Webster's Unabridged Dictionary

Part 3 out of 18

AcOcom6moOdate (#), a. [L. accommodatus, p.p. of
accommodare.] Suitable; fit; adapted; as, means accommodate
to end. [Archaic]
AcOcom6moOdateOly, adv. Suitably; fitly. [R.]
AcOcom6moOdateOness, n. Fitness. [R.]
AcOcom6moOda7ting (#), a. Affording, or disposed to afford,
accommodation; obliging; as an accommodating man, spirit,
AcOcom7moOda6tion (#), n. [L. accommodatio, fr. accommodare:
cf. F. accommodation.]
1. The act of fitting or adapting, or the state of being
fitted or adapted; adaptation; adjustment; P followed by to.
=The organization of the body with accommodation to its
Sir M. Hale.
2. Willingness to accommodate; obligingness.
3. Whatever supplies a want or affords ease, refreshment, or
convenience; anything furnished which is desired or needful;
P often in the plural; as, the accomodations P that is,
lodgings and food P at an inn.
A volume of Shakespeare in each pocket, a small bundle with
a change of linen slung across his shoulders, an oaken
cudgel in his hand, complete our pedestrian's
Sir W. Scott.
4. An adjustment of differences; state of agreement;
reconciliation; settlement. =To come to terms of
5. The application of a writer's language, on the ground of
analogy, to something not originally referred to or
Many of those quotations from the Old Testament were
probably intended as nothing more than accommodations.
6. (Com.) (a) A loan of money. (b) An accommodation bill or
Accommodation bill, or note (Com.), a bill of exchange which
a person accepts, or a note which a person makes and
delivers to another, not upon a consideration received, but
for the purpose of raising money on credit. P Accommodation
coach, or train, one running at moderate speed and stopping
at all or nearly all stations. P Accommodation ladder
(Naut.), a light ladder hung over the side of a ship at the
gangway, useful in ascending from, or descending to, small
AcOcom6moOda7tor (#), n. He who, or that which,
AcOcom6paOnaOble (#), a. Sociable. [Obs.]
Sir P. Sidney.
AcOcom6paOniOer (#), n. He who, or that which, accompanies.
AcOcom6paOniOment (#), n. [F. accompagnement.] That which
accompanies; something that attends as a circumstance, or
which is added to give greater completeness to the principal
thing, or by way of ornament, or for the sake of symmetry.
Specifically: (Mus.) A part performed by instruments,
accompanying another part or parts performed by voices; the
subordinate part, or parts, accompanying the voice or a
principal instrument; also, the harmony of a figured bass.
P. Cyc.
AcOcom6paOnist (#), n. The performer in music who takes the
accompanying part.
AcOcom6paOny (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Accompanied (#); p.
pr. & vb. n. Accompanying (#)] [OF. aacompaignier, F.
accompagner, to associate with, fr. OF. compaign, compain,
companion. See Company.] 1. To go with or attend as a
companion or associate; to keep company with; to go along
with; P followed by with or by;as, he accompanied his speech
with a bow.
The Persian dames,...
In sumptuous cars, accompanied his march.
The are never alone that are accompanied with noble
Sir P. Sidney.
He was accompanied by two carts filled wounded rebels.
2. To cohabit with. [Obs.]
Sir T. Herbert.
Syn. P To attend; escort; go with. P To Accompany, Attend,
Escort. We accompany those with whom we go as companions.
The word imports an equality of station. We attend those
whom we wait upon or follow. The word conveys an idea of
subornation. We escort those whom we attend with a view to
guard and protect. A gentleman accompanies a friend to some
public place; he attends or escorts a lady.
AcOcom6paOny, v. i. 1. To associate in a company; to keep
company. [Obs.]
Men say that they will drive away one another,... and not
accompany together.
2. To cohabit (with). [Obs.]
3. (Mus.) To perform an accompanying part or parts in a
AcOcom6pleOtive (#), a. [L. ad + complere, completum, to
fill up.] Tending to accomplish. [R.]
AcOcom6plice (#), n. [AcO (perh. for the article a or for L.
ad) + E. complice. See Complice.]
1. A cooperator. [R.]
Success unto our valiant general,
And happiness to his accomplices!
2. (Law) An associate in the commission of a crime; a
participator in an offense, whether a principal or an
accessory. =And thou, the cursed accomplice of his
treason.8 Johnson. It is followed by with or of before a
person and by in (or sometimes of) before the crime; as, A
was an accomplice with B in the murder of C. Dryden uses it
with to before a thing. =Suspected for accomplice to the
Syn. P Abettor; accessory; assistant; associate;
confederate; coadjutor; ally; promoter. See Abettor.
AcOcom6pliceOship (#), n. The state of being an accomplice.
Sir H. Taylor.
Ac7comOplic6iOty (#), n. The act or state of being an
accomplice. [R.]
AcOcom6plish (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Accomplished (#), p.
pr. & vb. n. Accomplishing.] [OE. acomplissen, OF.
accomplir, F. accomplir; L. ad + complere to fill up,
complete. See Complete, Finish.] 1. To complete, as time or
That He would accomplish seventy years in the desolations of
Dan. ix. 2.
He had accomplished half a league or more.
2. To bring to an issue of full success; to effect; to
perform; to execute fully; to fulfill; as, to accomplish a
design, an object, a promise.
This that is written must yet be accomplished in me.
Luke xxii. 37.
3. To equip or furnish thoroughly; hence, to complete in
acquirements; to render accomplished; to polish.
The armorers accomplishing the knights.
It [the moon] is fully accomplished for all those ends to
which Providence did appoint it.
These qualities... go to accomplish a perfect woman.
Cowden Clarke.
4. To gain; to obtain. [Obs.]
Syn. P To do; perform; fulfill; realize; effect; effectuate;
complete; consummate; execute; achieve; perfect; equip;
furnish. P To Accomplish, Effect, Execute, Achieve, Perform.
These words agree in the general idea of carrying out to
some end proposed. To accomplish (to fill up to the measure
of the intention) generally implies perseverance and skill;
as, to accomplish a plan proposed by one's self, an object,
a design, an undertaking. =Thou shalt accomplish my desire.8
1 Kings v. 9.
He... expressed his desire to see a union accomplished
between England and Scotland.
To effect (to work out) is much like accomplish. It usually
implies some degree of difficulty contended with; as, he
effected or accomplished what he intended, his purpose, but
little. =What he decreed, he effected.8
To work in close design by fraud or guile
What force effected not.
To execute (to follow out to the end, to carry out, or into
effect) implies a set mode of operation; as, to execute the
laws or the orders of another; to execute a work, a purpose,
design, plan, project. To perform is much like to do, though
less generally applied. It conveys a notion of protracted
and methodical effort; as, to perform a mission, a part, a
task, a work. =Thou canst best perform that office.8
The Saints, like stars, around his seat
Perform their courses still.
To achieve (to come to the end or arrive at one's purpose)
usually implies some enterprise or undertaking of
importance, difficulty, and excellence.
AcOcom6plishOaOble (#), a. Capable of being accomplished;
AcOcom6plished (#), a. 1. Completed; effected; established;
as, an accomplished fact.
2. Complete in acquirements as the result usually of
training; P commonly in a good sense; as, an accomplished
scholar, an accomplished scholar, an accomplished villain.
They... show themselves accomplished bees.
Daughter of God and man, accomplished Eve.
AcOcom6plishOer (#), n. One who accomplishes.
AcOcom6plishOment (#), n. [F. accomplissement, fr.
accomplir.] 1. The act of accomplishing; entire performance;
completion; fulfillment; as, the accomplishment of an
enterprise, of a prophecy, etc.
2. That which completes, perfects, or equips thoroughly;
acquirement; attainment; that which constitutes excellence
of mind, or elegance of manners, acquired by education or
training. =My new accomplishment of dancing.8 Churchill.
=Accomplishments befitting a station.8 Thackeray.
Accomplishments have taken virtue's place,
And wisdom falls before exterior grace.
AcOcompt6 (#; formerly #), n. See Account.
5 Accompt, accomptant, etc., are archaic forms.
AcOcomp6aOble (#), a. See Accountable.
AcOcompt6ant (#), n. See Accountant.
AcOcord6 (#), n. [OE. acord, accord, OF. acort, acorde, F.
accord, fr. OF. acorder, F. accorder. See Accord, v. t.] 1.
Agreement or concurrence of opinion, will, or action;
harmony of mind; consent; assent.
A mediator of an accord and peace between them.
These all continued with one accord in prayer.
Acts i. 14.
2. Harmony of sounds; agreement in pitch and tone; concord;
as, the accord of tones.
Those sweet accords are even the angels' lays.
Sir J. Davies.
3. Agreement, harmony, or just correspondence of things; as,
the accord of light and shade in painting.
4. Voluntary or spontaneous motion or impulse to act; P
preceded by own; as, of one's own accord.
That which groweth of its own accord of thy harvest thou
shalt not reap.
Lev. xxv. 5.
Of his own accord he went unto you.
2 Cor. vii. 17.
5. (Law) An agreement between parties in controversy, by
which satisfaction for an injury is stipulated, and which,
when executed, bars a suit.
With one accord, with unanimity.
They rushed one accord into the theater.
Acts xix. 29.
AcOcord6, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Accorded; p. pr. & vb. n.
According.] [OE. acorden, accorden, OF. acorder, F.
accorder, fr. LL. accordare; L. ad + cor, cordis, heart. Cf.
Concord, Discord, and see Heart.] 1. To make to agree or
correspond; to suit one thing to another; to adjust; P
followed by to. [R.]
Her hands accorded the lute's music to the voice.
2. To bring to an agreement, as persons; to reconcile; to
settle, adjust, harmonize, or compose, as things; as, to
accord suits or controversies.
When they were accorded from the fray.
All which particulars, being confessedly knotty and
difficult can never be accorded but by a competent stock of
critica learning.
3. To grant as suitable or proper; to concede; to award; as,
to accord to one due praise. =According his desire.8
AcOcord6, v. i. 1. To agree; to correspond; to be in
harmony; P followed by with, formerly also by to; as, his
disposition accords with his looks.
My heart accordeth with my tongue.
Thy actions to thy words accord.
2. To agree in pitch and tone.
AcOcord6aOble (#), a. [OF. acordable, F. accordable.] 1.
Agreeing. [Obs.]
2. Reconcilable; in accordance.
AcOcord6ance (#), n. [OF. acordance.] Agreement; harmony;
conformity. =In strict accordance with the law.8
Syn. P Harmony; unison; coincidence.
AcOcord6anOcy (#), n. Accordance. [R.]
AcOcord6ant (#), a. [OF. acordant, F. accordant.] Agreeing;
consonant; harmonious; corresponding; conformable; P
followed by with or to.
Strictly accordant with true morality.
And now his voice accordant to the string.
AcOcord6antOly, adv. In accordance or agreement; agreeably;
conformably; P followed by with or to.
AcOcord6er (#), n. One who accords, assents, or concedes.
AcOcord6ing, p. a. Agreeing; in agreement or harmony;
harmonious. =This according voice of national wisdom.8
Burke. =Mind and soul according well.8
According to, agreeably to; in accordance or conformity
with; consistent with.
According to him, every person was to be bought.
Our zeal should be according to knowledge.
5 According to has been called a prepositional phrase, but
strictly speaking, according is a participle in the sense of
agreeing, acceding, and to alone is the preposition.
According as, precisely as; the same as; corresponding to
the way in which. According as is an adverbial phrase, of
which the propriety has been doubted; but good usage
sanctions it. See According, adv.
Is all things well,
According as I gave directions?
The land which the Lord will give you according as he hath
Ex. xii. 25.

p. 13

AcOcord6ing (#), adv. Accordingly; correspondingly. [Obs.]
AcOcord6ingOly, adv. 1. Agreeably; correspondingly;
suitably; in a manner conformable.
Behold, and so proceed accordingly.
2. In natural sequence; consequently; so.
Syn. P Consequently; therefore; wherefore; hence; so. P
Accordingly, Consequently, indicate a connection between two
things, the latter of which is done on account of the
former. Accordingly marks the connection as one of simple
accordance or congruity, leading naturally to the result
which followed; as, he was absent when I called, and I
accordingly left my card; our preparations were all
finished, and we accordingly set sail. Consequently all
finished, and we accordingly set sail. Consequently marks a
closer connection, that of logical or causal sequence; as,
the papers were not ready, and consequently could not be
AcOcor6diOon (#), n. [See Accord.] (Mus.) A small, portable,
keyed wind instrument, whose tones are generated by play of
the wind upon free metallic reeds.
AcOcor6diOonOist, n. A player on the accordion.
AcOcord6ment (#), n. [OF. acordement. See Accord, v.]
Agreement; reconcilement. [Obs.]
AcOcor6poOrate (#), v. t. [L. accorporare; ad + corpus,
corporis, body.] To unite; to attach; to incorporate. [Obs.]
AcOcost6 (#; 115), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Accosted; p. pr. &
vb. n. Accosting.] [F. accoster, LL. accostare to bring side
by side; L. ad + costa rib, side. See Coast, and cf.
Accoast.] 1. To join side to side; to border; hence, to sail
along the coast or side of. [Obs.] =So much [of Lapland] as
accosts the sea.8
2. To approach; to make up to. [Archaic]
3. To speak to first; to address; to greet. =Him, Satan thus
AcOcost6, v. i. To adjoin; to lie alongside. [Obs.] =The
shores which to the sea accost.8
AcOcost6, n. Address; greeting. [R.]
J. Morley.
AcOcost6aOble (#), a. [Cf. F. accostable.] Approachable;
affable. [R.]
AcOcost6ed, a. (Her.) Supported on both sides by other
charges; also, side by side.
X AcOcouche6ment (#; 277), n. [F., fr. accoucher to be
delivered of a child, to aid in delivery, OF. acouchier
orig. to lay down, put to bed, go to bed; L. ad + collocare
to lay, put, place. See Collate.] Delivery in childbed
X AcOcouOcheur6 (#), n. [F., fr. accoucher. See
Accouchement.] A man who assists women in childbirth; a man
midwife; an obstetrician.
X AcOcouOcheuse6 (#), n. [F.., fem. of accoucher.] A
midwife. [Recent]
AcOcount6 (#), n. [OE. acount, account, accompt, OF. acont,
fr. aconter. See Account, v. t., Count, n., 1.] 1. A
reckoning; computation; calculation; enumeration; a record
of some reckoning; as, the Julian account of time.
A beggarly account of empty boxes.
2. A registry of pecuniary transactions; a written or
printed statement of business dealings or debts and credits,
and also of other things subjected to a reckoning or review;
as, to keep one's account at the bank.
3. A statement in general of reasons, causes, grounds, etc.,
explanatory of some event; as, no satisfactory account has
been given of these phenomena. Hence, the word is often used
simply for reason, ground, consideration, motive, etc.; as,
on no account, on every account, on all accounts.
4. A statement of facts or occurrences; recital of
transactions; a relation or narrative; a report; a
description; as, an account of a battle. =A laudable account
of the city of London.8
5. A statement and explanation or vindication of one's
conduct with reference to judgment thereon.
Give an account of thy stewardship.
Luke xvi. 2.
6. An estimate or estimation; valuation; judgment. =To stand
high in your account.8
7. Importance; worth; value; advantage; profit. =Men of
account.8 Pope. =To turn to account.8 Shak.
Account current, a running or continued account between two
or more parties, or a statement of the particulars of such
an account. P In account with, in a relation requiring an
account to be kept. P On account of, for the sake of; by
reason of; because of. P On one's own account, for one's own
interest or behalf. P To make account, to have an opinion or
expectation; to reckon. [Obs.]
s other part... makes account to find no slender arguments
for this assertion out of those very scriptures which are
commonly urged against it.
P To make account of, to hold in estimation; to esteem; as,
he makes small account of beauty. P To take account of, or
to take into account, to take into consideration; to notice.
=Of their doings, God takes no account.8 Milton. P A writ of
account (Law), a writ which the plaintiff brings demanding
that the defendant shall render his just account, or show
good cause to the contrary; P called also an action of
Syn. P Narrative; narration; relation; recital; description;
explanation; rehearsal. P Account, Narrative, Narration,
Recital. These words are applied to different modes of
rehearsing a series of events. Account turns attention not
so much to the speaker as to the fact related, and more
properly applies to the report of some single event, or a
group of incidents taken as whole; as, an account of a
battle, of a shipwreck, etc. A narrative is a continuous
story of connected incidents, such as one friend might tell
to another; as, a narrative of the events of a siege, a
narrative of one's life, etc. Narration is usually the same
as narrative, but is sometimes used to describe the mode of
relating events; as, his powers of narration are uncommonly
great. Recital denotes a series of events drawn out into
minute particulars, usually expressing something which
peculiarly interests the feelings of the speaker; as, the
recital of one's wrongs, disappointments, sufferings, etc.
AcOcount6 (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Accounted; p. pr. & vb.
n. Accounting.] [OE. acounten, accompten, OF. aconter;  (L.
ad) + conter to tell, compter to count, L. computare. See
Count, v. t.]
1. To reckon; to compute; to count. [Obs.]
The motion of... the sun whereby years are accounted.
Sir T. Browne.
2. To place to one's account; to put to the credit of; to
assign; P with to. [R.]
3. To value, estimate, or hold in opinion; to judge or
consider; to deem.
Accounting that God was able to raise him up.
Heb. xi. 19.
4. To recount; to relate. [Obs.]
AcOcount6, v. i. 1. To render or receive an account or
relation of particulars; as, an officer must account with or
to the treasurer for money received.
2. To render an account; to answer in judgment; P with for;
as, we must account for the use of our opportunities.
3. To give a satisfactory reason; to tell the cause of; to
explain; P with for; as, idleness accounts for poverty.
To account of, to esteem; to prize; to value. Now used only
in the passive. =I account of her beauty.8
Newer was preaching more accounted of than in the sixteenth
Canon Robinson.
AcOcount6aObil7aObil6iOty (#), n. The state of being
accountable; liability to be called on to render an account;
accountableness. =The awful idea of accountability.8
R. Hall.
AcOcount6aOble (#), a. 1. Liable to be called on to render
an account; answerable; as, every man is accountable to God
for his conduct.
2. Capable of being accounted for; explicable. [R.]
True religion... intelligible, rational, and accountable, P
not a burden but a privilege.
B. Whichcote.
Syn. P Amenable; responsible; liable; answerable.
AcOcount6aOble ness, n. The quality or state of being
accountable; accountability.
AcOcount6aObly, adv. In an accountable manner.
AcOcount6anOcy (#), n. The art or employment of an
AcOcount6ant (#), n. [Cf. F. accomptant, OF. acontant, p.
pr.] 1. One who renders account; one accountable.
2. A reckoner.
3. One who is skilled in, keeps, or adjusts, accounts; an
officer in a public office, who has charge of the accounts.
Accountatn general, the head or superintending accountant in
certain public offices. Also, formerly, an officer in the
English court of chancery who received the moneys paid into
the court, and deposited them in the Bank of England.
AcOcount6ant, a. Accountable. [Obs.]
AcOcount6antOship (#), n. [Accountant + Oship.] The office
or employment of an accountant.
AcOcount6 book7 (#). A book in which accounts are kept.
AcOco6ple (#), v. t. [OF. acopler, F. accoupler. See
Couple.] To join; to couple. [R.]
The Englishmen accoupled themselves with the Frenchmen.
AcOcou6pleOment (#), n. [Cf. F. accouplement.] 1. The act of
coupling, or the state of being coupled; union. [R.]
2. That which couples, as a tie or brace. [R.]
AcOcour6age (#), v. t. [OF. acoragier;  (L. ad) + corage.
See Courage.] To encourage. [Obs.]
AcOcourt6 (#), v. t. [AcO, for L. ad. See Court.] To treat
courteously; to court. [Obs.]
AcOcou6ter, AcOcou6tre } (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Accoutered
or Accoutred (#); p. pr. & vb. n. Accoutering or
Accoutring.] [F. accouter, OF. accoutrer, accoustrer;  (L.
ad) + perh. LL. custor, for custos guardian, sacristan (cf.
Custody), or perh. akin to E. guilt.] To furnish with dress,
or equipments, esp. those for military service; to equip; to
attire; to array.
Bot accoutered like young men.
For this, in rags accoutered are they seen.
Accoutered with his burden and his staff.
AcOcou6terOments, AcOcou6treOments } (#), n. pl. [F.
accoutrement, earlier also accoustrement, earlier also
accoustrement. See Accouter.] Dress; trappings; equipment;
specifically, the devices and equipments worn by soldiers.
How gay with all the accouterments of war!
A. Philips.
AcOcoy6 (#), v. t. [OF. acoyer; acO, for L. ad. See Coy.] 1.
To render quiet; to soothe. [Obs.]
2. To subdue; to tame; to daunt. [Obs.]
Then is your careless courage accoyed.
AcOcred6it (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Accredited; p. pr. & vb.
n. Accrediting.] [F. accrditer;  (L. ad) + crdit credit.
See Credit.] 1. To put or bring into credit; to invest with
credit or authority; to sanction.
His censure will... accredit his praises.
These reasons... which accredit and fortify mine opinion.
2. To send with letters credential, as an ambassador, envoy,
or diplomatic agent; to authorize, as a messenger or
Beton... was accredited to the Court of France.
3. To believe; to credit; to put trust in.
The version of early Roman history which was accredited in
the fifth century.
Sir G. C. Lewis.
He accredited and repeated stories of apparitions and
4. To credit; to vouch for or consider (some one) as doing
something, or (something) as belonging to some one.
To accredit (one) with (something), to attribute something
to him; as, Mr. Clay was accredited with these views; they
accredit him with a wise saying.
AcOcred7iOta6tion (#), n. The act of accrediting; as,
letters of accreditation.
Ac7creOmenOti6tial (#), a. (Physiol.) Pertaining to
Ac7creOmenOti6tion (#), n. [See Accresce, Increment.]
(Physiol.) The process of generation by development of
blastema, or fission of cells, in which the new formation is
in all respect like the individual from which it proceeds.

AcOcresce6 (#), v. i. [L. accrescere. See Accrue.] 1. To
accrue. [R.]
2. To increase; to grow. [Obs.]
AcOcres6cence (#), n. [LL. accrescentia.] Continuous growth;
an accretion. [R.]
The silent accrescence of belief from the unwatched
depositions of a general, never contradicted hearsy.
AcOcres6cent (#), a. [L. accrescens, Oentis, p. pr. of
accrescere; ad + crescere to grow. See Crescent.]
1. Growing; increasing.
2. (Bot.) Growing larger after flowering.
AcOcrete6 (#), v. i. [From L. accretus, p. p. of accrescere
to increase.] 1. To grow together.
2. To adhere; to grow (to); to be added; P with to.
AcOcrete6, v. t. To make adhere; to add.
AcOcrete6, a. 1. Characterized by accretion; made up; as,
accrete matter.
2. (Bot.) Grown together.
AcOcre6tion (#), n. [L. accretio, fr. accrescere to
increase. Cf. Crescent, Increase, Accrue.]
1. The act of increasing by natural growth; esp. the
increase of organic bodies by the internal accession of
parts; organic growth.
2. The act of increasing, or the matter added, by an
accession of parts externally; an extraneous addition; as,
an accretion of earth.
A mineral... augments not by grown, but by accretion.
To strip off all the subordinate parts of his as a later
Sir G. C. Lewis.
3. Concretion; coherence of separate particles; as, the
accretion of particles so as to form a solid mass.
4. A growing together of parts naturally separate, as of the
fingers toes.
5. (Law) (a) The adhering of property to something else, by
which the owner of one thing becomes possessed of a right to
another; generally, gain of land by the washing up of sand
or sail from the sea or a river, or by a gradual recession
of the water from the usual watermark. (b) Gain to an heir
or legatee, failure of a coheir to the same succession, or a
coPlegatee of the same thing, to take his share.
Wharton. Kent.
AcOcre6tive (#), a. Relating to accretion; increasing, or
adding to, by growth.
AcOcrim6iOnate (#), v. t. [L. acO (for ad to) + criminari.]
To accuse of a crime. [Obs.] P AcOcrim7iOna6tion (#), n.
AcOcroach6 (#), v. t. [OE. acrochen, accrochen, to obtain,
OF. acrochier, F. accrocher;  (L. ad) + croc hook (E.
crook).] 1. To hook, or draw to one's self as with a hook.
2. To usurp, as jurisdiction or royal prerogatives.
They had attempted to accroach to themselves royal power.
AcOcroach6ment (#), n. [Cf. F. accrochement.] An
encroachment; usurpation. [Obs.]
AcOcru6al (#), n. Accrument. [R.]
AcOcrue6 (#), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Accrued (#); p. pr. & vb.
n. Accruing.] [See Accrue, n., and cf. Accresce, Accrete.]
1. To increase; to augment.
And though power failed, her courage did accrue.
2. To come to by way of increase; to arise or spring as a
growth or result; to be added as increase, profit, or
damage, especially as the produce of money lent. =Interest
accrues to principal.8
The great and essential advantages accruing to society from
the freedom of the press.
AcOcrue6, n. [F. accr, OF. acr??, p. p. of accro?tre, OF.
acroistre to increase; L. ad + crescere to increase. Cf.
Accretion, Crew. See Crescent.] Something that accrues;
advantage accruing. [Obs.]
AcOcru6er (#), n. (Law) The act of accruing; accretion; as,
title by accruer.
AcOcru6ment (#), n. The process of accruing, or that which
has accrued; increase.
Jer. Taylor.
Ac7cuOba6tion (#), n. [L. accubatio, for accubatio, fr.
accubare to recline; ad + cubare to lie down. See Accumb.]
The act or posture of reclining on a couch, as practiced by
the ancients at meals.
AcOcumb6 (#), v. i. [L. accumbere; ad + cumbere (only in
compounds) to lie down.] To recline, as at table. [Obs.]
AcOcum6benOcy (#), n. The state of being accumbent or
reclining. [R.]
AcOcum6bent (#), a. 1. Leaning or reclining, as the ancient?
did at their meals.
The Roman.. accumbent posture in eating.
2. (Bot.) Lying against anything, as one part of a leaf
against another leaf.
Accumbent cotyledons have their edges placed against the
AcOcum6bent, n. One who reclines at table.
AcOcum6ber (#), v. t. To encumber. [Obs.]
AcOcu6muOlate (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Accumulated (#); p.
pr. & vb. n. Accumulating.] [L. accumulatus, p. p. of
accumulare; ad + cumulare to heap. See Cumulate.] To heap up
in a mass; to pile up; to collect or bring together; to
amass; as, to accumulate a sum of money.
Syn. P To collect; pile up; store; amass; gather; aggregate;
heap together; hoard.

p. 14

AcOcu6muOlate (#), v. i. To grow or increase in quantity or
number; to increase greatly.
Ill fares the land, to hastening ills a prey,
Where wealth accumulates, and men decay.
AcOcu6muOlate (#), a. [L. accumulatus, p. p. of accumulare.]
Collected; accumulated.
AcOcu7muOla6tion (#), n. [L. accumulatio; cf. F.
accumulation.] 1. The act of accumulating, the state of
being accumulated, or that which is accumulated; as, an
accumulation of earth, of sand, of evils, of wealth, of
2. (Law) The concurrence of several titles to the same
Accumulation of energy or power, the storing of energy by
means of weights lifted or masses put in motion; electricity
stored. P An accumulation of degrees (Eng. Univ.), the
taking of several together, or at smaller intervals than
usual or than is allowed by the rules.
AcOcu6muOlaOtive (#), a. Characterized by accumulation;
serving to collect or amass; cumulative; additional. P
AcOcu6muOlaOtiveOly, adv. P AcOcu6muOlaOtiveOness, n.
AcOcu6muOla7tor (#), n. [L.] 1. One who, or that which,
accumulates, collects, or amasses.
2. (Mech.) An apparatus by means of which energy or power
can be stored, such as the cylinder or tank for storing
water for hydraulic elevators, the secondary or storage
battery used for accumulating the energy of electrical
charges, etc.
3. A system of elastic springs for relieving the strain upon
a rope, as in deepPsea dredging.
Ac6cuOraOcy (#; 277), n. [See Accurate.] The state of being
accurate; freedom from mistakes, this exemption arising from
carefulness; exact conformity to truth, or to a rule or
model; precision; exactness; nicety; correctness; as, the
value of testimony depends on its accuracy.
The professed end [of logic] is to teach men to think, to
judge, and to reason, with precision and accuracy.
The accuracy with which the piston fits the sides.
Ac6cuOrate (#), a. [L. accuratus, p. p. and a., fr. accurare
to take care of; ad + curare to take care, cura care. See
Cure.] 1. In exact or careful conformity to truth, or to
some standard of requirement, the result of care or pains;
free from failure, error, or defect; exact; as, an accurate
calculator; an accurate measure; accurate expression,
knowledge, etc.
2. Precisely fixed; executed with care; careful. [Obs.]
Those conceive the celestial bodies have more accurate
influences upon these things below.
Syn. P Correct; exact; just; nice; particular. P Accurate,
Correct, Exact, Precise. We speak of a thing as correct with
reference to some rule or standard of comparison; as, a
correct account, a correct likeness, a man of correct
deportment. We speak of a thing as accurate with reference
to the care bestowed upon its execution, and the increased
correctness to be expected therefrom; as, an accurate
statement, an accurate detail of particulars. We speak of a
thing as exact with reference to that perfected state of a
thing in which there is no defect and no redundance; as, an
exact coincidence, the exact truth, an exact likeness. We
speak of a thing as precise when we think of it as strictly
conformed to some rule or model, as if cut down thereto; as
a precise conformity instructions; precisely right; he was
very precise in giving his directions.
Ac6cuOrateOly, adv. In an accurate manner; exactly;
precisely; without error or defect.
Ac6cuOrateOness, n. The state or quality of being accurate ;
accuracy; exactness; nicety; precision.

AcOcurse6 (#), v. t. [OE. acursien, acorsien; pref. a +
cursien to curse. See Curse.] To devote to destruction; to
imprecate misery or evil upon; to curse; to execrate; to
And the city shall be accursed.
Josh. vi. 17.
Thro' you, my life will be accurst.

AcOcursed6 (#), AcOcurst6 (#), } p. p. & a. Doomed to
destruction or misery; cursed; hence, bad enough to be under
the curse; execrable; detestable; exceedingly hateful; P as,
an accursed deed. Shak. P AcOcurs6edOly, adv. P
AcOcurs6edOness, n.

AcOcus6aOble (#), a. [L. accusabilis: cf. F. accusable.]
Liable to be accused or censured; chargeable with a crime or
fault; blamable; P with of.

AcOcus6al (#), n. Accusation. [R.]
AcOcus6ant (#), n. [L. accusans, p. pr. of accusare: cf. F.
accusant.] An accuser.
Bp. Hall.
Ac7cuOsa6tion (#), n. [OF. acusation, F. accusation, L.
accusatio, fr. accusare. See Accuse.]
1. The act of accusing or charging with a crime or with a
lighter offense.
We come not by the way of accusation
To taint that honor every good tongue blesses.
2. That of which one is accused; the charge of an offense or
crime, or the declaration containing the charge.
[They] set up over his head his accusation.
Matt. xxvii. 37.
Syn. P Impeachment; crimination; censure; charge.

AcOcu7saOti6val (#), a. Pertaining to the accusative case.
AcOcu6saOtive (#), a. [F. accusatif, L. accusativus (in
sense 2), fr. accusare. See Accuse.]
1. Producing accusations; accusatory. =This hath been a very
accusative age.8
Sir E. Dering.
2. (Gram.) Applied to the case (as the fourth case of Latin
and Greek nouns) which expresses the immediate object on
which the action or influence of a transitive verb
terminates, or the immediate object of motion or tendency
to, expressed by a preposition. It corresponds to the
objective case in English.
AcOcu6saOtive, n. (Gram.) The accusative case.

AxOcu6saOtiveOly, adv. 1. In an accusative manner.
2. In relation to the accusative case in grammar.

AcOcu7saOto6riOal (#), a. Accusatory.

AcOcu7saOto6riOalOly, adv. By way accusation.

AcOcu6saOtoOry (#), a. [L. accusatorius, fr. accusare.]
Pertaining to, or containing, an accusation; as, an
accusatory libel.

AcOcuse6 (#), n. Accusation. [Obs.]
AcOcuse6, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Accused (#); p. pr. & vb. n.
Accusing.] [OF. acuser, F. accuser, L. accusare, to call to
account, accuse; ad + causa cause, lawsuit. Cf. Cause.] 1.
To charge with, or declare to have committed, a crime or
offense; (Law) to charge with an offense, judicially or by a
public process; P with of; as, to accuse one of a high crime
or misdemeanor.
Neither can they prove the things whereof they now accuse
Acts xxiv. 13.
We are accused of having persuaded Austria and Sardinia to
lay down their arms.
2. To charge with a fault; to blame; to censure.
Their thoughts the meanwhile accusing or else excusing one
Rom. ii. 15.
3. To betray; to show. [L.]
Sir P. Sidney.
Syn. P To charge; blame; censure; reproach; criminate;
indict; impeach; arraign. P To Accuse, Charge, Impeach,
Arraign. These words agree in bringing home to a person the
imputation of wrongdoing. To accuse is a somewhat formal
act, and is applied usually (though not exclusively) to
crimes; as, to accuse of treason. Charge is the most
generic. It may refer to a crime, a dereliction of duty, a
fault, etc.; more commonly it refers to moral delinquencies;
as, to charge with dishonesty or falsehood. To arraign is to
bring (a person) before a tribunal for trial; as, to arraign
one before a court or at the bar public opinion. To impeach
is officially to charge with misbehavior in office; as, to
impeach a minister of high crimes. Both impeach and arraign
convey the idea of peculiar dignity or impressiveness.

AcOcused6 (#), a. Charged with offense; as, an accused
Commonly used substantively; as, the accused, one charged
with an offense; the defendant in a criminal case.

AcOcuse6ment (#), n. [OF. acusement. See Accuse.]
Accusation. [Obs.]
AcOcus6er (#), n. [OE. acuser, accusour; cf. OF. acuseor,
fr. L. accusator, fr. accusare.] One who accuses; one who
brings a charge of crime or fault.
AcOcus6ingOly, adv. In an accusing manner.

AcOcus6tom (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Accustomed (#); p. pr. &
vb. n. Accustoming.] [OF. acostumer, acustumer, F.
accoutumer; ? (L. ad) + OF. costume, F. coutume, custom. See
Custom.] To make familiar by use; to habituate, familiarize,
or inure; P with to.
I shall always fear that he who accustoms himself to fraud
in little things, wants only opportunity to practice it in
Syn. P To habituate; inure; exercise; train.

AcOcus6tom, v. i. 1. To be wont. [Obs.]
2. To cohabit. [Obs.]
We with the best men accustom openly; you with the basest
commit private adulteries.
AcOcus6tom, n. Custom. [Obs.]
AcOcus6tomOaOble (#), a. Habitual; customary; wonted.
=Accustomable goodness.8
AcOcus6tomOaObly, adv. According to custom; ordinarily;
AcOcus6tomOance (#), n. [OF. accoustumance, F.
accoutumance.] Custom; habitual use. [Obs.]
AcOcust6tomOaOriOly (#), adv. Customarily. [Obs.]

AcOcus6tomOaOry (#), a. Usual; customary. [Archaic]
AcOcus6tomed (#), a. 1. Familiar through use; usual;
customary. =An accustomed action.8
2. Frequented by customers. [Obs.] =A well accustomed shop.8
AcOcus6tomedOness, n. Habituation.
Accustomedness to sin hardens the heart.
Bp. Pearce.
Ace (#), n.; pl. Aces (#). [OE. as, F. as, fr. L. as, assis,
unity, copper coin, the unit of coinage. Cf. As.]
1. A unit; a single point or spot on a card or die; the card
or die so marked; as, the ace of diamonds.
2. Hence: A very small quantity or degree; a particle; an
atom; a jot.
I 'll not wag an ace further.
To bate an ace, to make the least abatement. [Obs.] P Within
an ace of, very near; on the point of.
W. Irving.
AOcel6daOma (#), n. [Gr. ?, fr. Syr. ?k?l dam? the field of
blood.] The potter's field, said to have lain south of
Jerusalem, purchased with the bribe which Judas took for
betraying his Master, and therefore called the field of
blood. Fig.: A field of bloodshed.
The system of warfare... which had already converted immense
tracts into one universal aceldama.
De Quincey.
AOcen6tric (#), a. [Gr. ? priv. + ? a point, a center.] Not
centered; without a center.

Ac6eOphal (#), n. [Gr. ?; ? priv. + ? head: cf. F. acphale,
LL. acephalus.] (Zol.) One of the Acephala.

X AOceph6aOla (#), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. ?, adj. neut. pl.,
headless. See Acephal.] (Zol.) That division of the
Mollusca which includes the bivalve shells, like the clams
and oysters; P so called because they have no evident head.
Formerly the group included the Tunicata, Brachiopoda, and
sometimes the Bryozoa. See Mollusca.

AOceph6aOlan (#), n. Same as Acephal.

AOceph6aOlan, a. (Zol.) Belonging to the Acephala.

X AOceph6aOli (#), n. pl. [LL., pl. of acephalus. See
Acephal.] 1. A fabulous people reported by ancient writers
to have heads.
2. (Eccl. Hist.) (a) A Christian sect without a leader. (b)
Bishops and certain clergymen not under regular diocesan
3. A class of levelers in the time of K. Henry I.

AOceph6aOlist (#), n. One who acknowledges no head or
Dr. Gauden.
AOceph6aOloOcyst (#), n. [Gr. ? without a head + ? bladder.]
(Zol.) A larval entozon in the form of a subglobular or
oval vesicle, or hy datid, filled with fluid, sometimes
found in the tissues of man and the lower animals; P so
called from the absence of a head or visible organs on the
vesicle. These cysts are the immature stages of certain
tapeworms. Also applied to similar cysts of different

AOceph7aOloOcys6tic (#), a. Pertaining to, or resembling,
the acephalocysts.

AOceph6aOlous (#), a. [See Acephal.]
1. Headless.
2. (Zol.) Without a distinct head; P a term applied to
bivalve mollusks.
3. (Bot.) Having the style spring from the base, instead of
from the apex, as is the case in certain ovaries.
4. Without a leader or chief.
5. Wanting the beginning.
A false or acephalous structure of sentence.
De Quincey.

6. (Pros.) Deficient and the beginning, as a line of poetry.
Ac6erOate (#), n. [See Aceric.] (Chem.) A combination of
aceric acid with a salifiable base.

Ac6erOate, a. Acerose; needleOshaped.

AOcerb6 (#), a. [L. acerbus, fr. acer sharp: cf. F. acerbe.
See Acrid.] Sour, bitter, and harsh to the taste, as unripe
fruit; sharp and harsh.

AOcerb6ate (#), v. t. [L. acerbatus, p. p. of acerbare, fr.
acerbus.] To sour; to imbitter; to irritate.

AOcerb6ic (#), a. Sour or severe.

AOcerb6iOtude (#), n. [L. acerbitudo, fr. acerbus.] Sourness
and harshness. [Obs.]
AOcerb6iOty (#), n. [F. acerbit, L. acerbitas, fr. acerbus.
See Acerb.] 1. Sourness of taste, with bitterness and
astringency, like that of unripe fruit.
2. Harshness, bitterness, or severity; as, acerbity of
temper, of language, of pain.
AOcer6ic (#), a. [L. acer maple.] Pertaining to, or obtained
from, the maple; as, aceric acid.
Ac6erOose7 (#), a. [(a) L. acerosus chaffy, fr. acus, gen.
aceris, chaff; (b) as if fr. L. acus needle: cf. F.
acreux.] (Bot.) (a) Having the nature of chaff; chaffy. (b)
NeedlePshaped, having a sharp, rigid point, as the leaf of
the pine.

Ac6erOous (#), a. Same as Acerose.

Ac6erOous, a. [Gr. priv. + a horn.] (Zol.) (a)
Destitute of tentacles, as certain mollusks. (b) Without
antenn, as some insects.

AOcer6val (#), a. [L. acervalis, fr. acervus heap.]
Pertaining to a heap. [Obs.]

AOcer6vate (#), v. t. [L. acervatus, p. p. of acervare to
heap up, fr. acervus heap.] To heap up. [Obs.]
AOcer6vate (#), a. Heaped, or growing in heaps, or closely
compacted clusters.

Ac7erOva6tion (#), n. [L. acervatio.] A heaping up;
accumulation. [R.]
AOcer6vaOtive (#), a. Heaped up; tending to heap up.

AOcer6vose (#), a. Full of heaps. [R.]

AOcer6vuOline (#), a. Resembling little heaps.

AOces6cence (#), AOces6cenOcy (#), } n. [Cf. F. acescence.
See Acescent.] The quality of being acescent; the process of
acetous fermentation; a moderate degree of sourness.
AOces6cent (#), a. [L. acescens, Oentis, p. pr. of acescere
to turn sour; inchoative of acere to be sour: cf. F.
acescent. See Acid.] Turning sour; readily becoming tart or
acid; slightly sour.

AOces6cent, n. A substance liable to become sour.

Ac6eOtaOble (#), n. An acetabulum; or about one eighth of a
pint. [Obs.]
Ac7eOtab6uOlar (#), a. CupOshaped; saucerPshaped;
X Ac7eOtab7uOlif6eOra (#), n. pl. [NL. See Acetabuliferous.]
(Zol.) The division of Cephalopoda in which the arms are
furnished with cupPshaped suckers, as the cuttlefishes,
squids, and octopus; the Dibranchiata. See Cephalopoda.
Ac7eOtab7uOlif6erOous (#), a. [L. acetablum a little cup +
Oferous.] Furnished with fleshy cups for adhering to bodies,
as cuttlefish, etc.
Ac7eOtab6uOliOform (#), a. [L. acetabulum + Oform.] (Bot.)
Shaped like a shallow; saucerPshaped; as, an acetabuliform
X Ac7eOtab6uOlum (#), n. [L., a little saucer for vinegar,
fr. acetum vinegar, fr. acere to be sour.]
1. (Rom. Antiq.) A vinegar cup; socket of the hip bone; a
measure of about one eighth of a pint, etc.
2. (Anat.) (a) The bony cup which receives the head of the
thigh bone. (b) The cavity in which the leg of an insect is
inserted at its articulation with the body. (c) A sucker of
the sepia or cuttlefish and related animals. (d) The large
posterior sucker of the leeches. (e) One of the lobes of the
placenta in ruminating animals.

Ac6eOtal (#), n. [Aceic + alcohol.] (Chem.) A limpid,
colorless, inflammable liquid from the slow oxidation of
alcohol under the influence of platinum black.

Ac7etOal6deOhyde (#), n. Acetic aldehyde. See Aldehyde.

Ac7etOam6ide (#), n. [Acetyl + amide.] (Chem.) A white
crystalline solid, from ammonia by replacement of an
equivalent of hydrogen by acetyl.

Ac7etOan6iOlide (#), n. [Acetyl + anilide.] (Med.) A
compound of aniline with acetyl, used to allay fever or
pain; P called also antifebrine.

Ac7eOta6riOous (#), a. [L. acetaria, n. pl., salad, fr.
acetum vinegar, fr. acere to be sour.] Used in salads; as,
acetarious plants.

p. 15

Ac6eOtaOry (#), n. [L. acetaria salad plants.] An acid pulp
in certain fruits, as the pear.
Ac6eOtate (#), n. [L. acetum vinegar, fr. acere to be sour.]
(Chem.) A salt formed by the union of acetic acid with a
base or positive radical; as, acetate of lead, acetate of

Ac6eOta7ted (#), a. Combined with acetic acid.

AOce6tic (#; 277), a. [L. acetum vinegar, fr. acere to be
sour.] (Chem.) (a) Of a pertaining to vinegar; producing
vinegar; producing vinegar; as, acetic fermentation. (b)
Pertaining to, containing, or derived from, acetyl, as
acetic ether, acetic acid. The latter is the acid to which
the sour taste of vinegar is due.

AOcet7iOfiOca6tion (#), n. The act of making acetous or
sour; the process of converting, or of becoming converted,
into vinegar.

AOcet6iOfi7er (#), n. An apparatus for hastening

AOcet6iOfy (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Acetified (#); p. pr. &
vb. n. Acetifying (#).] [L. acetum vinegar + Ofly.] To
convert into acid or vinegar.

AOcet6iOfy, v. i. To turn acid.
Encyc. Dom. Econ.

Ac7eOtim6eOter (#), n. [L. acetum vinegar + Ometer: cf. F.
tre.] An instrument for estimating the amount of
acetic acid in vinegar or in any liquid containing acetic

Ac7eOtim6eOtry (#), n. The act or method of ascertaining the
strength of vinegar, or the proportion of acetic acid
contained in it.
Ac6eOtin (#), n. (Chem.) A combination of acetic acid with
Brande & C.
Ac6eOtize (#), v. i. To acetify. [R.]

Ac7eOtom6eOter (#), n. Same as Acetimeter.
Brande & C.

Ac6eOtone (#), n. [See Acetic.] (Chem.) A volatile liquid
consisting of three parts of carbon, six of hydrogen, and
one of oxygen; pyroacetic spirit, P obtained by the
distillation of certain acetates, or by the destructive
distillation of citric acid, starch, sugar, or gum, with
5 The term in also applied to a number of bodies of similar
constitution, more frequently called ketones. See Ketone.

Ac7eOton6ic (#), a. Of or pertaining to acetone; as,
acetonic bodies.

Ac6eOtose (#), a. Sour like vinegar; acetous.

Ac7eOtos6iOty (#), n. [LL. acetositas. See Acetous.] The
quality of being acetous; sourness.

AOce6tous (#; 277), a. [L. acetum vinegar, fr. acere to be
sour.] 1. Having a sour taste; sour; acid. =An acetous
spirit.8 Boyle. =A liquid of an acetous kind.8
Bp. Lowth.
2. Causing, or connected with, acetification; as, acetous
Acetous acid, a name formerly given to vinegar<-- which
contains acetic acid -->.
Ac6eOtyl (#), n. [L. acetum vinegar + Gr. ? substance. See
Oyl.] (Chem.) A complex, hypothetical radical, composed of
two parts of carbon to three of hydrogen and one of oxygen.
Its hydroxide is acetic acid.

AOcet6yOlene (#), n. (Chem.) A gaseous compound of carbon
and hydrogen, in the proportion of two atoms of the former
to two of the latter. It is a colorless gas, with a
peculiar, unpleasant odor, and is produced for use as an
illuminating gas in a number of ways, but chiefly by the
action of water on calcium carbide. Its light is very
Ach, Ache } (#), n. [F. ache, L. apium parsley.] A name
given to several species of plants; as, smallage, wild
celery, parsley. [Obs.]
AOch6an (#), AOcha6ian (#) } a. [L. Achaeus, Achaius; Gr.
?.] Of or pertaining to Achaia in Greece; also, Grecian. P
n. A native of Achaia; a Greek.

X AOchar6neOment (#), n. [F.] Savage fierceness; ferocity.

Ach6ate (#), n. An agate. [Obs.]
AOchate6 (#), n. [F. achat purchase. See Cates.]
1. Purchase; bargaining. [Obs.]
2. pl. Provisions. Same as Cates. [Obs.]

X Ach7aOti6na (#), n. [NL., from Gr. ? agate.] (Zol.) A
genus of land snails, often large, common in the warm parts
of America and Africa.

AOchaOtour6 (#), n. [See Cater.] Purveyor; acater. [Obs.]
Ache (#), n. [OE. ache, AS. ce, ece, fr. acan to ache. See
Ache, v. i.] Continued pain, as distinguished from sudden
twinges, or spasmodic pain. =Such an ache in my bones.=
5 Often used in composition, as, a headache, an earache, a

Ache (#), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Ached (#); p. pr. & vb. n.
Aching (#).] [OE. aken, AS. acan, both strong verbs, AS.
acan, imp. ?c, p. p. acen, to ache; perh. orig. to drive,
and akin to agent.] To suffer pain; to have, or be in, pain,
or in continued pain; to be distressed. =My old bones ache.8
The sins that in your conscience ache.
AOche6an (#), a & n. See Achan, Achaian.

AOchene6 (#), AOche6niOum (#) } n. [Gr. ? priv. + ? to
gape.] (Bot.) A small, dry, indehiscent fruit, containing a
single seed, as in the buttercup; P called a naked seed by
the earlier botanists. [Written also akene and achnium.]

AOche6niOal (#), a. Pertaining to an achene.

Ach6eOron (#), n. [L., fr. Gr. ?.] (Myth.) A river in the
Nether World or infernal regions; also, the infernal regions
themselves. By some of the English poets it was supposed to
be a flaming lake or gulf.
Ach7eOron6tic (#), a. Of or pertaining to Acheron; infernal;
hence, dismal, gloomy; moribund.

AOchiev6aOble (#), a. Capable of being achieved.

AOchiev6ance (#), n. [Cf. OF. achevance.] Achievement.
Sir T. Elyot.

AOchieve6 (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Achieved (#); p. pr. &
vb. n. Achieving (#).] [OE. acheven, OF. achever, achiever,
F. achever, to finish; ? (L. ad) + OF. chief, F. chef, end,
head, fr. L. caput head. See Chief.] 1. To carry on to a
final close; to bring out into a perfected state; to
accomplish; to perform; P as, to achieve a feat, an exploit,
an enterprise.
Supposing faculties and powers to be the same, far more may
be achieved in any line by the aid of a capital,
invigorating motive than without it.
I. Taylor.
2. To obtain, or gain, as the result of exertion; to succeed
in gaining; to win.
Some are born great, some achieve greatness.
Thou hast achieved our liberty.
[Obs., with a material thing as the aim.]
Show all the spoils by valiant kings achieved.
He hath achieved a maid
That paragons description.
3. To finish; to kill. [Obs.]
Syn. P To accomplish; effect; fulfill; complete; execute;
perform; realize; obtain. See Accomplish.

AOchieve6ment (#), n. [Cf. F. ach
vement, E. Hatchment.] 1.
The act of achieving or performing; an obtaining by
exertion; successful performance; accomplishment; as, the
achievement of his object.
2. A great or heroic deed; something accomplished by valor,
boldness, or praiseworthy exertion; a feat.
[The exploits] of the ancient saints... do far surpass the
most famous achievements of pagan heroes.
The highest achievements of the human intellect.
3. (Her.) An escutcheon or ensign armorial; now generally
applied to the funeral shield commonly called hatchment.
AOchiev6er (#), n. One who achieves; a winner.

Ach7ilOle6an (#), a. Resembling Achilles, the hero of the
Iliad; invincible.

AOchil6les' ten6don (#), n. [L. Achillis tendo.] (Anat.) The
strong tendon formed of the united tendons of the large
muscles in the calf of the leg, an inserted into the bone of
the heel; P so called from the mythological account of
Achilles being held by the heel when dipped in the River

AOchi6lous (#), a. [Gr. ? priv. + ? lip.] (Bot.) Without a

Ach6ing (#), a. That aches; continuously painful. See Ache.
P Ach6ingOly, adv.
The aching heart, the aching head.
X A7chiOo6te (#), n. [Sp. achiote, fr. Indian achiotl.]
Seeds of the annotto tree; also, the coloring matter,
AOchlam6yOdate (#), a. [Gr. ? priv. + ?. ?. a short cloak.]
(Zol.) Not possessing a mantle; P said of certain

Ach7laOmyd6eOous (#), a. (Bot.) Naked; having no floral
envelope, neither calyx nor corolla.

X AOcho6liOa (#), n. [NL., from Gr. ?; ? priv. + ? bile.]
(Med.) Deficiency or want of bile.

Ach6oOlous (#), a. (Med.) Lacking bile.

Ach7roOmat6ic (#), a. [Gr. ? colorless; ? priv. + ?, ?,
color: cf. F. achromatique.] 1. (Opt.) Free from color;
transmitting light without decomposing it into its primary
2. (Biol.) Uncolored; not absorbing color from a fluid; P
said of tissue.
Achromatic lens (Opt.), a lens composed usually of two
separate lenses, a convex and concave, of substances having
different refractive and dispersive powers, as crown and
flint glass, with the curvatures so adjusted that the
chromatic aberration produced by the one is corrected by
other, and light emerges from the compound lens
undecomposed. P Achromatic prism. See Prism, P Achromatic
telescope, or microscope, one in which the chromatic
aberration is corrected, usually by means of a compound or
achromatic object glass, and which gives images free from
extraneous color.

Ach7roOmat6icOalOly (#), adv. In an achromatic manner.

Ach7roOmaOtic6iOty (#), n. Achromatism.

AOchro6maOtin (#), n. (Biol.) Tissue which is not stained by
fluid dyes.
W. Flemming.

AOchro6maOtism (#), n. [Cf. F. achromatisme.] The state or
quality of being achromatic; as, the achromatism of a lens;

AOchro7maOtiOza6tion (#), n. [Cf. F. achromatisation.] The
act or process of achromatizing.

AOchro6maOtize (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Achromatized (#); p.
pr. & vb. n. Achromatizing (#).] [Gr. ? priv. + ? color.] To
deprive of color; to make achromatic.

AOchro6maOtop6sy (#), n. [Gr. ? priv. + ? color + ? sight.]
Color blindness; inability to distinguish colors; Daltonism.

AOchron6ic (#), a. See Acronyc.

Ach7roOOdex6trin (#), n. [Gr. ? colorless + E. dextrin.]
(Physiol. Chem.) Dextrin not colorable by iodine. See

Ach6roOous (#), a. [Gr. ?; ? priv. + ? color.] Colorless;

AOchy6lous (#), a. [Gr. ? without juice.] (Physiol.) Without

AOchy6mous (#), a. [Gr. ? without juice.] (Physiol.) Without

X AOcic6uOla (#), n.; pl. Acicul (#). [L., a small needle,
dimin. of acus needle.] (Nat. Hist.) One of the needlelike
or bristlelike spines or prickles of some animals and
plants; also, a needlelike crystal.

AOcic6uOlar (#), a. NeedlePshaped; slender like a needle or
bristle, as some leaves or crystals; also, having sharp
points like needless. P AOcic6uOlarOly, adv.

AOcic6uOlate (#), AOcic6uOla6ted (#) } a. (Nat. Hist.) (a)
Furnished with acicul. (b) Acicular. (c) Marked with fine
irregular streaks as if scratched by a needle.
AOcic6uOliOform (#), a. [L. acicula needle + Oform.]
NeedlePshaped; acicular.
AOcic6uOlite (#), n. (Min.) Needle ore.
Brande & C.
Ac6id (#), a. [L. acidus sour, fr. the root ak to be sharp:
cf. F. acide. Cf. Acute.] 1. Sour, sharp, or biting to the
taste; tart; having the taste of vinegar: as, acid fruits or
liquors. Also fig.: SourPtempered.
He was stern and his face as acid as ever.
A. Trollope.
2. Of or pertaining to an acid; as, acid reaction.

Ac6id, n. 1. A sour substance.
2. (Chem.) One of a class of compounds, generally but not
always distinguished by their sour taste, solubility in
water, and reddening of vegetable blue or violet colors.
They are also characterized by the power of destroying the
distinctive properties of alkalies or bases, combining with
them to form salts, at the same time losing their own
peculiar properties. They all contain hydrogen, united with
a more negative element or radical, either alone, or more
generally with oxygen, and take their names from this
negative element or radical. Those which contain no oxygen
are sometimes called hydracids in distinction from the
others which are called oxygen acids or oxacids.
5 In certain cases, sulphur, selenium, or tellurium may take
the place of oxygen, and the corresponding compounds are
called respectively sulphur acids or sulphacids, selenium
acids, or tellurium acids. When the hydrogen of an acid is
replaced by a positive element or radical, a salt is formed,
and hence acids are sometimes named as salts of hydrogen; as
hydrogen nitrate for nitric acid, hydrogen sulphate for
sulphuric acid, etc. In the old chemistry the name acid was
applied to the oxides of the negative or nonmetallic
elements, now sometimes called anhydrides.

AOcid6ic (#), a. (Min.) Containing a high percentage of
silica; P opposed to basic.
acid, as an acidic solution. PP>

Ac7idOif6erOous (#), a. [L. acidus sour + Oferous.]
Containing or yielding an acid.

AOcid6iOfi7aOble (#), a. Capable of being acidified, or
converted into an acid.

Ac7idOif6ic (#), a. Producing acidity; converting into an
AOcid7iOfiOca6tion (#), n. [Cf. F. acidification.] The act
or process of acidifying, or changing into an acid.
AOcid6iOfi7er (#), n. (Chem.) A simple or compound
principle, whose presence is necessary to produce acidity,
as oxygen, chlorine, bromine, iodine, etc.
AOcid6iOfy (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Acidified (#); p. pr. &
vb. n. Acidifying (#). [L. acidus sour, acid + Ofly: cf. F.
acidifier.] 1. To make acid; to convert into an acid; as, to
acidify sugar.
2. To sour; to imbitter.
His thin existence all acidified into rage.
Ac7idOim6eOter (#), n. [L. acidus acid + Ometer.] (Chem.) An
instrument for ascertaining the strength of acids.
Ac7idOim6eOtry (#), n. [L. acidus acid + Ometry.] (Chem.)
The measurement of the strength of acids, especially by a
chemical process based on the law of chemical combinations,
or the fact that, to produce a complete reaction, a certain
definite weight of reagent is required. P Ac7idOiOmet6ricOal
(#), a.
AOcid6iOty (#), n. [L. acidites, fr. acidus: cf. F. acidit.
See Acid.] The quality of being sour; sourness; tartness;
sharpness to the taste; as, the acidity of lemon juice.
Ac6idOly (#), adv. Sourly; tartly.
Ac6idOness (#), n. Acidity; sourness.
AOcid6uOlate (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Acidulated (#); p. pr.
& vb. n. Acidulating (#).] [Cf. F. aciduler. See Acidulous.]
To make sour or acid in a moderate degree; to sour somewhat.
AOcid6uOlent (#), a. Having an acid quality; sour;
acidulous. =With anxious, acidulent face.8
AOcid6uOlous (#), a. [L. acidulus, dim. of acidus. See
Acid.] Slightly sour; subPacid; sourish; as, an acidulous
E. Burke.
Acidulous mineral waters, such as contain carbonic
Ac7iOerOage (#), n. [F. acirage, fr. acier steel.] The
process of coating the surface of a metal plate (as a
stereotype plate) with steellike iron by means of voltaic
electricity; steeling.
Ac6iOform (#), a. [L. acus needle + Oform.] Shaped like a
Ac6iOna6ceous (#), a. [L. acinus a grape, grapestone.]
(Bot.) Containing seeds or stones of grapes, or grains like
X AOcin6aOces (#), n. [L., from Gr. ?.] (Anc. Hist.) A short
sword or saber.
Ac7iOnac6iOform (#), a. [L. acinaces a short sword + Oform:
cf. F. acinaciforme.] (Bot.) ScimeterPshaped; as, an
acinaciform leaf.
X Ac7iOne6siOa (#), n. (Med.) Same as Akinesia.
X Ac7iOne6t (#), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. ? immovable.] (Zol.)
A group of suctorial Infusoria, which in the adult stage are
stationary. See Suctoria.
Ac7iOnet6iOform (#), a. [Acinet + Oform.] (Zol.)
Resembling the Acinet.
AOcin6iOform (#), a. [L. acinus a grape, grapestone + Oform:
cf. F. acinoforme.] 1. Having the form of a cluster of
grapes; clustered like grapes.
2. Full of small kernels like a grape.
Ac6iOnose7 (#), Ac6iOnous (#) } a. [L. acinosus, fr. acinus
grapestone.] Consisting of acini, or minute granular
concretions; as, acinose or acinous glands.

p. 16

X Ac6iOnus (#), n.; pl. Acini (#). [L., grape, grapestone.]
1. (Bot.) (a) One of the small grains or drupelets which
make up some kinds of fruit, as the blackberry, raspberry,
etc. (b) A grapestone.
2. (Anat.) One of the granular masses which constitute a
racemose or compound gland, as the pancreas; also, one of
the saccular recesses in the lobules of a racemose gland.
X Ac7iOpen6ser (#), n. [L., the name of a fish.] (Zol.) A
genus of ganoid fishes, including the sturgeons, having the
body armed with bony scales, and the mouth on the under side
of the head. See Sturgeon.
Ac6iOur7gy (#), n. [Gr. ? a point + ? work.] Operative
AcOknow6 (#), v. t. [Pref. aO + know; AS. oncn>wan.] 1. To
recognize. [Obs.] =You will not be acknown, sir.8
B. Jonson.
2. To acknowledge; to confess. [Obs.]
To be acknown (often with of or on), to acknowledge; to
confess. [Obs.]
We say of a stubborn body that standeth still in the denying
of his fault. This man will now acknowledge his fault, or,
He will not be acknown of his fault.
Sir T. More.
AcOknowl6edge (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Acknowledged (#); p.
pr. & vb. n. Acknowledging (#).] [Prob. fr. pref. aO + the
verb knowledge. See Knowledge, and ci. Acknow.] 1. To of or
admit the knowledge of; to recognize as a fact or truth; to
declare one's belief in; as, to acknowledge the being of a
I acknowledge my transgressions.
Ps. li. 3.
For ends generally acknowledged to be good.
2. To own or recognize in a particular character or
relationship; to admit the claims or authority of; to give
recognition to.
In all thy ways acknowledge Him.
Prov. iii. 6.
By my soul, I'll ne'er acknowledge thee.
3. To own with gratitude or as a benefit or an obligation;
as, to acknowledge a favor, the receipt of a letter.
They his gifts acknowledged none.
4. To own as genuine; to assent to, as a legal instrument,
to give it validity; to avow or admit in legal form; as, to
acknowledgea deed.
Syn. P To avow; proclaim; recognize; own; admit; allow;
concede; confess. P Acknowledge, Recognize. Acknowledge is
opposed to keep back, or conceal, and supposes that
something had been previously known to us (though perhaps
not to others) which we now feel bound to lay open or make
public. Thus, a man acknowledges a secret marriage; one who
has done wrong acknowledges his fault; and author
acknowledge his obligation to those who have aided him; we
acknowledge our ignorance. Recognize supposes that we have
either forgotten or not had the evidence of a thing
distinctly before our minds, but that now we know it (as it
were) anew, or receive and admit in on the ground of the
evidence it brings. Thus, we recognize a friend after a long
absence. We recognize facts, principles, truths, etc., when
their evidence is brought up fresh to the mind; as, bad men
usually recognize the providence of God in seasons of
danger. A foreign minister, consul, or agent, of any kind,
is recognized on the ground of his producing satisfactory
credentials. See also Confess.
AcOknowl6edgedOly (#), adv. Confessedly.
AcOknowl6edgOer (#), n. One who acknowledges.
AcOknowl6edgOment (#), n. 1. The act of acknowledging;
admission; avowal; owning; confession. =An acknowledgment of
2. The act of owning or recognized in a particular character
or relationship; recognition as regards the existence,
authority, truth, or genuineness.
Immediately upon the acknowledgment of the Christian faith,
the eunuch was baptized by Philip.
3. The owning of a benefit received; courteous recognition;
expression of thanks.
4. Something given or done in return for a favor, message,
5. A declaration or avowal of one's own act, to give it
legal validity; as, the acknowledgment of a deed before a
proper officer. Also, the certificate of the officer
attesting such declaration.
Acknowledgment money, in some parts of England, a sum paid
by copyhold tenants, on the death of their landlords, as an
acknowledgment of their new lords.
Syn. P Confession; concession; recognition; admission;
avowal; recognizance.
AOclin6ic (#), a. [Gr. ? priv. + ? to incline.] (Physics.)
Without inclination or dipping; P said the magnetic needle
balances itself horizontally, having no dip. The aclinic
line is also termed the magnetic equator.
Prof. August.
Ac6me (#), n. [Gr. ? point, top.] 1. The top or highest
point; the culmination.
The very acme and pitch of life for epic poetry.
The moment when a certain power reaches the acme of its
I. Taylor.
2. (Med.) The crisis or height of a disease.
3. Mature age; full bloom of life.
B. Jonson.
Ac6ne (#), n. [NL., prob. a corruption of Gr. ?] (Med.) A
pustular affection of the skin, due to changes in the
sebaceous glands.
AcOno6dal (#), a. Pertaining to acnodes.
Ac6node (#), n. [L. acus needle + E. node.] (Geom.) An
isolated point not upon a curve, but whose cordinates
satisfy the equation of the curve so that it is considered
as belonging to the curve.
AOcock6 (#), adv. [Pref. aO + cock.] In a cocked or turned
up fashion.
AOcock6bill7 (#), adv. [Prefix aO + cock + bill: with bills
cocked up.] (Naut.) (a) Hanging at the cathead, ready to let
go, as an anchor. (b) Topped up; having one yardarm higher
than the other.
AOcold6 (#), a. [Prob. p. p. of OE. acolen to grow cold or
cool, AS. >c?lian to grow cold; pref. aO (cf. Goth. erO,
orig. meaning out) + c?lian to cool. See Cool.] Cold. [Obs.]
=Poor Tom's acold.8
Ac7oOlog6ic (#), a. Pertaining to acology.
AOcol6oOgy (#), n. [Gr. ? remedy + Ology.] Materia medica;
the science of remedies.
AOcol6oOthist (#), n. See Acolythist.
Ac7oOlyc6tine (#), n. [From the name of the plant.] (Chem.)
An organic base, in the form of a white powder, obtained
from Aconitum lycoctonum.
Eng. Cyc.
Ac7oOlyte (#), n. [LL. acolythus, acoluthus, Gr. ?
following, attending: cf. F. acolyte.]
1. (Eccl.) One who has received the highest of the four
minor orders in the Catholic church, being ordained to carry
the wine and water and the lights at the Mass.
2. One who attends; an assistant. =With such chiefs, and
with James and John as acolytes.8
Ac6oOlyth (#), n. Same as Acolyte.
AOcol6yOthist (#), n. An acolyte. [Obs.]
AOcond6dyOlose7 (#), AOcon6dyOlous (#), } a. [Gr. ? priv. +
? joint.] (Nat. Hist.) Being without joints; jointless.
Ac7oOni6tal (#), a. Of the nature of aconite.
Ac6oOnite (#), n. [L. aconitum, Gr. ?: cf. F. aconit.] 1.
(Bot.) The herb wolfsbane, or monkshood; P applied to any
plant of the genus Aconitum (tribe Hellebore), all the
species of which are poisonous.
2. An extract or tincture obtained from Aconitum napellus,
used as a poison and medicinally.
Winter aconite, a plant (Eranthis hyemalis) allied to the
X Ac7oOni6tiOa (#), n. (Chem.) Same as Aconitine.
Ac7oOnit6ic (#), a. Of or pertaining to aconite.
AOcon6iOtine (#), n. (Chem.) An intensely poisonous
alkaloid, extracted from aconite.
X Ac7oOni6tum (#), n. [L. See Aconite.] The poisonous herb
aconite; also, an extract from it.
As aconitum or rash gunpowder.
X AOcon6tiOa (#), n. pl. [NL., from Gr. ? a little dart.]
(Zol.) Threadlike defensive organs, composed largely of
nettling cells (cnid), thrown out of the mouth or special
pores of certain Actini when irritated.
X AOcon6tiOas (#), n. [NL., from Gr. ?, fr. ?, dim. ? dart.]
(Zol.) Anciently, a snake, called dart snake; now, one of a
genus of reptiles closely allied to the lizards.
AOcop6ic (#), a. [Gr. ? priv. + ? striking. weariness, ? to
strike.] (Med.) Relieving weariness; restorative.
A6corn (#), n. [AS. cern, fr. cer field, acre; akin to D.
aker acorn, Ger. ecker, Icel. akarn, Dan. agern, Goth. akran
fruit, akrs field; P orig. fruit of the field. See Acre.] 1.
The fruit of the oak, being an oval nut growing in a woody
cup or cupule.
2. (Naut.) A conePshaped piece of wood on the point of the
spindle above the vane, on the mastPhead.
3. (Zol.) See AcornPshell.
A6corn cup (#). The involucre or cup in which the acorn is
A6corned (#), a. 1. Furnished or loaded with acorns.
2. Fed or filled with acorns. [R.]
A6cornPshell7 (#), n. (Zol.) One of the sessile cirripeds;
a barnacle of the genus Balanus. See Barnacle.
AOcos6mism (#), n. [Gr. ? priv. + ? world.] A denial of the
existence of the universe as distinct from God.
AOcos6mist (#), n. [See Acosmism.] One who denies the
existence of the universe, or of a universe as distinct from
G. H. Lewes.
AOcot7yOle6don (#; 277), n. [Gr. ? priv. + ? anything
cupPshaped. See Cotyledon.] (Bot.) A plant which has no
cotyledons, as the dodder and all flowerless plants.
AOcot7yOled6onOous (#; 277), a. Having no seed lobes, as the
dodder; also applied to plants which have no true seeds, as
ferns, mosses, etc.
AOcou6chy (#), n. [F. acouchi, from the native name Guiana.]
(Zol.) A small species of agouti (Dasyprocta acouchy).
AOcou6meOter (#), n. [Gr. ? to hear + Ometer.] (Physics.) An
instrument for measuring the acuteness of the sense of
AOcou6meOtry (#), n. [Gr. ? to hear + Ometry.] The measuring
of the power or extent of hearing.
AOcous6tic (#; 277), a. [F. acoustique, Gr. ? relating to
hearing, fr. ? to hear.] Pertaining to the sense of hearing,
the organs of hearing, or the science of sounds; auditory.
Acoustic duct, the auditory duct, or external passage of the
ear. P Acoustic telegraph, a telegraph making audible
signals; a telephone. P Acoustic vessels, brazen tubes or
vessels, shaped like a bell, used in ancient theaters to
propel the voices of the actors, so as to render them
audible to a great distance.
AOcous6tic, n. A medicine or agent to assist hearing.
AOcous6ticOal (#), a. Of or pertaining to acoustics.
AOcous6ticOalOly (#), adv. In relation to sound or to
Ac7ousOti6cian (#), n. One versed in acoustics.
AOcous6tics (#; 277), n. [Names of sciences in Oics, as,
acoustics, mathematics, etc., are usually treated as
singular. See Oics.] (Physics.) The science of sounds,
teaching their nature, phenomena, and laws.
Acoustics, then, or the science of sound, is a very
considerable branch of physics.
Sir J. Herschel.
5 The science is, by some writers, divided, into
diacoustics, which explains the properties of sounds coming
directly from the ear; and catacoustica, which treats of
reflected sounds or echoes.
AcOquaint6 (#), a. [OF. acoint. See Acquaint, v. t.]
Acquainted. [Obs. or Archaic]
AcOquaint6, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Acquainted; p. pr. & vb. n.
Acquainting.] [OE. aqueinten, acointen, OF. acointier, LL.
adcognitare, fr. L. ad + cognitus, p. p. of cognoscere to
know; conO + noscere to know. See Quaint, Know.] 1. To
furnish or give experimental knowledge of; to make (one) to
know; to make familiar; P followed by with.
Before a man can speak on any subject, it is necessary to be
acquainted with it.
A man of sorrows and acquainted with grief.
Isa. liii. 3.
2. To communicate notice to; to inform; to make cognizant; P
followed by with (formerly, also, by of), or by that,
introducing the intelligence; as, to acquaint a friend with
the particulars of an act.
Acquaint her here of my son Paris' love.
I must acquaint you that I have received
New dated letters from Northumberland.
3. To familiarize; to accustom. [Obs.]
To be acquainted with, to be possessed of personal knowledge
of; to be cognizant of; to be more or less familiar with; to
be on terms of social intercourse with.
Syn. P To inform; apprise; communicate; advise.
AcOquaint6aOble (#), a. [Cf. OF. acointable. Easy to be
acquainted with; affable. [Obs.]
Rom. of R.
AcOquaint6ance (#), n. [OE. aqueintance, OF. acointance, fr.
acointier. See Acquaint.] 1. A state of being acquainted, or
of having intimate, or more than slight or superficial,
knowledge; personal knowledge gained by intercourse short of
that of friendship or intimacy; as, I know the man; but have
no acquaintance with him.
Contract no friendship, or even acquaintance, with a
guileful man.
Sir W. Jones.
2. A person or persons with whom one is acquainted.
Montgomery was an old acquaintance of Ferguson.
5 In this sense the collective term acquaintance was
formerly both singular and plural, but it is now commonly
singular, and has the regular plural acquaintances.
To be of acquaintance, to be intimate. P To take
acquaintance of or with, to make the acquaintance of. [Obs.]
Syn. P Familiarity; intimacy; fellowship; knowledge. P
Acquaintance, Familiarity, Intimacy. These words mark
different degrees of closeness in social intercourse.
Acquaintance arises from occasional intercourse; as, our
acquaintance has been a brief one. We can speak of a slight
or an intimate acquaintance. Familiarity is the result of
continued acquaintance. It springs from persons being
frequently together, so as to wear off all restraint and
reserve; as, the familiarity of old companions. Intimacy is
the result of close connection, and the freest interchange
of thought; as, the intimacy of established friendship.
Our admiration of a famous man lessens upon our nearer
acquaintance with him.
We contract at last such a familiarity with them as makes it
difficult and irksome for us to call off our minds.
It is in our power to confine our friendships and intimacies
to men of virtue.
AcOquaint6anceOship, n. A state of being acquainted;
AcOquaint6ant (#), n. [Cf. F. acointant, p. pr.] An
acquaintance. [R.]
AcOquaint6ed, a. Personally known; familiar. See To be
acquainted with, under Acquaint, v. t.
AcOquaint6edOness, n. State of being acquainted; degree of
acquaintance. [R.]
AcOquest6 (#), n. [OF. aquest, F. acqut, fr. LL. acquestum,
acquisFtum, for L. acquisFtum, p. p. (used substantively) of
acquirere to acquire. See Acquire.]
1. Acquisition; the thing gained. [R.]
2. (Law) Property acquired by purchase, gift, or otherwise
than by inheritance.
Ac7quiOesce6 (#), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Acquiesced (#); p. pr.
& vb. n. Acquiescing (#)] [ L. acquiescere; ad + quiescere
to be quiet, fr. quies rest: cf. F. acquiescer. See Quiet.]
1. To rest satisfied, or apparently satisfied, or to rest
without opposition and discontent (usually implying previous
opposition or discontent); to accept or consent by silence
or by omitting to object; P followed by in, formerly also by
with and to.
They were compelled to acquiesce in a government which they
did not regard as just.
De Quincey.
2. To concur upon conviction; as, to acquiesce in an
opinion; to assent to; usually, to concur, not heartily but
so far as to forbear opposition.
Syn. P To submit; comply; yield; assent; agree; consent;
accede; concur; conform; accept tacitly.
Ac7quiOes6cence (#), n. [Cf. F. acquiescence.]
1. A silent or passive assent or submission, or a submission
with apparent content; P distinguished from avowed consent
on the one hand, and on the other, from opposition or open
discontent; quiet satisfaction.
2. (Crim. Law) (a) Submission to an injury by the party
injured. (b) Tacit concurrence in the action of another.

p. 17

Ac7quiOes6cenOcy (#), n. The quality of being acquiescent;
Ac7 quiOes6cent (#), a. [L. acquiescens, O?entis; p. pr.]
Resting satisfied or submissive; disposed tacitly to submit;
assentive; as, an acquiescent policy.
Ac7quiOes6centOly, adv. In an acquiescent manner.
AcOqui6et (#), v. t. [LL. acquietare; L. ad + quies rest.
See Quiet and cf. Acquit.] To quiet. [Obs.]
Acquiet his mind from stirring you against your own peace.
Sir A. Sherley.
AcOquir6aObil6iOty (#), n. The quality of being acquirable;
attainableness. [R.]
AcOquir6aOble (#), a. Capable of being acquired.
AcOquire6 (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Acquired (#); p. pr. &
vb. n. Acquiring (#).] [L. acquirere, acquisitum; ad +
quarere to seek for. In OE. was a verb aqueren, fr. the
same, through OF. aquerre. See Quest..] To gain, usually by
one's own exertions; to get as one's own; as, to acquire a
title, riches, knowledge, skill, good or bad habits.
No virtue is acquired in an instant, but step by step.
Descent is the title whereby a man, on the death of his
ancestor, acquires his estate, by right of representation,
as his heir at law.
Syn. P To obtain; gain; attain; procure; win; earn; secure.
See Obtain.
AcOquire6ment (#), n. The act of acquiring, or that which is
acquired; attainment. =Rules for the acquirement of a
His acquirements by industry were... enriched and enlarged
by many excellent endowments of nature.
Syn. P Acquisition, Acquirement. Acquirement is used in
opposition to a natural gift or talent; as, eloquence, and
skill in music and painting, are acquirements; genius is the
gift or endowment of nature. It denotes especially personal
attainments, in opposition to material or external things
gained, which are more usually called acquisitions; but this
distinction is not always observed.
AcOquir6er (#), n. A person who acquires.
AcOquir6y (#), n. Acquirement. [Obs.]
Ac6quiOsite (#), a. [L. acquisitus, p. p. of acquirere. See
Acquire.] Acquired. [Obs.]
Ac7quiOsi6tion (#), n. [L. acquisitio, fr. acquirere: cf. F.
acquisition. See Acquire.] 1. The act or process of
The acquisition or loss of a province.
2. The thing acquired or gained; an acquirement; a gain; as,
learning is an acquisition.
Syn. P See Acquirement.
AcOquis6iOtive (#), a. 1. Acquired. [Obs.]
He died not in his acquisitive, but in his native soil.
2. Able or disposed to make acquisitions; acquiring; as, an
acquisitive person or disposition.
AcOquis6iOtiveOly, adv. In the way of acquisition.
AcOquis6iOtiveOness, n. 1. The quality of being acquisitive;
propensity to acquire property; desire of possession.
2. (Phren.) The faculty to which the phrenologists attribute
the desire of acquiring and possessing.
AcOquis6iOtor (#), n. One who acquires.
AcOquist6 (#), n. [Cf. Acquest.] Acquisition; gain.
AcOquit6 (#), p. p. Acquitted; set free; rid of. [Archaic]
AcOquit6, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Acquitted; p. pr. & vb. n.
Acquitting.] [OE. aquiten, OF. aquiter, F. acquitter; ? (L.
ad) + OF. quiter, F. quitter, to quit. See Quit, and cf.
Acquiet.] 1. To discharge, as a claim or debt; to clear off;
to pay off; to requite.
A responsibility that can never be absolutely acquitted.
I. Taylor.
2. To pay for; to atone for. [Obs.]
3. To set free, release or discharge from an obligation,
duty, liability, burden, or from an accusation or charge; P
now followed by of before the charge, formerly by from; as,
the jury acquitted the prisoner; we acquit a man of evil
4. Reflexively: (a) To clear one's self.k. (b) To bear or
conduct one's self; to perform one's part; as, the soldier
acquitted himself well in battle; the orator acquitted
himself very poorly.
Syn. P To absolve; clear; exonerate; exonerate; exculpate;
release; discharge. See Absolve.
AcOquit6ment (#), n. [Cf. OF. aquitement.] Acquittal. [Obs.]
AcOquit6tal (#), n. 1. The act of acquitting; discharge from
debt or obligation; acquittance.
2. (Law) A setting free, or deliverance from the charge of
an offense, by verdict of a jury or sentence of a court.
AcOquit6tance (#), n. [OF. aquitance, fr. aquiter. See
Acquit.] 1. The clearing off of debt or obligation; a
release or discharge from debt or other liability.
2. A writing which is evidence of a discharge; a receipt in
full, which bars a further demand.
You can produce acquittances
For such a sum, from special officers.
AcOquit6tance, v. t. To acquit. [Obs.]
AcOquit6ter (#), n. One who acquits or releases.
X AOcra6niOa (#), n. [NL., from Gr. ? priv. + ? skull.] 1.
(Physiol.) Partial or total absence of the skull.
2. pl. (Zol.) The lowest group of Vertebrata, including the
amphioxus, in which no skull exists.
AOcra6niOal (#), a. Wanting a skull.
AOcrase6, AOcraze6 } (#), v. t. [Pref. aO + crase; or cf. F.


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