Webster's Unabridged Dictionary

Part 5 out of 18

Ad7miOnic6uOlaOry (?), a. Adminicular.
AdOmin6isOter (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Administered (?); p.
pr. & vb. n. Administering.] [OE. aministren, OF.
aministrer, F. administer, fr. L. administrare; ad +
ministrare to serve. See Minister.] 1.To manage or conduct,
as public affairs; to direct or superintend the execution,
application, or conduct of; as, to administer the government
or the state.
For forms of government let fools contest:
Whate'er is best administered is best.
2. To dispense; to serve out; to supply; execute; as, to
administer relief, to administer the sacrament.
[Let zephyrs] administer their tepid, genial airs.
Justice was administered with an exactness and purity not
before known.
3. To apply, as medicine or a remedy; to give, as a dose or
something beneficial or suitable. Extended to a blow, a
reproof, etc.
A noxious drug had been administered to him.
4. To tender, as an oath.
Swear... to keep the oath that we administer.
5. (Law) To settle, as the estate of one who dies without a
will, or whose will fails of an executor.
Syn. - To manage; conduct; minister; supply; dispense; give
out; distribute; furnish.
AdOmin6isOter, v. i. 1. To contribute; to bring aid or
supplies; to conduce; to minister.
A fountain... administers to the pleasure as well as the
plenty of the place.
2. (Law) To perform the office of administrator; to act
officially; as, A administers upon the estate of B.
AdOmin6isOter, n. Administrator. [Obs.]
AdOmin7isOte6riOal (?), a. Pertaining to administration, or
to the executive part of government.
AdOmin6isOtraOble (?), a. Capable of being administered; as,
an administrable law.
AdOmin6isOtrant (?), a. [F., p. pr. of administrer. See
Administer.] Executive; acting; managing affairs. - n. One
who administers.
AdOmin6isOtrate (?), v. t. [L. administratus, p. p. of
administrare.] To administer. [R.]
AdOmin7isOtra6tion (?; 277), n. [OE. administracioun, L.
administratio: cf. F. administration.] 1. The act of
administering; government of public affairs; the service
rendered, or duties assumed, in conducting affairs; the
conducting of any office or employment; direction;
His financial administration was of a piece with his
military administration.
2. The executive part of government; the persons
collectively who are intrusted with the execution of laws
and the superintendence of public affairs; the chief
magistrate and his cabinet or council; or the council, or
ministry, alone, as in Great Britain.
A mild and popular administration.
The administration has been opposed in parliament.
3. The act of administering, or tendering something to
another; dispensation; as, the administration of a medicine,
of an oath, of justice, or of the sacrament.

4. (Law) (a) The management and disposal, under legal
authority, of the estate of an intestate, or of a testator
having no competent executor. (b) The management of an
estate of a deceased person by an executor, the strictly
corresponding term execution not being in use.
w with the will annexed, administration granted where the
testator has appointed no executor, or where his appointment
of an executor for any cause has failed, as by death,
incompetency, refusal to act, etc.
Syn. - Conduct; management; direction; regulation;
execution; dispensation; distribution.
AdOmin6isOtra7tive (?), a. [L. administrativus: cf. F.
administratif.] Pertaining to administration; administering;
executive; as, an administrative body, ability, or energy. -
AdOmin6isOtra7tiveOly, adv.
AdOmin7isOtra6tor (?), n. [L.] 1. One who administers
affairs; one who directs, manages, executes, or dispenses,
whether in civil, judicial, political, or ecclesiastical
affairs; a manager.
2. (Law) A man who manages or settles the estate of an
intestate, or of a testator when there is no competent
executor; one to whom the right of administration has been
committed by competent authority.
AdOmin7isOtra6torOship, n. The position or office of an
AdOmin7isOtra6trix (?), n. [NL.] A woman who administers;
esp., one who administers the estate of an intestate, or to
whom letters of administration have been granted; a female
Ad7miOraObil6iOty (?), n. [L. admirabilitac.] Admirableness.
Ad6miOraOble (?), a. [L. admirabilis: cf. F. admirable.] 1.
Fitted to excite wonder; wonderful; marvelous. [Obs.]
In man there is nothing admirable but his ignorance and
Jer. Taylor.
2. Having qualities to excite wonder united with
approbation; deserving the highest praise; most excellent; -
used of persons or things. =An admirable machine.8
=Admirable fortitude.8
Syn. - Wonderful; marvelous; surprising; excellent;
delightful; praiseworthy.
Ad6miOraObleOness, n. The quality of being admirable;
wonderful excellence.
Ad6miOraObly, adv. In an admirable manner.
Ad6miOral (?), n. [OE. amiral, admiral, OF. amiral,
ultimately fr. Ar. amFrOalObahr commander of the sea; Ar.
amFr is commander, al is the Ar. article, and amFrOal, heard
in different titles, was taken as one word. Early forms of
the word show confusion with L. admirabilis admirable, fr.
admirari to admire. It is said to have been introduced into
Europe by the Genoese or Venetians, in the 12th or 13th
century. Cf. Ameer, Emir.] 1. A naval officer of the
highest rank; a naval officer of high rank, of which there
are different grades. The chief gradations in rank are
admiral, vice admiral, and rear admiral. The admiral is the
commander in chief of a fleet or of fleets.
2.The ship which carries the admiral; also, the most
considerable ship of a fleet.
Like some mighty admiral, dark and terrible, bearing down
upon his antagonist with all his canvas straining to the
wind, and all his thunders roaring from his broadsides.
E. Everett.
3. (Zol.) A handsome butterfly (Pyrameis Atalanta) of
Europe and America. The larva feeds on nettles.
w shell (Zol.), the popular name of an ornamental cone
shell (Conus admiralis).
Lord High w, a great officer of state, who (when this rare
dignity is conferred) is at the head of the naval
administration of Great Britain.
Ad6miOralOship, n. The office or position oaf an admiral;
also, the naval skill of an admiral.
Ad6miOralOty (?), n.; pl. Admiralties (?). [F. amiraut, for
an older amiralt, office of admiral, fr. LL. admiralitas.
See Admiral.] 1. The office or jurisdiction of an admiral.
2. The department or officers having authority over naval
affairs generally.
3.The court which has jurisdiction of maritime questions and
5 In England, admiralty jurisdiction was formerly vested in
the High Court of Admiralty, which was held before the Lord
High Admiral, or his deputy, styled the Judge of the
Admiralty; but admiralty jurisdiction is now vested in the
probate, divorce, and admiralty division of the High
Justice. In America, there are no admiralty courts distinct
from others, but admiralty jurisdiction is vested in the
district courts of the United States, subject to revision by
the circuit courts and the Supreme Court of the United
States. Admiralty jurisprudence has cognizance of maritime
contracts and torts, collisions at sea, cases of prize in
war, etc., and in America, admiralty jurisdiction is
extended to such matters, arising out of the navigation of
any of the public waters, as the Great Lakes and rivers.
4. The system of jurisprudence of admiralty courts.
5. The building in which the lords of the admiralty, in
England, transact business.
AdOmir6ance (?), n. [Cf. OF. admirance.] Admiration. [Obs.]
Ad7miOra6tion (?), n. [F., fr. L. admiratio. See Admire.] 1.
Wonder; astonishment. [Obs.]
Season your admiration for a while.
2.Wonder mingled with approbation or delight; an emotion
excited by a person or thing possessed of wonderful or high
excellence; as, admiration of a beautiful woman, of a
landscape, of virtue.
3. Cause of admiration; something to excite wonder, or
pleased surprise; a prodigy.
Now, good Lafeu, bring in the admiration.
Note of ~, the mark (!), called also exclamation point.
Syn. - Wonder; approval; appreciation; adoration; reverence;
AdOmi6aOtive (?), a. Relating to or expressing admiration or
wonder. [R.]
AdOmire6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Admired (?); p. pr. & vb.
n. Admiring (?).] [F. admirer, fr. L. admirari; ad + mirari
to wonder, for smirari, akin to Gr. ? to smile, Skr. smi,
and E. smile.] 1. To regard with wonder or astonishment; to
view with surprise; to marvel at. [Archaic]
Examples rather to be admired than imitated.
2. To regard with wonder and delight; to look upon with an
elevated feeling of pleasure, as something which calls out
approbation, esteem, love, or reverence; to estimate or
prize highly; as, to admire a person of high moral worth, to
admire a landscape.
Admired as heroes and as gods obeyed.
5 Admire followed by the infinitive is obsolete or
colloquial; as, I admire to see a man consistent in his
Syn. - To esteem; approve; delight in.
AdOmire6, v. i.To wonder; to marvel; to be affected with
surprise; - sometimes with at.
To wonder at Pharaoh, and even admire at myself.
AdOmired6 (?), a. 1. Regarded with wonder and delight;
highly prized; as, an admired poem.
2. Wonderful; also, admirable. [Obs.] =Admired disorder.8
= Admired Miranda.8
AdOmir6er (?), n. One who admires; one who esteems or loves
AdOmir6ing, a. Expressing admiration; as, an admiring
glance. - AdOmir6ingOly, adv.
AdOmis7siObil6iOty (?), n. [Cf. F. admissibilit.] The
quality of being admissible; admissibleness; as, the
admissibility of evidence.
AdOmis6siOble (?), a. [F. admissible, LL. admissibilis. See
Admit.] Entitled to be admitted, or worthy of being
admitted; that may be allowed or conceded; allowable; as,
the supposition is hardly admissible. - AdOmis6siObleOness,
n. P AdOmis6siObly, adv.
AdOmis6sion (?), n. [L. admissio: cf. F. admission. See
Admit.] 1. The act or practice of admitting.
2. Power or permission to enter; admittance; entrance;
access; power to approach.
What numbers groan for sad admission there!
3. The granting of an argument or position not fully proved;
the act of acknowledging something ?serted; acknowledgment;
The too easy admission of doctrines.
4. (Law) Acquiescence or concurrence in a statement made by
another, and distinguishable from a confession in that an
admission presupposes prior inquiry by another, but a
confession may be made without such inquiry.
5. A fact, point, or statement admitted; as, admission made
out of court are received in evidence.
6. (Eng. Eccl. Law) Declaration of the bishop that he
approves of the presentee as a fit person to serve the cure
of the church to which he is presented.
Syn. - Admittance; concession; acknowledgment; concurrence;
allowance. See Admittance.
AdOmis6sive (?), a.Implying an admission; tending to admit.
AdOmis6soOry (?), a. Pertaining to admission.
AdOmit6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Admitted; p. pr. & vb. n.
Admitting.] [OE. amitten, L. admittere, admissum; ad +
mittere to send: cf. F. admettre, OF. admettre, OF. ametre.
See Missile.] 1. To suffer to enter; to grant entrance,
whether into a place, or into the mind, or consideration; to
receive; to take; as, they were into his house; to admit a
serious thought into the mind; to admit evidence in the
trial of a cause.
2. To give a right of entrance; as, a ticket one into a
3. To allow (one) to enter on an office or to enjoy a
privilege; to recognize as qualified for a franchise; as, to
admit an attorney to practice law; the prisoner was admitted
to bail.
4. To concede as true; to acknowledge or assent to, as an
allegation which it is impossible to deny; to own or
confess; as, the argument or fact is admitted; he admitted
his guilt.
5. To be capable of; to permit; as, the words do not admit
such a construction. In this sense, of may be used after the
verb, or may be omitted.
Both Houses declared that they could admit of no treaty with
the king.
AdOmit6taOble (?), a. Admissible.
Sir T. Browne.
AdOmit6tance (?), n. 1. The act of admitting.
2. Permission to enter; the power or right of entrance;
also, actual entrance; reception.
To gain admittance into the house.
He desires admittance to the king.
To give admittance to a thought of fear.
3. Concession; admission; allowance; as, the admittance of
an argument. [Obs.]
Sir T. Browne.
4. Admissibility. [Obs. & R.]
5. (Eng. Law) The act of giving possession of a copyhold
Syn. - Admission; access; entrance; initiation. -
Admittance, Admission. These words are, to some extent, in a
state of transition and change. Admittance is now chiefly
confined to its primary sense of access into some locality
or building. Thus we see on the doors of factories, shops,
etc. =No admittance.8 Its secondary or moral sense, as
=admittance to the church,8 is almost entirely laid aside.
Admission has taken to itself the secondary or figurative
senses; as, admission to the rights of citizenship;
admission to the church; the admissions made by one of the
parties in a dispute. And even when used in its primary
sense, it is not identical with admittance. Thus, we speak
of admission into a country, territory, and other larger
localities, etc., where admittance could not be used. So,
when we speak of admission to a concert or other public
assembly, the meaning is not perhaps exactly that of
admittance, viz., access within the walls of the building,
but rather a reception into the audience, or access to the
performances. But the lines of distinction on this subject
are one definitely drawn.
X Ad7mitOta6tur (?), n. [L., let him be admitted.] The
certificate of admission given in some American colleges.
AdOmit6ted (?), a. Received as true or valid; acknowledged.
- AdOmit6tedOly, adv. Confessedly.
AdOmit6ter (?), n. One who admits.
AdOmix6 (?), v. t. [Pref. adO + mix: cf. L. admixtus, p. p.
of admiscere. See Mix.] To mingle with something else; to
mix. [R.]
AdOmix6tion (?; 106), n. [L. admixtio.] A mingling of
different things; admixture.
AdOmix6ture (?; 135), n. [L. admiscere, admixtum, to admix;
ad + miscere to mix. See Mix.]
1. The act of mixing; mixture.
2. The compound formed by mixing different substances
3. That which is mixed with anything.
AdOmon6ish (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Admonished (?); p. pr. &
vb. n. Admonishing.] [OE. amonesten, OF. amonester, F.
admonester, fr. a supposed LL. admonesstrare, fr. L.
admonere to remind, warn; ad + monere to warn. See
Monition.] 1. To warn or notify of a fault; to reprove
gently or kindly, but seriously; to exhort. =Admonish him as
a brother.8
2 Thess. iii. 15.
2. To counsel against wrong practices; to cation or advise;
to warn against danger or an offense; - followed by of,
against, or a subordinate clause.
Admonishing one another in psalms and hymns.
Col. iii. 16.
I warned thee, I admonished thee, foretold
The danger, and the lurking enemy.
3. To instruct or direct; to inform; to notify.
Moses was admonished of God, when he was about to make the
Heb. viii. 5.
AdOmon6ishOer (?), n. One who admonishes.
AdOmon6ishOment (?), n. [Cf. OF. amonestement,
admonestement.] Admonition. [R.]
Ad7moOni6tion (?), n. [OE. amonicioun, OF. amonition, F.
admonition, fr. L. admonitio, fr. admonere. See Admonish.]
Gentle or friendly reproof; counseling against a fault or
error; expression of authoritative advice; friendly caution
or warning.
Syn. - Admonition, Reprehension, Reproof. Admonition is
prospective, and relates to moral delinquencies; its object
is to prevent further transgression. Reprehension and
reproof are retrospective, the former being milder than the
latter. A person of any age or station may be liable to
reprehension in case of wrong conduct; but reproof is the
act of a superior. It is authoritative fault-finding or
censure addressed to children or to inferiors.
Ad7moOni6tionOer (?), n. Admonisher. [Obs.]
AdOmon6iOtive (?), a. Admonitory. [R.] Barrow. P
AdOmon6iOtiveOly, adv.
AdOmon6iOtor (?), n. [L.] Admonisher; monitor.
Conscience is at most times a very faithful and prudent
AdOmon7iOto6riOal (?), a. Admonitory. [R.] =An admonitorial
AdOmon6iOtoOry (?), a. [LL. admonitorius.] That conveys
admonition; warning or reproving; as, an admonitory glance.
- AdOmon6iOtoOriOly (?), adv.
AdOmon6iOtrix (?), n. [L.] A female admonitor.
AdOmor7tiOza6tion (?), n. [LL. admortizatio. Cf.
Amortization.] (Law) The reducing or lands or tenements to
mortmain. See Mortmain.
AdOmove6 (?), v. t. [L. admovere. See Move.] To move or
conduct to or toward. [Obs.]
Sir T. Browne.
AdOnas6cent (?), a. [L. adnascens, p. pr. of adnasci to be
born, grow.] Growing to or on something else. =An adnascent
Ad6nate (?), a. [L. adnatus, p. p. of adnasci. See
Adnascent, and cf. Agnate.] 1. (Physiol.) Grown to
2. (Bot.) Growing together; - said only of organic cohesion
of unlike parts.
An anther is adnate when fixed by its whole length to the
3. (Zol.) Growing with one side adherent to a stem; - a
term applied to the lateral zooids of corals and other
compound animals.
AdOna6tion (?), n. (Bot.) The adhesion or cohesion of
different floral verticils or sets of organs.
AdOnom6iOnal (?), a. [L. ad + nomen noun.] (Gram.)
Pertaining to an adnoun; adjectival; attached to a noun.
Gibbs. P AdOnom6iOnalOly, adv.
Ad6noun7 (?), n. [Pref. adO + noun.] (Gram.) An adjective,
or attribute. [R.]
AdOnu6biOla7ted (?), a. [L. adnubilatus, p. p. of
adnubilare.] Clouded; obscured. [R.]
AOdo6 (?), (1) v. inf., (2) n. [OE. at do, northern form
for to do. Cf. Affair.] 1. To do; in doing; as, there is
nothing . =What is here ado?8
J. Newton.
2. Doing; trouble; difficulty; troublesome business; fuss;
bustle; as, to make a great ado about trifles.
With much ado, he partly kept awake.
Let's follow to see the end of this ado.
X AOdo6be (?), n. [Sp.] An unburnt brick dried in the sun;
also used as an adjective, as, an adobe house, in Texas or
New Mexico.
Ad7oOles6cence (?), n. [Fr., fr. L. adolescentia.] The state
of growing up from childhood to manhood or womanhood; youth,
or the period of life between puberty and maturity,
generally considered to be, in the male sex, from fourteen
to twenty-one. Sometimes used with reference to the lower
Ad7oOles6cenOcy (?), n. The quality of being adolescent;

Ad7oOles6cent (?), a. [L. adolescens, p. pr. of adolescere
to grow up to; ad + the inchoative olescere to grow: cf. F.
adolescent. See Adult.] Growing; advancing from childhood to
Schools, unless discipline were doubly strong,
Detain their adolescent charge too long.
Ad7oOles6cent, n. A youth.
Ad7oOne6an (?), a. [L. Adon?us.] Pertaining to Adonis;
Adonic. =Fair Adonean Venus.8
AOdon6ic (?), a. [F. adonique: cf. L. Adonius.] Relating to
Adonis, famed for his beauty. - n. An Adonic verse.
w verse, a verse consisting of a dactyl and spondee (?).
X AOdo6nis (?), n. [L., gr. Gr. ?.] 1. (Gr. Myth.) A youth
beloved by Venus for his beauty. He was killed in the chase
by a wild boar.
2. A pre minently beautiful young man; a dandy.
3. (Bot.) A genus of plants of the family Ranunculace?,
containing the pheasaut's eye (Adonis autumnalis); - named
from Adonis, whose blood was fabled to have stained the
AOdo6nist (?), n. [Heb. ?d?n>i my Lords.] One who maintains
that points of the Hebrew word translated =Jehovah8 are
really the vowel points of the word =Adonai.8 See Jehovist.
Ad6oOnize (?), v. t. [Cf. F. adoniser, fr. Adonis.] To
beautify; to dandify.
I employed three good hours at least in adjusting and
adonozing myself.
AOdoor (?), AOdoors (?), } At the door; of the door; as, out
I took him in adoors.
Vicar's Virgil (1630).
AOdopt6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Adopted; p. pr. & vb. n.
Adopting.] [L. adoptare; ad + optare to choose, desire: cf.
F. adopter. See Option.] 1. To take by choice into
relationship, as, child, heir, friend, citizen, etc.; esp.
to take voluntarily (a child of other parents) to be in the
place of, or as, one's own child.
2. To take or receive as one's own what is not so naturally;
to select and take or approve; as, to adopt the view or
policy of another; these resolutions were adopted.
AOdopt6aOble (?), a. Capable of being adopted.
AOdopt6ed (?), a. Taken by adoption; taken up as one's own;
as, an adopted son, citizen, country, word. - AOdopt6edOly,
AOdopt6er (?), n. 1. One who adopts.
2. (Chem.) A receiver, with two necks, opposite to each
other, one of which admits the neck of a retort, and the
other is joined to another receiver. It is used in
distillations, to give more space to elastic vapors, to
increase the length of the neck of a retort, or to unite two
vessels whose openings have different diameters. [Written
also adapter.]
AOdop6tion (?), n. [L. adoptio, allied to adoptare to adopt:
cf. F. adoption.] 1. The act of adopting, or state of being
adopted; voluntary acceptance of a child of other parents to
be the same as one's own child.
2. Admission to a more intimate relation; reception; as, the
adoption of persons into hospitals or monasteries, or of one
society into another.
3. The choosing and making that to be one's own which
originally was not so; acceptance; as, the adoption of
Jer. Taylor.
AOdop6tionOist, n. (Eccl. Hist.) One of a sect which
maintained that Christ was the Son of God not by nature but
by adoption.
AOdop6tious (?), a. Adopted. [Obs.]
AOdopt6ive (?), a. [L. adoptivus: cf. F. adoptif.]
Pertaining to adoption; made or acquired by adoption; fitted
to adopt; as, an adoptive father, an child; an adoptive
language. - AOdopt6iveOly, adv.
AOdor7aObil6iOty (?), n. Adorableness.
AOdor6aOble (?), a. [L. adorabilis, fr. adorare: cf. F.
adorable.] 1. Deserving to be adored; worthy of divine
The adorable Author of Christianity.
2. Worthy of the utmost love or respect.
AOdor6aObleOness, n. The quality of being adorable, or
worthy of adoration.
AOdor6aObly, adv. In an adorable manner.
Ad7oOra6tion (?), n. [L. adoratio, fr. adorare: cf. F.
adoration.] 1. The act of playing honor to a divine being;
the worship paid to God; the act of addressing as a god.
The more immediate objects of popular adoration amongst the
heathens were deified human beings.
2. Homage paid to one in high esteem; profound veneration;
intense regard and love; fervent devotion.
3. A method of electing a pope by the expression of homage
from two thirds of the conclave.
[Pole] might have been chosen on the spot by adoration.
AOdore6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Adored (?); p. pr. & vb. n.
Adoring (?).] [OE. aouren, anouren, adoren, OF. aorer,
adorer, F. adorer, fr. L. adorare; ad + orare to speak,
pray, os, oris, mouth. In OE. confused with honor, the
French prefix aO being confused with OE. a, an, on. See
Oral.] 1. To worship with profound reverence; to pay divine
honors to; to honor as deity or as divine.
Bishops and priests, ... bearing the host, which he [James
?.] publicly adored.
2. To love in the highest degree; to regard with the utmost
esteem and affection; to idolize.
The great mass of the population abhorred Popery and adored
AOdore6, v. t. To adorn. [Obs.]
Congealed little drops which do the morn adore.
AOdore6ment (?), n. The act of adoring; adoration. [Obs.]
Sir T. Browne.
AOdor6er (?), n. One who adores; a worshiper; one who
admires or loves greatly; an ardent admirer. =An adorer of
I profess myself her adorer, not her friend.
AOdor6ingOly, adv. With adoration.
AOdorn6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Adorned (?); p. pr. & vb.
n. Adorning.] [OE. aournen, anournen, adornen, OF. aorner,
fr. L. aaornare; ad + ornare to furnish, embellish. See
Adore, Ornate.] To deck or dress with ornaments; to
embellish; to set off to advantage; to render pleasing or
As a bride adorneth herself with her jewels.
Isa. lxi. 10.
At church, with meek and unaffected grace,
His looks adorned the venerable place.
Syn. - To deck; decorate; embellish; ornament; beautify;
grace; dignify; exalt; honor. - To Adorn, Ornament,
Decorate, Embellish. We decorate and ornament by putting on
some adjunct which is attractive or beautiful, and which
serves to heighten the general effect. Thus, a lady's
head-dress may be ornament or decorated with flowers or
jewelry; a hall may be decorated or ornament with carving or
gilding, with wreaths of flowers, or with hangings.
Ornament is used in a wider sense than decorate. To
embellish is to beautify or ornament richly, not so much by
mere additions or details as by modifying the thing itself
as a whole. It sometimes means gaudy and artificial
decoration. We embellish a book with rich engravings; a
style is embellished with rich and beautiful imagery; a
shopkeeper embellishes his front window to attract
attention. Adorn is sometimes identical with decorate, as
when we say, a lady was adorned with jewels. In other cases,
it seems to imply something more. Thus, we speak of a
gallery of paintings as adorned with the works of some of
the great masters, or adorned with noble statuary and
columns. Here decorated and ornamented would hardly be
appropriate. There is a value in these works of genius
beyond mere show and ornament. Adorn may be used of what is
purely moral; as, a character adorned with every Christian
grace. Here neither decorate, nor ornament, nor embellish is
AOdorn6, n. Adornment. [Obs.]
AOdorn6, a. Adorned; decorated. [Obs.]
Ad7orOna6tion (?), n. Adornment. [Obs.]
AOdorn6er (?), n. He who, or that which, adorns; a
AOdorn6ingOly, adv. By adorning; decoratively.
AOdorn6ment (?), n. [Cf. OF. adornement. See Adorn.] An
adorning; an ornament; a decoration.
AdOos6cuOla6tion (?), n. [L. adosculari, adosculatum, to
kiss. See Osculate.] (Biol.) Impregnation by external
contact, without intromission.
AOdown6 (?), adv. [OE. adun, adoun, adune. AS. of d?ne off
the hill. See Down.] From a higher to a lower situation;
downward; down, to or on the ground. [Archaic] =Thrice did
she sink adown.8
AOdown6, prep. Down. [Archaic & Poetic]
Her hair adown her shoulders loosely lay displayed.
AdOpress6 (?), v. t. [L. adpressus, p. p. of adprimere.]
See Appressed. - AdOpressed6 (?), a.
AOdrad6 (?), p. a. [P. p. of adread.] Put in dread; afraid.
Ad6raOgant (?), n. [F., a corruption of tragacanth.] Gum
Brande & C.
AOdread6 (?), v. t. & i. [AS. andrdan, ondr; pref. aO (for
and against) + drden to dread. See Dread.] To dread. [Obs.]
Sir P. Sidney.
AOdreamed6 (?), p. p. Visited by a dream; - used in the
phrase, To be adreamed, to dream. [Obs.]
AdOre6nal (?), a. [Pref. adO + renal.] (Anat.) Suprarenal.
A6driOan (?), a. [L. Hadrianus.] Pertaining to the Adriatic
Sea; as, Adrian billows.
A7driOat6ic (?), a. [L. Adriaticus, Hadriaticus, fr. Adria
or Hadria, a town of the Veneti.] Of or pertaining to a sea
so named, the northwestern part of which is known as the
Gulf of Venice.
AOdrift6 (?), adv. & a. [Pref. aO (for on) + drift.]
Floating at random; in a drifting condition; at the mercy of
wind and waves. Also fig.
So on the sea shall be set adrift.
Were from their daily labor turned adrift.
AOdrip6 (?), adv. & a. [Pref. aO in + drip.] In a dripping
state; as, leaves all adrip.
D. G. Mitchell.
Ad6roOgate (?), v. t. [See Arrogate.] (Rom. L?w) To adopt (a
person who is his own master).
Ad7roOga6tion (?), n. [L. adrogatio, arrogatio, fr.
adrogare. See Arrogate.] (Rom. Law) A kind of adoption in
ancient Rome. See Arrogation.
AOdroit6 (?), a. [F. adroit;  (L. ad) = droit straight,
right, fr. L. directus, p. p. of dirigere. See Direct.]
Dexterous in the use of the hands or in the exercise of the
mental faculties; exhibiting skill and readiness in avoiding
danger or escaping difficulty; ready in invention or
execution; - applied to persons and to acts; as, an adroit
mechanic, an adroit reply. =Adroit in the application of the
telescope and quadrant.8 Horsley. =He was adroit in
Syn. - Dexterous; skillful; expert; ready; clever; deft;
ingenious; cunning; ready-witted.
AOdroit6ly, adv. In an adroit manner.
AOdroit6ness, n. The quality of being adroit; skill and
readiness; dexterity.
Adroitness was as requisite as courage.
Syn. - See Skill.
AOdry6 (?), a. [Pref. aO (for on) + dry.] In a dry or
thirsty condition. =A man that is adry.8
Ad7sciOti6tious (?), a. [L. adscitus, p. p. of adsciscere,
asciscere, to take knowingly; ad + sciscere to seek to know,
approve, scire to know.] Supplemental; additional;
adventitious; ascititious. =Adscititious evidence.8 Bowring.
P Ad7sciOti6tiousOly, adv.
Ad6script (?), a. [L. adscriptus, p. p. of adscribere to
enroll. See Ascribe.] Held to service as attached to the
soil; - said of feudal serfs.
Ad6script (?), n. One held to service as attached to the
glebe or estate; a feudal serf.
AdOscrip6tive (?), a.[L. adscriptivus. See Adscript.]
Attached or annexed to the glebe or estate and transferable
with it.
AdOsig7niOfiOca6tion (?), n. Additional signification. [R.]
AdOsig6niOfy (?), v. t. [L. adsignificare to show.] To
denote additionally. [R.]
AdOstrict6 (?), v. t. P AdOstric6tion (?), n. See Astrict,
and Astriction.
AdOstric6toOry (?), a. See Astrictory.
AdOstrin6gent (?), a. See Astringent.
X Ad7uOla6riOa (?), n. [From Adula, a mountain peak in
Switzerland, where fine specimens are found.] (Min.) A
transparent or translucent variety of common feldspar, or
orthoclase, which often shows pearly opalescent reflections;
- called by lapidaries moonstone.
Ad6uOlate (?), v. t. [L. adulatus, p. p. of adulari.] To
flatter in a servile way.
Ad7uOla6tion (?), n. [F. adulation, fr. L. adulatio, fr.
adulari, adulatum, to flatter.] Servile flattery; praise in
excess, or beyond what is merited.
Think'st thou the fiery fever will go out
With titles blown from adulation?
Syn. - Sycophancy; cringing; fawning; obsequiousness;
blandishment. - Adulation, Flattery, Compliment. Men deal in
compliments from a desire to please; they use flattery
either from undue admiration, or a wish to gratify vanity;
they practice adulation from sordid motives, and with a
mingled spirit of falsehood and hypocrisy. Compliment may be
a sincere expression of due respect and esteem, or it may be
unmeaning; flattery is apt to become gross; adulation is
always servile, and usually fulsome.
Ad6uOla7tor (?), n.b [L., fr. adulari: cf. F. adulateur.] A
servile or hypocritical flatterer.
Ad6uOlaOtoOry (?), a. [L. adulatorius, fr. adulari: cf. OF.
adulatoire.] Containing excessive praise or compliment;
servilely praising; flattering; as, an adulatory address.
A mere rant of adulatory freedom.
Ad6uOla7tress (?), n. A woman who flatters with servility.
AOdult6 (?), a. [L. adultus, p. p. of adolescere, akin to
alere to nourish: cf. F. adulte. See Adolescent, Old.]
Having arrived at maturity, or to full size and strength;
matured; as, an adult person or plant; an adult ape; an
adult age.
AOdult6, n. A person, animal, or plant grown to full size
and strength; one who has reached maturity.
5 In the common law, the term is applied to a person who has
attained full age or legal majority; in the civil law, to
males after the age of fourteen, and to females after
Bouvier. Burrill.
AOdul6ter (?), v. i. [L. adulterare.] To commit adultery; to
pollute. [Obs.]
B. Jonson.
AOdul6terOant (?), n. [L. adulterans, p. pr. of adulterare.]
That which is used to adulterate anything. - a.
Adulterating; as, adulterant agents and processes.
AOdul6terOate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Adulterated (?); p.
pr. & vb. n Adulterating (?).] [L. adulteratus, p. p. of
adulterare, fr. adulter adulterer, prob. fr. ad + alter
other, properly one who approaches another on account of
unlawful love. Cf. Advoutry.]
1. To defile by adultery. [Obs.]
2. To corrupt, debase, or make impure by an admixture of a
foreign or a baser substance; as, to adulterate food, drink,
drugs, coin, etc.
The present war has... adulterated our tongue with strange
Syn. - To corrupt; defile; debase; contaminate; vitiate;
AOdul6terOate, v. i. To commit adultery. [Obs.]
AOdul6terOate (?), a. 1. Tainted with adultery.
2. Debased by the admixture of a foreign substance;
adulterated; spurious.
- AOdul6terOateOly, adv. P AOdul6terOateOness, n.
AOdul7terOa6tion (?), n. [L. adulteratio.] 1. The act of
adulterating; corruption, or debasement (esp. of food or
drink) by foreign mixture.
The shameless adulteration of the coin.
2. An adulterated state or product.
AOdul6terOa7tor (?), n. [L.] One who adulterates or
corrupts. [R.]
AOdul6terOer (?), n. [Formed fr. the verb adulter, with the
E. ending Oer. See Advoutrer.] 1. A man who commits
adultery; a married man who has sexual intercourse with a
woman not his wife.
2. (Script.) A man who violates his religious covenant.
Jer. ix. 2.
AOdul6terOess (?), n. [Fem. from L. adulter. Cf.
Advoutress.] 1. A woman who commits adultery.
2. (Script.) A woman who violates her religious engagements.
James iv. 4.
AOdul6terOine (?), a.[L. adulterinus, fr. adulter.]
Proceeding from adulterous intercourse. Hence: Spurious;
without the support of law; illegal.
When any particular class of artificers or traders thought
proper to act as a corporation without a charter, such were
called adulterine guilds.
Adam Smith.
AOdul6terOine, n. An illegitimate child. [R.]
AOdul6terOize (?), v. i. To commit adultery.
AOdul6terOous (?), a. 1. Guilty of, or given to, adultery;
pertaining to adultery; illicit.
2. Characterized by adulteration; spurious. =An adulterous
mixture.8 [Obs.]
AOdul6terOousOly, adv. In an adulterous manner.
AOdul6terOy (?), n.; pl. Adulteries (?). [L. adulterium. See
Advoutry.] 1. The unfaithfulness of a married person to the
marriage bed; sexual intercourse by a married man with
another than his wife, or voluntary sexual intercourse by a
married woman with another than her husband.

5 It is adultery on the part of the married wrongdoer.
The word has also been used to characterize the act of an
unmarried participator, the other being married. In the
United States the definition varies with the local statutes.
Unlawful intercourse between two married persons is
sometimes called double adultery; between a married and an
unmarried person, single adultery.
2. Adulteration; corruption. [Obs.]
B. Jonson.
3. (Script.) (a) Lewdness or unchastity of thought as well
as act, as forbidden by the seventh commandment. (b)
Faithlessness in religion.
Jer. iii. 9.
4. (Old Law) The fine and penalty imposed for the offense of
5. (Eccl.) The intrusion of a person into a bishopric during
the life of the bishop.
6. Injury; degradation; ruin. [Obs.]
You might wrest the caduceus out of my hand to the adultery
and spoil of nature.
B. Jonson.
AOdult6ness (?), n. The state of being adult.
AdOum6brant (?), a. [L. adumbrans, p. pr. of adumbrare.]
Giving a faint shadow, or slight resemblance; shadowing
AdOum6brate (?), v. t. [L. adumbratus, p. p. of adumbrare;
ad + umbrare to shade; umbra shadow.]
4. To give a faint shadow or slight representation of; to
outline; to shadow forth.
Both in the vastness and the richness of the visible
universe the invisible God is adumbrated.
L. Taylor.
2. To overshadow; to shade.
Ad7umObra6tion (?), n. [L. adumbratio.] 1. The act of
adumbrating, or shadowing forth.
2. A faint sketch; an outline; an imperfect portrayal or
representation of a thing.
Elegant adumbrations of sacred truth.
Bp. Horsley.
3. (Her.) The shadow or outlines of a figure.
AdOum6braOtive (?), a. Faintly representing; typical.
Ad7uOna6tion (?), n. [L. adunatio; ad + unus one.] A
uniting; union.
Jer. Taylor.
AOdunc6, AOdunque6 (?), a. (Zol.) Hooked; as, a parrot has
an adunc bill.
AOdun6ciOty (?), n. [L. aduncitas. See Aduncous.] Curvature
inwards; hookedness.
The aduncity of the beaks of hawks.
AOdun6cous (?), a. [L. aduncus; ad + uncus hooked, hook.]
Curved inwards; hooked.
AOdure6 (?), v. t. [L. adurere; ad + urere to burn.] To burn
up. [Obs.]
AOdust6 (?), a. [L. adustus, p. p. of adurere: cf. F.
aduste.] 1. Inflamed or scorched; fiery. =The Libyan air
2. Looking as if or scorched; sunburnt.
A tall, thin man, of an adust complexion.
Sir W. Scott.
3. (Med.) Having much heat in the constitution and little
serum in the blood. [Obs.] Hence: Atrabilious; sallow;
AOdust6ed, a. Burnt; adust. [Obs.]
AOdust6iOble (?), a. That may be burnt. [Obs.]
AOdus6tion (?; 106), n. [L. adustio, fr. adurere, adustum:
cf. F. adustion.] 1. The act of burning, or heating to
dryness; the state of being thus heated or dried. [Obs. or
2. (Surg.) Cauterization.
X Ad vaOlo6rem (?). [L., according to the value.] (Com.) A
term used to denote a duty or charge laid upon goods, at a
certain rate per cent upon their value, as stated in their
invoice, P in opposition to a specific sum upon a given
quantity or number; as, an ad valorem duty of twenty per
AdOvance6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Advanced (?); p. pr. &
vb. n. Advancing (?)(?).] [OE. avancen, avauncen, F.
avancer, fr. a supposed LL. abantiare; ab + ante (F. avant)
before. The spelling with d was a mistake, aO being supposed
to be fr. L. ad. See Avaunt.] 1. To bring forward; to move
towards the van or front; to make to go on.
2. To raise; to elevate. [Archaic]
They... advanced their eyelids.
3. To raise to a higher rank; to promote.
Ahasueres... advanced him, and set his seat above all the
Esther iii. 1.
4. To accelerate the growth or progress; to further; to
forward; to help on; to aid; to heighten; as, to advance the
ripening of fruit; to advance one's interests.
5. To bring to view or notice; to offer or propose; to show;
as, to advance an argument.
Some ne'er advance a judgment of their own.
6. To make earlier, as an event or date; to hasten.
7. To furnish, as money or other value, before it becomes
due, or in aid of an enterprise; to supply beforehand; as, a
merchant advances money on a contract or on goods consigned
to him.
8. To raise to a higher point; to enhance; to raise in rate;
as, to advance the price of goods.
9. To extol; to laud. [Obs.]
Greatly advancing his gay chivalry.
Syn. P To raise; elevate; exalt; aggrandize; improve;
heighten; accelerate; allege; adduce; assign.
AdOvance6, v. i. 1. To move or go forward; to proceed; as,
he advanced to greet me.
2. To increase or make progress in any respect; as, to
advance in knowledge, in stature, in years, in price.
3. To rise in rank, office, or consequence; to be preferred
or promoted.
Advanced to a level with ancient peers.
AdOvance6, n. [Cf. F. avance, fr. avancer. See Advance, v.]
1. The act of advancing or moving forward or upward;
2. Improvement or progression, physically, mentally,
morally, or socially; as, an advance in health, knowledge,
or religion; an advance in rank or office.
3. An addition to the price; rise in price or value; as, an
advance on the prime cost of goods.
4. The first step towards the attainment of a result;
approach made to gain favor, to form an acquaintance, to
adjust a difference, etc.; an overture; a tender; an offer;
P usually in the plural.
[He] made the like advances to the dissenters.
5. A furnishing of something before an equivalent is
received (as money or goods), towards a capital or stock, or
on loan; payment beforehand; the money or goods thus
furnished; money or value supplied beforehand.
I shall, with pleasure, make the necessary advances.
The account was made up with intent to show what advances
had been made.
In advance (a) In front; before. (b) Beforehand; before an
equivalent is received. (c) In the state of having advanced
money on account; as, A is advance to B a thousand dollars
or pounds.
AdOvance6 (?), a. Before in place, or beforehand in time; P
used for advanced; as, an advance guard, or that before the
main guard or body of an army; advance payment, or that made
before it is due; advance proofs, advance sheets, pages of a
forthcoming volume, received in advance of the time of
AdOvanced6 (?), a. 1. In the van or front.
2. In the front or before others, as regards progress or
ideas; as, advanced opinions, advanced thinkers.
3. Far on in life or time.
A gentleman advanced in years, with a hard experience
written in his wrinkles.
Advanced guard, a detachment of troops which precedes the
march of the main body.
AdOvance6ment (?), n. [OE. avancement, F. avancement. See
Advance, v. t.] 1. The act of advancing, or the state of
being advanced; progression; improvement; furtherance;
promotion to a higher place or dignity; as, the advancement
of learning.
In heaven... every one (so well they love each other)
rejoiceth and hath his part in each other's advancement.
Sir T. More.
True religion... proposes for its end the joint advancement
of the virtue and happiness of the people.
2. An advance of money or value; payment in advance. See
Advance, 5.
3. (Law) Property given, usually by a parent to a child, in
advance of a future distribution.
4. Settlement on a wife, or jointure. [Obs.]
AdOvan6cer (?), n. 1. One who advances; a promoter.
2. A second branch of a buck's antler.
AdOvan6cive (?), a. Tending to advance. [R.]
AdOvan6tage (?; 61, 48), n. [OE. avantage, avauntage, F.
avantage, fr. avant before. See Advance, and cf. Vantage.]
1. Any condition, circumstance, opportunity, or means,
particularly favorable to success, or to any desired end;
benefit; as, the enemy had the advantage of a more elevated
Give me advantage of some brief discourse.
The advantages of a close alliance.
2. Superiority; mastery; P with of or over.
Lest Satan should get an advantage of us.
2 Cor. ii. 11.
3. Superiority of state, or that which gives it; benefit;
gain; profit; as, the advantage of a good constitution.
4. Interest of money; increase; overplus (as the thirteenth
in the baker's dozen). [Obs.]
And with advantage means to pay thy love.
Advantage ground, vantage ground. [R.] Clarendon. P To have
the advantage of (any one), to have a personal knowledge of
one who does not have a reciprocal knowledge. =You have the
advantage of me; I don't remember ever to have had the
honor.8 Sheridan. P To take advantage of, to profit by;
(often used in a bad sense) to overreach, to outwit.
Syn. P Advantage, Advantageous, Benefit, Beneficial. We
speak of a thing as a benefit, or as beneficial, when it is
simply productive of good; as, the benefits of early
discipline; the beneficial effects of adversity. We speak of
a thing as an advantage, or as advantageous, when it affords
us the means of getting forward, and places us on a =vantage
ground8 for further effort. Hence, there is a difference
between the benefits and the advantages of early education;
between a beneficial and an advantageous investment of
AdOvan6tage, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Advantaged (?); p. pr. &
vb. n. Advantaging (?).] [F. avantager, fr. avantage. See
Advance.] To give an advantage to; to further; to promote;
to benefit; to profit.
The truth is, the archbishop's own stiffness and averseness
to comply with the court designs, advantaged his adversaries
against him.
What is a man advantaged, if he gain the whole world, and
lose himself, or be cast away?
Luke ix. 25.
To advantage one's self of, to avail one's self of. [Obs.]
AdOvan6tageOaOble (?), a. Advantageous. [Obs.]
Ad7vanOta6geous (?), a. [F. avantageux, fr. avantage.] Being
of advantage; conferring advantage; gainful; profitable;
useful; beneficial; as, an advantageous position; trade is
advantageous to a nation.
Advabtageous comparison with any other country.
You see... of what use a good reputation is, and how swift
and advantageous a harbinger it is, wherever one goes.
Ad7vanOta6geousOly, adv. Profitably; with advantage.
Ad7vanOta6geousOness, n. Profitableness.
AdOvene6 (?), v. i. [L. advenire; ad + venire to come: cf.
F. avenir, advenir. See Come.] To accede, or come (to); to
be added to something or become a part of it, though not
essential. [R.]
Where no act of the will advenes as a coefficient.
AdOven6ient (?), a. [L. adviens, p. pr. Coming from outward
causes; superadded. [Obs.]
Ad7vent (?), n. [L. adventus, fr. advenire, adventum: cf. F.
avent. See Advene.] 1. (Eccl.) The period including the four
Sundays before Christmas.
Advent Sunday (Eccl.), the first Sunday in the season of
Advent, being always the nearest Sunday to the feast of St.
Andrew (Now. 30).
2. The first or the expected second coming of Christ.
3. Coming; any important arrival; approach.
Death's dreadful advent.
Expecting still his advent home.
Ad6ventOist (?), n. One of a religious body, embracing
several branches, who look for the proximate personal coming
of Christ; P called also Second Adventists.
SchaffPHerzog Encyc.
Ad7venOti6tious (?), a. [L. adventitius.] 1. Added
extrinsically; not essentially inherent; accidental or
causal; additional; supervenient; foreign.
To things of great dimensions, if we annex an adventitious
idea of terror, they become without comparison greater.
2. (Nat. Hist.) Out of the proper or usual place; as,
adventitious buds or roots.
3. (Bot.) Accidentally or sparingly spontaneous in a country
or district; not fully naturalized; adventive; P applied to
foreign plants.
4. (Med.) Acquired, as diseases; accidental.
P Ad7venOti6tiousOly, adv. P Ad7venOti6tiousOness, n.
AdOven6tive (?), a. 1. Accidental.
2. (Bot.) Adventitious.
AdOven6tive, n. A thing or person coming from without; an
immigrant. [R.]
AdOven6tuOal (?; 135), a. Relating to the season of advent.
AdOven6ture (?; 135), n. [OE. aventure, aunter, anter, F.
aventure, fr. LL. adventura, fr. L. advenire, adventum, to
arrive, which in the Romance languages took the sense of =to
happen, befall.8 See Advene.]
1. That which happens without design; chance; hazard; hap;
hence, chance of danger or loss.
Nay, a far less good to man it will be found, if she must,
at all adventures, be fastened upon him individually.
2. Risk; danger; peril. [Obs.]
He was in great adventure of his life.
3. The encountering of risks; hazardous and striking
enterprise; a bold undertaking, in which hazards are to be
encountered, and the issue is staked upon unforeseen events;
a daring feat.
He loved excitement and adventure.
4. A remarkable occurrence; a striking event; a stirring
incident; as, the adventures of one's life.
5. A mercantile or speculative enterprise of hazard; a
venture; a shipment by a merchant on his own account.
A bill of adventure (Com.), a writing setting forth that the
goods shipped are at the owner's risk.
Syn. P Undertaking; enterprise; venture; event.
AdOven6ture, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Adventured (?); p. pr. &
vb. n. Adventuring (?).] [OE. aventuren, auntren, F.
aventurer, fr. aventure. See Adventure, n.] 1. To risk, or
hazard; jeopard; to venture.
He would not adventure himself into the theater.
Acts xix. 31.
2. To venture upon; to run the risk of; to dare.
Yet they adventured to go back.
Discriminations might be adventured.
J. Taylor.
AdOven6ture, v. i. To try the chance; to take the risk.
I would adventure for such merchandise.
AdOven6tureOful (?), a. Given to adventure.
AdOven6turOer (?), n. [Cf. F. aventurier.]
1. One who adventures; as, the merchant adventurers; one who
seeks his fortune in new and hazardous or perilous
2. A social pretender on the lookout for advancement.
AdOven6tureOsome (?), a. Full of risk; adventurous;
venturesome. P AdOven6tureOsomeOness, n.
AdOven6turOess (?), n. A female adventurer; a woman who
tries to gain position by equivocal means.
AdOven6turOous (?), a. [OE. aventurous, aunterous, OF.
aventuros, F. aventureux, fr. aventure. See Adventure, n.]
1. Inclined to adventure; willing to incur hazard; prone to
embark in hazardous enterprise; rashly daring; P applied to
Bold deed thou hast presumed, adventurous Eve.
2. Full of hazard; attended with risk; exposing to danger;
requiring courage; rash; P applied to acts; as, an
adventurous undertaking, deed, song.
Syn. P Rash; foolhardy; presumptuous; enterprising; daring;
hazardous; venturesome. See Rash.
AdOven6turOousOly, adv. In an adventurous manner;
venturesomely; boldly; daringly.
AdOven6turOousOness, n. The quality or state of being
adventurous; daring; venturesomeness.
Ad6verb (?), n. [L. adverbium; ad + verbum word, verb: cf.
F. adverbe.] (Gram.) A word used to modify the sense of a
verb, participle, adjective, or other adverb, and usually
placed near it; as, he writes well; paper extremely white.
AdOver6biOal (?), a. [L. adverbialis: cf. F. adverbial.] Of
or pertaining to an adverb; of the nature of an adverb; as,
an adverbial phrase or form.
AdOver7biOal6iOty (?), n. The quality of being adverbial.
AdOver6biOalOize (?), v. t. To give the force or form of an
adverb to.
AdOver6biOalOly, adv. In the manner of an adverb.
X Ad7verOsa6riOa (?), n. pl. [L. adversaria (sc. scripta),
neut. pl. of adversarius.] A miscellaneous collection of
notes, remarks, or selections; a commonplace book; also,
commentaries or notes.
These parchments are supposed to have been St. Paul's
Bp. Bull.
Ad7verOsa6riOous (?), a. Hostile. [R.]
Ad7verOsaOry (?), n.; pl. Adversaries (?). [OE. adversarie,
direct fr. the Latin, and adversaire, fr. OF. adversier,
aversier, fr. L. adversarius (a.) turned toward, (n.) an
adversary. See Adverse.] One who is turned against another
or others with a design to oppose

or resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an
opponent; an antagonist; an enemy; a foe.
His ancient knot of dangerous adversaries.
Agree with thine adversary quickly.
Matt. v. 25.
It may be thought that to vindicate the permanency of truth
is to dispute without an adversary.
The Adversary, The Satan, or the Devil.
Syn. - Adversary, Enemy, Opponent, Antagonist. Enemy is the
only one of these words which necessarily implies a state of
personal hostility. Men may be adversaries, antagonists, or
opponents to each other in certain respects, and yet have no
feelings of general animosity. An adversary may be simply
one who is placed for a time in a hostile position, as in a
lawsuit, an argument, in chess playing, or at fence. An
opponent is one who is ranged against another (perhaps
passively) on the opposing side; as a political opponent, an
opponent in debate. An antagonist is one who struggles
against another with active effort, either in a literal
fight or in verbal debate.
Ad6verOsaOry (?), a. 1. Opposed; opposite; adverse;
antagonistic. [Archaic]
Bp. King.
2. (Law) Having an opposing party; not unopposed; as, an
adversary suit.
AdOver6saOtive (?), a. [L. adversativus, fr. adversari.]
Expressing contrariety, opposition, or antithesis; as, an
adversative conjunction (but, however, yet, etc.); an
adversative force. - AdOver6saOtiveOly, adv.
AdOver6saOtive, n. An adversative word.
Ad6verse (?), a. [OE. advers, OF. avers, advers, fr. L.
adversus, p. p. advertere to turn to. See Advert.]
1. Acting against, or in a contrary direction; opposed;
contrary; opposite; conflicting; as, adverse winds; an
adverse party; a spirit adverse to distinctions of caste.
2. Opposite. =Calpe's adverse height.8
3. In hostile opposition to; unfavorable; unpropitious;
contrary to one's wishes; unfortunate; calamitous;
afflictive; hurtful; as, adverse fates, adverse
circumstances, things adverse.
Happy were it for us all if we bore prosperity as well and
wisely as we endure an adverse fortune.
w possession (Law), a possession of real property avowedly
contrary to some claim of title in another person.
Syn. - Averse; reluctant; unwilling. See Averse.
AdOverse6 (?), v. t. [L. adversari: cf. OF. averser.] To
oppose; to resist. [Obs.]
Ad6verseOly (277), adv. In an adverse manner; inimically;
unfortunately; contrariwise.
Ad6verseOness, n. The quality or state of being adverse;
AdOver7siOfo6liOate (?), AdOver7siOfo6liOous (?) } a. [L.
adver + folium leaf.] (Bot.) Having opposite leaves, as
plants which have the leaves so arranged on the stem.
AdOver6sion (?), n.[L. adversio] A turning towards;
attention. [Obs.]
Dr. H. More.
AdOver6siOty (?), n.; pl. Adversities (?).[OE. adversite, F.
adversit, fr. L. adversitas.] 1. Opposition; contrariety.
2. A condition attended with severe trials; a state of
adverse fortune; misfortune; calamity; affliction, trial; -
opposed to wellPbeing or prosperity.
Adversity is not without comforts and hopes.
Syn. - Affliction; distress; misery; disaster; trouble;
suffering; trial.
AdOvert6 (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Adverted; p. pr. & vb. n.
Adverting.] [L. advertere, v. t., to turn to; ad + vertere
to turn: cf. F. avertir. See Advertise.] To turn the mind or
attention; to refer; to take heed or notice; - with to; as,
he adverted to what was said.
I may again advert to the distinction.
Syn.- To refer; allude; regard. See Refer.
AdOvert6ence (?), AdOvert6enOcy (?), } [OF. advertence,
avertence, LL. advertentia, fr. L. advertens. See
Advertent.] The act of adverting, of the quality of being
advertent; attention; notice; regard; heedfulness.
To this difference it is right that advertence should be had
in regulating taxation.
J. S. Mill.
AdOvert6ent (?), a. [L. advertens, Oentis, p. pr. of
advertere. See Advert.] Attentive; heedful; regardful. Sir
M. Hale. P AdOvert6entOly, adv.
Ad7verOtise6 (?; 277), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Advertised (?);
p. pr. & vb. n. Advertising (?).] [F. avertir, formerly also
spelt advertir, to warn, give notice to, L. advertere to
turn to. The ending was probably influenced by the noun
advertisement. See Advert.] To give notice to; to inform or
apprise; to notify; to make known; hence, to warn; - often
followed by of before the subject of information; as, to
advertise a man of his loss. [Archaic]
I will advertise thee what this people shall do.
Num. xxiv. 14.
4. To give public notice of; to announce publicly, esp. by a
printed notice; as, to advertise goods for sale, a lost
article, the sailing day of a vessel, a political meeting.
Syn. - To apprise; inform; make known; notify; announce;
proclaim; promulgate; publish.
AdOver6tiseOment (?; 277), n. [F.avertisement, formerly also
spelled advertissement, a warning, giving notice, fr.
avertir.] 1. The act of informing or notifying;
notification. [Archaic]
An advertisement of danger.
Bp. Burnet.
2. Admonition; advice; warning. [Obs.]
Therefore give me no counsel:
My griefs cry louder than advertisement.
3. A public notice, especially a paid notice in some public
print; anything that advertises; as, a newspaper containing
many advertisement.
Ad7verOtis6er (?), n. One who, or that which, advertises.
AdOvice6 (?), n. [OE. avis, F. avis; ? + OF. vis, fr. L.
visum seemed, seen; really p. p. of videre to see, so that
vis meant that which has seemed best. See Vision, and cf.
Avise, Advise.] 1. An opinion recommended or offered, as
worthy to be followed; counsel.
We may give advice, but we can not give conduct.
2. Deliberate consideration; knowledge. [Obs.]
How shall I dote on her with more advice,
That thus without advice begin to love her?
3. Information or notice given; intelligence; as, late
advices from France; - commonly in the plural.
5 In commercial language, advice usually means information
communicated by letter; - used chiefly in reference to
drafts or bills of exchange; as, a letter of advice.
4. (Crim. Law) Counseling to perform a specific illegal act.
w boat, a vessel employed to carry dispatches or to
reconnoiter; a dispatch boat. P To take ~. (a) To accept
advice. (b) To consult with another or others.
Syn. - Counsel; suggestion; recommendation; admonition;
exhortation; information; notice.
AdOvis7aObil6iOty (?), n. The quality of being advisable;
AdOvis6aOble (?), a. 1. Proper to be advised or to be done;
expedient; prudent.
Some judge it advisable for a man to account with his heart
every day.
2. Ready to receive advice. [R.]
Syn. - Expedient; proper; desirable; befitting.
AdOvis6aObleOness, n. The quality of being advisable or
expedient; expediency; advisability.
AdOvis6aObly, adv. With advice; wisely.
AdOvise6 (?), v. t.[imp. & p. p. Advised (?); p. pr. & vb.
n. Advising (?).] [OE. avisen to perceive, consider, inform,
F. aviser, fr. LL. advisare. advisare; ad + visare, fr. L.
videre, visum, to see. See Advice, and cf. Avise.] 1. To
give advice to; to offer an opinion, as worthy or expedient
to be followed; to counsel; to warn. =I shall no more advise
2. To give information or notice to; to inform; - with of
before the thing communicated; as, we were advised of the
To ~ one's self, to bethink one's self; to take counsel with
one's self; to reflect; to consider. [Obs.]
Bid thy master well advise himself.
Syn. - To counsel; admonish; apprise; acquaint.
AdOvise6, v. t. 1. To consider; to deliberate. [Obs.]
Advise if this be worth attempting.
2. To take counsel; to consult; - followed by with; as, to
advise with friends.
AdOvis6edOly (?), adv. 1. Circumspectly; deliberately;
leisurely. [Obs.]
2. With deliberate purpose; purposely; by design. =
=Advisedly undertaken.8
AdOvise6ment (?), n. [OE. avisement, F. avisement, fr.
aviser. See Advise, and cf. Avisement.]
1. Counsel; advise; information. [Archaic]
And mused awhile, waking advisement takes of what had passed
in sleep.
2. Consideration; deliberation; consultation.
Tempering the passion with advisement slow.
AdOvis6er (?), n. One who advises.
AdOvis6erOship, n. The office of an adviser. [R.]
AdOvi6so (?), n. [Cf. Sp. aviso. See Advice.] Advice;
counsel; suggestion; also, a dispatch or advice boat. [Obs.]
Sir T. Browne.
AdOvi6soOry (?), a. Having power to advise; containing
advice; as, an advisory council; their opinion is merely
The General Association has a general advisory
superintendence over all the ministers and churches.
Ad6voOcaOcy (?), n. [OF. advocatie, LL. advocatia. See
Advocate.] The act of pleading for or supporting; work of
advocating; intercession.
Ad6voOcate (?), n. [OE. avocat, avocet, OF. avocat, fr. L.
advocatus, one summoned or called to another; properly the
p. p. of advocare to call to, call to one's aid; ad +
vocare to call. See Advowee, Avowee, Vocal.] 1. One who
pleads the cause of another. Specifically: One who pleads
the cause of another before a tribunal or judicial court; a
5 In the English and American Law, advocate is the same as
=counsel,8 =counselor,8 or =barrister.8 In the civil and
ecclesiastical courts, the term signifies the same as
=counsel8 at the common law.
2. One who defends, vindicates, or espouses any cause by
argument; a pleader; as, an advocate of free trade, an
advocate of truth.
3. Christ, considered as an intercessor.
We have an Advocate with the Father.
1 John ii. 1.
Faculty of advocates (Scot.), the Scottish bar in Edinburgh.
P Lord ~ (Scot.), the public prosecutor of crimes, and
principal crown lawyer. P Judge ~. See under Judge.
Ad6voOcate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Advocated (?); p. pr. &
vb. n. Advocating (?).] [See Advocate, n., Advoke, Avow.] To
plead in favor of; to defend by argument, before a tribunal
or the public; to support, vindicate, or recommend publicly.
To advocate the cause of thy client.
Bp. Sanderson (1624).
This is the only thing distinct and sensible, that has been
Eminent orators were engaged to advocate his cause.
Ad6voOcate, v. i. To act as ~. [Obs.]
Ad6voOcateOship, n. Office or duty of an advocate.
Ad7voOca6tion (?), n. [L. advocatio: cf. OF. avocation. See
Advowson.] 1. The act of advocating or pleading; plea;
advocacy. [Archaic]
The holy Jesus... sits in heaven in a perpetual advocation
for us.
Jer. Taylor.
2. Advowson. [Obs.]
The donations or advocations of church livings.
3. (Scots Law) The process of removing a cause from an
inferior court to the supreme court.
Ad6voOcaOtoOry (?), a. Of or pertaining to an advocate. [R.]
AdOvoke6 (?), v. t. [L. advocare. See Advocate.] To summon;
to call. [Obs.]
Queen Katharine had privately prevailed with the pope to
advoke the cause to Rome.
Ad7voOlu6tion (?), n. [L. advolvere, advolutum, to roll to.]
A rolling toward something. [R.]
AdOvou6trer (?), n. [OF. avoutre, avoltre, fr. L. adulter.
Cf. Adulterer.] An adulterer. [Obs.]
AdOvou6tress (?), n. An adulteress. [Obs.]
AdOvou6try, AdOvow6try } (?), n. [OE. avoutrie, avouterie,
advoutrie, OF. avoutrie, avulterie, fr. L. adulterium. Cf.
Adultery.] Adultery. [Obs.]
AdOvowOee6 (?), n. [OE. avowe, F. avou, fr. L. advocatus.
See Advocate, Avowee, Avoyer.] One who has an advowson.
AdOvow6son (?; 277), n. [OE. avoweisoun, OF. avo son, fr. L.
advocatio. Cf. Advocation.] (Eng. Law) The right of
presenting to a vacant benefice or living in the church.
[Originally, the relation of a patron (advocatus) or
protector of a benefice, and thus privileged to nominate or
present to it.]
5 The benefices of the Church of England are in every case
subjects of presentation. They are nearly 12,000 in number;
the advowson of more than half of them belongs to private
persons, and of the remainder to the crown, bishops, deans
and chapters, universities, and colleges.
Amer. Cyc.
AdOvoy6er (?), n. See Avoyer. [Obs.]
AdOward6 (?), n. Award. [Obs.]
X Ad7yOna6miOa (?), n. [NL. adynamia, fr. Gr. ? want of
strength; ? priv + ? power, strength.] (Med.) Considerable
debility of the vital powers, as in typhoid fever.
Ad7yOnam6ic (?), a. [Cf. F. adynamique. See Adynamy.] 1.
(Med.) Pertaining to, or characterized by, debility of the
vital powers; weak.
2. (Physics) Characterized by the absence of power or force.
w fevers, malignant or putrid fevers attended with great
muscular debility.
AOdyn6aOmy (?), n. Adynamia. [R.]
X Ad6yOtum (?), n.; pl. Adyta (?). [L., fr. Gr. ?, n., fr.
?, a., not to be entered; ? priv. + ? to enter.] The
innermost sanctuary or shrine in ancient temples, whence
oracles were given. Hence: A private chamber; a sanctum.
Adz, Adze } (?), n. [OE. adese, adis, adse, AS. adesa,
adese, ax, hatchet.] A carpenter's or cooper's tool, formed
with a thin arching blade set at right angles to the handle.
It is used for chipping or slicing away the surface of wood.
Adz, v. t. To cut with an ~. [R.]
 or Ae. A diphthong in the Latin language; used also by the
Saxon writers. It answers to the Gr. ?. The AngloPSaxon
short  was generally replaced by a, the long ? by e or ee.
In derivatives from Latin words with ae, it is mostly
superseded by e. For most words found with this initial
combination, the reader will therefore search under the
letter E.
X Ocid6iOum (?), n.; pl. cidia (?). [NL., dim. of Gr. ?
injury.] (Bot.) A form of fruit in the cycle of development
of the Rusts or Brands, an order of fungi, formerly
considered independent plants.
6dile (?), n. [L. aedilis, fr. aedes temple, public
building. Cf. Edify.] A magistrate in ancient Rome, who had
the superintendence of public buildings, highways, shows,
etc.; hence, a municipal officer.
6dileOship, n. The office of an dile.
T. Arnold.
Oge6an (?), a. [L. Aegeus; Gr. ?.] Of or pertaining to the
sea, or arm of the Mediterranean sea, east of Greece. See
X 7giOcra6niOa (?), n. pl. [NL., fr. Gr. ?, ?, goat + ?, n.
pl., heads.] (Arch.) Sculptured ornaments, used in classical
architecture, representing rams' heads or skulls.
g6iOlops (?), n. [L. aegilopis, Gr. ?, fr. ?, gen. ?, goat
+ ? eye.] 1. (Med.) An ulcer or fistula in the inner corner
of the eye.
2. (Bot.) (a) The great wildPoat grass or other cornfield
weed. Crabb. (b) A genus of plants, called also hardgrass.
X 6gis (?), n. [L. aegis, fr. Gr. ? a goat skin, a shield,
? goat, or fr. ? to rush.] A shield or protective armor; P
applied in mythology to the shield of Jupiter which he gave
to Minerva. Also fig.: A shield; a protection.
Ogoph6oOny (?), n. Same as Egophony.
X Ogro6tat (?), n. [L., he is sick.] (Camb. Univ.) A
medical certificate that a student is ill.
One6id (?), n. [L. Aeneis, Aeneidis, or Odos: cf. F.
?nde.] The great epic poem of Virgil, of which the hero is
AO 6neOous (?), a. [L. a neus.] (Zol.) Colored like bronze.
Oo6liOan (?), a. [L. Aeolius, Gr. ?.] 1. Of or pertaining
to olia or olis, in Asia Minor, colonized by the Greeks,
or to its inhabitants; olic; as, the olian dialect.
2. Pertaining to olus, the mythic god of the winds;
pertaining to, or produced by, the wind; a rial.
Viewless forms the olian organ play.
olian attachment, a contrivance often attached to a
pianoforte, which prolongs the vibrations, increases the

volume of sound, etc., by forcing a stream of air upon the
strings. Moore. P olian harp, olian lyre, a musical
instrument consisting of a box, on or in which are stretched
strings, on which the wind acts to produce the notes; P
usually placed at an open window. Moore. P olian mode
(Mus.), one of the ancient Greek and early ecclesiastical
Ool6ic (?), a. [L. Aeolicus; Gr. ?.] olian, 1; as, the
olic dialect; the olic mode.
Ool6iOpile, Ool6iOpyle } (?), n. [L. aeolipilae; Aeolus
god of the winds + pila a ball, or Gr. ? gate (i. e.,
doorway of olus); cf. F. olipyle.] An apparatus consisting
chiefly of a closed vessel (as a globe or cylinder) with one
or more projecting bent tubes, through which steam is made
to pass from the vessel, causing it to revolve. [Written
also eolipile.]
5 Such an apparatus was first described by Hero of
Alexandria about 200 years b. c. It has often been called
the first steam engine.
7oOloOtrop6ic (?), a. [Gr. ? changeful + ? a turning, ? to
turn.] (Physics) Exhibiting differences of quality or
property in different directions; not isotropic.
Sir W. Thomson.
7oOlot6roOpy (?), n. (Physics) Difference of quality or
property in different directions.
X 6oOlus (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. ?.] (Gr. & Rom. Myth.) The
god of the winds.
6on (?), n. A period of immeasurable duration; also, an
emanation of the Deity. See Eon.
Oo6niOan (?), a. [Gr. ?.] Eternal; everlasting. =onian
X 7pyOor6nis (?), n. [Gr. ? high + ? bird.] A gigantic bird
found fossil in Madagascar.
A6 rOate (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. A?rated (?); p. pr. & vb.
n. A?rating (?).] [Cf. F. arer. See Air,v. t.] 1. To
combine or charge with gas; usually with carbonic acid gas,
formerly called fixed air.
His sparkling sallies bubbled up as from a rated natural
2. To supply or impregnate with common air; as, to a rate
soil; to a rate water.
3. (Physiol.) To expose to the chemical action of air; to
oxygenate (the blood) by respiration; to arterialize.
A rated bread, bread raised by charging dough with carbonic
acid gas, instead of generating the gas in the dough by
A7 rOa6tion (?), n. [Cf. F. aration.] 1. Exposure to the
free action of the air; airing; as, a ration of soil, of
spawn, etc.
2. (Physiol.) A change produced in the blood by exposure to
the air in respiration; oxygenation of the blood in
respiration; arterialization.
3. The act or preparation of charging with carbonic acid gas
or with oxygen.
A6 rOa7tor (?), n. That which supplies with air; esp. an
apparatus used for charging mineral waters with gas and in
making soda water.
AO 6riOal (?), a. [L. a rius. See Air.] 1. Of or pertaining
to the air, or atmosphere; inhabiting or frequenting the
air; produced by or found in the air; performed in the air;
as, a rial regions or currents. =A rial spirits.8 Milton.
=A rial voyages.8 Darwin.
2. Consisting of air; resembling, or partaking of the nature
of air. Hence: Unsubstantial; unreal.
3. Rising aloft in air; high; lofty; as, a rial spires.
4. Growing, forming, or existing in the air, as opposed to
growing or existing in earth or water, or underground; as,
a rial rootlets, a rial plants.
5. Light as air; ethereal.
w acid, carbonic acid. [Obs.] Ure. P w perspective. See
AO 7riOal6iOty (?), n. The state of being a rial;
?nsubstantiality. [R.]
De Quincey.
AO 6riOalOly (?), adv. Like, or from, the air; in an a rial
manner. =A murmur heard a rially.8
Ae6rie (?; 277), n. [OE. aire, eire, air, nest, also origin,
descent, OF. aire, LL. area, aera, nest of a bird of prey,
perh. fr. L. area an open space (for birds of prey like to
build their nests on flat and open spaces on the top of high
rocks). Cf. Area.] The nest of a bird of prey, as of an
eagle or hawk; also a brood of such birds; eyrie. Shak. Also
fig.: A human residence or resting place perched like an
eagle's nest.
A7 rOif6erOous (?), a. [L. a r air + Oferous: cf. F.
re.] Conveying or containing air; airPbearing; as, the
windpipe is an a riferous tube.
A7 rOiOfiOca6tion (?), n. [Cf. F. arification. See A?rify.]
1. The act of combining air with another substance, or the
state of being filled with air.
2. The act of becoming a rified, or of changing from a solid
or liquid form into an a riform state; the state of being
a riform.
A6 rOiOform (?; 277), a. [L. a r air + Oform: cf. F.
ariforme.] Having the form or nature of air, or of an
elastic fluid; gaseous. Hence fig.: Unreal.
A6 rOiOfy (?), v. t. [L. a r air + Ofly.] 1. To infuse air
into; to combine air with.
2. To change into an a riform state.
A6 rOoO. [Gr. ?, ?, air.] The combining form of the Greek
word meaning air.
A6 rOoObies (?), n. pl. [A roO + Gr. ? life.] (Biol.)
Micro?rganisms which live in contact with the air and need
oxygen for their growth; as the microbacteria which form on
the surface of putrefactive fluids.
A7 rOoObiOot6ic (?; 101), a. (Biol.) Related to, or of the
nature of, a robies; as, a robiotic plants, which live only
when supplied with free oxygen.
A6 rOcyst (?), n. [A roO + cyst.] (Bot.) One of the air
cells of algals.
A6 rOoOdyOnam6ic (?), a. Pertaining to the force of air in
A7 rOoOdyOnam6ics (?), n. [A roO + dynamics: cf. F.
arodynamique.] The science which treats of the air and
other gaseous bodies under the action of force, and of their
mechanical effects.
A7 rOog6noOsy (?), n. [A roO + Gr. ? knowing, knowledge: cf.
F. arognosie.] The science which treats of the properties
of the air, and of the part it plays in nature.
A7 rOog6raOpher (?), n. One versed in a ography: an
a rologist.
A7 rOoOgraph6ic (?), A7 rOoOgraph6icOal (?), } a. Pertaining
to a rography; a rological.
A7 rOog6raOphy (?), n. [A roO + Ography: cf. F.
arographie.] A description of the air or atmosphere;
a rology.
A7 rOoOhy7droOdyOnam6ic (?), a. [A roO + hydrodynamic.]
Acting by the force of air and water; as, an
a rohydrodynamic wheel.
A6 rOoOlite (?), n. [A roO + Olite: cf. F. arolithe.]
(Meteor.) A stone, or metallic mass, which has fallen to the
earth from distant space; a meteorite; a meteoric stone.
5 Some writers limit the word to stony meteorites.
A6 rOoOlith (?), n. Same as A?rolite.
A7 rOoOliOthol6oOgy (?), n. [A roO + lithology.] The science
of a rolites.
A7 rOoOlit6ic (?), a. Of or pertaining to a rolites;
meteoric; as, a rolitic iron.
A7 rOoOlog6ic (?), A7 rOoOlog6icOal (?), } a. Of or
pertaining to a rology.
A7 rOol6oOgist (?), n. One versed in a rology.
A7 rOol6oOgy (?), n. [A roO + Ology: cf. F. arologie.] That
department of physics which treats of the atmosphere.
A6 rOoOman7cy (?), n. [A roO + Omancy: cf. F. aromancie.]
Divination from the state of the air or from atmospheric
substances; also, forecasting changes in the weather.
A7 rOom6eOter (?), n. [A roO + Ometer: cf. F. arom
tre.] An
instrument for ascertaining the weight or density of air and
A7 rOoOmet6ric (?), a. Of or pertaining to a rometry; as,
a rometric investigations.
A7 rOom6eOtry (?), n. [A roO + Ometry: cf. F. aromtrie.]
The science of measuring the air, including the doctrine of
its pressure, elasticity, rarefaction, and condensation;
A6 rOoOnaut (?; 277), n. [F. aronaute, fr. Gr. ? air + ?
sailor. See Nautical.] An a rial navigator; a balloonist.
A7 rOoOnaut6ic (?), A7 rOoOnaut6icOal (?), } a. [Cf. F.
aronauitique.] Pertaining to a ronautics, or a rial
A7 rOoOnaut6ics (?), n. The science or art of ascending and
sailing in the air, as by means of a balloon; a rial
navigation; ballooning.
X A7 rOoOpho6biOa (?), A7 rOoph6oOby (?), } n. [A roO + Gr.
? fear: cf. F. arophobie.] (Med.) Dread of a current of
A6 rOoOphyte (?), n. [A roO + Gr. ? plant, ? to grow: cf. F.
arophyte.] (Bot.) A plant growing entirely in the air, and
receiving its nourishment from it; an air plant or epiphyte.
A6 rOoOplane7 (?), n. [A roO + plane.] A flying machine, or
a small plane for experiments on flying, which floats in the
air only when propelled through it.
A6 rOoOscope (?), n. [A roO + Gr. ? to look out.] (Biol.) An
apparatus designed for collecting spores, germs, bacteria,
etc., suspended in the air.
A7 rOos6coOpy (?), n. [A roO + Gr. ? a looking out; ? to spy
out.] The observation of the state and variations of the
Orose6 (?), a. [L. aerosus, fr. aes, aeris, brass, copper.]
Of the nature of, or like, copper; brassy. [R.]
A7 rOoOsid6erOite (?), n. [A roO + siderite.] (Meteor.) A
mass of meteoric iron.
A6 rOoOsphere (?), n. [A roO + sphere: cf. F. arosph
The atmosphere. [R.]
A6 rOoOstat (?), n. [F. arostat, fr. Gr. ? air + ? placed.
See Statics.] 1. A balloon.
2. A balloonist; an a ronaut.
A7 rOoOstat6ic (?), A7 rOoOstat6icOal (?), } a. [A roO + Gr.
?: cf. F. arostatique. See Statical, Statics.] 1. Of or
pertaining to a rostatics; pneumatic.
2. A ronautic; as, an a rostatic voyage.
A7 rOoOstat6ics (?), n. The science that treats of the
equilibrium of elastic fluids, or that of bodies sustained
in them. Hence it includes a ronautics.
A7 rOosOta6tion (?), n. [Cf. F. arostation the art of using
a rostats.] 1. A rial navigation; the art of raising and
guiding balloons in the air.
2. The science of weighing air; a rostatics. [Obs.]
Oru6giOnous (?), a. [L. aeruginosus, fr. aerugo rust of
copper, fr. aes copper: cf. F. rugineux.] Of the nature or
color of verdigris, or the rust of copper.
X Oru6go (?), n. [L. aes brass, copper.] The rust of any
metal, esp. of brass or copper; verdigris.
Ae6ry (?), n. An aerie.
A6 rOy (?), a. [See Air.] A rial; ethereal; incorporeal;
visionary. [Poetic]
M. Arnold.
s7cuOla6piOan (?), a. Pertaining to sculapius or to the
healing art; medical; medicinal.
s7cuOla6piOus (?), n. [L. Aesculapius, Gr. ?.] (Myth.) The
god of medicine. Hence, a physician.
s6cuOlin (?), n. Same as Esculin.
Oso6piOan, EOso6piOan (?), a. [L. Aesopius, from Gr. ?, fr.
the famous Greek fabulist sop (?).] Of or pertaining to
sop, or in his manner.
Osop6ic, EOsop6ic (?), a. [L. Aesopicus, Gr. ?.] Same as
X sOthe6siOa (?), n. [Gr. ? sensation, fr. ? to perceive.]
(Physiol.) Perception by the senses; feeling; P the opposite
of ansthesia.
aOthe7siOom6eOter, EsOthe7siOom6eOter (?), n. [Gr. ? (see
sthesia) + Ometer.] An instrument to measure the degree of
sensation, by determining at how short a distance two
impressions upon the skin can be distinguished, and thus to
determine whether the condition of tactile sensibility is
normal or altered.
X sOthe66sis (?), n. [Gr. ?.] Sensuous perception. [R.]
s7theOsod6ic (?), a. [Gr. ? sensation + ? a way; cf. F.
esthsodique.] (Physiol.) Conveying sensory or afferent
impulses; P said of nerves.
s6thete (?), n. [Gr. ? one who perceives.] One who makes
much or overmuch of sthetics. [Recent]
sOthet6ic (?), sOthet6icOal (?), } a. Of or Pertaining to
sthetics; versed in sthetics; as, sthetic studies,
emotions, ideas, persons, etc. P sOthet6icOalOly, adv.
s7theOti6can (?), n. One versed in sthetics.
sOthet6iOcism (?), n. The doctrine of sthetics; sthetic
principles; devotion to the beautiful in nature and art.
sOthet6ics, EsOthet6ics (?; 277), n. [Gr. ? perceptive,
esp. by feeling, fr. ? to perceive, feel: cf. G. sthetik,
F. esthtique.] The theory or philosophy of taste; the
science of the beautiful in nature and art; esp. that which
treats of the expression and embodiment of beauty by art.
s7thoPphys7iOol6oOgy (?), n. [Gr. ? to perceive + E.
physiology.] The science of sensation in relation to nervous
H. Spenser.
s6tiOval (?), a. [L. aestivalis, aestivus, fr. aestas
summer.] Of or belonging to the summer; as, stival
diseases. [Spelt also estival.]
s6tiOvate (?), v. i. [L. aestivare, aestivatum.] 1. To
spend the summer.
2. (Zol.) To pass the summer in a state of torpor.
[Spelt also estivate.]
s7tiOva6tion (?), n. 1. (Zol.) The state of torpidity
induced by the heat and dryness of summer, as in certain
snails; P opposed to hibernation.
2. (Bot.) The arrangement of the petals in a flower bud, as
to folding, overlapping, etc.; prefloration.
[Spelt also estivation.]
s6tuOaOry (?; 135), n. & a. See Estuary.
s6tuOous (?), a. [L. aestuosus, fr. aestus fire, glow.]
Glowing; agitated, as with heat.
AO 7theOog6aOmous (?), a. [Gr. ? unusual (? priv. + ?
custom) + ? marriage.] (Bot.) Propagated in an unusual way;
6ther (?), n. See Ether.
6thiOops min6erOal (?). (Chem.) Same as Ethiops mineral.
th6oOgen (?), n. [Gr. ? fire, light + Ogen.] (Chem.) A
compound of nitrogen and boro?, which, when heated before
the blowpipe, gives a brilliant phosphorescent; boric
6thriOoOscope (?), n. [Gr. ? clear + ? to observe.] An
instrument consisting in part of a differential thermometer.
It is used for measuring changes of temperature produced by
different conditions of the sky, as when clear or clouded.
7tiOoOlog6icOal (?), a. Pertaining to tiology; assigning a
cause. P 7tiOoOlog6icOalOly, adv.
7tiOol6oOgy (?), n. [L. aetologia, Gr. ?; ? cause + ?
description: cf. F. tiologie.] 1. The science, doctrine, or
demonstration of causes; esp., the investigation of the
causes of any disease; the science of the origin and
development of things.
2. The assignment of a cause.
X A7 Oti6tes (?), n. [L., fr. Gr. ? (sc. ?) stone, fr. ?
eagle.] See Eaglestone.
AOfar6 (?), adv. [Pref. aO.(for on or of) + far.] At, to, or
from a great distance; far away; P often used with from
preceding, or off following; as, he was seen from afar; I
saw him afar off.
The steep where Fame's proud temple shines afar.
AOfeard6 (?), p. a. [OE. afered, AS. >f?red, p. p. of >f?ran
to frighten; >O (cf. Goth. usO, Ger. erO, orig. meaning out)
+ f?ran to frighten. See Fear.] Afraid. [Obs. Sometimes
heard from the uneducated.]
Be not afeard; the isle is full of noises.
X A6fer (?), n. [L.] The southwest wind.
Af7faObil6iOty (?), n. [L. affabilitas: cf. F. affabilit.]
The quality of being affable; readiness to converse;
courteousness in receiving others and in conversation;
complaisant behavior.
Affability is of a wonderful efficacy or power in procuring
Af6faOble (?), a. [F. affable, L. affabilis, fr. affari to
speak to; ad + fari to speak. See Fable.] 1. Easy to be
spoken to or addressed; receiving others kindly and
conversing with them in a free and friendly manner;
courteous; sociable.
An affable and courteous gentleman.
His manners polite and affable.
2. Gracious; mild; benign.
A serene and affable countenance.
Syn. P Courteous; civil; complaisant; accessible; mild;
benign; condescending.
Af6faObleOness, n. Affability.
Af6faObly, adv. In an affable manner; courteously.

Af6faObrous (?), a. [L. affaber workmanlike; ad + faber.]
Executed in a workmanlike manner; ingeniously made. [R.]
AfOfair6 (?), n. [OE. afere, affere, OF. afaire, F. affaire,
fr. a faire to do; L.. ad + facere to do. See Fact, and cf.
Ado.] 1. That which is done or is to be done; matter;
concern; as, a difficult affair to manage; business of any
kind, commercial, professional, or public; P often in the
plural. =At the head of affairs.8 Junius. =A talent for
affairs.8 Prescott.
2. Any proceeding or action which it is wished to refer to
or characterize vaguely; as, an affair of honor, i. e., a
duel; an affair of love, i. e., an intrigue.
3. (Mil.) An action or engagement not of sufficient
magnitude to be called a battle.
4. Action; endeavor. [Obs.]
And with his best affair
Obeyed the pleasure of the Sun.
5. A material object (vaguely designated).
A certain affair of fine red cloth much worn and faded.
AfOfam6ish (?), v. t. & i. [F. affamer, fr. L. ad + fames
hunger. See Famish.] To afflict with, or perish from,
hunger. [Obs.]
AfOfam6ishOment (?), n. Starvation.
Bp. Hall.
AfOfat6uOate (?), v. t. [L. ad + fatuus foolish.] To
infatuate. [Obs.]
AfOfear6 (?), v. t. [OE. aferen, AS. >f?ran. See Afeard.] To
frighten. [Obs.]
AfOfect6 (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Affected; p. pr. & vb. n.
Affecting.] [L. affectus, p. p. of afficere to affect by
active agency; ad + facere to make: cf. F. affectere, L.
affectare, freq. of afficere. See Fact.] 1. To act upon; to
produce an effect or change upon.
As might affect the earth with cold heat.
The climate affected their health and spirits.
2. To influence or move, as the feelings or passions; to
A consideration of the rationale of our passions seems to me
very necessary for all who would affect them upon solid and
pure principles.
3. To love; to regard with affection. [Obs.]
As for Queen Katharine, he rather respected than affected,
rather honored than loved, her.
4. To show a fondness for; to like to use or practice; to
choose; hence, to frequent habitually.
For he does neither affect company, nor is he fit for ?t,
Do not affect the society of your inferiors in rank, nor
court that of the great.
5. To dispose or incline.
Men whom they thought best affected to religion and their
country's liberty.
6. To aim at; to aspire; to covet. [Obs.]
This proud man affects imperial ?way.
7. To tend to by affinity or disposition.
The drops of every fluid affect a round figure.
8. To make a show of; to put on a pretense of; to feign; to
assume; as, to affect ignorance.
Careless she is with artful care,
Affecting to seem unaffected.
Thou dost affect my manners.
9. To assign; to appoint. [R.]
One of the domestics was affected to his special service.
Syn. P To influence; operate; act on; concern; move; melt;
soften; subdue; overcome; pretend; assume.
AfOfect6, n. [L. affectus.] Affection; inclination; passion;
feeling; disposition. [Obs.]
Af7fecOta6tion (?), n. [L. affectatio: cf. F. affectation.]
1. An attempt to assume or exhibit what is not natural or
real; false display; artificial show. =An affectation of
Affectation is an awkward and forced imitation of what


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