn the
world upside down are come hither also.' Nor could any of them be
quiet after; but still, as men bereft of wit, they cried out, 'The
destroyers of our peace and people are come.' This went down with
Diabolus. 'Ah,' quoth he to himself, 'this I like well: now it is
as I would have it; now you show your obedience to your prince.
Hold you but here, and then let them take the town if they can.'

Well, before the King's forces had sat before Mansoul three days,
Captain Boanerges commanded his trumpeter to go down to Ear-gate,
and there, in the name of the great Shaddai, to summon Mansoul to
give audience to the message that he, in his Master's name, was to
them commanded to deliver. So the trumpeter, whose name was Take-
heed-what-you-hear, went up, as he was commanded, to Ear-gate, and
there sounded his trumpet for a hearing; but there was none that
appeared that gave answer or regard, for so had Diabolus commanded.
So the trumpeter returned to his captain, and told him what he had
done, and also how he had sped; whereat the captain was grieved,
but bid the trumpeter go to his tent.

Again Captain Boanerges sendeth his trumpeter to Ear-gate, to sound
as before for a hearing; but they again kept close, came not out,
nor would they give him an answer, so observant were they of the
command of Diabolus their king.

Then the captains and other field officers called a council of war,
to consider what further was to be done for the gaining of the town
of Mansoul; and, after some close and thorough debate upon the
contents of their commissions, they concluded yet to give to the
town, by the hand of the fore-named trumpeter, another summons to
hear; but if that shall be refused, said they, and that the town
shall stand it out still, then they determined, and bid the
trumpeter tell them so, that they would endeavour, by what means
they could, to compel them by force to the obedience of their King.

So Captain Boanerges commanded his trumpeter to go up to Ear-gate
again, and, in the name of the great King Shaddai, to give it a
very loud summons to come down without delay to Ear-gate, there to
give audience to the King's most noble captains. So the trumpeter
went, and did as he was commanded: he went up to Ear-gate, and
sounded his trumpet, and gave a third summons to Mansoul. He said,
moreover, that if this they should still refuse to do, the captains
of his prince would with might come down upon them, and endeavour
to reduce them to their obedience by force.

Then stood up my Lord Willbewill, who was the governor of the town,
(this Willbewill was that apostate of whom mention was made
before,) and the keeper of the gates of Mansoul. He therefore,
with big and ruffling words, demanded of the trumpeter who he was,
whence he came, and what was the cause of his making so hideous a
noise at the gate, and speaking such insufferable words against the
town of Mansoul.

The trumpeter answered, 'I am servant to the most noble captain,
Captain Boanerges, general of the forces of the great King Shaddai,
against whom both thyself, with the whole town of Mansoul, have
rebelled, and lift up the heel; and my master, the captain, hath a
special message to this town, and to thee, as a member thereof; the
which if you of Mansoul shall peaceably hear, so; and if not, you
must take what follows.'

Then said the Lord Willbewill, 'I will carry thy words to my lord,
and will know what he will say.'

But the trumpeter soon replied, saying. 'Our message is not to the
giant Diabolus, but to the miserable town of Mansoul; nor shall we
at all regard what answer by him is made, nor yet by any for him.
We are sent to this town to recover it from under his cruel
tyranny, and to persuade it to submit, as in former times it did,
to the most excellent King Shaddai.'

Then said the Lord Willbewill, 'I will do your errand to the town.'

The trumpeter then replied, 'Sir, do not deceive us, lest, in so
doing, you deceive yourselves much more.' He added, moreover, 'For
we are resolved, if in peaceable manner you do not submit
yourselves, then to make a war upon you, and to bring you under by
force. And of the truth of what I now say, this shall be a sign
unto you,--you shall see the black flag, with its hot, burning
thunder-bolts, set upon the mount to-morrow, as a token of defiance
against your prince, and of our resolutions to reduce you to your
Lord and rightful King.'

So the said Lord Willbewill returned from off the wall, and the
trumpeter came into the camp. When the trumpeter was come into the
camp, the captains and officers of the mighty King Shaddai came
together to know if he had obtained a hearing, and what was the
effect of his errand. So the trumpeter told, saying, 'When I had
sounded my trumpet, and had called aloud to the town for a hearing,
my Lord Willbewill, the governor of the town, and he that hath
charge of the gates, came up when he heard me sound, and, looking
over the wall, he asked me what I was, whence I came, and what was
the cause of my making this noise. So I told him my errand, and by
whose authority I brought it. "Then," said he, "I will tell it to
the governor and to Mansoul;" and then I returned to my lords.'

Then said the brave Boanerges, 'Let us yet for a while lie still in
our trenches, and see what these rebels will do.'

Now when the time drew nigh that audience by Mansoul must be given
to the brave Boanerges and his companions, it was commanded that
all the men of war throughout the whole camp of Shaddai should as
one man stand to their arms, and make themselves ready, if the town
of Mansoul shall hear, to receive it forthwith to mercy; but if
not, to force a subjection. So the day being come, the trumpeters
sounded, and that throughout the whole camp, that the men of war
might be in a readiness for that which then should be the work of
the day. But when they that were in the town of Mansoul heard the
sound of the trumpets throughout the camp of Shaddai, and thinking
no other but that it must be in order to storm the corporation,
they at first were put to great consternation of spirit; but after
they a little were settled again, they also made what preparation
they could for a war, if they did storm; else, to secure

Well, when the utmost time was come, Boanerges was resolved to hear
their answer; wherefore he sent out his trumpeter again to summon
Mansoul to a hearing of the message that they had brought from

So he went and sounded, and the townsmen came up, but made Ear-gate
as sure as they could. Now when they were come up to the top of
the wall, Captain Boanerges desired to see the Lord Mayor; but my
Lord Incredulity was then Lord Mayor, for he came in the room of my
Lord Lustings. So Incredulity came up and showed himself over the
wall; but when the Captain Boanerges had set his eyes upon him, he
cried out aloud, 'This is not he: where is my Lord Understanding,
the ancient Lord Mayor of the town of Mansoul? for to him I would
deliver my message.'

Then said the giant (for Diabolus was also come down) to the
captain, 'Mr. Captain, you have by your boldness given to Mansoul
at least four summonses to subject herself to your King, by whose
authority I know not, nor will I dispute that now. I ask,
therefore, what is the reason of all this ado, or what would you be
at if you knew yourselves?'

Then Captain Boanerges, whose were the black colours, and whose
scutcheon was the three burning thunderbolts, taking no notice of
the giant or of his speech, thus addressed himself to the town of
Mansoul: 'Be it known unto you, O unhappy and rebellious Mansoul,
that the most gracious King, the great King Shaddai, my Master,
hath sent me unto you with commission' (and so he showed to the
town his broad seal) 'to reduce you to his obedience; and he hath
commanded me, in case you yield upon my summons, to carry it to you
as if you were my friends or brethren; but he also hath bid, that
if, after summons to submit you still stand out and rebel, we
should endeavour to take you by force.'

Then stood forth Captain Conviction, and said, (his were the pale
colours, and for a scutcheon he had the book of the law wide open,
etc.,) 'Hear, O Mansoul! Thou, O Mansoul, wast once famous for
innocency, but now thou art degenerated into lies and deceit. Thou
hast heard what my brother, the Captain Boanerges, hath said; and
it is your wisdom, and will be your happiness, to stoop to, and
accept of conditions of peace and mercy when offered, specially
when offered by one against whom thou hast rebelled, and one who is
of power to tear thee in pieces, for so is Shaddai, our King; nor,
when he is angry, can anything stand before him. If you say you
have not sinned, or acted rebellion against our King, the whole of
your doings since the day that you cast off his service (and there
was the beginning of your sin) will sufficiently testify against
you. What else means your hearkening to the tyrant, and your
receiving him for your king? What means else your rejecting of the
laws of Shaddai, and your obeying of Diabolus? Yea, what means
this your taking up of arms against, and the shutting of your gates
upon us, the faithful servants of your King? Be ruled then, and
accept of my brother's invitation, and overstand not the time of
mercy, but agree with thine adversary quickly. Ah, Mansoul! suffer
not thyself to be kept from mercy, and to be run into a thousand
miseries, by the flattering wiles of Diabolus. Perhaps that piece
of deceit may attempt to make you believe that we seek our own
profit in this our service, but know it is obedience to our King,
and love to your happiness, that is the cause of this undertaking
of ours.

'Again I say to thee, O Mansoul, consider if it be not amazing
grace that Shaddai should so humble himself as he doth: now he, by
us, reasons with you, in a way of entreaty and sweet persuasions,
that you would subject yourselves to him. Has he that need of you
that we are sure you have of him? No, no; but he is merciful, and
will not that Mansoul should die, but turn to him and live.'

Then stood forth Captain Judgment, whose were the red colours, and
for a scutcheon he had the burning fiery furnace, and he said, 'O
ye, the inhabitants of the town of Mansoul, that have lived so long
in rebellion and acts of treason against the King Shaddai, know
that we come not to-day to this place, in this manner, with our
message of our own minds, or to revenge our own quarrel; it is the
King, my Master, that hath sent us to reduce you to your obedience
to him; the which if you refuse in a peaceable way to yield, we
have commission to compel you thereto. And never think of
yourselves, nor yet suffer the tyrant Diabolus to persuade you to
think, that our King, by his power, is not able to bring you down,
and to lay you under his feet; for he is the former of all things,
and if he touches the mountains, they smoke. Nor will the gate of
the King's clemency stand always open; for the day that shall burn
like an oven is before him; yea, it hasteth greatly, it slumbereth

'O Mansoul, is it little in thine eyes that our King doth offer
thee mercy, and that after so many provocations? Yea, he still
holdeth out his golden sceptre to thee, and will not yet suffer his
gate to be shut against thee: wilt thou provoke him to do it? If
so, consider of what I say; to thee it is opened no more for ever.
If thou sayest thou shalt not see him, yet judgment is before him;
therefore trust thou in him. Yea, because there is wrath, beware
lest he take thee away with his stroke; then a great ransom cannot
deliver thee. Will he esteem thy riches? No, not gold, nor all
the forces of strength. He hath prepared his throne for judgment,
for he will come with fire, and with his chariots like a whirlwind,
to render his anger with fury, and his rebukes with flames of fire.
Therefore, O Mansoul, take heed lest, after thou hast fulfilled the
judgment of the wicked, justice and judgment should take hold of

Now while the Captain Judgment was making this oration to the town
of Mansoul, it was observed by some that Diabolus trembled; but he
proceeded in his parable and said, 'O thou woful town of Mansoul,
wilt thou not yet set open thy gate to receive us, the deputies of
thy King, and those that would rejoice to see thee live? Can thine
heart endure, or can thy hands be strong, in the day that he shall
deal in judgment with thee? I say, canst thou endure to be forced
to drink, as one would drink sweet wine, the sea of wrath that our
King has prepared for Diabolus and his angels? Consider, betimes

Then stood forth the fourth captain, the noble Captain Execution,
and said, 'O town of Mansoul, once famous, but now like the
fruitless bough, once the delight of the high ones, but now a den
for Diabolus, hearken also to me, and to the words that I shall
speak to thee in the name of the great Shaddai. Behold, the axe is
laid to the root of the trees: every tree, therefore, that
bringeth not forth good fruit, is hewn down and cast into the fire.

'Thou, O town of Mansoul, hast hitherto been this fruitless tree;
thou bearest nought but thorns and briars. Thy evil fruit bespeaks
thee not to be a good tree; thy grapes are grapes of gall, thy
clusters are bitter. Thou hast rebelled against thy King; and, lo!
we, the power and force of Shaddai, are the axe that is laid to thy
root. What sayest thou? Wilt thou turn? I say again, tell me,
before the first blow is given, wilt thou turn? Our axe must first
be laid TO thy root before it be laid AT thy root; it must first be
laid TO thy root in a way of threatening, before it is laid AT thy
root by way of execution; and between these two is required thy
repentance, and this is all the time that thou hast. What wilt
thou do? Wilt thou turn, or shall I smite? If I fetch my blow,
Mansoul, down you go; for I have commission to lay my axe AT as
well as TO thy roots, nor will anything but yielding to our King
prevent doing of execution. What art thou fit for, O Mansoul, if
mercy preventeth not, but to be hewn down, and cast into the fire
and burned?

'O Mansoul, patience and forbearance do not act for ever: a year,
or two, or three, they may; but if thou provoke by a three years'
rebellion, (and thou hast already done more than this,) then what
follows but, 'Cut it down'? nay, 'After that thou shalt cut it
down.' And dost thou think that these are but threatenings, or
that our King has not power to execute his words? O Mansoul, thou
wilt find that in the words of our King, when they are by sinners
made little or light of, there is not only threatening, but burning
coals of fire.

'Thou hast been a cumber-ground long already, and wilt thou
continue so still? Thy sin has brought this army to thy walls, and
shall it bring it in judgment to do execution into thy town? Thou
hast heard what the captains have said, but as yet thou shuttest
thy gates. Speak out, Mansoul; wilt thou do so still, or wilt thou
accept of conditions of peace?'

These brave speeches of these four noble captains the town of
Mansoul refused to hear; yet a sound thereof did beat against Ear-
gate, though the force thereof could not break it open. In fine,
the town desired a time to prepare their answer to these demands.
The captains then told them, that if they would throw out to them
one Ill-Pause that was in the town, that they might reward him
according to his works, then they would give them time to consider;
but if they would not cast him to them over the wall of Mansoul,
then they would give them none; 'for,' said they, 'we know that, so
long as Ill-Pause draws breath in Mansoul, all good consideration
will be confounded, and nothing but mischief will come thereon.'

Then Diabolus, who was there present, being loath to lose his Ill-
Pause, because he was his orator, (and yet be sure he had, could
the captains have laid their fingers on him,) was resolved at this
instant to give them answer by himself; but then changing his mind,
he commanded the then Lord Mayor, the Lord Incredulity, to do it,
saying, 'My lord, do you give these runagates an answer, and speak
out, that Mansoul may hear and understand you.'

So Incredulity, at Diabolus' command, began, and said, 'Gentlemen,
you have here, as we do behold, to the disturbance of our prince
and the molestation of the town of Mansoul, camped against it: but
from whence you come, we will not know; and what you are, we will
not believe. Indeed, you tell us in your terrible speech that you
have this authority from Shaddai, but by what right he commands you
to do it, of that we shall yet be ignorant.

'You have also, by the authority aforesaid, summoned this town to
desert her lord, and, for protection, to yield up herself to the
great Shaddai, your King; flatteringly telling her, that if she
will do it, he will pass by and not charge her with her past

'Further, you have also, to the terror of the town of Mansoul,
threatened with great and sore destructions to punish this
corporation, if she consents not to do as your wills would have

'Now, captains, from whencesoever you come, and though your designs
be ever so right, yet know ye that neither my Lord Diabolus, nor I,
his servant, Incredulity, nor yet our brave Mansoul, doth regard
either your persons, message, or the King that you say hath sent
you. His power, his greatness, his vengeance, we fear not; nor
will we yield at all to your summons.

'As for the war that you threaten to make upon us, we must therein
defend ourselves as well as we can; and know ye, that we are not
without wherewithal to bid defiance to you; and, in short, (for I
will not be tedious,) I tell you, that we take you to be some
vagabond runagate crew, that having shaken off all obedience to
your King, have gotten together in tumultuous manner, and are
ranging from place to place to see if, through the flatteries you
are skilled to make on the one side, and threats wherewith you
think to fright on the other, to make some silly town, city, or
country, desert their place, and leave it to you; but Mansoul is
none of them.

'To conclude: we dread you not, we fear you not, nor will we obey
your summons. Our gates we will shut upon you, our place we will
keep you out of. Nor will we long thus suffer you to sit down
before us: our people must live in quiet: your appearance doth
disturb them. Wherefore arise with bag and baggage, and begone, or
we will let fly from the walls against you.'

This oration, made by old Incredulity, was seconded by desperate
Willbewill, in words to this effect: 'Gentlemen, we have heard
your demands, and the noise of your threats, and have heard the
sound of your summons; but we fear not your force, we regard not
your threats, but will still abide as you found us. And we command
you, that in three days' time you cease to appear in these parts,
or you shall know what it is once to dare offer to rouse the lion
Diabolus when asleep in his town of Mansoul.'

The Recorder, whose name was Forget-Good, he also added as
followeth: 'Gentlemen, my lords, as you see, have with mild and
gentle words answered your rough and angry speeches: they have,
moreover, in my hearing, given you leave quietly to depart as you
came; wherefore, take their kindness and be gone. We might have
come out with force upon you, and have caused you to feel the dint
of our swords; but as we love ease and quiet ourselves, so we love
not to hurt or molest others.'

Then did the town of Mansoul shout for joy, as if by Diabolus and
his crew some great advantage had been gotten of the captains.
They also rang the bells, and made merry, and danced upon the

Diabolus also returned to the castle, and the Lord Mayor and
Recorder to their place; but the Lord Willbewill took special care
that the gates should be secured with double guards, double bolts,
and double locks and bars; and that Ear-gate especially might the
better be looked to, for that was the gate in at which the King's
forces sought most to enter. The Lord Willbewill made one old Mr.
Prejudice, an angry and ill-conditioned fellow, captain of the ward
at that gate, and put under his power sixty men, called deaf men;
men advantageous for that service, forasmuch as they mattered no
words of the captains, nor of the soldiers.

Now when the captains saw the answer of the great ones, and that
they could not get a hearing from the old natives of the town, and
that Mansoul was resolved to give the King's army battle, they
prepared themselves to receive them, and to try it out by the power
of the arm. And, first, they made their force more formidable
against Ear-gate; for they knew that, unless they could penetrate
that, no good could be done upon the town. This done, they put the
rest of their men in their places; after which, they gave out the
word, which was, 'YE MUST BE BORN AGAIN.' Then they sounded the
trumpet; then they in the town made them answer, with shout against
shout, charge against charge, and so the battle began. Now they in
the town had planted upon the tower over Ear-gate two great guns,
the one called High-mind, and the other Heady. Unto these two guns
they trusted much; they were cast in the castle by Diabolus'
founder, whose name was Mr. Puff-up, and mischievous pieces they
were. But so vigilant and watchful, when the captains saw them,
were they, that though sometimes their shot would go by their ears
with a whiz, yet they did them no harm. By these two guns the
townsfolk made no question but greatly to annoy the camp of
Shaddai, and well enough to secure the gate; but they had not much
cause to boast of what execution they did, as by what follows will
be gathered.

The famous Mansoul had also some other small pieces in it, of the
which they made use against the camp of Shaddai.

They from the camp also did as stoutly, and with as much of that as
may in truth be called valour, let fly as fast at the town and at
Ear-gate; for they saw that, unless they could break open Ear-gate,
it would be but in vain to batter the wall. Now the King's
captains had brought with them several slings, and two or three
battering-rams; with their slings, therefore, they battered the
houses and people of the town, and with their rams they sought to
break Ear-gate open.

The camp and the town had several skirmishes and brisk encounters,
while the captains with their engines made many brave attempts to
break open or beat down the tower that was over Ear-gate, and at
the said gate to make their entrance; but Mansoul stood it out so
lustily, through the rage of Diabolus, the valour of the Lord
Willbewill, and the conduct of old Incredulity, the Mayor, and Mr.
Forget-Good, the Recorder, that the charge and expense of that
summer's wars, on the King's side, seemed to be almost quite lost,
and the advantage to return to Mansoul. But when the captains saw
how it was they made a fair retreat, and entrenched themselves in
their winter quarters. Now, in this war, you must needs think
there was much loss on both sides, of which be pleased to accept of
this brief account following.

The King's captains, when they marched from the court to come up
against Mansoul to war, as they came crossing over the country,
they happened to light upon three young fellows that had a mind to
go for soldiers: proper men they were, and men of courage and
skill, to appearance. Their names were Mr. Tradition, Mr. Human-
Wisdom, and Mr. Man's-Invention. So they came up to the captains,
and proffered their service to Shaddai. The captains then told
them of their design, and bid them not to be rash in their offers;
but the young men told them they had considered the thing before,
and that hearing they were upon their march for such a design, came
hither on purpose to meet them, that they might be listed under
their excellencies. Then Captain Boanerges, for that they were men
of courage, listed them into his company, and so away they went to
the war.

Now, when the war was begun, in one of the briskest skirmishes, so
it was, that a company of the Lord Willbewill's men sallied out at
the sallyport or postern of the town, and fell in upon the rear of
Captain Boanerges' men, where these three fellows happened to be;
so they took them prisoners, and away they carried them into the
town, where they had not lain long in durance, but it began to be
noised about the streets of the town what three notable prisoners
the Lord Willbewill's men had taken, and brought in prisoners out
of the camp of Shaddai. At length tidings thereof were carried to
Diabolus to the castle, to wit what my Lord Willbewill's men had
done, and whom they had taken prisoners.

Then Diabolus called for Willbewill, to know the certainty of this
matter. So he asked him, and he told him. Then did the giant send
for the prisoners, and, when they were come, demanded of them who
they were, whence they came, and what they did in the camp of
Shaddai; and they told him. Then he sent them to ward again. Not
many days after, he sent for them to him again, and then asked them
if they would be willing to serve him against their former
captains. They then told him that they did not so much live by
religion as by the fates of fortune; and that since his lordship
was willing to entertain them, they should be willing to serve him.
Now while things were thus in hand, there was one Captain Anything,
a great doer, in the town of Mansoul; and to this Captain Anything
did Diabolus send these men, and a note under his hand, to receive
them into his company, the contents of which letter were thus:

'Anything, my darling,--The three men that are the bearers of this
letter have a desire to serve me in the war; nor know I better to
whose conduct to commit them than to thine. Receive them,
therefore, in my name, and, as need shall require, make use of them
against Shaddai and his men. Farewell.'

So they came, and he received them; and he made of two of them
sergeants; but he made Mr. Man's-Invention his ancient-bearer. But
thus much for this, and now to return to the camp.

They of the camp did also some execution upon the town; for they
did beat down the roof of the Lord Mayor's house, and so laid him
more open than he was before. They had almost, with a sling, slain
my Lord Willbewill outright; but he made a shift to recover again.
But they made a notable slaughter among the aldermen, for with one
only shot they cut off six of them; to wit, Mr. Swearing, Mr.
Whoring, Mr. Fury, Mr. Stand-to-Lies, Mr. Drunkenness, and Mr.

They also dismounted the two guns that stood upon the tower over
Ear-gate, and laid them flat in the dirt. I told you before that
the King's noble captains had drawn off to their winter quarters,
and had there entrenched themselves and their carriages, so as with
the best advantage to their King, and the greatest annoyance to the
enemy, they might give seasonable and warm alarms to the town of
Mansoul. And this design of them did so hit, that I may say they
did almost what they would to the molestation of the corporation.
For now could not Mansoul sleep securely as before, nor could they
now go to their debaucheries with that quietness as in times past;


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