Roget's Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases: Body

Part 4 out of 14

hover about, hover round, hover about; shift, slide, glide; roll, roll
on; flow, stream, run, drift, sweep along; wander &c (deviate) 279;
walk &c 266; change one's place, shift one's place, change one's
quarters, shift one's quarters; dodge; keep going, keep moving; put in
motion, set in motion; move; impel &c 276; propel &c 284; render
movable, mobilize.
Adj. moving &c v.; in motion; transitional; motory^, motive; shifting,
movable, mobile, mercurial, unquiet; restless &c (changeable) 149;
nomadic &c 266; erratic &c 279.
Adv. under way; on the move, on the wing, on the tramp, on the march.
Phr. eppur si muove [Galileo]; es bildet ein Talent sich in der Stille
[G.], sich ein Charakter in dem Strom der Welt [G.].

265. Quiescence -- N. rest; stillness &c adj.; quiescence; stagnation,
stagnancy; fixity, immobility, catalepsy; indisturbance^; quietism.
quiet, tranquility, calm; repose &c 687; peace; dead calm,
anticyclone^; statue-like repose; silence &c 203; not a breath of air,
not a mouse stirring; sleep &c (inactivity) 683.
pause, lull &c (cessation) 142; stand still; standing still &c v.;
lock; dead lock, dead stop, dead stand; full stop; fix; embargo.
resting place; gite [Fr.]; bivouac; home &c (abode) 189; pillow &c
(support) 215; haven &c (refuge) 666; goal &c (arrival) 292.
V. be quiescent &c adj.; stand still, lie still; keep quiet, repose,
hold the breath.
remain, stay; stand, lie to, ride at anchor, remain in situ,
tarry, mark time; bring to, heave to, lay to; pull up, draw up; hold,
halt; stop, stop short; rest, pause, anchor; cast to an anchor, come to
an anchor; rest on one's oars; repose on one's laurels, take breath;
stop &c (discontinue) 142.
stagnate; quieta non movere [Lat.]; let alone; abide, rest and be
thankful; keep within doors, stay at home, go to bed.
dwell &c (be present) 186; settle &c (be located) 184; alight &c
(arrive) 292; stick, stick fast; stand like a post; not stir a peg, not
stir a step; be at a stand &c n.. quell, becalm, hush, stay, lull to
sleep, lay an embargo on.
Adj. quiescent, still; motionless, moveless; fixed; stationary;
immotile; at rest at a stand, at a standstill, at anchor; stock, still;
standing still &c v.; sedentary, untraveled, stay-at-home; becalmed,
stagnant, quiet; unmoved, undisturbed, unruffled; calm, restful;
cataleptic; immovable &c (stable) 150; sleeping &c (inactive) 683;
silent &c 403; still as a statue, still as a post, still as a mouse,
still as death; vegetative, vegetating.
Adv. at a stand &c adj.; tout court; at the halt.
Int. stop!, stay!, avast!, halt!, hold hard!, whoa!, hold!, sabr karo!^.
Phr. requiescat in pace [Lat.]; Deus nobis haec otia fecit [Lat.]
[Vergil]; the noonday quiet holds the hill [Tennyson].

266. [Locomotion by land.] Journey -- N. travel; traveling &c v..
wayfaring, campaigning.
journey, excursion, expedition, tour, trip, grand tour, circuit,
peregrination, discursion^, ramble, pilgrimage, hajj, trek, course,
ambulation^, march, walk, promenade, constitutional, stroll, saunter,
tramp, jog trot, turn, stalk, perambulation; noctambulation^,
noctambulism; somnambulism; outing, ride, drive, airing, jaunt.
equitation, horsemanship, riding, manege [Fr.], ride and tie;
roving, vagrancy, pererration^; marching and countermarching;
nomadism; vagabondism, vagabondage; hoboism [U.S.]; gadding; flit,
flitting, migration; emigration, immigration, demigration^,
intermigration^; wanderlust.
plan, itinerary, guide; handbook, guidebook, road book; Baedeker^,
Bradshaw, Murray; map, road map, transportation guide, subway map.
procession, cavalcade, caravan, file, cortege, column.
[Organs and instruments of locomotion] vehicle &c 272; automobile,
train, bus, airplane, plane, autobus, omnibus, subway, motorbike, dirt
bike, off-road vehicle, van, minivan, motor scooter, trolley,
locomotive; legs, feet, pegs, pins, trotters.
traveler &c 268.
depot [U.S.], railway station, station.
V. travel, journey, course; take a journey, go a journey; take a walk,
go out for walk &c n.; have a run; take the air.
flit, take wing; migrate, emigrate; trek; rove, prowl, roam,
range, patrol, pace up and down, traverse; scour the country, traverse
the country; peragrate^; circumambulate, perambulate; nomadize^, wander,
ramble, stroll, saunter, hover, go one's rounds, straggle; gad, gad
about; expatiate.
walk, march, step, tread, pace, plod, wend, go by shank's mare;
promenade; trudge, tramp; stalk, stride, straddle, strut, foot it, hoof
it, stump, bundle, bowl along, toddle; paddle; tread a path.
take horse, ride, drive, trot, amble, canter, prance, fisk^, frisk,
caracoler^, caracole; gallop &c (move quickly) 274.
[start riding] embark, board, set out, hit the road, get going,
get underway.
peg on, jog on, wag on, shuffle on; stir one's stumps; bend one's
steps, bend one's course; make one's way, find one's way, wend one's
way, pick one's way, pick one's way, thread one's way, plow one's way;
slide, glide, coast, skim, skate; march in procession, file on, defile.
go to, repair to, resort to, hie to, betake oneself to.
Adj. traveling &c v.; ambulatory, itinerant, peripatetic, roving,
rambling, gadding, discursive, vagrant, migratory, monadic;
circumforanean^, circumforaneous^; noctivagrant^, mundivagrant;
wayfaring, wayworn; travel-stained.
Adv. on foot, on horseback, on Shanks's mare; by the Marrowbone stage:
in transitu &c 270 [Lat.]; en route &c 282.
Int. come along!,

267. [Locomotion by water, or air.] Navigation -- N. navigation;
aquatics; boating, yachting; ship &c 273; oar, paddle, screw, sail,
canvas, aileron.
natation^, swimming; fin, flipper, fish's tail.
aerostation^, aerostatics^, aeronautics; balloonery^; balloon &c
273; ballooning, aviation, airmanship; flying, flight, volitation^;
wing, pinion; rocketry, space travel, astronautics, orbital mechanics,
voyage, sail, cruise, passage, circumnavigation, periplus^;
headway, sternway, leeway; fairway.
mariner &c 269.
flight, trip; shuttle, run, airlift.
V. sail; put to sea &c (depart) 293; take ship, get under way; set
sail, spread sail, spread canvas; gather way, have way on; make sail,
carry sail; plow the waves, plow the deep, plow the main, plow the
ocean; walk the waters.
navigate, warp, luff^, scud, boom, kedge; drift, course, cruise,
coast; hug the shore, hug the land; circumnavigate.
ply the oar, row, paddle, pull, scull, punt, steam.
swim, float; buffet the waves, ride the storm, skim, effleurer
[Fr.], dive, wade.
fly, be wafted, hover, soar, flutter, jet, orbit, rocket; take
wing, take a flight, take off, ascend, blast off, land, alight; wing
one's flight, wing one's way; aviate; parachute, jump, glide.
Adj. sailing &c v.; volant^, aerostatic^; seafaring, nautical, maritime,
naval; seagoing, coasting; afloat; navigable; aerial, aeronautic;
Adv. under way, under sail, under canvas, under steam; on the wing, in
flight, in orbit.
Phr. bon voyage; spread the thin oar and catch the driving gale [Pope].

268. Traveler -- N. traveler, wayfarer, voyager, itinerant, passenger,
tourist, excursionist, explorer, adventurer, mountaineer, hiker,
backpacker, Alpine Club; peregrinator^, wanderer, rover, straggler,
rambler; bird of passage; gadabout, gadling^; vagrant, scatterling^,
landloper^, waifs and estrays^, wastrel, foundling; loafer; tramp,
tramper; vagabond, nomad, Bohemian, gypsy, Arab^, Wandering Jew, Hadji,
pilgrim, palmer; peripatetic; somnambulist, emigrant, fugitive,
refugee; beach comber, booly^; globegirdler^, globetrotter; vagrant,
hobo [U.S.], night walker, sleep walker; noctambulist, runabout,
straphanger, swagman, swagsman [Austral.]; trecker^, trekker, zingano^,
runner, courier; Mercury, Iris, Ariel^, comet.
pedestrian, walker, foot passenger; cyclist; wheelman.
rider, horseman, equestrian, cavalier, jockey, roughrider,
trainer, breaker.
driver, coachman, whip, Jehu, charioteer, postilion, postboy^,
carter, wagoner, drayman^; cabman, cabdriver; voiturier^, vetturino^,
condottiere^; engine driver; stoker, fireman, guard; chauffeur,
conductor, engineer, gharry-wallah^, gari-wala^, hackman, syce^,
Phr. on the road

269. Mariner -- N. sailor, mariner, navigator; seaman, seafarer,
seafaring man; dock walloper [Slang]; tar, jack tar, salt, able seaman,
B.; man-of-war's man, bluejacket, galiongee^, galionji^, marine,
jolly, midshipman, middy; skipper; shipman^, boatman, ferryman,
waterman^, lighterman^, bargeman, longshoreman; bargee^, gondolier; oar,
oarsman; rower; boatswain, cockswain^; coxswain; steersman, pilot; crew.
aerial navigator, aeronaut, balloonist, Icarus; aeroplanist^,
airman, aviator, birdman, man-bird, wizard of the air, aviatrix, flier,
pilot, test pilot, glider pilot, bush pilot, navigator, flight
attendant, steward, stewardess, crew; astronaut, cosmonaut;
parachutist, paratrooper.

270. Transference -- N. transfer, transference; translocation,
elocation^; displacement; metastasis, metathesis; removal; remotion^,
amotion^; relegation; deportation, asportation^; extradition,
conveyance, draft, carrying, carriage; convection, conduction,
contagion; transfer &c (of property) 783.
transit, transition; passage, ferry, gestation; portage,
porterage^, carting, cartage; shoveling &c v.; vection^, vecture^,
vectitation^; shipment, freight, wafture^; transmission, transport,
transportation, importation, exportation, transumption^,
transplantation, translation; shifting, dodging; dispersion &c 73;
transposition &c (interchange) 148; traction &c 285.
[Thing transferred] drift.
V. transfer, transmit, transport, transplace^, transplant, translocate;
convey, carry, bear, fetch and carry; carry over, ferry over; hand
pass, forward; shift; conduct, convoy, bring, fetch, reach; tote
[U.S.]; port, import, export.
send, delegate, consign, relegate, turn over to, deliver; ship,
embark; waft; shunt; transpose &c (interchange) 148; displace &c 185;
throw &c 284; drag &c 285; mail, post.
shovel, ladle, decant, draft off, transfuse, infuse, siphon.
Adj. transferred &c v.; drifted, movable; portable, portative^; mailable
[U.S.]; contagious.
Adv. from hand to hand, from pillar to post.
on the way, by the way; on the road, on the wing, under way, in
transit, on course; as one goes; in transitu [Lat.], en route, chemin
faisant [Fr.], en passant [Fr.], in mid progress, in mid course.

271. Carrier -- N. carrier, porter, bearer, tranter^, conveyer;
cargador^; express, expressman; stevedore, coolie; conductor,
locomotive, motor.
beast, beast of burden, cattle, horse, nag, palfrey, Arab^, blood
horse, thoroughbred, galloway^, charger, courser, racer, hunter,
jument^, pony, filly, colt, foal, barb, roan, jade, hack, bidet, pad,
cob, tit, punch, roadster, goer^; racehorse, pack horse, draft horse,
cart horse, dray horse, post horse; ketch; Shetland pony, shelty,
sheltie; garran^, garron^; jennet, genet^, bayard^, mare, stallion,
gelding; bronco, broncho^, cayuse [U.S.]; creature, critter [U.S.]; cow
pony, mustang, Narraganset, waler^; stud.
Pegasus, Bucephalus, Rocinante.
ass, donkey, jackass, mule, hinny; sumpter horse, sumpter mule;
burro, cuddy^, ladino [U.S.]; reindeer; camel, dromedary, llama,
elephant; carrier pigeon.
[object used for carrying] pallet, brace, cart, dolley; support &c
215; fork lift.
carriage &c (vehicle) 272; ship &c 273.
Adj. equine, asinine.

272. Vehicle -- N. vehicle, conveyance, carriage, caravan, van; common
carrier; wagon, waggon^, wain, dray, cart, lorry.
truck, tram; cariole, carriole^; limber, tumbrel, pontoon; barrow;
wheel barrow, hand barrow; perambulator; Bath chair, wheel chair, sedan
chair; chaise; palankeen^, palanquin; litter, brancard^, crate, hurdle,
stretcher, ambulance; black Maria; conestoga wagon, conestoga wain;
jinrikisha, ricksha, brett^, dearborn [U.S.], dump cart, hack, hackery^,
jigger, kittereen^, mailstate^, manomotor^, rig, rockaway^, prairie
schooner [U.S.], shay, sloven, team, tonga^, wheel; hobbyhorse, go-cart;
cycle; bicycle, bike, two-wheeler; tricycle, velocipede, quadricycle^.
equipage, turn-out; coach, chariot, phaeton, break, mail phaeton,
wagonette, drag, curricle^, tilbury^, whisky, landau, barouche,
victoria, brougham, clarence^, calash, caleche [Fr.], britzka^, araba^,
kibitka^; berlin; sulky, desobligeant [Fr.], sociable, vis-a-vis,
dormeuse [Fr.]; jaunting car, outside car; dandi^; doolie^, dooly^;
munchil^, palki^; roller skates, skate; runabout; ski; tonjon^; vettura^.
post chaise, diligence, stage; stage coach, mail coach, hackney
coach, glass coach; stage wagon, car, omnibus, fly, cabriolet^, cab,
hansom, shofle^, four-wheeler, growler, droshki^, drosky^.
dogcart, trap, whitechapel, buggy, four-in-hand, unicorn, random,
tandem; shandredhan^, char-a-bancs [Fr.].
motor car, automobile, limousine, car, auto, jalopy, clunker,
lemon, flivver, coupe, sedan, two-door sedan, four-door sedan, luxury
sedan; wheels [Coll.], sports car, roadster, gran turismo [It], jeep,
four-wheel drive vehicle, electric car, steamer; golf cart, electric
wagon; taxicab, cab, taxicoach^, checker cab, yellow cab; station wagon,
family car; motorcycle, motor bike, side car; van, minivan, bus,
minibus, microbus; truck, wagon, pick-up wagon, pick-up, tractor-
trailer, road train, articulated vehicle; racing car, racer, hot rod,
stock car, souped-up car.
bob, bobsled, bobsleigh^; cutter; double ripper, double runner
[U.S.]; jumper, sled, sledge, sleigh, toboggan.
train; accommodation train, passenger train, express trail,
special train, corridor train, parliamentary train, luggage train,
freight train, goods train; 1st class train, 2nd class train, 3rd class
train, 1st class carriage, 2nd class carriage, 3rd class carriage, 1st
class compartment, 2nd class compartment, 3rd class compartment;
rolling stock; horse box, cattle truck; baggage car, express car,
freight car, parlor car, dining car, Pullman car, sleeping car,
sleeper, dome car; surface car, tram car, trolley car; box car, box
wagon; horse car [U.S.]; bullet train, shinkansen [Jap.], cannonball,
the Wabash cannonball, lightning express; luggage van; mail, mail car,
mail van.
shovel, spool, spatula, ladle, hod, hoe; spade, spaddle^, loy^;
spud; pitchfork; post hole digger.
[powered construction vehicles] tractor, steamshovel, backhoe,
fork lift, earth mover, dump truck, bulldozer, grader, caterpillar,
trench digger, steamroller; pile driver; crane, wrecking crane.

273. Ship -- N. ship, vessel, sail; craft, bottom.
navy, marine, fleet, flotilla; shipping.
man of war &c (combatant) 726; transport, tender, storeship^;
merchant ship, merchantman; packet, liner; whaler, slaver, collier,
coaster, lighter; fishing boat, pilot boat; trawler, hulk; yacht;
baggala^; floating hotel, floating palace; ocean greyhound.
ship, bark, barque, brig, snow, hermaphrodite brig; brigantine,
barkantine^; schooner; topsail schooner, for and aft schooner, three
masted schooner; chasse-maree [Fr.]; sloop, cutter, corvette, clipper,
foist, yawl, dandy, ketch, smack, lugger, barge, hoy^, cat, buss;
sailer, sailing vessel; windjammer; steamer, steamboat, steamship,
liner, ocean liner, cruiseship, ship of the line; mail steamer, paddle
steamer, screw steamer; tug; line of steamers &c. destroyer, cruiser,
frigate; landing ship, LST; aircraft carrier, carrier, flattop [Coll.],
nuclear powered carrier; submarine, submersible, atomic submarine.
boat, pinnace, launch; life boat, long boat, jolly boat, bum boat,
fly boat, cock boat, ferry boat, canal boat; swamp boat, ark, bully,
battery, bateau [Can.], broadhorn^, dory, droger^, drogher; dugout,
durham boat, flatboat, galiot^; shallop^, gig, funny, skiff, dingy,
scow, cockleshell, wherry, coble^, punt, cog, kedge, lerret^; eight oar,
four oar, pair oar; randan^; outrigger; float, raft, pontoon; prame^;
iceboat, ice canoe, ice yacht.
catamaran, hydroplane, hovercraft, coracle, gondola, carvel^,
caravel; felucca, caique^, canoe, birch bark canoe, dugout canoe;
galley, galleyfoist^; bilander^, dogger^, hooker, howker^; argosy,
carack^; galliass^, galleon; polacca^, polacre^, tartane^, junk, lorcha^,
praam^, proa^, prahu^, saick^, sampan, xebec, dhow; dahabeah^; nuggah^;
kayak, keel boat [U.S.], log canoe, pirogue; quadrireme^, trireme;
stern-wheeler [U.S.]; wanigan^, wangan [U.S.], wharf boat.
balloon; airship, aeroplane; biplane, monoplane, triplane^;
hydroplane; aerodrome; air balloon, pilot balloon, fire balloon,
dirigible, zeppelin; aerostat, Montgolfier; kite, parachute.
jet plane, rocket plane, jet liner, turbojet, prop-jet, propeller
plane; corporate plane, corporate jet, private plane, private aviation;
airline, common carrier; fighter, bomber, fighter-bomber, escort plane,
spy plane; supersonic aircraft, subsonic aircraft.
Adv. afloat, aboard; on board, on ship board; hard a lee, hard a port,
hard a starboard, hard a weather.


274. Velocity -- N. velocity, speed, celerity; swiftness &c adj.;
rapidity, eagle speed; expedition &c (activity) 682; pernicity^;
acceleration; haste &c 684.
spurt, rush, dash, race, steeple chase; smart rate, lively rate,
swift rate &c adj.; rattling rate, spanking rate, strapping rate, smart
pace, lively pace, swift pace, rattling pace, spanking pace, strapping
pace; round pace; flying, flight.
lightning, greased lightning, light, electricity, wind; cannon
ball, rocket, arrow, dart, hydrargyrum [Lat.], quicksilver; telegraph,
express train; torrent.
eagle, antelope, courser, race horse, gazelle, greyhound, hare,
doe, squirrel, camel bird, chickaree^, chipmunk, hackee [U.S.], ostrich,
scorcher [Slang].
Mercury, Ariel^, Camilla^, Harlequin.
[Measurement of velocity] log, log line; speedometer, odometer,
tachometer, strobe, radar speed detector, radar trap, air speed gauge,
wind sock, wind speed meter; pedometer.
V. move quickly, trip, fisk^; speed, hie, hasten, post, spank, scuttle;
scud, scuddle^; scour, scour the plain; scamper; run like mad, beat it;
fly, race, run a race, cut away, shot, tear, whisk, zoom, swoosh,
sweep, skim, brush; cut along, bowl along, barrel along, barrel;
scorch, burn up the track; rush &c (be violent) 173; dash on, dash off,
dash forward; bolt; trot, gallop, amble, troll, bound, flit, spring,
dart, boom; march in quick time, march in double time; ride hard, get
over the ground.
hurry &c (hasten) 684; accelerate, put on; quicken; quicken one's
pace, mend one's pace; clap spurs to one's horse; make haste, make
rapid strides, make forced marches, make the best of one's way; put
one's best leg foremost, stir one's stumps, wing one's way, set off at
a score; carry sail, crowd sail; go off like a shot, go like a shot, go
ahead, gain ground; outstrip the wind, fly on the wings of the wind.
keep up with, keep pace with; outstrip &c 303; outmarch^.
Adj. fast, speedy, swift, rapid, quick, fleet; aliped^; nimble, agile,
expeditious; express; active &c 682; flying, galloping &c v.; light
footed, nimble footed; winged, eagle winged, mercurial, electric,
telegraphic; light-legged, light of heel; swift as an arrow &c n.;
quick as lightning &c n., quick as a thought.
Adv. swiftly &c adj.; with speed &c n.; apace; at a great rate, at full
speed, at railway speed; full drive, full gallop; posthaste, in full
sail, tantivy^; trippingly; instantaneously &c 113.
under press of sail, under press of canvas, under press of sail
and steam; velis et remis [Lat.], on eagle's wing, in double quick
time; with rapid strides, with giant strides; a pas de geant [Fr.]; in
seven league boots; whip and spur; ventre a terre [Fr.]; as fast as
one's legs will carry one, as fast as one's heels will carry one; as
fast as one can lay legs to the ground, at the top of one's speed; by
leaps and bounds; with haste &c 684.
Phr. vires acquirit eundo [Lat.]; I'll put a girdle about the earth in
forty minutes [M.N.D.]; swifter than arrow from the Tartar's bow
[M.N.D.]; go like a bat out of hell; tempus fugit [Lat.].

275. Slowness -- N. slowness &c adj.; languor &c (inactivity) 683;
drawl; creeping &c v., lentor^.
retardation; slackening &c v.; delay &c (lateness) 133;
jog trot, dog trot; mincing steps; slow march, slow time.
slow goer^, slow coach, slow back; lingerer, loiterer, sluggard,
tortoise, snail; poke [U.S.]; dawdle &c (inactive) 683.
V. move slowly &c adv.; creep, crawl, lag, slug, drawl, linger, loiter,
saunter; plod, trudge, stump along, lumber; trail, drag; dawdle &c (be
inactive) 683; grovel, worm one's way, steal along; job on, rub on,
bundle on; toddle, waddle, wabble^, slug, traipse, slouch, shuffle,
halt, hobble, limp, caludicate^, shamble; flag, falter, trotter,
stagger; mince, step short; march in slow time, march in funeral
procession; take one's time; hang fire &c (be late) 133.
retard, relax; slacken, check, moderate, rein in, curb; reef;
strike sail, shorten sail, take in sail; put on the drag, apply the
brake; clip the wings; reduce the speed; slacken speed, slacken one's
pace; lose ground.
Adj. slow, slack; tardy; dilatory &c (inactive) 683; gentle, easy;
leisurely; deliberate, gradual; insensible, imperceptible; glacial,
languid, sluggish, slow paced, tardigrade^, snail-like; creeping &c v.;
Adv. slowly &c adj.; leisurely; piano, adagio; largo, larghetto; at
half speed, under easy sail; at a foots pace, at a snail's pace, at a
funeral pace; in slow time, with mincing steps, with clipped wings;
haud passibus aequis [Lat.] [Vergil].
gradually &c adj.; gradatim [Lat.]; by degrees, by slow degrees,
by inches, by little and little; step by step, one step at a time; inch
by inch, bit by bit, little by little, seriatim; consecutively.
Phr. dum Roma deliberat Saguntum perit [Lat.]; at a glacial pace.


276. Impulse -- N. impulse, impulsion, impetus; momentum; push,
pulsion^, thrust, shove, jog, jolt, brunt, booming, boost [U.S.], throw;
explosion &c (violence) 173; propulsion &c 284.
percussion, concussion, collision, occursion^, clash, encounter,
cannon, carambole^, appulse^, shock, crash, bump; impact; elan; charge
&c (attack) 716; beating &c (punishment) 972.
blow, dint, stroke, knock, tap, rap, slap, smack, pat, dab;
fillip; slam, bang; hit, whack, thwack; cuff &c 972; squash, dowse,
swap, whap^, punch, thump, pelt, kick, punce^, calcitration^; ruade^;
arietation^; cut, thrust, lunge, yerk^; carom, carrom^, clip [Slang],
jab, plug [Slang], sidewinder [U.S.], sidewipe^, sideswipe [U.S.].
hammer, sledge hammer, mall, maul, mallet, flail; ram, rammer^;
battering ram, monkey, pile-driving engine, punch, bat; cant hook;
cudgel &c (weapon) 727; ax &c (sharp) 253.
[Science of mechanical forces] dynamics; seismometer,
accelerometer, earthquake detector.
V. give an impetus &c n.; impel, push; start, give a start to, set
going; drive, urge, boom; thrust, prod, foin [Fr.]; cant; elbow,
shoulder, jostle, justle^, hustle, hurtle, shove, jog, jolt, encounter;
run against, bump against, butt against; knock one's head against, run
one's head against; impinge; boost [U.S.]; bunt, carom, clip y; fan,
fan out; jab, plug [Slang].
strike, knock, hit, tap, rap, slap, flap, dab, pat, thump, beat,
blow, bang, slam, dash; punch, thwack, whack; hit hard, strike hard;
swap, batter, dowse^, baste; pelt, patter, buffet, belabor; fetch one a
blow; poke at, pink, lunge, yerk^; kick, calcitrate^; butt, strike at &c
(attack) 716; whip &c (punish) 972.
come into a collision, enter into collision; collide; sideswipe;
foul; fall foul of, run foul of; telescope.
throw &c (propel) 284.
Adj. impelling &c v.; impulsive, impellent^; booming; dynamic,
dynamical; impelled &c v..
Phr. a hit, a very palpable hit [Hamlet].

277. Recoil -- N. recoil; reaction, retroaction; revulsion; bounce,
rebound, ricochet; repercussion, recalcitration^; kick, contrecoup
[Fr.]; springing back &c v.; elasticity &c 325; reflection, reflexion
[Brit.], reflex, reflux; reverberation &c (resonance) 408; rebuff,
repulse; return.
ducks and drakes; boomerang; spring, reactionist^.
elastic collision, coefficient of restitution.
V. recoil, react; spring back, fly back, bounce back, bound back;
rebound, reverberate, repercuss^, recalcitrate^; echo, ricochet.
Adj. recoiling &c v.; refluent^, repercussive, recalcitrant,
reactionary; retroactive.
Adv. on the rebound, on the recoil &c n..
Phr. for every action there is a reaction, equal in force and opposite
in direction [Newton].


278. Direction -- N. direction, bearing, course, vector; set, drift,
tenor; tendency &c 176; incidence; bending, trending &c v.; dip, tack,
aim, collimation; steering steerage.
point of the compass, cardinal points; North East, South, West; N
by E, ENE, NE by N, NE, &c; rhumb^, azimuth, line of collimation.
line, path, road, range, quarter, line of march; alignment,
allignment^; air line, beeline; straight shoot.
V. tend towards, bend towards, point towards; conduct to, go to; point
to, point at; bend, trend, verge, incline, dip, determine.
steer for, steer towards, make for, make towards; aim at, level
at; take aim; keep a course, hold a course; be bound for; bend one's
steps towards; direct one's course, steer one's course, bend one's
course, shape one's course; align one's march, allign one's march^; to
straight, go straight to the point; march on, march on a point.
ascertain one's direction &c n.; s'orienter [Fr.], see which way
the wind blows; box the compass; take the air line.
Adj. directed &c v.. directed towards; pointing towards &c v.; bound
for; aligned, with alligned with^; direct, straight; undeviating,
unswerving; straightforward; North, Northern, Northerly, &c n..
Adv. towards; on the road, on the high road to; en avant; versus, to;
hither, thither, whither; directly; straight as an arrow, forwards as
an arrow; point blank; in a bee line to, in a direct line to, as the
crow flies, in a straight line to, in a bee line for, in a direct line
for, in a straight line for, in a bee line with, in a direct line with,
in a straight line with; in a line with; full tilt at, as the crow
before the wind, near the wind, close to the wind, against the
wind; windwards, in the wind's eye.
through, via, by way of; in all directions, in all manner of ways;
quaquaversum [Lat.], from the four winds.
Phr. the shortest distance between two points is a straight line.

279. Deviation -- N. deviation; swerving &c v.; obliquation^, warp,
refraction; flection^, flexion; sweep; deflection, deflexure^;
diversion, digression, depart from, aberration; divergence &c 291;
zigzag; detour &c (circuit) 629; divagation.
[Desultory motion] wandering &c v.; vagrancy, evagation^; bypaths
and crooked ways; byroad.
[Motion sideways, oblique motion] sidling &c v.; knight's move at
V. alter one's course, deviate, depart from, turn, trend; bend, curve
&c 245; swerve, heel, bear off; gybe^, wear.
intervert^; deflect; divert, divert from its course; put on a new
scent, shift, shunt, draw aside, crook, warp.
stray, straggle; sidle; diverge &c 291; tralineate^; digress,
wander; wind, twist, meander; veer, tack; divagate; sidetrack; turn
aside, turn a corner, turn away from; wheel, steer clear of; ramble,
rove, drift; go astray, go adrift; yaw, dodge; step aside, ease off,
make way for, shy.
fly off at a tangent; glance off; wheel about, face about; turn to
the right about, face to the right about; waddle &c (oscillate) 314; go
out of one's way &c (perform a circuit) 629; lose one's way.
Adj. deviating &c v.; aberrant, errant; excursive, discursive; devious,
desultory, loose; rambling; stray, erratic, vagrant, undirected,
circuitous, indirect, zigzag; crab-like.
Adv. astray from, round about, wide of the mark; to the right about;
all manner of ways; circuitously &c 629.
obliquely, sideling, like the move of the knight on a chessboard.

280. [Going before.] Precession -- N. precession, leading, heading;
precedence &c 62; priority &c 116; the lead, le pas; van &c (front)
234; precursor &c 64.
V. go before, go ahead, go in the van, go in advance; precede, forerun;
usher in, introduce, herald, head, take the lead; lead the way, lead
the dance; get the start, have the start; steal a march; get before,
get ahead, get in front of; outstrip &c 303; take precedence &c (first
in order) 62.
Adj. leading, precedent &c v..
Adv. in advance, before, ahead, in the van, in the lead; foremost,
headmost^; in front; at the head, out in front; way out in front, far
Phr. seniores priores [Lat.], ahead of his time.

281. [Going after.] Sequence -- N. sequence; coming after &c (order)
63; (time) 117; following pursuit &c 622.
follower, attendant, satellite, shadow, dangler, train.
V. follow; pursue &c 622; go after, fly after.
attend, beset, dance attendance on, dog; tread in the steps of,
tread close upon; be in the wake of, be in the trail of, be in the rear
of, go in the wake of, go in the trail of, go in the rear of, follow in
the wake of, follow in the trail of, follow in the rear of; follow as a
shadow, hang on the skirts of; tread on the heels of, follow on the
heels of; camp on the trail.
Adj. subsequent, next, succeeding; following &c v..
Adv. behind; in the rear &c 235, in the train of, in the wake of; after
&c (order) 63, (time) 117.

282. [Motion forward; progressive motion.] Progression -- N. progress,
progression, progressiveness; advancing &c v.; advance, advancement;
ongoing; flood, tide, headway; march &c 266; rise; improvement &c 658.
V. advance; proceed, progress; get on, get along, get over the ground;
gain ground; forge ahead; jog on, rub on, wag on; go with the stream;
keep one's course, hold on one's course; go on, move on, come one, get
on, pass on, push on, press on, go forward, move forward, come forward,
get forward, pass forward, push forward, press forward, go forwards,
move forwards, come forwards, get forwards, pass forwards, push
forwards, press forwards, go ahead, move ahead, come ahead, get ahead,
pass ahead, push ahead, press ahead; make one's way, work one's way,
carve one's way, push one's way, force one's way, edge one's way, elbow
one's way; make progress, make head, make way, make headway, make
advances, make strides, make rapid strides &c (velocity) 274; go ahead,
shoot ahead; distance; make up leeway.
Adj. advancing &c v.; progressive, profluent^; advanced.
Adv. forward, onward; forth, on, ahead, under way, en route for, on
one's way, on the way, on the road, on the high road, on the road to;
in progress; in mid progress; in transitu &c 270 [Lat.].
Phr. vestigia nulla retrorsum [Lat.]; westward the course of empire
takes its way [Berkeley].

283. [Motion backwards.] Regression -- N. regress, regression;
retrocession^, retrogression, retrograduation^, retroaction; reculade^;
retreat, withdrawal, retirement, remigration^; recession &c (motion
from) 287; recess; crab-like motion.
refluence^, reflux; backwater, regurgitation, ebb, return;
resilience reflection, reflexion [Brit.] (recoil) 277; flip-flop,
volte-face [Fr.].
counter motion, retrograde motion, backward movement, motion in
reverse, counter movement, counter march; veering, tergiversation,
recidivation^, backsliding, fall; deterioration &c 659; recidivism,
reversal, relapse, turning point &c (reversion) 145.
V. recede, regrade, return, revert, retreat, retire; retrograde,
retrocede; back out; back down; balk; crawfish [U.S.], crawl [Slang];
withdraw; rebound &c 277; go back, come back, turn back, hark back,
draw back, fall back, get back, put back, run back; lose ground; fall
astern, drop astern; backwater, put about; backtrack, take the back
track; veer round; double, wheel, countermarch; ebb, regurgitate; jib,
shrink, shy.
turn tail, turn round, turn upon one's heel, turn one's back upon;
retrace one's steps, dance the back step; sound a retreat, beat a
retreat; go home.
Adj. receding &c v.; retrograde, retrogressive; regressive, refluent^,
reflex, recidivous, resilient; crab-like; balky; reactionary &c 277.
Adv. back, backwards; reflexively, to the right about; a reculons
[Fr.], a rebours [Fr.].
Phr. revenons a nos moutons [Fr.], as you were.

284. [Motion given to an object situated in front.] Propulsion -- N.
propulsion, projection; propelment^; vis a tergo [Lat.], force from
behind; push, shove &c (impulse) 276; ejaculate; ejection &c 297;
throw, fling, toss, shot, discharge, shy; launch, release.
[Science of propulsion] projectiles, ballistics, archery.
[devices to give propulsion] propeller, screw, twin screws,
turbine, jet engine.
[objects propelled] missile, projectile, ball, discus, quoit,
brickbat, shot; [weapons which propel] arrow, gun, ballista &c (arms)
727 [Obs.].
[preparation for propulsion] countdown, windup.
shooter; shot; archer, toxophilite^; bowman, rifleman, marksman;
good shot, crack shot; sharpshooter &c (combatant) 726.
V. propel, project, throw, fling, cast, pitch, chuck, toss, jerk,
heave, shy, hurl; flirt, fillip.
dart, lance, tilt; ejaculate, jaculate^; fulminate, bolt, drive,
sling, pitchfork.
send; send off, let off, fire off; discharge, shoot; launch,
release, send forth, let fly; put in orbit, send into orbit, launch
into orbit dash.
put in motion, set in motion; set agoing^, start; give a start,
give an impulse to; impel &c 276; trundle &c (set in rotation) 312;
expel &c 297.
carry one off one's legs; put to flight.
Adj. propelled &c v.; propelling &c v.; propulsive, projectile.

285. [Motion given to an object situated behind.] Traction -- N.
traction; drawing &c v.; draught, pull, haul; rake; a long pull a
strong pull and a pull all together; towage^, haulage.
V. draw, pull, haul, lug, rake, drag, tug, tow, trail, train; take in
wrench, jerk, twitch, touse^; yank [U.S.].
Adj. drawing &c v.; tractile^, tractive.

286. [Motion towards.] Approach -- N. approach, approximation,
appropinquation^; access; appulse^; afflux^, affluxion^; advent &c
(approach of time) 121; pursuit &c 622.
V. approach, approximate, appropinquate^; near; get near, go near, draw
near; come to close quarters, come near; move towards, set in towards;
drift; make up to; gain upon; pursue &c 622; tread on the heels of;
bear up; make the land; hug the shore, hug the land.
Adj. approaching &c v.; approximative^; affluent; impending, imminent &c
(destined) 152.
Adv. on the road.
Int. come hither!, approach!, here!, come!, come near!, forward!,

287. [Motion from.] Recession -- N. recession, retirement, withdrawal;
retreat; retrocession &c 283 [Obs.]; departure, &c 293; recoil &c 277;
flight &c (avoidance) 623.
V. recede, go, move back, move from, retire; withdraw, shrink, back
off; come away, move away, back away, go away, get away, drift away;
depart &c 293; retreat &c 283; move off, stand off, sheer off; fall
back, stand aside; run away &c (avoid) 623.
remove, shunt, distance.
Adj. receding &c v..
Phr. distance oneself from a person.

288. [Motion towards, actively; force causing to draw closer.]
Attraction -- N. attraction, attractiveness; attractivity^; drawing to,
pulling towards, adduction^.
electrical attraction, electricity, static electricity, static,
static cling; magnetism, magnetic attraction; gravity, attraction of
[objects which attract by physical force] lodestone, loadstone,
lodestar, loadstar^; magnet, permanent magnet, siderite, magnetite;
electromagnet; magnetic coil, voice coil; magnetic dipole; motor coil,
rotor, stator.
electrical charge; positive charge, negative charge.
magnetic pole; north pole, south pole; magnetic monopole.
V. attract, draw; draw towards, pull towards, drag towards; adduce.
Adj. attracting &c v.; attrahent^, attractive, adducent^, adductive^.
Phr. ubi mel ibi apes [Lat.] [Plautus].

289. [Motion from, actively; force driving apart.] Repulsion -- N.
repulsion; driving from &c v.; repulse, abduction.
magnetic repulsion, magnetic levitation; antigravity.
V. repel, push from, drive apart, drive from &c 276; chase, dispel;
retrude^; abduce^, abduct; send away; repulse.
keep at arm's length, turn one's back upon, give the cold
shoulder; send off, send away with a flea in one's ear.
Adj. repelling &c v.; repellent, repulsive; abducent^, abductive^.
Phr. like charges repel; opposite charges attract; like poles repel,
opposite poles attract.

290. [Motion nearer to.] Convergence -- N. convergence, confluence,
concourse, conflux^, congress, concurrence, concentration; convergency;
appulse^, meeting; corradiation^.
assemblage &c 72; resort &c (focus) 74; asymptote.
V. converge, concur, come together, unite, meet, fall in with; close
with, close in upon; center round, center in; enter in; pour in.
gather together, unite, concentrate, bring into a focus.
Adj. converging &c v.; convergent, confluent, concurrent; centripetal;
asymptotical, asymptotic; confluxible^.

291. [Motion further off.] Divergence -- N. divergence, divergency^;
divarication, ramification, forking; radiation; separation &c
(disjunction) 44; dispersion &c 73; deviation &c 279; aberration.
V. diverge, divaricate, radiate; ramify; branch off, glance off, file
off; fly off, fly off at a tangent; spread, scatter, disperse &c 73;
deviate &c 279; part &c (separate) 44.
Adj. diverging &c v.; divergent, radiant, centrifugal; aberrant.

292. [Terminal motion at.] Arrival -- N. arrival, advent; landing;
debarkation, disembarkation; reception, welcome, vin d'honneur [Fr.].
home, goal, goalpost; landing place, landing stage; bunder^;
resting place; destination, harbor, haven, port, airport, spaceport;
terminus, halting place, halting ground, landing strip, runway,
terminal; journey's end; anchorage &c (refuge) 666.
return, remigration^; meeting; rencounter^, encounter.
completion &c 729.
recursion [Comp.].
V. arrive; get to, come to; come; reach, attain; come up with, come up
to; overtake, make, fetch; complete &c 729; join, rejoin.
light, alight, dismount; land, go ashore; debark, disembark; put
in, put into; visit, cast anchor, pitch one's tent; sit down &c (be
located) 184; get to one's journey's end; make the land; be in at the
death; come back, get back, come home, get home; return; come in &c
(ingress) 294; make one's appearance &c (appear) 446; drop in; detrain,
deplane; outspan; de-orbit.
come to hand; come at, come across; hit; come upon, light upon,
pop upon, bounce upon, plump upon, burst upon, pitch upon; meet;
encounter, rencounter^; come in contact.
Adj. arriving &c v.; homeward bound.
Adv. here, hither.
Int. welcome!, hail!, all Hail!, good-day, good morrow!,
Phr. any port in a storm.

293. [Initial motion from.] Departure -- N. departure, decession^,
decampment; embarkation; outset, start; removal; exit &c (egress) 295;
exodus, hejira, flight.
leave taking, valediction, adieu, farewell, goodbye, auf
wiedersehen [G.], sayonara, dosvidanya [Rus.], ciao, aloha, hasta la
vista [Sp.]; stirrup cup; valedictorian.
starting point, starting post; point of departure, point of
embarkation, place of departure, place of embarkation; port of
embarkation; airport, take-off point, taxiing runway, runway, launching
pad, spaceport.
V. depart; go away; take one's departure, set out; set off, march off,
put off, start off, be off, move off, get off, whip off, pack off, go
off, take oneself off; start, issue, march out, debouch; go forth,
sally forth; sally, set forward; be gone; hail from.
leave a place, quit, vacate, evacuate, abandon; go off the stage,
make one's exit; retire, withdraw, remove; vamoose [Slang], vamose
[U.S.]; go one's way, go along, go from home; take flight, take wing;
spring, fly, flit, wing one's flight; fly away, whip away; embark; go
on board, go aboard; set sail' put to sea, go to sea; sail, take ship;
hoist blue Peter; get under way, weigh anchor; strike tents, decamp;
walk one's chalks, cut one's stick; take leave; say good bye, bid
goodbye &c n.; disappear &c 449; abscond &c (avoid) 623; entrain;
Adj. departing &c v.; valedictory; outward bound.
Adv. whence, hence, thence; with a foot in the stirrup; on the wing, on
the move.
Int. begone!, &c (ejection) 297; farewell!, adieu!, goodbye!, good
day!, au revoir! [Fr.], fare you well!, God bless you!, God speed!, all
aboard!, auf wiedersehen! [G.], au plaisir de vous revoir! [Fr.], bon
voyage!, gluckliche Reise! [G.], vive valeque! [Fr.],

294. [Motion into.] Ingress -- N. ingress; entrance, entry;
introgression; influx, intrusion, inroad, incursion, invasion,
irruption; ingression; penetration, interpenetration; illapse^, import,
infiltration; immigration; admission &c (reception) 296; insinuation &c
(interjacence) 228 [Obs.]; insertion &c 300.
inlet; way in; mouth, door, &c (opening) 260; barway^; path &c
(way) 627; conduit &c 350; immigrant.
V. have the entree; enter; go into, go in, come into, come in, pour
into, pour in, flow into, flow in, creep into, creep in, slip into,
slip in, pop into, pop in, break into, break in, burst into, burst in;
set foot on; ingress; burst in upon, break in upon; invade, intrude;
insinuate itself; interpenetrate, penetrate; infiltrate; find one's way
into, wriggle into, worm oneself into.
give entrance to &c (receive) 296; insert &c 300.
Adj. incoming.

295. [Motion out of.] Egress -- N. egress, exit, issue; emersion,
emergence; outbreak, outburst; eruption, proruption^; emanation;
egression; evacuation; exudation, transudation; extravasation [Med.],
perspiration, sweating, leakage, percolation, distillation, oozing;
gush &c (water in motion) 348; outpour, outpouring; effluence,
effusion; effluxion^, drain; dribbling &c v.; defluxion^; drainage;
outcome, output; discharge &c (excretion) 299.
export, expatriation; emigration, remigration^; debouch, debouche;
emunctory^; exodus &c (departure) 293; emigrant.
outlet, vent, spout, tap, sluice, floodgate; pore; vomitory,
outgate^, sally port; way out; mouth, door &c (opening) 260; path &c
(way) 627; conduit &c 350; airpipe &c 351 [Obs.].
V. emerge, emanate, issue; egress; go out of, come out of, move out of,
pass out of, pour out of, flow out of; pass out of, evacuate.
exude, transude; leak, run through, out through; percolate,
transcolate^; egurgitate^; strain, distill; perspire, sweat, drain,
ooze; filter, filtrate; dribble, gush, spout, flow out; well, well out;
pour, trickle, &c (water in motion) 348; effuse, extravasate [Med.],
disembogue^, discharge itself, debouch; come forth, break forth; burst
out, burst through; find vent; escape &c 671.
Adj. effused &c v.; outgoing.

296. [Motion into, actively.] Reception -- N. reception; admission,
admittance, entree, importation; introduction, intromission; immission^,
ingestion, imbibation^, introception^, absorption, ingurgitation^,
inhalation; suction, sucking; eating, drinking &c (food) 298; insertion
&c 300; interjection &c 228; introit.
V. give entrance to, give admittance to, give the entree; introduce,
intromit; usher, admit, receive, import, bring in, open the door to,
throw in, ingest, absorb, imbibe, inhale, breathe in; let in, take in,
suck in, draw in; readmit, resorb, reabsorb; snuff up, swallow,
ingurgitate^; engulf, engorge; gulp; eat, drink &c (food) 298.
Adj. admitting &c v., admitted &c v.; admissable; absorbent.

297. [Motion out of, actively] Ejection -- N. ejection, emission,
effusion, rejection, expulsion, exportation, eviction, extrusion,
trajection^; discharge.
emesis, vomiting, vomition^.
egestion^, evacuation; ructation^, eructation; bloodletting,
venesection [Med.], phlebotomy, paracentesis^; expuition, exspuition;
tapping, drainage; clearance, clearage^.
deportation; banishment &c (punishment ) 972; rouge's march;
relegation, extradition; dislodgment.
bouncer [U.S.], chucker-out [Slang].
[material vomited] vomit, vomitus [Med.], puke, barf [Coll.].
V. give exit, give vent to; let out, give out, pour out, squeeze out,
send out; dispatch, despatch; exhale, excern^, excrete; embogue^;
secrete, secern^; extravasate [Med.], shed, void, evacuation; emit; open
the sluices, open the floodgates; turn on the tap; extrude, detrude^;
effuse, spend, expend; pour forth; squirt, spirt^, spurt, spill, slop;
perspire &c (exude) 295; breathe, blow &c (wind) 349.
tap, draw off; bale out, lade out; let blood, broach.
eject, reject; expel, discard; cut, send to coventry, boycott;
chasser [Fr.]; banish &c (punish) 972; bounce [U.S.]; fire [Slang],
fire out [Slang]; throw &c 284, throw out, throw up, throw off, throw
away, throw aside; push &c 276; throw out, throw off, throw away, throw
aside; shovel out, shovel away, sweep out, sweep away; brush off, brush
away, whisk off, whisk away, turn off, turn away, send off, send away;
discharge; send adrift, turn adrift, cast adrift; turn out, bundle out;
throw overboard; give the sack to; send packing, send about one's
business, send to the right about; strike off the roll &c (abrogate)
756; turn out neck and heels, turn out head and shoulders, turn out
neck and crop; pack off; send away with a flea in the ear; send to
Jericho; bow out, show the door to, turn out of doors, turn out of
house and home; evict, oust; unhouse, unkennel; dislodge; unpeople^,
dispeople^; depopulate; relegate, deport.
empty; drain to the dregs; sweep off; clear off, clear out, clear
away; suck, draw off; clean out, make a clean sweep of, clear decks,
embowel^, disbowel^, disembowel; eviscerate, gut; unearth, root
out, root up; averuncate^; weed out, get out; eliminate, get rid of, do
away with, shake off; exenterate^.
vomit, throw up, regurgitate, spew, puke, keck^, retch, heave,
upchuck, chuck up, barf; belch out; cast up, bring up, be sick, get
sick, worship the porcelain god.
disgorge; expectorate, clear the throat, hawk, spit, sputter,
splutter, slobber, drivel, slaver, slabber^; eructate; drool.
unpack, unlade, unload, unship, offload; break bulk; dump.
be let out.
spew forth, erupt, ooze &c (emerge) 295.
Adj. emitting, emitted, &c v..
Int. begone!, get you gone!, get away, go away, get along, go along,
get along with you, go along with you!, go your way!, away with!, off
with you!, get the hell out of here! [Vulg.], go about your business!,
be off!, avaunt!^, aroynt!^, allez-vous-en! [Fr.], jao!^, va-t'en! [Fr.],

298. [Eating.] Food -- N. eating &c v.; deglutition, gulp, epulation^,
mastication, manducation^, rumination; gluttony &c 957.
[eating specific foods] hippophagy^, ichthyophagy^.
[Eating anatomy:] (appetite) &c 865; mouth, jaws, mandible,
mazard^, gob [Slang], chops.
drinking &c v.; potation, draught, libation; carousal &c
(amusement) 840; drunkenness &c 959.
food, pabulum; aliment, nourishment, nutriment; sustenance,
sustentation, sustention; nurture, subsistence, provender, corn, feed,
fodder, provision, ration, keep, commons, board; commissariat &c
(provision) 637; prey, forage, pasture, pasturage; fare, cheer; diet,
dietary; regimen; belly timber, staff of life; bread, bread and cheese.
comestibles, eatables, victuals, edibles, ingesta; grub,
grubstake, prog^, meat; bread, bread stuffs; cerealia^; cereals; viands,
cates^, delicacy, dainty, creature comforts, contents of the larder,
fleshpots; festal board; ambrosia; good cheer, good living.
beef, bisquit^, bun; cornstarch [U.S.]; cookie, cooky [U.S.];
cracker, doughnut; fatling^; hardtack, hoecake [U.S.], hominy [U.S.];
mutton, pilot bread; pork; roti^, rusk, ship biscuit; veal; joint, piece
de resistance [Fr.], roast and boiled; remove, entremet^, releve [Fr.],
hash, rechauffe [Fr.], stew, ragout, fricassee, mince; pottage, potage^,
broth, soup, consomme, puree, spoonmeat^; pie, pasty, volauvent^;
pudding, omelet; pastry; sweets &c 296; kickshaws^; condiment &c 393.
appetizer, hors d'oeuvre [Fr.].
main course, entree.
alligator pear, apple &c, apple slump; artichoke; ashcake^,
griddlecake, pancake, flapjack; atole^, avocado, banana, beche de mer
[Fr.], barbecue, beefsteak; beet root; blackberry, blancmange, bloater,
bouilli^, bouillon, breadfruit, chop suey [U.S.]; chowder, chupatty^,
clam, compote, damper, fish, frumenty^, grapes, hasty pudding, ice
cream, lettuce, mango, mangosteen, mince pie, oatmeal, oyster,
pineapple, porridge, porterhouse steak, salmis^, sauerkraut, sea slug,
sturgeon ("Albany beef"), succotash [U.S.], supawn [U.S.], trepang^,
vanilla, waffle, walnut.
table, cuisine, bill of fare, menu, table d'hote [Fr.], ordinary,
meal, repast, feed, spread; mess; dish, plate, course; regale;
regalement^, refreshment, entertainment; refection, collation, picnic,
feast, banquet, junket; breakfast; lunch, luncheon; dejeuner [Fr.],
bever^, tiffin^, dinner, supper, snack, junk food, fast food, whet,
bait, dessert; potluck, table d'hote [Fr.], dejeuner a la fourchette
[Fr.]; hearty meal, square meal, substantial meal, full meal; blowout
[Slang]; light refreshment; bara^, chotahazri^; bara khana^.
mouthful, bolus, gobbet^, morsel, sop, sippet^.
drink, beverage, liquor, broth, soup; potion, dram, draught,
drench, swill [Slang]; nip, sip, sup, gulp.
wine, spirits, liqueur, beer, ale, malt liquor, Sir John
Barleycorn, stingo^, heavy wet; grog, toddy, flip, purl, punch, negus^,
cup, bishop, wassail; gin &c (intoxicating liquor) 959; coffee,
chocolate, cocoa, tea, the cup that cheers but not inebriates; bock
beer, lager beer, Pilsener beer, schenck beer^; Brazil tea, cider,
claret, ice water, mate, mint julep [U.S.]; near beer, 3.2 beer, non-
alcoholic beverage.
eating house &c 189.
[person who eats] diner; hippophage; glutton &c 957.
V. eat, feed, fare, devour, swallow, take; gulp, bolt, snap; fall to;
despatch, dispatch; discuss; take down, get down, gulp down; lay in,
tuck in [Slang]; lick, pick, peck; gormandize &c 957; bite, champ,
munch, cranch^, craunch^, crunch, chew, masticate, nibble, gnaw, mumble.
live on; feed upon, batten upon, fatten upon, feast upon; browse,
graze, crop, regale; carouse &c (make merry) 840; eat heartily, do
justice to, play a good knife and fork, banquet.
break bread, break one's fast; breakfast, lunch, dine, take tea,
drink in, drink up, drink one's fill; quaff, sip, sup; suck, suck
up; lap; swig; swill [Slang], chugalug [Slang], tipple &c (be drunken)
959; empty one's glass, drain the cup; toss off, toss one's glass; wash
down, crack a bottle, wet one's whistle.
purvey &c 637.
Adj. eatable, edible, esculent^, comestible, alimentary; cereal,
cibarious^; dietetic; culinary; nutritive, nutritious; gastric;
succulent; potable, potulent^; bibulous.
omnivorous, carnivorous, herbivorous, granivorous, graminivorous,
phytivorous; ichthyivorous; omophagic, omophagous; pantophagous,
phytophagous, xylophagous.
Phr. across the walnuts and the wine [Tennyson]; blessed hour of our
dinners! [O.
Meredith]; now good digestion wait on appetite, and health on
both! [Macbeth]; who can cloy the hungry edge of appetite? [Richard

299. Excretion -- N. excretion, discharge, emanation; exhalation,
exudation, extrusion, secretion, effusion, extravasation [Med.],
ecchymosis [Med.]; evacuation, dejection, faeces, excrement, shit,
stools, crap [Vulg.]; bloody flux; cacation^; coeliac-flux, coeliac-
passion; dysentery; perspiration, sweat; subation^, exudation;
diaphoresis; sewage; eccrinology [Med.].
saliva, spittle, rheum; ptyalism^, salivation, catarrh; diarrhoea;
ejecta, egesta [Biol.], sputa; excreta; lava; exuviae &c (uncleanness)
653 [Lat.].
hemorrhage, bleeding; outpouring &c (egress) 295.
V. excrete &c (eject) 297; emanate &c (come out) 295.

300. [Forcible ingress.] Insertion -- N. insertion, implantation,
introduction; insinuation &c (intervention) 228; planting, &c v.;
injection, inoculation, importation, infusion; forcible ingress &c 294;
immersion; submersion, submergence, dip, plunge; bath &c (water) 337;
interment &c 363.
clyster [Med.], enema, glyster^, lavage, lavement^.
V. insert; introduce, intromit; put into, run into; import; inject;
interject &c 298; infuse, instill, inoculate, impregnate, imbue,
graft, ingraft^, bud, plant, implant; dovetail.
obtrude; thrust in, stick in, ram in, stuff in, tuck in, press,
in, drive in, pop in, whip in, drop in, put in; impact; empierce^ &c
(make a hole) 260 [Obs.].
imbed; immerse, immerge, merge; bathe, soak &c (water) 337; dip,
plunge &c 310.
bury &c (inter) 363.
insert itself, lodge itself &c; plunge in medias res.
Adj. inserted &c v..

301. [Forcible egress.] Extraction -- N. extraction; extracting &c v.;
removal, elimination, extrication, eradication, evolution.
evulsion^, avulsion^; wrench; expression, squeezing; extirpation,
extermination; ejection &c 297; export &c (egress) 295.
extractor, corkscrew, forceps, pliers.
V. extract, draw; take out, draw out, pull out, tear out, pluck out,
pick out, get out; wring from, wrench; extort; root up, weed up, grub
up, rake up, root out, weed out, grub out, rake out; eradicate; pull up
by the roots, pluck up by the roots; averruncate^; unroot^; uproot, pull
up, extirpate, dredge.
remove; educe, elicit; evolve, extricate; eliminate &c (eject)
297; eviscerate &c 297.
express, squeeze out, press out.
Adj. extracted &c v..

302. [Motion through.] Passage -- N. passage, transmission; permeation;
penetration, interpenetration; transudation, infiltration; endosmose
exosmose^; endosmosis [Chem]; intercurrence^; ingress &c 294; egress &c
295; path &c 627; conduit &c 350; opening &c 260; journey &c 266;
voyage &c 267.
V. pass, pass through; perforate &c (hole) 260; penetrate, permeate,
thread, thrid^, enfilade; go through, go across; go over, pass over; cut
across; ford, cross; pass and repass, work; make one's way, thread
one's way, worm one's way, force one's way; make a passage form a
passage; cut one's way through; find its way, find its vent; transmit,
make way, clear the course; traverse, go over the ground.
Adj. passing &c v.; intercurrent^; endosmosmic^, endosmotic [Chem].
Adv. en passant &c (transit) 270 [Fr.].

303. [Motion beyond] Transcursion -- N. transcursion^, transiliency^,
transgression; trespass; encroachment, infringement; extravagation^,
transcendence; redundancy &c 641.
V. transgress, surpass, pass; go beyond, go by; show in front, come to
the front; shoot ahead of; steal a march upon, steal a gain upon.
overstep, overpass, overreach, overgo^, override, overleap,
overjump^, overskip^, overlap, overshoot the mark; outstrip, outleap,
outjump, outgo, outstep^, outrun, outride, outrival, outdo; beat, beat
hollow; distance; leave in the lurch, leave in the rear; throw into the
shade; exceed, transcend, surmount; soar &c (rise) 305.
encroach, trespass, infringe, trench upon, entrench on, intrench
on^; strain; stretch a point, strain a point; cross the Rubicon.
Adj. surpassing &c v..
Adv. beyond the mark, ahead.

304. [motion short of] Shortcoming -- N. shortcoming, failure; falling
short &c v.; default, defalcation; leeway; labor in vain, no go.
incompleteness &c 53; imperfection &c 651; insufficiency &c 640;
noncompletion &c 730; failure &c 732.
V. 303, come short of, fall short of, stop short of, come short, fall
short, stop short; not reach; want; keep within bounds, keep within the
mark, keep within the compass.
break down, stick in the mud, collapse, flat out [U.S.], come to
nothing; fall through, fall to the ground; cave in, end in smoke, miss
the mark, fail; lose ground; miss stays.
Adj. unreached; deficient; short, short of; minus; out of depth;
perfunctory &c (neglect) 460.
Adv. within the mark, within the compass, within the bounds;
behindhand; re infecta [Lat.]; to no purpose; for from it.
Phr. the bubble burst.

305. [Motion upwards] Ascent -- N. ascent, ascension; rising &c 309;
acclivity, hill &c 217; flight of steps, flight of stairs; ladder
rocket, lark; sky rocket, sky lark; Alpine Club.
V. ascend, rise, mount, arise, uprise; go up, get up, work one's way
up, start up; shoot up, go into orbit; float up; bubble up; aspire.
climb, clamber, ramp, scramble, escalade^, surmount; shin, shinny,
shinney; scale, scale the heights.
[cause to go up] raise, elevate &c 307.
go aloft, fly aloft; tower, soar, take off; spring up, pop up,
jump up, catapult upwards, explode upwards; hover, spire, plane, swim,
float, surge; leap &c 309.
Adj. rising &c v.. scandent^, buoyant; supernatant, superfluitant^;
Adv. uphill.

306. [Motion downwards] Descent -- N. descent, descension^, declension,
declination; fall; falling &c v.; slump; drop, plunge, plummet,
cadence; subsidence, collapse, lapse; downfall, tumble, slip, tilt,
trip, lurch; cropper, culbute^; titubation^, stumble; fate of Icarus.
avalanche, debacle, landslip, landslide.
declivity, dip, hill.
[equipment for descending by rappeling] rappel.
V. descend; go down, drop down, come down; fall, gravitate, drop, slip,
slide, rappel, settle; plunge, plummet, crash; decline, set, sink,
droop, come down a peg; slump.
dismount, alight, light, get down; swoop; stoop &c 308; fall
prostrate, precipitate oneself; let fall &c 308.
tumble, trip, stumble, titubate^, lurch, pitch, swag, topple,
topple over, tumble over, topple down, tumble down; tilt, sprawl, plump
down, come down a cropper.
Adj. descending &c v.; descendent; decurrent^, decursive^; labent^,
deciduous; nodding to its fall.
Adv. downhill, downwards.
Phr. the bottom fell out.

307. Elevation -- N. elevation; raising &c v.; erection, lift;
sublevation^, upheaval; sublimation, exaltation; prominence &c
(convexity) 250.
lever &c 633; crane, derrick, windlass, capstan, winch; dredge,
dredger, dredging machine.
dumbwaiter, elevator, escalator, lift.
V. heighten, elevate, raise, lift, erect; set up, stick up, perch up,
perk up, tilt up; rear, hoist, heave; uplift, upraise, uprear, upbear^,
upcast^, uphoist^, upheave; buoy, weigh mount, give a lift; exalt;
sublimate; place on a pedestal, set on a pedestal.
escalate &c (increase) 35 102 194.
take up, drag up, fish up; dredge.
stand up, rise up, get up, jump up; spring to one's feet; hold
oneself, hold one's head up; drawn oneself up to his full height.
Adj. elevated &c v.; stilted, attollent^, rampant.
Adv. on stilts, on the shoulders of, on one's legs, on one's hind legs.

308. Depression -- N. lowering &c v.; depression; dip &c (concavity)
252; abasement; detrusion^; reduction.
overthrow, overset^, overturn; upset; prostration, subversion,
bow; courtesy, curtsy; genuflexion^, genuflection, kowtow,
obeisance, salaam.
V. depress, lower, let down, take down, let down a peg, take down a
peg; cast; let drop, let fall; sink, debase, bring low, abase, reduce,
detrude^, pitch, precipitate.
overthrow, overturn, overset^; upset, subvert, prostate, level,
fell; cast down, take down, throw down, fling down, dash down, pull
down, cut down, knock down, hew down; raze, raze to the ground, rase to
the ground^; trample in the dust, pull about one's ears.
sit, sit down; couch, squat, crouch, stoop, bend, bow; courtesy,
curtsy; bob, duck, dip, kneel; bend the knee, bow the knee, bend the
head, bow the head; cower; recline &c (be horizontal) 213.
Adj. depressed &c v.; at a low ebb; prostrate &c (horizontal) 213;
Phr. facinus quos inquinat aequat [Lat.] [Lucan].

309. Leap -- N. leap, jump, hop, spring, bound, vault, saltation^.
ance, caper; curvet, caracole; gambade^, gambado^; capriole,
demivolt^; buck, buck jump; hop skip and jump; falcade^.
kangaroo, jerboa; chamois, goat, frog, grasshopper, flea;
buckjumper^; wallaby.
V. leap; jump up, jump over the moon; hop, spring, bound, vault, ramp,
cut capers, trip, skip, dance, caper; buck, buck jump; curvet,
caracole; foot it, bob, bounce, flounce, start; frisk &c (amusement)
840; jump about &c (agitation) 315; trip it on the light fantastic toe,
trip the light fantastic, dance oneself off one's legs, dance off one's
Adj. leaping &c v.; saltatory^, frisky.
Adv. on the light fantastic toe.
Phr. di salto in salto [It].

310. Plunge -- N. plunge, dip, dive, header; ducking &c v.; diver.
V. plunge, dip, souse, duck; dive, plump; take a plunge, take a header;
make a plunge; bathe &c (water) 337.
submerge, submerse; immerse; douse, sink, engulf, send to the
get out of one's depth; go to the bottom, go down like a stone,
drop like a lead balloon; founder, welter, wallow.

311. [Curvilinear motion.] Circuition -- N. circuition^, circulation;
turn, curvet; excursion, circumvention, circumnavigation,
circumambulation; northwest passage; circuit &c 629.
turning &c v.; wrench; evolution; coil, corkscrew.
V. turn, bend, wheel; go about, put about; heel; go round to the right
about, turn round to the right about; turn on one's heel; make a
circle, make a complete circle, describe a circle, describe a complete
circle; go through 180 degrees, go through 360 degrees, pass through
180 degrees, pass through 360 degrees.
circumnavigate, circumambulate, circumvent; put a girdle round
about the earth [M.N.D.]; go the round, make the round of.
wind, circulate, meander; whisk, twirl; twist &c (convolution)
248; make a detour &c (circuit) 629.
Adj. turning &c v.; circuitous; circumforaneous^, circumfluent^.
Adv. round about.

312. [Motion in a continued circle.] Rotation -- N. rotation,
revolution, spinning, gyration, turning about an axis, turning aound an
axis, circulation, roll; circumrotation^, circumvolution,
circumgyration^; volutation^, circination^, turbination^, pirouette,
verticity^, whir, whirl, eddy, vortex, whirlpool, gurge^;
countercurrent; Maelstrom, Charybdis; Ixion.
[rotating air] cyclone; tornado, whirlwind; dust devil.
[rotation of an automobile] spin-out.
axis, axis of rotation, swivel, pivot, pivot point; axle, spindle,
pin, hinge, pole, arbor, bobbin, mandrel; axle shaft; gymbal; hub, hub
of rotation.
[rotation and translation together] helix, helical motion.
[measure of rotation] angular momentum, angular velocity;
revolutions per minute, RPM.
[result of rotation] centrifugal force; surge; vertigo, dizzy
round; coriolus force.
[things that go around] carousel, merry-go-round; Ferris wheel;
top, dreidel^, teetotum; gyroscope; turntable, lazy suzan; screw,
whirligig, rollingstone^, water wheel, windmill; wheel, pulley wheel,
roulette wheel, potter's wheel, pinwheel, gear; roller; flywheel; jack;
caster; centrifuge, ultracentrifuge, bench centrifuge, refrigerated
centrifuge, gas centrifuge, microfuge; drill, augur, oil rig; wagon
wheel, wheel, tire, tyre [Brit.].
[Science of rotary motion] trochilics^.
[person who rotates] whirling dervish.
V. rotate; roll along; revolve, spin; turn round; circumvolve^;
circulate; gyre, gyrate, wheel, whirl, pirouette; twirl, trundle,
troll, bowl.
roll up, furl; wallow, welter; box the compass; spin like a top,
spin like a teetotum^.
[of an automobile] spin out.
Adj. rotating &c v.; rotary, rotary; circumrotatory^, trochilic^,
vertiginous, gyratory; vortical, vorticose^.
Adv. head over heels, round and round, like a horse in a mill.

313. [Motion in the reverse circle.] Evolution -- N. evolution,
unfolding, development; evolvement; unfoldment; eversion &c (inversion)
V. evolve; unfold, unroll, unwind, uncoil, untwist, unfurl, untwine,
unravel; untangle, disentangle; develop.
Adj. evolving &c v.; evolved &c v..

314. [Reciprocating motion, motion to and fro.] Oscillation -- N.
oscillation; vibration, libration; motion of a pendulum; nutation;
undulation; pulsation; pulse.
alternation; coming and going &c v.; ebb and flow, flux and
reflux, ups and down.
fluctuation; vacillation &c (irresolution) 605.
wave, vibratiuncle^, swing, beat, shake, wag, seesaw, dance, lurch,
dodge; logan^, loggan^, rocking-stone, vibroscope^.
V. oscillate; vibrate, librate^; alternate, undulate, wave; rock, swing;
pulsate, beat; wag, waggle; nod, bob, courtesy, curtsy; tick; play;
wamble^, wabble^; dangle, swag.
fluctuate, dance, curvet, reel, quake; quiver, quaver; shake,
flicker; wriggle; roll, toss, pitch; flounder, stagger, totter; move up
and down, bob up and down &c adv.; pass and repass, ebb and flow, come
and go; vacillate &c 605; teeter [U.S.].
brandish, shake, flourish.
Adj. oscillating &c v.; oscillatory, undulatory, pulsatory^, libratory,
rectilinear; vibratory, vibratile^; pendulous.
Adv. to and fro, up and down, backwards and forwards, hither and yon,
seesaw, zigzag, wibble-wabble^, in and out, from side to side, like
buckets in a well.

315. [Irregular motion] Agitation -- N. agitation, stir, tremor, shake,
ripple, jog, jolt, jar, jerk, shock, succussion^, trepidation, quiver,
quaver, dance; jactitation^, quassation^; shuffling &c v.; twitter,
flicker, flutter.
turbulence, perturbation; commotion, turmoil, disquiet; tumult,
tumultuation^; hubbub, rout, bustle, fuss, racket, subsultus^, staggers,
megrims, epilepsy, fits; carphology^, chorea, floccillation^, the jerks,
Vitus's dance, tilmus^.
spasm, throe, throb, palpitation, convulsion.
disturbance, chaos &c (disorder) 59; restlessness &c
(changeableness) 149.
ferment, fermentation; ebullition, effervescence, hurly-burly,
cahotage^; tempest, storm, ground swell, heavy sea, whirlpool, vortex &c
312; whirlwind &c (wind) 349.
V. be agitated &c; shake; tremble, tremble like an aspen leaf; quiver,
quaver, quake, shiver, twitter, twire^, writhe, toss, shuffle, tumble,
stagger, bob, reel, sway, wag, waggle; wriggle, wriggle like an eel;
dance, stumble, shamble, flounder, totter, flounce, flop, curvet,
prance, cavort [U.S.]; squirm.
throb, pulsate, beat, palpitate, go pitapat; flutter, flitter,
flicker, bicker; bustle.
ferment, effervesce, foam; boil, boil over; bubble up; simmer.
toss about, jump about; jump like a parched pea; shake like an
aspen leaf; shake to its center, shake to its foundations; be the sport
of the winds and waves; reel to and fro like a drunken man; move from
post to pillar and from pillar to post, drive from post to pillar and
from pillar to post, keep between hawk and buzzard.
agitate, shake, convulse, toss, tumble, bandy, wield, brandish,
flap, flourish, whisk, jerk, hitch, jolt; jog, joggle, jostle, buffet,
hustle, disturb, stir, shake up, churn, jounce, wallop, whip,
Adj. shaking &c v.; agitated tremulous; desultory, subsultory^;
saltatoric^; quasative^; shambling; giddy-paced, saltatory^, convulsive,
unquiet, restless, all of a twitter.
Adv. by fits and starts; subsultorily^ &c adj.^; per saltum [Lat.]; hop
skip and jump; in convulsions, in fits.
Phr. tempete dans un verre d'eau [Fr.].



316. Materiality -- N. materiality, materialness; corporeity^,
corporality^; substantiality, substantialness, flesh and blood, plenum;
physical condition.
matter, body, substance, brute matter, stuff, element, principle,
parenchyma [Biol.], material, substratum, hyle^, corpus, pabulum; frame.
object, article, thing, something; still life; stocks and stones;
materials &c 635.
[Science of matter] physics; somatology^, somatics; natural
philosophy, experimental philosophy; physicism^; physical science,
philosophie positive [Fr.], materialism; materialist; physicist;
somatism^, somatist^.
Adj. material, bodily; corporeal, corporal; physical; somatic,
somatoscopic^; sensible, tangible, ponderable, palpable, substantial.
objective, impersonal, nonsubjective^, neuter, unspiritual,

317. Immateriality -- N. immateriality, immaterialness; incorporeity^,
spirituality; inextension^; astral plane.
personality; I, myself, me; ego, spirit &c (soul) 450; astral
body; immaterialism^; spiritualism, spiritualist.
V. disembody, spiritualize.
Adj. immaterial, immateriate^; incorporeal, incorporal^; incorporate,
unfleshly^; supersensible^; asomatous^, unextended^; unembodied^,
disembodied; extramundane, unearthly; pneumatoscopic^; spiritual &c
(psychical) 450 [Obs.].
personal, subjective, nonobjective.

318. World -- N. world, creation, nature, universe; earth, globe, wide
world; cosmos; kosmos^; terraqueous globe^, sphere; macrocosm, megacosm^;
music of the spheres.
heavens, sky, welkin^, empyrean; starry cope, starry heaven, starry
host; firmament; Midgard; supersensible regions^; varuna; vault of
heaven, canopy of heaven; celestial spaces.
heavenly bodies, stars, asteroids; nebulae; galaxy, milky way,
galactic circle, via lactea [Lat.], ame no kawa [Jap.].
sun, orb of day, Apollo^, Phoebus; photosphere, chromosphere; solar
system; planet, planetoid; comet; satellite, moon, orb of night, Diana,
silver-footed queen; aerolite^, meteor; planetary ring; falling star,
shooting star; meteorite, uranolite^.
constellation, zodiac, signs of the zodiac, Charles's wain, Big
Dipper, Little Dipper, Great Bear, Southern Cross, Orion's belt,
Cassiopea's chair, Pleiades.
colures^, equator, ecliptic, orbit.
[Science of heavenly bodies] astronomy; uranography, uranology^;
cosmology, cosmography^, cosmogony; eidouranion^, orrery; geodesy &c
(measurement) 466; star gazing, star gazer^; astronomer; observatory;
Adj. cosmic, cosmical^; mundane, terrestrial, terrestrious^,
terraqueous^, terrene, terreous^, telluric, earthly, geotic^, under the
sun; sublunary^, subastral^.
solar, heliacal^; lunar; celestial, heavenly, sphery^; starry,
stellar; sidereal, sideral^; astral; nebular; uranic.
Adv. in all creation, on the face of the globe, here below, under the
Phr. die Weltgeschichte ist das Weltergesicht [G.]; earth is but the
frozen echo of the silent voice of God [Hageman]; green calm below,
blue quietness above [Whittier]; hanging in a golden chain this pendant
World [Paradise Lost]; nothing in nature is unbeautiful [Tennyson];
silently as a dream the fabric rose [Cowper]; some touch of nature's
genial glow [Scott]; this majestical roof fretted with golden fire
[Hamlet]; through knowledge we behold the World's creation [Spenser].

319. Gravity -- N. gravity, gravitation; weight; heaviness &c adj.;
specific gravity; pondorosity^, pressure, load; burden, burthen^;
ballast, counterpoise; lump of, mass of, weight of.
lead, millstone, mountain, Ossa on Pelion.
weighing, ponderation^, trutination^; weights; avoirdupois weight,
troy weight, apothecaries' weight; grain, scruple, drachma^, ounce,
pound, lb, arroba^, load, stone, hundredweight, cwt, ton, long ton,
metric ton, quintal, carat, pennyweight, tod^.
[metric weights] gram, centigram, milligram, microgram, kilogram;
nanogram, picogram, femtogram, attogram.
[Weighing Instrument] balance, scale, scales, steelyard, beam,
weighbridge^; spring balance, piezoelectric balance, analytical balance,
two-pan balance, one-pan balance; postal scale, baby scale.
[Science of gravity] statics.
V. be heavy &c adj.; gravitate, weigh, press, cumber, load.
[Measure the weight of] weigh, poise.
Adj. weighty; weighing &c v.; heavy as lead; ponderous, ponderable;
lumpish^, lumpy, cumbersome, burdensome; cumbrous, unwieldy, massive.
incumbent, superincumbent^.

320. Levity -- N. levity; lightness &c adj.; imponderability, buoyancy,
feather, dust, mote, down, thistle, down, flue, cobweb, gossamer,
straw, cork, bubble, balloon; float, buoy; ether, air.
leaven, ferment, barm^, yeast.
lighter-than-air balloon, helium balloon, hydrogen balloon, hot
air balloon.
convection, thermal draft, thermal.
V. be light &c adj.; float, rise, swim, be buoyed up.
render light &c adj.; lighten, leaven.
Adj. light, subtile, airy; imponderous^, imponderable; astatic^,
weightless, ethereal, sublimated; gossamery; suberose^, suberous^;
uncompressed, volatile; buoyant, floating &c v.; portable.
light as a feather, light as a thistle, light as air; lighter than
air; rise like a balloon, float like a balloon



321. Density -- N. density, solidity; solidness &c adj.;
impenetrability, impermeability; incompressibility; imporosity^;
cohesion &c 46; constipation, consistence, spissitude^.
specific gravity; hydrometer, areometer^.
condensation; caseation^; solidation^, solidification;
consolidation; concretion, coagulation; petrification &c (hardening)
323; crystallization, precipitation; deposit, precipitate;
inspissation^; gelation, thickening &c v.. indivisibility,
indiscerptibility^, insolubility, indissolvableness.
solid body, mass, block, knot, lump; concretion, concrete,
conglomerate; cake, clot, stone, curd, coagulum; bone, gristle,
cartilage; casein, crassamentum^; legumin^.
superdense matter, condensed states of matter; dwarf star, neutron
V. be dense &c adj.; become solid, render solid &c adj.; solidify,
solidate^; concrete, set, take a set, consolidate, congeal, coagulate;
curd, curdle; lopper; fix, clot, cake, candy, precipitate, deposit,
cohere, crystallize; petrify &c (harden) 323.
condense, thicken, gel, inspissate^, incrassate^; compress,
squeeze, ram down, constipate.
Adj. dense, solid; solidified &c v.; caseous; pukka^; coherent, cohesive
&c 46; compact, close, serried, thickset; substantial, massive,
lumpish^; impenetrable, impermeable, nonporous, imporous^;
incompressible; constipated; concrete &c (hard) 323; knotted, knotty;
gnarled; crystalline, crystallizable; thick, grumous^, stuffy.
undissolved, unmelted^, unliquefied^, unthawed^.
indivisible, indiscerptible^, infrangible^, indissolvable^,
indissoluble, insoluble, infusible.

322. Rarity -- N. rarity, tenuity; absence of solidity &c 321;
subtility^; subtilty^, subtlety; sponginess, compressibility.
rarefaction, expansion, dilatation, inflation, subtilization^.
vaporization, evaporation, diffusion, gassification^.
ether &c (gas) 334.
V. rarefy, expand, dilate, subtilize^.
Adj. rare, subtile, thin, fine, tenuous, compressible, flimsy, slight;
light &c 320; cavernous, spongy &c (hollow) 252.
rarefied &c v.; unsubstantial; uncompact^, incompressed^;

323. Hardness -- N. hardness &c adj.; rigidity; renitence^, renitency;
inflexibility, temper, callosity, durity^.
induration, petrifaction; lapidification^, lapidescence^;
vitrification, ossification; crystallization.
stone, pebble, flint, marble, rock, fossil, crag, crystal, quartz,
granite, adamant; bone, cartilage; hardware; heart of oak, block,
board, deal board; iron, steel; cast iron, decarbonized iron, wrought
iron; nail; brick, concrete; cement.
V. render hard &c adj.; harden, stiffen, indurate, petrify, temper,
ossify, vitrify; accrust^.
Adj. hard, rigid, stubborn, stiff, firm; starch, starched; stark,
unbending, unlimber, unyielding; inflexible, tense; indurate,
indurated; gritty, proof.
adamant, adamantine, adamantean^; concrete, stony, granitic,
calculous, lithic^, vitreous; horny, corneous^; bony; osseous, ossific^;
cartilaginous; hard as a rock &c n.; stiff as buckram, stiff as a
poker; stiff as starch, stiff as as board.

324. Softness -- N. softness, pliableness &c adj.; flexibility;
pliancy, pliability; sequacity^, malleability; ductility, tractility^;
extendibility, extensibility; plasticity; inelasticity, flaccidity,
clay, wax, butter, dough, pudding; alumina, argil; cushion,
pillow, feather bed, down, padding, wadding; foam.
mollification; softening &c v..
V. render soft &c adj.; soften, mollify, mellow, relax, temper; mash,
knead, squash.
bend, yield, relent, relax, give.
Adj. soft, tender, supple; pliant, pliable; flexible, flexile; lithe,
lithesome; lissom, limber, plastic; ductile; tractile^, tractable;
malleable, extensile, sequacious^, inelastic; aluminous^; remollient^.
yielding &c v.; flabby, limp, flimsy.
doughy, spongy, penetrable, foamy, cushiony^.
flaccid, flocculent, downy; edematous, oedematous^, medullary
[Anat.], argillaceous, mellow.
soft as butter, soft as down, soft as silk; yielding as wax,
tender as chicken.

325. Elasticity -- N. elasticity, springiness, spring, resilience,
renitency, buoyancy.
rubber, India rubber, Indian rubber, latex, caoutchouc, whalebone,
gum elastic, baleen, natural rubber; neoprene, synthetic rubber, Buna-
S, plastic.
flexibility, Young's modulus.
V. stretch, flex, extend, distend, be elastic &c adj.; bounce, spring
back &c (recoil) 277.
Adj. elastic, flexible, tensile, spring, resilient, renitent, buoyant;
ductile, stretchable, extendable.
Phr. the stress is proportional to the strain.

326. Inelasticity -- N. want of elasticity, absence of elasticity &c
325; inelasticity &c (softness) 324,
Adj. unyielding, inelastic, inflexible &c (soft) 324; irresilient^.

327. Tenacity -- N. {ant.
328} tenacity, toughness, strength; (cohesion) 46; grip, grasp,
stickiness, (cohesion) 46; sequacity^; stubbornness &c (obstinacy);;
glue, cement, glutinousness^, sequaciousness^, viscidity,
(semiliquidity) 352.
leather; white leather, whitleather^; gristle, cartilage.
unbreakability, tensile strength.
V. be tenacious &c adj.; resist fracture.
grip, grasp, stick (cohesion) 46.
Adj. tenacious, tough, strong, resisting, sequacious^, stringy, gristly
cartilaginous, leathery, coriaceous^, tough as whitleather^; stubborn &c
(obstinate) 606.
unbreakable, indivisible; atomic.

328. Brittleness -- N. {ant.
327} brittleness &c adj.; fragility, friability, frangibility,
fissibility^; house of cards, house of glass.
V. be brittle &c adj.; live in a glass house.
break, crack, snap, split, shiver, splinter, crumble, break short,
burst, fly, give way; fall to pieces; crumble to, crumble into dust.
Adj. brittle, brash [U.S.], breakable, weak, frangible, fragile, frail,
gimcrack^, shivery, fissile; splitting &c v.; lacerable^, splintery,
crisp, crimp, short, brittle as glass.

329. [Structure.] Texture -- N. structure (form) 240, organization,
anatomy, frame, mold, fabric, construction; framework, carcass,
architecture; stratification, cleavage.
substance, stuff, compages^, parenchyma [Biol.]; constitution,
staple, organism.
[Science of structures] organography^, osteology, myology,
splanchnology^, neurology, angiography^, adeology^; angiography^,
texture, surface texture; intertexture^, contexture^; tissue,
grain, web, surface; warp and woof, warp and weft; tooth, nap &c
(roughness) 256; flatness (smoothness) 255; fineness of grain;
coarseness of grain, dry goods.
silk, satin; muslin, burlap.
[Science of textures] histology.
Adj. structural, organic; anatomic, anatomical.
textural, textile; fine grained, coarse grained; fine, delicate,
subtile, gossamery, filmy, silky, satiny; coarse; homespun.
rough, gritty; smooth.
smooth as silk, smooth as satin.

330. Pulverulence -- N. powderiness^ [State of powder.], pulverulence^;
sandiness &c adj.; efflorescence; friability.
powder, dust, sand, shingle; sawdust; grit; meal, bran, flour,
farina, rice, paddy, spore, sporule^; crumb, seed, grain; particle &c
(smallness) 32; limature^, filings, debris, detritus, tailings, talus
slope, scobs^, magistery^, fine powder; flocculi [Lat.].
smoke; cloud of dust, cloud of sand, cloud of smoke; puff of
smoke, volume of smoke; sand storm, dust storm.
[Reduction to powder] pulverization, comminution^, attenuation,
granulation, disintegration, subaction^, contusion, trituration [Chem],
levigation^, abrasion, detrition, multure^; limitation; tripsis^; filing
&c v.. [Instruments for pulverization] mill, arrastra^, gristmill,
grater, rasp, file, mortar and pestle, nutmeg grater, teeth, grinder,
grindstone, kern^, quern^, koniology^.
V. come to dust; be disintegrated, be reduced to powder &c reduce to
powder, grind to powder; pulverize, comminute, granulate, triturate,
levigate^; scrape, file, abrade, rub down, grind, grate, rasp, pound,
bray, bruise; contuse, contund^; beat, crush, cranch^, craunch^, crunch,
scranch^, crumble, disintegrate; attenuate &c 195.
Adj. powdery, pulverulent^, granular, mealy, floury, farinaceous,
branny^, furfuraceous^, flocculent, dusty, sandy, sabulous^, psammous^;
arenose^, arenarious^, arenaceous^; gritty, efflorescent, impalpable;
lentiginous^, lepidote^, sabuline^; sporaceous^, sporous^.
pulverizable; friable, crumbly, shivery; pulverized &c v.;
attrite^; in pieces.

331. Friction -- N. friction, attrition; rubbing, abrasion, scraping &c
v.; confrication^, detrition, contrition^, affriction^, abrasion,
arrosion^, limature^, frication^, rub; elbow grease; rosin; massage;
roughness &c 256.
rolling friction, sliding friction, starting friction.
V. rub, scratch, scrape, scrub, slide, fray, rasp, graze, curry, scour,
polish, rub out, wear down, gnaw; file, grind &c (reduce to powder)
set one's teeth on edge; rosin.
Adj. anatriptic^; attrite^.

332. [Absence of friction. Prevention of friction.] Lubrication -- N.
smoothness &c 255; unctuousness &c 355.
lubrication, lubrification^; anointment; oiling &c v.. synovia
[Anat.]; glycerine, oil, lubricating oil, grease &c 356; saliva;
V. lubricate, lubricitate^; oil, grease, lather, soap; wax.
Adj. lubricated &c v.; lubricous.

1. Fluids in General

333. Fluidity -- N. fluidity, liquidity; liquidness &c adj.^; gaseity &c
334 [Obs.].
fluid, inelastic fluid; liquid, liquor; lymph, humor, juice, sap,
serum, blood, serosity^, gravy, rheum, ichor^, sanies^; chyle [Med.].
solubility, solubleness^.
[Science of liquids at rest] hydrology, hydrostatics,
V. be fluid &c adj.; flow &c (water in motion) 348; liquefy, melt,
condense &c 335.
Adj. liquid, fluid, serous, juicy, succulent, sappy; ichorous^; fluent
&c (flowing) 348.
liquefied &c 335; uncongealed; soluble.

334. Gaseity -- N. gaseity^; vaporousness &c adj.; flatulence,
flatulency; volatility; aeration, aerification.
elastic fluid, gas, air, vapor, ether, steam, essence, fume, reek,
effluvium, flatus; cloud &c 353; ammonia, ammoniacal gas^; volatile
alkali; vacuum, partial vacuum.
[Science of elastic fluids] pneumatics, pneumatostatics^;
aerostatics^, aerodynamics.
gasmeter^, gasometer^; air bladder, swimming bladder, sound, (of a
V. vaporize, evaporate, evanesce, gasify, emit vapor &c 336; diffuse.
Adj. gaseous, aeriform^, ethereal, aerial, airy, vaporous, volatile,
evaporable^, flatulent.

335. Liquefaction -- N. liquefaction; liquescence^, liquescency^;
melting &c (heat) 384; colliquation^, colliquefaction^; thaw; liquation^,
deliquation^, deliquescence; lixiviation^, dissolution.
solution, apozem^, lixivium^, infusion, flux.
solvent, menstruum, alkahest^.
V. render liquid &c 333; liquefy, run; deliquesce; melt &c (heat) 384;
solve; dissolve, resolve; liquate^; hold in solution; condense,
precipitate, rain.
Adj. liquefied &c v., liquescent, liquefiable; deliquescent, soluble,

336. Vaporization -- N. vaporization, volatilization; gasification,
evaporation, vaporation^; distillation, cupellation [Chem], cohobation,
sublimination^, exhalation; volatility.
vaporizer, still, retort; fumigation, steaming; bay salt, chloride
of sodium^.
mister, spray.
bubble, effervescence.'
V. render gaseous &c 334; vaporize, volatilize; distill, sublime;
evaporate, exhale, smoke, transpire, emit vapor, fume, reek, steam,
fumigate; cohobate^; finestill^.
bubble, sparge, effervesce, boil.
Adj. volatilized &c v.; reeking &c v.; volatile; evaporable^,
bubbly, effervescent, boiling.
2. Specific Fluids

337. Water -- N. water; serum, serosity^; lymph; rheum; diluent; agua
[Sp.], aqua, pani^.
dilution, maceration, lotion; washing &c v.; immersion^,
humectation^, infiltration, spargefaction^, affusion^, irrigation,
douche, balneation^, bath.
deluge &c (water in motion) 348; high water, flood tide.
V. be watery &c adj.; reek.
add water, water, wet; moisten &c 339; dilute, dip, immerse;
merge; immerge, submerge; plunge, souse, duck, drown; soak, steep,
macerate, pickle, wash, sprinkle, lave, bathe, affuse^, splash, swash,
douse, drench; dabble, slop, slobber, irrigate, inundate, deluge;
syringe, inject, gargle.
Adj. watery, aqueous, aquatic, hydrous, lymphatic; balneal^, diluent;
drenching &c v.; diluted &c v.; weak; wet &c (moist) 339.
Phr. the waters are out.

338. Air -- N. air &c (gas) 334; common air, atmospheric air;
atmosphere; aerosphere^.
open air; sky, welkin; blue sky; cloud &c 353.
weather, climate, rise and fall of the barometer, isobar.
[Science of air] aerology, aerometry^, aeroscopy^, aeroscopy^,
aerography^; meteorology, climatology; pneumatics; eudioscope^,
baroscope^, aeroscope^, eudiometer^, barometer, aerometer^; aneroid,
baroscope^; weather gauge, weather glass, weather cock.
exposure to the air, exposure to the weather; ventilation;
aerostation^, aeronautics, aeronaut.
V. air, ventilate, fan &c (wind) 349.
Adj. containing air, flatulent, effervescent; windy &c 349.
atmospheric, airy; aerial, aeriform^; meteorological; weatherwise^.
Adv. in the open air, a la belle etoile [Fr.], al fresco; sub jove dio

339. Moisture -- N. moisture; moistness &c adj.; humidity, humectation^;
madefaction^, dew; serein^; marsh &c 345; hygrometry, hygrometer.
V. moisten, wet; humect^, humectate^; sponge, damp, bedew; imbue,
imbrue, infiltrate, saturate; soak, drench &c (water) 337.
be moist &c adj.; not have a dry thread; perspire &c (exude) 295.
Adj. moist, damp; watery &c 337; madid^, roric^; undried^, humid, sultry,
wet, dank, luggy^, dewy; roral^, rorid^; roscid^; juicy.
wringing wet, soaking wet; wet through to the skin; saturated &c
v.. swashy^, soggy, dabbled; reeking, dripping, soaking, soft, sodden,
sloppy, muddy; swampy &c (marshy) 345; irriguous^.

340. Dryness -- N. dryness &c adj.; siccity^, aridity, drought, ebb
tide, low water.
exsiccation^, desiccation; arefaction^, dephlegmation^, drainage;
[chemical subs. which renders dry] desiccative, dessicator.
[device to render dry] dessicator; hair drier, clothes drier, gas
drier, electric drier; vacuum oven, drying oven, kiln; lyophilizer.
V. be dry &c adj.. render dry &c adj.; dry; dry up, soak up; sponge,
swab, wipe; drain.
desiccate, dehydrate, exsiccate^; parch.
kiln dry; vacuum dry, blow dry, oven dry; hang out to dry.
be fine, hold up.
Adj. dry, anhydrous, arid; adust^, arescent^; dried &c v.; undamped;
juiceless^, sapless; sear; husky; rainless, without rain, fine; dry as a
bone, dry as dust, dry as a stick, dry as a mummy, dry as a biscuit.
water proof, water tight.
dehydrated, dessicated.

341. Ocean -- N. sea, ocean, main, deep, brine, salt water, waves,
billows, high seas, offing, great waters, watery waste, vasty deep;
wave, tide, &c (water in motion) 348.
hydrography, hydrographer; Neptune, Poseidon, Thetis, Triton,
Naiad, Nereid; sea nymph, Siren; trident, dolphin.
Adj. oceanic; marine, maritime; pelagic, pelagian; seagoing;
hydrographic; bathybic^, cotidal^.
Adv. at sea, on sea; afloat.

342. Land -- N. land, earth, ground, dry land, terra firma.
continent, mainland, peninsula, chersonese [Fr.], delta; tongue of
land, neck of land; isthmus, oasis; promontory &c (projection) 250;
highland &c (height) 206.
coast, shore, scar, strand, beach; playa; bank, lea; seaboard,
seaside, seabank^, seacoast, seabeach^; ironbound coast; loom of the
land; derelict; innings; alluvium, alluvion^; ancon.
riverbank, river bank, levee.
soil, glebe, clay, loam, marl, cledge^, chalk, gravel, mold,
subsoil, clod, clot; rock, crag.
acres; real estate &c (property) 780; landsman^.
V. land, come to land, set foot on the soil, set foot on dry land; come
ashore, go ashore, debark.
Adj. earthy, continental, midland, coastal, littoral, riparian;
alluvial; terrene &c (world) 318; landed, predial^, territorial;
geophilous^; ripicolous.
Adv. ashore; on shore, on land.

343. Gulf. Lake -- N. land covered with water, gulf, gulph^, bay, inlet,
bight, estuary, arm of the sea, bayou [U.S.], fiord, armlet; frith^,
firth, ostiary^, mouth; lagune^, lagoon; indraught^; cove, creek; natural
harbor; roads; strait; narrows; Euripus; sound, belt, gut, kyles^;
continental slope, continental shelf.
lake, loch, lough^, mere, tarn, plash, broad, pond, pool, lin^,
puddle, slab, well, artesian well; standing water, dead water, sheet of
water; fish pond, mill pond; ditch, dike, dyke, dam; reservoir &c
(store) 636; alberca^, barachois^, hog wallow [U.S.].
Adj. lacustrine^.

344. Plain -- N. plain, table-land, face of the country; open country,
champaign country^; basin, downs, waste, weary waste, desert, wild,
steppe, pampas, savanna, prairie, heath, common, wold^, veldt; moor,
moorland; bush; plateau &c (level) 213; campagna^; alkali flat, llano;
mesa, mesilla [U.S.], playa; shaking prairie, trembling prairie; vega
meadow, mead, haugh^, pasturage, park, field, lawn, green, plat,
plot, grassplat^, greensward, sward, turf, sod, heather; lea, ley, lay;
grounds; maidan^, agostadero^.
Adj. champaign^, alluvial; campestral^, campestrial^, campestrian^,

345. Marsh -- N. marsh, swamp, morass, marish^, moss, fen, bog,
quagmire, slough, sump, wash; mud, squash, slush; baygall [U.S.],
cienaga^, jhil^, vlei^.
Adj. marsh, marshy; swampy, boggy, plashy^, poachy^, quaggy^, soft;
muddy, sloppy, squashy; paludal^; moorish, moory; fenny.

346. Island -- N. island, isle, islet, eyot^, ait^, holf^, reef, atoll,
breaker; archipelago; islander.
Adj. insular, seagirt; archipelagic^.
3. Fluids in Motion

347. [Fluid in motion.] Stream -- N. stream &c (of water) 348, (of air)
V. flow &c 348; blow &c 349.

348. [Water in motion.] River -- N. running water.
jet, spirt^, spurt, squirt, spout, spray, splash, rush, gush, jet
d'eau [Fr.]; sluice.
water spout, water fall; cascade, force, foss^; lin^, linn^; ghyll^,
Niagara; cataract, rapids, white water, catadupe^, cataclysm; debacle,
inundation, deluge; chute, washout.
rain, rainfall; serein^; shower, scud; downpour; driving rain,
drenching rain, cloudburst; hyetology^, hyetography^; predominance of
Aquarius^, reign of St.
Swithin; mizzle^, drizzle, stillicidum^, plash; dropping &c v.;
falling weather; northeaster, hurricane, typhoon.
stream, course, flux, flow, profluence^; effluence &c (egress) 295;
defluxion^; flowing &c v.; current, tide, race, coulee.
spring, artesian well, fount, fountain; rill, rivulet, gill,
gullet, rillet^; streamlet, brooklet; branch [U.S.]; runnel, sike^,
burn, beck, creek, brook, bayou, stream, river; reach, tributary.
geyser, spout, waterspout.
body of water, torrent, rapids, flush, flood, swash; spring tide,
high tide, full tide; bore, tidal bore, eagre^, hygre^; fresh, freshet;
indraught^, reflux, undercurrent, eddy, vortex, gurge^, whirlpool,
Maelstrom, regurgitation, overflow; confluence, corrivation^.
wave, billow, surge, swell, ripple; anerythmon gelasma [Gr.];
beach comber, riffle [U.S.], rollers, ground swell, surf, breakers,
white horses, whitecaps; rough sea, heavy sea, high seas, cross sea,
long sea, short sea, chopping sea.
[Science of fluids in motion] hydrodynamics; hydraulics,
hydraulicostatics^; rain gauge, flowmeter; pegology^.
irrigation &c (water) 337; pump; watering pot, watering cart;
hydrant, syringe; garden hose, lawn spray; bhisti^, mussuk^.
V. flow, run; meander; gush, pour, spout, roll, jet, well, issue; drop,
drip, dribble, plash, spirtle^, trill, trickle, distill, percolate;
stream, overflow, inundate, deluge, flow over, splash, swash; guggle^,
murmur, babble, bubble, purl, gurgle, sputter, spurt, spray,
regurgitate; ooze, flow out &c (egress) 295.
rain hard, rain in torrents, rain cats and dogs, rain pitchforks;
pour with rain, drizzle, spit, set in; mizzle^.
flow into, fall into, open into, drain into; discharge itself,
[Cause a flow] pour; pour out &c (discharge) 297; shower down,
irrigate, drench &c (wet) 337; spill, splash.
[Stop a flow] stanch; dam, up &c (close) 261; obstruct &c 706.
Adj. fluent; diffluent^, profluent^, affluent; tidal; flowing &c v.;
meandering, meandry^, meandrous^; fluvial, fluviatile; streamy^, showery,
rainy, pluvial, stillicidous^; stillatitious^.
Phr. for men may come and men may go but I go on forever [Tennyson];
that old man river, he just keeps rolling along [Showboat].

349. [Air in motion] Wind -- N. wind, draught, flatus, afflatus,
efflation^, eluvium^; air; breath, breath of air; puff, whiff, zephyr;
blow, breeze, drift; aura; stream, current, jet stream; undercurrent.
gust, blast, squall, gale, half a gale, storm, tempest, hurricane,
whirlwind, tornado, samiel, cyclone, anticyclone, typhoon; simoon^,
simoom; harmattan^, monsoon, trade wind, sirocco, mistral, bise^,
tramontane, levanter; capful of wind; fresh breeze, stiff breeze; keen
blast; blizzard, barber [Can.], candelia^, chinook, foehn, khamsin^,
norther, vendaval^, wuther^.
windiness &c adj.; ventosity^; rough weather, dirty weather, ugly
weather, stress of weather; dirty sky, mare's tail; thick squall, black
squall, white squall.
anemography^, aerodynamics; wind gauge, weathercock, vane, weather-
vane, wind sock; anemometer, anemoscope^.
sufflation^, insufflation^, perflation^, inflation, afflation^;
blowing, fanning &c v.; ventilation.
sneezing &c v.; errhine^; sternutative^, sternutatory^;
sternutation; hiccup, hiccough; catching of the breath.
Eolus, Boreas, Zephyr, cave of Eolus.
air pump, air blower, lungs, bellows, blowpipe, fan, ventilator,
punkah^; branchiae^, gills, flabellum^, vertilabrum^.
whiffle ball.
V. blow, waft; blow hard, blow great guns, blow a hurricane &c n.;
wuther^; stream, issue.
respire, breathe, puff; whiff, whiffle; gasp, wheeze; snuff,
snuffle; sniff, sniffle; sneeze, cough.
fan, ventilate; inflate, perflate^; blow up.
Adj. blowing &c v.; windy, flatulent; breezy, gusty, squally; stormy,
tempestuous, blustering; boisterous &c (violent) 173.
pulmonic [Med.], pulmonary.
Phr. lull'd by soft zephyrs [Pope]; the storm is up and all is on the
hazard [Julius Caesar]; the winds were wither'd in the stagnant air
[Byron]; while mocking winds are piping loud [Milton]; winged with red
lightning and tempestuous rage [Paradise Lost].

350. [Channel for the passage of water.] Conduit -- N. conduit,
channel, duct, watercourse, race; head race, tail race; abito^,
aboideau^, aboiteau [Fr.], bito^; acequia^, acequiador^, acequiamadre^;
arroyo; adit^, aqueduct, canal, trough, gutter, pantile; flume, ingate^,
runner; lock-weir, tedge^; vena^; dike, main, gully, moat, ditch, drain,
sewer, culvert, cloaca, sough, kennel, siphon; piscina^; pipe &c (tube)
260; funnel; tunnel &c (passage) 627; water pipe, waste pipe;
emunctory^, gully hole, artery, aorta, pore, spout, scupper; adjutage^,
ajutage^; hose; gargoyle; gurgoyle^; penstock, weir; flood gate, water
gate; sluice, lock, valve; rose; waterworks.
Adj. vascular &c (with holes) 260.

351. [Channel for the passage of air.] Airpipe -- N. air pipe, air
tube; airhole^, blowhole, breathinghole^, venthole; shaft, flue,
chimney, funnel, vent, nostril, nozzle, throat, weasand^, trachea;
bronchus, bronchia [Med.]; larynx, tonsils, windpipe, spiracle;
ventiduct^, ventilator; louvre, jalousie, Venetian blinds; blowpipe &c
(wind) 349; pipe &c (tube) 260; jhilmil^; smokestack.
screen, window screen.' artificial lung, iron lung, heart and lung


352. Semiliquidity -- N. semiliquidity; stickiness &c adj.; viscidity,
viscosity; gummosity^, glutinosity^, mucosity^; spissitude^, crassitude^;
lentor^; adhesiveness &c (cohesion) 46.
inspissation^, incrassation^; thickening.
jelly, mucilage, gelatin, gluten; carlock^, fish glue; ichthyocol^,
ichthycolla^; isinglass; mucus, phlegm, goo; pituite^, lava; glair^,
starch, gluten, albumen, milk, cream, protein^; treacle; gum, size, glue
(tenacity) 327; wax, beeswax.
emulsion, soup; squash, mud, slush, slime, ooze; moisture &c 339;
marsh &c 345.
V. inspissate^, incrassate^; thicken, mash, squash, churn, beat up.
Adj. semifluid, semiliquid; tremellose^; half melted, half frozen;
milky, muddy &c n.; lacteal, lactean^, lacteous^, lactescent^,
lactiferous^; emulsive, curdled, thick, succulent, uliginous^.
gelatinous, albuminous, mucilaginous, glutinous; glutenous,
gelatin, mastic, amylaceous^, ropy, clammy, clotted; viscid, viscous;
sticky, tacky, gooey; slab, slabby^; lentous^, pituitous^; mucid^,
muculent^, mucous; gummy.

353. [Mixture of air and water.] Bubble [Cloud.] -- N. bubble, foam,
froth, head, spume, lather, suds, spray, surf, yeast, barm^, spindrift.
cloud, vapor, fog, mist, haze, steam, geyser; scud, messenger,
rack, nimbus; cumulus, woolpack^, cirrus, stratus; cirrostratus,
cumulostratus; cirrocumulus; mackerel sky, mare's tale, dirty sky; curl
cloud; frost smoke; thunderhead.
[Science of clouds] nephelognosy^; nephograph^, nephology^.
effervescence, fermentation; bubbling &c v.. nebula; cloudliness
&c (opacity) 426 [Obs.]; nebulosity &c (dimness) 422.
V. bubble, boil, foam, froth, mantle, sparkle, guggle^, gurgle;
effervesce, ferment, fizzle.
Adj. bubbling &c v.; frothy, nappy^, effervescent, sparkling, mousseux
[Fr.], frothy [Fr.Tr.], up.
cloudy &c n.; thunderheaded^; vaporous, nebulous, overcast.
Phr. the lowring element scowls o'er the darkened landscip [Paradise

354. Pulpiness -- N. pulpiness &c adj.; pulp, taste, dough, curd, pap,
rob, jam, pudding, poultice, grume^.
mush, oatmeal, baby food.
Adj. pulpy &c n.; pultaceous^, grumous^; baccate^.

355. Unctuousness -- N. unctuousness &c adj.; unctuosity^, lubricity;
ointment &c (oil) 356; anointment; lubrication &c 332.
V. oil &c (lubricate) 332.
Adj. unctuous, oily, oleaginous, adipose, sebaceous; unguinous^; fat,
fatty, greasy; waxy, butyraceous, soapy, saponaceous^, pinguid,
lardaceous^; slippery.

356. Oil -- N. oil, fat, butter, cream, grease, tallow, suet, lard,
dripping exunge^, blubber; glycerin, stearin, elaine [Chem], oleagine^;
soap; soft soap, wax, cerement; paraffin, spermaceti, adipocere^;
petroleum, mineral, mineral rock, mineral crystal, mineral oil;
vegetable oil, colza oil^, olive oil, salad oil, linseed oil, cottonseed
oil, soybean oil, nut oil; animal oil, neat's foot oil, train oil;
ointment, unguent, liniment; aceite^, amole^, Barbados tar^; fusel oil,
grain oil, rape oil, seneca oil; hydrate of amyl, ghee^; heating oil, #2
oil, No.
2 oil, distillate, residual oils, kerosene, jet fuel, gasoline,
naphtha; stearin.

356a. Resin -- N. resin, rosin; gum; lac, sealing wax; amber,
ambergris; bitumen, pitch, tar; asphalt, asphaltum; camphor; varnish,
copal^, mastic, magilp^, lacquer, japan.
artificial resin, polymer; ion-exchange resin, cation-exchange
resin, anion exchange resin, water softener, Amberlite^, Dowex [Chem],
V. varnish &c (overlay) 223.
Adj. resiny^, resinous; bituminous, pitchy, tarry; asphaltic,


1. Vitality in general

357. Organization -- N. organized world, organized nature; living
nature, animated nature; living beings; organic remains, fossils.
protoplasm, cytoplasm, protein; albumen; structure &c 329;
organization, organism.
[Science of living beings] biology; natural history, organic
chemistry, anatomy, physiology; zoology &c 368; botany; microbiology,
virology, bacteriology, mycology &c 369; naturalist.
archegenesis &c (production) 161 [Obs.]; antherozoid^, bioplasm^,
biotaxy^, chromosome, dysmeromorph^; ecology, oecology; erythroblast
[Physio.], gametangium^, gamete, germinal matter, invagination [Biol.];
isogamy^, oogamy^; karyaster^; macrogamete^, microgamete^; metabolism,
anabolism, catabolism; metaplasm^, ontogeny, ovary, ovum, oxidation,
phylogeny, polymorphism, protozoa, spermary^, spermatozoon,
trophoplasm^, vacuole, vertebration^, zoogloea^, zygote.
Darwinism, neo-Darwinism, Lamarkism, neoLamarkism, Weismannism.
morphology, taxonomy.
Adj. organic, organized; karyoplasmic^, unsegmentic^, vacuolar,
zoogloeic^, zoogloeoid^.

358. Inorganization -- N. mineral world, mineral kingdom; unorganized
matter, inorganic matter, brute matter, inanimate matter.
[Science of the mineral kingdom] mineralogy, geology, geognosy^,
geoscopy^; metallurgy, metallography^; lithology; oryctology^,
V. turn to dust; mineralize, fossilize.
Adj. inorganic, inanimate, inorganized^; lithoidal^; azoic; mineral.

359. Life -- N. life, vitality, viability; animation; vital spark,
vital flame, soul, spirit.
respiration, wind; breath of life, breath of one's nostrils;
oxygen, air.
[devices to sustain respiration] respirator, artificial
respirator, heart and lung machine, iron lung; medical devices &c 662.
lifeblood; Archeus^; existence &c 1.
vivification; vital force; vitalization; revivification &c 163;
Prometheus; life to come &c (destiny) 152.
[Science of life] physiology, biology; animal ecology.
nourishment, staff of life &c (food) 298.
genetics, heredity, inheritance, evolution, natural selection,
reproduction (production) 161.
microbe, aerobe, anaerobe, facultative anaerobe, obligate aerobe,
obligate anaerobe, halophile [Micro.], methanogen [Micro.],
archaebacteria [Micro.], microaerophile [Micro.].
animal &c 366; vegetable &c 367.
artificial life, robot, robotics, artificial intelligence.
[vital signs] breathing, breathing rate, heartbeat, pulse,
preservation of life, healing (medicine) 662.
V. be alive &c adj.; live, breathe, respire; subsist &c (exist) 1; walk
the earth, strut and fret one's hour upon the stage [Macbeth]; be
see the light, be born, come into the world, fetch breath, draw
breath, fetch the breath of life, draw the breath of life; quicken;
revive; come to life.
give birth to &c (produce) 161; bring to life, put into life,
vitalize; vivify, vivificate^; reanimate &c (restore) 660; keep alive,
keep body and soul together, keep the wolf from the door; support life.
hive nine lives like a cat.
Adj. living, alive; in life, in the flesh, in the land of the living;
on this side of the grave, above ground, breathing, quick, animated;
animative^; lively &c (active) 682; all alive and kicking; tenacious of
life; full of life, yeasty.
vital, vitalic^; vivifying, vivified, &c v.; viable, zoetic^;
Adv. vivendi causa [Lat.].
Phr. atqui vivere militare est [Lat.] [Seneca]; non est vivere sed
valere vita [Lat.] [Marial].

360. Death -- N. death; decease, demise; dissolution, departure, obit,
release, rest, quietus, fall; loss, bereavement; mortality, morbidity.
end of life &c 67, cessation of life &c 142, loss of life,
extinction of life, ebb of life &c 359.
death warrant, death watch, death rattle, death bed; stroke of
death, agonies of death, shades of death, valley of death, jaws of
death, hand of death; last breath, last gasp, last agonies; dying day,
dying breath, dying agonies; chant du cygne [Fr.]; rigor mortis [Lat.];
Stygian shore.
King of terrors, King Death; Death; doom &c (necessity) 601;
Hell's grim Tyrant [Pope].
euthanasia; break up of the system; natural death, natural decay;
sudden death, violent death; untimely end, watery grave; debt of
nature; suffocation, asphyxia; fatal disease &c (disease) 655; death
blow &c (killing) 361.
necrology, bills of mortality, obituary; death song &c
(lamentation) 839.
V. die, expire, perish; meet one's death, meet one's end; pass away, be
taken; yield one's breath, resign one's breath; resign one's being,
resign one's life; end one's days, end one's life, end one's earthly
career; breathe one's last; cease to live, cease to breathe; depart
this life; be no more &c adj.; go off, drop off, pop off; lose one's
life, lay down one's life, relinquish one's life, surrender one's life;
drop into the grave, sink into the grave; close one's eyes; fall dead,
drop dead, fall down dead, drop down dead; break one's neck; give up
the ghost, yield up the ghost; be all over with one.
pay the debt to nature, shuffle off this mortal coil, take one's
last sleep; go the way of all flesh; hand in one's checks, pass in
one's checks, hand in one's chips, pass in one's chips [U.S.]; join the
greater number, join the majority; come to dust, turn to dust; cross
the Stygian ferry, cross the bar; go to one's long account, go to one's
last home, go to Davy Jones's locker, go to the wall; receive one's
death warrant, make one's will, step out, die a natural death, go out
like the snuff of a candle; come to an untimely end; catch one's death;
go off the hooks, kick the bucket, buy the farm, hop the twig, turn up
one's toes; die a violent death &c (be killed) 361.
Adj. dead, lifeless; deceased, demised, departed, defunct, extinct;
late, gone, no more; exanimate^, inanimate; out of the world, taken off,
released; departed this life &c v.; dead and gone; dead as a doornail,
dead as a doorpost^, dead as a mutton, dead as a herring, dead as nits;
launched into eternity, gone to one's eternal reward, gone to meet
one's maker, pushing up daisies, gathered to one's fathers, numbered
with the dead.
dying &c v.; moribund, morient^; hippocratic; in articulo, in
extremis; in the jaws of death, in the agony of death; going off; aux
abois [Fr.]; one one's last legs, on one's death bed; at the point of


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