The Middle Class Gentleman (Le Bourgeois Gentilhomme)

Part 1 out of 2

THE MIDDLE CLASS GENTLEMAN (Le Bourgeois Gentilhomme)


MOLIERE (Jean-Baptiste Poquelin, 1622-1673)

Translated by Philip Dwight Jones

Comedy-Ballet presented at Chambord, for the entertainment of the
King, in the month of October 1670, and to the public in Paris for
the first time at the Palais-Royal Theater 23 November 1670

The Cast

Monsieur Jourdain, bourgeois.
Madame Jourdain, his wife.
Lucile, their daughter.
Nicole, maid.
Cleonte, suitor of Lucile.
Covielle, Cleonte's valet.
Dorante, Count, suitor of Dorimene.
Dorimene, Marchioness.
Music Master.
Pupil of the Music Master.
Dancing Master.
Fencing Master.
Master of Philosophy.
Tailor's apprentice.
Two lackeys.
Many male and female musicians, instrumentalists, dancers, cooks,
tailor's apprentices, and others necessary for the interludes.

The scene is Monsieur Jourdain's house in Paris.


SCENE I (Music Master, Dancing Master, Musicians, and Dancers)

(The play opens with a great assembly of instruments, and in the
middle of the stage is a pupil of the Music Master seated at a
table composing a melody which Monsieur Jourdain has ordered for a

MUSIC MASTER: (To Musicians) Come, come into this room, sit there
and wait until he comes.

DANCING MASTER: (To dancers) And you too, on this side.

MUSIC MASTER: (To Pupil) Is it done?


MUSIC MASTER: Let's see. . . This is good.

DANCING MASTER: Is it something new?

MUSIC MASTER: Yes, it's a melody for a serenade that I set him to
composing here, while waiting for our man to awake.


MUSIC MASTER: You'll hear it, with the dialogue, when he comes. He
won't be long.

DANCING MASTER: Our work, yours and mine, is not trivial at

MUSIC MASTER: This is true. We've found here such a man as we both
need. This is a nice source of income for us -- this Monsieur
Jourdain, with the visions of nobility and gallantry that he has
gotten into his head. You and I should hope that everyone resembled

DANCING MASTER: Not entirely; I could wish that he understood
better the things that we give him.

MUSIC MASTER: It's true that he understands them poorly, but he
pays well, and that's what our art needs now more than anything

DANCING MASTER: As for me, I admit, I feed a little on glory.
Applause touches me; and I hold that, in all the fine arts, it is
painful to produce for dolts, to endure the barbarous opinions of a
fool about my choreography. It is a pleasure, don't tell me
otherwise, to work for people who can appreciate the fine points of
an art, who know how to give a sweet reception to the beauties of a
work and, by pleasurable approbations, gratify us for our labor.
Yes, the most agreeable recompense we can receive for the things we
do is to see them recognized and flattered by an applause that
honors us. There is nothing, in my opinion, that pays us better for
all our fatigue; and it is an exquisite delight to receive the
praises of the well-informed.

MUSIC MASTER: I agree, and I enjoy them as you do. There is surely
nothing more agreeable than the applause you speak of; but that
incense does not provide a living. Pure praises do not provide a
comfortable existence; it is necessary to add something solid, and
the best way to praise is to praise with cash-in-hand. He's a man,
it's true, whose insight is very slight, who talks nonsense about
everything and applauds only for the wrong reasons but his money
makes up for his judgments. He has discernment in his purse. His
praises are in cash, and this ignorant bourgeois is worth more to
us, as you see, than the educated nobleman who introduced us here.

DANCING MASTER: There is some truth in what you say; but I find
that you lean a little too heavily on money; and material interest
is something so base that a man of good taste should never show an
attachment to it.

MUSIC MASTER: You are ready enough to receive the money our man
gives you.

DANCING MASTER: Assuredly; but I don't place all my happiness in
it, and I could wish that together with his fortune he had some
good taste in things.

MUSIC MASTER: I could wish it too, that's what both of us are
working for as much as we can. But, in any case, he gives us the
means to make ourselves known in the world; and he will pay others
if they will praise him.

DANCING MASTER: Here he comes.

SCENE II (Monsieur Jourdain, Two Lackeys, Music Master, Dancing
Master, Pupil, Musicians, and Dancers)

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Well gentlemen? What's this? Are you going to
show me your little skit?

DANCING MASTER: How? What little skit?

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Well, the. . . What-do-you-call it? Your
prologue or dialogue of songs and dances.


MUSIC MASTER: You find us ready for you.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: I kept you waiting a little, but it's because
I'm having myself dressed today like the people of quality, and my
tailor sent me some silk stockings that I thought I would never get

MUSIC MASTER: We are here only to wait upon your leisure.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: I want you both to stay until they have brought
me my suit, so that you may see me.

DANCING MASTER: Whatever you would like.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: You will see me fitted out properly, from head
to foot.

MUSIC MASTER: We have no doubt of it.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: I had this robe made for me.

DANCING MASTER: It's very attractive.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: My tailor told me the people of quality dress
like this in the mornings.

MUSIC MASTER: It's marvelously becoming.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Hey lackeys! My two lackeys!

FIRST LACKEY: What do you wish, Sir?

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Nothing. I just wanted to see if you were paying
attention. (To the two masters) What say you of my liveries?

DANCING MASTER: They're magnificent.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: (Half opening his gown, showing a pair of tight
red velvet breeches, and a green velvet vest, that he is wearing)
Here again is a sort of lounging dress to perform my morning
exercises in.

MUSIC MASTER: It is elegant.



MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: The other lackey!


MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Hold my robe. (To the Masters) Do you think I
look good?

DANCING MASTER: Very well. No one could look better.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Now let's have a look at your little show.
MUSIC MASTER: I would like very much for you to listen to a melody
he (indicating his student)has just composed for the serenade that
you ordered from me. He's one of my pupils who has an admirable
talent for these kinds of things.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Yes, but you should not have had that done by a
pupil; you yourself were none too good for that piece of work.

MUSIC MASTER: You must not let the name of pupil fool you, sir.
Pupils of this sort know as much as the greatest masters, and the
melody is as fine as could be made. Just listen.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: (To Lackeys) Give me my robe so I can listen
better . . . Wait, I believe I would be better without a robe. . .
No, give it back, that will be better.

MUSICIAN: (Singing) I languish night and day, my suffering is
extreme Since to your control your lovely eyes subjected me; If you
thus treat, fair Iris, those you love, Alas, how would you treat an

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: This song seems to me a little mournful, it
lulls to sleep, and I would like it if you could liven it up a
little, here and there.

MUSIC MASTER: It is necessary, Sir, that the tune be suited to the

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Someone taught me a perfectly pretty one some
time ago. Listen . . . Now . . . how does it go?

DANCING MASTER: By my faith, I don't know.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: There are sheep in it.


MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Yes. Ah! (He sings) I thought my Jeanneton As
beautiful as sweet; I thought my Jeanneton Far sweeter than a
sheep. Alas! Alas! She is a hundred times, A thousand times, more
cruel Than tigers in the woods! Isn't it pretty?

MUSIC MASTER: The prettiest in the world.

DANCING MASTER: And you sing it well.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: It's without having learned music.

MUSIC MASTER: You ought to learn it, Sir, as you are learning
dancing. They are two arts which have a close connection.

DANCING MASTER: And which open the mind of a man to fine things.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: And do people of quality learn music, too?


MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: I'll learn it then. But I don't know when I can
find time; for besides the Fencing Master who's teaching me, I have
also engaged a master of philosophy who is to begin this morning.

MUSIC MASTER: Philosophy is something; but music, sir, music . . .

DANCING MASTER: Music and dancing, music and dancing, that's all
that's necessary.

MUSIC MASTER: There's nothing so useful in a State as music.

DANCING MASTER: There's nothing so necessary to men as dancing.

MUSIC MASTER: Without music, a State cannot subsist.

DANCING MASTER: Without the dance, a man can do nothing.

MUSIC MASTER: All the disorders, all the wars one sees in the world
happen only from not learning music.

DANCING MASTER: All the misfortunes of mankind, all the dreadful
disasters that fill the history books, the blunders of politicians
and the faults of omission of great commanders, all this comes from
not knowing how to dance.


MUSIC MASTER: Does not war result from a lack of agreement between


MUSIC MASTER: And if all men learned music, wouldn't that be a
means of bringing about harmony and of seeing universal peace in
the world?


DANCING MASTER: When a man has committed a mistake in his conduct,
in family affairs, or in affairs of government of a state, or in
the command of an army, do we not always say, "He took a bad step
in such and such an affair?"

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Yes, that's said.

DANCING MASTER: And can taking a bad step result from anything but
not knowing how to dance?

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: It's true, you are both right.

DANCING MASTER: It makes you see the excellence and usefulness of
music and the dance.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: I understand that, now.

MUSIC MASTER: Do you wish to see our pieces?


MUSIC MASTER: I have already told you that this is a little attempt
I have made to show the different passions that music can express.


MUSIC MASTER (To musicians) Here, come forward. (To Monsieur
Jourdain) You must imagine that they are dressed as shepherds.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Why always as shepherds? You see nothing but
that everywhere.

MUSIC MASTER: When we have characters that are to speak in music,
it's necessary, for believability, to make them pastoral. Singing
has always been assigned to shepherds; and it is scarcely natural
dialogue for princes or merchants to sing their passions.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Alright, alright. Let's see.

DIALOGUE IN MUSIC: (A Woman and Two Men)

ALL THREE: A heart, under the domination of love, Is always with a
thousand cares oppressed. It is said that we gladly languish,
gladly sigh; But, despite what can be said, There is nothing so
sweet as our liberty!

FIRST MAN: There is nothing so sweet as the loving fires That make
two hearts beat as one. One cannot live without amorous desires;
Take love from life, you take away the pleasures.

SECOND MAN: It would be sweet to submit to love's rule, If one
could find faithful love, But, alas! oh cruel rule! No faithful
shepherdess is to be seen, And that inconstant sex, much too
unworthy, Must renounce love eternally.

FIRST MAN: Pleasing ardor!

WOMAN: Happy liberty!

SECOND MAN: Deceitful woman!

FIRST MAN: How precious you are to me!

WOMAN: How you please my heart!

SECOND MAN: How horrible you are to me!

FIRST MAN: Ah, leave, for love, that mortal hate!

WOMAN: We can, we can show you a faithful shepherdess!

SECOND MAN: Alas! Where to find her?

WOMAN: In order to defend our reputation, I want to offer you my

FIRST MAN: But, shepherdess, can I believe That it will not be

WOMAN: We'll see through experience, Who of the two loves best.

SECOND MAN: Who lacks constancy, May the gods destroy!

ALL THREE: With ardors so beautiful Let us be inflamed! Ah, how
sweet it is to love, When two hearts are faithful!



MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: I find it well-done, and there are some pretty
enough sayings in it.

DANCING MASTER: Here, for my presentation, is a little display of
the loveliest movements and the most beautiful attitudes with which
a dance can possibly be varied.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Are these shepherds too?

DANCING MASTER: They're whatever you please. Let's go! (Four
dancers execute all the different movements and all the kinds of
steps that the Dancing Master commands; and this dance makes the
First Interlude.)


SCENE I (Monsieur Jourdain, Music Master, Dancing Master, Lackeys)

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: That's not all that bad, and those people there
hop around well.

MUSIC MASTER: When the dance is combined with the music, it will
have even better effect, and you will see something quite good in
the little ballet we have prepared for you.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: That's for later, when the person I ordered all
this for is to do me the honor of coming here to dine.

DANCING MASTER: Everything is ready.

MUSIC MASTER: However, sir, this is not enough. A person like you,
who lives magnificently, and who are inclined towards fine things,
should have a concert of music here every Wednesday or every

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Is that what people of quality do?


MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Then I'll have them. Will it be fine?

MUSIC MASTER: Without doubt. You must have three voices-- a tenor,
a soprano, and a bass, who will be accompanied by a bass-viol, a
theorbo, and a clavecin for the chords, with two violins to play
the ritournelles.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: You must also add a trumpet marine. The trumpet
marine is an instrument that pleases me and it's harmonious.

MUSIC MASTER: Leave it to us to manage things.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: At least, don't forget to send the musicians to
sing at table.

MUSIC MASTER: You will have everything you should have.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: But above all, let the ballet be fine.

MUSIC MASTER: You will be pleased with it, and, among other things,
with certain minuets you will find in it.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Ah! Minuets are my dance, and I would like you
to see me dance them. Come, my Dancing Master.

DANCING MASTER: A hat, sir, if you please. La, la, la, la. La, la,
la, la. In cadence please. La, la, la, la. Your right leg. La, la,
la, la. Don't move your shoulders so. La, la, la, la. Your arms are
wrong. La, la, la, la. Raise your head. Turn the toe out. La, la,
la, la. Straighten your body up.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: How was that? (Breathlessly)


MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: By the way, teach me how to bow to salute a
marchioness; I shall need to know soon.

DANCING MASTER: How you must bow to salute a marchioness?

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Yes, a marchioness named Dorimene.

DANCING MASTER: Give me your hand.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: No. You only have to do it, I'll remember it

DANCING MASTER: If you want to salute her with a great deal of
respect, you must first bow and step back, then bow three times as
you walk towards her, and at the last one bow down to her knees.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: (After the Dancing Master has illustrated) Do it
some. Good!

LACKEY: Sir, your Fencing Master is here. MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Tell
him to come in here for my lesson. I want you to see me perform.

SCENE II (Fencing Master, Music Master, Dancing Master, Monsier
Jourdain, a Lackey)

FENCING MASTER: (After giving a foil to Monsieur Jourdain) Come,
sir, the salute. Your body straight. A little inclined upon the
left thigh. Your legs not so wide apart. Your feet both in a line.
Your wrist opposite your hip. The point of your sword even with
your shoulder. The arm not so much extended. The left hand at the
level of the eye. The left shoulder more squared. The head up. The
expression bold. Advance. The body steady. Beat carte, and thrust.
One, two. Recover. Again, with the foot firm. Leap back. When you
make a pass, Sir, you must first disengage, and your body must be
well turned. One, two. Come, beat tierce and thrust. Advance. Stop
there. One, two. Recover. Repeat. Leap back. On guard, Sir, on
guard. (The fencing master touches him two or three times with the
foil while saying, "On guard." )

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: How was that? (Breathlessly)

MUSIC MASTER: You did marvelously!

FENCING MASTER: As I have told you, the entire secret of fencing
lies in two things: to give and not to receive; and as I
demonstrated to you the other day, it is impossible for you to
receive, if you know how to turn your opponent's sword from the
line of your body. This depends solely on a slight movement of the
wrist, either inward or outward.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: In this way then, a man, without courage, is
sure to kill his man and not be killed himself?

FENCING MASTER: Without doubt. Didn't you see the demonstration?


FENCING MASTER: And thus you have seen how men like me should be
considered by the State, and how the science of fencing is more
important than all the other useless sciences, such as dancing,
music, ...

DANCING MASTER: Careful there, Monsieur swordsman! Speak of the
dance only with respect.

MUSIC MASTER: I beg you to speak better of the excellence of

FENCING MASTER: You are amusing fellows, to want to compare your
sciences with mine!

MUSIC MASTER: See the self-importance of the man!

FENCING MASTER: My little Dancing Master, I'll make you dance as
you ought. And you, my little musician, I'll make you sing in a
pretty way.

DANCING MASTER: Monsieur Clanger-of-iron, I'll teach you your

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: (To the Dancing Master) Are you crazy to quarrel
with him, who knows tierce and quarte, and who can kill a man by

DANCING MASTER: I disdain his demonstrations, and his tierce, and
his quarte.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Careful, I tell you.

FENCING MASTER: What? You little impertinent!

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Oh! My Fencing Master.

DANCING MASTER: What? You big workhorse!

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Oh! My Dancing Master.

FENCING MASTER: If I throw myself on you ...


DANCING MASTER: If I get my hands on you ...


FENCING MASTER: I'll go over you with a curry-comb, in such a


DANCING MASTER: I'll give you a beating such as ...


MUSIC MASTER: Let us teach him a little how to talk!


SCENE III (Philosophy Master, Music Master, Dancing Master, Fencing
Master, Monsieur Jourdain, Lackeys)

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Aha! Monsieur Philosopher, you come just in time
with your philosophy. Come, make a little peace among these

PHILOSOPHY MASTER: What's happening? What's the matter, gentlemen.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: They have got into a rage over the superiority
of their professions to the point of injurious words and of wanting
to come to blows.

PHILOSOPHY MASTER: What! Gentlemen, must you act this way? Haven't
you read the learned treatise that Seneca composed on anger? Is
there anything more base and more shameful than this passion, which
turns a man into a savage beast? And shouldn't reason be the
mistress of all our activities?

DANCING MASTER: Well! Sir, he has just abused both of us by,
despising the dance, which I practice, and music, which is his

PHILOSOPHY MASTER: A wise man is above all the insults that can be
spoken to him; and the grand reply one should make to such outrages
is moderation and patience.

FENCING MASTER: They both had the audacity of trying to compare
their professions with mine.

PHILOSOPHY MASTER: Should that disturb you? Men should not dispute
amongst themselves about vainglory and rank; that which perfectly
distinguishes one from the other is wisdom and virtue.

DANCING MASTER: I insist to him that dance is a science to which
one cannot do enough honor.

MUSIC MASTER: And I, that music is something that all the ages have

FENCING MASTER: And I insist to them that the science of fencing is
the finest and the most necessary of all sciences.

PHILOSOPHY MASTER: And where then will philosophy be? I find you
all very impertinent to speak with this arrogance in front of me,
and impudently to give the name of science to things that one
should not even honor with the name of art, and that cannot be
classified except under the name of miserable gladiator, singer,
and buffoon!

FENCING MASTER: Get out, you dog of a philosopher!

MUSIC MASTER: Get out, you worthless pedant!

DANCING MASTER: Get out, you ill-mannered cur!

PHILOSOPHY MASTER: What! Rascals that you are ... (The philosopher
flings himself at them, and all three go out fighting).

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Monsieur Philosopher!

PHILOSOPHY MASTER: Rogues! Scoundrels! Insolent dogs!

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Monsieur Philosopher!

FENCING MASTER: A pox on the beast!


PHILOSOPHY MASTER: Impudent rogues!

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Monsieur Philosopher!

DANCING MASTER: The devil take the jackass!



MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Monsieur Philosopher!

MUSIC MASTER: To the devil with the impertinent fellow!


PHILOSOPHY MASTER: Rascals! Beggars! Traitors! Impostors! (They

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Monsieur Philosopher, Gentlemen! Monsieur
Philosopher! Gentlemen! Monsieur Philosopher! Oh! Fight as much as
you like. I don't know what to do, and I'll not spoil my robe to
separate you. I would be a fool to go among them and receive some
damaging blow.


SCENE IV (Philosophy Master, Monsieur Jourdain)

PHILOSOPHY MASTER: (Straightening the collar that indicates he is a
Philosopher) Now to our lesson.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Oh! Sir, I am distressed by the blows they gave

PHILOSOPHY MASTER: It's nothing. A philosopher knows how to take
these things and I'll compose a satire against them, in the style
of Juvenal, which will fix them nicely. Let it be. What would you
like to learn?

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Everything I can, for I have every desire in the
world to be educated, and I'm furious that my father and mother did
not make me study all the sciences when I was young.

PHILOSOPHY MASTER: This is a reasonable sentiment. Nam sine
doctrina vita est quasi mortis imago. You understand that, and you
doubtless know Latin?

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Yes, but act as if I did not know it. Tell me
what it says.

PHILOSOPHY MASTER: It says that without science life is almost an
image of death.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: That Latin is right.

PHILOSOPHY MASTER: Don't you know some principles, some basics of
the sciences?

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Oh yes! I can read and write.

PHILOSOPHY MASTER: Where would it please you for us to begin? Would
you like me to teach you logic?

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: What is this logic?

PHILOSOPHY MASTER: It is that which teaches the three operations of
the mind.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: What are these three operations of the mind?

PHILOSOPHY MASTER: The first, the second, and the third. The first
is to conceive well by means of the universals; the second is to
judge well by means of the categories; and the third is to draw
well a conclusion by means of figures. Barbara, Celarent, Darii,
Ferio, Baralipton, etc.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Those words are too ugly. This logic doesn't
suit me at all. Let's learn something else that's prettier.

PHILOSOPHY MASTER: Would you like to learn morality?



MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: What does it say, this morality?

PHILOSOPHY MASTER: It treats of happiness, teaches men to moderate
their passions, and ...

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: No, let's leave that. I'm as choleric as all the
devils and there's no morality that sticks, I want to be as full of
anger as I want whenever I like.

PHILOSOPHY MASTER: Would you like to learn physics?

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: What's it about, this physics?

PHILOSOPHY MASTER: Physics explains the principles of natural
things and the properties of the material world; it discourses on
the nature of the elements, of metals, minerals, of stones, of
plants and animals, and teaches the causes of all the meteors, the
rainbow, the will o' the wisps, the comets, lightning, thunder,
thunderbolts, rain, snow, hail, winds, and whirlwinds.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: There's too much commotion in it, too much

PHILOSOPHY MASTER: Then what do you want me to teach you?

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Teach me how to spell.


MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Afterwards, you may teach me the almanack, to
know when there is a moon and when not.

PHILOSOPHY MASTER: So be it. Following your thought and treating
this matter as a philosopher, it is necessary to begin according to
the order of things, by an exact knowledge of the nature of letters
and the different ways of pronouncing them all. And thereupon I
must tell you letters are divided into vowels, called vowels
because they express the voice; and into consonants because they
sound with the vowels and only mark the diverse articulations of
the voice. There are five vowels or voices: A, E, I, O, U.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: I understand all that.

PHILOSOPHY MASTER: The vowel A is formed by opening the mouth
widely : A. Its vowels are to be given the sounds used in
vocalizing: Ah-aye-ee-o-ou.


PHILOSOPHY MASTER: The vowel E is formed by approaching the lower
jaw to the upper: A, E.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: A, E; A, E. By my faith, yes. Ah! How fine!
PHILOSOPHY MASTER: And the vowel I, by bringing the jaws still
nearer each other and stretching the two corners of the mouth
towards the ears: A, E, I.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: A, E, I. I. I. I. That's true. Long live

PHILOSOPHY MASTER: The vowel O is formed by opening the jaws and
drawing together the two corners of the lips, upper and lower: O.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: O, O. There's nothing truer. A, E, I, O,I O..
That's admirable! I, O, I, O.

PHILOSOPHY MASTER: The opening of the mouth happens to make a
little circle which represents an O.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: O, O, O. You are right! O. Ah! What a fine thing
it is to know something!

PHILOSOPHY MASTER: The vowel U is formed by bringing the teeth
nearly together without completely joining them, and thrusting the
two lips outward, also bringing them nearly together without
completely joining them: U.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: U, U. There's nothing truer. U.

PHILOSOPHY MASTER: Your two lips thrust out as if you were making a
face, whence it results that if you want to make a face at someone
and mock him, you have only to say to him "U."

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: U, U. That's true. Ah! Why didn't I study sooner
in order to know all that!

PHILOSOPHY MASTER: Tomorrow we shall look at the other letters,
which are the consonants.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Are there things as curious about them as about

PHILOSOPHY MASTER: Without a doubt. The consonant D, for example,
is pronounced by clapping the tongue above the upper teeth: D.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: D, D, Yes. Ah! What fine things! Fine things!

PHILOSOPHY MASTER: The F, by pressing the upper teeth against the
lower lip: F.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: F, F. That's the truth. Ah! My father and my
mother, how I wish you ill!

PHILOSOPHY MASTER: And the R, by carrying the tip of the tongue to
the top of the palate, so that being grazed by the air that comes
out with force, it yields to it and comes back always to the same
place, making a kind of trill: R. AR.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: R, R, AR. R, R, R, R, R, RA. That's true. Ah!
What a clever man you are! And how I have lost time! R, R, R, AR.

PHILOSOPHY MASTER: I'll explain to you all these strange things to
their very depths.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Please do. But now, I must confide in you. I'm
in love with a lady of great quality, and I wish that you would
help me write something to her in a little note that I will let
fall at her feet.


MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: That will be gallant, yes?

PHILOSOPHY MASTER: Without doubt. Is it verse that you wish to
write her?

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: No, no. No verse.

PHILOSOPHY MASTER: Do you want only prose?

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: No, I don't want either prose or verse.

PHILOSOPHY MASTER: It must be one or the other.


PHILOSOPHY MASTER: Because, sir, there is no other way to express
oneself than with prose or verse.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: There is nothing but prose or verse?

PHILOSOPHY MASTER: No, sir, everything that is not prose is verse,
and everything that is not verse is prose.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: And when one speaks, what is that then?


MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: What! When I say, "Nicole, bring me my slippers,
and give me my nightcap," that's prose?


MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: By my faith! For more than forty years I have
been speaking prose without knowing anything about it, and I am
much obliged to you for having taught me that. I would like then to
put into a note to her: "Beautiful marchioness, your lovely eyes
make me die of love," but I want that put in a gallant manner and
be nicely turned.

PHILOSOPHY MASTER: Put it that the fires of her eyes reduce your
heart to cinders; that you suffer night and day for her the
torments of a . . .

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: No, no, no. I want none of that; I only want you
to say "Beautiful marchioness, your lovely eyes make me die of

PHILOSOPHY MASTER: The thing requires a little lengthening.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: No, I tell you, I want only those words in the
note, but turned stylishly, well arranged, as is necessary. Please
tell me, just to see, the diverse ways they could be put.

PHILOSOPHY MASTER: One could put them first of all as you said
them: "Beautiful marchioness, your lovely eyes make me die of
love." Or else: "Of love to die make me, beautiful marchioness,
your beautiful eyes." Or else: "Your lovely eyes, of love make me,
beautiful marchioness, die." Or else: "Die, your lovely eyes,
beautiful marchioness, of love make me." Or else: "Me make your
lovely eyes die, beautiful marchioness, of love."

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: But, of all those ways, which is the best?

PHILOSOPHY MASTER: The way you said it: "Beautiful marchioness,
your lovely eyes make me die of love."

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: I never studied, and yet I made the whole thing
up at the first try. I thank you with all my heart, and I ask you
to come tomorrow early.

PHILOSOPHY MASTER: I shall not fail to do so. (He leaves).

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: What? Hasn't my suit come yet?


MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: That cursed tailor makes me wait all day when I
have so much to do! I'm enraged. May the quartan fever shake that
tormentor of a tailor! To the devil with the tailor! May the plague
choke the tailor! If I had him here now, that detestable tailor,
that dog of a tailor, that traitor of a tailor, I . . .


SCENE V (Master Tailor, Apprentice Tailor carrying suit, Monsieur
Jourdain, Lackeys)

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Ah! You're here! I was getting into a rage
against you.

MASTER TAILOR: I could not come sooner, and I put twenty men to
work on your suit.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: You sent me some silk hose so small that I had
all the difficulty in the world putting them on, and already there
are two broken stitches.

MASTER TAILOR: They get bigger, too much so.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Yes, if I always break the stitches. You also
had made for me a pair of shoes that pinch furiously.

MASTER TAILOR: Not at all, sir.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: How, not at all!

MASTER TAILOR: No, they don't pinch you at all.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: I tell you, they pinch me.

MASTER TAILOR: You imagine that.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: I imagine it because I feel it. That's a good
reason for you!

MASTER TAILOR: Wait, here is the finest court-suit, and the best
matched. It's a masterpiece to have invented a serious suit that is
not black. And I give six attempts to the best tailors to equal

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: What's this? You've put the flowers upside

MASTER TAILOR: You didn't tell me you wanted them right side up.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Did I have to tell you that?

MASTER TAILOR: Yes, surely. All the people of quality wear them
this way.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: The people of quality wear the flowers upside


MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Oh! It's alright then.

MASTER TAILOR: If you like, I'll put them right side up.


MASTER TAILOR: You have only to say so.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: No, I tell you. You've made it very well. Do you
think the suit is going to look good on me?

MASTER TAILOR: What a question! I defy a painter with his brush to
do anything that would fit you better. I have a worker in my place
who is the greatest genius in the world at mounting a rhinegrave,
and another who is the hero of the age at assembling a doublet.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: The perruque and the plumes: are they correct?

MASTER TAILOR: Everything's good.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: (Looking at the tailor's suit) Ah! Ah! Monsieur
Tailor, here's the material from the last suit you made for me. I
know it well.

MASTER TAILOR: You see, the material seemed so fine that I wanted a
suit made of it for myself.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Yes, but you should not have cut it out of

MASTER TAILOR: Do you want to put on your suit?

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Yes, give it to me.

MASTER TAILOR: Wait. That's not the way it's done. I have brought
men to dress you in a cadence; these kinds of suits are put on with
ceremony. Hey there! Come in, you! Put this suit on the gentleman
the way you do with people of quality.

(Four APPRENTICE TAILORS enter, two of them pull off Monsieur
Jourdain's breeches made for his morning exercises, and two others
pull off his waistcoat; then they put on his new suit; Monsieur
Jourdain promenades among them and shows them his suit for their
approval. All this to the cadence of instrumental music.)

APPRENTICE TAILOR: My dear gentleman, please to give the
apprentices a small tip.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: What did you call me?

APPRENTICE TAILOR: My dear gentleman.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: My dear gentleman! That's what it is to dress
like people of quality! Go all your life dressed like a bourgeois
and they'll never call you "My dear gentleman." Here, take this for
the "My dear gentleman."

APPRENTICE TAILOR: My Lord, we are very much obliged to you.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: "My Lord!" Oh! Oh! "My Lord!" Wait, my friend.
"My Lord" deserves something, and it's not a little word, this "My
Lord." Take this. That's what "My Lord" gives you.

APPRENTICE TAILOR: My Lord, we will drink to the health of Your

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: "Your Grace!" Oh! Oh! Oh! Wait, don't go. To me,
"Your Grace!" My faith, if he goes as far as "Highness," he will
have all my purse. Wait. That's for "My Grace."

APPRENTICE TAILOR: My Lord, we thank you very humbly for your

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: He did well, I was going to give him
everything. (The four Apprentice Tailors celebrate with a dance,
which comprises the Second Interlude.)


SCENE I (Monsieur Jourdain and his two Lackeys)

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Follow me, I am going to show off my clothes a
little about town. And above all both of you take care to walk
close at my heels, so people can see that you are with me.

LACKEYS: Yes, Sir.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Call Nicole for me, so I can give her some
orders. Don't bother, there she is.


SCENE II (Nicole, Monsieur Jourdain, two Lackeys)


NICOLE: Yes, sir?


NICOLE: He, he, he, he, he!

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: What are you laughing about?

NICOLE: He, he, he, he, he, he!

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: What does the hussy mean by this?

NICOLE: He, he, he! Oh, how you are got up! He, he, he!


NICOLE: Ah! Ah! Oh Lord! He, he, he, he, he!

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: What kind of little baggage is this? Are you
mocking me?

NICOLE: Certainly not, sir, I should be very sorry to do so. He,
he, he, he, he!

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: I'll give you a smack on the nose if you go on

NICOLE: Sir, I can't help it. He, he, he, he, he, he!

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: You are not going to stop?

NICOLE: Sir, I beg pardon. But you are so funny that I couldn't
help laughing. He, he, he!

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: What insolence!

NICOLE: You're so funny like that. He, he!


NICOLE: Please excuse me. He, he, he, he!

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Listen. If you go on laughing the least bit, I
swear I'll give you the biggest slap ever given.

NICOLE: Alright, sir, it's done, I won't laugh any more.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Take good care not to. Presently you must clean
. . .

NICOLE: He, he!

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: You must clean . . .

NICOLE: He, he!

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: You must, I say, clean the room and . . .

NICOLE: He, he!

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Again! NICOLE: (Falling down with laughter)
Then beat me sir, and let me have my laugh out, it will do me more
good. He, he, he, he, he!


NICOLE: Have mercy, sir! I beg you to let me laugh. He, he, he!

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: If I catch you . . .

NICOLE: Sir! I shall burst . . . Oh! if I don't laugh. He, he, he!

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: But did anyone ever see such a hussy as that,
who laughs in my face instead of receiving my, orders?

NICOLE: What would you have me do, sir?

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: That you consider getting my house ready for the
company that's coming soon, you hussy.

NICOLE: Ah, by my faith, I don't feel like laughing any more. All
your guests make such a disorder here that the word "company" is
enough to put me in a bad humor.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Why, should I shut my door to everyone for your

NICOLE: You should at least shut it to some people.


SCENE III (Madame Jourdain, Monsieur Jourdain, Nicole, Lackeys)

MADAME JOURDAIN: Ah, ah! Here's a new story! What's this, what's
this, husband, this outfit you have on there? Don't you care what
people think of you when you are got up like that? And do you want
yourself laughed at everywhere?

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: None but fools and dolts will laugh at me wife.

MADAME JOURDAIN: Truly, they haven't waited until now, your antics
have long given a laugh to everyone.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Who's everyone, if you please?

MADAME JOURDAIN: Everyone is everyone who is right and who is wiser
than you. For my part, I am scandalized at the life you lead. I no
longer recognize our house. One would say it's the beginning of
Carnival here, every day; and beginning early in the morning, so it
won't be forgotten, one hears nothing but the racket of fiddles and
singers which disturbs the whole neighborhood.

NICOLE: Madame speaks well. I'll never be able to get my housework
done properly with that gang you have come here. They have feet
that hunt for mud in every part of town to bring it here; and poor
Franoise almost has her teeth on the floor, scrubbing the boards
that your fine masters come to dirty up every day.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: What, our servant Nicole, you have quite a
tongue for a peasant.

MADAME JOURDAIN: Nicole is right, and she has more sense than you.
I'd like to know what you think you're going to do with a Dancing
Master, at your age?

NICOLE: And with a hulking Fencing Master who comes stamping his
feet, shaking the whole house and tearing up all the floorboards in
our drawing-room.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Be quiet, both servant and wife!

MADAME JOURDAIN: Is it that you're learning to dance for the time
when you'll have no legs to dance on?

NICOLE: Do you want to kill someone?

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Quiet, I tell you! You are ignorant women, both
of you, and you don't know the advantages of all this.

MADAME JOURDAIN: You should instead be thinking of marrying off
your daughter, who is of an age to be provided for.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: I'll think of marrying off my daughter when a
suitable match comes along, but I also want to learn about fine

NICOLE: I heard said, Madame, that today he took a Philosophy
Master to thicken the soup!

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Very well. I have a wish to have wit and to
reason about things with decent people.

MADAME JOURDAIN: Don't you intend, one of these days, to go to
school and have yourself whipped at your age?

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Why not? Would to God I were whipped this minute
in front of everyone, if I only knew what they learn at school!

NICOLE: Yes, my faith! That would get you into better shape.


MADAME JOURDAIN: All this is very important to the management of
your house.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Assuredly. You both talk like beasts, and I'm
ashamed of your ignorance. For example, do you know what are you
speaking just now?

MADAME JOURDAIN: Yes, I know that what I'm saying is well said and
that you ought to be considering living in another way.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: I'm not talking about that. I'm asking if you
know what the words are that you are saying here?

MADAME JOURDAIN: They are words that are very sensible, and your
conduct is scarcely so.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: I'm not talking about that, I tell you. I'm
asking you: what is it that I'm speaking to you this minute, what
is it?


MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: No, no! That's not it. What is it we are both
saying, what language is it that we are speaking right now?


MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: What is it called?

MADAME JOURDAIN: It's called whatever you want.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: It's prose, you ignorant creature.


MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Yes, prose. Everything is prose that is not
verse; and everything that's not verse is prose. There! This is
what it is to study! And you (to Nicole), do you know what you must
do to say U?


MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Say U, in order to see.

NICOLE: Oh Well, U.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: What do you do?

NICOLE: I say U.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Yes, but, when you say U, what do you do?

NICOLE: I do what you tell me to.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Oh, how strange it is to have to deal with
morons! You thrust your lips out and bring your lower jaw to your
upper jaw: U, see? U. Do you see? I make a pout: U.

NICOLE: Yes, that's beautiful.

MADAME JOURDAIN: How admirable.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: But it's quite another thing, if you have seen
O, and D, D, and F, F.

MADAME JOURDAIN: What is all this rigmarole?

NICOLE: What does all this do for us?

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: It enrages me when I see these ignorant women.

MADAME JOURDAIN: Go, go, you ought to send all those people packing
with their foolishness.

NICOLE: And above all, that great gawk of a Fencing Master, who
ruins all my work with dust.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Well! This Fencing Master seems to get under
your skin. I'll soon show you how impertinent you are.(He has the
foils brought and gives one to Nicole). There. Demonstration: The
line of the body. When your opponent thrusts in quarte, you need
only do this, and when they thrust in tierce, you need only do
this. That is the way never to be killed, and isn't it fine to be
assured of what one does, when fighting against someone? There,
thrust at me a little, to see.

NICOLE: Well then, what? (Nicole thrusts, giving him several

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Easy! Wait! Oh! Gently! Devil take the hussy!

NICOLE: You told me to thrust.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Yes, but you thrust in tierce, before you thrust
in quarte, and you didn't have the patience to let me parry.

MADAME JOURDAIN: You are a fool, husband, with all your fantasies,
and this has come to you since you took a notion to associate with
the nobility.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: When I associate with the nobility, I show my
good judgment; and that's better than associating with your

MADAME JOURDAIN: Oh yes, truly! There's a great deal to gain by
consorting with your nobles, and you did so well with your fine
Count you were so taken with!

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Peace! Think what you're saying. You know very
well, wife, that you don't know who you're talking about, when you
talk about him! He's a more important person than you think: a
great Lord, respected at court, and who talks to the King just as I
talk to you. Is it not a thing which does me great honor, that a
person of this quality is seen to come so often to my house, who
calls me his dear friend and treats me as if I were his equal? He
has more regard for me than one would ever imagine; and, in front
of everyone, he shows me so much affection that I am embarrassed

MADAME JOURDAIN: Yes, he has a kindness for you, and shows his
affection, but he borrows your money.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: So! Isn't it an honor for me to lend money to a
man of that condition? And can I do less for a lord who calls me
his dear friend?

MADAME JOURDAIN: And this lord, what does he do for you?

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Things that would astonish you if you knew


MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Blast! I cannot explain myself. It must suffice
that if I have lent him money, he'll pay it back fully, and before

MADAME JOURDAIN: Yes. You are waiting for that.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Assuredly. Didn't he tell me so?

MADAME JOURDAIN: Yes, yes, he won't fail to do it.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: He swore it on the faith of a gentleman.


MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Well! You are very obstinate, wife. I tell you
he will keep his word, I'm sure of it.

MADAME JOURDAIN: And I'm sure he will not, and that all his show of
affection is only to flatter you.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Be still. Here he is.

MADAME JOURDAIN: That's all we needed! He's come again perhaps to
borrow something from you. The very sight of him spoils my

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Be still, I tell you.


SCENE IV (Count Dorante, Monsieur Jourdain, Madame Jourdain,

DORANTE: My dear friend, Monsieur Jourdain, how do you do?

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Very well, sir, to render you my small

DORANTE: And Madame Jourdain there, how is she?

MADAME JOURDAIN: Madame Jourdain is as well as she can be.

DORANTE: Well! Monsieur Jourdain, you are excellently well


DORANTE: You have a fine air in that suit, and we have no young men
at court who are better made than you.


MADAME JOURDAIN: (Aside) He scratches him where it itches.

DORANTE: Turn around. It's positively elegant.

MADAME JOURDAIN: (Aside) Yes, as big a fool behind as in front.

DORANTE: My faith, Monsieur Jourdain, I was strangely impatient to
see you. You are the man in the world I esteem most, and I was
speaking of you again this morning in the bedchamber of the King.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: You do me great honor, sir. (To Madame Jourdain)
In the King's bedchamber!

DORANTE: Come, put on . . .

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Sir, I know the respect I owe you.

DORANTE: Heavens! Put on your hat; I pray you, no ceremony between


DORANTE: Put it on, I tell you, Monsieur Jourdain: you are my

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Sir, I am your humble servant.

DORANTE: I won't be covered if you won't.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: (Putting on his hat) I would rather be uncivil
than troublesome.

DORANTE: I am in your debt, as you know.

MADAME JOURDAIN: Yes, we know it all too well.

DORANTE: You have generously lent me money upon several occasions,
and you have obliged me with the best grace in the world,

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Sir, you jest with me.

DORANTE: But I know how to repay what is lent me, and to
acknowledge the favors rendered me.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: I have no doubt of it, sir.

DORANTE: I want to settle this matter with you, and I came here to
make up our accounts together.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: There wife! You see your impertinence!

DORANTE: I am a man who likes to repay debts as soon as I can.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: (Aside to Madame Jourdain) I told you so.

DORANTE: Let's see how much do I owe you.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: (Aside to Madame Jourdain) There you are, with
your ridiculous suspicions.

DORANTE: Do you remember well all the money you have lent me?

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: I believe so. I made a little note of it. Here
it is. Once you were given two hundred louis d'or.

DORANTE: That's true.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Another time, six-score.

DORANTE: Yes. MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: And another time, a hundred and

DORANTE: You're right.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: These three items make four hundred and sixty
louis d'or, which comes to five thousand sixty livres.

DORANTE: The account is quite right. Five thousand sixty livres.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: One thousand eight hundred thirty-two livres to
your plume-maker.

DORANTE: Exactly.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Two thousand seven hundred eighty livres to your

DORANTE: It's true.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Four thousand three hundred seventy-nine livres
twelve sols eight deniers to your tradesman.

DORANTE: Quite right. Twelve sols eight deniers. The account is

MONSIEUR JouRDAIN: And one thousand seven hundred forty-eight
livres seven sols four deniers to your saddler.

DORANTE: All that is true. What does that come to?

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Sum total, fifteen thousand eight hundred

DORANTE: The sum total is exact: fifteen thousand eight hundred
livres. To which add two hundred pistoles that you are going to
give me, which will make exactly eighteen thousand francs, which I
shall pay you at the first opportunity.

MADAME JOURDAIN: (Aside) Well, didn't I predict it?


DORANTE: Will that inconvenience you, to give me the amount I say?


MADAME JOURDAIN: (Aside) That man is making a milk-cow out of you!


DORANTE: If that inconveniences you, I will seek it somewhere


MADAME JOURDAIN: (Aside) He won't be content until he's ruined

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Be quiet, I tell you.

DORANTE: You have only to tell me if that embarrasses you.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Not at all, sir.

MADAME JOURDAIN: (Aside) He's a real wheedler!


MADAME JOURDAIN: (Aside) He'll drain you to the last sou.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Will you be quiet?

DORANTE: I have a number of people who would gladly lend it to me;
but since you are my best friend, I believed I might do you wrong
if I asked someone else for it.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: It's too great an honor, sir, that you do me.
I'll go get it for you.

MADAME JOURDAIN: (Aside) What! You're going to give it to him

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: What can I do? Do you want me to refuse a man of
this station, who spoke about me this morning in the King's

MADAME JOURDAIN: (Aside) Go on, you're a true dupe.


SCENE V (Dorante, Madame Jourdain, Nicole)

DORANTE: You appear to be very melancholy. What is wrong, Madame

MADAME JOURDAIN: I have a head bigger than my fist, even if it's
not swollen.

DORANTE: Mademoiselle, your daughter, where is she that I don't see

MADAME JOURDAIN: Mademoiselle my daughter is right where she is.

DORANTE: How is she getting on?

MADAME JOURDAIN: She "gets on" on her two legs.

DORANTE: Wouldn't you like to come with her one of these days to
see the ballet and the comedy they are putting on at court?

MADAME JOURDAIN: Yes truly, we have a great desire to laugh, a very
great desire to laugh.

DORANTE: I think, Madame Jourdain, that you must have had many
admirers in your youth, beautiful and good humored as you were.

MADAME JOURDAIN: By Our Lady! Sir, is Madame Jourdain decrepit, and
does her head already shake with palsy?

DORANTE: Ah! My faith, Madame Jourdain, I beg pardon. I did not
remember that you are young. I am often distracted. Pray excuse my


SCENE VI (Monsieur Jourdain, Madame Jourdain, Dorante, Nicole)
MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: There are two hundred louis d'or. DORANTE: I
assure you, Monsieur Jourdain, that I am completely yours, and that
I am eager to render you a service at court. MONSIEUR JOURDAIN:
I'm much obliged to you. DORANTE: If Madame Jourdain desires to
see the royal entertainment, I will have the best places in the
ballroom given to her. MADAME JOURDAIN: Madame Jourdain kisses
your hands [but declines]. DORANTE: (Aside to Monsieur Jourdain)
Our beautiful marchioness, as I sent word to you, in my note, will
come here soon for the ballet and refreshments; I finally brought
her to consent to the entertainment you wish to give her. MONSIEUR
JOURDAIN: Let us move a little farther away, for a certain reason.
DORANTE: It has been eight days since I saw you, and I have sent
you no news regarding the diamond you put into my hands to present
to her on your behalf; but it's because I had the greatest
difficulty in conquering her scruples, and it's only today that she
resolved to accept it.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: How did she judge it?

DORANTE: Marvelous. And I am greatly deceived if the beauty of that
diamond does not produce for you an admirable effect on her


MADAME JOURDAIN: (To Nicole) Once he's with him he cannot leave

DORANTE: I made her value as she should the richness of that
present and the grandeur of your love.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: These are, sir, favors which overwhelm me; and I
am in the very greatest confusion at seeing a person of your
quality demean himself for me as you do.

DORANTE: Are you joking? Among friends, does one stop at these
sorts of scruples? And wouldn't you do the same thing for me, if
the occasion offered?

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: Oh! Certainly, and with all my heart.

MADAME JOURDAIN: (To Nicole) His presence weighs me down!

DORANTE: As for me, I never mind anything when it is necessary to
serve a friend; and when you confided in me about the ardent
passion you have formed for that delightful marchioness with whom I
have contacts, you saw that I volunteered immediately to assist
your love.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: It's true, these are favors that confound me.

MADAME JOURDAIN: (To Nicole) Will he never go?

NICOLE: They enjoy being together.

DORANTE: You took the right tack to touch her heart. Women love
above all the expenses we go to for them; and your frequent
serenades, your continual bouquets, that superb fireworks for her
over the water, the diamond she has received from you, and the
entertainment you are preparing for her, all this speaks much
better in favor of your love than all the words you might have
spoken yourself.

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: There are no expenditures I would not make if by
that means I might find the road to her heart. A woman of quality
has ravishing charms for me and it's an honor I would purchase at
any price.

MADAME JOURDAIN: (To Nicole) What can they talk about so much?
Steal over and listen a little.

DORANTE: Soon enough you will enjoy at your ease the pleasure of
seeing her, and your eyes will have a long time to satisfy

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: To be completely free, I have arranged for my
wife to go to dinner at her sister's, where she'll spend all the
after-dinner hours.

DORANTE: You have done prudently, as your wife might have
embarrassed us. I have given the necessary orders to the cook for
you, and for the ballet. It is of my own invention; and, provided
the execution corresponds to the idea, I am sure it will be found .
. .

MONSIEUR JOURDAIN: (Sees that Nicole is listening, and gives her a
slap) Say! You're very impertinent! (To Dorante) Let's go, if you


SCENE VII (Madame Jourdain, Nicole)

NICOLE: My faith, Madame, curiosity has cost me; but I believe
something's afoot, since they were talking of some event where they
did not want you to be.

MADAME JOURDAIN: Today's not the first time, Nicole, that I've had
suspicions about my husband. I'm the most mistaken woman in the
world, or there's some love-affair in the making. But let us see to
my daughter. You know the love Cleonte has for her. He's a man who
appeals to me, and I want to help his suit and give him Lucile, if
I can.

NICOLE: Truly, Madame, I'm the most delighted creature in the world
to see that you feel this way, since, if the master appeals to you,
his valet appeals to me no less, and I could wish our marriage made
under the shadow of theirs.

MADAME JOURDAIN: Go speak to Cleonte about it for me, and tell him
to come to me soon so we can present his request to my husband for
my daughter in marriage.

NICOLE: I hasten, Madame, with joy, for I could not receive a more
agreeable commission. (Alone) I shall, I think, make them very


SCENE VIII (Cleonte, Covielle, Nicole)

NICOLE: Ah! I'm glad to have found you. I'm an ambassadress of joy,
and I come . . .

CLEONTE: Get out, traitor, and don't come to amuse me with your
treacherous words.

NICOLE: Is this how you receive me . . .

CLEONTE: Get out, I tell you, and go tell your faithless mistress
that she will never again in her life deceive the too trusting

NICOLE: What caprice is this? My dear Covielle, explain a little
what you are trying to say.

COVIELLE: Your dear Covielle, little hussy? Go, quickly, out of my
sight, villainess , and leave me in peace.

NICOLE: What! You come to me too. . . COVIELLE: Out of my sight, I
tell you, and never speak to me again. NICOLE: My word! What fly
has bitten those two? Let's go tell this pretty story to my


SCENE IX (Cleonte, Covielle)

CLEONTE: What! Treat a lover in this way? And a lover who is the
most faithful and passionate of lovers?

COVIELLE: It is a frightful thing that they have done to us both.

CLEONTE: I show a woman all the ardor and tenderness that can be
imagined; I love nothing in the world but her, and I have nothing
but her in my thoughts; she is all I care for, all my desire, all
my joy; I talk of nothing but her, I think of nothing but her, I
have no dreams but of her, I breathe only because of her, my heart
lives wholly in her; and see how so much love is well repaid! I
have been two days without seeing her, which are for me two
frightful centuries; I meet her by chance; my heart, at that sight,
is completely transported, my joy shines on my face; I fly with
ecstasy towards her -- and the faithless one averts her eyes and
hurries by as if she had never seen me in her life!

COVIELLE: I say the same things as you.

CLEONTE: Covielle, can one see anything to equal this perfidy of
the ungrateful Lucile?

COVIELLE: And that, Monsieur, of the treacherous Nicole?

CLEONTE: After so many ardent homages, sighs, and vows that I have
made to her charms!

COVIELLE: After so many assiduous compliments, cares, and services
that I rendered her in the kitchen!

CLEONTE: So many tears I have shed at her knees!

COVIELLE: So many buckets of water I have drawn for her!

CLEONTE: So much passion I have shown her in loving her more than

COVIELLE: So much heat I have endured in turning the spit for her!

CLEONTE: She flies from me in disdain!

COVIELLE: She turns her back on me!

CLEONTE: It is perfidy worthy of the greatest punishments.

COVIELLE: It is treachery that merits a thousand slaps.

CLEONTE: Don't think, I beg you, of ever speaking in her favor to

COVIELLE: I, sir? God forbid!

CLEONTE: Never come to excuse the action of this faithless woman.

COVIELLE: Have no fear.

CLEONTE; No, you see, all your speeches in her defense will serve
no purpose.

COVIELLE: Who even thinks of that?

CLEONTE: I want to conserve my resentment against her and end all
contact with her.

COVIELLE: I agree.

CLEONTE: This Count who goes to her house is perhaps pleasant in
her view; and her mind, I well see, allows itself to be dazzled by
social standing. But it is necessary for me, for my honor, to
prevent the scandal of her inconstancy. I want to break off with
her first and not leave her all the glory of dumping me. COVIELLE:
That's very well said, and I agree, for my part, with all your

CLEONTE: Strengthen my resentment and aid my resolve against all
the remains of love that could speak in her behalf. Tell me, I
order you, all the bad you can of her; make for me a painting of
her that will render her despicable; and show well, in order to
disgust me, all the faults that you can see in her.

COVIELLE: Her, sir? There's a pretty fool, a well made flirt for
you to give so much love! I see only mediocrity in her, and you
will find a hundred women who will be more worthy of you. First of
all, she has small eyes.

CLEONTE: That's true, she has small eyes; but they are full of
fire, the brightest, the keenest in the world, the most touching
eyes that one can see.

COVIELLE: She has a big mouth.

CLEONTE: Yes; but upon it one sees grace that one never sees on
other mouths; and the sight of that mouth, which is the most
attractive, the most amorous in the world, inspires desire.

COVIELLE: As for her figure, she's not tall.

CLEONTE: No, but she is graceful and well made.

COVIELLE: She affects a nonchalance in her speech and in her

CLEONTE: That's true; but she may be forgiven all that, for her
manners are so engaging, they have an irresistible charm.

COVIELLE: As to her wit . . .

CLEONTE: Ah! She has that, Covielle, the finest, the most

COVIELLE: Her conversation . . .

CLEONTE: Her conversation is charming.

COVIELLE: She is always serious . . .

CLEONTE; Would you have grinning playfulness, constant open
merriment? And do you see anything more impertinent than those
women who laugh all the time?

COVIELLE: But finally she is as capricious as any woman in the

CLEONTE: Yes, she is capricious, I concede; but everything becomes
beautiful ladies well, one suffers everything for beauty.

COVIELLE: I see clearly how it goes, you want to go on loving her.

CLEONTE: Me, I'd like better to die; and I am going to hate her as
much as I loved her.

COVIELLE: How, if you find her so perfect?

CLEONTE: That's how my vengeance will be more striking, in that way
I'll show better the strength of my heart, by hating her, by
quitting her, with all her beauty, all her charms, and as lovable
as I find her. Here she is.


SCENE X (Cleonte, Lucile, Covielle, Nicole)

NICOLE: For my part, I was completely shocked at it.

LUCILE: It can only be, Nicole, what I told you. But there he is.

CLEONTE: I don't even want to speak to her.

COVIELLE: I'll imitate you.

LUCILE: What's the matter Cleonte? What's wrong with you?

NICOLE: What's the matter with you, Covielle?

LUCILE: What grief possesses you?

NICOLE: What bad humor holds you?

LUCILE: Are you mute, Cleonte?

NICOLE: Have you lost your voice, Covielle?

CLEONTE: Is this not villainous!

COVIELLE: It's a Judas!

LUCILE: I clearly see that our recent meeting has troubled you.

CLEONTE: Ah! Ah! She sees what she's done.

NICOLE: Our greeting this morning has annoyed you. COVIELLE: She
has guessed the problem.

LUCILE: Isn't it true, Cleonte, that this is the cause of your

CLEONTE: Yes, perfidious one, it is, since I must speak; and I must
tell that you shall not triumph in your faithlessness as you think,
I want to be the first to break with you, and you won't have the
advantage of driving me away. I will have difficulty in conquering
the love I have for you; it will cause me pain; I will suffer for a
while. But I'll come through it, and I would rather stab myself
through the heart than have the weakness to return to you.


LUCILE: What an uproar over nothing. I want to tell you, Cleonte,
what made me avoid joining you this morning.

CLEONTE: No, I don't want to listen to anything . . .

NICOLE: I want to tell you what made us pass so quickly.

COVIELLE: I don't want to hear anything.

LUCILE: (Following Cleonte) Know that this morning . . .

CLEONTE: No, I tell you.

NICOLE: (Following Covielle) Learn that . . .

COVIELLE: No, traitor.

LUCILE: Listen.

CLEONTE: I won't listen.

NICOLE: Let me speak.

COVIELLE: I'm deaf.


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