Through Central Borneo:
by
Carl Lumholtz

Part 7 out of 8



haunts of;
sacrifices to attract good;
attracted by music and dancing;
the nagah;
the sangiang;
three birds that call;
disease caused by evil;
at ear-piercing operation;
singing to attract;
food offered to;
evil, ejected by singing;
represented on kapatongs;
flying prahu presented to;
sacrifice to, at rice-planting;
at harvest feast;
at funeral feast;
guarding the dead;
in crocodiles;
in trees;
representation of, on the sapundo;
evil;
placed in the world by, belief of natives;
the nagah in decorative designs;
names given to nagah by different tribes;
drawing of flying prahu presented to;
folktales about

Ants, in the jungle;
a raid by;
along Busang River

Apes

Apo Kayan
trading expedition from;
the garrison in;
head-hunting in;
relics from;
Oma-Sulings from;
home of the Long-Glats;
Kenyahs of;
the Oma-Lakans of

Aptitude, of natives

Arabs, in Borneo;
conversion of Java by

Artistic character of natives

_Artocarpus integrifoha_

Asia: Borneo, Java and Sumatra formerly parts of

Astronomical device for determining best time for rice-planting

Auguries. See Omens.

Australia, sun disregarded by blacks of


Baggage, story of excessive charge for carrying;
opening of many pieces of

Bahandang, arrival at

Bahau River, the;
inhabited at source only;
tribes from

Bahau tribes, the

Bahau-Kenyah tribe

Bakas (hereditary rajas)

Bakkaang River, the

Bakompai, the;
characteristics of

Balei, the (house of worship)

Bali

Balik Papan, oil-producing centre

Balok tribe, the

Bamboo, abundance of, in Borneo;
sumpitan darts carried in cases made of;
food cooked in;
uses of split;
tent protected by;
bandage made from;
baskets

Banana, rice wrapped in leaves of;
omens taken with leaves

Bandjermasin, population of;
founding of;
principal town in Dutch Borneo;
meaning of the name;
the hotel in;
climate of;
church and museum in;
Protestant and Catholic missionaries in;
departure for;
return to;
epidemic of cholera at;
final start from;
a journey through the country northeast of;
the cats and dogs in

Bangkal, natives from;
different tribes in;
the Tamoans of;
epidemic of cholera at

Banglan, fight of, with crocodile

Bangsul, boatman

Banquet, given by controleur at Sampit

Baren, Controleur, heads presented to

Barito River, the;
the journey up;
rapids of

Basap tribe, the

Baskets, bamboo, designs on

Batavia, arrival at;
departure from;
return to;
Hindu statues presented to museum at

Bathing, in the tropics;
frequent, of natives;
a visit from native women at time for

Batokelau

Bato-Pola tribe, the

Bats, in the jungle;
in caves of Kong Beng

Batu Boa

Bayumbong

Beads, necklaces of;
cradle decorated with;
valuable old

Bear;
as food;
strange animal resembling;
gall of, used as medicine

Beards, on natives

Bees

Belimbing, village of

Berg, Dr. Afred

Berger, Mr., experience of, with ironwood floors

Beri-beri;
green peas used to counteract;
polished rice as cause of;
curing of crew of _Kronprinz Wilhelm_ stricken with;
epidemic of, at Sembulo;
in prison at Sampit

Beringan, the pasang grahan at;
elevation at

Betel, chewing of;
betel box on kapatongs

Biha, the Murungs at

Birds, of Borneo;
kept in houses;
caught in snares;
worship of;
antoh called and fed by;
seen along Busang River;
argus pheasant;
hornbills;
omen;
the punai;
white-tail pheasant;
the raja;
snake;
the teong;
Mrs. Meyer's collection of;
folktales about

Blacksmiths, Dayaks, skilful;
art of, dying out among Saputans

Blangas, valuable old

Blarey, Penihing chief

Blatei River, the

Blians (priest-doctors), male and female;
possessed by good antohs;
constant occupation of;
shield of;
dress of Murung;
dance of;
among the Penyahbongs;
Saputan belief in;
at great triennial festival;
rice-throwing by;
march of;
funeral of;
methods practised by, for cure of disease;
singing of;
juggling of;
the usual remuneration of;
wooden statues used by Murung

Blood of sacrificed animals,
smeared on principals of any feast or ceremony;
on kapatongs;
on stones;
at marriage ceremony;
at rice-planting;
at harvest feast

Blow-pipe. _See_ Sumpitan

Blu River, the

Boat, native keelless. _See also_ Prahu.

Boatmen: the Dayak;
meal of the Dayak;
Amban Klesau;
wages of;
dismissal of Malay;
Longko;
refusal of, to continue journey;
Djobing;
party sent to Tamaloe to hire;
the Penyahbong;
illness of;
a strike among;
unexpected addition to crew of;
inefficient;
wearied by carrying goods to top of ridge;
more men procured by Saputan chief;
easily obtained on the Mahakam;
plan of, to receive double wages;
the meal of the Malay;
on the Samba at night;
shout of, resembling college yell;
difficulties with Malay coolies

Boh River, the

Bone, engraved

Boots, London Alpine

Borneo, the second largest island;
formerly a part of Asia;
climatic conditions of;
mountains of;
river system of;
rain in;
dry season in;
useful trees of;
fruits of;
animal life of;
mineral resources of;
population of;
early history of;
colonised by Hindu Javanese;
the Malays in;
European occupation of;
geographical features of;
native tribes of;
original inhabitants of, unknown;
along the east coast of;
strong drink seldom abused by natives of;
trade in;
stormy weather along coast of;
plan of expedition through Central;
preparation for journey through Central;
distance covered on journey through Central

Boro Budur, Buddhist monument, II

Borro, the cocoanut monkey, folk-tale of

Botanical gardens at Buitenzorg

Boys, Kenyah

Bracelets, brass and silver;
gold;
used in blian's dance

_Branak, the Antoh_, folk-tale

Brandy: rice;
from sugar-cane;
drunk from skulls;
at marriage ceremony;
at rice-planting and harvesting;
at funeral feast;
Tamoan method of making

Brani River, the

Braui River, the

Breast-plates

Brem-Brem River, the, rapids of

British, in Borneo

British India

Brooke, James, made Raja of Sarawak;
exploring expedition of

Brouers, B.

Brua. _See_ Souls

Bruen, the Kayans in

Brunei, founded by Hindu Javanese;
Pigafetta's expedition to

_Buceros rhinoceros_

Buddha, statues of, and scenes from life of, in the Boro Budur;
statue in temple of Mundut;
in caves of Kong Beng

Buddhism, former main seat of, in Java, II;
of first settlers in Borneo

Buffaloes, water

Bugis, the, absorbed by Malays;
weaving of

Buitenzorg, botanical gardens at;
Governor-General's palace at;
a visit to the Governor-General at

Bukats, the, settlements of, in Upper Mahakam region;
customs of;
food of;
original home of;
strictly monogamous;
punishment for matrimonial unfaithfulness by;
women of;
sumpitans and mats made by;
customs regarding childbirth;
tuba-fishing practised by;
beautiful tatuing of;
cure for snake-bite known to;
death from lightning unknown to;
beliefs identical with those of Penihings;
experts in use of sumpitan;
head-hunting raid by

Bukit mountain ridge, the

Bukits, the, at Angkipi;
primitive character of;
physical characteristics of;
customs of;
teeth filed by;
weapon of;
sleeping-mat of;
yielding to Malay influence;
nomadic people;
the Ulu-Ots

Bulau River, the

Bulungan, the Sultan of;
size and population of;
Kayans and Kenyahs of

Bulungan River, the

Bumirata, rubber plantation near

Bundang, tiwah feast at

Buntok

Buntut Mangkikit

Burial cave of the Penihings

Busang River, the;
the journey up;
rapids of;
delightful landscape on west side of;
the watershed of;
rapid rise of;
animals and birds seen along;
fish in;
insects seen along;
the orchids on;
superb scenery on;
elevation of watershed of;
data from, concerning Penyahbongs

Busang tribe, the

Businesslike character of natives


Cajuput oil

Calendar, the Katingan

Camping-houses, for travellers. _See_ Pasang grahan

Canal, to Martapura

Candelabrum, stand resembling

Cannibals

Canyon, trip through a

Caps, rattan

Carriers, the

Carvings, on house at Data Lingei;
in a Long-Glat's house;
on casket;
on kapatongs;
on flying prahu

Casket, a carved. _See also_ Coffin

Cassava

Cat, wild;
tame kitten of;
short-tailed

Cattle, wild

Caves, containing Hindu antiquities;
near Kandangan;
cave of Kimanis

Celebes, climate of North;
Alfurs of Central

Cemetery, at Sembulo;
at Tevang Karangan

Centipedes, appearance of, an omen;
met by head-hunting party;
in caves of Kong Beng

Cereals, removal of husks of

Chairs

Chalk cliff

Characteristics of natives

Chavat (loin-cloth)

Chiefs, tall Penyahbong

Childbirth, restrictions preceding;
methods employed to prevent;
Bukat customs regarding;
Duhoi customs regarding;
Long-Glat customs;
Murung;
Oma-Suling;
Penihing;
Penyahbong;
Punan;
Saputan

Children, Malay at Samarinda;
flogging of;
few among Dayaks;
many among Malays;
a Kenyah child's funeral;
of the Kenyahs;
ornaments worn by;
provisions shared with;
Dutch, on steamer;
light colour of native;
born blind;
marriage of;
of the Penyahbongs;
of the Sapucans;
number of, in family;
at great triennial feast;
native games for;
protected from sun;
of the Long-Glats and Oma-Sulings;
bathing of infant;
Katingan;
restrictions preceding birth of;
naming of;
custom of changing name of;
at Kuala Kapuas;
still-born

Chinese, in Singapore;
number of, in Borneo;
early knowledge of Borneo had by;
important element in development of Borneo;
trade principally in hands of;
at Sampit

Chion-in, temple of

Cholera;
cure of

Chonggat, taxidermist

Christmas day in the jungle;
Christmas eve

Cicadas

Cigar-cases, made from rattan

Cigarettes

Classes, social, among native tribes

Cleanliness of natives

Clearing, a, in the jungle

Climate

Climbing trees, native methods of

Clocks, in Malay's house

Coal;
along Barito River

Coaling of steamers in Japanese harbours

Cobra, a king;
remedy for bite of

Cocks, annoyance caused by crowing of

Cocoanuts;
plantations of;
natives killed by falling

Coffin, making the;
duplicate made of carved;
Katingan name for;
for second funeral;
of the Long-Glats

Coins, used as ornaments

Collections, ethnographic, specimens added to

Colombo

Colour, skin;
light, in black and brown races;
hair

Communal houses

Cooking, in bamboo;
by the Penyahbongs

Coolies, employed as paddlers

Cows, at Long Iram;
sacrificed at funeral feast

Cradle, adorned with beads;
customs regarding the

Crocodile;
fight with a;
not eaten;
on Katingan River;
kapala's brother eaten by;
killing of;
folk-tale about

Crow

Culm, Stewart

Cure of disease by natives


Daily life, of the Penyahbongs;
of the Long-Glats

Damar, white

Dance, of the Murungs;
of the blians;
at the tiwah feast;
war-dance;
of blians at triennial feast;
of the people at triennial feast

Dancing, of the Murungs;
to attract good spirits;
with masks;
of the Duhoi;
of the Katingans;
at tiwah feast;
on completion of Penyahbong house;
at harvest festival

Dangei hut, the

Data Laong, village of;
meaning of name;
folk-lore from

Data Lingei, a one-night camp at

Dayaks, number of, in Borneo;
extinction of, by Malays inevitable;
safety enjoyed by;
derivation of the word;
name applied to all natives of Borneo except Malays and nomadic peoples;
little drunkenness among;
of Bulungan;
manners of;
few children of;
ultimately must die out;
food of;
social classes among;
the Kenyahs, the most capable of;
Hindu influence among;
physical superiority of;
and Malays;
characteristics of;
customs of

De Weert, steamship

Dead, the, natives' fear of;
guarded by kapatongs;
guarded by statue of lovers.
See also Funeral customs

Debtors, as slaves

Deer, the kidyang;
Bornean method of hunting;
along Busang River;
mouse;
fine specimen killed and eaten;
cry of, at noon, an omen;
folk-tales about;
magic fluid possessed by;
as food

Demmini, J., photographer;
illness of;
return of, to Batavia

Demum, a form of malaria

Designs, decorative

Diamond fields of Martapura

Disease, cure of, by natives;
caused by malicious anto;
tatu marks to prevent;
natives' fondness for white man's remedies for;
skin

Divorce among natives

Djangkang

Djelavat (Bornean fish)

Djobing, boatman

Djokjakarta

Djudjang, rattan gatherers' camp;
arrival at

Dogs, Dayak, description of;
augury concerning lost;
treatment of, in hydrophobia cases;
not eaten, hunting wild pig with;
belief concerning shedding of blood of;
traits of;
howling of;
stump-tailed;
folk-tale about;
eaten by Mehalats

Dongiyak, basket designs interpreted by

Dreams, omens from

Dress, the Dayak;
of Katingan women;
of Kenyan women;
of the Penyahbongs;
mourning

Drinking, Kenyah and Malay manner of

Drums, in houses at Long Pahangei;
blian's

Drunkenness rare among natives

Dry weather in the jungle

Ducks, marsh

Duhoi, the (Ot-Danums);
head-hunting of;
primitive condition of;
intermarriage of, with Kahayans;
friendly visit of;
rich collections for sale by;
abundance of kapatongs used by;
varying physical aspects of;
shaving of foreheads by;
the kapala of;
method of making fire;
sacred number of;
customs of;
the flying prahu of;
polygamy of;
marriage customs and ceremonies of;
rice-planting and harvesting of;
funeral customs of;
taking leave of;
intelligence of;
polyandry among;
customs regarding childbirth;
number and location of souls of

Durian, the, queen of fruits

Dutch, the, rule of, in Borneo;
flag, on memorial staff

Dutch Borneo, population of south and east;
population of north;
natural resources of;
government of;
native tribes in;
Bandjermasin principal town in;
Malays of

Dutch Packet Boat Company

Dwarf, photograph of, taken


Ears, rings worn in;
ornamentation of Penyahbongs';
piercing of chiefs;
wooden disks in lobes of

Earthenware jars

Earthquake, on Java

Eating, customs regarding

Eggs, offered as sacrifice

Elephants

Elevation

Elshout, Dr. J.M.;
quoted, on head-hunting

Enemy, announcing approach of

Equator, on the

Erskine, A.M., description of caves of Kong Beng by

European influence in Borneo

Europeans, number of, in Borneo

Eyes, with Mongolian fold;
set obliquely


_Fatherless Boy, The_, folk-tale

Feast, dancing;
of the rubber gatherers;
on removal of bones of dead;
wedding;
harvest;
the great triennial;
kapatongs at;
at beginning and end of year

_Felis nebulosa_

Filariasis, an attack of

Fire, making a, in the jungle;
with flint and iron;
with rattan and bamboo;
by drilling;
by friction with rope;
by twirling

Fire omen

Fires, in the jungle

Firebrands, used at funeral

Fish, of Borneo;
in the jungle;
method of catching by poisoning river;
spearing for;
drying;
frame for drying;
catching by means of explosive;
cooked in bamboo;
kendokat caught by an otter;
abundance of in Busang River;
fruit-eating;
in pool near Bandjermasin;
the patin;
folk-tales about

Fishing, tuba;
expeditions, omens concerning

Flies;
yellowish gray;
black

Flowers, of water-plant;
of equatorial regions;
along Kasao River;
on the Kai River

Flute

Flying prahu, the;
legend of;
a feature of tiwah feast;
as design in mats

Fog

Folk-lore tales, telling of, in song;
of the Kahayans;
of the Katingans;
of the Long-Glats;
Malay influence in;
of the Ot-Danums;
of the Penyahbongs;
of the Saputans

Food, hints on proper, for travel in East Indies;
of the Dayaks and Malays;
at the paddi harvest;
at great triennial feast;
offered to antohs;
of the head-hunters;
of the Bukats;
of Duhoi bride and groom;
of the Long-Glats;
of the Penyahbongs;
of the Punans

Forests of Borneo

Fowls, Bornean

Framboisia

French count, story of a

Frogs

Fruits of Borneo;
the durian;
the lansat;
the nangca;
the rambutan;
eaten by fish

Fuji, Mount, height of

Funeral customs, the second funeral feast;
the pantar;
the panyanggaran;
the sapundo;
souls of animals presented to soul of deceased;
a child's funeral;
of the Bukats;
of the Bukits;
of the Duhoi;
of the Katingans;
of the Kenyahs;
of the Long-Glats;
of the Murungs;
of the Oma-Sulings;
of the Penihings;
of the Penyahbongs;
of the Punans;
of the Saputans

Funeral house;
model of a raja's

Furniture, European, natives desirous of securing


Games: for children;
top-spinning;
mancala;
played at beginning and end of year

Garrison, in Apo Kayan;
at Long Iram;
at Long Kai;
at Long Nawang;
at Puruk Tjahu, ill

German missionaries

Gibbon (man-like ape)

Glit River, the

Gnats

Go Hong Cheng, interpreter

Goat, at times an antoh

Goitre

Gold;
of Barito River country;
hunting for, on Busang River;
in Samba and Braui Rivers;
on Katingan River;
not used by Penyahbongs

Gompul

Governor-General of Netherlands India

Grass, in the jungle

Grasshoppers

Grijson, H.J.

_Grotius_, Dutch steamer

Guitar, a native

Gunong, camp

Gunong Porok, village of, folk-lore from

Gunong Rega, height of


Haddon, Doctor A.C.

Hageman, Captain J.J.M., on character of the Dayak

Hair, removal of body;
on body, resembling orang-utan;
colour of head;
parasites in;
mustaches;
beards;
worn cut, by Duhoi;
shaving of forehead;
cut from head and placed in tree;
arrangement of women's

Harelip

Harvest, paddi;
festival

Hawk, worship of;
a tame

Head-hunters, song of;
seen on board steamer;
meeting an imaginary attack of;
food of

Head-hunting, measures taken by Dutch government to eradicate;
among various tribes;
religious fanaticism incentive to;
a recent raid;
description of a raid;
customs regarding the practice of;
omens concerning;
the purposes of;
Captain Hageman quoted concerning;
effect of, on disposition of natives;
kapatongs of prime importance in;
rice-throwing before;
folktale about;
principal weapon used in;
Dayaks incited to by Malays;
of the Bukats;
not practised by Bukits;
of Duhoi chief;
of the Duhoi and Katingans;
raids of the Ibans;
of the Kenyahs;
discontinued by Ot-Danums;
of the Punans;
of the Ulu-Ots

Head ornament, women's

Heat, intense, in jungle

Hens, sacrificed at rubber gatherers' feast;
sacrificed at wedding;
sacrificed at funeral;
hung in bags at night;
chickens eaten by

Hindu Javanese, first settlers in Borneo;
kingdoms founded by;
absorbed by Malays

Hinduism of first settlers in Borneo

Hindus, in South Africa;
antiquities of, found in Borneo;
brass statue;
influence of, among Dayaks

Hoang Tshirao, village of

Honesty, of natives

Honey, native methods of gathering

Hong Seng, Chinese merchant

Hornbills;
the rhinoceros;
the tail feathers of;
image of, on flying prahu;
image of, on pantar

Hornets

Hose, Doctor

Hospitality, of natives

House of worship, at Angkipi;
at Ado;
at Tumingki

Houses: camping, for travellers;
communal;
with upright pillars before;
at Tumbang Marowei;
custom of burying slave alive underneath;
at Long Kai;
at Long Pahangei;
with beautiful carvings;
Malay;
high-gabled, in Negara;
of the Katingans;
form of salutation on entering and leaving;
dancing on completion of

_How the Penganun was Caught Alive_, folktale

Humidity

Humour, sense of, among natives

Hunchback

Hunting, deer;
wild pig;
rhinoceros;
by the Penyahbongs;
part taken by women in;
omens concerning

Hydrophobia


Ibans, the;
head-hunting raids of;
known as Orang Bahau

Idenburg, A.W.F., Governor-General of Netherlands India

Imperial Limited Express, a race with the

Incision, the practice of

India, British

Indonesians, the

Infants, bathing of

Infidelity in marital relations, punishment for;
rareness of

Inheritance, customs regarding

Insects, in the jungle;
remedy for bites of

Intelligence of natives

Interpreter, the

Inyah Otuntaga, legend of

Inu, legend of

Ipoh, poison for sumpitan darts

Iron

Ironwood, kapatongs made of;
receptacle for dead made of;
boats of;
funeral house of;
the panyanggaran made of;
the pantar;
spears of;
effect of sleeping on floors of

Isau River, the

Islamism

Ismail;
residence of

Iyu, folk-tale about


_Janssens_, steamship

Japan, along the coast of;
impressions of

Japanese, characteristics of;
remedy of, for wounds;
a native resembling;
medicines sold to natives by

Jars, valuable old

Java, best season to visit;
Buddhist monument in;
the garden of the East;
formerly part of Asia;
Islamism in;
an earthquake in;
eradicating the plague in

Javanese, sailors;
soldiers;
easily lost in jungle;
remarkable intelligence of;
Hindu Javanese

Javau, edible root

Jews'-harp

Joking, practical

Juggling, by blians
Jungle, the, an expedition into;
making a shelter in;
cutting a clearing in;
stagnant atmosphere of;
making a fire in;
hardwood trees of;
ease of ascent in;
denseness of vegetation in;
animal life in;
birds of;
rain in;
fish in;
insects of;
rapid growth of vegetation in;
grass in;
in the midst of;
effect of dry weather on

Jurong, wooden image used by blian


Kaburau

Kahayan River, the, Protestant mission on;
Malay influence on;
folklore from

Kahayans, the, cigar-cases made by;
the camp among;
with beards;
compared with Malays;
superior intellect of;
converts to Christianity among;
polygamy of;
folk-tale of

Kai River, the

Kambang, island of

Kamkamiak, evil antoh

Kandangan, the journey to;
arrival at;
caves near

Kapala, election of, by Duhoi;
disabled, at Buntut Mangkikit;
tatuing on, at Bali;
brother of, eaten by crocodile

Kapatongs;
attendants on souls of the dead;
for protection of the living;
carried by head-hunters;
curious representations of;
transmitted as heirlooms;
at feasts;
representing a raja;
representing a woman with betel box

Kapuas River, the

Kasao River, the;
Saputan name for;
drifting down;
continuation of journey down;
flowers along;
rapids of;
data from, concerning Saputans

Kasungan;
at the "onder's" house in

Katingan River, the, an expedition to;
plan to reach head of, abandoned;
ascent of, as far as first renowned rapids;
the return trip down;
closing of, for tiwah feast;
the Dayaks of

Katingans, the, Sampit once occupied by;
belief of, in good and evil spirits;
belief, concerning cure of disease;
head-hunting raids of;
Upper and Lower;
number of;
characteristics of;
the dwelling of;
tatuing of;
honey gathering by;
a funeral of;
first appearance of Upper, at Tevang Karantan;
the flying prahu of;
children of;
dress of women;
friendliness of;
wives of;
customs and beliefs of;
crocodile killing by;
manner of announcing approach of enemy;
murder among;
methods of fire-making;
restrictions concerning women;
sins among;
names in vogue among;
good and evil omens of;
funeral customs of;
from Bangkal;
folktale of;
resemblance of, to Alfurs;
manner of curing disease;
game played by;
festivals of;
calendar of;
astronomical device of, for determining rice-planting season;
belief of, in one soul

Katjang idju (native vegetable stew)

Kayan River, the, journey up;
colour of;
rapids of;
the trip down;
rise of water in;
the Kayans and Kenyahs of;
inhabited only at source and at headwaters

Kayans, the;
filing off of teeth by;
ethnological collections from;
prahus provided by;
songs of;
dialects of;
headhunting by;
agreeable to deal with;
the women of;
few children among;
compared with Kenyahs;
social classes among;
kampong of, at Long Blu;
trade of;
location of;
sub-tribes of;
claimed to be same tribe as Kenyahs;
known as Orang Bahau

Kedu, the district of, II

Keladi, water-plant

Kelasin, village of

Kendokat (fish)

Kenyahs, the;
from Apo Kayan;
the women of;
funeral of a child of;
tuba-fishing by;
the children of;
boys of;
compared with Kayans;
most attractive of the natives;
rings worn in ears by;
the spear carried by;
physical superiority of;
characteristics of;
cleanliness of;
ornaments worn by;
removal of body hair by;
courtesy of;
industry of;
head-hunting by;
effect of head-hunting on disposition of;
most capable of the natives;
location of;
number of;
the sub-tribes of;
claimed to be same tribe as Kayans;
belief of, concerning soul

Keppel, Captain H., _The Expedition to Borneo of H.M.S. "Dido"_ by

Kiai Laman

Kidyang (deer)

Kiham, Atas;
Duyan;
Mudang;
Raja.
_See also_ Rapids

Killing, by Bukats;
among Kenyahs;
of soldiers, by Murungs;
by Penihing chief;
among the Penyahbongs;
by Punans;
vendetta resulting from

Kinabalu, highest mountain in Borneo

Kinematograph, return to Tandjong Selor to repair;
replaced by a Pathe

Kingfisher

Kioto, fascination of;
hotel at;
temple of Chion-in at

Klemantan tribes, the

Knife, the klevang;
carried by women;
handle of, made from wah-wah bones;
the ancient duhong

Kobe, western influence in

Kohlbrugge, Doctor J.H.F.

Kong Beng, caves of

Koningsberger, Doctor J.C.

Kreho, name given to the Penyahbongs

Krol, W.

Kuala Braui

Kuala Kapuas;
folk-tale from

Kuala Samba

Kuala Sampit River, the

Kuluk Habuus

Kutei

Kwing Iran, Kayan chief;
at the house of


La Riviere, Lieutenant C.J.

Ladangs (paddi fields), season for clearing jungle for

Lahanin River, the

_Laki Mae_, folk-tale

_Laki Sora and Laki lyu_, folk-tale

Lamps, native

Language, Malay;
resemblance of Dayak to Alfur

Lansat, the (fruit)

_Lansium domesticum_

Laong River, the

Leave-taking, native manner of

_Leaves that Baffled Antoh_, folk-tale

Ledjuli. _See_ Raja Besar

Leeches, jungle;
the bite of

Legs, wasting of muscles of

Lemur, the spectacled

Liao. _See_ Souls

Lidju, interpreter

Lightning, death from, unknown to Bukats, Penihings and Punans

Limestone hills

Lizard, as food;
shot by sergeant;
a man-eating;
red-backed, supposed to bring good luck

_Lobiophasts_

Lodging-house, for Dayaks at Long Pangian

Loing, Mr.

Lok Besar, a journey to;
arrival at;
elevation at

Long Blu, Kayan kampong at

Long-Glats, the, belief of, in friendly spirit;
food of;
and Oma-Sulings;
the women of;
Ibans feared by;
weaving no longer done by;
location of;
original home of;
characteristics of;
mats made by;
customs and beliefs of;
large families desired by;
the children of;
folk-lore of;
manner of bidding farewell;
known as Orang Bahau;
former name of;
colour of;
sub-tribes of;
customs regarding childbirth;
funeral customs of

Long Iram;
garrison at;
arrival at;
description of;
temperature at

Long Isau, fishing at

Long Kai;
garrison at;
data from, concerning tribes

Long Mahan

Long Nawang, the garrison at

Long Pahangei, great triennial festival at;
the camp at;
houses of;
a second visit to;
largest Oma-Suling settlement

Long Pangian;
dry weather at;
the posthouder of;
developing plates at;
difficulty in securing men at;
the tribes at

Long Pelaban

Long Tjehan, the camp at;
Bahau festival at;
return to;
the rajas in;
natives observed in;
curing of sick at

Long Tujo, the Long-Glats of;
folk-lore from;
data from, concerning natives

Longicornes

Longko, Malay boatman;
deer killed by;
desertion of

Lorenz, Dr.

Lulo Pakko, the camp at

Lung Karang, orchid found near


Macassar

Madras

Magellan's expedition

Magic, folk-tale about

_Magic Babi Bone, The_, folk-tale

Mahakam River, the;
fish in;
religious ideas on;
arrival on;
an excursion down;
the rapids of;
overflow of;
Oma-Suling settlements on Upper;
departure from region of Upper;
Malay influence not extended to Upper;
continuing the journey down;
dry season on;
rapid fall of;
the tribes of;
data from, concerning tribes

Mail, receipt of, in the jungle

Maize, cultivation of

Malaria

Malay, language, the;
coolies, difficulty with

Malays, in Borneo, number of;
influence of;
pirates among;
food sacrificed to monkeys by;
of the Bulungan district;
women and children of;
food of;
method of drinking water;
revolution of;
at Batu Boa;
influence supreme on Barito River;
a strike among;
outfit of travelling;
engaged in gathering rattan;
head-hunting raids on;
umbrellas carried by;
not in Upper Mahakam region;
use of cajuput oil by;
at Pengaron;
and Dayaks;
house of;
at Belimbing;
in Negara;
paint used by women;
lower portions of great rivers populated by;
influence of, on Kahayan and Kapuas Rivers;
of Sembulo;
influence of, shown in folk-tales;
intelligence of;
Dayaks being absorbed by

Mamberamo River, the, expedition on, recalled

Mancala (game), description of

Mandau, short sword

Mandin, village of

Mandumei, water of sea reaches

Mangosten (wild fruit)

_Manis_

Mansur, Dato

Map-making

Margasari, Hindu remains at

Marriage customs, of the Bukats;
of the Bukits;
of the Duhoi;
of the Katingans;
of the Long-Glats;
of the Murungs;
of Oma-Sulings;
of Penihings;
of Penyahbongs;
of Punans;
of Saputans

Marriage, unfaithfulness in;
faithfulness in

Martapura, diamond-fields of;
by canal to

Masks, dancing with;
bought at Data Lingei

Massey, B.

Mata Punai, decorative design

Mats, making of;
sleeping;
designs on;
made at Kuala Kapuas

McCann, Alfred W., formula of, for cure of diseases with vegetables

McDougall, Dr.

Measles

Meat, formerly eaten raw

Medicine, natives' fondness for white man's;
gall of bear used as

Mehalats, the, customs of

_Melalevea leucodendron_

Men, physical appearance of;
women outnumbered by;
dressed as women;
dress of blian;
ear ornamentation of;
restrictions concerning women, observed by;
regulations observed by widowers;
precautions taken by unmarried;
mutilation of body by

Mendawei (Katingan) River, the, expedition to

Mendut, the temple of

Merasi River, the;
an excursion up;
the return journey on

Metsers, Lieutenant T.F.J.

Mexico, Indians of

Meyer, A.F.

Meyer, Mrs. A.F., collection of animals and birds of

Michielsen, Controleur W.J.;
first European to visit Samba River;
quoted, on the Ulu-Ots;
blangas seen by;
quoted, on Katingans

Milk, best kind for travel in the tropics

Mineral resources of Borneo;
gold;
iron

Missionaries, Protestant and Catholic, in Dutch Borneo

Modjopahit, founded by Hindus;
fall of

Moerman, C.

_Mohaktahakam Who Slew an Antoh_, folktale

Mohammedanism

Money (wang)

Money-box, the stealing of a

Monkeys: long-nosed;
food sacrifices to;
supposed to be able to swim;
saying of natives of Java concerning;
seen along Pembuang River;
as food;
along the Busang River;
figure of, to protect rice-field;
superstition concerning red;
tale of the cocoanut.
_See also_ Orang-utan _and_ Wah-Wah

Monogamy

Months, designated by numbers

Moon, native belief concerning;
tatu marks representing

Morning-glories

Mosque, wooden, at Sembulo

Mosquito-netting

Mosquitoes;
illness caused by sting of

_Motherless Boy, The_, folk-tale

Moths

Motor-boat, prahu towed by

Mountains of Borneo:
Kinabalu;
Gunong Rega;
first appearance of;
on Busang River;
crossing the Bukit;
Lung Karang;
seen from Batokelau;
canyon through;
Mountain of Images;
seen from Tumingki;
the stone man and the stone wife;
Muller

Mourning garments

Mouse-deer, capture of a;
superstition concerning

Moving-pictures shown to natives

Muara Laong

Muara Tewe, in

Muara Topu

Mud, taken from pool bottom

Muller mountains, home of the Penyahbongs

Murder, vendetta resulting from.
_See also_ Killing

Murungs, the, physical appearance of;
a stay among;
dance of;
dress of;
soldiers killed by;
filing of teeth by;
marriage customs of;
funeral customs of;
location of;
tatuing of;
customs regarding childbirth;
wooden images employed by;
belief of, concerning number and location of souls

Muruts, the

Musangs, tame

Museum, nucleus of, in Bandjermasin

Music, good spirits attracted by

Musical instruments: the drum;
the flute;
the jews'-harp;
the sapi;
the sarunai;
the shield;
trumpet;
folk-tale about

Mustaches


Nagah, good and evil spirit;
represented in decorative designs;
description of;
names given to, by different tribes

Nagasaki, western influence in

Nahamerang, village of

Names, in vogue among Katingans;
custom of changing

Naming of children

Nangca (fruit)

Napoleonic Wars, the

_Nasalis larvatus_

Natives of Borneo. _See_ Dayaks _and_ Tribes

Necklaces, bead;
made of stalks of plants;
on kapatongs

Negara

_Nepenthes_

Netherlands India, Governor-General of

New Guinea, securing men for expedition to;
fitting out of expedition to, interrupted by war;
omen bird heard at start of an expedition to

Newspapers, received at Long Kai

Nieuwenhuis, Dr. A.W.;
attempt to kill

Nipa palm

Nohacilat, aboriginal wearing apparel from

"Nokken," Norwegian superstition of the

Nomorunge, village of

Nose, in Long-Glat leave-taking

Nudity, chasteness of

Numbers, sacred

Nuncilao, village of

Nundun, the


Oatmeal

Obongbadjang, folk-tale about

Oeloe Soungei, district of

Oil, at Balik Papan

Oma-Gaai, Kayan sub-tribe

Oma-Lakan, the, Kayan sub-tribe

Oma-Lokvi, the

Oma-Palp, the;
festival of

Oma-Sulings, the, country of;
characteristics of;
and the Long-Glats;
the great festival of;
the women of;
funeral customs of;
hair colour of;
a second visit to;
meaning of the name;
from Apo Kayan;
weaving no longer done by;
villages of, on Upper Mahakam;
food of;
desire of, for large families;
included in Orang Bahau;
beliefs and customs of;
customs regarding childbirth;
marriage customs of;
omen before naming children;
sacred numbers of;
use by, of nagah in decorative designs


 


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