The International Jewish Cook Book
Florence Kreisler Greenbaum

Part 4 out of 12

Kohl-rabi, cook altogether, and serve.

Use same quantities as for turnips.


Remove all the old or tough leaves; wash the kale thoroughly and drain.
Put it into boiling water to which has been added salt in the proportion
of one-half tablespoon to two quarts of water. Boil rapidly, uncovered,
until the vegetable is tender; pour off the water; chop the kale very
fine; return it to the kettle with one tablespoon of drippings and two
of meat stock or water to every pint of the minced vegetable. Add more
salt if necessary; cook for ten minutes and serve at once. The entire
time for cooking varies from thirty to fifty minutes.

The leaves are sweeter and more tender after having been touched by the
frost. The same is true of Savoy cabbage.


This vegetable is a variety of beet in which the leaf stalk and midrib
have been developed instead of the root. It is cultivated like spinach,
and the green, tender leaves are prepared exactly like this vegetable.
The midribs of the full-grown leaves may be cooked like celery.


Pour boiling water over the tomatoes; remove the skins; cut into small
pieces and place in a saucepan over the fire. Boil gently for twenty or
thirty minutes and season, allowing for each quart of tomatoes one
generous teaspoon each of salt and sugar and one tablespoon of butter.
If in addition to this seasoning a slice of onion has been cooked with
the tomatoes from the beginning, the flavor will be greatly improved.


Salt, pepper; add a lump of butter the size of an egg and add one
tablespoon of sugar. Thicken with one teaspoon of flour wet with one
tablespoon of cold water, stir into the tomatoes and boil up once.


Cut large, sound tomatoes in halves and flour the insides thickly.
Season with a little salt and pepper. Allow the butter to get very hot
before putting in the tomatoes. When brown on one side, turn, and when
done serve with hot cream or thicken some milk and pour over the
tomatoes hot.


Cut into thin slices large green tomatoes, sprinkle with salt and dip
into cornmeal, fry slowly in a little butter till well browned; keep the
frying-pan covered while they are cooking, so they will be perfectly
tender. These are very delicately flavored, and much easier to fry than
ripe tomatoes. They make an excellent breakfast dish.


Scald the tomatoes, take off the skins carefully and stew with one
teaspoon each of butter and sugar; salt and pepper to taste. This is
enough seasoning for a quart of tomatoes. When the tomatoes are very
soft strain through a coarse sieve and if necessary thicken with one
teaspoon of flour.


Drain off part of the juice from one quart of tomatoes and season with
pepper, salt, and onion juice. Cover the bottom of a baking dish with
rolled crackers, dot over with dabs of butter, pepper, and salt, then
another layer of tomatoes, then of crumbs, and so on until a layer of
crumbs covers the top.

If fresh tomatoes are used bake one hour, if canned, 1/2 hour.

If the crumbs begin to brown too quickly cover the dish with a tin


Select tomatoes of uniform size, cut a slice from the stem end and scoop
out a portion of the pulp. Have in readiness a dressing made from grated
bread crumbs, parsley, a slice of minced onion, a high seasoning of salt
and paprika and sufficient melted butter to moisten. Fill this into the
tomatoes and heap it up in the centers. Place a bit of butter on top of
each and bake in a quick oven until the vegetables are tender and the
tops are delicately browned.


Take six large tomatoes, pour boiling water over them and skin them.
Scrape all the inside out with a spoon, put in saucepan together with
two onions, a tablespoon of butter, one pint of water; let this boil for
a little while; strain, place back on stove, pour into this one-half
pound of rice, let it cook tender; add salt, pepper, a tablespoon of
butter and a little grated cheese. Fill the tomatoes with this mixture,
dip them in egg and bread crumbs, then fry till nice and brown.


Simmer for fifteen minutes in a covered saucepan four cups chopped
tomatoes, four eggs, one sliced onion, one bay leaf, and sprig of
parsley. Strain and if there be not two cups of liquid, add water. Beat
four eggs and add to liquid. Pour into greased baking cups, and stand
them in a pan of water and bake until firm--about fifteen minutes. Turn
out and serve with cream sauce containing green peas.


Take a deep earthenware dish, pour into it a cup of cream; cut several
slices of eggplant very thin, salt well, and line the dish with them;
slice two large tomatoes, place a layer of these on the eggplant, next a
layer of spaghetti (cooked); sprinkle with grated cheese, pieces of
butter, salt, and pepper; cover this with layer of tomatoes; salt well
and sprinkle with chopped green pepper, and a top layer of eggplant,
which also salt and pepper well. Cook gently an hour and a half in slow,
hot oven.


Take one small onion and half a green pepper, chop them fine and cook
until tender in a tablespoon of butter. Cut six tomatoes in half,
sprinkle with a little sugar, season on both sides with salt, pepper and
a little flour, and put them into the pan with skin-side down to cook
partially, then turn them once; they must cook over a slow fire. Then
sprinkle one tablespoon of chopped parsley over them, pour in one cup of
thick cream and when this has become thoroughly hot, and has been
combined with the other ingredients, the tomatoes are ready to serve.

They have not been disturbed since the first turning and have retained
their shape. Half a tomato is placed on a slice of toast, with
sufficient gravy to moisten. At the season of the year, when tomatoes
are hard and firm, they may be peeled before cooking. Later they will
likely fall to pieces unless the skin is left on. This is one method of
cooking tomatoes in which they lose the sharp acid taste, disagreeable
to so many persons.


Cut off both ends of the beans, string them carefully and break into
pieces about an inch in length and boil in salt water. When tender drain
off this brine and add fresh water (boiling from the kettle). Add a
piece of butter, three or four large potatoes cut into squares, also
four large tomatoes, cut up, and season with salt and pepper. Melt one
tablespoon of butter in a spider, stir into it one tablespoon of flour,
thin with milk, and add this to the beans.


Take a small breast of lamb, two large onions, one-quarter peck of beans
(string and cut in long thin pieces); skin six large tomatoes, and add
two cups of water. Cook until the beans are tender, then add one
tablespoon of flour to thicken.


Put the beans into sufficient boiling water to just cover them; cook for
one hour and a half to two hours, depending upon the tenderness of the
beans. Meanwhile, prepare for each quart of beans five sour apples;
peel, core and cut in pieces. When the beans are done, add the apples,
the thin peel of one lemon, the juice of one and one-half lemons, a
small teaspoon of salt, and two tablespoons of cider vinegar. Let the
apples cook on top of the beans until they are thoroughly done, then mix
well with a good quarter cup of granulated sugar. This dish will be
better by being served the next day warmed up.


If you use canned string beans, heat some fat in a spider and put in one
tablespoon of flour; brown slightly; add one tablespoon of brown sugar,
a pinch of salt, some cinnamon and vinegar to taste; then add the beans
and let them simmer on the back of stove, but do not let them burn. The
juice of pickled peaches or pears is delicious in preparing sweet and
sour beans.


Cut off the tops and bottoms and "string" carefully; break the beans in
pieces about an inch long and lay them in cold water, with a little
salt, for ten or fifteen minutes. Heat one tablespoon of drippings in a
stew-pan, in which you have cut up part of an onion and some parsley;
cover this and stew about ten minutes. In the meantime, drain the beans,
put into the stew-pan and stew until tender; add one tablespoon of flour
and season with salt and pepper (meat gravy or soup stock will improve
them). You may pare about half a dozen potatoes, cut into dice shape,
and add to the beans. If you prefer, you may add cream or milk instead
of soup stock and use butter.


Potatoes are valuable articles of food and care should be taken in
cooking them. The most economical method is to cook them in their
"jackets" as there is not nearly as much waste of potato or of the salts
that are valuable as food.


Potatoes should be well brushed and put on to boil in a saucepan of
boiling water; they should continue boiling at the same degree of heat
until they are done, when a fork will easily pierce them. This will take
from twenty-five to thirty minutes. Drain, draw the saucepan to a low
flame, place a clean cloth folded over the top of the saucepan and press
the lid down over it. This dries the potatoes and makes them a good
color. Hold the potatoes in a cloth and peel them, then reheat for one
minute and serve.

New potatoes, if well brushed or scraped do not require peeling.


To serve twenty people one-half peck of potatoes is required.


Peel six or eight potatoes, and put them on in boiling water to which
has been added one teaspoon of salt. Boil as above.

The saucepan used for cooking potatoes should be used for no other


Select fine, smooth potatoes and boil them about twenty minutes. Drain
off the water, remove the skins and pack in a buttered dish. Lay a small
piece of butter on each potato, sprinkle with salt and pepper, and
sprinkle fine bread crumbs over all, with a few tablespoons of cream.
Bake until a nice light brown. Serve in the same dish. Garnish with


Wash large potatoes and bake in a quick oven until soft, which will take
about three-quarters of an hour. This is the most wholesome way of
cooking potatoes.


Pare very thin, medium potatoes as near a size as possible. Have ready a
pot of boiling water, salted, drop in the potatoes and keep them at a
quick boil until tender. Serve with a batter made by beating to a cream
two tablespoons of butter, one-half tablespoon of lemon juice and one
tablespoon of finely minced parsley; add salt and a dash of cayenne
pepper; spread over the hot potatoes, and it will melt into a delicious
dressing. This is especially nice to serve with fish.


Brush and scrape off all the skin of six potatoes and boil for half an
hour in salted boiling water, drain, salt and dry for a few minutes, and
then pour melted butter over them and sprinkle with chopped parsley.


Old potatoes may be used. Pare as many potatoes as required. Boil in
salt water, drain thoroughly when done and mash them in the pot with a
potato masher, working in a large tablespoon of butter and enough milk
to make them resemble dough, do not allow any lumps to form in your
dish. Garnish with parsley.


Grease a pan with butter. Choose the potatoes that are so big or
misshapen you wouldn't want to use them for boiling or baking. Cut them
in thin slices. Spread them in the pan in a layer an inch thick.
Sprinkle with pepper and salt to taste. Dot with butter here and there,
perhaps a half teaspoon for each layer. Four or six bits of butter
should be sprinkled over each layer. Repeat the layers of the raw
potatoes until the pan is full. Cover them with milk. Place in the oven
and cook for one hour.


Cut two cups of cold potatoes into cubes; mix well with two cups of
cream sauce, adding more seasoning if necessary; pour into a baking
dish; cover with one cup of bread crumbs and dot with small pieces of
butter and bake for about half an hour.


Take either sweet or Irish potatoes, or both; pare, wash, and salt them,
and lay them around the meat, and let them roast for about
three-quarters of an hour. Turn them about once, so they will be nicely


Make a cream sauce, a little thinner than usual by adding a little extra
milk. Cut two cups of boiled potatoes into small cubes and mix them
thoroughly with the same. Cook in a double boiler until the potatoes are
thoroughly hot, add a little chopped parsley if desired, and serve.


Slice two cups of cold boiled potatoes and add them to two cups of hot
cream sauce. Bring all to a boil; remove and add three tablespoons of
grated cheese, salt and pepper to taste. Pour all into a baking dish,
sprinkle buttered bread crumbs over the top and set in the oven to


Cut up some raw potatoes quite thin, salt and pepper and drop in boiling
fat. Cover up at first to soften them. Turn frequently to prevent
burning and then remove the cover to brown slightly.


Proceed as above; but do not cover and do not take as many potatoes at
one time.


Finely hash up six cold boiled potatoes and keep on a plate. Heat one
tablespoon of butter in a frying-pan, add a finely chopped onion, and
lightly brown for three minutes, then add the potatoes. Season with
one-half teaspoon of salt and two saltspoons of white pepper, evenly
sprinkled over, then nicely brown them for ten minutes, occasionally
tossing them meanwhile. Give them a nice omelet form, brown for eight
minutes more, turn on a hot dish, sprinkle a little freshly chopped
parsley over and serve. These potatoes may be prepared with fat in place
of butter.


Melt two tablespoons of fat in a frying-pan; add one onion chopped fine
and cook until straw color. Add two cups of boiled potatoes, cut in
dice, one-half cup of stock, and one tablespoon of curry powder. Cook
until the stock has been absorbed; then add one-half teaspoon of salt, a
dash of red pepper, and one teaspoon of lemon juice.


Take cold mashed potatoes or cold baked or boiled potatoes that have
been mashed and seasoned; roll into balls, dusting the hands well with
flour first. Flatten into cakes and saute in butter, or place on a
buttered tin with a small piece of butter on the top of each and bake in
a hot oven until golden brown.


Butter well a deep baking dish, holding a quart or more. In the bottom
place a layer of potatoes, sliced thin, then a layer of corn, using
one-half the contents of a can. On this sprinkle a little grated onion
and season with salt, pepper and bits of butter. Add another layer of
potatoes, then the rest of the corn, seasoning as before, and cover the
whole with a layer of cracker crumbs. Dot well with butter, pour on milk
until it comes to the top, and bake three-quarters of an hour. Use
cooked potatoes, having them cold before slicing.


Pare the potatoes and throw them into cold water until needed. Dry them
with a towel; cut into small pieces lengthwise of the potato; drop them
into hot fat and remove when lightly browned. It is better to fry only a
few at a time, letting those done stand in a colander in the oven to
keep hot. When all are done, sprinkle with salt and serve at once.

For variety; and for use in garnishing, cut the potatoes into balls,
using the vegetable cutter which comes for this purpose.


Boil medium-sized potatoes in their jackets until tender, peel while
hot. Put two tablespoons of butter or fat in spider, when hot add
potatoes, brown well all over. Drain, sprinkle with salt and one
teaspoon of caraway seeds and serve hot.


Heat two tablespoons of fat, add chopped onion and two tablespoons of
flour; when flour is brown, add 1-1/2 cups of water, stir and cook until
smooth, add salt, brown sugar and a little cinnamon to taste. Quarter
four medium-sized cooking pears, but do not peel, cook them in the brown
sauce, then add six medium, raw potatoes, pared, and cook until tender.


Buy a potato cutter at a first-class hardware store, and with it cut the
potatoes to the size of a hickory nut, and then fry or steam them. When
cooked they look just like new potatoes. They are especially nice to
garnish meats. You may also parboil and brown in fat, or boil and add
parsley as you would with new potatoes. The remainder of the raw
potatoes may be boiled and mashed or fried into ribbons.


Pare and lay in cold water (ice-water is best) for half an hour. Select
the largest potatoes, then cut round and round in one continuous
curl-like strip (there is also an instrument for this purpose, which
costs but a trifle); handle with care and fry a few at a time for fear
of entanglement, in deep fat.


Take small potatoes, pare and wash them very clean, use one onion to
about ten potatoes, add goose-oil (in fact any kind of drippings from
roast meat will answer) and put them in a pot or spider. When hot cut up
an onion very fine and add to the boiling fat. Then add the potatoes.
Salt and pepper to taste. Pour some water over all, cover up tight and
let them simmer for about 3/4 of an hour.


Put a tablespoon of drippings in a kettle, and when it is hot cut up an
onion fine and fry in the hot fat, cover closely. Put in potatoes, which
have been previously pared, washed, quartered and well salted. Cover
them tight and stew slowly until soft, stirring them occasionally. Then
heat in a spider a little drippings. Brown in this a spoon of flour and
add some soup-stock, vinegar and chopped parsley. Pour this over the
potatoes, boil up once and serve.


Pare and quarter, and put on to boil. When almost done drain off the
water, add one cup of milk, one tablespoon of butter, a little chopped
parsley and cook a while longer. Thicken with a little flour (wet with
cold water or milk), stir, and take from the fire.


Take as many potatoes as are needed; when done, cut off one end and take
out inside; mash this and mix with it one tablespoon of butter, a sprig
of parsley, pepper, salt, and enough milk to make quite soft. Put back
in tine potato skins and brown in oven and serve very hot.

If so desired the open end of each may be dipped in beaten egg before
being put in oven.


Pare, wash and boil potatoes until soft enough to mash well. Drain off
nearly all the water, leaving just a little; add one teaspoon of salt
and return to the stove. It is better to boil the potatoes in salt water
and add more salt if necessary after mashing. Sift one-half cup of flour
into the potatoes after returning to the fire and keep covered closely
for about five minutes. Then remove from the stove and mash them as hard
as you can, so as not to have any lumps. They must be of the consistency
of dough and smooth as velvet. Now put about two tablespoons of
drippings or goose-fat in a spider, chop up some onions very fine and
heat them until they become a light-brown, take a tablespoon and dip it
in the hot fat and then cut a spoonful of the potato dough with the same
spoon and put it in the spider, and so on until you have used all. Be
careful to dip your spoon in the hot fat every time you cut a puff. Let
them brown slightly.


Wash, pare and cut potatoes in one-third inch pieces, there should be
three cups; parboil three minutes, and drain. Add one-third cup of
butter, and cook on back of range until potatoes are soft and slightly
browned. Melt two tablespoons of butter, add a few drops of onion juice,
two tablespoons of flour, and pour on gradually one cup of hot milk,
season with salt and paprika, then add one well-beaten egg yolk. Pour
sauce over potatoes and sprinkle with finely chopped parsley.


Take two cups of cold mashed potatoes and stir into them one tablespoon
of melted butter, beating to a white cream before adding anything else.
Then put with this two eggs beaten extremely light, one cup of cream,
and salt to taste. Beat all well and pour into a deep dish, and bake in
a quick oven until it is nice and brown. If properly mixed, it will come
out of the oven light, puffy, and delectable.


Take large potatoes, parboil without peeling, cut a small piece of one
end of the potato and scoop out the inside. Mince two ounces cooked
mutton, season with pepper and salt, mix with the potato pulp and a
little gravy. Return end of potato to its place and bake for about
twenty minutes with a little fat on top of each potato.


Put on in boiling water, without any salt, and boil until a fork will
easily pierce the largest. Drain off the water and dry.


Boil, peel and cut lengthwise into slices a quarter of an inch thick.
Fry in sweet drippings or butter (cold boiled potatoes may also be fried
in this way).


Wash and cut small uncooked sweet potatoes into quarters; dry them and
lower them into boiling hot fat. Brown thoroughly; remove with a
skimmer; drain and dry on paper; sprinkle with salt and serve.


These are commonly called "baked" sweet potatoes. Select those of
uniform size; wash, and roast in the oven until done, which you can
easily tell by pressing the potatoes. If done they will leave an
impression when touched. It usually requires three-quarters of an hour.
Serve in their "jackets."


Pare, cut lengthwise, salt and put them around roast meats or poultry of
any kind. Roast about three-quarters of an hour, or until brown.


Wash and pare long sweet potatoes. Cook in boiling salted water until
almost soft; drain and cut slices crosswise, two inches high. Core, pare
and cut apples in one-half inch rounds. Into a spider, place the
potatoes upright, with a slice of apple on top of each. Pour over
one-half cup of maple syrup, one-fourth cup of water and two tablespoons
of butter. Baste frequently until apples are soft. Then pour one
teaspoon of rum over each section, place a candied cherry in the center
of each apple and bake ten minutes. Remove to platter and if desired,
pour more rum over and around. Light the liquor and bring to the table


Boil sweet potatoes, peel and cut into long slices; place in an earthen
dish; place lumps of butter or chicken-fat if desired on each side, and
sprinkle with sugar. A little water or juice of half a lemon may be
added. Bake until the sugar and fat have candied and the potatoes are


Look the beans over carefully to remove all dirt and pebbles, then wash
clean. Soak them overnight in plenty of cold water. In the morning pour
off the water and put them in a stew-pan with cold water enough to cover
them generously. Let them come to the boiling point in this water, then
drain. If the beans are old and hard, for each quart put a piece of soda
about the size of a large bean in the water in which they are soaked
overnight, also in the first water in which they are boiled.

The scalded and drained beans should be put back in the stew-pan and
covered generously with boiling water. Add one tablespoon of salt for
one quart of beans. They should now cook slowly, with the cover
partially off the stew-pan until they have reached the required degree
of tenderness. For stewed and baked beans the cooking must stop when the
skins begin to crack. For beans served with a sauce they should cook
until perfectly tender, but they must not be broken or mushy. For purees
and soups they should be cooked until very soft.


Soak overnight and drain the beans, boil in salted water until tender;
drain and prepare by adding salt and pepper to taste, thicken with one
tablespoon of drippings in which has been browned one tablespoon of
flour and some soup stock. If the beans are to be made sweet sour add
two tablespoons of vinegar and two tablespoons of brown sugar; boil for
a few minutes and serve.


Wash, pick over and soak overnight in cold water, two cups of navy
beans. In the morning, drain and cover with fresh water, heat slowly and
let cook just below the boiling point until the skins burst. When done,
drain beans and put in a pot with one and one-half pounds of brisket of
beef. Mix one-half tablespoon of mustard; one teaspoon of salt, one
tablespoon of molasses, two tablespoons of sugar, one-half cup of
boiling water and pour over beans, and add enough more boiling water to
cover them. Cover pot and bake slowly six or eight hours.


Wash two cups of haricot beans and leave them covered with two pints of
water overnight. Next day brown one coarsely chopped onion in a little
fat and put it with the beans and their water into a casserole or

Cook closely covered and rather slowly in the oven or by the side of the
fire one hour, then put in a pound of beef in fairly large pieces.

An hour later add one carrot cut into dice, half as many dice of turnip,
and salt and pepper to taste. Continue the slow cooking until these
vegetables are tender, and a few minutes before serving thicken the stew
with pea meal or flour previously baked to a fawn color. Flavor with

Owing to its concentrated nutriment this stew should be served sparingly
with an abundance of potatoes and green vegetables.


Soak one-half cup of navy beans in cold water overnight. Drain and cook
in one quart boiling water with one teaspoon of salt until tender but
not broken, add one-half cup of barley and let cook slowly until barley
is tender, about one-half hour. Add fat soup stock as the water
evaporates. Season to taste and bake in medium oven about one-half hour
or until dry but not browned.


Wash one pound of dried Lima beans, let soak overnight. Drain, add fresh
water, bring quickly to the boiling point, then let simmer until
tender. Add salt and paprika. Heat two tablespoons of poultry or beef
fat in a spider, add two tablespoons of flour, when brown add one cup of
bean liquid, and the beans. Let simmer and bake in casserole one-half
hour. Reserve the bean broth and add more if necessary.


Soak the large, very hard Lima beans overnight. To a pound of beans take
two large onions. When the beans are soft add the onions browned in fat,
salt, pepper, a tablespoon of sugar, a quarter cup of rice, and let all
simmer until the rice is done.


Soak dried Lima beans in cold water overnight. Drain, put on with very
little water, add one tablespoon of fat, peel of lemon or orange. When
beans are half done, add a tablespoon of sugar which has been browned in
a pan, stew slowly until the beans are tender.


Soak one pound medium-sized white beans overnight. Put on to boil in
cold water, when soft, mash, adding a little warm water while mashing.
Add salt and mashed garlic to beans and one or two teaspoons of sugar.
To a pound of beans take a pound of onions. Brown the onions in oil and
add water so they do not become too brown or greasy. When beans are
tender serve on platter with browned onions poured over them. May be
served either hot or cold. This dish is served with Carnatzlich. (See


Pick and wash one-half pound of lentils and soak them in cold water
overnight. In the morning put them over the fire in a large saucepan
with about a quart of water. As soon as the water begins to boil, the
lentils will rise to the top. Remove them with a skimmer, put them in a
baking dish with one small onion and three or four ounces of smoked fat
meat in the centre, and pour over them a pint of boiling water, in which
one-half teaspoon of salt and one-quarter teaspoon of pepper have been
mixed. Bake in a moderate oven four or five hours. The lentils must be
kept moist and it may be necessary to add a little water from time to


The following recipes contain as much nourishment as any meat dish and
can readily be substituted for meat at a meal.


For each person soak one tablespoon of lentils overnight. Then drain and
leave them spread on a dish for a day.

When ready to use, chop them finely and cook gently in a covered jar in
an outer vessel of water for about one hour, adding from time to time
just as much water as they will absorb.

When fully cooked, stir in about twice their bulk in bread crumbs
(preferably whole wheat), a slight flavoring of very finely chopped
onion, powdered mixed herbs and nutmeg, salt and pepper to taste, and
drippings to make the whole fairly moist.

When cool, shape into sausages (or cutlets or round cakes for luncheon),
coat them with egg and bread crumbs or seasoned flour, and brown them in
a little fat in a frying-pan or in a fairly hot oven.

Gravy or diluted meat extract should be served with them. They are no
less good when fried overnight and reheated in the gravy.


Pick over and wash two cups of kidney beans, soak in one quart of water.
Next morning bring to a boil in fresh water, drain, cover beans with
boiling water and cook until tender. Half an hour before beans are to be
served, put one tablespoon of butter in a saucepan, chop and add four
green, peppers, one small red pepper, one onion, one pint of tomatoes,
one teaspoon of salt, cook fifteen minutes, add to beans with three
tablespoons of uncooked rice, simmer until thick.


Soak two cups of beans overnight. Drain and boil until the skin cracks,
and let one cup of water remain on the beans. Chop fine one onion and
two cloves of garlic and fry a light brown in one tablespoon of olive
oil; then add one-half can of tomatoes, one teaspoon chili powder
dissolved in a little cold water, salt to taste and half a dozen olives
chopped. A piece of smoked beef or tongue improves the flavor.


Pick over and wash two cups of dried peas. Soak them over night or for
several hours in cold water. Put them on to boil in three pints of
fresh, cold water and let them simmer until dissolved. Keep well scraped
from the sides of the kettle.

When soft, nib through a strainer, add a little boiling water or soup
stock, add one and one-half teaspoons of salt, one-half teaspoon of
sugar and a speck of white pepper, and beat the mixture well.

Put hard brisket fat chopped in small pieces, about one-eighth of a
pound will be sufficient, into a spider and cook until a light yellow,
add a large onion, cut in dice and continue cooking with the fat until
brown. Serve the puree like mashed potatoes. Pour the onion and fat over
it before serving. Serve hot.


Pick over and wash one pint (two cups) of kidney beans let soak
overnight in cold water. Drain and cook in fresh salted water till
tender. Drain; shake in saucepan with one teaspoon butter three minutes.
Add one cup of brown sauce and simmer five minutes.


Place one pound Russian peas in granite kettle, add one tablespoon of
salt and hot water to more than cover and let soak twelve hours or more.
Drain, return to the kettle, cover with boiling water, let cook fifteen
minutes, add one-quarter teaspoon of soda and one pound of brisket of
beef or back or neck of fat chicken and let cook slowly until peas are
tender. Melt two tablespoons of fat, add two tablespoons of flour and
two tablespoons of brown sugar, let brown, add one cup of the liquid
from the peas, cook until thick and smooth. Pour over the peas, cook
thoroughly, then place in casserole and bake in a moderate oven one-half


Boil the chestnuts a few minutes; drain and remove the shells and skins.
Boil again until tender, adding sufficient salt to make them palatable.
Drain again; shake over the fire until dry; cover with cream sauce and
serve at once. If allowed to stand the chestnuts become heavy and


Put one pound of chestnuts, which have been shelled and skinned, on to
boil in two cups of milk and cook until tender, then mash smooth. If
necessary add more milk while boiling. Strain and season with salt and
pepper and one teaspoon of fresh butter. Serve hot.


With a sharp knife cut across on the flat side of each chestnut; put
them in a wire pan and shake constantly over a hot fire until the shells
split. Serve at once.


Clean and cut table celery and some celery root. Take roasted chestnuts,
season with two tablespoons of olive oil; put on to boil with the celery
and one tablespoon of lemon juice; boil all until celery is tender,
season with salt and pepper and serve hot.


Peel one pint of chestnuts and skin, then boil until tender. Boil one
pint of prunes till tender. Mix chestnuts and prunes together, leaving
whatever of sauce there is oil the prunes. Season with sugar, cinnamon,
and lemon juice, and cook all together.


Remove the outer shells from one quart of chestnuts. Then pour boiling
water over them and remove the skins; put in cold water for half an
hour, then drain and put on in a boiler with cold water and boil until
tender. Do not add any salt as it toughens them.

In another boiler put one cup of raisins which have been stemmed and
cleaned, cover with cold water, add two bay leaves and some stick
cinnamon; boil until tender, then pour them into the boiler containing
the chestnuts. Add a pinch of salt and one teaspoon of butter and
continue until chestnuts are done, then add two tablespoons of white
wine, two tablespoons of sugar, one-half teaspoon of vinegar and thicken
with one tablespoon of flour dissolved in water. More sugar or vinegar
may be added to suit taste. Boil a few minutes, then serve.


Mash one pound of cooked kidney beans and put them through a food
chopper, add one-half pound of grated cheese, salt and red pepper to
taste and sufficient bread crumbs to make the mixture stiff enough to
form into a ball. Bake in a moderate oven, basting occasionally with
butter and water. Serve with tomato sauce.


Mix two cups of soft bread crumbs and one cup of chopped walnut meats
with six tablespoons of butter or any butter substitute, one-half cup of
hot water, one and one-half teaspoons of salt, one-quarter teaspoon of
pepper, one tablespoon of chopped onion, a sprig of parsley chopped, and
bind with one egg; shape into a loaf. Place in a greased baking-dish and
bake in a moderate oven one hour. As the liquor boils out of the loaf it
may be used for basting. A brown sauce may be made in the dish in which
the loaf is cooked.


Soak one-half cup of lentils overnight; in the morning drain, cover with
fresh water and bring to a boil. Drain again, put in fresh water and
cook until tender. Drain once more, throw away the water, and press the
lentils through a colander. To them add one-half cup shelled roasted
peanuts, either ground or chopped, one-half cup of toasted bread crumby
one-half teaspoon of salt and one-half saltspoon of pepper, and milk
sufficient to make the mixture the consistency of mush. Put into a
greased baking-dish; bake in a moderate oven for an hour; turn out on a
heated platter; garnish with parsley or watercress and serve.


Soak one-half cup of Lima beans overnight; in the morning let them boil
rapidly for one-half hour. Drain, slip the beans from their skins and
split them in halves. Blanch one-quarter cup of almonds and chop them
with one-quarter cup of peanuts. Boil four potatoes, and when done cut
two of them into small cubes. Mash the remaining; two and use them for a
dough, adding four tablespoons of hot milk, a little salt and
one-quarter cup of flour. Put a layer of beans in the bottom of the
baking-dish, a sprinkling of nuts, a little hard-boiled egg, then the
potato blocks and one-half tablespoon each of chopped parsley and
chopped onion, one-half teaspoon of salt and one-half saltspoon of
pepper and so on until the material is all used. Roll out the potato
dough the size of the baking-dish; put it over the dish, brush with milk
and bake half an hour in a moderately quick oven.


The ordinary recipe generally states the time required for cooking its
ingredients, but an approximate table is occasionally of use as giving a
general idea of the time required for certain things. In any case, it is
approximate only, for things should be cooked until done, and various
conditions modify the time stated. The atmosphere, altitude, kind of
oven or mode of heating employed, and the age of certain things, such as
vegetables, all have to be considered, so that hard and fast rules
cannot be laid down.


Allow 15 minutes to warm the meat through, and after that, figure the

Beef (rare), 12 to 15 minutes per pound; (well done), 15 to 18 minutes.

Lamb 18 minutes per pound
Mutton 20 minutes per pound
Veal 30 minutes per pound
Chicken, 4lb about 2 hours, or 20 minutes per pound
Turkey, 10lb about 3-1/2 hours, or 20 minutes per pound
Goose, 8lb about 2 hours, or 15 minutes per pound
Duck 40 to 60 minutes per pound


Steaks, 1 inch thick (rare), 6 to 8 minutes; (medium), 8 to 10 minutes.

Steaks, 1-1/2 inch thick (rare), 8 to 12 minutes; (medium), 12 to 15

Lamb, or Mutton Chops (well done) 8 to 10 minutes
Spring Chicken 20 minutes
Squab 10 to 15 minutes


Beef Slowly, 40 to 60 minutes per pound
Mutton Slowly, 20 minutes per pound
Corned Beef Slowly, 30 minutes per pound
Chicken Slowly, 20 minutes per pound
Fowl Slowly, 30 minutes per pound
Tripe three to five hours


Young peas, canned tomatoes, green corn, asparagus, spinach, Brussels
sprouts--15 to 20 minutes.

Rice, potatoes, macaroni, summer squash, celery, cauliflower, young
cabbage, peas--20 to 30 minutes.

Young turnips, young beets, young carrots, young parsnips, tomatoes,
baked potatoes, sweet potatoes, onions, cabbage, cauliflower--30 to 45

String beans, shell beans, oyster plant, winter squash--45 to 60

Winter vegetables--one to two hours.


Salads are divided into two groups, dinner salads and the more
substantial ones served at supper and luncheon in the place of meats.
They are exceedingly wholesome.

Nearly all the meats, vegetables, and fruits may be served as salads.
The essential thing is to have the salad fresh and cold; and if green,
to have the leaves crisp and dry.

Lettuce, Romaine, endive and chicory or escarole make the best dinner
salads, although one may use mixed cooked vegetables or well-prepared
uncooked cabbage.

Left-over green vegetables, string beans, peas, carrots, turnips,
cauliflower, cooked spinach, leeks and beets may all take their place in
the dinner salad. Use them mixed, alone, or as a garnish for lettuce.

Lettuce and all green, raw salad vegetables should be washed and soaked
in cold water as soon as they come from the market. After they have
stood fifteen to twenty minutes in cold or ice water, free them from
moisture by swinging them in a wire basket, or dry, without bruising,
each leaf carefully with a napkin. Put them in a cheese-cloth bag and on
the ice, ready for service. In this way they will remain dry and cold,
and will keep nicely for a week.

The dressing is added only at the moment of serving, as the salad wilts
if allowed to stand after the dressing is added.

Meat of any kind used for salads should be cut into dice, but not
smaller than one-half inch, or it will seem like hash. It should be
marinated before being mixed with the other parts of the salad. Meat
mixtures are usually piled in cone-shape on a dish, the mayonnaise then
spread over it, and garnished with lettuce, capers, hard-boiled eggs,
gherkins, etc.

*To Marinate.*--Take one part of oil and three of vinegar, with pepper
and salt for taste; stir them into the meat, and let it stand a couple
of hours; drain off any of the marinade which has not been absorbed
before combining the meat with the other parts of the salad. Use only
enough marinade to season the meat or fish.

If too much vinegar is added to mayonnaise it robs it of its consistency
and flavor. All salads must be mixed at the last minute, at serving
time. Mayonnaise dressing may be made hours before and the meat, lettuce
and celery prepared, but each must be kept in a separate dish until
mixing time.



Beat the yolk of one egg in a cold dish with a silver or wooden fork. If
the weather is very warm, place the bowl in a larger vessel filled with
chopped ice. When the egg is beaten add one-half teaspoon of salt, dash
of red pepper, one-half teaspoon of English mustard and olive oil, drop
by drop, being careful to beat well without reversing the motion for
fear of curdling. When the dressing thickens, begin adding the vinegar
or lemon juice, drop by drop. Then add more olive oil, then more acid,
continuing until one cup of olive oil and two teaspoons of vinegar or
lemon juice are all used. Be sure to have all the ingredients and dishes
as cold as possible.

If the mixture should curdle, begin immediately with a fresh egg in a
fresh dish and when it is well beaten add carefully the curdled mixture,
drop by drop.

To serve twenty people one pint of mayonnaise is required.


When you are in want of a large quantity of dressing, mayonnaise or
French, add one pint of whipped cream to your prepared dressing,
stirring thoroughly, just before ready to serve.


To color mayonnaise, chop parsley leaves very fine; pound them in a
small quantity of lemon juice; strain and add the juice to the dressing.


To make white mayonnaise, follow the ordinary directions, using lemon
juice instead of vinegar, omitting the mustard and adding, when
finished, a half cup of whipped cream or half an egg white beaten very


Make one-half pint of mayonnaise dressing and add to it the following:
Two hard-boiled eggs chopped fine, two to four tablespoons of tomato
catsup, one tablespoon of finely chopped parsley, one teaspoon of finely
chopped or grated white onion or shallot, after these ingredients are
mixed, fold them into one cup of mayonnaise and serve. Enough for ten


Beat three whole eggs until very light, add two tablespoons of olive
oil, stirring constantly, add a good pinch of salt, pepper, mustard and
cayenne pepper. Heat one-half cup of vinegar with one teaspoon of sugar
in it, stir while hot into the eggs and put it back on the stove in a
double boiler or over hot water in another saucepan and stir until
thick. Serve cold.


Take yolk of one hard-boiled egg and rub smooth in a bowl. Add two
teaspoons of French mustard, salt, pepper, and little sugar. Add a
little oil, and then a little vinegar. Garnish top with the white, cut
in pieces.


Mix one cup of sour cream and three eggs, well beaten. Dissolve two
tablespoons of sugar and one tablespoon of mustard in one-half cup of
vinegar; salt, pepper and paprika to taste, and then stir this slowly
into the cream and eggs. Put in double boiler, cook until thick, then
add butter the size of an egg and cook about five minutes longer. Take
from fire and bottle; this dressing will keep for months.


Mix one teaspoon of salt, one tablespoon of mustard, one tablespoon of
sugar, one tablespoon of flour and a few grains of cayenne. Beat three
eggs until lemon-colored and add the dry ingredients with one-half cup
of vinegar and two tablespoons of melted butter. Cook over boiling water
until thick; strain, add one-half cup of cream or milk. Beat until
smooth, and cool.


Mix one-half teaspoon of salt, one-fourth teaspoon of pepper, one
teaspoon of sugar, a dash of paprika, two tablespoons of vinegar and
four tablespoons of olive oil. Stir until well blended and use at once.


Rub the yolks of two hard-boiled eggs to a paste, adding one teaspoon of
salad oil or melted butter, being careful to add only a few drops at a
time. Add one-half teaspoon salt, one-half teaspoon of prepared mustard,
very little pepper, two tablespoons of white sugar. Stir very hard, then
pour in gradually one-half teacup of vinegar.



Imported or domestic endive, chicory, escarole and Romaine or lettuce
must be washed, made crisp in cold water, and dried in a bag on the ice.
Serve them with French dressing.

Imported endive may, however, be served with mayonnaise, if desired.


The French style of making lettuce salad is as follows: After dressing
the salad, mix it in one tablespoon of oil, then take only two
tablespoons of white wine vinegar, mixed with a very little pepper and
salt, and just turn the lettuce over and over in this mixture.


Lettuce, dandelion, chicory, a little chopped beet, chopped celery, a
bit of tomato are mixed and covered with French dressing. The dressing
is usually flavored both with onion and garlic.


Boil the asparagus in salted water, being very careful not to break the
caps; drain, and pour over it when cold a mayonnaise dressing, with some
chopped parsley. Serve each person with three or four stems on a plate,
with a little mayonnaise dressing. Do not use a fork; take the stems in
the fingers and dip in the dressing.


Boil beets when tender, skin quickly white hot and slice them into a
bowl. Sprinkle salt, pepper, a tablespoon of brown sugar, some caraway
seeds, one medium-sized onion in slices and pour over all one-half cup
of vinegar which has been boiled; with a fork mix the hot vinegar
through the other ingredients.


Take some thin slices of cooked beets, some cold cooked potatoes, some
cold cooked cauliflower, and a little chopped parsley. Pour over the
following dressing and add salt and pepper to taste:

Put one level teaspoon of mustard, one teaspoon anchovy sauce, one
tablespoon of milk or cream, and one dessertspoon of vinegar. Mix the
mustard with the anchovy, then add the milk, and lastly the vinegar.

Tomatoes are equally good served in the same way.


String and remove the ends from one quart of beans. Cut into short
lengths. Cover with boiling water, add one level tablespoon of wilt and
cook until tender, but not soft. Drain and save one cup of the liquor.
Cream one tablespoon of flour with two tablespoons of butter. Pour the
liquid over the flour and butter, stirring constantly to avoid
"lumping." Cook this sauce for five minutes, remove from stove and stir
in two tablespoons of strained lemon juice. Pour this over the beans and


Cover the bottom of the salad bowl with crisp Romaine or lettuce;
arrange over the top alternate slices of hard-boiled eggs and boiled
beets. Sprinkle with finely chopped onion, cover with French dressing,
toss and serve.


Pare and wash the celery roots (they should be the size of large
potatoes), put on to boil in a little salted water, and when tender
remove from the water and set away until cool. Cut in slices about an
eighth of an inch thick; sprinkle each slice with fine salt, sugar and
white pepper; pour enough white wine vinegar over the salad to cover. A
few large raisins boiled will add to the appearance of this salad. Serve
cold in a salad bowl, lined with fresh lettuce leaves.


Buy large celery roots, parboil them and cut in shape of baskets and
scallop the edge; boil beets until soft and cut them in small balls
(like potato-balls). Set celery root baskets in French dressing for
several hours to flavor and the beet-balls in boiling sugar and vinegar.
Fill the baskets with pickled beet-balls; roll lettuce and cut it into
shreds and put it around the celery root basket. The green lettuce,
white basket and red balls form a pretty color scheme, and are delicious
as a salad.


Equal parts of boiled chestnuts and shredded celery are combined.
Bananas, apples, celery and chestnuts. Dress with mayonnaise and serve
on lettuce leaves.


Select a small, compact cabbage; strip off the outside leaves and cut
the head in quarters. With a sharp knife slice very thin; soak in cold
water until crisp; drain and dry between clean towels. Mix with hot
dressing and serve when cold.


Beat the yolks of two eggs until light, add one tablespoon of sugar, one
teaspoon of pepper, one-half teaspoon of salt and dry mustard, pour one
cup of vinegar over, stir well and pour over the slaw.

This dressing may be cooked over boiling water if so desired. Care must
be taken in adding the vinegar gradually, and add sliced onions to the


Pare thickly, from end to end, and lay in ice-water one hour; wipe them,
slice thin, and slice an onion equally thin. Strew salt over them, shake
up a few times, cover and let remain in this brine for another hour.
Then squeeze or press out every drop of water which has been extracted
from the cucumbers. Put into a salad bowl, sprinkle with white pepper
and scatter bits of parsley over them; add enough vinegar to cover. You
may slice up an equal quantity of white or red radishes and mix with
this salad.


Wash the cauliflower carefully, tie in a cloth and cook in boiling salt
water until thoroughly tender. When done, remove the cloth, pour two
tablespoons of lemon juice over the cauliflower and set it on the ice to
cool. When ready to serve, separate the flowerets, lay them on lettuce
leaves, cover with French dressing and sprinkle one tablespoon of
chopped parsley over the top.


Use small eggplants. Place on end of toasting fork under broiler gas
flame until the peel is black; remove the skin. The eggplant will then
be tender; chop with wooden spoon, add lemon juice, parsley chopped
fine, and olive oil.


Broil eggplant; when cool, skin, lay on platter, cut with wooden spoon,
add a red onion cut fine, or garlic cut very fine salt and a little


Take six firm red tomatoes, wash and wipe them neatly, slice them in
thin slices with a very sharp knife. Line a salad bowl with lettuce
leaves, lay the sliced tomatoes in, sprinkle with salt and pepper, serve
with French dressing.


Select tomatoes that are of uniform size, round, smooth and spotless,
scald and take off outer skin, set away on ice until ready to serve.
Serve on individual dishes, putting each on a lettuce leaf and pour a
tablespoon of mayonnaise dressing over each tomato.


Select round, very firm and even sized tomatoes, cut off the top
(reserve to use as a cover), scrape out the inside, being very careful
to not break the tomato. Fill each tomato with some finely prepared
"cold slaw," cover with the top of the tomato, lay them on lettuce
leaves and pour a mayonnaise dressing over each. You may lay them en
masse on a decorated platter, heaping them in the shape of a mound, or
serve individually.


Wash and skin six small tomatoes. Cut a piece from the stem end of each
and when cold remove a portion of the pulp from the centre. Then
sprinkle with salt and invert on the ice to chill. Mash to a paste one
small cream cheese add two tablespoons of chopped pimento, one
tablespoon of French mustard. Blend well, moisten with a French dressing
and fill into the tomato shells. Arrange on a bed of crisp lettuce
leaves and pour over each tomato a tablespoon of thick boiled dressing.


Take two cups of cold, cooked Lima beans, two stalks of chopped celery,
one dozen chopped olives, one teaspoon of onion juice, one teaspoon of
salt, and a dash of red pepper. Mix thoroughly and serve on lettuce
leaves with French dressing and garnish with green and red peppers cut
in squares.


Fill green peppers with a mixture of cream cheese and chopped olives.
Set on the ice and then slice the peppers and serve a slice (shaped like
a four-leaf clover) on a leaf of lettuce. Small brown bread sandwiches
go well with this.


Put whole, green sweet pepper in boiling water and cook until tender.
Place on platter and drain. Make a dressing of vinegar, salt, sugar and
oil. Serve.


Cut the peppers lengthwise in half, and fill with a mixture of flaked,
cold cooked fish and minced celery, mixed with mayonnaise.


Boil ten potatoes (small, round ones preferred) in their skins. When
done, peel them while, still hot and slice in thin, round slices. Spread
over the potatoes one onion, sliced fine, and sprinkle generously with
salt and pepper, add one tablespoon of mustard seed, one-half tablespoon
of celery seed, and one-half tablespoon of sugar.

Beat one egg until light, pour two tablespoons of goose or chicken fat,
melted, over the eggs, stir well, add one-half cup of vinegar, pour over
the seasoned potatoes: then add one-quarter cup of hot water and if
necessary, add a little more vinegar, salt or pepper. One or two chopped
hard-boiled eggs added improves the salad. Line a salad bowl with
lettuce leaves, pour in the salad and decorate the top with grated
hard-boiled eggs.

Melted butter may be used if for a milk meal or heated olive oil for a
parve salad in place of the melted fat.


Boil one quart of small potatoes, Bermuda potatoes are best. Do not peel
them, just wash and scrub the potatoes thoroughly in cold water. Put
them in a kettle with enough cold water, slightly salted, just to cover
them; stand them over a brisk fire with the kettle covered until the
water begins to boil; then turn down the heat, lift the cover of the
kettle slightly and let the potatoes cook slowly till done. Drain off
the water and stand the potatoes where they will get cold. But do not
put them in a refrigerator. When quite cold, peel the potatoes and slice
them very thin in a salad bowl. To every two layers of potato slices
sprinkle over a very light layer of white onions sliced very thin. Texas
onions are particularly fine for this purpose.

When the salad bowl is well filled pour over the salad a French dressing
made of equal parts of oil and vinegar; let the vinegar be part
tarragon; use a palatable amount of salt and pepper. When ready to
serve, cover the surface of the salad with a stiff mayonnaise in which a
suggestion of cream has been mixed. Ornament with quarters of
hard-boiled eggs, boiled beets cut in fancy slices and a fringe of
parsley around the edge of the bowl.


Put into a bowl two tablespoons of olive oil, one tablespoon of sugar,
one teaspoon of salt, some pepper and one tablespoon of vinegar and mix
all together. Cut into this in slices six hot potatoes. Then cut into
small pieces two small onions, a little garlic, some parsley, six
stuffed olives, three hearts of celery (or the end of it), six radishes,
three slices of red beets and two hard-boiled eggs. Add this to the
gravy in the bowl, mix well, and season to taste. Put all into a glass
dish and pour over this a prepared mayonnaise dressing. Decorate with
parsley, olives (whole), some lettuce and put in the centre some celery


Grate off the skin of long squash (the kind that looks like cucumbers),
cut the squash in slices, one-quarter of an inch thick, and fry in olive
oil; prepare a sauce with a little vinegar, one-half teaspoon of
prepared mustard, two tablespoons of olive oil, beat these ingredients
very well; add two shallots or leeks, cut in small pieces, pour sauce
over the squash and serve.


Mix an equal quantity of sliced celery and apples, and a quarter of a
pound of pecans or English walnuts, chopped fine. Put over a tablespoon
of lemon juice and sufficient mayonnaise dressing to thoroughly cover.
To be absolutely correct, this salad should be served without lettuce;
it can, however, be dished on lettuce leaves.


Boil twenty minutes, one egg for each lily; remove shell and while still
warm cut with silver knife in strips from small end nearly to base; very
carefully lay back the petals on a heart of bleached lettuce; remove
yolks and rub them with spoon of butter, vinegar, a little mustard, salt
and paprika; form cone-shaped balls, and put on petals, sprinkling bits
of parsley over balls. Two or three stuffed olives carry out the effect
of buds; serve on cut-glass dishes to give water effect.


Cut up one-quarter pound of marshmallows into small squares, also
contents of one-half can of pineapple. Let the marshmallows be mixed
with the pineapples quite a while before salad is put together; add to
this one-quarter pound of shelled pecans. Make a drip mayonnaise of one
yolk of egg into which one-half cup of oil is stirred drop by drop; cut
this with lemon juice, but do not use any sugar; to two tablespoons of
mayonnaise, add four tablespoons of whipped cream. Serve on fresh, green


Mix thoroughly one pound of cheese, one and one-half tablespoons of
cream, one tablespoon of chopped parsley and salt to taste. First fill a
rectangular tin mold with cold water to chill and wet the surface; line
the bottom with waxed paper, then pack in three layers, putting two or
three parallel strips of pimento between layers. Cover with waxed paper
and set in a cool place until ready to serve; then run a knife around
the sides and invert the mold. Cut in slices and serve on lettuce leaves
with French dressing and wafers. Minced olives may be used instead of
the parsley, and chopped nuts also may be added.


Moisten a cream cheese with cream and beat to a froth. Arrange in a
mound shape on a dish and turn preserved gooseberries over it. Serve
with biscuits.


Serve one slice of Hawaiian pineapple on lettuce leaves. On the
pineapple slice place a spoon of cream cheese and some chopped walnuts
and top off with a dash of mayonnaise dressing.


Slice one pineapple, three oranges, and three bananas. Pour over it a
French mayonnaise, put on lettuce leaves and serve at once. For those
who do not care for the mayonnaise, make a syrup of one cup of sugar and
one-half cup of water, boil until thick, add juice of lemon, let
slightly cool, then pour over fruit. Let stand on ice one to two hours.
Another nice dressing is one cup of claret, one-half cup of sugar, and
piece of lemon. Always use lemon juice in preference to vinegar in fruit
salads. All fruits that go well together may be mixed. This is served
just before desert.


Slice two bananas, two oranges and mix them with one-half cup of English
walnuts and the juice of one-half lemon with French dressing. Serve on
lettuce leaves.


Cut the grape-fruit in halves and remove the pulp, being careful to get
none of the tough white skin. Mix with bananas and oranges and stir in
white mayonnaise dressing. Remove all skin from the inside, of the
grape-fruit and fill with the mixture, heaping it high and ornamenting
with maraschino cherries. Lay each half in a bed of lettuce leaves and


Cut the bananas in half crosswise and arrange them on a plate, radiating
from the center. Sprinkle with grated nuts or nutmeg and heap white
mayonnaise in the center. Garnish with maraschino cherries.


Mix together equal parts of banana, orange, pineapple, grapefruit and
one-half cup of chopped nuts. Marinate with French dressing. Fill apple
or orange skins with mixture. Arrange on a bed of watercress or lettuce
leaves. Sprinkle with paprika.


Make a plain grape-fruit salad. When you have it ready to serve, cover
the top thickly with finely chopped almonds or pecans mixed. Pour over
French dressing.


Peel and pit some peaches, cut in slices and add as much sliced
pineapple, some apricots, strawberries and raspberries, put these in a
dish. Prepare a syrup of juice of two lemons, two oranges, one cup of
water and one pound sugar, a half teaspoon of powdered cinnamon, grated
rind of lemon, add one cup red wine and a half glass of Madeira, arrak
or rum. Boil this syrup for five minutes, then pour over the fruit,
tossing the fruit from time to time until cool. Place on ice and serve


Take one pound cold boiled fish left over from the day previous, or boil
fresh fish and let cool, then skin, bone and flake. If fresh fish is
used, mix two tablespoons of vinegar, a pinch of salt and pepper with
the fish. Make a mayonnaise dressing (French mayonnaise preferred), and
mix half with the fish, leaving other half to spread over top of salad,
after it is put in bowl. Serve either with or without lettuce leaves.


Boil four pounds of halibut, cool and shred fish. Marinate the fish as
directed. When ready to serve add six hard-boiled eggs chopped, and one
pint bottle of pickles or chow-chow. The pickle may be omitted and
celery cut fine be added. When these are well mixed serve on lettuce
leaves with mayonnaise dressing, of which one pint will be required.


Put some fillets of flounder into boiling water with a little salt and
lemon juice, and cook until tender, then drain thoroughly.

When cold, put them in the center of some chopped lettuce, cover with
mayonnaise sauce and garnish with slices of tomatoes and hard-boiled


Soak four herrings in cold water overnight, and then rinse several times
in fresh cold water. Skin, bone, and cut in one-half inch pieces. Peel
two apples, and cut in dice. Mix with herring, then add one-half cup of
coarsely chopped almonds and one onion chopped fine. Remove the milsner
or soft egg from the inside of herring, and mash perfectly smooth. Add
one-half cup of vinegar, one teaspoon of sugar, pinch of pepper. Mix
well, and then pour over herring, stirring with a fork to prevent
mashing. Set in ice-box until ready to serve. Put sliced lemons on top.
Herring can be left whole, dressing made and poured over whole herrings.


Soak three nice herrings in cold water three hours. Then remove the head
and tail and bones. With a scissors cut in pieces as small as dice, add
one-half cup of English walnuts cut fine, one tablespoon of boiled beets
cut fine, two tablespoons of capers, one large apple cut in small pieces
and one dill pickle cut up. Then take the soft egg (milchner) and mix
with two cups of white vinegar until soft, add one teaspoon of sugar,
three cloves and allspice and pour the sauce over the ingredients. The
sauce should not be too thick. Mix all well together, and serve a
spoonful on a lettuce leaf for each person.

This salad will keep for weeks.


Mix together one cup each of cold cooked peas, beans, carrots, and
potatoes. Cover with French dressing and let stand for twenty minutes.
Add one cup of smoked salmon or haddock, cut in small pieces, the
chopped whites of four hard-boiled eggs and two stalks of celery. Mix
thoroughly, garnish top with yolk of egg pressed through a wire sieve;
and with cucumbers and beets, cut in fancy shapes.


Either cold boiled salmon or the canned variety may be used. In the
latter event wash the fish, in cold water, drain and expose to the
outside air for at least one hour, as this removes any suggestion of the
can. Flake the fish into small particles and to each cupful of the fish
add the same quantity of shredded lettuce, one coarsely chopped
hard-boiled egg, three slices of minced cucumber and six chopped olives.
Mix the ingredients well, moisten with either a mayonnaise or boiled
dressing and serve in individual portions in nest of heart lettuce
leaves. Mask each portion with a tablespoon of dressing and garnish with
capers and grated egg yolk.


Rub the yolks of two hard-boiled eggs to a powder, then add eight
tablespoons of cream very gradually to them, also white pepper, a pinch
of salt and a mere suspicion of cayenne pepper. Lastly add two
tablespoons of white vinegar. It is very important that this last
ingredient be put in drop by drop, otherwise the mixture will curdle.


Procure a nice fat mackerel, boil, and when cold, proceed same as for
"Salmon Salad," only do not cut the pieces quite as small.


Select fine lemons, wipe carefully, scoop out the pulp, remove the tough
inner skin and seeds, and to the rest add one box of boneless sardines,
finely chopped, one teaspoon of French mustard, two hard-boiled eggs
chopped, some tabasco sauce, and mayonnaise. Fill each cup with the
mixture. Cut a small slice from the bottom of the lemon, so that it will
stand firmly. Garnish with chopped egg and chopped parsley, and serve on
lettuce leaves.


Cut up all kinds of pickled cucumbers, small and large, sweet and sour,
also (senf) mustard pickles, into very small lengths, also pickled beans
and capers. Add six herring, which you have soaked in water for
twenty-four hours; skin and take out every bone, cut up as you did the
pickles. Add half a pound of smoked salmon, also cut into lengths, six
large apples chopped very fine, and one onion grated; mix all thoroughly
and pour a rich mayonnaise dressing over all. Next day line a salad bowl
with lettuce leaves, fill in the salad and garnish with hard-boiled
eggs, nuts, and capers.


Pick or grind one thick slice of cold, cooked salmon. Make a dressing of
mayonnaise, to which add one tablespoon of French mustard, one green
onion chopped fine, one tablespoon of small Mexican peppers, one
tablespoon of pimentos. Mix this dressing into the picked salmon.


Place the chicken in boiling water, add one onion, a bay leaf and six
cloves. Bring to a boil and let it boil rapidly for five minutes. Reduce
the heat to below the boiling point, and let it cook until tender. Let
chicken cool in the broth.

By cooking it in this manner the dark meat will be almost as white as
the meat of the breast. When the chicken is cold, cut into half inch
cubes, removing all the fat and skin. To each pint allow one tablespoon
of lemon juice, sprinkle the latter over the prepared chicken and place
on ice. When ready to serve, mix the chicken with two-thirds as much
white celery, cut into corresponding pieces: meanwhile prepare the
following mayonnaise: Rub the yolks of two hard-boiled eggs as fine as
possible, add one teaspoon of salt, then add, a drop at a time, one
teaspoon of the finest olive oil. Stir constantly, add one teaspoon of
prepared mustard and while pepper, and two teaspoons of white sugar;
whip the white of one egg to a froth and add to the dressing; add about
one-half cup of vinegar last, a spoonful at a time. Put the salad into
the dressing carefully, using two silver forks; line the salad bowl with
lettuce leaves, and garnish the top with the whites of hard-boiled eggs
chopped up, or cut into half-moons. Garnish this salad with the chopped
yolks and whites of hard-boiled eggs, being careful to have the whites
and yolks separate. A few olives and capers will add to the decoration.


Boil two large chickens in enough water to cover them, add salt while
boiling; when very tender remove from the fire and allow the chickens to
cool in the liquor in which they were boiled, when cold skim off every
particle of fat, and reserve it to use instead of oil. If possible boil
the chickens the day previous to using. Now cut the chickens up into
small bits (do not chop), cut white, crisp celery in half inch pieces,
and sprinkle with fine salt, allowing half as much celery as you have
chicken, mixing the chicken and celery, using two silver forks to do
this. Rub the yolks of six hard-boiled eggs as fine as possible, add
one-half teaspoon of salt, white pepper, four tablespoons of chicken-fat
that has been skimmed off the broth, adding one at a time, stirring
constantly, one tablespoon of best prepared mustard, two teaspoons each
mustard seed and celery seed, and two tablespoons of white sugar; add
gradually, stirring constantly, one cup of white wine vinegar. Pour this
dressing over the chicken and celery and toss lightly with the silver
forks. Line a large salad bowl with lettuce leaves, pour in the salad
and garnish the top with the chopped whites of six hard-boiled eggs;
pour a pint of mayonnaise over the salad just before serving. A neat way
is to serve the salad in individual salad dishes, lining each dish with
a lettuce leaf, garnish the salad with an olive stuck up in the center
of each portion.

The bones of the chicken may be used for soup, letting them simmer in
water to cover for three hours.


Scald brains with boiling hot water to cleanse thoroughly. Boil until
tender, in fresh cold salt water, being careful to remove from water
while it is yet firm. Slice lengthwise and lay in dish. Pour over
one-half cup of vinegar, which has been sweetened with a pinch of sugar
to remove sharp taste, pinch of salt and pepper. Garnish with parsley
and serve cold. Can also be served with mayonnaise.


Take cucumbers and cut lengthwise to serve the salad in; scrape out the
inside and salt well, then squeeze and use this to mix with the filling.
Take a pair of sweetbreads, or calf's brains, wash well, and boil; when
done, throw in cold water at once and skim them; chop fine, add bunch of
celery (if you can get it), one can of French peas, scraped part of
cucumber; mix all together and season. Make a mayonnaise, mix with it,
and fill the cucumber shells; keep all cold, and serve on lettuce leaf.


Cut cold veal in half-inch slices, season with two tablespoons of
vinegar, pinch of salt and pepper. Make a dressing using the yolks of
three hard-boiled eggs, mashed smooth, add gradually two tablespoons of
melted cold chicken or turkey grease, stir until smooth and thick, then
add one teaspoon of prepared mustard, large pinch of salt and pepper,
one teaspoon of sugar, one teaspoon each of mustard and celery seed, and
five tablespoons of white vinegar. Mix the dressing well with the veal,
and serve with or without lettuce leaves.


Take some white meat of a turkey, cut up fine, cut up a few pickles the
same way, a few beets, one or two carrots, a few potatoes (the carrots
and potatoes must be parboiled), also a few stalks of asparagus; chop up
a bunch of crisp, white celery; a whole celery root (parboiled),
sprinkle all with fine salt and pour a mayonnaise dressing over it. Line
the salad bowl with lettuce leaves or white cabbage leaves. Add a few
hard-boiled eggs and capers; garnish with sprigs of fresh parsley.


Lay half a dozen or more large salt pickles in water for about six
hours, then drain off all the water. Chop up two sour apples, one large
onion or two small ones, chop the pickles and mix all thoroughly in a
bowl and sprinkle over them a scant half teaspoon of pepper (white) and
a tablespoon of sugar (either white or brown), adding a pinch of salt if
necessary. Pour enough white wine vinegar over all to just cover. Do not
make more at a time than you can use up in a week, as it will not keep


Always select the best fruit, as it is the cheapest, and requires less
sugar; and where every piece of fruit or every berry is perfect, there
is no waste. Raspberries are apt to harbor worms and therefore the
freshly picked berries are safest.


Wash and pick over carefully, drain off all the water, sprinkle powdered
sugar over them and serve with cream or milk.


Pick over carefully, set on ice, and serve in a dish unsugared.
Strawberries may be served as above.


These berries, mixed, make a very palatable dish. Set on ice until ready
to serve. Then pile in a mound, strewing plenty of pulverized sugar
among them. As you do this, garnish the base with white or black
currants (blackberries look pretty also) in bunches. Eat with cream or


Pick nice ripe berries, pile them in a fruit dish. Strew plenty of
pulverized sugar over them and garnish with round slices or quarters of
oranges, also well sugared.


May be sliced according to fancy, either round or lengthwise. Set on ice
until required. Then add sugar, wine or orange juice. In serving, dish
out with a tablespoon of whipped cream.


Cut ice-cold bananas down lengthwise, and lay these halves on a plate
with a quarter of a lemon and a generous teaspoon of powdered sugar. Eat
with a fork or spoon after sprinkling with lemon juice and dipping in


Cut in half, with a sharp knife, remove seeds, and sprinkle with sugar,
or loosen pulp; cut out pithy white centre; wipe knife after each
cutting, so that the bitter taste may be avoided. Pour in white wine or
sherry and sprinkle with powdered sugar, and let stand several hours in
ice-chest to ripen. Serve cold in the shell. Decorate with maraschino


Cut an orange in half crosswise. Place on an attractive dish, scoop out
the juice and pulp with a spoon and sweeten if necessary.


Peel the pineapple, dig out all the eyes, then cut from the core
downward, or chop in a chopping-bowl, and set on ice until ready to
serve. Then sugar the fruit well, and form into a mound in a dish.
Garnish the base well with leaves or small fruit of any kind. You may
squeeze the juice of one orange over all.


Peel fine, ripe freestone peaches. Cover plentifully with pulverized
sugar, and serve with whipped cream. The cream should be ice cold.
Peaches should not be sliced until just before dining, or they will be
very apt to change color.


Use only those melons that are perfectly ripe. Do not select those that
are very large in circumference; a rough melon with a bumpy surface is
the best. Either cut in half or plug and fill with the following: Put on
to boil some pale sherry or claret and boil down to quite a thick syrup
with sugar. Pour this into either a plugged melon or over the half-cut
melon, and lay on ice for a couple of hours before serving. If you use
claret you may spice it while boiling with whole spices.


Grate a large cocoanut into a fruit dish, and mix it thoroughly and
lightly with pulverised sugar. Serve with whipped or plain sweet cream.


Slice oranges, bananas, pineapples and arrange in a glass-bowl; sprinkle
with pulverized sugar, and serve either with wine or cream. You may use


Select nice, large, well-shaped tomatoes, pare, slice and put on ice.
When ready to serve sprinkle each layer thickly with pulverized sugar.


Take a nice ripe pineapple, grate it and sweeten to taste. Beat the
whites of two eggs stiff and mix with the pineapple. Before serving,
whip half a pint of cream and put on the pineapple.


Pare and core six large apples. Cover with one pint of water and three
tablespoons of sugar; simmer until tender. Remove from the syrup and
drain. Wash the parings and let simmer with a little water for one-half
hour. Beat the white of one egg to a stiff froth and add one tablespoon
of sugar. Coat the top of the apples lightly with the meringue and place
in a cool oven to dry. Strain the juice from the parings, add two
tablespoons of sugar, return to the fire and let boil for five minutes;
add a few drops of lemon juice and a little nutmeg, cool and pour around
the apples.


Peel six big apples and slice them. Put them in a saucepan with just
enough water to cover them and cook until tender. Then put them through
a colander and add the grated rind and juice of half a lemon, sweeten to
taste and stir in a trace of nutmeg. Fold in the stiffly beaten whites
of four eggs and put the dish on ice. Serve with whipped or plain cream.


Put a layer of apple sauce in a buttered pudding dish, dot with butter,
add a layer of chopped peaches and apricots, sprinkle with blanched
almonds ground rather coarsely, repeat until the pan is full; pour the
peach juice over the mixture and bake for one hour.


Take six apples ("Greenings," "Baldwins" or "Bellflowers"), pare,
quarter, core and lay them in cold water as soon as pared. Then take the
parings and seeds, put in a dish with a cup of water and a cup of white
wine, and boil for about fifteen minutes. Strain through a fine sieve,
then put on to boil again, and add half a cup of white sugar and the
peel of half a lemon. Put in the apples and let them stew for fifteen
minutes longer. When the apples are tender, take up each piece carefully
with a silver spoon and lay on a platter to cool. Let the syrup boil
down to about half the quantity you had after removing the apples, and
add to it the juice of half a lemon. Lay your apples in a fruit dish,
pyramid shape, pour the syrup over them, serve.


Take large, juicy apples, wash and core them well, fill each place that
you have cored with brown sugar, cinnamon and raisins, and put a clove
in each apple. Lay them in a deep dish, pour a teacup of water in the
dish, and put a little sugar on top of each apple. When well done the
apples will be broken. Then remove them carefully to the dish they are
to be served in and pour the syrup over them. To be eaten cold. If you
wish them extra nice, glaze them with the beaten white of an egg, half a
cup of pulverized sugar and serve with whipped cream.


For this dish use sweet apples, and steam in a closely covered iron pot
for three-quarters of an hour.

Quarter and core five apples without paring. Put into the pot and melt
beef drippings; when hot, lay a layer of apples in, skin down, sprinkle
with brown sugar, and when nearly done, turn and brown; place on a
platter and sprinkle with sugar.


Quarter and core five apples without paring. Put into a frying-pan one
cup of sugar, one tablespoon of butter and three tablespoons of water.
Let this melt and lay in the apples with the skin up. Cover and fry
slowly until brown.


Pare, quarter and core the apples. Set on to boil in cold water, and
boil them over a very brisk fire; when they are soft mash with a potato
masher and pass the mashed apples through a sieve. Sweeten to taste and
flavor with a teaspoon of vanilla. This way of seasoning apples is


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