Webster's Unabridged Dictionary

Part 13 out of 18

Hipp.) an eruption, thrush, fr. ? to set on fire, inflame.]
(Med.) Roundish pearlPcolored specks or flakes in the mouth,
on the lips, etc., terminating in white sloughs. They are
commonly characteristic of thrush.
Aph6thoid , a. [Aphtha + Ooid.] Of the nature of aphth;
resembling thrush.
Aph6thong (?; 277), n. [Gr. ? silent; ? priv. + ? voice,
sound, fr. ? to sound.] A letter, or a combination of
letters, employed in spelling a word, but in the
pronunciation having no sound. P AphOthon6gal (?), a.
Aph6thous (?)(?) a. [Cf. F. aphtheux.] Pertaining to, or
caused by, aphth; characterized by apht; as, aphthous
ulcers; aphthous fever.
Aph6ylOlous (?), a. [Gr. ?; ? priv. + ? leaf.] (Bot.)
Destitute of leaves, as the broom rape, certain
euphorbiaceous plants, etc.
A7piOa6ceous (?), a. (Bot.) Umbelliferous.
A6piOan (?), a. Belonging to bees.
A7piOa6riOan (?), a. Of or relating to bees.
A6piOaOrist (?), n. One who keeps an apiary.
A6piOaOry (?), n. [L. apiarium, fr. apis bee.] A place where
bees are kept; a stand or shed for bees; a beehouse.
Ap6icOal (?), a. [L. apex, apicis, tip or summit.] At or
belonging to an apex, tip, or summit.
X Ap6iOces (?), n. pl. See Apex.
AOpi6cian (?), a. [L. Apicianus.] Belonging to Apicius, a
notorious Roman epicure; hence applied to whatever is
peculiarly refined or dainty and expensive in cookery.
H. Rogers.
AOpic6uOlar , a. [NL. apiculus, dim. of L. apex, apicis.]
Situated at, or near, the apex; apical.

AOpic6uOlate (?), AOpic6uOla7ted (?), } a. [See Apicular.]
(Bot.) Terminated abruptly by a small, distinct point, as a
Ap6iOcul7ture (?; 135), n. [L. apis bee + E. culture.]
Rearing of bees for their honey and wax.
AOpiece6 (?), adv. [Pref. aO + piece.] Each by itself; by
the single one; to each; as the share of each; as, these
melons cost a shilling apiece. =Fined... a thousand pounds
AOpie6ces (?), adv. In pieces or to pieces. [Obs.] =Being
torn apieces.8
AOpik6ed (?), a. Trimmed. [Obs.]
Full fresh and new here gear apiked was.
A6piOol (?), n. [L. apium parsley + Ool.] (Med.) An oily
liquid derived from parsley.
A7piOol6oOgist (?), n. [L. apis bee + Ologist (see Ology).]
A student of bees. [R.]
X A6pis (?), n. [L., bee.] (Zol.) A genus of insects of the
order Hymenoptera, including the common honeybee (Apis
mellifica) and other related species. See Honeybee.
Ap6ish (?), a. Having the qualities of an ape; prone to
imitate in a servile manner. Hence: Apelike; fantastically
silly; foppish; affected; trifling.
The apish gallantry of a fantastic boy.
Sir W. Scott.
Ap6ishOly, adv. In an apish manner; with servile imitation;
Ap6ishOness, n. The quality of being apish; mimicry;
AOpit6pat , adv. [Pref. aO + pitpat.] With quick beating or
palpitation; pitapat.
Ap7laOcen6tal , a. [Pref. aO + placental.] Belonging to the
Aplacentata; without placenta.
X Ap7laOcenOta6ta , n. pl. [Pref. aO not + placenta.]
(Zol.) Mammals which have no placenta.
X Ap7laOcoph6oOra (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. ? priv. + ? a
flat cake + ? to bear.] (Zol.) A division of Amphineura in
which the body is naked or covered with slender spines or
set, but is without shelly plates.
Ap7laOnat6ic (?), a. [Gr. ? priv. + ? disposed to wander,
wandering, ? to wander.] (Opt.) Having two or more parts of
different curvatures, so combined as to remove spherical
aberration; P said of a lens.
w focus of a lens (Opt.), the point or focus from which rays
diverging pass the lens without spherical aberration. In
certain forms of lenses there are two such foci; and it is
by taking advantage of this fact that the best ~ object
glasses of microscopes are constructed.
AOplan6aOtism (?), n. Freedom from spherical aberration.
AOplas6tic (?), a. [Pref. aO not + plastic.] Not plastic or
easily molded.
X A7plomb6 (?), n. [F., lit. perpendicularity; ? to + plomb
lead. See Plumb.] Assurance of manner or of action;
AOplot6oOmy (?), n. [Gr. ? simple + ? a cutting.] (Surg.)
Simple incision.
X AOplus6tre (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. ?.] (Rom. Antiq.) An
ornamental appendage of wood at the ship's stern, usually
spreading like a fan and curved like a bird's feather.
X AOplys6iOa (?), n. [Gr. ? a dirty sponge, fr. ? unwashed;
? priv. + ? to wash.] (Zol.) A genus of marine mollusks of
the order Tectibranchiata; the sea hare. Some of the species
when disturbed throw out a deep purple liquor, which colors
the water to some distance. See Illust. in Appendix.
X ApOneu6moOna (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. ? priv. + ?, ?, a
lung.] (Zol.) An order of holothurians in which the
internal respiratory organs are wanting; P called also Apoda
or Apodes.
X ApOn?6a (?), n. [NL., fr. Gr. ? priv. + ?, ?, breath, ? to
breathe, blow.] (Med.) Partial privation or suspension of
breath; suffocation.
Ap6o (?). [Gr. ?. See AbO.] A prefix from a Greek
preposition. It usually signifies from, away from, off, or
asunder, separate; as, in apocope (a cutting off), apostate,
apostle (one sent away), apocarpous.
AOpoc6aOlypse (?), n. [L. apocalypsis, Gr. ?, fr. ? to
uncover, to disclose; ? from + ? to cover, conceal: cf. F.
apocalypse.] 1. The revelation delivered to St. John, in the
isle of Patmos, near the close of the first century, forming
the last book of the New Testament.
2. Anything viewed as a revelation; as disclosure.
The new apocalypse of Nature.
AOpoc7aOlyp6tic (?), AOpoc7aOlyp6ticOal (?), } a. [Gr. ?.]
Of or pertaining to a revelation, or, specifically, to the
Revelation of St. John; containing, or of the nature of, a
prophetic revelation.
w number, the number 666, mentioned in Rev. xiii. 18. It has
been variously interpreted.

<-- p. 69 -->

AOpoc7aOlyp6tic (?), AOpoc7aOlyp6tist, n. The writer of the
AOpoc7aOlyp6ticOalOly (?), adv. By revelation; in an
apocalyptic manner.
Ap7oOcar6pous , a. [Pref. apoO + Gr. ? fruit.] (Bot.) Either
entirely of partially separate, as the carpels of a compound
pistil; P opposed to syncarpous.
AOpoc6oOpate (?), v. t. [LL. apocopatus, p. p. of apocopare
to cut off, fr. L. apocore. See Apocope.] (Gram.) To cut off
or drop; as, to apocopate a word, or the last letter,
syllable, or part of a word.
AOpoc6oOpate (?), AOpoc6oOpa7ted (?), } a. Shortened by
apocope; as, an apocopate form.
AOpoc7oOpa6tion (?), n. Shortening by apocope; the state of
being apocopated.
X AOpoc6oOpe, n. [L., fr. Gr. ? a cutting off, fr. ? to cut
off; ? from + ? to cut.] 1. The cutting off, or omission, of
the last letter, syllable, or part of a word.
2. (Med.) A cutting off; abscission.
Ap7oOcris6iOaOry (?), X Ap7oOcris7iOa6riOus (?), } n. [L.
apocrisiarius, apocrisarius, fr. Gr. ? answer, fr. ? to
answer; ? from + ? to separate.] (Eccl.) A delegate or
deputy; especially, the pope's nuncio or legate at
Ap7oOcrus6tic (?), a. [Gr. ? able to drive off, fr. ? to
drive off.] (Med.) Astringent and repellent. P n. An
apocrustic medicine.
AOpoc6ryOpha (?), n. pl., but often used as sing. with pl.
Apocryphas (?). [L. apocryphus apocryphal, Gr. ? hidden,
spurious, fr. ? to hide; ? from + ? to hide.] 1. Something,
as a writing, that is of doubtful authorship or authority; P
formerly used also adjectively. [Obs.]
2. Specif.: Certain writings which are received by some
Christians as an authentic part of the Holy Scriptures, but
are rejected by others.
5 Fourteen such writings, or books, formed part of the
Septuagint, but not of the Hebrew canon recognized by the
Jews of Palestine. The Council of Trent included all but
three of these in the canon of inspired books having equal
authority. The German and English Reformers grouped them in
their Bibles under the title Apocrypha, as not having
dogmatic authority, but being profitable for instruction.
The Apocrypha is now commonly ?mitted from the King James's
AOpoc6ryOphal (?), a. 1. Pertaining to the Apocrypha.
2. Not canonical. Hence: Of doubtful authority; equivocal;
mythic; fictitious; spurious; false.
The passages... are, however, in part from apocryphal or
fictitious works.
Sir G. C. Lewis.
AOpoc6ryOphalOist, n. One who believes in, or defends, the
Apocrypha. [R.]
AOpoc6ryOphalOly, adv. In an apocryphal manner; mythically;
not indisputably.
AOpoc6ryOphalOness, n. The quality or state of being
apocryphal; doubtfulness of credit or genuineness.
AOpoc7yOna6ceous (?), Ap7oOcyn6eOous (?), a. [Gr. ? dogbane;
? from + ? dog.]] (Bot.) Belonging to, or resembling, a
family of plants, of which the dogbane (Apocynum) is the
AOpoc6yOnin (?), n. [From Apocynum, the generic name of
dogbane.] (Chem.) A bitter principle obtained from the
dogbane (Apocynum cannabinum).
Ap6od (?), Ap6oOdal (?), } a. [See Apod, n.] 1. Without
feet; footless.
2. (Zol.) Destitute of the ventral fin, as the eels.
Ap6od (?), Ap6ode (?), } n.; pl. Apods (?) or Apodes (?).
[Gr. ?, ?, footless; ? priv. + ?, ?, foot.] (Zol.) One of
certain animals that have no feet or footlike organs; esp.
one of certain fabulous birds which were said to have no
5 The bird of paradise formerly had the name Paradisea
apoda, being supposed to have no feet, as these were wanting
in the specimens first obtained from the East Indies.
X Ap6oOda (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. ?, ?. See Apod, n.]
(Zol.) (a) A group of cirripeds, destitute of footlike
organs. (b) An order of Amphibia without feet. See
Ophiomorpha. (c) A group of worms without appendages, as the
Ap6oOdan (?), a. (Zol.) Apodal.
Ap6oOdeic6tic (?), Ap7oOdic6tic (?), Ap7oOdeic6ticOal (?),
Ap7oOdic6ticOal (?), } a. [L. apodicticus, Gr. ?, fr. ? to
point out, to show by argument; ? from + ? to show.]
SelfPevident; intuitively true; evident beyond
Brougham. Sir Wm. Hamilton.
Ap7oOdeic6ticOalOly, Ap7oOdic6ticOalOly, adv. So as to be
evident beyond contradiction.
Ap6oOdeme (?), n. [Pref. apoO + Gr. ? body.] (Zol.) One of
the processes of the shell which project inwards and unite
with one another, in the thorax of many Crustacea.
X Ap6oOdes (?), n. pl. [NL., masc. pl. See Apoda.] (Zol.)
(a) An order of fishes without ventral fins, including the
eels. (b) A group of holothurians destitute of suckers. See
Ap7oOdic6tic (?), a. Same as Apodeictic.
X Ap7oOdix6is (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. ?, fr. ?.] Full
X AOpod6oOsis (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. ?, fr. ? to give back; ?
from, back again + ? to give.] (Gram.) The consequent clause
or conclusion in a conditional sentence, expressing the
result, and thus distinguished from the protasis or clause
which expresses a condition. Thus, in the sentence, =Though
he slay me, yet will I trust in him,8 the former clause is
the protasis, and the latter the apodosis.
5 Some grammarians extend the terms protasis and apodosis to
the introductory clause and the concluding clause, even when
the sentence is not conditional.
Ap6oOdous (?)(?), a. (Zol.) Apodal; apod.
X AOpod7yOte6riOum (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. ?, fr. ? to strip
one's self.] (Anc. Arch.) The apartment at the entrance of
the baths, or in the palestra, where one stripped; a
dressing room.
Ap7oOga6ic (?), a. [Gr. ? far from the earth.] Apogean.
Ap7oOgam6ic (?), a. Relating to apogamy.
AOpog6aOmy (?), n. [Pref. apoO + Gr. ? marriage.] (Bot.) The
formation of a bud in place of a fertilized ovule or
De Bary.
Ap7oOge6al (?), a. (Astron.) Apogean.
Ap7oOge6an (?), a. Connected with the apogee; as, apogean
(neap) tides, which occur when the moon has passed her
Ap6oOgee (?), n. [Gr. ? from the earth; ? from + ?, ?,
earth: cf. F. apoge.] 1. (Astron.) That point in the orbit
of the moon which is at the greatest distance from the
5 Formerly, on the hypothesis that the earth is in the
center of the system, this name was given to that point in
the orbit of the sun, or of a planet, which was supposed to
be at the greatest distance from the earth.
2. Fig.: The farthest or highest point; culmination.
Ap7oOge7oOtrop6ic (?), a. [Pref. apoO + Gr. ? earth + ?
turning.] (Bot.) Bending away from the ground; P said of
leaves, etc.
Ap6oOgeOot6roOpism (?), n. The apogeotropic tendency of some
leaves, and other parts.
Ap6oOgraph (?), n. [Gr. ?; ? from + ? to write: cf. F.
apographe.] A copy or transcript.
Ap7oOhy6al (?), a. [Pref. apoO + the Gr. letter Y.] (Anat.)
Of or pertaining to a portion of the horn of the hyoid bone.
AOpoise6 (?), adv. [Pref. aO + poise.] Balanced.
AOpo6lar (?), a. [Pref. aO + polar.] (Biol.) Having no
radiating processes; P applied particularly to certain nerve
Ap7oOlaus6tic (?), a. [Gr. ?, fr. ? to enjoy.] Devoted to
AOpol7liOna6riOan (?), a. [L. Apollinaris, fr. Apollo.]
(Rom. Antiq.) In honor of Apollo; as, the Apollinarian
AOpol7liOna6riOan, n. (Eccl. Hist.) A follower of
Apollinaris, Bishop of Laodicea in the fourth century, who
denied the proper humanity of Christ.
AOpol7liOna6ris wa6ter (?). An effervescing alkaline mineral
water used as a table beverage. It is obtained from a spring
in Apollinarisburg, near Bonn.
AOpol6lo (?), n. [L. Apollo, Olinis, Gr. ?.] (Classic Myth.)
A deity among the Greeks and Romans. He was the god of light
and day (the =sun god8), of archery, prophecy, medicine,
poetry, and music, etc., and was represented as the model of
manly grace and beauty; P called also Ph?bus.
The w Belvedere, a celebrated statue of w in the Belvedere
gallery of the Vatican palace at Rome, esteemed of the
noblest representations of the human frame.
Ap7olOlo6niOan (?), Ap7olOlon6ic (?), a. Of, pertaining to,
or resembling, Apollo.
AOpol6lyOon (?), n. [Gr. ? destroying, fr. ?, ?, to destroy
utterly; ? from, entirely + ? to destroy.] The Destroyer; P
a name used (Rev. ix. 11) for the angel of the bottomless
pit, answering to the Hebrew Abaddon.
AOpol6oOger (?), n. A teller of apologues. [Obs.]
AOpol7oOget6ic (?), AOpol7oOget6icOal (?), } a. [Gr. ?, fr.
? to speak in defense of; ? from + ? speech, ? to say, to
speak. See Logic.] Defending by words or arguments; said or
written in defense, or by way of apology; regretfully
excusing; as, an apologetic essay. =To speak in a subdued
and apologetic tone.8
AOpol7oOget6icOalOly, adv. By way of apology.
AOpol7oOget6ics (?), n. That branch of theology which
defends the Holy Scriptures, and sets forth the evidence of
their divine authority.
AOpol6oOgist (?), n. [Cf. F. apologiste.] One who makes an
apology; one who speaks or writes in defense of a faith, a
cause, or an institution; especially, one who argues in
defense of Christianity.
AOpol6oOgize (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Apologized (?); p. pr.
& vb. n. Apologizing.] [Cf. F. apologiser.] 1. To make an
apology or defense.
Dr. H. More.
2. To make an apology or excuse; to make acknowledgment of
some fault or offense, with expression of regret for it, by
way of amends; P with for; as, my correspondent apologized
for not answering my letter.
To apologize for his insolent language.
AOpol6oOgize, v. t. To defend. [Obs.]
The Christians... were apologized by Plinie.
Dr. G. Benson.
AOpol6oOgi7zer (?), n. One who makes an apology; an
Ap6oOlogue (?), n. [L. apologous, Gr. ?; ? from + ? speech,
? to speak: cf. F. apologue.] A story or relation of
fictitious events, intended to convey some moral truth; a
moral fable.
5 An apologue differs from a parable in this;: the parable
is drawn from events which take place among mankind, and
therefore requires probability in the narrative; the
apologue is founded on supposed actions of brutes or
inanimate things, and therefore is not limited by strict
rules of probability. sop's fables are good examples of
AOpol6oOgy (?), n.; pl. Apologies . [L. apologia, Gr. ?; ?
from + ?: cf. F. apologie. See Apologetic.] 1. Something
said or written in defense or justification of what appears
to others wrong, or of what may be liable to disapprobation;
justification; as, Tertullian's Apology for Christianity.
It is not my intention to make an apology for my poem; some
will think it needs no excuse, and others will receive none.
2. An acknowledgment intended as an atonement for some
improper or injurious remark or act; an admission to another
of a wrong or discourtesy done him, accompanied by an
expression of regret.
3. Anything provided as a substitute; a makeshift.
He goes to work devising apologies for window curtains.
Syn. - Excuse. An apology, in the original sense of the
word, was a pleading off from some charge or imputation, by
explaining and defending one's principles or conduct. It
therefore amounted to a vindication. One who offers an
apology, admits himself to have been, at least apparently,
in the wrong, but brings forward some palliating
circumstance, or tenders a frank acknowledgment, by way of
reparation. We make an apology for some breach of propriety
or decorum (like rude expressions, unbecoming conduct,
etc.), or some deficiency in what might be reasonably
expected. We offer an excuse when we have been guilty of
some breach or neglect of duty; and we do it by way of
extenuating our fault, and with a view to be forgiven. When
an excuse has been accepted, an apology may still, in some
cases, be necessary or appropriate. =An excuse is not
grounded on the claim of innocence, but is rather an appeal
for favor resting on some collateral circumstance. An
apology mostly respects the conduct of individuals toward
each other as equals; it is a voluntary act produced by
feelings of decorum, or a desire for the good opinion of
AOpol6oOgy (?), v. i. To offer an ~. [Obs.]
For which he can not well apology.
J. Webster.
Ap7oOmeOcom6eOter , n. An instrument for measuring the
height of objects.
Ap7oOmeOcom6eOtry , n. [Pref. apoO + Gr. ? length + Ometry.]
The art of measuring the distance of objects afar off. [Obs.
or R.]
X Ap7oOmor6phiOa (?), Ap7oOmor6phine (?), } n. [Pref. apoO +
morphia, morphine.] (Chem.) A crystalline alkaloid obtained
from morphia. It is a powerful emetic.
X Ap7oOneuOro6sis (?), n.; pl. Aponeuroses (?). [Gr. ?, fr.
? to pass into a tendon; ? from + ? to strain the sinews, ?
sinew, tendon, nerve.] (Anat.) Any one of the thicker and
denser of the deep fasci which cover, invest, and the
terminations and attachments of, many muscles. They often
differ from tendons only in being flat and thin. See Fascia.
Ap7oOneuOrot6ic (?), a. (Anat.) Of or pertaining to an
Ap7oOneuOrot6oOmy (?), n. [Aponeurosis + Gr. ? a cutting.]
Dissection of aponeuroses.
Ap7oOpemp6tic (?), a. [Gr. ?, fr. ? to send off or away; ?
from + ? to send.] Sung or addressed to one departing;
valedictory; as, apoplectic songs or hymns.
X AOpoph6aOsis (?), n. [Gr. ? denial, fr. ? to speak out, to
deny.] (Rhet.) A figure by which a speaker formally declines
to take notice of a favorable point, but in such a manner as
to produce the effect desired. [For example, see Mark
Antony's oration. Shak., Julius Csar, iii. 2.]
Ap7oOphlegOmat6ic (?), a. [Gr. ?; ? from + ? full of phlegm.
See Phlegmatic.] (Med.) Designed to facilitate discharges of
phlegm or mucus from mouth or nostrils. P n. An ~ medicine.
Ap7oOphleg6maOtism , n. [Gr. ?, Galen.] 1. (Med.) The action
of apophlegmatics.
2. An apophlegmatic. [Obs.]
Ap7oOphlegOmat6iOzant (?), n. (Med.) An apophlegmatic.
Ap7ophOthegm (?), n. See Apothegm.
Ap7ophOthegOmat6ic (?), Ap7ophOthegOmat6icOal (?), a. Same
as Apothegmatic.
X AOpoph6yOge (?), n. [Gr. ? escape, in arch. the curve with
which the shaft escapes into its base or capital, fr. ? to
??ee away; ? from + ? to flee: cf. F. apophyge.] (Arch.) The
small hollow curvature given to the top or bottom of the
shaft of a column where it expands to meet the edge of the
fillet; P called also the scape.
AOpoph6ylOlite (?), n. [Pref. apoO + Gr. ? leaf; so called
from its foliated structure or easy cleavage.] (Min.) A
mineral relating to the zeolites, usually occurring in
square prisms or octahedrons with pearly luster on the
cleavage surface. It is a hydrous silicate of calcium and
X AOpoph6yOsis (?), n.; pl. Oses. [NL., fr. Gr. ? offshoot,
process of a bone, fr. ? to grow from; ? from + ?, ?, to
grow.] 1. (Anat.) A marked prominence or process on any part
of a bone.
2. (bot.) An enlargement at the top of a pedicel or stem, as
seen in certain mosses.
Ap7oOplec6tic (?)(?) Ap7oOplec6ticOal (?), } a. [L.
apoplecticus, Gr. ?, fr. ?: cf. F. apoplectique. See
Apoplexy.] Relating to apoplexy; affected with, inclined to,
or symptomatic of, apoplexy; as, an apoplectic person,
medicine, habit or temperament, symptom, fit, or stroke.
Ap7oOplec6tic, n. One liable to, or affected with, apoplexy.
Ap7oOplec6tiOform (?), Ap7oOplec6toid (?), a. [Apoplectic +
Oform, Ooid.] Resembling apoplexy.
Ap6oOplex (?), n. Apoplexy. [Obs.]
Ap7oOplexed , a. Affected with apoplexy. [Obs.]

<-- p. 70 -->

Ap6oOplex7y (?), n. [OE. poplexye, LL. poplexia, apoplexia,
fr. Gr. ?, fr. ? to cripple by a stroke; ? from + ? to
strike: cf. F. apoplexie. See Plague.] (Med.) Sudden
diminution or loss of consciousness, sensation, and
voluntary motion, usually caused by pressure on the brain.
5 The term is now usually limited to cerebral apoplexy, or
loss of consciousness due to effusion of blood or other
lesion within the substance of the brain; but it is
sometimes extended to denote an effusion of blood into the
substance of any organ; as, apoplexy of the lung.
Ap7oOret6icOal (?), a. [Gr. ?. See Aporia.] Doubting;
skeptical. [Obs.]
X AOpo6riOa (?), n.; pl. Aporias . [L., doubt, Gr. ?, fr. ?
without passage, at a loss; ? priv. + ? passage.] (Rhet.) A
figure in which the speaker professes to be at a loss what
course to pursue, where to begin to end, what to say, etc.
X Ap7oOro6sa (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. ?. See Aporia.]
(Zol.) A group of corals in which the coral is not porous;
P opposed to Perforata.
Ap7oOrose6 (?), a. (Zol.) Without pores.
AOport6 (?), adv. [Pref. aO + port.] (Naut.) On or towards
the port or left side; P said of the helm.
X Ap7oOsi7oOpe6sis (?; 277), n. [L., fr. Gr. ?, from ? to be
quite silent.] (Rhet.) A figure of speech in which the
speaker breaks off suddenly, as if unwilling or unable to
state what was in his mind; as, =I declare to you that his
conduct P but I can not speak of that, here.8
Ap7oOsit6ic , a. [Gr. ?; ? from + ? food.] (Med.) Destroying
the appetite, or suspending hunger.
AOpos6taOsy (?), n.; pl. Apostasies (?). [OE. apostasie, F.
apostasie, L. apostasia, fr. Gr. ? a standing off from, a
defection, fr. ? to stand off, revolt; ? from + ? to stand.
See Off and Stand.] An abandonment of what one has
voluntarily professed; a total desertion of departure from
one's faith, principles, or party; esp., the renunciation of
a religious faith; as, Julian's apostasy from Christianity.
AOpos6tate (?), n. [L. apostata, Gr. ?, fr. ?. See
Apostasy.] 1. One who has forsaken the faith, principles, or
party, to which he before adhered; esp., one who has
forsaken his religion for another; a pervert; a renegade.
2. (R. C. Ch.) One who, after having received sacred orders,
renounces his clerical profession.
AOpos6tate, a. Pertaining to, or characterized by, apostasy;
faithless to moral allegiance; renegade.
So spake the apostate angel.
A wretched and apostate state.
AOpos6tate, v. i. [L. apostatare.] To apostatize. [Obs.]
We are not of them which apostate from Christ.
Bp. Hall.
Ap7oOstat6ic (?), a. [L. apostaticus, Gr. ?.] Apostatical.
Ap7oOstat6icOal (?), a. Apostate.
An heretical and apostatical church.
Bp. Hall.
AOpos6taOtize (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Apostatized (?); p.
pr. & vb. n. Apostatizing.] [LL. apostatizare.] To renounce
totally a religious belief once professed; to forsake one's
church, the faith or principles once held, or the party to
which one has previously adhered.
He apostatized from his old faith in facts, took to
believing in ?emblances.
AOpos6teOmate (?), v. i. [See Aposteme.] To form an abscess;
to swell and fill with pus.
AOpos7teOma6tion (?), n. [LL. apostematio: cf. F.
apostmation.] (Med.) The formation of an aposteme; the
process of suppuration. [Written corruptly imposthumation.]
Ap7osOtem6aOtous (?), a. Pertaining to, or partaking of the
nature of, an aposteme.
Ap6osOteme (?), n. [L. apostema, Gr. ? the separation of
corrupt matter into an ulcer, fr. ? to stand off: cf. F.
me. See Apostasy.] (Med.) An abscess; a swelling
filled with purulent matter. [Written corruptly imposthume.]
X A7 posOte7riOo6ri (?). [L. a (ab) + posterior latter.] 1.
(Logic) Characterizing that kind of reasoning which derives
propositions from the observation of facts, or by
generalizations from facts arrives at principles and
definitions, or infers causes from effects. This is the
reverse of a priori reasoning.
2. (Philos.) Applied to knowledge which is based upon or
derived from facts through induction or experiment;
inductive or empirical.
AOpos6til (?), AOpos6tille (?), } n. [F. apostille. See
Postil.] A marginal note on a letter or other paper; an
AOpos6tle (?), n. [OE. apostle, apostel, postle, AS.
apostol, L. apostolus, fr. Gr. ? messenger, one sent forth
or away, fr. ? to send off or away; ? from + ? to send; akin
to G. stellen to set, E. stall: cf. F. aptre, Of. apostre,
apostle, apostele, apostole.] 1. Literally: One sent forth;
a messenger. Specifically: One of the twelve disciples of
Christ, specially chosen as his companions and witnesses,
and sent forth to preach the gospel.
He called unto him his disciples, and of them he chose
twelve, whom also he named apostles.
Luke vi. 13.
5 The title of apostle is also applied to others, who,
though not of the number of the Twelve, yet were equal with
them in office and dignity; as, =Paul, called to be an
apostle of Jesus Christ.8 1 Cor. i. 1. In Heb. iii. 1, the
name is given to Christ himself, as having been sent from
heaven to publish the gospel. In the primitive church, other
ministers were called apostles (Rom. xvi. 7).
2. The missionary who first plants the Christian faith in
any part of the world; also, one who initiates any great
moral reform, or first advocates any important belief; one
who has extraordinary success as a missionary or reformer;
as, Dionysius of Corinth is called the apostle of France,
John Eliot the apostle to the Indians, Theobald Mathew the
apostle of temperance.
3. (Civ. & Admiralty Law) A brief letter dimissory sent by a
court appealed from to the superior court, stating the case,
etc.; a paper sent up on appeals in the admiralty courts.
Wharton. Burrill.
Apostles' creed, a creed of unknown origin, which was
formerly ascribed to the apostles. It certainly dates back
to the beginning of the sixth century, and some assert that
it can be found in the writings of Ambrose in the fourth
century. P w spoon (Antiq.), a spoon of silver, with the
handle terminating in the figure of an ~. One or more were
offered by sponsors at baptism as a present to the godchild.
B. Jonson.
AOpos6tleOship (?), n. The office or dignity of an apostle.
AOpos6toOlate (?), n. [L. apostolatus, fr. apostolus. See
Apostle.] 1. The dignity, office, or mission, of an apostle;
Judas had miscarried and lost his apostolate.
Jer. Taylor.
2. The dignity or office of the pope, as the holder of the
apostolic see.
Ap7osOtol6ic (?), Ap7osOtol6icOal (?), } a. [L. apostolicus,
Gr. ?: cf. F. apostolique.] 1. Pertaining to an apostle, or
to the apostles, their times, or their peculiar spirit; as,
an apostolical mission; the apostolic age.
2. According to the doctrines of the apostles; delivered or
taught by the apostles; as, apostolic faith or practice.
3. Of or pertaining to the pope or the papacy; papal.
Apostolical brief. See under Brief. P Apostolic canons, a
collection of rules and precepts relating to the duty of
Christians, and particularly to the ceremonies and
discipline of the church in the second and third centuries.
P Apostolic church, the Christian church; P so called on
account of its apostolic foundation, doctrine, and order.
The churches of Rome, Alexandria, Antioch, and Jerusalem
were called apostolic churches. P Apostolic constitutions,
directions of a nature similar to the apostolic canons, and
perhaps compiled by the same authors or author. P Apostolic
fathers, early Christian writers, who were born in the first
century, and thus touched on the age of the apostles. They
were Polycarp, Clement, Ignatius, and Hermas; to these
Barnabas has sometimes been added. P Apostolic king (or
majesty), a title granted by the pope to the kings of
Hungary on account of the extensive propagation of
Christianity by St. Stephen, the founder of the royal line.
It is now a title of the emperor of Austria in right of the
throne of Hungary. P Apostolic see, a see founded and
governed by an apostle; specifically, the Church of Rome; P
so called because, in the Roman Catholic belief, the pope is
the successor of St. Peter, the prince of the apostles, and
the only apostle who has successors in the apostolic office.
P Apostolical succession, the regular and uninterrupted
transmission of ministerial authority by a succession of
bishops from the apostles to any subsequent period.
Ap7osOtol6ic, n. [L. apostolicus.] (Eccl. Hist.) A member of
one of certain ascetic sects which at various times
professed to imitate the practice of the apostles.
Ap7osOtol6icOalOly, adv. In an apostolic manner.
Ap7osOtol6icOalOness, n. Apostolicity.
Dr. H. More.
Ap7osOtol6iOcism (?), AOpos7toOlic6iOty (?), } n. The state
or quality of being apostolical.
AOpos6troOphe (?), n. [(1) L., fr. Gr. ? a turning away, fr.
? to turn away; ? from + ? to turn. (2) F., fr. L.
apostrophus ~, the turning away or omitting of a letter, Gr.
?.] 1. (Rhet.) A figure of speech by which the orator or
writer suddenly breaks off from the previous method of his
discourse, and addresses, in the second person, some person
or thing, absent or present; as, Milton's apostrophe to
Light at the beginning of the third book of =Paradise Lost.8
2. (Gram.) The contraction of a word by the omission of a
letter or letters, which omission is marked by the character
['] placed where the letter or letters would have been; as,
call'd for called.
3. The mark ['] used to denote that a word is contracted (as
in ne'er for never, can't for can not), and as sign of the
possessive, singular and plural; as, a boy's hat, boys'
hats. In the latter use it originally marked the omission of
the letter e.
The ~ is used to mark the plural of figures and letters; as,
two 10's and three a's. It is also employed to mark the
close of a quotation.
Ap7osOtroph6ic (?), a. Pertaining to an apostrophe,
grammatical or rhetorical.
AOpos6troOphize (?), v. t., [imp. & p. p. Apostrophized (?);
p. pr. & vb. n. Apostrophizing.] 1. To address by
2. To contract by omitting a letter or letters; also, to
mark with an apostrophe (') or apostrophes.
AOpos6troOphize, v. i. To use the rhetorical figure called
Ap6osOtume (?), n. See Aposteme. [Obs.]
Ap7oOtac6tite (?), n. [LL. pl. apotactitae, Gr. ?, fr. ? set
apart; ? from + ? to arrange, ordain.] (Eccl. Hist.) One of
a sect of ancient Christians, who, in supposed imitation of
the first believers, renounced all their possessions.
AOpot6eOlesm (?), n. [See Apotelesmatic.] 1. The result or
issue. [Obs.]
2. (Astrol.) The calculation and explanation of a nativity.
Ap7oOtel7esOmat6ic (?), a. [Gr. ?, fr. ? effect of the stars
on human destiny, fr. ? to complete; ? from + ? to end, ?
end.] 1. Relating to the casting of horoscopes. [Archaic]
2. Relating to an issue of fulfillment.
In this way a passage in the Old Testament may have, or
rather comprise, an apotelesmatic sense, i. e, one of after
or final accomplishment.
M. Stuart.
AOpoth6eOcaOry (?), n.; pl. Apothecaries . [OE. apotecarie,
fr. LL. apothecarius, fr. L. apotheca storehouse, Gr. ?, fr.
? to pu? away; ? from + ? to put: cf. F. apothicaire, OF.
apotecaire. See Thesis.] One who prepares and sell? drugs or
compounds for medicinal purposes.
5 In England an ~ is one of a privileged class of
practitioners P a kind of subP physician. The surgeon ~ is
the ordinary family medical attendant. One who sells drugs
and makes up prescriptions is now commonly called in England
a druggist or a pharmaceutical chemist.
Apothecaries' weight, the system of weights by which medical
prescriptions were formerly compounded. The pound and ounce
are the same as in Troy weight; they differ only in the
manner of subdivision. The ounce is divided into 8 drams, 24
scruples, 480 grains. See Troy weight.
X Apo7Othe6ciOum , n.; pl. Apothecia (?). [NL.] (Bot.) The
ascigerous fructification of lichens, forming masses of
various shapes.
Ap6oOthegm, Ap6ophOthegm } (?), n. [Gr. ? thing uttered,
apothegm, from ? to speak out; ? from + ? to speak.] A
short, pithy, and instructive saying; a terse remark,
conveying some important truth; a sententious precept or
maxim. [Apothegm is now the prevalent spelling in the United
Ap7oOthegOmat6ic (?), Ap7oOthegOmat6icOal (?), } a. Gr. ?.]
Pertaining to, or in the manner of, an apotghem;
sententious; pithy.
Ap7oOtheg6maOtist (?), n. A collector or maker of apothegms.
Ap7oOtheg6maOtize (?), v. i. To utter apothegms, or short
and sententious sayings.
Ap6oOthem (?), n. [Gr. ? + ? that which is placed, ? to
place.] 1. (Math.) The perpendicular from the center to one
of the sides of a regular polygon.
2. A deposit formed in a liquid extract of a vegetable
substance by exposure to the air.
Ap7oOthe6oOsis (?; 277), n. pl. Apotheoses (?). [L., fr. Gr.
?, fr. ? to deify; ? from + ? to deify, ? a god.] 1. The act
of elevating a mortal to the rank of, and placing him among,
=the gods;8 deification.
2. Glorification; exaltation. =The apotheosis of chivalry.8
Prescott. =The noisy apotheosis of liberty and machinery.8
F. Harrison.
Ap7oOthe6oOsize (?), v. t. To exalt to the dignity of a
deity; to declare to be a god; to deify; to glorify.
X AOpoth6eOsis (?), n. [Gr. ? a putting back or away, fr. ?.
See Apothecary.] (Arch.) (a) A place on the south side of
the chancel in the primitive churches, furnished with
shelves, for books, vestments, etc. Weale. (b) A dressing
room connected with a public bath.
X AOpot6oOme (?), n. [Gr. ? a cutting off, fr. ? to cut off;
? from + ? to cut.] 1. (Math.) The difference between two
quantities commensurable only in power, as between ?2 and 1,
or between the diagonal and side of a square.
2. (Mus) The remaining part of a whole tone after a smaller
semitone has been deducted from it; a major semitone. [Obs.]
Ap6oOzem (?), n. [L. apozema, Gr. ?, fr. ? to extract by
boiling; ? from + ? boil.] (Med.) A decoction or infusion.
Ap7oOzem6icOal (?), a. Pertaining to, or resembling, a
decoction. [Obs.]
J. Whitaker.
ApOpair6 (?), v. t. & i. [OF. empeirier, F. empire. See
Impair.] To impair; to grow worse. [Obs.]
Ap7paOla6chiOan (?), a. Of or pertaining to a chain of
mountains in the United States, commonly called the
Allegheny mountains.
5 The name Appalachian was given to the mountains by the
Spaniards under De Soto, who derived it from the heighboring
Am. Cyc.
ApOpall6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Appalled (?); p. pr. & vb.
n. Appalling.] [OF. appalir to grow pale, make pale; a (L.
ad) + plir to grow pale, to make pale, ple pale. See Pale,
a., and cf. Pall.] 1. To make pale; to blanch. [Obs.]
The answer that ye made to me, my dear,...
Hath so appalled my countenance.
2. To weaken; to enfeeble; to reduce; as, an old appalled
wight. [Obs.]
Whine, of its own nature, will not congeal and freeze, only
it will lose the strength, and become appalled in extremity
of cold.
3. To depress or discourage with fear; to impress with fear
in such a manner that the mind shrinks, or loses its
firmness; to overcome with sudden terror or horror; to
dismay; as, the sight appalled the stoutest heart.
The house of peers was somewhat appalled at this alarum.

Syn. - To dismay; terrify; daunt; frighten; affright; scare;
depress. See Dismay.
ApOpall6, v. i. 1. To grow faint; to become weak; to become
dismayed or discouraged. [Obs.]
2. To lose flavor or become stale. [Obs.]
ApOpall6, n. Terror; dismay. [Poet.]
ApOpall6ing, a. Such as to appall; as, an appalling
accident. P ApOpall6ingOly, adv.
ApOpall6ment (?), n. Depression occasioned by terror;
dismay. [Obs.]
Ap6paOnage (?), n. [F. apanage, fr. OF. apaner to nourish,
support, fr. LL. apanare to furnish with bread, to
provision; L. ad + pains bread.] 1. The portion of land
assigned by a sovereign prince for the subsistence of his
younger sons.
2. A dependency; a dependent territory.

<-- p. 71 -->

3. That which belongs to one by custom or right; a natural
adjunct or accompaniment. =Wealth... the appanage of wit.8
ApOpan6aOgist (?), n. [F. apanagiste.] A prince to whom an
appanage has been granted.
ApOpal6ailOlyng (?), n. [See Apparel, n. & v.] Preparation.

Ap6paOratus (?), n.; pl. Apparatus, also rarely Apparatuses
(?). [L., from apparare, apparatum, to prepare; ad + prepare
to make ready.] 1. Things provided as means to some end.
2. Hence: A full collection or set of implements, or
utensils, for a given duty, experimental or operative; any
complex instrument or appliance, mechanical or chemical, for
a specific action or operation; machinery; mechanism.
3. (Physiol.) A collection of organs all of which unite in a
common function; as, the respiratory apparatus.
ApOpar6el (?), n. [OE. apparel, apareil, OF. apareil,
appareil, preparation, provision, furniture, OF. apareiller
to match, prepare, F. appareiller; OF. a (L. ad) + pareil
like, similar, fr. LL. pariculus, dim. of L. par equal. See
Pair.] 1. External clothing; vesture; garments; dress; garb;
external habiliments or array.
Fresh in his new apparel, proud and young.
At public devotion his resigned carriage made religion
appear in the natural apparel of simplicity.
2. A small ornamental piece of embroidery worn on ?lbs and
some other ecclesiastical vestments.
3. (Naut.) The furniture of a ship, as masts, sails,
rigging, anchors, guns, etc.
Syn. - Dress; clothing; vesture; garments; raiment; garb;
costume; attire; habiliments.
ApOpar6el, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Appareled, or Apparelled (?);
p. pr. & vb. n. Appareling, or Apparelling.] [OF.
apareiller.] 1. To make or get (something) ready; to
prepare. [Obs.]
2. To furnish with apparatus; to equip; to fit out.
Ships... appareled to fight.
3. To dress or clothe; to attire.
They which are gorgeously appareled, and live delicately,
are in kings' courts.
Luke vii. 25.
4. To dress with external ornaments; to cover with something
ornamental; to deck; to embellish; as, trees appareled with
flowers, or a garden with verdure.
Appareled in celestial light.
ApOpar6ence (?), n. [OF. aparence.] Appearance. [Obs.]
ApOpar6enOcy (?), n. 1. Appearance. [Obs.]
2. Apparentness; state of being apparent.
3. The position of being heir apparent.
ApOpar6ent (?), a. [F. apparent, L. apparens, Oentis, p. pr.
of apparere. See Appear.] 1. Capable of being seen, or
easily seen; open to view; visible to the eye; within sight
or view.
The moon... apparent queen.
2. Clear or manifest to the understanding; plain; evident;
obvious; known; palpable; indubitable.
It is apparent foul play.
3. Appearing to the eye or mind (distinguished from, but not
necessarily opposed to, true or real); seeming; as the
apparent motion or diameter of the sun.
To live on terms of civility, and even of apparent
What Berkeley calls visible magnitude was by astronomers
called apparent magnitude.
w horizon, the circle which in a level plain bounds our
view, and is formed by the ~ meeting of the earth and
heavens, as distinguished from the rational horizon. P w
time. See Time. P Heir ~ (Law), one whose to an estate is
indefeasible if he survives the ancestor; P in distinction
from presumptive heir. See Presumptive.
Syn. - Visible; distinct; plain; obvious; clear; certain;
evident; manifest; indubitable; notorious.
ApOpar6ent, n. An heir ~. [Obs.]
I'll draw it [the sword] as apparent to the crown.
ApOpar6entOly, adv. 1. Visibly. [Obs.]
2. Plainly; clearly; manifestly; evidently.
If he should scorn me so apparently.
3. Seemingly; in appearance; as, a man may be apparently
friendly, yet malicious in heart.
ApOpar6entOness, n. Plainness to the eye or the mind;
visibleness; obviousness. [R.]
Ap7paOri6tion (?), n. [F. apparition, L. apparitio, fr.
apparere. See Appear.] 1. The act of becoming visible;
appearance; visibility.
The sudden apparition of the Spaniards.
The apparition of Lawyer Clippurse occasioned much
speculation in that portion of the world.
Sir W. Scott.
2. The thing appearing; a visible object; a form.
Which apparition, it seems, was you.
3. An unexpected, wonderful, or preternatural appearance; a
ghost; a specter; a phantom. =The heavenly bands... a
glorious apparition.8

I think it is the weakness of mine eyes
That shapes this monstrous apparition.
4. (Astron.) The first appearance of a star or other
luminary after having been invisible or obscured; P opposed
to occultation.
Circle of perpetual ~. See under Circle.
Ap7paOri6tionOal (?), a. Pertaining to an apparition or to
apparitions; spectral. =An apparitional soul.8
ApOpar6iOtor (?), n. [L., fr. apparere. See Appear.] 1.
Formerly, an officer who attended magistrates and judges to
execute their orders.
Before any of his apparitors could execute the sentence, he
was himself summoned away by a sterner apparitor to the
other world.
De Quincey.
2. (Law) A messenger or officer who serves the process of an
ecclesiastical court.
X Ap7pau7m6 (?), n. [F. appaum; ? (l. ad) + paume the
palm, fr. L. palma.] (Her.) A hand open and extended so as
to show the palm.
ApOpay6 (?), v. t. [OF. appayer, apaier, LL. appacare,
appagare, fr. L. ad + pacare to pacify, pax, pacis, peace.
See Pay, Appease.] To pay; to satisfy or appease. [Obs.]
Sir P. Sidney.
ApOpeach6 (?), v. t. [OE. apechen, for empechen, OF.
empeechier, F. empcher, to hinder. See Impeach.] To
impeach; to accuse; to asperse; to inform against; to
reproach. [Obs.]
And oft of error did himself appeach.
ApOpeach6er , n. An accuser. [Obs.]
ApOpeach6ment (?), n. Accusation. [Obs.]
ApOpeal6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Appealed (?); p. pr. & vb.
n. Appealing.] [OE. appelen, apelen, to ~, accuse, OF.
appeler, fr. L. appellare to approach, address, invoke,
summon, call, name; akin to appellere to drive to; ad +
pellere to drive. See Pulse, and cf. Peal.] 1. (Law) (a) To
make application for the removal of (a cause) from an
inferior to a superior judge or court for a rehearing or
review on account of alleged injustice or illegality in the
trial below. We say, the cause was appealed from an
inferior court. (b) To charge with a crime; to accuse; to
institute a private criminal prosecution against for some
heinous crime; as, to appeal a person of felony.
2. To summon; to challenge. [Archaic]
Man to man will I appeal the Norman to the lists.
Sir W. Scott.
3. To invoke. [Obs.]
ApOpeal6, v. t. 1. (Law) To apply for the removal of a cause
from an inferior to a superior judge or court for the
purpose of re xamination of for decision.
I appeal unto Csar.
Acts xxv. 11.
2. To call upon another to decide a question controverted,
to corroborate a statement, to vindicate one's rights, etc.;
as, I appeal to all mankind for the truth of what is
alleged. Hence: To call on one for aid; to make earnest
I appeal to the Scriptures in the original.
They appealed to the sword.
ApOpeal6, n. [OE. appel, apel, OF. apel, F. appel, fr.
appeler. See Appeal, v. t.] 1. (Law) (a) An application for
the removal of a cause or suit from an inferior to a
superior judge or court for re xamination or review. (b) The
mode of proceeding by which such removal is effected. (c)
The right of ~. (d) An accusation; a process which formerly
might be instituted by one private person against another
for some heinous crime demanding punishment for the
particular injury suffered, rather than for the offense
against the public. (e) An accusation of a felon at common
law by one of his accomplices, which accomplice was then
called an approver. See Approvement.
Tomlins. Bouvier.
2. A summons to answer to a charge.
3. A call upon a person or an authority for proof or
decision, in one's favor; reference to another as witness; a
call for help or a favor; entreaty.
A kind of appeal to the Deity, the author of wonders.
4. Resort to physical means; recourse.
Every milder method is to be tried, before a nation makes an
appeal to arms.
ApOpeal6aOble (?), a. 1. Capable of being appealed against;
that may be removed to a higher tribunal for decision; as,
the cause is appealable.
2. That may be accused or called to answer by appeal; as, a
criminal is appealable for manslaughter. [Obs.]
ApOpeal6ant (?), n. An appellant. [Obs.]
ApOpeal6er (?), n. One who makes an appeal.
ApOpeal6ing, a The appeals; imploring. P ApOpeal6OingOly,
adv. P ApOpeal6ingOness, n.
ApOpear6 (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Appeared (?); p. pr. & vb.
n. Appearing.] [OE. apperen, aperen, OF. aparoir, F.
apparoir, fr. L. appar?re to appear + par?reto come forth,
to be visible; prob. from the same root as par?re to
produce. Cf. Apparent, Parent, Peer, v. i. 1. To come or be
in sight; to be in view; to become visible.
And God... said, Let... the dry land appear.
Gen. i. 9.
2. To come before the public; as, a great writer appeared at
that time.
3. To stand in presence of some authority, tribunal, or
superior person, to answer a charge, plead a cause, or the
like; to present one's self as a party or advocate before a
court, or as a person to be tried.
We must all appear before the judgment seat.
5 Cor. v. 10.
One ruffian escaped because no prosecutor dared to appear.
4. To become visible to the apprehension of the mind; to be
known as a subject of observation or comprehension, or as a
thing proved; to be obvious or manifest.
It doth not yet appear what we shall be.
1 John iii. 2.
Of their vain contest appeared no end.
5. To seem; to have a certain semblance; to look.
They disfigure their faces, that they may appear unto men to
Matt. vi. 16.
Syn. - To seem; look. See Seem.
ApOpear6, n. Appearance. [Obs.]
J. Fletcher.
ApOpear6ance (?), n. [F. apparence, L. apparentia, fr.
apparere. See Appear.] 1. The act of appearing or coming
into sight; the act of becoming visible to the eye; as, his
sudden appearance surprised me.
2. A thing seed; a phenomenon; a phase; an apparition; as,
an appearance in the sky.
3. Personal presence; exhibition of the person; look;
aspect; mien.
And now am come to see...
It thy appearance answer loud report.
4. Semblance, or apparent likeness; external show. pl.
Outward sings, or circumstances, fitted to ?nake a
particular impression or to determine the judg? ?nt as to
the character of a person or a thing, an act o? a state; as,
appearances are against him.
There was upon the tab?nacle, as it were, the appearance of
Num. ix. 15.
For man looketh on the outward appearance.
1 Sam. xvi. 7.
Judge not according to the appearance.
Jo?n. vii. 24.
5. The act of appearing in a particular place, or in
society, a company, or any proceedings; a coming before the
public in a particular character; as, a person makes his
appearance as an historian, an artist, or an orator.
Will he now retire,
After appearance, and again prolong
Our expectation?
6. Probability; likelihood. [Obs.]
There is that which hath no appearance.
7. (Law) The coming into court of either of the parties; the
being present in court; the coming into court of a party
summoned in an action, either by himself or by attorney,
expressed by a formal entry by the proper officer to that
effect; the act or proceeding by which a party proceeded
against places himself before the court, and submits to its
Burrill. Bouvier. Daniell.
To put in an ~, to be present; to appear in person. P To
save appearances, to preserve a fair outward show.
Syn. - Coming; arrival; presence; semblance;; pretense; air;
look; manner; mien; figure; aspect.
ApOpear6er (?), n. One who appears.
Sir T. Browne.
ApOpear6ingOly, adv. Apparently. [Obs.]
Bp. Hall.
ApOpeas6aOble (?), a. Capable of being appeased or pacified;
placable. P ApOpeas6aObleOness, n.
ApOpease6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Appealed (?); p. pr. &
vb. n. Appeasing.] [OE. apesen, apaisen, OF. apaisier,
apaissier, F. apaiser, fr. a (L. ad) + OF. pais peace, F.
paix, fr. L. pax, pacis. See Peace.] To make quiet; to calm;
to reduce to a state of peace; to still; to pacify; to
dispel (anger or hatred); as, to appease the tumult of the
ocean, or of the passions; to appease hunger or thirst.
Syn. - To pacify; quiet; conciliate; propitiate; assuage;
compose; calm; allay; hush; soothe; tranquilize.
ApOpease6ment (?), n. The act of appeasing, or the state of
being appeased; pacification.
ApOpeas6er (?), n. One who appeases; a pacifier.
ApOpea6sive (?), a. Tending to appease.
ApOpel6laOble (?), a. Appealable.
ApOpel6lanOcy (?), n. Capability of appeal.
ApOpel6lant (?), a. [L. appellans, p. pr. of appellare; cf.
F. appelant. See Appeal.] Relating to an appeal; appellate.
=An appellant jurisdiction.8
Party ~ (Law), the party who appeals; appellant; P opposed
to respondent, or appellee.
ApOpel6lant, n. 1. (Law) (a) One who accuses another of
felony or treason. [Obs.] b) One who appeals, or asks for a
rehearing or review of a cause by a higher tribunal.
2. A challenger. [Obs.]
3. (Eccl. Hist.) One who appealed to a general council
against the bull Unigenitus.
4. One who appeals or entreats.
ApOpel6late (?), a. [L. appelatus, p. p. of appellare.]
Pertaining to, or taking cognizance of, appeals. =Appellate
jurisdiction.8 Blackstone. =Appellate judges.8

w court, a court having cognizance of appeals.
ApOpel6late, n. A person or prosecuted for a crime. [Obs.]
See Appellee.
Ap7pelOla6tion (?), n. [L. appellatio, fr. appellare: cf. F.
appellation. See Appeal.] 1. The act of appealing; appeal.
2. The act of calling by a name.
3. The word by which a particular person or thing is called
and known; name; title; designation.
They must institute some persons under the appellation of
Syn. - See Name.
ApOpel6laOtive (?), a. [L. appellativus, fr. appellare: cf.
F. appelatif. See Appeal.] 1. Pertaining to a common name;
serving as a distinctive denomination; denominative; naming.
2. (gram.) Common, as opposed to proper; denominative of a
class ?
ApOpel6laOtive, n. [L. appelativum, sc. nomen.] 1. A common
name, distinction from a proper name. A common name, or
appellative, stands for a whole class, genus, or species of
beings, or for universal ideas. Thus, tree is the name of
all plants of a particular class; plant and vegetable are
names of things that grow out of the earth. A proper name,
on the other hand, stands for a single thing; as, Rome,
Washington, Lake Erie.
2. An appellation or title; a descriptive name.
God chosen it for one of his appellatives to be the Defender
of them.
Jer. Taylor.
ApOpel6laOtiveOly, adv. After the manner of nouns
appellative; in a manner to express whole classes or
species; as, Hercules is sometimes used appellatively, that
is, as a common name, to signify a strong man.
ApOpel6laOtiveOness, n. The quality of being appellative.
ApOpel6laOtory (?), a. [L. appellatorius, fr. appellare.]
Containing an appeal.
An appellatory libel ought to contain the name of the party
Ap7pelOlee6 , n. [F. appel, p. p. of appeler, fr. L.
appellare.] (Law) (a) The defendant in a? appeal; P opposed
to appellant. (b) The person who i? appealed against, or
accused of crime; P opposed to appellor.

<-- p. 72 -->

Ap7pelOlor (?), n. [OF. apeleur, fr. L. appellator, fr.
appellare.] (Law) (a) The person who institutes an appeal,
or prosecutes another for a crime. Blackstone. (b) One who
confesses a felony committed and accuses his accomplices.
Blount. Burrill.
5 This word is rarely or never used for the plaintiff in
appeal from a lower court, who is called the appellant.
Appellee is opposed both to appellant and appellor.
Ap6penOage , n. See Appanage.
ApOpend6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Appended; p. pr. & vb. n.
Appending.] [L. appendere or F. appendre: cf. OE. appenden,
apenden, to belong, OF. apendre, F. appendre, fr. L.
append?re, v. i., to hang to, append?re, v. t., to hang to;
ad + pend?re, v. i., to hang, pend?re, v. t., to hang. See
Pendant.] 1. To hang or attach to, as by a string, so that
the thing is suspended; as, a seal appended to a record; the
inscription was appended to the column.
2. To add, as an accessory to the principal thing; to annex;
as, notes appended to this chapter.
A further purpose appended to the primary one.
I. Taylor.
ApOpend6age , n. 1. Something appended to, or accompanying,
a principal or greater thing, though not necessary to it, as
a portico to a house.
Modesty is the appendage of sobriety.
Jer. Taylor.
2. (Biol.) A subordinate or subsidiary part or organ; an
external organ or limb, esp. of the articulates.
Antenn and other appendages used for feeling.
Syn. - Addition; adjunct; concomitant.
ApOpend6aged , a. Furnished with, or supplemented by, an
ApOpend6ance , n. [F.] Something appendant.
ApOpend6ant , a. [F. appendant, p. pr. of appendre. See
Append, v. t.] 1. Hanging; annexed; adjunct; concomitant;
as, a seal appendant to a paper.
As they have transmitted the benefit to us, it is but
reasonable we should suffer the appendant calamity.
Jer. Taylor.
2. (Law) Appended by prescription, that is, a personal usage
for a considerable time; P said of a thing of inheritance
belonging to another inheritance which is superior or more
worthy; as, an advowson, common, etc., which may be
appendant to a manor, common of fishing to a freehold, a
seat in church to a house.
Wharton. Coke.
ApOpend6ant, n. 1. Anything attached to another as
incidental or subordinate to it.
2. (Law) A inheritance annexed by prescription to a
superior inheritance.
ApOpend6ence (?), ApOpend6enOcy (?), } n. State of being
appendant; appendance. [Obs.]
ApOpend6iOcal (?), a. Of or like an appendix.
ApOpend6iOcate (?), v. t. To append. [Obs.]
ApOpend7iOca6tion (?), n. An appendage. [Obs.]
ApOpend7iOci6tis (?), n. (Med.) Inflammation of the
vermiform appendix.
ApOpend6iOcle (?), n. [L. appendicula, dim. of. appendix.] A
small appendage.
Ap7penOdic6uOlar (?), a. Relating to an appendicle;
appendiculate. [R.]
X Ap7penOdic7uOla6riOa (?), n. [NL.] (Zol.) A genus of
small freePswimming Tunicata, shaped somewhat like a
tadpole, and remarkable for resemblances to the larv of
other Tunicata. It is the type of the order Copelata or
Larvalia. See Illustration in Appendix.
X Ap7penOdic7uOla6ta (?), n. pl. [NL.] (Zol.) An order of
annelids; the Polych?ta.
Ap7penOdic6uOlate (?), a. [See Appendicle.] Having small
appendages; forming an appendage.
Appendiculate leaf, a small appended leaf.
ApOpen6dix (?), n.; pl. E. Appendixes (?), L. Appendices
(?). [L. appendix, Odicis, fr. appendere. See Append.] 1.
Something appended or added; an appendage, adjunct, or
Normandy became an appendix to England.
Sir M. Hale.
2. Any literary matter added to a book, but not necessarily
essential to its completeness, and thus distinguished from
supplement, which is intended to supply deficiencies and
correct inaccuracies.
Syn. - See Supplement.
ApOpen6sion (?), n. The act of appending. [Obs.]
Ap7perOceive6 (?), v. t. [F. apercevoir, fr. L. ad +
percipere, perceptum, to perceive. See Perceive.] To
perceive; to comprehend.
Ap7perOcep6tion (?), n. [Pref. adO + perception: cf. F.
apperception.] (Metaph.) The mind's perception of itself as
the subject or actor in its own states; perception that
reflects upon itself; sometimes, intensified or energetic
Leibnitz. Reid.
This feeling has been called by philosophers the
apperception or consciousness of our own existence.
Sir W. Hamilton.
ApOper6il (?), n. Peril. [Obs.]
Ap7perOtain6 (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Appertained (?); p.
pr. & vb. n. Appertaining.] [OE. apperteinen, apertenen, OF.
apartenir, F. appartenir, fr. L. appertinere; ad + pertinere
to reach to, belong. See Pertain.] To belong or pertain,
whether by right, nature, appointment, or custom; to relate.
Things appertaining to this life.
Give it unto him to whom it appertaineth.
Lev. vi. 5.
Ap7perOtain6ment , n. That which appertains to a person; an
appurtenance. [Obs. or R.]
ApOper6tiOnance (?), ApOper6tiOnence (?), } n. See
ApOper6tiOnent (?), a. Belonging; appertaining. [Now usually
written appurtenant.]
ApOper6tiOnent, n. That which belongs to something else; an
appurtenant. [Obs.]
ApOpete6 (?), v. t. [L. appetere: cf. F. appter. See
Appetite.] To seek for; to desire. [Obs.]

Ap6peOtence (?), n. [Cf. F. apptence. See Appetency.] A
longing; a desire; especially an ardent desire; appetite;
Ap6peOtenOcy (?), n.; pl. Appetencies (?). [L. appetentia,
fr. appetere to strive after, long for. See Appetite.] 1.
Fixed and strong desire; esp. natural desire; a craving; an
eager appetite.
They had a strong appetency for reading.
2. Specifically: An instinctive inclination or propensity in
animals to perform certain actions, as in the young to suck,
in aquatic fowls to enter into water and to swim; the
tendency of an organized body to seek what satisfies the
wants of its organism.
These lacteal? ?ave mouths, and by animal selection or
appetency the absorb such part of the fluid as is agreeable
to their palate.
E. Darwin.
3. Natural tendency; affinity; attraction; P used of
inanimate objects.
Ap6peOtent (?), a. [L. appetens, p. pr. of appetere.]
Desiring; eagerly desirous. [R.]
Appetent after glory and renown.
Sir G. Buck.
Ap7peOtiObil6iOty (?), n. [Cf. F. apptibilit.] The
quality of being desirable.
Ap6peOtiOble (?), a. [L. appetibilis, fr. appetere: cf. F.
apptible.] Desirable; capable or worthy of being the object
of desire.
Ap6peOtite (?), n. [OE. appetit, F. apptit, fr. L.
appetitus, fr. appetere to strive after, long for; ad +
petere to seek. See Petition, and cf. Appetence.] 1. The
desire for some personal gratification, either of the body
or of the mind.
The object of appetite it whatsoever sensible good may be
wished for; the object of will is that good which reason
does lead us to seek.
2. Desire for, or relish of, food or drink; hunger.
Men must have appetite before they will eat.
3. Any strong desire; an eagerness or longing.
It God had given to eagles an appetite to swim.
Jer. Taylor.
To gratify the vulgar appetite for the marvelous.
4. Tendency; appetency. [Obs.]
In all bodies there as an appetite of union.
5. The thing desired. [Obs.]
Power being the natural appetite of princes.
5 In old authors, appetite is followed by to or of, but
regularly it should be followed by for before the object;
as, an appetite for pleasure.
Syn. - Craving; longing; desire; appetency; passion.
Ap7peOti6tion (?), n. [L. appetitio: cf. F. apptition.]
Desire; a longing for, or seeking after, something.
Ap6peOti6tive (?), a. [Cf. F. apptitif.] Having the quality
of desiring gratification; as, appetitive power or faculty.
Sir M. Hale.
Ap6peOtize (?), v. t. To make hungry; to whet the appetite
Sir W. Scott.
Ap6peOti7zer (?), n. Something which creates or whets an
Ap6peOti7zing (?), a. [Cf. F. apptissant.] Exciting
appetite; as, appetizing food.
The appearance of the wild ducks is very appetizing.
Sir W. Scott.
Ap6peOti7zing, adv. So as to excite appetite.
Ap6piOan (?), a. [L. Appius, Appianus.] Of or pertaining to
w Way, the great paved highway from ancient Rome trough
Capua to Brundisium, now Brindisi, constructed partly by
Appius Claudius, about 312 b. c.
ApOplaud6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Applauded; p. pr. & vb.
n. Applauding.] [L. applaudere; ad + plaudere to clash, to
clap the hands: cf. F. applaudir. Cf. Explode.] 1. To show
approval of by clapping the hands, acclamation, or other
significant sign.
I would applaud thee to the very echo,
That should applaud again.
2. To praise by words; to express approbation of; to
commend; to approve.
By the gods, I do applaud his courage.
Syn. - To praise; extol; commend; cry up; magnify; approve.
See Praise.
ApOplaud6, v. i. To express approbation loudly or
ApOplaud6er (?), n. One who applauds.
ApOplaus6aOble (?), a. Worthy pf applause; praiseworthy.
ApOplause6 (?), n. [L. applaudere, app?ausum. See Applaud.]
The act of applauding; approbation and praise publicly
expressed by clapping the hands, stamping or tapping with
the feet, acclamation, huzzas, or other means; marked
The brave man seeks not popular applause.
Syn. - Acclaim; acclamation; plaudit; commendation;
ApOplau6sive (?), a. [LL. applausivus.] Expressing applause;
approbative. P ApOplau6siveOly, adv.
Ap6ple (?), n. [OE. appel, eppel, AS. ppel, pl; akin to
Fries. & D. appel, OHG, aphul, aphol, G. apfel, Icel. epli,
Sw. ple, Dan. ble, Gael. ubhall, W. afal, Arm. aval, Lith.
ob?lys, Russ. iabloko; of unknown origin.] 1. The fleshy
pome or fruit of a rosaceous tree (Pyrus malus) cultivated
in numberless varieties in the temperate zones.
5 The European crab ~ is supposed to be the original kind,
from which all others have sprung.
2. (bot.) Any tree genus Pyrus which has the stalk sunken
into the base of the fruit; an ~ tree.
3. Any fruit or other vegetable production resembling, or
supposed to resemble, the ~; as, apple of love, or love
apple (a tomato), balsam apple, egg apple, oak apple.
4. Anything round like an apple; as, an apple of gold.
Apple is used either adjectively or in combination; as,
apple paper or applePpaper, applePshaped, apple blossom,
apple dumpling, apple pudding.
w blight, an aphid which injures ~ trees. See Blight, n. P w
borer (Zol.), a coleopterous insect (Saperda candida or
bivittata), the larva of which bores into the trunk of the ~
tree and pear tree. P w brandy, brandy made from apples. P w
butter, a sauce made of apples stewed down in cider.
Bartlett. P w corer, an instrument for removing the cores
from apples. P w fly (Zol.), any dipterous insect, the
larva of which burrows in apples. w flies belong to the
genera Drosophila and Trypeta. P w midge (Zol.), a small
dipterous insect (Sciara mali), the larva of which bores in
apples. P w of the eye, the pupil. P w of discord, a subject
of contention and envy, so called from the mythological
golden ~, inscribed =For the fairest,8 which was thrown into
an assembly of the gods by Eris, the goddess of discord. It
was contended for by Juno, Minerva, and Venus, and was
adjudged to the latter. P w of love, or Love ~, the tomato
(Lycopersicum esculentum). P w of Peru, a large coarse herb
(Nicandra physaloides) bearing pale blue flowers, and a
bladderlike fruit inclosing a dry berry. P Apples of Sodom,
a fruit described by ancient writers as externally of air
appearance but dissolving into smoke and ashes plucked; Dead
Sea apples. The name is often given to the fruit of Solanum
Sodomum, a prickly shrub with fruit not unlike a small
yellow tomato. P w sauce, stewed apples. [U. S.] P w snail
or w shell (Zol.), a freshPwater, operculated, spiral shell
of the genus Ampullaria. P w tart, a tart containing ~. P w
tree, a tree naturally bears apples. See Apple, 2. P w wine,
cider. P w worm(Zol.), the larva of a small moth
(Carpocapsa pomonella) which burrows in the interior of
apples. See Codling moth. P Dead Sea ~. (a) pl. Apples of
Sodom. Also Fig. =To seek the Dead Sea apples of politics.8
S. B. Griffin. (b) A kind of gallnut coming from Arabia. See
Ap6ple (?), v. i. To grow like an ~; to bear apples.
Ap6plePfaced7 (?), a. Having a round, broad face, like an
apple. =ApplePfaced children.8
Ap6plePjack7 (?), n. Apple brandy. [U.S.]
Ap6plePjoin7 , n. A kind of apple which by keeping becomes
much withered; P called also Johnapple.
Ap6ple pie7 (?). A pie made of apples (usually sliced or
stewed) with spice and sugar.
ApplePpie bed, a bed in which, as a joke, the sheets are so
doubled (like the cover of an apple turnove?) as to prevent
any one from getting at his length between them. Halliwell,
Conybeare. P ApplePpie order, perfect order or arrangement.
[Colloq.] Halliwell.
Ap6plePsquire7 (?), n. A pimp; a kept gallant. [Obs.]
Beau. & Fl.
ApOpli6aOble (?), a. [See Apply.] Applicable; also,
compliant. [Obs.]
ApOpli6ance (?), n. 1. The act of applying; application;
[Obs.] subservience.
2. The thing applied or used as a means to an end; an
apparatus or device; as, to use various appliances; a
mechanical appliance; a machine with its appliances.
Ap7pliOcaObil6iOty (?), n. The quality of being applicable
or fit to be applied.
Ap6pliOcaOble (?), a. [Cf. F. aplicable, fr. L. applicare.
See Apply.] Capable of being applied; fit or suitable to be
applied; having relevance; as, this observation is
applicable to the case under consideration. P
Ap6pliOcaObleOness, n. P Ap6pliOcaObly, adv.
Ap6pliOcanOcy (?), n. The quality or state of being
applicable. [R.]
Ap6pliOcant (?), n. [L. applicans, p. pr. of applicare. See
Apply.] One who apples for something; one who makes request;
a petitioner.
The applicant for a cup of water.
The court require the applicant to appear in person.
Z. Swift.
Ap6pliOcate (?), a. [L. applicatus, p. p. of applicare. See
Apply.] Applied or put to some use.
Those applicate sciences which extend the power of man over
the elements.
I. Taylor.
w number (Math.), one which applied to some concrete case. P
w ordinate, right line applied at right angles to the axis
of any conic section, and bounded by the curve.
Ap6pliOcate (?), v. i. To apply. [Obs.]
The act of faith is applicated to the object.
Bp. Pearson.
Ap7pliOca6tion (?), n. [L. applicatio, fr. applicare: cf. F.
application. See Apply.] 1. The act of applying or laying
on, in a literal sense; as, the application of emollients to
a diseased limb.
2. The thing applied.
He invented a new application by which blood might be
2. The act of applying as a means; the employment of means
to accomplish an end; specific use.
If a right course... be taken with children, there will not
be much need of the application of the common rewards and
4. The act of directing or referring something to a
particular case, to discover or illustrate agreement or
disagreement, fitness, or correspondence; as, I make the
remark, and leave you to make the application; the
application of a theory.

<-- p. 73 -->

5. Hence, in specific uses: (a) That part of a sermon or
discourse in which the principles before laid down and
illustrated are applied to practical uses; the =moral8 of a
fable. (b) The use of the principles of one science for the
purpose of enlarging or perfecting another; as, the
application of algebra to geometry.
6. The capacity of being practically applied or used;
relevancy; as, a rule of general application.
7. The act of fixing the mind or closely applying one's
self; assiduous effort; close attention; as, to injure the
health by application to study.
Had his application been equal to his talents, his progress
night have been greater.
J. Jay.
8. The act of making request of soliciting; as, an
application for an office; he made application to a court of
9. A request; a document containing a request; as, his
application was placed on file.
Ap6pliOcaOtive (?), a. [Cf. F. applicatif, fr. L. applicare.
See Apply.] Having of being applied or used; applying;
applicatory; practical. Bramhall. P Ap6pliOcaOtiveOly, adv.
Ap6pliOcaOtoOriOly (?), adv. By way of application.
Ap6pliOcaOtoOry, a. Having the property of applying;
applicative; practical. P n. That which applies.
ApOpli6edOly (?), adv. By application. [R.]
ApOpli6er (?), n. He who, or that which, applies.
ApOpli6ment (?), n. Application. [Obs.]
X Ap7pli7qu6 (?; 277), a. [F., fr. appliquer to put on.]
Ornamented with a pattern (which has been cut out of another
color or stuff) applied or transferred to a foundation; as,
appliqu lace; appliqu work.
ApOplot6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Applotted; p. pr. & vb. n.
Applotting.] [Pref. adO + plot.] To divide into plots or
parts; to apportion.
ApOplot6ment (?), n. Apportionment.
ApOply6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Applied (?); p. pr. & vb.
n. Applying.] [OF. aplier, F. appliquer, fr. L. applicare to
join, fix, or attach to; ad + plicare to fold, to twist
together. See Applicant, Ply.] 1. To lay or place; to put or
adjust (one thing to another); P with to; as, to apply the
hand to the breast; to apply medicaments to a diseased part
of the body.
He said, and the sword his throat applied.
2. To put to use; to use or employ for a particular purpose,
or in a particular case; to appropriate; to devote; as, to
apply money to the payment of a debt.
3. To make use of, declare, or pronounce, as suitable,
fitting, or relative; as, to apply the testimony to the
case; to apply an epithet to a person.
Yet God at last
To Satan, first in sin, his doom applied.
4. To fix closely; to engage and employ diligently, or with
attention; to attach; to incline.
Apply thine heart unto instruction.
Prov. xxiii. 12.
5. To direct or address. [R.]
Sacred vows... applied to grisly Pluto.
6. To betake; to address; to refer; P used reflexively.
I applied myself to him for help.
7. To busy; to keep at work; to ply. [Obs.]
She was skillful in applying his =humors.8
Sir P. Sidney.
8. To visit. [Obs.]
And he applied each place so fast.
Applied chemistry. See under Chemistry. P Applied
mathematics. See under Mathematics.
ApOply6, v. i. 1. To suit; to agree; to have some
connection, agreement, or analogy; as, this argument applies
well to the case.
2. To make request; to have recourse with a view to gain
something; to make application. (to); to solicit; as, to
apply to a friend for information.
3. To ply; to move. [R.]
I heard the sound of an oar applying swiftly through the
T. Moore.
4. To ~ or address one's self; to give application; to
attend closely (to).
X ApOpog7giaOtu6ra (?), n. [It., fr. appogiarre to lean, to
rest; apO (L. ad) + poggiare to mount, ascend, poggio hill,
fr. L. podium an elevated place.] (Mus.) A passing tone
preceding an essential tone, and borrowing the time it
occupies from that; a short auxiliary or grace note one
degree above or below the principal note unless it be of the
same harmony; P generally indicated by a note of smaller
size, as in the illustration above. It forms no essential
part of the harmony.
ApOpoint6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Appointed; p. pr. & vb.
n. Appointing.] [OE. appointen, apointen, OF. apointier to
prepare, arrange, lean, place, F. appointer to give a
salary, refer a cause, fr. LL. appunctare to bring back to
the point, restore, to fix the point in a controversy, or
the points in an agreement; L. ad + punctum a point. See
Point.] 1. To fix with power or firmness; to establish; to
mark out.
When he appointed the foundations of the earth.
Prov. viii. 29.
2. To fix by a decree, order, command, resolve, decision, or
mutual agreement; to constitute; to ordain; to prescribe; to
fix the time and place of.
Thy servants are ready to do whatsoever my lord the king
shall appoint.
2 Sam. xv. 15.
He hath appointed a day, in the which he will judge the
world in righteousness.
Acts xvii. 31.
Say that the emperor request a parley... and appoint the
2. To assign, designate, or set apart by authority.
Aaron and his shall go in, and appoint them every one to his
Num. iv. 19.
These were cities appointed for all the children of Israel,
and for the stranger that sojourneth among them.
Josh. xx. 9.
4. To furnish in all points; to provide with everything
necessary by way of equipment; to equip; to fit out.
The English, being well appointed, did so entertain them
that their ships departed terribly torn.
5. To point at by way, or for the purpose? of censure or
commendation; to arraign. [Obs.]
Appoint not heavenly disposition.
6. (Law) To direct, designate, or limit; to make or direct a
new disposition of, by virtue of a power contained in a
conveyance; P said of an estate already conveyed.
Burrill. Kent.
To ~ one's self, to resolve. [Obs.]
ApOpoint6 (?), v. i. To ordain; to determine; to arrange.
For the Lord had appointed to defeat the good counsel of
2 Sam. xvii. 14.
ApOpoint6aOble (?), a. Capable of being appointed or
ApOpointOee6 (?), n. [F. appoint, p. p. of appointer. See
Appoint, v. t.] 1. A person appointed.
The commission authorizes them to make appointments, and pay
the appointees.
Circular of Mass. Representatives (1768).
2. (law) A person in whose favor a power of appointment is
Kent. Wharton.
ApOpoint6er (?), n. One who appoints, or executes a power of
ApOpoint6ive (?), a. Subject to appointment; as, an
appointive office. [R.]
ApOpoint6ment (?), n. [Cf. F. appointement.] 1. The act of
appointing; designation of a person to hold an office or
discharge a trust; as, he erred by the appointment of
unsuitable men.
2. The state of being appointed to som? service or office;
an office to which one is appointed; station; position; an,
the appointment of treasurer.
3. Stipulation; agreement; the act of fixing by mutual
agreement. Hence:: Arrangement for a meeting; engagement;
as, they made an appointment to meet at six.
4. Decree; direction; established order or constitution;
as, to submit to the divine appointments.
According to the appointment of the priests.
Ezra vi. 9.
5. (Law) The exercise of the power of designating (under a
=power of ~8) a person to enjoy an estate or other specific
property; also, the instrument by which the designation is
6. Equipment, furniture, as for a ship or an army; whatever
is appointed for use and management; outfit; (pl.) the
accouterments of military officers or soldiers, as belts,
sashes, swords.
The cavaliers emulated their chief in the richness of their
I'll prove it in my shackles, with these hands
Void of appoinment, that thou liest.
Beau. & Fl.
7. An allowance to a person, esp. to a public officer; a
perquisite; P properly only in the plural. [Obs.]
An expense proportioned to his appointments and fortune is
8. A honorary part or exercise, as an oration, etc., at a
public exhibition of a college; as, to have an appointment.
Syn. - Designation; command; order; direction;
establishment; equipment.
ApOpointOor6 (?), n. (Law) The person who selects the
appointee. See Appointee, 2.
ApOpor6ter (?), n. [Cf. F. apporter to bring in, fr. L.
apportare; ad + portare to bear.] A bringer in; an importer.
Sir M. Hale.
ApOpor6tion (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Apportioned (?); p. pr.
& vb. n. Apportioning.] [OF. apportionner, LL. apportionare,
fr. L. ad + portio. See Portion.] To divide and assign in
just proportion; to divide and distribute proportionally; to
portion out; to allot; as, to apportion undivided rights; to
apportion time among various employments.
ApOpor6tionOateOness (?), n. The quality of being
apportioned or in proportion. [Obs. & R.]
ApOpor6tionOer (?), n. One who apportions.
ApOpor6tionOment (?), n. [Cf. F. apportionnement, LL.
apportionamentum.] The act of apportioning; a dividing into
just proportions or shares; a division or shares; a division
and assignment, to each proprietor, of his just portion of
an undivided right or property.
A. Hamilton.
ApOpose6 (?), v. t. [F. apposer to set to; ? (L. ad) + poser
to put, place. See Pose.] 1. To place opposite or before; to
put or apply (one thing to another).
The nymph herself did then appose,
For food and beverage, to him all best meat.
2. To place in juxtaposition or proximity.
ApOpose6, v. t. [For oppose. See Oppose.] To put questions
to; to examine; to try. [Obs.] See Pose.
To appose him without any accuser, and that secretly.
ApOposed6 (?), a. Placed in apposition; mutually fitting, as
the mandibles of a bird's beak.
ApOpos6er (?), n. An examiner; one whose business is to put
questions. Formerly, in the English Court of Exchequer, an
officer who audited the sheriffs' accounts.
Ap6poOsite (?), a. [L. appositus, p. p. of apponere to set
or put to; ad + ponere to put, place.] Very applicable; well
adapted; suitable or fit; relevant; pat; P followed by to;
as, this argument is very apposite to the case. P
Ap6poOsiteOly, adv. P Ap6poOsiteOness, n.
Ap7poOsi6tion (?), n. [L. appositio, fr. apponere: cf. F.
apposition. See Apposite.] 1. The act of adding;
application; accretion.
It grows... by the apposition of new matter.
2. The putting of things in juxtaposition, or side by side;
also, the condition of being so placed.
3. (Gram.) The state of two nouns or pronouns, put in the
same case, without a connecting word between them; as, I
admire Cicero, the orator. Here, the second noun explains or
characterizes the first.
Growth by ~ (Physiol.), a mode of growth characteristic of
non vascular tissues, in which nutritive matter from the
blood is transformed on the surface of an organ into solid
unorganized substance.
Ap7poOsi6tionOal (?), a. Pertaining to apposition; put in
apposition syntactically.
ApOpos6iOtive (?), a. Of or relating to apposition; in
apposition. P n. A noun in apposition. P ApOpos6iOtiveOly,
Appositive to the words going immediately before.
ApOprais6aOble (?), a. Capable of being appraised.
ApOprais6al (?), n. [See Appraise. Cf. Apprizal.] A
valuation by an authorized person; an appraisement.
ApOpraise6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Appraised (?); p. pr. &
vb. n. Appraising.] [Pref. adO + praise. See Praise, Price,
Apprize, Appreciate.] 1. To set a value; to estimate the
worth of, particularly by persons appointed for the purpose;
as, to appraise goods and chattels.
2. To estimate; to conjecture.
Enoch... appraised his weight.
3. To praise; to commend. [Obs.]
R. Browning.
Appraised the Lycian custom.
5 In the United States, this word is often pronounced, and
sometimes written, apprize.
ApOpraise6ment (?), n. [See Appraise. Cf. Apprizement.] The
act of setting the value; valuation by an appraiser;
estimation of worth.
ApOprais6er (?), n. [See Appraise, Apprizer.] One who
appraises; esp., a person appointed and sworn to estimate
and fix the value of goods or estates.
Ap7preOca6tion , n. [L. apprecari to pray to; ad + precari
to pray, prex, precis, prayer.] Earnest prayer; devout wish.
A solemn apprecation of good success.
Bp. Hall.
Ap6preOcaOtoOry (?), a. Praying or wishing good.
[Obs.]=Apprecatory benedictions.8
Bp. Hall.
ApOpre6ciOaOble (?), a. [Cf. F. apprciable.] Capable of
being appreciated or estimated; large enough to be
estimated; perceptible; as, an appreciable quantity. P
ApOpre6ciOaObly, adv.
ApOpre6ciOant (?), a. Appreciative. [R.]
ApOpre6ciOate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Appreciated; p. pr. &
vb. n. Appreciating.] [L. appretiatus, p. p. of appretiare
to value at a price, appraise; ad + pretiare to prize,
pretium price. Cf. Appraise.] 1. To set a price or value on;
to estimate justly; to value.
To appreciate the motives of their enemies.
2. To recognize the worth of; to esteem highly; as, I am
afraid you do not appreciate my friend.
3. To raise the value of; to increase the market price of; P
opposed to depreciate. [U.S.]
Lest a sudden peace should appreciate the money.
4. To be sensible of; to distinguish.
To test the power of b??s to appreciate color.
Syn. - To Appreciate, Estimate, Esteem. Estimate is an act
of judgment; esteem is an act of valuing or prizing, and
when applied to individuals, denotes a sentiment of moral
approbation. See Estimate. Appreciate lies between the two.
As compared with estimate, it supposes a union of
sensibility with judgment, producing a nice and delicate
perception. As compared with esteem, it denotes a valuation
of things according to their appropriate and distinctive
excellence, and not simply their moral worth. Thus, with
reference to the former of these (delicate perception), an
able writer says. =Women have a truer appreciation of
character than men;8 and another remarks, =It is difficult
to appreciate the true force and distinctive sense of terms
which we are every day using.8 So, also, we speak of the
difference between two things, as sometimes hardly
appreciable. With reference to the latter of these (that of
valuation as the result of a nice perception), we say, =It
requires a pe??liar cast of character to appreciate the
poetry of Wordsworth;8 =He who has no delicacy himself, can
not appreciate it in others;8 =The thought of death is
salutary, because it leads us to appreciate worldly things
aright.8 Appreciate is much used in cases where something is
in danger of being overlooked or undervalued; as when we
speak of appreciating the difficulties of a subject, or the
risk of an undertaking. So Lord Plunket, referring to an
=ominous silence8 which prevailed among the Irish
peasantry, says, =If you knew now to appreciate that
silence, it is more formidable than the most clamorous
opposition.8 In like manner, a person who asks some favor of
another is apt to say, =I trust you will appreciate my
motives in this request.8 Here we have the key to a very
frequent use of the word. It is hardly necessary to say that
appreciate looks on the favorable side of things. we never
speak of appreciating a man's faults, but his merits. This
idea of regarding things favorably appears more fully in the
word appreciative; as when we speak of an appreciative
audience, or an appreciative review, meaning one that
manifests a quick perception and a ready valuation of
ApOpre6ciOate, v. i. To rise in value. [See note under Rise,
v. i.]
J. Morse.
ApOpre6ciOa7tingOly (?), adv. In an appreciating manner;
with appreciation.
ApOpre7ciOa6tion (?), n. [Cf. F. apprciation.] 1. A just
valuation or estimate of merit, worth, weight, etc.;
recognition of excellence.
2. Accurate perception; true estimation; as, an appreciation
of the difficulties before us; an appreciation of colors.
His foreboding showed his appreciation of Henry's character.
J. R. Green.
3. A rise in value; P opposed to depreciation.
ApOpre6ciOaOtive (?), a. Having or showing a just or ready
appreciation or perception; as, an appreciative audience. P
ApOpre6ciOaOtiveOly, adv.
ApOpre6ciOaOtiveOness, n. The quality of being appreciative;
quick recognition of excellence.
ApOpre6ciOa7tor (?), n. One who appreciates.
ApOpre6ciOaOtoOry (?), a. Showing appreciation;
appreciative; as, appreciatory commendation. P
ApOpre6ciOaOtoOriOly (?), adv.

<-- p. 74 -->

Ap7preOhend6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Apprehended; p. pr. &
vb. n. Apprehending.] [L. apprehendere; ad + prehendere to
lay hold of, seize; prae before + Ohendere (used only in
comp.); akin to Gr. ? to hold, contain, and E. get: cf. F.
apprhender. See Prehensile, Get.] 1. To take or seize; to
take hold of. [Archaic]
We have two hands to apprehended it.
Jer. Taylor.
2. Hence: To take or seize (a person) by legal process; to
arrest; as, to apprehend a criminal.
3. To take hold of with the understanding, that is, to
conceive in the mind; to become cognizant of; to understand;
to recognize; to consider.
This suspicion of Earl Reimund, though at first but a buzz,
soon got a sting in the king's head, and he violently
apprehended it.
The eternal laws, such as the heroic age apprehended them.
4. To know or learn with certainty. [Obs.]
G. You are too much distrustful of my truth.
E. Then you must give me leave to apprehend
The means and manner how.
Beau. & Fl.
5. To anticipate; esp., to anticipate with anxiety, dread,
or fear; to fear.
The opposition had more reason than the king to apprehend

Syn. - To catch; seize; arrest; detain; capture; conceive;
understand; imagine; believe; fear; dread. P To Apprehend,
Comprehend. These words come into comparison as describing
acts of the mind. Apprehend denotes the laying hold of a
thing mentally, so as to understand it clearly, at least in
part. Comprehend denotes the embracing or understanding it
in all its compass and extent. We may apprehended many
truths which we do not comprehend. The very idea of God
supposes that he may be apprehended, though not
comprehended, by rational beings. =We may apprehended much
of Shakespeare's aim and intention in the character of
Hamlet or King Lear; but few will claim that they have
comprehended all that is embraced in these characters.8
Ap7preOhend6, v. i. 1. To think, believe, or be of opinion;
to understand; to suppose.
2. To be apprehensive; to fear.
It is worse to apprehend than to suffer.
Ap7preOhend6er (?), n. One who apprehends.
Ap7preOhen7siObi6iOty (?), n. The quality of being
apprehensible. [R.]
De Quincey.
Ap7preOhen6siOble (?), a. [L. apprehensibilis. See
Apprehend.] Capable of being apprehended or conceived.
=Apprehensible by faith.8 Bp. Hall. P Ap7OpreOhen6siObly,
Ap7preOhen6sion (?), n. [L. apprehensio: cf. F.
apprhension. See Apprehend.] 1. The act of seizing or
taking hold of; seizure; as, the hand is an organ of
Sir T. Browne.
2. The act of seizing or taking by legal process; arrest;
as, the felon, after his apprehension, escaped.
3. The act of grasping with the intellect; the contemplation
of things, without affirming, denying, or passing any
judgment; intellection; perception.
Simple apprehension denotes no more than the soul's naked
intellection of an object.
4. Opinion; conception; sentiment; idea.
5 In this sense, the word often denotes a belief, founded on


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