The Works of Aphra Behn, Vol. II
Part 10 out of 11
_Jul_. Whilst I do Justice on the Prostitute:--hah--
Defend me, 'tis the Woman that I love.
[_He gazes, she runs to_ Gal.
_Oct_. _Laura!_ My Sister, perfidious shameful--
[_Offers to kill her_.
_Jul_. Hold, thy Sister this? that Sister I'm to marry.
_Lau_. Is this then _Julio_? and do all the Powers conspire to make me
_Oct_. May I be dumb for ever.
[_Holds his Sword down, and looks sadly;_ Jul. _holds_
Lau. _by one hand, pleads with_ Oct. _with the other_.
_Enter_ Fillamour _and_ Pet.
_Fil_.--Hah, _Galliard!_ in danger too.
[_Draws, steps to 'em_, Mor. _puts between_.
_Oct_. _Fillamour_ here! how now, what's the matter, Friend?
[_They talk whilst enter_ Marcella _and_ Cornelia.
_Cor_. Hah, new Broils; sure the Devil's broke loose to night.--my Uncle,
as I live!
[Mor. _pleads between_ Fil. _and_ Octavio.
_Mar_. And _Octavio!_ Where shall we fly for Safety?
_Cor_. I'll even trust to my Breeches, 'tis too late to retreat;--s'life,
here be our Cavaliers too; nay then, ne'er fear falling into the Enemies
_Fil_. I, I fled with _Marcella!_ had I been blest with so much Love from
her, I wou'd have boasted on't i'th' face of Heaven.
_Mor_. La ye, Sir. [_To_ Octavio.
_Fil_. The lovely Maid I own I have a Passion for;
But by the Powers above, the Flame was sacred,
And wou'd no more have past the Bounds of Honour
Or Hospitality, than I wou'd basely murder; and were she free,
I wou'd from all the World make her for ever mine.
_Mor_. Look ye, Sir, a plain case this.
_Gal_. He tells ye simple truth, Sir.
_Oct_. Was it not you this scarce past night I fought with here, in the
House by dark, just when you had exchanged yours Vows with her?
_Lau_. Heavens! was it he? [_Aside_.
_Fil_. This Minute was the first I ever enter'd here.
_Jul_. 'Twas I, Sir, was that interrupted Lover,--and this the Lady.
_Lau_. And must I yield at last? [_Aside_.
_Oct_. Wonders and Riddles!
_Gal_. And was this the _Silvianetta_, Sir, you told the Story of?
_Jul_. The same whom Inclination, Friends, and Destiny, conspire to make
me blest with.
_Gal_. So many Disappointments in one night wou'd make a Man turn honest
in spite of Nature.
[_Sir Sig. peeps from behind_.
Sir _Sig_. Some Comfort yet, that I am not the only Fool defeated. Ha!
_Oct_. I'm satisfy'd (_To_ Fil.)--but what cou'd move you, Sir--[_to_
Gal.] to injure me, one of my Birth and Quality?
_Gal_. Faith, Sir, I never stand upon Ceremony when there's a Woman in
the case,--nor knew I 'twas your Sister: Or if I had, I shou'd ha' lik'd
her ne'er the worse for that, had she been kind.
_Jul_. It is my Business to account with him, And I am satisfy'd he has
not injur'd me, he is my Friend.
_Gal_. That's frankly said; and uncompell'd, I swear she's innocent.
_Oct_. If you're convinc'd, I too am satisfy'd, And give her to you
whilst that Faith continues.
[_Gives him her_.
_Lau_. And must I, must I force my Heart to yield? And yet his generous
Confidence obliges me. [_Aside_.
_Oct_. And here I vow by all the sacred Powers,
That punish Perjury, never to set my Heart
On faithless Woman;--never to love nor marry;
Travel shall be my business--thou my Heir.
Sir _Sig_. So, poor soul, I'll warrant he has been defeated too.
_Mar_. _Marcella_, Sir, will take ye at your Word.
_Mar_. Who owns with Blushes Truths shou'd be conceal'd, but to prevent
more Mischief,--That I was yours, Sir, was against my Will, [_to_ Oct.]
my Soul was _Fillamour's_ e'er you claim'd a right in me; though I never
saw or held discourse with him, but at an awful distance,--nor knew he of
_Oct_. I do believe, and give thee back my Claim, I scorn the brutal part
of Love; the noblest Body, where the Heart is wanting.
[_They all talk aside_, Cornelia _comes up to Galliard_.
_Cor_. Why, how now, Cavalier, how like a discarded Favourite do you look
now, who whilst your Authority lasted, laid about ye, domineer'd, huft
and bluster'd, as if there had been no end on't: now a Man may approach
ye without terror--You see the Meat's snatcht out of your Mouth, Sir, the
Lady's dispos'd on; whose Friends and Relations you were so well
_Gal_. Peace, Boy, I shall be angry else.--
_Cor_. Have you never a cast Mistress, that will take compassion on you:
Faith, what think ye of the little Curtezan now?
_Gal_. As ill as e'er I did; what's that to thee?
_Cor_. Much more than you're aware on, Sir--and faith, to tell you Truth,
I'm no Servant to Count _Julio_, but e'en a little mischievous Instrument
she sent hither to prevent your making love to _Donna Laura_.
_Gal_. 'Tis she herself.--how cou'd that Beauty hide itself so long from
being known? [_Aside_.]--Malicious little Dog in a Manger, that wou'd
neither eat, nor suffer the Hungry to feed themselves, what spiteful
Devil cou'd move thee to treat a Lover thus? but I am pretty well
reveng'd on ye.
_Cor_. On me!
_Gal_. You think I did not know those pretty Eyes, that lovely Mouth I
have so often kist in cold imagination.
_Cor_. Softly, Tormentor.
[_They talk aside_.
_Mar_. In this disguise we parted from _Viterbo_, attended only by
_Petro_ and _Philippa_: At Rome we took the Title and Habit of two
_Curtezans_; both to shelter us from knowledge, and to oblige _Fillamour_
to visit us, which we believ'd he would in curiosity; and yesterday it so
fell out as we desired.
_Fil_. Howe'er my Eyes might be imposed upon, you see my Heart was firm
to its first Object; can you forget and pardon the mistake?
_Jul_. She shall, and with _Octavio's_ and my Uncle's leave,--thus make
your Title good.--
[_Gives her to_ Fil.
_Oct_. 'Tis vain to strive with Destiny. [_Gives her_.
_Mor_. With all my heart,--but where's _Cornelia_ all this while?
_Gal_. Here's the fair Stragler, Sir.
[_Leads her to Mor. he holds his Cane up at her_.
_Mor_. Why, thou Baggage, thou wicked Contriver of Mischief, what excuse
had'st thou for running away? Thou had'st no Lover.
_Cor_. 'Twas therefore, Sir, I went to find one; and if I am not mistaken
in the mark, 'tis this Cavalier I pitch upon for that use and purpose.
_Gal_. Gad, I thank ye for that,--I hope you'll ask my leave first, I'm
finely drawn in, i'faith--Have I been dreaming all this night of the
possession of a new-gotten Mistress, to wake and find my self noos'd to a
dull Wife in the morning?
_Fil_. Thou talk'st like a Man that never knew the Pleasures thou
despisest; faith, try it, _Frank_, and thou wilt hate thy past loose way
_Cor_. And to encourage a young Setter up, I do here promise to be the
most Mistress-like Wife,--You know, Signior, I have learnt the trade,
though I had not stock to practise; and will be as expensive, insolent,
vain, extravagant and inconstant, as if you only had the keeping part,
and another the amorous Assignations. What think ye, Sir?
_Fil_. Faith, she pleads well, and ought to carry the Cause.
_Gal_. She speaks Reason, and I'm resolv'd to trust good Nature:--Give me
thy dear hand.--
[_They all join to give it him, he kisses it_.
_Mor_. And now ye are both sped, pray give me leave to ask ye a civil
question; are you sure you have been honest? if you have, I know not by
what miracle you have liv'd.
_Pet_. Oh, Sir, as for that, I had a small stock of Cash in the hands of
a couple of _English_ Bankers, one Sir _Signal Buffoon_--
Sir _Sig_. Sir _Signal Buffoon_, what a pox, does he mean me trow?
_Pet_.--And one Mr. _Tickletext_.
_Tick_. How was that? _certo_, my Name!
[_Peeps out, and both see each other; their faces being
close together, one at one side the Curtain, and t'other
_Gal_. and _Fil_. Ha, ha, ha.
Sir _Sig_. And have I caught you, i'faith, Mr. Governour? Nay, ne'er put
in your head for the matter, here's none but Friends, mun.
_Gal_. How now, what have we here?
Sir _Sig_. Speak of the Devil, and he appears.
[_Pulls his Governour forward_.
_Tick_. I am undone,--but, good Sir _Signal_, do not cry Whore first, as
the old Proverb says.
Sir _Sig_. And good Mr. Governour, as another old Proverb says, do not
let the Kettle call the Pot black-arse!--
_Fil_. How came you hither, Gentlemen?
Sir _Sig_. Why faith, Sir, divining of a Wedding or two forward, I
brought Mr. Chaplain to give you a cast of his Office, as the saying is.
_Fil_. What, without Book, Mr. _Tickletext_?
_Cor_. How now, sure you mistake, these are two Lovers of mine.
Sig _Sig_. How, Sir, your Lovers! we are none of those, Sir, we are
_Gal_. You mistake, Sir _Signal_, this is _Silvianetta_.
Sir _Sig_. and _Tick_. How! [_Aside_.
_Gal_. Here's another Spark of your acquaintance,--do you know him?
_Tick_. How, _Barberacho_! nay, then all will out.--
_Gal_. Yes, and your Fencing and Civility-Master.
Sir _Sig_. Ay,--Why, what, was it you that pickt our Pockets then, and
_Gal_. Most damnably,--but since 'twas for the supply of two fair Ladies,
all shall be restor'd again.
_Tick_. Some comfort that.
_Fil_. Come, let's in and forgive all; 'twas but one Night's Intrigue, in
which all were a little faulty.
Sir _Sig_. And Governour, pray let me have no more Domineering and
Usurpation: but as we have hitherto been honest Brothers in Iniquity, so
let's wink hereafter at each others Frailties;
Since Love and Women easily betray Man,
From the grave Gown-man to the busy Lay-man.
Spoken by Mr. _Smith_.
_So hard the times are, and so thin the Town,
Though but one Playhouse, that must too lie down;
And when we fail, what will the Poets do?
They live by us as we are kept by you:
When we disband, they no more Plays will write,
But make Lampoons, and libel ye in spite;
Discover each false Heart that lies within,
Nor Man nor Woman shall in private sin;
The precise whoring Husband's haunts betray,
Which the demurer Lady to repay,
In his own coin does the just debt defray.
The brisk young Beauty linked to Lands and Age,
Shuns the dull Property and strokes the youthful Page;
And if the Stripling apprehend not soon,
Turns him aside, and takes the brawny Groom;
Whilst the kind Man so true a Husband proves,
To think all's well done by the thing he loves;
Knows he's a Cuckold, yet content to bear
Whatever Heaven sends, or Horns or lusty Heir.
Fops of all sorts he draws more artfully,
Than ever on the Stage did_ Nokes or Leigh:
_And Heaven be prais'd when these are Scarce, each Brother
O' th' Pen contrives to set on one another.
These are the effects of angry Poets Rage,
Driven from their Winter-Quarters on the Stage;
And when we go, our Women vanish too,
What will the well-fledg'd keeping Gallant do?
And where but here can he expect to find
A gay young Damsel managed to his mind,
Who ruins him, and yet seems wondrous kind?
One insolent and false, and what is worse,
Governs his Heart, and manages his Purse;
Makes him whatever she'd have him to believe,
Spends his Estate, then learns him how to live?
I hope those weighty Considerations will
Move ye to keep us altogether still;
To treat us equal to our great Desert,
And pay your Tributes with a franker Heart;
If not, th' aforesaid Ills will come, and we must part_.
NOTES ON THE TEXT.
p. 8 _Dramatis Personae_. I have added 'Ordonio, a Courtier. A Swain and
Shepherds. Courtiers, Guards, Soldiers, Moors, A Nymph and
p. 11, l. 7 _But thousand Eyes throw killing Looks at me_.
4tos--'But thousand Eyes
Throw killing Looks at me.'
p, 11, l. 26 _Than to lie fawning_. 4to misprints 'Then'.
p. 12, l. 10 _reveng'd by penitence_. 1724 misprints 'Patience'.
p. 12, l. 33 _Why star'st thou so_? 1724 wrongly 'Why dar'st thou so?'
p. 13, l. 5 _wou'd they search her here_? 1724 'wou'd you search her
p. 13, l. 25 _swounded_. 1724 'swooned'.
p. 13, l. 33 _more knocking_! [_knocking_. 1724 omits the stage
p. 15, l. 4 _Sway'd Destiny as well as they, and took their trade of
4to--'Sway'd Destiny as well as they,
And took their trade of killing.'
p. 15, l. 16 _Pointing to his Sword_. 4to 'Points.'
p. 15, l. 17 _Scene II. A Room in the Palace_. I have supplied this
p. 15, l. 18 _Enter Ferdinand weeping_. 4to 'Enter Fernando weeping.'
p. 19, ll. 33-4 _Covers a Soul more sanctify'd than this
1724 gives this as one line.
p. 20, l. 8 _except Abdelazar, Florella_. 4to 'manent Abdelazer,
p. 20, l. 17 _honest and religious_. 1724 omits 'and'.
p. 24, l. 2 _Scene I. A Chamber of State_. I have added the locale.
p. 27, l. 27 _To the Women, who go out_. 4to 'Exeunt'.
p. 31, l. 15 _Madam, that Blessing_. 1724 omits 'Madam'.
p. 33, l. 8 _Scene II. A Banqueting Hall_. I have added the locale.
p. 33, l. 15 _I have a double Cause_. 1724 omits 'a'.
p. 34, l. 19 _though_. 1724 'tho' throughout.
p. 34, l. 27 _thou lovest_. 1724 'lov'st'.
p. 35, l. 13 _Aside_. The 4to omits this stage direction.
p. 38, l. 18 _A Gallery in the Palace_. I have supplied this locale.
p. 40, l. 11 _Queen and Women_. 1724 'Woman'.
p. 40, l. 28 _subtle, and ambitious_. 4to 'subtle as ambitious.' 1724 is
undoubtedly the best reading.
p. 42, ll. 23-4 _And then our Lives he may dispose,
As he has done our Honours_.
1724 gives this as one line.
p. 45, l. 18 _The Queen's Apartments_. I have added this locale.
p. 49, l. 10 _frightful_. 1724 'frighted'.
p. 50, l. 18 _were worth your care_. 1724 'was worth'.
p. 51, l. 24 _Oh Traitress!_ 1724 'Oh, Traitoress'.
p. 57, l. 2 _Act IV. Scene I_. 4tos and 1724 'Act IV. Enter
Abdelazer...'. I have added the locale here and numbered the scenes
throughout this Act.
p. 58, l. 4 _To gain your Heart_. 4tos 1677, 1693, print this to the
conclusion of Abdelazer's speech as prose. 1724 prints from 'Thousand of
Bigots' as prose. I have metrically divided these last lines, and
followed 1724 from 'To gain your Heart'.
p. 61, l. 3 _afar off all the Scene_. 1724 omits this.
p. 64, l. 3 _some Moors_. 1677 reads 'some Moor'.
p. 65, l. 22 _Scene VI_. Neither 4tos nor 1724 number this scene.
p. 65, l. 30 _Your Soldiers faint, are round beset_. 4tos omit comma.
p. 69, l. 12 _Exeunt all_. 1724 'Exeunt'.
p. 69, l. 13 _Scene VII_. Neither 4tos nor 1724 number this scene.
p. 69, l. 18 _illustriate Hand_. 1724 'illustrious'.
p. 75, l. 2 _Barbarian_. 4tos italic. 1724 roman.
p. 79, l. 2 _attendance_. 1724 'attendants'.
p. 79, l. 16 _Scene II_. 4tos and 1724 do not number this scene.
p. 80, l. 10 _with Roderigo_. 1724 'with Rod.'
p. 80, l. 18 _Exit Elv_. I have added this stage direction. Neither 4tos
nor 1724 mark an exit here for Elvira, although she obviously goes out
when the Queen says 'retire' as an entry is marked after the ensuing
p. 80, l. 20 _roughly_. 1724 omits this.
p. 80, l. 34 _and other Women_. 1724 'and the Women.'
p. 81, l. 4 _Durst_. 1724 'Dares'.
p. 82, l. 23 _Weeps over her_. 1724 omits this.
p. 82, l. 29 _repaid_. 1724 'repair'd.'
p. 87, l. 12 _to any Shape_. 1724 'into any Shape'.
p. 87, l. 29 _cou'd not the Gods_. 1724 wrongly omits 'not'.
p. 89, l. 4 _My Desire's grown high_. 4tos 'My Desires grow high'.
p. 92, l. i _Scene III_. Neither 4tos nor 1724 number this scene.
p. 92, l. 8 _Andromede_. 1724 'Andromeda'.
p. 93, l. 13 _through_. 1724 'thro' throughout.
p. 94, l. 12 _your Friends_. 4tos misprint 'your Friend'.
p. 95, l. 23 _upon my Name_. 1724 'upon thy Name'.
p. 96, l. 12 _that charming Maid_. 1724 'the charming Maid'.
p. 96, l. 12 _Whom I'd enjoy'd e'er now_. 4tos 'whom I'de enjoy
p. 97, l. 6 _preserve_. 4tos and 1724 here insert the stage direction
'[Kneels.' But this is repeated at the line (11) 'Thus low I take the
Bounty from your Hands' and is far more appropriate at the latter
juncture. There can be no doubt that the stage direction '[Kneels' should
also be inserted at line 19--'Thus low I fall'--and it has been misplaced
by the printer in the old copies. I have restored it.
p. 97, l. 18 _only me unhappy, when, Sir, my Crime
Was only too much faith?_
4tos punctuate: 'only me unhappy? When, Sir, my Crime
Was only too much Faith;'
p. 97. l. 29 _Seas again_. At the conclusion 1677 prints 'The End of the
p. 98, l. 18 _Sex's_. 4tos 'Sexes'.
p. 105 _To Philaster_. This Epistle Dedicatory only appears in the 4tos
p. 108 _Dramatis Personae_. I have added '_Geron_ the old Tutor to
Orsames; _Gorel_, a Citizen; Keeper of the Castle; A Druid; Courtiers
(men and women); Officers: Guards; Huntsmen; Assassins'. 4to 1698
misprints 'Ismenis' for 'Ismenes'; 'Thursander' for 'Thersander'; 'the
Court of Daca' for 'the Court of Dacia'. 1724 gives 'a Rabble of the
Mobile'; 4tos 'all a Rabble of the Mobile'.
p. 109, l. 4 _never the Luck_. 4tos 'never the ill Luck'.
p. 109, l. 15 _what's thy Business_. 1724 'what's the Business'.
p. 109, l. 28 _I spake_. 4tos 'I speak'.
p. 110, l. 23 _conspire against him_. 4tos ''gainst him'. But the metre
requires 1724 'against'.
p. 111, l. 6 _him here_. 4to 1696 misprints 'here him'.
p. 111, l. 14 _Virago he Daughter_. 1724 'Virago her Daughter', which is
excellent sense but lacks the point of 'he Daughter'.
p. 112, l. 22 _Ly. You sigh_. 4tos and 1724 print as prose. I have
p. 113, l. 16 _one of gentle Birth_. 4tos 'of the gentle Birth'. 1724 'of
p. 114, l. 11 _Pim. Pox on her_. 4tos divide Pimante's speech at 'let her
go.' and commence a new line with 'Well, Colonel,' as if metrically. I
have followed 1724 as it is obviously prose.
p. 114, l. 25 _Sem. That's strange!_ 4tos wrongly print this speech as
p. 115, l. 34 _Artabazes_. 4tos 'Artabaces'.
p. 116, l. 3 _mistaken thing?_ 4tos punctuate 'mistaken thing;'.
p. 116, l. 6 _fantastick_. 1724 wrongly 'fanatick'.
p. 116, l. 24 _cruel Cause_. 4to 1696 misprints 'crul Cause'.
p. 117, l. 9 [_Sem. looks about, finds the Cap and Feathers.
_Sem_. See, Madam, what I've found.
4tos and 1724 give the stage direction after the speech. I have
transposed these, as obviously such an arrangement is better.
p. 118, l. 20 _Ideas_. 4tos wrongly 'Idea's'.
p. 118, 1.29 _He rises_. 4tos and 1724 '[Rises.' But it is Thersander who
is kneeling, not Cleomena. The insertion of 'He' saves any confusion.
p. 119, L. 9 _who're born_. 4tos 'who are born'.
p. 119, L. 11 _Whom happy Fate_. 4tos misprint 'Whose happy Fate'.
p. 120, l. 29 _Enter Vallentio Urania_. 4to 1696 misprints 'Urina'.
p. 121, l. 3 _But one that_. 1724 omits 'one'.
p. 121, l. 16 _we took her_. 4to 1696 'wa took her'.
p. 121, l. 20 _The Scythians_. 4tos 'Th' Scythians'.
p. 122, l. 30 _Arms across_. 1724 'Arms close'.
p. 123, l. 9 _I will be_. 4tos 'And will be'.
p. 123, l. 12 _this Harmony_. 4tos 'his Harmony'.
p. 124, l. 11 _Shore?_--4tos punctuate 'Shore;'.
p. 126, l. 18 _no less_. 4tos 'not less'.
p. 127, l. 36 _Amintas' Apartment_. 4tos 'Amin. Apartment.' 1724
p. 128, l, 7 _Amin. It is the King_. 1724 does not arrange this
p. 128, l. 21 _Ex. Amin_. 4tos 'Amin. exit.'
p. 128, l. 25 _go bring_. 4tos 'and bring'.
p. 128, l. 28 _effect_. 4tos 'effects'.
p. 128, l. 30 _you're lost_. 4tos 'you are lost'.
p. 129, l. 27 _Unrest_. 1724 misprints 'Undrest'.
p. 130, l. 10 _Not seeing_. 4tos print this line--'Not seeing a Woman I
ne'er had bin.'
p. 130, l. 10 _Exeunt_. Not in 4tos and 1724.
p. 130, l. 11 _Another Room_. I have added the locale, unmarked in 4tos
p. 131, l. 12 _dearest fair_. 4tos 'dear fair'.
p. 132, l. 18 _Gods_. 4tos misprint 'God's'.
p. 134, l. 14 _He bows low_. 4tos 'bows low.'
p. 134, l. 15 _I am_. 4tos 'I'm'.
p.. 135, l. 13 _Rivulet_. 4tos 'Rivolet'.
p. 136, l. 9 _Ah! Madam_. 4tos divide this speech metrically. 1724 prints
p. 137, l. 10 _to live_. 1724 'I live'.
p. 137, l. 11 _Passion_. 1724 'Person'.
p. 139. l. 8 _All go out but Ther. Hon. Lysan_. 4tos add 'manent Thers.
Ho. Lysan.' which is entirely superfluous.
p. 139, l. 23 _Aside_. 4to 1698 omits this.
p. 139, l. 28 _Renders me too unartful_. 4tos 'Renders unartfull'.
p. 140, l. 11 _Lys_. 4tos, misprinting, omit the speech-prefix 'Lys.'
p. 140, l. 15 _Exeunt_. Omitted in 4tos and 1724.
p. 141, l. 15 _eighteen Tears_. 1724 misprints 'Year'.
p. 141, l. 32 _then? Rage_. 1724 omits 'Rage.'
p. 144, l. 5 _a Table. Geron near the Throne_. I have added 'Geron near
the Throne', which occurs neither in 4tos nor 1724, It is extraordinary
that the old copies do not give the name of the old tutor amongst the
Dramatis Personae? nor do they mark his presence here.
p. 144, l. 13 _any other God but I?_ 4tos 'any other God's but I?' 1724
'any other here but I?'
p. 145, l. 30 _Exit Geron_. Neither 4tos nor 1724 mark this exit,
although later in the scene the entrance of Geron (p. 148) is noted in
all the old copies.
p. 147, l. 11 _Ors_. 4to 1696 by a strange misprint gives speech-prefix
p. 148, l. 9 _I have_. 4tos 'I've'.
p. 148, l. 20 _--Itis not Sleep!--_ 4tos 'Is it not Sleep!'; but 1724 is
far better here.
p. 148, l. 31 _Arates_. 4tos misprint 'Erates.'
p. 149, l. 4 _A Grove near the Camp_. 4tos and 1724 omit this locale.
p. 150, l. 5 _is he longer_. 1724 misreads 'is he no longer'.
p. 150, l. 8 _Trumpets sound_. 4to 'Trumpet sounds.'
p. 150, l. 18 _Trumpets sound. Exeunt_. 4tos 'Trumpet sounds.' 1724 'Ex.'
p. 151, l. 18 _Ismenes_. 4tos 'Ismenis' throughout.
p. 152, l. 12 _Horse's_. 4to 1696 misprints 'Horses'.
p. 152, l. 13 _Ura. Ex_. 4tos 'Ura. Exit'.
p. 153, l. 11 _Cavalry_. 4tos 'Chavalry'.
p. 153, l. 13 _yet-disputing_. 1724 weakly 'yet-disputed'.
p. 153, l. 34 _to the Stranger_. 1724 omits 'to'.
p. 154, l. 7 _Exeunt_. Not in 4tos nor 1724.
p. 156, l. 1 _drawing of_. 1724 omits 'of'.
p. 156, l. 6 _Moment's_. 4tos misprint 'Moments'.
p. 157, l. 7 _reach_. 4tos 'reaches'.
p. 157, l. 18 _Scene V. Changes_. 4tos and 1724 'Scene changes'. I have
numbered this scene.
p. 158, l. 15 _Ism. goes in, Scene draws_. 1724 omits 'Ism. goes in'.
p. 158, l. 33 _Thersander--Prince of Scythia_. 1724 omits this line,
marking '[Faints.' at conclusion of previous line.
p. 159, l. 19 _one end_. 4tos 'one hand'.
p. 160, l. 28 _my Dagger to this Heart_. 1724 'this Dagger to my Heart'.
p. 160, l. 30 _these_. 4tos 'those'.
p. 160, l. 31 _dear dead Prince_. 1724 misprints 'dear dear Prince'.
p. 161, l. 6 _require_. 4tos 'requires'.
p. 163, l. 1 _Scene II. Between the two Camps_. 4tos 'Scene the Second.'
I have added the locale, which is unmarked in all the editions.
p. 163, l. 7 _te fight_. 4tos 'to fight'.
p. 164, l. 7 _The Scythian Guards_. 4to 1698 misprints 'The Scythian
p. 164, l. 13 _Exeunt_. Unmarked in 4tos.
p. 166, l. 6 _Aside_. This is not marked in 4tos.
p. 166, l. 27 _in the Earth_. 4tos 'in Earth'.
p. 168, l. 7 _Exit Lysander_. No former editions mark this Exit, which,
however, is obviously necessary.
p. 168, l. 10 _Habit that I left_. 4tos 'Habit I left'.
p. 168, l. 16 _'tis_. 4tos 'it is'.
p. 168, l. 18 _remain_. 4tos 'remains'.
p. 168, l. 20 _my Dishonour_. 4to 1696 omits 'my'.
p. 168, l. 26 _Enter King_. 4to 1698 has 'Enter King. Lysander solus.'
Lysander is a misprint for Thersander, but the whole addition is quite
p. 169, l. 6 _given_. 4tos 'gave'.
p. 169, l. 26 _Herald_. 4tos 'Herauld'.
p. 169, l. 27 _Scene V. Cleomena's Apartments_. 4tos 'Scene the Fifth.' I
have added the locale, which is unmarked in all former editions.
p. 170, l. 19 _Race_. 4to 1698 misprints 'Rafe'.
p. 170, l. 26 _Exit_. 4tos 'Queen Exit'.
p. 172, l. 18 _People's_. 4to 1698 'Peoples'.
p. 173, l. 2 _my Foe_. 4tos omit 'my'.
p. 173, l. 3 _Exit. Val_. 4tos 'Vall, ex.'
p. 173, l. 23 _Scene VI. A Street_. The former editions do not mark or
number this Scene. Neither do they give locale. Their reading runs:--
Enter Vallentio passing over the Stage, is met'.
p. 174, l. 7 _'Sha_. 4tos 'Sha.'
p. 174, l. 7 _though thats_. 1724 omits 'though'.
p. I74, l. 17 _gather_. 410 1698 'gether'.
p. 174, l. 23 _Civil Wars_. 4to punctuates 'Civil Wars?'
p. 174, l. 32 _Citizens goes out_. 4tos 'Cit. goes out'.
p. 175, l. 13 _Scene VII_. 4tos 'Scene the Seventh.'
p. 175, l. 17 _Exeunt Attendants_, This stage direction is omitted in
1724 and 4tos.
p. 176, l. 25 _King and Guards_. 4tos omit 'and'.
p. 177, l. 3 _Murderer_. 4tos 'Mutherer'.
p. 177, l. 11 _Act V_. 4tos 'Act the Fifth.'
p. 177, l. 12 _Scene I_. 4tos 'Scene the First.'
p. 177, l. 17 _with Guards_. 4tos 'with the Guards'.
p. 177, l. 24 _any_. 4tos 'my'.
p. 178, l. 4 _dy'd_. 4tos 'di'd'.
p. 179, l. 14 _Scene II_. 4tos 'Scene the Second.'
p. 180, l. 5 _crystal_. 4tos 'chrystal'.
p. 180, l. 29 _rustick_. 4to 1698 misprints 'ruistick'.
p. 180, l. 33 _now_. 4tos 1698 misprints 'no'.
p. 181, l. 6 _dy'd_. 4tos 'di'd'.
p. 181, l. 24 _Noise_. 1724 omits this stage direction.
p. 181, l. 29 _Gorel_. I have added this entrance. A speech-prefix
'Gorel' is marked by all old copies in this scene, but no entrance,
neither is the name given in the Dramatis Personae.
p. 181, l. 30 _tearing_. 1724 'dragging'.
p. 182, l. 12 _terrably_. 4tos, 1724 'terribly'. 'terrably' no doubt
denotes a clownish mispronunciation.
p. 182, l. 17 _It ought_. 4to 1698 reads:--
'It ought to have been presented
In a more glorious order.'
p. 183, l. 1 _Dy'd_. 4tos 'Di'd'.
p. 183, l. 18 _you'd_. 4tos 'you wou'd'.
p. 184, l. 25 _Clemanthis_'. 4tos 'Clemanthis'.
p. 184, l. 35 _of's_. 4tos 'of his'.
p. 185, l. 24 _from you one visit_. 4tos 'one visit from you'.
p. 186, l. 18 _Oh, Madam_. 4tos, which I follow, metrically. 1724 prose.
p. 186, l. 27 _Clemanthis_'. 4tos 'Clemanthis'.
p. 187, l. 6. _Scene V. Changes_. No former edition numbers this scene.
p. 187, l. 8 _Attendants to them_. 1724 misprints 'Attendantsm.'
p. 187, l. 18 _all his Actions_. 4to 1698 omits 'all'.
p. 187, l. 34 _swound_. 1724 'swoon'.
p. 188, l. 22 _With numerous_. 4tos divide thus:--
'With numerous Troops
Which swiftly make their way.'
p. 188, l. 30 _I long to see_. 1724 prints as far as 'fair Princess'
prosc. 4tos metrically.
p. 189, l. 1 _Ism. Geron_. All former editions omit Geron's name here
though they give speech-prefix later in the scene.
p. 189, l. 27 _Cleo. and Thers_. All former editions read '[Points to
Cleo.' I have added 'and Thers.', which is obviously required.
p. 191, l. 9 _is he_. 4tos 'was he'.
p. 191, l. 17 _told you_, 4to 'told him'.
THE CITY HEIRESS.
p. 199, l. 1 _To the Right Honourable_. The Dedicatory Epistle only
occurs in 4tos 1682, 1698.
p. 199, l. 28 _Peaching_. 4to 1698 weakly reads 'Preaching'.
p. 201, l. 14 _glout_. 1724 'glour'.
p. 202, l. 10. _Guinea_. 4to 1682 spells 'Guinney' here and in each other
place the word occurs.
p. 203, l. 5 _Uncle to T. Wilding_. 4tos 1682, 1698, 'He is Uncle to Tom
p. 203 _Dramatis Personae_. I have added to the list--'_Laboir_, Man to
Tom _Wilding_; Boy, Page to Lady _Galliard_; Boy, Page to _Diana_;
Guests; Mrs. _Sensure_, Sir _Timothy's_ Housekeeper; _Betty_, Maid to
_Diana_; Maid at _Charlot's_ lodging.'
p. 205, l. 8 _huff_. 4to 1698 'hoff'.
p. 206, l. 33 _Feats_. 1724 misprints 'Fears'.
p. 206, l. 35 _are you_. 1724 'you are'.
p. 209, l. 24 _when she loves_. 1724 'then she loves'.
p. 209, l. 32 _City-Heiress, Charles_. 1724 omits 'Charles.'
p. 210, l. 5 _Exit_. 4tos and 1724 omit this 'Exit' which is obviously
p. 213, l. 32 _you had_. 4to 1682 'you'd had'.
p. 215, l. 5 _Legions_. 4tos 1682, 1698, misprint 'a Legend'.
p. 216, l. 30 _Wild. Damn it_. 1724 prints these lines as prose.
p. 220, l. 24 _Mr. Foppington_. 4tos 1682, 1698, 'Mr. Foping.'
p. 223, l. 14 _do your_. 4to 1682 'does your'.
p. 223, l. 33 _cunning in their
Trade of Love_.
1724 divides 'cunning in their Trade of
p. 224, l. 6 _Charl. To-night_. 4tos 1682, 1698, print the first two
lines of Charlot's speech as prose.
p. 224, l. 20 _hast inur'd_. 1724 misprints 'hast injur'd'.
p. 225, l. 22 _cut his_. 4tos 1682, 1698, 'cut's'.
p. 225, l. 34 _Goes out with Fop_. 4tos 1682, 1698, misplace this
direction in the midst of Wilding's speech after 'Farewell', line 29.
p. 226, l. 27 _petty_. 1724 'pretty'.
p. 226, l. 29 _Wilding_. 4to 1682 misprints 'Widling'.
p. 227, l. 18 _those_. 4tos 1682, 1698, 'these'.
p. 227, l. 22 _New_. 4to 1682 'Now'.
p. 228, l. 4 _at Coffee-houses_. 4tos 1682, 1698, omit 'at'.
p. 228, l. 31 _Manteau_. 4tos 1682, 1698, 'Manto'.
p. 232, l. 19 _Scene III_. None of the former editions number this scene.
p. 234, l. 25 _Sir Charles his Uncle_. 1724 'Sir Charles' Uncle'.
p. 235, l. 36 _quitting of the Town_. 4to 1698 and 1724 read 'quitting
p. 237, l. 14 _buy_. 4to 1682 'b'ye '.
p. 241, l. 1 _with Diana_. 4tos 'and Diana'.
p. 241, l. 8 _catechize_. 4tos misprint 'chastize'.
p. 244, l. 15 _she is_. 4tos 'she's'.
p. 242, l. 5 _shalt_. 4tos 'sha't'.
p. 242, l. 22 _shalt_. 4tos 'sha't'.
p. 242, l. 31 _shall I not have_. 1724 'shall I have'.
p. 243, l. 27 _Commendation_. 4tos 'Commendations'.
p. 246, l. 27 _Enter Sensure_. This entrance, obviously necessary here,
is not marked in any former edition, although all note the exit 'Betty
p. 248, l. 3 _convert from_. 4to 1698 and 1724 read 'convert for'.
p. 248, l. 15 _Charms that_. 4tos 1698 and 1724 'Charms which'.
p. 249, l. 4 _Mester de Hotel_. 4tos 'Mester de Hotell.' 1724 'Maitre de
p. 249, l. 5 _Mater de Otell!_ 4tos 'Meter de Otell.'
p. 249, l. 27 _This next_. 4to 1628 and 1724 'the next'.
p. 252, l. 31 _I's tell_. 1724 'I'll tell'.
p. 252, l. 33 _wondrous_. 4tos 'wonderous'.
p. 253, l. 3 _wele aday!_ 1724 punctuates 'wele aday?'.
p. 254, l. 2 _excellency_. 4to 1682 'excellently'. 4to 1698
p. 254, l. 22 _this your fickle_. 4to 1682 and 1724 omit 'this'.
p. 257, l. 16 _old_. 4tos 1682, 1698, 'odd'.
p. 258, l. 5 _leav'st_. 4to 1682, 1698, 'leavest'.
p. 258, l. 12 _Vizards_. 1724 'Vizors'.
p. 258, l. 25 _do you make as if you went to bed_. 1724 omits this
p. 258, l. 36 _Exeunt_. 4tos omit.
p. 259, l. 14 _Mien_. 4tos 'Mine'.
p. 259, l. 15 _Hold thy fluent_. 1724 prints as prose.
p. 260, l. 1 _Who is a most_. 1724 prints this speech as prose.
p. 261, l. 2 _Twelve was_. 4tos italicize this line as a quotation. 1724
prints it roman.
p. 261, l. 8 _You_. 4tos 'Ye'.
p. 262, l. 20 _Cue. 4tos 'Que'.
p. 262, l. 23 _three_. 1724 'thee'.
p. 263, l. 29 _let 'em_. 4tos 'let them'.
p. 264, l. 7 _felt for_. 4to 1698 and 1724 'felt in'.
p. 264, l. 27 _know't_. 1724 'know it'; and prints the speech as prose.
p. 265, l. 28 _I'm glad on't_. 1724 prints as prose.
p. 267, _the unequal_. 4to 1698 and 1724 omit 'the'.
p. 267, l. 16 _wou'd_. 1724 'shou'd'.
p. 268, l. 2 _Another Room_. None of the previous editions give the
locale or number the scene.
p. 269, l. 6 _you_. 41to 1698 and 1724 'ye'.
p. 270, l. 20 _they go out_. 4tos 'and goes out'.
p. 272, l. 28 _He goes out_. I have added this stage direction as we have
p. 273, l. 2 _Candles_. 4to 1698 and 1724 'Candle'.
p. 275, l. 8 _resolv'd no body_. 1724 'resolv'd that nobody'.
p. 276, l. 13 _Nay, that's too much_. 1724 as prose.
p. 276, l. 27 _in a Rage_. 4tos 'in Rage'.
p. 277, l. 9 _Exit_. Not in 4tos.
p. 277, l. 12 _Laboir_. I have added this name to the stage direction.
p, 278, l. 1 _I'd had_. 1724 omits 'had'.
p. 278, l. 9 _nor_. 4to 'or'.
p. 278, l. 13 _Portmantle_. 4tos 'Portmantua'.
p. 278, l. 29 _conscious of Treasure_. 1724 'where any Treasure is.'
p. 279, l. 23 _Night-Cap_. 4to 1682 'Night-Caps.'
p, 279, l. 25 _feeling in_. 1724 'feeling of'.
p. 282, l. 4 _Dresswell, Laboir_. I have added these names to the stage
p. 282, l. 26 _away with it_. 1724 'away with him'.
p. 284, l. 13 _Scene II_. None of the previous editions number this
p. 284, l. 15 _to them_. 1724 'to him'.
p. 285, l. 18 _shall to Bed_. 4to 1698 and 1724 'shall go to Bed.'
p. 285, l. 29 _Scene III_. None of the previous editions number this
p. 286, l. 15 _barricado'd_. 4tos 'baracado'd'.
p. 288, l. 2 _naming_. 1724 omits.
p. 288, l. 6 _followed by Betty_. I have added Betty's exit to this stage
p. 288, l. 6 _Scene IV_. None of the previous editions number this scene.
p. 289, l. 24 _at Galliard's Door!_ 1724 'at Lady Galliard's Door!'.
p. 289, l. 33 _meet_. 4tos 'meets'.
p. 290, l. 29 _of your_. 1724 'on your'.
p. 290, l. 33 _Hopes_. 1724 'Hours'.
p. 291, l. 1 _Scene V_. None of the previous editions number this scene.
p. 291, l. 12 _You are mistaken_. 1724 prints this speech as prose.
p. 292, l. 27 _As far as_. 1724 prints this as prose.
p. 292, l. 29 _to Ladies_. 4to 1698 and 1724 'to the Ladies'.
p. 293, l. 18 _Care of_. 1724 'Care on'.
p. 293, l. 21 _fond_. 1724 omits.
p. 294, l. 12 _nought_. 1724 'not'.
p. 294, l. 22 _took_. 1724 'taken'.
p. 294, l. 23 _of Grace_. 4to 1682 'a Grace'.
p. 295, l. 1 _made_. 1724 omits.
p. 298, l. 32 _Exeunt_. Not in 4tos, which, however, mark 'The End.'
p. 299, l. 30 _of_. 4tos 'in.'.
THE FEIGN'D CURTEZANS.
p. 301 _The Feign'd Curtezans_. 4to 1679 gives 'The Feign'd Curtizans'
and so throughout.
p. 305, l. 1 _To Mrs. Ellen Guin_. The Dedication only occurs in 4to
p. 309, l. 1 _Dramatis Personae_. I have added '_Silvio_, Page to _Laura
Lucretia_. _Antonio_, an Attendant to _Laura Lucretia_. Page to _Julio_.
Page to _Fillamour_.' In both 4to 1679 and 1724 there is great confusion
between _Silvio_ and _Sabina_. These characters are sometimes
intermingled as one, sometimes disentangled as two. This will be duly
noticed as it occurs. I have no doubt the confusion existed in Mrs.
Behn's MS. cf the play.
p. 310, l. 2 _A Street_. I have added the locale, unmarked in previous
p. 310, l. 27 _Exeunt Lau. and Ant_. All previous editions reads 'Exeunt
p. 311, l. 35 _and the_. 1724 omits 'and'.
p. 312, l. 12 _Viterboan_. 4to 1679 'Vitterboan'; and Viterbo_ 'Vitterbo'
p. 312, l. 16 _Why, faith_. 4to 1679 'Whe faith'.
p. 312, l. 28 _with him_. 4to 1679 omits 'him'.
p. 312, l. 32 _me it would_. 4to 1679 'assur'd me wou'd'.
p. 313, l. 7 _in yours_. 4to 1679 'to yours'.
p. 313, l. 21 _you out_. 4to 1679 'out you'.
p. 314, l. 16 _Francis_. 4to 1679 'Frances'.
p. 314, l. 34 _Fool's_. 4to 1679 'Fool'.
p. 315, l. 17 _Inamorata_, 4to 1679 'Inamorato.'
p. 315, l. 18 _young Lady_. 4to 1679 omits 'young'.
p. 316, l. 3 _use of_. 4to 1679 'use on'.
p. 316, l. 31 _Allons_. 4to 1679 'Aloone.' 1724 omits.
p, 317, l. 1 _to a room in Tickletext's lodging_. I have added this
p. 317, l. 3 _Petro snaps_. 4to 1679 'and Petro snaps'.
p. 320, l. i _remember a fart these_. 1724 'remember these'.
p. 320, l. 21 _Pusilage_. 1724 'Pupilage'.
p. 321, l. 23 _voluntiero_. 4to 1679 'vollentiero'.
p. 323, l. 10 _wou'd_. 4to 1679 'will'.
p. 326, l. 15 _The Gardens of the Villa Medici_. This locale is unmarked
in all previous editions.
p. 326, l. 16 _Morosini_. 4to 1679 misprints 'Murismi'.
p. 326, l. 25 _Marcella and Cornelia_, 4to 1679 'Marcella nor Cornelia.'
p. 328, l. 12 _dozen years_. 4to 1679 'dozen year'.
p. 329, l. 2 _down-right_. 4to 1679 'right down'.
p. 330, l. 9 _St Teresa's_. 4to 1679 'St. Teretia's'.
p. 330, l. 15 _garb_. 4to 1679 'garbo'.
p. 330, l. 27 _with Silvio, Antonio, and_. I have added these words to
the stage direction.
p. 331, l. 3 _Sans Coeur_. 1724 omits. 4to 1679 reads 'San's Coeure.'
p. 332, l. 22 _Exit with Silvio and her Train_. 4to 1679 'Exeunt with her
train.' 1724 'Exit with her Train.'
p. 333, l. 24 _pray for infinitely_. 4to 1679 'pray infinitely for'.
p. 335, l. 11 _for his Falshood_. 4ti 1679 'for Falshood'.
p. 335, l. 24 _Bills_. 4to 1679 'Bill'.
p. 337, l. 4 _of us_. 4to 1679 'on's'.
p. 338, l. 5 _Cinquante per cent_. 4to 1679 'Cinquant par cent'. I have
not in any place modified and corrected the spelling of the Italian as it
stands in the old editions.
p. 340, l. 1 _Oblige_. 4to 1679 'Obliges'.
p. 342, l. 11 _un Bacio_. 4to 1679 misprints 'un Bacoi'.
p. 332, l. 14 _you are all a little_. 1724 'you are a little'.
p. 343, l. 2 _The Corso_. I have supplied the locale which all previous
p. 343, l. 20 _Enter Mor. and Octa_. 4to 1679 'Enters Mur. and Octa.'
1724 'Enters Mor. and Octa.'
p. 344, l. 21--_nay, was contracted to him, fairly contracted in my own
Chappel_;' 1724 '--nay, was contracted to him, fairly contracted to him,
fairly contracted in my own Chappel ;'.
p. 345, l. 5 _This fine_. 1724 prints this speech as prose.
p. 346, l. 11 _with Silvio and_. I have added these three words to the
p. 348, l. 15 _with Phillipa_. I have added an entrance for Philiipa
here, although it is not marked in the former editions, as later in the
scene she speaks to Cornelia, and obviously must be in attendance on her
in the balcony.
p. 349, l. 6 _so good_. 1724 omits these words.
p. 350, l. 9 _Exit Crap_. I have added Crapine's exit here as he
re-enters anon with Octavio, and his exit is required by the business
of the scene.
p. 351, l. 6 _false-souled_. Both 4to 1679 and 1724 read'false
souly', which I have ventured to alter.
p. 352, l. 12 _They are going_. 4to 1679 and 1724 both read 'They go
out...', but it is obvious from Galliard and Fillamour's conversation
with Tickletext that they do not actually leave the stage, as also from
the direction later 'Offering to go.'
p. 352, l. 13 _Aside_. 4to 1679 and 1724 both read 'Aside to Mar.' An
p. 352, l. 18 _Exit_. Both 4to 1679 and 1724 have 'Exeunt.' We may
suppose Phillipa to have entered with Marcella and the former direction
to be 'Aside to Phil.' but it seems more in accordance with the scene to
make these two slight changes.
p. 354, l. 22 _Exeunt Fil. and Gal_. 4to adds 'and Lau.' but the 1724
'exit' at the end of her next speech is obviously correct.
p. 354, l. 35 _and Crapine_. I have added this entrance. 4to 1679 and
1724 omit this, but both mark his exit.
p. 365, l. 7 _to steal to a Wench_. 1724 'to steal a Wench'.
p. 363, l. 26 _'Tis Love_. Both 4to 1679 and 1724 print this speech as
prose. It is obviously verse.
p. 365, l. 21 _Fil.--I've_. 4to 1679 wrongly gives this speech to
p. 369, l. 13 _Papish_. 1724 'Papist'.
p. 372, l. 30 _Ex. Pet. with Tick_. I have added this stage direction
which is unmarked in the former editions, but obviously necessary here.
p. 374, l. 22 _Scene II_. I have numbered this scene. Former editions
read 'The Scene changes to...'.
p. 383, l. 3 _Phil_. 4to 1679 and 1724 both wrongly give these two lines
p. 383, l. 15 _Exeunt_. Omitted in all former editions.
p. 383, l. 17 _The Corso_. I have added the locale.
p. 386, l. 19 _no Sword_. 4to 1679 and 1724 here needlessly repeat a
stage direction 'Enter Julio and Octavio fighting.'
p. 386, l. 32 _Signior, gentle Signior_. 4to 1679 reads 'Signior, a
p. 387, l. 3 _and Silvio_. I have added this entrance of Silvio's here,
which is not marked in the former editions, but later Laura addresses
p. 387, l. 4 _He's gone_. 4to 1679 and 1724 give this speech as prose but
I have arranged it metrically.
p. 389, l. 25 _from Silvianetta_. 4to 1679 'from the Silvianetta'.
p. 391, l. 17 _But e'er_. 1724 prints this speech as prose. I have
followed 4to 1679.
p. 392, l. 7 _and Sabina_. I have added Sabina's exit. There exists in
the former editions great confusion between Silvio and Sabina here. 4to
1679 and 1724 give Silvio's three speeches to Galliard with prefix 'Sab.'
p. 393, l. 1 _Scene II_. I have numbered the scene. 4to 1679 reads 'Enter
Laura, as before, in a Night-Gown. Scene, A Chamber.'
p. 393, l. 8 _Enter Silvio_. The confusion between Silvio and Sabina
continues in the former editions. 4to 1679 and 1724 both give Silvio's
entrance but mark his speech 'Sab.' In Laura's speech (line 14) both read
'Sabina, see the Rooms', which I have altered to 'Silvio, see the Rooms'.
Both read (line 18) 'Enter to Sil....'.
p. 394, l. 32 _and Silvio_. I have added Silvio's entrance. The confusion
p. 399, l. 7 _Aside_. Omitted in 1724. 4to 1679 reads 'and laughing.'
p. 400, l. 1 _Scene III_. I have numbered this scene.
p. 400, l. 18 _Aside_. 4to omits.
p. 401, l. 18 _Hold, much mistaken_. 4to 1679 and 1724 as prose. I have
p. 401, l. 24 _Aside_. 4to 1679 omits.
p. 401, l. 36 _This is_. 4to 1679 and 1724 as prose. I have arranged
p. 402, l. 10 _Ex. Jul. Fil_. 4to 1679 omits this.
p. 402, l. 26 _Exeunt_. 4to 1679 gives no stage direction. 1724 reads
'exit', but obviously all go out.
p. 403, l. 23 _Scene IV_. I have numbered this scene.
p. 403, l. 3 _I a wandring_. 4to omits 'a'.
p. 406, l. 31 _And here I vow_. I have arranged this speech metrically.
Former editions print as prose.
NOTES: CRITICAL AND EXPLANATORY.
p. 6 _Montero-Caps_. Spanish _montero_ = a hunter. A Spanish hunting-cap
with two flaps for the cars. Pepys, 20 March, 1660, sees 'two monteeres
for me to take my choice of'.
p. 7 _Beasts_. 17th century French _beste_ = an obsolete card game said
to have resembled Nap; also certain penalties at Ombre and Quadrille. The
word most frequently occurs in connection with Ombre, which is derived
from the Spanish _hombre_=man. The one who undertakes the game has to
beat each of the other two; if he fails he is said to have been beasted
and pays a forfeit to the pool. It has been suggested that 'unable to
sustain himself as a man, Hombre, he becomes beast.' c.f. _The Feign'd
Astrologer_, iii, I (4to 1668), where Lewis speaks of
A kind of Lady-ordinary
Where they were beasting it, for that game's in
Fashion still, though _Hombre_ be more courtly.
Butler, _Hudibras_ (1678), iii, 1, l. 1007, has--
These at Beste and Ombre woo
And play for love and money too.
Lestrange, _Quovedo_ (1708), talks of spending 'whole nights at Beste or
Ombre with my Lady Pen-Tweezel.'
p. 8 _Isabella, Queen of Spain. Mrs. Lee_. 'About the year 1670, Mrs.
Aldridge, after Mrs. Lee, after Lady Slinsgby' was 'entertain'd in the
Duke's House.' Her husband, John Lee, joined the company at the same
time. But whilst his wife became the leading tragedienne of the day, he
himself never rose above the most minor and insignificant roles. A woman
of superb and Junoesque beauty, haughty mein and imperious manners, Mrs.
Mary Lee soon won a prominent place in the theatre. Although effective in
comedy, especially in its higher flights, it was as tragedy queen she
obtained her greatest triumphs. In December, 1670, she made her debut at
Lincoln's Inn Fields as Olinda, a small part in Mrs. Behn's maiden
effort, _The Forc'd Marriage_, and early the following year acted
Daranthe, Chief Commandress of the Amazons, in Edward Howard's dull
drama, _The Women's Conquest_. A few months later, in April, she played
Leticia in Revet's _The Town Shifts_. In 1672, at Dorset Gardens, she was
Aemelia in Arrowsmith's amusing _The Reformation_; 1673, Mariamne in
Settle's heroic tragedy, _The Empress of Morocco_, a role she acted with
such excellence that it gave every token of her future greatness and
advanced her to the very front rank. 1674, ahe was Amavanga in Settle's
_The Conquest of China_; Salome, Herod's sister, in Pordage's bombastic
_Herod and Mariamne_. 1675, Chlotilda, disguised as Nigrello, in Settle's
_Love and Revenge_; Deidamia, Queen of Sparta, in Otway's first and
feeblest tragedy, _Alcibiades_, of which play she also spoke the
epilogue. 1676, Roxolana in Settle's _Ibrahim_, produced in May; and late
the same month or very early in June the Queen of Spain in Otway's
magnificent _Don Carlos_, a powerful play which, supported by Betterton
as Philip II, Smith as Carlos, Harris as Don John of Austria, and our
great tragedienne 'succeeded much better than either _Venice Preserved_
or _The Orphan_, and was infinitely more applauded and followed for many
years.' In November she played Madam Fickle in D'Urfey's comedy of the
same name; in December Corisca in Settle's _Pastor Fido_. In 1677 Mrs.
Lee's only rival, Mrs. Marshall, the leading lady of the King's House,
retired. Mrs. Barry's star was but just faintly rising on the
theatrical horizon; and it is noticeable that even when this famous
actress was at the height of her great reputation, we still find Mrs. Lee
cast for those roles she made so peculiarly her own, and in which no one
could approach her. In February, 1677, she acted Berenice in Otway's
_Titus and Berenice_, a rather tame adaption of Racine. Mrs. Barry is
named for the small character of the queen's confident, Phoenice, and was
also Lucia in a farce from Moliere, _The Cheats of Scapin_, which
followed the drama. Mrs. Lee naturally took no part in this afterpiece,
but there is a smart epilogue, 'spoken by Mrs. Mary Lee, when she was out
of Humour,' which commences:--
How little do you guess what I'm to say!
I'm not to ask how you like Farce or Play:
For you must know I've other Business now;
It is to tell you, Sparks, how we like you.
In April she gave a fine performance of Cleopatra, Sedley's _Antony and
Cleopatra_; in June she was acting Circe, the title-role of Charles
Davenant's gorgeously mounted opera; in August, Astatius in a bucolic,
whose scene is Arcady, entitled _The Constant Nymph; or The Rambling
Shepherd_, 'written by a Person of Quality,' which proved anything but a
success. In the autumn she created the Queen in _Abdelazer_; in November,
Roxana in Pordage's tumid _The Siege of Babylon_, a play founded upon the
famous romance, _Cassandra_. In January, 1678, she played Priam's
prophetic daughter, a very strong part, in Banks' melodrama, _The
Destruction of Troy_; August of the same year, Elvira in Leanerd's witty
comedy, _The Counterfeits_, whence a quarter of a century later Colley
Gibber borrowed pretty freely for _She Wou'd and She Wou'd Not_. That
autumn Mrs. Lee acted Eurydice in Dryden and Lee's _Oedipus_. It was this
year that her husband died, and she was left a widow. In April, 1679, she
played Cressida in Dryden's _Troilus and Cressida_, and probably in the
same month, Cleomena in Mrs. Behn's _The Young King_; later in the
autumn, Laura Lucretia in _The Feign'd Curtezans;_ in October, Bellamira,
the heroine of Lee's excellent if flamboyant tragedy, _Caesar Borgia_,
to the Borgia of Betterton and Smith's Machiavel. In 1680 her roles were
Arviola in Tate's _The Loyal General;_ Julia in Lawrence Maidwell's
capital comedy, _The Loving Enemies;_ Queen Margaret in Crowne's _The
Misery of Civil War_, a version of 2 _Henry VI_. In the winter of this
year Mrs. Lee re-married, and thenceforward is billed as Lady Slingsby,
our first titled actress. Her husband was probably Sir Charles Slingsby,
second baronet, of Bifrons in Kent, a nephew of Sir Robert Slingsby,
Comptroller of the Navy, who had died 26 October, 1661. Sir Charles is
recorded to have sold Bifrons in 1677, but we know practically nothing
about him. Dr. Doran supposes Lady Slingsby to have been connected
with the Slingbys of Scriven, but he adduces no authority. In 1681 Lady
Slingsby performed Queen Margaret in Crowne's _Henry VI, the First Part
with the Murder of Gloucester_, an adaption of Shakespeare's I _Henry
VI_, suggested by the great success of his previous alteration. She also
played Regan in Tate's foolhardy tinkering with _King Lear_; Sempronia in
Lee's powerful _Lucius Junitis Brutus;_ and in December, Marguerite in
the same author's excellent _The Princess of Cleves_. In 1682 she acted
another Roman role, Tarpeia, in an anonymous tragedy, _Romulus and
Hersilia_, produced 10 August. She also spoke Mrs. Behn's famous epilogue
reflecting upon the Duke of Monmouth. Two days later a warrant was issued
for the arrest of 'Lady Slingsby, Comoedian, and Mrs. Aphaw Behen,' to
answer for their 'severall Misdemeanours' and 'abusive reflections upon
Persons of Quality.' Even if they were actually imprisoned, of which
there is no evidence, the detention both of actress and authoress was
very brief. On 4 December of the same year, after the union of the two
companies, Lady Slingsby created Catherine de' Medici in Dryden and Lee's
stirring tragedy, _The Duke of Guise_, produced at the Theatre Royal, In
1683 Lady Slingsby had no original part which is recorded, but her genius
successfully helped the numerous revivals of older plays that belong to
that year. In 1684 she sustained Calphurnia to the Caesar of Cardell
Goodman, the Antony of Kynaston, the Brutus and Cassius of Betterton and
Smith, the Portia of Mrs. Sarah Cook, in a notable revival of _Julius
Caesar_ (4to 1694), marred, however, by stagey alterations said to be the
work of Davenant and Dryden two decades before. The same year she played
Lucia in _The Factious Citizen;_ Lady Noble in Ravenscroft's _Dame
Dobson_. In August, 1685, Clarinda in D'Urfey's plagiarism of Fletcher's
_The Sea Voyage_, which he called _A Commonwealth of Women_. Shortly
after she appears to have retired from the stage. Dame Mary Slingsby,
widow, from St. Mary's parish, was buried in old St. Pancras graveyard, 1
March, 1694. Careless historians and critics even now continually confuse
Mrs. Mary Lee, Lady Slingsby, with Mrs. Elizabeth Leigh, the wife of the
celebrated comedian, Antony Leigh. The two actresses must be carefully
distinguished. Geneste curiously enough gives a very incomplete list of
Lady Slingsby's roles, a selection only, as he allows; he makes several
bad mistakes as to dates, and entirely fails to appreciate the merits and
importance of this great actress in the Restoration theatre. These errors
have been largely followed, and it is become necessary to insist somewhat
strongly upon the fact that Lady Slingsby was one of the leading
performers of the day. In a contemporary _Satire on the Players_
(1682-3), which has never been printed, she heads the list of actresses,
and Mrs. Barry is vilipended second. The lines run as follows:--
Imprimis Slingsby has the fatal Curse
To have a Lady's honour with a Player's Purse.
Though now she is so plaguy haughty grown |
Yet, Gad, my Lady, I a Time have known |
When a dull Whiggish Poet wou'd go down. |
That Scene's now changed, but Prithee Dandy Beast
Think not thyself an Actress in the least.
For sure thy Figure ne'er was seen before,
Such Arse-like Breasts, stiff neck, with all thy Store,
Are certain Antidotes against a Whore.
The 'dull Whiggish Poet' alluded to is Elkanah Settle, with whom at the
beginning of her theatrical career Lady Slingsby was on terms of
considerable intimacy. Scandal further accused her of an intrigue with
Sir Gilbert Gerrard, which is referred to when the knight was attacked in
_A Satyr on Both Whigs and Tories_, (1683, unprinted MS.)
Thou Thing made up of Buttons, Coach, and Show,
The Beasts that draw thee have more sense than thou.
Yet still thou mightst have fool'd behind the Scenes,
Have Comb'd thy Wig and set thy Cravat Strings,
Made love to Slingsby when she played the Queen,
The Coxcomb in the Crowd had passed unseen.
p. 9 _Song_. Poets and critics have been unanimous in their praise of
this exquisite lyric, which, had she written nothing more, would alone
have been amply sufficient to vindicate Aphara Behn's genius and
immortality. It was a great favourite with Swinburne, who terms it 'that
melodious and magnificent song'; Mr. Bullen is warm in its praise, whilst
Professor Saintsbury justly acknowledges it to be 'of quite bewildering
p. 70 _Stout Sceva_. The centurion M. (Valerius Max. iii. ii. 23.)
Cassius Scaeva at the battle of Dyrrachium, B.C. 48, showed heroic valour
and maintained his post although he had lost an eye, was deeply wounded
in shoulder and thigh, and his shield was pierced in 120 places. He
survived, however, and lived until after Cassar's assassination, v.
_Casar B.G_. iii 53. _Suet. Caes_, 68. _Flor_. iv. 2. 40. _Appian_, B.C.
ii. 60. He appears as a character in Fletcher's _The False One_.
p. 98 _little Mrs. Ariell_. This actress doubtless belonged to the
Nursery, a training theatre for boys and girls intended for the stage.
Established under Royal Letters Patent issued 30 March, 1664, it is
frequently alluded to in contemporary literature. There was only one
Nursery, although, as it not infrequently changed its quarters, two are
sometimes stated to have existed simultaneously, an easy and plausible
mistake, The Nursery was originally in Hatton Garden, About 1668 it was
transferred to Vere Street, and thence finally to the Barbican. Mr. W. J.
Lawrence in an able history of _Restoration Stage Nurseries_, shows that
Wilkinson's oft-engraved view of the supposed Fortune Theatre is none
other than this Golden Lane Nursery on the site of the old Fortune
Theatre. Mrs. Ariell, a young girl, probably performed Fanny in _Sir
Patient Fancy_. Occasionally the names of other Nursery actresses occur.
We have a certain Miss Nanny, of whom nothing is known, billed as Clita,
a small part in D'Urfey's _The Commonwealth of Women_, produced August,
1685. The prefix 'Miss' as meaning a young girl occurs here in a bill for
the first time. A decade later we have Miss Allinson as Hengo, a lad, in
an alteration of Fletcher's _Bonduca_, and Miss Cross as Bonvica,
Bonduca's youngest daughter. In 1693 Miss Allison, who took the part of
Jano, a page boy, in Southerne's _The Maid's Last Prayer_, is billed as
Betty Allison. In 1696 again, Miss Cross, with Horden, spoke the prologue
to D'Urfey's _Don Quixote_, Part III. In the cast, however, when she
enacted Altisidora, she is described as Mrs. Cross, A Miss Howard acted
Kitty in Motteux's _Love's a Jest(1696) and, 'in page's habit_,' spoke
the epilogue to Dilke's _The Lover's Luck_ the same year. After that date
'Miss' instead of the heretofore 'Mrs.' became more general.
The name of the child actress, doubtless from the Nursery, who took the
young Princess Elizabeth in Banks' _Virtue Betray'd; or, Anna Bullen_
(1682) has not come down to us. _Wits led by the Nose; or, A Poet's
Revenge_, an alteration of Chamberlaine's unacted _Love's Victory_ (4to
1658), produced at the Theatre Royal in the summer of 1677, has
indifferent performers such as Coysh, Perrin, in the leading roles;
whilst other parts are cast thus: Sir Jasper Sympleton, Stiles; Jack
Drayner, Nathaniel Q.; Heroina, Mrs. Baker, Jun.; Theocrine, Mrs.
F[arlee?]. Stiles, Nathaniel Q., Mrs. Baker, Jun., Mrs. F[arlee?] were
all temporary recruits from the Nursery. In the spring of 1678 the
younger members act again in Leanerd's _The Rambling Justice_. Powre
played Sir John Twiford; Disney, Contentious Surley; Mr. Q., Spywell;
Mrs. Merchant, Petulant Easy; Mrs. Bates, Emilia. The Nursery disappears
about 1686. Certainly in 1690 it was the custom for young aspirants to
the sock and buskin to join the regular theatres without preliminary
1. Her last original role was Berenice in Crowne's _The Destruction of
Jerusalem_, a heroic tragedy in two parts.
2. There was a Sir Arthur Slingsby, a younger son of Sir Guildford
Slingsby, Bart. Both Pepys (20 July, 1664) and Evelyn (19 July, 1664)
mention the lottery he held with the King's permission in the Banqueting
House at Whitehall. Evelyn judged him to be 'a mere shark.'
THE YOUNG KING.
p. 107 _Tartarian war_. Brawls and free fights, sometimes of a serious
character, in the pit (Tartarus) of a Restoration theatre were of
frequent occurrence. There is a well-known instance in Langbaine: 'At the
acting of this tragedy [_Macbeth_] on the stage, I saw a real one acted
in the pit; I mean the death of Mr. Scroop, who received his death's
wound from the late Sir Thomas Armstrong, and died presently after he was
remov'd to a house opposite to the Theatre, in Dorset Garden.' This was
in 1679. In April, 1682, in the pit at the Theatre Royal, Charles Dering
and Mr. Vaughan drew on each other and then clambered on to the stage to
finish their duel 'to the greater comfort of the audience'. Dering being
badly wounded, Vaughan was held in custody until he recovered. In
Shadwell's _A True Widow_ (1678) Act iv, i, there is a vivid picture of a
general scuffle and battle royal in the pit. cf. Dryden's Prologue to
_The Spanish Friar_ (1681):--
Now we set up for tilting in the pit,
Where 'tis agreed by bullies chicken-hearted
To fright the ladies first, and then be parted.
p. 107 _Half crown my play_.... There are many allusions to the price of
admission to the pit. Pepys mentions it, and on one occasion notices
'ordinary' prentices and mean people in the pit at 2s 6d a-piece'. cf.
Epilogue to Carye's _The Generous Enemies_:--
There's a nest of devils in the pit,
By whom our plays, like children, just alive,
Pinch'd by the fairies, never after thrive:
'Tis but your half-crown, Sirs: that won't undo.
p. 133 _antick_.--here used in its strict and original sense, 'baroque',
'rococo'. A favourite word with Mrs. Behn.
p. 181 _Life it self's a Dream. This is the very title of Calderon's
comedia, _La Vida es Sueno_.
p. 183 _J. Wright, esq_. James Wright (1643-1713), barrister-at-law and
miscellaneous writer, is now chiefly remembered by his famous pamphlet,
_Historia Histrionica_ (1699), a dialogue on old plays and players,
reprinted in various editions of Dodsley. Wright was a great lover of the
theatre, and 'one of the first collectors of old plays since Cartwright.'
p. 192 _spoken ... at his Royal Highness' second exile_. This note fixes
the date of the play as being between the latter end of March, 1679, and
August of the same year. It was probably produced in April. The Duke of
York sailed for Antwerp on 4 March, 1679. From Antwerp he went to the
Hague and thence to Brussels. In August he was summoned home as Charles
was attacked by a severe fit of ague. He returned to Brussels to escort
the Duchess back, and on 27 October left for Scotland.
THE CITY HEIRESS.
p. 199 _Henry, Earl of Arundel_. Henry Howard, 1655-1701, son of Henry,
sixth Duke of Norfolk, succeeded his father 10 January, 1684. From 1678
to 1684 he was styled Earl of Arundel, although summoned to Parliament on
27 January, 1679 as Lord Mowbray.
p. 200 _Then let the strucken Deer. Hamlet_, Act iii, ii.
p. 201 _to roar_. To be tipsily boisterous, deoauchcd and wantonly
destructive. The word is common.
p. 201 _to glout_. To stare at; to make eyes at. Not here to frown or
scowl, the usual meaning, and the sole explanation given by the _N.E.D_.
For 'glout' in this sense cf. Orrery's _Guzman_ (1679) iv, 'Guzman glouts
at her, sighs, and folds his arms.'
p. 201 _Convenient_. 'Blowing, Natural, Convenient, Tackle. Several names
for a Mistress or rather a Whore.'--'An Explanation of the Cant' prefixed
to Shadwell's _The Squire of Alsatia_ (4to, 1688). The word occurs more
than once in the course of the play. cf. Act iv, where we have
'_Enter_ Margaret _and Mrs_. Hackum _with a Cawdle_.
_Belf. Sen_. Oh my dear _Blowing!_ my _Convenient!_ my _Tackle!_'
p. 201 _In Reverend Shape_. The allusion throughout this prologue is to
Titus Oates. After his abominable perjuries this wretch was lodged at
Whitehall, assigned L1200 a year and a special posse of officers and
p. 201 _The Oaths_ ... cf. Dryden's description of Oates as Corah.
_Absalom and Achitophel_, Part I--especially--
Who ever asked the witnesses' high race
Whose oath with martyrdom did Stephen grace?
p. 202 _Pug_. A quasi-proper name for a fox. cf. R.S. Surtees' _Ask
Mamma_ (1857-8), xv. 'Pug ... turns tail and is very soon in the rear of
p. 202 _silken Doctor_. Oates pretended to have taken the degree of D.D.
at the University of Salamanca.
The spirit caught him up! the Lord knows where,
And gave him his Rabbinical degree
Unknown to foreign university.--_Absalom and Achitopbel_, i.
Silken of course alludes to his black silk Doctor's gown.
p. 202 _Guinea for--no Feast_. This and the following verses refer to a
circumstance much talked of and well laughed at by the Tories. The Duke
of York having been invited to dine with the Artillery Company at
Merchant-Tailors'-Hall, on 21 April, 1682; an opposition dinner was
impudently projected by the Shaftesbury party, to be held at
Haberdashers' Hall, and tickets were forthwith issued at one guinea each;
for the purpose, as it was declared, of commemorating the providential
escape of the nation from the hellish designs of the papists, etc. The
King, however, issued a salutary order forbidding the meeting as an
illegal one. This supplied the loyal party with new matter for ridicule
and satire against the Whigs, who were considerably dejected by their
p. 206 _overtaken_--with liquor. cf. Steele, _Spectator_, No. 420,
Wednesday, 6 August, 1712. 'I do not remember I was ever o'ertaken in
p. 206 _wholesom Act_. see _supra_. Vol. I, _The Roundheads_, Act v, II,
p. 457, note: 'p. 414, an act, 24 June.'
p. 207 _Forty one_. The year of the Grand Remonstrance and agitation for
the suppression of Episcopacy.
p. 207 _guttle_. To flatter, to toady. The word is rare in this sense,
generally meaning to guzzle. cf. parasitus.
p. 210 _Porridge_. A contemptuous nickname given by Dissenters to the
_Book of Common Prayer_. On 24 August, 1662, Pepys hears that there has
been 'a disturbance in a church in Friday St.; a great many young
[people] knotting together and crying out _Porridge_ often and
seditiously in the church, and took the Common Prayer Book, they say,
away.' There is a four leaved pamphlet, 4to 1642, by Gyles Calsine,
entitled 'A Messe of Pottage, very well seasoned and crumb'd with bread
of life, and easie to be digested against the contumelious slanderers of
the Divine Service, terming it Poridge.'
p. 214. _Opinion_. Reputation, cf. Shirley, _The Gamester_ (1637), Act
i:--'_Barnacle_. Patience; I mean you have the opinion of a valiant
p. 218 _watch her like a Witch_. _vide_ Vol I, p. 448, note: _Women must
be watcht as Witches are_.
p. 228 _i' th' Pit, behind the Scenes_. The foremost benches of the pit
were a recognized rendezvous for fops and beaux. The tiring rooms of the
actors and actresses were also a favourite resort of wits and gallants.
Pepys frequently mentions the visits he paid behind the scenes. The
Epilogue to _The Gentleman Dancing Master_ (1671) even invites cits
behind the scenes:--
You good men o' th' Exchange, on whom alone
We must depend when Sparks to sea are gone;
Into the pit already you are come,
'Tis but a step more to our tiring-room
Where none of us but will be wondrous sweet
Upon an able love of Lombard-Street.
p. 228 _flamm'd off_. Cheated, cf. Ford and Dekker's _The Witch of
Edmonton_, ii, II (1621):--'_Susan_. And then flam me off
With an old witch.'
also South's _Sermons_ (1687):--'A God not to be flammed off with lies.'
p. 209 _Lusum_. i.e. Lewisham.
p. 230 _in ure_. In use; practice. cf. John Taylor's _The Pennyles
Pilgrimage_ (4to 1618);--
For in the time that thieving was in ure
The gentle fled to places more secure.
p. 230 _betauder_. The meaning of this word (=to bedizen with tawdry
finery) is plain. As it is only found here, the N.E.D. suggests it may be
p. 230 _Spanish Paint_. Rouge, cf. Lady Wishfort in _The Way of the
World_ (1700);--'I mean the Spanish paper, idiot. Complexion, darling,
paint, paint, paint.'--Act iii, 1.
p. 230 _prew_. Prim, modest. A very rare, affected little word.
p. 230 _rant_. To be boisterously merry, cf. Farquhar, _The Constant
Couple_ (1700), Act iv, 1:--'_Clincher jun_. I'll court, and swear, and
rant, and rake and go to the jubilee with the best of them.'
p. 233 _seditiously petitioning_. In allusion to the vast number of
petitions which Shaftesbury procured from the counties in support of the
Exclusion Bill. The rival factions, 'Petitioners' and 'Abhorrers' were
the nucleus of the two great parties, Whigs and Tories.
p. 236 _Tuberose_. The most fashionable perfume of the day. cf.
Etheredge's _The Man of Mode_ (1676), Act v, 1:--'_Belinda_. I ... told
them I never wore anything but orange-flowers and tuberose.'
p. 245 _hits_. A stroke of luck; an opportunity.
p. 246 _ignoramus_. The partial verdict of the Middlesex Grand Jury
ignoring the bill of the indictment against Shaftesbury, 24 November,
1681. It is frequently alluded to by Dryden, Mrs. Behn, and the Tory
p. 248 _Albany_. James (II), Duke of York and Albany.
p. 249 _Polanders_. Shaftesbury aspired to be chosen King of Poland in
1675 when John Sobieski was elected to that Throne. This piece of foolish
ambition and a certain physical infirmity, to wit, an abscess that in
order to preserve his life had to be kept continually open by a silver
pipe, got him the nickname of Count Tapsky. In _The Medal_ (March, 1682)
Dryden speaks of 'The Polish Medal', and Otway's Prologue to _Venice
Preserv'd_ (1682) ridicules Shaftesbury's regal covetings thus:--
O Poland, Poland! had it been thy lot
T'have heard in time of this Venetian plot,
Thou surely chosen hadst one king from thence
And honoured them, as thou hast England since.
An elaborate and amusing piece of sarcasm on the same subject appeared in
a pamphlet entitled _A Modest Vindication of the Earl of S----y, _In a
Letter to a Friend concerning his being elected King of Poland_, 1682.
Squibs and pasquinades such as _Scandalum Magnatum, or Potapski's case; A
Satire against Polish Oppression_ (1682), and the versified _Last Will
and Testament of Anthony, King of Poland_ abounded.
p. 251 _Tantivy_. Reckless, dare-devil. Said by Dr. Johnson to be derived
from the sound of a hunting-horn.
p. 251 _Absalom and Achitophel_. The first part of this great poem was
published, folio, on or a little before 17 November, 1681. A second
edition, quarto, followed during December. The work was anonymous, but
the authorship was never a secret. The second part, mainly from the pen
of Tate, appeared in November, 1682.
p. 254 _lookt Babies_. To look babies is to gaze at the reflection of
one's face in another's eyes. cf. Beaumont, _The Woman Hater_ (1606),
_Gondarino_. I cannot think I shall become a coxcomb,
To ha' my hair curl'd by an idle finger,
* * * * *
Mine eyes look'd babies in.
p. 257 _an old Reckoning_, 4to 1, 1682, reads 'an odde Reckoning'; 4to 2,
1698, reads 'an odd Reckoning'; but 1724 'old' is doubtless correct.
p. 257 _to give us a Song_. Charlotte Butler, who played Charlot,
'proved', says Cibber, 'not only a good actress, but was allowed in those
days, to sing and dance to great perfection. In the dramatic operas of
_Dioclesian_ and _King Arthur_, she was a capital and admired performer.
In speaking too, she had a sweet-toned voice, which, with her naturally
genteel air and sensible pronunciation, rendered her wholly mistress of
the amiable in many serious characters. In parts of humour, too, she had
a manner of blending her assuasive softness, even with the gay, the
lively, and the alluring.' Fletcher's _The Prophetess_ was brought out as
an opera, _Dioclesian_, at Dorset Garden in 1690. Dryden's _King Arthur_,
'a dramatic opera', music by Purcell, was produced in 1691. In the latter
piece Mrs. Butler acted Philidel, an Airy Spirit.
p. 257 _Charl. and Fop. dance_. Jevon, who acted Foppington, had
originally been a dancing master. He was famous for his grace and
p. 259 _Mercury_. The first foreign printed periodical circulating in
England was _Mercurius Gallobelgicus_, a bound book printed in Cologne
and written in Latin. The first number, a thick little octavo of 625
pages, was published in March, 1594, and contained a chronicle of events
from 1588. From this 'newsbook' came the Latin title _Mercurius_, used on
so many of our periodicals. In 1625 was issued the first coranto with a
name, 'printed for Mercurius Britannicus'. The earliest number in
existence is 16, dated 7 April, 1625. Butler (_Hudibras_, II, i. 56)
Mercuries of furthest regions,
Diurnals writ for regulation
Of lying, to inform the nation.
p. 259 _flam_, humbug. cf. South's Sermons (1737), II, xii, p. 443.
_Conscience_ (1692). 'All pretences to the contrary are nothing but cant
and cheat, flam and delusion.'
p. 260 _Hackney_. A whore. Cotgrave (1611), _Bringuenaudee_,
a common hackney. Stapylton's _Juvenalls Satyrs_ (1647), III, 76:
--'And hackney-wenches that i' th' _Circus_ stand'. _Hudibras_,
III, i, 811-2:--
That is no more than every lover
Does from his hackney-lady suffer.
p. 261 _Twelve was the lucky_. Tom is quoting from _The Happy Night_, a
piece which may be found in Vol. I of the _Works of the Earl of
Rochester_ (1756), and in the early pseudo-Amsterdam editions. The
following note is generally appended: 'The late Duke of Buckinghamshire
was pleased to own himself the Author of this Poem.'
p. 262 _fisking and giggiting. Both these words have practically the same
signification, i.e., to frisk or scamper about heedlessly, cf. _Rules of
Civility_ (1675), in _Antiquary_ (1880):--'Madam ... fisking and
prattling are but ill ways to please.'
To giggit is a very rare verb. _The N.E.D_. only notices it as a modern
U.S.A. colloquialism, quoting _Old Town Folks_ 'While the wagon and uncle
Liakim were heard giggiting away.'
p. 263 _Rakeshame_. A common word for a profligate in the 17th century.
cf. Bishop Montagu, _Diatribae_ (1621), 'Such roysterers and rakeshames
as Mars is manned with.'
p. 269 _whipping Tom_. The use of a whipping boy punished for another's
fault is well known. Barnaby Fitzpatrick served that office for the young
Edward VI, and Mungo Murray for Charles I.
p. 273 _Intelligence_. Newspaper; diurnal. 'Letters of Intelligence' was
an early and common name for a periodical. In 1662 we have _A Monthly
Intelligence Relating the Affaires of the People called Quakers_. No. I,
August--September 1. (The only number.) In 1665, _Publick Intelligence_,
No. i, 28 November, 1665. By Sir Roger L'Estrange. (One number.)
p. 277 _I saw how_. Tom is quoting these four lines from stanza vii of
_The Disappointment_ vide Vol. vi. The same poem, yclept _The
Insensible_, appears in various editions of Rochester's _Works_, and is
attributed to the Earl. _The Disappointment_ is again the title of
another poem which directly precedes _The Insensible_.
p. 278 _Enter Sensure_. cf. Shadwell's _The Miser (1672)_, Act iv, where
Squeeze escaping from Mother Cheatley's house is exposed by being found
to have donned Letrice's red silk stocking in mistake for his own. It is
said that when Shaftesbury's house was searched for incriminating papers
a lady of some little notoriety was found concealed under his bed, p. 281
_the City-Charter_. The Charter of the City of London was broken by the
Crown in 1683. cf. Dryden's _Prologue to the King & Queen ... upon the
Union of the Two Companies _spoken at Drury Lane, 16 November, 1682:--
When men will needlessly their freedom barter
For lawless power, sometimes they catch a Tartar;
(There's a damned word that rhymes to this, call'd Charter.)
p. 282 _Crape-Goivnorums_. Clerics. Bailey (1755) defines crape as a
"sort of thin worsted stuff of which the dress of the clergy is sometimes
made", cf. _Speculum Crape-Gownsorum; or, A Looking-Glass for the young
Academicks (1682)_. An unpublished satire (Harleian MS.), _The
Convocation (1688)_, has:--
Whole Troops of Crape Gowns with Curtains of Lawn
In the Pale of the Church together are drawn.
p. 282 _Association_. When Shaftesbury was apprehended and sent to the
Tower in 1681, the project of an "Association" was discovered amongst his
papers. The satire is very mordant here. There is a caustic pasquil
entitled _Massinello, or a Satyr against the Association and the
Guildhall Plot_. Dedicated to the Salamanca (No) Doctor, 1683. Cf.
Dryden's _Prologue to the King and Qucen_, spoken at the opening of their
Theatre, Drury Lane, upon the Union of the Two Companies, 16 November,
How Pennsylvania's air agrees with Quakers,
And Carolina's with Associators:
Both e'en too good for madmen and for traitors.
p. 289 _Chitterling_. Originally the smaller intestines of beasts, as of
the pig, but here used as equalling "catgut". A rare example.
p. 290 _Discoverer_. A name given to those who belonged to Titus Oates'
gang and feigned to have knowledge of and discover the Popish Plot.
p. 294 _mump'd_. tricked. Dutch _mompen_ = to cheat. A very common
p. 296 _Polish Embassador then incognito_? _A Modest Vindication of the
Earl of S----y (1682)_, banters that nobleman by describing how "Polish
Deputies were immediately sent Post incognito with the Imperial Crown and
Sceptre in a Cloak-Bag".
p. 297 _Salamanca_. The abominable Oates, prince of perjurers, feigned to
have taken his degree D.D, at Salamanca, cf. _Crowne's City Politics
(1683)_, Act v, where Crafty says to Dr. Panchy (Oates), "Where did you
take your degree--in Beargarden?' 'In a learned university, Sir,' thunders
the Doctor, to which Crafty retorts, 'I' the University of Coffee-houses,
the University of Lies."
p. 299 _Trincaloes_. In Davenant and Dryden's version of _The Tempest_,
produced with extraordinary success at the Duke's House, 7 November,
1667: or in Shadwell's operatic alteration of Shakespeare produced at
Dorset Garden, 30 April (or very early in May), 1674. The reference is
applicable to either of these two. No sooner has Trincalo chosen Sycorax,
Caliban's sister, as his spouse, than the treacherous Stephano wins the
she-monster for himself, and a battle royal ensues. Cave Underbill,
a famous Gravedigger in _Hamlet_, excelled as Trincalo. p. 299.
_Fop-corner_. One of the corners of the pit nearest the stage much
affected by the gallants and beau critics. There are frequent allusions
in prologues, epilogues and plays, cf. the ballad epilogue to Davenant's
_The Man's the Master_ (produced 26 March, 1668, 4to, 1669):--
Others are bolder, and never cry, shall I?
For they make our guards quail
And'twixt curtain and rail,
Oft combing their hair, they walk in Fop-Alley.
THE FEIGN'D CURTEZANS.
p. 305 _To Mrs. Ellen Guin_. This adulatory epistle may be paralleled
with that prefixed by Duffet to his rhyming comedy, _The Spanish Rogue_
(410, 1674). The only other known book beside these two plays dedicated
to Nell Gwynne is a very rare little volume entitled Janua Di'vorum: or
The Lives and Histories of the Heathen Gods, Goddesses, & Demi-Gods, by
Robert Whitcombe, published in 1678, and inscribed to 'The Illustrious
Madam Ellen Guin'. Dr. Johnson's pungent remark to the effect that Dryden
has never been equalled in the hyperbole of flattery except by Aphara
Behn in her address to Nell Gwynne is quoted to triteness. But then at
that time it was the fashion to riot in the wildest extravagances of
compliment. Neither the great laureate nor Astrea must be too harshly
taken to task for their vivid verbal colouring.
p. 306 _two noble Branches_. Charles Beauclerk, Duke of St. Albans, born
8 May, 1670; James Beauclerk, born 25 December, 1671, ob, Septemher,
1680, the two sons of Nell Gwynne by Charles II. There is an exquisitely
voluptuous painting by Gascar, engraved by Masson, of Nell Gwynne on a
bed of roses whilst the two boys as winged amorini support flowing
curtains and draperies. Her royal lover appears in the distance. There is
also a well-known and beautiful painting of the mother and children by
Lely, engraved by Richard Tompson.
p. 307 _Mrs. Currer_. Elizabeth Currer was born in Dublin. When quite a
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