Webster's Unabridged Dictionary

Part 2 out of 18

lessening; reduction or deprivation; as, an abridgment of
pleasures or of expenses.
2. An epitome or compend, as of a book; a shortened or
abridged form; an abbreviation.
Ancient coins as abridgments of history.
3. That which abridges or cuts short; hence, an
entertainment that makes the time pass quickly. [Obs.]
What abridgment have you for this evening? What mask? What
Syn. P Abridgment, Compendium, Epitome, Abstract, Synopsis.
An abridgment is made by omitting the less important parts
of some larger work; as, an abridgment of a dictionary. A
compendium is a brief exhibition of a subject, or science,
for common use; as, a compendium of American literature. An
epitome corresponds to a compendium, and gives briefly the
most material points of a subject; as, an epitome of
history. An abstract is a brief statement of a thing in its
main points. A synopsis is a bird'sPeye view of a subject,
or work, in its several parts.
AObroach6 (#), v. t. [OE. abrochen, OF. abrochier. See
Broach.] To set abroach; to let out, as liquor; to broach;
to tap. [Obs.]
AObroach6, adv. [Pref. aO + broach.] 1. Broached; in a
condition for letting out or yielding liquor, as a cask
which is tapped.
Hogsheads of ale were set abroach.
Sir W. Scott.
2. Hence: In a state to be diffused or propagated; afoot;
astir. =Mischiefs that I set abroach.8
AObroad6 (#), adv. [Pref. aO + broad.] 1. At large; widely;
broadly; over a wide space; as, a tree spreads its branches
The fox roams far abroad.
2. Without a certain confine; outside the house; away from
one's abode; as, to walk abroad.
I went to St. James', where another was preaching in the
court abroad.
3. Beyond the bounds of a country; in foreign countries; as,
we have broils at home and enemies abroad. =Another
prince... was living abroad.8
4. Before the public at large; throughout society or the
world; here and there; widely.
He went out, and began to publish it much, and to blaze
abroad the matter.
Mark i. 45.
To be abroad. (a) To be wide of the mark; to be at fault;
as, you are all abroad in your guess. (b) To be at a loss or
Ab6roOgaOble (#), a. Capable of being abrogated.
Ab6roOgate (#), a. [L. abrogatus, p. p.] Abrogated;
abolished. [Obs. or R.]
Ab6roOgate (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Abrogated; p. pr. & vb.
n. Abrogating.] [L. abrogatus, p. p. of abrogare; ab +
rogare to ask, require, propose. See Rogation.] 1. To annul
by an authoritative act; to abolish by the authority of the
maker or his successor; to repeal; P applied to the repeal
of laws, decrees, ordinances, the abolition of customs, etc.
Let us see whether the New Testament abrogates what we so
frequently see in the Old.
Whose laws, like those of the Medes and Persian, they can
not alter or abrogate.
2. To put an end to; to do away with.
Syn. P To abolish; annul; do away; set aside; revoke;
repeal; cancel; annihilate. See Abolish.
Ab7roOga6tion (#), n. [L. abrogatio, fr. abrogare: cf. F.
abrogation.] The act of abrogating; repeal by authority.
Ab6roOgaOtive (#), a. Tending or designed to abrogate; as,
an abrogative law.
Ab6roOga7tor (#), n. One who repeals by authority.
AObrood6 (#), adv. [Pref. aO + brood.] In the act of
brooding. [Obs.]
Abp. Sancroft.
AObrook6 (#), v. t. [Pref. aO + brook, v.] To brook; to
endure. [Obs.]
AbOrupt6 (#), a. [L. abruptus, p. p. of abrumpere to break
off; ab + rumpere to break. See Rupture.] 1. Broken off;
very steep, or craggy, as rocks, precipices, banks;
precipitous; steep; as, abrupt places. =Tumbling through
ricks abrupt,8
2. Without notice to prepare the mind for the event; sudden;
hasty; unceremonious. =The cause of your abrupt departure.8
3. Having sudden transitions from one subject to another;
The abrupt style, which hath many breaches.
B. Jonson.

4. (Bot.) Suddenly terminating, as if cut off.
Syn. P Sudden; unexpected; hasty; rough; curt;
unceremonious; rugged; blunt; disconnected; broken.
AbOrupt6 (#), n. [L. abruptum.] An abrupt place. [Poetic]
=Over the vast abrupt.8
AbOrupt6, v. t. To tear off or asunder. [Obs.] =Till death
abrupts them.8
Sir T. Browne.
AbOrup6tion (#), n. [L. abruptio, fr. abrumpere: cf. F.
abruption.] A sudden breaking off; a violent separation of
AbOrupt6ly, adv. 1. In an abrupt manner; without giving
notice, or without the usual forms; suddenly.
2. Precipitously.
Abruptly pinnate (Bot.), pinnate without an odd leaflet, or
other appendage, at the end.
AbOrupt6ness, n. 1. The state of being abrupt or broken;
craggedness; ruggedness; steepness.
2. Suddenness; unceremonious haste or vehemence; as,
abruptness of style or manner.
Ab6scess (#), n.; pl. Abscesses (#). [L. abscessus a going
away, gathering of humors, abscess, fr. abscessus, p. p. of
absedere to go away; ab, abs + cedere to go off, retire. See
Cede.] (Med.) A collection of pus or purulent matter in any
tissue or organ of the body, the result of a morbid process.
Cold abscess, an abscess of slow formation, unattended with
the pain and heat characteristic of ordinary abscesses, and
lasting for years without exhibiting any tendency towards
healing; a chronic abscess.
AbOsces6sion (#), n. [L. abscessio a separation; fr.
absedere. See Abscess.] A separating; removal; also, an
abscess. [Obs.]
Gauden. Barrough.
AbOscind6 (#), v. t. [L. absindere; ab + scindere to rend,
cut. See Schism.] To cut off. [R.] =Two syllables...
abscinded from the rest.8
AbOsci6sion (#), n. [L. abscisio.] See Abscission.
Ab6sciss (#), n.; pl. Abscisses (#). See Abscissa.
AbOscis6sa (#), n.; E. pl. Abscissas, L. pl. Absciss. [L.,
fem. of abscissus, p. p. of absindere to cut of. See
Abscind.] (Geom.) One of the elements of reference by which
a point, as of a curve, is referred to a system of fixed
rectilineal cordinate axes. When referred to two
intersecting axes, one of them called the axis of abscissas,
or of X, and the other the axis of ordinates, or of Y, the
abscissa of the point is the distance cut off from the axis
of X by a line drawn through it and parallel to the axis of
Y. When a point in space is referred to three axes having a
common intersection, the abscissa may be the distance
measured parallel to either of them, from the point to the
plane of the other two axes. Abscissas and ordinates taken
together are called cordinates. P OX or PY is the abscissa
of the point P of the curve, OY or PX its ordinate, the
intersecting lines OX and OY being the axes of abscissas and
ordinates respectively, and the point O their origin.
AbOscis6sion (#), n. [L. abscissio. See Abscind.] 1. The act
or process of cutting off. =Not to be cured without the
abscission of a member.8
Jer. Taylor.
2. The state of being cut off.
Sir T. Browne.
3. (Rhet.) A figure of speech employed when a speaker having
begun to say a thing stops abruptly: thus, =He is a man of
so much honor and candor, and of such generosity P but I
need say no more.8
AbOscond6 (#), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Absconded; p. pr. & vb.
n. Absconding.] [L. abscondere to hide; ab, abs + condere to
lay up; con + d?re (only in comp.) to put. Cf. Do.] 1. To
hide, withdraw, or be concealed.
The marmot absconds all winter.
2. To depart clandestinely; to steal off and secrete one's
self; P used especially of persons who withdraw to avoid a
legal process; as, an absconding debtor.
That very homesickness which, in regular armies, drives so
many recruits to abscond.
AbOscond6, v. t. To hide; to conceal. [Obs.]
AbOscond6ence (#), n. Fugitive concealment; secret
retirement; hiding. [R.]
AbOscond6er (#), n. One who absconds.
Ab6sence (#), n. [F., fr. L. absentia. See Absent.] 1. A
state of being absent or withdrawn from a place or from
companionship; P opposed to presence.
Not as in my presence only, but now much more in my absence.
Phil. ii. 12.
2. Want; destitution; withdrawal. =In the absence of
conventional law.8
3. Inattention to things present; abstraction (of mind); as,
absence of mind. 8Reflecting on the little absences and
distractions of mankind.8
To conquer that abstraction which is called absence.
Ab6sent (#), a. [F., fr. absens, absentis, p. pr. of abesse
to be away from; ab + esse to be. Cf. Sooth.] 1. Being away
from a place; withdrawn from a place; not present.
=Expecting absent friends.8
2. Not existing; lacking; as, the part was rudimental or
3. Inattentive to what is passing; absentPminded;
preoccupied; as, an absent air.
What is commonly called an absent man is commonly either a
very weak or a very affected man.
Syn. P Absent, Abstracted. These words both imply a want of
attention to surrounding objects. We speak of a man as
absent when his thoughts wander unconsciously from present
scenes or topics of discourse; we speak of him as abstracted
when his mind (usually for a brief period) is drawn off from
present things by some weighty matter for reflection.
Absence of mind is usually the result of loose habits of
thought; abstraction commonly arises either from engrossing
interests and cares, or from unfortunate habits of
AbOsent6 (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Absented; p. pr. & vb. n.
Absenting.] [Cf. F. absenter.] 1. To take or withdraw (one's
self) to such a distance as to prevent intercourse; P used
with the reflexive pronoun.
If after due summons any member absents himself, he is to be
2. To withhold from being present. [Obs.] =Go; for thy stay,
not free, absents thee more.8
Ab7senOta6neOous (#), a. [LL. absentaneus. See
Absent.] Pertaining to absence. [Obs.]
Ab7senOta6tion (#), n. The act of absenting one's self.
Sir W. Hamilton.
Ab7senOtee6 (#), n. One who absents himself from his
country, office, post, or duty; especially, a landholder who
lives in another country or district than that where his
estate is situated; as, an Irish absentee.
Ab7senOtee6ism (#), n. The state or practice of an absentee;
esp. the practice of absenting one's self from the country
or district where one's estate is situated.
AbOsent6er (#), n. One who absents one's self.
Ab6sentOly (#), adv. In an absent or abstracted manner.
AbOsent6ment (#), n. The state of being absent; withdrawal.
Ab7sentPmind6ed (#), a. Absent in mind; abstracted;
preoccupied. P Ab7sentPmind6edOness, n. P
Ab7sentPmind6edOly, adv.
Ab6sentOness (#), n. The quality of being absentPminded.
H. Miller.
Ab6seyPbook7 (#), n. An APBPC book; a primer. [Obs.]
Ab6sin6thate (#), n. (Chem.) A combination of absinthic acid
with a base or positive radical.
Ab6sinth7, Ab6sinthe7 } (#), n. [F. absinthe. See
Absinthium.] 1. The plant absinthium or common wormwood.
2. A strong spirituous liqueur made from wormwood and brandy
or alcohol.
AbOsin6thiOal (#), a. Of or pertaining to wormwood;
AbOsin6thiOan (#), n. Of the nature of wormwood. =Absinthian
T. Randolph.
Ab6sin6thiOate (#), v. t. [From L. absinthium: cf. L.
absinthiatus, a.] To impregnate with wormwood.
AbOsin6thiOa7ted (#), a. Impregnated with wormwood; as,
absinthiated wine.
AbOsin6thic (#), a. (Chem.) Relating to the common wormwood
or to an acid obtained from it.
AbOsin6thin (#), n. (Chem.) The bitter principle of wormwood
(Artemisia absinthium).
Ab6sinOthism (#), n. The condition of being poisoned by the
excessive use of absinth.
AbOsin6thiOum (#), n. [L., from Gr. ?.] (Bot.) The common
wormwood (Artemisia absinthium), an intensely bitter plant,
used as a tonic and for making the oil of wormwood.
Ab6sis (#), n. See Apsis.
AbOsist6 (#), v. i. [L. absistere, p. pr. absistens; ab +
sistere to stand, causal of stare.] To stand apart from; top
leave off; to desist. [Obs.]
AbOsist6ence (#), n. A standing aloof. [Obs.]
Ab6soOlute (#), a. [L. absolutus, p. p. of absolvere: cf. F.
absolu. See Absolve.] 1. Loosed from any limitation or
condition; uncontrolled; unrestricted; unconditional; as,
absolute authority, monarchy, sovereignty, an absolute
promise or command; absolute power; an absolute monarch.
2. Complete in itself; perfect; consummate; faultless; as,
absolute perfection; absolute beauty.
So absolute she seems,
And in herself complete.
3. Viewed apart from modifying influences or without
comparison with other objects; actual; real; P opposed to
relative and comparative; as, absolute motion; absolute time
or space.
Absolute rights and duties are such as pertain to man in a
state of nature as contradistinguished from relative rights
and duties, or such as pertain to him in his social
4. Loosed from, or unconnected by, dependence on any other
being; selfPexistent; selfPsufficing.
5 In this sense God is called the Absolute by the Theist.
The term is also applied by the Pantheist to the universe,
or the total of all existence, as only capable of relations
in its parts to each other and to the whole, and as
dependent for its existence and its phenomena on its
mutually depending forces and their laws.
5. Capable of being thought or conceived by itself alone;
unconditioned; nonPrelative.
5 It is in dispute among philosopher whether the term, in
this sense, is not applied to a mere logical fiction or
abstraction, or whether the absolute, as thus defined, can
be known, as a reality, by the human intellect.
To Cusa we can indeed articulately trace, word and thing,
the recent philosophy of the absolute.
Sir W. Hamilton.
6. Positive; clear; certain; not doubtful. [R.]
I am absolute 't was very Cloten.
7. Authoritative; peremptory. [R.]
The peddler stopped, and tapped her on the head,
With absolute forefinger, brown and ringed.
Mrs. Browning.
8. (Chem.) Pure; unmixed; as, absolute alcohol.
9. (Gram.) Not immediately dependent on the other parts of
the sentence in government; as, the case absolute. See
Ablative absolute, under Ablative.
Absolute curvature (Geom.), that curvature of a curve of
double curvature, which is measured in the osculating plane
of the curve. P Absolute equation (Astron.), the sum of the
optic and eccentric equations. P Absolute space (Physics),
space considered without relation to material limits or
objects. P Absolute terms. (Alg.), such as are known, or
which do not contain the unknown quantity. Davies & Peck. P
Absolute temperature (Physics), the temperature as measured
on a scale determined by certain general thermoPdynamic
principles, and reckoned from the absolute zero. P Absolute
zero (Physics), the be ginning, or zero point, in the scale
of absolute temperature. It is equivalent to P2730
centigrade or P459,40 Fahrenheit.
Syn. P Positive; peremptory; certain; unconditional;
unlimited; unrestricted; unqualified; arbitrary; despotic;
Ab6soOlute (#), n. (Geom.) In a plane, the two imaginary
circular points at infinity; in space of three dimensions,
the imaginary circle at infinity.
Ab6soOluteOly, adv. In an absolute, independent, or
unconditional manner; wholly; positively.
Ab6soOluteOness, n. The quality of being absolute;
independence of everything extraneous; unlimitedness;
absolute power; independent reality; positiveness.
Ab7soOlu6tion (#), n. [F. absolution, L. absolutio, fr.
absolvere to absolve. See Absolve.] 1. An absolving, or
setting free from guilt, sin, or penalty; forgiveness of an
offense. =Government... granting absolution to the nation.8
2. (Civil Law) An acquittal, or sentence of a judge
declaring and accused person innocent. [Obs.]
3. (R. C. Ch.) The exercise of priestly jurisdiction in the
sacrament of penance, by which Catholics believe the sins of
the truly penitent are forgiven.
5 In the English and other Protestant churches, this act
regarded as simply declaratory, not as imparting
4. (Eccl.) An absolving from ecclesiastical penalties, P
for example, excommunication.
P. Cyc.
5. The form of words by which a penitent is absolved.
6. Delivery, in speech. [Obs.]
B. Jonson.
Absolution day (R. C. Ch.), Tuesday before Easter.
Ab6soOlu7tism (#), n. 1. The state of being absolute; the
system or doctrine of the absolute; the principles or
practice of absolute or arbitrary government; despotism.
The element of absolutism and prelacy was controlling.
2. (Theol.) Doctrine of absolute decrees.
Ab6soOlu7tist (#), n. 1. One who is in favor of an absolute
or autocratic government.
2. (Metaph.) One who believes that it is possible to realize
a cognition or concept of the absolute.
Sir. W. Hamilton.
Ab6soOlu7tist, a. Of or pertaining to absolutism; arbitrary;
despotic; as, absolutist principles.
Ab7soOluOtis6tic (#), a. Pertaining to absolutism;
AbOsol6uOtoOry (#), a. [L. absolutorius, fr. absolvere to
absolve.] Serving to absolve; absolving. =An absolutory
AbOsolv6aOble (#), a. That may be absolved.
AbOsolv6aOtoOry (#), a. Conferring absolution; absolutory.
AbOsolve6 (#; 277), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Absolved (#); p. pr.
& vb. n. Absolving.] [L. absolvere to set free, to absolve;
ab + solvere to loose. See Assoil, Solve.] 1. To set free,
or release, as from some obligation, debt, or
responsibility, or from the consequences of guilt or such
ties as it would be sin or guilt to violate; to pronounce
free; as, to absolve a subject from his allegiance; to
absolve an offender, which amounts to an acquittal and
remission of his punishment.
Halifax was absolved by a majority of fourteen.
2. To free from a penalty; to pardon; to remit (a sin); P
said of the sin or guilt.
In his name I absolve your perjury.
3. To finish; to accomplish. [Obs.]
The work begun, how soon absolved.
4. To resolve or explain. [Obs.] =We shall not absolve the
Sir T. Browne.
Syn. P To Absolve, Exonerate, Acquit. We speak of a man as
absolved from something that binds his conscience, or
involves the charge of wrongdoing; as, to absolve from
allegiance or from the obligation of an oath, or a promise.
We speak of a person as exonerated, when he is released from
some burden which had rested upon him; as, to exonerate from
suspicion, to exonerate from blame or odium. It implies a
purely moral acquittal. We speak of a person as acquitted,
when a decision has been made in his favor with reference to
a specific charge, either by a jury or by disinterested
persons; as, he was acquitted of all participation in the
AbOsolv6ent (#), a. [L. absolvens, p. pr. of absolvere.]
Absolving. [R.]
AbOsolv6ent, n. An absolver. [R.]
AbOsolv6er (#), n. One who absolves.
Ab6soOnant (#), a. [L. ab + sonans, p. pr. of sonare to
sound.] Discordant; contrary; P opposed to consonant.
=Absonant to nature.8
Ab6soOnous (#), a. [L. absonus; ab + sonus sound.]
Discordant; inharmonious; incongruous. [Obs.] =Absonous to
our reason.8
AbOsorb6 (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Absorbed (#); p. pr. & vb.
n. Absorbing.] [L. absorbere; ab + sorbere to suck in, akin
to Gr. ?: cf. F. absorber.] 1. To swallow up; to engulf; to
overwhelm; to cause to disappear as if by swallowing up; to
use up; to include. =Dark oblivion soon absorbs them all.8
The large cities absorb the wealth and fashion.
W. Irving.
2. To suck up; to drink in; to imbibe; as a sponge or as the
lacteals of the body.
3. To engross or engage wholly; to occupy fully; as,
absorbed in study or the pursuit of wealth.
4. To take up by cohesive, chemical, or any molecular
action, as when charcoal absorbs gases. So heat, light, and
electricity are absorbed or taken up in the substances into
which they pass.

p. 8

Syn. P To Absorb, Engross, Swallow up, Engulf. These words
agree in one general idea, that of completely taking up.
They are chiefly used in a figurative sense and may be
distinguished by a reference to their etymology. We speak of
a person as absorbed (lit., drawn in, swallowed up) in study
or some other employment of the highest interest. We speak
of a person as ebgrossed (lit., seized upon in the gross, or
wholly) by something which occupies his whole time and
thoughts, as the acquisition of wealth, or the attainment of
honor. We speak of a person (under a stronger image) as
swallowed up and lost in that which completely occupies his
thoughts and feelings, as in grief at the death of a
friend, or in the multiplied cares of life. We speak of a
person as engulfed in that which (like a gulf) takes in all
his hopes and interests; as, engulfed in misery, ruin, etc.
That grave question which had begun to absorb the Christian
mind P the marriage of the clergy.
Too long hath love engrossed Britannia's stage,
And sunk to softness all our tragic rage.
Should not the sad occasion swallow up
My other cares?
And in destruction's river
Engulf and swallow those.
Sir P. Sidney.
AbOsorb7aObil6iOty (#), n. The state or quality of being
Graham (Chemistry).
AbOsorb6aOble, a. [Cf. F. absorbable.] Capable of being
absorbed or swallowed up.
AbOsorb6edOly, adv. In a manner as if wholly engrossed or
AbOsorb6enOcy (#), n. Absorptiveness.
AbOsorb6ent (#), a. [L. absorbens, p. pr. of absorbere.]
Absorbing; swallowing; absorptive.
Absorbent ground (Paint.), a ground prepared for a picture,
chiefly with distemper, or water colors, by which the oil is
absorbed, and a brilliancy is imparted to the colors.
AbOsorb6ent, n. 1. Anything which absorbs.
The ocean, itself a bad absorbent of heat.
2. (Med.) Any substance which absorbs and neutralizes acid
fluid in the stomach and bowels, as magnesia, chalk, etc.;
also a substance (e. g., iodine) which acts on the absorbent
vessels so as to reduce enlarged and indurated parts.
3. pl. (Physiol.) The vessels by which the processes of
absorption are carried on, as the lymphatics in animals, the
extremities of the roots in plants.
AbOsorb6er (#), n. One who, or that which, absorbs.
AbOsorb6ing, a. Swallowing, engrossing; as, an absorbing
pursuit. P AbOsorb6ing, adv.
Ab7sorObi6tion (#), n. Absorption. [Obs.]
AbOsorpt7 (#), a. [L. absorptus, p. p.] Absorbed. [Archaic]
=Absorpt in care.8
AbOsorp6tion (#), n. [L. absorptio, fr. absorbere. See
Absorb.] 1. The act or process of absorbing or sucking in
anything, or of being absorbed and made to disappear; as,
the absorption of bodies in a whirlpool, the absorption of a
smaller tribe into a larger.
2. (Chem. & Physics) An imbibing or reception by molecular
or chemical action; as, the absorption of light, heat,
electricity, etc.
3. (Physiol.) In living organisms, the process by which the
materials of growth and nutrition are absorbed and conveyed
to the tissues and organs.
4. Entire engrossment or occupation of the mind; as,
absorption in some employment.
AbOsorp6tive (#), a. Having power, capacity, or tendency to
absorb or imbibe.
E. Darwin.
AbOsorp6tiveOness, n. The quality of being absorptive;
absorptive power.
Ab7sorpOtiv6iOty (#), n. Absorptiveness.
AbOsquat6uOlate (#), v. i. To take one's self off; to
decamp. [A jocular word. U. S.]
X Abs6que hoc (#). [L., without this.] (Law) The technical
words of denial used in traversing what has been alleged,
and is repeated.
AbOstain6 (#), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Abstained (#); p. pr. &
vb. n. Abstaining.] [OE. absteynen, abstenen, OF. astenir,
abstenir, F. abstenir, fr. L. abstinere, abstentum, v. t. &
v. i., to keep from; ab, abs + tenere to hold. See Tenable.]
To hold one's self aloof; to forbear or refrain voluntarily,
and especially from an indulgence of the passions or
appetites; P with from.
Not a few abstained from voting.
Who abstains from meat that is not gaunt?
Syn. P To refrain; forbear; withhold; deny one's self; give
up; relinquish.
AbOstain6, v. t. To hinder; to withhold.
Whether he abstain men from marrying.
AbOstain6er (#), n. One who abstains; esp., one who abstains
from the use of intoxicating liquors.
AbOste6miOous (#), a. [L. abstemius; ab, abs + root of
temetum intoxicating drink.] 1. Abstaining from wine. [Orig.
Latin sense.]
Under his special eye
Abstemious I grew up and thrived amain.
2. Sparing in diet; refraining from a free use of food and
strong drinks; temperate; abstinent; sparing in the
indulgence of the appetite or passions.
Instances of longevity are chiefly among the abstemious.
3. Sparingly used; used with temperance or moderation; as,
an abstemious diet.
4. Marked by, or spent in, abstinence; as, an abstemious
life. =One abstemious day.8
5. Promotive of abstemiousness. [R.]
Such is the virtue of the abstemious well.
AbOste6miOousOly, adv. In a abstemious manner; temperately;
AbOste6miOousOness, n. The quality of being abstemious,
temperate, or sparing in the use of food and strong drinks.
It expresses a greater degree of abstinence than temperance.
AbOsten6tion (#), a. [F. See Abstain.] The act of
abstaining; a holding aloof.
Jer. Taylor.
AbOsten6tious (#), a. Characterized by abstinence;
AbOsterge (#), v. t. [L. abstergere, abstersum; ab, abs +
tergere to wipe. Cf. F absterger.] To make clean by wiping;
to wipe away; to cleanse; hence, to purge. [R.]
AbOster6gent (#), a. [L. abstergens, p. pr. of abstergere.]
Serving to cleanse, detergent.
AbOster6gent, n. A substance used in cleansing; a detergent;
as, soap is an abstergent.
AbOsterse6 (#), v. t. To absterge; to cleanse; to purge
away. [Obs.]
Sir T. Browne.
AbOster6sion (#), n. [F. abstersion. See Absterge.] Act of
wiping clean; a cleansing; a purging.
The task of ablution and abstersion being performed.
Sir W. Scott.
AbOster6sive (#), a. [Cf. F. abstersif. See Absterge.]
Cleansing; purging.
AbOster6sive, n. Something cleansing.
The strong abstersive of some heroic magistrate.
AbOster6siveOness, n. The quality of being abstersive.
Ab6stiOnence (#), n. [F. abstinence, L. abstinentia, fr.
abstinere. See Abstain.] 1. The act or practice of
abstaining; voluntary forbearance of any action, especially
the refraining from an indulgence of appetite, or from
customary gratifications of animal or sensual propensities.
Specifically, the practice of abstaining from intoxicating
beverages, P called also total abstinence.
The abstinence from a present pleasure that offers itself is
a pain, nay, oftentimes, a very great one.
2. The practice of selfOdenial by depriving one's self of
certain kinds of food or drink, especially of meat.
Penance, fasts, and abstinence,
To punish bodies for the soul's offense.
Ab6stiOnenOcy (#), n. Abstinence. [R.]
Ab6stiOnent (#), a. [F. abstinent, L. abstinens, p. pr. of
abstinere. See Abstain.] Refraining from indulgence,
especially from the indulgence of appetite; abstemious;
continent; temperate.
Beau. & Fl.
Ab6stiOnent, n. 1. One who abstains.
2. (Eccl. Hist.) One of a sect who appeared in France and
Spain in the 3d century.
Ab6stiOnentOly, adv. With abstinence.
AbOstort6ed (#), a. [As if fr. abstort, fr. L. ab, abs +
tortus, p. p. of torquere to twist.] Wrested away. [Obs.]
Ab6stract7 (#; 277), a. [L. abstractus, p. p. of abstrahere
to draw from, separate; ab, abs + trahere to draw. See
Trace.] 1. Withdraw; separate. [Obs.]
The more abstract... we are from the body.
2. Considered apart from any application to a particular
object; separated from matter; exiting in the mind only; as,
abstract truth, abstract numbers. Hence: ideal; abstruse;
3. (Logic) (a) Expressing a particular property of an object
viewed apart from the other properties which constitute it;
P opposed to concrete; as, honesty is an abstract word. J.
S. Mill. (b) Resulting from the mental faculty of
abstraction; general as opposed to particular; as, =reptile8
is an abstract or general name.
A concrete name is a name which stands for a thing; an
abstract name which stands for an attribute of a thing. A
practice has grown up in more modern times, which, if not
introduced by Locke, has gained currency from his example,
of applying the expression =abstract name8 to all names
which are the result of abstraction and generalization, and
consequently to all general names, instead of confining it
to the names of attributes.
J. S. Mill.
4. Abstracted; absent in mind. =Abstract, as in a trance.8
An abstract idea (Metaph.), an idea separated from a complex
object, or from other ideas which naturally accompany it; as
the solidity of marble when contemplated apart from its
color or figure. P Abstract terms, those which express
abstract ideas, as beauty, whiteness, roundness, without
regarding any object in which they exist; or abstract terms
are the names of orders, genera or species of things, in
which there is a combination of similar qualities. P
Abstract numbers (Math.), numbers used without application
to things, as 6, 8, 10; but when applied to any thing, as 6
feet, 10 men, they become concrete. P Abstract or Pure
mathematics. See Mathematics.
AbOstract6 (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Abstracted; p. pr. & vb.
n. Abstracting.] [See Abstract, a.]
1. To withdraw; to separate; to take away.
He was incapable of forming any opinion or resolution
abstracted from his own prejudices.
Sir W. Scott.
2. To draw off in respect to interest or attention; as, his
was wholly abstracted by other objects.
The young stranger had been abstracted and silent.
Blackw. Mag.
3. To separate, as ideas, by the operation of the mind; to
consider by itself; to contemplate separately, as a quality
or attribute.
4. To epitomize; to abridge.
5. To take secretly or dishonestly; to purloin; as, to
abstract goods from a parcel, or money from a till.
Von Rosen had quietly abstracted the bearingPreins from the
W. Black.
6. (Chem.) To separate, as the more volatile or soluble
parts of a substance, by distillation or other chemical
processes. In this sense extract is now more generally used.
AbOstract6, v. t. To perform the process of abstraction.
I own myself able to abstract in one sense.
Ab6stract7 (#), n. [See Abstract, a.] 1. That which
comprises or concentrates in itself the essential qualities
of a larger thing or of several things. Specifically: A
summary or an epitome, as of a treatise or book, or of a
statement; a brief.
An abstract of every treatise he had read.
Man, the abstract
Of all perfection, which the workmanship
Of Heaven hath modeled.
2. A state of separation from other things; as, to consider
a subject in the abstract, or apart from other associated
3. An abstract term.
The concretes =father8 and =son8 have, or might have, the
abstracts =paternity8 and =filiety.8
J. S. Mill.
4. (Med.) A powdered solid extract of a vegetable substance
mixed with sugar of milk in such proportion that one part of
the abstract represents two parts of the original substance.
Abstract of title (Law), an epitome of the evidences of
Syn. P Abridgment; compendium; epitome; synopsis. See
AbOstract6ed (#), a. 1. Separated or disconnected;
withdrawn; removed; apart.
The evil abstracted stood from his own evil.
2. Separated from matter; abstract; ideal. [Obs.]
3. Abstract; abstruse; difficult. [Obs.]
4. Inattentive to surrounding objects; absent in mind. =An
abstracted scholar.8
AbOstract6edOly, adv. In an abstracted manner; separately;
with absence of mind.
AbOstract6edOness, n. The state of being abstracted;
abstract character.
AbOstract6er (#), n. One who abstracts, or makes an
AbOstrac6tion (#), n. [Cf. F. abstraction. See Abstract, a.]
1. The act of abstracting, separating, or withdrawing, or
the state of being withdrawn; withdrawal.
A wrongful abstraction of wealth from certain members of the
J. S. Mill.
2. (Metaph.) The act process of leaving out of consideration
one or more properties of a complex object so as to attend
to others; analysis. Thus, when the mind considers the form
of a tree by itself, or the color of the leaves as separate
from their size or figure, the act is called abstraction.
So, also, when it considers whiteness, softness, virtue,
existence, as separate from any particular objects.
5 Abstraction is necessary to classification, by which
things are arranged in genera and species. We separate in
idea the qualities of certain objects, which are of the same
kind, from others which are different, in each, and arrange
the objects having the same properties in a class, or
collected body.
Abstraction is no positive act: it is simply the negative of
Sir W. Hamilton.
3. An idea or notion of an abstract, or theoretical nature;
as, to fight for mere abstractions.
4. A separation from worldly objects; a recluse life; as, a
hermit's abstraction.
5. Absence or absorption of mind; inattention to present
6. The taking surreptitiously for one's own use part of the
property of another; purloining. [Modern]
7. (Chem.) A separation of volatile parts by the act of
AbOstrac6tionOal (#), a. Pertaining to abstraction.
AbOstrac6tionOist, n. An idealist.
Ab7stracOti6tious (#), a. Obtained from plants by
distillation. [Obs.]
AbOstrac6tive (#), a. [Cf. F. abstractif.] Having the power
of abstracting; of an abstracting nature. =The abstractive
I. Taylor.
AbOstrac6tiveOly, adv. In a abstract manner; separately; in
or by itself.
AbOstrac6tiveOness, n. The quality of being abstractive;
abstractive property.
Ab6stract7ly (#; 277), adv. In an abstract state or manner;
separately; absolutely; by itself; as, matter abstractly
Ab6stract7ness, n. The quality of being abstract. =The
abstractness of the ideas.8
AbOstringe6 (#), v. t. [L ab + stringere, strictum, to press
together.] To unbind. [Obs.]
AbOstrude6 (#), v. t. [L. abstrudere. See Abstruse.] To
thrust away. [Obs.]
AbOstruse6 (#), a. [L. abstrusus, p. p. of abstrudere to
thrust away, conceal; ab, abs + trudere to thrust; cf. F.
abstrus. See Threat.] 1. Concealed or hidden out of the way.
The eternal eye whose sight discerns
Abstrusest thoughts.
2. Remote from apprehension; difficult to be comprehended or
understood; recondite; as, abstruse learning.
Profound and abstruse topics.
AbOstruse6ly, adv. In an abstruse manner.
AbOstruse6ness, n. The quality of being abstruse; difficulty
of apprehension.
AbOstru6sion (#), n. [L. abstrusio. See Abstruse.] The act
of thrusting away. [R.]
AbOstru6siOty (#), n. Abstruseness; that which is abstruse.
Sir T. Browne.
AbOsume6 (#), v. t. [L. absumere, absumptum; ab + sumere to
take.] To consume gradually; to waste away. [Obs.]
AbOsump6tion (#; 215), n. [L. absumptio. See Absume.] Act of
wasting away; a consuming; extinction. [Obs.]
Sir T. Browne.
AbOsurd6 (#), a. [L. absurdus harshPsounding; ab + (prob) a
derivative fr. a root svar to sound; not connected with
surd: cf. F. absurde. See Syringe.] Contrary to reason or
propriety; obviously and fiatly opposed to manifest truth;
inconsistent with the plain dictates of common sense;
logically contradictory; nonsensical; ridiculous; as, an
absurd person, an absurd opinion; an absurd dream.
This proffer is absurd and reasonless.
'This phrase absurd to call a villain great.

p. 9

Syn. P Foolish; irrational; ridiculous; preposterous;
inconsistent; incongruous. P Absurd, Irrational, Foolish,
Preposterous. Of these terms, irrational is the weakest,
denoting that which is plainly inconsistent with the
dictates of sound reason; as, an irrational course of life.
Foolish rises higher, and implies either a perversion of
that faculty, or an absolute weakness or fatuity of mind;
as, foolish enterprises. Absurd rises still higher, denoting
that which is plainly opposed to received notions of
propriety and truth; as, an absurd man, project, opinion,
story, argument, etc. Preposterous rises still higher, and
supposes an absolute inversion in the order of things; or,
in plain terms, a =putting of the cart before the horse;8
as, a preposterous suggestion, preposterous conduct, a
preposterous regulation or law.
AbOsurd6 (#), n. An absurdity. [Obs.]
AbOsurd6iOty (#), n.; pl. Absurdities (#). [L. absurditas:
cf. F. absurdite.] 1. The quality of being absurd or
inconsistent with obvious truth, reason, or sound judgment.
=The absurdity of the actual idea of an infinite number.8
2. That which is absurd; an absurd action; a logical
His travels were full of absurdities.
AbOsurd6ly, adv. In an absurd manner.
AbOsurd6ness, n. Absurdity. [R.]
X AObu6na (#), n. [Eth. and Ar., our father.] The Patriarch,
or head of the Abyssinian Church.
AObun6dance (#), n. [OE. (h)abudaunce, abundance, F.
abundance, F. abondance, L. abundantia, fr. abundare. See
Abound.] An overflowing fullness; ample sufficiency; great
plenty; profusion; copious supply; superfluity; wealth: P
strictly applicable to quantity only, but sometimes used of
It is lamentable to remember what abundance of noble blood
hath been shed with small benefit to the Christian state.
Syn. P Exuberance; plenteousness; plenty; copiousness;
overflow; riches; affluence; wealth. P Abundance, Plenty,
Exuberance. These words rise upon each other in expressing
the idea of fullness. Plenty denotes a sufficiency to supply
every want; as, plenty of food, plenty of money, etc.
Abundance express more, and gives the idea of superfluity or
excess; as, abundance of riches, an abundance of wit and
humor; often, however, it only denotes plenty in a high
degree. Exuberance rises still higher, and implies a
bursting forth on every side, producing great superfluity or
redundance; as, an exuberance of mirth, an exuberance of
animal spirits, etc.
AObun6dant (#), a. [OE. (h)abundant, aboundant, F. abondant,
fr. L. abudans, p. pr. of abundare. See Abound.] Fully
sufficient; plentiful; in copious supply; P followed by in,
rarely by with. =Abundant in goodness and truth.8
Exod. xxxiv. 6.
Abundant number (Math.), a number, the sum of whose aliquot
parts exceeds the number itself. Thus, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, the
aliquot parts of 12, make the number 16. This is opposed to
a deficient number, as 14, whose aliquot parts are 1, 2, 7,
the sum of which is 10; and to a perfect number, which is
equal to the sum of its aliquot parts, as 6, whose aliquot
parts are 1, 2., 3.
Syn. P Ample; plentiful; copious; plenteous; exuberant;
overflowing; rich; teeming; profuse; bountiful; liberal. See
AObun6dantOly, adv. In a sufficient degree; fully; amply;
plentifully; in large measure.
AOburst6 (#), adv. [Pref. aP + burst.] In a bursting
AObus6aOble (#), a. That may be abused.
AObus6age (#), n. Abuse. [Obs.]
Whately (1634).
AObuse6 (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Abused (#); p. pr. & vb. n.
Abusing.] [F. abuser; L. abusus, p. p. of abuti to abuse,
misuse; ab + uti to use. See Use.] 1. To put to a wrong use;
to misapply; to misuse; to put to a bad use; to use for a
wrong purpose or end; to pervert; as, to abuse inherited
gold; to make an excessive use of; as, to abuse one's
This principle (if one may so abuse the word) shoots rapidly
into popularity.
2. To use ill; to maltreat; to act injuriously to; to punish
or to tax excessively; to hurt; as, to abuse prisoners, to
abuse one's powers, one's patience.
3. To revile; to reproach coarsely; to disparage.
The... tellers of news abused the general.
4. To dishonor. =Shall flight abuse your name?8
5. To violate; to ravish.
6. To deceive; to impose on. [Obs.]
Their eyes red and staring, cozened with a moist cloud, and
abused by a double object.
Jer. Taylor.
Syn. P To maltreat; injure; revile; reproach; vilify;
vituperate; asperse; traduce; malign.
AObuse6 (#), n. [F. abus, L. abusus, fr. abuti. See Abuse,
v. t.] 1. Improper treatment or use; application to a wrong
or bad purpose; misuse; as, an abuse of our natural powers;
an abuse of civil rights, or of privileges or advantages; an
abuse of language.
Liberty may be endangered by the abuses of liberty, as well
as by the abuses of power.
2. Physical ill treatment; injury. =Rejoice... at the abuse
of Falstaff.8
3. A corrupt practice or custom; offense; crime; fault; as,
the abuses in the civil service.
Abuse after disappeared without a struggle..
4. Vituperative words; coarse, insulting speech; abusive
language; virulent condemnation; reviling.
The two parties, after exchanging a good deal of abuse, came
to blows.
5. Violation; rape; as, abuse of a female child. [Obs.]
Or is it some abuse, and no such thing?
Abuse of distress (Law), a wrongful using of an animal or
chattel distrained, by the distrainer.
Syn. P Invective; contumely; reproach; scurrility; insult;
opprobrium. P Abuse, Invective. Abuse is generally prompted
by anger, and vented in harsh and unseemly words. It is more
personal and coarse than invective. Abuse generally takes
place in private quarrels; invective in writing or public
discussions. Invective may be conveyed in refined language
and dictated by indignation against what is blameworthy.
C. J. Smith.
AObuse6ful (#), a. Full of abuse; abusive. [R.] =Abuseful
Bp. Barlow.
AObus6er (#), n. One who abuses [ in the various senses of
the verb].
AObu6sion (#), n. [OE. abusion, abusioun, OF. abusion, fr.
L. abusio misuse of words, f. abuti. See Abuse, v. t.] Evil
or corrupt usage; abuse; wrong; reproach; deception; cheat.
AObu6sive (#), a. [Cf. F. abusif, fr. L. abusivus.] 1.
Wrongly used; perverted; misapplied.
I am... necessitated to use the word Parliament improperly,
according to the abusive acceptation thereof.
2. Given to misusing; also, full of abuses. [Archaic] =The
abusive prerogatives of his see.8
3. Practicing abuse; prone to ill treat by coarse, insulting
words or by other ill usage; as, an abusive author; an
abusive fellow.
4. Containing abuse, or serving as the instrument of abuse;
vituperative; reproachful; scurrilous. =An abusive lampoon.8
5. Tending to deceive; fraudulent; cheating. [Obs.] =An
abusive treaty.8
Syn. P Reproachful; scurrilous; opprobrious; insolent;
insulting; injurious; offensive; reviling.
AObu6siveOly, adv. In an abusive manner; rudely; with
abusive language.
AObu6siveOness, n. The quality of being abusive; rudeness of
language, or violence to the person.
Pick out mirth, like stones out of thy ground,
Profaneness, filthiness, abusiveness.
AObut6 (#), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Abutted; p. pr. & vb. n.
Abutting.] [OF. abouter, aboter; cf. F. aboutir, and also
abuter; a (L. ad) + OF. boter, buter, to push: cf. F. bout
end, and but end, purpose.] To project; to terminate or
border; to be contiguous; to meet; P with on, upon, or
against; as, his land abuts on the road.
AObu6tiOlon (#), n. [Ar. aub?tFl?n.] (Bot.) A genus of
malvaceous plants of many species, found in the torrid and
temperate zones of both continents; P called also Indian
AObut6ment (#), n. 1. State of abutting.
2. That on or against which a body abuts or presses; as (a)
(Arch.) The solid part of a pier or wall, etc., which
receives the thrust or lateral pressure of an arch, vault,
or strut. Gwilt. (b) (mech.) A fixed point or surface from
which resistance or reaction is obtained, as the cylinder
head of a steam engine, the fulcrum of a lever, etc. (c) In
breechPloading firearms, the block behind the barrel which
receives the pressure due to recoil.
AObut6tal (#), n. The butting or boundary of land,
particularly at the end; a headland.
AObut6ter (#), n. One who, or that which, abuts.
Specifically, the owner of a contiguous estate; as, the
abutters on a street or a river.
AObuzz6 (#), a. [Pref. aO + buzz.] In a buzz; buzzing.
AOby6, AObye6 } (#), v. t. & i. [imp. & p. p. Abought (#).]
[AS. >bycgan to pay for; pref. >O (cf. Goth. usO, Ger. erO,
orig. meaning out) + bycgan to buy. See Buy, and cf. Abide.]
1. To pay for; to suffer for; to atone for; to make amends
for; to give satisfaction. [Obs.]
Lest to thy peril thou aby it dear.
2. To endure; to abide. [Obs.]
But nought that wanteth rest can long aby.
AObysm6 (#), n. [OF. abisme; F. abime, LL. abyssimus, a
superl. of L. abyssus; Gr. ?. See Abyss.] An abyss; a gulf.
=The abysm of hell.8
AObys6mal (#), a. Pertaining to, or resembling, an abyss;
bottomless; unending; profound.
Geology gives one the same abysmal extent of time that
astronomy does of space.
AObys6malOly, adv. To a fathomless depth; profoundly.
=Abysmally ignorant.8
G. Eliot.
AObyss6 (#), n. [L. abyssus a bottomless gulf, fr. Gr. ?
bottomless; ? priv. + ? depth, bottom.] 1. A bottomless or
unfathomed depth, gulf, or chasm; hence, any deep,
immeasurable, and, specifically, hell, or the bottomless
Ye powers and spirits of this nethermost abyss.
The throne is darkness, in the abyss of light.
2. Infinite time; a vast intellectual or moral depth.
The abysses of metaphysical theology.
In unfathomable abysses of disgrace.
3. (Her.) The center of an escutcheon.
5 This word, in its leading uses, is associated with the
cosmological notions of the Hebrews, having reference to a
supposed illimitable mass of waters from which our earth
sprung, and beneath whose profound depths the wicked were
Encyc. Brit.
AObyss6al (#), a. [Cf. Abysmal.] Belonging to, or
resembling, an abyss; unfathomable.
Abyssal zone (Phys. Geog.), one of the belts or zones into
which Sir E. Forbes divides the bottom of the sea in
describing its plants, animals, etc. It is the one furthest
from the shore, embracing all beyond one hundred fathoms
deep. Hence, abyssal animals, plants, etc.
Ab7ysOsin6iOan (#), a. Of or pertaining to Abyssinia.
Abyssinian gold, an alloy of 90.74 parts of copper and 8.33
parts of zink.
Ab7ysOsin6iOan, n. 1. A native of Abyssinia.
2. A member of the Abyssinian Church.
AOca6ciOa (#), n. (Antiq.) A roll or bag, filled with dust,
borne by Byzantine emperors, as a memento of mortality. It
is represented on medals.
AOca6cia (#), n.; pl. E. Acacias (#), L. Acaci (#). [L.
from Gr. ?; orig. the name of a thorny tree found in Egypt;
prob. fr. the root ak to be sharp. See Acute.] 1. A genus of
leguminous trees and shrubs. Nearly 300 species are
Australian or Polynesian, and have terete or vertically
compressed leaf stalks, instead of the bipinnate leaves of
the much fewer species of America, Africa, etc. Very few are
found in temperate climates.
2. (Med.) The inspissated juice of several species of
acacia; P called also gum acacia, and gum arabic.
Ac6aOcin, Ac6aOcine (#), n. Gum arabic.
Ac7aOdeme6 (#), n. [L. academia. See Academy.] An academy.
Ac7aOde6miOal (#), a. Academic. [R.]
Ac7aOde6miOan (#), n. A member of an academy, university, or
{ Ac7aOdem6ic (#), Ac7aOdem6icOal (#), } a. [L. academicus:
cf. F. acadmigue. See Academy.] 1. Belonging to the school
or philosophy of Plato; as, the Academic sect or philosophy.
2. Belonging to an academy or other higher institution of
learning; scholarly; literary or classical, in distinction
from scientific. =Academic courses.8 Warburton. =Academical
study.8 Berkeley.
Ac7aOdem6ic, n. 1. One holding the philosophy of Socrates
and Plato; a Platonist.
2. A member of an academy, college, or university; an
Ac7aOdem7icOalOly, adv. In an academical manner.
Ac7aOdem6icOals (#), n. pl. The articles of dress prescribed
and worn at some colleges and universities.
Ac7aOdeOmi6cian (#; 277), n. [F. acadmicien. See Academy.]
1. A member of an academy, or society for promoting science,
art, or literature, as of the French Academy, or the Royal
Academy of arts.
2. A collegian. [R.]
Ac7aOdem6iOcism (#), n. 1. A tenet of the Academic
2. A mannerism or mode peculiar to an academy.
AOcad6eOmism (#), n. The doctrines of the Academic
philosophy. [Obs.]
AOcad6eOmist (#), n. [F. academiste.] 1. An Academic
2. An academician. [Obs. or R.]
AOcad6eOmy (#), n.; pl. Academies (#). [F. acadmie, L.
academia. Cf. Academe.] 1. A garden or grove near Athens (so
named from the hero Academus), where Plato and his followers
held their philosophical conferences; hence, the school of
philosophy of which Plato was head.
2. An institution for the study of higher learning; a
college or a university. Popularly, a school, or seminary of
learning, holding a rank between a college and a common
3. A place of training; a school. =Academies of fanaticism.8
4. A society of learned men united for the advancement of
the arts and sciences, and literature, or some particular
art or science; as, the French Academy; the American Academy
of Arts and Sciences; academies of literature and philology.
5. A school or place of training in which some special art
is taught; as, the military academy at West Point; a riding
academy; the Academy of Music.
Academy figure (Paint.), a drawing usually half lifePsize,
in crayon or pencil, after a nude model.
AOca6diOan (#), a. Of or pertaining to Acadie, or Nova
Scotia. =Acadian farmers.8 Longfellow. P n. A native of
Acadian epoch (Geol.), an epoch at the beginning of the
American paleozoic time, and including the oldest American
rocks known to be fossiliferous. See Geology. P Acadian owl
(Zol.), a small North American owl (Nyctule Acadica); the
X Ac6aOjou (#), n. [F. See Cashew.] (Bot.) (a) The cashew
tree; also, its fruit. See Cashew. P (b) The mahogany tree;
also, its timber.
Ac6aOleph (#), Ac7aOle6phan (#) } n.; pl. Acalephs (#),
Acalephans (#). [See Acaleph.] (Zol.) One of the Acaleph.
X Ac7aOle6ph (#), n. pl. [NL., from Gr. ?, a nettle.] A
group of Coelenterata, including the Medus or jellyfishes,
and hydroids; P so called from the stinging power they
possess. Sometimes called sea nettles.
Ac7ale6phoid (#), a. [Acaleph + Ooid.] (Zol.) Belonging to
or resembling the Acaleph or jellyfishes.
AOcal6yOcine (#), Ac7aOlys7iOnous (#), a. [Gr. ? priv. + ?
calyx.] (Bot.) Without a calyx, or outer floral envelope.
AOcanth6 (#), n. Same as Acanthus.
X AOcan6tha (#), n. [Gr. ? thorn, fr. ? point. See Acute.]
1. (Bot.) A prickle.
2. (Zol.) A spine or prickly fin.
3. (Anat.) The vertebral column; the spinous process of a
Ac6anOtha6ceous (#), a. 1. Armed with prickles, as a plant.
2. (Bot.) Of, pertaining to, or resembling, the family of
plants of which the acanthus is the type.

p. 10

AOcan6thine (#), a. [L. acanthinus, Gr. ?, thorny, fr. ?.
See Acanthus.] Of, pertaining to, or resembling, the plant
AOcan7thoOcar6pous (#), a. [Gr. ? thorn + ? fruit.] (Bot.)
Having the fruit covered with spines.
X AOcan7thoOceph6aOla (#), n. pl. [NL., from Gr. ? a spine,
thorn + ? head.] (Zol.) A group of intestinal worms, having
the proboscis armed with recurved spines.
AOcan7thoOceph6aOlous (#), a. (Zol.) Having a spiny head,
as one of the Acanthocephala.
Ac7anOthoph6oOrous (#), a. [Gr. ?, fr. ? spine + ? to bear.]
AOcan7thoOpo6diOous (#), a. [Gr. ? thorn + ?, ?, foot.]
(Bot.) Having spinous petioles.
X Ac7anOthop6terOi (#), n. pl. [NL., from Gr. ? thorn + ?
wing, fin.] (Zol.) A group of teleostean fishes having
spiny fins. See Acanthopterygh.
Ac7anOthop6terOous (#), a. [Gr. ? spine + ? wing.] 1.
(Zol.) SpinyPwinged.
2. (Zol.) Acanthopterygious.
Ac7anOthop7terOyg6iOan (#), a. (Zol.) Belonging to the
order of fishes having spinose fins, as the perch. P n. A
spinyPfinned fish.
X Ac7anOthop7terOyg6iOi (#), n. pl. [NL., from Gr. ? thorn +
? fin, dim. fr. ? wing.] (Zol.) An order of fishes having
some of the rays of the dorsal, ventral, and anal fins
unarticulated and spinelike, as the perch.
Ac7anOthop7terOyg6iOous (#), a. (Zol.) Having fins in which
the rays are hard and spinelike; spinyPfinned.
AOcan6thus (#), n.; pl. E. Acanthuses (#), L. Acanthi (#).
[L., from Gr. ?. Cf. Acantha.]
1. (Bot.) A genus of herbaceous prickly plants, found in the
south of Europe, Asia Minor, and India; bear'sPbreech.
2. (Arch.) An ornament resembling the foliage or leaves of
the acanthus (Acanthus spinosus); P used in the capitals of
the Corinthian and Composite orders.
X A capOpel6la (#). [It. See Chapel.] (Mus.) (a) In church
or chapel style; P said of compositions sung in the old
church style, without instrumental accompaniment; as, a mass
a capella, i. e., a mass purely vocal. (b) A time
indication, equivalent to alla breve.
AOcap6suOlar (#), a. [Pref. aP not + capsular.] (Bot.)
Having no capsule.
AOcar6diOac (#), a. [Gr. ?; ? priv. + ? heart.] Without a
heart; as, an acardiac fetus.
AOcar6iOdan (#), n. [See Acarus.] (Zol.) One of a group of
arachnids, including the mites and ticks.
X Ac7aOri6na (#), n. pl. [NL., from Gr. ? a mite.] (Zol.)
The group of Arachnida which includes the mites and ticks.
Many species are parasitic, and cause diseases like the itch
and mange.
Ac6aOrine (#), a. (Med.) Of or caused by acari or mites; as,
acarine diseases.
Ac6aOroid (#), a. [NL., acarus a mite + Poid.] (Zol.)
Shaped like or resembling a mite.
Ac7arOpel6lous (#), a. [Pref. aP not + carpel.] (Bot.)
Having no carpels.
AOcar6pous (#), a. [Gr. ?; ? priv. + ? fruit.] (Bot.) Not
producing fruit; unfruitful.
X Ac6aOrus (#), n.; pl. Acari (#). [NL., from Gr. ? the
cheese mite, tick.] (Zol.) A genus including many species
of small mites.
AOcat7aOlec6tic (#), a. [L. acatalecticus, Gr. ?, not
defective at the end; ? priv. + ? to cease.] (Pros.) Not
defective; complete; as, an acatalectic verse. P n. A verse
which has the complete number of feet and syllables.
AOcat6aOlep7sy (#), n. [Gr. ?; ? priv. + ? to seize,
comprehend.] Incomprehensibility of things; the doctrine
held by the ancient Skeptic philosophers, that human
knowledge never amounts to certainty, but only to
AOcat7aOlep6tic (#), a. [Gr. ?.] Incapable of being
comprehended; incomprehensible.
AOca6ter (#), n. See Caterer. [Obs.]
AOcates6 (#), n. pl. See Cates. [Obs.]
AOcau6date (#), a. [Pref. aP not + eaudate.] Tailless.
Ac7auOles6cent (#), a. [Pref. aP not + caulescent.] (Bot.)
Having no stem or caulis, or only a very short one concealed
in the ground.
AOcau6line (#), a. [Pref. aP not + cauline.] (Bot.) Same as
AOcau6lose (#), AOcau6lous (#),} a. [Gr. ?; ? priv. + ?
stalk or L. caulis stalk. See Cole.] (Bot.) Same as
AcOca6diOan (#), a. [From the city Accad. See Gen. x. 10.]
Pertaining to a race supposed to have lived in Babylonia
before the Assyrian conquest. P AcOca6diOan, n., Ac6cad (#),
AcOcede6 (#), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Acceded; p. pr. & vb. n.
Acceding.] [L. accedere to approach, accede; ad + cedere to
move, yield: cf. F. accdere. See Cede.]
1. To approach; to come forward; P opposed to recede. [Obs.
or R.]
T. Gale.
2. To enter upon an office or dignity; to attain.
Edward IV., who had acceded to the throne in the year 1461.
T. Warton.
If Frederick had acceded to the supreme power.
3. To become a party by associating one's self with others;
to give one's adhesion. Hence, to agree or assent to a
proposal or a view; as, he acceded to my request.
The treaty of Hanover in 1725 . . . to which the Dutch
afterwards acceded.
Syn. P To agree; assent; consent; comply; acquiesce; concur.
AcOced6ence (#), n. The act of acceding.
AcOced6er (#), n. One who accedes.
X AcOcel7erOan6do (#), a. [It.] (Mus.) Gradually
accelerating the movement.
AcOcel6erOate (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Accelerated (#); p.
pr. & vb. n. Accelerating.] [L. acceleratus, p. p. of
accelerare; ad + celerare to hasten; celer quick. See
Celerity.] 1. To cause to move faster; to quicken the motion
of; to add to the speed of; P opposed to retard.
2. To quicken the natural or ordinary progression or process
of; as, to accelerate the growth of a plant, the increase of
wealth, etc.
3. To hasten, as the occurence of an event; as, to
accelerate our departure.
Accelerated motion (Mech.), motion with a continually
increasing velocity. P Accelerating force, the force which
causes accelerated motion.
Syn. P To hasten; expedite; quicken; dispatch; forward;
advance; further.
AcOcel7erOa6tion (#), n. [L. acceleratio: cf. F.
acclration.] The act of accelerating, or the state of
being accelerated; increase of motion or action; as, a
falling body moves toward the earth with an acceleration of
velocity; P opposed to retardation.
A period of social improvement, or of intellectual
advancement, contains within itself a principle of
I. Taylor.
(Astr. & Physics.) Acceleration of the moon, the increase of
the moon's mean motion in its orbit, in consequence of which
its period of revolution is now shorter than in ancient
times. P Acceleration and retardation of the tides. See
Priming of the tides, under Priming. P Diurnal acceleration
of the fixed stars, the amount by which their apparent
diurnal motion exceeds that of the sun, in consequence of
which they daily come to the meridian of any place about
three minutes fiftyPsix seconds of solar time earlier than
on the day preceding. P Acceleration of the planets, the
increasing velocity of their motion, in proceeding from the
apogee to the perigee of their orbits.
AcOcel6erOaOtive (#), a. Relating to acceleration; adding to
velocity; quickening.
AcOcel6erOa7tor (#), n. One who, or that which, accelerates.
Also as an adj.; as, accelerator nerves.
AcOcel6erOaOtoOry (#), a. Accelerative.
AcOcel6erOoOgraph (#), n. [Accelerate + Pgraph.] (Mil.) An
apparatus for studying the combustion of powder in guns,
AcOcel7erOom6eOter (#), n. [Accelerate + Pmeter.] An
apparatus for measuring the velocity imparted by gunpowder.
AcOcend6 (#), v. t. [L. accendere, accensum, to kindle; ad +
cand?re to kindle (only in compounds); rel. to cand re to be
white, to gleam. See Candle.] To set on fire; to kindle.
AcOcend7iObil6iOty (#), n. Capacity of being kindled, or of
becoming inflamed; inflammability.
AcOcend6iOble (#), a. Capable of being inflamed or kindled;
combustible; inflammable.
AcOcen6sion (#), n. The act of kindling or the state of
being kindled; ignition.
AcOcen6sor (#), n. [LL., from p. p. accensus. See Accend.]
(R. C. Ch.) One of the functionaries who light and trim the
Ac6cent7 (#), n. [F. accent, L. accentus; ad + cantus a
singing, canere to sing. See Cant.] 1. A superior force of
voice or of articulative effort upon some particular
syllable of a word or a phrase, distinguishing it from the
5 Many English words have two accents, the primary and the
secondary; the primary being uttered with a greater stress
of voice than the secondary; as in as7pira6tion, where the
chief stress is on the third syllable, and a slighter stress
on the first. Some words, as an7tiap7oOplec6tic,
inOcom7preOhen7siObil6iOty, have two secondary accents. See
Guide to Pron., ?? 30P46.
2. A mark or character used in writing, and serving to
regulate the pronunciation; esp.: (a) a mark to indicate the
nature and place of the spoken accent; (b) a mark to
indicate the quality of sound of the vowel marked; as, the
French accents.
5 In the ancient Greek the acute accent (7) meant a raised
tone or pitch, the grave (?), the level tone or simply the
negation of accent, the circumflex ( ? or ?) a tone raised
and then depressed. In works on elocution, the first is
often used to denote the rising inflection of the voice; the
second, the falling inflection; and the third (^), the
compound or waving inflection. In dictionaries, spelling
books, and the like, the acute accent is used to designate
the syllable which receives the chief stress of voice.
3. Modulation of the voice in speaking; manner of speaking
or pronouncing; peculiar or characteristic modification of
the voice; tone; as, a foreign accent; a French or a German
accent. =Beguiled you in a plain accent.8 Shak. =A perfect
accent.8 Thackeray.
The tender accent of a woman's cry.
4. A word; a significant tone; (pl.) expressions in general;
Winds! on your wings to Heaven her accents bear,
Such words as Heaven alone is fit to hear.
5. (Pros.) Stress laid on certain syllables of a verse.
6. (Mus.) (a) A regularly recurring stress upon the tone to
mark the beginning, and, more feebly, the third part of the
measure. (b) A special emphasis of a tone, even in the
weaker part of the measure. (c) The rythmical accent, which
marks phrases and sections of a period. (d) The expressive
emphasis and shading of a passage.
J. S. Dwight.
7. (Math.) (a) A mark placed at the right hand of a letter,
and a little above it, to distinguish magnitudes of a
similar kind expressed by the same letter, but differing in
value, as y7,y77. (b) (Trigon.) A mark at the right hand of
a number, indicating minutes of a degree, seconds, etc.; as,
1272777, i. e., twelve minutes twenty seven seconds. (c)
(Engin.) A mark used to denote feet and inches; as, 671077
is six feet ten inches.
AcOcent6 (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Accented; p. pr. & vb. n.
Accenting.] [OF. accenter, F. accentuer.]
1. To express the accent of (either by the voice or by a
mark); to utter or to mark with accent.
2. To mark emphatically; to emphasize.
Ac6cent7less (#), a. Without accent.
AcOcen6tor (#), n. [L. ad. + cantor singer, canere to sing.]
1. (Mus.) One who sings the leading part; the director or
leader. [Obs.]
2. (Zol.) A genus of European birds (so named from their
sweet notes), including the hedge warbler. In America
sometimes applied to the water thrushes.
AcOcen6tuOaOble (#), a. Capable of being accented.
AcOcen6tuOal (#), a. Of or pertaining to accent;
characterized or formed by accent.
AcOcen7tuOal6iOty (#), n. The quality of being accentual.
AcOcen6tuOalOly (#), adv. In an accentual manner; in
accordance with accent.
AcOcen6tuOate (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Accentuated (#); p.
pr. & vb. n. Accentuating.] [LL. accentuatus, p. p. of
accentuare, fr. L. accentus: cf. F. accentuer.] 1. To
pronounce with an accent or with accents.
2. To bring out distinctly; to make prominent; to emphasize.
In Bosnia, the struggle between East and West was even more
London Times.
3. To mark with the written accent.
AcOcen7tuOa6tion (#), n. [LL. accentuatio: cf. F.
accentuation.] Act of accentuating; applications of accent.
Specifically (Eccles. Mus.), pitch or modulation of the
voice in reciting portions of the liturgy.
AcOcept6 (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Accepted; p. pr. & vb. n.
Accepting.] [F. accepter, L. acceptare, freq. of accipere;
ad + capere to take; akin to E. heave.]
1. To receive with a consenting mind (something offered);
as, to accept a gift; P often followed by of.
If you accept them, then their worth is great.
To accept of ransom for my son.
She accepted of a treat.
2. To receive with favor; to approve.
The Lord accept thy burnt sacrifice.
Ps. xx. 3.
Peradventure he will accept of me.
Gen. xxxii. 20.
3. To receive or admit and agree to; to assent to; as, I
accept your proposal, amendment, or excuse.
4. To take by the mind; to understand; as, How are these
words to be accepted?
5. (Com.) To receive as obligatory and promise to pay; as,
to accept a bill of exchange.
6. In a deliberate body, to receive in acquittance of a duty
imposed; as, to accept the report of a committee. [This
makes it the property of the body, and the question is then
on its adoption.]
To accept a bill (Law), to agree (on the part of the drawee)
to pay it when due. P To accept service (Law), to agree that
a writ or process shall be considered as regularly served,
when it has not been. P To accept the person (Eccl.), to
show favoritism. =God accepteth no man's person.8
Syn. P To receive; take; admit. See Receive.
AcOcept6, a. Accepted. [Obs.]
AcOcept7aObil6iOty (#), n. [LL. acceptabilitas.] The quality
of being acceptable; acceptableness. =Acceptability of
Jer. Taylor.
AcOcept6aOble (#), a. [F. acceptable, L. acceptabilis, fr.
acceptare.] Capable, worthy, or sure of being accepted or
received with pleasure; pleasing to a receiver; gratifying;
agreeable; welcome; as, an acceptable present, one
acceptable to us.
AcOcept6aObleOness (#), n. The quality of being acceptable,
or suitable to be favorably received; acceptability.
AcOcept6aObly, adv. In an acceptable manner; in a manner to
please or give satisfaction.
AcOcept6ance (#), n. 1. The act of accepting; a receiving
what is offered, with approbation, satisfaction, or
acquiescence; esp., favorable reception; approval; as, the
acceptance of a gift, office, doctrine, etc.
They shall come up with acceptance on mine altar.
Isa. lx. i.
2. State of being accepted; acceptableness. =Makes it
assured of acceptance.8
3. (Com.) (a) An assent and engagement by the person on whom
a bill of exchange is drawn, to pay it when due according to
the terms of the acceptance. (b) The bill itself when
4. An agreeing to terms or proposals by which a bargain is
concluded and the parties are bound; the reception or taking
of a thing bought as that for which it was bought, or as
that agreed to be delivered, or the taking possession as
5. (Law) An agreeing to the action of another, by some act
which binds the person in law.
5 What acts shall amount to such an acceptance is often a
question of great nicety and difficulty.
Mozley & W.

p. 11

5 In modern law, proposal and acceptance are the constituent
elements into which all contracts are resolved.
Acceptance of a bill of exchange, check, draft, or order, is
an engagement to pay it according, to the terms. This
engagement is usually made by writing the word =accepted8
across the face of the bill. Acceptance of goods, under the
statute of frauds, is an intelligent acceptance by a party
knowing the nature of the transaction.
6. Meaning; acceptation. [Obs.]
Acceptance of persons, partiality, favoritism. See under
AcOcept6anOcy (#), n. Acceptance. [R.]
Here's a proof of gift,
But here's no proof, sir, of acceptancy.
Mrs. Browning.
AcOcept6ant (#), a. Accepting; receiving.
AcOcept6ant, n. An accepter.
Ac7cepOta6tion (#), n. 1. Acceptance; reception; favorable
reception or regard; state of being acceptable. [Obs. or
This is saying worthy of all acceptation.
1 Tim. i. 15.
Some things... are notwithstanding of so great dignity and
acceptation with God.
2. The meaning in which a word or expression is understood,
or generally received; as, term is to be used according to
its usual acceptation.
My words, in common acceptation,
Could never give this provocation.
AcOcept6edOly (#), adv. In a accepted manner; admittedly.
AcOcept6er (#), n. 1. A person who accepts; a taker.
2. A respecter; a viewer with partiality. [Obs.]
God is no accepter of persons.
3. (Law) An acceptor.
AcOcep7tiOla6tion (#), n. [L. acceptilatio entry of a debt
collected, acquittance, fr. p. p. of accipere (cf. Accept) +
latio a carrying, fr. latus, p. p. of ferre to carry: cf. F.
acceptilation.] (Civil Law) Gratuitous discharge; a release
from debt or obligation without payment; free remission.
AcOcep6tion (#), n. [L. acceptio a receiving, accepting: cf.
F. acception.] Acceptation; the received meaning. [Obs.]
Here the word =baron8 is not to be taken in that restrictive
sense to which the modern acception hath confined it.
Acceptation of persons or faces (Eccl.), favoritism;
partiality. [Obs.]
AcOcept6ive (#), a. 1. Fit for acceptance.
2. Ready to accept. [Obs.]
B. Jonson.
AcOcept6or (#; 277), n. [L.] One who accepts; specifically
(Law & Com.), one who accepts an order or a bill of
exchange; a drawee after he has accepted.
AcOcess6 (#; 277), n. [F. acc
s, L. accessus, fr. accedere.
See Accede.] 1. A coming to, or near approach; admittance;
admission; accessibility; as, to gain access to a prince.
I did repel his letters, and denied
His access to me.
2. The means, place, or way by which a thing may be
approached; passage way; as, the access is by a neck of
land. =All access was thronged.8
3. Admission to sexual intercourse.
During coverture, access of the husband shall be presumed,
unless the contrary be shown.
4. Increase by something added; addition; as, an access of
territory. [In this sense accession is more generally used.]
I, from the influence of thy looks, receive
Access in every virtue.
5. An onset, attack, or fit of disease.
The first access looked like an apoplexy.
6. A paroxysm; a fit of passion; an outburst; as, an access
of fury. [A Gallicism]
AcOces6saOriOly (#), adv. In the manner of an accessary.
AcOces6saOriOness, n. The state of being accessary.
AcOces6saOry (#; 277), a. Accompanying, as a subordinate;
additional; accessory; esp., uniting in, or contributing to,
a crime, but not as chief actor. See Accessory.
To both their deaths thou shalt be accessary.
Amongst many secondary and accessary causes that support
monarchy, these are not of least reckoning.
AcOces6saOry (277), n.; pl. Accessaries (#). [Cf. Accessory
and LL. accessarius.] (Law) One who, not being present,
contributes as an assistant or instigator to the commission
of an offense.
Accessary before the fact (Law), one who commands or
counsels an offense, not being present at its commission. P
Accessary after the fact, one who, after an offense, assists
or shelters the offender, not being present at the
commission of the offense.
5 This word, as used in law, is spelt accessory by
Blackstone and many others; but in this sense is spelt
accessary by Bouvier, Burrill, Burns, Whishaw, Dane, and the
Penny Cyclopedia; while in other senses it is spelt
accessory. In recent textPbooks on criminal law the
distinction is not preserved, the spelling being either
accessary or accessory.
AcOcess7iObil6iOty (#), n. [L. accessibilitas: cf. F.
accessibilit.] The quality of being accessible, or of
admitting approach; receptibility.
AcOcess6iOble (#), a. [L. accessibilis, fr. accedere: cf. F.
accessible. See Accede.] 1. Easy of access or approach;
approachable; as, an accessible town or mountain, an
accessible person.
2. Open to the influence of; P with to. =Minds accessible to
3. Obtainable; to be got at.
The best information... at present accessible.
AcOcess6iObly (#), adv. In an accessible manner.
AsOces6sion (#), n. [L. accessio, fr. accedere: cf. F.
accession. See Accede.] 1. A coming to; the act of acceding
and becoming joined; as, a king's accession to a
2. Increase by something added; that which is added;
augmentation from without; as, an accession of wealth or
The only accession which the Roman empire received was the
province of Britain.
3. (Law) (a) A mode of acquiring property, by which the
owner of a corporeal substance which receives an addition
by growth, or by labor, has a right to the part or thing
added, or the improvement (provided the thing is not changed
into a different species). Thus, the owner of a cow becomes
the owner of her calf. (b) The act by which one power
becomes party to engagements already in force between other
4. The act of coming to or reaching a throne, an office, or
dignity; as, the accession of the house of Stuart; P applied
especially to the epoch of a new dynasty.
5. (Med.) The invasion, approach, or commencement of a
disease; a fit or paroxysm.
Syn. P Increase; addition; augmentation; enlargement.
AcOces6sionOal (#), a. Pertaining to accession; additional.
Sir T. Browne.
AcOces6sive (#), a. Additional.
Ac7cesOso6riOal (#), a. Of or pertaining to an accessory;
as, accessorial agency, accessorial guilt.
AcOces6soOriOly (#), adv. In the manner of an accessory;
AcOces6soOriOness, n. The state of being accessory, or
connected subordinately.
AcOces6soOry (#; 277), a. [L. accessorius. See Access, and
cf. Accessary.] Accompanying as a subordinate; aiding in a
secondary way; additional; connected as an incident or
subordinate to a principal; contributing or contributory;
said of persons and things, and, when of persons, usually in
a bad sense; as, he was accessory to the riot; accessory
sounds in music.
5 Ash accents the antepenult; and this is not only more
regular, but preferable, on account of easiness of
pronunciation. Most orho pists place the accent on the first
Syn. P Accompanying; contributory; auxiliary; subsidiary;
subservient; additional; acceding.
AcOces6soOry, n.; pl. Accessories (#). 1. That which belongs
to something else deemed the principal; something additional
and subordinate. =The aspect and accessories of a den of
2. (Law) Same as Accessary, n.
3. (Fine Arts) Anything that enters into a work of art
without being indispensably necessary, as mere ornamental
Syn. P Abettor; accomplice; ally; coadjutor. See Abettor.
X AcOciac7caOtu6ra (#), n. [It., from acciaccare to crush.]
(Mus.) A short grace note, one semitone below the note to
which it is prefixed; P used especially in organ music. Now
used as equivalent to the short appoggiatura.
Ac6ciOdence (#), n. [A corruption of Eng. accidents, pl. of
accident. See Accident, 2.] 1. The accidents, of inflections
of words; the rudiments of grammar.
2. The rudiments of any subject.
Ac6ciOdent (#), n. [F. accident, fr. L. accidens, Odentis,
p. pr. of accidere to happen; ad + cadere to fall. See
Cadence, Case.] 1. Literally, a befalling; an event that
takes place without one's foresight or expectation; an
undesigned, sudden, and unexpected event; chance;
contingency; often, an undesigned and unforeseen occurrence
of an afflictive or unfortunate character; a casualty; a
mishap; as, to die by an accident.
Of moving accidents by flood and field.
Thou cam'st not to thy place by accident:
It is the very place God meant for thee.
2. (Gram.) A property attached to a word, but not essential
to it, as gender, number, case.
3. (Her.) A point or mark which may be retained or omitted
in a coat of arms.
4. (Log.) (a) A property or quality of a thing which is not
essential to it, as whiteness in paper; an attribute. (b) A
quality or attribute in distinction from the substance, as
sweetness, softness.
5. Any accidental property, fact, or relation; an accidental
or nonessential; as, beauty is an accident.
This accident, as I call it, of Athens being situated some
miles from the sea.
J. P. Mahaffy.
6. Unusual appearance or effect. [Obs.]
5 Accident, in Law, is equivalent to casus, or such
unforeseen, extraordinary, extraneous interference as is out
of the range of ordinary calculation.
Ac7ciOden6tal (#), a. [Cf. F. accidentel, earlier
accidental.] 1. Happening by chance, or unexpectedly; taking
place not according to the usual course of things; casual;
fortuitous; as, an accidental visit.
2. Nonessential; not necessary belonging; incidental; as,
are accidental to a play.
Accidental chords (Mus.), those which contain one or more
tones foreign to their proper harmony. P Accidental colors
(Opt.), colors depending on the hypersensibility of the
retina of the eye for complementary colors. They are purely
subjective sensations of color which often result from the
contemplation of actually colored bodies. P Accidental point
(Persp.), the point in which a right line, drawn from the
eye, parallel to a given right line, cuts the perspective
plane; so called to distinguish it from the principal point,
or point of view, where a line drawn from the eye
perpendicular to the perspective plane meets this plane. P
Accidental lights (Paint.), secondary lights; effects of
light other than ordinary daylight, such as the rays of the
sun darting through a cloud, or between the leaves of trees;
the effect of moonlight, candlelight, or burning bodies.
Syn. O Casual; fortuitous; contingent; occasional;
adventitious. P Accidental, Incidental, Casual, Fortuitous,
Contingent. We speak of a thing as accidental when it falls
out as by chance, and not in the regular course of things;
as, an accidental meeting, an accidental advantage, etc. We
call a thing incidental when it falls, as it were, into some
regular course of things, but is secondary, and forms no
essential part thereof; as, an incremental remark, an
incidental evil, an incidental benefit. We speak of a thing
as casual, when it falls out or happens, as it were, by mere
chance, without being prearranged or premeditated; as, a
casual remark or encounter; a casual observer. An idea of
the unimportant is attached to what is casual. Fortuitous is
applied to what occurs without any known cause, and in
opposition to what has been foreseen; as, a fortuitous
concourse of atoms. We call a thing contingent when it is
such that, considered in itself, it may or may not happen,
but is dependent for its existence on something else; as,
the time of my coming will be contingent on intelligence yet
to be received.
Ac7ciOden6tal (#), n. 1. A property which is not essential;
a nonessential; anything happening accidentally.
He conceived it just that accidentals... should sink with
the substance of the accusation.
2. pl. (Paint.) Those fortuitous effects produced by
luminous rays falling on certain objects so that some parts
stand forth in abnormal brightness and other parts are cast
into a deep shadow.
3. (Mus.) A sharp, flat, or natural, occurring not at the
commencement of a piece of music as the signature, but
before a particular note.
Ac7ciOden6talOism (#), n. Accidental character or effect.
Ac7ciOdenOtal6iOty (#), n. The quality of being accidental;
accidentalness. [R.]
Ac7ciOden6talOly (#), adv. In an accidental manner;
unexpectedly; by chance; unintentionally; casually;
fortuitously; not essentially.
Ac7ciOden6talOness, n. The quality of being accidental;
Ac6ciOdie (#), n. [OF. accide, accidie, LL. accidia, acedia,
fr. Gr. ?; ? priv. + ? care.] Sloth; torpor. [Obs.] =The sin
of accidie.8
Ac7ciOpen6ser (#), n. See Acipenser.
AcOcip6iOent (#), n. [L. accipiens, p. pr. of accipere. See
Accept.] A receiver. [R.]
X AcOcip6iOter (#), n.; pl. E. Accipiters (#). L. Accipitres
(#). [L., hawk.] 1. (Zol.) A genus of rapacious birds; one
of the Accipitres or Raptores.
2. (Surg.) A bandage applied over the nose, resembling the
claw of a hawk.
AcOcip6iOtral (#), n. Pertaining to, or of the nature of, a
falcon or hawk; hawklike.
X AcOcip6iOtres (#), n. pl. [L., hawks.] (Zol.) The order
that includes rapacious birds. They have a hooked bill, and
sharp, strongly curved talons. There are three families,
represented by the vultures, the falcons or hawks, and the
AcOcip6iOtrine (#; 277), a. [Cf. F. accipitrin.] (Zol.)
Like or belonging to the Accipitres; raptorial; hawklike.
X AcOcis6mus (#), n. [NL., fr. Gr. ?.] (Rhet.) Affected
refusal; coyness.
AcOcite6 (#), v. t. [L. accitus, p. p. of accire, accere, to
call for; ad + ciere to move, call. See Cite.] To cite; to
summon. [Obs.]
Our heralds now accited all that were
Endamaged by the Elians.
AcOclaim6 (#), v. t. [L. acclamare; ad + clamare to cry out.
See Claim, Clamor.] [R.] 1. To applaud. =A glad acclaming
2. To declare by acclamations.
While the shouting crowd
Acclaims thee king of traitors.
3. To shout; as, to acclaim my joy.
AcOclaim6, v. i. To shout applause.
AcOclaim6, n. Acclamation. [Poetic]
AcOclaim6er (#), n. One who acclaims.
Ac7claOma6tion (#), n. [L. acclamatio: cf. F. acclamation.]
1. A shout of approbation, favor, or assent; eager
expression of approval; loud applause.
On such a day, a holiday having been voted by acclamation,
an ordinary walk would not satisfy the children.
2. (Antiq.) A representation, in sculpture or on medals, of
people expressing joy.
Acclamation medals are those on which laudatory acclamations
are recorded.
AcOclam6aOtoOry (#), a. Pertaining to, or expressing
approval by, acclamation.
AcOcli6maOtaOble (#), a. Capable of being acclimated.
AcOcli7maOta6tion (#), n. [Cf. F. acclimation. See
Acclimate.] Acclimatization.
AcOcli6mat? (#; 277), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Acclimated (#);
p. pr. & vb. n. Acclimating.] [F. acclimater; ? (l. ad) +
climat climate. See Climate.] To habituate to a climate not
native; to acclimatize.
J. H. Newman.
AcOcli6mateOment (#), n. Acclimation. [R.]
Ac7cliOma6tion (#), n. The process of becoming, or the state
of being, acclimated, or habituated to a new climate;
AcOcli6maOti7zaOble (#), a. Capable of being acclimatized.

p. 12

AcOcli6maOtiOza6tion (#), n. The act of acclimatizing; the
process of inuring to a new climate, or the state of being
so inured.
AcOcli6maOtize (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Acclimatized (#); p.
pr. & vb. n. Acclimatizing (#).] To inure or habituate a
climate different from that which is natural; to adapt to
the peculiarities of a foreign or strange climate; said of
man, the inferior animals, or plants.
AcOcli6maOture (#; 135), n. The act of acclimating, or the
state of being acclimated. [R.]
AcOclive6 (#), a. Acclivous. [Obs.]
AcOcliff6iOtous (#), a. Acclivous.
I. Taylor.
AcOcliv6iOty, n.; pl. Acclivities (#). [L. acclivitas, fr.
acclivis, acclivus, ascending; ad + clivus a hill, slope,
fr. root kli to lean. See Lean.] A slope or inclination of
the earth, as the side of a hill, considered as ascending,
in opposition to declivity, or descending; an upward slope;
AcOcli6vous (#; 277), a. [L. acclivis and acclivus.] Sloping
upward; rising as a hillside; P opposed to declivous.
AcOcloy6 (#), v. t. [OF. encloyer, encloer, F. enclouer, to
drive in a nail, fr. L. in + clavus nail.] To fill to
satiety; to stuff full; to clog; to overload; to burden. See
Cloy. [Obs.]
AcOcoast6 (#), v. t. & i. [See Accost, Coast.] To lie or
sail along the coast or side of; to accost. [Obs.]
Whether high towering or accosting low.
AcOcoil6 (#), v. t. [OE. acoillir to receive, F. accueillir;
L. ad + colligere to collect. See Coil.] 1. To gather
together; to collect. [Obs.]
2. (Naut.) To coil together.
Ham. Nav. Encyc.
Ac7coOlade6 (#; 277), n. [F. accolade, It. accolata, fr.
accollare to embrace; L. ad + collum neck.] 1. A ceremony
formerly used in conferring knighthood, consisting am
embrace, and a slight blow on the shoulders with the flat
blade of a sword.
2. (Mus.) A brace used to join two or more staves.
AcOcomObiOna6tion (#), n. [L. ad + E. combination.] A
combining together. [R.]
AcOcom6moOdaOble (#), a. [Cf. F. accommodable.] That may be
accommodated, fitted, or made to agree. [R.]
I. Watts.
AcOcom6moOdableOness, n. The quality or condition of being
accommodable. [R.]
AcOcom6moOdate (#), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Accommodated (#); p.
pr. & vb. n. Accommodating (#).] [L. accommodatus, p. p. of
accommodare; ad + commodare to make fit, help; conO + modus
measure, proportion. See Mode.] 1. To render fit, suitable,
or correspondent; to adapt; to conform; as, to accommodate
ourselves to circumstances. =They accomodate their counsels
to his inclination.8
2. To bring into agreement or harmony; to reconcile; to
compose; to adjust; to settle; as, to accommodate
differences, a dispute, etc.
3. To furnish with something desired, needed, or convenient;
to favor; to oblige; as, to accommodate a friend with a loan
or with lodgings.
4. To show the correspondence of; to apply or make suit by
analogy; to adapt or fit, as teachings to accidental
circumstances, statements to facts, etc.; as, to accommodate
prophecy to events.
Syn. P To suit; adapt; conform; adjust; arrange.
AcOcom6moOdate, v. i. To adapt one's self; to be conformable
or adapted. [R.]


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