Webster's Unabridged Dictionary
Part 4 out of 18
craser to crush. See Crase, Craze.]
1. To craze. [Obs.]
2. To impair; to destroy. [Obs.]
X AOcra6siOa (#), Ac6raOsy (#) } n. [Gr. ?.] Excess;
intemperance. [Obs. except in Med.]
X AOcras6peOda (#), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. ? priv. + ?
border.] (Zol.) A group of acalephs, including most of the
larger jellyfishes; the Discophora.
A6cre (#), n. [OE. aker, AS. cer; akin to OS. accar, OHG.
achar, Ger. acker, Icel. akr, Sw. ker, Dan. ager, Goth.
akrs, L. ager, Gr. ?, Skr. ajra. ?.] 1. Any field of arable
or pasture land. [Obs.]
2. A piece of land, containing 160 square rods, or 4,840
square yards, or 43,560 square feet. This is the English
statute acre. That of the United States is the same. The
Scotch acre was about 1.26 of the English, and the Irish
1.62 of the English.
5 The acre was limited to its present definite quantity by
statutes of Edward I., Edward III., and Henry VIII.
Broad acres, many acres, much landed estate. [Rhetorical] P
God's acre, God's field; the churchyard.
I like that ancient Saxon phrase, which calls
The burial ground, God's acre.
A6creOaOble (#), a. Of an acre; per acre; as, the acreable
A6creOage (#), n. Acres collectively; as, the acreage of a
farm or a country.
A6cred (#), a. Possessing acres or landed property; P used
in composition; as, largePacred men.
Ac6rid (#), a. [L. acer sharp; prob. assimilated in form to
acid. See Eager.] 1. Sharp and harsh, or bitter and not, to
the taste; pungent; as, acrid salts.
2. Causing heat and irritation; corrosive; as, acrid
3. Caustic; bitter; bitterly irritating; as, acrid temper,
Acrid poison, a poison which irritates, corrodes, or burns
the parts to which it is applied.
AOcrid6iOty (#), Ac6ridOness (#) } n. The quality of being
acrid or pungent; irritant bitterness; acrimony; as, the
acridity of a plant, of a speech.
Ac6ridOly (#), adv. In an acid manner.
Ac6riOmo6niOous (#), a. [Cf. LL. acrimonious, F.
acrimonieux.] 1. Acrid; corrosive; as, acrimonious gall.
2. Caustic; bitterPtempered' sarcastic; as, acrimonious
dispute, language, temper.
Ac7riOmo6niOousOly, adv. In an acrimonious manner.
Ac7riOmo6niOousOness, n. The quality of being acrimonious;
Ac6riOmoOny (#), n.; pl. Acrimonies (#). [L. acrimonia, fr.
acer, sharp: cf. F. acrimonie.] 1. A quality of bodies which
corrodes or destroys others; also, a harsh or biting
sharpness; as, the acrimony of the juices of certain plants.
2. Sharpness or severity, as of language or temper;
irritating bitterness of disposition or manners.
John the Baptist set himself with much acrimony and
indignation to baffle this senseless arrogant conceit of
Syn. P Acrimony, Asperity, Harshness, Tartness. These words
express different degrees of angry feeling or language.
Asperity and harshness arise from angry feelings, connected
with a disregard for the feelings of others. Harshness
usually denotes needless severity or an undue measure of
severity. Acrimony is a biting sharpness produced by an
imbittered spirit. Tartness denotes slight asperity and
implies some degree of intellectual readiness. Tartness of
reply; harshness of accusation; acrimony of invective.
In his official letters he expressed, with great acrimony,
his contempt for the king's character.
It is no very cynical asperity not to confess obligations
where no benefit has been received.
A just reverence of mankind prevents the growth of harshness
X AOcris6iOa (#), Ac6riOsy (#), } n. [LL. acrisia, Gr. ?; ?
priv. + ? to separate, to decide.] 1. Inability to judge.
2. (Med.) Undecided character of a disease. [Obs.]
X Ac6riOta (#), n. pl. [NL., from Gr. ? indiscernible; ?
priv. + ? to distinguish.] (Zol.) The lowest groups of
animals, in which no nervous system has been observed.
Ac6riOtan (#), a. (Zol.) Of or pertaining to the Acrita. P
n. An individual of the Acrita.
Ac6rite (#), a. (Zol.) Acritan.
AOcrit6icOal (#), a. [Gr. ? priv. + ? critical.] (Med.)
Having no crisis; giving no indications of a crisis; as,
acritical symptoms, an acritical abscess.
Ac7riOtoOchro6maOcy (#), n. [Gr. ? undistinguishable; ?
priv. + ? to separate, distinguish + ? color.] Color
Ac6riOtude (#), n. [L. acritudo, from acer sharp.] Acridity;
pungency joined with heat. [Obs.]
Ac6riOty (#), n. [L. acritas, fr. acer sharp: cf. F.
cret.] Sharpness; keenness. [Obs.]
Ac7roOaOmat6ic (#), Ac7roOaOmat6icOal (#), } a. [Gr. ?, fr.
? to hear.] Communicated orally; oral; P applied to the
esoteric teachings of Aristotle, those intended for his
genuine disciples, in distinction from his exoteric
doctrines, which were adapted to outsiders or the public
generally. Hence: Abstruse; profound.
Ac7roOat6ic (#), a. [Gr. ?, fr. ? to hear.] Same as
Ac6roObat (#), n. [F. acrobate, fr. Gr. ? walking on tiptoe,
climbing aloft; ? high + ? to go.] One who practices rope
dancing, high vaulting, or other daring gymnastic feats.
Ac7roObat6ic (#), a. [Cf. F. acrobatique.] Pertaining to an
acrobat. P Ac7roObat6icOalOly, adv.
Ac6roObatOism (#), n. Feats of the acrobat; daring
gymnastic feats; high vaulting.
Ac7roOcar6pous (#), a. [Gr. ? extreme, highest + ? fruit.]
(Bot.) (a) Having a terminal fructification; having the
fruit at the end of the stalk. (b) Having the fruit stalks
at the end of a leafy stem, as in certain mosses.
Ac7roOceOphal6ic (#), a. [Gr. ? highest + ?. See Cephalic.]
Characterized by a high skull.
Ac7roOcerph6aOly (#), n. Loftiness of skull.
Ac7roOceOrau6niOan (#), a. [L. acroceraunius, fr. Gr. ?
high, n. pl. ? heights + ? thunderbolt.] Of or pertaining to
the high mountain range of =thunderPsmitten8 peaks (now
Kimara), between Epirus and Macedonia.
X Ac7roOdac6tylOum (#), n. [NL., from Gr. ? topmost + ?
finger.] (Zol.) The upper surface of the toes,
Ac6roOdont (#), n. [Gr. ? summit + ?, ?, a tooth.] (Zol.)
One of a group of lizards having the teeth immovably united
to the top of the alveolar ridge. P a. Of or pertaining to
Ac6roOgen (#), n. [Gr. ? extreme, high + Ogen.]
Ac6roOgen (#), n. [Gr. ? extreme, high + Ogen.] (Bot.) A
plant of the highest class of cryptograms, including the
ferns, etc. See Cryptogamia.
The Age of Acrogens (Geol.), the age of coal plants, or the
AcOrog6eOnous (#), a. (Bot.) Increasing by growth from the
extremity; as, an acrogenous plant.
AOcro6leOin (#), n. [L. acer sharp + ol?re to smell.]
(Chem.) A limpid, colorless, highly volatile liquid,
obtained by the dehydration of glycerin, or the destructive
distillation of neutral fats containing glycerin. Its vapors
are intensely irritating.
Ac6roOlith (#), n. [L. acrolthus, Gr. ? with the ends made
of stone; ? extreme + ? stone.] (Arch. & Sculp.) A statue
whose extremities are of stone, the trunk being generally of
AOcrol6iOthan (#), Ac7roOlith6ic (#), } a. Pertaining to, or
like, an acrolith.
Ac7roOmeg6aOly (#), n. [NL. acromegalia, fr. Gr. ? point,
peak + ?, ?, big.] (Med.) Chronic enlargement of the
extreinities and face.
AOcro6miOal (#), a. [Cf. F. acromial.] (Anat.) Of or
pertaining to the acromion.
X AOcro6miOon (#), n. [Gr. ?; ? extreme + ? shoulder: cf. F.
acromion.] (Anat.) The outer extremity of the shoulder
Ac7roOmon7oOgramOmat6ic (#), a. [Gr. ? extreme + ? alone + ?
a letter.] Having each verse begin with the same letter as
that with which the preceding verse ends.
AOcron6yc (#), AOcron6ychOal (#), } a. [Gr. ? at nightfall;
? + ? night.] (Astron.) Rising at sunset and setting at
sunrise, as a star; P opposed to cosmical.
5 The word is sometimes incorrectly written acronical,
achronychal, acronichal, and acronical.
AOcron6ycOalOly, adv. In an acronycal manner as rising at
the setting of the sun, and vise vers.
Ac6roOnyc6tous (#), a. [Gr. ?; ? + ?, ?, night.] (Astron.)
AOcrook6 (#), adv. Crookedly. [R.]
AOcrope6eOtal (#), a. [Gr. ? summit + L. petere to seek.]
(Bot.) Developing from below towards the apex, or from the
circumference towards the center; centripetal; P said of
AOchroph6oOny (#), n. [Gr. ? extreme + ? sound.] The use of
a picture symbol of an object to represent phonetically the
initial sound of the name of the object.
X Ac7roOpo6diOum (#), n. [Gr. ? topmost + ?, ?, foot.]
(Zol.) The entire upper surface of the foot.
AOcrop6oOlis (#), n. [Gr. ?; ? extreme + ? city.] The upper
part, or the citadel, of a Grecian city; especially, the
citadel of Athens.
Ac6roOpol6iOtan (#), a. Pertaining to an acropolis.
Ac6roOspire (#), n. [Gr. ? + ? anything twisted.] (Bot.) The
sprout at the end of a seed when it begins to germinate; the
plumule in germination; P so called from its spiral form.
Ac6roOspire, v. i. To put forth the first sprout.
Ac6roOspore (#), n. [Gr. ? + ? fruit.] (Bot.) A spore borne
at the extremity of the cells of fructification in fungi.
Ac6roOspor6ous (#), a. Having acrospores.
AOcross6 (#; 115), prep. [Pref. aO + cross: cf. F. en croix.
See Cross, n.] From side to side; athwart; crosswise, or in
a direction opposed to the length; quite over; as, a bridge
laid across a river.
To come across, to come upon or meet incidentally. Freeman.
P To go across the country, to go by a direct course across
a region without following the roads.
AOcross6, adv. 1. From side to side; crosswise; as, with
arms folded across.
2. Obliquely; athwart; amiss; awry. [Obs.]
The squintPeyed Pharisees look across at all the actions of
AOcros6tic (#)(#), n. [Gr. ?; ? extreme + ? order, line,
verse.] 1. A composition, usually in verse, in which the
first or the last letters of the lines, or certain other
letters, taken in order, form a name, word, phrase, or
2. A Hebrew poem in which the lines or stanzas begin with
the letters of the alphabet in regular order (as Psalm
cxix.). See Abecedarian.
Double acrostic, a species of enigma<-- crossword puzzle
-->, in which words are to be guessed whose initial and
final letters form other words.
AOcros6tic (#), AOcros6tiOal (#), } n. Pertaining to, or
characterized by, acrostics.
AOcros6ticOalOly, adv. After the manner of an acrostic.
X Ac7roOtar6siOum (#), n. [NL., from Gr. ? topmost + ?
tarsus.] (Zol.) The instep or front of the tarsus.
Ac7roOteOleu6tic (#), n. [Gr. ? extreme + ? end.] (Eccles.)
The end of a verse or psalm, or something added thereto, to
be sung by the people, by way of a response.
Ac6roOter (#), n. [F. acrot
re. See Acroterium.] (Arch.)
Same as Acroterium.
Ac7roOte6riOal (#), a. Pertaining to an acroterium; as,
X Ac7roOte7riOum (#), n.; pl. Acroteria (#). [L., fr. Gr. ?
summit, fr. ? topmost.] (Arch.) (a) One of the small
pedestals, for statues or other ornaments, placed on the
apex and at the basal angles of a pediment. Acroteria are
also sometimes placed upon the gables in Gothic
architecture. J. H. Parker. (b) One of the pedestals, for
vases or statues, forming a part roof balustrade.
AOcrot6ic (#), a. [Gr. ? an extreme, fr. ?.] (Med.)
Pertaining to or affecting the surface.
Ac6roOtism (#), n. [Gr. ? priv. + ? a rattling, beating.]
(Med.) Lack or defect of pulsation.
AOcrot6oOmous (#), a. [Gr. ? cut off sharp; ? extreme + ? to
cut.] (Min.) Having a cleavage parallel with the base.
AOcryl6ic (#), a. (Chem.) Of or containing acryl, the
hypothetical radical of which acrolein is the hydride; as,
Act (#), n. [L. actus, fr. agere to drive, do: cf. F. acte.
See Agent.] 1. That which is done or doing; the exercise of
power, or the effect, of which power exerted is the cause; a
performance; a deed.
That best portion of a good man's life,
His little, nameless, unremembered acts
Of kindness and of love.
Hence, in specific uses: (a) The result of public
deliberation; the decision or determination of a legislative
body, council, court of justice, etc.; a decree, edit, law,
judgment, resolve, award; as, an act of Parliament, or of
Congress. (b) A formal solemn writing, expressing that
something has been done. Abbott. (c) A performance of part
of a play; one of the principal divisions of a play or
dramatic work in which a certain definite part of the action
is completed. (d) A thesis maintained in public, in some
English universities, by a candidate for a degree, or to
show the proficiency of a student.
2. A state of reality or real existence as opposed to a
possibility or possible existence. [Obs.]
The seeds of plants are not at first in act, but in
possibility, what they afterward grow to be.
3. Process of doing; action. In act, in the very doing; on
the point of (doing). =In act to shoot.8
This woman was taken... in the very act.
John viii. 4.
Act of attainder. (Law) See Attainder. P Act of bankruptcy
(Law), an act of a debtor which renders him liable to be
adjudged a bankrupt. P Act of faith. (Ch. Hist.) See
AutoPdaPF?. P Act of God (Law), an inevitable accident; such
extraordinary interruption of the usual course of events as
is no to be looked for in advance, and against which
ordinary prudence could not guard. - Act of grace, an
expression often used to designate an act declaring pardon
amnesty to numerous offenders, as at the beginning, of a new
reign. - Act of indemnity, a statute passed for the
protection of those who have committed some illegal act
subjecting them to penalties. Abbott. - Act in pais, a thing
done out of court (anciently, in the country), and not a
matter of record.
Syn. P See Action.
Act, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Acted; p. pr. & vb. n. Acting.] [L.
actus, p. p. of agere to drive, lead, do; but influenced by
E. act, n.] 1. To move to action; to actuate; to animate.
SelfPlove, the spring of motion, acts the soul.
2. To perform; to execute; to do. [Archaic]
That we act our temporal affairs with a desire no greater
than our necessity.
Industry doth beget by producing good habits, and facility
of acting things expedient for us to do.
Uplifted hands that at convenient times
Could act extortion and the worst of crimes.
3. To perform, as an actor; to represent dramatically on the
4. To assume the office or character of; to play; to
personate; as, to act the hero.
5. To feign or counterfeit; to simulate.
With acted fear the villain thus pursued.
To act a part, to sustain the part of one of the characters
in a play; hence, to simulate; to dissemble. - To act the
part of, to take the character of; to fulfill the duties of.
Act, v. i. 1.To exert power; to produce an effect; as, the
stomach acts upon food.
2. To perform actions; to fulfill functions; to put forth
energy; to move, as opposed to remaining at rest; to carry
into effect a determination of the will.
He hangs between, in doubt to act or rest.
3. To behave or conduct, as in morals, private duties, or
public offices; to bear or deport one's self; as, we know
not why he has acted so.
4. To perform on the stage; to represent a character.
To show the world how Garrick did not act.
To act as or for, to do the work of; to serve as. - To act
on, to regulate one's conduct according to. - To act up to,
to equal in action; to fulfill in practice; as, he has acted
up to his engagement or his advantages.<-- to act up, to
Act6aOble (#), a. Capable of being acted.
Ac6tiOnal (#), a. [Gr. ?, ?, ray.] (Zol.) Pertaining to the
part of a radiate animal which contains the mouth.
X Ac7tiOna6riOa (#), n. pl. [NL., from Gr. ?, ?, ray.]
(Zol.) A large division of Anthozoa, including those which
have simple tentacles and do not form stony corals.
Sometimes, in a wider sense, applied to all the Anthozoa,
expert the Alcyonaria, whether forming corals or not.
Act6ing (#), a. 1. Operating in any way.
2. Doing duty for another; officiating; as, an
X AcOtin6iOa (#), n.; pl. L. Actini (#), E. Actinias (#).
[Latinized fr. Gr. ?, ?, ray.] (Zol.) (a) An animal of the
class Anthozoa, and family Actinid. From a resemblance to
flowers in form and color, they are often called animal
flowers and sea anemones. [See Polyp.]. (b) A genus in the
AcOtin6ic (#), a. Of or pertaining to actinism; as, actinic
AcOtin6iOform (#), a. [Gr. ?, ?, ray + Oform.] Having a
radiated form, like a sea anemone.
Ac6tinOism (#), n. [Gr. ?, ? ray.] The property of radiant
energy (found chiefly in solar or electric light) by which
chemical changes are produced, as in photography.
AcOtin6iOum (#), n. [Gr. ?, ?, ray.] (Chem.) A supposed
metal, said by Phipson to be contained in commercial zinc; -
so called because certain of its compounds are darkened by
exposure to light.
Ac7tiOnoPchem6isOtry (#), n. Chemistry in its relations to
AcOtin6oOgraph (#), n. [Gr. ?, ?, ray + Ograph.] An
instrument for measuring and recording the variations in the
actinic or chemical force of rays of light.
Ac6tinOoid (#), a. [Gr. ?, ?, ray + Ooid.] Having the form
of rays; radiated, as an actinia.
AcOtin6oOlite (#), n. [Gr. ?, ?, ray + Olite.] (Min.) A
bright green variety of amphibole occurring usually in
fibrous or columnar masses.
Ac7tinOoOlit6ic (#), a. (Min.) Of the nature of, or
Ac7tiOnol6oOgy (#), n. [Gr. ?, ?, ray + Ology.] The science
which treats of rays of light, especially of the actinic or
AcOtin6oOmere (#), n. [Gr. ?, ?, ray + ? part.] (Zol.) One
of the radial segments composing the body of one of the
Ac7tiOnom6eOter (#), n. [Gr. ?, ?, ray + Ometer] (a) An
instrument for measuring the direct heating power of the
sun's rays. (b) An instrument for measuring the actinic
effect of rays of light.
Ac7tiOnoOmet6ric (#), a. Pertaining to the measurement of
the intensity of the solar rays, either (a) heating, or (b)
Ac7tiOnom6eOtry (#), n. 1. The measurement of the force of
2. The measurement of the chemical or actinic energy of
Ac7tiOnoph6oOrous (#), a. [Gr. ?, ?, ray + ? to bear.]
Having straight projecting spines.
AcOtin6oOsome (#), n. [Gr. ? ray + ? body.] (Zol.) The
entire body of a coelenterate.
Ac6tinOost (#), n. [Gr. ?, ?, ray + ? bone.] (Anat.) One of
the bones at the base of a paired fin of a fish.
AcOtin6oOstome (#), n. [Gr. ?, ?, a ray + ? mouth.] (Zol.)
The mouth or anterior opening of a c lenterate animal.
X Ac7tiOnot6roOcha (#), n. pl. [NL.; Gr. ?, ?, a ray + ? a
ring.] (Zol.) A peculiar larval form of Phoronis, a genus
of marine worms, having a circle of ciliated tentacles.
X Ac6tiOnoOzo6a (#), n. pl. [Gr. ?, ?, ray + ? animal.]
(Zol.) A group of Coelenterata, comprising the Anthozoa
Ctenophora. The sea anemone, or actinia, is a familiar
Ac7tiOnoOzo6al (#), a. (Zol.) Of or pertaining to the
X Ac6tiOnoOzo6n (#), n. (Zol.) One of the Actinozoa.
X AcOtin6uOla (#), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. ?, ?, a ray.]
(Zol.) A kind of embryo of certain hydroids (Tubularia),
having a stellate form.
Ac6tion (#), n. [OF. action, L. actio, fr. agere to do. See
Act.] 1. A process or condition of acting or moving, as
opposed to rest; the doing of something; exertion of power
or force, as when one body acts on another; the effect of
power exerted on one body by another; agency; activity;
operation; as, the action of heat; a man of action.
One wise in council, one in action brave.
2. An act; a thing done; a deed; an enterprise. (pl.):
Habitual deeds; hence, conduct; behavior; demeanor.
The Lord is a Good of knowledge, and by him actions are
1 Sam. ii. 3.
3. The event or connected series of events, either real or
imaginary, forming the subject of a play, poem, or other
composition; the unfolding of the drama of events.
4. Movement; as, the horse has a spirited action.
5. (Mech.) Effective motion; also, mechanism; as, the breech
action of a gun.
6. (Physiol.) Any one of the active processes going on in an
organism; the performance of a function; as, the action of
the heart, the muscles, or the gastric juice.
7. (Orat.) Gesticulation; the external deportment of the
speaker, or the suiting of his attitude, voice, gestures,
and countenance, to the subject, or to the feelings.
8. (Paint. & Sculp.) The attitude or position of the several
parts of the body as expressive of the sentiment or passion
9. (Law) (a) A suit or process, by which a demand is made of
a right in a court of justice; in a broad sense, a judicial
proceeding for the enforcement or protection of a right, the
redress or prevention of a wrong, or the punishment of a
public offense. (b) A right of action; as, the law gives an
action for every claim.
10. (Com.)A share in the capital stock of a joint-stock
company, or in the public funds; hence, in the plural,
equivalent to stocks. [A Gallicism] [Obs.]
The Euripus of funds and actions.
11. An engagement between troops in war, whether on land or
water; a battle; a fight; as, a general action, a partial
12. (Music) The mechanical contrivance by means of which the
impulse of the player's finger is transmitted to the strings
of a pianoforte or to the valve of an organ pipe.
Chose in action. (Law) See Chose. - Quantity of action
(Physics), the product of the mass of a body by the space it
runs through, and its velocity.
Syn. P Action, Act. In many cases action and act are
synonymous; but some distinction is observable. Action
involves the mode or process of acting, and is usually
viewed as occupying some time in doing. Act has more
reference to the effect, or the operation as complete.
To poke the fire is an act, to reconcile friends who have
quarreled is a praiseworthy action.
C. J. Smith.
Ac6tionOaOble (#), a. [Cf. LL. actionabilis. See Action.]
That may be the subject of an action or suit at law; as, to
call a man a thief is actionable.
Ac6tionOaObly, adv. In an actionable manner.
Ac6tionOaOry (#), Ac6tionOist (#), } n. [Cf. F.
actionnaire.] (Com.) A shareholder in joint-stock company.
Ac6tionOless, a. Void of action.
Ac6tiOvate (#), v. t. To make active. [Obs.]
Ac6tive (#), a. [F. actif, L. activus, fr. agere to act.]
1. Having the power or quality of acting; causing change;
communicating action or motion; acting; - opposed to
passive, that receives; as, certain active principles; the
powers of the mind.
Quick in physical movement; of an agile and vigorous body;
nimble; as an active child or animal.
Active and nervous was his gait.
3. In action; actually proceeding; working; in force; -
opposed to quiescent, dormant, or extinct; as, active
laws; active hostilities; an active volcano.
4. Given to action; constantly engaged in action; energetic;
diligent; busy; - opposed to dull, sluggish, indolent, or
inert; as, an active man of business; active mind; active
5. Requiring or implying action or exertion; - opposed to
sedentary or to tranquil; as, active employment or service;
6. Given to action rather than contemplation; practical;
operative; - opposed to speculative or theoretical; as, an
active rather than a speculative statesman.
7. Brisk; lively; as, an active demand for corn.
8. Implying or producing rapid action; as, an active
disease; an active remedy.
9. (Gram.) (a) Applied to a form of the verb; - opposed to
passive. See Active voice, under Voice. (b) Applied to
verbs which assert that the subject acts upon or affects
something else; transitive. (c) Applied to all verbs that
express action as distinct from mere existence or state.
Active capital, Active wealth, money, or property that may
readily be converted into money.
Syn. - Agile; alert; brisk; vigorous; nimble; lively; quick;
sprightly; prompt; energetic.
Ac6tiveOly, adv. 1. In an active manner; nimbly; briskly;
energetically; also, by one's own action; voluntarily, not
2. (Gram.) In an active signification; as, a word used
Ac6tiveOness, n. The quality of being active; nimbleness;
quickness of motion; activity.
AcOtiv6iOty (#), n.; pl. Activities (#). [Cf. F. activit,
LL. activitas.] The state or quality of being active;
nimbleness; agility; vigorous action or operation; energy;
active force; as, an increasing variety of human activities.
=The activity of toil.8
Syn. - Liveliness; briskness; quickness.
Act6less (#), a. Without action or spirit. [R.]
Ac6ton (#), n. [OF. aketon, auqueton, F. hoqueton, a quilted
jacket, fr. Sp. alcoton, algodon, cotton. Cf. Cotton.] A
stuffed jacket worn under the mail, or (later) a jacket
plated with mail. [Spelled also hacqueton.] [Obs.]
Halliwell. Sir W. Scott.
Ac6tor (#), n. [L. actor, fr. agere to act.] 1. One who
acts, or takes part in any affair; a doer.
2. A theatrical performer; a stageplayer.
After a well graced actor leaves the stage.
3. (Law) (a) An advocate or proctor in civil courts or
causes. Jacobs. (b) One who institutes a suit; plaintiff or
Ac7tress (#), n. [Cf. F. actrice.] 1. A female actor or
2. A female stageplayer; a woman who acts a part.
Ac6tuOal (#; 135), a. [OE. actuel, F. actuel, L. actualis,
fr. agere to do, act.] 1. Involving or comprising action;
Her walking and other actual performances.
Let your holy and pious intention be actual; that is... by a
special prayer or action,... given to God.
2. Existing in act or reality; really acted or acting; in
fact; real; - opposed to potential, possible, virtual,
speculative, coceivable, theoretical, or nominal; as, the
actual cost of goods; the actual case under discussion.
3. In action at the time being; now exiting; present; as the
actual situation of the country.
Actual cautery. See under Cautery. - Actual sin (Theol.),
that kind of sin which is done by ourselves in
contradistinction to =original sin.8
Syn. - Real; genuine; positive; certain. See Real.
Ac6tuOal (#), n. (Finance) Something actually received;
real, as distinct from estimated, receipts. [Cant]
The accounts of revenues supplied . . . were not real
receipts: not, in financial language, =actuals,8 but only
Egyptian budget estimates.
Ac6tuOalOist, n. One who deals with or considers actually
existing facts and conditions, rather than fancies or
theories; P opposed to idealist.
Ac7tuOal6iOty (#), n.; pl. Actualities (#). The state of
being actual; reality; as, the actuality of God's nature.
Ac7tuOalOiOza6tion (#), n. A making actual or really
Ac6tuOalOize (#), v. t. To make actual; to realize in
Ac6tuOalOly, adv. 1. Actively. [Obs.] =Neither actually . .
. nor passively.8
2. In act or in fact; really; in truth; positively.
Ac6tuOalOness, n. Quality of being actual; actuality.
Ac7tuOa6riOal (#), a. Of or pertaining to actuaries; as, the
actuarial value of an annuity.
Ac6tuOaOry (#), n.; pl. Actuaries (#). [L. actuarius
copyist, clerk, fr. actus, p. p. of agere to do, act.] 1.
(Law) A registar or clerk; P used originally in courts of
civil law jurisdiction, but in Europe used for a clerk or
2. The computing official of an insurance company; one whose
profession it is to calculate for insurance companies the
risks and premiums for life, fire, and other insurances.
Ac6tuOate (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Actuated (#); p. pr. &
vb. n. Actuating (#).] [LL. actuatus, p. p. of actuare, fr.
L. actus act.] 1. To put into action or motion; to move or
incite to action; to influence actively; to move as motives
do; P more commonly used of persons.
Wings, which others were contriving to actuate by the
Men of the greatest abilities are most fired with ambition;
and, on the contrary, mean and narrow minds are the least
actuated by it.
2. To carry out in practice; to perform. [Obs.] =To actuate
what you command.8
Syn. P To move; impel; incite; rouse; instigate; animate.
Ac6tuOate (#), a. [LL. actuatus, p. p. of actuare.] Put in
action; actuated. [Obs.]
Ac7tuOa6tion (#), n. [Cf. LL. actuatio.] A bringing into
Ac6tuOa7tor (#), n. One who actuates, or puts into action.
Ac6tuOose7 (#), a. [L. actuosus.] Very active. [Obs.]
Ac7tuOos6iOty (#), n. Abundant activity. [Obs.]
Dr. H. More.
Ac6ture (#), n. Action. [Obs.]
AcOtu6riOence (#), n. [A desid. of L. agere, actum, to act.]
Tendency or impulse to act. [R.]
Acturience, or desire of action, in one form or another,
whether as restlessness, ennui, dissatisfaction, or the
imagination of something desirable.
Ac6uOate (#), v. t. [L. acus needle.] To sharpen; to make
pungent; to quicken. [Obs.] =[To] acuate the blood.8
Ac6uOate (#), a. Sharpened; sharpPpointed.
Ac7uOa6tion (#), n. Act of sharpening. [R.]
Ac7uOi6tion (#), n. [L. acutus, as if acuitus, p. p. of
acuere to sharpen.] The act of sharpening. [Obs.]
AOcu6iOty (#), n. [LL. acuitas: cf. F. acuit.] Sharpness or
acuteness, as of a needle, wit, etc.
AOcu6leOate (#), a. [L. aculeatus, fr. aculeus, dim. of acus
needle.] 1. (Zol.) Having a sting; covered with prickles;
sharp like a prickle.
2. (Bot.) Having prickles, or sharp points; beset with
3. Severe or stinging; incisive. [R.]
AOcu6leOa7ted (#), a. Having a sharp point; armed with
prickles; prickly; aculeate.
AOcu6leOiOform (#), a. Like a prickle.
AOcu6leOoOlate (#), a. [L. aculeolus little needle.] (Bot.)
Having small prickles or sharp points.
AOcu6leOous (#), a. Aculeate. [Obs.] Sir T. Browne.
X AOcu6leOus (#), n.; pl. Aculei (#). [L., dim. of acus
needle.] 1. (Bot.) A prickle growing on the bark, as in some
brambles and roses.
2. (Zol.) A sting.
AOcu6men (#), n. [L. acumen, fr. acuere to sharpen. Cf.
Acute.] Quickness of perception or discernment; penetration
of mind; the faculty of nice discrimination.
Syn. P Sharpness; sagacity; keenness; shrewdness; acuteness.
AOcu6miOnate (#), a. [L. acuminatus, p. p. of acuminare to
sharpen, fr. acumen. See Acumen.] Tapering to a point;
pointed; as, acuminate leaves, teeth, etc.
AOcu6miOnate (#), v. t. To render sharp or keen. [R.] =To
acuminate even despair.8
AOcu6miOnate, v. i. To end in, or come to, a sharp point.
=Acuminating in a cone of prelacy.8
AOcu7miOna6tion (#), n. A sharpening; termination in a sharp
point; a tapering point.
AOcu6miOnose7 (#), a. Terminating in a flat, narrow end.
AOcu6miOnous (#), a. Characterized by acumen; keen.
Ac7uOpres6sure (#), n. [L. acus needle + premere, pressum,
to press.] (Surg.) A mode of arresting hemorrhage resulting
from wounds or surgical operations, by passing under the
divided vessel a needle, the ends of which are left exposed
externally on the cutaneous surface.
Ac7uOpunc7tuOra6tion (#), n. See Acupuncture.
Ac7uOpunc6ture (#), n. [L. acus needle + punctura a
pricking, fr. pungere to prick: cf. F. acuponcture.]
Pricking with a needle; a needle prick. Specifically (Med.):
The insertion of needles into the living tissues for
Ac7uOpunc6ture (#), v. t. To treat with acupuncture.
AOcus6tumOaunce (#), n. See Accustomance. [Obs.]
AOcut6an7guOlar (#), a. AcutePangled.
AOcute6 (#), a. [L. acutus, p. p. of acuere to sharpen, fr.
a root ak to be sharp. Cf. Ague, Cute, Edge.] 1. Sharp at
the end; ending in a sharp point; pointed; P opposed to
blunt or obtuse; as, an acute angle; an acute leaf.
2. Having nice discernment; perceiving or using minute
distinctions; penetrating; clever; shrewd; P opposed to dull
or stupid; as, an acute observer; acute remarks, or
3. Having nice or quick sensibility; susceptible to slight
impressions; acting keenly on the senses; sharp; keen;
intense; as, a man of acute eyesight, hearing, or feeling;
acute pain or pleasure.
4. High, or shrill, in respect to some other sound; P
opposed to grave or low; as, an acute tone or accent.
5. (Med.) Attended with symptoms of some degree of severity,
and coming speedily to a crisis; P opposed to chronic; as,
an acute disease.
Acute angle (Geom.), an angle less than a right angle.
Syn. P Subtile; ingenious; sharp; keen; penetrating;
sagacious; sharp P witted; shrewd; discerning;
discriminating. See Subtile.
AOcute6, v. t. To give an acute sound to; as, he acutes his
rising inflection too much. [R.]
AOcute6Oan7gled (#), a. Having acute angles; as, an
acutePangled triangle, a triangle with every one of its
angles less than a right angle.
AOcute6ly, adv. In an acute manner; sharply; keenly; with
AOcute6ness, n. 1. The quality of being acute or pointed;
sharpness; as, the acuteness of an angle.
2. The faculty of nice discernment or perception; acumen;
keenness; sharpness; sensitiveness; P applied to the senses,
or the understanding. By acuteness of feeling, we perceive
small objects or slight impressions: by acuteness of
intellect, we discern nice distinctions.
Perhaps, also, he felt his professional acuteness interested
in bringing it to a successful close.
Sir W. Scott.
3. Shrillness; high pitch; P said of sounds.
4. (Med.) Violence of a disease, which brings it speedily to
Syn. P Penetration; sagacity; keenness; ingenuity;
shrewdness; subtlety; sharpPwittedness.
AOcu7tiOfo6liOate (#), a. [L. acutus sharp + folium leaf.]
(Bot.) Having sharpPpointed leaves.
AOcu7tiOlo6bate (#), a. [L. acutus sharp + E. lobe.] (Bot.)
Having acute lobes, as some leaves.
X AdO(#). [A Latin preposition, signifying to. See At.] As a
prefix adP assumes the forms acP, afP, agP, alP, anP, apP,
arP, asP, atP, assimilating the d with the first letter of
the word to which adP is prefixed. It remains unchanged
before vowels, and before d, h, j, m, v. Examples: adduce,
adhere, adjacent, admit, advent, accord, affect, aggregate,
allude, annex, appear, etc. It becomes acP before qu, as in
AdOact6 (#), v. t. [L. adactus, p. p. of adigere.] To
compel; to drive. [Obs.]
AOdac6tyl (#), AOdac6tylOous (#),} a. [Gr. ? priv. + ?
finger.] (Zol.) (a) Without fingers or without toes. (b)
Without claws on the feet (of crustaceous animals).
Ad6age (#), n. [F. adage, fr. L. adagium; ad + the root of
L. aio I say.] An old saying, which has obtained credit by
long use; a proverb.
Letting =I dare not8 wait upon =I would,8
Like the poor cat i' the adage.
Syn. P Axiom; maxim; aphorism; proverb; saying; saw;
apothegm. See Axiom.
AOda6giOal (#), a. Pertaining to an adage; proverbial.
X AOda6gio (#), a. & adv. [It. adagio; ad (L. ad) at + agio
convenience, leisure, ease. See Agio.] (Mus.) Slow; slowly,
leisurely, and gracefully. When repeated, adagio, adagio, it
directs the movement to be very slow.
X AOda6gio, n. A piece of music in adagio time; a slow
movement; as, an adagio of Haydn.
Ad6am (#), n. 1. The name given in the Bible to the first
man, the progenitor of the human race.
2. (As a symbol) =Original sin;8 human frailty.
And whipped the offending Adam out of him.
Adam's ale, water. [Colloq.] P Adam's apple. 1. (Bot.) (a) A
species of banana (Musa paradisiaca). It attains a height of
twenty feet or more. Paxton. (b) A species of lime (Citris
limetta). 2. The projection formed by the thyroid cartilage
in the neck. It is particularly prominent in males, and is
so called from a notion that it was caused by the forbidden
fruit (an apple) sticking in the throat of our first parent.
P Adam's flannel (Bot.), the mullein (Verbascum thapsus). P
Adam's needle (Bot.), the popular name of a genus (Yucca) of
Ad6aOmant (#), n. [OE. adamaunt, adamant, diamond, magnet,
OF. adamant, L. adamas, adamantis, the hardest metal, fr.
Gr. ?, ?; ? priv. + ? to tame, subdue. In OE., from
confusion with L. adamare to love, be attached to, the word
meant also magnet, as in OF. and LL. See Diamond, Tame.] 1.
A stone imagined by some to be of impenetrable hardness; a
name given to the diamond and other substance of extreme
hardness; but in modern mineralogy it has no technical
signification. It is now a rhetorical or poetical name for
the embodiment of impenetrable hardness.
Opposed the rocky orb
Of tenfold adamant, his ample shield.
2. Lodestone; magnet. [Obs.] =A great adamant of
As true to thee as steel to adamant.
Ad7aOmanOte6an (#), a. [L. adamant?us.] Of adamant; hard as
Ad7aOman6tine (#), a. [L. adamantinus, Gr. ?.] 1. Made of
adamant, or having the qualities of adamant; incapable of
being broken, dissolved, or penetrated; as, adamantine bonds
2. (Min.) Like the diamond in hardness or luster.
Ad7amObuOla6cral (#), a. [L. ad + E. ambulacral.] (Zol.)
Next to the ambulacra; as, the adambulacral ossicles of the
AOdam6ic (#), AOdam6icOal (#),} a. Of or pertaining to Adam,
or resembling him.
Adamic earth, a name given to common red clay, from a notion
that Adam means red earth.
Ad6amOite (#), n. [From Adam.] 1. A descendant of Adam; a
2. (Eccl. Hist.) One of a sect of visionaries, who,
professing to imitate the state of Adam, discarded the use
of dress in their assemblies.
Ad6am's ap6ple (#). See under Adam.
AOdance6 (#), adv. Dancing.
AOdan6gle (#), adv. Dangling.
X Ad7anOso6niOa (#), n. [From Adanson, a French botanist.]
(Bot.) A genus of great trees related to the Bombax. There
are two species, A. digitata, the baobab or monkeyPbread of
Africa and India, and A. Gregorii, the sour gourd or
creamPofPtartar tree of Australia. Both have a trunk of
moderate height, but of enormous diameter, and a
widePspreading head. The fruit is oblong, and filled with
pleasantly acid pulp. The wood is very soft, and the bark is
used by the natives for making ropes and cloth.
D. C. Eaton.
AOdapt6 (#), a. Fitted; suited. [Obs.]
AOdapt6, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Adapted; p. pr. & vb. n.
Adapting.] [L. adaptare; ad + aptare to fit; cf. F. adapter.
See Apt, Adept.] To make suitable; to fit, or suit; to
adjust; to alter so as to fit for a new use; P sometimes
followed by to or for.]
For nature, always in the right,
To your decays adapts my sight.
Appeals adapted to his [man's] whole nature.
Streets ill adapted for the residence of wealthy persons.
AOdapt7aObil6iOty (#), AOdapt6aObleOness (#),} n. The
quality of being adaptable; suitableness. =General
adaptability for every purpose.8
AOdapt6aOble (#), a. Capable of being adapted.
Ad7apOta6tion (#), n. [Cf. F. adaptation, LL. adaptatio.] 1.
The act or process of adapting, or fitting; or the state of
being adapted or fitted; fitness. =Adaptation of the means
to the end.8
2. The result of adapting; an adapted form.
AOdapt6aOtive (#), a. Adaptive.
AOdapt6edOness (#), n. The state or quality of being
adapted; suitableness; special fitness.
AOdapt6er (#), n. 1. One who adapts.
2. (Chem.) A connecting tube; an adopter.
different plug types); a device allowing an apparatus to be
used for purposes other than originally intended PP>
AOdap6tion (#), n. Adaptation.
AOdapt6ive (#), a. Suited, given, or tending, to adaptation;
characterized by adaptation; capable of adapting. Coleridge.
P AOdapt6iveOly, adv.
AOdapt6iveOness, n. The quality of being adaptive; capacity
AOdapt6ly, adv. In a suitable manner. [R.]
AOdapt6ness, n. Adaptedness. [R.]
Ad7apOto6riOal (#), a. Adaptive. [R.]
X A6dar (#), n. [Heb. adr.] The twelfth month of the Hebrew
ecclesiastical year, and the sixth of the civil. It
corresponded nearly with March.
X AOdar6ce (#), n. [L. adarce, adarca, Gr. ?.] A saltish
concretion on reeds and grass in marshy grounds in Galatia.
It is soft and porous, and was formerly used for cleansing
the skin from freckles and tetters, and also in leprosy.
X Ad6aOtis (#), n. A fine cotton cloth of India.
AOdaunt6 (#), v. t. [OE. adaunten to overpower, OF. adonter;
(L. ad) + donter, F. dompter. See Daunt.] To daunt; to
subdue; to mitigate. [Obs.]
AOdaw6 (#), v. t. [Cf. OE. adawe of dawe, AS. of dagum from
days, i. e., from life, out of life.] To subdue; to daunt.
The sight whereof did greatly him adaw.
AOdaw6, v. t. & i. [OE. adawen to wake; pref. aP (cf. Goth.
usP, Ger. erP) + dawen, dagon, to dawn. See Daw.] To awaken;
to arouse. [Obs.]
A man that waketh of his sleep
He may not suddenly well taken keep
Upon a thing, he seen it parfitly
Till that he be adawed verify.
AOdays6 (#), adv. [Pref. aP (for on) + day; the final s was
orig. a genitive ending, afterwards forming adverbs.] By
day, or every day; in the daytime. [Obs., except in the
X Ad capOtan6dum (#). [L., for catching.] A phrase used
adjectively sometimes of meretricious attempts to catch or
win popular favor.
Add (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Added; p. pr. & vb. n. Adding.]
[L. addere; ad + dare to give, put. Cf. Date, Do.] 1. To
give by way of increased possession (to any one); to bestow
The Lord shall add to me another son.
Gen. xxx. 24.
2. To join or unite, as one thing to another, or as several
particulars, so as to increase the number, augment the
quantity, enlarge the magnitude, or so as to form into one
aggregate. Hence: To sum up; to put together mentally; as,
to add numbers; to add up a column.
Back to thy punishment,
False fugitive, and to thy speed add wings.
As easily as he can add together the ideas of two days or
3. To append, as a statement; to say further.
He added that he would willingly consent to the entire
abolition of the tax.
Syn. P To Add, Join, Annex, Unite, Coalesce. We add by
bringing things together so as to form a whole. We join by
putting one thing to another in close or continuos
connection. We annex by attaching some adjunct to a larger
body. We unite by bringing things together so that their
parts adhere or intermingle. Things coalesce by coming
together or mingling so as to form one organization. To add
quantities; to join houses; to annex territory; to unite
kingdoms; to make parties coalesce.
Add (#), v. i. 1. To make an addition. To add to, to
augment; to increase; as, it adds to our anxiety. =I will
add to your yoke.8
1 Kings xii. 14.
2. To perform the arithmetical operation of addition; as, he
Add6aOble (#), a. [Add, v. + Pable.] Addible.
Ad6dax (#), n. [Native name.](Zol.) One of the largest
African antelopes (Hippotragus, or Oryx, nasomaculatus).
5 It is now believed to be the Strepsiceros (twisted horn)
of the ancients. By some it is thought to be the pygarg of
AdOdeem6 (#), v. t. [Pref. aP + deem.] To award; to adjudge.
[Obs.] =Unto him they did addeem the prise.8
X AdOden6dum (#), n.; pl. Addenda (#). [L., fr. addere to
add.] A thing to be added; an appendix or addition.
Addendum circle (Mech.), the circle which may be described
around a circular spur wheel or gear wheel, touching the
crests or tips of the teeth.
Add6er (#), n. [See Add.] One who, or that which, adds;
esp., a machine for adding numbers.
Ad6der, n. [OE. addere, naddere, eddre, AS. ndre, adder,
snake; akin to OS. nadra, OHG. natra, natara, Ger. natter,
Goth. nadrs, Icel. na?r, masc., na?ra, fem.: cf. W. neidr,
Gorn. naddyr, Ir. nathair, L. natrix, water snake. An adder
is for a nadder.] 1. A serpent. [Obs.] =The eddre seide to
Wyclif. (Gen. iii. 4.)
2. (Zol.) (a) A small venomous serpent of the genus Vipera.
The common European adder is the Vipera (or Pelias) berus.
The puff adders of Africa are species of Clotho. (b) In
America, the term is commonly applied to several harmless
snakes, as the milk adder, puffing adder, etc. (c) Same as
5 In the sculptures the appellation is given to several
venomous serpents, P sometimes to the horned viper
Ad6der fly/ (#). A dragon fly.
Ad6der'sPtongue7 (#), n. (Bot.) (a) A genus of ferns
(Ophioglossum), whose seeds are produced on a spike
resembling a serpent's tongue. (b) The yellow dogtooth
Ad6derOwort7 (#), n. (Bot.) The common bistort or snakeweed
Add7iObil6iOty (#), n. The quantity of being addible;
capability of addition.
Add6iOble (#), a. Capable of being added. =Addible numbers.8
Ad6dice (#), n. See Adze. [Obs.]
AdOdict6 (#), p. p. Addicted; devoted. [Obs.]
AdOdict6, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Addicted; p. pr. & vb. n.
Addicting.] [L. addictus, p. p. of addicere to adjudge,
devote; ad + dicere to say. See Diction.] 1. To apply
habitually; to devote; to habituate; P with to. =They addict
themselves to the civil law.8
He is addicted to his study.
Beau. & Fl.
That part of mankind that addict their minds to
His genius addicted him to the study of antiquity.
A man gross . . . and addicted to low company.
2. To adapt; to make suitable; to fit. [Obs.]
The land about is exceedingly addicted to wood, but the
coldness of the place hinders the growth.
Syn. P Addict, Devote, Consecrate, Dedicate. Addict was
formerly used in a good sense; as, addicted to letters; but
is now mostly employed in a bad sense or an indifferent one;
as, addicted to vice; addicted to sensual indulgence.
=Addicted to staying at home.8 J. S. Mill. Devote is always
taken in a good sense, expressing habitual earnestness in
the pursuit of some favorite object; as, devoted to science.
Consecrate and dedicate express devotion of a higher kind,
involving religious sentiment; as, consecrated to the
service of the church; dedicated to God.
AdOdict6edOness, n. The quality or state of being addicted;
AdOdic6tion (#), n. [Cf. L. addictio an adjudging.] The
state of being addicted; devotion; inclination. =His
addiction was to courses vain.8
Ad6diOson's disOease6 (#). [Named from Thomas Addison, M.
D., of London, who first described it.] (Med.) A morbid
condition causing a peculiar brownish discoloration of the
skin, and thought, at one time, to be due to disease of the
suprarenal capsules (two flat triangular bodies covering the
upper part of the kidneys), but now known not to be
dependent upon this causes exclusively. It is usually fatal.
AdOdit6aOment (#), n. [L. additamentum, fr. additus, p. p.
of addere to add.] An addition, or a thing added.
My persuasion that the latter verses of the chapter were an
additament of a later age.
AdOdi6tion (#), n. [F. addition, L. additio, fr. addere to
add.] 1. The act of adding two or more things together; P
opposed to subtraction or diminution. =This endless addition
or addibility of numbers.8
2. Anything added; increase; augmentation; as, a piazza is
an addition to a building.
3. (Math.) That part of arithmetic which treats of adding
4. (Mus.) A dot at the right side of a note as an indication
that its sound is to be lengthened one half. [R.]
5. (Law) A title annexed to a man's name, to identify him
more precisely; as, John Doe, Esq.; Richard Roe, Gent.;
Robert Dale, Mason; Thomas Way, of New York; a mark of
distinction; a title.
6. (Her.) Something added to a coat of arms, as a mark of
honor; P opposed to abatement.
Vector addition (Geom.), that kind of addition of two lines,
or vectors, AB and BC, by which their sum is regarded as the
line, or vector, AC.
Syn. P Increase; accession; augmentation; appendage;
AdOdi6tionOal (#), a. Added; supplemental; in the way of an
AdOdi6tionOal, n. Something added. [R.]
AdOdi6tionOalOly, adv. By way of addition.
AdOdi6tionOaOry (#), a. Additional. [R.]
Ad7diOti6tious (#), a. [L. addititius, fr. addere.]
Sir J. Herschel.
Ad6diOtive (#), a. [L. additivus.] (Math.) Proper to be
added; positive; P opposed to subtractive.
Ad6diOtoOry (#), a. Tending to add; making some addition.
Ad6dle (#), n. [OE. adel, AS. adela, mud.]
1. Liquid filth; mire. [Obs.]
2. Lees; dregs. [Prov. Eng.]
Ad6dle, a. Having lost the power of development, and become
rotten, as eggs; putrid. Hence: Unfruitful or confused, as
Ad6dle, v. t. & i. [imp. & p. p. Addled (#); p. pr. & vb. n.
Addling (#).] To make addle; to grow addle; to muddle; as,
he addled his brain. =Their eggs were addled.8
Ad6dle, v. t. & i. [OE. adlen, adilen, to gain, acquire;
prob. fr. Icel. ?lask to acquire property, akin to o?al
property. Cf. Allodial.] 1. To earn by labor. [Prov. Eng.]
2. To thrive or grow; to ripen. [Prov. Eng.]
Kill ivy, else tree will addle no more.
Ad6dlePbrain7 (#), Ad6dlePhead7 (#), Ad6dlePpate (#),} n. A
foolish or dullPwitted fellow. [Colloq.]
Ad6dlePbrained7 (#), Ad6dlePhead7ed (#), Ad6dlePpa7ted (#),}
a. DullPwitted; stupid. =The addlePbrained Oberstein.8
Dull and addlePpated.
Ad6dlePpa7tedOness (#), n. Stupidity.
Ad6dlings (#), n. pl. [See Addle, to earn.] Earnings. [Prov.
AdOdoom6 (#), v. t. [Pref. aP + doom.] To adjudge. [Obs.]
AdOdorsed6 (#), a. [L. ad + dorsum, back: cf. F. adoss.]
(Her.) Set or turned back to back.
AdOdress6 (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Addressed (#); p. pr. &
vb. n. Addressing.] [OE. adressen to raise erect, adorn, OF.
adrecier, to straighten, address, F. adresser, fr. (L. ad)
+ OF. drecier, F. dresser, to straighten, arrange. See
Dress, v.] 1. To aim; to direct. [Obs.]
And this good knight his way with me addrest.
2. To prepare or make ready. [Obs.]
His foe was soon addressed.
Turnus addressed his men to single fight.
The five foolish virgins addressed themselves at the noise
of the bridegroom's coming.
3. Reflexively: To prepare one's self; to apply one's skill
or energies (to some object); to betake.
These men addressed themselves to the task.
4. To clothe or array; to dress. [Archaic]
Tecla . . . addressed herself in man's apparel.
5. To direct, as words (to any one or any thing); to make,
as a speech, petition, etc. (to any one, an audience).
The young hero had addressed his players to him for his
6. To direct speech to; to make a communication to, whether
spoken or written; to apply to by words, as by a speech,
petition, etc., to speak to; to accost.
Are not your orders to address the senate?
The representatives of the nation addressed the king.
7. To direct in writing, as a letter; to superscribe, or to
direct and transmit; as, he addressed a letter.
8. To make suit to as a lover; to court; to woo.
9. (Com.) To consign or intrust to the care of another, as
agent or factor; as, the ship was addressed to a merchant in
To address one's self to. (a) To prepare one's self for; to
apply one's self to. (b) To direct one's speech or discourse
AdOdress6 (#), v. i. 1. To prepare one's self. [Obs.] =Let
us address to tend on Hector's heels.8
2. To direct speech. [Obs.]
Young Turnus to the beauteous maid addrest.
5 The intransitive uses come from the dropping out of the
AdOdress, n. [Cf. F. adresse. See Address, v. t.]
1. Act of preparing one's self. [Obs.]
2. Act of addressing one's self to a person; verbal
3. A formal communication, either written or spoken; a
discourse; a speech; a formal application to any one; a
petition; a formal statement on some subject or special
occasion; as, an address of thanks, an address to the
4. Direction or superscription of a letter, or the name,
title, and place of residence of the person addressed.
5. Manner of speaking to another; delivery; as, a man of
pleasing or insinuating address.
6. Attention in the way one's addresses to a lady.
7. Skill; skillful management; dexterity; adroitness.
Syn. P Speech; discourse; harangue; oration; petition;
lecture; readiness; ingenuity; tact; adroitness.
Ad7dressOee6 (#), n. One to whom anything is addressed.
AdOdres6sion (#), n. The act of addressing or directing
one's course. [Rare & Obs.]
AdOduce6 (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Adduced (#); p. pr. & vb.
n. Adducing (#).] [L. adducere, adductum, to lead or bring
to; ad + ducere to lead. See Duke, and cf. Adduct.] To bring
forward or offer, as an argument, passage, or consideration
which bears on a statement or case; to cite; to allege.
Reasons . . . were adduced on both sides.
Enough could not be adduced to satisfy the purpose of
Syn. P To present; allege; advance; cite; quote; assign;
urge; name; mention.
AdOdu6cent (#), a. [L. addunces, p. pr. of adducere.]
(Physiol.) Bringing together or towards a given point; P a
word applied to those muscles of the body which pull one
part towards another. Opposed to abducent.
AdOdu6cer (#), n. One who adduces.
AdOdu6ciOble (#), a. Capable of being adduced.
Proofs innumerable, and in every imaginable manner
diversified, are adducible.
AdOduct6 (#), v. t. [L. adductus, p. p. of adducere. See
Adduce.] (Physiol.) To draw towards a common center or a
AdOduc6tion (#), n. [Cf. F. adduction. See Adduce.] 1. The
act of adducing or bringing forward.
An adduction of facts gathered from various quarters.
2. (Physiol.) The action by which the parts of the body are
drawn towards its axis; P opposed to abduction.
AdOduc6tive (#), a. Adducing, or bringing towards or to
AdOduc6tor (#), n. [L., fr. adducere.] (Anat.) A muscle
which draws a limb or part of the body toward the middle
line of the body, or closes extended parts of the body; P
opposed to abductor; as, the adductor of the eye, which
turns the eye toward the nose.
In the bivalve shells, the muscles which close the values of
the shell are called adductor muscles.
AdOdulce6 (#), v. t. [Like F. adoucir; fr. L. ad. + dulcis
sweet.] To sweeten; to soothe. [Obs.]
AOdeem6 (#), v. t. [L. adimere. See Ademption.] (Law) To
revoke, as a legacy, grant, etc., or to satisfy it by some
X A7deOlan7taOdil6lo (#), n. [Sp.] A Spanish red wine made
of the first ripe grapes.
X A7deOlanOta6do (#), n. [Sp., prop. p. of adelantar to
advance, to promote.] A governor of a province; a commander.
X AdOeOlas6ter (#), n. [Gr. ? not manifest + ? a star.]
(Bot.) A provisional name for a plant which has not had its
flowers botanically examined, and therefore has not been
referred to its proper genus.
Ad6elOing (#), n. Same as Atheling.
AOdel7oOcoOdon6ic (#), a. [Gr. ? invisible + ? a bell.]
(Zol.) Applied to sexual zooids of hydroids, that have a
saclike form and do not become free; P opposed to
AOdel6oOpod (#), n. [Gr. ? invisible + ?, ?, foot.] (Zol.)
An animal having feet that are not apparent.
X AOdel6phiOa (#), n. [Gr. ? brother.] (Bot.) A
=brotherhood,8 or collection of stamens in a bundle; P used
in composition, as in the class names, Monadelphia,
AOdel6phous (#), a. [Gr. ? brother.] (Bot.) Having
coalescent or clustered filaments; P said of stamens; as,
adelphous stamens. Usually in composition; as, monadelphous.
AOdempt6 (#), p. p. [L. ademptus, p. p. of adimere to take
away.] Takes away. [Obs.]
Without any sinister suspicion of anything being added or
<-- p. 21 -->
AOdemp6tion (?), n. [L. ademptio, fr. adimere, ademptum, to
take away; ad + emere to buy, orig. to take.] (Law) The
revocation or taking away of a grant donation, legacy, or
AdenO or AdenoO. [Gr. ?, ?, gland.] Combining forms of the
Greek word for gland; - used in words relating to the
structure, diseases, etc., of the glands.
X Ad7eOnal6giOa (?), Ad6eOnal7gy (?), } n. [Gr. ? + ? pain.]
(Med.) Pain in a gland.
AOden6iOform (?), a. [AdenO + Oform.] Shaped like a gland;
X Ad7eOni6tis (?), n. [AdenO + Oitis.] (Med.) Glandular
Ad7eOnoOgraph6ic (?), a. Pertaining to adenography.
Ad7eOnog6raOphy (?), n. [AdenoO + Ography.] That part of
anatomy which describes the glands.
Ad6eOnoid (?), Ad7eOnoid6al (?) } a. Glandlike; glandular.
Ad7eOnoOlog6icOal (?), a. Pertaining to adenology.
Ad7eOnol6oOgy (?), n. [AdenoO + Ology.] The part of
physiology that treats of the glands.
Ad7eOnoph6oOrous (?), a. [AdenoO + Gr. ? bearing.] (Bot.)
Ad7eOnoph6ylOlous (?), a. [AdenoO + Gr. ? leaf.] (Bot.)
Having glands on the leaves.
Ad6eOnose7 (?; 277), a. Like a gland; full of glands;
Ad7eOnoOtom6ic (?), a. Pertaining to adenotomy.
Ad7eOnot6oOmy (?), n. [AdenoO + Gr. ? a cutting, ? to cut.]
(Anat.) Dissection of, or incision into, a gland or glands.
Ad6eOnous (?), a. Same as Adenose.
X Ad6eps (?), n. [L.] Animal fat; lard.
AOdept6 (?), n. [L. adeptus obtained (sc. artem), ?he who
has obtained an art, p. p. of adipsci to arrive ?at, to
obtain; ad + apisci to pursue. See Apt, and cf. Adapt.] One
fully skilled or well versed in anything; a proficient; as,
adepts in philosophy.
AOdept6, a. Well skilled; completely versed; thoroughly
Beaus adept in everything profound.
AOdep6tion (?), n. [L. adeptio. See Adept, a.] An obtaining;
In the wit and policy of the capitain consisteth the chief
adeption of the victory.
AOdept6ist, n. A skilled alchemist. [Obs.]
AOdept6ness, n. The quality of being adept; skill.
Ad6eOquaOcy (?), n. [See Adequate.] The state or quality of
being adequate, proportionate, or sufficient; a sufficiency
for a particular purpose; as, the adequacy of supply to the
Ad6eOquate (?), a. [L. adaequatus, p. p. of adaequare to
make equal to; ad + aequare to make equal, aequus equal. See
Equal.] Equal to some requirement; proportionate, or
correspondent; fully sufficient; as, powers adequate to a
great work; an adequate definition.
Ireland had no adequate champion.
Syn. P Proportionate; commensurate; sufficient; suitable;
Ad6eOquate (?), v. t. [See Adequate, a.] 1. To equalize; to
make adequate. [R.]
2. To equal. [Obs.]
It [is] an impossibility for any creature to adequate God in
Ad6eOquateOly (?), adv. In an adequate manner.
Ad6eOquateOness, n. The quality of being adequate;
suitableness; sufficiency; adequacy.
Ad7eOqua6tion (?), n. [L. adaequatio.] The act of
equalizing; act or result of making adequate; an equivalent.
AOdes6my (?), n. [Gr. ? unfettered; ? priv. + ? a fetter.]
(Bot.) The division or defective coherence of an organ that
is usually entire.
AdOes7seOna6riOan (?), n. [Formed fr. L. adesse to be
present; ad + esse to be.] (Eccl. Hist.) One who held the
real presence of Christ's body in the eucharist, but not by
AdOfect6ed (?), a. [L. adfectus or affectus. See Affect, v.]
(Alg.) See Affected, 5.
AdOfil6iOa7ted (?), a. See Affiliated. [Obs.]
AdOfil7iOa6tion (?), n. See Affiliation. [Obs.]
AdOflux6ion (?), n. See Affluxion.
AdOha6mant (?), a. [From L. adhamare to catch; ad + hamus
hook.] Clinging, as by hooks.
AdOhere6 (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Adhered (?); p. pr. & vb.
n. Adhering (?).] [L. adhaerere, adhaesum; ad + haerere to
stick: cf. F. adhrer. See Aghast.] 1. To stick fast or
cleave, as a glutinous substance does; to become joined or
united; as, wax to the finger; the lungs sometimes adhere
to the pleura.
2. To hold, be attached, or devoted; to remain fixed, either
by personal union or conformity of faith, principle, or
opinion; as, men adhere to a party, a cause, a leader, a
3. To be consistent or coherent; to be in accordance; to
agree. =Nor time nor place did then adhere.8 Every thing
Syn. P To attach; stick; cleave; cling; hold
AdOher6ence (?), n. [Cf. F. adhrence, LL. adhaerentia.] 1.
The quality or state of adhering.
2. The state of being fixed in attachment; fidelity; steady
attachment; adhesion; as, adherence to a party or to
Syn. P Adherence, Adhesion. These words, which were once
freely interchanged, are now almost entirely separated.
Adherence is no longer used to denote physical union, but is
applied, to mental states or habits; as, a strict adherence
to one's duty; close adherence to the argument, etc.
Adhesion is now confined chiefly to the physical sense,
except in the phrase =To give in one's adhesion to a cause
or a party.8
AdOher6enOcy (?), n. 1. The state or quality of being
adherent; adherence. [R.]
2. That which adheres. [Obs.]
Dr. H. More.
AdOher6ent (?), a. [L. adhaerens, Oentis, p. pr.: cf. F.
adhrent.] 1. Sticking; clinging; adhering.
2. Attached as an attribute or circumstance.
3. (Bot.) Congenitally united with an organ of another kind,
as calyx with ovary, or stamens with petals.
AdOher6ent, n. 1. One who adheres; one who adheres; one who
follows a leader, party, or profession; a follower, or
partisan; a believer in a particular faith or church.
2. That which adheres; an appendage. [R.]
Syn. P Follower; partisan; upholder; disciple; supporter;
dependent; ally; backer.
AdOher6entOly, adv. In an adherent manner.
AdOher6er (?), n. One who adheres; an adherent.
AdOhe6sion (?), n. [L. adhaesio, fr. adhaerere: cf. F.
adhsion.] 1. The action of sticking; the state of being
attached; intimate union; as the adhesion of glue, or of
parts united by growth, cement, or the like.
2. Adherence; steady or firm attachment; fidelity; as, to
error, to a policy.
His adhesion to the Tories was bounded by his approbation of
their foreign policy.
3. Agreement to adhere; concurrence; assent.
To that treaty Spain and England gave in their adhesion.
4. (Physics) The molecular attraction exerted between bodies
in contact. See Cohesion.
5. (Med.) Union of surface, normally separate, by the
formation of new tissue resulting from an inflammatory
6. (Bot.) The union of parts which are separate in other
plants, or in younger states of the same plant.
Syn. P Adherence; union. See Adherence.
AdOhe6sive (?), a. [Cf. F. adhsif.] 1. Sticky; tenacious,
as glutinous substances.
2. Apt or tending to adhere; clinging.
Adhesive attraction. (Physics) See Attraction. P Adhesive
inflammation (Surg.), that kind of inflammation which
terminates in the reunion of divided parts without
suppuration. - Adhesive plaster, a sticking; a plaster
containing resin, wax, litharge, and olive oil.
AdOhe6siveOly, adv. In an adhesive manner.
AdOhe6siveOness, n. 1. The quality of sticking or adhering;
stickiness; tenacity of union.
2. (Phren.) Propensity to form and maintain attachments to
persons, and to promote social intercourse.
AdOhib6it (?), v. t. [L. adhibitus, p. p. of adhibere to
hold to; ad + habere to have.] 1. To admit, as a person or
thing; to take in.
2. To use or apply; to administer.
3. To attach; to affix.
Ad7hiObi6tion (?), n. [L. adhibitio.] The act of adhibiting;
X Ad hom6iOnem (?). [L., to the man.] A phrase applied to an
appeal or argument addressed to the principles, interests,
or passions of a man.
AdOhort6 (?), v. t. [L. adhortari. See Adhortation.] To
exhort; to advise. [Obs.]
Ad7horOta6tion (?), n. [L. adhortatio, fr. adhortari to
advise; ad + hortari to exhort.] Advice; exhortation. [Obs.]
AdOhor6taOtoOry (?), a. Containing counsel or warning;
hortatory; advisory. [Obs.]
Ad7iOaObat6ic (?), a. [Gr. ? not passable; ? priv. + ?
through + ? to go.] (Physics) Not giving out or receiving
heat. - Ad7iOaObat7icOalOly, adv.
w line or curve, a curve exhibiting the variations of
pressure and volume of a fluid when it expands without
either receiving or giving out heat.
Ad7iOacOtin6ic (?), a. [Pref. aO not + diactinic.] (Chem.)
Not transmitting the actinic rays.
X Ad7iOan6tum (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. ?, maidenhair; ? priv. +
? to wet.] (Bot.) A genus of ferns, the leaves of which shed
water; maidenhair. Also, the black maidenhair, a species of
Ad7iOaph6oOrism (?), n. Religious indifference.
Ad7iOaph6oOrist (?), n. [See Adiaphorous.] (Eccl. Hist.) One
of the German Protestants who, with Melanchthon, held some
opinions and ceremonies to be indifferent or nonessential,
which Luther condemned as sinful or heretical.
Ad7iOaph7oOris6tic (?), a. Pertaining to matters indifferent
in faith and practice.
Ad7iOaph6oOrite (?), n. Same as Adiaphorist.
Ad7iOaph6oOrous (?), a. [Gr. ?; ? priv. + ? different; ?
through + ? to bear.] 1. Indifferent or neutral.
2. (Med.) Incapable of doing either harm or good, as some
Ad7iOaph6oOry, n. [Gr. ?.] Indifference. [Obs.]
Ad7iOaOther6mic (?), a. [Gr. ? priv. + ? through + ?heat.]
Not pervious to heat.
AOdieu6 (?), interj. & adv. [OE. also adew, adewe, adue, F.
? dieu, fr. L. ad to + deus God.] Good-by; farewell; an
expression of kind wishes at parting.
AOdieu6, n.; pl. Adieus (?). A farewell; commendation to the
care of God at parting.
AOdight6 (?), v. t. [p. p. Adight.] [Pref. aO (intensive) +
OE. dihten. See Dight.] To set in order; to array; to
attire; to deck, to dress. [Obs.]
X Ad in7fiOni6tum (?).[L., to infinity.] Without limit;
X Ad in6terOim (?)[L.] Meanwhile; temporary.
Ad7eOpes6cent (?), a. [L. adeps, adipis, fat + Oescent.]
AOdip6ic (?), a. [L. adeps, adipis, fat.] (Chem.) Pertaining
to, or derived from, fatty or oily substances; - applied to
certain acids obtained from fats by the action of nitric
Ad7iOpoc6erOate (?), v. t. To convert adipocere.
Ad7iOpoc7erOa6tion (?), n. The act or process of changing
Ad6iOpoOcere7 (?), n. [L. adeps, adipis, fat + cera wax: cf.
F. adipocere.] A soft, unctuous, or waxy substance, of a
light brown color, into which the fat and muscle tissue of
dead bodies sometimes are converted, by long immersion in
water or by burial in moist places. It is a result of fatty
Ad7iOpoOcer6iOform (?), a. [Adipocere + Oform.] Having the
form or appearance of adipocere; as, an adipoceriform tumor.
Ad7iOpoc6erOous (?), a. Like adipocere.
Ad6iOpose7 (?; 277), a. [L. adeps, adipis, fat, grease.] Of
or pertaining to animal fat; fatty.
Adipose fin (Zol.), a soft boneless fin. P Adipose tissue
(Anat.), that form of animal tissue which forms or contains
Ad6iOpose7ness (?), Ad7iOpos6iOty (?), } n. The state of
being fat; fatness.
Ad6iOpous (?), a. Fatty; adipose. [R.]
AOdip6sous (?), a. [Gr. ?; ? priv. + ?, thirst.] Quenching
thirst, as certain fruits.
Ad6ipOsy (?), n. [Gr. ? not thirsty; ? priv. + ? thirst.]
(Med.) Absence of thirst.
Ad6it (?), n. [L. aditus, fr. adire, ?aitum, to go to; ad +
ire to go.] 1. An entrance or passage. Specifically: The
nearly horizontal opening by which a mine is entered, or by
which water and ores are carried away; - called also drift
2. Admission; approach; access. [R.]
Yourself and yours shall have
Ad6ja6cence (?), AdOja6cenOcy (?), } [Cf. LL. adjacentia.]
1. The state of being adjacent or contiguous; contiguity;
as, the adjacency of lands or buildings.
2. That which is adjacent.[R.]
Sir T. Browne.
AdOja6cent (?), a. [L. adjacens, Ocentis, p. pr. of adjacere
to lie near; ad + jac?re to lie: cf. F. adjacent.] Lying
near, close, or contiguous; neighboring; bordering on; as, a
field adjacent to the highway. =The adjacent forest.8
Adjacent or contiguous angle. (Geom.) See Angle.
Syn. - Adjoining; contiguous; near. - Adjacent, Adjoining,
Contiguous. Things are adjacent when they lie close each
other, not necessary in actual contact; as, adjacent fields,
adjacent villages, etc.
I find that all Europe with her adjacent isles is peopled
Things are adjoining when they meet at some line or point of
junction; as, adjoining farms, an adjoining highway. What is
spoken of as contiguous should touch with some extent of one
side or the whole of it; as, a row of contiguous buildings;
a wood contiguous to a plain.
AdOja6cent, n. That which is adjacent. [R.]
AdOja6centOly, adv. So as to be adjacent.
AdOject6 (?), v. t. [L. adjectus, p. p. of adjicere to throw
to, to add to; ad + ac?re to throw. See Jet a shooting
forth.] To add or annex; to join.
AdOjec6tion (?), n. [L. adjectio, fr. adjicere: cf. F.
adjection. See Adject.] The act or mode of adding; also, the
thing added. [R.]
AdOjec6tionOal (?), a. Pertaining to adjection; that is, or
may be, annexed. [R.]
Ad7jecOti6tious (?), [L. adjectitius.] Added; additional.
Ad7jecOti6val (?), a. Of or relating to the relating to the
adjective; of the nature of an adjective; adjective.
W. Taylor (1797)
Ad7jecOti6valOly, adv. As, or in the manner of, an
Ad6jecOtive (?), a. [See Adjective, n.]
1. Added to a substantive as an attribute; of the nature of
an adjunct; as, an word sentence.
2. Not standing by itself; dependent.
Adjective color, a color which requires to be fixed by some
mordant or base to give it permanency.
3. Relating to procedure. =The whole English law,
substantive and adjective.8
Ad6jecOtive, n. [L. adjectivum (sc. nomen), neut. of
adjectivus that is added, fr. adjicere: cf. F. adjectif. See
Adject.] 1. (Gram.) A word used with a noun, or substantive,
to express a quality of the thing named, or something
attributed to it, or to limit or define it, or to specify or
describe a thing, as distinct from something else. Thus, in
phrase, =a wise ruler,8 wise is the adjective, expressing a
property of ruler.
2. A dependent; an accessory.
Ad6jecOtive, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Adjectived (?); p. pr. &
vb. n. Adjectiving (?).] To make an adjective of; to form or
change into an adjective. [R.]
Language has as much occasion to adjective the distinct
signification of the verb, and to adjective also the mood,
as it has to adjective time. It has... adjectived all three.
Ad6jecOtiveOly, adv. In the manner of an adjective; as, a
word used adjectively.
AdOjoin6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Adjoined (?); p. pr. & vb.
n. Adjoining.] [OE. ajoinen, OF. ajoindre, F. adjoindre, fr.
L. adjungere; ad + jungere to join. See Join, and cf.
Adjunct.] To join or unite to; to lie contiguous to; to be
in contact with; to attach; to append.
Corrections... should be, as remarks, adjoined by way of
AdOjoin6 (?), v. i. 1. To lie or be next, or in contact; to
be contiguous; as, the houses adjoin.
When one man's land adjoins to another's.
5 The construction with to, on, or with is obsolete or
2. To join one's self. [Obs.]
She lightly unto him adjoined side to side.
AdOjoin6ant (?), a. Contiguous. [Obs.]
AdOjoin6ing, a. Joining to; contiguous; adjacent; as, an
adjoining room. =The adjoining fane.8
Upon the hills adjoining to the city.
Syn. P Adjacent; contiguous; near; neighboring; abutting;
bordering. See Adjacent.
Ad6joint (?), n. An adjunct; a helper. [Obs.]
AdOjourn (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Adjourned (?); p. pr. &
vb. n. Adjourning (?).] [OE. ajornen, OF. ajoiner, ajurner,
F. ajourner; OF. a (L. ad) + jor, jur, jorn, F. jour, day,
fr. L. diurnus belonging to the day, fr. dies day. Cf.
Journal, Journey.] To put off or defer to another day, or
indefinitely; to postpone; to close or suspend for the day;
- commonly said of the meeting, or the action, of convened
body; as, to adjourn the meeting; to adjourn a debate.
It is a common practice to adjourn the reformation of their
lives to a further time.
'Tis a needful fitness
That we adjourn this court till further day.
Syn. - To delay; defer; postpone; put off; suspend. - To
Adjourn, Prorogue, Dissolve. These words are used in
respect to public bodies when they lay aside business and
separate. Adjourn, both in Great Britain and this country,
is applied to all cases in which such bodies separate for a
brief period, with a view to meet again. Prorogue is applied
in Great Britain to that act of the executive government, as
the sovereign, which brings a session of Parliament to a
close. The word is not used in this country, but a
legislative body is said, in such a case, to adjourn sine
die. To dissolve is to annul the corporate existence of a
body. In order to exist again the body must be
AdOjourn6, v. i.To suspend business for a time, as from one
day to another, or for a longer period, or indefinitely;
usually, to suspend public business, as of legislatures and
courts, or other convened bodies; as, congress adjourned
at four o'clock; the court adjourned without day.
AdOjourn6al (?), n. Adjournment; postponement. [R.] =An
adjournal of the Diet.8
Sir W. Scott.
AdOjourn6ment (?), n. [Cf. f. adjournement, OF. ajornement.
See Adjourn.] 1. The act of adjourning; the putting off till
another day or time specified, or without day.
2.The time or interval during which a public body adjourns
its sittings or postpones business.
AdOjudge6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Adjudged (?); p. pr. &
vb. n. Adjudging (?).] [OE. ajugen, OF. ajugier, fr. L.
adjudicare; ad + judicare to judge. See Judge, and cf.
Adjudicate.] 1. To award judicially in the case of a
controverted question; as, the prize was adjudged to the
2. To determine in the exercise of judicial power; to decide
or award judicially; to adjudicate; as, the case was
adjudged in the November term.
3. To sentence; to condemn.
Without reprieve, adjudged to death
For want of well pronouncing Shibboleth.
4. To regard or hold; to judge; to deem.
He adjudged him unworthy of his friendship.
Syn. - To decree; award; determine; adjudicate; ordain;
AdOjudg6er (?), n. One who adjudges.
AdOjudg6ment (?), n. The act of adjudging; judicial
Sir W. Temple.
AdOju6diOcate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Adjudicated (?); p.
pr. & vb. n. Adjudicating (?)] [L. adjudicatus, p. p. of
adjudicare. See Adjudge.] To adjudge; to try and determine,
as a court; to settle by judicial decree.
AdOju6diOcate, v. i. To come to a judicial decision; as, the
court adjudicated upon the case.
AdOju7diOca6tion (?), n. [L. adjudicatio: cf. F.
adjudication.] 1. The act of adjudicating; the act or
process of trying and determining judicially.
2. A deliberate determination by the judicial power; a
judicial decision or sentence. =An adjudication in favor of
3. (Bankruptcy practice) The decision upon the question
whether the debtor is a bankrupt.
4. (Scots Law) A process by which land is attached security
or in satisfaction of a debt.
AdOju6diOcaOtive (?), a. Adjudicating.
AdOju6diOca7tor (?), n. One who adjudicates.
AdOju6diOcaOture (?), n. Adjudication.
Ad6juOgate (?), v. t. [L. adjugatus, p. p. of adjugare; ad +
jugum a yoke.] To yoke to. [Obs.]
Ad6juOment (?), n. [L. adjumentum, for adjuvamentum, fr.
adjuvare to help; ad + juvare to help.] Help; support; also,
a helper. [Obs.]
Ad6junct7 (?), a. [L. adjunctus, p. p. of adjungere. See
Adjoin.] Conjoined; attending; consequent.
Though that my death were adjunct to my act.
w notes (Mus.), short notes between those essential to the
harmony; auxiliary notes; passing notes.
Ad6junct7, n. 1. Something joined or added to another thing,
but not essentially a part of it.
Learning is but an adjunct to our self.
2. A person joined to another in some duty or service; a
colleague; an associate.
3. (Gram.) A word or words added to quality or amplify the
force of other words; as, the History of the American
Revolution, where the words in italics are the adjunct or
adjuncts of =History.8
4. (Metaph.) A quality or property of the body or the mind,
whether natural or acquired; as, color, in the body,
judgment in the mind.
5. (Mus.) A key or scale closely related to another as
principal; a relative or attendant key. [R.] See Attendant
keys, under Attendant, a.
AdOjunc6tion (?), n. [L. adjunctio, fr. adjungere: cf. F.
adjonction, and see Adjunct.] The act of joining; the thing
joined or added.
AdOjunc6tive (?), a. [L. adjunctivus, fr. adjungere. See
Adjunct.] Joining; having the quality of joining; forming an
AdOjunc6tive, n. One who, or that which, is joined.
AdOjunc6tiveOly, adv. In an adjunctive manner.
AdOjunct6ly (?), adv. By way of addition or adjunct; in
Ad7juOra6tion (?), n. [L. adjuratio, fr. adjurare: cf. F.
adjuration. See Adjure.] 1. The act of adjuring; a solemn
charging on oath, or under the penalty of a curse; an
What an accusation could not effect, an adjuration shall.
2. The form of oath or appeal.
Persons who... made use of prayer and adjurations.
AdOju6raOtoOry (?), a. [L. adjuratorius.] Containing an
AdOjure6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Adjured (?); p. pr. & vb.
n. Adjuring (?). [L. adjurare, adjurdium, to swear to;
later, to adjure: cf. F. adjurer. See Jury.] To charge,
bind, or command, solemnly, as if under oath, or under the
penalty of a curse; to appeal to in the most solemn or
impressive manner; to entreat earnestly.
Joshua adjured them at that time, saying, Cursed be the man
before the Lord, that riseth up and buildeth this city
Josh. vi. 26.
The high priest... said... I adjure thee by the living God,
that tell us whether thou be the Christ.
Matt. xxvi. 63.
The commissioners adjured them not to let pass so favorable
an opportunity of securing their liberties.
AdOjur6er (?), n. One who adjures.
AdOjust6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Adjusted; p. pr. & vb. n.
Adjusting.] [OF. ajuster, ajoster (whence F. ajouter to
add), LL. adjuxtare to fit; fr. L. ad + juxta near; confused
later with L. ad and justus just, right, whence F. ajuster
to adjust. See Just, v. t. and cf. Adjute.] 1. To make
exact; to fit; to make correspondent or conformable; to
bring into proper relations; as, to adjust a garment to the
body, or things to a standard.
2. To put in order; to regulate, or reduce to system.
Adjusting the orthography.
3. To settle or bring to a satisfactory state, so that
parties are agreed in the result; as, to adjust accounts;
the differences are adjusted.
4. To bring to a true relative position, as the parts of an
instrument; to regulate for use; as, to adjust a telescope
Syn. - To adapt; suit; arrange; regulate; accommodate; set
right; rectify; settle.
AdOjust6aOble (?), a. Capable of being adjusted.
AdOjust6age (?), n. [Cf. Ajutage.] Adjustment. [R.]
AdOjust6er (?), n. One who, or that which, adjusts.
AdOjust6ive (?), a. Tending to adjust. [R.]
AdOjust6ment (?), n. [Cf. F. ajustement. See Adjust.] 1. The
act of adjusting, or condition of being adjusted; act of
bringing into proper relations; regulation.
Success depends on the nicest and minutest adjustment of the
2. (Law) Settlement of claims; an equitable arrangement of
conflicting claims, as in set-off, contribution,
exoneration, subrogation, and marshaling.
3. The operation of bringing all the parts of an instrument,
as a microscope or telescope, into their proper relative
position for use; the condition of being thus adjusted; as,
to get a good adjustment; to be in or out of adjustment.
Syn. - Suiting; fitting; arrangement; regulation;
settlement; adaptation; disposition.
Ad6juOtage (?), n. Same as Ajutage.
Ad6juOtanOcy (?), n. [See Adjutant.] 1. The office of an
2. Skillful arrangement in aid; assistance.
It was, no doubt, disposed with all the adjutancy of
definition and division.
Ad6juOtant (?), n. [L. adjutans, p. pr. of adjutare to help.
See Aid.] 1. A helper; an assistant.
2. (Mil.) A regimental staff officer, who assists the
colonel, or commanding officer of a garrison or regiment, in
the details of regimental and garrison duty.
w general (a) (Mil.), the principal staff officer of an
army, through whom the commanding general receives
communications and issues military orders. In the U. S. army
he is brigadier general. (b) (Among the Jesuits), one of a
select number of fathers, who resided with the general of
the order, each of whom had a province or country assigned
to his care.
3. (Zol.) A species of very large stork (Ciconia argala), a
native of India; - called also the gigantic crane, and by
the native name argala. It is noted for its
Ad6juOta7tor (?), n. (Eng. Hist.) A corruption of Agitator.
AdOjute6 (?), v. t. [F. ajouter; confused with L. adjutare.]
To add. [Obs.]
AdOju6tor (?), n. [L., fr. adjuvare. See Aid.] A helper or
AdOju6toOry (?), a. [L. adjutorius.] Serving to help or
assist; helping. [Obs.]
AdOju6trix (?), n. [L. See Adjutor.] A female helper or
Ad6juOvant (?), a. [L. adjuvans, p. pr. of adjuvare to aid:
cf. F. adjuvant. See Aid.] Helping; helpful; assisting. [R.]
Ad6juOvant, n. 1. An assistant. [R.]
2. (Med.) An ingredient, in a prescription, which aids or
modifies the action of the principal ingredient.
Ad7leOga6tion (?), n. [L. adlegatio, allegatio, a sending
away; fr. adlegare, allegare, to send away with a
commission; ad in addition + legare to send as ambassador.
Cf. Allegation.] A right formerly claimed by the states of
the German Empire of joining their own ministers with those
of the emperor in public treaties and negotiations to the
common interest of the empire.
X Ad lib6iOtum (?). At one's pleasure; as one wishes.
Ad7loOcu6tion (?), n. See Allocution. [Obs.]
AdOmar6ginOate (?), v. t. [Pref. adO + margin.] To write in
the margin. [R.]
AdOmax6ilOlaOry (?), a. [Pref. adO + maxillary.] (Anat.)
Near to the maxilla or jawbone.
AdOmeas6ure (?; 135), v. t. [Cf. OF. amesurer, LL.
admensurare. See Measure.] 1. To measure.
2. (Law) To determine the proper share of, or the proper
apportionment; as, to admeasure dower; to admeasure common
AdOmeas6ureOment (?), n. [Cf. OF. amesurement, and E.
Measure.] 1. The act or process of ascertaining the
dimensions of anything; mensuration; measurement; as, the
admeasurement of a ship or of a cask. = Admeasurement by
2. The measure of a thing; dimensions; size.
3. (Law) Formerly, the adjustment of proportion, or
ascertainment of shares, as of dower or pasture held in
common. This was by writ of admeasurement, directed to the
AdOmeas6urOer (?), n. One who admeasures.
AdOmen7suOra6tion (?), n. [LL. admensuratio; L. ad +
mensurare to measure. See Mensuration.] Same as
AdOmin6iOcle (?), n. [L. adminculum support, orig., that on
which the hand rests; ad + manus hand + dim. ending
Oculym.] 1. Help or support; an auxiliary.
2. (Law) Corroborative or explanatory proof.
In Scots law, any writing tending to establish the existence
or terms of a lost deed.
Ad7miOnic6uOlar (?), a. Supplying help; auxiliary;
corroborative; explanatory; as, adminicular evidence.
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