Part 1 out of 3
Produced by David S. Miller
BY HENRI BARBUSSE
AUTHOR OF "UNDER FIRE"
TRANSLATED FROM THE 100TH FRENCH EDITION WITH AN INTRODUCTION
BY EDWARD J. O'BRIEN
In introducing M. Barbusse's most important book to a public already
familiar with "Under Fire," it seems well to point out the relation of
the author's philosophy to his own time, and the kinship of his art to
that of certain other contemporary French and English novelists.
"L'Enfer" has been more widely read and discussed in France than any
other realistic study since the days of Zola. The French sales of the
volume, in 1917 alone, exceeded a hundred thousand copies, a popularity
all the more remarkable from the fact that its appeal is based as much
on its philosophical substance as on the story which it tells.
Although M. Barbusse is one of the most distinguished contemporary
French writers of short stories, he has found in the novel form the
most fitting literary medium for the expression of his philosophy, and
it is to realism rather than romanticism that he turns for the
exposition of his special imaginative point of view. And yet this
statement seems to need some qualification. In his introduction to
"Pointed Roofs," by Dorothy Richardson, Mr. J.D. Beresford points out
that a new objective literary method is becoming general in which the
writer's strict detachment from his objective subject matter is united
to a tendency, impersonal, to be sure, to immerse himself in the life
surrounding his characters. Miss May Sinclair points out that writers
are beginning to take the complete plunge for the first time, and
instances as examples, not only the novels of Dorothy Richardson, but
those of James Joyce.
Now it is perfectly true that Miss Richardson and Mr. Joyce have
introduced this method into English fiction, and that Mr. Frank
Swinnerton has carried the method a step further in another direction,
but before these writers there was a precedent in France for this
method, of which perhaps the two chief exemplars were Jules Romains and
Henri Barbusse. Although the two writers have little else in common,
both are intensely conscious of the tremendous, if imponderable, impact
of elemental and universal forces upon personality, of the profound
modifications which natural and social environment unconsciously
impress upon the individual life, and of the continual interaction of
forces by which the course of life is changed more fundamentally than
by less imperceptible influences. Both M. Romains and M. Barbusse
perceive, as the fundamental factor influencing human life, the
contraction and expansion of physical and spiritual relationship, the
inevitable ebb and flow perceived by the poet who pointed out that we
cannot touch a flower without troubling of a star.
M. Romains has found his literary medium in what he calls unanimism.
While M. Barbusse would not claim to belong to the same school, and in
fact would appear on the surface to be at the opposite pole of life in
his philosophy, we shall find that his detachment, founded, though it
is, upon solitude, takes essentially the same account of outside forces
as the philosophy of M. Romains.
He perceives that each man is an island of illimitable forces apart
from his fellows, passionately eager to live his own life to the last
degree of self-fulfilment, but continually thwarted by nature and by
other men and women, until death interposes and sets the seal of
oblivion upon all that he has dreamed and sought.
And he has set himself the task of disengaging, as far as possible, the
purpose and hope of human life, of endeavouring to discover what
promise exists for the future and how this promise can be related to
the present, of marking the relationship between eternity and time, and
discovering, through the tragedies of birth, love, marriage, illness
and death, the ultimate possibility of human development and
"The Inferno" is therefore a tragic book. But I think that the
attentive reader will find that the destructive criticism of M.
Barbusse, in so far as it is possible for him to agree with it, only
clears away the dead undergrowth which obscures the author's passionate
hope and belief in the future.
Although the action of this story is spiritual as well as physical, and
occupies less than a month of time, it is focussed intensely upon
reality. Everything that the author permits us to see and understand
is seen through a single point of life--a hole pierced in the wall
between two rooms of a grey Paris boarding house. The time is most
often twilight, with its romantic penumbra, darkening into the
obscurity of night by imperceptible degrees.
M. Barbusse has conceived the idea of making a man perceive the whole
spiritual tragedy of life through a cranny in the wall, and there is a
fine symbolism in this, as if he were vouchsafing us the opportunity to
perceive eternal things through the tiny crack which is all that is
revealed to us of infinity, so that the gates of Horn, darkened by our
human blindness, scarcely swing open before they close again.
The hero of this story has been dazzled by the flaming ramparts of the
world, so that eternity is only revealed to him in fiery glimpses that
shrivel him, and he is left in the dark void of time, clinging to a
dream which already begins to fail him.
And the significant thing about this book is that the final revelation
comes to him through the human voices of those who have suffered much,
because they have loved much, after his own daring intellectual flights
have failed him.
So this man who has confronted the greatest realities of life, enabled
to view them with the same objective detachment with which God sees
them, though without the divine knowledge which transmutes their
darkness, comes to learn that we carry all heaven and hell within
ourselves, and with a relentless insight, almost Lucretian in its
desperate intensity, he cries: "We are divinely alone, the heavens
have fallen on our heads." And he adds: "Here they will pass again,
day after day, year after year, all the prisoners of rooms will pass in
their kind of eternity. In the twilight when everything fades, they
will sit down near the light, in the room full of haloes; they will
drag themselves to the window's void. Their mouths will join and they
will grow tender. They will exchange a first or a last useless glance.
They will open their arms, they will caress each other. They will love
life and be afraid to disappear....
"I have heard the annunciation of whatever finer things are to come.
Through me has passed, without staying me in my course, the Word which
does not lie, and which said over again, will satisfy."
Truly a great and pitiless book, but there is a cleansing wind running
through it, which sweeps away life's illusions, and leaves a new hope
for the future in our hearts.
EDWARD J. O'BRIEN.
BASS RIVER, MASS.,
July, 10, 1918.
The landlady, Madame Lemercier, left me alone in my room, after a short
speech impressing upon me all the material and moral advantages of the
I stopped in front of the glass, in the middle of the room in which I
was going to live for a while. I looked round the room and then at
The room was grey and had a dusty smell. I saw two chairs, one of
which held my valise, two narrow-backed armchairs with smeary
upholstery, a table with a piece of green felt set into the top, and an
oriental carpet with an arabesque pattern that fairly leaped to the
This particular room I had never seen before, but, oh, how familiar it
all was--that bed of imitation mahogany, that frigid toilet table, that
inevitable arrangement of the furniture, that emptiness within those
The room was worn with use, as if an infinite number of people had
occupied it. The carpet was frayed from the door to the window--a path
trodden by a host of feet from day to day. The moulding, which I could
reach with my hands, was out of line and cracked, and the marble
mantelpiece had lost its sharp edges. Human contact wears things out
with disheartening slowness.
Things tarnish, too. Little by little, the ceiling had darkened like a
stormy sky. The places on the whitish woodwork and the pink wallpaper
that had been touched oftenest had become smudgy--the edge of the door,
the paint around the lock of the closet and the wall alongside the
window where one pulls the curtain cords. A whole world of human
beings had passed here like smoke, leaving nothing white but the
And I? I am a man like every other man, just as that evening was like
every other evening.
. . . . .
I had been travelling since morning. Hurry, formalities, baggage, the
train, the whiff of different towns.
I fell into one of the armchairs. Everything became quieter and more
My coming from the country to stay in Paris for good marked an epoch in
my life. I had found a situation here in a bank. My days were to
change. It was because of this change that I got away from my usual
thoughts and turned to thoughts of myself.
I was thirty years old. I had lost my father and mother eighteen or
twenty years before, so long ago that the event was now insignificant.
I was unmarried. I had no children and shall have none. There are
moments when this troubles me, when I reflect that with me a line will
end which has lasted since the beginning of humanity.
Was I happy? Yes, I had nothing to mourn or regret, I had no
complicated desires. Therefore, I was happy. I remembered that since
my childhood I had had spiritual illuminations, mystical emotions, a
morbid fondness for shutting myself up face to face with my past. I
had attributed exceptional importance to myself and had come to think
that I was more than other people. But this had gradually become
submerged in the positive nothingness of every day.
. . . . .
There I was now in that room.
I leaned forward in my armchair to be nearer the glass, and I examined
Rather short, with an air of reserve (although there are times when I
let myself go); quite correctly dressed; nothing to criticise and
nothing striking about my appearance.
I looked close at my eyes. They are green, though, oddly enough,
people usually take them for black.
I believed in many things in a confused sort of way, above all, in the
existence of God, if not in the dogmas of religion. However, I
thought, these last had advantages for poor people and for women, who
have less intellect than men.
As for philosophical discussions, I thought they are absolutely
useless. You cannot demonstrate or verify anything. What was truth,
I had a sense of good and evil. I would not have committed an
indelicacy, even if certain of impunity. I would not have permitted
myself the slightest overstatement.
If everyone were like me, all would be well.
. . . . .
It was already late. I was not going to do anything. I remained
seated there, at the end of the day, opposite the looking-glass. In
the setting of the room that the twilight began to invade, I saw the
outline of my forehead, the oval of my face, and, under my blinking
eyelids, the gaze by which I enter into myself as into a tomb.
My tiredness, the gloominess (I heard rain outside), the darkness that
intensified my solitude and made me look larger, and then something
else, I knew not what, made me sad. It bored me to be sad. I shook
myself. What was the matter? Nothing. Only myself.
I have not always been alone in life as I was that evening. Love for
me had taken on the form and the being of my little Josette. We had
met long before, in the rear of the millinery shop in which she worked
at Tours. She had smiled at me with singular persistence, and I caught
her head in my hands, kissed her on the lips--and found out suddenly
that I loved her.
I no longer recall the strange bliss we felt when, we first embraced.
It is true, there are moments when I still desire her as madly as the
first time. This is so especially when she is away. When she is with
me, there are moments when she repels me.
We discovered each other in the holidays. The days when we shall see
each other again before we die--we could count them--if we dared.
To die! The idea of death is decidedly the most important of all
ideas. I should die some day. Had I ever thought of it? I reflected.
No, I had never thought of it. I could not. You can no more look
destiny in the face than you can look at the sun, and yet destiny is
And night came, as every night will come, until the last one, which
will be too vast.
But all at once I jumped up and stood on my feet, reeling, my heart
throbbing like the fluttering of wings.
What was it? In the street a horn resounded, playing a hunting song.
Apparently some groom of a rich family, standing near the bar of a
tavern, with cheeks puffed out, mouth squeezed tight, and an air of
ferocity, astonishing and silencing his audience.
But the thing that so stirred me was not the mere blowing of a horn in
the city streets. I had been brought up in the country, and as a child
I used to hear that blast far in the distance, along the road to the
woods and the castle. The same air, the same thing exactly. How could
the two be so precisely alike?
And involuntarily my hand wavered to my heart.
Formerly--to-day--my life--my heart--myself! I thought of all this
suddenly, for no reason, as if I had gone mad.
. . . . .
My past--what had I ever made of myself? Nothing, and I was already on
the decline. Ah, because the refrain recalled the past, it seemed to
me as if it were all over with me, and I had not lived. And I had a
longing for a sort of lost paradise.
But of what avail to pray or rebel? I felt I had nothing more to
expect from life. Thenceforth, I should be neither happy nor unhappy.
I could not rise from the dead. I would grow old quietly, as quiet as
I was that day in the room where so many people had left their traces,
and yet no one had left his own traces.
This room--anywhere you turn, you find this room. It is the universal
room. You think it is closed. No, it is open to the four winds of
heaven. It is lost amid a host of similar rooms, like the light in the
sky, like one day amid the host of all other days, like my "I" amid a
host of other I's.
I, I! I saw nothing more now than the pallor of my face, with deep
orbits, buried in the twilight, and my mouth filled with a silence
which gently but surely stifles and destroys.
I raised myself on my elbow as on a clipped wing. I wished that
something partaking of the infinite would happen to me.
I had no genius, no mission to fulfil, no great heart to bestow. I had
nothing and I deserved nothing. But all the same I desired some sort
Love. I dreamed of a unique, an unheard-of idyll with a woman far from
the one with whom I had hitherto lost all my time, a woman whose
features I did not see, but whose shadow I imagined beside my own as we
walked along the road together.
Something infinite, something new! A journey, an extraordinary journey
into which to throw myself headlong and bring variety into my life.
Luxurious, bustling departures surrounded by solicitous inferiors, a
lazy leaning back in railway trains that thunder along through wild
landscapes and past cities rising up and growing as if blown by the
Steamers, masts, orders given in barbarous tongues, landings on golden
quays, then strange, exotic faces in the sunlight, puzzlingly alike,
and monuments, familiar from pictures, which, in my tourist's pride,
seem to have come close to me.
My brain was empty, my heart arid. I had never found anything, not
even a friend. I was a poor man stranded for a day in a boarding-house
room where everybody comes and everybody goes. And yet I longed for
glory! For glory bound to me like a miraculous wound that I should
feel and everybody would talk about. I longed for a following of which
I should be the leader, my name acclaimed under the heavens like a new
But I felt my grandeur slip away. My childish imagination played in
vain with those boundless fancies. There was nothing more for me to
expect from life. There was only I, who, stripped by the night, rose
upward like a cry.
I could hardly see any more in the dark. I guessed at, rather than
saw, myself in the mirror. I had a realising sense of my weakness and
captivity. I held my hands out toward the window, my outstretched
fingers making them look like something torn. I lifted my face up to
the sky. I sank back and leaned on the bed, a huge object with a vague
human shape, like a corpse. God, I was lost! I prayed to Him to have
pity on me. I thought that I was wise and content with my lot. I had
said to myself that I was free from the instinct of theft. Alas, alas,
it was not true, since I longed to take everything that was not mine.
The sound of the horn had ceased for some time. The street and the
houses had quieted down. Silence. I passed my hand over my forehead.
My fit of emotion was over. So much the better. I recovered my
balance by an effort of will-power.
I sat down at the table and took some papers out of my bag that I had
to look over and arrange.
Something spurred me on. I wanted to earn a little money. I could
then send some to my old aunt who had brought me up. She always waited
for me in the low-ceilinged room, where her sewing-machine, afternoons,
whirred, monotonous and tiresome as a clock, and where, evenings, there
was a lamp beside her which somehow seemed to look like herself.
Notes--the notes from which I was to draw up the report that would show
my ability and definitely decide whether I would get a position in
Monsieur Berton's bank--Monsieur Berton, who could do everything for me,
who had but to say a word, the god of my material life.
I started to light the lamp. I scratched a match. It did not catch
fire, the phosphorous end breaking off. I threw it away and waited a
moment, feeling a little tired.
Then I heard a song hummed quite close to my ear.
. . . . .
Some one seemed to be leaning on my shoulder, singing for me, only for
me, in confidence.
Ah, an hallucination! Surely my brain was sick--my punishment for
having thought too hard.
I stood up, and my hand clutched the edge of the table. I was
oppressed by a feeling of the supernatural. I sniffed the air, my
eyelids blinking, alert and suspicious.
The singing kept on. I could not get rid of it. My head was beginning
to go round. The singing came from the room next to mine. Why was it
so pure, so strangely near? Why did it touch me so? I looked at the
wall between the two rooms, and stifled a cry of surprise.
High up, near the ceiling, above the door, always kept locked, there
was a light. The song fell from that star.
There was a crack in the partition at that spot, through which the
light of the next room entered the night of mine.
I climbed up on the bed, and my face was on a level with the crack.
Rotten woodwork, two loose bricks. The plaster gave way and an opening
appeared as large as my hand, but invisible from below, because of the
I looked. I beheld. The next room presented itself to my sight
It spread out before me, this room which was not mine. The voice that
had been singing had gone, and in going had left the door open, and it
almost seemed as though the door were still swinging on its hinges.
There was nothing in the room but a lighted candle, which trembled on
At that distance the table looked like an island, the bluish and
reddish pieces of furniture, in their vague outline, like the organs of
a body almost alive.
I looked at the wardrobe. Bright, confused lines going straight up,
its feet in darkness. The ceiling, the reflection of the ceiling in
the glass, and the pale window like a human face against the sky.
I returned to my room--as if I had really left it--stunned at first, my
thoughts in a whirl, almost forgetting who I was.
I sat down on my bed, thinking things over quickly and trembling a
little, oppressed by what was to come.
I dominated, I possessed that room. My eyes entered it. I was in it.
All who would be there would be there with me without knowing it. I
should see them, I should hear them, I should be as much in their
company as though the door were open.
. . . . .
A moment later I raised my face to the hole and looked again.
The candle was out, but some one was there. It was the maid. No doubt
she had come in to put the room in order. Then she paused.
She was alone. She was quite near me. But I did not very well see the
living being who was moving about, perhaps because I was dazzled by
seeing it so truly--a dark blue apron, falling down from her waist like
rays of evening, white wrists, hands darker than her wrists from toil,
a face undecided yet striking, eyes hidden yet shining, cheeks
prominent and clear, a knot on top of her head gleaming like a crown.
A short time before I had seen the girl on the staircase bending over
cleaning the banisters, her reddened face close to her large hands. I
had found her repulsive because of those blackened hands of hers and
the dusty chores that she stooped over. I had also seen her in a
hallway walking ahead of me heavily, her hair hanging loose and her
body giving out an unpleasant odour, so that you felt it was obnoxious
and wrapped in dirty underwear.
. . . . .
And now I looked at her again. The evening gently dispelled the
ugliness, wiped out the misery and the horror, changed the dust into
shadow, like a curse turned into a blessing. All that remained of her
was colour, a mist, an outline; not even that; a thrill and the beating
of her heart. Every trace of her had disappeared save her true self.
That was because she was alone. An extraordinary thing, a dash of the
divine in it, to be actually alone. She was in that perfect innocence,
that purity which is solitude.
I desecrated her solitude with my eyes, but she did not know it, and so
/she/ was not desecrated.
She went over to the window with brightening eyes and swinging hands in
her apron of the colour of the nocturnal sky. Her face and the upper
part of her body were illuminated. She seemed to be in heaven.
She sat down on the sofa, a great low red shadow in the depths of the
room near the window. She leaned her broom beside her. Her dust cloth
fell to the floor and was lost from sight.
She took a letter from her pocket and read it. In the twilight the
letter was the whitest thing in the world. The double sheet trembled
between her fingers, which held it carefully, like a dove in the air.
She put the trembling letter to her lips, and kissed it. From whom was
the letter? Not from her family. A servant girl is not likely to have
so much filial devotion as to kiss a letter from her parents. A lover,
her betrothed, yes. Many, perhaps, knew her lover's name. I did not,
but I witnessed her love as no other person had. And that simple
gesture of kissing the paper, that gesture buried in a room, stripped
bare by the dark, had something sublime and awesome in it.
She rose and went closer to the window, the white letter folded in her
The night thickened--and it seemed to me as if I no longer knew her age,
nor her name, nor the work she happened to be doing down here, nor
anything about her--nothing at all. She gazed at the pale immensity,
which touched her. Her eyes gleamed. You would say she was crying,
but no, her eyes only shed light. She would be an angel if reality
flourished upon the earth.
She sighed and walked to the door slowly. The door closed behind her
like something falling.
She had gone without doing anything but reading her letter and kissing
. . . . .
I returned to my corner lonely, more terribly alone than before. The
simplicity of this meeting stirred me profoundly. Yet there had been
no one there but a human being, a human being like myself. Then there
is nothing sweeter and stronger than to approach a human being, whoever
that human being may be.
This woman entered into my intimate life and took a place in my heart.
How? Why? I did not know. But what importance she assumed! Not of
herself. I did not know her, and I did not care to know her. She
assumed importance by the sole value of the momentary revelation of her
existence, by the example she gave, by the wake of her actual presence,
by the true sound of her steps.
It seemed to me as if the supernatural dream I had had a short while
before had been granted, and that what I called the infinite had come.
What that woman, without knowing it, had given me by showing me her
naked kiss--was it not the crowning beauty the reflection of which
covers you with glory?
. . . . .
The dinner bell rang.
This summons to everyday reality and one's usual occupations changed
the course of my thoughts for the moment. I got ready to go down to
dinner. I put on a gay waistcoat and a dark coat, and I stuck a pearl
in my cravat. Then I stood still and listened, hoping to hear a
footstep or a voice.
While doing these conventional things, I continued to be obsessed by
the great event that had happened--this apparition.
I went downstairs and joined the rest of my fellow-boarders in the
brown and gold dining-room. There was a general stir and bustle and
the usual empty interest before a meal. A number of people seated
themselves with the good manners of polite society. Smiles, the sound
of chairs being drawn up to the table, words thrown out, conversations
started. Then the concert of plates and dishes began and grew steadily
My neighbours talked to those beside them. I heard their murmur, which
accentuated my aloneness. I lifted my eyes. In front of me a shining
row of foreheads, eyes, collars, shirtfronts, waists, and busy hands
above a table of glistening whiteness. All these things attracted my
attention and distracted it at the same time.
I did not know what these people were thinking about. I did not know
who they were. They hid themselves from one another. Their shining
fronts made a wall against which I dashed in vain.
Bracelets, necklaces, rings. The sparkling of the jewels made me feel
far away from them as do the stars. A young girl looked at me with
vague blue eyes. What could I do against that kind of sapphire?
They talked, but the noise left each one to himself, and deafened me,
as the light blinded me.
Nevertheless, at certain moments these people, because in the course of
conversation they thought of things they had at heart, revealed
themselves as if they were alone. I recognized the revelation of this
truth, and felt myself turning pale on remembering that other
Some one spoke of money, and the subject became general. The assembly
was stirred by an ideal. A dream of grasping and touching shone
through their eyes, just as a little adoration had come into the eyes
of the servant when she found herself alone.
They recalled military heroes triumphantly, and some men thought, "Me,
too!" and worked themselves up into a fever, showing what they were
thinking of, in spite of their ridiculously low station and the slavery
of their social position. One young girl seemed dazzled, looked
overwhelmed. She could not restrain a sigh of ecstasy. She blushed
under the effect of an inscrutable thought. I saw the surge of blood
mount to her face. I saw her heart beaming.
They discussed the phenomena of occultism and the Beyond. "Who knows?"
some one said. Then they discussed death. Two diners, at opposite
ends of the table, a man and a woman who had not spoken to each other
and seemed not to be acquainted, exchanged a glance that I caught. And
seeing that glance leap from their eyes at the same time, under the
shock of the idea of death, I understood that these two loved each
. . . . .
The meal was over. The young people went into the parlour. A lawyer
was telling some people around him about a murder case that had been
decided that day. The nature of the subject was such that he expressed
himself very cautiously, as though confiding a secret. A man had
injured and then murdered a little girl and had kept singing at the top
of his voice to prevent the cries of his little victim from being
heard. One by one the people stopped talking and listened with the air
of really not listening, while those not so close to the speaker felt
like drawing up right next to him. About this image risen in their
midst, this paroxysm so frightful to our timid instincts, the silence
spread in a circle in their souls like a terrific noise.
Then I heard the laugh of a woman, of an honest woman, a dry crackling
laugh, which she thought innocent perhaps, but which caressed her whole
being, a burst of laughter, which, made up of formless instinctive
cries, was almost fleshy. She stopped and turned, silent again. And
the speaker, sure of his effect, continued in a calm voice to hurl upon
these people the story of the monster's confession.
A young mother, whose daughter was sitting beside her, half got up, but
could not leave. She sat down again and bent forward to conceal her
daughter. She was eager and yet ashamed to listen.
Another woman was sitting motionless, with her head leaning forward,
but her mouth compressed as if she were defending herself tragically.
And beneath the worldly mask of her face, I saw a fanatical martyr's
smile impress itself like handwriting.
And the men! I distinctly heard one man, the man who was so calm and
simple, catch his breath. Another man, with a characterless business
man's face, was making a great effort to talk of this and that to a
young girl sitting next to him, while he watched her with a look of
which he was ashamed and which made him blink. And everybody condemned
the satyr in terms of the greatest abuse.
And so, for a moment, they had not lied. They had almost confessed,
perhaps unconsciously, and even without knowing what they had
confessed. They had almost been their real selves. Desire had leaped
into their eyes, and the reflection passed--and I had seen what happened
in the silence, sealed by their lips.
It is this, it is this thought, this kind of living spectre, that I
wished to study. I rose, shrugging my shoulders, and hurried out,
impelled by eagerness to see the sincerity of men and women unveiled
before my eyes, beautiful as a masterpiece in spite of its ugliness.
So, back in my room again, I placed myself against the wall as if to
embrace it and look down into the Room.
There it was at my feet. Even when empty, it was more alive than the
people one meets and associates with, the people who have the vastness
of numbers to lose themselves in and be forgotten in, who have voices
for lying and faces to hide themselves behind.
Night, absolute night. Shadows thick as velvet hung all around.
Everything sank into darkness. I sat down and leaned my elbow on the
round table, lighted by the lamp. I meant to work, but as a matter of
fact I only listened.
I had looked into the Room a short time before. No one had been there,
but no doubt some one was going to come.
Some one was going to come, that evening perhaps, or the next day, or
the day after. Some one was bound to come. Then other human beings
would follow in succession. I waited, and it seemed to me as if that
was all I was made for.
I waited a long time, not daring to go to sleep. Then, very late, when
silence had been reigning so long that it paralysed me, I made an
effort. I leaned up against the wall once more and looked prayerfully.
The Room was black, all things blending into one, full of the night,
full of the unknown, of every possible thing. I dropped back into my
. . . . .
The next day I saw the Room in the simplicity of daylight. I saw the
dawn spread over it. Little by little, it began to come out of its
ruins and to rise.
It was arranged and furnished on the same plan as my own room.
Opposite me was the mantelpiece with the looking-glass above. On the
right was the bed, and on the left, on the same side as the window, a
sofa, chairs, armchairs, table, wardrobe. The rooms were identical,
but the history of mine was finished while the history of the other one
had not yet begun.
After an insipid breakfast, I returned to the spot that attracted me,
the hole in the partition. Nothing. I climbed down again.
It was close. A faint smell from the kitchen lingered even here. I
paused in the infinite vastness of my empty room.
I opened my door a little bit, then all the way. In the hall the door
of each room was painted brown, with numbers carved on brass plates.
All were closed. I took a few steps, which I alone heard--heard echoing
too loudly in that house, huge and immobile.
The passage was very long and narrow. The wall was hung with imitation
tapestry of dark green foliage, against which shone the copper of a gas
fixture. I leaned over the banister. A servant (the one who waited at
the table and was wearing a blue apron now, hardly recognisable with
her hair in disorder) came skipping down from the floor above with
newspapers under her arm. Madame Lemercier's little girl, with a
careful hand on the banister, was coming upstairs, her neck thrust
forward like a bird, and I compared her little footsteps to fragments
of passing seconds. A lady and a gentleman passed in front of me,
breaking off their conversation to keep me from catching what they were
saying, as if they refused me the alms of their thoughts.
These trifling events disappeared like scenes of a comedy on which the
I passed the whole afternoon disheartened. I felt as if I were alone
against them all, while roaming about inside this house and yet outside
As I passed through the hallway, a door went shut hastily, cutting off
the laugh of a woman taken by surprise. A senseless noise oozed from
the walls, worse than silence. From under each door a broken ray of
light crept out, worse than darkness.
I went downstairs to the parlour, attracted by the sound of
A group of men were talking, I no longer remember about what. They
went out, and I was alone. I heard them talking in the hall. Then
their voices died away.
A fashionable lady came in, with a rustle of silk and the smell of
flowers and perfume. She took up a lot of room because of her
fragrance and elegance. She carried her head held slightly forward and
had a beautiful long face set off by an expression of great sweetness.
But I could not see her well, because she did not look at me. She
seated herself, picked up a book, and turned the pages, and the leaves
cast upon her face a reflection of whiteness and thoughtfulness.
I watched her bosom rising and falling, and her motionless face, and
the living book that was merged with her. Her complexion was so
brilliant that her mouth seemed almost dark. Her beauty saddened me.
I looked at this unknown woman with sublime regret. She caressed me by
her presence. A woman always caresses a man when she comes near him
and they are alone. In spite of all sorts of separation, there is
always an awful beginning of happiness between them.
But she went out. That was the end of her. Nothing had happened, and
now it was over. All this was too simple, too hard, too true.
A gentle despair that I had never experienced before troubled me.
Since the previous day I had changed. Human life, its living truth, I
knew it as we all know it. I had been familiar with it all my life. I
believed in it with a kind of fear now that it had appeared to me in a
I went for several days without seeing anything. Those days were
frightfully warm. At first the sky was grey and rainy. Now September
was flaming to a close. Friday! Why, I had been in that house a week
One sultry morning I sat in my room and sank into dreamy musings and
thought of a fairy tale.
The edge of a forest. In the undergrowth on the dark emerald carpet,
circles of sunlight. Below, a hill rising from the plain, and above
the thick yellow and dark-green foliage, a bit of wall and a turret as
in a tapestry. A page advanced dressed like a bird. A buzzing. It
was the sound of the royal chase in the distance. Unusually pleasant
things were going to happen.
. . . . .
The next afternoon was also hot and sunny. I remembered similar
afternoons, years before and the present seemed to be that past, as if
the glowing heat had effaced time and had stifled all other days
beneath its brooding wings.
The room next to mine was almost dark. They had closed the shutters.
Through the double curtains made out of some thin material I saw the
window streaked with shining bars, like the grating in front of a fire.
In the torrid silence of the house, in the large slumber it enclosed,
bursts of laughter mounted and broke, voices died away, as they had the
day before and as they always would.
From out of these remoter sounds emerged the distinct sound of
footsteps, coming nearer and nearer. I propped myself up against the
wall and looked. The door of the Room opened, as if pushed in by the
flood of light that streamed through it, and two tiny shadows appeared,
engulfed in the brightness.
They acted as though they were being pursued. They hesitated on the
threshold, the doorway making a frame around those little creatures.
And then they entered.
The door closed. The Room was now alive. I scrutinised the newcomers.
I saw them indistinctly through the dark red and green spots dancing in
front of my eyes, which had been dazzled by the flood of light. A
little boy and a little girl, twelve or thirteen years old.
They sat down on the sofa, and looked at each other in silence. Their
faces were almost alike.
. . . . .
The boy murmured:
"You see, Helene, there is no one here."
And a hand pointed to the uncovered bed, and to the empty table and
empty clothes-racks--the careful denudation of unoccupied rooms.
Then the same hand began to tremble like a leaf. I heard the beating
of my heart. The voices whispered:
"We are alone. They did not see us."
"This is about the first time we've ever been alone together."
"Yet we have always known each other."
A little laugh.
They seemed to need solitude, the first step to a mystery toward which
they were travelling together. They had fled from the others. They
had created for themselves the forbidden solitude. But you could
clearly tell that now that they had found solitude, they did not know
what else to look for.
. . . . .
Then I heard one of them stammer and say sadly, with almost a sob:
"We love each other dearly."
Then a tender phrase rose breathlessly, groping for words, timidly,
like a bird just learning to fly:
"I'd like to love you more."
To see them thus bent toward each other, in the warm shadow, which
bathed them and veiled the childishness of their features, you would
have thought them two lovers meeting.
Two lovers! That was their dream, though they did not yet know what
One of them had said "the first time." It was the time that they felt
they were alone, although these two cousins had been living close
No doubt it was the first time that the two had sought to leave
friendship and childhood behind them. It was the first time that
desire had come to surprise and trouble two hearts, which until now had
. . . . .
Suddenly they stood up, and the slender ray of sunlight, which passed
over them and fell at their feet, revealed their figures, lighted up
their faces and hair, so that their presence brightened the room.
Were they going away? No, they sat down again. Everything fell back
into shadow, into mystery, into truth.
In beholding them, I felt a confused mingling of my past and the past
of the world. Where were they? Everywhere, since they existed. They
were on the banks of the Nile, the Ganges, or the Cydnus, on the banks
of the eternal river of the ages. They were Daphnis and Chloe, under a
myrtle bush, in the Greek sunshine, the shimmer of leaves on their
faces, and their faces mirroring each other. Their vague little
conversation hummed like the wings of a bee, near the freshness of
fountains and the heat that consumed the meadows, while in the distance
a chariot went by, laden with sheaves.
The new world opened. The panting truth was there. It confused them.
They feared the brusque intrusion of some divinity. They were happy
and unhappy. They nestled as close together as they could. They
brought to each other as much as they could. But they did not suspect
what it was that they were bringing. They were too small, too young.
They had not lived long enough. Each was to self a stifling secret.
Like all human beings, like me, like us, they wished for what they did
not have. They were beggars. But they asked /themselves/ for charity.
They asked for help from their /own/ persons.
The boy, a man already, impoverished already by his feminine companion,
turned, drawn towards her, and held out his awkward arms, without
daring to look at her.
The girl, a woman already, leaned her face on the back of the sofa, her
eyes shining. Her cheeks were plump and rosy, tinted and warmed by her
heart. The skin of her neck, taut and satiny, quivered. Half-blown
and waiting, a little voluptuous because voluptuousness already
emanated from her, she was like a rose inhaling sunlight.
And I--I could not tear my eyes from them.
. . . . .
After a long silence, he murmured:
"Shall we stop calling each other by our first names?"
He seemed absorbed in thought.
"So as to begin over again," he said at last.
"Shall we, Miss Janvier?" he asked again.
She gave a visible start at the touch of this new manner of address, at
the word "Miss," as if it were a kind of embrace.
"Why, Mr. Lecoq," she ventured hesitatingly, "it is as though something
had covered us, and we were removing--"
Now, he became bolder.
"Shall we kiss each other on our mouths?"
She was oppressed, and could not quite smile.
"Yes," she said.
They caught hold of each other's arms and shoulders and held out their
lips, as if their mouths were birds.
"Jean!" "Helene!" came softly.
It was the first thing they had found out. To embrace the embracer, is
it not the tiniest caress and the least sort of a bond? And yet it is
so sternly prohibited.
Again they seemed to me to be without age.
They were like all lovers, while they held hands, their faces joined,
trembling and blind, in the shadow of a kiss.
. . . . .
They broke off, and disengaged themselves from their embrace, whose
meaning they had not yet learned.
They talked with their innocent lips. About what? About the past,
which was so near and so short.
They were leaving their paradise of childhood and ignorance. They
spoke of a house and a garden where they had both lived.
The house absorbed them. It was surrounded by a garden wall, so that
from the road all you could see was the tip of the eaves, and you
couldn't tell what was going on inside of it.
"The rooms, when we were little and they were so big--"
"It was easier to walk there than anywhere else."
To hear the children talk, you would have thought there was something
benevolent and invisible, something like the good God of the past,
behind those walls. She hummed an air she had heard there, and said
that music was easier to remember than people. They dropped back into
the past easily and naturally. They wrapped themselves up in their
memories as though they were cold.
"The other day, just before we left, I took a candle and walked alone
through the rooms, which scarcely woke up to watch me pass."
In the garden, so prim and well kept, they thought only of the flowers,
and little else. They saw the pool, the shady walk, and the cherry
tree, which, in winter when the lawn was white, they made believe had
too many blossoms--snow blossoms.
The day before they had still been in the garden, like brother and
sister. Now life seemed to have grown serious all at once, and they no
longer knew how to play. I saw that they wanted to kill the past.
When we are old, we let it die; when we are young and strong, we kill
She sat up straight.
"I don't want to remember any more," she said.
"I don't want us to be like each other any more. I don't want us to be
brother and sister any more."
Gradually their eyes opened.
"To touch nothing but each other's hands," he muttered, trembling.
It had come--the hour of beautiful, troubled decisions, of forbidden
fruits. They had not belonged to each other before. The hour had come
when they sought to be all in all to each other.
They were a little self-conscious, a little ashamed of themselves
already. A few days before, in the evening, it had given them profound
pleasure to disobey their parents and go out of the garden although
they had been forbidden to leave it.
"Grandmother came to the top of the steps and called to us to come in."
"But we were gone. We had slipped through the hole in the hedge where
a bird always sang. There was no wind, and scarcely any light. Even
the trees didn't stir. The dust on the ground was dead. The shadows
stole round us so softly that we almost spoke to them. We were
frightened to see night coming on. Everything had lost its colour.
But the night was clear, and the flowers, the road, even the wheat were
silver. And it was then that my mouth came closest to your mouth."
"The night," she said, her soul carried aloft on a wave of beauty, "the
night caresses the caresses."
"I took your hand, and I knew that you would live life whole. When I
used to say 'Helene,' I did not know what I was saying. Now, when I
shall say 'she,' it will be everything."
Once more their lips joined. Their mouths and their eyes were those of
Adam and Eve. I recalled the ancestral lesson from which sacred
history and human history flow as from a fountain. They wandered in
the penetrating light of paradise without knowledge. They were as if
they did not exist. When--through triumphant curiosity, though
forbidden by God himself--they learned the secret, the sky was darkened.
The certainty of a future of sorrow had fallen upon them. Angels
pursued them like vultures. They grovelled on the ground from day to
day, but they had created love, they had replaced divine riches by the
poverty of belonging to each other.
The two little children had taken their parts in the eternal drama. By
talking to each other as they did they had restored to their first
names their full significance.
"I should like to love you more. I should like to love you harder.
How could I?"
. . . . .
They said no more, as though there were no more words for them. They
were completely absorbed in themselves, and their hands trembled.
Then they rose, and as they did so, the door opened. There stood the
old stooping grandmother. She came out of the grey, out of the realm
of phantoms, out of the past. She was looking for them as if they had
gone astray. She called them in a low voice. She put into her tone a
great gentleness, almost sadness, strangely harmonising with the
"You are here, children?" she said, with a kind little laugh. "What
are you doing here? Come, they are looking for you."
She was old and faded, but she was angelic, with her gown fastened up
to her neck. Beside these two, who were preparing for the large life,
she was, thenceforth, like a child, inactive, useless.
They rushed into her arms, and pressed their foreheads against her
saintly mouth. They seemed to be saying good-by to her forever.
. . . . .
She went out. And a moment afterwards they followed her, hastily, as
they had come, united now by an invisible and sublime bond. On the
threshold, they looked at each other once more.
And now that the room was empty like a deserted sanctuary, I thought of
their glance, their first glance of love, which I had seen.
No one before me had ever seen a first glance of love. I was beside
them, but, far away. I understood and read it without being part of
the infatuation myself, without being lost in the sensation. That is
why I saw that glance. They did not know when it began, they did not
know that it was the first. Afterwards they would forget. The urgent
flowering of their hearts would destroy those preludes. We can no more
know our first glance of love than our last. I shall remember it when
they will have forgotten it.
I do not recall my own first glance of love, my own first gift of love.
Yet it happened. Those divine simplicities are erased from my heart.
Good God, then what do I retain that is of value? The little boy that
I was is dead forever, before my eyes. I survived him, but
forgetfulness tormented me, then overcame me, the sad process of living
ruined me, and I scarcely know what he knew. I remember things at
random only, but the most beautiful, the sweetest memories are gone.
Well, this tender canticle that I overheard, full of infinity and
overflowing with fresh laughter, this precious song, I take and hold
and cherish. It pulses in my heart. I have stolen, but I have
For a day, the Room remained vacant. Twice I had high hopes, then
Waiting had become a habit, an occupation. I put off appointments,
delayed my walks, gained time at the risk of losing my position. I
arranged my life as for a new love. I left my room only to go down to
dinner, where nothing interested me any more.
The second day, I noticed that the Room was ready to receive a new
occupant. It was waiting. I had a thousand dreams of who the guest
would be, while the Room kept its secret, like some one thinking.
Twilight came, then evening, which magnified the room but did not
change it. I was already in despair, when the door opened in the
darkness, and I saw on the threshold the shadow of a man.
. . . . .
He was scarcely to be distinguished in the evening light.
Dark clothing, milky white cuffs from which his grey tapering hands
hung down; a collar a little whiter than the rest. In his round
greyish face I could see the dusky hollows of his eyes and mouth, under
the chin a cavity of shadow. The yellow of his forehead shone
unclearly. His cheekbone made an obscure bar in the dusk. You would
have called him a skeleton. What was this being whose physiognomy was
so monstrously simple?
He came nearer, and his face kindled, assumed life. I saw that he was
He had a charming serious face, fringed with a fine black beard, a high
forehead and sparkling eyes. A haughty grace guided and refined his
He came forward a step or two, then returned to the door, which was
still open. The shadow of the door trembled, a silhouette appeared and
took shape. A little black-gloved hand grasped the knob, and a woman
stole into the room, with a questioning face.
She must have been a few steps behind him in the street. They had not
wished to enter the room together, in which they both sought refuge to
She closed the door, and leaned her whole weight against it, to close
it still tighter. Slowly she turned her head to him, paralysed for a
moment, it seemed to me, with fear that it was not he. They stared
into each other's faces. A cry burst from them, passionate,
restrained, almost mute, echoing from one to the other. It seemed to
open up their wound.
She almost fainted. She dropped on his breast as though swept by a
storm. She had just strength enough to fall into his arms. I saw the
man's two large pale hands, opened but slightly crooked, resting on the
woman's back. A sort of desperate palpitation seized them, as if an
immense angel were in the Room, struggling and making vain efforts to
escape. And it seemed to me that the Room was too small for this
couple, although it was full of the evening.
"They didn't see us!"
It was the same phrase which had come the other day from the two
He said, "Come!" leading her over to the sofa, near the window, and
they seated themselves on the red velvet. I saw their arms joined
together as though by a cord. They remained there, engrossed,
gathering about them all the shadow of the world, reviving, beginning
to live again in their element of night and solitude.
What an entry, what an entry! What an irruption of anathema!
I had thought, when this form of sin presented itself before me, when
the woman appeared at the door, plainly driven toward him, that I
should witness bliss in its plenitude, a savage and animal joy, as
momentous as nature. On the contrary, I found that this meeting was
like a heart-rending farewell.
"Then we shall always be afraid?"
She seemed just a little more tranquil, and said this with an anxious
glance at him, as if really expecting a reply.
She shuddered, huddled in the shadows, feverishly stroking and pressing
the man's hand, sitting upright, stiffly. I saw her throat rising and
falling like the sea. They stayed there, touching one another; but a
lingering terror mingled with their caresses.
"Always afraid--always afraid, always. Far from the street, far from
the sun, far from everything. I who had so much wanted full daylight
and sunlight!" she said, looking at the sky.
They were afraid. Fear moulded them, burrowed into their hearts.
Their eyes, their hearts were afraid. Above all, their love was
A mournful smile glided across the man's face. He looked at his friend
"You are thinking of /him."/
She was sitting with her cheeks in her hands and her elbows on her
knees and her face thrust forward. She did not reply.
She /was/ thinking of him. Doubled up, small as a child, she gazed
intently into the distance, at the man who was not there. She bowed to
this image like a suppliant, and felt a divine reflection from it
falling upon her--from the man who was not there, who was being
deceived, from the offended man, the wounded man, from the master, from
him who was everywhere except where they were, who occupied the immense
outside, and whose name made them bow their heads, the man to whom they
were a prey.
Night fell, as if shame and terror were in its shadows, over this man
and woman, who had come to hide their embraces in this room, as in a
tomb where dwells the Beyond.
. . . . .
He said to her:
"I love you!"
I distinctly heard those grand words.
I love you! I shuddered to the depths of my being on hearing the
profound words which came from those two human beings. I love you!
The words which offer body and soul, the great open cry of the creature
and the creation. I love you! I beheld love face to face.
Then it seemed to me that sincerity vanished in the hasty incoherent
things he next said while clasping her to him. It was as though he had
a set speech to make and was in a hurry to get through with it.
"You and I were born for each other. There is a kinship in our souls
which must triumph. It was no more possible to prevent us from meeting
and belonging to each other than to prevent our lips from uniting when
they came together. What do moral conventions or social barriers
matter to us? Our love is made of infinity and eternity."
"Yes," she said, lulled by his voice.
But I knew he was lying or was letting his words run away with him.
Love had become an idol, a thing. He was blaspheming, he was invoking
infinity and eternity in vain, paying lip service to it by daily prayer
that had become perfunctory.
They let the banality drop. The woman remained pensive for a while,
then she shook her head and she--/she/ pronounced the word of excuse, of
glorification; more than that, the word of truth:
"I was so unhappy!"
. . . . .
"How long ago it was!" she began.
It was her work of art, her poem and her prayer, to repeat this story,
low and precipitately, as if she were in the confessional. You felt
that she came to it quite naturally, without transition, so completely
did it possess her whenever they were alone.
She was simply dressed. She had removed her black gloves and her coat
and hat. She wore a dark skirt and a red waist upon which a thin gold
chain was hanging.
She was a woman of thirty, perhaps, with regular features and smooth
silken hair. It seemed to me that I knew her, but could not place her.
She began to speak of herself quite loudly, and tell of her past which
had been so hard.
"What a life I led! What monotony, what emptiness! The little town,
our house, the drawing-room with the furniture always arranged just so,
their places never changed, like tombstones. One day I tried to put
the table that stood in the centre in another place. I could not do
Her face paled, grew more luminous.
He listened to her. A smile of patience and resignation, which soon
was like a pained expression of weariness, crept across his handsome
face. Yes, he was really handsome, though a little disconcerting, with
his large eyes, which women must have adored, his drooping moustache,
his tender, distant air. He seemed to be one of those gentle people
who think too much and do evil. You would have said that he was above
everything and capable of everything. Listening to her with a certain
remoteness, but stirred by desire for her, he had the air of waiting.
And suddenly the veil fell from my eyes, and reality lay stripped
before me. I saw that between these two people there was an immense
difference, like an infinite discord, sublime to behold because of its
depths, but so painful that it bruised my heart.
/He/ was moved only by his longing for her; /she,/ by her need of
escaping from her ordinary life. Their desires were not the same.
They seemed united, but they dwelt far apart.
They did not talk the same language. When they spoke of the same
things, they scarcely understood each other, and to my eyes, from the
very first, their union appeared to be broken more than if they had
never known each other.
But he did not say what was really in his mind. You felt it in the
sound of his voice, the very charm of his intonation, his lyrical
choice of words. He thought to please her, and he lied. He was
evidently her superior, but she dominated him by a kind of inspired
sincerity. While he was master of his words, she offered her whole
self in her words.
She described her former life.
"From the windows in my room and the dining-room, I could look out on
the square. The fountain in the centre, with its shadow at its base.
I watched the day go round there, on that little, white, round place,
like a sundial.
"The postman crossed it regularly, without thinking. At the arsenal
gate stood a soldier doing nothing. Nobody else ever came there. When
noon rang like a knell, still no one. What I remember best of all was
the way noon rang like a knell--the middle of the day, absolute ennui.
"Nothing ever happened to me, nothing ever would happen to me. There
was nothing for me. The future no longer existed for me. If my days
were to go on like that, nothing would separate me from my death--
nothing! Not a thing! To be bored is to die! My life was dead, and
yet I had to live. It was suicide. Others killed themselves with
poison or with a revolver. I killed myself with minutes and hours."
"Amy!" said the man.
"Then, by dint of seeing the days born in the morning and miscarrying
in the evening, I became afraid to die, and this fear was my first
"Often, in the middle of a visit I was paying, or in the night, or when
I came home after a walk, the length of the convent wall, I shuddered
with hope because of this passion.
"But who would free me from it? Who would save me from this invisible
shipwreck, which I perceived only from time to time? Around me was a
sort of conspiracy, composed of envy, meanness and indifference.
Whatever I saw, whatever I heard, tended to throw me back into the
narrow road, that stupid narrow road along which I was going.
"Madame Martet, the one friend with whom I was a little bit intimate,
you know, only two years older than I am, told me that I must be
content with what I had. I replied, 'Then, that is the end of
everything, if I must be content with what I have. Do you really
believe what you say?' She said she did. Oh, the horrid woman!
"But it was not enough to be afraid. I had to hate my ennui. How did
I come to hate it? I do not know.
"I no longer knew myself. I no longer was myself. I had such need of
something else. In fact, I did not know my own name any more.
"One day, I remember (although I am not wicked) I had a happy dream
that my husband was dead, my poor husband who had done nothing to me,
and that I was free, free, as large as the world!
"It could not last. I couldn't go on forever hating monotony so much.
Oh, that emptiness, that monotony! Of all the gloomy things in the
world monotony is the darkest, the gloomiest. In comparison night is
"Religion? It is not with religion that we fill the emptiness of our
days, it is with our own life. It was not with beliefs, with ideas
that I had to struggle, it was with myself.
"Then I found the remedy!"
She almost cried, hoarsely, ecstatically:
"Sin, sin! To rid myself of boredom by committing a crime, to break up
monotony by deceiving. To sin in order to be a new person, another
person. To hate life worse than it hated me. To sin so as not to die.
"I met you. You wrote verses and books. You were different from the
rest. Your voice vibrated and gave the impression of beauty, and above
all, you were there, in my existence, in front of me! I had only to
hold out my arms. Then I loved you with all my heart, if you can call
it love, my poor little friend!"
She spoke now in a low quick voice, both oppressed and enthusiastic,
and she played with her companion's hand as if it were a child's toy.
"And you, too, you loved me, naturally. And when we slipped into a
hotel one evening, the first time, it seemed to me as if the door
opened of itself, and I was grateful for having rebelled and having
broken my destiny. And then the deceit--from which we suffer sometimes,
but which, after reflection, we no longer detest--the risks, the dangers
that give pleasure to each minute, the complications that add variety
to life, these rooms, these hiding-places, these black prisons, which
have fled from the sunlight I once knew!
"Ah!" she said.
It seemed to me that she sighed as if, now that her aspiration was
realized, she had nothing so beautiful to hope for any more.
. . . . .
She thought a moment, and then said:
"See what we are. I too may have believed at first in a sort of
thunderbolt, a supernatural and fatal attraction, because of your
poetry. But in reality I came to you--I see myself now--with clenched
fists and closed eyes."
"We deceive ourselves a good deal about love. It is almost never what
they say it is.
"There may be sublime affinities, magnificent attractions. I do not
say such a love may not exist between two human beings. But we are not
these two. We have never thought of anything but ourselves. I know,
of course, that I am in love with you. So are you with me. There is
an attraction for you which does not exist for me, since I do not feel
any pleasure. You see, we are making a bargain. You give me a dream,
I give you joy. But all this is not love."
He shrugged his shoulders, half in doubt, half in protest. He did not
want to say anything. All the same, he murmured feebly:
"Even in the purest of loves we cannot escape from ourselves."
"Oh," she said with a gesture of pious protest, the vehemence of which
surprised me, "that is not the same thing. Don't say that, don't say
It seemed to me there was a vague regret in her voice and the dream of
a new dream in her eyes.
She dispelled it with a shake of her head.
"How happy I was! I felt rejuvenated, like a new being. I had a sense
of modesty again. I remember that I did not dare to show the tip of my
foot from under my dress. I even had a feeling about my face, my
hands, my very name."
. . . . .
Then the man continued the confession from the point where she had left
off, and spoke of their first meetings. He wished to caress her with
words, to win her over gradually with phrases and with the charm of
"The first time we were alone--"
She looked at him.
"It was in the street, one evening," he said. "I took your arm. You
leaned more and more upon my shoulder. People swarmed around us, but
we seemed to be quite alone. Everything around us changed into
absolute solitude. It seemed to me that we were both walking on the
waves of the sea."
"Ah!" she said. "How good you were! That first evening your face was
like what it never was afterwards, even in our happiest moments."
"We spoke of one thing and another, and while I held you close to me,
clasped like a bunch of flowers, you told me about people we knew, you
spoke of the sunlight that day and the coolness of the evening. But
really you were telling me that you were mine. I felt your confession
running through everything you said, and even if you did not express
it, you actually gave me a confession of love.
"Ah, how great things are in the beginning! There is never any
pettiness in the beginning.
"Once when we met in the public garden, I took you back at the end of
the afternoon through the suburbs. The road was so peaceful and quiet
that our footsteps seemed to disturb nature. Benumbed by emotion, we
slackened our pace. I leaned over and kissed you."
"There," she said.
She put her finger on his neck.
"Gradually the kiss grew warmer. It crept toward your lips and stopped
there. The first time it went astray, the second time it pretended it
went astray. Soon I felt against my mouth"--he lowered his voice--"your
She bowed her head, and I saw her rosy mouth.
"It was all so beautiful in the midst of the watchfulness imprisoning
me," she sighed, ever returning to her mild, pathetic preoccupation.
How she needed the stimulus of remembering her emotions, whether
consciously or not! The recalling of these little dramas and former
perils warmed her movements, renewed her love. That was the reason why
she had had the whole story told her.
And he encouraged her. Their first enthusiasm returned, and now they
tried to evoke the most exciting memories.
"It was sad, the day after you became mine, to see you again at a
reception in your own home--inaccessible, surrounded by other people,
mistress of a regular household, friendly to everybody, a bit timid,
talking commonplaces. You bestowed the beauty of your face on
everybody, myself included. But what was the use?
"You were wearing that cool-looking green dress, and they were teasing
you about it. I did not dare to look at you when you passed me, and I
thought of how happy we had been the day before."
"Ah," she sighed, as the beauty widened before her of all her memories,
her thoughts, of all her soul, "love is not what they say it is. I,
too, was stirred with anguish. How I had to conceal it, dissimulating
every sign of my happiness, locking it hastily away within the coffer
of my heart. At first I was afraid to go to sleep for fear of saying
your name in a dream, and often, fighting against the stealthy invasion
of sleep, I have leaned on my elbow, and remained with wide-open eyes,
watching heroically over my heart.
"I was afraid of being recognised. I was afraid people would see the
purity in which I was bathed. Yes, purity. When in the midst of life
one wakes up from life, and sees a different brilliance in the
daylight, and recreates everything, I call that purity.
. . . . .
"Do you remember the day we lost our way in the cab in Paris--the day he
thought he recognised us from a distance, and jumped into another cab
to follow us?"
She gave a start of ecstasy.
"Oh, yes," she murmured, "that was the great day!"
His voice quivered as if shaken by the throbbing of his heart, and his
"Kneeling on the seat, you looked out of the little window in the back
of the cab and cried to me, 'He is nearer! He is further off! He will
catch us. I do not see him any more. He has lost us.' Ah!"
And with one and the same movement their lips joined.
She breathed out like a sigh:
"That was the one time I enjoyed."
"We shall always be afraid," he said.
These words interlaced and changed into kisses. Their whole life
surged into their lips.
Yes, they had to revive their past so as to love each other, they had
constantly to be reassembling the pieces so as to keep their love from
dying through staleness, as if they were undergoing, in darkness and in
dust, in an icy ebbing away, the ruin of old age, the impress of death.
They clasped each other.
They were drowned in the darkness. They fell down, down into the
shadows, into the abyss that they had willed.
"I will love you always."
But she and I both felt that he was lying again. We did not deceive
ourselves. But what matter, what matter?
Her lips on his lips, she murmured like a thorny caress among the
"My husband will soon be home."
How little they really were at one! How, actually, there was nothing
but their fear that they had in common, and how they stirred their fear
up desperately. But their tremendous effort to commune somehow was
soon to be over.
They stopped talking. Words had already accomplished the work of
reviving their love. She merely murmured:
"I am yours, I am yours. I give myself to you. No, I do not give
myself to you. How can I give myself when I do not belong to myself?"
"Are you happy?" she asked again.
"I swear you are everything in the world to me."
* * * * * * * * *
Now, she felt, their bliss had already become a mere memory, and she
said almost plaintively:
"May God bless the bit of pleasure one has."
A doleful lament, the first signal of a tremendous fall, a prayer
blasphemous yet divine.
I saw him look at the clock and at the door. He was thinking of
leaving. He turned his face gently away from a kiss she was about to
give him. There was a suggestion of uneasiness, almost disgust, in his
"No," she said, "you are not going to love me always. You are going to
leave me. But I regret nothing. I never will regret anything.
Afterwards, when I return from--/this/--for good, to the great sorrow
that will never leave me again, I shall say, 'I have had a lover,' and
I shall come out from my nothingness to be happy for a moment."
He did not want to answer. He could not answer any more. He
"Why do you doubt me?"
But they turned their eyes toward the window. They were afraid, they
were cold. They looked down at the space between the two houses and
saw a vague remnant of twilight slip away like a ship of glory.
It seemed to me that the window beside them entered the scene. They
gazed at it, dim, immense, blotting out everything around it. After
the brief interval of sinful passion, they were overwhelmed as if,
looking at the stainless azure of the window, they had seen a vision.
Then their eyes met.
"See, we stay here," she said, "looking at each other like two
They separated. He seated himself on a chair, a sorry figure in the
His mouth was open, his face was contracted. His eyes and his jaw were
self-condemnatory. You expected that in a few moments he would become
emaciated, and you would see the eternal skeleton.
And at last both were alike in their setting, made so as much by their
misery as by their human form. The night swallowed them up. I no
longer saw them.
. . . . .
Then, where is God, where is God? Why does He not intervene in this
frightful, regular crisis? Why does He not prevent, by a miracle, that
fearful miracle by which one who is adored suddenly or gradually comes
to be hated? Why does he not preserve man from having to mourn the
loss of all his dreams? Why does he not preserve him from the distress
of that sensuousness which flowers in his flesh and falls back on him
again like spittle?
Perhaps because I am a man like the man in the room, like all other
men, perhaps because what is bestial engrosses my attention now, I am
utterly terrified by the invincible recoil of the flesh.
"It is everything in the world," he had said. "It is nothing," he had
also said, but later. The echo of those two cries lingered in my ears.
Those two cries, not shouted but uttered in a low scarcely audible
voice, who shall declare their grandeur and the distance between them?
Who shall say? Above all, who shall know?
The man who can reply must be placed, as I am, above humanity, he must
be both among and apart from human beings to see the smile turn into
agony, the joy become satiety, and the union dissolve. For when you
take full part in life you do not see this, you know nothing about it.
You pass blindly from one extreme to the other. The man who uttered
the two cries that I still hear, "Everything!" and "Nothing!" had
forgotten the first when he was carried away by the second.
Who shall say? I wish some one would tell. What do words matter or
conventions? Of what use is the time-honoured custom of writers of
genius or mere talent to stop at the threshold of these descriptions,
as if full descriptions were forbidden? The thing ought to be sung in
a poem, in a masterpiece. It ought to be told down to the very bottom,
if the purpose be to show the creative force of our hopes, of our
wishes, which, when they burst into light, transform the world,
What richer alms could you bestow on these two lovers, when again love
will die between them? For this scene is not the last in their double
story. They will begin again, like every human being. Once more they
will try together, as much as they can, to seek shelter from life's
defeats, to find ecstasy, to conquer death. Once more they will seek
solace and deliverance. Again they will be seized by a thrill, by the
force of sin, which clings to the flesh like a shred of flesh.
Yet once again, when once again they see that they put infinity into
desire all in vain, they will be punished for the grandeur of their
I do not regret having surprised this simple, terrible secret. Perhaps
my having taken in and retained this sight in all its breadth, my
having learned that the living truth is sadder and more sublime than I
had ever believed, will be my sole glory.
All was silent. They were gone. They had hidden elsewhere. The
husband was coming. I gathered that from what they had said. But did
I really know what they had said?
I paced up and down in my room, then dined, as in a dream, and went
out, lured by humanity.
A cafe! The bright lighting beckoned to me to enter. Calm, simple,
care-free people, who have no task like mine to accomplish.
Sitting by herself at a table, constantly looking around, was a girl
with a painted face. A full glass was set in front of her and she held
a little dog on her lap. His head reached over the edge of the marble
table, and he comically sued on behalf of his mistress for the glances,
even the smiles of the passersby.
The woman looked at me with interest. She saw I was not waiting for
anybody or anything.
A sign, a word, and she, who was waiting for everybody, would come over
to me with a smile. But no! I was simpler than that. If love
troubled me, it was because of a great thought and not a mere instinct.
It was my misfortune to have a dream greater and stronger than I could
Woe to those who dream of what they do not possess! They are right,
but they are too right, and so are outside of nature. The simple, the
weak, the humble pass carelessly by what is not meant for them. They
touch everything lightly, without anguish. But the others! But I!
I wanted to take what was not mine. I wanted to steal. I wanted to
live all lives, to dwell in all hearts.
Ah! I saw now how I should be punished for having entered into the
living secrets of man. My punishment would fit my crime. I was
destined to undergo the infinite misery I read in the others. I was to
be punished by every mystery that kept its secret, by every woman who
Infinity is not what we think. We associate it with heroes of legend
and romance, and we invest fiery, exceptional characters, like a
Hamlet, with infinity as with a theatrical costume. But infinity
resides quietly in that man who is just passing by on the street. It
resides in me, just as I am, with my ordinary face and name, in me, who
want everything I have not. And there is no reason why there should be
any limits to what I want.
So, step by step, I followed the track of the infinite. It made me
suffer. Ah, if I did wrong, that great misery of mine, the tragedy of
striving for the impossible, redeemed me. But I do not believe in
redemption. I was suffering, and doubtless I looked like a martyr.
I had to go home to fulfil my martyrdom in the whole of its wretched
duration. I had to go on looking. I was losing time in the world
outside. I returned to my room, which welcomed me like a living being.
. . . . .
I passed two idle days, watching fruitlessly.
I took to my hasty pacing to and fro again and succeeded, not without
difficulty, in gaining a few days of respite, in making myself forget
for a while.
I dwelt within these walls quiet in a feverish sort of way and inactive
as a prisoner. I walked up and down my room a great part of the day,
attracted by the opening in the wall and not daring to go away to a
distance from it again.
The long hours went by, and in the evening I was worn out by my
. . . . .
The room was in disorder. Amy was there with her husband. They had
come back from a journey.
I had not heard them enter. I must have been too tired.
He had his hat on and was sitting on a chair beside the bed. She was
dressing. I saw her disappear behind the washroom door. I looked at
the husband. His features were regular and even seemed to show a
certain nobility. The line of his forehead was clear cut. Only his
mouth and moustache were somewhat coarse. He had a healthier, stronger
appearance than her lover. His hand, which was toying with a cane, was
fine, and there was a forceful elegance about his whole personality.
That was the man she hated and was deceiving. It was that head, that
face, that expression which had lowered and disfigured themselves in
her eyes, and were synonymous with her unhappiness.
All at once she was there in full view. My heart stood still and
contracted and drew me toward her. She had nothing on but a short,
thin chemise. She had come back a bit tired out by the thousands of
little nothings she had already done. She had a toothbrush in her
hand, her lips were moist and red, her hair dishevelled. Her legs were
dainty, and the arch of her little feet was accentuated by her high-
The air in the closed room was heavy with a mixture of odours--soap,
face powder, the pungent scent of cologne.
She went out and came back again, warm and soapy, drying her face.
This time she was all fresh and rosy.
He was talking about something, with his legs stretched out a little,
sometimes looking at her, sometimes not looking at her.
"You know, the Bernards have not accepted."
He glanced at her, then looked down at the carpet and gave a
disappointed cluck with his tongue, absorbed in this matter that
interested him, while she kept going and coming, showing the lovely
curves of her body.
She /was/ lovely. But her husband went on droning his commonplaces,
phrases that meant nothing to her, that were strange to her, and that
seemed blasphemous in the room which held her beauty.
She put her garments on, one by one. Her husband continued in his
bestial indifference, and dropped back into his reflections.
She went to the mirror over the mantelpiece with toilet articles spread
out before her. Probably the mirror in the washroom was too small.
While keeping on with her toilet, she spoke as if to herself in a gay,
animated, chatty way, because it was still the springtime of the day.
She gave herself careful attention and took much time to groom herself.
But this was an important matter, and the time was not lost. Besides,
she was really hurrying.
Now she went to a wardrobe and took out a light dress of delicate
texture, which she held out in her arms carefully.
She started to put the dress on, then an idea suddenly occurred to her
and she stopped.
"No, no, no, decidedly not," she said.
She put the dress back and looked for another one, a dark skirt and a
She took a hat, fluffed the ribbon a bit, then held the trimming of
roses close to her face in front of the mirror. Then she began to
sing, evidently satisfied.
. . . . .
He did not look at her, and when he did look at her, he did not see
It was a solemn spectacle, a drama, but a drama dismal and depressing.
That man was not happy, and yet I envied him his happiness. How
explain this except by the fact that happiness is within us, within
each of us, and is the desire for what we do not possess?
These two were together, but in reality far apart. They had left each
other without leaving each other. A sort of intrigue about nothing
held them together. They would never come nearer again, for between
them lay the impassable barrier of love over and done with. This
silence and this mutual ignorance are the cruelest things in the world.
To cease to love is worse than to hate, for say what you will, death is
worse than suffering.
I am sorry for the men and women who go through life together in the
chains of indifference. I am sorry for the poor heart that has what it
has for so short a time. I am sorry for the men who have the heart not
to love any more.
And for a moment, seeing this simple harrowing scene, I underwent a
little of the enormous suffering of those innumerable people who suffer
. . . . .
Amy finished dressing. She put on a coat to match her skirt, leaving
it partly open to show her transparent flesh-coloured lingerie waist.
Then she left us--her husband and me.
He, too, made ready to leave, but the door opened again. Was it Amy
coming back? No, it was the maid, who, seeing the room was occupied,
started to withdraw.
"Excuse me, sir. I came to put the room in order, but I don't want to
"You may stay."
She began to pick things up and close drawers. He raised his head and
looked at her out of the corner of his eye. Then he rose and went over
to her awkwardly, as though fascinated. A scuffling and an outcry,
stifled by a coarse laugh. She dropped her brush and the gown she was
holding. He caught her from behind and put his arms around her waist.
"Oh, go on! Stop! What-che doing?"
He did not say anything, but pressed her closer to him.
She laughed. Her hair came partly undone and fell down over her blowsy
face. He trod on Amy's gown, which had dropped from the girl's hand.
Then she felt the thing had gone far enough.
"Now, that'll do, that'll do," she said.
Since he still said nothing and brought his jaw close to her neck, she
"I told you, that'll do. Stop, I say. What's the matter with you?"
At length he let her go, and left, laughing a devilish laugh of shame
He went out, his passion still seething. But it was not only the
overwhelming instinct that was stirring in him. A moment before that
exquisite woman had unfolded herself in his presence in all her
exquisite beauty, and he had not desired her.
Perhaps she denied herself to him. Perhaps they had an agreement with
each other. But I plainly saw that even his eyes did not care, those
same eyes which kindled at the sight of the servant girl, that ignoble
Venus with untidy hair and dirty finger nails.
Because he did not know her, because she was different from the one
whom he knew. To have what one has not. So, strange as it may seem,
it was an idea, a lofty, eternal idea that guided his instinct.
I understood--I to whom it was given to behold these human crises--I
understood that many things which we place outside ourselves are really
inside ourselves, and that this was the secret.
How the veils drop off! How the intricacies unravel, and simplicity
. . . . .
One dark stormy night two women came and occupied the Room. I could
not see them and caught only fragments of their strange, whispered talk
of love. From that time on the meals of the boarding-house had a magic
attraction for me. I studied all the faces, trying to identify those
But I questioned pairs of faces in vain. I made efforts to detect
resemblances. There was nothing to guide me. I knew them no more than
if they had been buried in the dark night outside.
There were five girls or young women in the dining-room. One of them,
at least, must have been an occupant of the Room that night. But a
stronger will than mine shut off her countenance. I did not know, and
I was overwhelmed by the nothingness of what I saw.
They left, one at a time. I did not know. My hands twitched in the
infinity of uncertainty, and my fingers pressed the void. My face was
there, my face, which was a definite thing, confronting everything
possible, everything indefinite.
. . . . .
The lady there! I recognised Amy. She was talking to the landlady
beside the window. I did not notice her at first, because of the other
boarders between us.
She was eating grapes, daintily, with a rather studied manner.
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